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OLITICAl Tho. Jefferson.
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M'ARTHUR, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO, JUNE 19, 1856.
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The First Kiss.
These Is exceeding grace of expression auddol
leaoy of sentiment In " My First Kiss, " which
illsi P. Knox contributes to the Boston Post:
Kay, ask me not how I could bring
My lips to rest on Manhood's brow,
A maiden may not lightly fling
Her timid'natureoff and thou,
Carossed as thou art wont to bo,
What woro a Use of mino to thee?
And thou wouldst think that I had pressed
Another cheek as soon as thine,
Should I allow my lips to rest
(Even lightly, as on hallowed shrine
The trembling Hpaof Jovotoo,)
Oa thiuo, as pledge of love to theo.
But then some words of gentle sound
Were whispered to tho maiden's hcurt
She could not bear his love to wound
The hour had come when they must part:
And sho was young, and fond and true;
What could the gentle maiden do I
- The spoil fa broion dhe has loid .
llor trembling lips against his cheek;
On bors there is a deeper Bhado
Of crimson, but she does not speak;
Her voice is hushed hor voice is still
'Tis given half without her will I
A Brown Study.
I sat me down in thought profound
This maxim wise I drew ;
It's easier fur to like a girl,
Than make a girl like you t
But aftor all I don't bclievo
My heart will broak with woo ;
If sho's inclined to love "that chap,"
Why, bless her, let her go 1
W hy, bless her, lot her go I
THE CLERGYMAN'S FEE.
A MATRIMONIAL STORY
A young clergyman sat in his study com
posing a sermon. It was a bright spring
morning, and in order to concentrate his
thoughts upon the subject of the discourse
be was writing, Mr. Burton was obliged to
close the window blinds and shut out the
' beauties of nature, which to him were most
attractive. In an obscure light his pen was
beginning to move quite rapidly, when the
wind blew his blinds open and sent tiie man
uscript fluttering across the floor. The sun
light gushed in, and at the same tine Mr.
11. a ideas flew out.
lie turned his chair and looked out of the
window. Beauty charmed his eye, and the
music of singing birds fell upon his ear.
Mature, at that moment, appeared considera
bly more attractive than theology. The
green leaves of the trees caused him to for
get the leaves of his manuscript. The plu
mage of the birds made him disgusted with
the gray goose quill. . Yet Mr. Burton felt
that lie ought to labor that morning.
la casting about to find an excuse for his
idleness, he saw a chaise drive down the
street and stop at his own, door. A good
looking, plainly-dressed joung man helped
out a graceful, pretty girl, and they mounted
the steps together. Mr. Burton 'heard the
door-bell ring, and presently a domestic came
to inform hiin that a young gentleman and
lady wished to see him on business.
. "A marriage, 1 am sure," thought the cler
. He was not mistaken. Ihe young man,
in a frank, off-handed manner, told him that
ho had called for the purpose of being mar
ried to his companion ; aud the girl's blushes
told the same story.
' . "Very well," said Mr. Burton. "1 am al
ways ready to make young people happy,
Ynu InvA nrh ntharV'
You love each other?
"We would wait a day if we did not,"
replied the youth.
, His companion blushed again.
. . "Have you witnesses?" asked the clergy
man. "We are not rich," answered the bride
groom, "and could not afford the expense of:
imiigmg any oi our menus wttn us. II you
think we had better have witnesses, perhaps
you will call in somebody. "
. "It will be well to do bo," said tbe clergy
man smiling. . .... .
He called in a younger brother and the
We ate in something of e hurry," said
the bridegroom, as Mr. B. paused in toe door
.way to give come orders to a domestic. "I
, have got to go to mill this afternoon, and it's
a long drive home."
. ' "Stand up here, then, end I will despatch
you," said tbe clergyman, with a vain at
tempt at gravity.
"You, George Chambers, promise to take
tb.it woman to be yout lawful wife?"
"To love her in sickness and in health,
to share with her joys and sorrows, youi bed
and board do you promise?"
"And you, Mary, take this man to be
your husband? "
A nod and a blush from Mary.
"To love him honor him?"
"And obey him- "
A doubtful look from Mary.
"In all things reasonable?'' asked the cler
gyman ; and she nodded. "And to make
him a true and affectionate wife will you
Maty gave a decisive nod. Mr. Burton
added a few words, pronounced them man
and wife. Mary wiped her eyes, and George
urew a long oreatn. the clergyman then
made out the certificate, to which the wit
nesses put their uames.and ending by giving
them a few words of advice. At the same
time Georre slipped some thins Into his hand
uone up in a piece or wniie paper. After
wards the bride and bridegroom rode off in a
chaise; the housekeeper went to the kitch
en laughing.the younger Burton returned to
hisbook.and the clergyman to his sermon.
As the latter sat down to write, thinking
all the time of the queer marriage ceremony
... kA !.., ...f 1 . 1
vtuii.ii no nun juoi pciiuiiiieu, He ug,essiy un
folded the bit of paper the bridegroom had
placed in his haud. Perhaps the preacher
wascutious to know how much the odd man
had felt able to pay fer his marriage certifi
cate. From the size of the niece. Air. Bur.
ton judged that his fee must be something.
it was larger than a half eagle lamer even
than an eagle. Could it be a twenty dollar
n, . . . . ....
xne paper neiiig folded and refolded, it
was sometime before the clergyman could
get at the coin. His curiosity by this time
was considerably excited. At length he saw
something very bright. The sun shone on
it. It was a new red cent! Mr. Burton
was a little disappointed, but touching at the
ludicrous mistake, he locked the cent up in
his desk, and devoted himself to his sermon
during the remainder of the forenoon.
Six years had passed away. He suc
cessful clergyman was one evening surprised
by a visit fiom a stranger, A well-dressed,
fine-looking man lifted his hat, bowed re
spectfully, and offered Mr. Burton his hand.
"Your memory is better than mine, if we
have ever met before," said the clergyman.
"My name is George Chambers."
Mr. Burton had forgotton that he had ev
er known such an individual.
"I ihiuk I can refresh your memory b
mentioning an incident," said George. "Do
you remember marrying a couple, six years
ago, and receiving for your trouble the fee of
Mr. Burton langlie.l, went to his desk,
and took from a small drawer a little roll of
paper. Unfolded this he produced the cop
per in question.
"Yes; I remember all about it now."
"Well, sir, I am the mail."
"I remember your countenance."
You undoubtedly supposed I intended to
"No I thought yon were poor."
"So I was. I did not know that I could
afford to give you any more. Marriage you
know is a sort of a lottery, Had 1 given
you five or tn dollars, and got a poor wife
in return, you must confess it would have
been a miserable bargain. Well, sir, the
wife you gave me is a prize. It has
taken m six years to find out all her virtues,
and now I have come to mak you a suitable
He placed a purse in the astonished min
ister's hands, who hesitaed to accept it,
"You need not scruple to take it; thanks
to my wife, 1 am now a tolerably rich
The old bridegroom took his departure.
Mr. Burton examined the contents of the
purse with lively curiosity; and he was not a
little surprised and'gratiCed to find that they
-apparently fresh from the mint.
And that was the last the clergyman ever
heard of the odd-bridegroom.
Murderer Convicted by a Horse.
William Patterson was tried at Raleigh.
Shelby County, Tennessee for the murder of
Thomas Merriweather, a young planter of
Mississippi. The incidents developed upon
the trial were of the most romantic nature ;
and the evidence, although circumstantial,
madu out a clear case ot one ot trie most re
volting murders 'to be found in the chronicles
there was one point in the case, about
which alone there could be said to be doubt,
and this point was met by the evidence af
forded by the horse of Mr. Merriweather,
In order to understand tliiB we must state
by the law of Tennessee the Criminal Court
of Memphis has criminal jurisdiction of all
crimes committed in the fifth, thirteenth
and fourteenth civil districts of saii coun
The Circuit Court of Shelby County had
criminal jurisdiction in tbe twelfth and other
civil districts of the county The prisoner
was indicted in the Circuit Court at Raleigh,
and the murder was alleged to have been
committed in the twelfth district. The divid
ing line between the twelfth and thirteenth
districts was the road leading lrom Memphis,
to Hernando, Miss.,
If the crime was committed in the thirteenth
civil district, the court of Raleigh had no
jurisdiction, and the prisoner would have to
De acquitted. - .
The deceased was found some forty or fif
ty steps from the Hernando road. The wit
ness stated that the body, as he thought, had
been dragged there from the road, hence ihe
doubt whether the murder took place in the
twelfth or thirteenth civil district.
At this critical point the counsel bethought
them of certain marvelous and novel conduct
of tbe noble horse which had been referred
to, which had come to their knowledge in
conversation with the witness.
The known instinct Of animals has, from
time immetborial, been esteemed in the law
as among the sources of evidence by which
the dearest rights of life, liberty and proper
ty have been determined.
"testimony as to these facts were proposed
was stou.lj opposed by the prisoner's coun
sel, who knewits overwhelming force. "
,The learned Judge overruled the objections
ana aamme r testimony, u had been
proved in the course of the trial that about
eight o'clock on the Sunday following, that
on which the deceased and prisoner left Mr.
Hammel's, a gentleman coming toward
Memphis met the horse proved to have been
Mr. Merriweather''!, on the road, about two
thousand yards from the scene of murder, and
south of the same, galloping at full speed In
the direction of Hernando, and appearing to
have been exceedingly frightened, with dif
ficulty the geutleman intercepted and
The gentleman finding the animal almost
uncontioll&ble from fiight.had some difficul
ty in retaining the rein until a young man
carr.e forward and claimed him.
The young man who claimed the horse was
recognized .by the gentleman at the trial as
the prisoner at the bar. He came forward
said the gentleman, claimed the borse.thank
ed him gracefully for catching him. mounted
and rode hurriedly off iu the direction1 of
Hernando. The fact here submitted to the
jury, in reference to the wonderful instincts,
are these :
It will be remembered that the noble an
imal in question was of extraordinary Intel-1
ligence, and singular attached to his master,
whom he was in the habit of following
about whenever he would come to the pasture
or the farmyard where the horse was.
Some several months after the prisoner had
been committed to jail under indictment,
William Merriweather, accompanied by a
number of gentleman, witnesies in the case
came up from their homes in Miss, to attend
William Merriweather was riding the horse
of the deceased brother, which had by this
time beeu recovered in the family. The
journey lay along the Hernando road, and
by the spot where the body had been found.
About two hundred yards before the party
reached the scene of the murder the horse
upon which Willam Merriweather was
mounted began to exhibit symptoms of alarm
and his intractable conduct much surprised
his rider and the gentlemen who were with
There was no apparent cause of alarm ,and
the several other horses of tho party betrayed
none. His agitation increased as the party
approached the fatal spot; and when they
reached a point in the road opposite to it. the
excitement of the horse rose to so furious a
pitch that he became almost unmanagea
ble. The whole party now checked their horses.
and for a moment regarded the strange con
duct of the horse with profound astonish
His flesh quivered, his nostrils distended.
and his eyes glancing into the woods where
his noble master had met his horrid fate, he
stood for a moment, snorting and neighing,
6ubiimo picture ol the wildest excite
One of the party suecested to Mr. Merri
weather to give him the reign that mean
while, had been tightly drawn. This was
done and instantly the noble animal rushed
into the woods, and down to the identified
tree under which the body had been found.
and commenced pawing at its roo. After a
moment he trotted out further in the woods.
and after making a semi-circle in his course,
returned to the same spot, and there stood
neighing, trembling and pawing until ha was
lorcect away, bunilar exhibitions were made
by the horse a number of times afterward in
passing the spot.
At this startling development in tin testi
mony ,a thrill of feeling'ran through the court
room like an electric shock.
Thus' far the proof had traced out the hiB
tory of this mysterious murder with a cer
tainty too fearful to be doubted, and bad
pointed to the pallid youth who sat in the
prisoner s dock as the guilty agent there'
Justice tempered even with an unrestrained
mercy, seemed impatient for the sacrifice.
when the strong arm of the law interposed
in it9 might and majesty to shield him. The
avenue unproved, or even in doubt would
have lelt to the tribunal of justice no other
alternative than to bid him to go out again a
free wanderer upon the earth, with the blood
and guilt thick upon him. But the God
who ' marketh the sparrow when he falls," in
His inscrutable providence, had yet in re
serve an eloquent witness against him
whose faithful hear) was steel to the wiles
of the corrupter, and whose testimony fell
upon the astounded ears or the jury, aa '
As proof of holy writ.
No blood had ever been seen on
and no appearance of any struggle there,
the killing had been done in the road, the
horse.whose rapid flight aud wild fright must
have been occasioned instantly by the death
struggle would have known nothing of -the
tree iu the wood. The scene was pictured
before the minds of the jury, a if typed by
the glorious art of Dagueire, the decoy into
the wood the robber's demand for gold or
blood the death struggle at the tree and
the horse's instincts were destined to vindi
cate, as if by a miracle, the unerring certain
ty of retributive justice; and thus the venue
was proved thus the doom ol the prisoner
was sealed, and thus
A pebble in the stroamlot
Hath turned the course of many a river,
A dew-drop on tho baby plant
Hath warped the giant oak forever.
The verdict of the jury was, that tbe pris
oner was guilty, and sentence of death was
pronounced against him, which was after
ward commuted to imprisonment for life in
the State Penitentiary.
In that gloomy catacomb of human hearts
and hopes, where time is as eternity, and
but a sense of liberty lost. William Patter
son now expiates his dreadful crime.
Horrid Sioht. The Loudon correspon
dent of the Toronto Globe, gives an episode
of the war which ve have not encountered
elsewhere, According to the latest news
from the Crimen, the Russian officers are
delighted at the termination of the war.
They have suffered enormously during the
siege. . Their boats crowded with men. while
crossing from the North side, were frequent
ly sunk. An English diver discovered attbe
bottom of the harbor, a battery of field ar
tillery, horses and men, all entangled in the
harness, their skeletons hanging together in
the net work of leather. On the skeleton
of one of the horses there were the bones of
a driver, held together by the rags of his uni
form, and with bis foot still in the stirrups.
Such are soma ol the horrors of war.
Murderer Convicted by a Horse. Political.
[From the Leavenworth City Herald, May 24.]
Testimony Taken Before the Congressional
Kansas Investigating Committee--Eastern Emigrants
sent our to Vote.
. Alexander Gilham, said. That he has
been a merchant in Kansas City, Mo. for
several years; that laTge numbers of emigrants
from lbs Eastern and Northern States landed
in KanssmCityin the spring of 1835. just be
fore the election of March 30, that year, in
Kansas Territory. They were in companies
and had their leaders. The were all men.
noMK(i and children. They purchased of
me Dunmo roues, Dianxets and moccasi ns,
they had no baggage except sacks; they
wanted to know if I would purchase the buf
falo, robes &c, back again from them when
they returned; they said they were going into
the' Territory to vote, that they had no other
business in this part of the country, said
they were anxious to get into the territory
before the election; shortl y after the election
on the 30tb March, these same men returned
to Kansas City and said they were going to
their homes in the East, that they had per
formed what they agreed to; I bought back a
great many of the buffalo robes, 6tc. that I
had sold these men: one or two boats arrived
at Kansas City after the 30th Marrh(after the
election in the territory,) they had been de
tained by obstructions in. the liver; these
boats wen crowded with. Eastern men, they
all aioppea in nansao ivty ana aid not go
into the territory; they said they were goin'
back to their homes in the East, and they did
leave Kansas City in a few days.most of them
stopped at the American Hotel,(it cost them
less there than at any other place in Kansas
Gen. Whitfield asked the witness who
owned the American Hotel in Kansas City.
He 6aid he only knew the common report,
to-wiU tnat u belonged tome immigrant Aid
Company. (Howard and Sherman tried to
keep this part of the testimony from going
on the record, but having been shown by Oli
ver and Whiifield how they would stultify
themselves if they over ruled it, they reluc
lanltv admitted it.
Substance of the evidence of F. Ma
han, as given undet oath before the Commit
: He said he. was a citizen of Palermo, in
Doniphan county; was clerk of the steamer
New , Lucy in 181)5; that on the loth of March
of that year, the Boat - let St. Louis and
came up as high as weston; the river was
unusually low: was five or six days in get
tins up, and laid up at Weston about ten
days or more, t large crowd of Northern emi
grants came up upward of three hundred
they came on tbe boat in companies, and had
leaders who made contracts tor their pass
ace; their baggage, which consisted alone of
uanu-BacKi ana minus, were maraeu .a.aa
sss Company, K. T.;" some of the Company
took meout and asked me to tell them can
didly whether the New Lucylwould be the
first boa: up to Kansas City stating! that
they wanted to go on the fastest boat so as
to get up certain before the last of March;
at that time I did not know there was an
eleclioi to come off on the 30th of March,
but leatned it soon after we got under head
way; I told these men to come aboaid, that
our host would be first up of those going out
at that time. The boat got up about the 21
or 23 ! March; and these 300 emigrants
lrom Massachusetts and Connecticut, and
other Northern States, got off the boat at
Kansas City. 1 learned from them on the
way up, they were going to the Territory to
vote. I think there was no baggage marked
Eli Thayer, Agent. There was not half a
dozen females on the boat that trip. These
men kad no implements ofindustry.no goods
or boies. other than their bugeaae, which
was taken in the cabin. About eighty of
these same men returned on the boat as we
went down the river, just after the election.
Many of them said they had voted, and were
returning heme, and cursed the Emigrant
Aid Societies said they had been deceived,
and that the contract of the Aid Society
had not been complied with. What the con
tract was, did not learn. Some had no
money, and pledged their revolvers for their
passage. Hundreds of others from the North
went up the river on the Sonora, which
boat left a few days before the New Lncy.-
Alter several trips had been made, there were
more passengers going down than coming
up. ' They were mostly Northern men.
Some of the men who came up in our boat
ana returned, said they were sent out Dy tne
Emierant Aid society, and that thousands
more would follow; that there was a fund of
p.OQQ.OOO, to aid in the cause of freedom
in Kanws. . , . .. . .
The Two Conventions at Syracuse.
The State Conventions of Black Republi
cans and Blue Abolitionists met at Syracuse
on Wednesday. The first was marshalled
and directed by Horace Greely, with a pro
pramme of motions, nominations, aud reso
lutions. The convention, whose first choice
for rresulential candidate was Seward; sec
ond, Chase; third, Sumner; fourth, Fremont;
fifth, Greely. The proceedings wound up
by resolutionary prescriptions for the benefit
of Greeley asort.of poor man's plaster, to
lay on the spot which was kicked at the
capital by Rusk and a paper febrifuge for
Senator Sumner. The Abolitionists.who bad
all the genuine, unadulterated anti-slavery
spunk now in full force. Lewis Tappan
presided, end an address by Genit Smith
was adopted. It pronounced the affiliation
and partnership of the Black Republicans
with the Know Nothings a sufficient reason
why they who recognize the brotherhood of
all men cannot join it. The convention was
addressed by Fbed Douglas, Lewis Tappah,
aud several of the true blue liberty men.
Both bodies agree in their professions of
love for negroes, but the Abolitionists alone
practiced what they preached, putting the
gentleman delegates from Africa on their
committees, speaker's stand and ticket,
Cleve. Plain Dealer.
.'A mau may think well, and yet not act
wisely. The power to see what is right
is very different from the power of doing it.
A man of moral enemy will accomplish
mora with a little knwledze, than a man of
uiieiiur, win nuu uiuui, nuu sirengin ac
quired by struggling with difficulties in early
life. . : .'
Cleve. Plain Dealer. Black--Republicans.
The fitness of this designation to distu
guinn spurious luspUDiicans worn geuuiue
. l . Tl. Il .. . !.
1st. Because spurious Republicans male
the black man their principal stock in trade.
2d. Because the promotion of sectional
ism, i. e. tbe alienatine of one aortlon of the
Uuion from another, contrary to the coun
sels oi tne ratner ol his uountry, and to pa
triotism and good neighborhood, is decidedly
a DtacJt-hearted business.
3. Because the nros in this part of the
country at least, generally belong to or sym
pathise with the Black Republican party.
4. Uecause it would be wrong to appro
priate so good a name as Republican to such
a party. They have already spoiled several
good names, why should they be permitted
to spoil another? By calling them Black
Republicans all these difficulties are avoid
ed. The use of the designation has become
as common, or nearly so, as was that of Lo
cofoco four years ago to distinguish an old
fashioned Democrat; or as "Pro-Slavery"
is for a man who does anvthinz to hel o the
slaves except by stealing them from their
masters. the best way lor the Black Re
publicans is to accept the designation, (as the
Democrats did that of Locofoco,) and then,
like the latter, behave so well as to render
it popular. This.however, they are not like
N. Y. Journal of Commerce.
The Negro Worshippers.
la the course of an ably-written article 'on
the pending struggle for self-government, the
Albany Atlas and Argus speaks of the ends
ana aims ol the negro worshippers ;
"The accusations at present so freely put
forth against the Democratic party of a pur-
Sose to extend slavery are put on additional
evelopement of this characteristic of the
enemies of popular rights. They seek.under
the profuse professions of philanlhrophy for
the colored roan to rob the white man of the
attributes of American citizenship. They
falsely charce upon Democrats '.he desien to
enslave the negro, and are striving to rivet
chains upon the limbs of the white Saxon.
With hypocritical professions upon their
lips of a design to enfranchise the slave, they
labor to disfranchise the freeman. With
canting phrase about extending liberty to the
blacks in Kansas, they struggle to withold
fronVwhite citizens of the same region the right
of self-governmentand to impose upon them
institutions not dictated by themselves. It
is the old contest of Democracy doing battle
for the perogative of the people.and its anta
gonism resisting them with specious excuses
and under Ingenious disguises."
Miska Hauser, the violinist, thus describes
an exciting scene which he witnessed at Mel
borne, Australia .
"The curtain rose. A French dancer, an
elegant, supple young ladv.of no great beauty
mi iiiui.il repression, aim apparently on per
fectygood terms with herself, appeared in
the scene in her short lace dress, received bv
an outburst of applause, and by the martial
trumpets of the oichestra. But from the oth
er side came a youthful, blooming Spanish
ueolo, with beautilul eyes, large and soft:
uer complexion rosy; ner ngure tall in fact
the very impersonation of Terpsichore. She
uuweii mouesuy it was nei nrst annearance
at Melborne and the enthusiasm of the pub
lie, surprised by her beauty, manifested itself
in veneraent cneers.
"The two dancers struggled for the palm
of victory in a graceful Tarentula. Like two
glittering butterflies they whirled arouud.ac
companied by music and applause. The
mercurial Parisian made use of her most se
ductive wiles, of her most refined pirouttea
of her most enchanting attitudes; but, the
Creole seemed patronized by the Graces
themselves. Thundering applause encour
aged ner, and as oiten as she came forward
with her craceful modesty, noseeav.and rines
and bracelets were thrown at her feet. The
French lady struggled with her last
strength against the triumph of her rival, un
til , disheartened and exhausted.she fell to the
ihe Creole approached her with comnas-
sion to raise her, when suddenly the Parisian
dartedkup, and with looks full of hate and
lury boxed the ears of her rival. Tbe audi
ence hissed and hooted, while she exclaimed
' The wretch tripped me ! "
" The poor Creole declared with dienitv
that she was inocent of the meanness : but
vulgar word, which slipped out of the lips
oi me jp renen dancer against ner suddenly
roused an tne passions ot tne south in her
bosom, and a singular struggle began. The
two excited ladies rushed upon each other,
mil wnlwd, ino tors,snd pullod one an
other's hair while the thunders of the gallery
made the whole atmosphere vibrate, 1 nev
er saw a more natural performance. The
better classes of the public did not interfere,
but seemed ralher to be amused by these not
entirely Olympic exercises, until the Creole,
bleeding and fainting, was carried away
from the scene.
"Some officers, who from a box had wit
nessed the spectacle, were revolted at the
conduct of the Parisian, and sent for the
police to arrest her; but her friends collected
and resisted the constables. A riot ensued ;
portion of the public rushed on the stage ;
they jumped across the orchestra; the fiddles
and the bass viols were broken; ladies were
fainting ; children crying and I took to my
heels with my fiddle and ran away without
stopping till I reached my botei."
The Ohio State Journal. This paper,
which has been an organ of the Republican
party, is offered for sale. Mr. Follet says
it don't pay that the profits of the paper
are scattered over the Slate in unavailable
debts. If the paper is not sold, we under
stand the proprietors are to discontinue the
Daily, and contiuue the publication of
A Newlt Married .Womaet Puzzled.
So you are going to keep house are youT said
eiaeriy roaiuen 10 young woman recen
tly married. 'Yes,' was the reply. Going
to have a girl I suppose,' was enquired. The
newly made wife colored, and then quietly
responded, that 'she did not really know
whether it would be a boy or a girl.'1
Women, however lovely they may be in
person, rarely excite tnw admiration, if they
are ignorant oi tne an oi conversing wen.
Scioto and Hocking Valley
This road commences at
Ohio river, and runs Northwardly, tra
the counties of Jackson, Vinton,
th Perry, and terminates in New-
veraina- 'ounty. passing through the
Hockinffan McAnnur, xgon u.m
ark, Ucking .. Of this distance,
towna of Jackson, r tha M..
Somerset. The entire . mon.
dred and thirty-five miles. -,n.
fifty-six miles, from Portsmouth . - .
rietta and Cincinnati Railroad at h
are in operation. Of the remaining sev...
tv-nine miles, forty-two miles are ready for
the superstructure ; and on the balance, the
graduation is well advanced. The super
tructure for thehole Is also to be supplied.
The general character of the work fs lio-ht,
with the exception of a tunnel In Perry co.,
and a heavy excavation at Somerset. With
these exceptions, the road would be put in
running order in eight months. This road
traverses the great mineral region of Ohio,
for about one hundred miles, and its busi
ness will mainly consist, in the carrying of
coal end Iron, for which its numerous con
lections with other roads affords such pe
culiar facilities. It will also have a steadi
ly increasing business arising from the mul
tiplication of Furnaces, and the demand
which will arise from tho choice coals ot
this region when once their value is known.
Immediately on th part now running, thoro
are nineteen charcoal furnaces In full blast,
and others are being built j whilst In Hock
ing county there aro three more, the iron
from which must be carried over the road.
Others will undoubtedly -spring up, since
the mineral is inexhaustible, and sites equal
ly Valuable with those already occupied, cm
be procured. In proof of this, before this
road was contemplated, there were but few
furnaces in this region, and they have thua
far been in advance of tbe road, ready to
throw their business upon it soon as it
reached them. In addition to those direct
ly upon the line of the road, are others at a
distance from it, a portion of the iron of
which will pass over it. As to the coal bu
siness, it will be limited only by the demand,
since the road runs in the vicinity of those
great bituminous coal deposits coal deposits
in Hocking and Perry counties, probably the
most extensive in the West, and as to the
superiority of which there can be no ques
tion. Three veins of coal have been dis
covered in this region, underlaying each
other, which have been found, upon exami
nation, to be respectively of the thicknes
of twenty-two, eight and b!x feet. The up
per one 1) as been opened twelve feet in tho
clear, without reaching either top or bot
tom. Dr. Hates, the State Assaycr of Massa
chusetts, who analized these coals, says, "in
the great number of American coals I have
studied, no one has presented so many desira
ble Qualities as these samjdes." And tha
opinion of Prof. Mather, both as to quanti
ty, and quality, is corroborative. The iron
ore is also abundant in the samo region and
is found contiguous to the coal, which is al
so of a superior quality for the smelting of
tho ore. And as the demand for iron made
by mineral coal is increasing, and as it can
bo produced more cheaply than the charcoal
iron ; and the means of producing charcoal
iron are decreasing, from the great consunp
tion of timber it causes and the consequent
inicaec iu uusi, a uciuauu win ue created
at home, for these superior coals in the man
ufacture of pig, which will of itself give a
large business to the road. Canned coal of
a superior quality, is also found on the line,
and since the discovery of the new use to
which it can be applied in the manufacture
of oil for burning, and fabricating purposes,
a near branch of business will be created.
The country is also highly productive and
generally well timbered.
The net earnings on the 5ft miles already
in operation, for the year ending May 1st,
i0b, alter paying runninj expenses and
interest, were equal to 7 per cent, upon
its cost. This was from way business ex
clusively; -but on the completion of the whole
and its connection with the Lakes, as well
as other parts of the West and North through
tne numerons roads it crosses, its net earn
ings cannot fall to pay a handsome dividend
on the stock, in as much as it is cheaply
built and has no large floating debt. This
road has excited the attention of some East
ern capitalists and negotiations are now in
progress, which it is believed will insure Its
speedy completion. Cin. Commercial,
Died at the Head or the CoLUMir.-Whsn
the American army first entered Nicaragua,
a cream colored dog, about five years old,
very rousjh in appearance, but "pluck" every
Inch of him, joined out troops and continued
with them all the while. He was called
"Filibuster," and always acknowledged
tbe compliment of the name with a wag of
the tail. When our troops entered Granada,
the firt sight was 'Fililbnster" whipping a
cur with a white, or chamorisla, ribbon on
his neck, and constantly afterwards he "wal
ked the cock of the walk" in the garrison.and
was the pet of all soldiers.
"Fillibustpr" never patronized any par
ticular company, but would mess to-day with
one andto-morrow with another. At 'guard
mount' he always attended punctually, and
when the soldiers fired off their muskets, he
testified his appreciation bv loud barking and
and genuine canine applause. All the sol
diers loved "Filibuster," and he deserved
their confidence. Whenever a party left
this city, "Filibuster," went along and his
right to March in the company was never
Johs Bcrtar's Flute. The flute with
which John Bunyan beguiled tbe tedious-
ness of his captive hours, is now in the pos
session of Mr. Howells, tailor, Galnsboro.'
In appearance it does not look unlike tha
log of a stool out of which it is said that
Bunyan, while in prison, manufactured It.
When the turnkey, attracted by tne sound
of music, entered his. cell to ascertain, if
possible, the cause of the harmony, the flute
was replaced in the stool, and by this mean
detection was avoided.
[Lincolnshire [Eng] Times.
It is to the virtues aud errors of our con
versation and ordinary deportment we owe
both our enemies and our friends, out good
or bad character abroad, our domestic peace
or troubles, and in a high degree the im
provement and deprivation oi our mind, i