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"NO. NORTH. NO SOUTH. NO EA8T, NO WEST, UrVOEtt THE , CONST . 'r'" -
wuxri.riJMJxnr,r- ,,. r. ul 1 1 1 ISO I'll 1 t;Tl)II .,,,( -J
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WIN TON -CO CI
XIJAYrFEB. 2. 1855.
" " : :: " NQ
The M'Arthur Democrat.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION I i
' 1 ,00 per ynr, and if not jvytd within tht
)iar, 2,00 wiU l thurged.
That Tirmt muttbt ttrictly tontpliti
vith, und no paper will bt ditcontinued until
til arrtaiuga artpuii, unlcst at tht option
f tht pvllinher.
TXEMI CP ADVEHTHIHO.
CCT" One tqvart, thirteen Una or U$$ Aril
thru inter tion" $1 00
Each additional insertion '. ... 25
, Cardion twr, (3,00.
; A liberal deduction will . btmadt toper
Itni advertising by tht year. . , . t
All vdvrrtiumtnti payability advance or
fit d emu I'd . . :
" Agcntiforlhe "l'tlrthnr Dtmofrflt."
Tt' following Gentlrtntn will Rectir. nd P. dpi
loi Enbc piicn.ana Adrii..m.l, foiibU I a
ft, la Visiea teuoiy. CM. , .
' : TmoN Cox. ' ' IUmiTeo furnsce.
Jio. Clark, Sr..
FOR VINTON COUNTY, OHIO.
B. r. HEWITT, Juilge of Probate Court
J. A. WALDEN, Clerk Com. Plen Court
'E. F. BlNGHAM.I'rosecuting Attorney.
'"Wk. TISUE, Sheriff.
JOSEPH MAGEE, Auditor.
ISVVErSTON.Tressurer. . .
JAMES M ALONE, Reoider.
NELSON RICHMOND, Survejor.
GEO. ULLOM, Coroner.
County Commitsionert, ,
J..D0WD, J- KINNEY, V JOHN SWA1M,
0. T. GUNMNO. O. W. S110CK.EY and
E. A. BRATTON.
""iron f u knacks,.;
Willi iht-ir Poit Office Adresses.
CmnNAi i ViiRSAct. W esifsll, Stew
trt f- Co.. Ihmdrn. Ueds Mill P. O.
Eaoli Fubsace. Stanley. Eentley &
Co., iMamif.tturem of the bett qublity
ofl'ighun. Eagle rqst Oflice.
Vistoh FuuhACE, Mean, CUtk & Cu.
Msnufailurers of lest quality ol Pig
lion, Vinton Furnace Post Ofliie.
Harden Fci'SACE, Frazee, Trr & Co,
Reed's Mill PoMOfli.e.
Bio Sakb Furnace, Bartlett, Dana (J-
Co., Manufacturers of the best quality
of Pig Iron. Post Office at Athens, O.
Mkbchants vy Vinton, who are
ralts In Zry Oct it llaidw.rt, Quifniwaic, Boots,
bo, Urucr alt.
McAhthvk. JuIiii S. Hum k, J. K. (t- I)
Will.T. A. Marlm, Owen Dovd, G.W . &
A. J. Dunkle. J. 1. faliockev, S. S. Dcimitri 6-
Co., J. &E. Iindpe, Siernberger 4' Shower,
blinder) or HevnoUls.
llAMUEn.-'Benj. Dill, D. D. T. Hsrd. II. B.
Moore, J. B. (f- W. B. Willson, Wm. C
Wilke8VH.le.-S. S. Murry, John Gillen.
Ciine & Gurdnei, Fcl;ou & Lastley, Jumes
Bleakely. Cart &. Strong.
Allmsville. reter Mil'er, Marcus Mil
ler, Joseph Wilcox.
Mt. Pleasakt. Phillip Sain.
rsATibViLLE. Swepston fit Allison, II. W.
Aikik's Mat.. J. P.lorr.
Mc .Uthi'b.-L. P. roil.wcll.W . R. Drake
McAbthcb g'b. VVilT.
Hahmn. JJavis& Collins.
WitBrsviur. Clinc & Gardner.
McAuthob.-J.U. Sueiluml.C B. Ccgfe
Ei r. H I NGHAM
, A 1 1 o r ncy at Law,
Mc ARTHUR, OHIO,
Will practice in Vinton and adioiniiiB coun
ties. Office three doors West ol the Fobt
Feb. 9. 1852. 34 tf
CHAS. A. 14. DAMAE1JT.
LEWIS C. DAMARIN
CKAS, A. M. DAMARIN & CO,,
1 9 D DEALERS IN PRODUCE.
No.: 55, FRotfT Street,
January 20. I654.lv. f
STEIN & BROTHER,
ilanufacturert and Wholttalt dealer t in
If I ItlU
Ho. 316 BALTIMORE STREET.
Between IIo'wabd and Libertvsts.
JuItS.'SS. ly. . :
KO. D. ri!CKIX; T. 11. EAECOCK, JN0. EABCOCK.
BAOCOCK & CO.
Ko. 6j k 67 Water Strut, HhW ,1'ORK.
Febuary 17, '54. ly. ..
E. A. BRATTON,
Attorney at Law,
" McARTHUR. PHIO ,
W'ILL practice in Vinton and adjoining
counties. OOicf, one door east of the
"Blue Comer." . j . ; ;
HILTOK L.CLAEK...........JCHKP, FLTLK
CLARK AND PLYLEY,
Attorneys at Law.
t-.o'.u. ...McARTHUR, OHIO.ji
W11' practlcin partnership in VinUn Coiin
tr. Office, four doors east of Sisson &Ilul-
BrV ST. (fitt.
Am6ng the ranks 6f human llni ' ' "
Some before and some behind,
But mmd them well, and you will Cud
Hoi hindmost is the Printer. --
. . i . . I ,i.t ; .; r
?he lessons which you learned at school,
hat you might riot grow up a fool, ,
Had all, in scientific rule . . .
Been published by the Printer, '- . ,
How do your Presidents arid Kings; , ;'
Gotern so manr thousand things? " '
Tis by the types, and screws and things
.ueionging to me miner, .. ,
The farmer and mechanic, too, .
Would sometimes scarce know what to do,
Could they , not get a certain view
ui worn acme Dy me rnnter. .,
The doctor cannot meet the crooks . r,.
Of all his cases, till he looks
Upon the pages of the books
n t S T 1... .!... . .'1
ouppiira nira vy ue rrinier,
The lawyer for a wit has passed,
But high as he his iiead may cast,
tie wouia oe dui a ounce at last.
Were it not for the Printer.,
Who is it that so neatly tells
The various gools the merchant sells,
Inviting all the beaux and bellesT
Who u It but tbe Printer?
Tl classes of the human race,''
Of different size, of different face
Appears in tins and every place
liuw obvious to the Priuter.,
One sings the bass on 6harp and flats,
liedetkeJ with pantaloons and hats,
And long-tailed coats, and smooth cravats,
ui mu class is tne rnnter.
Th other nna the trfWi rwi(.
Ailornpd with frocks find tmnnptc rent
And look! how beauteous and complete,
aiici lovciy ;o ir.e primer.
Know Nothing Platform in Ohio.
A writer in the New York Trihnn.
from Cleveland, Eays that the majority
of the Know Nothings in Ohio "real
ize the downward tendency of the nr.
der. and keenly feel that they have been
j 1 a ....
sota." tie says that steps uave been
taken to redeem the nrinrMnWof thnsn
who have gone the downward way. In
speaking ot tne present condition of the
order, since the scales Iiava fallen (mm
the eyes of many of the deluded, he
'ays: , . i o. .
'The action of the State and Na
tional Grand Councils of Know Noth
incs. held in Cincinnati last fall. onnn.
ed the ees. and cured for liie a. ma.
jority of those who hadenjoyed the in
f stimaule Llesstng ot peeing 'Sam,'
speak of Ohio. A Jarge majority of
those who joined the order last summer
and fall, were ignorant of its real prin
ciples until arier tney were 'taken in.
1 confess I am one of the number.' We
supposed that it was a grand invention
io neip ireeaom, as wen as to curb ro
Derv. We did not realize that . it na
defunct Nativtimt, galvanized' into
spasmodic activity, Dy means of a mys
tery, gripei and oaths? and that the
great question of human rights was
completely tanorea. and its discussion
practically forbidden. The realizing
sense of these facts has cooled the ardor
of tens of thousands, and from fever
heat last September, the mercury in the
Know Nothing thermometer has fallen,
in January, to the freezing point."
We suppose that this writer is a Freesoiler.
lie speaks for the Reserve.
He understands that the national Know
Nothings will overrule the Freeso it
ers, and snrinsr the tro-slaverv Iran on
the oath-bound victims, when the al
ternative will be either to suffer the re
mote of conscience through nerinrv. or
the sacrifice of principle through a de
sertion ot the dogmas ot reesou. The
writer says of the platform: ' "
"I have not the technical formula of
the Know Nothing creed before me,
but it may be stated thus:
"1. None but natives shall hold
office. t- ; : .. ...
"2. The patriotism, talents, char
acter and capacity of citizens of for
eign birth shall no for nothing all per
sons of foreign birth should be pros
cribed. '; : ' !r ''.,
'3.' No person born in Canada
Lurope should be permitted to vote un
til he has residad twentyone years in
the United States. ' 1 ; '
"4. Protestant foreigners should) be
proscribed as rigorously as Catholics,
even if tens of thousands of them are
our fathers, elder brothers and cousins,
" "5.. All persons , of . foreign birth
should be regarded prama facie as en.
tmieg of our institutions, and be placed
on the same level where we keep tree
Whether this be the whole platform,
or but a part, we are not informed, but
the fact that Ave cannot know what it
is with certaintythat it skulks into
.shades and labels itself ijnoramut, is
enough for every honorable citizen.
The light is neverharmful to the truth.
The dark is the envelope of that which
is cowardly, ignoble and dangerous.
If the Know Nothings are to become
national in 1856, the Democracy have
an open platform on' which to' stand,
whose principles re now in the ascendant
in the National Administration;
and which can again become so,' under
the united Tally of the whole, Detuoc-
Statesman and Democrat.
'- The Cuban expedition, under General
QuiimaB. according to the New York
Tribune, has bten prevented from Sail
ing in consequence of the Cuban refu
sing to contribute ant further "matsr
The Administration and Cuba.
The impression has been created by
the hew York Times'- correspondent,
tlut a complete change has taken plate
in the annexation policy of the Admin
istration. t This impression has teceiv.
ed some emphasis from the fact that
Air. 5oule has resigned. As Mr. Soule
was especially charged with ourdiplo-
macy in regaru to me outrages of Cuba
upon our commerce, and the purchase,
it possible, of the Island, his return is
looked upon as a change iu the policy
he was expected to carry out. " ''
e uw noi see matters in tuts view.
Mr. Soule has not accomDlished the
design of the Administration. True.
it was not expected that he could ac
complish impossibilities. Su.chi&an
geshavelakea place in 'the Spanish
Government since Mr. Soule went to
Madrid, that what seemed nrohahle
under Calderonde la Barca's Ministry,
is impossible unber Espartero's. If
our Government could honoroblv ac
quire Cuba, either by cesssien for a
price, oc m a war into which we should
be driven by Cuban insolence and out
age,. President Pierce and his Cabinet
are not the meu to throw impediments
in the way. Mr. Beckenridge is as
much in favor of Cuban annexation as
Mr. Soule, and the President has not
altered the policy laid down in his
message on this subject.
The probability that Mr, Brecken
ridge will succeed, is greater than that
Mr. Soule could have succeeded. The
antecedents of the latter made his ev
ery approach on this topic a matter of
suspicion. lie leit tins ho doubt, lor
he himself desired his recall.
We perceive that a Mr. Boyce, a
South Carolina Congressman.has been
(peaking against Cuban annexation.
e do not think that the material in
terests of the South, which would suf
fer by the free competition of the Dro
ducts of Cuba, if she were one of the
confederacy, ought to change the na
tional importace ot the question. W
do not now see the necessity for argu
ing me acquisition ot uuba witli an
indecent hasle, ot accomplishing it by
illegal and perfidious means. We are
ready to bide the fulness of that time
when, like a ripe orange, she shall fall
into our lap.V " ,
we are well, aware that an is and
which produces annually $13,500,000
worm ot sugar; 510,000,000 of tobac.
co, and ?11,310,000 of other acr cul
tural produce, all fteuliar to 1 he
South, which would add to our wealth
tifty-nine millions per annum of her
productions, which, unrestricted bv
duties, would be more cheaply bought
uy uur people, nngiii so Tjompcie Willi
Southern States, in articles of general
consumption, as to benefit the people
ot the whole country; but for that very
reason,' with others,-we' are ready for
A chante ot Government in Spain
may enable Mr. Breckenridge to exer
cise his prut'ence and judgment in (his
regard. Whatever he may do which
has Cuba in view as one of our States
will not only meet with the co-oper.
anon oi tne resident, but confirmation
from the people, Statesman.
Responce of the Democratic Press.
We hive carefully read our Democrat
ic exchanges since the 8th of January.
They speak with one voice, not only in
favor of tbe ability of the nominees,
whose names are at the mast head, but
with an enthusiastic eagerness to fight
tbe good fight of faith. The platform of
principles receives thorough commen
dation, i That resolution with reference
to the new phase of old Federalism
we mean Know Nothingism has receiv
ed spcial praise. Never has one Demo
cratic press in Ohio failed to stamp this
phase with tbe opprobrium that it mer
it. A few men, seeking office, may
have left uur party, to enjoy the unholy
alliance of midnight plotters; but from
the first, the Democratic press has been
uniform and united in reprobating them
and their schemes. Already ; there is a
consciousness pervading our ranks, that
in the speedy dissolution of these orders,
there will be added one more salutary
proof of tbe proposition that, that which
is founded on a lie must come to aught,
and that truth, alone is enduring.
sGen. Scott apprehends a very trouble
some, if not protracted war with the In
diana.' -There are symptom of large
combinations, and the Sioux are partic
ularly possessed with the idea that they
can hold the United States army at bar,
and this is the secret of their numerous
depredations"" "' ' ' " '
CCT The lawyer who filed, a bill,
shaved a note.cut an acquaintance,split
a hair, made an entry, raised a haul,
gotup a case, fiamed an indictment,
impannelled a jury, put them 'in a box,'
nailed a witness, hammered a judge,
chiseled a client and bored a whole
court all in one day, has- since laid
down the law and turned carpenter
Should go to Nebraska. " .
Know Nothing State Convention.
MANCHESTER, N. H. Jan. 18.
The Know Nothing Stkt'e Contention
which met here yesterday' made the fol
lowing nominations: Rev,' John Moore,
a'Universalist minister of Concord; lor
Governor; Frank P. Lyforri.'fof Railroad
Commissioner; Elder Pike, of New Mar
ket; a Metbodis4. minister,' for Congress
from; the first district;' Mason V. Tap
pan, bf Bradford, fof thi second district,
and A. H. Cragin, of Lebanon, for tbe
Photography in Counterfeiting.
" Dr. Buchanan of Cinrinnati,' 'in a
letter to the New York Tribune, says'.'
tl I liave illst witnpovrrl unmn illnclr.
Hons of the art of Photographic Coun
terfeiting, which I deem highly impor.
lant, not only to lank officer?, but to
the public at Urge. Mr. Fontayne.'of
this citf , one of the best daguerreotyp
ists in the world, has recently made
several photographic copies of bank
notes, which far surpasses, in the
perfection of their details, anything
wnicli has ever been done in the old
Way of counterfeitinj. When these
photographs are carefully taken on pro
per bank note paper, they defey detec
tion, eitner by the unaided eye or by
Uvcrostopjc inspection -V. '. .. - :. ...
One of these photographs, from a
$10 bill, was depositedly Mr. F.. with
other bU, in the Life and Trust Oojn
pany, and was received without eUi-
picion. Me then' informed them that
there was a bad bill among them; the
money was reinspected, and he was
positively assured that it was all good,
mi requested to point out the defective
bill: he did so. and after a genera! ex
amination by the officers present, the
dui was again pronounced good. An
other trial wai made by presenting a
photographic copy ot a bill at the
Erincipal banking houses. At the
auks of Smead, Collard & Hughes,
Gregory & Inzulsbee, and some others
the photograph was received, and after
careful inspection, was pronounced a
good bill. A still more rigid test
was made by presenting photographs
and genuine bills to Mr. Booth, and
other bank note engravers. After the
most careful inspection they were un
able to detect the photographic coun
terfeit, for as I have obsetved, the min
utest details are perfect under microsco
' I think it is obvious from these tacts
that our paper money currency is in a
dangerous condition, and that if is nec
essary to give the widest publicity to
these alarming developments. If any
good masters of photography can, in a
.U.a a! - l ;n
snun urrir, mm ai iriuing expense,
flood the country with spurious money,
which even cashiers, presidents, arid
experts of every grade are unable to de
tett, we have no security in our paper
It is not only our currency that is
assailed by this art, but every (lung de
pending On the human pen is liable to
.... . . .
counterleiting. Une's autograph may
beat any time affixed to a bank check,
promissory note,. will, deed,: letter ol
credit, or recomniendation.or any nnm
her. of autographs, may be affixed to
any document the operator may please
the autographs being so perfect, that
the writer hiuiselt could not detect an1
error. ..'. . ; ,
Great News in Wall Street.
. Alout noon ysterday the greatest
street in all i creation was convulsed
within an inch of an earthquake by ru
mors that an immense riot was in pro -gress
up town; that countless thousands
ot infuriated men were swarming into
the Fifth avenue; that several mansions
were already sacked; and that the af
frighted families were fleeing like hunt
ed hares before the mob; that the riot
ers were not exactly drinking wine out
of the owners' skulls, but had laid un
sanctioned hands upon the silver cups
and golden goblets lor that purpose id
short, that the very gates ot destruction
were open, and the tide sweeping over
the city like a river of lava from Hee
ls. ' A number of merchants left their
notes uncounted, their shares unsold,
and posted by the rapjdest conveyance
t protect their property.hoping at least
to save the jewels of the household, but
liuw sold they were in the result, we
need hot fell every thing in Upper-ten-dom
was as calm as a summer morning,
every palace as safe as one of Herring s
Salmanders, and not the least counten
ance given to the affair, except in the
surprised countenances of the innocent
families whose half-turned heads had
so suddenly and unexpectedly returned
to the domestic circle. Wall street
Tribune, Jan. 20.
Advick to Mothkbs. As soon as
the saualler awakes, set the child Up,
propped by pillows if it cannot sit alone
and smear its fingers with thick molas
ses. Then put half a dozen feathers
into its hands, and the young one will
sit and pick the feathers from one hand
to the other, until it drops asleep. As
soon as it awakes; more molasses and
more feathers, and in place ot nerve
astounding yells, there will be silence
and enjoyment unspeakablel
. "Thibos is "rVoBKiao." After four
days' trial, the Albany Rtgitttr pro
nounced tbe administration ol Governor
Clark not only failure, but a cheat and
public humiliation. - After ten daya ex
perieace, Mr. Lamport, the Whig mem
her from .Ontario, : rises in bis seat to
proclaim his .' feeling of Deep mortifi
cation to speak on tbis subject mortin
catiou that an act of the Governor of
this St.te, at the very commeucement
of- hfs administration, should be sur
rounded by circumstances so calculated
to excite suspicions - of a painful char
ac'er." Who next: and what next!
Buffalo Commercial, (Whig)
' A good-natured Jtusband, a. dozen
children, and a happy home, are worri-
The State of Europe.
From the London Correspondent of the N. Y. Tril.
'The Russian. continue to fortify Se
vastopol;'' they have carrieJ iuch .large
Palxhan mortars to the oondero fort
that they are able to throw shells across
the harpor and the town into the French
third parallel. The English Lancaster
guns sre said to be a failure; their pow
er if ertormom when h Knit utkes the
point at which it ij nnrJ, bui Hie gun
rarely sends two balls to the same point,
and as yet no means have bteu found to
prertot this deviation.
It is raid that orders have been sent
from London and Paris to the army in
the Crimea, to take Sebastopol at any
risk, since without such blow the ne
gotiations with Austria cannot. b car
ried on to advantage. The Generals, on
the othrhindf2delit ,tlieir operations
uniu me arrival ui ouief mni. , dui
the Turkish General, disgusted wi'tb the
way in which the TurkUa . troops are
treated by the Allies, refuses to go to
the Crimea, unless he ha sn entirely In
dependent commaud; and since the
Turkish army is entirely worthless with
out him, his request will probably be
complied with. Lord RedclifTe has, by
his intrigues, prevented the Hunzsrian
Generals from being employed in the
Turkish army of Europe, in order to
please Austria. The reslult now is, that
Omer Pasha has become indispensable,
and in a position to dictate terms.
Admiral Dundas returns at last to
England, without having 'won golden
opinions, sir Chines Napier is now io
London, but he does not venture to re
peal his bragging la the Rtform Club.
The French Admiral Hamelin is like
wise to return, and more energetic Ad
mirals, Sir F.. Lyons and Admiral Bruit,
uotn men ol tried energy ana experi
ence, are to replace Idem.
The Spanish Cortes hsve resolved not
to sell Cuba for any price, and that they
offer an asylum to all the foreign refu
gees ia Europe.
Prince GorchakofT, the Embissadoi at
Vienna, has declared that his powers are
too limited to give any decisive answer
ifi regard to the acceptance ot the four
conditions as interpreted by the Allies.
The three powers have accordingly con
sented to watt fourteen days from the
end of December, for the definite reply
of Ku8ie. , . .... . . . .i
The exertions bf the Sultan for the
Speedy re inforcement of the Allied ar
mies in the Crimea by the army of Omer
Pasha, are gracefully acknowledged by
the Moniieur. . The difficulties about
Omer Pasha's independent command led
to the addoption of a different policy
of caiupaigii. lie is to laud at Eupato
lia not at ilie Kale ha, as origiaually in
tended and to march either against Pere
Nop, or 'o fight Prince Mrucfcikufl's de
vision, which is now at Si mpheropol.
The tr legraplC report about, Lip rani s at
tack on Balaklava', on the 24th, is nut
credited, though it caused some ui'easi
nets and a alight decline of the funds.
Jhe French loan finds favor. '
The attempts of the English Govern
ment rt roiisl-foreign troops have al
ready signally failed in three States
Prussia, Switzerland ' and Spain; the
Governments of those countries hsvine
uiliciuUy declared that they cannot give
permission for foreign enlistment. The
minor States of Germany will soon make
a eimilar declaration! and the most un
popular measure ol the Ministry will
prove an evidence of their ahort sight
(dues and their utter incapacity to
comprehend either the English or the
Continental mind. They are reduced tu
the necessity of enlisting such volun
teers as present themselves at their de
pots, withot being allowed to canvass
the foreign States with all the showy
splendor of the English army.
Tbe political negotiations, and the
attempts at peace, are again marred by
the unexpected turn of the military
operations. Sebastopol was to be de
stroyed and taken, before the liiuttatlon
of the Russian power in the Eiixine, the
reduction of the fleet and rasing of the
fortress could be proposed to the Czar
witbout irritating him. But it seems
that the incapacity of Lord Raglan de
stroye the schemes of Lord Parmerstor.
Accordingly, orders have been given to
attack and take the fortress al any price
The bombardment was to begin on ibe
ibih, and the assault was expected on
the 31 st of December last. Our latest
accounts from tbe Crimea eilend only to
the 26th, and tip to that time nothing
had been done. , , ,, ... ,
A peculiar feature of the present war
is its unusual cruelly, reminding us of
the middle ages. The English officers
do not take any care of the well-being
of their soldiers,' either in the camp or in
the hospital, of 40,000 sent during the
last year from England to the seat of
war, only 18,000 remain on the rolls; the
remainder have died, or are rotting in
the hospitals at Balaklava and Scutari,
whither they are conveyed in a way
which equals all the horror of the mid
dle passage of the slavers.
The great Russian hospial in Sebasto
pol has been shelled aid destroyed. by
:he English, in spite of the yellow flag
which liulleied upu'n it, and which would
have been respected by a Radetzky or
Haynau; 2,000 wounded Russians found
here a horrible death. The English ex
cuse this act of barbarism by saying
that . it was a mistake, and that they
were induced by a Polish deserter to be
lieve that the great building was a pow
der magazine. . You know that from the
time of Copenhagen and Naverioo, the
English have always been great in mis
takes and nntoward events. The Rus
sians, in retaliation, bayoueted the
wounded Englishmen on the battle field
of Balaklava and Inkerrnann. Indeed,
we must ask, where are the civilisation
ahrt -progress of the nineteenth century 7
The happy man is to be exhibited at
the next World's Fair. Saido bsr a
hot no such being in existence.
From the Washington Union lin. 19.
From the Washington Union lin. 19. Special Message from the President.
; ' ,dciii.r.. -y.j
The foHowinj iijetsage" UftPUlhe pres
ident of the United Stats, 'vitiil'tbe c
companyiug reltei frdm iMe.retary of
War. was sent to bo:h bouses of tii
gress yesieray: ; ' , ' ' '
. To th Stnat and lloutt of Rtp fl'tn
talivtt: . . 1 '-"
1 transmit herewith a Jefter frorn ni
Secretary of War; upon the; subject wfn..
Jiau hostilities. The employment of
volunteer troops,, ss suggested'1 by th
Secretary, seeme to afTorJ the only nVac.
ticsbl means of providing for tfiJ-pVes-cut
emergency. Tlierjs is much teWu
to believ that ,o4htr:cate 'siml'AH iu
character to those -particularly referrsd -
to in tne accompanying papers, will at
sn esrfy day require, vigorous measure
and the exhibition of a strong military
lorce, . ....,' ,;
The proposed temporary provision to
meet a special demand, so ferjrom ob
riatiug, ia my judgment, only serves to
illustrate the urgent necessity of in in
crease of the regular army, a't least to
tne extent rtcommended In the late an
nual message. Unless, by tbe plan pro
posed or soma other equally effective, a
force can early be brought into the fkll
adequate to the suppression of existing
iiu.wniiss, me comuinauon or predato
ry bands will be extended, and the dial-
cult of. restoring order and'-security
greatly rnsgnifled.. On the other hand,
without a permanent military .force of
suitcieut strength to control the un.
friendly Indians, it may be ex ne'e'ted that
hostilities will soou be relewed. and
ma i years oi norder warfare will infllict
tbe country, retarding the- protress'of
settlement, eipoaiug emigrant trains to
savage barbarities, and consuming mil
lions of public money. ' ,
ihe stste ol things 'made known ia
various Utters recently receivert 'at th
War Dedarlment, extracts from V por
tion of which are herewith' Inclosed, is
calculated to angmeut the deep solici
tude which thiai , matter, has for torn
time past awskened,snd which has been
srnestly expressed in previous inessaees
U'l in tbe annual reports of tbeSecreia-
ry of War. 1 re3pecifully eubmit'ihat
the facts now tommunliatsd' nrgently
call for immsdiat action on the part of
FRANKLIN PIERCE. Washinton, Jan. 16, 1855.
WASHINGTON, Jan 15,1855.
Sib In the annual report front ls
Departmtnt, of December 1853, jour at.
tention was called to the state of the
Western Indian tribes and the, '..cause 1
which tended to brliif ib tntv his'xtt'
ivy wirfur citizens," Tb erfitjut'' roii
Jitioli of the settlements on the -f.-ontlfr,
and of emigrants tJ Califurni and Or1.
gun passing, the Indian . territory-ts-ilh
their properly prefQiited to. these war
like and predatory tribe .temptaUoa
which it wis foreseen would. Iedl tkcra
to acts of massacre and pluuder,.Qpws'
they were restraiiied by lliejpresejpcfof
a sufriciehl Vuililary foic.. ' Vj
The total inadequacy of ine .'present
authorized military forte for the protec
tion of our citizen was shown; arid sa
increase of the army was urgently re
commended. , :',.'.
In ray last annual report the snbjert
was again brought forward, with the ad
ditional 'consideration presented byf tha
realization, in some uieamre, a.tk
S'ils which had been anticipated, sod a
increase of the army to such afxient
as would eosble the Department to' rate t
il. .i- - L ' .
mo iiitiiuiiun cqiergaocy, was urge
in such teims ss seemed to be demand
ed by the occasion, and to demonstrate
the necessity of th means, J"- ;:.f,i'
Since the date of that report, Intelli
gence received from the officer on the
frontier, and through the Department of
the Interior, frem Indian Agents .and
other sources, shows that the Indiana, of
the Western prairies and mountains are
in hostile and defiant attitude; that sev
eral of those tribes have entered . into
combinations for the purpose of making
a general war upon the while during
the a pproaching spring and summer, and
thai these tribes can bring into the field
from four to six or eight thousand war
riors. Had the Increase of the' Briny,
which was urged in my report of Decem
ber, 1853,been atari early period aulboi
Ized, tha force at hs disposal of the Ds
partment would have been sutlcient to
prevent these combinations, and, Li all
probability, would have '.preserved the
live of many valuable citizens from In
dian massacre. ; --n
This measure', however, hairo'or Ve'eh
acted on; and at thi advanced period.
should the bills now pending be passsd,
it will be found too late to' orgsd'u a
regular enlisted lorce end. place. It ia
position in season to prevent the ea'.iev
ipated attack, or to supress it uotilafiejr
mucn mischief shell have been, done.-rp
Tbe only course now left to the Depart
ment. In anticipation of tha proposed in
crease, in the employment of. a Volun
teer, force to co operate with such of the
regular troops as can b collected forth
present emergency; and it is, according',
ly, recommended that ,'etithorUy be'asti
ed of Congress to call into ceivic J.QQd
mounted volunteers, to be organized into
companies, squadrons and battalion,
and to serve for a period of sigu-kBiPBtha,
unless sooner discharged). -i i ; 4
Should the preposed increase , qf jbe
army be authorized ( during., the pressnt
lessioo of Congress,' il is bope'd'tUath'e
two additional regiments of cavelry may
be organized, mounted ana put iuTpoii.
tivn to relieve the volunteers some time
during the summer or fall;" and the' fwb
regiraenteof infantry recruited ' ud or
ganrzed fot service io tbe depaUrfonlof
the Pacific, and on Oar. extreme north
western frontier where troops ere jrt(
ly jieeded.1. .U ;'t. 'J
Tevy respectfully, yeur ob't aerr't; 'i
JEFF DAVIS, Sec'y of War.
T th Preside t ( tkj Vaitcd Sntts -