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rt in in in i2 if j
EQUAL AND CVAtT
TO ALL JTIKX, OF WIIATEVEK
M'AllTIIUll, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO, JULY 3,
STATE OK PEKSITJ
VSIOJV, 1CELIGIOUS Oil POLITICAL.-Thos. Jtft
b PPta gtmocrat.
13 PUBLISHED EVERT THUESPAT BY
PEAUCE ft SPEXCE.
ILEX. TEARCE. juiJH T. srENCE.
OFFICE IN MALONE'S BUILDING,
mONT HItEET, Jl'AHTUUI, OU10.
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Curda of Physicians, LuwyuH, or others, cun
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Obituary notices excucdintr live lines will ho
cnarcrcil half prico.
tiTNotiecrtnf all kind fur tho l.eiicfiuf pri
vate individiialn, clmr.'ud atlho usual rale.
From the Pennsylvania Lancasteran.
Ilu'stho man oftho ape, and likglory nnd station',
lio owes not to hattlo or thunder ofennnnn :
Uut tho years of hard- lull in tho cam o of bin nation
With fanio havocuelrol'd tho name of'I!i; iianan.
For a nation of freemen, tho timi has ponohy
W hen prudence in phrenzied excitement filets,
I hal tha heroes of battlo hut rarely wipply
Tho plans cfimcccw) which ar;tatc:;mun bfrcts.
Let our warriors ho honored with titles when due,
With plaudits and I0V0 in a perfect oVution,
Cut IhotitatOi-iuun the nbh', tho tikd, mid tho trio,
Are fitted tho heat for txeculivo stallun.
'Mid tho great of old England hoBtood iinabiudicd,
Dotormincd and faithful, paciflo and Idan 1,
Aud tho jrlury and inlylit of IiU intellect fiaidmd
Tho pplcudor and fumo on hid own nativo land.
In tho iiiet of Wheatland, ho rents liho a bngi,
Tho nhlost compatriot of Wdmier and Clay,
As injustice to thcm.ilaihi ns hi.-.tury's pai,
lio truo to tho grc:it who i.ro living to dry.
In tho miiet of Whoathmd ho rcrts lihe n rnM,
In rcposo 'ncalh tho t-huduw of oak and of elm.
With hisvisorof youl'.i und his whulum of ao,
Ilia country hnn need of hi hand at tho helm.
Mighty faults mny bcuhown by the fltnittgnguo'is
Twcro hotter that mm without .iin fixed the
If ho erred, 'tvns the fault of thn head not tho
Forho'a truo to Lb co'in'.ry, und tiuo to bin
Ile'a tho man of Ha ego, and the glory and i.tatlon
Ho owes not to battle, or thunder of cannon,
But tho years of hard toil in thucauso of tho nation
With fumo has encircled the namo of U iuuanan.
On a Hasty Marriage.
Married,! 'tis woll I a mighty blesdnjr !
liut poor's tho joy uo e.in poascsain.
In uncicnt times when folks did wed,
'Twan to bo 0110 at " board and bed, "
I! ut hard his eiu o who can't afford
Ills charmer either lied or hoard.
LIFE IN THE SOUTH AND
BY CHARLES CUMMERFIELD.
Thcro never wa3 an nge in the onnals of
time, or a country on the snrlaceof the globe
where dueling prevailed to such oil extent
as it did in the early history of Arkansas
TV.. ..l.l: ... .
rui one ihijiiu man ever aiiaiuca to any
considerable eminence, either professional.
or political, in that purple land where
law instucd not life, without first passing
through the terrible ordeal of blood and fire
on tho miscalled field of honor. The
Kectors, Conw&ys, Cnltendens.Sevicrs, John
sons and Borlands every name of iloto that
can be mentioned all furnish so many ex
amplesof this strange yet general rule. 'Even
the learning and eloquence of the mild and
merciful lawyer and poet, Albert Pike, to
achieve influence or distinction, availed not
until he had proved his prowess in mortal
combat with a redoubtable foe.
In addition to the usual causes operating
on ail frontiers to produce such a state of
society, another one existed in the stormy
tea of politics. Tho Whigs and Democrats
were nearly equal in numerical force, and
never did hostile factions display more in
tense activity and concentrated bitterness.
On the Btump, .in the forum, and through
the press everywhere, arid by all possible
means they hurled their furious anathemas
against each other in terms of measureless
wrath and denunciation. As a necessary
consequence none 6ave men of the
highest courage dared aspire to bo leaders in
parties.were such a position must be won and
maintained at the flaming mouth of the pis
tol, or before tho fearful point ol the Bowie
knife and double-edged dagger.
One horrible peculiarity marked the course
of such personal conflicts-they almost always
terminated fatally to the individuals engaged
in the unnatural strife. No combatant thought
his fair fame vindicated by merely winging his
ontagonist-nothing would suffice but the coup
it grace of death. Indced.the universal opiu
ion of the community regarded bloodless
encounters as shameless in" the extreme
worse even, than positive cowardice; and as
every candidate for popular favor had prepar
ed himself well, by long practice, to use the
last groat argument, which closed all discus
won and silenced the most stubborn objector
"iTOinips occirrea wnere Uic specta
tors were not gratilieil by witnessing the
siatigntcr 01 one or both of the ambitions
As may be easily imagined, the post of an
editor was the most peri Ions of all others.and
...v.r uic upposnig mciions respectively se
lected the Plitirn rurna In mnnana !...:.
nui3 Irom the most desperate aiheo'tnrers that
could be mtiRtcreil.and paid them according
to do their ow n fmhtiiiR nntl that of all their
anonymous correspondence. In somn i.iKtnn
iu llmiti.n,l. r . .
iiiuu:uhu9 ui uunurs were exnciu eti ba
mere premium?, besides the offer nf
salaries . to secure the pen and pistol of the
most notorious dueliata in the Southwest.
could specify one man, an ex Senator, who
uhc! ma rise 10 uus vary ciicumstance.
However, leaving these vogue general
Ities, the fullow ins brief sketch nf ct.iLi...
and real particular will afford a tolerable
conception ol the Bteiu inuls of editorial
fcarly 111 the month ofJulv. 1M9. Icirnnl
W oods.lhe proprietor of the Arkansas Demo
crul, was stutcd in his sanctiim.busy employ
ed in the manufacture of written Blander lor
ins wcewy issue A single glance at this
person was truly enough to make an ordina
ry beholder tiemble with appreheusionj for
you might Feurch the world over without
fimiing his siicrioriii physical power and
agility. In the prime, of youth and rob ist
neuitii, im seemed a miehlv mass of
hones and elastic sinews-RtrnniT 11
m;i,.i 1 . :::r
Itlllll Hi: ICllL LIlll Hlll'IIMII nnua
hands looked like sledgehammers and his
countenance bore the ininross of rprkh-o
bravery a sort ol mute defiance end chal
lenge to ull the heroes of the human race.
His eyes wero of a rcculiur tint; that
fierce reddish-yellow which resembles the
ins of the eagle ; of all colors considered
the sign of the most dangoiotis character.
Indceddie had acquired his title to be placed
foremost in the highest i b.rs nf il,i;..
chivalry by during fcals performed in all the
nm-ipai cuic3 oi mo South, from Charleston
to JNow Orleans. Neverllu li
seiife than to rely for impunity on the terror
w hich his name so Irresistibly inspired. Jlis
olhce wus an armory. A hdge double-barrel-
u i.iioi-giin niiiigata short distance above
us head, unci half a dozeu loaded pistols lay
beside him on the table, while the silver hilt
of aduyger peeped from beneath his vest.
lie was ready for immediate bat'.le.whoever
might bo the assailant. Suddenly footsteps
resounded on the floor beind him,und a Btout
darklcaturoi' m;m, of middle (ige, with long
flowing hair of raven hue and llashimr bl..L
eyes rushed into the room in a state of wild
11ml almost phron.icd excitement, and threw
niinftii into a seat.
Theeditor.ut fiist anticipating a hostile
visit: tucked his revolver, lint iit;ii.ilu
ceiviiig his mistake dcpnuiied the weapon at
ut his elbow .exclaiming as ho did so 'What
now, r.uas wnarton ( Is then; a new tiin
pest bicwing in the political atmos
"Jnsllook hen-!'' ejaculated tho olhcr.wHh
an inliiriitied gesture, pointiiq to a column
of Ifie Arkansas Whig, which he held up,
with the ink not yet dry on the paper.
Woods snatched thcarlii le horn tho fingers
of his friend.and devouring the contents with
a rapid glance, uttered a malediction too hor
rible for record, while his lips turned white
with Tage and disappointment.
"Is not that too bad!" vociferated Wharton
clinching the interrogatory with a still
more 'dreadful oath. '-Who could have ex
farted, in the meridian of Little Rock to see
a j hillipic ogtinst dueling?"
"And an uppeal to the religious prejudice
of the people!" added the editor, frowning
till his brow met a Irightfut arch.
"Yes; and the cunning scoundrel has man
aged to lay all the blame of such combats on
the Democrats, from the first settlement of
the country!" affirmed the other.
'And he has given tho history of all my en
counters, Irom my slabbing a sophomore at
me university 01 Virginia till my nlle-batlle
winner, wusonr- complained Woods,
And that tirade alone will do more injury
to our party than any thing that lias happen
ed for years," remurked Wharton.
" ho can the writer be?" asked ths editor
in n musing tone.
"J cannot so much as imagine," returned
the friend. . "It is not the learned arid lug
ubrious style ol l-ike nor the showy declama-
a i,- i 1. i 1. .
nun ui iufaium rowier. it must be some
new hand in the prolific field of Whice
t "What shall we do to pick this fi4h gun
m the baltery?-for unless thatlbe accomplish
ed wo shall lose the election," said the editor
with a look of sore embarrassment.
"You must demand the author, and pro
voke him to an interview?" suggested Whar
"Aim suppose they should give up the
name of Fent Noland, as they did oil the last
similar occasion' You know that it would
be suicide to fight the author of Pete Whet
stone; answered wood, with a shudder '
At the momeut William, the elder! broth
erof hlias Wharton, entered the sanctum,
exclaiming '!! have discovered tho writet of
Ihp ftrtirlu cirmo.1 VLi.tn-O
"Who is he? who is he?" abked the politi
cal comrades iu the same eagerly impetuous
'You would never conierture in n thn.
sand guesses," replied the other.
"ljet us know at once, do hot keep ui in
suspense." ' : .
"Ivi Coleman, the young Methodist
"The devil!" shouted the- aslonislicd ali
tor. "The devil!" echoed his syinpathirintr
friend. "How did you karu so stmnee a
"From the foreman in the Whig officc-in
the strictest confidence, however so that you
must not hint at the source of the informa
tion." "And now what is to be done?" they all
"The case is comnlicated with fiprinns dif
ficulties ."observed klas Whaitonj'for if we
let the matter pass in silence, tho rascally
hypocrite will became bolder in his ttai t
and if we punish his insolence as it deserves
every Methodist vote in the Stale willproba-
uij uc bttai annual US.
After reflecting a few minutes.thc journalist
sprang to his fcct.crying out furiously-'I will
fix the base wretch, so that the members of
his own sect will disown him!" And ho hasti
ly buckled on his belt, and fill-ug it with pis
tols rushed forth in'.n M10 s'.ry t.
As chanco would have it the youthful min
iier was at tiiat instant walmng by the door
Jlo was a slender, pule faced man with 1
fair complexion, bright, blue eyes, and t
countenance of profound and, even poetic
thought, apparently incapable of resisting a
oouuiMT 01 aggression, or so much as harm
ing a ity.
"Are you the author of "Vindex," in the
recent number of the Arkansas lKtfc?'' de
manded Woods, advancing so near to his in
tended victim that their heads almost touch
" I am," answered Coleuan, In his cleai
Sliver voice, without betraviinr thn f.intp:l
"Then thus I chastise our Imnudenceand
falsehood!" 6houted (he enraged editor.seizinff
the clergyman's nose with a giasp of iron,
ami npuung scorntuiiy 111 his moutlu
"U I did not frr to have the foul Kin I no
your polluted blood on the now pure record of
my cuuscience, 1 would teach you lesson
never to be forgotten until your dying day!"
remarked Coleman, us calmly as if iu a D'av-
a- t : - .
"AwaV With vnnr nallrnnn und I In .!'
cd Woods, administering several contemptu
ous licks, as the other retreated slowlv from
tho inglorious field.
the rumor of the affair circulated with in.
conceivable rapidily.and immediately became
the subject of general conversation; but sin
gular as it may seem, everybody denounced
the iuvenilo preacher, so that he sunk dnwn
ui mice irom me pinnacle of popularity to
ine lowest abvfs of shame and degradation ;
and on the subsequejit Sunday, when he as
cended the pulpit not half a dozen hearers at
tended tho service. Hi8chosen church deser
ted him as a coward for that was the real
cause of offence, although many disgui sed
the fact Under the MimhV nrotnit (hnl
disapproved of hisrnml ni'l in iTinil.llinn i-itfi
questions of polities.
It is impossible to point tho emotions of
jmiug minister wiieu ne witnessed this re
sult, and saw himself entirely abandoned by
Ins spiritual fiock. Even tha lipcrrnpa nml
boys taunted himnsa coward whenever he
appeared in (he streets, and his affianced
bride, a lady of nrcat beauty and iutellieencc
k'u nun acoiu una ctuei dismissal. Had
u! I I ' 1 . . ".. .
he been proved guilty of burglary or theft,hi3
disgrace coiiin not have been more.
No one therefore, wondered whnn bp. wlih
drew from the fellowship of tha Methodist
'.denomination; and shut himself up iu the
bolittido of his private apartment, as many
6i1pp0ed,in a condition bordering on mental
derangement. The following week, however
reeaieu ine iruits ot his meditations in an
unexpected manner that startled the whole
city. Another article came out in the Ar
Kansui iKAig.&nd this time over Levi Cole
mail s own signature, wtncii excelled any
satire ever before seen in the South-wes t f6r
awlul.boundicss, bitter denunciation. Every
waituro of the ex-prcacher s pert seemed like
trie Hush ol an internal sword every word
pierced lika the thrust of a poisoned dagger.
The editor of the Democrat arid all his friends
indeed his whole party, and even his family-were
subjected to the penalty of summary
massacre. Ho dragged into the light all their
private as well as political sins, and accused
them of imaginary crimes, that caused every
ituui.1 in nun muni wuii uonor-
Then as SOOIl as the nowsnimer wna ic-im.l
he left his room and promenaded the public
thorough fare with the proud tread of a
hero, accompanied by Punt Noland, both be
ing thoroughly urmed. A challenge from Is
real Woods then perhaps tho wost deadly
duelists in the world.was the immediate con
sequence, and tqe youth accept it, to combat
with pistols at ten paces!
The interview took place the next morning
at sunlise.on tho bank of the Arkansas River
nail a milo above Little Rock and never did
a greater concourse of spectators swarm to
oenoid a similar scene.4
At the appointed hour, the seconds, Elias
vvnarton lor woods and Fent JNoIand for
uoleman, stationed their nnncmals in noKi-
tion,and the anxious throng actully trembled
111 leariui expectancy 01 the brutal signal.
Indeed, the proximity of the foes was so
close that the escape of eithor with life seem
ed altogether hopeless. ....
In tho meanwhile a wonderful charo li.id
been wrought in the aspect of the formerly
mild and merciful minister. His blue eye3
looked luminous as lire-bulls.and the thought
ful sadnes3 of his countenance ha.l been re
placed by a perpetual smile-but such a smile
fierce, scorching, murderous, as appeared to
have the power of blasting tho gazer's sight,
like the flash of lightning from a thunder
coud. As Fent Noland left his friend he whisper
ed iu his ear. "Ba sure and aim at the enemy's
head and fire at tho word, it i3 your only
At length tho signal sounded, and both
weapons roared apparently together; yet, in
fact, Coleman's had the precedence bv snmp
half a second, and that diminutive '.fragment
of duration -made all the (liJTe.rerice. of an en-
liro eternity in the result.
Woods fell to the earth like a 6tone drop
ped from thehand.wiihd bullet-hole through
his right temple, while his own ball whistled
the forth of au inch abovo his adversary's
,1... 1 it
i rom tna'.uay ine lameanti fortune 01 Levi
Lolcman might be considered fiimlv cslablsh
ed. 11a was installed forthwith in thn pdi.
tonal chair of the Arkansas, Whigtt wielded
pen and pistol with the same triumphant
success, uniu suuuemy me angti of pestilence
ciu snort nis Dnei and Dniiiaut career.
Cool for Kahsas. A recent Weslpoft
letter nas me loiowing : "it is said that a
skeletou was found recently upon the Wek
amsa cteek, with a bowie-knife and a sheath
lying near it. It was Hot known to whom
it belongs, but it is generally supposed to
have been the property of 6ome unlucky
gentleman, who having departed this life.left
it mere as something he had uo further use
The People will Fubnish Him with a
Hall. Tho following prophetic paraerat h
in the New York Journal of Commerce of the
issue of Apiil 2(1.
The Know Nolhius councils of Philadel
phia have refused the use of the Hall of in
dependence for the recent ion of tho Hon.
James Buchanan. Never mind : the neoiile
will furnish him ahall.after the 4 ill of March
next, which will bo "suliiticut for all rn:
ti;al purposes "
Mr. Buchanan and the Committee
of the Democratic National
LANCASTER, June 13, 1856.
Convention of the
Democratic party, which assembled in Cin
cinnati on tho first Monday in June, unani
mously nominated you as a candidate for the
oflico of President of tho United States.
We have been directed by the Convention
to cpnvcy you this intelligence, and to re
quest you, in their name, to accept the nom
ination for the exalted trust which the Chief
Magistracy of the Union imposcj.
' 1 he Cpnvention, founding their action
tmon the time honored firinrintna if kn
democratic party, liave . announced their
views tn relation, to the chief questions
which engago tho public mind j and, while
adhering- to tho truths oftho past, have man
ifested tho policy of tho present in a series
of resolutions, to which wo invoke your at
tention. Tho Convention feel assured, In tender
ing to you this signal proof of tho resoect
and esteem of your countrymen, that they
truly reflect tho opinion which the tieonlo
oftho United States, entertain of your 'emi
nent cnoracicranu distinguished public ser
vices. t They cherish a. profound conviction
that yo'ir elevation to tho first olfico in the
Republic, will cive a moral miarantvto thn
cotintry, that tho principles oftho Constitu
tion will bo asserted and maintained ; that
tho public tranquility will bo established ;
that tho tumults of faction will bo stilled ;
that our domestic industry will flourish : that
our foreign affairs Will bo conducted with
such wisdom and firmness as to assure tho
prosperity or the people at home, while tTie
Interests and honor of our 'country arc wise
ly but inflexibly maintained in our inter
course with other nations ) and, especially, I
that your public experience and tho c'dinn
denco of your countrymen, will enable vou
to ffivc effect to Democratic nrincinles. so as
to render inuissoiuoio tno stron? bonds of
mutual Interest and national glory which
unito our comcueracy and socuro the pros-
purity 01 our iieuuiu.
While wo offer to tho country our sinccro
congratulations upon the fbrtunato ausoicos
of tho future, wo tender to you, Dcrsonullv.
tho assurances of tho respect and C6tccrri of
Your tellow citizens.
JOHN E. WARD,
W. A. RICHARDSON,
W. 11. LAWRENCE,
A. G. BROWN,
JOHN L. MANNING,
J. RANDOLPH TUCKER,
Hon. JAMES BUCHANAN.
WHEATLAND, NEAR LANCASTER,
June 16, 1856.
Gentlemen : I havo the honor to ac
knowledge tho receipt of your communica
tion oftho 13th inst., informing mo oliicially
of my nomination by the Domocratic Na
tional Convention, recently held at Cincin
nati, as tho Democratic candidate for tho
oifieo ofPresident of tho United States. I
ehall not attempt 1 6 express the grateful feel
ings which 1 entertain towards my Dom6-
cratic fellow-citizens for having deemed me
worthy of Ihis the highest political honor
on earth an honor Such as tho people of Ad
other country havo tho power to bestow.
Deenlv Bensiblo of tho vast responsibility nt
tached to tho station, especially at tho pres
ent crisis in our anairs, 1 have carelully re
frained from seeking tho nomination cither
by word or by deed. Now that it has been
ollcred by the Democratic party, I accept it
with difl'danue in my own abilities, but with
an hnmblo trust, that in the event of my
election, I may bo enabled to discharge my
duty in such a manner as to allay domestic
stnfo, preserve peace ami lricndship with
foreign nations and promoto the best inter
ests of tho Republic.
In accepting tho nomination, I need
scarcely sav that I accent in tho samo snir-
it. the resolutions constituting tho platform
of principles erected by the convention.
To this platform I intend toconlino myself
throughout tho canvass, believing that I
have no right, as tho candidato of tho Dem
ocratic party, by answering Interrogatories,
to present new and different issues before
It will not bo expected that in this an
swer, I should specially refer to tho subject
of each oftho resolutions ; and I shall there
fore confino myself to tho two topics how
more prominently Deioro tho people.
And in the first place, I cordially concur
in tho sentiments expressed by tho Corivcrt-
tion on mo sunject or civil ana religious lib
ertv. No. party founded on religious or
political lntoicrnco towards ono Class of
American citizens, whether born in our own
or in a foreign land, can long continuo to
exist in this country. We arc all equal be
fore God and the Constitution ; and the dark
spirit of despotism and bigotry which would
create odious distinctions among our fellow
citizens, will bo speedily rebuked by a frcd
unu ciinriiit.-iii;u puunc opinion.
Tho agitation on the question of Domes
tic. Slavery has too long distracted and divi
ded tho people of this Union and alienated
their afl'ection3 from each other. This aeit-
ation has assumed many forms since its com
mencement, but It HOW seems to be directed
ch iefly to the Territories; and judging from its
present character. I thiiik we mav safelv an-
ticipate that it is rapidly apprdachfng a
"finality." The recent legislation of Con
gress respecting domestic slavery, derived, as
unas Deen iroin tno onsnnal ami nure
fountain of legitimate . political ' rower.
the will of the majority, promises ere long
to allay the dangerous excitement. This leir
islation is founded upon principles, as
ancient as free government itilf, arid
in accordance with them, has simnlv
declared that the peonle of a Territory, like
muse uiu aiaiB- suaii ucciueior inemseives
whether slavery shall or elm 11 notexist with,
in their limits.
The Nebraska-Kansas Act docs no more'
than give the force of law to this elementary
principle of self-government; declaring it to
bo "the true intent uud meanina of this act
uot to legislate tlavcry into any Tonitoiy or
!l"t tncx'.'lud-! It theiUKUil ; but in
-eave the people thereof perfectly free to form
and regulate their domestic institutions in
their own way. subject only to the Consti
tution of the United SihIm" Thf. ,it
pie t-UI surely hot be controverted by any in
dividual of any natty nrofessins dvntinn tn
puiiuiaruuvernment. llesn e. hmv min
I . - - . 'O ,
u iu niusorv waul, I nnv nih.
pie prove in practice iu regard to the Ter
ritories! This is apparent from the fact ad
muted oy all, that after a Territory shall
ime entered the Union nnd tomm
no Constitutional power would then exist
wii ci 1 could prevent it rrora abolishing or es
tablishing slavery. as the C&Se 1T1AV hr nrrnr.
ding to its sovereign will ami pleasure.
if this long agitation were a an end
nuppy wuuiu 11 do ior me country
i-uB i.a wnoic progress 11 uas produced no
practical good to any human being, whilst
it has been the source of ereat and iVunnornn.
evil?. It has slicnatcd aud eatmnpe.l nn
portion of the Union from the other.and hnn
even seriously tnreaiened its very sxistence.
To my own personal knowledge, it has pro
duced the impression among foreign nations
nisi our great enu glorious conlederacy
is in constant dancer of dissolution.
This does us serious iniurv. because ae.
knowledged power and stability alwavs
command respect among nations, and are
among the best securities against unjust ag
gression and in furor of the maintenance of
May we not hopb that It Is the mission of
the Democratic party, now the only survi
ving conservative party in tho country, ere
long to overthrow all sectional parties and
restore the peace, friendship and mutual con
fidence winchprevailed in the good old time,
among the different members of the confede
racy. Its charcter is strictly national, and
it therefore assert no principle for the Guid
ance of the Federal Government which is not
adopted and sustained by its members in
each and every State; For this reason it is
everywhere the same determined foe of all
geographical pariips, so much and so justly
ureuded by the Father of his country. From
its very nature it must continue to exist so
long as there is a Constitution and a Union
to preserve. A conviction of these truths
has induced many ol the puresfjthe ablest and
most independent of our former opponents,
who have differed from us in times gone by
upon old, an,d extinct party issues, to come
iuto our ranks and devote themselves with us
to the cause of the Constitution and the Un
ion. Under these circumstances, I most
cheerfurly pledge myself.should the nomina
tion of the Convention be ratified bv the
people.tbat all the power arid influence, con
stitutionally possessed by the Evecutive,
shall be exerted in a firm but concilatory
spirit, during the single term I shall remain
in office, to restore the same harmony among
the sister States which prevailel before this
eppleof discord, in the form of slavery agit
ation, had been cast Jntp their midst. Let'
the members of the family atstain from inter
meddling with the exclusive domestic con
cerns of each other, and cordially unite, on
the basis ot perlecl equality ainoiiK them
selves, in promoting the great national ob
jects of common interest to all, and the good
worK win De uisianiiy accoinpiisned.
In regard to our foreign policy, to which
you have ieferedinyou communication it
quite impossible for any human foreknowl
edge to prescribe positive rules jn advance,
to regulate tne conduct 01 a lutura adminis
tration in all the exigencies which may arise
out various and ever , changing relations
with foreimi powers. The Federal Govern
ment must ot necessity exercise a sound dis
cretion m dealing witn international oues
tions as they may occur; but that under the
strict responsibility which tho Executive
must always feel to the people of the United
States and the ju.dgiri.ent of posterity. You
will therefore excuse me for entering into
particulars; whilst 1 heartily concur with you
iu uie tBUfrui seiiiiiiitsui. mat our lore inn
affairs ought to be conducted with sucn u w.
dom and timness aa to assure llm nmc,m.-;--
r ,u- 1 ii.i7k .1 1 ..j
uiu puuiuti at iiuiuc,wiiiisi me interests and
nonor of our country are wisely but inflexi
bly maintained abroad. Our foreign policy
ought ever to be based upon the principle
doing justice to all nations, and requir
ing justice from them in return; and from
this principle 1 shall never depart. , 1
Should 1 be placed in the Executive Ciiair.
Ishall use my bust exertions to cultivate peace
and friend ship with all rations, believing
this tu be our highest policy as well as our
most imperative duty; but at the same time
shall never forget that in case the necessity
should arise, which I now do not apprehend,
our national honor must be preserved at all
hazards and at any sacrifice.
Firmly convinced that d special Provi
dence governs the affairs of nations, let us
humbly implore his continued blessing upon
our country, and that he may avert from us
the punishment we justly deserve for being
uisconieuiea auu ungraioiui wnust enjoying
privileges above all nations, under such a
Constitution and 6uch a Union as has new
been vouchsafed to any other people.
Youia, vary respectfully,
Q3" The New York Journal of Commtrct
the great organ 01 tne commercial ana mon
eyed interest in JNcw xorK city, says ;
The Cincinnati Convention have rnnrln
dod their labors, with a result which will
elicit an approving response from the con
servative and solid men of the cuuntry in
fI. IT f. mi " .
every section 01 ine union, ine selection
Mr; Duchanan will tend to strengthen
public faith in the fitness of the people
self government. Among the most ex
perienced of the few remaining statesmen
who have been employed in the national
service durirfg the period extending over half
existence of the republic he has exhibited
the various exalted stations which he has
filled, a thorough fitness for their respec
tive duties, tt perfect comprehension of the
interest entrusted tohischarge, an undeviat
ing sense of equality and justice in judg
ment and administration, and a liberal and
patriotic estimate of those considerations
necessary to the adjustment of conflicting
sectional interests, which have hitherto so
happily controlled the counsels of the country
give to it an-unprecedented development
expansion.power ond prosperity and which
ad vaucement of general civilization and
progress, uo less than our own permanent
well being, require to be maintained.
Nevtr juJj'.o one auothcr, bat iiltii'.:ii''
gorvl motiv when you can.
Glorious Opening of the Campaign.
noticing the nominations of tho Na.
by the thunder of theTa.iilleTy'lThe Xa 0
tho democratic masse. DrJt.J .i.? 'I..?1
sentative, oj their.cause." Never d la no n
nat.on meet more enthusiastic Pon3
from the peoD le than ih. v......K".s
i 11 1 V ' uiu oiaies
o S '.S ni i'k "rP"18' tha lhKey1
A , ""tuckey; and no two men
could be found in either whn hd L7.. "e'!
I. - , . iiu
aima nnnn ik 1 - .
- ..uvi Duunrr
..iu.1." "' K"iuutieot democrats.
,.. niVtT 0J"lrrcss reflects the senti
entsofthe nomm w. t. . ,
lournals from Mirhm.
tsew Jersey and the new England S ates
unanimously exultant ovrThe result tu'
Whig pres. f lhe e result T
"So the campaign Vf a , Bo"t
democraUara rea.lv f,..i. 1 "I .
w o io ten in and n hi ;.. -u
the issue. Theyl ill n ' Vt0'.l,cl,t
Clubs, by shakers from the stum , bi d i".
cussions in the . h. rh. u.
opponents to the defence of Tr ffi
to the commricn.1 t if"-i)ies, ana
"The contest of lfi!V2
cy nearly every State Tnthe U ,0,, We'
sfiall not be surprised if the con Cs 'of 13M
shows yet a greater victory I"
The Democrat h,t . 1 .
Tuesday. It is estimated that f,. ' V r
dresses were m,l 1.., nZ. -, " .
,l.co. , . creianes. a .
Prrrr.rm?,,a n President, bvllon.
at. 1 "L W ""Pn. ci, 11.
m. itarry Hi!
Wrwvlk.. ' .1 I
yuoie auair.wnsone of the most ,u
" maile ii N. Hampshire. . WJienever tlm
v ., ,?Peec,les w8 made by Hon 1!
At Ln f ' Wr''t ai"' 0t,1',-
At Bangor. Mo., on Monday evening n
li'ge and enthusiastic meeting wa , M ? to
ratify I ill nnminntin- -r "Ult 10
ti,. ...l.i. -'"""uurjanti otners.
" . ...Hiui ui! 111 u ir lanmt -j
Se wall and many others.
No mOrU nilCmrlnna .,
been made. ib;Z?Z
Union, than th 3. in nil uu..l"u
WatifvinB. In .11 8" . .1f"0," w
nappy. It is a tribute tn ... ..j
1 il win no
ina iiiainn,! ii '
est character,a,ul "dbX
choicest honors of the Senate and X) 1 Q
plomatic service of the
. , " uiu
abroad, naturally cu.n,sith.
omce. n is duo to the great State-
Keystone of the democracy of the Union
with whose, history his name is iden w
hat her claims should bo reco-rn ,e by
voriSlfrresi,,Cnlial honors "to her Z
nUlmxha 1 1 u not hesitate to
due to the Kevstono Xin.o v I .... TW '
NegHO VS. White M.. Wi!,. ''I 1 .
this country stand a precious small china'
us now. the negro is the - lord of L ?. fi
. ..1 ... iuikb 011 mat is important or valua-
,r, H't "'T? 13 60um!eJ throughout all
the length and breadth ot the land. NoL
else 13 lalked about or t.i,.i,f r,r 7
l, i,. . ,p - ui creation.
Ratification Meetings. Albany Evening
Ratification Meetings. Albany Evening Statesman.
Democratic Vir-rnuir.. ti, .1 '
?ii;:W1",,?n' C01""- 'ave carried the el -
re-'ui!iLJ'.,.3a have tlonejikewisp. Gains.
tdr Hon. John M. Niles, of Connecticut
formerly United Statu Senator and Tost
master General .uiuIcr.Van Jluren, died ot
Hartford on Satuiday, iu tho G3th year of his
"Of all tha bittcrtcnemies of the unfoTT
tunate negro, there arc none to compare with
the Abolitionists, their pretended friends
who like the centaur of old, mount not the'
back of the horse, but the back of the new
k Black Rfj-uiilican Satixg?. 'The Union
1850. N. Y. Tribune.
Rifles ar hnitor H,n., ti:i,u
Henry Ward Beecher.
N. P. Banks.
The Great God seems to have given that
commandment-know thyselMo those RV.
more especially who Q.n) Hilt tfl mfilrA p.)i..n.K.
Klvcs en8-- -0-nS' ff80t thCm-
To Love the public, to study universal
good od promote the interest of the whole
vr .;ail d.vin..