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THE THREE LITTLE CHAIRS.
Tuaytcy the bright wood Are, . .
To gmy-hs4rsd jut and wed errs, .
IrmaiBlng of tiaye gone toy ;
: Thetatar-drops fell on each wrm'zlrd oheeh.
They both had thought they of1 epeak.
And each beari attend eigh
rVw their and and tearful eve deeawied
Three little chairs pleoed aide by aide
Against tfa aatting-roora wall ;
Jta-fshtracd enough ee Uaerwthey stood.
Then- seats of nag and their frames of wood,
With tbeer taaaifa o areight end aaU.
Then tne asr hook Ua silvery bead,
And with trembling bom h gently arid:
Mother, thaw anpfdiiinl
Tbey bring ua anch aad, aad thoughts to-night.
Wall pat than forever out at tight.
In the mall dark room up stairs.''
Batabeaaawered: Vher, no, not jet,
or 1 took at them, and I forget
That the children are away;
The boys some beak, and our hUrr, too.
With herapron on, of ebsckered bine, -
And alt here every day.
"Johnny stffl whittles a ship, tall smarts,
And Willie haa lessen bullet casta,
While Mery her Belch-work sews;
Go ap to Ood from tboae Uttle chair,
(So aofUy that no one knowe.
Johnny oonambech from the bfllow deep.
Watte araares fSnm Ux-battle-rW,tara, '
I J L toaaytW-BithtioV.ja- ,
STary a wife and mother no more,
" But tired tseals wbtaaeturrtime ovay
. "So let ubesn anaasdtbrtre, though amptyajbb,
t And every time wheo-aferae-wetoow- I
i every t
i At the Father throne to pray, - ,
.- -We aaak to rnaot the chil lrran eKrra, -
. , on our bavjojits nome or rest ana i
Wher Botlned goeth ewny,
ESCAPED FROM JUSTICE.
aut.w - - - - - - , - -v
It TTM a bitter .night in 'Jairiary--a
' Eight .'when homeless wanderers op the
moots might hare souk down aad froze
o tleatryand the very marrow seerae to
ib ones bones "
one advantage in steam."
rrowld a fat old gentlemaa is tiie-artr-
net seat : ewind and weather don't ai
. . feet it. No flesh and blood horse could
Btand a nLrht like this, but the iron
; . hors keeps straight ahead, .-whether the
thermometer is t .zero or1 at boiling
water heat,"';' i - irroj ,:'. ii
.-JnKt then the eondnotor entered.
" Tickets- gentlemen, if von " nlease."
" f It's a dreadful night, conductor," I
saia, -reeling- wiutttneneal lingers for my
ticKet, in tue breast pocket of my coat,
yT' s "DreadinL -sir." fwiHnHw rTVW?ftd
& conductor. " Why, th6 brakemen
cant lire outsidelwand'. ao. 2 Hook i the
j., j.other way-when they creep in, . poor tel-
-i lows, to tees a breaUi of warm air at the
, store. We " hawe not had such anight
sinoe a year ago the' ,2nd of February,
r- when Tom Blakeslee,- the baggage, mas
. "ter, froze both liis feet, and a. woman
l '.. who was coming on from Chicago, got
; . at Bonn's Four Comers, with a baby
ner arms, a corpse! "
: "Froee to death t"
Aye, frozen to deathi and she never
tbougttt, poor thing, but it was asleep.
'My baby's cold, says she, 'but well
soon warm it, when we get home.' It
- was just sacn a night as this. !' -1. '
And the conductor opened the door,
and plunged across the coupling ' into
the next car, crying out ' ' '
"Hardwick if, Z ., .
It was quite a considerable city, with
a handsome iron -depot, -flaring , gmss
lamps, and the usual crowd around the
- - platform, with hands in its pockets, and
its cigar ends flaming through the
; night, v.
Our car was nearly the last of the long
train, and but one passenger entered '.it,
a slender young girL wrapped in a
gray blanket4hawX and wearing a neat
Uttle traveling hat of gray straw,
trimmed with stone-colored velvet flow
era. . She seemed tq hesitate, lie one
unused t traveling, ' and -finally sat
down near the door. - v r.
" "Pardon me, young lady, said I, but
yoa had better come nearer to-. the
:. '. She started, hesitated an instant,' and
'' - then obeyed. - --." . .
- "Does this train go to Bays-water?"
- she asked in a voice so deliciously soft
:j ' and sweet . that it seemed V to thrill
"Yes can I -be of any service to
r ,yon!" . ., " " :
"Oh, no-Ht least not untjl we'ieach
;; Bayswater. . I would - like A -carriage
. , men." . ' :
' "We shall not be there' yet these
11 1 wm
vnree nonrs. - .- -"Do
we stop again f B
"Only at Exmonth."
. "She drew a deep sigh, ' seemingly of
; relief, and settled back in a comer. By
- - the light of the lamp that hung in its
u uiture opposive, l coma see ner
face, that of a lovely child." tApparently
she was no more than sixteen, with
large blue eyes, golden hair, brushed
smoothly back from her face, and a lit-
" tie rosy mouth, like that of a baby. ;
!. . "Do you expect friends to meet you
at ttavswater, my cniid?" x asked mci
dentally. .' ;
. - "No, sir, I am going to school there.1
- " . "Jt will be an awkward hour for you
to arrive at one in the morning." . ,
" Oh, I am not afraid," she said, with
an artless little laugh; "I shall go
straight to the seminary. n
So the express train thundered on,
with steady ceaseless pulsing at its iton
heart, and constant roar.
Suddenly the signal whistle sounded,
the train began to slacken its speed. '
- . "Surely we're not atExmouth yet,"
I thought unless I have fallen nncon-i-
. sciously asleep and allowed the progress
of time to escape me."
I glanced at my watch ; it was barely
r half -past eleven, and I knew we were not
due at Exmouth until after twelv- I
"' rubbed the frost from the pane and look
1 ' ed out . .......
: . -We had stopped at a lonely little way
s .: station in the midst of a dense pine
"v woods. "
xjd .ma ri. muuim x
hi was me boh voice oi me pretty
traveler opposite. '
" "l$o I dont know what plane it is;'
someway station." -' - . i ?
- - "Does this train stop at way stations?"
- , "Not generally; they must have been
t"r ;-specially signalled here.. You are cold,
' my child; your voice trembles.'? ; .
" - "It is cold," she said, in a scarcely
. audible voice, drawing her shawl around
her.' Oh, I wish they would huny on!"
' "We are moving once more," I said.
, "Conductor" for the man of. tickets
- was passing through the car "why did
' we stop at that backwoods place!'
-.'.Out of .water," was the reply, as. he
hurriedly passed by.
Now I knew perfectly well that this
answer was not the true solution of the
matter. . Our delay did not exceed half
- - a minute, altogether too short a time for
replenishing the boilers ; and where on
earth was tho water to come from in that
desolate stretch of barren pine woods.- .
Five minutes after, the "conductor re
- - entered the car. . I made room, for him
r at my side. -
"Sit down, .conductor; you've noth
ingto do this minute."--. "";
- - He obeyed. .. -.- I' - : - ' -zw
. what do you mean by. telling me
such a lie just now?"; ...''.":.
I spoke under my breath ; he replied
in the same tone f
"About what?" -'" V" " 1
"About the reason vera' stopped just
now:"'. . , - V
, He smiled. ... , 4, .
. . r ," Xo tell you the troth, I stopped to
- iie on a single passenger a gentle
man who has come down from Bayswa
ter." --- iir "'"J -
"For the pleasure of traveling once
... . Exactly so for the purpose of trav
U "eling it in certain society. Don't; be
-" 'alarmed for your own safety it's a de
tective policeman." .:..'.'' 1 '
-- . I was about to repeal the words in as
' toniahmenty . when he motioned me to
, , silence.- .
- " Whereis he?" -
... "The detective . He sits by the door
r- yonder, with a ragged fur cap pulled
t t -over his eyes. Did you ever see more
perfect specimen of the dilapidated
j T r r
t I i v ; .-. , i -;i.r 1 1 ij'i r.:j
-fr-r - 'imy.'
r r . ;,: :m'coninelsville, ohio, Friday, December 16,
r5,"y r ?T' -
WHOLE NO. 222.
I smiled; I could hardly help it. - '
: What k the case t" -"
' murder a man- and his wife and
two little children their throats cut,
last night, jmd the house set on firs mi
terwaius.'1 : ; - '
' 'Great Heavens ! what a monster I"
We had continued Jthe conversation
throughout in a whisper," scarcely above
our breath,' and now the conductor rose
and' left me to study the faces of my fel
low passengers with curious -dread and
horror. : '
Somehow; often cs I revolved the mat
ter in my mind, my fancy would settle
oa a coarse, gross-looking man ' oppo
site, with a bushy beard, and a shaggy
coat, with the eollar turned up around
his ears. I felt convinced that this man
with the heavy hanging jaw was the
Cain T and as I looked furtively across
I caught the" wide open blue orbs of the
air little girL
-Obeying the instantaeous impulse of
nrv heart, 1 arose and went over to her.
-" You heardwhat we were saying, my
child I .
"Yes a murder oh, how horrible?"
"Do not be frightened no one shall
She smiled np in my face with sweet
Our stay at Exmouth was very brief;
but during the delay, I could see that
the watchful detective had changed his
seat for one nearer the brutish man in
the shacrsrv coat, -
"See," faltered the young girL "they
locked the car doors at Exmouth; they
are unlocking them now.
She was right
" Probably they were fearful that the
criminal would escape," .1 remarked in
an undertone. j . J : . :
"Will you may I trouble you to
brinff me a class of water ? "
I rose and made my way toward the
ice-cooler by the door, but with difficul
ty, for the train was again under rapid
motion. To mv disappointment the
tin goblet was chained to the shelf. -
- " No matter," said she with a winning
smile, ''I will come myself.".- .
I drew the water, and held up the cup;
but instead of taking it as she approach
ed, she brushed suddenly past me, open-,
ed the door, and rushed out upon the
platform, r""5"-.'' '. "
- "Stop her! stop her!" shouted the
detective, springing to his feet; "she
will be killed ; - conductor, brakeman,
' There was a rush, a tumult, a bustle.
I was fust upon the platform; but it
was emotv and deserted, save by a half-
frozen looking brakeman, who seemed
- "She went past me like a shadow,
and jumped off as we crossed Cairo torn
Dike road." he stammered.
"Jumped rff the express train! Well,"
said - the - conductor, shrugging his
shoulders, "she must have been killed
instantly. What mad folly!"
"It's five hundred- dollars out of my
pocket" said the detective ruefully. "I
didnt want a row before we got to Bays
water, but I was a confounded fooL A
woman cornered will do anytning, 1 be
lieve." ' ' ; -
"What?" I ejaculated, "you surely
do not mean that child "
" I mean," Baid the detective calmlv,
that child as vou call her, is Attila
Burton, married woman of twenty-six
years of age, who last night murdered
four persons' in cold blood, and was try
ing to escape to Canada. That's what I
mean." - .- -
t The train was stopped, and a party of
us, headed by the conductor and detect
ive, went back to search for any trace of
the beautiful young creature, whose
loveliness and apparent innocence had
appealed to my sympathies. Nor was it
long before we found her, lying quite
dead by the side of the track frightfully
mangled by the force of the fall, and.
mutilated almost beyond recognition.
"WelL she's escaped justice in this
world, if not in the next," said the de
tective gloomily, as he 'stood looking
down upon hei remains.
"Do you suppose she expected to be
able to spring off the suoving train with
out injury," I asked.
"Without much injury; women are
unreasoning creatures. But I never
dreamed of such insane folly or I should
have taken prompt measures to prevent
They lifted np the dead fair thing,
and carried it to the nearest place of
refuge a lonely farmhouse among the
frozen hills, and we returned to the
train, reaching Bayswater only a few
minutes behind our regular time.
And when in the next morning's pa
pers I read an account of the murderess,
I thought of the slender creature's blue
eyes and rosebud mouth, with a strange
pitying thrill at my heart, - : ;
Mental Taxation a Cause of Dyspepsia.
Mental anxiety and pecuniary embar
rassmeata, such as loss of property by
fire, by failure in business, or by bad
debts, and also domestic troubles, dis
appointed affections, and the loss or
the treaahery of .friends, will frequently
cause dyspepsia ; too close, , and too
active" intellectual labor is also a fre
quent cause. .7 Editors, . authors, and
literary persons often engender dyspep
sia in this way. '
Much brain "labor requires much
blood at the brain, and an ever-working
intellect uses up so much of both blood
and nervous foroe that there is not
enough remaining to do the work of di
gestion. . ......
On the other hand, deranged di gestion
is sometimes produced by two little ex
ercise of the brain. .Persons are fre
quently met with who have beei in act
ive business life, and, having accumu
lated enough to satisfy their ambition,
have retired from business. -' Now, al
though the brains and bodies retire from
active life, yet the pool1 stomachs very
often have their tasks lncreaseo. .
' If a man has been for a long time ac
customed to eating heartily and working
hard, either with body or brain, he had
better not relax his working habits
without at the same time having a cor
responding relaxation in his habits of
. "He who will not work neither shall
he eat,11 is not only a Bible injunction,
but a law of the human constitution,
the .disobedience of which is often at
tended with such derangements of di
gestion, and other bodily infirmities, as
to render either property or life of but
little value. -Dr. Miller.
Bt the capitulation of La Ferte, sev
enty cannon of all sorts fell into the
hands of the Prussians. The village of
Vorsegny,' near Ferte, was burned to
the ground before the surrender of the
fortress. ' - . -
The opening of the third session of
the Forty-first Congress on the 5th was
attended with the usual pleafant greet
ings between members, resipents and
visitors. ' " Washington turned out great
numbers to witness the opening.
It is reported that the mortality in
Paris is rapidly increasing, probably
from scarcity PI wholesome fopd.
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
Annual Review the Affairs of the
Our Foreign Relations.
Recommendations and Suggestions
Tb (e SemaU mi Rrmf of RrprtrntOatixa: i - -
A year of peace aad general pnoaperlty to thte
nation haa passed ainee the last aeawnhltTia of
OonaTwa. have, - through . a kind Provi
dence been hlntd with abundant eropa and haaa
beeneoared eompucatlona ana war with xoraum
nation, in our midst ooaTparaties harmony haa
been restored. It late bereaiettcd, howerar. that a
freeeaerdseof theeluuuie franchise has, bywotenee
and aattmidahon, been denied to eWiiwai. aa aaerp
ttonal oases, in aereral of the states lately in rebellion,
and the Terdiot of the people haa thereby been
The states of Vtnluie. Thaitaa hud and Tezaa base
been restored to representation in onr national raw n
oDe. Georgia, tbe only state now without raprwienta
tion, may eoiudeBthr-be expected to take he place
there also, at tbe beginning of tbe new y ar, and
then, let ua hope, win be enrnptrted tho work of
leuouaUuotion, with an aoqulesuenee on the park of
tbe whole people in ine national ooatncoaa 10 pay
the pubbe debt created as tbe price of oar Union,
the pensiona to onr disabled soldier and esuora, and
their widow and orphans, and m me ehanaea to the
Constitution which hare bean made neeeaaary by the
great rebelMon. Therelano reason whywe should
not adranee m nationar prosperity and happiness as
no oOnt nation did after a protracted and devastat
ing war. - -
Recommendations and Suggestions THE FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR.
Soon after the extettng war broke ont in Europe,
tbe protection of the United States Minister in Parts
was invoked in favor of the North Germans domi
eilled m French tei tKtay. Instructions were laaued
to grant the protection. This has been followed by
an extension of American protection to dttsena of
Saxony, Hesse and Bex Coourg, Gotha, Columbia,
Portugal, Uruguay, the Domtneian Bepnbbe,
Fxraador, Chili, Paraguay and Veneansla, in Paria.
Tbe charge was an ouorona one, requiring iiaauaut
and severe labor as well as the aierriss of ps henna,
prudence, and good Judgement. It baa been per
formed to the entire satisfaction of this government,
and as I am officially informed, equally so to the
satisfaction of the guwi ument of North Germany.
As soon as I learned that a Benubhe had dean pro
claimed at Paris, and that the people of France had
acquiesced in the change, the minister of tbe United
State was directed by telegraph to recognize it and
tender my ermaratnlstions and these of the people of
tbe United States. The rs-eatahllahment m France
of svstem of government disconnected with the
diiasUu traditions of Fjrnipe,a)ipycdtobeariroper
subject for the felicitation of Americana. Should
tbe present straggle result in attaehrng the heal te of
the Frenoh to our sunnier forms of representative
government. It wiD he s rah)eot sf still farther satis
faction to our people. While we make no effort to
Impose our institutions upon the mbabftants of other
countries, ana wnue we sanere H oar traditional
nerrtralibv in errS tntwts rise .bete, we cannot be
mdJ&erent to the snrean or Aineriesn political ideas m
a. grant and highly cdvCuxed country tike Franca. We
are asked rv tne new guveriitneut ao use onr good
ofBora jointly with those of European noweratn the
interest of peace. Answer wsa made that the estab-
bahed poncy and true Intel eats of the United Btates
forbade them to interfere in the FiniMieaii fractions
Jointly with European powers. I aaoertsined. tn for
mally and umometaliv, that the government of North
Germany waa not then disposed to listen to anch
leuiue ulalii'iai from any powers, and though
earnestly desiring to see the bhssiag of peace
restored to tbe belbgnrents,with all of whom the
United States are on terms of friendship, I declined
on the part of thin Government to take a step which
enuld only result in tnjnrv to onr nrne interests with
out advancing the ohiert for which onr intervention
waa invoked. Should the ttme oome when the action
of the United States can hasten the return of peace
bra single hour, that action wfD be heat illy taken. I
deemed it prudent, in view of tbe number of person
of German and French birth bring in the United
States, to issue, soon after the official notice of a
war had been received from both beffigeietita. a
TToelamattoH denning the duties of the United
States as a nentral, and the obUgations of nnaisa
residing within their ten It's; to observe then- htw
and the laws of nation. The proclamation was fol
lowed by others, a circumstance seemed to eaD for
them. The people thus acqrjalnted tn advance of
their duties and obligations, have assisted tn prevent
ing violations of the neutrality of the United States.
Recommendations and Suggestions THE FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR. THE CUBAN REVOLUTION.
It is not understood that the oondition of the ro-
em recti si in Cuba has ttiaterially changed sines the
eloseof the last atasion of Congress. In tbe eariv
stage of Oe eontt the authorities of ftnein ineug-
ted a system of arbitrary arrests, of dose confine
ment, of military trial, and execution of dl per
aons suspected of eompheity with Insurgents and
of summary embargo of their properties and
reqnlaiijon of their revenues by eiecuUvs warrant,
Such proceeding, as far as thev affected the per
sona or property of tbe dtlxens of tbe United States,
were in violation of the rrrnrhnoas of the trestv of
ira, between the United States aad Spain. ' Bepre-
eentataans of injuries resulting to several persona
claiming to be dtisens of the United State, by rea
son of such relations, were made to the Spanish
government. From April, lM9,toJune last, the
Spanish Minister at Washington bad been dot bed
with a limited power to aid in redressing such
wronga. That power was found to be withdrawn,
la views a k was said, of the waverahlr sitnation tn
which tbe Island of Cuba then was, which, however,
did not lead to the revocation of the suspension of
the extraordinary and arbitrary functions exercised
by the executive power in Cuba: and we were obliged
to stake our sowtplatnt at Madrid. In the negotia
tions thus opened, and etftl pending there, the
United Btates onlr claimed that for the future the
rights seoui ed to their citizens by treaty should be
respected tn cuoa; tnat a to the past a Joint tri
bunal should be established tn the United State
with full Jurisdiction over an anch ofathria. On the
other band, Spain would be at liberty to traverse
every material fact, and thus orrm plete equity would
be done. A case which at one time threatened seri
ously to affect the relations between the United
Btates aod gnaiu has ah-eady been disposed, mini
way. Tbe claim of the Col. IyrroAanmwaD for the
Illegal seizure and detention of that vessel waa n
ferred to arbitration bv rmttnal consent and has re
sulted in s award to the United Btates for toe own
ers of the mm at nineteen thousand seven hundred
and two dollars and fifty cents in gold. Another
and long pending chum of tiks nature of the whale
ahin Canada, ha been disposed of by friendly arbi
tration daring the present year. It was ref sired by
the Joint oonsent of Brazil and tbe United Btates to
the decision of Rir Edward Thornton, Her Britarde
Majesty minister at Washington, who kindly un
dertook the laborious task of examhnhg thevohnn
mons mass of correspondence and testimony sub
mitted by tbe two governments, and awarded to tbe
United States one hundred thousand seven hundred
dollar and nine cents, which has since been paid by
the imperial goveriuueut. These recent examples
show that the mode wfcich the United Btates ban pro-
poaea to wpam tor an justing tne pending claim tn
Just aad feasible, and that it may be agreed to by
either nation witbswt dishonor. It is to be hoped
that this moderate demand may be seceded to by
opsin WTcnoui runner aejay.
Should the pending netrotiatioue unfortunately
and unexpectedly be without result, it would then
become my duty to communicate that fact to Con
gress aad await it action on the subject. - -
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN PEACE CONFERENCE.
The long deferred peace conference between Spain
and the allied South American repuhHoa, ha been
inangurated tn Washington under aba auspices of
the United States, pursuant to the recommendation
contained in the resolution of the House of Repre
sentatives of the 17th of December, IMS. The ex
ecutive department of government offered its friend
ly offices for the promotifm of peace and harmony
between Spain and the allvd Iteyablles,'- Hesita
tions ana obstacle occurred to the acorptance or the
offer. Ultimately a conference was arranged and
vat opened in this ev on the twenty ninth of Oeto
bar last, at which I ritualized tbe Secretary of State
to preside. It waa attended by ministers of, Spain,
Peru, Chili aad Ecuador. In coneesnence of the
absence of a representative of Bolivia, . the confer
ence was adVwrned until tbe attendance of a pleni
potentiary from that repnbtic could be secured, or
other measures eould be adopted towards oompaas
The allied and other republics of Spanish origin
on this continent may see in this fact s new proof of
our sincere lull isal in their welfare of our desire
to see them blessed with good governxaents capable
of main tain tng order and rtreaerrtng their respective
territorial integrity, and of onr atnoere wish to ex
tend our own oomnjercial and social relations with
them. Tbe time is probably not far distant when in
the natural course of events the European political
connection with this continent will nrse. Our pol
icy should be shaped in view of this probability ao
as to ally the commercial Interests of tbe Spatilah-
Amerioaa states more closely to urn osju and tho
give the United State afl the pre-eminence and all
the advantage which Mr. Monroe, Mr. Adams and
Mr. Clay contemplated when they proposed to Join
to the Congress of Panama. , H . .
THE RAN DOMINGO-QUESTION.
During tbe last erosion of the present Oongre a
treaty for the annexation of the Benobbc of Ban
Domingo to the United States failed to receive the
requisite two-thirds vote of the Senate. I was thor
oughly oonvtnoed then that ths beet interests of the
oountry. commercially and materially, demanded its
ratification. - Time has only cull firmed thai view. I
now firmly beheve that the moment It i known that
the United States baa entirely abandoned tbe project
of acceptance, a a part of its lenOury, ths kdand of
Ssa Domingo, a free port will be negotiated for by
In ths Bay of Samana a large eomrnereJal
eftv will pring np, to which we will be tributary
without receiving us i repondrng benefits. The gov
ernment of San Domingo has voluntarily sought
this annexation. It la a weak power, numbering
probably leas than 130.000 souls, and yet iiissiliig
one of the rir heat localities under tbe sun, eanabls
of supporting a issjuhuhin of 10,000,000. people m
tnxary. Tbe people of Baa Domingo are not oapa
ble of marn taming themselves m their present con
dition, and must look for outside aiipuurt. They
yearn for the protection of our free institutions,
stws, onr progress and orrilisetfon. Shall we refuse
them ? Tbe acqnialtiisi of Ban Domtniro is desira
ble beeanas of its geographical position. It com
mands the entrance to the Carribtan Sea and tbe
Iffthmna. the transit of oommsres ; imesesses the rich
est sou, best and most eepadoun harbor, moat ss
hibrious olimaie and the moat valuable products of
The fyisssssioa by ass Unned Btates W4H, in a few
years, build np a ooastwiae oommeree of an immense
magnitude, which will go far towards restoring t
s our lost merchant marine, ft will give us those sr.
tides which we consume greatly and do not produce,
thus eqnalli mg our exports and im porta. In ess
of foreign ear it will give as ths command of ell the
isfamds referred to, and una prevent an enemy from
again sxa easang btnjeU of lea Aniuus upon ear
coast. A ; present our coast trade between ths
State boesrring on tbe Atlantic and those border
ing on the Qulf of Mexico, Is by tbe Bahamas and
the Antilles, We must, aa It ware, pass through for
eign countries to get from Georgia to tbe east onset
of Florida.- San Domiago, with astsbis govarnnient
under which her Immanse reaonrce can be deves
oned, wfflgtve remunerative wages to 100,000 labor
er not now apon tbe Island. Tula, labor wfll take
advantage of every available vneana of transporta
tion to abandon the adjacent Ialands and seek the
bsusaiug of it freedom and Ha aeqnenca, that each
inhabitant abaB receive the reward of his own labor.
Porto Hioo and Cuba will have to abolish alarery as
measnrs of self-preservation to retain their laborers.
San Domingo win become a large eonsumer of the
products of n)srtbarn farms and masxtfaetortni.
The cheap rate at wmch her oitlsens can be fur
nished with food, tools, land and machinery, will
in i b a II minimi j Mut oantigsjsos ailinrls ahonld
have the same advantages tn order ts compete in she
production of sugar, ooffee, tobacco, tropical frags,
ate. This win open to us a wider market for our
products. The production of onr supply of Sesae
articles win cut off more thaw one hundred mllllona
of onr annual harporta beatde largely limiaslng onr
With such a ntctrirs s M easV to see how our brae
debt abroad at nlthnstely to be nuingaisbsd. With
a balanee of trade ss-ainat ua, rndiidlng the Interest
of bond held by foreigner, and the money ahin
saetxt of onr olttsena traveling tn foreign lend,
equal to the emirs yield of the pieiioiis metal in thai
country, his not so easy to see how this result I to
be jtbet wise aoeompUahed. The acquisition of Ssa
Domingo at an adhesloo to Che Monroe doctrine is a
lavssmu of national urotectsjn. It is assert rag onr
Just olaim to tbe controlling tnfftienol ever the great
commercial traffic soon to now from the west to the
east by way of the Isthmus of Darien. It Is to baud
np our merchants ; It is to fnrnish new markets for
the prodrKSs of our farms, ahops and manufactories.
It is to make sjavev wjisuupurtable tn Cuba and
Porto Rico at once and ultimately so in Brazil. It is
to settle tbe unhappy condition of Cuba, and end an
sxternxinstmg conflict. It t to provide honest
means of paving onr honest debts without over-casing
the people. It is to furnish our citizens with
tbe asiotssauin of turn j Ufa at ebesnar rate than
ever before-, and it is, tn nne. a rapid stride towards
that greatness which ths hrtetligeoce, industry and
enterprise of the elllsens of the United State entitle
this country to assnme among nations.
In view of the Importance of this question, I ear
nestly urge upon Congress an early action expressive
of n view as to tbe beat means of acq uh lug Ssa
Domingo. My suggestioa la that a Joint resolution
of the two Houses of Congress and tbe Executive be
authorised to appoint a committee to negotiate for a
treaty with the atrth-s-tties of San Domingo for the
acquisition of that island : that aa aopTOpriattoo be
made to defray the capons of each commission.
The oriesUen may then be dessrralned by tbe action
of the two Houses of Congress upon a resolution of
annexation, as in the osee of the acquisition of Tex
as. So convinced am I of tbe advantages to flaw
from the acquisition of Ssa Domingo, and of the
great disadvantages--! might almost say calamities
of non-acquisition, that I believe the subject ha
onty to OS mvestigsxeu 10 dc approveo.
THE RAN DOMINGO-QUESTION. MEXICAN IMPORT EXEMPTION.
It Is to be regretted that onr nuns utations tn
regard to tbe miurioos effects, especially upon the
revenue of the United States, of thepobeyof the
Mexican Government tn exempting from post duties
a large tract of Ua territory on onr border, have not
only been fruitless, not that it la even proposed tn
that country so extend the HnrHs within which the
utlfDege adverted to baa hitherto been enjoyed. The
expediency of looking into tbe matter demands yowr
aeriomi consideration on the proper mesns for coun
tervailing. The policy referred to win. It is presumed, engage
THE RAN DOMINGO-QUESTION. MEXICAN IMPORT EXEMPTION. EXTRADITION TREATIES.
R I the obvious rmravjat, escwMJaDv of neighbor
ing natintaii to ore i ids against in jerry to those who
may have committed high u lines within tbear bor
ders, and who may have sought refuge abroad. For
ttua umpuae extradition treaties -nave been oonemd-
ed with several of tbe Central American Bnpabnea,
ana outers are m progress.
THE RAN DOMINGO-QUESTION. MEXICAN IMPORT EXEMPTION. EXTRADITION TREATIES. THE VENEZUELA CLAIMS COMMISSION.
The sense of Congress ts derired as early as may
be convenient upon the proceedings of the Commis
sion on cisims sgatnst Venezuela, as eommuntcated
in Message of March 4, IMS, March t, 1X70, and
March 81, 1870. It ha not been esteemed advisable
to distribute any of tbe money which has bean re
ceived from that government until Congress, shall
nave acted upon tnesnoject.
THE RAN DOMINGO-QUESTION. MEXICAN IMPORT EXEMPTION. EXTRADITION TREATIES. THE VENEZUELA CLAIMS COMMISSION. THE MASSACRE OF FOREIGNERS IN CHINA.
of rYenoh and Bisila i llliai at
Tntn-Tasn under otrcuxostsnons of great barliarity,
was auiiuised by some to have been premeditated
and to indicate a put; wise among tbe populace to ex
terminate foreigners in tbe Chinese empire. The ev
idence fails to establish ench a anrprioaiUon, but
show a complicity by the local suthonties and tbe
moo. Tne government at Felon, however, Brian to
have been diaper 1 to fulfil its treaty obligations as
rar as u was ante to do so. unfortunately, tnen
of war between tbe Gormen Btates and Francs
reached China soon after the menu 1 1 u.
It would appear that the popular mmd becama
powsiauul with the idea that this contest extending
to Chines watere would neutralize the Christian in
fluence and power, and that ths tuna was coming
when tbe superstitions might expel all foreigners
and leatoie Mandarin influence, aritid paring trou
ble from this cause, I invtted France and North Gar-
many to a suspension of hoatiliuea m tbe Fast.
where they were temporarily suspended by act of the
eonmiandera, to act together for tbe future proteo
tion in China of ths hres and property of Americans
ana n iinnso-lel
THE RAN DOMINGO-QUESTION. MEXICAN IMPORT EXEMPTION. EXTRADITION TREATIES. THE VENEZUELA CLAIMS COMMISSION. THE MASSACRE OF FOREIGNERS IN CHINA. THE SALVE TRADE.
Brace the adiorn-nment of O uma. tbe ratifloa-
oon of tbe treaty with Great Britain for aboUshing
the mixed courts for the suppression of th. slave
trade has been exchanged. It la believed the slave
trade is now oonfmed to the Eastern ooast of Africa,
sraanoe toe uavea are taken to Araoian marxeta.
The ratifioation of the naturalization convention
between Great Britain and tbe United State baa
also been excfiarured during the rwess. and Urns
Vang standing dispute between tbe two governments
has been settled in aaxwdanos with tbe prirsstpls
always oonisnaea zor ny us unnea states,
BOUNDARY LINE AT PEMBINA.
la AprfJ last, whlls engaged tn locating a military
reaervation near Pembina, a Corps of Engineer dis
covered that tbe aonimonlr received boundary Una
between tbe United State and tbe British Posses
sions at that place is about seven hundred feet south
of the true position of the zenith parallel, and that
the line when run on what ts now supposed to be
the true position of that parallel, would leave the
tort of Hudson Hay company at Ivanotna within
the territory of the United States. This information
being casnjnuniosted to the British Government, I
was requested to consent, and I did consent, that
British occupation of the fort of the Hudson Bay
Company ahonld ooutinue for the present. I deem
it important, huweiei, that this part of the boundary
line should be definitely fixed by a Joint commis
sion of the governments, and submit hsrewith estim
ates or the expense or snena commission on tne
part of the United State, and recommend that an
appropriation for vast uuiuuze be made. The land
boundary is already fixed and marked down from
the summit of the Rocky Mountains to Georgian
Bay. It should also be in tike manner marked from
Lake of the Woods to the anmmit of the Booky
Mountains. , r ,
BOUNDARY LINE AT PEMBINA. THE ALABAMA CLAIMS.
I regret to say no erjoetasion has been reached for
the adjustment of all claims against Great Britain
growing out of the course adopted by that Govern
ment during the rebellion. The cabinet of London,
far as its view baa been expressed, doe not
appear to be willing to concede that Her MaJeety a
government was guilty of negligence, or aid or per
mitted any act during the war by which tbe United
State has Jnat cans, of complaint. Onr Arm and
unalterable convictions are directly tbe lumse. I
therefore recommend to Obngrses to authortz the
appourtrnent of Oommiasinners to sake proof of th
amonnta and tho ownership, aad tbear claims, oa
nooee to tne representative ox iter majesty a waan
mgton" and that authority be given for the settle
ment of these chums by the United States, ao that
the Government shall have tbe ownership of th
private claims as well as responsible control of all ths
demands against exeat Britain. It cannot be neces
sary to add that whenever Her Majesty's Govern
ment ahail entertain a acsirs for a friendly
adjnatmentof all these chum th United State wiB
enter upon their consideration with an naiiiust destra
for a oonehunba eonsuatent with the honor and
dignity of both
BOUNDARY LINE AT PEMBINA. THE ALABAMA CLAIMS. THE FISHING QUESTION.
The oourse rsrrsnsd by th Oanadiaa suthorities
toward the fiaherTnen of tbe United State daring
tbe past season has not been marked by a friendly
feeling. Hy tbe first srticis of the convention of
1818, between Great Britain aad the United States,
was agreed the Inhabitants of tbe United Btates
should hays ftwevsr, in atonxmon, the right of taking
fiah in certain waters therein defined. In tbe water
not Included in the limits named in eornmon, within
three miles of part of the British coast, a has been
the custom for many years to give to tatrstding fish
ermen of the United State a rvsawnable warning
of the violation of ib technical rights et Great
Britain. - -
The Imperial Government la understood to nave
delegsted th whole or a share of its Juratdictaon or
control of these In-share fishing grounds to th oolo
nial authority, known as the Dominion of Canada,
and the semi-lndrrpsndent but irresponsible agent
ha exeieistd its delegated power in an smtraondly
way. Vessels have been seixsd without notice or
waning, tn violation of custom prevailing, and have
been taken into Oanadiaa porta, their voyage bro
ken up, and the vessels oondernned. There aa reason
to beheve that this vexation and unfriendly treat
ment was designed to bear harshly upon the hardy
fishermen of the United State with a view to pohtt.
cslsa7rAnpt-i thrwwrnnesat. Tr
Dominion of Canada saaiii a Mill broader and
more uritenable Jurisdiction over th. vessels of tbe
United State; they authorize officers or persons to
bring iisst ae bo-erirag arathin three msrine muea of
any of the ooast bays, creeks or harbor of Canada,
into port, to search the oargo, to rramino the inaslig
on oath tonjching the oargo and voyage, and
to inflict upon him a heavy pecuniary penalty
if true answers are not arrsun, and if anon
vesael at found preparing to fish within three marine
mile of any such eoaata, bays, creeks or harbor
without a beense, or after the expiration of tbe peri
od named tn the last license granted to it, they pro
vide that a vessel, with her tackle, fcc, kc, ahall be
forfeited. It at not known that any condemnations
oave oeen made under una statute. Bnozttuanei
thoriUea of (nada attemot to enforce tt will
oome my duty to take such step as (pay bt ut mi man
to nsvteot tbe right of the citizen of the United
BtaLes. It haa r-Mn claimed by He MavhatJW Offi
em tho fishing vessci of th tuloi Btaicr
hsvs no right to enter tbe open ports of the British
rusw visions tn North America except for purposes of
a teller, and repairing damage, and purchasing
w iod, and obtaining water ; that they have no right
to -rr at tbe British etartoan-boosea, or trade, ex
cept fw Mae i Imi of wood and wacev, aad that
they must depart within M hoars after notice to
less e. It is not known that any seizure of a fishing
vessel carrying the flag of the United States has been
raarlr nnlnrthii isslm So far as the claim is found
ed on the alleged construction of the convention of
1X18. it oonnot be acquiesced tn by the United States.
It fat hoped that a will not be Insisted oa by Her
Majesty' Government. During the conference which
preceded the negotlatioiai of tha Convention of 1818,
the British Commissioner proposed to expressly ex
clude tbe fishermen of the United State from tha
privilege of carrying on trade with any of His Brit
ianie Majesty's subjects residing within the limits
assigned for their nee; and also that it ahonld sot be
twini Its- tne vessels of tne united states engsgea m
such fishery to have on board any goods, wares or
saerchau ulaevshatever, xoept such aa may be oecea-
sarrfortbe Lsoseeiiuonol thatr voyages to ann rrom
tsaid fishing ground; and any vassal of the United
Btates wntcn snail contravene uu regulation may ns
eized, condemned and confiscated, with her cargo.
This proposition, which is identical with the eoo
U action now put upon the language of the Conven
tion, was emphatically objected to by the American
Ocmmiasioner, and thereupon waa abandoned by ths
Britlab plenipotentiaries, and Artless j, a a atanoa
in the Convention was substituted.
I', however. It b said that this claim la founded
rpon provincial or eolonial statutes, aod not upon
the convention, this Government cannot but iwgard
Ltbem as am friendly, and in contravention of lb
spttlt. If sot of th letter, of ths treaty for tha
faithful execution of which the Imperial Govern
ment l alone responsible. Anticipating 'bat aa
attempt may possibly be made by tha Canadian as
thorities in theeoming season to repeat their un
neUthboriy a -t toward onr fishermen. I recommend
Joe to oonferupoa tbe Kxeoutlve the power to sus
pend by prodamat on tha operation of the law ao
thorlzlng the transit of gooda, wars and merohao
diss in bond across th territory of the United
State to Oanada; and furth r. ahonld inch an x
trexn maaairs become necessary, to suspend th
operation of any laws whereby th vessels of th
Dominion of Canada are permitted ti enter th wa
ter of th United state.
THE NAVIGATION OF THE ST. LAWRENCE.
A like anfriendly disposition has beso manifested
o the part of Oanada ta ths mairrtenaoce of a claim
of the right to exclad cltiaen of the United btates
from navigattoa of tha St. Lswrsoos. Thai river
constitute a natural outlet to th ocean for eight
States, 1th an aggregste population of 17,600.000
lafiaoitant. with an aggregata tonnage of sal.ser
ton, upon the waters which discharge into it- Th
lorelgn ro-nmeroe cr tbe ports on Iheae waters la
open to Britten com petition, and tbe major part of
it la dona in britlab bottom. If tho American
aeaaaao b excluded from this natural avenue to
tha ocean, the nxonofoly of the direct onsntnerce of
th lake port with tbe Atlantic would be in foreign
hands, their vess'li on trans-AU -ntlo voyage
having access to onr lake porta which sroold be
denied to American vessel on similar voyages. To
state anch a proposition la to refute it Juatto
During th administration of Mr. John Quiner
Adams, Mr. Clav noqueationably demonstrated the
est' ral right of citizen of tbe united Btatee to
navigation of this river, claiming that tha act of lb
Congress of Vienna, tn opening the Run and other
rivers to all ostein, showed the Judgment of
European Jurist and statesmen that the inhabitant
of a oountry mrangn wrden a navigable nrer passes
bars a natural right to enjoy th navigation of that
river to aod ml tha see, though naming through
tents i of another power. This right does
not exclude tha coequal right of the aovarslgua
possessing tha territory thiouga which th river
deooocnes into tbe aaa to make aoca regulations
relative to tha polior of tha navigation a may b
reasonably necessary, not these regulations should
be f-amed la a liberal spirit of comity, and ahonld
not Impn needle burden anon th commeros
which ha th right of transit, It ha been found
in practice mors advantageous to arrang ths
regulation by mutual agreement.
The United states are ready to make any reason
able arrangement as to the Bavigatloo of the b.
LsnsTese which may be sugreated by Gnat Brit
ain. If tha claim mads by Mr. Clay was Just,
wheat tha population of State bordering oa the
shore of th lake waa only s,0(,0GO, it now de
rive grtatur force and equity from the Increased
population, wealth, production, and tonnage of the
State oa the Canadian frontier. Sine Mr. Clay
advanced hi argument in behalf of oar right tha
princlpi for which ha eon tended haa been fre
quently aad by various nation recognized by law
or by treaty, aad has been extended to several
other greet river. By lb treaty concluded at
Mayence in 1831, the Reins waa declared free from
the point where It Is ant na titrable Into tbe aaa
By the Convention between Sustn and Fortocal.
concluded In 190, the navigation of the Douro
throughout the whole extent waa auda free for the
aabjeota of b Hh crown.
in iM th Argentin ooniedaracr, by treaty
threw open to free navigation th Parana and Uru
guay to tha merchant vessels of all nation.
in leas, the Crimean war era caused by a treaty
which provided for tha free navigation of tha IMa-
la 1858. Bottvia. by a treaty, declared a sssnarded
th riven A max n and La Plata, in accordance with
ths fixed prineicl of national law. a highway or
channel opened by nature for th oommerra of all
nation, u jss. tha nraarnsy was nude free by a
treaty; and in Becember, lhtt, tbe .mperorof Bra
ail, by imperial decree, declared tbe Amazon to be
ot-en to all tha frontier of Brazil, to merchant
ahin of all nation. Tn greatest living British
authority on thi aubjeet, while aaaaartlng the ab
stract right of the Intleh claim, nays it seems dir.
ncait so deny tost ureal jsritatn may ground
her refnaa! upon strict law: bat it is squally to
aery, nrst, tnat in ao doing an exercise harshly
xrrsan and Sard lawi secondly, that her
contract with respect to th navigation of tn St.
Lawreec is in glaring sod dlsoredl table lsooneis
ten y with her conduct with twsnect to tue nsvUra-
tsoa of tsM Missis ppL Oa the ground tr at aha pos
sesses a email oomaiu in wntcn tne Mlaslsst: m
to. k its rise, aba insisted on thi right as navigate
tbe entir volants of It waters; o th ground that
sh possesses both bank of the St Lawteno where
It empties into the at a, she deal to th United
8 a tea th right of navigation, though about one
half of th watra of Lake Ontario, Erie, Huron
sad superior, and the wool of Lake Michigan
tarougb wnicb th river now, are tha properly of
tne unite Brass, roe wool, ration is lnlsrsrsd
In asenrtnr cheap tnnanortatioa from tbs agrictil-
tnral stale f the West to ths Atlantic auvboard.
To dtisens of these Butrs, it seeures great return
lor tnetr labor. To inbaniiaata or ua aaa board. It
offers cheaper good ; and to ths nation, sa inciaase
in the annual surplus at wealth. It it 1 oped that
tbe Qo vet meu t of Great Britain will see the instlo
of abandoning tha narr jw and moooalstent claim
to which her Canadian provlnoe ha) urged bar
THE REVIVAL OF OUR COMMERCE.
Our rtprassii commerce is a subieot to- which 1
called j our espeaui sitsntlon at the last session. I
a gested that w win. in the fnture, have to loot
mom to th countries south of th United States
aod to uh Ins and Japan for its rsvlval. Oar rep
resentatives to all then Governments have ezerted
their in 11 us sos to tsoouraga trad bet wren the
United t-tales and tha catano-ae to wbich they ars
accredited, bat ths fact exist that th carrying Is
dons almost exclusively in foreign hottoots ; and
while this state of afltira sxlava w can Dot control
our due share cf th. oonxmeroe of the world; that
between the Pacific Stata and China a- d Japan ia
absot all tho oarrylttg trade now eondnotsdia
Araericaa vassal s. I would recommend a liberal
policy toward th tt Un of American steamer on
that will Insure lis stvorees, and even lacrosse its
sjsexalnsss. Th eost of building iron Teasel (the
only ones lbt can sompeas with ioreagu vassals la
tbe carrying trad,) 1 so much greater m tbe Cai.
ad State then in foreign oountrle, that without
easlst stirs Rom th tesvernmeel they csoaot
be suocessful y built her Thsrs will b several
proposition laid before Oc tigress In th course oi
ths piaauui session looking to a reanedy for thi
evil, svea if a ahonld be at aotn coat to tha Ma.
nonel Treasury. I hops such enoourawament will
i given a will sresrs American shipping oa th
nigh aeaa, ana American ahip-oaiioing at oome.
THE REVIVAL OF OUR COMMERCE. THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES.
Tb oondition of th archive at th IeTutmeia
of Stat call for ths early actloa of Congress. Th
building bow rented by that department ia frail
ecru -tare, at aa laoonvenieet dlMane from the b
eratlve mansion and from th other department.
It ill adapted to th purpose for which it Is used,
ha not oapadty to arcommodaia tt archive, and
ia not fire proof. . It reaaote situation, it alender
eonstraction. and tbe Bo.jetr of supply of vratsr
in tbe neighborhood, leatea hot Utile hops of safety
fur either the building or contents in ease of th so
dden t of fire. It destruction would Involve ths less
of the roll containmr th original ao-s and resolu
tions of Congress, of the historic records of tha
Bevoiution, and of the Confederation, of whom
aeries of diplomatic and consular archive since
th adoption of tbe Oonatitatlon, aad of th many
other valuable records and paper left with that
department when it was the repository of th gov
ernment Archive. I recommend an appropriation
for the construction of a building for the Depart
ment of State. I recommend to . yowreooneiaera
tian the propriety of transferring to th Depart
ment sf ths Interior, to which they aeem mors ap
propriately to belong, all powers sad duties in rela
tion to tha territories with which tbe Dspavrtment
of State is now charged, by htw or usuage, and
rrom tne interior IMpartnieni to tha war Depart.
men! the Pension bureau, so far as It retru lates th
payment of soldier' pension. I would also re
commend that th payment of naval pert el one be
transferred to one of ths bureaus of tha Navy Ue-paiimeak
ESTIMATES OF EXPENSES.
The estimates for the expenses of the Govern,
men I for the next fiscal year are 10,Ms,S4T.0i
lea than for th can ant one, bat exoeed th appro
priations for th present year, for I he same items,
s.73.V17. In this estimate, however, are included
$22,S38,x78 for public work heretofore begun under
tbe Con rreasioaal provision, and of which only ao
much la eased a congr may choose togiv.
The spproprtaUon for ths asm work for th pres
snt fiscal year wsa li.8a.618.0.
GOLD AND CURRENCY.
Th average vain of gold, as compared with th
national currency for the whoa of tt year law,
was about 134. and for eleven mouths of IttTO, th
same relative value has been shout 11. Th ap
proach to a specie basis as vary gratifying, bat ths
fact cannot be dented that tha Instability of th
value of onr currency la prejudicial to onr pros
perity, and tends to keep np prices to the detriment
of trade. The evils of a depreciated and fl tad list
ing currency ars o great that new, wnen tne pre
mium on gold ha fallen ao mncb. It would seem
tnat th time ha arrived whan, by a wise and pru
dent learieubtlon. Congress should look to a policy
which would plaosoAr cojrrencr at par with gold at
no oistant oay. .. . ...... . .
REDUCTION OF THE TAXES.
The pkf ooUected frotn (h people hat ea re
duced more than t80.0u0.000 per annum. By stead
iness in our present oouree there a no raeian why,
in few shod year, th national tax-gatherr may
not dtsspresr from the iioor of tbe cit z-n aim an
entirely. With the revenue wsme dtspsaaed by
postmaeter in every community, tax upon Hqnore
of all aorta, and tobacco in all ita form, and by a
wis -ijrttmeatof the tariff, which will put a deli
only upon tboae articles which wa oouid dispetw
with, known as luxuries, aad oa those which ws
nee more of than ws produce, reran us enough
may be raised after a few yean of pesos and tha
eonasqoent red notion oc indeotsnosea ao rainu
all our obligations. A farther reduction of ex
pense In addition to a reduction inter it se
ooont may be relied oa to mass this praotlaebla.
Revenue reform. If tt mesne this, ha my hearty
support. If It Implies a oolleotlaw. of all tbe rev
enues for th support ot th Gjvafneseal fur
tbe payment of principal and In teres of the
pUIMlV W.M,, TOW , . 1 , - .
ths people, tbea I am again revenue retVrra, and
onfldeaitly believe the people ars with Bar. U it
means a failure to provide the neeeaaary mean te
defray ell expense of th Government, and theewhy
tbe repudiation Off tn panne aeoc sna peusaous,
shen I ana artist mora opposed to each kind of rsve-
nue reform. Revenue reform has not beea defined
by any of it advocate to my knowledge, but tt
seems to be anraptart as something which la to aou-
Ely every men' wants without any e est or effort en
a part. A true revenue reform cannot be made
In a day. but must be th work of national legisla
tion and of time. A soon aa tho seven as can be
dispensed with, an duty ahonld b removed from
coffee, tea and other articles of natvenil as not
oroduoed br enrsstves. n Beceawsues or
soon try eoanpei a to collect revenue from oar im
port. An army of sssi asiee and collector is not
nlesvtaat sight to th astlaens, bat that or a-tariff
for revenue 1 necessary. Snob a tariff, so far ss tt
sou in saaoouragenaeul to ham prodacta. affords
employment to labor at living wage la oontrast to
th pauper saber a living wage la contrast to th
pauper labor of tha old world, and also la th dav
vaiopmrat of home reeonroas.
Uudar the act of Gongrses of tha ISth day
July, lSTo, th amy haa been great a ally ivrtaoed,
eo that on the 1st of January, 1871, the number of
oomntlasaoaed officers and Base will not tizeeed the
number oontrmpiaied by the law. The Depert-
ani building 1 an old lriactars. ao srs-prof,
and entirely inadeqoat In dimension to onr pre.
at want. Many thooesno of dollars are now
apent annual' y for the rent of private building
to soeomroodats th varaoos itureans ot th Depart.
stent, f recommend sa appropriation for a bow
War Deosrtaosut building anttabl for the g. owing
wants of the natioa. xus report of the ueeretai y
af War shows very awtlifaoaory rsd action la the
expenses of the army for tn last aacat 1 ess for
details you ars referred to hi a-r-rtosn party tng n-
The sxpsnses of ths navy for tha who! of th
hist year, 1 s from Deo. 1, 180. tho dates of th
hast part, are less than 110.000.06. or (boat He-
0utt,uti lea than thy wra th preaiooe year. The
niiiiirawi anno ut cictnmecaoamesjt or tna a-asat
year, L ., sine July 1st. show for tha five man ths
a detf ttesg of over a.oo,ow rrom those of th cor.
-responding months of laat veer. Th estimates for
the current year were $38. Jo 786i: tho for
tavsOscslyesrv tsw,87el., with 8o.aU addi
tional for auruaeery permanetit improvrmsnut.
These estimate are made closely for the aaalntea-
anoa of the naval athHehment a it now aa. with'
owt mncb tn tha astur of permanent improve
ment. The appropr-atiun mad for tha east aod
current year war svidetitly intended by ? mures
ad an umoae-t only - Keep tn navy oa it pi
ent footing by th repairing and refitting of onr old
ahlpe. Thi polaey must of ooura gradnally bat
sttreiv aestroT ib navy, ana it m m ueeit isr rrom
rei-a-eenieai, ssch year that It la pursued, th
a; oe salty for nun tepaira ia ohip and navy -yards
be-oosnes more laapsratlvs ad wore oostly, and our
current sxrjettees srs annually iiiiwnsssn tor ua
mere repair of hlps, many of them most aooa be-
eome suissf nd uiilrs, I nop, daring the nrns
sntaesston of 0 egress, to be abe to submit to it s
plan by which naval vessels esn ba built, and re
pairs made, with a giest saving apoa tbe pre sal
cost. It can hardly be wise etaiesmanshlp in a Gov.
ai-aaMnt whibh represents s oountry with over ava
thouaand mils of ooast 41ns oa both senna, exoiav
atva of i' aad ooutainirig forty mill tort af
progressive people, with relations of every nature
with almost every foreign poaer ; to rest with anch
inadequate mean of enforcing say foretga policy,
either of protection or redrsee. Sepsrssed by th
ooean from the nations of tho European continent,
oar navy ia our only means f direct protrotioe to
onr dtlxeue abroad, or for th aiiorowaent of any
FORT OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Th accompanying report of tha Poetnisiier Gen
sral show a most ssllefartory working of Iba
IMnai-tnaant, With th adoption ot th recooamen
dauoo oontained thervls. particularly those rw
wring to a reform tn the franking privilege, aad
tbe adoption of correspondence sard, a eel f -sustain
lug postal jalsan -aaag epeediy be looked tear,
sad at no distant day, a fjartta Ti a tint i of th
rate of notg ttaitasd
CIVIL SERVICE REFORM.
I reeomnaend tha authorizstloa by Certgrrss at
ths Poatm eater Geoaral and Auorney Gensrsl to
oommlion to c facials ap pom lei urongh
wpectlvw deotvrtmenha. At present the
ot-enmlsmona, where appointments are presidential,
an issued by th Stats Depart nasnL Th law la
dnixnaam of th trovsrument except
lhoaa of th post-ofaca and of Jnatioa, authorizes
each to issue It own ooa-osiisstrans Always favor
ing praetiosl reforms, I respectfully call joar at
teuuon to one aba of long e tending, whtrb I
would like to see remedied by sbt Ocaigrrss. It as
a reform la tho civil awtoa of tha eonntry. I
would have- it go beyond ah mere axing af tha
tenure f offiosof caerZs snd employes, who do not
requirs ths sdvioe and consent of the genets to
mass their sppotntments com plete. I would bav
It govern not tho ustur but the manner of making
all appotntmeats. Tner as no auty wnaon so moon
uilisiismie th Xxecnttva and bead of depart
menu ss that of sppotntment-s aor at there any
each erduow tsd thank ess labor imposed oa nwa
uon aud 13erresatatives ss that of andlng places
for constltnent. Th se-ee-nt eyaaem doe sot ss-
core tits oeet ana orutu sot nt men lor uuoite siaoss.
Tbe slevataon and nsu-iaeetion of tho civil nrvto
of th GrrarassQt will ba hailed with a-prarovsi by
tho whose psopas of th unitaa staise.
CIVIL SERVICE REFORM. THE INDIAN POLICE.
Beform la the B-tanegement of Iatdtsa affah- ha
received th epaotal sttentioa of th adtniuls-rrs-taoB
from Its inauguration to th present day. Th
exneriment of making a aniaanonary arork was tried
with a lew agva-aciee gmm to th Dena-eainaaieii of
Iriends, aod ba oeen foond to wore moss aivaa
wtgeoaaaly. All agsawtes and annermtaa-dezHSte not
o disposed of war given to omoere of ibo army.
Thsscajof Ot-ngr rears Lsting tan army rndsr
army ofAoers ineligible for dtil position. Indian
gezacie being civil offices, I aeeeruiined to givs
all th sgenotes to soch religiew den ore It stioos aa
had heretof or estabilahed -nleaineaertes avmong th
Indiana, and perhaps to some other denominations
who would andse-tska th work on th mm term,
t ,, aa a missionary work. Tho societies selected
are allowed to name their owa agiejls, subject to
the appioeal of tha rxacutive, snd are expected to
watch over them and aid them aa mlasionart. to
Christian ix and civilize ths Indian, and to train
him tn th ease of pesos. Th tsoveramsnt watclaes
over the ofhcisl act of the agents, sad require
of them a strict aa av-oountabliity a if they w-ara
appointed In any other manner. I entertain th
confident bop that lb policy now pursued will, in
a few years, bring all Indians upon le-snalloue,
where they will live Ja houses, ban school house
and churches, will be pursuing peaceful and self
sustalulng svooetionn. aad when they amy ba "sa
lted by th aaw-abldlog whrts atavn with th same
tmnauitv that h now vtstas th aiviliaed whit azsaV
tirmmts I eall yeur epecial attention to tho re
port of th Commissioner eg Iranian ajnatre tor rail
mfne-msaioa oa thi setfajeot-
CIVIL SERVICE REFORM. THE INDIAN POLICE. PUBLIC LANDS.
IJarhag txw Itawl tzoa.
Uc htnda arere distx--ed of. Of this quantity, t-
and z,aM,10 aero sold lor csah. Th remainder
wa looatsd with military warranta, eotlege o In
dian scrip, or applied in eetlai action of graata to
raiirosds or other pshlio uses. Tbs runic nader
tha homes lead law during tbe past year severed
Ml.ti aor mora than those daring tho preesec"
lcg year. Survey bar been Ttgoronly proeecut
rd to the full extent af th means applioabls to
tha purpose Th quantity of land in mark ft will
amply supply th pries at demand. Tho claim of
th eettlem under th hocnestead or pre-eanptioa
star is not limited, however, to lsa aobjeot to
e bv d rivets ntrr. Any smapprocirlated ssr-
vwyed pulio sand stay, to a limited amount, be ac
quired aader tbe former saws, u in party enuuea
to enter ami thsm will aomply with tho rsquirs
menuthey proacrib in regard to the reaadeuos
and cutli ration. Tha sexual settler's preference,
and right of purchase assveei broader, aud extend
to lauds waacn were SDsaarveyea s ws urns ot taas
setUement, Hi right wa formerly confided with
la much Borrower limit, and at on period of ear
hlaus-y was conferred only by epecial statutes that
were enacted from time to time to leuailz what
waa tvyTarded a an unaatthorrsed in ruaaoa srpon
th national domain. Ths opinion thst th inntt
lands rahauld ts - reararded avbiafly aa a
aoarea of revenue la so longer mate ained.
The rspad settlrment and eurjciessfal enluvesaoa of
them ts now Jastly oorseidered of more importataos
to our well bating, than ths fund which tha sale of
them would produce. Ths remarkable a rowth and
prosperity of new states and tearritorie avtmet th
wiedom of ths laarialatioa which in rite th tiller
of the soil to eecare a permanent bom oa essy
term. Each of all tha pioneer who incur th
dsngera snd prrvatieo of frontier Ufa. aad tha
amd in laying th txmtadation of new ooanaxtoo
wealtfa. readers ignaal eervioe, and at n titled to
Its special favor and protection. Th haw secure
thst obiect, and largely promote the general wea.
far. They should therefor be chsnahed a a
proutlnent tea on of oar load jeStm. flood faith
require a to give foil effect to theexietlng grants.
Tbs Ums-oooored and beasaoent policy of eetxtng
apart oerxaln saactksaa of pablaa land for sduca
tlonal pnipose in new states should e wot. tinned,
when amola prwaiahm (tall have been made for tbs
object. I submit, a a question worthy of serious
camaudorailaa, whether the resedas of oar snvdonal
domsia should not fre wholly dl-posed of under tha
provisions of the bosusstesd and pre sznptioa asar.
In addition to the swamp and overflowed lands
granted to the ststes la which they ere situated.
IBs lands taken under ths Agrioultsrsl College acts
and for internal Improvement purposes aader tbe
act of Separmber, 1841. and th arts sapplamenttry
thereto, than bad bees ounieted ap to tn dose of
the last rascal yesr, by patent, or ether equivalent
evidence of title to states or corporations, IT.es,
Z37 11.10 seres, for railways, canals snd wagon
roads. It la estimated that as additional qaentl y of
T4.iai,(3S seres la soil true und-r grant for Ilk
aee. Tbe Boiicy of tho aiding ths states la
building work of mternal tmprov.mest wea rnau
gnrssed mors than furty yeera ino in the grants
in oanals to ooor.eet th wattt of ib Wabash
wi-h tboae of Lake Erie and tbe watsm of IUlnoi
Itb taeseaf Like Maoalgaa. It wea followed by
modlfloanoa In ths grant to Illinois of alteruats
aeon on of pablie las le wtihtn eta. Ilmiu of the
Ildiant Osnlrsl Railway. Foartaea eialts and saa
dry oorporatlons bsva leeesvsd similar sabeldie In
oosneetioo with raltroada completed or ia aroca -a
f natrnctaon. A res-reel sscttnn ars ra-rd at
the doable mlnlmam. the eels of them at lha en
baaeed prtos has thus, la many tnwtaatoea. lradamnt.
fl-d ths Treasury for th gran had land. The eoav
ta-nctloa of eom of ttteae thoroagltfara. has BD
sSaabtadly gtvea a ytgosoos taipetaa to lb Seval
eanaent of onr reaouroa and lbs eettlerosst of th
more distant ponlona of th eot-tatry. It may,
however, well be tnsistsai that mash of onr asgieta.
tton la this regard ha bs -inaraemaised by ludi.
eri-niaat aad Brottass bberaUty. Tae United
a lata ehould not loan Uaeir etrsdlt In aid of any
aa at pries antaersat sa by atstes r errvorwtloias,
work Is of scanowlsdssd aattonal importetace. I
am strongly moUned to the oplntoa that tt is uaex-
pedieot and a tssary to heinsi subsidies of
either description, but, ahonld Coorveee determla
herwise, I earuastly recosxmextd that tha tight of
set tiers an ths pubu b mora eflretaaily secured
and protected by appropriate legislation.
THE PATENT OFFICE.
Oartng th year ending September to, I8T0, there
wen filed la the Patent itffio 1 411 applaoetloBS
for pataaata, A.ST4 flavaaata, and 160 aapp icataooa for
th extsnalou of pateota: IX, rill pates' e. Including
rs-aasrtf e and designs, wen Issue, HS extended,
and tsw allowed, bat not warned by awstsoa af aee
payment of ftual fees. Tbs reeelpts sf that ofnc
during tho asesi yesr won H5rta-a.tr m einrass of
its sxpsncit tores
THE PATENT OFFICE. THE CESSION.
Th work of th 'na Boras- ha been esasr
geticslly aroescuaed. Tho prslrtril-isry report ooaa.
talning much infonr aiion of epecial vain and in
terest will he ready for delivery daring ths piueeut
essioc. Tho ramemtng voltamss will ba eooa,
pleted with all th dispatch eoosietent with perfect
aocmracy la arranging sad cuaastrying ths retams
v-f shell thus at ao distant day he furnished with
est suthentac record of onr conditio, snd reeouroes.
It will, I doubt sot, attest the s-rowtsg prewpeaity
of th csaantry, aithoagh daring the decade which
ha tnat eaosed it waa so severely tried by th great
war waared to nastntaln tt uangnty, aad to sscsrra
and perpetual ttr free nssntaziowa.
THE PATENT OFFICE. THE CESSION. PENSIONS.
During the last fieoal year, ths ewrse paid to peas
adonera, Indnding the eost of disbursement, was
trt,78S,ll.U, and 1.7 Mian I wsrranuware Issued.
At its close, 1, -asoaee wars oa ths peuwos roll
Tbe labors of th Penstoa offao hsvs been directed
to tho severe at-rutlny ot th seitlsncs nbsnjttsd tn
favor of new olaim. aad to tho enseovery of tctt
nous elsiBM which baar beea heresotore alios e.
Tha sppropriattoai for tho emLliiyiuaat of a eta1 el
agent for tbe mveatigazioa of frauds ha beset jav
dadosaly naaJ, and tbe taenlta of M here been of
naqoosuouab I sent fit to ths unto.
EDUCATION AND AGRICULTURE.
The sub eras of edtaoaoloa aad agiacnrtur are af
greet totsreaa to tbe an asm af asar asnablleaa la
stltutaoas, and onr a-aapplnsea and graniear
ssuon. in tn Interest at on a Mrssa ass beea
eetablisbed ia lb Interior Dspsa-tmont, tho Btareaat
of Education, and ia tha in te rasa of the otter a
sepsre's depruztetta, that of Asrioultaars. I
tlsvs great swnerai good as to sow rrom t
ttona of both these bui q. If sroperiy fostered.
I eats not oom'a.ssvd to your eaarilal eoa-ta-roerstioa
too highly tha reports of too coa-nmlaloaa-ga ot
Xdaa tioB and of Agriosltarre, aor org too etroogly
such Ubsral-sgglslertoa as to ssours their efzv-aency.
THE POLICE OF THE ADMINISTRATION.
la rot-elusion I would sum an the policy of tha
adsatoaatraliaB to be a thwroagh scfomesiewt of
very law. a falthfoi coileot-oc or tna I
tided for ; ooooniy la th dieljeii saaiasst of th
aaa ; a prompt payaawattof ths seb of th rastion ;
a reduction of taxes as rapidly aa tn lequlre-
meana of th oowjru-y wiD ado-It, tho redaouo of
taxstloai and th tantz as De so af rans-vOi aa to af
ford th greateat Bamber of boaeet and fair deal.
tnga with all other peupis, a the snd tnat war, wita
all it bilaThtiag aoawqaeeK-aa, may ba avoided,
bat without a-urrendefing any right or obligation
due to ws ; a reform to the tresmen af tha Itadi
ana, aad tho whole vil ervao sf tho o-ontry ;
and flnally, to isiim a petrs, atTbTessmwlsBd bl
hat, wher svery man entitled to nest a vote may do
so jtuat ooos at aaea eaeotlon, witnooi rear ot
leetaUran or proseri-ptioa oa srrtoant of hi pohueal
faith, natlvliy or color.
(mgnad) U. a. flaurz.
Executive Mansion, Dec 5, 1870.
Marriage a La Mode.
The New York eorrespondent of the
Trov Times writes:
- The modern'' style of marriage is as
fruitful a source of splendid misery as
can be irngiTiiTrie STtast Hogarth
made a great hit bv illustrating tne mar
riage a la mode of this day, and were he
now alive he might find an equally rich
subject in the high life of riew xork.
knew an instanoe of a splendid marriage
j i - i . i, ?i -a j- l
in which, among osoer i tenia oi uibjjibj,
a half-dosen groomsmen and bndetv
maids were put in aervioe. The wed
ded pair sailed for Europe, and while en
joying the luxury of its gayest capital,
the husband detected his wife correspond
ing with her music teacher, a fine look
ing uerman by wnom sne nad Deen
captivated. He immediatelT notified
the parents to send for their daughter,
whom he at once abandoned. Within
six months from her wedding the bride
was back in her father's house. That
trifling ingredient in matrimony called
love is overlooked when the gratifieav
tion of social ambition is at hand, but
the bride will yet find the true master
of her heart, and, as in Hogarth's fa
mous series to which I referred, an in-
triirue will be the result. In the mean
time, while she shares the grandeur of a
splendid establishment, she feels that
bitterness of disappointment wnicn
giw life to a tiaaon. Among the more
noted of these marriages a la mode is
that of a public man. of considerable
notoriety, who was at that time
widower of fifty, with a bad rep
utation both in asocial and political mat
ters. However, he waa reputed to be
rich, and wealth, like charity, overs a
multitude of sins. He offered Itimself
to a young lady, who had reached the
npe age of sixteen, and hence migct be
expected to know her price. This wasa
house in the Fifth avenue, worth $100,
000, to be conveyed before the perform
ance of that fremorey which was to
unite the affectionate couple. The deed
was executed, but it is mors than whis
pered that just one day prior ts this the
premises were confidentially mortgaged
for $95,000. The bride, under these
ciioninrstances, might draw consolation
from the fact that her honorable and
honored husband shaved everybody that
came in contact with him, and nence
such a pieoe of sharp practice might
reasonably be expected.
I presume that the young lady refer
red to took pattern by another marriage
a la mode, which occurred several years
previousulv, and excited a great deal of
remark. This took place between a
oistinguished financier and the daughter
of an eminent naval officer. It is said
that in this instanoe the consideration
s not only a deed of a Fifth avenue
mansion, but $100,000 invaluable stocks.
This match, as I have said, counted
great notioe, and. even eenrmre,
owing to the husband's an
tecedents. As the season advances
the matrimonial market is excited, and
several important bargains are now
under way. Mention is made of an al
liance near at hand, between a four
story brown stone house, with carriage
and servants, and a fortune on top of it
of $250,000, on the one hand (encumber
ed by 200 pounds of flesh and blood,
with the bloated wynntenance of a rakish
widower,) and on the other a chignon
and trousseau, a smattering of Jfrencn,
and lore of the world, the flesh and the
devil, all done up in the ptainted form of
a fashionable young lady.
Mb. Johx Fbaskb. familiarly called
by Inverneetsiana "The Black Sodger,"
is dead. He came of a rare old fighting
race of Highlanders, and was no un
worthy descendant, louring snocesnve
generations his ancestors had fought at
Killiecrankie, SheriSmuir, Preetonpans,
Culloden and Quebec, and John himself
aoeompanied the Gordon Highlanders
through all the Peninsular war and sub
sequent campaigns, from 1808 to Quatre
Bras, while one of his sons took part in
the Crimean war and in the Indian mu-;
tiny with the 72d Highlanders. His
father obtained a commission in consid
eration of his gallantry at Quebec, and
four brothers, who also received com
misfflons, died ia evotion.
Summary of Late News.
- . : ,
Ths municipal election took elates at
Augusta, Qa., Wednesday, and passed
off quietly. The Democrats elect their
Mayor by about 800 majority, and their
council. Troops were sent from Atlan
ta and stationed near the polls, but did '
not interfere with the election. T he
Democrats held a grand rejoicing ami
Ths health officers discovered six
new eases of small pox in the eastern
district of New York Wednesday, aad
one in the western. '
Mb. Jwo. A. Cox. Superintendent o
the Pennsylvania and New York Central
Railroad, and who resided at Towanda,
Pennsylvania, died Wednesday p. taJ
at Waverly from an apoplectic fit
Ths Kentucky Board of Eiairuners-
cottnted the vote of the state in the re
cent eongressioiial eleotians at Frank -I
fort on the 5th. The figures show that
the best contested fights were in the 7th,4
and 8th Districts, Becks and
The first gives CrosaUnd, Democrat,
3,546 majority; the Second District,
McHenry, Democrat, 2,524 majority;
8d District, Lewis, Democrat, 1,657
majority; 4th District, Bead, Demo
crat, 5,483 majority; 5th District.-
Winchester,' Democrat, 5,173 majority;
bin uistnct, Artnur, JJemocrat, 0,17.1
majority; 7th District, Beck. Democrat,
3,396 majority; 8th District, ' Adams,
IJemocrat, is majority; Sftn .XJistnct,
Bice, Democrat, 3,360 majority. Ad
ams's majority in 1868 was 462. In the
1st District Cross and takes the place
of Trimble; in the 2d, McHenry that of
Sweeney; 3d, Lewis that of Galloway;.
1th, Beed that of Knott; 6th, Arthur
that of Jones. In the 5th, 7th, 8th and
9th, Winchester, ' Beck, Adams and
Bice are re-elected.
Ths second session oi the State As
sembly of Virginia met Wednesday
A rsxioirr train on the Grand Trunk
Railroad broke through a bridge at
Brompton Falls, Cbnada, on Tuesday,
and was precipitated into the river.
The fireman and one other person were
killed. . - . .-.'.,...-
Ths contest for the United Stavtes
Senatorship in South Carolina was de
cided on Wednesday by the re-election
of senator Jaobertson. Ine vote stood, -.
Robertson 83, Butler, Democrat, 31,
Moses 22, and Cardoso, colored, It. . '
Both houses of tha New IfexLo Ltear-
islature are in session, but merely ad
journ from day to day without transact-
mg any Business unox it can net urr
termined whether the session is legal
or not. Some of the lawyers and Marly
all the members of the Legittlataro con
tend that the first of the biennial ses
sions provided for by the laws of Con-.
greas can rje neiu now. iruiers oontena
that the first of these sessious should
not be held until Dee. 1st, 1871-
Al A meeting of the Board ' of Canal"
Ccimmissiortero, held at Albany, Wed
nesday, it was resolved tnat trie time
for dosing the Erie Canal, Middle and
Eastern Divisions, be extended to tha
10th, and on the C&lain Canal tr
the 15th inst., unless the same should
be sooner dosed by ice.
Yxstebdat, in the House of the Ala
bama Legislature, Forester was seated,
and Davis, the sitting member, unseat
ed Forester having the certificate of
election. The latter is a Republican
and Davis a Democrat. . Davis will
probably regain the seat by contest, as
he received a majority of the votes cast
In joint convention, Wednesday, fox
the election of a United States Senator,
Goldwaite, Democrat, received ft5 votes,
Warner, Bepnblioen, 50, and Haratoon,
Bepubhcan, 14. Goldwaite, having
rcecived a majority of all the votes cast,
was declared elected for tht term of six
years from March next. Goldwaite
has been Judge of the Circuit and Su
preme Courts, and is an able lawyer
He has been a citizen of Montgomery
for over forty years, and the people ars
greatly rejoioed at his election.
Tub Navijoes have commenced war
against the Apaches.
Uhttbd States detectives Kelly and
Hammond seized four more cigar stores
at Poughkeepsie, and dosed them, for
alleged revenue frauds- This -makes
six seised within a week.
Gb. McMahon, President of the Cu
ban League, has received a letter from
President Cespedes expressing gratifica
tion at the establishment of the League.
He denies that the Cubans have invited
the atrocities of the Spariiards, and ex
press confidence that the latter will ba
driven from the island, which will then
take a place among the nations which
have established claims by courage,
long sufferings and capacity for self
government so steadily developed dur
ing prolonged honorable straggles.
Fbom Thursday the cable companies
double the price of press rates. The
New York Associated Press alone has
paid the cable company tolls, in gold,
resides their tolls on all ExiroTean tel
egraph lines, within the last sir months,
to the amount of $25,000.
Txrw rntRrirt ymxliamtUlt WaS OTJened
at Toronto on the 7th, by the Lieut.
Governor. He reported a large increase
of the population by immigration, and
said that the oondition of the province
was hopeful, showing an advance in
trade, agriculture and mannfsaiares.
Ths Kinar of Bavaria has sent a note
to King William writing him to aASume
the title of Emperor of Germany.
Ths Russian snvernment has in its
employ a number of American workmen
in Knseiia, engaged in . manriiacpiiing
Mitraijleuses. There ia ample evidence
of other kinds that Russia is preparing
for war on a grand scale. 1
The Lady of Lyons.
That avxndit of fha anthorshiT) of this
play has reoently been denirxl to Bni-
wer. X is stated tna tne aunerrm, a
literary journal published m New York
about fifty years ago, and edited by
James G. Brooks, contained a tale
written by Mrs. Helen Mana Wiluams,
entitled "Perorou, or the Bellows
mender of Lyons." - This tale rjeming
to the notioe of Bnlwer was draitiatised
by him, the prominent points, ehartaf.
ters and scenes being retained. Bnl
wer, however, in the first
printed edition of the play ad
mits his oblirration to "The Bellows-
mender of Lyons, but does not mention
tha name of the authoress. Helen
Maria Williams was an F.nglinxi author
ess, who was born in the north of Eng
land in 1762, and who died in Paris in
1827. - She went to London at the age
of 18, and during the ensuiag ten years
published several tales and poems,
which excited great attention. In 1790
she settled in Paris, and wrote two vol
nmes of letters on the state of France.
These letters defended tbe Girondists,
and on their downfall she was for soma
time imprisoned, and her life was seri
ously in danger. She subsequently
wrote books of travels, hirrtorical nar
ratives, and novels and tales. ' Bnlwer
wrote "The Lady of Lyons" about tha
(3oKrrn3MvAjsiji exeitement has been
created at Santa Fe by the arrival of
parties from the Ralston and Silver City
silver mines, with immensely rich speci
mens of ore. - From 80 pounds of rock,
50 ounces of silver was obtained. . An-r,
other specimen yielded 10 ounces from.
20 pounds of rock, and many specimens
are estimated at $8,000 per ton. Quite
a number are getting ready to start for
the mines. . The weather is delightful
DTTarwo a brief (rale last night, the
old signal-tower on Telegraph Hill near"
San Francisco, which has been a lana
mark sinoe 1849, was utterly demo)