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WHEN I MEAN
BY JOHN G. SAXE.
When do I mrn to marry
Tig idle to uUpute with fU;
Bat if y ciw to hear u- tell, Y--
JTSJ listen wLile 1 fli lioliUe. '
to , . ... - .
' Wbe daughters bast with eager Xee, ;-: -
t A mother's daily toil to share, '. ' -Can
make the puddings which they eat,
And mend the stockings which they wear !
When maidens look upon a man.
As In himself what they would marry.
And not as army soldiers scan
A sutler or a commissary.
When gentle ladies who have got
The offer ol lover's hand,
'Consent to share hia 'earthly lot,' J
And do not mean his lot of land.
When yonng mechanics are allowed
To find and wed the farmer's pirls,
Who don't expect to be endowed
With rubies, diamonds, gems and pearls.
; Whn wives, in'sbort, shall freely give C
Their hearts and hands to aid fheir spcusses.
And live as they were wont to live
Within their sires' one-story houses.
Then, madam If I'm not too old
, Bajoiced to quit this joeely life. .
- I'll brush my beaver, cease to scold, 7-'
1 And look about me for a wife 1 ;.. , i.
At the parlor window of a pretty villa,
near Walton-on-Thames, Bat, oue evening,
at dusk, an old sian and a yonng 'woman.
The age of the old -man might be some
seventy; while his companion had certain
ly not reached.njneteen. Her beautiful,
beaming face, and active, light, and np-
right figure,- were ia strong contrast with
t the wmjoonQtenanae and beut -frame i of
the old man; but In his eye, and inthe cor
ners of his month, were indications of a
gay self-confidence, which age and Buffer
ing had damped, but not extinguished. :
"No se looking any more. Alary, ' Baid
he- 'neither John Meade nor Peter Finch
will be here before dart: Very hard, that,
when a sick uncle asks his two nephews to
come and see him, they can't come at once.
- The duty is simple in the extremeonly
to help me to dieand take what I choose
to leave tteui in my will! Pooh! When I
' was a yonng man I'd have done it for mv
" uncle with the utmost celerity. Bat;
world's getting most heartless!"
"Oh, sirr said Alaryr-
"And what does Oa, sir! rr pon?"
to SaenkIanTtl?- ikW
of myymZXn Sis
dirty world for a clean the t 80r.
row (and advantage of his affectionate re
i11,' .,gh! me a glass of the doc
tor 8 BTUIL , !'-
The girl poured some medicine into a
glass, and Collett, after having contempt
ior a moment witn innnite disgust,
uuu' jged to cet it ..own.
I tell yon what. Miss Mary Jaynei "said
lie, "I don't by any means means approve
of yonr Oh, sirr and 'Dear sir,' and "the
rest of it, when I've told yon how I hate to
be called 'sir at alL Why, yon could not
be more- respectful if yoa were a charity
girl ana 1. a beadle in a gold laced hat.
None of your nonsense, Mary Jayne, if yon
please. I've been yonr lawful guardian no W
for six months, and yoa ought to know my
likings and disukings.
"My powr lather often told me how yon
disliked ceremony,' said Mary.
"Your poor father told you quite right,"
said Air. KXMbli. . rt rea. Jayno was a man
of talent a capital fellow! His only fault
was a natural inability to keep a farthing in
his pocket, .roor Jrred! he loved me-Ini
sure he did. He bequeathed me his only
child and it isn't every friend would do
- "A kind and generous protector you have
. "WelL I don't know; I've tried not to.be
a brute, but I dare say I have been. Don't
; I apeak roughly to you sometimes? Haven't
' I given you pood, prudent, worldly advice
about John Meade, and made myself quite
disagreeable, and like a guardian? Come,
oontess yoa love this penniless nephew of
mine." - . ,
, "Penniless, indeed!" said Miry.
"Ah, there it is!" said Mr. Collett. "And
what business has a poor devil of an artist
: to fall in love with my ward? And what
business has my ward to fall in love with a
poor devil of an artist? But that's Fred.
Jayne's daughter all over! Haven't I two
nephews? Why couldn't you fall in love
with the discreet one the thriving one? Pe
ter Finch considering he's an attorney
' is a woithy young man. - He is industrious
in the extreme, and attends to other peo
ple's bu iness, only when he's paid for it
He despises sentiment, and always looks
to the main chanoe.- But John Meade, my
dear Mary, may spoil canvas forever, and I
not "grow rieh. ; lie's all for art, and truth, 1
and social reform, and.. spiritual elevation,
and the Lord knows what. Peter Finch 1
will ride in his carriage, .and splash poor
John Meade as he trudges on foot!"
The harangue was here interrupted by a
. ring at the gate, and Mr. Peter Finch was
' announced. He had scarcely taken bis
seat ' when another pull at the bell vas
heard, and Mr. John Meade . was announ
ced. -t-J ?. - - ; ; -
Mr. Collett eyed : his two nephews with
; queer sort of a smile, whilst they made
speeches of sorrow at the nature of their
visit At last, stopping theni- 1 -
"Enough, boys, enough," said be, "let
us find some better subject to discuss than
the state of an old man's health. I want
to know a littie more about -you both. I
haven't seen much of yon np to the present
time, and, for anything I know, you may
be rogues or fools."
John Meade seemed rather to wince un
der this address; but Mr. Finch sat . calm
and confident. ,:
"To pat a case," said Mr. Collett; "this
morning a poor wretch of a g&rdner came
here begging. He eould get no work, it
seems, and said he was starving. Well, I
knew something about the fellow, and I
believed he only told the truth; 'so I gave
him a shilling to get rid of. him. "Now rm
afraid I did wrong. What reason had I for
giving him a shilling? What claim had he
on me? What claim has he on anybody?.
The value of his labor in the .market is all
that a workman .has a right to, and when
his labor is of no value," why, then he-must
go. to the deviL or wherever else he can.
Eh, Peter? That's my philosophy; what
do you think?" " '
"I quite agree with you sir,", said Mr. :
Finch; "perfectly agree wi h you. The
value of their labor in the market is all that
laborers can pretend to; all that they
should have. Nothing acts more pernic
iously than the absurd extraneous support
"Hear, hear!1 . said Mr. Collett x "You
are a clever fellow, Peter. Go on, my dear
boy, gooiu" .
"What results trom charitable aid?" eon
tinned Peter. "The value of labor is kept
at an unnatural level. ' State charity is
Btate robbery; private charity is public
"That's it, Peter?" said. Mr. Collett
"What do you think of our philosophy, Mr.
"I don't like it; I don't believe it!" said
John. - "You were quiet right to"&ive the
man a shilling. I'd have given him a shil
"Yoa would, would you?" said Mr. Col
lett "You're very generous with your shil
lings. Would you fly in the face of ortho
dox political economy, you Vandal?".
"Yes," said John; "as the Vandals flew
in the face of Gome, and destroyed what
bad become a falsehood and a nuisance."
"Poor John," said Mr. Collett "We
shall never make anything of him, Peter. 1
Really, we'd better talk of something else.
Mr. Meade, tell us about the last new no
TeL" ; They conversed on various topics, until
the arrival of the invalid's early bed-time
parted uncle aud nephews for the night -Mary
Jayne seized an opportunity, tha
next morning, after breakfast to speak with
; John" Meade alone. : -
.."John," said she, "do think juore of your
own interest of our interest. ' What occa
sion for you to te so violent last night md
contradict Mr. Coll tt so shoekinfrl? I saw
Mr. Finch laughing to himself. John, you
mast be more caretul or we shall. never be
5 "Well, Mary dear, I'll do my best," said
John Meade. 'It was that confounded Mr.
.Finch, wi h'3 chain of iron maxims, that
made me fly out Fm not an iceberg,
Mary."'.' ! ' .
, j "Thank Heaven, you're aotr said Mary
Jayne; .''but an iceberg , floats think of
that John Meade., lie-nember, every time
; yea offend Mr. Collett yoa please Peter
' Finch." ' -
"So I dor said John. "Yes, Til remem
"If you would only try to be a little mean
fj 'J i f
J. I i:
VOL. IV. NO, .35.
M'CONINELSVILLE, OHIO, FRIDAY, MAY 13,
WHOLE NO. 191.
and hard hearted," said Mary; "just a lit
tie, to begin with. You would only stoop
u conquer, Joiin, andj ou deserve to con
quer." ; - ',.
"May I gain my deserts, then!" said Mr,
Meade. "Are you not to be my loving
wile, Alaryf And ure you not to sit at
needlework in my studio, whilst I paint my
great historical picture? How can . this
come to pass if Mr. Collett will do nothing
"Ah, how indeed?" said Mary Jayne.
"Bat here's our friend, Peter Finch, com
ing through the gate from, his walk. I leave
yom together." And .so- saying she with
draw. "What, John Meade?- said Peter Finch,
as lie entered, "bkulking in doors on a
fine morning like this! L I've - been all
through the village. , Not an ugly place
but w ants looking . after sadly. Roada
shamefully muddy! Pigs allowed to walk
on the footpath!" .. ', ..
'Dreadful!" excluinied John.
"I Bay yon eaxufl ; ont pretty-fUrong last
night" said Peter. "Qoita defied the old
man! But I like your spirit "
"I have no doubt you do' thought Mr.
Meade. . ; t . .
"Oh, wfien I was a youth- I was a little
that way myself," said Pert er." "But the
world the worUL tut dear "sir soon cures
us of all roma'uc notions.. I recrret of
course, to se poor peopla miserable; but
what's t-a ,me of recrettiufi'? It's no part
?f 4i' j business of the supeiior classes to
iLerfere' with the laws of supply and de
mand; poor -people must be miserable.
What can't be cured must be endured."
"That is to say," returned Mr. John
Meade, "what we can't cure, they must en
dure?" wMr. CoUetts,ihia day was too ill to leave
his bed. About noon be requested to see
his nephews in his bedroom. They found
him propped np by pillows, looking very
weak, but i good spirits as usual.
"Well, boys," said he "here lam you
see; brought to an anchor at last! The
doctor will be here soon, I suppose, to
shake his head and write recipes. Humbug,
mv brivs! - Patients can do as much ; for
themselves, I believe, as doctors can
do for.lhemi they're all in the dark togeth
erthe only difference is, that the pati
ents .grope in English,, and the doctors
groupe in Latin!" '-
"You are too skeptical, sir," said John
Meado - ---i
""Pooh!" raid Mr. Billy Collett "Let us
change the subject I want ycur advice,
Peter Finoh and John Meade, ' on a matter
that concerns your interests. I'm going to
niake.. my -will to-day - and I don't know
how to act about yonr cousin, Emma Briggs.
Emma disgraced us by marrying an oil
man. . -
w "An oilman!" exclaimed John.
. ' "A vulgar, shocking oilmanl" Paid Mr.
Collett; "a wretch who. not only sold oil,
but soap, candles, turpentine, black lead
and birch brooms. It was a dreadful blow
to the family. Her poor grandmo ther nev
er eot over it and a maiden aunt turned
Methodist In despair. Well, Briggs, the
oilman died last weekT it seems, and nis
widow has written to me, asking for assist
ance. .Now, 1 nave lUOUgni oi leaving ner
a hundred a year in my wilL What do you
think of it? Fm afraid she don't deserve
it What right had she to marry against
the advice of her friends? What have I to
do wi Lh her misfortune?"
My mind is quite made np, said Mr.
Peter Finch; 'no notice ought to be taken
of her. She made an obstinate and nuwor-
thy match and . let Ler anide the conse
"Sow for your opinion, Jonn said air.
Upon my word I think I must say the
same, said Jonn aieaae, u racing maistsii
up boldly for the part of the worldly man.
Wbat right had she to marry as yoa od-
served with grtat justice, wr? Let her
abide the eonsenuen.ee as you very prop
erly remarked, Finch. Can't she carry on
the oilman's business? I dare say it will
support her very welL" :
"Why,, no," said Mr:- cauiett; -unggs
died a bankrupt and hr widow and chil
dren are destitute." . . , .
Thst does not alter the question," said
Peter Finch. "Let Briggs's family do some
thing for her." v ' - j
"To be surer said Mr. Joiieti -unggs s
faniil KM thn nennla to do something for
her. Sue mustn't expect anything from ns
must she, John?" - .
. "Destitute, is she?;' ; said John ' "With
children, too! Wby, this is another case,
sir. You surely ought to notice her to as
sist her. Confound it I'm for letting her
have the hundred a year.- --
"Oh, John, John! What a breakdown.1"
said Mr. Collett "So you were trying to
follow Peter Finch through Stony Arabia,
and turned back at the seoead stepl Here'B
a brave traveler for you, Peter! John, John,
keep to your Arabia Felix, and leave stern
er matters . to very different men. Good
bye, both of you." I've no voice to talk
any more, I'll think over all yoa have
He pressed their hands, and they left
the room. ' The old man wa too weak to
speak the next day, and, in th.ree days alter
that he calmly breathed his List
As soon as the funeral was over, the will
was read by the confidential man of busi
ness, who had always attended' to Mr. Col
lett's affairs.-- The group that sat around
him preserved a decorous appttirance of
disinterestedness: and. the u.ual preamble
to the will having been listened to with
breathless attention, the man-of business
read the following in a lear vef ce:
"I bequeath to my niece, Em ma Briggs,
notwithstanding that she shockod her fam
ily by marrying an oilman, the sum of four
Ihousand jound8; being fully persuaded
that her lost dignity, if she could yen find
it again, would do nothing to pr ovide her
with food, or clothing, or shelter.
Mr. Meade smiled, and Mr. Finch ground
his teeth but in a quiet respecta Wo man
ner. '. - ' - ...
The man of business went on ' with nis
"Having always held the opinion that
woman shonld be rendered a ratio rial and
independent being and having flo-ly con
sidered the fact that societv practically den
ies her the 'right of earned her own. living
I hereby ' bSiaeath. to Mary Jayne, the
only child of my old friend, Fred. Jayne,
the sum of tan thonsand pounds, whieb. will
enable her to marry or remain Bingle,
she may prefer," .
John Meade gave a proaigions start upon
hearing this, and Peter Fineh ground .bis
teeth again, but m a manner nardiy recpec v
able. Both, however, by a violent effort, 1
The man of -business went on with his
readinp. '" ' ; " ,
"I have paid some attention to the 'char
acter of my nephew, John Meade, and have
been grieved to find him much possessed
with a feeliBg of philanthropy, and with a
general preference for whatever is noble
and true over whatever is base and false,
As these tendencies are by no- means such
as can advance him in the world, I beqneath
him the sum of ten tnousand pounds, hop
ing that he will thus be kept out of the
workhouse, and be enabled to paint his
great historical picture, -.which, as yet, he
has only talked about . ...'"''
"As for my other nephew, Peter Finch,
he views all things in so sagacious and self
ish a yay, and is so certain to get on in
life, that I shonld only insult him by offer
ing an aid which he does not require; yet
fronr his aflectionate uncle, and entirely
as a textimopy for his iat-ntal acutenegs, I
ventured to hope that he will accept a be
quest of ' five hundred pounds toward the
completion of his extensive library of law
How Mr. Teter Finch stormed and called
names; how John Meade broke Into a de
lirium of joy; bow Mary Jayne cried first
and then laughed, and then cried and
laughed together; all these matters I shall
not attempt to describe.1 Mary Jayne is
now Mrs. John Meade ; and ' ber husband
has actually begun the great historical pic
ture. Peter Finch has taken to discount
ing bills, and bringing actions on them;
and drives about in his brougham already.
MARK TWAIN ON "SMELLS."
Pious Olfactories and Perfumed Theology.
In a recent number of the Independent
the Kev; T. De Witt Talmage,of Brooklyn,
has the following utterance on the subject
I have a good Christian friend who. if he
sat in the front pew in the church, and a
working man should enter the door at the
other end, would smell him instantly: My
friend is not to blame for the sensitiveness
of his nose, any more than you would flog
a pointer for being keener on the scent
, than a stupid watch dog. The fact is, if
yoa had ail the churches free, by reason of
the mixing up of the common people with
the uncommon, you would keep one-hall
of Christendom sick at their stomach. If
you are going to kill the church with bad
smells, I will have nothing to do with this
work of evangelization.
We have reason to believe that there will
he laboring men, in heaven; and also a
number of negroes, and Esquimaux, and
Terra del Fuegans, and Arabs, and a few
Indians, and possibly even some Spaniards
and Portuguese. All things are possible
with God. We, shall have all these sorts of
people in heaven; but, alas 1 in getting
them we shall lose the society of Dr. Tal
mage. Which is to say, we shall lose the
company of one who could give more real
"tone" to celestial society than any other
contribution Brookn could furnish. And
what would eternal happiness be without
the Doctor? Blissful, unquestionably
we know that well enough but .would it
be distingue, would it be recherclie . without
him ? St Matthew without stockings
or sandals ; St Jerome bareheaded,
and with a ' coarse brown blanker
robe dragging the ground; St Sebastian
with scarcely any raiment at all these we
should see, and we should enjoy seeing
them; but would we not miss a spike-tailed
coat and kids, and turn away regretfully,
and say to parties from the Orient: "These
are well enough, but yoa ought to see Tal
mage of Brooklyn." I fear me that in the
better world we shall not even have Dr.
Talmage's "good Christian friend." For
if he were sitting under the glory of the
Throne, and the keeper of the keys admit
ted a Benjamin Franklin or other laboring
man, that "friend," with his fine natural
powers infinitely augmented by emancipa
tion from hampering flesh, would detect
him with a single sniff, and immediately
take his hat and ask to be excused. ' '
If the subject of these remarks had been
chosen among the original Twelve Apostles,
he could not have associated with the rest
because he could not have stood .the fishy
smell of some of his comrades who came
from around the Sea of Galilee. He would
have resigned his commission with such a
remark as he makes in the extract quoted
above: ''Master, if thou art going to kill
the church thus with bad smells, I will
have nothing to dorith this work of evan
gelization." He is a deciple, and makes that
remark to the Master; the only difference is,
that he makes it in the nineteenth instead
of the first century. ' ' '" -
Now, can it be possible that in a hand
ful of centuries the Christian character has
fallen away lrom an imposing heroism that
scorned even the stake, the cross and the
axe, to a poor little effeminacy that withers
and wilts under an unBavory smell? - "'
advocates of a universal currency,
may find a new argument in a letter, from
the Secretary of the xreasury in reiuiicn to
the value of the tael of China, referred to i
the House Committee on JToreign Affairs
on the 1st inst ' It appears that the cur
rency of China is not a coinage, but a
measurement by weight of silver bullion.
First a uniform standard is obtained from
the Government issue, paid oat for Gov- j
ernment dues through certain banks. The
latter, known as "Government Banks,"
melt, cast weigh, and stamp lumps ot : sil
ver of about 50 or CO taels value; and these
lumps become the standard currency.
This is not however, the commercial cur
rency, which consists of another set ol lumps,
corresponding in size and weight but made
by anybody, and needing to be stamped and
restamped by every person passing them;
and also bits or pieces of silver, chiefly
from fragments of foreign coins, done up
in bags and boxes, and similarly weighed
and stamped. The commercial currency
is the medium of all the exchanges in
China, is, in fact its "circulation," and es
timated in it, the standard currency is worth
about 10 per cent premium. Now some of
the older ports of China, in commerce with
foreigners, brought into use first the Span
ish or Carolua dollar; then the Mexican; J
more latterly the American silver dollar, j
The Carolus dollar, in process of con
sumption by clipping and melting has
nearly disappeared; the Mexican is worth
about 8 per cent premium above the Amer
ican. Our government with reference to
duties, in 1TJ) estimated the Chinese tael
at a fixed value as $1.43. . it seems tnat
this value was really appropriate only to
the "standard," and was in excess for the j
commercial currency. In . 18C2, upon suit
brought by an impcrter against Augustus I
SchelL Collector, Chief Justice Nelson de
cided that the Shanghai tael was not the
Chinese tael, and was only equivalent
to SI. It is supposed that the evi
dence in the case had ref erence to the
Spanish or Carolns dollar; but at all events
from this mistake it since resulted that
Shanehai ' invoices have been valued at
about one-third less than those from other
ports. Secretary BontwelL at the instance
of Mr. Hogeboom, General Appraiser at
this port who seems to have ascertained
and presented these facts, offers for the
consideration of the House, an act to make
the Castom-Hoose estimate of the tael in
all the ports of China alike, $1.35, which is
a fair valuation of the commercial curren
cy. These values are of course in Ameri
can gold. It appears inai even a --uaru
money" currency may net be free from in
tricacy and confusion. X. Y. Tribune.
Delusions of Girlhood.
. The following is a bit of Fanny Fern's
I used to believe in school friendship.
That delusion ended when Arabella Triplet
told mutual friends that I was years and
years her senior, knowing what a-terrible
fib she told.
I used to suffer pangs of anger because
of wo-3s of beggars. Since that I have seen
one unstrap his leg in an area, and run off
"ailvontwo lees of his own. Another
tiirew a loaf of bread in the gutter, and I
saw a third who bad all day been yelling,
"please assist the blind, " carefully examin-
ir hia collection of ten cent stamps iy
tL light of a friendly apple-woman's can-.
1 iaed to put the greatest faith in lovers'
vowa. Now, I do not believe a man means
anythii g " ys to a womai' unless it is
n faithful servants,
smcathen I have hired girls from intelli.
gnceffic :V t :all my handker-
chiefs but biL18-.. . . ' . t. -
I used to b Iieve in beauty. Since then
I have seen a .Sewitcbing belle take off half
her hair, all her' leeth, tie best of her com
plexion, two pon tsds of cotton batting and
a cotset .
' The Dyspeptic. The tria.' na Bufferings
of the Dyspeptic cn only L" realized by
those so nufortunate as to be an, "ictea by this
disease, and yet how many or th m "Ufler,
aud continue to suffer ? Why they c " ?
patiently it is iiupoBaible to tell. It .UT
frnm ifnnrsnee of anv certain renu-dv.
mv be from prejudice against tus use
l'atent Medicine. Hootland's German Bi
ters has cured thousands of the worst csbc-s
of Dyspepsia, aud each day adds new names
to tile record of its usefulness. Give the
Bitters a trial. Hoofland's Bitters contains
no liquor in any form. "
Hootiaad's German Tonic ia a combination
ol all the ingredients of ,the Bitter, with
pure Santa Cruz ftum,' anise, -orange, &c,
making a preparation of rare medical Value.
Tbe Tonic is used far the ; same diseases as
the Bitttjr, in cases wherv eome Alcoholic
Stimulus ixnerosHary..'' .". :;.?
Stop vour hair from falling out by using
Hall's Vegetable Mcilian Hair Itenewer, a
SINGULAR CASE. A Young Lady Attends a Revival
SINGULAR CASE. A Young Lady Attends a Revival Meeting and becomes a Raving
Maniac in Consequence.
From the Rock Island Argus. April 23.
. One of those sad cases of insanity that is
attributable to the excitement consequent
upon a protracted religious revival occurred
in Davenport yesterday, on the public
streets, whereby a yonng lady's mind is in
jured, if not destroyed for life. The occur
rence was witnessed by a large number of
citizens, and by none without a most gon
uine feeling of pity. The facts are as fol
lows: About four miles freni Ottnmwa resided
a family by the name of Fisher. There
were two usters in the family; the young
est one, Lydia E., aged 22, is the one with
whom we have to do. she came to Daven
port two years ago, seeking employment
which she found at Jacob Shields' factory,
where she tended a loom. She boarded
with William Nelson, on Main stri-et. Here
she li red eighteen months, working early
aud late at tbe factory, and winning the
good will of every one by her correct de
portment and unexceptionable character.
Six months ago she went to live in the
family of E. A. Tillebein, working still at
Shields', and there she remained until the
One night about a week ago, Mr. Tille
bein and his wife were awakened by a
series of shouts, prayers and singing from
her room. . Upon going thither they found
her laboring- under a temporary attack of
insanity, superinduced by strong religious
excitement She recovered in a few days,
and has appeared as well as ever daring
the past few days, except an occasional
wild look about the eyes.
Just after dinner yesterday, she quietly
left the house, and walked directly through
the water above the railroad bridge, over
two and a half feet deep, and turned down
Third street where she commenced to
swing her parasoL shout and conduct her
self like demented. Mr. Tillebein had luft
his home a few moments before, and took
the street cars down to Western avenue,
where, after transacting some busi
ness, he turned down to Second
street, a ad in walking op he met Miss
Fisher coming toward him, with a rabble
ot boys following. Her clothes were wet
through and through, soiled and torn, and
she was talking incoherently. Mr. T.
could scarcely believe his own eyes that
this was the neatly dressed girl that he had
left quietly eating dinner with his mife half
an hour before. An officer who had been
watching her movements came up, and the
two persuaded her to go np to Maj. Schnit
ger's, where a room was furnished her, and
proper treatment administered. .
Miss Fisher had recently been attending
revival meetings at the Baptist church, and
had become greatly aroused on the subject
of refigion, with the above result She is
represented by all who knew her as a very
amiable girL of strict integrity and pleas
ing manners. Tbe best of medical attend
ance has been summoned, and pleasant
apartments assigned her at the jail, where
she remains temporarily until a suitable
place can be provided for her.
The Use of Opium.
- Opium eating is one of those private vices
which, because it does not intrude itself
upon the public, attracts little attention.
Those who" have read DeQuincay under
stand the- evil effects of the terrible prac
tice, and those who have not can refer to
that work for fall details of its demoraliz
ing influence upon both brain and body.
Many persons suppose it is only the Turks
and Chinese who use the drug, bat they are
mistaken, as a large cumber of persons in
this country and this city, are slaves of
opinm. ' - -
It is taken in various forms and quanti
ties. .Some persons use it until it becomes
a necessity of their natures. Their appe
tite craves for it and they long for the
unnatural, dreamy, intoxicating sensation
it produces. They become its victims, and
it holds onto them with the grip of a vise.
Ordinary laudanum or morphia, taken in
ternally, was the usual mode of indulging
this vice. But that grew too expensive.
When a man became so bad that a dose of
sixty grains was his daily allowance, it was
too costly, for opium eaters are a shiftless
and worthless set and but few of them
could afford to pay from SI 75 to $2 a day
to gratify their abnormal appetites. A new
and cheaper mode of producing the same
result was demanded, and science pointed
This consists in inoculating the system
with the poison. ' A pint of - Morphia is
mixed with two hundred and twenty-nine
pints of water to make up the decoction.
A small syringe, with a fine glass nozzle,
is filled with the mixtnre, and the sharp (
point ot me syringe being inserted in oue i
of the veins of the body, generally in the
arm or one of the veins of the neck, the
stuff is injected. This is a cheap but dan
gerous operation. It costs but ten ceuts a
day to those who survive it and who do
not furnish a job o the undertaker and
grave digger, which costs their friends
something. It requires a skilled and prac
tised hand to nse opium in this way. A
greenhorn attempting it would probably
result in a fresh corpse, and serve him
Druggists, who sell much opium, in all .
its forms, state that the practice of using
it as a stimulant is fearfully prevalent and
is becoming more and more general. Of
all forms of dissipation, it is the most
dreadful and ruinous, and the confirmed
drankard is decent beside the . confirmed
opium-eater, and has twice his manhood.
N. Y. Paper.
The Way to Spoil Girls.
1. Be always telling, from her earliest
childhood, what a beautiful creature she ia
It is a capital way of inflating the vanity of
a little girL to be constantly exclaiming:
"How prettyl" Children understand such
flattery even when in the nurse's arms, and
the evil is done to the character in its earl
2. Begin as Boon as she can toddle, to
dress her out in fashionable clothes .and
rich dresses. Put a hoop upon her at once,
with all the artificial adornments of flounces
and feathers, and flowers and carls. Fond
ness for dress will thus beeome a prominent
characteristic, and will usurp the' whole
attention of the yonng mortal, and be a
long step toward spoiling her.
- 3. Let her visit so much that she finds
no happiness at home, and therefore will
not be apt to stay there and learn home
duties. It is a capital thing for a spoiled
daughter to seek all her happiness in vis
iting ai d change of place and associates.
She will thus grow as useless as modern
fashionable parents delight that their
daughters should be.
4. Be careful that her education gives
her a smattering of all the accomplish
ments, without the slightest knowledge of
the things really useful in life. It her
mind and time are occupied in modern ac
complishments, there will be no thought of
the necessity and virtue of being of some
real use to somebody pervading her heart
and she will soon be ready as a spoiled
. 5. As a consequence, keep her in pro
found ignorance of all the useful arts of
housekeeping, impressing upon her mind
that it is vulgar to do anything for yourself,
or learn how anything is done. A spoiled
daughter should never be taught the mys
teries of the kitchen; Buch things a lady
always leaves to her servants. It would be
"vulgar" for her to know how to dress a
salad or make a pudding.
6. To complete the happiness of your
spoiled daughter, marry her to a bearded
atu witn soil nanus, woo anows as mue
u n ' to earn money as she does to save it.
Her ii PPineM nftn Da finish for her
T p "K8T AND bWKTMT COD LlVEB OlL
thw,.'" Hazard Caswell's, made on
th M'L . from freeh, selected livers,
it is absoli
T l i i . i
-re aiid t:reet. Parties wno
".i.yj,. refe. it to .n others.
nave once taten . it Mpener to any of
rhysiciaua have deci. " krr mm hv all
"If Thy Foot Offend Thee, Cut it Off and
Cast it From Thee."
A singular case of relicious hallucination.
resulting fatdly, occurred in East Lampeter
township' Lancaster county, Pa., . last
week. A young man named Jacob Harnish,
about 17 years old deliberately cut off his
own leg with a hatchet It appears that
for sometime past his mind has been deep
ly exercised by the subject of religion, and
he spent his spare moments ia reading the
Bible. On Saturday this young man and
brother were engaged together in harrowing
a field. Jacob was observed to go to a
wood pile and pick np an old axe and ex
amine it without however, saying any
thing which might lead to suspicion that
ne intended any injury to hmselt
The rest of the family went to
dinner, and Jacob not making his ap
pearance, bis mother went in search of him,
when she found him lying at the woodpile,
covered with blood, and one of his feet lying
some t wlvtr feet from him. The tourniquet
was applied to the limb, which checked the
hemorrhage, but the patient was so much
exhausted from the loss of blood that it was
necessary to wait three hours before ampu
tating the limb an operation found neces
sary to reach the blood vessels, which had
contracted. The amputation was then ac
complished without farther flow of blood,
and the boy appeared to be doiag well for
a few hours, when he expired suddenly.
When asked why he thus mutilated his
person, he replied that it was necessary to
the salvation of his soul, as Christ had com
manded, that "if thy hand or thy foot
offend thee, cut it off and cast it from thee."
It appears that after examining the axe at
the wood pile.he got another one, which was
sharper, and which he used, and after tak
ing off the boot and stocking, he put his leg
on a block, chopping off the foot at three
blows. Tbe first cut was made transversely
on the kg, and severed both bones, a few
inches above the ankle; the second, which
was in a diagonal direction, and a little
higher, also cut off both bones; the third
completely severing the fibres of the muscle
by which the loot still adhered to the leg.
After the foot had been cut off, he deliber
ately picked it up and hurled it some feet
fiom him. The father of the young man
who thus committed self-destruction is a
well-to-do farmer, and does not belong to
any church. The deceased was not a mem
ber of any denomination, though he occa
sionally attended the Mennonite church,
located in the vicinity where the : melan
choly affair occurred. . - -VI - - ,
The Food Question.
' In Europe, where it is of vital impor
tance to niillions of human beings to obtain
the largest possible quantity of wholesome
sustenance " for a given sum, the Food
Question has long engaged the earnest at
tention of political economists and scien
tific men. Innumerable experiments have
been made, and learned essays written by
the ream, with the view of solving this im
portant problem, but the foreign ohemists,
philanthropists and statesmen . who have
discussed it, do not seem to have arrived at
any common conclusion on the subject,
ana the world at large, is not much better
for their disquisitions. In the meantime,
on this side of the Atlantic, the practical
application of a cheap and plentiful natural
product to nutritiv purposes, is prodaciug
economic results which appear to take the
food question completely out of the pale of
theory, and to show that the nourishing
properties of the most valuable staples of
life may be enormously increased at a nom
inal cost and in a way that is gratifying to
the palate, as well as. saving to the purse
Most of our readers have probably heard
of the patent article manufactured from
Irish Moss and known as Sea Moss Famine,
which Mr. Band, a distinguished practical
chemist, has recently introduced into the
kitchens of America. Liebig, with all his
recipes for concentrating the life-sustaining
elements -of animal food, has never done
society so great a service. He ' has been
successful in extracting the iiutritious ma
terial from meats and condensing it into a
small compass; but be has given us no ar
ticle, that like the Sea Moss Farine, will
increase more than one-third the quantity
of wholesome bread obtainable under ordi
nary circumstances from a given quantity
of flour. We are not prone to place much
confidence in new dibcoveries, even when
announced under the sanction of a patent
but the testimony in favor of this cheap
and simple preparation is so overwelmiog,
and has been so entirely corroborated by
our own experience, that we cannot and do
not hesitate to recommend it most emphat
ically to the attention of every household
desirous of combining economy' with the
enjoyment of luxurious and dulicious ar
ticles of food.
The countless ways ia which the Sea
Moss Farine may be utilized in cookery,
the immense number of dishes, some plain
and simple, others of the most delicate and
delicious nature, to which it not only im
parts all that is desirable ia quality, but a
wonderful increase of quantity are among
its strongest recommendations. There is
no kind of farinaceous preparations, no
kind of soup or gravy in which it may not
be used to advantage, and the blanc mange,
puddings, custards, creams, jellies, gruels,
Ac, made from it are not only unsurpassed
but in our opinion, unequalled. Invalids,
whose stomachs are so sensitive as to reject
all ordinary preparations for the Bick room
find no difficulty in retaining and digesting
the light and nourishing food of which
this article forms the basis.
On the score of economy, the Sea Moss
Fariue is certainly infinitely preferable to
any of the starches, farinas, gelatines, Ac.,
made from the cereals or from maize. We
are assured that a package of it .costing
only twenty-five cents, will produce no less
than sixteen quarts of blano mange, jelly,
custard, or Moss Farine cream. The quan
tity seems almost incredible, but the state
ment is made on good culinary authority,
and our readers can easily test its accuracy
The new article seems to have been sub
mitted to the most rigid and impartial
scrutiny. A commission appointed by the
American Institute have paid such an offi
cial compliment to its merits as is
rarely voushsafed .by cautious Bcience
to any "new thing under the sun." A
large proportion of the leading hotel and
restaurant proprietors in New York nse it
and urge its use by others, over their own
signatures; and men eminent in scieDce.
have voluntarily came forward and endorsed
it as an economical culinary staple, and as
an unexceptionable article of nourishment
for the sick. The material from which it
is manufactured Carrageen, or Irish Moss
- is a lichen found in unexbaustible quan
tities on the coast of Ireland, and may be
had for the gathering, without money and
Without price. Hence, it will be cheap, as
long as the sea and the rocks last which
will be long, enough for all practical pur
poses; Our main object in this article has
been to place what we believe to be a sub
ject of great importance ia its true lights
nothing more, nothing less. The Sea Moss
Farine is manufactured by .a company,
whose central depot hr at 53 Paik Place,
New York. "
Si'EZ. The immense saving in distances
which will be accomplished by tbe Suez
Canal, from the various ports of Europe
and America, to Bombay, India, is shown
by the following table, the Atlantic route
being by the way of the Cape of Good
Hope: - .
By tho Atlantic By Suez. Diff.
Constantinople.... 7,U0 1,8H .,
Malt. 5,840 2,662 3,778
Trie.-fc 5,9t!0 2,840 3.G20
Marseilles 5,050 2,374 3,276
Cadiz 5.2D0 2,224 2.976
Lisbon...; 5,&ri0 2,500 2.850
Bordeaux.. 5,650 2,800 2,8.50
Havre .....5,800 ' 2,324 2,976
London ......5,950 ' 3,100 2,850
Liverpool 6,900 - . 3,050 2,850
Amsterdam 5,950 3,100 2jm
St. Petersburg 6fin 8,700 2,850
New York 6,200 3,761 2,439
New Or leans. 6,450 . 3,724 2,726
The ad vantages to commerce which these
figures indicate ought to make tbe Suez Ca
nal one of the most profitable as well as
useful enterprises in the world.
The Pope's Joke on a Dirty Bishop.
The following is from Harper's Drawer
We rather hold to the opinion that rius
IX. is partly indebted for his longevity to
the love ot the humorous that is one of his
prominent characteristics. Tne good man
is now seventy-eight and even the weighty
matters that press upon him during the
sessions of the Ecumenical do not prevent
his thorough enjoyment of tLe tishig
good things. It has ben said that the
most superb looking members ot the Coun
cil are the Oriental prelates, but they are
not much given to ablution ia fact, they
are dirty- One of these unclean function
aries was invited to an interview with hU
Holiness. The Oriental bishop conld not
speak a word of Italian, French or English
nothing but a carious Latin, Arabic, and
Chaldee. The interpreter carried on tbe
conversation. Bofore going he at-ked, as
usual, the Papal benediction. Now be it
remembered that his Holiness is one of the
cleanest neatest old men iu the woilil. He
takes a cold sponge-bath every morninp,
and when you see him in his nice white
clothes, notice his fresh healthy face, hand
some hands, and thoroughly well-kept ap-
Eearance, you canuot help thinking of a
earty fat baby, just out of the morning
nursery toilet; for the white skull cap and
silvery hair add to this illusion. - Imagine
then what such a clean old niau mnr-t have
felt while breathing the odor c-f this Orien
tal species of prelatical sanctity. '
When asked for his benediction, the
Pope turned to those who Burning led him,
and said, with an expression peculiarly
Roman for these Romans are ihe must
witty, sarcastic people in the world: "
"Are you very sure this bishop does not
understand Italian ?"
"Very sure, Holy Father."
"WelL then," said his Holiness, iu Ital
ian, drawing himself np before the knot 1
ing, unclean man, "Dirty and ugly as thou
art, I bless thee," etc., etc.
Terrible Water-Spout in Eldorado Co.,
A correspondent sends the Mountain
Democrat the following account of a
"water-spout" on French creek:
On the 22d of March one of those
strange but sublime spectacles known as
the water-spout was presented to the ns
tenished view of the inhabitants in the
vicinity of Thomas Lambert's, on French
creek. Lambert says that on the above
mentioned day, at about noon,he observed
two small, dark clouds, oue moving enst
ward and the other northward, when they
appeared to merge themselves iato one
grand column of water, apparently
many thousand feet in height' ac
companied with a roaring noise like the
reverberation of a hundred steamers all
blowing off steam at once, accompanied
with rain and hail. After the storm had
subsided, Lambert and many others visited
the scene, where they found hi. go oaks
torn Hp from the roots and carried from
one to three hundred yards; stout pines
were broken or twisted off at the ground
and carried up in the air hundreds of feet;
great cavities were formed in the earth,
and many other evidences of the irreihtible
power of the tornado. Fortunately no
houses were ia the track, other vriK we
should have had some tatal result. One
miner was in his claim, but In li. ved him
self under a bank of earth. A small res. r
voir which he was using at the time, and
which was nearly full of water, was c rn
pletoly sucked np in the vortex and carried,
no man knoweth whither. We did not as
certain his name, but presume ho was
somewhat demoralized. . -i - .
A "Real Live Westerner."
A London correspondent of the B.'toii
Journal gives this item:
"I first saw him iu Pans-lhn reall v ex
aggerated type i f the Western American
and was amused by his swinging manners
and free and easy cut. but iu London it
was most delightful. Ua was as ro jb and
unrestrained, yet as enjoyable as a Cali
fornia ballad. Missouri gave him birth,
and a contract made hw fortune. He
wasn't shoddy was sensible, and made no
foolish pretensions but translated into
the rigid atmosphere of England, he d:d
look queer. Fancy the smoking room of
an aristocratic English hotel electrified W
this: - -
" 'Waiter, you ! Can't you bring one o'
them real old cocktails one o them way
np fellows ! Hey ! Heow long shall von
be ? Can't do it ? Well, what soft of a
country do yoa call this? Noue of the
civilized arts left round here, hey ? Al!
gone out west ?"
"Tho Englishmen gurgle ia despair.
Finally the Westerner contents himself
with brandy and soda, and exclaims ad
miringly, 'How's that for high? That's
regular old "you bet" brandy ! That's
whatll make yoa get up aud dust'
"A few snch Westernisms as thi. de
livered in a loud voice, make the English
men quake. . It offoods but it awes them.
As although, mayhap, it is not good t-wte
still it ia refreshing to see the dead level
of English cold sobriety stirred up and
warmed into ebullition."
An Astounding Discovery in Chemistry
Mr. Theophile Laoislas Zchweskofski,
on of the cleverest pupils of Baron Liubig,
has made an astounding discovery iu
chemistry, viz: the ailicions and aluminous
ethers. It is but necessary to pour iuto a
champagne glass a certain quantity of
these two others to produae almost in
stantaneously the most magnificent stones;
combined with very pure oxida of
iron the aluminous ether produces
ruby; with sulphate of copper, the
sapphire; with salts of manganese, the
amethyst; with salts of nickel, the emer
ald; wi'.h salts of chrome, the silicions
ether produces the different colora
tions of the topaz. These ethers evaporate
with a penetrative perfume, which several
persons have declared to be very agreeable.
The salts crystalize very regularly as soon
as the liquid part has gone. The corindons
obtained through this means aro not quite
as hard as the natural ones; but if the
operation-is carefully done, the brilliancy is
admirable. The silica and the alumina
which constitute the earths and clays are
principles easily found in the different
parts of the globe; and the preparation of
the new ethers, though delicate, costs very
little. This discovery will bring forth a
revolution not only in the jewelry, but
in most of our industrial arts.
Women as Railroad Conthtotoks. Be
ing informed that the special train would
leave at 6, I was ready at that hour,
but the conductor being drunk, had gone
off an hour before, and was anxioas'.y in
quiring for me at evory stopping place
along the line. At the end of the route a
large audience waited my coming. My son
and lyceum managers telegraphing,
"Where is the train?" "Where is Mr
Stanton?" At the other end I stood tired,
disgusted, indignant replying, "Here I am,
but where is the train?" At 8 o'clock.as no
train returned, I went back to thr hotel,
bag and baggage, (in a good state of mind
to say damn it), while the audience at Mon
ticello dispersed at 9 o'clock, cursing all
womankind. . My son overheard groups
here and there say, "Just like a womau ;"
"Never can depend on them."
Please remember, dear sirs, that such aie
the results of your own management Wo
men have net one word to say about rail
roads, stages, bridges. When we have, ou,
what order and harmony will rci'ii! -With
sober women for engineers and con
ductors, there will be no smash-ups nor
running off before they are sent When
the women of Iowa vote, there will be de
cent roads and -bridges, and trains in
friendly relations with each other, and tel
egraph operators who know that despatch
means send quickly, and not lay on the
Miss Mabt Edith Pkchx, a successful
competitor for a prize at the chemistry
course at Edinbarg, has been denied her
reward because she has not the good tor
tune to be a man.
Facts and Figures.
A Norwegian boy named lonis Saelsted
was drowned near Lan Claire last week.
A COBWKB wedding was celebrated in
Iowa the other day. Mr. Joseph Cobb was
unueq iu marriage to aiiss A ate Webb.
Pierre Bo.vap vice's head is described as
so flat that yon could set out a small cold
supper on the top of it
Th railway bridge lately erected over
the Dneiper, near Kiow, is the largest work
of the kind in Europe, being 3,503 feet in
The Russian Emperor, in a recent ukase,
says he "deigns to permit the Russian
language to be used . ia the chtirches of
A savings bank at Neabnryport, Mas,
has ou deposit over three million dollars,
and recently declared a semi-annual divi
dend of 3t percent
LrvKitpooi. engineers are discussing the
possibility of cutting Ireland in two by a
canal from Gal way to Dublin, a distance of
200 miles over a level country.
FnrssiA wants the Pope to appoint a
Nnncio at Berlin, and England still offers
Malta as a retreat for the Holy Father in
the event of his expulsion from Rome.
An Iowa editor gave out that ho would
print all poetry snt to him,' vtsbaliin,
wkich, he says, had the effect to lessen the
amount of dogertl sent to him for publica
tion. A vorNO ladies' club is reported to feave
been organized, with a real club-house in
Fifth avenue, N. T., real cigars and cham
pagne cocktails, and a real initiation fee of
Tub water in the Mississippi, abreast of
Galena, on Monday, was six feet higher
man ever be lore Known at this time oi the
year, and seven inchea above the Jane rise
Cincinnati barbers have to undergo the
trying ordeal of a breath inspection every
morning, ami if there is the least indica
tion ot "fusil" present they are compelled
to stop work.
. ; A obamxarian's thought What a con
trast there sometimes is between the ad
jective and iU adverb ! Reflect for ex
ample, ou the wide difference that exists
letweer the man who is constant in love
and the man who is constantly in love !
Tiie Troy (X. Y.) Times says: "The lit
tle spot of land in the river known as
Whale I-daud, has entirely disappeared,
only one little stick like a' struggling arm
appearing altove the water. We remember
when it was a good sized cornfield."
Theke is a man in North Brook field,
Mass., who was born with onlv oue ear.
lie has no auricular orifice on one aide of
his head, and only- a rudimentary external
ear, about aa inch long near the jaw, where
the front part of the eaT is located.
It is quite probable that the names of
writers iu the Atlantic Monthly will here
after le attached to their articles. This
has virtually been done for a long time, but
a great many readers will welcome the ac
tual adoption of a very sensible idea.
A rcoY, aged 14, committed ' suicide in
Baltimore on the 21th inst by hanging
hiiuwelf. He was seen about half an hour
lefore tho fatal act and exhibited no indi
cations th;t sueh a deed was contemplated
Ou Thursday his morbid curiosity led him
to vbit the bodies of the victims of the
late tragedy, and the bloody spectacle prey
ed on his mind and considerably depressed
his spirits, which is tbe only fanse that
can hx) a.ssijned for the commissi. a t.f the
The cntting of the Isthmus of Coriuth is
to b undertaken by M. Piat, engineer of
tlio S,-rvlin railways, and by M. Chollet, of
Paris. M Behic, a member of the French
Senate, and the Marquis de Piceac, Deputy
Governor of the Bank of France, are inter
ested in the enterprise, iu aid of which the
Greek Chambers have granted a concession
of 99 years, and the right of constructing
railways uniting Corinth and Athens with
the Tnrkish lines.
A cebtatn amount of opposition is a
great help to a man. Kites rise against
tho wind, and not with the wind; even a
head wind is- better than none, r No man
ever worked his passage anywhere in a
calm. Let no man wax pale, therefore,
bocarwe of opposition; oproeitionis what
he wants and must have to bi good foT
anything. Hardship is the native soil of
luaiihood and aelf-reliaaee.. ,
Ax earnest Christian writer calculates
that the conversion of the world is not nec
essarily a distant event Estimating the
population of the earth at oue billion, and
all f'!iri.tia!i people at ten millions, and
supposing that each Christian has faith and
z;id enough to save one soul a year, and
that the progress of doubling the number
of conversions goes on annually, ia seven
years the work will be accomplished.
Tu Church Journal thinks it would be
well if Protestants would imitate the Ro
manists in their zeal and punctuality in at
tending upon public worsbiD. The reason
assigned why Protestants are so indifferent
is that few are taught that public worship
is a daty of essential obligation. Many
think, and are even taught by .popular
preachers, that even church membership is
no necessary part of rehgiou.
Gbeat Britain and Portugal have for
many years been disputing the possession
"of the little island of Bolama; off iho west
coast of Central A frica, and won h about
halt a millioa of dollars. A year or more
ago they entered into a treaty, and agreed
to leave the matter to the President of the
United Siates for settlement. Both sides
put in their facts and arguments. Presi
dent Grant took np the question, through
the State Department and has just decided
in favor of Portugal.
On FrF-rn street New York, there is a
small church of Christian Israelites, who
have maintained regular worship fcr more
thaa twenty years. They behve that the
twelve tribes of Israel now scattered on the
earth are to be gathered together and
brought to embrace Christianity as tbe first
step toward tho evangelization of the race.
Their dress is like that of th Quakers, and
their services are in the Englihh and Ger-
A siNon.AK event has just occurred at
Kwtheu, in the principality of Anhalt
A middle aged man entered the gaming
rooms and sat down at the table. After a
time he gained 1,000 ducats The croupier
passed the money over to him and asked if
he wished to continne, but as no answer
was returned one of the assistants touched
him on the shoulder. Th individual still
remained immovable, for it tnrnedout that
h was Uad ! The man in charge of the
table then raked up the gold, sayinthatit
belonged to the bank, as no engagement
could have been entered into with a corpse.
The heirs of the deceased are not convinc
ed of the soundness of this reasoning, and
they have commenced an action for the re
covery of the sum.
Thebe is a woman Virginian who is said
to have lived for years without eating. A
Richmond letter to the Petersburg Cour
ier says: "I hear again from the lady who
uvea without eating. About this time last
year I gave you some account of her. I
am assured by her friends and relations
ll, at she eats nothing at all, and that she
appears to be kept alive by her dally ap
plication ot oil to her breast My inform
ants are intelligent and respectable people,
not likely to be imposed on, - nor iavout
what they tell, and the lady herself is rep
resented to be devoutly pious. Her beauty
is described as angelic"
"Mast the changes jiince last we met."
Such has been the oft repeated exclamation,
as friends gazed upon the jrray locks of dear
enos; but this U no longer heard, since Ring's
VoRPtable Ambrosia has become one of the
articles found in all ladies' toilet caaea,
Ir xoc want to know how to cook a meal
for six persons at a cost of one ceiU. send for
deecriptive circular to li. B. Mitchell. Chica
—The Earth ClosetThe Commode
—The Earth Closet Company—
Trial between Steam Fire Engines
and Chemical Fire Engines—Another
May 2. After a ram rtornr, a cool
day or two, snd a sliKht frost, we have rm
weather again. Union Park was mowed fnr
days ago, and 6hows a deep grten iu tW
bright Kunlight. . Vegetation is taking a frt ah
start, and the promise of good crops was
is more active than lat week, in alTnoct all
branches, and everything shows the reviving
influence itf warm weather.
Tho city has been stirred religiously, fr
three Uaye from Wednesday to JV.tlav:
clunive with meetings of the FiflhTrieitiu.il
Convention of Congregational miuietera i..t
delegates at Farwell Hall, ami m wheels
within a wheel, a meeting ol the National Pil
grim Memorial Convention, adUreexetl l-y
Itev. Dr. Ieonard Bacon, Professor in Y. le
Divinity -School, Rev. Dr. J. It Thomp-ou,
and Rev. D. ratten of New York, ami R v.
Dr. Truman M. Post of St Louie. Dr. Ba
con's audrean waa mainly historical, aud cor
rected some misapprehenxions aud misrepr---intations
in regard to early Pikrriro hitn .
and was replete with interest. Then followed
The AunivertHiry exorcises of the
CHICAGO THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY.
Which is becoming auite a favorite school
of thefprophets, and is increasing in strength
I perform an essential service for mv xea.l-
era iu describing a comparatively new appli
cation of an old principle, in
CHICAGO THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY. THE EARTH CLOSET.
which is destined to supercede cess-poois,
privy-sewers and water-closets, and work a
greater sanitary reform than has been
achieved for a century. The principle of tha
earth-closet system is, that dry earth I vito
beat dexloriaMr ami tho nfectant of organic,
f.ecal and offensive matter, absorbing and
a-Rimilatmg it. It has all the advantages ot
the water-closet without its evils, at far leea
cost The contents of water-closets au.l
privies infect the air, and are carried be
neath the ground into our wells, poisoning
the verv water we drink, nrodncinir tvDlioul
fevfr, tlvsentery. ocarlet fever, and choler
Infantum. Oue of the most distinguixhe I
phvsieians sas: "Disr res-Doola and Drivv-
vaulta,and you open graves for your children.'
and each cess-pool will claim one victim, t
east, as oiten as once in ten years."
THE EARTH CLOSET COMMODE,
no more space an arm
and weighing from CO to 100 Iks. can be put
into any room, from cellar to garret, run be
tuoveu trom room to room, or be Kept In a
bed-room, dressing-room or closet, without
the least offensive odor. They can be put ia
as fixture in the house, and no hou.ie' shonM
(tow be built without them. They prevent all
loni ana poisonous gasses, ana convert tne
offensive snieUa and liquid wastes of privies'
Into inodorous and valuable manure. To the
sick they are invaluable, if not indispeusahle.
preventing the depressing effect produced by
the water-closet or tha night chair. Tbe
earth can be 'used, after drviug, repeatedly..
I have examined earth that has been used in
large commode for three months, having
been changed from the commode to a large
box, and after drying, from tho box t the
commode again, half a dozen times, and the
earth, thus used, was absolutely oiktrkss.
The material earth is abundant, " and
need only to b dried, pu'vf-rized and kept
under cover. These earth closets are al
ready in use ia parks, factories, hotels, hos
pitals, insane asylums, rail-cars, depots,
workshops, and countless private residences,
aud where their merits are fully known, on
the score of health, convenience, comfort
and economy, ninot supersede water-closets
aud privies altogether. The Rivernide Com-
pany, laying out and building a suburban vil
lage virtually a-part ot this "eity have
adopted the Earth Closet system over an
area ot three square miles, dixpensing with
privies and watr closets entirely, and with
sewerage, except for surface water, and the
must be a greatly improved condition
of health. Those who wish further inform-
tion in regard to the system, should call noon
or send for circular to Me8rs. Waring, Fet-
row A Wells, 100 Dearborn St, Chicago, gen-
eral for the Northwestern states of -
THE EARTH CLOSET COMPANY.
who are effecting a great reform by intrc-
ducing the Earth Closet generally, and are
really performing- the work of a sanitary com--.
mission for the Northwest.
CHEMICAL FIRE ENGINES.
There was an exciting trial last Wednesday
between the engine of the United
States Chemical Fire Engine Company and a
steam fire engine of the Fire Departnunt, to
see which could put out a fire Ihe quickest.
buildings bad beeu erected in the Lake
Park, 30x50 feet two stories high, and divid
ed into eight separate compartments. Each
eompartment was filled with tar barrels and
havings saturated with kerosene. The
chemical engine played thrwe t-trearaa thro
a half-inch nozzle, and tbe steam engine
played one stream through an inch
and a half nozzle, and threw twenty times as
ranch water as the chemical ergine
Aid, and got the fire under control at tout two .
minutes the soonest But the i ire
department began to play over a minute first,
and their bidUtings got si'.ly on fire a minnto
latest, and they played mucb the most ekiit- -folly.
And as the test was not satisfactory-,
to the fire commissioners, i .; .'.
is to be made next Wednesday afternoon.
There wan a tremendous crowd at the laot
trial, and doubtless will be at the next.
are lively at the theaters. Hackett, at the
Opera House, in his character of Fallstatf,'
draws a crowd. - Lucille Western, at McVick
er's, attracts fair audiences, and Dick Darling,
delights full houses nightly at Aiken's Mu
seum. . B. .
A Businkss Man Wanted. A general agent
is required by one of the most successful Fire
Insurance Companies founded by leaiiin?
men of New York. A gentleman well qualified
for tbe business will find this an uuuso&l op
portunity to secure good territory, anil a
valuable contract. Address with inhumation
16g Washington St., Cnicogo.
Travelf.es Attention. The Irtman Line
of Mail Steamships full powered, Clyde built
iron steamers, sailing Tuesdays and Satur
days, and carrying the European mails, are
now in full running order. To those wishing
to go. or to bring friends to this couutry, they
will find this line in every respect second to
none. Passage by mail steamers, leaving
everv Tuesday, first cabin to Queenstttwii or
Liverpool, fso.00 in gold. Children between
oue and twelve, half fare. Steerago passen
gers, $30.00 ia currency. For circulars and
further information, address Francis C.
Hrown, General Agent, 3o S uth Clark St.,
. After years of researcu, Dr. t bfant, one
of the most scientific chemists in the coun
try, has diseoveiej a preparation kuown as
Chaltant's Coco Cream, for the hair. It has
already taken the lead as a hair dressing.
Any lady or gentleman who uses it once will
keep it on their toilet table always. Ail drug
gmta Bell it -
Do top think th proprietor of Dr. Sage's
Catarrh Remedy would ffor 500 reward lor
a case of Catarrh which he cannot cure, if h
d'd urttpositive.lv know that his Rem-dy would
cure Catarrh ? Preposterouj ideal Sold by
druggists; or send Sixty cents try Dr. R. V.
fierce, Ruffalo, N. Y., and get a package by
Foa eiMERA dkbilitx, lack of Afpfctite, cr
when a strengthening tonic is needed, Ter
kins. Stem & Ce.'a Pacific Wine Bitters, will
be found invaluable. For sale by all druggists
and grocers, and wholesale 31 and oo La
Salle street, Chicago. -
Thf. Directors of the Washiugtou Life are
some of our beat and mnst reluitto men in
the city. Thomas Cablton,
Methodist Book Concern. New York.
8es Advertisement of Dr. Butts Dispen
sary, headed Book for the million MliR
P.IAOE GUIDE in another column. It
hooid bo read bv alL '
The Washington Life Insurance Company,
of New York, possesses a combination ot
every desirable feature known to tne busi
ness. ' ' '
Oua best physicians sanction and recom
mend the use of Hall's Vegetable Sicilian
Hair Renewer. Let all who are gray apply it.
Hcrlbut ft Ebsall's, leading wholesale
druggists of the Northwest, corner Lake
street and Wabash avenue, Chicago.
Caution to Watch Bayers.
Unscrupulous parties are ailing' worthless Swiss
Watches bearing trade marks very nearly similar tc
the trade marks of genuine Waltham Watches. .
This i out only a fraud oa the purchaser, Tont a
great injury to the repatation of the genuine Watt. h.
To avoid imposition, buyer should insist oa get
ting genuine Waltham Watches, and take no other.
This ia the only safe rule, since some sellers frr
n.uently endeavor to tell other watches la preferesoe
oa which larger profits are made.
The trademarks of the various styles are:
AMERICAN WITCH Co ..Waltham. Maes.
AMN, WATCH Co Waltham, Haas.
AMERICAN WATCH Co.. Cres
cent Street Waltham. Ma.-
"AI'PI.KTOJJ. TRACT k Co Waltham, Mai .
WaLTUAU WATCH Co..-...Wltbam. Mm.
P. S. BARTLETT Waltham. Mas.
WM. ELLEKT .Waltham. Man.
HOME WATCH Co... Boston. Maa.
Examine the pelltag of these names carefully
before buying. Any variation even of a single lettor
Indicates a counterfeit. . .
Tor sale by all leading Jewelers. .
General agents, 1 89 Broadway. N. T.