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EQUAL AND EXACT JUSTICE TO ALL MEJT, OF WHATEVER STATE On PCnSUASIOX, RELIGIOUS OR POLITICAI Tkot. 'Jerson.
M'ARTHUll, VINTON COUNTY,. OHIO, ; AUGUST 7; J85C : :'.v
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THE WHITE HOUSE RACE.
BY A DEMOCRATIC BOY.
' Tdnk "CamjHoicn Jlacet."
There's an bid gray horse, his name Is Buck,
Du da, dn da,
Ills dam was vlrtao, his sire good luck,
Du da, du da day.
' CAofit We're botind to run all night,
K 'j We're bound to boat the hack ;
I'll bet my money on the old gray horse,
Will any body hot on tho bluck. .
The old gray horse is stout and strong,
- Du da, du da, . .
He will not bolt for a good old song,
Du du, du da day.
; J . Ch.ru We're bcund to,&c.
The woolly horse is en unknown hack,
' 7 ; . Duda.duda,
Uo's long been fed at Buronm's rack,
. Du da,du da day.
Ckorut We're bonnd to, fco.
T he old gray horse the harness wore, .
Before the woolly did his pinafore, ' ,
' ' "" i- Du da, in da day. -
. Old woolly goes at a snail- trot pace,
1 . Duda.du da.
1 IIo's bound to lose in tho four-mile race, '
Du da du da day.
' CKarv We're bound to, &c.
' The old gray horse Is a two-forty nag,
Du da, du da,
lie will not boltand ho will not lug,
Du da, du da day.
Chorus Wo're bonnd to, &o.
The woolly horse is s'most too young,
Du da, du da,
Ills wind's not sound and his knees are sprung,
. Du da, du da day.
' . Qurus -We're bound to, &s.
He is truly a conservative man ; with the
moderation of ace. he has tho fir.nness
which arises from well-settled convictions
whose wisdom has been tested by expert
ence. He is now sixty-five years ; forty
two of them have been passed in tiio scr
vice of bis native State and the country. In
all of thorn ho has shown himself truly
American, in its hoodest and most noble
sense, from ihe day when, in 1812, he en
rolled himself as a volunteer in a company
to defend Baltimore from the threatened at
tack of the English, to his lust service against
the same foe in resisting, as minister, her
present and more dangerous encroachments.
George Washington pronounced
a Scoundrel by Abolitionists!!
At the Abolition Convention held recent
ly at Boston, in the Melodian Hall, the N.
Y. Herald says : " Mr. Charles Reymond, a
colored man said that remembering he was
a slaveholder, he could spit upon Washing
ton. (Loud hisses and applause The
hisses, he said, were from slaveholders in
spirit, and every one ot them would enslave
him if they had the courage to do it. So
near to Foneuil Hall and Uunknr Hill, was
he not to be permitted to say that tho scoun
drel George Washington enslaved hi3 fel
1 Jqw men J "
Old Buck and Henry Clay.
At a Democratic Convention in Pennsyl
vania in 1840, Mr. "Buchanan thus spoke of
pir. Clay :
The Whig party had in Mr. Clay, a can
didate of whom they .might justly be-proud
a man of bold and fearless heart a man
Of bold and commanding eloquence, and
man of distinguished ability. Although op
posed to his political principles, yet I have
ever felt for him the highest regard." -
The Boston Journal, a Fremont paper has
the following : . '
" We are decidedly of opinion that mon
archy, and hereditary, monarchy, h by far
the best form of government that human
wisdom has yet devised for the administra-
' tion of considerable nations, and that it will
always continue the most perfect which hu
man virtue will admit of."
" What does this mean 1 We thought the
Among the banners and mottoes at the
Brooklyn meeting, was the following i
'' Eleventh Commandment ' .
'- - Love Onb Akotheb. ' '
. .. .JJeecher's Commandment,,'. -'"?
j Kill Out Another.
FREMONT IN CALIFORNIA—
HOW HE BECAME RICH.
TWO DOLLARS A DAY AND ROAST BEEF.
We invite attention to the following offi
cial documents relating - to the course of
Lieut. Col. John C.Fremont, while acting,
or professing to act as Governor of Califor
nia. These official documents were sent to
the House of Representatives bv President
Taylor in 1850, in cuinpliance, w Ilh a resolu
tion of that body. In order that our read
ers may feel tlw full force of evidence which
they conlain, it will be necessary to remem
ber that- General Kearney arrived in Califor
nia in December, IS 10 ; that he had authori
ty from tuc war department to establish a
civil crovrrnmaut in California, and that he
uommunicated to Coin. Stockton the nature
of his instiuctious.. The two acted together
in the Ladles on the Bio San Gabriel ami on
the Plains of the Mesa.fcth and 9th January,
lot i, in which, alter a severe ngni, rreinont
not being with them, however, they were vic
torious. Tltey took Ciudad de Los Aneeles.
and a few days afterward Fremont arrived
there with Ins part of tho battalion. On
the tOih of January, General Kearney made
lormaiuemanu oi Commodore Stockton-that
he should cease any furtht-r proceeding tela
liiiR (o the formation of a civil government
in California. Commodore Stockton left the
lerntory, shortly afterward. General Kearnev
mane prou'ainationasuovernorol California
and it is wotlhy to be remembered that all
this took place prior to tha date of the fol
lowing interesting documents : .
This article of agreement, made and en
tered into tins third day of March, in the
year 1817, by and between Eulojiode Celis,
a lesident of the city de Los Angeles, capital
of UtlDCt Calilornin. of tlin first nntt ami
J. C. Fremont, Governor of California and
legal representative of the government of
the United States of North America, of the
tecoml part, witnesseth, that the Said Eulojio
de Celis has sold to J. C. Fremont, governor
oi talilorma aforesaid, a lot of six hundred
head of cattle, of good merchantable kind.
and suilablo for beef, to be delivered Vi the
commissary of the troops under the lminH
diate command of Governoi Fremont in
number correspondiiiit with the renuisition
of the commissary ; and the said Governor
rremont binds himself and his successors
in office to nay to said Euloiio de Celis. his
heirs, executors, administrators, or assigns,
at the expiration of eight months, the sum
of six thousand dollars, without defalcation.
It is expressly understood between the above
contracting parties, that if the said Eulojio
de Celis fails to deliver good tnerchaptuble
cattle, when required to do so by the com
missary, tne contract is to be considered
null and Void by the said Govornor Fremont
he payifig to Eulojio de Celis ten dollm
per hendJiur iuo numDer ueiivered j and it
is iurthJf understood, that the hides of the
above cwtle are to be delivered, on applica
tion, to the said Eulojio de Celis, to whom
they belong by agreement.
In testimony of the above, the said parties
have hereunto set their hands- and affixed
their seals, at the city de Los Angeles, the
capital of California, the day and year before
EULOJIO DE CELLS, [L. S.]
J. C. FREMONT. [L. S.]
Governor of California.
The foregoing agreement has the following
endorsement, the date of which is important,
as will be seen by reference to Governor
Muson s letter,
I do hereby certify that Don Eulojio de
Celis has compiled to within obligation and
contract on his part, by delivering the uum
bet of cattle as SDecilied : and in tavment
thereof, I have this day executed to said Celis
my note for the sum of six thousand nine
hundred a iid seventy-five dollars, including
tne nines oi tne whole numoer or cattle.
J. C. FREMONT.
ANGELES, April 26, 1847.
Lieutenant Culonel United States Army.
Taken alone, the above document contains
nothing very significant, although it does
look somewhat strange, that the government
should be bound to pay cash for the hides
which, were to be returned according to the
term3 of the agreement. It is worth remem
bering also that on the day of the execution
of the cattle contract Fremont executed the
following paper :
No. 3. Eicht months after date, J. C. Fre
mont governor of California, and thereby
the legal agent of the government of the
Uniteo States of North America, in considera
tion of tha sum of two thousand five hundred
dollars being borrowed or advanced to me.
for the benefit of the said government of the
United States, by Eulojio de Celis, heieby
promise and oblige myself, in my fiduciary
character as governor aforesaid, and my suc
cessors in otfice, to pay to said Eulojio de
Celis.his heirs executors, administrators, and
assigns, the aforeeaid sum of two thousand
uve uundrd dollars without defalcation.
is agreed and understood that if the afore
saiasum of two thousand Ave hundred dol
lar is not paid on or before maturity, it
to Jraw interest at the rate of two per cent
per inontn irora tne time it alls due. In
testimony whereof, I have hereunto 6et my
hand and have caused the seal of the Ter
ritory to be affixed, at the city de los Angeles
tne capital ol lalilorms, this id of March,
in me year wn . .
J. C. FREMONT,
Governor of California.
On the 2Cth of April, 1847, the same dar
mat rremom ceruueainai ueiis had -complied
with his contract, he executed the fol
lowing document : - ,. , k' .
. No. 3. This is to certify that there is due
from the United States to- Don Eulojio
Celis the sum of six Ibousand niuff hundred
and seventy -five dollars, on account of sun-
ones lunusneu uv uhu mr suDsisiinz u.
troops m service in tnis territory and under
my command. - me above Euro.- lor which
this obligation is given, shall be subjected
to an interest of two per cent, per. month
from the ibth Qt April, 1847, until paid.
J. C. FREMONT,
Lieut. Colonel United States Army.
ANGELES, California, April 26, 1847.
Thus far the transaction might be explain
ed perhaps on the supposition of houesty,
Dut oearinz in miua mat t rement cad certin
ed on the 26th of April, that the cattle were
delivered, we come to the following two ad
ditional documents ; .v :
ANGELES, California, April 26, 1847. B
I have received from Don Euloiio de (Mis
four hundred aod eighty-one heal ol
cattle on account of Mr. J. C. Fremont
Lieut. Colonel of the army of the United S.
which cattle, exist La my possession
ANGELES, May 1, 1847.
ANGELES, May 1, 1847. F.
I have receivtd from Don Euloiio de Celis
one hundred and ninteen head of cattle, on
account ol Mr. i. U. iremont Lieutenant
Colonel of the army of the Uniied States,
and said cattle remain in my possession ac-
coruiiig to agreement.
ANGELES, July 7, 1847.
We come now to tin final denouement of
this matter. Fremont left California it June,
1347, nothing was heard of the cattle by the
commissa7 uor by Colonel Mason, until
application was made by the holder of the
agreement, to know whether the amount
would be paid at maturity. This elicited an
inquiry into the character of the transaction.
Col. J. D. Stephenson addressed two letters
to Abel Stearns, the recipient of the cattle
inquiring how he held them, and to whom
they belonged. The following are his an
ANGELES, August 20, 1847.
Deab Sib; In reply to your official letter
oi yesterday, i wouiu observe mat 1 hold, in
my possession six huudred head of cattle, (the
major part breeding cows.) received from
Don Eulojio de Celis, on account of Lieut.
Colonel J. C. Fremont. I hold these cattle
by agreement, and for the term of three years ;
to return the same number and class at the
end ct the term, with one halt the increase
excepting such as may be lost in any way
whatevor.and not for wantofcareon my part.
I consider the cattle as the private property
of Col. J. C. Fremont, not beitig instructed
oy him to the contrary.
I have the honor to be, &c
COL. J. D. STEVENSON
Commanding Southern Military District
California. No. 10.
ANGELES, Sept. 20, 1847.
Sir : I have the honor to acknowledge
the receipt of your official note of the 17th
inst., 'vith an extract of an official letter to
you from W. S. Sherman, acting assistant ad
jutaiit general, requiring from me further ill for
mation relative to a contract by which i
hold a certain lot of cattle received from Don
E. Celis, for account of Lieutenant Colonel
John C. Fremont, and whetlier I have a writ
ten contract or a verbal one ; if the latter, to
furnish you with the evidence to prove my
rmht to the trust. In nutw to whioh. I
have to observe that I hold the cattle by ver
bal contract ; witnesses to the same, Mr,
Samuel llensly, captain in the late California
battalion, to whom 1 refer yon particularly
lie resides near JNueva Helvetia r also; to
Midshipman John K. Wilson and Lieutan.
ant A. 11. Gillespie, United States marines
lioth, I think, were present and knowing to
the contract. As the above named gentle
men are nothere, I cannot furnish you with
their ccrtihcates relative to the contract.
.. Very respectfully,
ANGELES, Sept. 20, 1847. ABLE STEARNS.
To. COL. J. D. STEVENSON.
Commanding Southern Military District.
Can there be any rational doubt on the
perusal of the above official papers, that Fre
mont intended to mike a speculation for his
own benefit? The fact that on the 26th of
April, 1847, he executed the obligation
marked number 2, in which the sum of &075
is added to the price agreed to be paid, being
a compensation lor tne niues oi tne came,
and this loo before a solitary cow had been
delivered, shows thut it was not then the in
tention of Fremont that the cattle should be
used for the army. It shows, that the idea
of leasing out the cattle on the shures was
not merely an after thought, but a part of his
original design. But why resort to such in
ferences when we have the damning fact.that
instead"of cattle "suitable for beet" asuam-
ed in the original, contract, "breeding cows"
were delivered and that too wt'h the, evident
concurrence of Fremont in the fraud?
We need do no more than a Id the letter of
Col. Mason, which was sent to tho .War
Department, accompanied by the foregoing
documents. It is unnecessary to add, tbal,
at the time this information was sent. Col.
Macon, being Governor of California, was
the rroner person to make a report of such
misconduct. It arrived at Washington city
after the court martial on Col. Fremont bad
commenced its sittings. It is impossible to
read this letter and the collateral proof with
out coming to the conclusion that Col. Fre
mont was guilty of a deliberate attempt to
defraud the Government which he represent
HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEP'MT.
Monterey, California, Oct. 9, 1847.
Sib. I have the honor herewith to enclose
to you the papers relating to a contract enter
ed into on the 3d day of March, 1817, by
Lieut. Col. - Vmtmnmi, , mounted riflemen.
with a Don Euloyo de Celis, a resiaem-w
Cindad de los Angeles, California. 1 he pa
per marked A is a copy of this contract,
witn ideut.uoi. rremonts ceruncaiB, war
ing date April 26, 1847, that the contract
had been complied with on the part of Don
Euloeio de Celis. and that he, Fremont, had
executed to him in a payment a note for the
sum of bix thousand nine hundred ana seven
ty-five dollars. . . V
Lieut. Jol- tremont leit uaiuouiia in tne
month of June. 1847, eivin no ..notice to
fien. Xearnev of the existence of such aeon
tract, oi tbal he had pledged the faith of his
government for the redemption of it by the
payment ot tne sum oi o,a o. . .iwr nau i
the least idea of this obligation, nntil appli
ed to by Col. Stevenson whether I would rec-
ognize the contract, ana reaeem we ooua ai
maturity.-: This letter was accompanied by
others, which show that in fact, notwith
standing" the certificate of Lieut Col. Fre
mont, Mr. Celis never delivered to the com
lnissnry Of tlw California battalion one sin
ele head of beef cattle under this contract,
and notonethat was slaughtered forthe use of
that battalion; but, oo the contrary, mat they
have been delivered to a Mr. Stearna,; of Los
Angeles, In two parcels; one of four bund-.
red.and eighty-one on the fm.tday.of May,
and anothei of one huudred and nineteen on
the sixtf dat Of Julv.' 1847. both of which
dates are subsequent to the discharge of the
California battalion commanded by Lieuten
ant uii,j,Ui remont. . J here is no doubt
those cattle are the same 600 contracted for.
by Lieut Cot. Fremont oji the 3d March,
1847. Mr. Celis stated it positively iu the
leMpTarked 1) and he receipts for them
by tSuarns, marked U and F specially stale
mat ne- (Stearns) receipts lor them in Ihe
ivnie and behalf of Lieut. Col. Fremont.
', lUse deliveries occurred at a time ithen a
garrison was stationed in Los Angeles, with
a commission agent of the commissary de
partment ol the army, Lieut. Liavidson, to
t-ke charae of subsistence stores intended
ii vubkio use; yet thecattU,(uruih3l by a
lortnaioonuart. are delivered to a private
individual upon a special agreement ras he.
S learns, says) to bred for the term of three
jears. i have endeavored to procure from
Mr. Stearns a cony of the agreement he has
made with Lieut. Col. Fremont for taking
care of these cattle, but his letters (marked 7
and 10) positively assert that he regards those
uauje us we private property ui Liieui. iui.
Fremont, but that the agreement by which
beholds them, is a verbal one, witnessed by
a Mr. llensly and Lieut. Gillespie, of the U.
S. Navy. Thus stand the facts, and I am
applied to know whether payment will be
made upon the paper, marked 8, which is a
certificate that the sum of (6,975 is due to
Celis for supplies that are clearly and plainly
the lot of six hundred breeding cows now in
the hands of a private individual, not one of
which has been used for public purposes.
this note becomes due on tne lain ot De
cember, 1817, and bears an interest of 24 per
centum per annum, alter that date.
In connection with this subject, I call
your attention'to the paper marked 3, where
in Lieutenant Col, Fremont has bound
himself and future governors of California
to pay the sum of $2, 00 J at the expiration of
eight mouths after the date ot March j, itu i
or, in default thereof, that tho note shall
bear uu interest of 24 per cent, per annum;
this, too, when the acting assislaut quarter
master at Monterey bad been more than a
month in the country, with a supply of mon
ey applicable to the proper expenses of the
army in California.
Mr. Celis states that it was partly to secure
this loan of money that Lieut. Col. Fremont
made with him the liberal bargain for cattle,
for which the price is about 40 per cent, high
er than the market price at the time. Both
of these notes are soon due, and Mr. Celis is
going to make application for payment, as
he claims to have fulfilled his part of a con
tract lor the redemption of which the good
faith of the government of the U. States is
pledged by an officer thereof; but the whole
transaction, as shown by the accompanying
papers, appears to me ol inch a character
that I shall not order payment of the money
to Mr. Cel is, but refer all the papers to the
department, for such an action as they may
cousider proper in the case,
,.- I have the honor to be, &c
R. B. MASON,
Col. 1st Dragoons, Commanding.
To Gen. R. JONES, Washington City.
Anecdote of James Buchanan.
Aside from his superior statesmanship and
his admitted competency lot the Presidency,
it is not exaggerated praise to affirm, that no
public man in the United States enjoys a
more unsullied personal reputation than Mr.
Buchanan. When vipers assail himthey
gnaw a filejbefore his unspotted personal ex
cellence, the griz.W form of calumny shrinks
abashed into her aloomv caverns, in nroot
of the eminent personal uprightness oi James
Buchanan, many interesting facts may be
stated, t or the present a Biugle one wilt suf
fice. When Mr. Buchanan first entered Con
gress, it was the universal custom for Sena
tors and Representatives, not only to frank
their own correspondence, but to grant their
jranle Ireeiy to mends, whenever requesteu.-
The rates ot postage then being mucn nigner
than at present, a large amount of revenue
was-then kept but of tlfe coffers of Uncle
Sam. On a certain occasion a leading
friend of Mr. Buchanan approached him,
handing h'un a large letter or packet, reques
ting his frank as a Representative in Con
'Is the letter on public business," asked
Mr. Buchanan, turning il in his hand.
"It is a letter on private business," said
the other, "a letter containing an enclosure
to my wife. As trie-postage wilfamount to
full one dollar. I am anxious to save it."
Sir," said Mr. Buchanan, with marked
emphasis, "if you are poorl will give you
a dollar but, so long as I am connected with
Government, by no act of mine will I ever
consent to deraud the National Treasuary out
of one ceut of its honest revenue. Never
sir. never, never.''
And this was characterise of the man.
Tha same uprightness he has exhibited
throughout his entire public career, ao ten
acious, we learu, was Mr. Buchanan over the
just interests of the Government, that he
would not frank a letter of his own when on
He that is faithful in tha least, is faithful
also in the greatest. To such a man can the
Presidency of the United States be commit
cy oi tne uu
Keep it before the People.
That the terms of the Senate hill for the
pacification of Kansas was pronounced by J.
P. Hale to be almost unexceptionable ; and
aet tha Block Rsvubliotns Oppose it :
That this bill abolishes those local laws
which Gen. Cass denouur.es as unworthy of the
age : vet the Black Republicans oppose it:
That it abolishes those oaths which the
Kansas Legislature imposed as to the fugi
tive slave bill; yet tht Black Republicans
oppose it: .. ,
I hat It abolishes all objectionable qualifi
cations as to Uie manner of voting; and yel
the Black HeputHvcatts oppose U: -
That it also prohibits (he Kansas Legisla
ture from enacting similar laws in future
and yet the Black Republicans oppose it : ..
'That it provides that all actual settlers
driven out of Kansas ma v return and vote;
and vet ihe BlacH K'publusans oppose it.
That it provides tor the protection to the
settlers by the whole army of the United
States to uphold this law; and yel the Black
, T hiirluw -Weed says Fremont's nomination
was carried by an UngowrnaMe mo6."
Ha is a Kf publican, v -
ALBANY, Friday, July 4, 1856.
' Tittht Editors Alia and Anrm --An
article iu the New York Times ot this moriy
lug demands a passing notice at my hamu.
The description of the treatment received by
"Free-State" prisoners, while in the hands
of the authorities in Tecuinseh, is a deliber
ate lie form beginning to end, manufactured
tor the same purpose that hundreds of simi
lar ones have been, namely, that of making
political capital, by exciting the fympalhies
of the North in favor of the criminal faction,
who have long been trying to deluge the
plains of my late adopted ho-na with the
blood of their feilovc ciiIacm. Iv Is wo l.it
numb f rmsoneo were hmught to Te
cumseh for trial, before a U, S. Commission
er; it is true that they were chained for secu
rity on the journey. But it is a lie that they
walked sixty-five miles, or any distance, on
foot while chained. They traveled in a wag.
on, guarded by true and veritable specimens
of the red-sliirted border ruffians. I was in
Tecumseh when thoy arrived and during
their entire stiy.andcin assert thit thej were
trea e I far better than they deserved. They
were, of course, strictly guarded day and
night in a room in the hotel; brought down
regularly to their meals at the hotel table; in
ract .treated with every indulgence consistent
with safe keeping. . All this time they were
in tho hands of tno5e terrible border ruffians,
so graphically described by theN. Y, Time
and Tribune, as blood-thirsty monsters, with
hands constantly steeped in the innocent
blood of Abolitionists and Free.soilers.
Twq of those men were sons ol that atrocious
monster, John Brown, sen. better known
in tho Territory as"OsEawatamie Brown"
the captain of that band of rumans calling
themselves "The Army of the North," who
uau 60 recently committed a number ot the
most diabolical murders,each individual case
attended with acts of barbarity far exceeding
any ever perpetrated by savage Indians in the
worst time of border warfare. In fact, all of
theprisoners were well known to have formed
part of this moustrous company at the time
those atrocities were committed; aud I would
venture to say, if taken and guarded by
citizens of California under similar exciting
circumstances, would have ipeedily obtained
their deserts, '-a short shrift and merry leap"
from a limb of the nearest tree. -
As to the case of Tucker at Topeka, who
happens to be a lawyer and not a doctor, I
was the person who arrested him in my ca
pacity of Deputy Sheriff, in the act of re
moving a horse, which he had concealed
the night before in a thick piece of brush on
the lands of a settler living near Topeka.
He was caught at 10 o'clock at night remov
ing S horse with a saddle and bridle, all prov
ed to have been stolen on the previous day
from a man named Le Hay. a pro-slavery
man, living 19 miles east of the Abolition
town ol Topeka, Four witnesses proved
the fact of his coming to remove the horse
from its place of concealment, and ftco of
his comrades from Topeka proved that he
bad not left town on the night the horse was
stolen, which was the night previous to the
one on which he was arrested. This is the
alibi which, according to the Times corres
pondent, was proved by fire or six witness
es. He was held to bail, with two securi
ties of $500 each, to answer the charge of
Since his committal, three persons have
been discovered who met Tucker and an ac
complice on horseback, within a few miles
of the scene of the robbery, about nightlaii
on the 16th of June. On that night two hor
ses were stolen from Le Hay, and the house
ot a neighbor ot his, with all its contents,
.burnt to the ground. The custom and ex
ample of Illinois and Missouri in their early
days; and of California and Oregon at the
present time, would nave justified us in nang
?.n.. ,. .1 m. T.I -
nig i ucaer irom ine nearest tree. nuu
ro-slavery man been detected in the act of
horse-stealing, by a party of Free State men,
his doom had been a short one. Such is the
difference between the so-called "border ruf
fians" and those much injured, - innocent
Free-State men. The former party had sim
ply endeavored to enforce the laws and keep
peace and quiet in the country ; while the
latter have heen setting law and order at de
fiance, murdering, under cover of night, isola
ted and defenceless settlefs.but never daring
to meet their adversaries in a lair and open
Lying and boasting of their Intention to
resist the laws, but whenever an official of
the law came with an armed party, resis
tance was no longer spoken of their object
was accomplished a good case for lying
was made out for the Abolition papers!
Those, individuals who are keeping up ex
citement in trauma cannot possibly care one
fig whether it becomes a free or a slave State;
each and all of their acts tell against their
own interest and the cause they pretend to
have at heart. If they really wished to make
Kansas a free State they would have cultivat
ed pcace.and peace only. Fighting is not their
forte they know nothing of it, and had bet
ter never have commenced it
W. GEOGHAN, M. D.
Facts for the People—Fremont
Col Fremont's whole civil expM!erTce,C(frr,
sists in twenty-one days in the Senate of the
United States. He was elected for a term of
two years, but in consequence of the delay
In admitting 'California into the Union,
he was not permitted to take bis seat
until September 1850, near the close of the
Session. He abandoned the short cession
which remained to him in 1850-51,, and
went back to California to use his Influence
to secure a re-election.
- Then were 142 votes in the California Leg
islature to fill tha six years term from March
4th, 1851, to March 4th, 1857. Of these Fre
mont received seven. " ,'-
Thus, the Representatives of California gave
but seven votes, on the final ballot, for a re
election to the gentleman whom we are in
vited to -make President of the United
States! ' The election went ovet to the next
Legislature when Weller was elected for
—Buffalo Com, Advertiser.
- Hasn't Reached Kansas. "Not a dollar
of any of the money subscribed in theTast
has ever reached these parts," says a letter
from a resident in Kansas, whom the N.
More of the California Debt and
The Commercial article of the York
Day Book of the 15th., contains the follow-.
nig. wnicn it is quite tune, some oi tne res
MOifT financial speculators should notice: '
"Another California mail has arrived b
the George Law, but we hear nothing cf lha
misfing $100,000, due by Fremont's part-
nert. Palmer, Cook & Co. to the bond holilera"
in New York. . From all we can learu, as
far back at April or Mav last, Messrs. Pal
mer, Cook, W right and" Fremont forming;
the house of Palmar, Cook 6c Co., received
from the Stair of California t ",0'h), with
which to remit ai"l p,iy iha iut .ie.-tt on C'aU-,
foin'm 7 ii irt. buu.k held at New York,,
and the city of ban FraucUco paid them ..
tlO.COO.with which to pay interest on San
Francisco city 6 percent bonds, makings
total of 8100,000, and which ought, in good
faith and honesty on the part of the house,,
to have been paid to the bond holders on the
1st of July, instant. The interest on this
$100,000 defalcation, at 7 percent, amounts
to about $134,73 per week;two weeks having
elapsed, the stock holders.besidet the diversion
of their money to the private or political purpo
ees ot the concern by which they are deprived .
of its use, have already lost 169,50 interest.
which ts equal to about $DJ9,oo for four
weeks or 7,000 pr annum. Who is to pay
the stockholders this interest?
"This is not all. Previous to tha defalca
tion of Palmer, Cook & Co., California 7
per cent bonds had reached 85S89 and were
worth not less than 80 ex dividend, had no
defalcation occurred. Since the default of
the house, the only sale reported at the Stock
Exchange board was made on time at 65,
which was fall of 15 per cent, and that too.
at a time when the news from Europe had
sent up all other sound stocks from 5 to 9
per cent. And as for San I rancisco city
bonds, involved in the same defalcation, their
are nominal and unsaleable at any price.
vv nen or now biocKtioiuers are ever to get
their money, we cannot tell ; whether from
the delaulting firm or from the authorities of
California no one knows. The facts we
have detailed are indisputable. There Is
not one of tus bought up land lobbing organs
from the Tribune up or dowu, (if there is a
lower depth than the one it occupies) that
dare deny the facts we have stated. They
may think that the public Can be kest in
ignorance by their silence on this subject,
They must learn a lesson, and if not acauir-
ed before, the people will teach them one in
novemoet next. 1
A man who is uut forward as a candid
ate for the Preside ncy must not be a huckster,
in public lands and other speculations, in
combination with a heartless set of gamblers
in lands, gold mines and nolitics. He must
show a better roll of honor than a league
with defaulting partners, who seize the funds
due innocent stockholders, for the purpose
of promoting private ends.
' ihe Ueorere Law. as stated resterdav.
brought $1,705,301. Later intelligence al
so came to hand front Australia, which con
firmed the previous accounts of the increased
vie Id of gold in Victoria. Railroads were
being extensively projected, while agriculture
Fremont a Duelist.
The Black Republicans sneak with holr
horror ot the fact that Mr. Breckinridge
once accepted a challenge to fight a duel.
w a commend to tne attention ot these man
sees the fact contained in the following para. -graph
from the Buffalo Commercial Adver.
tuer, a Whig paper t
"There seems to be a special' fitness and
propriety id the selection of Fremont as tho
candidate of the patriotic, pious and peacea
ble republicans, of whom the praying pjeach
era of New England are the most active and
influential electioneerers, Fremont since
he arrived at'vears of discretion, and lust ba
rbie he was elected to the Senate of the Uni
ted Slates from California, made an arrange
ment for fighting a duel with Col. Mason.
of the United S, Dragoons, on terms more
ferocious, savage and bloody than were ever
before heard of iu a civilized country. Particu
lars nereaiter. v
Mr. Buchanan's Age.
The N, Y, Tribune speaks of Mi. Buchan
an as "past his seventieth year." As Mr. B.
tsays me iroy uugeij was Duisixty-nve la
April last, he will serve out his first preai.
dential term before he reaches the age the
Tribune giveshim. Mr. Buchanan iayouiv -get
than either Jackson, Cass, or Taylor were.,
on their nominations, and is ia-the full ripe
necsarul i&oiof lnlellectand physical health.
His recent 6ojuum in England, where ba
won the admiration and respect of all Eu
rope by his solid abilities, has greatly im
proved his health, in the enjoyment of which,
together with sincere confidence of his coun
trymen, he has lately returned, with unos
tentatious maoners and a truly American
The Valub or Dead Men in San Fhan-
cisco.-The San Francisco True Californian
relates a story which throws ballot-box stuf
fing eut irely in the shade. It says that the Vig
ilance Committee, iu their investigation into
the case of I hoe. B. Cunnigbam, have elicited
Mtia&etoiy evidence that ne was in the hab
it, whUe connected with the office of I
er of the county , of disinterring the' bodies !
of persons who had been buried, for the pur
pose oi dropping mem into the dock, and
those receiving the fees attending an inquest.
In this way, it is said, one body has been
made to do service three or four times, ot as
long as il would hold together. ...
Hot Subject tor the Season. The fol
lowing advertisement, signed by the pastor,
appeared in a Worchester (Mms.) paper last
wee a : - ; , ... . ,
' Notice. By particular request, there will
be a meeting at the Wesleyan Church, in Le
ciester, on Pleasant street, at 5 o'clock P. M.
Sunday, July 13th. Subject Hell-fite and
rwmcs.'-'. '- ,' .? . - ' .
Cir During the war with Mexico, Col. "
Fremont and Lieut Beale, U. S. Navy, were
both entrusted with important dispatches to
the commander of the American forces In
California , and both set out in the autumn
for California.- Col. Fremont failed to cross
the mountains iu consequence of tha soowk
but Lieut. Beale did cross them, and deliver
ed the dispatches agreeably to bis. oiders. '