Newspaper Page Text
- -. .111 X XSiiY, EDIIOll A.HU TKOPKIETOK.
SIC0NN3LSY1LLE, OHIO :
E HID AY, - - April 22, ISTO.
THE OHIO LEGISLATURE.
v ii n T ,
tltl.1 T tlif (linn liOiria lnrn lic
I'ljuumeu. ror an me oenent ui
ban be.n to tho pcoplo .t w,uld
've been better if it had never
convened. In hirstor-, ii the last
p.iet Winter's Session ever finds a
1 lace in any coming "History of
O iio," it will etand prominent as
t it Session that did not do any
h rm eolely because ot'its inability
do anything at all. It was, in
its political composition, 60 nearl--iuul,
that there was no chance for
tho good measures of either politic
tul party to bo incorporated into
i iwa, or to be efficacious in npeal
ing bud laws. If a bad nieusare
uas attempted to bo incorporated
nto the Statutes of Ohio by one
political party, tho fame parly
held within itself the elements that
efeated tto measure; and if a good
1 iw wr.K proposed, the party pro
posing it bad within it enough of
corruption todefoaX it.
THE PRESIDENTIAL LOBYING.
A critfcnian, well-known in this
immunity as a staunch Kepubli
rin, one who has never failed to
vote the straight party ticket, came
into our office on last Tuesday,
holding in his hand a copy of the
Kxaminer and Chronicle, of March
a paper published m New York
hty in the interest of the B.-ptist
'hnrch, ahd, in polities, a Republi
cs i journal. He immediately call-
clour attention to an article in
- nd paper, under the abovo cap
tion, and remnrkfd: 'It must be
given up that Giant is a failure!"
We read the articlo through, and
lold him that as it had helped to
give him a proper cstimato of
f Irnt a President, we would Pub
lish for the : bentnt oi others, woo
were still blindly worshiping the
itoceiver of Gifts in and Distributer
I large and petty ofliccs from
Washington. Here is the article:
Considerable interest has been
Hwakened by the fact that Presi
dent Grant has gone repeated !y to
the Capitol, and been closeted with
Senators for the purpose of urging
upon them measures which he de
Mrts to promote, partuiuhtrly the
San Domingo pur-faago. But the
feeling awakened has been rather
languid, far more so than the occa
sion calls for. The President's pro
i-sduie involves no necessary wrong.
AVe assame that he acts from the
ruoet upright motives, and that the
motives to which he appeals in the
i roasts of honorable Senators are
F'ich as it is no dishonor to act up
vn. But it is a departure from the
tbtablished practice of the Govern
ment, and is painfully significant of
a revoln'nou effectod or sib n:ly go
ing on under -,oustitutional lorms,
for m lfi-,h and sordid ends.
It is claimed that President
Grant is doing only what Yp.shir.CT
ton did. and what the law -xpressly
ro ides for. The S7ih liulo of tLe
del ate is quoted: .
h. n the Treident of the United
States shsll meet the Senate in the
-'.nate Cl amber, for the consideration
of Execu'.ire business, the presiding
rffieer of the Senate shall have a chair
in the floor, and be considered 'he
i e1 of the Senate, and his chair shall
be assigned to the President of the
But meeting the Sen ite is one
thing; going into a privato room
and calling out Senatf rs for confi
dential consultation is a very diff
erent thing, and it is a thing which,
it" it grows into A custom, will de
grade the Pres dcBiial office, that
has already parted with no small
frharti of its original :igrity. I
ww once thought that the indepen
dence of the Legislative depart
ment was threatened by Executive
power and influence. What has
become of the indeptndenco cfthc!
Dujing the m last adSninistration
there was a feeling on the part of a
1 irge majority in Congress, and in
the country, that the policy of the
President was directed to the sub
version of the most valuable results
of the war. This feeling led to ve
ry energetic measures for restrain,
ing him. Those measures were
justiried on the ground that an
emergency existed demanding some
extraordinary course. One "cause
lor the interest felt in the election
of General Grant wus the hope and
expectation that harnr.-ny would
exist between the President and
Congress, and tho constitutional
system to made to work according
to its longestablished order. Bui
it would sjem that the two Houses,
especially tho donate, having en
joyed tho gratification of dictating
to the President in matters which
the Constitution commits to his
tree oecision, are disinclined to
civeitup. They invaded President
Johnson's prerogative because they
thought it necessary to do so far
the public safetv. Thv anbiec-t
T, r ",.
President Grant to their owo will
becauwe they choose to, and are
thus able to control the distribut:on
of the "spoils of office." And so we
see tho President a lobbyist. We
oarnestly hope he will lay Aside
his new character, and if ho can do
no more, keep up the accustomed
forms of Presidential dignity until
tho time eoto when it can be made
more ol a reality.
A TExes negro on being arrested for
polygamy 6aid: "Why, hi! I hasn't got
but four 'mendments yet, and de law
penly Tows de colored mm fifteen.
The belle of 'VVay Key, Florida, is
sioeteen years of age, ani 6he is the
heires of 10,000 head of cattle. She
has a lacge number of admirers of
LAND JOB SWINDLES!
Five Times as Much Land as
Five Times as Much Land as There is in Ohio, Granted
to Railroad Corporations!
Important Speech by Senator
III tho United States
ilniinwui made rn abie argument
bn .ant ilid,M b(.f.rc C.-
... - -
gross, in volvetl in the bills jrrantinc
lan.is to aid in the construction
a Northern Pacific railroad. Thr.r
man moved amendments to the bill
on which he based his speech, pro
viding that the grnnt of lands
should he ma:io upon the following
1st. That" the lands granted
shall be sold to actual settlers by
the railroad company, in lots of not
more than one hundred and tixly
2nd. That the price shall not
exceed SI 23 per aero, with inter
est at sTq per cent on defTcrrod pny
mc n t.
3rd. That actual settles shall
be entitled to purcl f sc the lands
in lots o! 40, SO, or ICO acres.
4lh. Thr.t all lands not sold by
the company within fifteen yenrs
shall revert to the United Stat.'S.
5th. That all n:ortt,cgcs made
or exrected by the company shall
be subject to thrse conditions in fa
vor of actsal settlers.
Cih. The company shall file with
tho Interior Department, wit'iii
ninety daysv i?s written assent to
tiic conditions, else the grant pro
vided for by the bill hll be void.
The reader will see. at a glance
that these conditions are in the in
terest ci the actual settler, and
framed to plaoo moro restrictions
of l.if nr.f-n I li A nf: a-M r.P o itmii
J .... . . j .... . ..v. j-u v. . f,. ......
i monopoly, "We have not room foi
Thurman's full speech, but inviti
the careful attention ot our readers
to the material points annexed
EXTENT OF THE GOVERNMENT
dent, lut u Io ?c at what this com
pany is, and what has already been
done for it. It was chartered oi:
lh2 2i.d of July, 180-1, nearly si
yoirsago. By its tharter then
w.ts granted to it throughout the
greater part of its route through
nut tho territory of tho United
States, everv alternate section in a
breadth cf eithiv miles, being fortv
alternate sections to the mile.
These forty alternate sections to
the mile niako twcnt3 five thou
sand six hundred acres to the mile;
Hnd the twenty-five thousand six
hundred at the government price
of $1 25 an acre, will come to a sub
sidy of 632,000 por mile.
But lhit is not all. In addition
to this subsidy, equal to S32;000 per
mile at the Government price of
land, there is given to this road the
right of way, and no ord'mary right
of way of fifty or seventy-five feel
in width, but a riht ol way four
hundred feet in with throughou'.
the entire length ot the line and the
length of its branches. In additior
to this ri-ht of way there is giver,
to it absolutely ail the land it may
need for workshops, depots, watei
stations, or any of the other struc
ture? necessary to the road, al
though they -nay be c. t ide of the
rio-ht ofwav of four hundred feet.
Mr. Stewart I suppose the Sen
ator wants ti be correct in his fig
ures. Mr. Thnrmsn. I do.
ilr. Stewart. What number of
acres to the mile did the Senator
Mr. Thurmsn. Twentyfivc thou
sand f.ix h.undred. If my friend
wiil multiply six hundred and fort3
by forty he wiil find that it is so.
acioi ding to Dil worth.
Mr. Stewart. I misunderstood
Jlr. Thurman. Again, sir, the
right is given to this company to
take from the land of the United
States, wherever situate, all the
it may need for tho con-
slrnction cf its road, whether they
be wood, or store, or iron, or grav
, . . ! i... i
el, or wtiai not. tnerigiaio tauc
The right to take
ail the material it arsav need or can
find anywhere npon the put.lic
lands is given to this company ab
solutely fs u free gift
That is not all. Of the allernatt
.joclions that are given to it there
tire no exceptions on account ol ei
coal or iron. While mineral sec
tions are excluded from the grant
m terms, it is aiso provided that
'' term ' niincr.il sections" shali
not sj p'y to sections coniainir."
iro!1 Cr coal; so that the most valu-
t , T , 0
able iron ores near Lake Supcuov.
the most valuable iron ores thai
may be foundn the route in tlx
western yart ol the line may all
belong to this company, as well as
i.he most valuable coal mines.
ENOUGH ALREADY GRANTED TO BUILD
AND EQUIP THE ROAD.
Now, what I firit wish to call
the attention of t bo eenato to is
thatlhesc grants are quite enough
to build nnd equip lhat road, cven
at the government prico of the
land. You give to the road its
right of way br four hundred feet
wide, far more than it can have
any necessity for. YtU give it all
Lhe n,arial il cris.yGU give, it all
UiO icround it needs for workshop-',
', ... . .. ..
", ; '
1 r'iVl' ah t!l:lt a
igiH, ar..i :i, addition to. that, von
give it land wort h.
ud worth. r.t the lowest
jntprire, $32.0f'0 to the
initio, at.d that to huild a road that
c:m le built more cheaply than any
; road ot oqnal length could he built
I . .
on the face o: the glooc. les, fir,
, , . t
. .. v j. ....... ....j ........ ..... ft
built on the face of tho globe of
i i i. - i.,
j -jiiaI length, because nature has
graded the whole of that road lrom
the liockv mountains to Lake Su-
A tn tnr.n r!i.- hna riM;pl
V. - r" -
over the Union Pacific road has
scon that nature has done tho gra
ding for ail theso Pacific roads.
From Omaha to the foot of the
Rocky Mountains there is scarcely
a cut three foot deep, scarcely a Cli
thrjjc feet high, ind we aro told bj
!he cnirieers who have been over
this Northern Pacific road that the
route is butter and tho road can be
more cheaply built than could
Un'cn Pa'.iCc. It is a dead level
T)!:;in almost the whole of tho way;
no grading to be done, no deep cufs,
no great fills, no expense in bridg
ing, but all that is to bo done is
first to dig tho place for tho lies,
put them down and jut the raild up
The avcrsgo ccst iif the railroads
! in Ohio, of the three thousand and
odd miles in Ohio, with all their
equipments, with all their expen
sive depot stations, water stations.,
and the like, has been about fifty
two thousand dollars to the niilo.
Of that expense a very largo por
tion was occasioned by the necess
ity of buying tho rip;ht ci way
through a highly cultivated torn
try; another large portion of it by
.he necessity of fencing their roads
required by a statute of the state.
And j-et with all theso elements of
cost, and with the immense tqn.;p-
merit they have, four or fivo times
as much as this road will need fur
ten or twenty years to come, ihe
average cost of the roads in Ohio
perfectly equipped, and the niot ol
them fenced, acoiding to tho last
report of the railroad commissior.-
-rs of that state, made in Decern-j
her last, -was 352.000 to tho mile;
and that with i; gilt at all of tho
right of way; no gilt of materials,
uo gift of sites for water-stations,
lej'ots, cattle-yards, cr tho like;
nothing of th:s kind whatsoever;
and with an equipment ciiuluing
them to do the business of the rail-
roads ..f that State, the great tran
.it State, ss it may bo called, in !
, ..I- .1.. ,i.:...j..
i no railroad aicu. mo uancu .
Why, sir, I allit :n, and
without foarcf fucce-i!ul contra- j
liclion, that the grants i;ade Vv !
the charter of this compai v to tlfoj
company v.:ii elohay every dollar j
of expense of buiidir.g aud equip- I
" 1 1
:ng the road, so that tho resnlt of,
the whole thing simply that the j
government builds and equips this
road and gives it to a private col-J
I oration. Sav what yeo will about '
irguc as much as you plcaso u:-
on it, talk as much as yen choose ot I
the advantages to thj country ol
the road the simple, naked, result 1
of the whole thing I. that tho gov-
ernment builds and equtps tho road
and givtsittoa privato CDrpora
tion to be a monopoly in the hands
of that corporatiou. That is tho
AND EQUIP THE ROAD. FIVE TIMES AS MUCH LAND AS IN OHIO
Mr. President, before we B-iall
sjrant further privileges to this cor-
poralion, befcro wo shall bcs'C.v
npon it further gifts, .t seemsto mc
we ahonld liara ion.1 rrrsm.q f..v
what we do. Y hen I spoke upon
the general subject of railroad
grants Hie other day, I gave the
, - t i .!
agnivs lrom some eslimatcs I had
-ecu in unolfioial documents cf the
tmoutit of t!ie gi ants made by the
government of tho United States
torailroal companies. I find upon
examining the e dcial documents
that those estimates were far too
low; that the gri.n'.s were far more
I than I supposed tttey were. Vhy,
j sir, what havo been the grants lo
1.1 U: rt .1
-re 1 mniu i.uin'i;u conipanics
To four Pacific railroad
companies what havo been the
:r:ur.s. the Union Pacific, the Cen
tra! Pacific, tho Northern Pacific,
and the Atlantic and Pseifi?, four
roads? They are, as the comnuss-
ioner of the general land llicu re-
pjrtg in his last report, which is on
tiie desk of senators, one bundl ed
and twenty four million acre",
nearly r.snvKh land as there aro in
iho States of Ohio, Indiana, Illi
nois, ,.Wis?on,sm, and Michigan.
Fivo limes as much land as there
is in the Statu of Ohio has already
been granted to four railroad mr
poraiions. In addition to that, fif-
ty-eight million r.cres havo been
granted to other corporations, nin-
j king one hundred eighty .two mi!
lion acres in nil. a grant in tho ag
gregate more than the territory we
used to call the "Great Northwest."
A RING TO SWINDLE THE GOVERNMENT.
A nd now, sir, it is proposcJ to go
still further and make an addition
al grant and give additional advan
tages to this road, tho Northern
Pacific, v:hich of all roads hae beeu
thejthorizo them to
shall havr, been paid to some bank -
oror broker, i-rhapj an interested
., , .. ,. .
J the greatest bentSeiary n tho g"ov -
; of th, r..v. !. i h. y ;v-'. l :
' it t.ud a.-kj tor this o':;.- mus
j gram of land, such a grant as had
! nevcr been made before, professed
! th:it with it, and without any oion
jey pubsidy, and without any mort
j r,ace of the road to defraud any
" & J
bodv, thoy would go on and make
j noru,ey, 1 inf,r frtom tll0 charter
I . . J
rri . r.., i .
that was passed giving them thi
ijrant, that they would not put any
bonds upon tho market by which
I .1.1 u J : i l...
a,uW.Jv.uaiuB uvcvueu or
wnich the road could be sold out
Thev would not
y would not ask any money
idv from tho overnnicnl at all.
thev would rui-e the nerpsearv
"?y , ' r,
capital and goon to build the roaJ
and rel' on the land subsidy to re
imburse themselves, together with
tho proGisof the road.
Now, sir, what is that they ask ?
Thev ask thai Conc:re3 shull au-
rnako a moilgage,
not simply upon the road, but upon
every dollar s worth of property,
real, personal, cr mixed, that tluy
own; and not only that, bv.t upon
their corporate frsr.chiscs and fran
chise of being a corporation. If
that mortgago is given a mort
g?:ge given before there is one sin
gle shovelful of eaith dujout, be
fore there is anvthiag done what
ever; a mortgage pat upon this
road without any limitation what
soever as to the price for which the
bonds for which the bendn mav
sell what, I as!:, will be tho liltt-
mate fate of tho road under such a
t-agc a mortgage unlimited j
in amount under which ?20U,000.
000 of bonds may bo put upon the
mrrket- without any lirr itation
whatsoever us to t!ie price for
which they shall sell or the inter
est which they shall boar? Dor-s
not any man who has the ie.ist ex
perience in the history of railroads
in "tins country know that there
can bo 'out one outcome to such a
mortgage as that, and that is the
sa'e of all this property under that
mortgago an J if purchase by a
r:ng in the company itself? That
is the common history of railroads
the sale of everything under thi ;
mortgage and a purchase by a ring
among the stoc'ihchu is themselves,
That is to lo the long and bhort of
AfU r the profits, that shall have
resuited trom nianii-tt'aiirg the!
bon is, sflcr the t onmiissioiis that
iiuuvMuai in me concern, attc-r he
sh:;li have squeezed the orange j
and got a!i ho can out of it, in the
the whole thing will go to sale
under the mortgage, and ail the
proper' y beh-oying to this compa-
J M;d given to it by tho govern-jts;
ir-i nt will become the property of
. . ,
a ring in tho e.orp.rai:cn itse.i. and
freed from its liabilities because
SolJ under ti e prior lien f the
moi tgtigo. Thi n those who at e
creditors of that con.banj, tb.cn
these to v. hc:n it Ias ! cou-io iu-
djbted, may whistle for their pity,
This ring will havo the road and
u'l its pioj;erty urnler tho prior
l:eti of the iiiorigage, ntl tie stock-
hoi Jets wLo aro not in the rt
and the creditors who fie not se -
cured by t.'ie mortgage may whist-
0 fcr tlieir p-iT-
CONDITIONS IN THE INTERES OF
I p.ifs, tii'-J, to the second con-
Second, tiio pr:c-3 at which said
,flr':s be sc" 1 y Saia o..-
'''1, I'J.". L 5 .. "J . V :.. . '
vi:ii iu;erisi si tuu rate oi ma i
ieent. ner aijuuiu unon deferred v.y
1 ,,uve Tra the r,i if-e at 51 3, 17
acre bee.iuse I bv.!iev j in cheap lands
for bjl l l:Q SeIalc aJU
1, ,,.,,1-0 tl.t? c-ener:I idea of ttiese'O!'-
diiioiis, and think that istoo smal;
a price, that the laaxsiar.m ou
to bo higher than that, heti it win
ho for tho senate to say whether 11
hrtll be increased to 2 00 or ?2 5u
or whatever amount the senate
may nee fit to fix " I thin!: t':- pro
vi?ui in respect to interest is t
impoiunt. If 3"Oti pin 111 u-soiulnoi
a re.s'riction noon the pcice. be 11
?1 25. b 1. S2 ( 0, or bo it 2 50, m-
asmucli ns this company may sell
its I;;i;d lor cash in hand er upon
deferred pa iaets. it wjul l bo ea-
'.illi-J to iiiivu interest upon the de
ferred paMneiit, und in most care
it could ttipuluto hr any raicol in
i re rest it pleased. In m;t o:
j Territories the rue of interest, 1
u .1. .. .. .. e 1 ... I.;.. I.
3 V , 1?
Of IhO L lillcd btutos
where, perhaps, there is no usury
law nt nil. or no filling tne rate ot
interest. If you let them sell this
!n!id at 2 .0 iin43cro, and soil upon
deterred payments, its they will
soil upon deferred payments nt
went'- five per cent, perhaps,, per,
mir.utn. You should therefore re
srnUthcm in the rate of interest
they shall ask on tho defrred pay
ments, otherwise they will com
pletely evade any limitation yon
may put on the prico of laud by
making the rate of interest 60 high
that it will give them a piice far
exceeding the limit that you have
Tho third condition
Such actual settler shall repactiv
ty, bentilled toparciiaso saidands
as aforesaid in tots of forty, eighty,
or ono hundred and trxly acres.
I consider that a vory important
ccitdition. It is cf no uso tu pro--
J vide that the land bhall be sold toab
h":U onIeS3 yu g'' them
1 r ' 'r , "" "avis.
A oh should give the forty ucro lot
.an jiw- tho vvmo right toget forty
; '.cres that is given to the one lain-..
ntJ Ss-y acre-lot man to yet
lied and Pixiy acre-lot man to get
hundred and sixty acres: and
with tho eighty aero lot. man.
noire 1 consider it of the greal-
et imi ortnnflj. if wo urn t.- innn'vr.
the lands to bo sold to actual ot-
! tiers, that we shall give Ih'm the
aosoiuie ngni io compel mis comi""-
pany to toll them in tracts of cither
forty eighty, or one hundred nnd
acres. Otherwiso the eoin -
pa.iy may keep any man from htiv
ing a forty-aero lot whenever in
!its wh,m' t taprice, or its interest
,l fi-' "t l' OO ho.
The. fonrth oon.tir.on
All said lands for s:.lo to act 1 1
settlers as aforesaid, that shall not
bo s: sold by said company witlun
,. , ora rrr. , i ' r. t
n!lccn JPSrslrom tho passage of,
this joint resolution shall revert to
jlhe U:iited RuiM
This provisor is absolutely noees
sary in order to enforce tho other!
lt will not do to leave
these lands in the hands of tin
com pa n y an mdeCnento pi rod of
time, even if you provide that they
shall be sold to actual settlers. You
must fix some time when, if they
shall not have been thus sold, those
unsold shall revert to tho Unito I
Statc3 I think fifteen years is u
liberal period; I should fay quite
liberal; perhaps loo liberal; but
1 am willing that they 6hall have
the sale, and if they to not sold in
that limo ll.cn thev shall not
held .by tho company, but shall rev
. J. '. "
rort to the United States.
SOMETHING FOR THE PEOPLE TO CONSIDER.
nations to tnetc great rawroau corpo
raoi rations" 1IeS!lid:
in the dav. diuinc tho discus-1
sion of the grant, Senator Thurman
was drawn into the debate, and exposed
in still more convincing language the
lavish hprodignlity of government a-
1 wish that every senator iiaa oeior
him a map of the United States with
a broad belt daawn upon it one hun
Irel and twenty miles wide, which
his resolution proposes shall be the
monopoly of this company a breadth
of one hundred and twenty miles, in
which this company is to havo forty
sections to the mi e, and out of which
it is to keep out every other railroad
company, and to keep out the actual
settlers of the country, for more than
two thousand miles across the countiy.
Think of a belt one hundred and twen
ty miles wide and reaching two thou
sand miles in extent, suffiuit-nt.cf itself j
to make twenty states and more than
twenty states of the size of some of the
state of the Union. That is tl en n
opoly which this railrd company is
to have; and yet, when that is the caje,
when such a grant as no government
in the world ever mad to a private
corporation is pending, and when the
of the business ia that
this government is to bui d the road,
to ClluiP tLe roaJ' to Pa' c"oue5 lo
bui,lJlit anJ W "ough to equip it,
land then turn never as a gracious gift
to sl tirivato corroration. to be themon-
opoly Gf that corporation-when that
js the casa, this measure is to be urged
through the senate without even a
word said in its favor by those who
ought to furnish the information, if it
tUt would justifj the passage
any e"'J 1 .
I sav, Mr. l refitient tho i a strar .g.-
l,nd ;f oweding lt u a ,trange
thing t,mt Km.h R I1H,a .uri! aa lljiSi 8Ut h
a lvu,nopoly as is to be created by tie
roposed legislation, should come le-
fore this senate without even a repoit
from a committee, w.thout one s nie
fiict oihe-iu.lly stated or autheiuitally
stated which justifies the Senate in pas
sing the resolution at a'l.
There ii nothing done by
this company ou toe faith of our net
exeeDi a pu,rer cruanization. And now
tiie senate is appea'ed to, as if it was
the most meritorious thing we could
do' to g in t!ia ,1,irk a:iJ enlar-' th
nrivih-ces of this corporation. It
r,iillfc . 1
seems to nie tnat with some gentlemen
lUOir UOpes Oi f'Sivunou resi uoii li.'-u
generosity to rrilrjadcorp rations, a:.u
(that to give the lands cf the people to
rR;iroad corporations is a more charita
Ue tLail to feed the poor, to relieve
Ui ufitrin?' or cven t0 rft,rm our
duties to our Maker himself.
Now, Mr. rresilent, I wish that the
amendment 1 offered, if it be defective,
as well it may be, shall ho amended;
but I wish that it may be considered
We aro now at the outset of this busi
ness uo, not at the very outset, but t-t
a point where a new departure is about
to be taken. Do senators kno. that
there are pending in the senate and
house of reprsentatives, before the
two bodies or committees of the two
bodies, railroad schemes that appropri
ate over four hundred million acres f
the public domain more lainl than
was in the original thirteen states.
And these schemes are to heressed,
one after another, before the senate.
Xow we are to decide the question wbut
hall beour policy in the luture. Shali
these grants be suchai they have been
heretofore without limitation, with
out rtstiiction, without ono single
shield of protection, tin own around
the settlers and the people of the cour
t:y; or shall we say if we do give these
grants in the future, if we do make
them in the future, they sha'l be coup
led with provisions which shall secure
the right of tho people to sett e on tLe
lands anel buy them at a living priee?
No greater question could occupy tho
senate. It ia a question whether the
people of this country fehall have homes
or whether the lands of this country
6hall be engrossed by corporations and
held in mortmain, as it were, for per
haps half a century to come. That is
the question. It ia the question
whether or not this senate will erect
itself into the great creator of mort
main, or whether itwil! protect these
lands for the benefifof the peop'o who
Mr. President it may be that I feel
too much upon this subject; but I can
not Jttlp it. I cannot look over this
country; I cannot contemplate what
will aoon be its population; I cannot
think of the suffering in every country j
i ...a. ,
whero there is a dense population; I
cannot dwell for a mom-mt upon tho
fact that every day and every hrur in
tin's land makes it more and i;.ore diffi-j
cult for the poor rami to got an estate,
and listen with becoming patience to
propositions to grant away forty, rifiy,
one hundred millions of the public (
' domain to a set of privateeorrosations;
j to see thw government build and equip
' road and then give it to no many pn-
j be wrong, sir, but I cannot see that I
MR. THURMAN'S CONDITIONS REJECTED.
i t,. S((lIcrs flrd gt the m
o ists. wore voted down every vote
i'" fffair.st Ihem coming from
Aflcr the conclusion of Fenatori
Thurman's speech, Imrnedinto ac
tion was talen on the subject, and
, Thurman's conditions in favor of
! Radical Senator.
j pea.-ar.t thprp are ali!;e rubjtct to i. T! e
bo'Riui-n national dtnk :a hraodr of il e
,lrnn!rprne9 has bfen di- hjeJ iu the Ry
Later f;,nii!y ' Biiia.
Mr son ,1 am astonished, nay fright-
! 'nod at hearingyou use snch express
ions. I repeat that I am frightened
t- hear such language from a child li' e
vou." Ohdientson-Durn it. old fellow.
ifrr fricrlfene,! vr v..n?
Tt U as-er'cJ that tf.e Tzir A'exin.ler
Ru-.ia. has lately had the deliiinin
Ireniers. It is known that he has heenan
intern wia'e drinker, to an ex'ent that
wo'i'J rlas.-if j him iirn'rij the d ni aid
This rice of infemparanc is alarminslv
prevaipiit io Rnosia, ns it i? in all (IitoI 1
and Not hern cMm. t. The truce ami fne
; r npn' kind; the ir rnnchr? oiil,..t b'qu r
U ,.'.!...! 1 . ...... ,i
are a:euia-ed for Ircmpnd.ir- meniul
I I'eran-rpmenf. From th eir!iet time
TtTTTT PlTATn HTMn 1 "l r
jj (J J jj2x j Jj O I M "
PR0YED FAMILY 1
J. C. STONE, Agent.
aprillS 1ST0 If.
Nntiee is hertt.y piven thet there wiil be :
a petition reonted to tho Commissioner :
ofMorgin County, Ohio, at their next reg-
u!nr session, aakiug for an alteration and!
rovicw of a par of the County road leading !
from Joseph Th ills' to Slater's Mi!'. The '
(l.wration wiM he in ee-t:on number 13 of'
Center Township, eommenciog fir tb I
same iu the center of said old rood, near :
.lame; McKelvcy'a house, theuce on south j
aide os the hill, where the most su'tab'e I
grout d for a ro?d enn e found, to the said '
creek, then across the creek t the road
leading to Beverly. Said alteration of!
road will pas through the land of James
MoLelvy, Sidney G. Jordcn and Davis 01
iphant; alio to vacate as much oi the old
road as ia supplied by tLe new.
April 22,'869 3w.
Ttnth Le'a.'d. whom residence is Mr
knowD, is mi tied tl at John A. I.elind
did, on the 13th day of April, 170, tile hi J
nelilion in the Orti.-e of the Clerk of tho
' ourt of Coin tu tit fleas withiu and for the
County of Morgan and State of Oliio, char-
iiif: the siid ktKii Loland of bein? willfully
ab.-.( iil lrom petuioiier lVv in. ire lhan three
j-ears last p:et without ju'. ruse thereror, J
and askirisr that he m.iy ie tlivoroed from j
said l;u'.h i.elund, whith petition will be j
Tor hearing at the next Jui.e Term ol uiJ ,
Court Liited ih: KMi cl April. IS70.
JOHN A. C. LELAXD,
Bv E. M. SiANBtav, his bttoruey.
A rri' li rtw.
Hannah Smith ai.d William W. Smith,
her h i i.i band, wbote place of reuience is
unknoun. will time notice that a petiti.iu i
wo filed agniust them oil the 4lh ot" April, I
wi:hin and fortlie intv of JA.rcMii a;id
state ot ihio. by John rtibbins, and i now
peudingt wherein caid John Gibbinsde -
n hnds pariitioti ond e.sisnmeiit o' dr.wcr
to Mar'iih 21. i 'liace, ol ami in th follow-
n.greai "ic. to.w.i: ft.iua.e in sam
"T;.?.i '"l,'"L?r' nn :
.VUV..U, ''' ii I. .v.. .... . ...... ....... -- - .
beinuii' at the southeast corner of the!
southwest quarter of soction number seven
().ol town limit Iter eiht (b;, ot range
number twelve (12). oi the Ohio tympany'
purchase: A chestuut 12 inches, bears
north 1.1 deijs wo.-t 21 and W. O 20:n.,beais
north SO degs west 29 ; thence north 8 dec
west 31.40 rods to a stake, a poplar I 'J, norm
4S,'j dei ec.st 5 and a poplar 10, south 2'J
e.-lt M : thence north P .' dcM east 57
rod to a stake in the road ; thence on an j
ep.Pterlv course alng the road about 30.73 i
rods to" the west line of tho Bethel meeting j
home lot : thence south about three rod to j
the southwest corner of said nieetirj houae j
lot ; thence east Id rods to the east !
line of said quarter; thence soutn l)3 ueg
west 37 ro li to the place of b'-gimnnjcc.oa-
taininx eihteeu and one-ball (13.1) acres,
more or less, and that at the next terra o ,
said Court the said John Gibbins wi!i apt
ply for an orderthat partition may be made
of and said dower be assigned in said pre
mises. JOiiX GIBBINS.
By J. T. Trew, his attorney.
Dlt. JNO. ALEXANDER,
JI' CO AW EES VII. EE,
PATENT M E DICN ES,
Ay" AT. ft
I'APri? ,vn ;
l-VI Lit, a.U,,
ali articles pertaining to the
3" lie has on hand constantly a large and
extensive slock of all articles pertaining to
the business, at the LOWEST market pri
ces. A LSO
HE ATT Y & PEACOCK'S
Patent Lamp Shades
For sale only by Tr- Jhn Alexander, ia
Morna county. rr.rll,I;70-ly.
j really want, but by what wo think wu
. doj , therefore, never go :ibro:td in
search of your wants; if t '. bt-r.'i.i
wants, they will come home in starch
of you, for he who buys what he does
not want, will soon want what he oan
or not buy.
We are ruined, not by what we.
. . . I r"'r !? YT! ft Y 1
bi LCI A L A 1 I h. I lUlN
inc, anl also fast Itou Lei
7 v.tt,.,,. Sest.
WALL L'Al'Ui !
AN IMMENSE STOCK ! !
SPEXXDXD VARIETY OF PAT
TERNS. GOOD GOODS AND LOW PRICES!!
We have now in stork the largest anI
flIi window hd-s Ter bioueht t Me
CV-jmlivilie. and nn: deteriiuiie.i t. noil the
annieat such low ficurKSas that it will be an
inducement for everybody to purchase tneir
ippli frorn us. Our ,toc is espeeiIly
a H ' , con. j.ns:.-? all k.n.I
ot I apr fur l'weilin.s, t'ublie Ualls, vnnr-
ehes, I't.iees, xtorf, Sli p3, arc, in the Tery
erp.itst vnriety of psttrn, and n( such de
sirable strip?, tliai atcaiinot fail to be sui
ted. Vve have
In trrodter variety and lareer stock than
beretofore elcg:itt patterns, choice Goods,
and fair prices. Our Cloth Sn.Tfs are very
nan. 'some, iu Green, Burt', Pearl, Brown and
oilier desirable, colors, and eletcuntlv figur
ed. We have a splendid article of Oil
cloth Crcen aiJ btiff' Amerirnn ami Rna
larger M-nrk oi i .Ww
rarer, i.laiu ai.,1 ticur.d. tnau ever beinre.
Pafcr, i.laiu a:.,i ficur. il. thau ever before.
Of the most improved kind, iiiid ao simple in
construction and working, that everybody
thnt have used them will have uo other.
"C'ur Stock of
Transom Taper, .tc,
is complete, and we invite every boly want
ing Goods in our line to ive u a cr.Ii. we
are coiifident of plcaaiLjj them in G-wds and
k- li s!
" M ,
M. COCHKUAN. C M.
J. . SoSXASSTlSti
gOETII-V EST SISJE
I lJ J3.1i X Vy
M CONN KLSVl I.LE, O.,
CCr.I?!? r?.!rJTQ ? P ?
I rtlUYH.iU liVlf LLm-ll I tf, WU
Given to the
-T7t. wvt r.v on f
ailillDg AHJ JUwIiieUt
oTirnnn p. mi t l)!il
SOEE AC EATS
iutLis locality fcr the sale of lha
C H A. 3d: IJ I O 1ST
Mowers & Reapers,
-v o :n Tj 33
Mower & Reaper,
Mower & Reaper,
Cooir&" Healing Stoves.
and odd pieces of all tho vaiicties of Cook
Stoves in the country ; -tl kinds of Thresh
ing Machine Castings ; also Suit Kettles,
and Salt Flanges, Sucar Kettles, Tots, Grid
dles, Skillets, about' twenty different pat-
ernsofriow 1'oints. Machine e astuiirs lor
Steamboat!., Saw Mills Silt Works, Mow
ers and Keapers ; also Cist Iron t himr.cy
Tops, WmdowCaps. tVllar Window irrat-
IToto roiistunlW mi baud, manufactured to l
their order, nil manner of fiu ware, Move-
...... . . - ,
Manufacturers of Water Tweei s, Mandrills,
Swedges, Ac, for Blacksmith.
liemeuiber the? Plare:
Soth-west Side of the Pnl.be Squ.n c
CPure Rye. Bourbon, x Corn v bia
w,'' Pale.nd French Brandy: llo-
TENTHGUSAND DOLLARS WORTH
TO BE SOLD!
REGARDLESS OF EVERYTHING,
Dost Rio Cotfee, 4U2 ror.nda fl 00
Prime Rio Coffee, 5 lbs. for 1 0i
Good RioCoffeee, 5 b'i lbs. for $1 ('
Government Java, per pound, 30
Roasted Coffee per pound, 25
S U G A R.
10 lbs.Cood N. Oileans Sugar for $1 0)
S :ha. Fair N. O. Sugar, for $1 00
5 Pw. Choice N Orleans Sugar, $1 CO
7 1-2 lhs. choice remarara, ?1 00
7 1-2 lbs. Best White N. O. Sugar SI 00
6 1 2 lhs. Crushed Su-nr for JI CO
6 '-2 lbs. Tulverized Whito Sugar $1 00
All other kinds in proportion.
T E AS
Rest Young Upon, sold all over
the country for $2 pr lb.) $1 50
Extra Young Hyson,
Cool Young tTjIonI
Best Black Tea,
Fine Qmlity of Syrup, per gal., $1 t'-O
New t)ilans Mohissus per gal., 80
Sorghum Molasaes, per gal., 50
De( Rlfhmoml niackXa-
vy I'ound, per Jl. SO
IZent Illrhnaofid Ulack !a-
vy, Italves &. qrs. per lb. SO
Extra Richmond blk." Xa-
vy. Iiuliei & qrs. per lb. 15
Good Richmond blk. Xa-
vy, htilveii & qrs. per lb. 60
Golden Flake per lb. 91 CO
liest brlsht fives per lb. 5
Slrfwbt Say per lb. 8
vx Eonlsvllle nnd Kentucky
brands, good, sound and war
ranted, Hold Iu proportion
vt tht fie above prices.
bind Gin : Pure Imported Port Wine
Blackberry Brandy ;Cherry Wine, Xa ,
which we warrant equal, if n t super-
ior. to anv sold in the market; and
whjPr, wo" e 1 for Medical purposes,
, . ..nr,Un with lha
and only in strict accordance with the
S nte T.Touor J.nw.
Carbon Oil per gal.,
fure English Soda, 12 lbs. for
Sifted Tepper IGrainl per lb.,
Cod IVa per lb.,
Eest quality of Brooms each,
Five two-pound can Tomatoes,
Four two-pouSd can Peaches,
12 lbs. Carolina Tdcc for
Harris' Sugar Cured Pried. Beef,
Ono doien of Xo. 1 XXX Flint
Glass Chimneys for
English Currants, 5 lbt. for
Cranberries per quart,
IS. Idis Star Soap for
20 bars Rosin Soap for
ALL GOODS SOLD ARE
WARRANTED ! !
Or the money reloaded.
tSTCash paid for Butter, Eggs and all
kinds ot rroduce-Everybo-dy
is invited to call.
POSITIVELY NO GOODS SOLD
n Ore (lit!
DOX'T FORGE V I HE PLACE,
CENTER STRERT,n.xelsTILLF 0