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title: 'The Conservative. (M'connelsville, Ohio) 1866-1871, April 22, 1870, Image 1',
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From the Evening Post.
BY GEO. W. ELLIOTT.
Oh. Ijiertvl whose hallowed name
Te trowrd world hata mocked so Iocr,
Whoa smothered rage and crimson shame
Bore witness to thy cruel wrong ;
Behold, where late a chattel stood.
With wofnl look and weary hands,
And beck all scarred with scars and blood.
A prond enl ranch teed sovereign stands
Where heary lash and galling chain
Henceforth shall hiss and clank in Taint
Sweet spirit of the olden time,
When honor, wealth and battle-blade,
With a devotion all sublime.
Against oppression's corse were weighed.
Give welcome to the march of Troth,
With laurels o'er her pathway cast;
The price that nerved the nation's youth
Securely in her hands at last I
Eer heralds shooting to the morn,
"All men are tree and equal born 1"
America I the Stripes and BUrs
Ko more shall hold thy sin aflame
Sad streaks of gore th6 rosy bars.
The stars thy night of sallied fame
But. sanctified in sacred fight.
Will evermore a symbol be
Of Wrong's great overthrow by Bight
The beaoteous banner of the free,
Whoee dyes will prove, as now unfurled,
A beaoon bright for all the world I
March 81, 1870.
ONLY A MISTAKE.
It was a winter rooming, oold and cheer
less, with the clammy dampness of a oom
, ing snow storm in the air. - The strips of
blue sky, upon which even the poorest beg
gar of the street may sometimes look with
a faint glimpse of the heaven beyond, were
quite hidden by dark masses of cloud, that
reflected their own somber lines on the
faces of the harrying passers-by.
Ralph Field ran down the 6teps of his
boarding-house, and nailed a passing car.
The down-town rush had just begun, and
an involuntary shiver of discomfort ran be
neath his wrappings, as ha saw, on step-
pint; in, that all tne seats were taken.
- Ding! ding! went the conductor's bell and
one after another dropped in, till even
standing-room was limited. Another stop;
and this time the new arrival was an elder-
, ly woman, very poorly and thinly clad, stag
gering under the weight of a huge laundry
basket, tier thin features were unnatural
ly pinched with cold, and her whole frame
trembled as she shifted her benumbed
hands painfully, still holding up the heavy
burden, unable to find room lor it on the
floor of the car.
Such a weary, pitiful look, in the worn
face, shaded by iU thin grey hair such a
patent endurance in the eyes, meekly caat
down.- 1 he comfortably seated gentlemen
shrank closer into their gay scarfs and muf
flers; but if any one thought, "It might
have been my mother," the gentle charity
was stifled in its first up-springing, and
there was no datward eign.
I little rustle of silk, as a lady rose in
one corner, made Ralph look around, and
a voice, clear and sweet as a silver belL
said, "Take this seat, my good woman."
A glance . of quick, grateful surprise shot
up from the woman's eyes, as she murmur
ed, ."Thank you. Hiss, kindly, " andsunk,
with a sigh of exhaustion, into the place
Three or four gentlemen sprang up with
a simultaneous offer of their seats, but a
glow of indignant color flamed into the
lady's cheeks, as she answered, with a
slight bow, "I thank you I will stand."
And stand she did, her little gloved hand
holding the strap firmly, and her face turn
ed a Little aside, so that Ralph dared study
her with his admiring eyes.
"No ordinary girL" His artist sense
would have told him that at a glance, even
though his heart had not come in to aid
his judgment, with his quick response to
.her generous action. . Ralph Field had too
tender memories of his dead mother and
sisters, not to feel a kind of proprietorship
in all that is noblest and truest in woman.
And so he tell into a half dream, waking
only as the lady signaled to .the conductor
and stepped lightly down. Then he saw,
with a start, that he was quite beyond Flint
& Chatterton's, and must walk np the street
again, two squares at least. Hurrying out,
he caught Bight of a lace handkerchief, ly
ing on the floor, just where the lady had
stood. He picked it np hastily, but its fair
owner had disappeared in the crowded
street. A faint perfume floated up as he
shook it from the dust, and there, on one
corner, was a name, "Etta Stuart"
"Etta Stuart, Etta Stuart," said Ralph
to himself, as he walked np the street,
drawing his brows together in a puzzled
trown; "I have surely heard the name be
Just then, Frank Evans bore down upon
him, with a hearty morning greeting.
"Hallo, Ralph, my fooyi What are yon
poidering, that you look like ajudg, all
but the wig? You must get off that faoe,
and come np to the house this evening.
Sister Lou is just home from Springfield,
and cousin Etta, the peerless, has come
home with her for the winter."
Frank Evans was hardly prepared for
the sudden illumination of Qalph Field's
face. He stared a minute, and then went
"Yon know I told you about Etta Stuart
before, and promised you an introduc
tion." "Yes. yes, I remember. Thank you,
Frank. I'll come."
What an interminably long day it was!
Ralph caught himself once sketching a pair
of dark eyes on the margin of a business
note. "What ails me?" he said to himself,
energetically, as he thrust the offending
sheet into the waste-basket, and.dashed off
a fresh order.
But, if the day was long, the evening
hours were winged. He found in Frank's
"Etta, the peerless," none other than his
fair companion of the morning. She did
not recognize him how should she, from
among a score of fellow-passengers? but
he would have known her from among a
thousand. The dainty mouchoir was in his
breast pocket, bnt before the evening was
half over he hid decided upon his first theft
he would not give it back. Perhaps its
owner had already exacted more than a fair
equivalent from the finder; bnt of that we
can only guess.
That was Ralph Field's never-to-be-forgotten
winter. It was the old, old story; so
we need not linger over it No matter
what visions of love and honor came to
him, in his bachelor den, others have
dreamed before him, in all ages; no matter
how fair and stately were the Spanish cas
tles he built in the dusk and dimness of
the counting-room Love has had its own
school of architecture 6inoe the world be
Did Etta love him? He had never asked
her in words; but the heart has more than
one avenue of expression, and there is an
eloquence of look and touch that is some
times even more than audible language.
He waited the promised advancement, that
should place him where he need not be
ashamed to ask Etta Stuart's father for the
keeping of his dearest treasure; and, mean
while, was it not enough that she read the
books and sang the songs he loved; that
her cheeks took a tenderer color and her
eyes a softer smile at his coming?
Winter had worn into spring again.
Charley Marks placed his hand in Mr.
Field's arm, as they left the supper-room
together one evening. Somebody was an
nounced to speak in Music Hall wouldn't
Ralph Field go down? It was6till early
when they took their seats, and there were
few people in. Slowly np the aisle came a
lady and gentleman. Ralph Field looked
np to see his Etta; bat who was this, with
his bronzed, handsome face and foreign
"Capt Tileston, as I live!" said Marks.
I didn t know he had arrived you know
"No," said Ralph, shortly.
"Ah, I thought you did; but he has been
abroad two years. What a beautiful girl
that Miss Stuart is! I haven't seen her
equal in the city this season. She looks
happy to get back her knight-errant WelL
Tileston is a lucky dog!"
"What do you mean?" said Ralph Field,
with an agitation he could scarcely con
ceal. "Why, don't yon know? They have been
enaaeed three years. Capt Tileston went
with Frank Evans to Springfield, and met
this girl there Frank s cousin, yon Know.
It was all np with him from the first time
be saw her. The day was fixed for their
wedding, but Tileston had a severe hemor
rhage of the lungs, and the doctors said
nothing would save him but travel- He
looks well enongh now."
."You know all this, Charley? It's no
mere rumor?" Ralph's hand was on his
friend - arm.
"Know it?" Charley stared. "Yondon't
want me to take my oath on it do you?
By Jove, Ralph, a body would suppose yon
were Dersonally interested!"
Poor Ralph! The Chance shot recalled
him to his senses. He sank back again in
VOL. IV. NO. 32.
FRIDAY, APRIL 22,
WHOLE NO. 1SS.
his seat essaying a faint reflection
of Charley's quizzical smile. He sat through
the hour too utterly stunned to realize any
thing beyond a vague, terrible sense of loss
only knowing the lectmre over by the turn-
alt of applause that buret forth, and the
noise of the audience rising to go out
Once in the street it was an unexpected
reuei that Marts launched out into an am
mated criticism of the speaker's opinions,
too eager himself to notice the abstraction
of his listener.
Before the dawn of the morning that fol
lowed that sleepless night, the fust turn
nltuous surges of grief had passed, and
Ralph looked his trouble in the face, re
solved to bear it like the brave fellow that
he was. He did not reproach Etta now,
though the temptation had been a sore one
at first; doubtless she supposed the fact of
her engagement too widely known to have
had a thought of caution; only a foolish
blindness could have made him mistake
the kindness, which her noble heart prompt
ed toward all alike, for something more
personal and tender. Then how could she
know how he had loved her? He had nev
er told her so, he thought bitterly, al
though in those few months she had grown
to be so much a part of all his life, that as
yet he was too weak to think of the deso
late years that seemed to stretch endless be
fore him without her. Life was made up
of moments he could bear them, one by
one, till, by and by, may be, strength
would come with endurance.
Flint senior, was waiting for him as he
"A lew minutes conversation if vou
please, Mr. Field," he said.
Ralph followed him to the office. hat
new leaf in his book of fate would be turn
ed this time.
Mr. Flint was a man of few words, and
the expression of warm commendation
with which he grasped Ralph's hand, and
drew him into a chair beside him, meant
very much, coming from him. There had
been letters by the last night's steamer
the Paris agency was vacant some one
must go on immediately. There was no
one whom he could trust more implicity
than Mr. field no one of whose saccess
he should feel more proud. Would Ralph
u ieid take the place.'
iroor Kalph s cheek noshed for one mo
ment with a glow of honent pride; then,
with a bitter pang came the thought "How
much this would have been worth to me
yesterday; but to-day "
"I am very gratefuld for the honor you
pay me, Mr. Flint" he said: "I have tried
to do my duty-1 will try stilL I thank
you-I will go."
And so it was settled.
Basy in his room that night with prepar
ations for his journey, Ralph took from his
desk, a little packet touching it tenderly
and sadly, as one might gather a flower off
grave. Ihe pretty handkerchief, a with
ered rose or two ihat was alL Was he
less manly that a few tears fell silently
poor drops that could bring back no fresh
bloom to the faded blossoms? Turning
with a sudden impulse, he took pen and pa
per. It was a little letter, the last wall of
"Etta My Etta: I had thought to
say, but the time for that has gone by
God forgive me if I should write a neodless
word to pain the truest heart that ever
beat I love you too truly not to rejoice
that you are happy, and I would not have
one sad thought of me come in to cloua
your perfect sunlight I heard last night
for the first time, of your engagement to
Capt Tileston. May God bless you both,
now and forever!
"I write because I am going away, and I
fear I cannot come in person to say good
bye. The firm sends me to Paris, God
knows if I shall ever comeback again. Four
graves, in a little valley among the New
Hampshire hills, are all that is left me of
the home of my youth. I .shall never know
"Etta, my life, my darling forgive me;
is for the last time good-bye.
Going out to mail his note next morn
ing, Ralph met Mr. Frank Evans at the
door, enthusiastic over a yachting party,
to go out that day.
"Can't you get away, Ralph? Hal sent
you an invitation. It is a glorious day. and
just our set invited. I am going back to
the house to tell the girls and Captain Tile
ston he is stopping with ns to take the
eleven o'clock car for the Point You'll
"No, Frank, I can't Thank you. but it's
"Pshaw! Ralph, don't be a drudge! Do
Ralph saw that his friend had heard
nothing of his prospective business change,
but he was in no mood for confidence. He
"I would like to co. if it were best but
is not You wera on your way home, you
"Will you give this to your cousin?"
handing him the note.
"Yes, certainly," and Frank thrust it in
his ve6t pocket "Good-bye. Ralph: vouH
regret staying ashore to-day."
The week passed Ralph Field sailed for
Paris. Lon Evans pouted her pretty hps
disgust at his impoliteness "Never call
ed to say good bye jast left his regrets
with Frank, and tell the ladies he had been
so busy. Busy, indeed! Making np for
the lost time of the winter, I suppose.
Miss Etta Stuart," with a sudden illumina
tion, "I do believe you are at the bottom
But Etta Stuart's countenance told no
The long visit came to an end. and Etta
went home ag dn. Her mother said over
and over, "You are not welL my darling.
The change has not been good for you."
And Etta answered, "I am well, mother,
dear, bnt a little tired; and so, so glad to
come back. Home is so sweet and restful
don't think I can ever wish to leave it
But the home that Etta loved proved but
transient resting place. Her mother,
never strong, faded Blowly out of life, and
the first snow fell on her grave. Her fath
er, after two years of mourning for the wife
of his youth, and disheartened by succes
sive and crushing financial disasters, fell
victim to a sudden epidemic, and passed
away after a few days' illness. Tho wreck
his splendid fortune barely sufficed to
meet his obligations, and Etta was !eft
alone and penniless. More than one door
opened to receive her; but her constant
answer was, "I am deeply grateful, bnt it is
better that I should depend upon myselL I
hava health and education, and there is no
balm like work for a wounded heart"
No entreating availed to change her de- i
termination; but at the earnest solicitation
of her Boston friends, 6he consented to
pa.& a few months with them, until she
should be able to obtain' a desirable situa
tion. One day, not long after her arrival, it
chanced that Mrs. Evans was collecting a
great bundle of cast off clothing, to be sent
to the suffering freedmen. Lou and Etta
had followed her up-stairs, and were look
ing over the various articles, as she took
them from the great cedar chest, where
they Lad been stored.
"Oh, Etta! see here!" exclaimed Lou;
"here is that very lavender suit that Frank
ruined with lemonade, the day we went omt
on the 'Flying Arrow,' just "after Captain
Tileston came home let me see, two
throe years ago. Poor Frank was just pour
ing out a glass, when the boat lurched,
threw it over him, from head to foot How
we all laughed! Don't yon remember?
Why, mamma, you must not take them
until I have searched the pockets. A let
ter, as I live! 'Miss Etta Stuart' "
It was Etta's turn to look now. One
swift glance, as Lot held the letter up to
the light, and she had recognized the hand
writing. She snatched it from her cousin's
hand, while the blood surged up to her
heart in one convulsive throb.
"Oh! Etta, dear, that's too bad," plead
ed Lou. "I found it; so please let me see
But Etta had flown to her hor own room
not daring to wait the scrutiny of Lou'i
When Frank came np to tea, Etta said,
carelessly, "Where is Ralph Field in
Paris still? I found a good-bye note from
him, in one of your pockets, or Lou did,
rather, written just before he sailed."
"How like you, Frank, said Lou, "nev
er to think of it; and we all so vexed, be
cause he didn t call
"That's true enough, Louline," said
Frank, penitently. Then turning to Etta
"I don't know where he is, I am sure. He
never wrote to me a word. Not in Paris,
probably, for he wrote to Flint & Chatter-
ton, when he had been there only six
months, asking to be relieved from his sit
uation. They urged him to retain it but
he positively refused, giving no reason, ex
cept that he was weary ot business so un
like him, you know. They have heard no
thing from him since. It is the strangest
thing i ever knew.
Etta Stewart was in Rome. She
had sailed from New York, with the Wal
laces, as governess for little Carrie, and
companion for her mother. They spent
some months in travel, but Mrs. Wallace
longed to be near her artist "son, so they
had taken a pleasant suite of rooms, for
the summer, in the old imperial city.
Evening was coming on, and the inde
scribable color of an Italian sunset still
flooded all the air with an almost tangible
radiance. Etta lay on a couch, with her
hands clasped tightly over her foreh eack
as if to press the pain from her throbbing
temples. The door opened softly and little
Carrie came in.
"Are yon better. Miss Etta ?"
"Mamma said she was afraid I should
tire you, but I wanted to tell von so much
about our ride. Oh, if you could only
have gone ! First we drove to brother
Charley's 6tudio, and he said he wanted us
to go with him to see a beautiful Madonna
that one of his friends had painted. Mam
ma said she should like it very much, so
we went, and, on the way, Charley told us
about this friend, what wonderful genius
he had, and such devotion to his art bnt
still he seemed so lonely sometimes.
By and by we were there, and Charley
introduced us. Mr. Field, the gentle
man's name was he was so tall and hand
some, but with the saddest eyes I ever
saw. As soon as he uncovered the picture,
mamma ana l both exclaimed at once;
lor, indeed, Miss Etta, it was a perfect
iiiteness 01 you, only the expression was
more lovely than anything I can describe
as if an angel was looking out of your face.
Mr. 1'iela turned pale, and said to mama:
rardon me, madam, did I understand
that the picture reminds you of of sjuic
friend ?" Then mamma told him, and he
aisked a great many questions about you.
and listened so eagerly. Mamma asked
him to call, and he thanked her and said,
I think, Mrs. Wallace, I shall find in Miss
Stuart a very old friend.' I should not be
surprised if he were to come this evening,
though mamma told him you were not
quite welL Do you really think that you
know him, Miss Etta?" Then, without
waiting for a reply, she started up, saying,
mere, a ao believe that 1 hear his voice
now shall I tell him that you will see
him. Miss Etta?"
Yes, Carrie, if you please." Etta's
voice trembled, but Carrie did not stop to
notice it A moment more, and Etta heard
the little girl's voie in the passage. "Miss
Stuart is better, and will see Mr. Field. I
will tell mamma."
The door opened a train, and Raloh
Field came in. With a glad cry Etta
sprang forward, ne took both her hands
in his, and' looked down into her face.
Neither spoke for a moment but her eyes
answered the quest ions his had asked.
"Oh, Ralph! at last! at last?" Then
with her thrilling eyes still raised, "Ralph,
have looked for you across the continent
have sought you everywhere. Your let
ter was mislaid. I never saw it until six
"And Captain Tileston, Etta 7
"Married my cousin, Nellie Stuart, three
years ago, after a long engagement Oh,
Ralph ! Ralph ! what a terrible mistake I"
"And you loved me, Etta ?"
"Loved you, Ralph? I loved you then.
now, and always!"
Then thank G-d!" said RalDh Field.
reverently, as he took her np to his heart
mere is little more to tail. Mr. and
Mrs. Ralph Field are still abroad. He is
winning name and fame, and his paintings
are Bought eagerly. There is one of them
for which an extravagant sum has more
than once been offered. He will never Bell
it It is the Madonna. Demorest's 3imA-
Jehial Slab's Advice Concerning How
to Act in Case of Fire.
1st If it is night, and you in bed, a mile
or two away, jump out sprily at the first
alarm, grab pants with one hand, boots
with the other, and run, and tell everyone
you meet to run too.
2d. If the alarm bell keeps ringing, you
dd. If the fire begins to redden np well,
and engines go thundering by, women
scream, men yell, pigs squeal, dogs bark,
and little bare-headed boys, with dirty
white handkerchiefs hanging out a little
a-stern, mix in, run the harder run like
the d ickins.
4th. If you get out of breath, as you un
doubtedly will, sit down or lie down, as
happens to suit vou best, aud consider for
five or six minutes what a right smart
chance of fool material appears in a mas
when he gets it all heaped together.
dul rut on your pants and boots, if you
haven't thought of it before. Then con
clude that the next best thing you can do
for the fire, seeing you are not a fireman, is
to let 'er burn.
IF YOU HAPPEN TO BE CLOSE BY.
1st Select the best position you can get,
ad then stand and gape at the fire till it
gts well nnder way.
ix. liush np to the foreman of one of
the fire companies he has the biggest
hoin of any one in the company, and
makes a noise like a mad bull in a slaught
er yard, take him by a pinch of his red
shirt sleeve, lead him to one side and ask
in a confidential tone if he don't think he
can stop it by throwing a handful of Bait
in the stove.
3d. He will shake you off indignantly
perhaps swear a little maybe knock you
down. Submit heroically, and then bo hb
to the upper story of the adjoining house
and pitch all the chamber crockery you can
find out on the heads of the multitude be
low. 4th. If you can get hold of two or three
babies np there, save their precious little
lives from the fiery element by sending them
5th. After the last baby has been gone
about half a minute, stick your head out of
the window aud tell the people below to
6th. As soon as the fire begins to go
down, run to the hen coop in the back
yard as quick as possible, get a good fat
pullet under each arm, then hunt np the
owner of the property and ask where yon
can pHt them.
7th. Alter the fire is all out, present
yourself again to the proprietor, all be
grimed with dirt and smoke, and congratu
late him on your daring efforts to extin
guish his property, and ask him if he won't
take you out and treat himself to a glass ef
beer and a few pretzels mit you.
Spiced Tetpe. Take fresh tripe, cut it
up in pieces four or five inches square, take
an earthern jar, put in a layer of tripe, then
sprinkle a few cloves, allspice, and whole
peppers over it then; another layer ot
tripe, then spice; and so on till the jar is
full; take good vinegar, scald it, pour over
it, filling the jar full; cover it up, and stand
it away in a cool place for a few days, until
it tastes of the spice, then serve it np cold
for supper, or any other meaL It is an ex.
The Toronto Bay is now almost free from
ice, and navigation is open.
THE GREAT METROPOLIS.
Figures of Population, Business, Manufactures,
Public Institutions, &c.
The following figures are taken from the
"City Mission Year Book , a valuable docu
ment complied by the Secretary of the City
Mission, Lewis E, Jackson.
The population of this city is variously
estimated from 800,000 to 1,000,000. About
one-half were born in the United States,
and the other half are from foreign conn
tries, of forty different nationalities. The
census returns set down the married, wid
owers and widows as together constituting
two-fifths of the population. The number
of persons united in marriage during the
year is 17,000. The number of births dur
ing the year is 31,000. The number of
deaths is 25, 000. There are 500, 000 people
living in 20,000 houses, and 500,000 in
What is required to feed this multitude
may be judged of by such figures as the?e
4.000.000 barrels of flour and 9,000,000
bushels of wheat are brought into the city
every year. The whole number of animals
received at the markets in a year, including
beer cattle, milch cows, calves, sheep and
swtne, is 2,776,492; and our city meat bill
for the year is over $30,000,000. There
are 700 bakers, 1,400 butchers, and 2,600
grocers who find occupation in furnishing
iood lor the people.
Not only meat, but drink, must be bad
for our population, and something has
been done toward securing a supply of
pure and wholesome water. An aqueduct
40 miles in length, costing $30,000,000,
olpors into our reservoirs 60,000,000 of gal-
nns daily, The total length of the Croton
mam pipes now laid is over 313 miles. The
water has been introduced into 66,925
buildings, occupied as dwellings and stores,
1,617 manufactories, and 307 churches.
And the yearly amount paid for rents is
$1,319,544.26. Tea and coffee to the amount
of $30,000,000 are annually brought to the
city. The money spent for intoxicating li
quors is variously estimated from $38,000,
000 to $68,000,000 a year.
As not one man in all the thousands in
the city raises a single grain of wheat,
how do the people manage to secure the
necessaries of life ? In seeking an answer
to this question, we turn to commerce and
manufactures, and find the following sug
gestive figures : The arrivals at the port
of New York in a year are 4,861; the ton
nage entering and leaving the port 5,000,-
000. The imports and exports are $500,.
000,000. The aggregate business traffic of
the ci;y in a year is $3,313,618,000. The
number of manufacturing establishments
in the city is 4,400, with a capital of
$65,000,000, employing 100,000 bands.
There are 71 banks, with a capital of $90,
OOV.OOO. There are 32 savings banks,
having 307,192 depositors, and $80 574.313
on deposit The total valuation of real
and personal estate in the city is $965.-
326,614. LaRt year, 18,030 persons, on
$85,596 484 income, paid S4.379.75l taxes
to the United States Internal Revenue
We have seen that though the people of
the city do not produce any food, they are
cc ssfuln in securing supplies from every
direction; and the grand figures of busi
ness enterprise and activity we have given
will explain waeie the means come irom,
not only to sustain life in its best possible
condition, but to give to society iti highest
culture and most luxurious adornment
It is universally conceded that intelli
gence and virtue are the warp and wood of
the social fabric of a republican communi
ty, and the statements which will follow
concerning education, religion, and benev
olence cannot fail to arrest attention.
There are 300 public schools in charge
the Board of Education, with an average
attendance of 105,000 pupils sustained at
on annual expenditure of $3,000,000. There
are 300 private schools, with an average at
tendance of 25,000 pupils. There nre 430
churches, chapels, and missions of all de
nominations. There are 315 journals,
newspapers and magazines, published in the
city. There are 315 religious, moral and
charitable association. The leading na
tional societies receive $6,000,000 annually.
The local voluntary societies in New York
disburse during the year $2,000,000. The
Commissioners of Charities and Correc
tions and the Commissioners of Emigration
expend nearly $2,000,000 a year.
Having given the leading lacts relative to
the population, the business and the edu
cational and religious interests of the city,
we will proceed to jot down a few miscel
laneous figures, which will represent vari
ous lights and shades of city life.
New York annually pays $2,500,000 for
ice. The city is divided into about 140,
000 lots, one-half of which are built upon.
The Superintendent of buildings reports
2,012 plans for new buildins s submitted to
him during the year. The fires during the
year were 740, and the losses by the same
amounted to $4,342,371. The numlerof
men enrolled in the various trades
unions were 66,090. The number
of passengers carried by the various
ferry companies during the year is
82,321,274. The number of passengers
carried by the various city railroads during
the year is 100,000,000. It is said that the
seventeen theatres and minstrel saloons in
New York have 937 employes and 958 act
ors and actresses. It is estimated that the
more prominent theatres, concerts and
operas, are patronized by about 50,000 peo
ple, while the lower class of these places
find patrons to the number of 200,000; and
is supposed that $7,000,000 a year is spent
the theatres and various places of popu
lar amusement The number of streets,
avenues, squares, and places below Fifty
fourth street is 493.
The area of the city is about 22 square
miles, or 14,000 acres. The city directory
contains 1S9.443 names. Broadway fur
nishes 8,500 names; Wall street, 2,320;
First avenue, 2,705; and Fifth avenue, 665.
The number of immigrants who have ar
rived in New York for the last twenty vears
The Central Park has an area of over
850 acres and has cost $10,000,000. It is
visited annually by 5,000,000 persons.
Greenwood cemetery has a population of
136.984. TBe interments last year were
The number of horses and vehicles in use
the city has been estimated at 150,000.
has been estimated that in the course of
24 hours 17,000 vehicles pass the Astor
House. It is estimated that there are, at
least, 100 establishments in the city for the
receipt of stolen gooJs, and that there are
as many as 1,500 professional thieves, and
the whole number of professional crimi
nals, of every kind and degree, is set down
at 3,000. The cost of supporting the po
lice and the city courts and prisons, for
the maintenance of order and the protec
tion of life and property is $4,500,000 annually.
The Lady Jurors Saying Their Prayers.
From the Laramie Sentinel.
A little circumstance connected with the
late term of Court comes to our knowledge,
which we are inclined to make public, even
at the ruk of betraying confidence. During
the long and tedious Howie murder trial,
the jury f whom one-half were ladies)
were not permitted to separate and go to
their homes, bnt were, nnder the charge of
bailiffs (one lady and one gentleman), taken
to the hotel for their meals, and lodging
was provided for them in the adjoining
Sarlors, each under the charge of their
ailiff. And here, every morning during
the trial, upon arising from thwir beds,
these ladies kneeled together, and, like the
child Solomon, asked "wisdom of God to
enable them to properly and wisely dis
charge their new and arduous duties. While
their male associates were engaged in
boisterous mirth and trifling levity, they,
with the full consciousness of the responsi
bility resting upon them, were seeking aid
at the throne of the All-wise.
San Francisco has just adopted the let
ter carrier system. Some of the residents
have fierce dogs to guard their front yards,
in the Post Office marked "not delivered I
on account of a vicious dog."
The Weather—Mrs. Stanton's
The Weather—Mrs. Stanton's Lecture —Cook Co. Woman's Franchise Association
of the Fifteenth Amendment
B. Fisk & Co.—Wholesale
Trade—Philip Wadsworth & Co.
Money—Seed—Ramsdell's Norway Oats.
Chicago, April 11, 1870 Tho weather has
been remarkably pleasant moet of the time
for the past week, and the work of farming
uu Dttu-ounuij. mis uegun in earnest in the
farming region in this latitude and as far as
a nunarea nines north of uu. We have had
several excitements here this week. First
MRS. STANTONS' LECTURE.
at Unity church Robert Colyer's-Kabbath
Yemiig, wnicn was crowded to its fullest ca
pacity; in pews, aiolea, pulpit platform, cal
lencs, anj vestibule, and more than a thou
sand persons went away unable to get even
Biauuiug room inside tne house, btxt,
THE COOK COUNTY WOMAN'S FRANCHISE ASSOCIATION
was formed by a lare convention chiefly of
I. Jr.. .4 T7- 1, ti.1I n. . -
occuieu purpriHea at me number in attend
ance and interest excited at a mere bnai
ness meeting. Mrs. Stanton is expected to
it--i-iuie ui ram nil nail nexL sionilav nvnmnrr
The same day 20.000 citizens nnietiv i..am.
uicu uii uie LAite rroni to enow their respect
MAJOR GENERAL THOMAS,
whoso remains arrived from th Weal at a n
m . on the C, B. & Q. Railroad, and were soon
anrwara transierred to the Southern Michi
gan Acpot where the funeral car remained
till 9 t. m. Aa tlia train rama in ilnki o.
imeoi tnirteen guns was fired, and one gun
every ten minutes afterward till 9 o'.-Wk.
. v..uw .1. Dl.u, 0 r '
The Court House bell tolled, at intfrralq of
five minutes, afternoon And PVAiiin an I t Via
flags on all the publio buildings were at half
iimni. jLdeuienaDK-uenerai k ipririan ami tho
other United States officers, with a commit
tee oi tne uommon Uouncil, met those in
charge of the body at a distance from the
city aa an escort into the city.
CELEBRATION OF THE FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT.
On Thursday, the colored peoplo of the
uiiy ceieoratea ineratiflcation or the Fifteenth
Amendment to the United Rt&tna rv.ni.Htnf
by a j?rar.d procession in the day time, and
resolution, speeches and music in Farwell
Hall, at niht. The procession was two miles
long, nnmbered two thousand peoplo, and
wa oruoriv ana wiDresaive. Thn rridiin in.
cioties were in uniform, and largo numbers
"i carnages ana on horseback,
-ine great wagon containing a pyramid
of girls dressed in white each carrv-
i"K uas representinc; one of the
slate of tho Union, elicited mnch arlmi.
ration, and another huge wairon containin
two church bells, which were kept ringing
a proclamation of political eonaiitv r&fioA
out hearty cheers all alone the lino of the
It was a very successful d mon-
In the evening Farwell Hall was filled bv a
great crowd of all hues two-thirds colored
and the procoedinjM were marked with thp
greateat harmony and enthusiasm.
Aiaat evening there was a grand
at Farwell Hall, tho chief exercise being a eu
loery on Maior Gen. Geo. FT Thnm nr.-
John M. Palmer. The speech read much beU
ter than it was delivered.
has been very active this week at the princi
pal wholesalo hoasea. At J.V. Farwell i Co.'s
the buzz of conversation throughout their
vaat stores between salesmen and customers,
was like the sound of a diatant waterfall.
The.wholesalo millinery house of
D. B. FISK & CO., 53 AND 55 LAKE ST.,
swarms with country milliners from top to
bottom, like a vast beehive, and they are hav
ing the bnsiost time of their lives. One
swallow does not make a summer, bnt a
thousand milliners at Fiak'a in one. wrV-1 an
event worth noticing.
WHOLESALE CLOTHING TRADE.
ChlCa"0 is the Chief mnrt fnr ttnnlrmi.
clothing for the trade of the Northwest. The
most extensive clothing houses in the coun
try are established here, and their trade ex
tends to all the states and territories wost of
the Alleghanies. And chief anions these is
the firm of
WHOLESALE CLOTHING TRADE. PHILIP WADSWORTH & CO., 34 AND 36 LAKE ST.,
established in 1852, and during a period of
eighteen years, their business haa increased
from about $150,000 to a million dollars a
year. Having largo manufactories within
Chicago and at the Est. their Inn
ough acquaintance with the trade of tho
iNortnwest enables them to manufacture
good suited to its wanta. Thpir
distributed through all the Western and
Southwestern states and territories, and
their name la the eynonvm for entemrisa
integrity and fair dealing wherever their
is abundant, and all business mm look for
ward to th comin&r season in honna of . Kr,
dant and remunerative crons. For when
irmers nrosner. trada ami nninr.
One of the most important duties of farmnr
w to procure the right kind of seed for both
Eianting and sowing. Good seed produoing
eautiful crops of excellent erain eihanut th
soil no more than poor seed producing crops
of poor quality. And though tho soil be evtr
so ncu and in the very best condition, f l.
broduct of poor seed must bo a partial, if not
uuure. ror tne primal law of vegeta
tion, announced by God at the creation, tnat
seed produces seed after its kind (Gen. 1. 11.)
governs the vegetable kingdom to-day as ab
solutely as when Adam was installed tho
gardener ol Eden. And it is tho worst pos
sible economy to sow poor seed because it ia
cheap. The best seed is the cheapest at al
most any price. The best seeds come from
Northern latitudes, and do better when taken
from a colder climate than tho one where
they are to be sown. There ha been a great
deal said of late about Norway Oats, and aomo
experienced agriculturists, disgusted with
humbngs, but who have now mado trial of
them, have suggested that they wore the old
faalroned grey oats. But they have been
tried now several years, and tho who hv
raised them many of them personally known
to me to be trustwoithv am enthu
siastic in their praise. And the teatimonyof
a great number who have raised them in twe
thirds of the 8tatca of the Uuion is over
whelming to these points, viz: that the pro
duct is twice a much per acre as that of the
common oats: that the berry is laruer and
heavier with thin hulls and plnmp meats;
that the straw grows more vigorous and
strong so that it prevents lodging, and is
more nutritious as food; and that the Norway
oats requira leas seed, one bnahel being suffi
cient for an aero. It will take aome timo to
supply the whole country, for if all tho Nor
way oats raised last year wore sown this
spring tho product would not be sufficient to
supply more than four or five of unr lneat
State wit U seed. Tho sunulv ia now hmnr
ripidly exhausted, and though farmers are
alow to adopt new varieties of seed, tbore will
scarcely be sufficient to meet tho demand
this year. And aa there are snnnonn kin.l-
in the market the easiest way to get tho genuine
RAMSDELL NORWAY OATS
is to purchase of D. W. RamadeU A Co. Mr.
Kamsdull sowed the first oat. received In a
packago of Norway pea, is a straight for
ward ermont farmer noted aa his oata,
over which he is enthusiastic whom pur
chasers can see daily at the Chicago Norway
Oats Depot, 171 Lake street. b.
Hoofland's German Bitter Poraons ad
vanced in life, an feeling the hand of time
weighing heavily upon them, wiih all its at
tendant ids, will find in thenae of the Bittern
an elixer that will instil new life into thoir
veins, reutore in a measure the energy atd
ardor of more youthful days, build up their
shrunken forms, and give health andhappi
neaa to their remaining years.
From Lev. E. J). FetulalL AssitlaiU Editor
aaiMuin Uuronide. Philadelv?iia:I hare da-
rived decided benefit from the use of
Hoofland's German Bitters, and feel it my
privilege to recommend it aa a most valuable
tome to all who are suffering from general
debility, or from diseases arising from de
rangement of the liver. Yours truly. E. D.
'Hooflands German Bittcra" ia entirely
free from all alcoholic admixture.
Hoofland'a German Tonic is uaed by thoe
requiring some alcoholic stimulant. It is a
composition, of all the ingredients of IIooL
land's Hitters, combined with pure Santa
Cruz Bum, orange, anise, 4c, making a
preparation of rare value and most agreeable
The Cfuard Mail Line of Steamships leave
weekly from New York, Liverpool and
Qnc-enstown. Agents in all the principal
cities of tho northwest. 8. Bowe. General
Western Agent, No. 2 Lake street, Chicago
The Stockholders of the Washington only
receive the intereet their own money earns.
FARM, GARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD.
Planting-time is at hand. Everything
6hould be put in good repair, so that the
worK can oe pnshed forward rapidly when
the spring opens. Farm implements
suouiu oe careiuuy exammed, and neces
sary changes made at once so as to avoid
delay when the work beeins.
The vegetable garden is frequently left
unplanted, because when the opportune
nme arrives the seeds have not been or
dered. Other kind of farm-work is accu
mulating, so the planting of the garden is
pui ou ior a lew days, and finally forgotten
unta too late to remedy. This careless
way of carrying out the details or the farm
or garden will, ia the long run, prove a se
rious drawback to the success of even what
might otherwise be called pood frmAra.
There is nothing on the farm that will pay
better than a quarter or half acre exclusive
ly devoted to vegetables for home con
Aow is the time to make out the list of
gardt n seeds wanted, and send at once to
some reliable seedsman, so as to have tbem
on hand in fall season for planting. For
those persons who are not familiar w.th
the best kinds and quantity necessary to
supply a lamiiy of eight or ten persons, we
append the following list, which may help to
guide beginners, or thohe who mav want to
stock their gardens with a good supply of
11.. f i: , 3 . . . J
tua leauiug sinew oi vegetaDies ior home
ith peas and bush-beans there should
be a succession of plantings, say every two
or tnree weeks until the middle of Jul.
This will give an abundance of young peas
ana Deans until late m the fall.
Dwarf Beans Early Valentine. Refugee.
or 1,000 to 1, and White Kidney: one auart
oi eacn sort.
r i -
Pole Beans Horticultural Cranberry and
large White Lima; one pint of each will
piant iou -iiiis.
Beets Early Bassano, Early Blood Tur
nip and Long Smooth Blood: one-ouarter
oi a pound oi each.
Cabbage Plants Early Wakefield, or
Winingstadt, for early, and large flat Dutch
and Drumhead Savoy for late; 100 plants of
each will, if they do well, eive an abun
dance of cabbage far home use.
bweet Corn There are so many vane-
ties, and they are so near alike, as to make
t difficult to name with any certainty two
or three distinot kinds. Two quarts,
planted at two or three different times.
will keep the table well supplied durine
the fall, and will leave enough to dry for
Cucumbers White Spine and Lons
Green are the best varieties for the garden;
one ounce of each will bo enough for eaily
Carrot Long Orange in the most popu
lar variety, either for table use or for sale.
BUhs's Improved Long Orange is highly
spoken ot by those who have grown it
Two ounces of either will be enough.
Cauliflower Half, Early Paris and Non
pareil, I have found best and most reliable
about heading; one half ounce will of each
give enough of plants.
Celery White boud, lurnip-rooted and
Boston Market; one ounce of fresh seed
will give 3,000 plants.
Egg-Plant The Improved New lork and
Thornless are the best varieties, and where
the plants grow well they will yield from
six to ten eggs to each plant Twenty-five
Lettuaa Curled bilesia and bmooth-
leaved Butter; a small paper of each.
Musk Melon bkillmans line Netted
and Nutmeg; one ounce of each will plant
Water Melon Mountain Sweet, Moun
tain Sprout, and Citron, for preserves.
The first named is considere 1 the best,
One ounce will plant 30 hills.
Onions Wethersfield Large lied, Yellow
Danvers, and White Portugal; four ounces
will produce plenty of onions to keep the
table well supplied all the year.
I'arsmp bmooth Long White; oneounce
will be enough if the seed is fresh ; it should
be of last year's growth.
Feas Philadelphia Extra, Early Tom
Thumb, White Marrowfat and Champion
of England; one quart of each, sowed in the
Peppers Large Squash and Bull Nose or
Eadish Early Turnip Scarlet, Short
Top, Long Scarlet, White Summer and
Black Spanish; these should be sowed at
different dates, in the order named, 1 oz.
Spinach Round, Smooth-lea vod ; 2 oz.
sown in April will give nice greens in the
Squash- White Bush. White Summer,
Crook Neck, Boston Marrow and Hubbard;
one ounce of the eatly varieties will plant
40 hills, and the same quantity of seed will
plant only 10 hills of the Boston Marrow or
Salsify This variety of vegetable should
be included in every well-stocked garden.
It is easily cultivated, and keeps during
the winter as well as parsnips. Two ounces
will sow enough for a family.
Tomato Smooth Round Red, General
Grant Liester's Perfected, Cook's lavorite,
tor preserving, cherry and pear-shaped.
Cows and Sheep.
At a recent meeting of the Rosendale
Farmer's Club, Mr. Bartran preseutod a
tabular statement in confirmation of LU as
sertion at the last meeting, that his Be von
cows had cleared him much more than 100
Cost of wintering 150 sheep, 43 ton? of
hay at ?7.lX f ia.uu
70 busheld cf grain at 50 cts 35.00
Total cost $363.00
Wool of sheep brought $260.00; 15 lambs
at $1.25 per head, $18.75; whole amount
$273. Tj. leaving in debt $4.,ix
Cost of wintering 7 cows, 12 tons of
hay, at $7 $84.25
CO buhela of grain, at 50 cts 30.00
Corn-stacks and atraw 30.00
For making cheese 34.00
Whole amount $178.00
Cheese sold 1,700 lbs. 'at 154 cU, $259.25:
7 calves at $5, $35; butter sold, $S0; value
of pork made from product of cows, $50;
whole amount credit to cows, 4'J-L2o, leav
ing net profit $246.25. Average $5. IS per
cow. In place of 150 sheep, lo cows would
have yielded clear, $527.60.
Plant a Few Hills of Corn Late.
A writer in an exchange paper advocates
planting an occasional hill in every corn
field late, or taking pains to replant the
missing hills, and gives the following rea
son for it: If the weather becomes dry
during the filling time, the silk and tassel
both become drj and dead. In this condi
tion, if it should become seasonable, the
silk revives and renews its growth, but the
tassel does not recover. Then, for want
of pollen, the new silk is unable to fill the
office for which it was designed. The pol
len from the replanted corn is-then ready
to supply the silk, and the filling is com
pleted. He says nearly all the abortive
ears, so common in all corn crops, is caus
ed by want of pollen, and that he has
known ears to double their size in this
To Take Grease tbom Papeb. Gently
warm the parts containing the grease, and
apply blotting paper so as to extract as
much as possible. Boil some clear essen
tial oil of turpentine and apply it to the
warm paper with a soft clean brash. A
little rectified spirits of wine should be
put over afterward.
Ln-obowtno Toe Nail. This painful ab
normal condition of the toe-nail may be
cured by allowing the nail to continue to
grow without paring it The boot or shoe
will depress the nail at the end as it grows
longer, which will gradually elevate it at
the point, where it presses upon and into
the soft tissues of the toe; thus removing
the irritation, the sore soon heals. This
is far preferable to the rash and painful
operation of tearing off the toe nail with
Thx Portland Argus says, "Mrs. Hannah
Knap of Leeds, who is 87 years of age, haa
a third set of elegant teeth."
A Winter Vigil.
From All the Year Round.
In the winter of 1S6- it fell to my lot to
investigate one of the most touching stories
of a white man s endurance and an Indian's
vengeance I ever came across in the whole
orinwest. as some ol the more curious
portions of the official note book ot an In
dian agent I transcribe the memoranda re
lating to it
Albert Black was an honest, English gen
tleman, whose adventures in search of for
tune led him away from Regent street to
wander in Western worlds, and that is the
way he "put through" a portion of the win
ter of that year. He was residing, with a
single companion, in a little log cabin at
the Indian village of Belia-Coola, on the
coast of British Columbia. There was no
white man nearer than one hundred miles,
but the villages of many Indian tribes
were situated in the immediate vicinity.
The winter was only half through; few na
tives came trading about the post and as
time lay heavy on their hands, Black and
his companion resolved to co huntinc for a
iew a-iys. a canoe was accordingly fitted
out with a stock of previsions and ammu
nition; with an Indian as steersman and
pilot they proceeded to cruize about among
tne islands, now and then landing and
stalking a deer, or shooting the ducks and
wild geese which" assembled in cnnntleKn
flocks by the mouths of the northwestern
rivers in winter. The season was mild,
dui a thin coating of snow on the cronnd.
so that each night they encampe t in the
open air, and slept well wrapped up in
their blankets around the hUinr
log fire. Few old explorers in
these countries ever think of carry
ing a tent with them; and our hunters
were not possessed of one even had thev
cared to avail themselves of its shelter.
I hey had been cruising about in this man
ner several days, when, as usual, thev en-
camped one night on an island, with the
canoe drawn np on the beach. Their pro
visions they built np around them, to guard
inem from the attacks of any prowling
Indians or other mishaps. Their Indian
pilot had informed them he was just out of
powaer ana ouiiets, at the same time
begging to be supplied with some, exhibit
mg nis pouch, which contained but two
charges. The hunters were too tired
to open their packages, and. notwith
standing his solicitations, put him off until
morning. They then, as usual, loaded their
nnes, the Indian doing so also; and all three
men lay down to sleep, and all slept save
How lone they slept Black could not hit.
but all that he could remember was being
uwaaenea Dy tne report or a nfl?. A low
scream, and then a moan by his side, told
him that all was over witb his companion.
The Indian's place was vacant; and before
Black could become fully conscious of his
sitnation, ho was filed at troin the dark
and a bullet struck his thif;h. He attempt
ed to rise, but was unable; his leg was frac
tured. Instantly he grasped his revolver,
andJie had scarcely done so before he was
conscious of a figure crouching towards
him in the darkness.
He immediately fired, but the shot did
not take effect and his would-be murderer
retreated behind some rocks. He now
staunched the blood flowine from his
wound as well as circumstances would per
mit tying a handkerchief around it All
doubt was now at an end that the Indian
guide, tempted by the property had mur
dered his companion, and was only
prevented by the want of ammunition from
dispatching him too. All night long it
seemed a year he kept awake, too excited
to sleep, though he was faint from loss of
blood. Sometimes he would relapse into
an uneasy sleep, from which he would be
startled by the barking ot his little dog,
when he would grasp his revolver, only to
see a figure again skulking into the dark.
Daylight at last came, and he had now
time to contemplate hia situation. Help
less and badly wounded, far from white or
even friendly Indians, he was alone, with
an enemy watching every moment to de
stroy him, as he had done his companion,
whose glassy eyes glared np at him. Pro
visions enough were lying scattered around;
but none were accessible as food save the
bag of sugar, and on this his chief chance
of subsistence lay. He knew eaough of
science to know that Magendie'sdogs when
fed on sugar soon grew emaciated, but he
also knew that it supported life for a time.
Before r ight snow fell, and covered the
dead body out of sight Sometimes i
he would relapse into a half-waking sleep.
when again the ever-faithful dog, who seem
ed almost conscious how matters stood,
would warn him of the approach of his
enemy. It was in vain that Black attempt
ed to get a shot at him, and had it notbeen
for the watchfulness of his dog-friend, the
wretch must soon have been able to des
patch with his knife the guardian whose
revolver intervened between him and the
coveted property. And so they kept their
dreary vigi.s, and the snow fell heavily; and
though Lis leg pained him greatly, he
managed to keep him warm in his blanket
lined burrow. The Indian would some
times disappear for hours, and even a day,
apparently looking after food. The poor
hunter would then imagine that he had got
clear of hia bloodthirsty enemy, when
again the barking of Flora would warn her
master. On one or two occasions the In
dian managed to approach within a few
feet of his intended victim before his
presence was detected; and as both
murderir and hunter were eqaally intent
on each other's destruction, escapes were
sometimes rather narrow. Several days
elapsed in this manner, until at last the
Indian seemed to have grown tired, and
left the island in the canoe; for they were
no longer alarmed. The sugar bag was
getting nearly done, and the poor dog was
now so weak with hunger. th..t, even when
it did not abent itself searching for food
on the shore, it was scarcely able to give
an alarm. If Black survived hunger and
his wound, which was now getting very
peinfnl, the Indian, he knew, would soon
return and accomplish his purpose. With
such thoughts his prospects were gloomy
enough, and so he dozed away the hours,
half frozen and faint It was the tenth
night (he had long lost count of time, but
found so afterwards) since the murderous
attack, when he was awoke by a loud talk
ing on the beach.
The moon, sailing over the leaden. snowy
sky, enabled him to recnize the figures
of several Indians haulinj a canoe on to
the beach. He grasped hia rovolver, deter
mined to sell his life dearly, for he was
now fully persuaded that It must be his
murderer returned with his assistance. It
was strange, however, it struck him, that
they had landed in such an exposed sit
uation. "Who are you ?" he inquired
in the Chinook jargon the trading
language of the coast A low, sur
prised cry came from them. They were
apparently unaware of the presence of any
one but themselves. Again he shouted
more cheerily, and they approached him,
when he was delighted to recognize the fa
miliar faces of several Belia-Coola Indians
old acquaintances of his.
He told him his story; and as they listen
ed, he uncovered the body of his murdered
companion, they, every now and again,
bursting into a cry of horror. Food was
prepared, and every attention paid to him.
The dead body was buried, and Black con
veyed to the Indian village, where he was
carefully nursed until news reached the
nearest white man's abode. The solitary
colonist hurried down, and happening to
have been in earlier days an officer in the
army, he knew a little about surgery. He
dressed Black's wounds, and conveyed him
back to the settlements, where, nnder proper
medical treatment he slowly recovered.
But it was many months before be could
walk without crutches, and to the end of
his life he will bear the marks of that fear
ful experience of '"putting through the
winter" in the dark days of 186 . As we
have a good deal (in novels) of the gener
ous savage, I may as well say that my poor
friend had to pay well for all the hospital
ity he received. The water he drank, the
ground he lay on, the wood that warmed
him, the food he ate, everything - was
charged for, bnt most cheerfully paid.
It is, however, a great pleasure to relate
that after the bill was paid, the Indians
threw in the execution of the murderer in
the bargain. The avengers of blood found
him m his lodge, comfortably awaiting the
death of Black by starvation or cold,
either of which he, no doubt thought
would save him all trouble. He seemed
rather to exult when charged with shoot
ing the white man; but the Bella Coola
warriors took a different view of matters,
and with a summary justice, which would
have done credit to a California vigilance
committee, they shot him where he sat
As for poor Black, I saw him dancing at
a Christmas party not very long ago; but a
terrible limp, which caused his partner t
afterwards style him an "awkward sort of
colonial fellow," told me another tale.
The Erasure of Inks.
One of our mercantile exchanges refers
to tho nervousness which is felt by the
business public relative to the alteration of
checks and drafts by the erasure of inks.
It haa been demonstrated by actual ex
periment that even the blue inks i which
have been thought proof against any chem
ical that would not stain paper) can be re
moved, leaving not the slightest stain upon,
the paper, and we have been made ac
quainted with some facts which go to prove
uiu any writing ing, oi any color, and ot
any composition, can be removed by the
proper chemical application, and still leave
no stain upon the paper. In view of this,
banks in some parts of the country have ex
perimented with paper (for drafts), the
writing surface of which had been brought
to a uniform tint by being printed with a
network of fine lines, and these lines
printed in soluble ink, which, it was sup
posed, would show the effects of any appli
cation of chemicals to the letter written
over it But as has been Droved in tha
case of the blue ink and the black, there
are chemfcals that will entirely remove the
one and leave tha lines of the other, which
may have intersected it untouched. Th
paper thus tinted has, theiefore, been proved
to be no safeguard againBt alteration. The
American Bank-note Company, in view ot
' ..-. J, IV b " I 'III tni
paper which, by its chemical propensities,
should render all ink marks placed apon it
indelible, and for a time supposed they
had succeeded; but it was found that the
application of the proper chemical agents
would remove the ink from even this pa
per, and still leave no stain. Some experi
ments have also been mada with the paper
rendered sensitive to any chemical applica
tion, so that it would show the mark ol
having been tampered with. We have,
however, not much faith in this, beeause it
the paper is rendered so sensitive for or
dinary use, and as almost anything we
touch and use is to some extent a chemical
agent such paper would be continually
giving false alarms. People would bo .
reluctant to purchase drafts made on such
paper for fear it Bhould in the course ot
transmission by mail or otherwise come in
accidental contact with some chemical
agent that would leave a mark, and cause
refa-il of its payment We believe that
simple means of protection against altered
dralt-s and checks will be found as effective
as any. No method has been discovered
for applying the chemical in any other than
the i iii aid form, and this invariably leaves
upon the surface of highly finished paper
a dim dark, the same aa is mado by pure
water. By holding the paper so that the
light falls obliquely npon it and conies ol- .
liquely to the eye, it may always be discov
ered whether any liquid application haa
been made to the spot where the amount of
money in a draft is written.
A Washington special of the 7th says:
The question of sending another expedi
tion iv.o the Arctic regions has taken anew
and unexpected turn. Captain Hall has
been here two months explaining hia views
and plans. He asks nothing for hiiusoif,
but wants the government to furnish a ves
sel and pay the men who will go with him.
and has made arrangements with the Coast
Survey and Smithsonian . InstitaU to take
two or three scientific gentlemen. His
seven years experience in the Arctic re
gions, and the success which has attended
his labors, put him in the front rank of ex
plorers, and point him out as the man to
take charge of an expedition, if one ia sent
The Senate Foreign Eelations Committee
fully considered the matter, and Rfrreed
unanimously to the passage of the bill in
troduced by Mr. Sherman. The House Ap
propriation Committee had also considered
it formally and favorably. At this moment
Dr. Hayes drops down here and proposes to
avail himself of what Captain Hall has
done. He asked a hearing before the Sen
ate committee to-day, and, of course, got
it He made a speech, in which ha set up
that he was the original Jacobs of Arctic
explorations, and that he, and not Captain
Hall, ought to be put in command of tho
proposed expedition. He has had three
years' experience in that kind of work. He
has begged the appropriation committee to
hear hun, and Monday next is set as the
time-. How things will come out no one
can guess, but there is a good deal of com
ment on the manner in which Dr. Hayes
has thrust himself into the matter.
Royal Havana Lottery.
The Botai. Havana Lottest of Cuba la conduct
ed by th Spanish Government, and draws every
aeveuti-en days in the City of Havana. The prizes
amount to S&Nl.OUti iu gold and equivalent to .:!,
(IUU ia current y of the United Sutea. Here, then,
ia a fortune distributed about every month among
the people. TA1LOK t CO., .No. 16 Wall Street.
New York, sold i72,(XR) af prizes ia the month ol
Jane. The Havana Lottery ia coudacted on tair
and equitable principles. Persona wishing to in
vest are Invited to send their orders to ilessra.
Taylor k Co., who are responsible parties, havirg
been for many years connected with the ctpauish
Government, and are favorably known throughout
the Uuited States. Chicago tott.
The above nnn of whom the Chicago Post thus
favorably speaks, is a very old established house,
which conducts its business in a strictly honorable
manner. The LOTTEIiY which they represent is
a legally established concern, that is largely pat
ronized, not only throughout the V) est Indies, but
in every part of North and South America ami ot
Europe. The prizes offered are princely fortunes.
and investors are constantly drawing them. For
our part, we consider a chance taken in such a
speculation quite as safe and prudent as an invest
ment in the usual Wall Stree t Stocks. Indeed, ir
many respects the Lottery is to be preferred to
Fancy btock speculation For example: The
reckoning day comes at the appointed time, and
there is no bulling or bearing connected with the
transaction. Besides this, somebody who Is entiled
to it, draws the priz-, which is merely the case in
legitimate stock operations. Every turn ot the wheel
is so mnch luck for some one, aud who can count the
blessings that fortune often showers in this quiet
way npon thousands wbo stand sorely in need.
There are hundreds in this city who, If the truth
were told, would trace their prospects in business
and tiieir station in society to one humble bat lucky
venture in the Havana Lottery.
We can also saiely recemmend Messrs. Taylor
Co., as being a Arm of long standing and well
known interrriiy ; the payment of prises in all cases
is made prompuy on demand. Aa ur as til Lot
tery itself is conccraed. nothing need be said, the
fairness of its transactions being too well known to
need remark. iVew York Telegram.
A pomade which acta on the hair, and does
not effect the scalp, like all poisonous liquid
restorers. Ia warranted to restore faded
hair to its original color. The elite all 0.10 it.
It inclines the hair to curl, imparts a beauti
ful gloss and Is perfectly harmiess. Sold by
all drnggiats. Kidder i. Wethebkix, Agents,
ltM WUham St., N. Y.
Tested bt Tub. For Throat Diseases,
Colds, and Coughs, "Brown'a Bronchial
Troches" have proved their efficacy by a test
of many years. The good effects resulting
from the use of the Troches have brought
out many worthless imitations. Obtain only
"Brown's Bronchial Troches."
" TAott icear' the qifl of victory
There' triumph in thy hair;
O! marvel of fair imiideiJiood.''
King's Vegetable Ambrosia produces this
"gift of victory," a profusion of hair, by
eleansing the scalp of all impurities and giv
ing it a healthy toue, so that tho glauda act
with wonderful vi?or. Try it.
Hk that forecasts what may happen shall
never be surprised; 'tis too late to besin to
arm when tho enemy U in our quarters.
Moral Insure your hie in the Washington.
S Adve&tib vytrvT of Dr.
eary. headed Book for the
WAGE GUIDE in
should be read by ait
anothsr column. It
Hall's Vegetable Sicilian Ilair Be newer
the best preparation for tho hair in tho
market, and always gives satisfaction. Do
not be put off by unprincipled dea-ers with
others on which they make more proiiu
The Scientific American predicts thatin
less than twenty years, illa-trations will be
as common a feature of daily paper, as
market reports are now.
Teeee is a frozen well seven miles abovo
Fort Kent in Maine. The well is near the
brow of a hill, with sand and gravel strata,
where a deep cut has been made for a road.
The distance from the bottom of tho well
to the brow ot the hill is four or fivo rods.
The well is fourteen feet deep, and last Ju
ly had three feet ol iee in it