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title: 'The Conservative. (M'connelsville, Ohio) 1866-1871, February 03, 1871, Image 1',
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SNOW FLAKES. BY H. W. LONGFELLOW.
Oat X ths boson of ths sir,
Ont of the ctond-folcte of fear garments shaken,
Over the woodlands brows ud bare,
Orer ths hem nekls fonakea,
SOsnt, ud soft, ud clow,
Eea as aar elooded fancies take
Soddenlv shape in hih divine expression.
Even as the troubled heart doth nuke
In the white eoantenraee nisifiinssw.
The troubled skr lene
The grief B leek.
This is tbs poem of the sir,
81oly in siient rdlables recorded ;
This M the secret of despsfer,
Iaac in its etoadv boeom boarded.
Now whispered and revealed
To wood and field.
THE INTERCEPTED LETTER.
An Episode the Siege of Paris.
BY CLARENCE F. BUHLER.
From the New York Evening Mall.
The truest story wall find soma in.
credulous readers, and "perhaps -there
re some "Page creetors." as Mrs.
Gamp called them, who will be wicked
enough to insinuate that mine should
he taken with a grain of salt.
But to begin. Louis Napoleon inau
gurated the Franco-Prussian war under
the impression that a German was only
intrepid in eating cheese whose' odor
alone would kill any one at sixty paeea.
But when the powerful Landwehr of
King William clubbed 'their needle
guns, and knocked the Frenchman's kepi
mto a cocked hat, Mr. Napoleon ascer
tained to his cost that a German could
stand the smell of powder as well as
that of Limbwg cheese. A cordon of
Prussian steel was soon drawn around
Paris, and carrier-pigeons and balloons
were-its only means tA "communication
with the ontaide--worid.s And even
these means bad their -drawbacks, for
the balloons Tare frequently captured
by Uhlans, 'and- the pigeons were no
less frequently captured by hawks that,
being kept for that purpose by the
Prussians, wera called " Uhlans of the
air." The letters, which were written
in cipher and could only be read with
a microscope, were always rolled up
and put inside of a -quill plucked from
the pigeon'6 tail and afterwards reinserted.-
' ; ; ; . .. - i .. :
Every one knows to what extremities
the Parisians were "reduced through
scarcity of food, and how the proverb
that "every dog Las his day" was ex-
. empli&ed when that animal became an
article of luxury in the starring city.
Nay, every cat then had its day ; and,
we may add with perfect truth, every
rat. . During thai crisis, an army cor ,
respondent of an American paper was
quartered for the "night in an old mill '
in the immediate vicinity of Paris. He
was accompanied by several Prussian
officers, who used the sashes of the up-'
per windows for fueL and . made
themselves . quite . at ,". home
over their rations of. black bread.
sausage, and pea-soup. By midnight
ail were last asleep on the floor,
with the exception of the correspond
ent, who sat by the fire preparing dis
patches to be forwarded on the ensuing
aay. v nue id us engaged, ne Heard a
scratching and fluttering sound in the
room above, and thoughts of French
gnemilas known as Jb ranes-tireurs in
stantly rushed through his mind. "But
he resolved to reoonnoiter before giving
an aiarm ; ana ai vesting himself of his
boots lie cautiously ascended the stairs.
The room was illuminated by the moon
that shone on the ebon front cf night
like a marigold in darkey's button
hole. - ihe first thing seen by the cor
respondent was the tail of a pigeon
sticking through the bannisters at the
head of the stairs ; - and he advanced
so noiselessly in his stocking . feet
that he suoceeded - in grasping - it.
Then came the tug - of war.
A hawk had captured the pigeon,
and entered the room through one of
the windows from which the sashes had
been torn, as aforesaid, in order to de
vour the prey at his leisure. The
" Uhlan of the air," no sooner saw the
man than he struck he talons still
deeper into the pigeon,, flapped his
huge vans and disappeared through
the window with its victim, leaving its
tail in the bands of the correspondent.
Judge of the surprise at finding that
several of the quills contained small
rolls of paper covered with short-hand
writing of the minutest description.
Supposing them to be important mili
tary dispatches, he took them at once
to headquarters, where a stenographer
examined them through a microscope
and pronouncsd them to be a- letter
from a lady in Paris to a friend at
Tours. - Suppressing the signature and
everything of a private nature, I ap
pend the remainder of the letter: -
"PARIS, Dec. 1870.
" Mr Dakltks : In spite of the
Chasseport rifle and the mitrailleuse I
am 'in durance vile' in the starving
capital of the French Jtcpubfic I
italicise the word because the Empire
is an oppoeom that only pretended to
be dead in order to rid itself of the
Prussian dog. And although Victor
Hugo says the Republic is ' awake ! ' I
fear it will soon be ready to take an
other Jfap. But my main
object in writing is to tell you about
the most remarkable feature of the
present siege? You know I have five
children Sammy, George, Oscar. Jen
nie and Grace; and I often shuddered
as I remembered that He who hears the
cry of the hungry raven had not always
heard the cry that went up from a fam
ished city. There is but one thing
worse than living on horse-meat, and
that is to have no meat at all ; and if
half the strategy used to obtain food
had been employed in outgeneraling
Yon Moltke and the Crown Prince
they would have been in hot water con-,
etantly. Gen. Trochu keeps the Par
isians in ignorance of the actual state
of affairs, and as M It is a wise child
that knows its own father, n so it re
quires a very wise adult to know what
he or she is eating in the shape of
"One day immediately after dinner,
my oldest boy, Sammy, was affected in
a singular manner. He had always
walked in a solemn and deliberate way,
as if keeping step to the Dead March.
But on this occasion he left the table
with a series of jumps, and I supposed
him to be in fun until I found it was
impossible for him to use any other
means of locomotion.: . -
"The next day, after dinner, I no
ticed a phenomenal change in my son
George. He went about spitting on
the carpets, and when I remonstrated
he got his back up in a strange manner,
which was all the more unaccountable,
because he had always been a pattern
boy. I would have been less astonish
ed if it had been the mischievous Os-
car; but, lo, and behold 1 after that lit
tle rogue had eaten on the succeeding
day, he suddenly threw hit toys into
the stove and became very grave in his
demeanor. - And when I found him
looking very wise Over a book that he
was pretending to read through my
spectacles, I determined to be surprised
at nothing after that
" It was well I did so ; for the next
day when I wanted my obedient little
Jennie to go in a particular direction
she made t point to go in an oppo
site one ; and on the ensuing day
Grace suddenly acquired mania for
swallowing everything that came in her
way. And when I discovered a rusty
nail in her mouth I thought it time to
hive these phenomena explained. So
I detailed the various symptoms in the
five eases to a distinguished physician,
who replied as follows :
' " Madam, it is a well known physi
ological fact that while the6ystem of
any pe.-son is in a debilitated condition
he food eaten by that person modifies
h ? characteristics to a greater or less
e;tent In order to supply us with
meat our Provisional Government has
VOL. -V. NO. 21:
- j .' - .a -'
' ! J- ; V.. .. : ; a ' i' : I '
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 3,
WHOLE NO. 229.
placed the animals in our Zoological
Gardens at the -disposal of our butch
ers. Your son, .who was
jump from spot to spot, had eaten a bit
oi Kangaroo ; the otlier one, who spat
and got his back up, had been mdulg -
ing in some cat ; . and
the third one,
who looked so wise in
in spectacles, had
lour daughter, who
partaken of owL
became so obstinate as to always go in
the wrong direction, had dined on
mule, and the one who displayed such
an appetite for old naila. had eaten a
piece of ostrich.. I : . i : : :
" I felt so relieved by this explana
tion that I at once perpetrated a joke
by asking him if the Provisional Gov
ernment was called so because it sup
plied us with provisions. , j
Beneath the Furnace Blast.
From the Brooklyn Eagle.
OA Sunday morning a most, singular
and, at first thought, incredible occur
rence was brought ' to light - at Atlantic
dock, a man being discovered asleep
and still alive in a fiery furnace. "
The faets are as follows : On Saturday
night Capt I. Lm. Liouns berry, of the
tuff J. K. Guile, returned ' from remov
ing a ship in the harbor, lay up over
, . ? .1 1 1 . 1 1 1
mgna, as is me custom oi tuga, m me
Atlantic dock. The fires were careful
ly "banked," and the firemen went
ashore for a few hours. . On Sunday
morning he returned, and on entering
the boiler rooms to inspect bis tires, he
was surprised and horrified at the sight
of a human head just within the fur
nace door. - He naturally supposed lifo
to be extinct, .lor when the fires were
banked the embers were raked to the
back of the furnace, and fresh fuel was
added,'' The fire was larger than cus
tomary, and the heat was most intense,
but the discoverer seized the supposed
lifeless form by the head, and the body
was drawn quickly out. It was " red
hot " and the other was burned to a
crisp. The feet were baked, and the
skin, where the clothing peeled on, was
roa ted. . Notwithstanding all this, the
man was most evidently alive, and send
ing forth a heavy drunken snore, he
was freed suffiaienUy from the dirt and
ashes to be recognized as a " dock wol
loper" named John McGrath, who had
once been a fireman, but who had "lost
caste" by his fondness for firewater.
It appeared that he had freely imbib
ed on Christinas day, and after going
his bottom copper at a saloon, was
kindly - east out by the gentlemanly
proprietor as having outstayed his - use
fulness. After coming within an ace
of the freezing point, he eluded the
watchful eye of the watchman, and
stretched himself for jhe obtaining of
needed warmth and shelter from winds
that blew and the cold that bit, in the
place designed for another sort of fuel,
as before shown. . He loses nothing in
the shoes, as they are not his. He ex
pressed no contrition for his beastly
intoxication,, but severely "blessed '
the saloon keeper for expelling him to
the "gusty flaw" while celebrating
Christmas. - Capt. Lounsberry, in all
his experience, saya he never before
saw or knew of such a case, and no one
knowing the condition of things at the
time would deem at . possible for a hu
man being to live for Ave minutes,
much less to sleep - there, except to
sleep his last sleep, but such is the fact,
and there's another case for science, as
showing what amount of heat the.hu
man body can stand.: ' s I ,'
Another Womas Soldikb Stobt.
The instances in which women have
donned men's clothes to go "a soldier
ing " for the sake of remaining in the
company of some sweetheart are too
numerous to create any surprise; but
there is a story told of two Mobiles
now serving in Paris against the Prus
sians which is not without an addition
al tinge of romance. - Of these two
provincial soldiers one was enrolled
and the other had volunteered. They
were always together so much so that
they were known as lea deux insepara
ble. On the same day and oa the
same sortie they were wounded in the
left foot so the story runs and
brought to the hospital, where they oc
cupied adjacent beds. The surgeon, in
making his rounds, dressed one foot,
and on examining tne loot in tne nexx
bed aaked for an explanation, because
he at once saw it was a woman's. It
was the old story. - She was her com
panion's fiancee. ' She volunteered and
fought bravely witn rum rawer tnan De
separated from him.! In recognition of
her gallantry she has been appointed
cantiniere of her sweetheart's company.
A few weeks sinoe the Rev. Dr.
M . pastor of the High Church Bap
tist congregation in one of the thriving
cities of ..New Jersey, received the fol-
lowmi? -.note: " "Dear Doctor lou
would greatly oblige one of your par
ishioners if, at any early day, yott would
preach on Eccleeiastea fcu., last clause
of tne tnird verse A time to
dance.',".' On the following Sabbath
evening the doctor created quite a sen
sation in his congregation by reading
the note, and adding : " When I shall
have become fully satisfied that the in
portaht duty of dancing is neglected ia
my congregation, rest assured I will
give all needed admonitions on the sub
ject" r . . ...
AGSZKABiiK SETTiJacENT. A' ready,
though perhaps for the moment an un
pleasant, mode of payment for live
stock comes to the Drawer from Buf
A farmer residing in Erie county sold
a pair oi steers to an Indian named
John Smoke, residing on the Indian
Reservation near Buffalo, who was to
pay for them if they suited. After
waiting what he thought was time
enough, he went to Smoke and said,
.Now, John, it's time those steers were
paid for; you must either pay me now,
return them, or take an infernal lick
The Indian, with characteristic sto
lidity, replied, after thinking a mo
ment: " . . ... ..
"Y-e- I guess tha best way to
settle it Yy Editor1 Drawer, in liar-
per' Magazine for February.
Ths Chinese custom of substitution
in death penalties, it is said, was em-
pioyea in tne punishment oi we j.ieu
tsin assassins. The Chinese arrested a
few of the meaner criminals, carefully
allowed all the rest to escape, and fill
ed up the list of victims with substi
tutes, who were quite ready to suffer
decapitation in consideratien of about
(750 apieca paid to their families. .
Ttm Tirndlioiion nf nillr vnrma in
Nevada county, California, during Inst !
year amounted to juu,ou;j ooooona.
are in that county 70.000 mul-1
berry trees, of which number 20,000 .
over three years old. The average '
time of feeding the worms in Nevada !
is thirty-eight davs.
Oss of the niost remarkable cases in .
the history of divorce has just befcn.un- '
ia New Xork. j
The Cave of Adullam.
At last we are scrambling on foot
down the steep ciiouitons path which
leads to the entrance to Adullam. The
swords bought, Alee leaves our Beth
lehmita, with many threats and point
bap. to the pistols, in charge of the
horses, and we clambered along the
narrow ledge leading to the -mouth of
the cave.- It is infinitely difficult and
rugged, and consists of a tortuous path
a few inches wide, which twines . along
a jagged precipice five, hundred feet
high, on the other parts of which there
is not footing for a wild goat. It is
dizzy work, but we keep onr ' eyes ' on
the wall-like rock which stretches above
us, avoid looking into the chasm - be
low,' and move slowly onward, contin
ually using both hands and feet. -
A huge block of stone has fallen
across the broken paQiway close to the
entrance to the cave. We clamber over
it not without -tire; sort of help the
Arabs give strangers at the Pyramids
and which consists of butting you from
behind, .while half dislocating your
shoulders by tugs in front and are at
tne opening to a small grotto, winch
leads to a natural winding gallery some
thirty feet long. We pant and squeeze
through - these, doffing most of our
clothing, on Alee's advioe, and find our
selves at last in a noble natural cham
ber 120 feet long, and from 10 to 45 feet
wide. . . .
This is the- Cave of Adullman. The
candles we. have brought with us are
attached to the walls, and the arches
and stalactites of the lofty roof are
seen through the darkness, irregular
and dim. There is ample space here
and in the recesses round for several
hundred men ; and when we consider
its all but impassible approach, the
ease with which it could be defended
from the attack of what would be an
overwhelming force elsewhere, its com
parative nearness to Bethelehem, and
weigh the evidence for and against the
accuracy of the site, we come unani
monnlv to the nonclnnion that tradition
is in this instance right. Here it must
have been that David longed for " the
water of the well of Bethlehem, which
is by the gate," when the village was
garrisoned by the i'hilistines ; and
along this cleft in the rock the three
" mighty men " came after they had
broke through the enemy's lines, ob
tained the coveted water, and were
bringing it in triumph to their chief.
There are several narrow passages
branching out of the great cave, one of
which runs for forty yards, and takes
the explorer to a pit ten feet deep, on
all fours, and finally crawl for seventy
yards more when he reaches another
immense natural chamber. This is the
end of the cave, so for as European
travelers know, though the Arabs insist
that subterranean passages extend from
it for miles, even to Teroa and Hebron.
When we emerge into the blessed sun
light again, dusty, heated and out of
breath, Alee spreads his snow-white
cloth and produces lunch. The Be
douins watch us from a distance, and
we eat, drink and smoke in a small cleft
in the hill which overlooks the Wady
and the terrible defile between Adul
lam and the outer world. :
The Things that Were.
A good story is told, says the Boston
Traveller, of two old merchants, in Es
sex county, Massachusetts, who once
attempted to fail. ' They were brothers ;
and by honest industry had acquired
a handsome independence, and were
spending the evening of their days in
a quiet,, comfortable way, keeping a
store, which they both diligently tend
ed, rather for the comfort and conven
ience of having a place of daily and
regular resort, than for any great profit
in their business. Well, being easy,
good natured sort of men, they had,
"just as a matter of form," put their
names to the paper of a son of one of
them, in business in a neighboring town.
Matters went on as usual for some time
after the old gentleman had adopted
this bad habit of endorsing the young
man's paper. But at length this son
and nephew discovered that he could
not pay his honest debt, and so inform
ed his father and uncle. The old gen
tlemen sat down in their leather bottom
chairs to look over this matter, and to
decide what they ahould da - 41 Well,"
says Capt A., "if E. has failed I sup
pose we have too, haven't we, brother K"
"Why, yes," replied Capt E., "I don't
see but we have ; and if we have failed
we must take down our sign and not
pretend to be doing business in the or
These points settled, the old gentle
men proceeded to dismantle their store
of its weather-beaten old sign, and then
set themselves down to wait for credi
tors to oome in and attach their goods
and chattel. But to their surprise no
body came near them; and they went
through the forenoon as usual. At din
ner they made their way with serious
ness to their respective homes, and as
Captain E reached his fine old mansion
on H street he looked cautiously
around, expecting to see strange faces
in his apartments. But seeing none,
he turns to his eldest daughter, and in
solemn voice inquires: "Is their no
body here but the family, my dangh
terr' "Nobody, father." "Have there
not been any strangers here this fore
noon?" "No one. - Why, did you ex
pect any one, father!" " Why, yes, I
have failed, my daughter; at least, I
suppose I have; for E. has; and I ex
pect the sheriffs here and keepers.". .
But no sheriffs came and no creditors
troubled the old men. Everybody knew
that they would pay their honest debts,
and meet all their engagements if it was
in their pewer so to do, and that it was
useless and senseless to resort to the
usual methods of collecting debts of
them. So, in spite of all the brothers
could do to fail and have their property
attached, nobody seemed inclined to
disturb them; and so they utterly fail
ed to fail, to the amusement of their
younger neighbors in trade, some of
whom, though now old themselves,
continue to laugh over Captain E. &
Co. s' attempt to fail
any-mum ir;iuicuiui nuonauiuuu
There passed an ensign examination
successfully, and had a-reaay paruci
are pated in several battles among others
that of Spechren Heights and sup
county ported herself so well that she was dec-
orated and transferred to the Crown
Prince's regiment She is said to bo
good looking, and to bear herself mod
earthed estly though firmly.
' At the battle of Gravelotte the colors
of the 16th Prussian regiment were
taken by the enemy, and were reoovcied
by a young woman of some twenty-four
years of agej by the name of ' Bertie
Weiss, who, m a private's uniform was
fighting in the regiment "KronPrinz."
In doing this she was, severely wound
ed, which led to the discovery of her
sex. : She had entered her name on the
books of the regiment as Bernhard von
Weiss, and had already been decorated
with the Iron Cross by Prince Freder-
ickharlei It seems that through and
b7 016 connivance of a Captain of the
FARM GARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD.
At a recent sale by auction, 82,100,
worth of stock was sold from the Iowa
Agricultural College Farm.
- A bhow of wool is to be held at Syd
ney, New South Wales, in January.
Prizes are now offered varrying
from $15 to 50. .
Mb. J. B. Bkitmxt, of Miohigan, has
given his daughter 7,000 acres of land
in Ottawa Co., Mich. The tract is
known as the "Bobinson Marsh" and
is to be converted into a dairy form.
" W. C. Flaoo, in Hearth and Home,
expresses the opinion, that too many
State Agricultural Societies think they
have performed their whole duty when
they have held annual Fairs and issned
a " mosiao' work, called a report: k
" Teb . Country Gentleman , says the
only reasoh'why better crops of pota
toes are obtained from large potatoes
used for seed than- from small ones, is
that the former pi re a greater supply of
nutriment to Uie young sprouts. It
says that so far as any . other reason is
concerned one might -as-well expect
that using grafts from a large tree
would produce larger trees than grafts
from a small one of the same kind.
Tee Missouri State Board of Agricul
ture has elected Henry T. Mudd, Presi
dent; C. W. Mortfeldt, St Louis, Sec
retary for 187L The total receipts for
the year were (7,330.68; of which (5,100
were received from the State. The
Board holds no Fairs. The late meet
ing was better attended than any form
er one, and some interesting papers
were read. .
How Much Work a Horse Can Do.
At a former meeting of the British
Association in Dublin, Mr. Charles
Bianconi, of Cashel, read a paper rela
tive to his extensive oar establishment,
after which a gentleman stated that at
Pickford's, the great English carrier's,
they could not work a horse economic
ally more than ten miles a day, and
wished to hear Mr. Bianooni's opinion
on the subject Mr. Bianconi stated,
he found by experience he could better
work a hone eight miles a day for six
days in the week, than six miles a day
for seven days in the week. By cot
working on a Sunday he effected a sav
ing of 12 per cent
Mr. Bianconi's opinion on this point
is of the highest authority, for although
the extension of railways in the land
has thrown thirty-sevea of his vehicles
out of employ, which daily ran 2,446
miles, still he has over nine hundred
horses, working sixty-seven convey
ances, which daily travel 4,244 miles.
It is also founded on the result of forty
three years' experience.
A correspondent writes as follows :
"Nearly all my fowls are sick with a
disease that I think is called crop
bound. I have lost nearly half of my
fowls, and will probably lose more.
The crop feels hard, and the fowl re
fuses food." Togetmeier says of this :
"The treatment of this disorder is very
simple. With a sharp pen-knife an in
cision must be made through the skin
and upper part of the crop; the hard
ened mass loosened by some blunt
pointed instrument, and removed.- If
it has remained many days, and is very
offensive, the crop may then be washed
out by pouring in some warm
water. The incision, if small, may be
left ; but if large a switch or two is de
sirable. The bird should be fed on
soft food a day or two, and will rapidly
recover." Before adopting sach ex
treme measures as above recommended
we would suggest the trial of a purge
of some kind. That ased by some
cockers when putting up birds to train
for the pit, which is composed of com
mon yellow soap with a little cream
tartar and molasses worked into it will
be found convenient It can be made
into pills the size of a pea, which can
be placed down the fowls throat In
either eae, the bird should be fed on
soft food for several days afterwards.
Quid hah, j 2f. Live lAock Journal.
New System of Rose Culture.
Some French and English Horticultu
rists have been experimenting for three
or four years on a new system of rose
culture, which may be briefly stated
thus: "First prune out all the old
wood; second, shorten the new wood a
very little, peg the new wood fiat down
to the earth. " The rose is thus allowed
to bloom as the raspberry bears only
on the new wood, and that slightly
As unlike the common way as this is,
the effect is said to be very fine. The
young shoots pegged to the ground pro
duce a greater abundance of bloom, al
though, perhaps, diminished in size.
When a rose stalk stands upright, the
stronger tendency of the sap has the
effect to multiply the rosea near the
top ; ' while, when trained upon the
earth, the sap works more evenly
throughout the length of the stalk.
This ia shown both in bloom and ia the
multitudinsns. upward shooting of
stems from the main stalk. The effect
of this new mode of training would, no
doubt, be very fine in covering sloping
banks and mounds, and also in the
more rapid production of small roses
for bouquetes, tc Its novelty will,
no doubt, commend it to all amateurs
who have time and inclination to ex
periment No plant requites closer pruning
than the rose, the finest blooms are al
ways found upon the stalks which shoot
forth from the root, showing the import
ance of a severe cutting away of the
old wood. The bush should always be
trimmed so as to open its branches as
much as possible, for it likes the sun.
The moie sunlight the rose receives,
the more rapid the growth and the more
beautiful and numerous its flowers.
Journal of ihe Farm.
An extraordinary accident happened
in Shoreditch, London, lately. As a
crowd were waiting outside the Cam
bridge Music Hall for admission, they
were alarmed by hearing shots fired.
Two young men at once fell to the
ground, and a Frenchman, who was
found lying down on his face, with a
breech-loading rifle under him, was ar
rested by the police. The two injured
men proved to be Russian Poles, named
respectively Alfred Wohlman and Eph
raim Berdenbalg. The legs of both
men were discovered to be absolutely
riddled with small shot They were in
great pain, although their wounds are
not likely to prove dangerous, M. Wal
ter Ringer, the Frenchman who caused
the accident, said that he had been out
sparrow-shooting at Tottenham all day,
and that, ' while returning home, he
slipped upon the snow and fell, which
caused his gun to go off accidentally.
The police eventually decided npou lib
erating M. Ringer, the suflerers being
informed that they had a civil remedy
for the injuries they had 6 as tain ed.
Summary of Congressional Proceedings.
Sisato Jan. 17. The Senate ooncurrea in
ths amendment) by the Hoove to the bill au
thorizing the issne. of an additionall three
hundred millions of 6 per cent, bonds. After
mme debate, the bill ceding to the state of
Ohio jurisdiction over the ground oooupied by
the Dayton Soldiers' Home, was passed. The
Ben ate toek op and diBciused the bill provid
ing that the United States shall pay interest on
the principal borrowed by different States to
equip, furnish and transport troops for the
United States to the time the principal had
been or shall be paid back to the State, the
Government also to pay the discount on State
bonds sold to borrow saoh money to an extent
not exceeding ten per cent. The Senate,
however, adjourned without coming to a vote
on the bill.
House After some bunineea of secondary
importance the House, in Committee of the
Whole, resumed consideration of the legisla
tive appropriation bill. Considerable time was
spent in discussing amendments, bat all, ex
ceDt one nnimnortant one. were raiected. and
'ihe Military Academy appropriation bill was
rnnoiderod and both bills reported back to the
TTonse and the Military Academy bill passed
rending toe other toil the House adjourned.
Berate, Jan 18th, After several reports
from the Finance Committee had been made,
a resolution was adopted directing the Commit
tee on the Judiciary to examine and report bow
far Congress is authorized to regulate fare and
transportation on railroad:) between states un
der the constitutional provisions authorizing
Congress to regulate commerce between atatea.
A long and aurimenious discussion ensued
on the proposition to refer to a special com
mittee the President's Message and accom
panying documents relative to the outrages in
the South, but, without reaching a vote, the
Senate held an executive session, and then ad-
House The legislative, executive and judi
cial appropriation bill was passed, with the
amendments increasing the salaries of the
Chief and Associate Justices of the Supreme
Court to $8,500 and $3,000 respectively, and
increasing the appropriation for the Bureau of
Education from $4,000 to (6.000. A
bill was introduced to admit Washing
ton Territory as a state. ine Hecate
bill authorizing the sale of certain lands re
served for the use of the Menomonee tribe of
Indians in Wisconsin, was passed, with an
amendment prohibiting the making of anv
con tract with the Indiana for commisHion or
compensation for services in regard to the sale
of their lands or obtaining their annuities.
The poatomce appropriation bill was passed
and also a resolution exonerating Mr. Brooks
from the charges made by Hi. Hastings. Ad
Sehatb, Jan. 19th. A bill was passed abol
ishing the offices of admiral and vice-admiral
when a vacancy shall occur. A bill was intro
duced providing that the Government shall aid
the construction or the Portland, Hut land,
Oswego and Chicago Railroad by a loan of six
per cent thirty year bonds to the amount of
vSO.000 per mile for its whole extent from
Portland to Chicago. The road is to be double
track and fumuhed with steel rails and iron
bridges. The Postmaster General ia to estab
lish rates for the transportation of freight and
passengers. A bill was passed appropriating
$1.G'J6 to Sirs. Melinda Harmon, to discharge
a mortgage given by her husband to the coun
sel who defended him on the trial, before rebel
authorities, on the charge of bridge burning
in the interests of the Union cause. Harmon
and his son were both convicted of the charge
and hong. The motion of Mr. Morton for the
appointment of a special committee of five to
investigate the charg e of violence and resist
ance) to the laws in the South was passed.
House. Among the bills introduced was
one giving aid in the construction of twenty
or more first-class steamships, together with
ship yards, machine shops, rolling mills,
wharf, docks, and to secure to the Govern
ment the nso of the same tdr postal, naval
and other purposes. The morning hour was
consumed in the disenssien of a bill, reported
from the Committee on Indian Affairs, pro
viding for the consolidation of Indian tribes
and to organize a system ef government for
the new territory it created. It establishes a
temporary government by name the Territory
of Oklahama, bounded on the north by
the southern boundary of Kansas, west
by the eastern boundary of New
Mexico, seuth by the northern boundary
of Texas, and eaBt by the western boundary
of Arkansas and Missouri. It went over with
out a vote The vote by which the House,
some days ago, laid on the table the bill ex
tending the time for the construction of the
railroad from St. Croix river or lake to the
west end of Lake Superior, or to Baytiold, was
reconsidered and the motion to lay 'on the ta
ble rejected. After a lengthy discussion of
the bill, the previous question was moved, but
the House refused to second it, and the bill
went over. Some time was spent in Commit
tee of the Whole on the consular and diplo
matic appropriation bill, which appropriates
i 1,430,000, but without making any particular
progress the committee rose, and the House
Skkate, Jan. 20tb Among the bills intro
duced was one incorporating a company to
construct a tunnel under the Hudson River
between Kew York and Jersey City, and one
under East River between New York and
Brooklyn. The special committee on southern
outrages was named, consulting of Senators
Soott, Wilson, Rice, Chandler, and Bayard
The Sutro Tunnel bin, which provides for
paying over to the Sutro Tunnel Company ths
proceeds of moneys received by the United
States from the sales of mineral lands ; fifty
thousand dollars to be paid upon the comple
tion of every five hundred feet, and the tunnel
to be completed within ten years was
taken np, discussed, and hud aside.'
The bill to refund states the interest and dis
count on money borrowed to equip, pay, supply
and transport troops for the service of the
United States in the recent war was debated
during the remainder of the session. After
an executive session, the Senate adjourned
Hotmx. Some time was spent in committee
of the whole, on the consular and diplomatic
appropriation bill, but without disposing of it
the House took up and amended and passed
the Senate bill providing a territorial govern
ment for the District of Columbia. The army
appropriation bill was reported from oommit-
tee. It appropriates 27,475.000. Adjourned. I
session will be for general debate
Population of Utah.
fn i . Vl T
ine cesnus reiurns irom una are i
completely counted, and show the pop
ulation of the Territory to be 86,786.
Great Salt Lake County contains 13,
337 inhabitants. Piute County ia re
turned as having no population, its in
habitants having been driven out by
Indians. Utah County has a popula
tion of 12,213. Salt Lake City, in
Great Salt Lake County, has a popula
tion of 17.282. Those born in the
mhprinff 10.214. and in I
other countries 7,068. This, at first j
glance, seems to contradict the popular
that the followers of Brigham
Young have been recruited chiefly in
foregu countries; but when the tables
showing nativity of parents, the relative
numbers of the sexes, and the number
of children are prepared, this seeming '
contradiction may be explained. The ;
census report, when complete, will
show in addition to the distinction be-
tween native and foreign bom,
number of citizens born from parents
of foreign nativity a distinction of
crreat value, but not hitherto noted.
The population of Montana is 20,594.
This number may be slightly increased
by whites living on Indian reserva
tions. ; . I
Alt. who have carried pocket knives
any time within the last half century ;
have had about them remembrances
the celebrated "Rogers" firm of cut- j
Sheffield, England. The Locdon
Times notices the fact that the old ,
firm has iust been formed into a com- j
pany, with a capital of $650,000, in-;
shares of $500 of which half are retained 1
by the partners, of whom, owing to:
death and retirements, there are only I
two remaining. The subscription was .
privately filled in a few hours. !
The Saturday Reviewthinks that the
chieJ iutellectual lights of America du- 1
the 18th centurv, were undoubted-
IV Benjamiu i ,ukiiu and Jonathan
The Holland Fund will reach $15,000, j
Summary of Late News.
at Newburyport Mass.
Monday morning, destroyed a sc
house on Washington street Loss to
A oaks dealer at Louisville received
one hundred buffalo calves Monday
morning, which had been slaughtered
on the plains and sent to the Louis
ville market over the Union Pacific
Suit has been commenced in the New
York Superior Court by Mr. . Antonio
Melin, a Peruvian gentleman, against
Captain John Graham, to recover $100,
000 for damages for malicious persecu
tion growing out of a proposed sale to
the Peruvian Government
The dwelling of Heniy Brodis, near
i'iainville, Ohio, was burned on Satur
day. A child was burned to death.
Nothing was to be found after the fire
but the charred remains.
Therk was a large meeting at Cincin
nati Monday night to raise funds for
the realeased Fenian prisoners. Fully
15,000 persons were present, and much
enthusiasm was manifested. -
A terrible acctdkst occurred at the
east end of the Bergen tunnel Monday.
A car was being drawn across the
bridge which opens the mouth of the
tunnel, when, owing to the slippery
condition of the track, it jumped the
track, and, dashing through the fence
which guards the bridge, leaped the
precipice to the other side. The car
fell twenty feet and was dashed to
pieces. The conductor, who stood at
the brakes, went down with the car,
and was injured, it is supposed, fatally.
Four or five passengers in the cars also
sustained severe and probably fatal in
juries. At daybreak Sunday the dead body
of Wirt Nostrand, a wealthy resident
of Synoset, and one of the most widely
known of the farmers of Long Island!,
was discovered about half way between
the Synoset Hotel and his own resi
dence, which points are distant about
half a mile apart The body, when
found, presented a shocking appear
ance. The face was cut up in a fearful
manner, and presented the appearance
of being hacked with a hatchet Plun
der was no doubt the object of the
murder. It is known that he had, a
few days previously, quarreled with
two Irishmen, named Kelly and lie vine.
and they were at the hotel with Nos-
trand on the fatal evening. The cor
oner held the two men. Norstrand was
born on Long Island, and was about
hlty-nve years old. Me had amassed a
fortune of some $70,000, chiefly by
aeaiing in siock.
Teb weather is intensely cold at To
ronto. Thermometer 17 degrees belowj
zero, in monireai, yesterday morning,
it indicated 26 degrees below.
Uocnt .disxarcb: nas, in a note in
reply to Jules Favre's request for safe
conduct, declined to enter into any
such negotiation, because of his dec
laration that the invitation to take part
in the proceedings of the conference
would be a recognition of the .Republic.
Teb Emperor William, in an order of
the day, announces to the army his ac
ceptance of the Imperial dignity, and
acknowledges that its bravery and en
durance have united Germany. He
solemnly charges the army ever to re
main with the strong arm of Father
' Tee victims of the bombardment of
Paris in killed and wounded already
numbered 39 children, 49 women, and
An encounter took place on the Pa
cific ocean, the exact locality not being
given, uetweeii tue Prussian ingute
-Veausa, and two small r Tench gun
boats, the Curieux and Bleanx, about
the 20th of December lost, which re
sulted in the sinking of both French
vessels. The Curieux carried four brass
one-pounders, and the Bleanx two
twelve pounders, and one twenty-four
pounder, while the Prussian ship was
armed with thirteen guns of heavy cali
bre. -The French frigate Cereallen left
Montevido in search of the Medusa immediately.
CARDINAL ANTONEUiI enjoys the re
Batordav's putation of being the best judge of
butions for the heathens, and then
pocketed the money, has been acquit
belief ted of stealing by a jury of the vicinage
on the ground that he was the greatest
heathen they knew, and therefore justly
eniiuea vo me money,
Cincinnati police judge is in a
quandary. An Irish butcher cut off a
Chinaman's cue the other day. The
Celestial, who feels this loss the depth
of disgrace, demands that the Irishman
thej8naU hung, according to Chinese
1 which furnishes all the precedent
itel6 i in the matter, and the judge
yaahville Banner, for $50,000 ; Union
oflan(j American, $50,000; Athena Post,
50,000: Sweetwater Enterprise, $50,
lers, qoo; Whig and Register, $50,000;
p,., and Herald, $50,000; Joseph A.
jjabrv, $50,000. If CoL Baxter gets
p;d for the amount of his damage he
-jy hve $350 000.
' . a .
Th Liverpool journals report that
26 1 w. Guardians of the town
' Ormskirk, in Lancashire, have grant-
ed thoir workhouse porter a week's
'holiday, to enable him to visit the
Premier, Mr. Gladstone, at his re.n
riug nee, Hawarden. It is stated that the
Porter and Mr. Gladstone were school
Edwards. itllows together, uud, though now far
apart in the social scale, the porter
every year gave a visit to the Premier.
Mask Twain has published his au
Thk Pope is said to be an excellent
Baron von Bftjst, the Austrian
Premier, smokes forty cigars a day.
Mb, Febrt, the new Senator from
Michigan, is soon to become a son-in-law
of Senator Chandler.
General Prim is said to have left an
estate estimated at four or five millions
claret in Italy.
The health of Sir Roderick Murich-
ison, the well-known English savant,
Ths Prince of Wales has accepted
the Presidency of the Royal Agricul
tural Society of Ireland for 1871.
The trial of Dr. Lanahan has been
resumed, nor is it known whether it
will he until the meeting of the next
general conference. .
An Ohio man who passed around
plate at a religions meeting for contri
can find no law to touch his case.
Col. Baxteb, of Tennessee, having a
considerable amount of character to
dispose of, managed to get himself li-
belled. He has brought suit against
th following miners and nersons :
Grave and Gay.
A . Florida gentlemen proposes to
fight an alligator with a butcher-knife
for $500. -
An Indianapolis paper puts the cap
ture of a four pound eel in its chrono
logical record. ....
A season why a piano was not saved
at a fire was because none of the fire
men could play on it
Wet ia a clergyman like a locomo
tive? Because you are to look out for
him when the bell rings.
A veteran angler fished two hours
through the ice in North Stonington,
Conn., one day last week, and caught
fifty-nine pickerel. . , ; ...
Teb Boston, Advertiser has been
looking into the census returns, and
finds that " in Colorado there are many
men of many mines." ' , -
" How do you define .'black as your
hat ?' " said a schoolmaster to one of
his pupils. " Darkness that may be
felt," replied the youthful wit
Tee thrice-tried lawsuit of Rev. Mr.
Gibbs, to recover salary due him from
the Congregational Society of Gilead,
Ct, has resulted in a verdict of $387 in
his favor. . . ...
A man who was told by a clergyman
to "remember Lot's wife," replied that
he had trouble enough with his own,
without remembering other men's
Nice wooden shoes are manufactured
by the Swedish colony in Maine. A
pair costs forty cents, and only two
hours time is consumed in the manu
facture. ' .
The authorities of Harvard Collesre
have issued a circular announcing that
in 1872 the requisites for admission in
to the Freshman clall will be consider
ably increased. -
Tee question ia now asritatincr Massa
chusetts, whether a wine cellar in a
gentleman's private house comes under
the law prohibiting the vending of in
An old lady, not remarkable for the
clearness of her ideas, describing a fine
summer evening, said : " It was a
beautiful bright night ; the moon made
everything as light as a feather !"
A UTTiiB dog which was not long ago
carried by railroad from Canterbury,
Conn., to Hartford, soon became home
sick, and slily started off alone on his
way back. It took him eleven days to
accomplish the forty miles.
His Gracb Johannes, the Russian
bishop of Alaska, held a solemn reli
gions service at the Greek-Russian
chapel in San Francisco on the 6th of
January, that being Christmas Day ac
cording to the ureeK-Kussian calendar.
The sacrifices the present war in Eu
rope demands are shown by such a fact
as this mentioned in a private letter to
the Moravian. A ear Uerrnhut saxony.
a father had three sons and four sons-in-law
in the army. They have all been
" Never, " says a henpecked man.
" marry a woman worth more than thou
art V hen 1 married my wife I was
worth fifty cents, and she was worth
sixty-two cents ; and when any differ
ence occurs between us she throws up
tne odd smiling.
Sojotjbneb Truth uses this argument :
" Did Jesus ever say anything against
women? Not a word. But he did
speak awful hard things against men.
You know what they were. And he
knew them to be true. But he didn't
say nothing 'gainst de women."
A movement is afoot at Boston for
the relief of needlewomen and other
working girls, many of whom are now
out of employment Boarding places
where living may be had at small ex
pense will be established, and other
philanthropic plans will soon be carried
A kiseb worth $20,000 died in Enox
ville, HL, recently, from unintentional
generosity. He drew a bank check of
$500 instead of $5, to present to a
nephew, and when he found what he
had done, he cried, "Jij Uod, 1 am a
ruined mai," and very appropriately
A totjno Lor;isvrmAN enjoyed a tete-a-tete
with his beloved in a doctor's
study on a recent evening till a skele
ton hanging up began to rattle omi
nously. Both thought ghosts, and fled.
It was found that a rat was building
his nest in the skulL and his move
ments caused the rattling.
Tee hunters of Siberia, when pressed
by hunger, take two pieces of board,
and placing one on the pit of the stom
ach and the other on the back, grad
ually draw togother the extremities,
and thus allay, in some degree, the
cravings of appetite. This is supposed
to be a very economical kind of board.
Fobbest acted in Chattanooga, re
cently, and a Knoxville paper insists
that when he appeared on the stage,
and the audience saw that he upon
whom they looked was not the cavalry
leader, General N. B. Forrest, the only
great man of that name of whom they
had ever heard, they jumped to their
feet and declared they had been sold.
A ciiEBGTMAN was preparing his dis
course on Sunday, stopping occasion
ally to review what he had written and
to erase what he was disposed to dis
approve, when he was accosted by his
little son, who had numbered but five
summers: "Father, does God tell you
what to preach?" "Certainly, my
child. " " Then what makes you scratch
The Mechanics' Institute at Kansas
City has just held a fair, and a set of
furniture was awarded to the local edi
tor receiving the highest number of
votes, and a pump to the one receiving
the least The young man who got the
furniture immediately took out a mar
riage license, and the one that got the
pump has started a temperance soj
Within the past few days four tubes
of the railroad bridge across the Mis
sonri at Council Bluffs have been sunk 1
to rock botton, a depth of seventy
three feet each. The engineers are con
fident that the bridge will be ready for
crossing by the first of September
next The passenger trains of the
Union Pacific railroad are now crossing
to the east side of the river on a tem
A stobt, attributed to Wendell Phil
lips, is told, to the effect that he went
one Sunday to a fashionable church in
New York, in company with a colored
man. Several of the pew-holders
wished to eject the melanthrope iu
spite of Phillips' assurance that he was
a gentleman by birth,- breeding, and
association. They were all inexorable
until the orator declared his companion
to be worth $1,000,000, when all the
New Yorkers at once clamored for art
The Late Operation—The Defeat—Its
To clearly understand the recent op
erations in the vicinity of Le Mans, it
is neoeseary to go back to the situation
of both armies a fortnight ago-. At this
time the forces under Prince Frederick
Charles occupied a line stretching from
the vicinity of . Dreux, passing before
Chart res to Yendorae. Detached corp
at Orleans and along the Loire protect-
ed the German left wing, while the Ger
man Army oi the Loire, in the vicinity ,
of Gien, kept watch upon the French1
nxuij or ooiueanx, wmcn was reported
k V 1 1 - , . -
advancing rrom rsourgea. '
llnrinnhtArtlw at thia tinut thm PATMh
had the advantegs in the situation. .
Their line shorter and more com
pact than that of the Germans. Chan-;
rv's army ouonoied a line extendincr'
from Negeni-le-Retron to a point south
of LeMans, completely covering all the
railway communications with the sea.
The northward- movement made - by r
Chanzy, after the- French defeat at Op- -
leans, had thrown the Germans com-1
yiuuctj vu we ueiwuTOt jit, jama war
pelled them to extend their lines im- i
mensely, thereby necessarily weakening '
it at all points. When Chanzy, after a
most fatal delay, determined upon'
.1 a- I l j j
wtaojiic ana uiitMuuvB. un jiau uim ur two-
movements to select from.- The first .
was to extend his right -wing and take '
Vendome in flank, and by forming a
junction with th Army of. Vendome
ana Orleans, -, and retire northward.
Thia would nave necessitated their
forming a new line, which would ex-
tend from Dreux to Chartres and Pith-
'.The next movement was to continue, .
ward, flank Chartres and advance on.
Versailles. This, as will be seen at a
glance on the map, involved the aban
donment of Le Mans and its railroad
faculties, and the compulsory depend
ence upon the sinele railroad line to -
Cherbourg for supplying Chanzy's.
large army with food and ammunition.
In addition, it must be admitted that a '
flock march upon Versailles in the face
of a watchful enemy, rendered possible
the isolation and subsequent capture
of the flanking column by a sudden ad
vance on the French eestre from Cha- '
teaudnn. Still, it must be borne in
mind that all great flank movements .
are full of danger. . MacMahon's flank. .
march to Metz was badlf executed, but -its
conception was admirable general-"
ship. If the French army had sue-"
J-- .1 r
ceeuea in crossing uie meuse nver n .
would haie been impossible for the
Germans vj nave prevented tne escape ,
of Bazaine's army.. In fact every mil
itary movement promising great results
is attended with great risks. ' '
'fV. - . J Ik. 1 flL- 1-
movement should have been northward.
Once north of Chartres the chances
would have been ten to one in favor of
his raising the siege of Paris. Prince "
Fredrick Charles. fkilinflrinDiereine the -
to give battle except at a most decided
disadvantage. Besides which the great .
length oi his line would have prevented
his concentration between Chartres and
Dreux in time to foil the French flank- -ing
Chanzy, however, adopted the plan of
advance on the left flank of the German
army. He threw forward flying columns
to occupy the attention of his enemy
along their whole line, while his right
wing pushed on through. St Calais in
the direction of Vendome. . Had he be
gan the advance ten days earlier he
might have been successful, but the re-""
it l a i i i .1 i i -i
al of the German left and the concen- ,
tration of the entire German army on a
shorter line, and one which more ef
fectually covered ihe besieging army '
before Paris. ' Practically but little im-
mAilifttA rtpnpfit wnn hi Kuta Hah - Aa-
rived from the success. Ultimately
much good might have followed ; for it
is reasonable to suppose that had the
first flank movement succeeded, Chanzy
would have followed it up by a second, ;
directed against Dreux. - What the
French general seemed most solicitous
about was the covering of Le Mans.
He appeared to forget that the tempo
rary abandonment of the place would '
be more than compensated for by a
successful march upon Chartres. . . , .,.
- By the time Chanzy began moving, -the
Germans, heavily reinforced, were 7
again in condition to resume the ofien-
struck the flank, of Vendome Prince ,
Frederick Charles threw his left wing .
forward and drove it back. The Grand
juuae oi .aiecauenourg, commanaing tne
German right wing, simultaneously ad- -vahced
upon Nogent-le-Retron, and it
very soon became apparent that the
German plan not only embraced the
capture of Le Mans, but also the pre-
in the direction of Chexburg. . Whether
the French line of retreat northward
has been cut off yet -we are unaware, -"
but the fact that in the recent battle at . .
LeMans the French faced eastward. .
After the Germans had advanced be
yond Calais andNogent-le-Retrod,Gen.'
Chanzr's chances of relieving Paris de
pended solely upon his winning a great
victory. Strategy could do little then, .
unless he had evacuated Le Mans, and
made forced marches to Montague, from
l -J -L 1 1 1 . 1 . I n.l .
wuica piaoe lit? cvmu uavo uiitaK;ireu
the German right and compelled it to
change front under most disadvantage
ous circumstances. But Chanzy him
self would have to change front in the
open field to make any such flank
movement, and in doing so he would
have run imminent risk of being badly
beaten in detail.
The last alternative of the French
was to fight a pitch -nl battle. So far as
we can judge from the dispatches Chan
zy erred in continuing to fall back be
fore the Prussian advance. He should
have endeavored to pierce their centre
before they had reached Monifort in
stead of doing that he continued re
treating, evidently upon the supposi- -:
tion that as his forces retired upon a
common centre they would become
more compact and better able to resist
the Germans in a general engagement
The result prevea the error of any such
supposition. Prince Fredexick Charles
does rot appear to have attacked the
French all along the lines. His two
wings seem to have done all the work,
while his centre remained comparatively
UltsV UA V Oa ' Vl OI WUtllO) 1 V IIIISS I II IS, SU
his wings and drove in the French
northward and southward.
The battle of Le Mans was fought
some seven miles from the city, and
took place near Montfort, as we Bug- .
gested probable in an editorial pub- -ushed
some days since. Savigue
l'Eveqne, the immediate scene of the
engagement is village situated north
east of Le Mans.
By his defeat Chanzey has lost his
last chance of relieving Paris. The .
present indications are that both wings
have been badlv beaten, and if this be .
the ease he will have to retreat west
ward upon the seaboard instead 'ot
northward, in which event he would
something in the future. By the occu- .
pation of Le Mans, with the French
cut off from Alencoln, the Germans -possess
all the roads by which a suc
cessful advance on Pans can be made
in the future. No flank movements
are longer practicable, and it i.not
likely that Chanzey, if even his army -remains
intact will venture upon a di- ..
rect advance. Altogether we' are in
clined to regard the recent engagement
as the finishing stroke to Paris. The
German movements have been admira
ble throughout They have been di
rected with a skill and an eneyr hardly
surpassed by the movement on Sedan.
It now remains to be seen whether the
the Germans can follow up the great
advantage tbey have gained.