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The Ohio Democrat.
VOL.1. NO. 23.
LOGrAISr, O., SATURDAY, BECEMBEI1 4. 1886.
TERMS, $1.50 PER YEAR.
THE PEOPLES' BANK
OF LOO AN,
Cash Capitol, $60,000.00.
Doposlta secured by Individual
Liability of over
Four Hundred Thousand Dollars.
Doo n general banking business. Foreign
Trart. nnd Steamship Tickets for solo ot low
octratos. OFFICE, Room No. 5, Opera House.
LAWltEKCn A. Cui.vnn, President.
GnonoEjW. 1'uli.kn, Vlco Trest.
llKuniSN D. Cui.vkii, Cashier.
THE FIRST BANK
OF LOGAN, OHIO.
Offlco Hours from 9 n. ra. to 3 p. m.
Paid in Cash Capital, $50,000.
John Walker, President.
Chas. IS. Bow cnt Cashier.
Docs n general banking business, receives
deposits, discounts pnper, nnd buys and sells
VfiT'BANK-In central room In the Jnmcs
G. W. BREHM.
Attoriiey-at-Law and Notary Pablic,
Collections of Claims, Notes nnd Accounts,
Mortgages, Lenses, Contracts, Deeds, Wills,
Mechnuic's l.lens, A-c, drawn and acknowl
edged. Partition of Lands, Dower, Foreclos
ure of Mortgages and l.lens nttended to. Ab
stracts orTltlo furnished. Prnuatn Business,
Snip of Lands by Executors, Administrators,
Guardians, Assignees or Trustees, and tbelr
accounts and Hettlemonts prepared.
PKNSIOSa AND INCUKASK OP PENSIONS
OnTAiNnn kou Ex-8oi.ntKits ani Titniit
WIDOWS Olt MlNOH ClIILDItEN, NEGLECTED
on Hejkctkd Claims Looked aftek, and
am. Law Mattehs aENr.uAi.i.v.
Offlco second Floor Collins Mock, Logan,
O. Rooms No. 3 & 4.
S. H. BRIGHT,
Office Second Floor Collins Block, Rooms
No 1 A 2. tf.
o. w. n. wkioht,
C. H. UuEnnAus,
Offlco Second Floor McCarthy Block Front.
ELI M. WEST,
FIRE AND LIFE
Tho Lowest Rates and Best Companies.
Special Agent for Tho North Western Mu
tual Life, ofMtlwnukoo.
Money to Loan on First Mortgages.
Offlco in Dollison Block.
Physician & Surgeon
omco In Frank Kcssler's Building, Main St.
Residencn on Bouth sldo of ticcond St, third
West of Spring.
Z. V. RANEY,
Office ovor Rochester Sons' store
Teeth Extracted Without Pain !
Tcetli lnsortcd on rubber and metal plates,
and all work warranted.
N. H. BLOSSER, M. D.
Special attention given to diseases of wo
men and children.
gm oillcc, one- door west of Armstrong's
TlijHtore, Miiln Street, Logan, O,
H. G. CAUPBELL,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON.
OOlce one door West of Work A Baker's
Tin (Store, Logan, O.
I. C. WRIGHT
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON.
Offloo Northwest cor., City Building, Logan,
J. H. DYE,
PHYSICIAN 0 HUllGUON,
Offloe and Residence with Br, James Little,
Main Street, Lognu, 0.
MAIN STREET HOUSE.
Looan, Ouzo -
Wm. Westlake, - - Prop.
TfttniOoe Dollar per Day, Good Rooms,
Tubla wtui supplied. Traqsiuut Meals IS eiu,
FlNt claw Salnplii Boom uttaohed.
In the Opera
Wo crii give you
other IIouso In
fore and seo for
Good Heavy Union Cashmore,
splendid weaving, $5.50, $50 & $7.
All wool Cashmere and Worsted
from 8 to 12 dollars.
Very lino Slack Diagonal Suits
from 12 to 15 dollars.
Splendid bargains In these goods.
Come and examine them.
Men's Heavy Winter odd coats
$2. and $2.50. Double-Breasted $3.50
If a hog Is worth having on tho
farm ho is worth feeding until he
is at his best.
Avoid top-ventilation in tho poul
try house. It will cause roupe,
swelled head, closed eyes and oth
All profit from a diary cow comes
from the food over and abovo that
which is necessary to sustain the
mere functions of life.
With proper care and skill a
well-selected flock of sheep can be
mado to pay 100 per cent on their
cost every year.
Severo droughts and excessive
moisture can bo ameloriated in ef
fect by deep plowing, sub-soiling
drainage, and proper cultivation.
Every farm should bo undcrdrain-
ed so as to admit tho heat and air.
Tho heaviest yield of wheat over
grown in Ohio is reported to be
over sixty bushels per acre, on a
ten acre field, on which a crop of
clover had been burned off being
too heavy to turn under.
A layer of pulverized charcool
an inch thick placed upon tho sur
faco of tho soil in flower pots is
said to render roses moro gorgeous,
to variegato petunias with red or
purple and to spot violets with a
darker blue. It is easily tried.
A now invention for curing meat
is tho use of smoked salt. The
process of smoking tho salt is not
described and it must yet bo test
ed generally. Any process, how
ever, that dispenses with tho old
mothod of slowly smoking tho
meat will bo welcomed.
Instoad of buying poor bcof from
tho butcher's cart farmers should
provido themselves with good, lino
grained mutton from their own
ilocks. Koop the sheep fat and ar
range with noiglihors to oxchango
quarters. In winter mutton can bo
kopt for quite u while.
In no other country In tho world
are tho foathors of tho barn-yard
fowls wasted so recklessly as In our
own. In Franco no part of tho
fowl Is wasted, unless, porhaps it
be tho intestines. Tho feet nnd
heads tiro used at tho cheaper res
taurants to give body to tholr soups.
It Is well to remember that but
ter hold for any great length of
tlmo shrinks considerably in weight
A consignment of 3323 pounds sent
to Now York by an Illinois cream
ery shrunk CO pounds in a fort
House has "Now and Elognnt
Latest Styles, in
Fall Stock is now Complete.
Come ail see what we caii fto for you !
BETTER GOODS and LOWER
tho Hocking Valley. Examine goods bought of us be- a
yourselves. SAVE MONEY and buy whero you can
iiopenu on wmu you nro getting, we uny curecc ironi mo manuiact
urors In tho best Clothing Honso In tho United States, as cheap as any
one in tho country, and can scllyoo goods Cheaper than any house in
OYERCO AT S-
A good wearing substantial nice
Overcoat for $2.25. Finer over
coats from above named prico up.
We have a splendid line and can
save you money on an Overcoat.
Boys' and Children's Suits $3.00,
$3.50, .$1.00, $5.00, $5.50 and $0.00.
These are Splendid Goods.
HATS! HATS! HATS!
Our stock of Hats is immense, and so is our trade on them. WHY!
Because we can save you from 10 to fiO per cent, on a nice Hat. We always
have the latest styles. Neio hats received almost daily! Come and examine
Special inducements in undorwenr! Largo and mngnincont lino!
Undershirts at 25c. Good heavy Merino goods at 50c. AVool mixed at
00c. All wool white, scarlet and fancy mixed from $1. to $1.50.
NECKWEAB, TRUNKS Sc VALISES.
night, while a lot of 0110 pounds
sold in ten weeks showed a shrink
age of 101 pounds.
It is a very bad plan to uso con
crete (or any hard substance) for
flooring to poultry houses, unless
it bo covered with earth. The
fowls of course cannot scratch and
it keeps tho feet constantly "on tho
stretch" owing-to its unyielding na
ture. We should very much pre
fer tho bare ground.
Tho productiveness of tho vine
yard can be greatly increased by
tho uso of chemical fertilizers
which supply all tho needed ro
quirnients. Stable manures ofton
causo excessive growth of wood
without corresponding production
of fruit, whilo mildew and rust
are not so prevalent whero artiil
eial fertilizers aro used with sta
A Peculiar Railway Acci
dent. "Talking about peculiar railway
accidents," said Mr. Ward, of tho
Allen Paper Car Wheel company,
"I want to toll you of my accident
which happened up in Wisconsin
somo years ago. It was on tho St.
Paul road, too. Now, I wasn't
thero and didn't seo tho wreck, but
a man whom I know to bo truthful
was;and ho told mo all about it.
A 'passengor train was running
along one day when tho conductor,
who was sitting next to a window,
happened to glanco out, nnd he
started up with a cry of amnzo
meut. "My God! theae's a locomotlvo
In tho ditch."
"Just then ho noticed that tho
speed of his train was Vdaokonod,
rnd gently cnuio to a stop. Tho
conductor looked ahead and saw
thatthoro was no englno on his
train. IIo ran back and saw that
tho locomotlvo in tho ditch was
tho ono that had a low moments
beforo been pulling his train. It
had Jumped tho track, and broken
its coupiugH, and gone into tho
ditch without making so much as a
Jar. It had cloared tho track so
completely that tho train had pass
ed by it. This Is explained in this
way: Tho moment tho englno loft
thornllsiit was under full steam
and moniontum. As It broko from
tho btiggngo car next to It it shot
ahead with fearful forco, At tho
samo Instant tho nir brakes wore
sot by the rupture of tho pipecoupl
Ing, and the train's speed bogiui to
kl : ,
Goods and the
PRICES than any
slacken. It is easy to see how it is
till done, but I don't beliovo that
such a tiling over occured beforo or
will ovor occur again." Chicago
Herald "Train Talk."
Moody's Chicago Church
Tho friends of Dwight L. Moody,
tho celebrated evangelist, wero
pained to hear that tho church for
which ho had collected $100,000
from all parts of tho globe was
destroyed. Tho fire was caused by
an overheated flue, and will only
causo a temporary inconvenience
to tho congregation, as although
the interior was destrored, and the
loss will bo but $20,000, whilo tho
insurance is $G0,000 on tho building.
Moody's church was begun in 1873
and finished in two years. Tho
main auditorium had a seating
capacity of 2,000, while tho lecture
room would accommodato abont
Couldn't Expect Him to
' On a recent occasion in a Roch
ester parish school a small boy of
tho first appearance therein was
asked if lie know tho Lord's prayor.
Ho replied that ho had novor
hoard of it before. Hero an urchin
at his side, with a friendly fooling
toward him and a desire to excuse
his Ignorance as much as possible,
said to tho teacher, eager yet sym
pathlzingly: "Pleas, ma'am, ho's a
strangor from Pennsylvania."
Students aro too apt to think that
instructors and books and schools
of themselves aro ablo to givo thorn
culture These agoncicshavo their
uses. They stir up many who
would slumber on till tho oud of
life. But to secure permanent
good tho studont must (Jo some
thing more than merely to allow
himself to ho strrod up. IIo must
mako what ho hears and reads a part
ofhlmsolfby conscientious reflec
tion. Tho gardnor contributes tho
means of growth, but tho plant
does tho growing. So with tho stud
ont who seeks genuine culture
tho result will depend chiefly up
on tho putting forth of his own
powers, Education maybe doflned
as cultured growth, ami growth
must always come from within by
the studont's own oil'ort. A oloar
or notion of these fnotp would hq
curo a loss uncortaln growth in
culturo than many students obtain
from their oourso in eollogo. -College
OUR EDUCATIONAL COLUMN,
Teaching vs. Hearing Rec
itations. What Is the object of recitation
Is it to find out how much a pupil
knows, how many dates ho can ro
clto or how many verbs ho can con
jtigato? Is it to rocito what ho
has learned nt homo or in the
school-room? Tills idea was form
erly hold almost universally and
now somo teachers cherish tho old
delusion. But all good teachers
aro somothlng more than task-masters,
mere hearers of recitation? and
assignors of lessons. It is during
tho hour of recitation, not of study,
that tho mind should receive intel
ligent dirccton. At these limes tho
true teacher is a real educator. Ho
rises abovo the driver and critic,
and bocomeslho director of thought,
tltc inspirer of correct idea, and in
structor in truo methods study.
Ho reveals to them their minds,
and tells thorn how to uso them.
In the recitation hour the indolent
are to bo spurred onward, while
tho good are to bo inspired witli
now thoughts and revelations,
greater desires to learn, and better
methods of study.
If tho teacher does his work well
in the recitation room it is not nec
essary for him to have much to say
to his pupils about tholr lessons out
There must be a timo when pu
pils will be thrown entirely on
their own resources, when they can
expect no aid. Then if tho teacher
has done his work well will tho
pupils apply their minds to tho
work before them and realize a
wonderful power of conquering
obstacles and discovering truth.
The great object of recitation is to
show pupils how to study, not how
to cram tho mind with dry facts
nnd minute details. That method
of teaching is by far tho best that
leads tho pupil to investigate for
himself. An educated mind can
uso to advantage what power it
has, because it has learned how to
do so. The number of facts a pupil
knows is by no means" tho measure
of his success.
I'rceuent Clinntro of Teachers.
Common school teachers are civ
il servants: their pay comes irom
the public tax, their office is directly
under tho supervision of tho State
and there is no reason why they
shouid not come under tho rules for
civil service reform. It is true,
that, except in u few instances,
they are not much influenced by
political control, but they have no
gunrantoo of permanence in their
places, no officers of the State aro so
Kpften changed, and nono so poorly
paid. In tho country district school
it is tho rule to change teachers
twice a year. Each spring and fall
thero is an army of teachers tramp
ing the country for schools, and in
somo places sealed proposals aro
received and tho placo given to tho
lowest bidder. Tho children ex
pect a woman in tho summer, a
man in the winter a strangor each
season. Tho summer school has no
connection with the winter school.
This is all wrong and if there is
room for reform anywhere it should
begin hero. It is an injustico to all
concerned, for it renders tho posi
tion of teacher as unstable as pos
siblo and very much injures tho
progress of tho scholars. If politic
ians do not interfere with the
schools for tho purpose of personal
gain, they should for tho purpose of
doing them good. Let them not
forgot or overlook tho common
school, and that migratory, porlp
atotic, individual, commonly called
tho common school teacher.
Let him have a local habitation
and name, long enough, at least, to
ralso a few potatoes, and build a
little house. If he must bo donied
a homo, do not deny him a few
crumbs of comfort.
Teachers when outside tho school
room should bo Hko all other good
men and women. Wo do not
like teachorish teachers and min
isterish ministers who carry tho
cant of tholr professions Into tho
store and railway car. Lot a teach
er do Just what overybody olso
does, as far as it Is right; go Into
society, drivoa good horso, play all
good games, laugh, teach in tho
Sunday school, and load tho prayor
mooting If ho wants to in fact bo
a hearty moniber of society; but by
all means avoid being known as a
teacher, by any outward mark,
ehnracterlstlo or sign, by any cut
of tho coat or tono of voice.
A teacher In tho school Is nil
right but n toachor out of tho
school-room Is nu Insuffrablo bore.
Whou two touchers aro running
after tho emtio school, wages are
apt to go down but whon two
schools are running after one teach
er, wages aro apt to go up.
Tho following lines aro suscopt
iblo of two meanings. A bachelor
friend reads the first and third, and
second and fourth lines together,
and seems to And an internal satis
faction in reading them thus, from
somo cause or other.
The mnn must lead a happy llfo
Who Is directed by his wlfoj
WIio'h free from matrimonii chains,
Is suro to sutler for his pains.
Adntn could find no pence,
Until ho saw n woman's face;
When Kvo was Riven for n mnto
Adam was In n happy slate.
In nil tho female heart appear
Truth, darling of n heart sincere;
No'orknown In woman, to reside.
What tonguo Is nblo to unfold
Tho worth In woman wo behold I
Tho falsehood that In woman dwell
Is almost Imperceptible
Fooled bo tho foolish man I say,
Who will not yield to woman.ti sway,
Who chhiiRcs from his singleness
Is suro of perfect blessedness.
Tho State to Turn to the
Oovernment on Tues
All Its Inocrest in This lint Hole, In
to Which a (Jrent lteal of Money
Lieutenant Lanning II. Beach, of
the United States Army engineer
ing department, will bo hero on
Tuesday next, to consummate the
agreement entered into between
the Stat'o and National Govern
ment, looking toward tho transfer
of the Muskingum improvements
to the latter, by accepting on tho
part of tho Government tho for
mer transfer. Tho pcoplo of Ohio
may well congratulate themselves
upon thus being allowed to slip
from their shoulders, what has
long been a load upon them. The
Muskingum improvement is what
is known as slack water naviga
tion. And by it tho Muskingum
Itiver is made navigablo for river
vessels as far as Zanesville. The
improvement wns begun in 18SG, in
accordanco With an act of the
General Assembly, passed in 1833,
and concluded in 1812.1 Tho origi
nal cost was .?.1,G00,000, and since
that timo thero have been added
in tho way of repairs, expenses to
tho amount of 72.",000. In that
timo tho receipts from the improv
menthave been only Jf'000,000, in
round numbers. This makes a not
investment on tho part of tho State
of .$1,725,000' which by this transfer
is given to tho United States. Tho
legislation which has led up to this
transfer, began in our Legislature
in tho winter of 1885, when a law
was passed granting to tho United
States acquisition of cortain lands
within the Stato for constructing
canals etc. This may bo found in
tho volume of laws of that year
pago 220. Sec. 4 of this law is as
"And for tho purposo of enabl
ing tho United States to expend any
money that is or may hereafter be
appropriated by Congress for im
provment of tho Muskingum river,
the State of Ohio hereby transfers
and cedes to tho United States tho
eleven locks, dams horetoforo con
structed by said Stato on said riv
er, togcthor with all tho grounds,
canals and appurtenances belong
ing to tho same, subject to tho pro
visions of tho proceeding sections
of this act, as tho jurisdiction of
tho United States ovor tho lands,
buildings, authorized to bo acquir
ed and constructed by said sec
tions and imposing pounltles for in
juries to said work (which) shall
oxtend and apply to saitl cloven
locks, dams, and their appurtenan
ces hereby transferred and ceded
to tho United States; but tho cus
tody and ownership of said Mus
kingum rivor improvements shall
romain in tho State, until such
time as tho United States appro
priates sufficient to proporly Im
prove and operate tho same."
Tho conditions Imposed woro not
exactly satisfactory to tho Govern
ment, and last wlntor among tho
items af appropriations for inter
nal navigation improvoinonts was
ono for tho Muskingum river, with
a string to pull it back unless tho
conditions imposed by Ohio should
bo romoved. Tho amount appro
priated was !?20,000 and this was
tho provision added: "And tho
United States hereby nccopts from
tho Stato of Ohio tho Muskingum
rivor iniprovomont, and all tho
franchise and proporty of every
kind, and rights in said river and
Improveiuoutt now owned, hold
ans onjoyed by tho Stato of Ohio
including nil water lenses and
rights to uso water, under nnd by
vlrtuo of any lease of water now
running, and in forco between tho
State of Ohio nnd nil persons using
snid water, hereby intending to
transfer to the United States such
contracts and leases, as aro now
owned and held or reserved by tho
State of Ohio; but not to affect any
right to tho uso of tho water of
said river now owned and held by
the leases of any water rights, un
der nny lease or contract with
the State of Ohio. And the United
States hereby assumes control over
said river, subject to the para
mount interest of navigation. Tho
provisions of this act so far as
they relate to the Muskingum riv
er shall not take effect, nor shall
tho money hereby appropriated
(tho !?20,000) bo available until tho
State of Ohio, acting by its duly
authorized agents, turns over to tho
U. S. all propertp ceded by tho
act of the General .Assembly, afor
said and used in its care and im
provment, and any balance of mon
ey appropriate by said Stato for
tho improvement of said river, and
which is not expended on July 15,
1880; provided that the custody
and ownership of said Muskingum
rivor improvement, shall bo vested
in the United States without con
dition, nnd the foregoing provis-ions-shall
not take efloct until tho
State of Ohio shall duly consent to
Last May, whilo this act was
ponding in Congress, tho General
Assembly adopted the following
joint resolution in regard to it.
"That upon tho passage of tho
act nforsaid (the abovo) by tho Con
gress of the United States and its
approval by the President, tho
State of Ohio hereby consents to
all tho provisions in said act nam
ed, and the Board of Public Works
is hereby directed to transfer to tho
proper officers of the United States
all tho property and money rights
and franchises in said act named
upon tho 15th day of July, ISSti, or
as soon thereafter as the United
States may demand."
Congress, however, did not roach
the bill until gAugusl 5th, almost
the close of the session. It passed
as printed here. Tho transfer
of next Tuesday willho consumma
tion of this agreement. Tho Board
of Public Works has authorizdd its
President, Mr Martin, to transfer
the proporty. Mr. Martin tolc
graped that he will be hero Monday
and Mr. Beach on Tuesday.
There is one thing that will mako
a hitch in the transfer. It will bo
noticed that the Government de
manded that all money appropriat
ed by tho State for this improv
ment and not expended by July 15.
should bo turned over to tho U. S.
Now the Stato did appropriate last
winter $12,000. All of this has been
expended sinco July 15. It is bare
ly possible that Lieutenant Beach
will demand this stmi from tho
Stato in cash beforo accepting tho
improvement for tho Government.
A printer don't rush to tho doc
tor every time ho is out of sorts.
Nor to tho baker when he is out of
pi. Nor to hell when he wants the
devil. Nor to tho wood-pilo whon
ho wants a stick. Nor to tho Biblo
when ho wants a good rule. Nor
to tho gun-shop when ho wants a
shooting-stick. Nor to the cabinot
shop when ho wants furniture. Nor
to tho bank when ho wants quoins.
Nor to tho girl when ho wants a
press. Nor to tho lawyer whon ho
has a dirty case. Nor to tho butch
er when ho wants phat. Nor to a
pump when he's dry and has ten
cents in his pocket. Ex.
dipt. S. II. Bright, Logan, O.,
is ono of tho former students of
whom tho Ohio University has rea
son to bo proud. Ho Is tho reconiz
ed leader of tho Logan Bar, and is
a gentleman of tho highest integri
ty of character. No man in Hock
ing County is hold in higher esteem
as a lawyer and as n man than
dipt. Bright. College Current.
Tho Columbus Jlecord, 19th, says:
Starling Medical Collcgo has nine
ty students, nu Inereaso of ovor 30
slncotho beginning of tho term.
Tim Hocking Valley has u con
tract to dollvor throo hundred
thousand tons of coal to tho North
ern Pacific road. This coal is ship
ped from Tolodo by wntor to Dulu
th. Ovor hnlf a million Hocking
Valley stock changed hands this
wook at 11 conts on tho dollar; tho
bonds are quoted nt 88c.
In viow of tho largo ndvnnco In
plg-irou and steel wldeh litis recent
ly taken placo a special mooting of
all tho western nail manufacturers
bus been called nt Pittsburg on