Newspaper Page Text
X The Ohio Democrat.
O, r m as proud it ono con bo,
Of this, my growing famllco,
And nil ot thorn am bouncing bovs
Jffixcopt my wife. Wo llko tholr nolso
.Ami think our nine ns chlldron run.
Are far Iom troublesome than ono.
'Thoy cost hut llttlo mnro to ralso,
"Which I will prove In sundry wnvs.
Tor Instance, its each treasure grows
JIo nils his bigger brother' clothos,
.And when tho oldest ot tho nlno
Oats big enough ho'Uitcp In ml no!
This plan, which gives no ond of -fun,
Takes no moro clothes than goes to ono.
Their school-books, llko tholr garmenta brown,
.Are to tho others handed down,
And, ns each lad In lcnowlodgo grows,
lie tells tho noxt otio what ho knows j
Tip learning's ladder thus they climb,
A chain of wisdom qulto sublime,
"Until with me upon tho top
They know so much thoy'vo got to stop.
Just llko tholr books and clothes, tholr toy
.Are used In turn by all our boys,
So thnt tho nlno have lots of fun
With no moro toys than goos to ono.
"When ono of ours It taken slk,
Of courso tho others catoh It quick;
So when tho dootor makes his call
That visit nlcoly serves for all :
.They're dosed by wholesale, nursed tho same,
And soon got well, for they nro game.
Tho feeding question, I'll admit,
is where wo needs must use our wit:
On oat-meal porridge, mush and milk,
Children grow strong and line a silk;
And this choap, healthy diet flno
s what wo havo to glvo our nlno,
Whloh bolng cooked and sorved with ease,
.laves work, and with us nil agrees.
n summor whon n change wo wish,
aho boys go out and catch some fish
And pick wild berries, too. which serves
For suppers and homo-mado preserves.
I wo hnd only ono wo'd try
To stud him full of enko and pie
And other dnlntlos that would mnko
rho llttlo fellow's stomach acho,
nd cost In doctor bills and euro
Moro than our nlno boys better faro.
tn fact, our ono would llvo so high
And got such potting ho would die.
If wo'd but ono ho'd loncsomo bo,
And want too nmused, so wo
Would havo no tlmo to read or rest
.And, may be, think he was n pest.
.But having nlno, thoy sweetly play
Together out of doors all day
Till night, and then they gladly creep
To bed, nnd presto 1 they're asleep.
"When wo are old nine loving bovs
'Will crown our latter days with Joys,
.And when we dlo wo'll lire again
In nlno good, solid, hand? omo men.
. C. Dodge, in UoodaWs Sun.
.An Incident of tho Banoh on the
The ranch was not large, nor particularly
noticcablo, ns ranches go, but its situation
-was splendid. Tho road from the valley of
-tho Platto to thnt of La Fontaine Qui Bou
jlllo crossed tho Divide, or ridgo; and, just
-ovorlt nnd sheltored by it from thonorth--orn
winds, wcro the ranch-house, sheds
and corrals. At the west, ono saw the foot
hills and glimpses of tho great peaks be
'.hlnd them; and, not far from the house
-opened a canyon between whoso steep and
verdure-clad walls ran n clear and a rapid
stream, chafing In its restricted channel,
nnd seeming impatient to bestow the largest
of its beneficent and priceless waters upon
itlio arid plains stretching far to the cast
ward. Looking to tho south again ono saw
tho rolling country rising at intervals into
.mesas aud dotted with scanty groves of
The sun had passed hoyond the range,
.above which rose a wealth of clouds of airy
texture and gorgeous colors; and tho edge
cf the Bhadow in which the ranch lay could
Tjo seen creeping steadily over tho buffalo
'grass toward tho eastern horizon. Con
verging toward the house came parties
from tho four points of tho compass; and,
-awaiting them, nnd standing on tho door
step, looking first in ono direction nnd then
in another, was a quaint and curious youth
ful specimen of that alien race which has
had so sorry a reception on our shores, tho
His sharp, almond-shaped eyes caught a
'.glimpse of tho great flock of sheep the mo
ment they surmounted tho slight elevation
over which he bad often seen tho sun rise;
and, with tho two watchful Mexican herd
ors, behind them, they came straight to
ward the water troughs. These same eyes
rsnw CTnclo Jim Boyle, as ho tramped slowly
.and deliberately down tho sloping sido of
tho nearest mesa at tho south, and even
caught tho smoke of his pipe rising In tho
-clear uir. Ah Fong knew that Undo Jim
had promised to sleep at tho ranch while its,
master was absent and, having a profound
respect for the strength and prowess of
'this redoubtable frontiersman, he thought
tho arrangement excellent. Then ho saw
tho pretty bit of color which Fanny Car
roll's dress made against the dark back
ground of the canyon wall, as sho climbed
over the rock at its mouth: and tho tassels
of silver thread on tho cord around the
-crown of young Bam Ruxton's sombrero as
ho assiduously helped her, holding her little
band perhaps somewhat loncer than was
necessary. This made somothing as near a
anlo show itself on Ah Fong's faco as, was
ever seen on those emotionless features.
When, howovcr, the Chinese boy again
, walkod to tho rear of tho house and chanced
to look to the northward, he Btopped and
-gazed intently at two men who were com
ing over the ridge. Ho stood perfectly
still for some timo and then, making his
-way quietly toward a rude out-building,
concealed himself therein.
Farther and farther crept the line of
-shadow to the eastward; nearer and nearer
tho ranch came the different parties. At
last the herders shut the bars of tho corral
behind tho last of tho bleating oheep, and,
unsynging their canteens, began pumping
water for their charges. Undo Jim Boyle
mounted tho steps of tho rude piazza with
a firm and heavy tread, and tho two young
people sho swinging her largo straw hat
by Its ribbons, and ho walkiugdecorouslyat
her sido camo round the corner of the
Everybody on tho Divide took an earnest
interest in Fanny Carroll. Whon her
father, old Tom Carroll, up at Georgetown,
made his great strike, nnd sold out to the
eager "teudcr-feot," thoro was a general
sentiment of satisfaction; for Tom had
Avorked faitbf ally, and had plonty of hard
luck and was a gooa louow through it an.
'When, too, hd camo into possession of a
-folld bunk account, he behaved particularly
woll; docliuod to bo "intorvlowod," bought
no diamond pins, cxtonded liberal help to
-somo old -'pnrds" whoso luck had dosortcd
them, and, ns tho boys expressed It, "wan't
stuck up aud 'didn't go back on 'om."
Miss Fanny was sont to an Eastern sem
inary, wlionco alio had returned ns accom
plished and pretty and roflnod and well
dressed as heart could ilcslro. Whon sho
camo down to tho Divide to mnko a visit at
tho ranch, it was unanimously deckled by
tho population of that roglon that sho "just
svoi'lustlngly laid ovor" any thing from tho
U. V. down to Now Mexico. Sho was in
deed a churming girl by any standard, und,
with her chestnut-brown hair and mahogany-colored
oyos, and lithe, slender figure,
would huve attractod attention anywhere,
Small wonder, then, that this gracious
young creature soon resigned an uncrowned
queen ovor many loyal and devoted sub
Jootn, Now, as alio camo near to htm, old
Uncle Jim's faco relaxed, and his eyes took
ou a tender expression.
"Bless nor heart," said ho to hlmsolf,
'she's tho pootlost creetur I've soon in
many n long yoar. Tho youug feller's
washed pooty bad on her. Waal, I'vo boon
youiig mysoir, an' I know how it is. I kind
o think sho can do jest any thing sho itkos
with him. I don't bollovo thai'1 8 a man
livln' thot could say no to hor, let alone do
her harm," He dotted his hat, nnd, with a
curious timidity, took hor llttlo hand, prof,
fored at sho grootod him, tn tho Arm grasp
of bit own Urgo and rough one. Then ber
aunt! whoso guest she was, camo out upon
the plnzzn and invited Sam Huxton to sup
d spond tho night nt tho ranch, Instead
ot taking tho long rldo to his own quarters.
Meantime tho two mon who had boon
approaching from tho north had stopped
nnd hold n consultation close to tho out.
building In which Ah Fong was concealed.
Their nppenranco was sadly against thorn.
Una wns a tall, thin fellow, with n sullen
countenanco and shaggy black hair; tho
other n smaller man with a frockled face
and red whlskors, looking for all tho world
llko a ferret. A proclous pair of rutTlnns
Ah Fong thought them, ns ho strained hl9
enrs to cntch tho dialogue, thickly Intor
lurdcd with profnnlty, which lastod for five
minutes nnd until, having apparently mndo
Up tholr minds what to do, thoy started In
a direction which took thorn round tho cor
ner of tho ranch-house and toward the
party on tho piazza.
The Chinoso boy, whon thoy hnd passed
his plnco of conccalmont, omorged, ran
nround tho house In tho opposite direction
and approached Undo Jim before tho lattor
saw tho pair.
'Master," whlsporcd ho, "hah got two
ccoo man como. Wnntchco stop ttils side
to-night Moro hotter you tnlkoa ho no can
stop. Ml can sneuro ho b'tong lnlloo-loou
man (I can prove that thoy aro ladroncs or
"Waal, now," said Undo Jim, "I didn't
novor hov no uso for a cuss, that wears a
pig-tall and cats rats. 'The Chinese must
go,' says I. Clear out now nnd go wash.ee
washece, or whatever you call It."
As Ah Fong well know, Uncle Jim's bark
was much worso than his bite, nor was
thoro any fear that ho would disregard a
warning. Tho Chinoso boy drow back just
as the two rough follows camo in sight.
Thoy approached tho plnzza, and ono could
sco tho look of repulsion como on Uncle
Jim's oxprosslvo faco, as his exporlonccd
oyo took tn the details of their obnoxious
appearance. The smnllor fellow advanced
"I.allowyordisrcmombcrmo, Mr. Boyle,"
sold he, In a voice which ho trlod In vain
to modulato, nnd which contrasted curi
ously with his unctuous manner. "I know
yor when yer was a-sinkln' a shaft up to
Central, and I was prospoctln'. My nomo
Is Martin, William Martin; but tho boys all
call mo Beaver-Dam Bill. This yor's my
pnrd, Mr. Moses Smith; him thoy call Mus--tangMoso.
Say, Uncle Jim, wo allowed
yo'd glvo ub a shake-down fur tho night,
fur wo'vo tramped nigh on thirty miles to
day nnd wo'ro jcntevorlasUn'lyplaycdout."
Undo Jim's keen eyes wore llxcdonthe
unwholesomo pair; evidently, while ho did
not recognize them, somo vogue nnd fleet
ing memory was suggested by their appear
ance, and ho was trying to fix It In his
mind. Tho larger of the two shifted his
weight from ono foot to tho other as he
glanced away to tho eastward, and the
spokesman found himself unable to look
the old frontiersman fairly in the faco. In
deed, his uneasiness was increasing each
moment undor the scrutiny to which he was
At last Uncle Jim spoko, in slow tones,
and with marked deliberation. "This yere
house ain't mine," said he, "and tho owner
ho's down to Fuoblo. Ef yo keep on along
the trail thar to tho loft of tho racssa and
nigh on three mile, yo'll strike Dutch Peto's
ranch, an' ho's nil fixed to tnko folks in and
give 'om n squaro meal an' a shake-down.
It's right ovor them trees yonder, whar yo
see " Hero ho was interrupted.
Fanny Carroll, who had been insldo tho
house, suddenly camo out and stood on the
"O, Mr. Boyle," sho cried, "do not let any
ono bo turned away from these doors.
Theso poor mon aro weary and foot-sore.
Thoy must not be compelled to go farther.
Lot us givo them shelter, and suppor and a
good night's rest."
She made a beautiful picture as sho stood
there, in a graceful attitude; with height
ened color, oyeH sparkling, rosy lips slightly
apart. Uncle Jim's face relaxed In an in
stant, and the effect of this lovely appari
tion upon tho two wanderers was marvel
ous. Beaver Dam BUI took off his shabby
hat, shuffled with his feet und made an at
tempt to stammer out his thanks; and
Mustang Mose, turning to look at the ex.
quisito young girl, showed his astonish-,
moat and interest by a complete change of
countenance. Novor in all his lifaofviclssl
tude, and worse than vicissitude, had any
one seen on his faco such an expression of
surprise, thon of almost wondering delight;
and natural onotigh, to bo suro; for nevor
in all this same life hnd ho seen such a
sight, much loss hoard pity for htm ex
pressed in suoh gentle and dulcet tones.
"Waal," said Uncle Jim, "thot settles it.
I allow tho young lady's boss. Here, you
pig-tailed Chinaman, show those men a
plnco whero thoy can wash tho dust of
Coloraydo oft of 'em, and glvo 'om some
Ah Fong oboyed with a curious reluct
ance, and tho two mon followed him, moro
than onco turning to look ovor their shoul
ders. Then camo supper, and some pleasant
evening hours on tho piazza, undor the
bright stars and In tho soft air. Tho two
straugors had suppod heartily, and now sat
by thomsolvc3, at somo distance from tho
rest of tho party. Whon Fanny Carroll
sang, in hor lovely and woll-tralnod voice,
.Mustang Mose took the pipe from his mouth
and lot it go out as ho held It in his hand.
Whon most of tho Inmates of tho house had
retired, Undo Jim told Ah Fong to take the
two mon to a chamber at the head of a
small stairway leading from the main room
to tho ranch. Tho boy aboyod and then re
turned to tho main room, in which, on the
wldo hearth, burned iv cheerful Are of logs.
Ho approached tho stalwart frontiersman,
who sat before the tiro gazing Into its blaz
"Master," said Ah Fong, "ho t'luly
b'long lallce-loon man. Ml hear ho talkeo
(Thoy are really robbers. I heard thorn
talk.)" Uncle Jim looked at him gravely.
"Ah Fong, or whatovor yer blamed
heathen name is," said ho, "1 didn't never
think I'd como to say it to a Chinee, but I
wouldn't be surprised ef yer head was
lovol. Now you skip to bed an' I'll stop
right hero. Skip, I say I"
Ah Fong wont out, closing the door bo
hind him, but ho procooded no further than
tho passage, whero ho crouched in a corner,
quiet as a mouso.
In tho solitude In which much of Uncle
Jim's lifo was passod, ho had formed a
habit of talking to hlmsolf, as Ah Fong
could now hoar him.
"Knowed mo, aid ho? Perhaps ho did, and
porhnps ho didn't. But I could swar I'd
seen tho moan littlo cuss boforo. Wonder
Whar it wns, Could ho havo been ono of
thorn cussos we bounced out of tho old town
down to Fuoblol Or In tho crowd that
tried to jump Tom Carroll's initial Or in
thot thar outfit wo was after for stoalln'
mules up to Falrpluyf Waal, I dlsremom
ber.'j Ho sat allont for some time, thon
sudd'only started and struck his knoo with
his hand. "I'vo got him," he said. "Why
on nlrth didn't I catch on boforol It's the
fellor wo calched wjth aoos iu his sloovo
up to Bill Larnod's ranch thovmtor of tho
bin snow storm, An' I hoored noxt yoar
thot ho was In with tho gatig tliet stopped
tho Falrpluy stago. Ho don't moan no good
lu this yore place, ho un' thot unrighteous
lookin' pard of hls'n, and thoy'ro two to
ouo. I allow I'd ought to bo well hoolod
an' all ready for 'om, if thoy is up to any
Ho drow u largo rovolvorfrom bohlnd hl
hip, roloadod and capped It, muklug evory
motion with mnrkod deliberation; thon,
taking a ploco'of cord from his pookot, ho
bound tho trigger to the rear of tho guard.
Ho laid tho formidable weapon on a chair
by his Bide; thon lighted mi old plpo aud
began smoking, Thus, through tho night
hours, ho kopt hit vlell. What his thoughts
wore no one could toll, for np sign. Qfvthom
appourod on tho rugged features lighted
up by tho,ohoerful blaze. t was just day.
llgbl wnon no noura sounus ovornauu, uuu,
aitor an Interval, stops on tho stairs. Ho
arose and stood oroct, and with tho six
shooter In tho tlrin grasp of his loft liaml.
covered the door, holding hit right baud In
front of tho hnmmor, rondy for that qulcl
and deadly motion called "fanning.1
Another momont, and tho door softly
oporiod nnd llcavor-Dam Bill entered fol
lowed by his companion. Thoy must have
been looking cautiously downward nnd
picking tholr stops, for thoy wero both In
tho room boforo thoy snw the weapon
pointed at thorn, nnd tho florce eyes be
hind It, nud hoard tho grim command!
"Hold up yor hands yol" Thoy oboyed
In an Instant, In unmlstaknblo surprlsoand
panic. Undo Jim advanced a step.
"I don't know why I didn't shoot tho pair
ofyoon Bight," said ho In concoutratnd
Tho small man. cringing boforo him, man
nod to command his voice.
'Mr. Iloylo," ho stammered, "don't shoot,
don't shoot I Wo ain't n-doln' no harm.
Hopo to dlo cf I ain't glvln' It to yor
straight. Our guns ain't loaded; yor kin
seo fur yersolf."
Undo Jim's faco rolnxed slightly. He
approached iho mon, who dared not lower
tholr hands, and took tho rovolvor from tho
bolt of each. Suro onotigh, they were not
charged. Ho folt for concealed woapons,
but found none.
"All right," ho said. "I allow yo ain't
vory dangerous Just now: but I'd llko to
know what you cusses Is a-doin'."
Thon lustaug Mose spoke to him, for tho
first sltico his arrival at tho runch. "I'll
teU"yc," said ho, "Moan' this 'ens pard o
mlno wo struck a stroako' bad luck; an'
wo had to light outof Dot.vor Inn hurry,
an' wo como down hero. We might as well
be hung for a sheep ns fur a lamb, and wo
wouldn't a' made no bones of mnkln' a
strike tn this yoro ranch; but, whon you
was n-glvln' us tho grand bounce, an' that
pooty little gal como out an' looked at us
two tourjlis with them gontlo oyos o' her'n
an' spoko In thn pltyln' volco, wanl, blamed
ef thot didn't jest fotch mo; an' whon I got
my pard alono, I soz to him: 'No funny
business hero,' an' ho soz, 'You bet.' An'
wo allowed to light out of this at daylight,
an' striko fur tho mountains. Say, Mister,
yo ain't got no call to keep us, hovyol"
Undo Jim hesitated ono momont; thon,
with a shrug of his shoulders, ho said:
"You'ro right: I ain't got no use for yo.
The men needed no second permission.
In flvo minutes' tlmo thoy were woll on tho
road to tho foot-hills. Undo Jim watched
"A proclous pair o' toughs, an' no mis
take," said ho to hlmsolf. "They'd got
away with us last night If thoy'd a-wanted
to. An' thoy lot up because tho little girl
wns good to 'cm. Waul, I said thoro wn'nt
no man that would harm her, an' even them
cusses that, when yo como to size 'em up,
wa'nt mon, but brutes thoy couldn't do It.
Now I allow thoy'vo been up to a sight o'
wickedness, but they done one square thing,
an' no mistake."
An hour passed, nnd still Uncle Jim sat
In tho bright sunlight, gazing toward the
foot-hills. Thon the sound of galloping
hoofs was heard; It camo nearer andncar
or, and six horsemen, splondidly mounted,
rodo round the corner of the houso and
pulled up. To any one familiar with tho
West, a glance would have told their char
acter and tholr purpose. On their stern,
but not angry nor oxcitcd faces, in their
curiously unmtstakablo air of grim, per
sistent determination was written, as If in
plain typo, vigilante I
"Hullo, Jiml shako 1" cried the leader.
"What's'upl"skod Uncle Jim, returning
"Havo you seen tho pair of cussos we'ro
aftor!" asked the loader. "Ono was tall,
and tho other short, with red hair."
"Why," said Undo Jim, "wo put 'em up
fur the night, an,' thoy ain't been gono
more'n an hour."
"You put them upl" cried tho leader,
with an air of astonishmont, somo sign of
which appeared even on tho stern aud stolid
faces behind him. "You put them up, and
there's any one of you alive to toll tho tola
this morning! Woll, I haven't timo to talk
now, but when wo como back I shull want
to nsk you what on earth you did to koep
them quiet. Now, which wny did thoy go
Straight up tho road to tho range) All
right! Good-bye. Como on, boys," and
they wero off at a gallop.
Uncle Jim sat as before, looking straight
beforo him. Close to the foot-hills the
mountain road forked, ono branch loading
toward the south, another to a puss; aud
tho frontiersman had seen tho two mon
tako tho former.
"Ef John had asked me, of course I'd
a-told htm which way thoy wont," said he
to himself, "but he didnlt watt. I allow
them cusses Is ngoin' to bo took, but I
swear I'd sooner hov 'em took some other
timo than jost when they've done tho squar'
thing o' their lives." Thon ho lighted his
plpo. Ah Fong had como noiselessly bo
hind him. Later on ho heard tho lattor cry
"Hi yah I"
Undo Jlmilookcdup and sawtho Chinese
boy gazing to tho westward. "Following
his glance, he caught tho last glimpse of
tho vlgllants spurring up the rood to tho
pass tho wrong roadl
"Good morning, Mr. Boyle." ho heard, in
a soft volco bchlutl him. "Whero aro our
"Waal, yo soo, miss," ho replied, "thoy
was in an awful hurry, an' thoy'vo been
gone nigh on an hour."
Then ho looked ut the charming girl
standing thero with tho sun shining on hor
brown hair, and thought, almost with a
shudder, of what might have been in tho
long night watchos just passed. She had
indeed boon tho bonoflcent fairy who had
exorcised the demons; tho good angel who
had set at naught the powers.of darkness.
All this Uncle Jim thought from tho dopths
of his honest heart, but aftor tho manner
of his kind ho oxpressed himself very la
conically, just as tho call came for break
fast. The sun was shining more brightly than
ovor. Tho plains at tho oast and tho moun
tains at the west wore bathed in a flood of
goldon light. Tho happy party wero gath
oring around the woll-spread table, and
then Uncle Jim drew a long breath.
"Blamo me," said ho, "of sho ain't a
daisy I" A. A. ITaya, in Epoch.
Substantial Coupty Roads.
Tho importance of good roads in a
farming region.is not sufficiently ap
preciated. Tho first, cost of such roads
is of courso .greater than a roughly
mado dirt road, but tho wear and tour
on vehiclcs'-and horses, tho loss of time
on account of bad going in wot weather,
and other drawbacks incidon't to poorly
constructed highways, moro than
counterbalance thb oxira cost. It is
estimated' that a, roadway of stohe,
twelvo to eighteen inches' deep, wide
onotigh for wugons to pass easily, will
iwlil enough to tho value of the farms
through which it passes to pay tho cost
of construction ten times oyor in
localities whoro matorlal Is easily pro
cured, and such a road will bo almost
indestructible. Y. Y. fixamincr.
-Dr. Elmore Palmer, of Bufl'alo, N.
savs: "uut us uoiu last to mat
which Is good," nnd among tho good
things ho reckons catnip tea fpr any
thing; onion syrup for coughs aud'colds;
woak.lyo for sick stomach; Infusion' of
common black tou for sore oyos; boft
soap und white pino gutn for boils and
"Say, didn't you tell mo whon you
sold mu that dog that ha was n bird
dogPi' "Yes, that's, what I said."
"Woll, you swindled mo. That dog
won't hunt." "I didn't say ho would
hunt. Hos a bird dog. Cook tho birds
for.htm. That's tho way ho likes tuuin
best." Ncwm IntlemlonU
INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN.
Their Troper Cr anil MAnaRemnl Im
portant Hiiggfutloim by the Ohio Btnle
Hoard or Health.
Thousands of children din every year
from improper euro nnd bad surround
ings. ' It M estimated that out of one
hundred livo-born chlldron, from forty
to fifty will dlo beforo tho oloso of the
fifth year. Thnt n largo proportion of
theso donths could ho prevented, is well
established, nnd tho Stnto Hoard of
Health has presented herewith, In simple
form, lnstruetl6ns for tho euro nud
management of children, which, if fol
lowed, wjll bo tho moans of Having each
year mnuy precious lives.
In seeking for tho cause of this ex
cessive Infant mortality, wo And that
tho ncute Infectious fever?, such ns
measles, diphtheria, small-pox, scarlet
fovor nnd whooping-cough; tullamma
tlous of tho respiratory apparatus, us
pnoumonla, bronchitis, etc., and dlnr
rlHC.'tl diseases, nro the main factors iu
Small-pox. scnrlot fever, diphtheria,
etc., nro to be prevented by avoiding
cxposuro to these diseases, or to cloth
ing or other articles containing tho
poison by which they nro caused.
It is to bo specially urged thnt chil
dren bo vaccinated at an early ago, and
thus bo protected from that dread dis
Circulars on tho restriction and pre
vention of these diseases have been
issued by tho Hoard, and will bo sent to
any one on application.
The other causes of death of children,
viz., inHamumllou of the lungs und
diarrlueal disease, may bo largely pre
vented by precautions in regard to ex
posure nnd diut. Great care is needed
with llttlo children, to provide them
The first want of tv now-born babe Is
heat. It is unable to supply sulllciont
heiit to keep itself warm, oven whon
heavily clothed; hence, unless constant
ly in bed with its mother during the
first week or two of life, the rooms it
inhabitants must bo constantly kept
As the child grows older and is
placod, as it should always be, to sleep
by itself, it.will often, by its restless
ness, become uncovered at night. It
should sleep in night dresses of tlanuel,
preferably made as one garment and
sowed up at tho bottom, so the feet can
not bceomo uncovered.
Clothing for children should always
bo made very loose, giving their limbs
and lungs free movement. It is when
children aro old enough to walk and be
out of doors that tho greatest care is
demanded for protecting them by
proper clothing. It is at tills ago that
deaths so frequently occur from acute
inflammatory affections of tho lungs,
and this is undoubtedly due to expos
ure and,impropordres3. Care must be
taken to clothe tho limbs and chest
warmly. Mothers arc oflon negligont
in this respect, and children may fre
quently bo scon in cold weather,
clothed in heavy skirts and dresses,
but with legs and necks comparatively
It should ho remembered that in
most houses in winter, a cold stratum
of air is to bo found near the floor, and
hence, infants placed on tho floor may
bo greatly exposed to cold in a cem
paratively warm room.
Attention must bo given to cleanli
ness, and children should not be al
lowed to sloop in soiled garments.
Clothing worn .it. night should bo
shaken and thoroughly aired when re
moved in tho morning. Tho clothing
and napkins soiled by tho discharges
of young infants should be removed at
once, and not used again until washed
and thoroughly dried. Tho washing
aud airing should not bo done iu tho
nursery or living rooms.
Unless children are very fecblo they
should havo frequent baths, except
, wheii otherwise directed by tho physl
j cian. If they are too dolieato for a full
hath, sponging should bo substituted.
, Tho popular idea that dirty children
I aro tho healthiest, is certainly not trito
in regard to nursing infants.
Tho factor of greatest importance to
the health of children is their
FOOD AND FEEDING.
Especially is this true of nurslings
and children tinder two years of ago.
.. Tjio only natural and best possible food
for an infant is breast milk. If the
mother has a sutllcient supply and, is in
good health, or if a suitable wet nurse
'can bo secured, nothing but breast milk
and puro water should bo given tho
child for the first five or six months.
Tho child is very frequently injured by
overfeeding. A feverish child, craving
wator, is ofton given an inordinate
supply of food, by nursing, to quench
its thirst. Many things besides hunger
causo children to cry ami bo restless;
and as a, rule, for tho first two months
thoy should not be nursed oftener than
once in two hours, and older children
not so often. From tho first, children
should bo nursed loss frequently at
night, nnd tho mother must not bleep
with her child at the breast.
After tho first week or two tho child
should always sleep by itsolf. The moth
er should carefully guard her own
health, using such diet as best agrees
withhor. She should not givo tho breast
to tho child when she is greatly fatigued
or ovor-hoated, nor when suH'oring mi
ller great cxoltomont from any cause.
When tho mother's milk is insufficient,
or tho child, for any reason, can notbu
nursed, it will bo necessary to resort to
This is always an uvil'.otnd nothing
butnecossity .should cauo a mother to
resort to it. Tho ouo fiietorof greatest
importance in infant mortality is dlnr-
rheeal diseas-os, and those more frequent
ly occur in children wholly brought up
I by hand. When breast milk can not bo
had, cow's milk properly prepared
oilers tho host substitute. Groat caro
should bo exorcised to secure puro milk
from healthy, well-fed cows. This Is
of importance, and should not bo nog
lcctod. Tho milk should bo obtained as fresh
as posslblo, nud kept lu u cool plaeu in
perfectly oloan vos&uls. It would be
better) perhaps, to immediately boll
the' milk, especially in hot weather,
when IJiiblo to rapid decomposition,
Novor keep milk lu damp, mouldy col
lars, or in thoso containing decaying
vegetables or other mutter. Neither
should It bo kept In sloeplng room,
or tho'o constantly inhabited. It
should bo rnmembored that nothing so
readily collects nnd preserves filth of
nil kinds, as milk. Cow's milk, to bo
fitted for food for young Infants, must
ho diluted, from one-third to ono-hnlf,
and slightly sweetened nnd salted.
For diluting the milk, barley-water Is
much hotter than puro vntr, noting
both ns a dllutont nnd ns a food. It
may be prepared by boiling a table
spoonful of ground barley In a pint of
water for fifteen minutes, nnd'carefully
straining through a cloth. It Is much
better to buy the whole barley, which
may bo sufficiently ground iu un ordin
ary colTeo.nilll. Tho proportion of
bailey water to be added will depend
on the age of the child.
This food must bo given at. regulnr
Intervals, and to young Infants should
bo administered blood warm, through
a musing bottle. A plain bottle of
small hUe should he used, with n nipple,
avoiding long rubber tubes, and bottle
and nlpplb must bo kept scrupulously
Prepare enough milk for ono insal,
and if any remains after feeding, empty
nt once and thoroughly scald tho bottle
and nipple. If the child thrives and
gains weight on this diet, nothing clso
should bo given It for food for the first
six or seven months. A less quantity
of water, however, should bo added to
the milk as the child grows older. If
thcro Is a tendency to constipation, oat
meal gruel, mado in tho same way as
the barley-water, only boiled for a
longer time, may be used to dilute tho
milk. If this food docs not agree with
the child, something else must be sub
stituted, and in such cases a physician
should ho consulted and prescribe its
diet. Do not trust to infant foods sold
in the shops, without his advice.
Children from nlno to ten months of
age may bo allowed a grcator variety
of food, but milk should still form an
important part of their diet.
CAKE IN HOT WEATIIEIt.
Great care is required In the diet of
children duringtho extreme hot months.
It is of srront importance at this time
to keep children cool. Tho coblest
loom in the house should ho assigned
for .their sleeping room, nnd they
should bo given a bath beforo bed time.
During the heat of the day thoy should
bo lightly clad, and it would bo woll
also to give them a cool sponge bath.
If a child is seized with diarrhoea, keep
it quiet in a cool place and look care
fully to its diet, which it would bo well
to reduce for a short time. If it does
not soon get better, send for a physi
cian, and do not givo tho child medi
cine without his sanction.
Finally, whoever would rai.to health'
children must be doubly guarded as to
the cleanliness of his house und sur
roundings. Tho little ones suffer first
from unhealthy surroundings, nnd the
house, from garret to cellar, should be
clean ami well aired. Have an oyo to
all sinks, water-closets, bath-tubs, etc.,
making sure, by ropeated examinations,
that tho air of your dwelling is not be
ing poisoned by escaping sewer gas.
Remove ,filth of all kinds from house,
cellar and yard; be suro your drinking
water is pure, and not contaminated by
leachlngs from any cess-pool or privy
You should not only put your own
houso and premises in proper condition,
but insist that your neighbor does like
wise. REVOLUTIONARY RELIC.
Military CoinniUsion Kxpcutod One Hun
dred and Twelve urs Ago.
General Sholon, of Deerliold, Mass.,
tho secretary of tho Pocontuck Valley
Memorial Association, has written to
tho Commissioner of Pensions to obtain
from the files of tho Pension Office tho
commission of lieutenant of John Clark,
who died at Dcerfield, a pensioner, in
1821), for preservation and exhibition
among tho revolutionary relics in the
memorial hall of tho association. Tho
request will bo granted on condition
that tho socioty promises to surrender
tho paper to tho Commissioner of Pen
sions if any of tho rolatives of Clark
should ever turn up. Tho commission
is a very interesting document, dated
July 1, 1775, or ono hundred and twelve
years ago. It is signed by John Han
cock, as President of tho Congress
granting it, aud is attested by Charles
Thomson, secretary. Although written
so long ago, the signatures aro as dis
tinct and perfect as on tho day they
wcro penned. Tho reading of tho com
mission sounds peculiar to modem ears
and runs ns follows:
"In Congress The delegates of the
united colonics of Now Hampshire,
Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Con
necticut,' Now York, New Jersey, Penn
sylvania, the counties of Newcastle,
Kent aud Sussex on tho Delaware;
Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina
aud South Carolina, to John Clark,
gentleman." Chicago Times.
After the Battle.
Hundreds of bodios freshly smenred
with blood of mon who, two hours pre
vious, had been filled with divers lofty
or petty hopes and desires, now lay
with stiffened limbs in tho dewy,
fiowery valley which separated tho bas
tion from the trench and on tho lovol
floor of tho chapel for the doad in Se
vastopol; hundreds of mon crawled,
twisted and groaned with curses and
prayers on their parched lips, some
amidst tho corpses iu tho flower-strewn
vale, others ou stretchors, on cots, and
on tho blood-stained floor of tho hos
pital; and still, ns on tho days pre
ceding, tho red dawn burned over Mt.
Sapun, tho twinkling stars paled, tho
white mist spread abroad from tho
dark, sounding son, tho rod glow illu
iniiidtiHl the enst; long, crimson cloud
lots darted across tho bright blue hod
70iv, d still, as on days preceding, tho
powerful, jill-bcautlful sim roso up,
giving promise of joy, lovo and happi
ness to all whe dwell lu tho world.
Count Tolstoi, tn Now Princeton Ilcuicw,
A littlo UulValo girl was not fooling
woll and It was thought that she might
be about to have the chirkou-pox. Sho
went to bed laughing ut the idea, but
curb' the next morning went Into her
pinouts' .room, looking very serious,
aud said! ''Ye, It, is chiekon-pux,
pupa; I found, it fodwur In thu bed,"
N, Y. Suit.
THE DEADLY CIGARETTE.
The I.nlrnt Victim nf thn lVrrdclous Mill
Of nil the forms of using tobacco tho
'.mall paper-covered tube known as tho
cigarette Is tho most deadly. Thorn
nro many reasons for this. In tho first
plnco tho cigarette smoker has no as
surnuco that tho tobacco Is any thing
more than rubbish which can not ha
used In nny other manner. Secondly,
tho paper Is well known to bo exceed
ingly poisonous; not more so than rcn
uinu tobacco, probably, but thcro Is n
wild hilarity which follows tho smoking
of papor that speedily breaks down tho
strongest nervous system. Thirdly,
the cigarette is an Insidious evil. It is
so mild, and so handy, nnd so cheap,
that the unfortunate smoker uses many
moro of them than he has any Idea of.
Tho other 997 reasons need not bo given
hero, as thoy have been at various times
discussed in tho public press, and so
great has been tho influence of theso
exposures that cigarotto smoking ha3
increased over 000 per cent, during tho
last four years. Yet there arc peoplo
who scoff at the power of the press 1 It
Is only necessary to show conclusively
that a certain thing Is very harmful,
in order to got thousands of peoplo to
test the question for their own satisfac
tion. The recent case of Mr. John V. Stob
blns, of Wyoming, will do much to open
the eyes of the users of the vile weed in
its vilest form. It will pain many good
peoplo to know that tho cigarette Inn
insinuated itself into tho rural simplici
ty of Wyoming. Hitherto the inhab
itants of that Territory have been a
guileless pastoral people who occa
sionally indulged in scalping, cattlo
raids and bad whisky, enlivened by a
murder now and then, but never has
their worst eneinv charged them with
smoking cigarettes. Now, alas, all
this is changed. It is no uncommon
sight to seo a gang of cowboys peacea
bly returning to camp after sacking a
village, eacli with a cigarette in his
mouth. True, somo of tho most noble
of tho cowboys stood out against tho
growth of this habit and shot a few of
the smokers, but although this method
of argument seemed to bo conclusive iu
individual cases yet matters of policy
provontcil its universal adoption. So
in spite of the best intentions on tho
part of tho opponents of tho
vice it continued to spread
among the unsophisticated peoplo
of tho plains. Stebbins fell an
easy victim to tho cigarette and smoked
incessantly. The effect of tho habit on
him was not noticed until ono day ho
fired at a tenderfoot from the East, threo
times in succession and missed him ev
ery timo. This alarmed his friends and
thoy besought him witlt tears in their
eyes lo abandon a habit that was doing
.so much to umlcrmiuo his usefulness
and influence ou the plains. SUbbins
himself felt rather shaken and consulted
a physician, wiio told him that if he did
not give up cigarette smoking ho would
not live six months. Stebbins agreed
tojpiit next week. This is a peculiarity
of the cigai'etto smokers. Thoy are al
ways going to quit some time in tho
future. That night thero was a social
card party In the shanty. Stebbins sat
on the powder keg. Ho lot a cigarotto
stump fall on the keg. Tho party in
stantly broke up. Stebbins and part
of the keg were last seen going through
the roof. As neither havo yet come
down serious fears aro beginning to bo
entertained ou that ranch that some
thing has happened to Stebbins. Thus
it is that the doctor's most sanguine ex
pectations havo boon realized and the
name of John Warrington Stebbins has
been added to the already long list ot
tho victims of the deadly cigarette.
Detroit Free Press.
Somo of the Mont Tromlnent Features
the Itull-Doc'ft Cliarncter.
Owing to his comparative rareness,
his moral character is as little under
stood by the general public as aro Ids
points, and by a very largo sectiou of
tho community ho is looked upon with
fear and aversion, as being botlisavago
aud treacherous. Ho is in reality
seldom the first by nature, though ho
may be by education, and tho latter ho
novor is, either by nature or education.
Hi's evenness of temper is ono of tho
most prominent features of his char
acter, and what ho is at times ho always
is. If ho has been educated to bo
savage ho always will bo savage, but if
his natural good-natured indolence is
allowed to develop properly by kind
ness nnd good management ho will bo
always gentle. Thoro is nothing vari
able or snnppy about him, nnd ho will
allow liberties to bo taken with him by
children aye, and by grown-up chil
dren also that many other sorts of
dogs would resent, such as collies and
retrievers, who aro not at all times trust
worthy, and who, if they aro boing
teased or get their tails trodden upon,
are liable to turn aud snap. Snapping is
an unknown vico among bulldogs; but if
thoy should bo thoroughly roused thoy
go straight to business and fix on tho
object that thoy "intend to annihilate,
and, ns our transatlantic cousins say,
"thoy freeze on;" and, being onco
fixed, it is a matter of considerable
trouble to get them to loose their hold.
Their tenacity and courage aro house
hold words in our language, aud
seldom is a book written without
some allusion to bulldog courage
and tenacity; and our successes
in the battlefield are constantly
attributed to tho "bulldog" courage of
our men aud thu resemblaneo of tho
man to tho dog in not knowing whon
he is beaton. Tholr fidelity also is
groat; and, though evidently not an
admirer of thu breed, ouu of our great
est novelists pays a tribute of admira
tion to that quality iu them, In his de
scription of Ilill Slkos' dog and his
meliwicholy ending, iu which he clearly
shows which is tho finer boast of tho
two, tho boast man showing up In
degrading uillof to his four-footed
friend, whoso fidelity no brutality or
ill usage could shako. Hull-dogs aro
most ull'octioimtit ami Intelligent, nud
much of the abuse that is lavished on
them is ou account of tholr appear-
aueo, which Is ducldodly against thorn
as regards tho gentler virtues, nnd bo
causu of tho utter want ol knowledge
of tho subjuet displayed by n largo so
tiuu of thu publlo, fiunr((((y Iteview,
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
A machine has been Invented that
vlll sew on 3,000 buttons in a day.
-During the year 1880 American,
mills produced 1,360,000 tons of steel
rails, valued at $10,000,000. Tho pros
poot for 1887 Is stilt better. Pittsburgh
Tho West Lebanon (Pdnn.) Rolling
Mill Company has shipped a chain
weighing twonty-fivo tons for uso on a
five-mast lnko schooner. It requires
two cars to carry It
A recent computation makes tho
velocity of tho solar system In spaco
only about 10,000,000 miles a year. By
n different method another computer
has determined tho rato to bo about
625,000,000 miles a year. Arkamaw
A Russian physicist finds that, con
trary to general belief, the strength
and property of olonpatlon are In
creased by low temporaturo In iron
and steel, tho force of cohesion being
Intensified by contraction. Arkamaw
A Ulrminghara (Eng.) firm aro
making oar-blades of tho best sheet,
steel, highly tempered. These are de
clared to bo much stronger than tho
ordinary wooden blades and, being
much thinner, enter and leave tho
water cleaner. Thoy aro strongly fit
ted to wooden handles.
A St. Augustine, Ga., letter do-.
scribes tho ico works at that plaeo as
having a capacity of 1,000 pounds per
hour. The freezing cans make a mass
of 200 pounds each, aud aro taken out
iu rotation, an average of flvo hourly,
after thirty-six hours' exposure to thu
evaporation of ammonia, 240 cans be
ing kopt at work. Boston liudqel.
Last year (1880) tho spots on tho
sun wero so small and few that it may
have been the minimum of tho sun
spot period of eleven years. So says
the distinguished Italian nstionomcr.
Prof. Tacehini. From tho 31st of Oc
tober to tho 12th of December there
were only six days when any trace of a
spot could bo discovered ou tho solar
disc, and only a single tiny spot could
be observed on those days. N. Y. Led
ger. Tho process of taking beautiful
colored photographs has recently been
perfected by an English photographer.
A negative of the sitter is taken by a
sentitized plate of electric light. Front
tho negative a positive is produced on
a chemically-treated basis by the aid of
a solar camera and a spectroscopic ar
rangement. The image h produced in
colors without the aid of hand-work or
brash. Chicago Advance.
A movement has been started to
found a laboratory on the Now En
gland coast, where students, teachers,
and investigators may find facilities
for the pursuit of biology. It is now
some years since tho brief episodo of
the Penikc.se laboratory, which was
founded by Mr. Anderson and intrusted
to Professor Agassiz. During tho in
terval, summer schools of science have
multiplied, and a few of them havo suc
cessfully maintained their modest use
fulness. Public Opinion.
It is said that a woman began tho
manufacture of sewing thread in En
gland iu 1722, and it would seem
proper that the idea should have first
como from that sex through whoso
hands nine-tenths of the thread passes
that is used. Paisley has tho honor of
being the first town that embarked in
tho business. It was called "Nun's
thread," was made of flax, and so
rapidly increased iu popularity that it
was not long boforo it became an im
portant branch of manufacture.
A fast man is usually very slow when
it comes to paying his debts. Pittsburgh
Editorial excursions are never de
layed nor tho members ever molested by
train robbers. Fori Worth Gazette.
In one respeo" or dog is mighty
like or man. Do mo' .sense he's got, do
bigger raskil ho is. Arkansaw Trav
Somo tilings a woman doesn't
know, of course; but one of thorn isn't
what she thinks of other women.
Poston Journal of Education.
Goethe onco said: "Wo ought to
look at some picture every day." Rut
then, that was beforo the old man saw
thu pictures in tho daily press. New
In ancient times, it is said, any
thing that Midas touched was turned to
gold. In theso days, tho touch of gold
will turn many a man to anything.
There aro men in Now York who
spend half their timo dodging peoplo
they have borrowed money of, anil thu
other half in hunting up fresh victims.
A French woman says sho onco
paid a largo sum of money to learn how
to get a certalu noose into a bow.
What most girls want to learn 13 how
to get a certain beau into a noose.
Easier to preach than to practicn.
"Do ye contont, tho philosophers say,
"Such Is tho secret of happiness hero;"
If It bo true, oh, philosophers, pray,
Why don't yo cast further study uway,
Mulling tho maxim yo touch us more clear?
Do ye content with the things that uro known,
Lot whut yo do not severely alone.
Tho monkey is now generally roe.
ognized to be a sort of a connecting
link between the human raco and tho
lower forms of animal creation. Tho
main question now is whether tho dudo
doesn't come first of tho two. Merchant
Gotham Hoy (at Niagara Falls
"Pn, did that man that drives tho cur
riugo build that big damr" Pa "No,
tho Niagara Hows over a natural preci
pice, my son." Gotham Roy--"That's
strange, I thought from tho price ho
charged that ho mado it." Tid-Uits.
"Of tho ripe ago of eighteen" is
what nn esteomed Springfield paper
says of a beautiful and accomplished,
maiden now visiting at tho capital.
This ought to bo pleasant reading for
thu unfortunate females wlm havo
entered upon tho suro and senile- yunrs
ol eighteen and twenty, Chicago News.
'They don't got the best of me,"
said Muggins; the grocer, in telling
how hu had defeated supposed attempt
to overreach him; "no, sir, thoy don't
got tho host of me." "M you refer to
your customers," replied a woman who
had oomu iu for a cent's worth of yeast,
"I guos you aro about right, Mr, Miiy
glus," Uoitan TfanmipU