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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, April 20, 1855, Image 1

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"NO NORTH. NO SOUTH,
' pl'ULISUElt EVERY FRIDAY
vol: 3.
NO EAST, NO WtST, UNDEtV THE
MOllNUW. .
M'AHTiaUll,
CONSTITUTION;" BUT. A I ACRED
.-: C: AvBlSATION EOUOlt
VINTON GQ.,;
MWNTNANc2 OS THAT INSTRUMENT AND TRUE QEVOTION ..TO
AHU FUOl'K IjMOIt.
0.i lilDArAPlllL 20,; 1855;
'.--.''' 7E OXK COLLAR PER AXXUM. I AT)VAK,:F. .
OUR COMMOnTcoUNTRYV
Railroad Intelligence.
7 urn rr frr"1 " h .v. ' .tj
:?;.Tl.-xx
A COMMUNICATION
ADDRESSED TO THE
BOSTON BOARD OF TRADE,
BY B. SEAVRE AND S. A. COX,
On the subject of the Scioto and Hocking
Valley Railroad, and Mineral
Lands in Ohio, together with a report
Preston S, Lincoln, Assistant
Engineer of said Road, in
Relation to its construction and
present condition.
C(fNcj.CDF.I FKOM LAST WEKK.
learned, riife'jiartics who own tlic min
eral lands referred to would now be
induced to make a ry liberal and
advontageona. proposal to any persons
licre wlip niigbt be Villing to conic in
nnd socnrcHitoek in t!io road sufficient
to give them tho means of finishing
tiro work promptly. We belie've,
from our observation mil tho best in
tortnation we-coulil obtain, that so lac
there has been no nscleea expenditure
on tho road. Tho leading parties
connected with it nro' gentlemen of
ropeity, respectability and sagacity.
Tho principal Engineer and Superin
tendent, J. W. Webb, Es(j., nnd the
principal Assistant Engineer, 1.
S. Lincoln, Escp, aro gentlemen upon
whom implicit confidence can satbly
ho reposed; any statements, therefore,
luado by them are, in our opinion,
perlectly reliable. .Wo have samples
of tho Coal and Ore, collected by our
Belres, w hich we shall bo glad to ex
hibit to your Hoard. It would, in
our opinion, bediflicuk to e.aggert:te
tho importance- to Iloston of opening
this new channel of trade with u sec
tion of country so rich in agricultural
and mineral wealth; but unless we
move speedily, all these advantages
will go elsewhere. It is not nu:e;,.;a
ry, wc are 6ure, to nsk for your inihi
tiico nnd that of the Hoard of Trade
in favor of any proper measures pro
motive of the intercut and business of
our city, nnd no can hardly conceive
of any" that can bo suggested, moiv
certain to accomplish thece objects
than that pointed out in this Commu
nication. . Vergdly a
1 our obedient nervant.-t,
BENJAMIN SEAVER,
S. A. COX.
MR. LINCOLN'S REPORT.
The following Statement, in rela
tion to the coiistniction and present
condition of the Scioto and Hocking
Valley Kailroad is respectfully sub
mitted :
This Koad was chartered by an Act
ot the General Assembly of the State
of Ohio, passed February 20th, lSl'J,
a copy of which, with its amendments,
is annexed to this report. Several
routes were surveyed but the one final
ly located nnd to which this lleport
refers, commences in Portsmouth, on
the Ohiolliver, 115 miles above Cin
cinnati, and runs north traversing the
counties of Scioto, Jackson, Vinton,
Hocking and l'erry, and terminates
in Newark, the county seat of Lick
ing county.
The length of the road from Ports
mouth to Newark is 1C5 miles. Of
this distance, 41 miles, from Ports
mouth, to Jackson, were put under
contract, nnd work was commenced
ia the spring of 1S51. It was com
pleted and opened for business in the
autumn of 1S53.
Tho contract for the extension of
tho road from Jackson to Newark, a
distance of 91 miles, was taken bv
Messrs. Seymour, ilooro oc Co., in
February, 1853, nnd work was com
menced in March of the 6amo year
nnd carrried on with considerable ac
tivity, until tho pressure of tho times
rendered a reduction of the force em
ployed advisable, since which time it
has proceeded more moderately.
The character of tho woik upon
the Extension is generally light, there
being but three heavy points upon the
Line; one, a heavy cut at Somerset;
the Tunnel, 2100 feet in length, 12
miles south of Somerset, and the 'Five
Mile Summit, 9 miles south of Logan.
Tho first mentioned is two thirds
completed. About one half of the
expense at tho Tunnel is in tho ap
proaches, which aro of rock, amount
ing n the aggregate to forty-four hun
dred feet in 'length of excavation, av
eraging twenty feet in depth. The
northern approach is completed, nnd
tlic excavation carried in tho Tunnel
at that end for ono hundred and fifty
feet. At the southern approach, it
will require four mouths' work to re
inove the rock yet remaining, before
tunneling can bo commenced at that
end. The rock met with is principal
ly sand stone, and will form a durable
roof for the Tunnel without arching.
At the "Five Mile Summit'' there is
a heavy rock t-xcavation, which is
three fourths done. With these ex
ceptions, there is no work of any dif
ficulty or magnitude on the road.
The grading from Jackson to the
Junction with .the Marietta nnd Cin
cinnati Kailroad at Charleston, a dis
tance of 11 J miles, is completed, with
the exception of dressing up at a few
points, and a email amount of bridg
ing. Tho iron for thU portion of tho
road has been purchased and is now
being delivered at Portsmouth. - From
Charleston, for a distance of 4J miles,
tlni work U. done in connection with
the- -Marietta 'ni;d Cincinnati Kailroad
Company! fnd this portion can bo got
ready for tho track in a short time. ,
From tho point of divergence from
tho Marietta and Cincinnati Kailroad
to McA rthur, Vinton cofctty, a dis
tance ol 2 J miles, the grading is well
advanced. .
From -McArthur to'Lgnn. Hock
ing county, a distance of asyiiles,
the grading is completed, on thirteen
miles, and well advanced on the bal
ance. ': ' ......
From Logan to Somerset, Perry
county,- a distance o,f 23 miles the
grading is finished on "five nitles, nnd
well advanced on fivo more.' LV
twecn these two towns, the work be
ing very light, with the exception of
the luniitl, but little ha been done,
ns tho road, bed could' bo got rpady.
for the track, in a few months, and a
imrtof it -would .not bo available, un
til the completion of tho TanneJ, 'v-
Irom-' Somerset to Newark, a dis
tance of 24 J- miles, the grading is
completed, with the exception of dres
sing up at 601HO lew points, nnu the
building of two bridges.
Seventeen miles south of Somerset,
the Hranch Koad to tho coal mines at
Straitsvillo diverge. This Hranch
.will be C.V miles in length, and from
tho favorable nature ot tho country
can bo cheaply built. Nothing ns
yet has been done upon, this part of
the road.
There is no part of the work yet
remaining to be done, with the ex
ception of the Tunnel, which cannot
be completed in eight months. En
ergetic and experienced contractors
nro engaged upon tho Tunnel, sec
tions, aud, under favorable circum
stances they can bo completed in lif
ted) months.
If tho finances of the Company
would warrant tho expenditure, work
could be carried on upon nil parts of
the road at tho same tii'nu to advan
tage. That part of the road from
Newark to Somerset, could immedi
ately be inado available. The por
tion from the Tunnel to Jackson could
cany freights south. Tho Hranch
I loud to tho mines would be of great
v;du';- in t-r.Ayi-.Jg cc&U to Lg:m, trom
which point, by means of tho Hock
ing Canal, they could he distributed
to ail parts of tho country, and the
business of mining and manufactur
ing iron bo well advanced by the time
the Tunnel work was completed, and
the entire road opened for business.
Should, however, it be found nec
essary to proceed moro slowly, by
completing the road from Jackson to
McArthur, a large business would
immediately be derived from the iron
furnaces. Then, by finishing that
portion from Logan to the Junction
with the Coal Koad, and building this
branch to Straitsville, those great coal
lields would be reached and a profit
able business be carried on in the
transportation of coal. Also by com
pleting from Somerset to Newark, the
coal region would be reached on the
north, and large quantities could be
shipped to the Lake and intermedi
ate points. The amounts required to
carry out either of these plans will be
found in the Tabh'9 annexed.
Tho country through which the
Scioto and I locking Valley Kailroad
passes, is heavily timbered, highly
productive, nnd abounds in coal and
iron ore. About ono hundred miles
of the road traverses the heart of the
mineral region ot Ohio, embracing
an area of near two thousand square
miles.
Upon the forty-four miles already in
operation, there are twenty-one char
ci.al furnaces now in blast, each pro
ducing, on nn average, from eight to
ten tons ol pig metal per day, ma
king, in the aggregate, over 50,000
tons per annum, nil ot which now
passes over the road to the river.
When the Koad is completed to New
ark a largo portion ot this will be ta
ken north.
Hy the monthly returns of J. W.
Webb, Esq., Chief Engineer and Su
perintendent, tho earnings for this
portion .of tho road for the eight
months ending January 1st, 1S55,
amounted to 159,1 2G OS. The run
ning expenses have in no instance
amounted to more than thirty-three
and ono third per cent, of the earn
ings. Hut putting it at forty per cent,
and wo have remaining 37,49G 19
as net earnings, or seven and one hall
per cent, per annum on its cost. This
was from business along the line of
the road exclusively, and in an ex
tremely unfavorable season, as, owing
to the unusually low stage of water
in the Ohio Kivcr during the past
year, no amount of iron could bo ship
ped irom Portsmouth, and in conse
quence much metal that was made
was retained at the furnaces until the
opening of navigation. It is estima
ted that there arc now fifteen thou
sand tons of pig iron laying along
the road at various points ready to be
shipped.
Detwcen Jackson and Charleston
there arc now in blast, four charcoal
furnaces, and three moro will bo in
operation by spring. Seven miles
south of Logan one is in process of
construction, nnd at aud near Lognn j
two in oj)cration. .Sites for .Jnr-'tnd
naccs at various points along the read,
6till unoccupied, are uncqualed, and.
with those already in operation, will
funiish an unfailing business for tho
roadv independent of tho . coal trade,'
...t.:.,i. f. i. .. in. '
YWULU uiusi. iviiu n juruu mill. j uu
country north nnd west from. Newark
is entirely destitute of coal nnd iron.i
nnd the dciryttid for these minerals
will always bo large, and must bo sup
plied in great measure from the re
gion through which this roud passes.
The following extract from the "Ex
hibit pf. the Scioto and Hocking Val
ley Kailroad-. Company, published
March 1S53, will convey some idea
of what tho business of the road may
he when completed .-- ; --
'Tho following Estimato of the
Earnings of tho road from Portsmouth
to Nowark Jias been carefully made
rip, and is an approximation te tho
truth. -as near- as can at presenrbej
made,' Tho prices' are put low,' and
the tonhttga for 'within tho limits of
tho demand and supply . '' - l
IXlOlom tuiholMtUn'C M 6 eu. ' (60,000 W
l.llOO.lfUO butheU corn, m 5 clu. ' 00,000 00
3U,000 lorn oilirr agricultural proiluctt
including niick, nl per tun, CO.ODO K)
50.0M ions iron nl SUIS per ton 87,500 00
KHI.miO loi.ii conl, nt (1,30 per ton 120,tKX) 00
Ml, WW pneni;cra, average (3, l.'iO.OUO 00
Mull and Lxir('M, 1S.OCO (H)
20,0e0 toiisotlitfltiierchoniliso, at $3, tO.OCO 00
$CO2,500 00
'Theabovo estimate for coal is ba
aed upon tho fact thero is no eoal
north or west from Newark, nnd that
the conl necessary to supply tho pop
ulous and wealthy country north of
that point, ns well ns tho Lake Ma
rine ut Sandusky nnd Huron, must be
supplied from the south part of Per
ry county. And also upon the fact that
the coal consumption nt Cincinnati
and Portsmouth aud the intermediate
towns, exceeds annually 1,000,000
tons, and that there is no coal which
floats down the Ohio Kivcr, that bears
any comparison in point of pleasant
ness for domestic use or suitableness
for manufacturing purposes, with the
coal of Jackson county; and the infer
ence from these facts is that tho de
mand will if anything exceed the
above amount.."
"Hut when it is considered that
freights from New Orleans to Ports
mouth are about tho same as to Cin
cinnati, and that the distance from
Poi'ttstiiuntli to Nowark will bo some.
seventeen miles less than from Cin
cinnati; when it is known that groce
ries ami goods can and will be sold as
low at Portsmouth as Cincinnati, it
would be reasonable to conclude that
most of the supplies for Newark and
north, certainly all south of Newark,
would take this route, and very much
increase tho above estimate. "Hut
entirely excluding this featnro of the
case and allow ono half of the above
earnings to cover running expenses,
repairs nnd deterioration, nnd we
have over 10 per cent, on tho entire
cost of making and furnishing the
road as its net earnings."
"Hut tho Koad has only to be loca
ted through the mineral region, to se
cure an increaso of its furnaces by at
least double the preselit number on or
near its line. After its completion,
no one, acquainted with the facts,
would presume to set a limit to the
increase in the business and in the
population of that district, tho mate
rials being thus accessible, sufficient
Ibr almost any number of furnaces."
''In a country so abounding in all
the elements of wealth, with resources
so desirable and diffused, capable of
so dense a population, and so. inviting
to enterprise and industry, no fear
need be entertained, but that a Kail
road passing through it will have bus
iness fully equal to its utmost capaci
ty." Ihe connections ot tins road are
both numerous and important. At
Portsmouth it will connect with the
Maysville and Hig Sandy Kailroad
now in process of construction; and
thus with the long chain of roads thro'
Kentucky and Teuuesse and the South
west.
At Jackson it will connect with the
Hillsborough nnd Cincinnati Kail
road, and at Charleston with the Ma
rietta and Cincinnati Kailroad. Koth
ot these roads are designed to connect
with the Baltimore and Ohio Kailroad,
and both aro completed and in opera
tion in part.
Six miles south of Somerset it con
nects with the Cincinnati, Wilmington
and Zanesville Kailroad, which is al
ready in operation to Lancaster, a
120 miles from Cincinnati.
AtNewiwk if connects with the Cui
aro Ohio, Stenlenville and Indiana,
and Sandtibbv, Mansfield and Newark
Kailroads. The- Central Ohio- Kuil-
roa'd is now completed- and running
from Columbus to Wheelsns, nt which
point it Connects with tho Haltimoro
-i-.i m.: t..m i ipi..tu...i mi.
unu viiiu jaiuji ohu. i. lie Oieuociivnn
and Indiana Kailroad is completed,
and in ojieration to within tight miles
of Newark, and will reach 'this place
during tho present month. ,Thjs
Kood, by means of the Pittsburgh and
Steubcnvilla Kailroad, now in prog
ress, connects immediately with tlic
Pennsylvania Central Kailroad, at' its
eastern terminus; while at its western
it wU connect with tho roads running
west iard through Ohio, Indiana and
UJisjis.--. r . . v.w'. ' -;
With the Sandusky, Mansfield and
NowurkV.Kailroad, will be the must im
portant Oonncction of the Scioto and
Hocking Valley Kailroad. Tho gauge
of 4hcso tVo roads is, the same,, being,
fivfc ,lct lW . iucliea.- ni thus ihere
wiill)0,'ftn iininterrnpted coinnnihicai-'
nun vwmiuiii l uiioinFuiu vll lim VMIO
Kif ti and pandusky City and Huron
on iike Erie, a distance of 251 miles;
and freight !nnd passengers will bo car
ried, through without change of cars.
From the physical features of the
country, ttiero can be no competing
road, audi tho interests of the two
Companies aro therefore identical.
The Sandusky, Mansfield and New
ark Kailroad intersects tho Ohio and
Pennsylvania Kailroad, at Mansfield.
This Koad, by means of tho Ohio and
lndiuna, Chicago and Fort Wayne
Kailroads, forms a direct communica
tion between Pittsburgh and Chicago.
At Shelby it connects with the Cleve
land and Columbus Kailroad, and at
Monroevillu with tho Cleveland and
Toledo Kailroad, thus obtaining an
other connection with Chicago and the
Northwest.
In addition to these roads there are
several others projected, with which
the Scioto and Hocking Valley Kail
road would connect, but only those
have been enumerated which aro
either wholly, or in part in opera
tion.
Appended will bo found tables of
the estimates of tho amounts necessa
ry to complete the grading, masonry,
and bridging on the Scioto and Ilock-
i.QJ Vallev Kailroad, also to put it in
commeto running order. That mark
ed A. exhibits the amount necessary
to complete tho whole road. H. to
complete from Newark to Straitsvillo
by which those vast coal fields would
bo reached, and n large business at
once opened in tho transportation of
coal. C. exhibits the amount requi
red to complete from Straitsvillo to
Logan, by which an earlier communi
cation with the mines could be made,
and, by means of tho Hocking Canal,
coal could be shipped to all parts of
the country. This part of tho Koad
could be put in running order in 6ix
months.
These "Estimates to complete," arc
of tho amounts ot Cash, which must
be paid out to tho sub-contractors for
work ns it progresses, by Seymour,
Moore nnd Co., the original contract
ors. Tho lino for tho Branch Road was
surveyed for tho distance of G miles,
'over a mile of which was on tho lands
owned by the Coal Company. But
the coal veins can bo reached and a
favorable location for a terminus selec
ted by building only 5 miles, which
will reduce the amount necessary to
bo expended on that portion of the
Koad.
By tho completion of the Scioto &
Hocking Valley Kai'road, a section of
country, highly important in an agri
cultural point of view, and unsurpass
ed in mineral wealth, would be open
ed ; its resources, which, lor waut of a
sufficient communication with a mar
ket, are comparatively unappreciated,
would be developed, and a great ac
cession be made to the business ot the
country.. Add to this, that the Koad
can be cheaply built, can have no df-rnr-t
ponmotition. find will, from its va
rious connections with other Kailroads,
be in communication with all parts of
country ; nnd it oilers great in-ldest
ducements, both to the capitalist and
thoso who aro seeking a sate and prof
itable investment.
P. S. LINCOLN,
PRINCIPAL ASSISTANT ENGINEER.
Engineer's Office, S. & H. V. R. R.
Somerset, Perry County, O.,
January 1st, 1855.
STATEMENT THE COST OF TRANSPORTATION OF COAL.
Fkeigiitto
On 2000lbs
On 2240 "
Lake Eric,
2,00
2 24
Buffalo,
1,25
1,39
New-York,
Boston,
Mining.
Total.
4,00
4,48
.50 add
.50 add
0,75
0,75
S,50
9,24
A.
ESTIMATE of tho amormtof Cash
ennrv nn.-t lr!ilmnf for tlin Rrintn
rv and
Jackson to Newark, with branch to
Jackson to Charleston,
Grading
11 miles,
Charleston to McArthur,
7.V miles,
McArthur to Logan,
25 miles,
Logan to Somerset,
22 miles,
Bridging.
necessary to complete the grading, ma
and llockinr alley Railroad, from
Straitsvillo :
and Masonry, 1,091 00
3,312 00
5,003 00
Grading nnd Masonry, 27,024 00
Bridging, 1,300 00
Grading and Masonry, 72,091 00
Bridging, , 11,700 00
28,924 00
S4.391 00
Grading and Masonrv, 172.S09 00
Bridging, " 5,000 00
177.S09 00
Somerset to Newark,
24 J miles,
- Orating an,
. Bridging,
Hranch Koad to Straitsvillo. Grading and Ma'sofiry, 22,033 00
Ci miles, . -Bridging,. . ,.' i 2,500 00
Total amount of cask required to complete Grading, Masonry v'---'..-.
.;ud Bridging, ":'-; -V : - " ' ;' " " S323,S20 00.-
Acceding to the estimate of work done, returned by Mr. Webb, the Chief.
Enginecfton August let, 1854; there had been expended at that time,-for ;
Grading, Masonry, and Bridging, Land Damages and Engineering,- tho sum
of . . .'.'.. . . ' 492,25!) 02.
Add for work done sinco that timo, ' 59,520 00 ;
r Total .amount wpendedx'
Masonry,,.' 3,500 00
.4,000 DO
0.0
- 25,33 00
8551,679 63
B.
ESTIMATE of the amount of cash
.'lnrtr mwl l.M..rnn. U
at Straitsvillo : . ; t.
Newark to Somerset, : ."Grading
.. . ,..' 211 miles. - ; Brid?in
t-. , . .. o ot.
Somerset to'Jhifction ; Grading and Masonry 161,865 00 '
virmilos. , ' Bridging; -.V 4,000 00;
- ' . (V:','. - ..-X ''''' !'.'; V.'V '" '.'"V. .'-"; v i u !
Junction to Straitsvillo,.': Grading
. -. oj nines, ,;t..:ar)Ugng..;.;.,;.
Supcrstncturc, 47 5-6 miles, at 8,316
Total amount required to complete from
required to complete the Grading,' Ma-
C. 1 T:....-.l. i .1.''7"Vw.t ft . '
. ,,; '..:,,.
and" Maonryr; $3,500 Ot -V
-r' - "4.000 00-' -A- -VV-"
, -.- ; . -
$7,500 00 -
Loo.
and Masonry, ' 22,033. 00
- 25,133 00
$198,502 00
897,703 84
20 permilo,
Newark to Straitsvillo, $590,205 84
C.
ESTIMATE of tho amount required to complete tho Grading, Masonry,
and Bridging from Straitsvillo to tho Ilockinir Canal at Lojan :
btraitsville to J unction, Grading and
0J- miles,
Bridging,
Junction to Logan,
Grading nnd
Bridging,
miles,
Superstructure, 11 J miles, at 88,316
Total amount required to complete from Straitsvillo to Logan, $132,709 30
In nddition to tho abovo items, tho Land Damages on tho Branch Road
will cost not to exceed 500 per milo.
Masonry, $22,633 00
2,500 00
$25,133 00
Masonry, 11,000 00
1,000 00
12,000 00
$37,133 00
95,636 80
20 per mile,
ESTIMATE OF THE COST OF SUPERSTRUCTURE AND FIXTURES.
MAIN ROAD, 91 MILES IN LENGTH.
900 tons iron rails, 60 ton. ft vard, at 70 ft ton, 03,000 00
Chairs and Spikes, at 510 ft milo, 46,410 00
Cross Tics, at 528 ft milo, 48,048 0i)
Track LaviiiL'. etc.. at S350 ft milo. 3L850 00
750,303 00
BRANCH ROAD TO MINES, 61 MILES.
050 tons iron rails, 00 lbs. ft vard. at
Chftirs and Spikes, at S510 ft mile,
Cross Ties, 528 ft mile, '
Track Laving, etc., at 350 ft milo,
Total cost of Superstructure equals 8,310 20 per mile, 810,830 00
Sidings, Turn Tables and Water Tunks, 20,000 00
Total cost of Superstructure and Fixtures, t SS30.S30 00
Tho Track to bo laid in a good nnd permanent manner, with tho "T" rail,'
and wrought iron Chairs.
It E V. X V I T
2monnt required to complete Grading.
io iewurK, w itu iraiicu iu oiniiisvuie, vi j nines,
Superstructure and Fixtures,
Total amount required to put the whole
The cost of the 44 miles from l
and in running order, was 750,000.
Estimated cost of whole road from
cluding equipments, fixtures, depot
The means of the Company consist
County and City Subscriptions,
Individual Subscriptions, including
by Contractors, and for Kiglit ot way, i,iuy,uuu uu
Mortgaged Bonds on Road from Portsmouth to
Jackson, 44 miles, 300,000 00
Mortgaged Bonds covering wholeoad,135 milcs.l ,000,000 00
Income Bonds, 125,000 00
2,725,000 00
70 ft ton, 15,500 00
3,315 00
3.432 00
2,275 00
854,522
00
IT lATIOXi
Masnjjry and Bridging from Jackson
S328.820 00
830,830 00
road in running order, 1,159,050 00
ortsmoutn to Jackson, when computed
Portsmouth to JNcwark, 16.) miles, in
grounds, contingencies, etc., 2,27o.000.
ot as follows, viz:
8300,000 00
amount taken
Hungry Hollow.
IJresoii some ot the wildest and ru
the rtc nery to be found in Southern
This is flic name of a'wild valley,
bounded bv rmrtrOd cliffs and precip
itous peaks, on tlic lie"6f tho M. tfe C.
.. 1 i .i . i ir
Kailroad, near the nounuarios oi v m
ton and Jackson counties. The "Hoi
low" cxtfmj WifffP near Byers 24
miles E. o&Jhillicothc, to its Eastern;
boundary. soiftfour miles West ol
Ilamden, bcin j' about five miles in
. .. mi . ' , , , . . .
eiiL't i. iiwttmu nnnun'r 6treniits.
Friend Lick, find Pigeon Crock, drain
tho valley Jiito the Middle Fork ol
Salt Crcck-at times bounding on
wards torrent fashion, aud anon hurl
ling the' tiny rivulets. This valley
hiS. In manv places, escarpment
Cilid rock from one to two hundred
ibet high, are seen, clothed with lamel
and crowned by a stunted growth ol
oak. Here, some of tho most diffi
cult and expensive work on tho Kail
rjad had to be encountered. Withii
a Binglo mile, over 700 feet of tunnel
ling.'in two different drills, and 120
yards of high and strong tresselling,
became necessary. About two miles-
from the hither end of the hollow, tin
enterprising proprietors of the Cincin
nati Furnace, have built their workd
and village nearly ready for active
operations, on a large and economic
scale. Here the miner's pick, tho car
penter's saw, the smith's forgo, and
the axe ot the woodman, awake the
echoes of the glen, where, but 2 years
ago, Solitude held her court. Within
a mile of the Furnace, the nearest
coaling drifts to our city and Cincin-
. . l . :.. i.fii nn ijn k,
nati, arc made in tho lull, on lands be
longing
to a gentleman ot this place.1'
The coal is of the best quality, Jbi
pat lor, cooking, &c, nnd is conver
iently mined. Workablr irorr'Btom
is found, in several stratus, both abovij
and below these works though not ot
-
nthc mountain limestone variety, so
much prized by mineral men, which
ndispcnsablc ore lias to no brought
from a point on the road, 10 miles E.
Irom tho stack, llus "Hungry Hol
low" locality, is an interesting ono, on
several accounts, and wc expect to seo
health-seekers, and persons ot leisure,
wending thither, on tlic opening ot
railway travel eastward, as to ono ot
the most attractivo spots on tho line.
The dense forests and limpid springs,
l the vicinity will atlord gratelul re
treats and refreshment from, the dusti
and licit of the neighbor.illg'citie8
We must not omit to sjato, that tho
len owes its t name to Capt. A. Ken
nedy, O. E., wkp, in his preliminary
surveys through it, was often obliged
Ito fast all day, and camp out all night,
irom the lack ot numati habitations,
Chil. Adv
KTT Utility should be the chief aim
of all inventions. A friend of our is
about to bring out a ?aw-horse that
will load itselr, keep out ot the way
of the women folks, and help PatricK
et in the coal. 1 he rest ot the wees
is to be employed in trotting out the
baby-carriage. A patent will be at
tached to it. The saw-horse with util
itarian wrinKles is a full sized institu
tion.
CCf Ve cut the following advertisement
from a paper published in the far West; it is
too good to be loft, unci so we lay it before
our readers in the exact style we found it;
'po RENT A House on Mellow avenue,
JL located iimnediately alongside of a fine
plum garden, from which an abundant fiup-
i piv oi ine mosi ueiuioiig jruu may oe swien
. -. . tt,c Hpil, , ' . ,,
teater ptirt ,akpn iu plumbs.
April lot. '54- 3w.
rJ-Steel assasinules the passions kill.
Wliere U the diifcience?
Ilisanuounced tliatcreat gold discoveries
have been made in Urutl. .

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