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When yon, pact wtth a anayeatea'
Of oim secret deed of AHMk
And for this by all rejected
At a thing of rfl lima,
Guard thine averr look and aotM.
peak bo word of heartle btame,
Fw the alenderer Tilr detraction
Tat maj soil thy goodly
im Tnn meat with one
.vi lort haw wandered In.
Working oat tarn own mndouif
WHb k noUcwraaa and rin,
Xhfni, if planed ta hia eondtnoa,
woold a kind word tae in njnT
Or a look of cold tuxptetcn
Win the back to train again?
Thera era apoti thai bear no flowers,
Not beoaoa the aofl la bad,
Itet the summer genial ehowers
Vever maka then-boaoma clad.
Batter haw an act that kindly
Treated eometlines with dndxin.
Than by Judging other blindly.
Doom the innooent to pain.
THE CRIMINAL WITNESS.
In the spring of 1841 1 was called to
Jackson, Alabama, "to'- attend . court,
having been engaged tedef end young
man who had -been accused of robbinc
tne mail, ; . x arrived cany in the- mora
ing,-ana immediately had. a long eon.
lerenee with my client The utolwn
V I J 1 . ..
uuunnw uau uxu retnrerea. u m u
the letters front which the money"! had
been rifled. -. These letters were given
to me f6r examination, and I returned
them to the prosecuting-afctompv TTv.
mg go tnrougn my preuminanee about
uuuu, mu as iae oa&e wouia not come
oa. Deiore the -next -dav. I went into
oourt in the afternoon to see what was
going on. The first ease that came np
was one of theft, and the prisoner was
young girl not more than seventeen
years of age, named Elizabeth Mad-
wortn. bhe was verv pretty, and bore
tnat mild, innocent look which we sel
dom find in a eulpnt. ' She had been
weeping profOBeiy, bat,- as she' found
so many eyos-apon her, he beeanuB too
mghtened to weep more. 1
ine complaint against her set forth
uiuw ouo mm Bwieu nunorea dollars
t - lr V 1 1 ., 1
" jujtj. jsaeeoy, ana as tne case
went on, I found that this Mrs. Naseby,
wmuiuj wiuow uvmtf in tne town, waa I
tne girl's mistress. The poor girl de
clared -her- innocence in-the wildest
twins, but circumstances were hard
against her. A hundred do'lars in bank
notes had been stolen from her mistress'
room, and she was the only one that
I 3 1 1 , '
uau access mere. . . - ?
At this juncture, when the mistress
was upon the witness' stand,- a vonng
man anil at.mV4- 1 xl.
xle was a fine looking man, and big
wan siooa ill evea.
.'.They tell me you are a good law
yer, ce wnisperea.
" I am a lawyer," I answered.
"Then do save her! Yon certainly
vtm uo ib, ioi sue is innocent.
" Is she your sister I"
' No, sir," he added, . "but but-"
Here he hesitated. . . .-.
"Has she no counsel!" I asked.
"None that's good for anything no-
ooay mam ao anyuung for her. .. O,
save, her ; and ni give you all' IVe got
I can't give yo much, but I can raise
aometmng." . , ,
I reflected a moment I oast my eyes
towards the prisoner, aad she was at a
that moment looking at me. - She caught
m7 and the volume of entreaty I
leaa m ner gi&noe resolved me in a mo-
ment I arose and went to the girL and
n&ea u Bne wisnea me to defend her.
She said yes. I then informed the
Court that I was ready to enter into
the case, and was admitted at once.
The loud murmur of satisfaction that
ran through the room told me where
the sympathies of the people were.- I
aeKea xor a moment's cessation, that I
i. .i.-i . Ti
ci-" w " juens. - a went ana
auwu uy ucr tuue. ana asxea ner to t -
Btate canaidly the whole ease. She told
w uigiuMi unu wiui jun. jxunnTTiMF.
lytwo years, and had never had any
trouble before. Abont two weeks ago,
dollars- . "
She missed it from her drawer. " Tia 1
girl said to me, "and asked ma ahnnt I
it JI said I knew nothing about it t
That eveninar. I know Nanev Imthor
iv nuo. j.muxuj uuh sue saw me tase
the money from the drawer that she so.
watched me thronch the -kev-hole.
Then they went to my trunk and found j
twenty-five dollars of the rniainir mon-1
u Ti -r , V, -I .
dt uicio. im, bit, a never took ic and
wiueuuuj uiusk iuiyb put ii were. - "1
uum.Boa.ou a u sue suspecsea any
OT1PL - .
T Jl H 1 H v ,
JL UUUk.JUWK, BllO HB.111. WAA .
comU have doss it but Nancy, She has
never hied me, because she thought I tell
was better treated than she. She is
the cook. I was chambermaid." ',
She pointed Nancv Luther out to mn.
She was a stout, bold-faced girl, some
where about five-and-twentv veara old.
with a low forehead, small grey eyes, a
pug nose and thick lips. . feather
rfiaftAA AtiAA , JLi I
tw vwsm mo aw icsutm JJ1 ing lair I
young .prisoner, and tte moment I de-
tected the look ol hatred which I read
there, I was convinced that she was the
"Nancy Luther, did yon say that
girl's, name wasf " I asked, for a new
light had broken in upon me. -"Yes,
sir." - - .-
I left the court room and went to the
proseontinfl' attonwrv and uVw1 Tiim
ior uu renen x naa n&naea mm the I
ones . that had been stolen from the I as
mail-bag. He gave them to me, and, I
having selected one, I returned the rest 'who
and. told him -1 would see he had the j and
one I kept before night . I then re-1
turned to the court-room, and the ease
went on. - of
Mrs. Naseby resTjned W testimony case,
said she intrusted the room to the nesa
prisoner's care, and. that no one else this
access there save herself. Then
she described about missing the money,
closed by telling how she found
tweRty-fiye dollars of the missing mon-
ey in the prisoner's trunk. She could
rwear it was the identical money she Berve
had lost, in two tens and one five-dol- the
lar bank note. - r,. Mrs.
"Mrs. Naseby' said' L "when you yon,
first missed the monev, had you any
reason to believe that the prisoner had 8ve
it J" v . -
"-No, sir," she answered. ; " .
" Had von ever before detected her
in any dishonesty I
" Should yon have thought of search
ing her trunk had not Nancy Luther
advised and informed youf"
Mrs. . Naseby. left the stand, - and
Nancy . Lot her took her place. She
came np with a bold look, and upon me
she cast a defiant look, as if to say.
Trap me, if you can." She gave her
evidence as follows : ; -
She said that on the night the money
was taken ahe saw the prisoner going
np stairs, and uom the sly manner in
which she went np she suspected all
was not right - So she followed her up.
xiizaoetn went to juts, JNasbys -. room
and shut the door after her. t I stooped
down and looked through the keyhole,
and saw her take'the money and pot it
in her pocket ' - men she stooped down
and picked np the lamp, and as I saw
the was coming out, I hurried away."
Then 6be went on ; told bow she had
informed her mistress of this, and how
she proposed to search the girl' trunk.
I called Mrs. Naseby to the stand.
" You said that no one, save your
self and the prisoner, had access to
your roomt" I did. "Now, could
Nancy Luther have entered the room, if
she wished t"- - -' '- lS -
"Gertainly, sir; I meant that no one
else had any right there.".!
I eawthat Mrs. Naseby, though nat
urally a hard woman, was somewhat
moved by poor Elizabeth's misery. -
"Could your cook have known, by
any means in your knowledge, where
your money was f
es, sir ; for she has often oome to
my room while I was there, and I have
JL f if JL
yoh v. no.: 15;
M'CONNELSVILLE, OHIO, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1870.
WHOLE NO. 223.
nancy uutiier back:, and
v rw "r"1 " tue, though
uo.iuua.wwi mooia ana aenant ae
often given her money to buy provisions
01 marj-et-men woo. happened to cnmn
along with their wagons,"
: "One more question; Have
-nown of the prisoner having used anv
I mnv sinoe this was stolen r
M JNo , - - '.
I ever- -
I u -r- r ,, .. v . - ....
: "jjubs iinmer i ni(i--"whw
you not inform your mistres at once
of what yon had seen, without waiting
for bar to auk about the lost money t
."Because I conld not at m miti
I np my mind to expose the poor girl,"
sue answerea promptly.
("You say von looked thronph th
keyhole and saw her take the money i
"Where did she place the lamp
sue did sol" t-
" un tne bureau. " ; a
that she picked op the lamp.'
."Very Weil," said I; "how long
nave vou Deenwitn Mrs. aasetrvi
. . . .. :
Jov quite a year, sir."
"How .much, does ahe
weet r . i , i
In youf " testimbn3r:yoii said, she
stooped down when she picked
What do-yon mean by that I"
The trirfhesiUtwd. and flnillv she
said nba Aid -aeSt -bwsb - anything Onlv
different times, just as I wanted it. and
1 t . v . ' ' .
pay yon a
'A dollar and three quarters." ......
'Have von. taken im anv nf vnnr tmv
since yon !have been there f "
" I dont know, sir. ? ! ' ". " r
"Why dont you knew r ' ' '
' How should If .T hum f niton it .f
"Now. if von had wished toiarm theJ
- "i j " , . , .
c j , J"T
five dollars to put in her trunk ?"
'No,, sir." she replied with virtuous
indignation. . ..i i - . .
Then you have not laid no anv
money since yon have been there f "
" JSo, sir, only what Mrs. Naseby
may owe me. -
" Then yon did not have anv twenty
X -1 1 - . 1 .
uve uuuan wueu you cune tnere f
ey found in the girl's trunk, was the-LFor
aseby lost fYou might
money Mrs. N
have known tl
what you asked her " Thi was said
very sarcastically, and was intended as
crusher upon the idea that she should
have pat the money in the prisoner's
trunk. However, I was not overcome
Will you tefl me if vou belong to
"I do sir." : v
"In what town f' . . r
. She hesitated, and for a moment the
bold look forsook her. . But she finally
answered.' I next turned to Miss Nase-
" Do von - vr tjOr- . w;r.t fmm
- . f , r.r-
yon giris wnen you pay tnem !
Aiwavn. - - - . - -
" Can you eefidv and get one of them
tnr ma I"
:"She has told you'the 'truth' sir.
about the payments," said Mrs. Nase-
"O. Idon'tdnTiht it"tKv1 Knf
niwrif i kh ihinrt-
nmlH-mom- So. if vr.ti mh line),
would produce the receipt."
tne ijourt said so, . lhe Uourt did say
and sh went TTr wplli'nn
not far off. and she anon tcbimM .ml
handed me four'receipts' which I took
and examfnad. Tbv n
: -- u
stransre. -stairtrerinir hnnd hr th wit.
vnw: Kmwtt Tm t.bpr " T tnm.
7 77 : 7 - . .
oiuirao, auu iuouuiik in
A 1J 1 -i it.. . .
looking her sternly in the eye, "please
thf Court, an! iurv. and me. where
got tne seventr-ne dollars you
sent in your letter to your sister in
Somerst" rr-jr-" .T' '
At this she started as thoucb. a vol
cano had burst at her feet She turned
every limb shook
until the people
inity to see ' her
, . al
violently.. I waited.
13 1. , . . . . f 1
emetion, and then I repeated the ques
tion, i..' Ji-.i .-. . '
I never sent any." she (rasped.
"You did 1" I thundered, for I was
excited now; .' ,.. ...
" I I didnH," she' faintly muttered.
grasping the railing by her side for
support Vt , ic i 4 T . 3 ; ;
May it' please yodr Honor, and
genuemen oi me jury, 1 said, as soon
1 looked the witness out of counte-
nance, r4.! came here to defend a man
was arrested lor robbing the maiL
in the course, of my preliminary
examinations I had access to the letters
which had been torn- open and robbed
money. When I entered upon' this
and heard the name of the wit
She pronounced, J. went, out and ot
letter which I now. nolo, lor 1 re
Lad membered having seen one bearing the
signature of Nancy Luther: This let
and was taken from the mail bag, and it
contained seventy-five dollars, and by
looking at the postmark you rill ob
that it was mailed the day after
hundred dollars were taken from
Naseby's drawer. I will read it . to
if you please." ..
"Now, your Honor," I said, as I
hi the letter, and also the re
taken oeipts, "yon will see that the letter is
directed to Dorcas Luther, Somers,
Montgomery county. And you will
observe that Oris hand wrote that letter
signed the . receipt, .and the jury
also observe. . And nowl will only
that it is plain to see how the hun
dred dellars was disposed of. ' Seventy
five dollars was sent off for safe-keeping,
while the remaining twenty-five
dollars were placed in the prisoner's
trunk, for the purpose of covering the":
criminal. ui the tone of parts Of
letter, yon must judge. I now
my client's ease in your hands."
The case was given to the jury imme
diately following the- examination of
letter. They :had heard from the
witness's own mouth ' that she had no
money of her 'ownj -and without leaving
. seats they - returned a verdict of
Not guilty." . .
will not describe -the scene that
followed; but, if Nancy Lather had
been '"immediately: Arrested for
she would have been obliged to
protection of the. officers, or the ex
cited people wonld have maimed her at
least;if theyhadsotdonemore. The next
morning I received a note handsomely
written, in whick: I was, told that the
within was but a slight, token of the
gratitude due me- for my efforts in be
half of the poor; defenceless maiden.
was Burned "Several Citizen. "' and
contained one hundred dollars. Short
ly afterwards the youth,- who first beg
ged me to take-np the case, called npon
with all the. money . he could raise;
I showed him that I had already
paid, and refused bis hard earn-
Before I left town I was a guest .
his weddimr-mv fair client
Salem ooasts the finest school-house j
Southern Nebraska. i
THE NATIONAL FINANCES.
Annual Report the Secretary of the
' country has improvod during the past
; year, rue average rate of gold for the
i rear ltwj, as shown bv weekly kaW
Tbicbt Dkmbtkktx. wmnmi. n."ei
"Dea. ,!. ,
Sib : The finanoial condition of the
j was 32.9 rer centum nmnmnw
. ai. l i . L ... '
' urai eleven mnntm nt thvi-is7n
i 1.8 per centum- premium, indicating
j an improvement in the value of paper
currency of about 17 per centum. From
f the first dav of Julr. Ififl9. to tbASnMi nf
June, ieu, inclusive, tne public debt,
euown Dy warrant -account, was re-
I duced in the. sum 10L6ol.91fi88
From the 1st day of December, 1369, to
i the 30th day of November, 1870, inclu-
wnentls"re,-tbe reduction was $119,251,240.58,
assnown try tne monthly atatements of
inepuouc debt.- . ine total reduction
J fro the -1st of March, 1869, to the 1st
The receipta for the fiscal year ending use
v, ice-, voniaiuuDwa -.
of December, 1870, was $191,154,765.36.
xoa consequent redaction in the inter
est account is at the rate of morerthaS
$10,000,000 per annum
Xat. Ttnl revennB. . . : . ,
Sa.i a uf public lands.
This statement eihibitB a snrnlna nnlw-Wn
iihjuu. pieuoa ine einiunR tana DT VD
i i roo. io, iocs, or lui,tul,31H.M.
411 255 477.57
The erpeDditaree for the same period were:
For ciril and miaceUaneooa pnx
1 Indians and pensions
I Interest on public debt. . .
The Tecepts for the first
i.reeent fiscal year were : , .
Internal re-renae. .'. . ....... . .
6ales of public lands.
Miaeellaneoua .'. '. .
quarter of the
ciTfl miscellaneoM pur-
r TJtaI.... $115,101,230.75
J ae expenditures for the same mrkxL n.
cludinc pavments on aoconnt of the ainkinir
. .- - .
... . 1U,218,538.36
Indiana and pensions. . ..
Interest on public debt..
' Total 86,562,920.83
: The estimated receipts for the remaining
three quarters of the present year are as f of
terra : . , , - .
From tmatoma. . '., $128. 3 '1 000.00
Internal revenue 83,004,000.00
Sato of public lands 2,000,000.00
Uiseellaneous sonrces ... 16,000,000.00
- The estimated expenditure for the same
For civil and miscellaneous pur- "
poses , $54,000,000.00
nar unpartment w 30,000,000.00
Navy Department 15,000,000.00
Indiana and pensions 24.500,000.00
Interest on the public debt. . . .' - 80,000,000.00
Total i i . . 203.500,000.00
Showing a balance applicable to the
payment . of . the public debt
including; - however, . the . . amount
pavable on account of the sinking fund
of $69,038,309.92. In estimating the
expenditures for the next fiscal rear, I
have included the sum of - $21500.000
properly chargeable to the current rev
enue as an appropriation - under - the
acts of February 25, 1862, and Julv
Uthj 1870, relating t5o the sinking fund.
Although the language employed in
these acts is not the language common
ly used in appropriation bills, it still
has the force ana effect of a permanent
appropriation. I therefore so treat it
There will be required, also, the sum
of $8,866,933, being the - amount an
swering to the interest on the capital of
tne suiting rund as represented npon
the books of the-'Depastment - This
sum I have included in the estimate of
expenditures for the fiscal year ending
June 30tlv 1871. Upon this basis I
submit the following estimate of re
ceipts and expenditures . for the,' next
fiscal year: ' ' j'. .r
ESTIMATED RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES FOR
THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1872.
From Customs X T.t.".." . .. .'. . . ."$175,006,000.00
From Internal Revenue. ....... 126,418,000.00
From Bales of Public ln.ds 3.000,000.00
From Miscellaneous Sources.... . 160,000.00
ExecntiTO Establishment 17.238J65.50
Judicial Establishment 23,487,600.00
Military Establishment... ....... 28,488,194.00
Naval Establishment . , . . 80,045,417.77
Indian Affairs 5,021,569.03
Pensions , 80,OO0,OOJ).OO
Public Works..... 22,338,278.37
Postal Serrice. 4.694.888.06-
Permanent Appropriatiotii.. .-,132,528,234.00
Sinking Fund.:. 24,500,000.00
Interest upon Capital of Sinking
Total. .-. u . . ... ....... . ..909.639.819.61
According to this estimate there will
be' a surplus applicable to the payment
of the principal of the public debt, in
addition to the present payments made
on that account, through the sinking
fund, of $10,778, 680.39. An analysis of
the expenditures' develops a fact
tending to' sustain the opinion that
the balance will be considerably larger
than appears from the foregoing esti
mates. The sum of $22,338,278.37 is
estimated for public works. The
works, l he ap
propriations for these objects and for r
lnterest on the public debt are so near
ly equal to the. receipts as to justify and
demand the greatest caution in dealing
with the revenues and business- of the
country. It is apparent that a disaster,
or even a eerions check, to business
would reduce the revenues below our
necefsary expenditures. It is apparent,
also, that the prosperous' condition of
the (Country is largely due to the revenue
system inaugurated during the war, by
which manufacturers' and mechanics'
arts have been intended to be estab
lished. This policy cannot now be
rashly abandoned or suddenly and radi
cally changed without great injury to
business and labor, and serious-consequent
losses of revenue;- .
FUNDING THE DEBT.
' The war in Europe has rendered it
impracticable to refund' the national
debt as authorized by the act approved
July-24th, 1870. A portion of the
paper has been, manufactured- and the
preparation of the -plates has been so
far advanced that whenever a favorable
opportunity arises the loan may be of
fered and bonds delivered without de
lay. Inasmuch - as the war in Europe
and the consequent demand for money
make it doubtful whetiier four and four
and one half per cent ' bonds will be
taken, it seems to me wise to authorize
300,000,000 .additional of
ZJ? fJ!S StLS
Jf , ? - "
quarterly without inconvenience, and I
recommend that the loan oe so moomea
made quarterly instead of semi-uniinal-in
ly. Should these recommendations be
a.a.J 1 -i a .
k VonKre5 " " OI i?-
portanoe that an act authorizing the ,
changes be passed without delav. -
Since the first of July the currency
baUnce in the treasury has been nnus-
nalgformmediate purpo un-,
necessarily large. -
The act of July 13th, 1870, authoriz-!
ing an increase of national bank notes,
imposed upon the Secretary of the
Treasury Department the duty of pro
viding for"- the "redemption of equal
amounts of their present certificates.
The certain though progressive de
crease in the revenue, both of coin and
currency, made it my duty to receive a
sum sufficient to enable the Depart
ment to comply with the law without
resorting to extraordinary means. Hap
pily, the finanoial condition of the
conntry has not been unfavorably af-
the Treasury. Durinir the vear endino-
September 30th, 1870, national banks
paid in intereet. the sum of ifi.4SG.l 75 J
! t i .t.A .1 A:. .
w- X. US CObLUlttbCU Uiab OI llilB BUm
$2,000,000 or more were paid to private
parties. -1 cannot doubt that the prac
tice of payinsr intereet except nnnn
balances due from one Government to
another, is a means by which large
amounts of capital are directed from
extreme portions of the oonntrv to
the commercial and finanoial cen
tres to injure business severely. The
province of a bank is to loan money,
and its property is by loans and dis
counts to faciliate and develope busi
ness in the neighborhood of its location.
As a matter of fact under the present
system, banks are agencies by which
capital is gathered and sent away -to
distant cities, there to be loaned on call
and used for speculative purposes.
Complaints are made from all parts of
me country tnat dius of national banks
are worn and defaced to such an extent
as to be no longer fit for circulation.
As many new banks are soon to be or
ganized Under the act of the last session
of Congress, I respectfully recommend
ed that an appropriation be made and
authority given to issue new billr npon
such paper and in suoh form as may be
designated by the Secretarv of the
Treasury. The Comptroller of the Cur
rency, in his report in 1869, recom
mended the establishment of an agency
in the citv of New York, under eontmJ
of national banks for the redemption of
their issue. The substance of this rec
ommendation seems to me not onlv
proper bnt necessary. The expense
should be borne bv the banks. With
this recommendation I take the occa
sion to say that the banking system of
the country appears well managed, and
te answer reasonablv the for
which it was established. It is no doubt
true that Treasury notes representing
an equal amount of the public debt
without interest are the most economi
cal circulation of the government, but
should be considered that the bank
ing institutions of the oonntrv are agen
cies by which business is established
and fostered. Upon the whole, the sys
tem of bankincr should be extended
only for the purpose of meeting the de
mands of business ; but when, the de
mands are nnrent: ennnofwinn nbnnld ha
made, npon the ground that the pros
perity of business is more important
than the mere saving of interest from
the circulation of treasury notes.
The report of the Commission of Min
Statistics tat the year 1869 has been
rin ted since the close of the session in
uly last, and that for the year of 1870
win De made during the winter.
The continuance of the war appears
De. a matter of national importance.
The proportion of American vessels en
gaged in the foreign trade has not in
creased relatively during the vear. al
though there has been an actual increase
the entries of American vessels at
ports of the United States amounting
the aggregate to i30,00d tons. The
total tonnage engaged in the foreign
trade entered at all ports of the United
has increased from 5, 583, 000 tons
1869, to 5,957,000 tons in 1870, but
proportion of American tonnage re
mains, as in 1869, at 36 per cent With
out undertaking to specify the means
which it is to be accomplished, I
cannot overestimate the importance of
such legislation as will secure a revival
THE PUBLIC DEBT.
Tbe banks of the country, acting with-
I also expressed the opinion that the !
i ,r ..r, - i i , i iiieir
setuea policy oi lie country snouia
contemplate a revenue Sufficient to meet
ordinary expenses of the Govern
ment, pay the interest on the public
debt, and from $25,000,000 to $50,000,
000 principal annually. The reduction
the public debt since the 30th day
June last has been so great as to ren
der it certain that the total reduction
the present fiscal year will exceed
million dollars. The natural in
crease of the business of the country
during the next eighteen months is
likely to be such as to show a surplus
the fiscal year ending March 30th,
of about $40,000,000. The prin
cipal of the public debt on the last day
November, 1870, not deducting the
monevs on hand, was $2,418,683,044.43.
this amount, $395,269,237.08 was
represented by United States notes and
fractional currency not bearing in
nnT.l MQVflX.f &T
quire about $393,000,000 of bonds to be
placed on deposit as security fortheirUn...
circulation. Should the present system
furnishing paper circulation for the
country partly by the Treasury and
partly by National Banks be continued,
the entire circulation be furnished
the Treasury or by the banks, the
credit of the United States will be se-
cured for the redemption of notes, j feet
From this view of the policy of the
country it follows that an amount of
$800,000,000 of the public debt will re
main unpaid, existing either in the form
treasury notes in circulation without
interest, or in bonds owned by banks
held as security for the redemption
their notes, and that only about $1,- would
nnn nno of the principal of the dht erent
prospect although highly favorable, is
such as to warrant important
changes in the revenue system at the
present session of Congress, but should
result during the coming year
my expectations, it will be
possible at the December session
the forty-second Conirress to make a
without impairing the ability of the '
government to make satisfactory pay-j ing
ments of the public debt The reduc-
already made has been advantage- ciled
to the country, not only in the par- I that
indicated, but in other respects ing
hoWlly loos I'mnnrfont T),.n a rnnh Of
evidence tending to show that no other
event since the conclusion of the war
contributed so much to the effusion
republican opinions in Europe. The
spread of these opinions stimulates emi-
. . . '
P000 Europe, and at the same
tame prepares-the wav for the rih-;
lish-nent of free?int1tntioM T on that
that the policy of accepting of the debt
as permanent, would.retarl emigration
ifrom Europe, especially the reading
and reflecting classes. Whatever ar-1
ZCT dUCeT x?r .
X" - . vouwACMA VIUUVU-
!lon tn? no other Mtl0? ever Pft8sed
'rZvg TTJ""" " ga
Mto industry and usiness. Spe-
oiac lniormation and iraneral i
sonie to the la boring classes, and it is
Uierefnraj in thmr ntnnta y nivmVIi
tl. : Z Zl I 5 . . IT
- ywu0uai a i7ia. uvvUiiiii a.'iirs
existing national debt. This policy
ill not prevent such changes in the
revenue system, from time to time, as
trill equalize the inevitable burdens of
our present condition, and, within a
comparatively short period, taxes may
be removed from many articles of prime
necessity. It is an occasion of satisf aa-
oific information and' iraneral intelJi
gance from various parts of the United
States show that all classes, and espec
ially the laboring classes, are in the en
joyment of more than the average pros
perity, whether tested by experience in
this country or by the present condi
tion of other nations.. No reason can
be found, however, in the favorable
condition of public and private affairs,
for neglecting any proper measures for
equalizing and diminishing the burden
of taxation, but it does justify the state
ment that the nation cart make provis
ion for the publiCjdebt in the way rec
ommended without embarrassing in
dustry or retarding its progress.
Signed Geo. S. BotrrwEii,
Secretary of the Treasury.
The Debts of Minors.
There can be no more certain assur
ance to young men of a disastrous bus
iness life than the incurring of debts
during his minority. And the term
minority may be considered to include
the years during which he remains in
the position of a clerk or pupil, even
though his years extend beyond the
one and twenty " which to many a
heedless youth is the date of eonfimed
pecuniary slavery, not freedom. Ex
pensive habits among clerks, appren
tices, the under-graduates id colleges.
and the students of professions, lead to
pecuniary embarrassments of the very
worst description, for it is not seldom
the case that the parents of these young
men are put to great cost, and frequent
ly have to exercise, the most
rigid economy, to provide and continue
the means for their support The cal-
nnlntirm nf AriumuM ftoji hocm riAfuvl f
upon the necessary Outlay onlv. Many
the fondest parents would.decline to
mortgage their property, or to obtain
money at interest, or to wrong their
other children, in order to give the fa
vored son money to expend in amuse
ments, over-dressinf, or dissipation in
any form. The young man himself
would not dare to ask this in plain
terms, and yet not a few incur expenses.
appeal through a mother, or a self
denying sister, for the funds to obtain
release from difficulty or to avert dis
grace. This is virtually the formula of
highwayman reversad to suit the
case: "Your money or iriy life !" The
parental instinct and the' family pride
thus appealed to. the applicant is suc
cessful while any power of satisfying
demand is left; and the household
home pinch themselves that the
graceless son may flourish abroad.
But appetite grows by what it feeds
and all that can be raised st home is
insufficient Habits of duplicity are
created, and the fond parents are de
ceived into thinking that they have
quenched the fire, when they have only.
reality, been supplying fuel. The
young spendthrift is more involved than
more extravagant and more reck
less. The evil habit of indulgence to
escape thought follows, and, from the
sad mistake of outrunning the in
come, a life of mistakes is dated. The
small leak sinka the ship, and a sad
wreck, mental, moral and pecuniary, is
result Parental affection sent forth
bark fully equipped, and hoped to
it return fully freighted. But the
result is, everything lost Dot excepting
honor. Philadelphia Ledger.
A Remarkable Edifice.
The Jews of Turin, are building a
place of worship, which, according
an aoconnt of the rans lemps, is a
extraordinary affair: "The most
remarkable of all structures at iur.n is
me nuesb auu iiuueok btuouukuo
the finest and richest synagogue
the world, and at the same time tne
remarkable monument of Turin.
a small square hill, with adapted
stands a Greek temple in white
pink. Above, a little backward, is
kind of second temple. The whole is
traversed by galleries, adorned with
pillars and thousands of splendid
embellishments. White and reddish col
ors predominate. It is Greek and Moora
it is Romanic and Go thic, there is -blending
of all styles, witKout over
straining and without bad taste. But
makes this structure something
bizarre and unexpected, is a massive
with pierced walls, arising above
ornamented, beautiful construction,
reminding of Asia and Egypt, of Thebes
Nineveh. Surely the architect of
building was gifted by imagination.
was an able interpreter of the He
brew dream of the temple to be erected
the brink of a strange river. Never,
the (Treat destruction, has Israel
possessed a more magnificent edifice in
the hym31B ot David resound,
.;- .u ,i
UUAlU-lllg AO Ai 4Vt waav mm-
Italian Jews, who are a power at
Exchange, at the press, and in the
Tub Bad Habit of Choiks. The New
Examiner thus describes a "fash
ionable choir": "The choir-loft ten
behind and ten feet above the
worshippers ; then the fourteen sorts of
; then the balustrade to bide
p raisers themselves, who come trip
ping to their places with exuberant sat
isfaction and demonstrative delight;
their salutations and (rreetings,
in any other part of the hurch
be considered intolerably irrev-
(therefore the ehoir-loft is not
recocrnized as a part of the church
-. , ...... . , ,
the inhabitants a part oi me
worshippers); then the titter, a
disease which is as incurable in
as it is inseparable from them,
solemn singing with a background
merry smiles, hilarious nudging and
characteristic (not to say choristers)
winks; then a grand reoonnoitering. of
accompanied by appropn
wufPeI!' ,du".1?? thel V1? .rred
of the Holy Bible ; then a literary
entertainment, or an exchange of pen
tion notes on all the great questions
interest the human mind exeept
ticulars religion ; then . the transformation
the choiT loft 1MO a Sleeping COT, Of
the chorister is the conductor,
wakes up his passengers when it is
to go to praising again.
It costs only $5,000 to tar and feath-1 Mr-
a man in Lagrange, Ind. I
The Hardships of Whaling.
a u n i -n
n.A let?" fr7i.?"Pi Pea8t ?Lb
; ime ba?d7hip. of whaW?
madVand enured Lete otThe
17th day of May abont fort mileg
south of Cape Navariiu weather thick
nd "lowing; on the 20th the weather
The rather having
ont of the ani t00n found myself
. , , .
surronnaea Dy nny snips, saw bnt
one whale in the ice. On the 23d.
weather pleasant, two or three ships
worked a short way in the ice, the next
day the fleet commenced following, and
in a few hours fifty ships were on a race
to Cape Thaddeus. It was oak
against ice, and like all heavy moving
bodies which come in collision, "the
weakest structure always give wav;" so
with the ships, they all came out more
or less damaged in copper and sheath
ing; the Champion four days ahead to
Cape Thaddeus, and in clear water. Un
fortunately, for the first time since
whaling, there were no whales. On the
13th of June we lowered for a whale go
ing quick into the ice, Cape Agchen
bearing S. W. 90 miles, and before get
ting the boats clear the ice packed
From that time until the 26th, so
close and heavy was the ice packed
around us, that we found it impossible
to move the ship. With our sails furled.
we drifted with the ice about 12 miles
per day toward Cape Agchen, the ship
lying as quiet as in a dock; but on the
'i'iiX, when close under the Cape, a gale
set in from the southward, producing a
heavy swell and causing the ship to
strike heavily against the ice. We sav
ed our rudder by hooking our blubber
hooKs to it and heaving them well taut
with hawsers to our quarters. Had the
current not taken an easterly shore
course, the ship must have gone on
shore, xne wind blowing on shore,
which was distant less than half a mile,
five to six fathoms of water under us.
ship rolling and pounding heavily
against the ice, weather so thick we
could not see fifty vards, made it rather
an anxious time, x or thirty -six hours
I was expecting some sharp-pointed
rock would crash through her sides. On
the 24th, finding only four and a half fath
oms water, littla current with the larger
pieces of ice aground, we let go an
anchor and held her to a large floe of
ice. Here we broke our sampson post
off in the deck: On the morning of the
25th the weather cleared np, showing
our position to be at the heed of a
small bay about fifteen miles east of
Cape Asrchen. Here for two days we
lay becalmed 'and ice-bound. On the
second day the ice loosened, when we
took our anchor, and bv eighteen hours'
hard work succeeded in kedging about
four miles seaward; a preeze then
springing up from off shore, we spread
sail and passed into clear water.
We spent a short time in the straits,
but saw nothing of the bowhead kind
Passed into the Arotio July , and
found most of the fleet cftcbir.g walrus;
about a dozen ships (this one among
the number) went cruising along the
northern ice for bowhead s. After pros
pecting from Icy Cape to near Herald
Isle, and seeing not a whale, I returned
the walrus fleet The first ship I
saw was the1 Vineyard, with 175 walrus.
Since then I have riot seen or heard
from her. This walrusirig' ia quite a
new business, and ships which have
engaged in it the previous season and
came up prepared were very successful.
While at it, we drove business as hard
the best of them, but soon became
convinced that the ship s company
(taken collectively) were much inferior
many others; tnev oonld not
endure the cold and exposure ex
pected of them. I have seen boat's
crews that were properly rigged kill and
strip a boat-load df Walrus in the same
length of time another (not rigged)
would be in ki Uing one and hauling him
the ice. We took some 400, making
about 230 barrels. About August 5th
the ships went in pursuit of bow
head (most of them to Point Barrows).
When off the Sea Horse Islands we saw
few whales working to the westward,
just enough to detain us; we took two,
mnVincr 200 barrels: the weather cold
a cale all the time. In September
worked up abont seventy miles from
Point Barrow, saw quite a show of small
whales in the sea; took four which made
about 100 barrels. As that was a fair
sample, and not having the right boys
whale in that ice, where the ther
mometer stood only 8 above zero. I went
back to the westward. Ships that had
from forty to fifty men (clad in skins),
officers accustomed to that particu
lar kind of whaling, did welL . In going
back the fourth mate struck a whale
which made about 70 barrels.
From the 2Sth of September to the
of October we saw a good chance
get oil, had the weather been good,
a well hardy crew. We could not
and whale the same time.. We took
four large whales which would have
made 500 barrels of oil, had we had
good weather to have boiled in. On
4th we put away for the Straits in
company with the Seneca, John How
land and John Wells; a gale from NE
snowing. On the eve of the 7th it
blew almost a hurricane: hove the ship
port south of Point Hope, with main
topsail furled; lost starboard bow boat,
with davits; ship covered with ice and
On the 10th entered the Straits in
heavy gale; when about eight miles
of the Diomedes, had to heave to
under bare poles, blowing furiously, and
heaviest sea I ever, saw; ship
making bad weather of it; we had about
bbls. of oil on deck, and all our
fresh water; our blubber between decks
horsepieces, and going from the
forecastle to the mainmast every time
pitched, and impossible to stop it;
ship covered with ice and oil; could
only muster four men in a watch, decks
flooded with water all the time, no fire
cook with or to warm by, made it the
most anxious and miserable time I ever
experienced in all my sea service. Dur
ing the night shipped a haavy sea;
which took off bow and waist boat,
davits, slide boards, and everything at
tached,?staving about twenty bbls. of
At daylight of the second day we
found ourselves in seventeen fathoms
water, and about six miles from the
centre Cape of St Lawrence Mand. ; rito
Fortunately the gale moderated a little,
that we got two dose-reefed topsails j
reeiea courses uu no, mu u. uu- .,
down were clear of the west end of the
island. Had it not moderated as soon :
it did, we should by 10 A. h. have ;
been shaking hands with our departed
"Ho fob the land of flowers," says
Savannah News, Exactly righ't, !
adds the Atlanta New Era. the " hoe" i
the only thing that will bring it
"The Blue Petticoat A Novel. The
Ttmdnctinn from the twn of the lata
Mark Lemon," will be published in
Loudon next month. !
Condition of Lady Thorne.
From the Rochester Union, Nov. 30.
This famous trotting mare has been
in this city ever since her accident on
the 4th of August, resting quietly at
the stables attached to the residence of
Hon. N. C Bradstreet She has been
carefnllv watohAd. mnH Av-A,-irf.hinf
that human ingenuity could devise to
restore her to the turf. All remedies
have failed, and the most aanmir,
have abandoned the hope to see her
again on the course. The point of the
bone on the left hip is four or five inch-
es lower than it should be. and she
throws the foot or rather dnurs it
when she walks, much like a man who
has suffered from paralysis. The
condition of the mare other
wise is excellent Her keeper informs
us that she was never in better health.
She runs at freedom over a stable floor,
upon sawdust, and receives company
with an apparent relish. She ia a very
kind, docile animal in the stable, and
her misfortune is the subject of regret
by all who see her. She will leave
Rochester in a day or two for New
York. Dan Mace is expected here soon
to take her away. She will be devoted
to breeding, and may yet give the
American turf a decendant that will
beat her time. Lady Thome is now 11
years old. She has trotted a mile in
2:17m, and it is thought bv those best
informed that but for this accident she
would have beaten this time, and that
of every other horse at the Buffalo ra
oes. She is owned by the Mace Broth
ers, and cost them $35,000. Twice that
sum would not have bought her before
,r " : : ' . ,
. i -j r a. i
uiv uooiwirans newspaper j
mcnes square, with M dispatches mi-
croscopically photographed upon it
comprising the detailed news of the
day from all parts of the world, and
there now comes from London a de
scription of the machinery which did
the printing. It makes a duplicate of
uruinary Bauuvnung a million times
smaller than the original, so that it can
only be read by the aid of a powerful
microscope. The inventor announces
that he can thus reprint the whole
Bible 22 times in the space of an inch.
and other books in proportion. Think
of it The speaker of the House can
carry Uushing s Parliamentary Manual
entire, photographed on his thumb
nail. Webster's Unabridged may be
printed on the lining of your hat By
the magic aid of this little machine, the
total contents of the As tor Library may
be transferred to a five cent blank book.
Add to such a compendium a small
portable microscope, which might nes
tle unnoticed in the pantaloons pocket,
and the proprietor may have at com
mand all the wisdom of the sages, fmm
Socrates to Ralph Waldo Emerson.
ROYALTY AND POVERTY IN ENGLAND.
The people of England are becoming
exasperated with the demands of the
royal family in the way of dower mo
ney for its numerous offspring.
A large meeting of the Liberal Lea go
was held in London on Friday, for the
purpose of protesting against the dowry
national money to Princess Louise.
Bitter speeches were made contrasting
the pauperism of the country, there be
ing 137,000 paupers in London alone
and many dying of starvation every
hour, to the wealth of the Queen, who
draws 400,000 a year besides other
large sums, for the royal family. She
does nothing in return. . The least she
might do is to imitate the example of
the poorest workman and provide for
her own children. An appeal is made
the entire people, ignorant and edu
cated, to decide by ballot whether or
not they should supersede the present
cumbersome and inhuman system of the
government by the establishment of a
Republic. The speakers were Messrs.
Hovellemann and Curnns.
Ltskct DsPBEDATioirs. If I were to
estimate the average loss per annum of
farmers of this country from insects
$100,000,000, 1 should doubtless be
below the mark. The loss of fruit
alone by the devastation of insects.
within a radius of fifty miles from this
city, must amount in value to millions.
my neighborhood the peach once
flourished, but flourishes no more, and
cherries have been all but annihilated.
Apples were, till lately, our most prof
itable and perhaps our most important
product ; but the worms take half our
average crop and sadly damage what
they do not utterly destroy. Plums
nave ceased to grow or expect ; even
currant has at last its fruit-destroy-
worm, we must ngnt our paltry
adversaries more efficiently or allow
them to drive us wholly from the field.
Too Maity Cows. A writer in the
Maine Farmer recommends that farm
ers should not keep too many cows,
cites a well attested instance ill
which two cows, by having the same
amount of food given them as had been
previously given to four, had yielded
considerably more butter, cheese, etc.,
than had been before obtained from
double the number; that is, that the
upon extra feed had produced more
than four. W can believe thia state
ment, and believe with the writer, also,
farmers should not keep more
cows, or stock of any kind, than they
keep well, both as to food and shel
ter. It should be as much of the bnsi
ness of the farmer to grow a full supply
winter provender for his stock as it
to furnish them with summer pasture;
yet how many there are who never
dream of such a thing as setting a field
clover or any of the artificial grasses,
relying altogether upon the precarious
resources of their corn-fields to carry
their stock through the winter and ear
ly spring months. Nor do many of
them pay proper attention to saving
provender from those quarters.
A Notable Pilgbimagk. The Shah
Persia, who is performing a pilgrim
to the holy shrine of KarbeU, lately
passed through Bagdad, accompanied
a suit of upwards of ten thousand
persons, including several Persian
princes and other dignitaries, among
whom was Nazym Bey, the Ottoman
representative f - nine years past at the
court of Tehertfv The horses and other
beasts of burden composing this stately
caravan number upward of fifteen thou
sand. During hi stay in Turkish ter-
wiU est of the
gttai. It is worthy of note, says the
LeTant Herald, that Shah Nasr Ed Din
t. g gvvereiro of Persia, who.
since the taking of Bagdad, has per-
formed a pilgrimage to the sanctuary of
: '. . .
Th bridge across the Mississippi a
Louis will be over 2,000 feet in
length, and elevated 50 feet above the
river at its greatest height nd will be
built solid, with three arches of from
to 500 feet span, having two road
tracks one for railroads and one for
caariages and foot passengers. Its
supports are of steel instead of iron, as
steel gives twice the strength and dur-
ability oi the best wrought iron.
Summary of Late News.
Thb weather in California is zrrA-
ingly favorable for farming. Ploughing
is going on in all parts of 'the state.
Thermometer 72 0 . ... .
Trrs Jews of Cincinnati a- movio-"t
secure the location of the National Jew
ish University. A prominent Israelita
of Lawrenoebnrg has taken the initia
tive by offering $10,000. -
Fked. Bach, 12 years of age, while
attempting to recover the cap of a com
panion, which had been blown into the
river channel, was swept over the high
falls near the Central depot, at Snchma.
ter, New York. -
A bold attempt was made to km a
porter of Wells. Farsro & Co.. ai TVn.
ver, Sunday night, bv shooting. The
wound is serious. There is no clue to
the perpetrator, and no cause in as
signed for the attempted assassination.
A trlzobax from Rawlins. Wvomino-.
says Jndge Kingmm has discharged
ne ptraj jury mere and fined the jn-
rora 10 ,ech' for indulgingin a friendly
Bti , .,.ca " m wo W room.
oeaaing on a case.
I The suit of Riddle Coleman, of Pitta-
Durg, against Gen. Gideon Pillow and
Major J. J. Murphy, of th late Con
federate army, for coal seized in Mem-
phis at the beginning of the war, which
has been on trial in the United States
Court before Jndge Emmons, for tie
I past week, was decided Wednesday
night by a verdict for the plaintiff for
about $10,000. A motion was made for '
a new triaL
Spain about New Years. The deputa-
bv wyaiu vim inivuu yexy-
where with the warmest expressions of
welcome. It has cone to Turin to offpr
TgTliK i another rumor hmt an at-.
tempt is to be made to restore Napo
leon to the throne of France.
The war feeling in Russia is reversed.
and military preparations- are actively
going forward. - -
A dispatch from Kinur William to
Queen Augusta, confirms the report '
that 10,000 prisoners, 77 cannon, end
four gunboats were captured at Orleans.
The Austrian Minister of war states '
that Austria has now in stock 900.000 -
Wendell rifles and 700,000 uniforms,
and that it will require from one to two -months
to place the armv on a war .
The Duke of Aosta will set out for
its congratulations to Princess Maria
Victoria, the future Queen of Spain.
Two cents a day affords a comfortable
subsistence in .Japan.
Niaklt every considerable citv in
Europe has a charitable "Home for
Amah's own good breeding is the
beat security against other people's fll
Bctchbr's meat is so dear in Omaha
that the inhabitants get bear subsis
tence. . !
The ruin of most men dates from '
some idle hour. Occupation is an ar
mor to the souL
Thi best penance we can do for envy
ing another's merits is to- endeavor to "
Modesty in a woman is like' color on
her cheek decidedly becoming if not "
put on. . i , ..
Lxavetwoeth, Kansas, claims to have
erected $950,000 worth of buildings thia
A cocFLB in Newport, R. L, recently '
celebrated their pearl wedding, having
been married 70 years.
The English government has refused
to adopt any form of the mitrailleuse
for use in the British army.
Be deaf to the quarrelsome, blind to
the scorner, and dumb to those . who.
are mischievously inqnisitive. ,
The largest farm in England contains .
three thousand acres. The live stock .
kept on this farm is valued at $61,500.
A committee of the St Louis Board
of Trade has made a favorable report
on the feasibility of manufacturing
plate glass profitably at that point
Yon cannot help soiling the finger by
handling a dirty substance ; and a mean .
action is as sure to leave itj mark upon
the perpetrator as upon the victim of it
If yon have performed an act of
great and disinterested virtue, conceal
; if you publish it you will never be
belived here nor rewarded hereafter.
WroMEf a Terbttoby, by the correct- .
ed census returns has 9,115 population.
exclusive of Indians ; and Dakota, 14,-
02L . -.
The Columbia (Kansas) Independent
says that a large number of Mormons
are settling in the vicinity of Neutral
Atouso man in Ashland county. -
Ohio, recently walked nine miles over a . .
rough country road in forty-five min
utes, passing several teams on the.
Of the regiment of Grandier Guards .
which fought at Inkermann, sixteen
years ago, then four hundred strong,
only thirty officers and men now sur
There is an elegant brick houss in
Portsmouth, N. H.. which cost one -
hundred thousand dollars. It is sur
rounded by an iron fence, but the own
er, who died some time since, never
would make up his mind as to the de
sign of his gate. For several years the -stone
posts have been hung with pieces
rope holding an old ladder, and the
widow, who desires to follow out her
late husband's wishes, renews the lad
ders as they get broken, and keeps up
plan oi the departed.
The systematic routine of official
business in the Departments at Wash
ington which so often excites the ad
miration and amazement of outsiders
was finely illustrated the other day, .
the disposition of the case of Engi
neer Kellogg, of the navy. That offi
cer, it .will be recollected, waa killed in
affray at Key West on the 5th of No- '
vember. His funeral occured next day. .
and, a week later, on the 23d, the De
partment, with delicate consideration
the circumstances in which the de
ceased was thus placed, published a
general order "relieving Chief Engi
neer Kellogg from further duty on
board the gunboat Terror." But for
issue of this timely order it would
probably have been necessary to court
martial the dead man for absence with
Toothache jh Dries Astmals. It
must be dreadful when poor dumb ani- -mala
suffer from toothache. Every on
read how poor Chunce, the eleph
ant at the old Exeter Change, in Eng-
land, went mad from it; and it is popu
larly supposed that it is often a cause
madness in dogs, and I really think
very probable. The poor brutes
seek the sympathy and aid of their mas- .
ters : for I have known a poor old cat
come moaning time after tune, until it
drew attention to its teeth. A surgeon -who
was visiting at the house first sug
gested the cause of the animal's dis
comfort and one person, more skilled
than the others, possibly, in the man- '
agement of our dumb companions, drew
tooth which was rather loose, and at
once relieved the poor creature. Good
Ait ingenious mechanic of Memphis
secured a patent for a stalk-cutter
and puller. He claims that it will cut
one day as much as a dozen or twenty