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JOSEPH A KELLY, SDtTOK 5D PBOFK1KTOR.
U'CONNSLSYILLS, OniO :
FRIDAY, ...... Ifav 25, 1ST.
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ret county paper in Ohio ! The
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The Muskingum River.
. We have expressed the opinion in
thesd columns, that the day is not
far distant when the Muskingum
River will be very valuable as a
means ef transportation, far above
and beyond that which may now be
eupposed. As a water power it ha
been celebrated, but whero a sixty -liorse
power online can be run at
an expense of $1 60 per day for fuel,
there is perhaps bo economy in wa
ter power. But on the other hand,
water communication is the cheap
est for all heavy materials. A gen
tleman at the recent Commercial
Convention in Cincinnati, stated
lb at one Tug on the water would
t&ke as much coal to market in Bar
ges as could be taken in 1300 cars
or as 23 Locomotives and trains ;
'each one of which requires as many
hands as a steam tag.
Hw taking into view what are to
bo the future products of lms great
mineral basin of Ohio, we can, to
some degree, measure the value of
the Muskingum river as a means of
transportation ; and as tho profits
on the manufactured articles begin
to be narroweJ down, the point at
which motive power, cheap fuel,
and cheap living is to be obtained is
the point where the heaviest manu
facturing will be carried on.
We are persuaded that whin we
shall hare properly called theaU
tention of Eastern capitalists to tho
great resources ot coal and iron
whfch crop out in the hills and val
leys bordering on the Muskingum,
that we shall begin to see Furnaces
and Iron Works in operation all a
long the Muskingum, from Coshoc
ton to Marietta, or as far down as
the coal is to bo found adjacent to
its banks. Small railways will be
rnn up the valleys for many miles
td bring the coal and ore to poiots
where the manufacturers from these
can immediately be shipped on stea
mers or barges for Western and
Southern ports. This is precisely
the great advantage which Pitts
burgh has enjoyed, and which has
caused there the erection of such a
vast amount of machinery, and has
made it the place where, in addition
to vast and multifarious iron pro
duction, over two-thirds of the glass
ware of tho whole country is made.
And the valley of the Muskingum,
within the distance we have named,
is really a more advantageous por
tion for manufacturing sites than is
the city of Pittsburgh.
It has been stated that an increase
of 10 por cent, in the cost of coal,
would close many ot tho Factorios
of England. So when calculations
are made thus tiarrowly in the cost
of manufactories, here is the place
above all others, where cheap man
factoring can bo done, and the lar
gest profits realised.
There is at the present time a
great rush of capital into the coal
regionn of Perry county. Furnaces
are to be erected, and other projects
re talked of. But the products of
all manufacturing enterprises there,
as well as the coI, must be taken
away by rail ; and compared with
water transportation, this is too ex
pensive. Some of our readers may
not think so, but one of the mobfc
wealthy raHroads in the connty has
realized this. The Pennsylvania
Central is now building a vast num
ber of boats and enlarging the old
Pennsylvania canal eastward from
Huntingdon, which the road has
leased, in order to cheapen the car
rying of coal and iron from that
point to the Atlantic seaboard. The
company britgs the coal in its cars
to Huntingdon and there rcsbips
by water to Philadelphia and other
markets ; and when we remember
the great capacity of tho company,
having a double track its- entire
length, and branches leading off to
various different cities, we think
our argument is made very strong.
We notice that business men of
Toledo are urging the importance
of a ship canal from that point to
Cincinnati on' tho Ohio river. I
this is important for that city, is
not our own Muskingum valuable
m that view. Although it is not
now done, -still we re persuaded
that coal can be shipped at this
time as cheap from any point on
tV.e Muskingum, from Dresden
down to its mouth, to the markets
on the Ohio river, as from the slack
water of the Monongahela.
If then our argument in these par
ticulars is correct, ought not the
trreat advantage which, water Iran
portation gives to this mineral ba
sin, be more nigniy pnroa ana mea
sures taken to bring it into imme
diate use. Efforts should be made
at once to point out these advanta
ges to capitalists seeking a proper
field for investment. And we may
draw from our argument that those
who own property ia tan valley,
mineral lands, or even good farm
ing land, ought to value it, and not
be in a hurry to vcU out and go to
westera wilds. Their investments
here are as likely to advance in
price as aay where. And by a proper
effort of those interested, te time
when tbey will be much more valu
able may be hastened. Farmers'
and Mechanics' Advocate.
Few people entertain anything
like a true estimate of the mineral
resources of the Mankinum Yallej.
All, probably, are aware that the
hills that hedge in the river are full
of coal, that a certain amount ot
salt is produced by the Furnaces
that are along its banks, and that
the adjacent country abounds in
coal, and has considerable oleagin
ous resources. But there are few
persons that know of the existence
ot what some day may be a great
er Inducement to capitalits to in
vest their means in enterprises a
lone this Valley than all these.
We learn from one who has sunk
five salt wells along this Valley, and
who is acquainted with tho history
of all our salt wells, that the whole
basin of the Muskingum is support
ed by an immense strata of White
ani Yariegatud Marble, ranging in
thickness from thirty to sixty feet.
This marble, as evidenced Ly 'be
borings, is of a very superior quali
ty, being absolutely devoid of grit,
and so hard that but from eighteen
inches to two feet progress could be
made in it in 24 hours' drilling, by
horse-power, with a driU-bar weigh
ing 180 pounds atxi 370 feet of peles
on top of it. Three miles above
UcConnclsvillo, this 'Marble-rock,
ub it is called by all the elderly salt
men, is reached at a depth of 400
feet ; and, as tho Muskingum Yal-
lev basin is made np of stratas of
rocks standing in the position of an
inclined plain, cropping out here
and there and supported by others,
this Marble-rock could be found,
as far up the river as what is known
as the Blue Bock coal banks, at a
distance of 200 feet from the sur
face ; and, undoubtedly, further up
the Yalley, it could be found at a
much shorter distance.
Besides this immense strata of
marble, in boring somo of these
wells, large veins of coal have been
discovered at distances of 100 and
200 feci below the surface those at
200 being six feet in thickness, or
almost double the thickness of the
best Blue Rock veins.
When it is remembered that the
great coal be Us of England, which
are nearest the surface, are about
1.250 feet below the - surface, and
that they are mined with profit, is
it unreasonable to Buppose that this
immense bed of marble and these
huge deposits of coal, will some day
be called into use, and that tbey
will be the means of building up a
large traJe here on the Muskingum
But, should such be the case, or
should it not. there is no doubt as
to the value of the Muskingum Im
provement, and that it will ever be
the means, it kept up, of cheapen
ing freights on all commodities that
are importedthere or exported from
here. Moreover, it should be the
means of inviting capital to locate
amidst our bills.
DR. F. R. LEES
on Temperance in America.
We find in the Alliance (England)
&rejis, a full report of a speech de
livered by Dr. Lees, before the
'Dumfriesshire and Kirkcudbright
shire Abstainers' Union," the main
topic being the temperance question
in America. We give extracts from
this interesting speech of a close ob
server and acute thinker. .
After alluding to the time (eleven
months) he bad spent in the Uni
ted Suites, and the distance he bad
traveled, some 20,000 miles, with a
few remarks on the prevalence of
intemperance, and the results, he
"Oar question to our representa
tives to Parliament should be this :
Do yon know how to treat this so
cial disorder as intelligent physi
cians ? if you don't, give place to
those who do. He recollected well,
when" the temperance agitation or
iginated, men persisted in attempt
ing to achieve reform, as Mr. Glad
stone bad persisted, by going on the
track of licensing, in the delusion
that the more easy it was to obtain
liquor, the more sober people would
become. There was another policy
in this matter, and it was put be
fore the politicians and members of
Parliament, but, unfortunately, it
had not been adopted,, because the
people had allowed merely party
considerations to influence them at
the polling booth, and so things re
mained very much as they were.
Well, what was that policy ? It
was abstinence for the individual,
fAind for the community prohibition
ot the liquor traflic. (Applause.)
That was our programme, and we
would not desert it, because we
thought we understood the ques
tion, and believed that truth would
ultimately prevail. (Applause.)
What did the politicians say in re
gard to this q uostion ? "We are in
troducing a grand scheme of na
tional education," they said ; "this
will regulate the matter, and you
won't need prohibition." Well, we
had in America a country where na
tional education had existed for two
or three generations ; but there the
evil was all the. same. Another
class of politicians would have the
people receive more political power.
Well, uat, too, had been tried in
America. The social reformers
urged a closer attention to sanitary
conditions ; and political economists
asked for such measures as would
raise the wages of the people, for
poverty was the cause of drunken
ness. Well, we have no poverty in
America, except self-made, and it is
drink-made. It ia not poverty,
therefore, that is the cause of in
temperance. The social reformers
spoke of the condition of our towns,
and of our working classes living in
miserable bouses, breathing vitiated
air, and they said that was the
cause of their poverty. Weil, he
Le happened to make a canvass of
the town of Northampton, and they
saw enough ot poverty there, and
enough cf miserable dwellings ; but
they knew that drunkenness was
the cause both of the poverty and
of the bad sanitary arrangements.
But in America we had a country
free from all that a country dotted
with beautiful little towns', and the
best sanitary arrangements. Well,
was intemperance cured by those
conditions? - Why, those conditions
were found only where the temper
ance cause prevailed. They could
not tell him any cure ever put forth
that had effected this purpose, ex
cepting personal abstinence and
prohibition. (Applause.) Some men
said, "Preach the Gospel give the
people not only schools but church
es." Well, he did not know any
country in the world where there
were more churches than in Amer
ica. There were four times as ma
ny nay, he should be nearer the
truth if he said ten times as many
in proportion to the population,
as were to be found in this country.
So, therefore, in speaking of the
United States, be was speaking of
a land where all those cures had
been tried and failed, with license.
The States comprehended popula
tions of every variety, and the most
distinct kind. . The east was differ
ent from the west, the north from
the south, and California frotr the
middle States, and in all these
States, except the South, there were
local communities differing in char
acter, political, moral, religious,
and social. Here there was a com
munity chiefly Irish, there a com
munity chiefly Germans ; here Yan
kees, there Englishmen ; here man.
nf'aciurcrs of one kinu, there manu
facturers of another kind : hero a
community fully educated, there a
community only partially educated,
because of immigration ot ignorant
people among them. They might
suggest what they thought a new
condition ot human nature, and he
would nr.dortake to find an exam
ple of it in America. Some philos
ophers attributed intemperance to
climate conditions. .Northern na
tions, they said, were much addict
ed to intemperance, and Southern
nations not so much. Well, in A.
menca wo had climates of all kinds.
In the extreme north, extreme cold;
in the extreme south, extreme heat
Irrespective ot these condition!),
temperance reformers said, ' Tell us
tho amount of drink consumed, atd
we will tell yon tho amount of
drunkenness that follows, the prob
able amount of pauperism, lunacy,
and crime, and the consequent am
ount of taxation."
From the Southern States to Lake
Superior, from the EatUrn States
on the Atlantic border to California
he bad never met a single in
stance of a community, a village, a
town, a city, a county, or a State,
that was not cursed very much as
we were with intemperance, pover
ty, luaacy, crimo, and consequent
taxation, where the license system
prevailed. He bad never met with
a population in the United States
where the religious, sober, moral
peoplo of tho district were satisfied
with things as they were, and where
agitation, more or less strong, were
not existing against the licensing
system, and in favor of prohibition.
(Applause.) Surely the American
peoplo, then, knew better than tho
praters in our Parliament what the
result of the licensing system was,
and what was to be expected from
WINE AND LAGER BEER.
In California, everything existed
to prevent intemperance, if those
philosophers who argued for fine
climates and light wines were right.
There the wines were unadulterat
ed and cheap; there tbey brewed
their own wines, and distilled their
own brandies. It was said a peo
ple drink because tbey felt misera
ble. But California was a climate
where to breathe the very air was
to be happy. No one could feel mis.
crable there, but yet it was the fa
shion to drink family drinking a-
mong all classes was very exten
sive ; and in the lower purls of the
country, where the wine was man
ufactured, many gentlemen had to-
sell off their property at a disadvan
tage, and removo elsewhere, to es-
cape with their young famines from
the baneful influence. Dr.' Stone
had declared that wine drinking
was the great curse of California.
Then it was said : If you abstain
from spirits and drink beer, much
harm won't be done." 3ow be had
been among many communities of
Germans especially iu Ohio and
Illinois and he saw what were the
results of drinking their lager beer.
In one beautiful little town ho put
up with a German gentleman, who,
with his family, was tetotal. He
told me that in that very street,
whore the wealthiest families of the
pi ace, (a! 1 Germans) lived, not less
than six heads of families were con
firmed drunkards, and the wives
and children miserable in conse
quence. So it was no matter wheth
er we went to the phlegmatic Ger
man, with all bis philosophy teach
ing self-control, and who indulged
in lager beer, or to the people of
California, who took their light
wines precisely the same results
were seen. He came back from A
raerica with an increased convic
tion that license, every where, was
by necessity a failure. He did not
know, in the whole history of the
world, an example of success.
THE CHURCH AND TEMPERANCE.
Ha met with hundreds of Chris
tian ministers in America, and had
over thirty with him on a temper
ance platform at one time, and in
all the course of his travels he only
met with three who were not
abstainers. (Applause.) In most
churches there they did not believe
a man to be & Christian who was
not an abstainer ; and they were
unwilling to have intoxicants em
ployed in the Communion: (Ap
plause.) The impression that there
was something bad in tho license
system prevailed universally in the
churches of the United States, tho'
he did not think it was quite so.
strong and rigid as when he visited
the country sixteen or seventeen
years ago ; and in making this
statement ho was merely stating a
universal truth, that in proportian
as a country gets fashionable and
wealthy, its moral ideas become less
Stringent as the church mixes
with the world, and the world with
the church, the combination is mo
dified very coi.siderably. (Ap
In the United States tbey had
temperance societies, which had a
convention onco or twice a yuar,
attended by the most influential
members ol the State and district.
Well, ineio conventions were a
great power, and a sign of the times.
During the terrible struggle of ten
years, and the great conflict which
ended in the abolition of slavery,
the temperance question was in
abeyance. The attention of the peo
ple coma not oe a i reeled to twe
great questions at once. The tem
perance societies, therefore, did not
do much work. They were not wel
ded together. Some people must
be glutiuatea to fairly secure them,
and the best way to do this was to
give them something to do, and to
make them Uol they were oi impor
tance. W ell, the Americans were
wisa on this point, and during the
whole of the war he found the tem
perance canse was kept alive chief
ly by two bodies of reformers, form
ed into secret societies, the Sons of
Temponance and the Good Temp
lars. These bodies, he supposed,
now included many hundred thou
sands ot members. There was some
evil connected with these bodies,
amid all their good, and he would
name it here, lest similar results
should follow us. There waB a lit
tle jealousy between them, and they
did not always co-operato well with
the general movement ; otherwise
they had done a great work there,
and might do so her, if they did
not split on tho rock of jealousy.
However mu:h men might be at
tached to. mean, the end to be
reached should always be grander
than the means to be used.
PROHIBITION AND POLITICAL ACTION.
Tho third great movement was
associations for working out Prohi
bition. On that point he could
speak with some emphasis. He bad
a message to bear from their great
leaders to us. He had their auth
ority to y to us, that they now
see, that from a mistaken policy, an
entire generation has been lost to
our work and to possible success.
Tho meaning of that was, thatthey
were asked 'ong ago to raise the
banner ot Prohibition above all oth
ers, as its social and political im
portance wes greater than all oth
ers. But they loved their .Republi
can or Democratic vote better than
tho temperance movement. How
ever, they bad fonnd themselves
constrained to follow the rejected
advico at la?t ; and in the best State
of the Union, Massachusetts, where
the most religion, learning, and pa
triotism fisted, they were putting
themselves vigorously to work.
(Applause.) And the message that
they sent here was, that we should
profit by their experience, be wise,
and not lose the opportunity of giv
ing our temperance conviction a
political application, and making it
superior to all other merely party
questions. Some Rcpnblicans were
now going in with the temperance
movement in America ; and in Mas
sachusetts, that great champion of
human liberty, who did more than
any man living to brean the bonds
ot the American slave, that man of
classical genius, pure lift', splendid
talents, and deep religions feeling,
that perhaps greatest of all living
orators, Wendell Phillips, had been
selected as a candidate for govern-,
ship, and the temperance men were
called upon to rally round and car
ry him through. He then proceed
ed to speak of ibe success of Prohi
bition. It was said that it was a
failure. That was sheer nonsense.
Ho had been m thirteen States and
territories where it was in opera
tion in somo ono or other of its
forms. Sometimes it was more
stringently enforced than at others,
but there was no example of failure.
On tho contrary, it had been a grand
success. Just as in Liverpool or
London there were 'times when the
police made a sudden descent on the
betting houses, and purified locali
ties of the pst, so in America with
places whero drink was illicitly
sold. The fact of the s-uff being
sold was not the fault of the law;
it was the fault of the police, and for
their conduct again the magistrate
was to blame. Wherever the law
existed, there was little open viola
tion of it, and no drunkenness seen
in the ttreets. He gave several in
stances of the working of the law.
In Portland, Maine, they bad a De
mocratic Mayor when he was there;
and there, in a population of 30,000,
there was at that time fewer than a
dozen men in goal, some of them in
for trading in liquors. In the small
er towns where the traffic was dis
allowed, the beneficial effects were
even more marked, there being in
some of them neither police nor pri
son, and no poor poopie at all. On
the other band, where the licensing
system prevailed, the evils with
which we were here so familiar also
prevailed crime, rising to murder,
poverly, disease, lunacy, and every
kind of social wretchedness."
The Curse Universal.
Can any member of any family
in. the country truly say, ''Nonoof
my connexions have ever been
drunkards." There may be a few
individuals who can say so, but
they are exceptions to the general
rule. The question, then, of the
suppression of the dram-shop ad
dresses itself to every family in the
land. Parents and guardians ! ft
weight of responsibility rests npon
you, and if the heads of families
would act as they should on this
subject, fewer fathers and mothers
would have occasion to mourn over
hopes blasted by the intemperance
of their children and relatives.
If liqucr selling is a necessary
and legitimate business, why at
tempt to restrain it by license, or in
any form ? Why put a tax on it?
Why is not every man allowed to
sell in any quantity or in any way?
If restraint is necessary at all, if by
partial prohibition some good is af
fected, then it follows that by total
prohibition much more good would
be accomplished. Er.
A NEW BOOK OF
UNIVERSAL ANO ABIDING
B y A I'liyaiclan,
For. Many Years Professor of Theory and
Practice in a Leading Medical College.
Tbia work, written from a high mnrl and
physiological sWndDoiul. will be ol univer
sal aod abiding value fur the following rea
1st. It treats of the prevalent error in
the education aod training of boys nd girl
from Ibe cradle to adult age, aod indicates
the trtre method ol avoiding fatal mistakes
and fallacies. For this reason it will prove
indispensiblt to every well meaning Father
and M other.
2d. it treats of the vice of self-abase
''the most frequent and fatal of all vices"
and Bok.U out ibe remedy. For tbia reas
on it will commend itsell to sufferers from
tbia malady ; and to all who bare at heart
ibe interest of their fellows.
3d. It treats of the delicate subjects of
Love and Courtship, boldly dealing with
those false aod pernieiooa practices to com
mon and peculiar to our American society,
and pointing with unerring precision and
prudence to tbe real nature m ibe one, and
ibe proper conduct of the other.' So ft will
com mend itself to lover of both sexes, a
well as to Parents and Guardians.
4th. It deals with tbe nature and objects
of marriage, indicating tbe Divioe origin
and purposes ol tbe institution ; and is re
plete with sound, aod minnte instructions,
sot only in toe general and leading piioci
pies wnich shoe Id govern those about enter
ing upon Ibeae sacred relations, but,
5ib. In tb most plain but delicat man
ner it treat of tbe sacred anion of sou Is
and bodies "twain in one flesh." Tbia di
vision of the work is entitled tbe Physiolo
gy of aUlrimooj, and ia ibe most vitally
important chapter it contain. No Bride
groom or Bride can afford to set forth npon
ibis peri lone journey without possessing a
copt of this Wiitrimoniul Chart. The sub
jects treated of sre not qely bandl.-d in ac
original and pbilofopbical manner, bat in
tbe main bare bilberto been entirely ig
nored. An extensive practice, aod tetnsrk
ablt) powers ol observation, bare enabled
the author tj detect I he caases and reveal
the remedy lor tbe startllug disparity be
tween the sexes in respect to their enjoy
ment of the marital relation, and have de
termined him to disregard tbe mock modes
ty ol the age, and to give the world the ben
e6t of hi views on tbis most important sub
6ih. II bas a chapter cn tbe Sacred Right
of UlT-pripg, which starts out by saying,
"Children have the right to be born. Alas,
that tbis Uod-given privilege should ever
be" called in question." It tbca proceeds
to diseases at lecgth, the alarming preva
lence of tbe crime ol Anti-natal Infanticide
in our country, and sbows that tbe race is
actually dying out through Us instrument-:
ality. Tn is chapter is only second in im
portance to tbe preceding. II it eonJd on
ly t universally read, and heeded by those
guilty of the vile practices it condemns, a
change would be wrought in our land, at
which all true philanthropists would re
7th. Woman without Christianity, or Ibe
condition of woiran in a state ot society
where Christianity does not exist, n the
stbject of aootner chapter, that wiH be read
with interest aid pn6t by all who have a
regard for tbe True Bights of Woman. It
sbows how much woman ia indebted to the
advent or Christ and the new dispensation,
for her emancipation from tbe thraldom in
to which she bad fallen. It coutaina an ear
nest protest against tbe anecriplnrsl law of
divorce now n prevalent and sunwslhat
divorce "a vinculo" rrcm the t Miri ia not
attainable by '.ho divine law, save by death.
8th. It gives in a fimiliar yet scientific
manner, a Psychophysiological Compari
son ol tbe Sexes, wliic'j may be real and
studied witb interest and piofit by all, but
more especially the advocate of the Pops,
lar idea of Woman' a Rights.
9h. Tbete will be a discussion of tbe
proper employments of women, and tbe le
gitimate niraiii of enlarging their sphere ol
usefulness and happines. and also a presen
tation and diticoK8icn of various other sub
jeets kindred 'o th already mentioned. '
So apology ia odarod, and we fee! that
none will be demanded for the issuance of
such a volume as tbis. It is needed, and its
necessity is acknowledged by every person
with whom wa have discussed the subject.
It shows bow Satan is received into tbs best
soe'ety, and how he there works out bis
most subtle and dangerous designs. Tbe au
thor has been repeatedly urged by leading
clergymen and physicians to hasten tbe
completion of bis work, but the pressing du
ties of sn enormous professorship, and a ve
ry extensive practioe, together with a sera
pulous desire that every position should be
well taken, and every thought delicately
yet plainly expressed, have somewhat re
tarded him. We are enabled to announce,
however, that tbe work ia rapidly ad va Be
ing in bis hands, and that the Agent'a Out
fit is now ready, and will be sent postpaid
fur SO ceiits, to any one who will engage to
make a thorough canvass of a neighborhood,
township or county. For Terms, etc., ad
dress C. F, VENT, Publisher,
Xo. 5 College Place, New York, or 38 West
Fourth St., Cin., O., whiahever is nearer to
Notice is hereby given that the under
signed haa been appointed and qualified as
Administrator of the estate of David 3.
Richer, deceased, late of Morgan eo., O.
JTov. 18th, 1870,Sw.
Of ALL FINDS, .
DOOTS AXD SIIOES,
Beat in mind the followiLg :
COOL pays cash for Butter aod Eggs,
COOL pay cash for Hides.
COOL sells the celebrated Boots aod
Shoes of Buffalo Work, sod warrants tbem
not to rip I
COOL has a large Stock of Steabeoville
Flannels and Jeans oo hand, and has eom-
plete control of what be bas 1
- COOL will sell you whatever you want
at as low rates as you can get correspond
ing articles in town I
3u CALL OX COOL I t
Oct. 28, 1870.
N 0 T 1 0 N
S T OR E !
C. L. HALL,
Wholesale and Retail
D KALES IN
sa. BUSINESS DONE ON A
STRICTLY CASH. SYSTEM !
Not. 11 1870-tf.
Headquarters for TVALTHA3I and ELGOnST WATCHES!
If. P. Call and aee the Ifew Style or L,.4PIE8 COLP OPERA CntlT.f
A SEW 001 OP'ABSORBIIG INTEREST.
Belden. The White Chief,
Twelve Tears Among the Wild
Indiana or the Plains.
From 1858 to 187.
From the Dearies and If snaseripts of Geo.
f. ueiden, tne Adventurous wait uniel,
Soldier, Hunter, Trapper, and Guide.
JMitea oy ueneral Jamee a. urisbtn. V.
8. A.; in one elagsat Octavo Vol n me of a
bout 513 pages, embelished with 23 ele
a-eat and spirited full pare engravings.
including a Likeness of the Author in a
Frontier Dress, and about 40 Smaller
Cuta, all from original designs made ex
pressly Tor tbis itook, and engraved by
tne Mv I or a nuream ol illustration.
We recently received a letter from Gea
Brisbin, from which we extract the follow
ing : .
Fobt Stkclc, Wyoming Ter.
Dear Sir: Mr. Beldeo baa quit tbe ar
my aud retorned to the wild liie of a moun
taineer. I am in receipt of Ibe foilowftig
note from aim, wnicb will explain itself:
Out Korr Kbabhcy, Nebraska, '70.
Dear 'General: 1 am out of tbe army, and
once more a free man. My ponies are pac
ked, aod I am about te be oil for tb bun t-
ing and trapping grounds. For tbe prea-
eut pen-writing wun me is over, liyoo can
make a book out of the diaries and manu
scripts I have sent you. do to ; but 1 shall
hardly be able to add anything to them.
Good-by, aod bo I for tbe monntaiDS.
Yours, truly, Gio. P. Beldkx.
La'er, I beard from Mr. Belden, wbowas
irappina alone cn the Ibpoblican, in tbe
cooutry of the hostile Indians, aod in May
last, an efficer who visited my camp told me
he saw, oo the Union Pacific Railroad, at
Kearny Station, a wild white man dressed
in buckskin, with aa eagle' leather braid
ed in bis hair, aod a huge rifle gnu on bis
shoulder. Tbia was Belden, who had come
to get ammunition and tell bit pelt. A few
day afterward I beard of a while man be
ing on Medicine Creek, whom the Indians
bad repeatedly attacked, and to vain at
tempted to drive away. Two or three rode
linss, written on the fly-leaf of a book, and
sent by tbe band of a bonier, informed me
who this was, and they run thus :
"1 am trapping and bunting on the Med
icine, while over at Ibe Republican, the
other day, met with a coaple of splendid
sd venture. All safe and sound jet, aod my
hair in the proper 'lace.
In sending you the "BeVeo Papers '' I
have thought it best to rewrite the whole of
them, but bsve only made sueb change as
weie necessary to place them in connected
form. In most case I have allov.ed ibn
text to retain the exact words of the ad
venturous chief, sJdier, banter, irapper,
and guide. It ia do exaggeration to say that
Mr. Belden' career haa been more varied
and remarkable than that of any pale-face
west ot the ilissouri, ani io taking leave of
bim I cannot refrain from expressing the
wish ic which I am sure all the readei of
thi rarretiv will join me, that be may
long live to pursue the wild life be teeaweu
much to enjoy. Yours, truly,
Jas. S. Bbisbib, (J. 6. A.
The above letter will ebow that Belden
is a reof. and not a ficti loci, character.
Toey also show where he now ia, and what
be is doing. H a Book rontrias a detailed
account ol his more remarkable experience
e and oorvaiHna during a voluntary re
sidence of several years among the Indians
on the plains, and earwqjenily as soldier.
scoot, guid, aod Lieutcoaot ia tbe Regu
That it is the mnet remarkable hook nf
tbe year, and one of the most readable, in
teresting, and instructive, will be evident
W al: who will elance at tne rollowir.g par
tial Table ol C'oienU and tbe tl tracts giv
ea from the advance sheet.
Tb Illustrations sample of which
are herewith given are all of the highest
character. 1 hey were all engraved f xpressfy
lor this book from original design, many
of tbem made by Mr. Belden himself, and
tbey will aid very materially in a proper
understanding ot the text. Ibe work m aow
complete and ready for delivery.
Agents waotti everywhere to take ex
elusive territory, aod commence at once an
active and thorough canvas (of Ibis tru'y
nntqne work, lor wbicb there ia a clear field
and no competition. Bound Prospectus, eir-
culars, and posters, etc., by mail, f l.OO
which amount wifi be credited oo the Dm
order for twelve or more eopie. Sample
copies to agent at wholesale price. Terms
ic accordance with the liberal policy we
have always pursued toward Area's.
C. F. TEXT, Publisher,
No. 33 W. Founb St., Cincinnati, 0.,and
JSo. 4 College Place, Zew lore.
All communications for the Eastern, Mid'
die, aod Soul hern Sa-Boerd State should
be sent to our New York office ; all others
to the Cincinnati cQL-e.
P. 8. Agents ar now being started up
on this book at tbe rate of from 20 to 30
per day. and thoe that have commenced
work sre doing splendidly.
SbcrlfTM Sale on Mortgage.
Administrator of Arthur Taggart,
Jsmes Carter, et. al.
By virtue of an order to sell and to me di
rected from the Court 'f Common Pleas of
Morgan county, Ohio, in the above entitled
action, I will offer for sale at public auction
at the door of the Court House, ia McCon
nelsville, in said county.
On loBiltj, tit 19ft Day if Scetmler, 1.
at ene o'clock, P. If., ef said day. the fol
lowing described real estate aituate in
Windsor township, in the county of Mor
gan, and State of Ohio, to-wit : 1st One
hundred and seventy acre Lot, somber I1S9,
in section number thirty (30), township
eigbt(,H), or range eleven (11), excepting
twenty acres conveyed tw Alexander Wal
lace by James, and described as follows, to-
wit : Beginning at the northwest corner of
aid iiot, tnence east to tne aecona tally
stake on the Windsor road, then re vanning
south to the south line of said Lot, thence
running to the northwest corner of said Lot,
thence running north to the northwest cor
ner ef said Lot to the place of beginning,
xd Also Lot number 95, ia mill Lot num
ber St, in township eight (8), of range elev
en (H), containing 100 acres. 3d Also, 11
and 45-t00tbi acres, being a part of Lot Xo.
1110, township eight (8) .and rang eleven
(11). 4th Also 74 acres, more or lets, in
Lot No. tt, in township eight (8), and range
eleven (11), all of which land ia in thaObio
Company's purchase. Appraised at 39,800.
A. D.HATI5EB.S. M. C. O.
. John E. Henna, Att'y.
Her. 18, 187S iw.
Sheriff Sale ea Attachment.
Levi Bouse vs. Thomas C. Scott.
By virtue of an order to sell and Ut me
directed from the Court of Common Pleas
ot Morgan county, Ohio, in tbe above en
titled action, I will offer for sale, at public
auction, at the door of the Court House in
McConnelsville, in said county, on
londar, Ibe I2ih Day if December, 1. 9 ,
at IS o'clock, M., tbe following described
real estate, sitwate ia said county of Mor-
5 an, State ef Ohio, to-wi The following
escribed lot of land lying in the Town of
Stockport, Sanborn's Addition, Windsor
township, Morgan county, and State of
Ohio: Lota number forty.fiv (45), forty
six (48), fifty-two (), and fifty-seven (57),
and the undivided half of fifty-one, (51),
and fifty-eight (58); appraised at fl 250.00.
Terms, cash. A. I. HAVENER,
J. T. Cbsw, Atfy. 1 8. li. C, 0.
Kovsmber 11, 1870 w.
W. EL KELLY, 1M. D.
Vsy be found at his office on
THE SOIT1I v EST CORXER
At all times, when not absent on Profess
IT. C. TRESIZE
asks the poblie. to call and examine his
specimen Photagraphs, Ferrotypes, Am
bmtvpes, Gems, Ac, Ac, which cannot be
surpassed anywhere. He haa perfected ai-
tangemenia wnereoy any oae caa be ac
comodated with tha iSnet of Oil Paintinn
and picture of India Ink Work. Rooms
over Boone s tsaddler bnop, in i. C btone a
Building, Center Street, X'ConnelaviUe,
TUB SPLE.IDIfl gTKim
Habvbt DiBLrKGTOX, Captain,
Will make reeular weekly tn'r. htt.
tween Zanesville and Pittsburg, as
follows: Leaves Zanesville at 8 o'clock,
on Tuesday mornincs: and. returning
leaves Pittsburg on Saturday evenings,
at o ociock-
August 19th, 1873 3m.
That JOn RYAS is tha II EST
COBBLER ever inMcCO.VlELS-
He bss constantly en html a gnnd assort
ment of Fine and Stogie Boots, of his own
manufacture, which he ia offering at the
lowest CASH rates. Give him a call at his
establishment a North-west corner of Pub
lic square, McConnelsville, Ohio.
Sept. II, 1370- ly.
DR. JNO. ALEXANDER.
all artielee pertaiaiag to the
W He bason hand constantly e large and
extensive stock of sll articleapertaiaing t
tbe buaineas.at tne LOWEST market pri
Patent Lamp Shades
For sale ealy by Dr. Job a Alexaader.ia
Morgan county. mrll,l7-ly.
I05ET CI J jot irr n
ForSiarht is Priceless.
Tfc'E DIAMOND GLASSES (I
Of N. T., which are now offered to tbe
public, are pennons eed by all the celebra
ted Upttciana ot in world to be tbe
Natural, Artificial help to Ibe human eye
ever known. They are ground under their
own supervision, from minute Crystal
Pebble, melted tngethr r, and der:v their
name, 'Diamond, on account ot their
hardness and bi 'lliancy.
The Scientific Principle
Oo wbirh tbey are constructed brings tbe
core or center of the lens directly in front
of tbe eye, producing a clear and distinct
vision, as io the natural, healthy sight, aad
preventing al) anpleasart 'senyatioris. inch
sg glimmering and wavering of eight, diz
lines, Ac, peculiar to all other in oe.
They are mounted ia tbe Finest Man
ner, In frames of the best quality of alt ma
terials nsed lor that purpose. Tbeir Bursa
and durability cannot be surpassed.
CAUTION. None genoina anless
bearing their trade mark stamped on every
' II. B. YINCE.VT Jb BRO.,
Jewelers and Opticians, are ola agents
or McConnelsville, unio, rrora wnoax iney
can only be obtained. These goods are
not supplied to Pedlers at aoy price.
June 3, 1870 ly.
3 5 CO H
jgTJLLIVAN k BROWN.
STEAM POWER PRINTERS !
Blank Booh. JUanafactorw,
FIXE JOB PROTTXG
Our specialty. Musico.Magasinea, Ae.,
oouna in any atyie un me cneapesi
rates. fST Blank Books for Counties,
Banks. Merchants, Ac, beat paper at the
ZanesviiJ, Oct. 13, 126?,
2 00 M
B. M. COCBBBAX. . B. BOSMUB.
1. T. BOXBAXCT1BB.
SOUTn-fTEST SIDE OF Til 2!
FARMINS IMPLEMENTS, &C.&C
ia thi legality far the sale ef tha
Mowers & Reapers,
Mower & Keaper,
Mower & Reaper,
Cook & Heating Stoves,
and odd pieces of all the varieties ef Cook!
Btovea is the eewwtry all kinds ofThreeh
iagIachine Castings ; also Salt Kettles,
andSalt Flangea, Sugar Kettles, Pots, Grid
dles, Skillets, about twenty different pat
me of Plow Poiata, Machine Castings for
Steamboats, Saw Mills, 8lt Work, Mow
ers and Reapers ; also Cast Iron t'himney
Tops, Window Csps, Cellar Window Grat
ings, and also Cast Iron Legs for School
house Desks and Seats.
Have constantly oa hand, manufactured
their order, all Banner of Tin-ware, Stove
Manufacturers of Water Tweera, Mandrill
Swadgea, te., far Blacksmiths.
Remember the Place :
Soth-west Side of the Public Sqitarw
M 'CON U ELS V I LLE, I .
AN IMMENSE STOCK II
SPLEXHID TARIETY OF PAT
TERNS. GOOD GOODS AND LOW PRICES U
Ws have now ia stock tbe largest and
most excellent assortment of Wail Paper
and Window Shades ever brought to Mc
Connelsville, and are determined to sell the
sameatsnch low figures as that it will bean
inducement for everybody to purchase tbeir
supplies from ns. Oar stock is especially
attractive thia season, comprising all kinds
ef Paper for Swellgs, Public Halls, Chur
ches. Offices, Stores, Shops, Ac, in the very
greatest variety of patterae, and of such de
sirable styles, that all cannot fail to be sni
ted. We have
In greater variety and larger stock thsn
heretofore elegant pattercs, choice Goods,
snd fair prices. Our Clotb 6nzraarevery
handsome, in Green, Buff, Pearl, Brown ami
other desirable colors, and elegantly figur
ed. We hsrre splendid article of Oil
elotk. Green mnJ Bujf American and Eny
litk Bollards, and a larger stock of Window
taper, plaia and figured, thaa ever before.
Als, 1TISDOW FIXTURES,
Of the roost improved kind, and eo simple in
construction and working, that everybody
that have nsed them will have no other.
Our Stock of
- Picture Cord,
Transom Paper. Ax
is complete, and we invite everybody "ant
ing Goods ia our line to give usa call, as we
ara confident ef pleaaiBf tbiw in Goods and