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EQUAJL AXD tXACT JUSTICE TO ALL NEIf. OF WHATEVER sVaTE OH FEBSVAsioX, IIELIG IOtTSf Oil ' POLITICAL-Wot. J'ffcrm,
M'AIi'f HUlt, 1 VINTON WTY.MlO; ll'UGUST 23.. 1856':,:
NO. 2. '
"Ul Y.l rfIM .
lit 111 i.MI HI rci
li. i t i r a s i r a i a
I " II 1 ' III
1 1 "
The McArthur Democrat.
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The McArthur Democrat. Political.
Mr. Buchanan the Settlers on
HIS DEFENCE OF ADOPTED CITIZENS.
VtirarU from Mr. Buchanan's wtch in
tht Senate in 1838, on the till to secure
nion riehti to the Klllert on the
'. Mr. Buchanan said that " it was not his
intention to ro into any detailed argument
upon the question before the Ssenate. He
..,..lv atate in eeneral terms the rea-
aon why he should vote for the bill. 11ns
he would do not for the purpose of convinc
inz otheis, but of placing himself ni the
position be desired to occupy.
"It has been repeated over and over again,
in the course of this debate, mat mo uiu oe
tha Kpnata would confer a bounty upon
the actual settlers on the public lands at the
the neoule of the United States.
He denied that U would produce any such
'"These settlers would pay the price of one
r dollar and twenty-five cents per acie for their
.land, Could the government now obtain
inore for it at public auction had it remained
unsettled 1 Let the history of the past an
ewer this question. From the 1st of January,
4823, until the present day, averaging all
the land sales which had been madu, the re
' null was, that we had received two, three,
lour, five, or at the most, six cents per acre
more than what the settlers would be obliged
to pay under this bill. Senators had dilkr--a
L ii;. .inipmpnis unon this subject, but
CU it wi-a - a . '
none ol them had contended that the averoge
price upon the wnoie saves ."
far end thirty cents per acre. I he Commis
Bionei of the Land Office states tt to have
been one dollor and twenty-seven cents and
nine-twentieths. The question then was,
whether for the prospett-and a hopeless
one it was-of obtaining six cents more at
public auction from vtieir lands, and thus,
by depriving them of a home, liiQitt the
greatest mfcery and distress upon themselves
und their families'
" Mr B. said that our past exponence
ought to have taught us that this was a ques
tion'in which the government hud but little,
if any, pecuniary mterest. It was a ques
iho. actual settlers on the one
side, and the organized bands of speculotors
which attennea me wuu bo. uu ,..r..
n was notorious-it hadolum been establish-
. .j h flnor that these speculators, ac
tinic in conceit had prevented bidding above
the miuimum price, and bad purchased our
most valuable lands at a dollar and a quarter
r if tliese settlers should not obtain
,W lands at this price, the speculators
would.- This was the alternative, iurn
and areue it whatever moile
miahi stilt we come to the sume result,
I. . nrnttpr nC .indifieieuce so far as the
cone? rned whether you granted
.i.PTufimntiousoroot. In either event the
government would neither beuefltted nor
injured. Then, be was called upon to decide
between the actual tettler, who had spent
his time and his labor cutting down his lor
pstand preparing himself a home in the
wilderness and the heartless speculator who
might be anxious to deprive these pioneers
of the benefitof their toils and to purchase
the land which they have improved. He
' could not hesitate upon that subject. Past
experience had rendered it certain , that the
' U.8tates will never receive more for their land
' than ft cent or two per acre above minimum
?rice ; ana tor uiw uivuuoiusiui um.,u
- ,.iri not turn off the men who had
- Settled Upon OUr pUDUC laiius, iu urucr uia
k.- mwht be monopolized at the public
. .ltfcv BDeculatois. , Let the actual settler
' have the first cut,' sufficient will remain
i fM bH rnmna'niesof speculators.who attend
K.hlin auctions. He had no doubt that
, I- wh these modes of sales there had been
i-.nH but he should always "lean to that
i side) which would protect the poor man
the possession of the land wnicn nr naa ren
j.-5iiiiiBWa bv the Bweat of his brow, rath
' . fh.r, in favor of those who had come fibra
a distance to purchase him out of housend
Mr B. probabiy should not have said
word upoatnesuDiecv uou zr r"
mpnt which bad been offered
thu Senator from Maryland, Mr. Merrick.
ki.1. .mondment Biooosed to maken m-
i-iiftuadigtinctiop, which nad never been
ffitde heretofore in our..legislarton,. against
.1:- who had settled UPOTlhe public
lands and bad. not been natul'.zed prior
Ma first day of December list., Whilsl
zL r.nnntLO08 in sucft tases
. u " .ir,,nfi. it excluded these foreigners'.
Whvhad this change beea prpposwi in our
illicyt- He had obW with re-
Cet tint '"mp1" were, now, exieuwveiy
.8rei..rl 4v,L.,ahnnt. the couiiUy.tt excite
S twastalled .titAnc. feeh,,,
Sinst those Who had come Irom fo.gn
Alll S participate in the blessings of .our
it was ungialeful. In the darkest days of
the revolution who had assisted us in nam
ing our battles &. achieving our independence?
foreigners; yes, sir, loieigiiers. ne woum
nottav for lie did not believe mac our' in
dependence could, not have been established
without ineir am ; dui ne wouiu say uic
struggle would have been longer and more
doubt tut. Alter me revolution lmmigrauun
had been encouraged by our policy. Through
out the- long aud blood v wars oi Europe
which had followed tho French revolution
this country had ever been aa asylum for
the oppressed of all nations. He trusted
that at this late day the Congress of the U.
S. were not about to establish, for tho first
time such au odious distinction as that pro
posed between one of our citizens who had
a t'.led upon the public lands, arid his neigh
bora w ho had putsued the same course under
the fa'uhof your previous policy, merely be
cause that neighbor had not resided long
enough within the United States to have
become a naturalized citizen. He was him
self the son of a naturalized foreigner, and
perhaps might feel this distinction the more
sensibly on that account. He was glad the
yeas aud nays had been demanded, that he
might record his vote against the principle
proposed by the amend meut." ,.
" Wise and practical statesmen would
study the actual condition of the country,
' .i... ...ur.u r
and liever aiieni pi uminmcu nullum lit
nature immorally impossible. ' We ought to
yield with a good grace to circumstances
which ' we could . not control. Iu what
situation were we now placed? A very
great number of persons had sctttled upon
the public land siuce the date oi me last pre
emption law. They hud gone there on the
presumption that you would place them on
the same footing with those who had gone
before them. You had fo; years pursued
this svstem, and you had passed no law which
indicated'any intention ol aoanaoniiig it.
You had thus, to a certain extent, pledged
your faith that you would respect the rights
that might be acquired iu this manner. You
uliu-pil iii a condition that you
could not draw back even if you would.
In that part of W isconsin west ol Mississip
ni. called Iowa, there were not more thau
thirtv thousand settlers on the public lands
Thev bad foimed themselves into counties,
. j . . , i .i.
and erected court-nouses, auu una govern
ment had sent them judges. They were now
a flourishing and prosperous community,
under ilia protection of your laws. They
had c eared away the loiests, ana erecieu
fnrm-houfes and barns, planted orcnarus
rnltivuted the land, and were surrounded by
all the necessaries and many of the conven
ience of life. Could vuu now expel such
an entire rninmunity from thoir homes? The
attempt would be vain. It woum caBi uib
ornce nnon the government. Aiier au un
availing effort it would be abandoned. It
might be persisted in until civn commmiou
would be excited, and blood would be shed.
At that point it must end. The moral sense
of ihe people of this country would be arous-
ed nirniiist proceeding anv further.
p r ... ..p . ' ... i ,i.
"It is true, tliat n tne wnoiepoerui iur
United States was exerted lor sucn a purpose
we miuht destroy this happy commuuuy
Anrl drive them from their homes : but it
would never thus be exerted. . It is wise,
therefore, to submit at once to a moral nes
sity which has beeu imposed upon you in
consequence oi your own conuuci. n i
true that you may lose a cent or two per acre
on the nnce oi t ie lanu; vui, is tuui
a loss worth mentioning when compar
ed either with the calamities and injustice
you would inflict, by 'a rigid adherence
to the letter of the law, ot wi'h the" expense
which vou would incur by sending an armed
force into that country m a Vain ; attempt
to enforce its provisions ? , . :
Mr. It. had been asked by the senator
from Knntur.liv. if he would compare the
borde3 of foreign paupers tliat are constant
Iv flooding our shores with the He ISalbs
theSteubens, the Lafuyettes.and theTuIaskics
of the revolution ?. It was easy to asR sucn
a mnminn. . Ha felt a deen and crateful
veneration for these illustrious men., They
were leaders of our armies ; but what could
they have accomplished without sold iers ?-r
Whs it nnt a fact known to the w orld that
the emiErants from the Emerald hie that
Ihiid of brave hearts and 6tron2 arms had
ched their World freelv in the CBUSO of OUr
liberty and independence, ' It wasnow both
ungrateful and Unjust to speak of these peo
nle.. in the davs of our prosperity, at hordes
nf foreinn tianners.- Such ' was not, the
w. . .n.. r - I - ... . .
lanmiane anolicd to them durtOR the revoiu
tionarywar, when they consjiuted a, lurge
arid effective proportion ot our armies.
The senator nau asnea u ue imr. i u,
wonlfi orant nre-emntions to the Hessians.-
It is true they had fought upon thewrongside
and were how much entitle 1 to our sympathy
ies. ' Still, some apology might De inaue
even lor tnem. iney were iuo Bioo0
of despotic nower, - and they wax sola oy
their muster, like catfle to the British govern
mcnt. The had no will ot uieir own, uu
were under tne mosi uujbh ;i
i .1 a. 9 -k innrin
princes, who considered themselves, Dy grace
of God, born to command them, But the
rnnrlitinn even of tha noorlleabian has since
been greatly improved. The principles)
liberty, which were sanctified by the American
revolution; are winning their way among
nrprv riv ilized people.- .-In'no country .have
they made greater progress than among the
The Hessian .of the
la far different, from what his
fathers were;' and letme tell senators from the
West, that th best settlers they can have
nMi ihom are the Germans. ; .Iudustri
n. hTvnoat arut-nemaveune. they make the
hest' firmed of our' cduntry, vbilej their
nr rhavaiiter nualifieB. them for de
fending itegainst any hostile, attacks whict
niay be made by the Indians. long our. wes-
tern ironner. a wiut.uuiwi w'-id"-
of whiclrwe had beard,., they did not alarm
him.' ;Any foreignert from any country un
der the sun. who, after landing with.hi fami
ly on our Atlautie coast will make his long
and weary '.way- intr tha forest. ,of prairies
west of the Mississippi .and there, by patient
toil, establish a settlement upon u puuiw
lands, whilst he thtia.mamfeabj buy attach
ment to our institutions, hQwa,tbit. be
., r. Wnmino an, American citizen.
lie fuxnUlies us vby bis conduct .Uie-.-sureM
pledge that, they will becoraa a 'citizen the
moment tbe.lawa.qf.tholiountry terniit.--la
the mean time, so' fat as my vow is .t .n
cetned, he shall continue to sUnd rpon Ue.
same tootiiia. witli:citizi:us,.ml lurft hu
of Udd at bis i raiuimum
nrlrtt I I, ,.
HIS DEFENCE OF ADOPTED CITIZENS. Buying up the Press---Fremont
Corruption Fund!—Facts from
We slate .' says' the Easton Argus, what we
now to be a fact, that there are men now
in our midst who are authorized to buy up
11 the old newspapers that can be purchased,
to auoDort Fremont. But recently a propo-.
sition was made U-JotiahCole, Editor of (he
Get man Independent Democrat, publisliedin
Easton, to pay hiin 83,000 if he would de-
oc.t Ttiwhtiniiii unrl Rrerkinridne. and devote
his paper to the support of Fremont and his
abolition principles. ,' ,: A
To his credit De it sposen, iir. ioie ireni
J the offer ag it deserved. 'The bribers
knew the Democrat to have a large circula
tion amongst the Democratic larmera of
Northamuton and .the, adioioiiiir counties,
and they thought ii they , could induce the
publisher to betray W party ana ins uienus,
they could catch that class of voters. , But
the game would not work,
The following ' affidavit which we find in
tha Easton Sentinel, gives some insight into
the corrupt scheme which has been attempt
ed by the leaders of the Fremont party, i It
is the sworn declaration of Josiah Cole.editor
of the Independent Democrat, a German pa
per, that he had been onerea sa,uw w tup-
port rreruoni. neaa it:-
STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA, 7
Northampton Codntt.. . J
Personally appeared before the subscriber,
a Justice of the Peace in and for said county,
Josiah Cole, editor of the independent uem
oCrat, a German aewspaper, published in the
borough of Easton, in sam counijjwno oe
ins sworn according to law, doth on his sol
emn oath declare and say, that on or about
the middle of July last, Henry w. Lowrcy,
a hrother of Maior Gen. Grove P. Lowrey,
of Kansas, having first called deponent aside,
proceeded to inquire if he was ( roprietqrand
un. sole enntrolcr of tho paper of which he
nas editor. That upon this deponent on
Riverine in the affirmative, and after some
conversation had passed :tpon uie prmpecis
for success of the several candidates lor tne
Presidency, the said Henrv W. Lowrey, fur
ther said that he was authorized by certain
persons to say to hurl that if he, the said ua
..n. io,it ivnnl.l rnmrt Out and fiithfultV 6U0
" l- a L . k. .wl JAHnnanl
nnrt uni. rremuui. lie. mo boiu uruuncu.
ive three thousand dollars. That
ihpv had the money ready, and all they want
ed was for him to pledge his honor that he
umnld so sunnort Fremont und the money
should he. naid down to him, in cash, before
...... . r i rnui
lie should berequireaio laKeany tiuuu(
upon this deponent replying mat ne woum
not do it, the conversation upon the subject
Anrlil ami thev generated. . :.-(n .
ti this deponent lurtner sauni mai iue
above and foregoing is subslanciuiiy ml mai
passed between him ami tne saia nenry. s
Lowrey, in relation to that subject. ;'.
Sworn and subrcribed August 4lli, 1850,
before i k- --
HON. E. WOLF, J. P.
There is little room for doubt tlAt quite a
number of papers have been boughV iip,iosup-
. . . 1 . ' . lt...r. . 1 . ! , . . H f.J , 1,
port r remoui, ii n vim uuug iu uj i
ediiots! but an entirely different thing to buy
. ' t .L . 'II... tk!n
un trie mass oi toe vuieis. . mai ij h""s
ii.ut Mninni he. done verv easilv. When Fre
mont was iiominated, those who put hiii in
nomination thought they could elect nun Dy
a mod ival exneudiiure ol money, ' They will
be sadly disappointed.
Difference of Punishment for Offenses
Committed When the
Committed When the Senate is in Session and Not in
BY AUTHORITY. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Whereas. Preston S. Brooks, 'a. member
of this House, did, while the Senate was not
In aessiun. enter the Senate Chamber and at
tack and beat a Senator, to wit: Charles
Sumner, of Massachusetts, for words ppoken
in debate: and , i
Wuekeas. John C Fremont, a member
of the Senate, did, at the door of .Jhe. Senate
Chamber, while tDeaeiia,e was in session, nitack
aud beat and afterward challenge to
mortal coinbat 'another Senator,' ;toAv it!
Henry S. Foote, 'of- Mississippi, iop wordi
snoken In debate1. 'therefore it is ordftreil, '
That tho said PrestonS. Brooks be expell
ed from this HouEe'bs a member Uiereol, and
'temanded to his constitutents as t pestilent
fellow; and also, '' '" t ' . .
That the said John C. Fremont be punish
ed' bv iiitarceratiorr in the White House in
in'the cityof Washirtgtoir for the space of
four" years,' and,' at a-saiary not less man
giio.UUO per year, ana compeiieii 'ii e uwi
Urn laws are. faithfully executed:, protii'rfcd,
it chatl anuear on the 4tb of November next
ensuing, that a majority of the legal voters
the United Plates aie consenting memo. -.
.Done at the city of Washinelpu and 'Phil
adelphia,, this. June, A. D. 18iio,f'aiid of the
Indenendence of the . United.' Slates the
1 . . ., l- . .
eighijeth . ...
the Black members,
N. P. BANKS, Speaker.
'.'Ordefld. to be' Printed' , ah'd ','tdii "thousand
copies' each ' be'furnished1 to Ith'e'Lbijdoii
PunLouucii Tims, New 'Ybrk' ftraW,
,'Zimktiinker hofa'mifiaritng and Cfncin
nati Gate'-Cin'. Eiif; f K! "'"J I
.v i; ' i rr- v' . : -
What Constitutes a Creole.
i'nWe coV ftbniitbi ilouWvilie . Courier ifie
following definitiqa. of jjie .worH .Ceo!e:;
' ;Mhe uenolnioationjuf Creole is generally
gU-en to persous dascendanU pt European
Bui-born iu the country, lfsignifies howr
ever, a white person; and .Creole t is applje4
;tn opposition to the term. . Abof igine,
-iBhich latter is meant the Indian or the negro
bom on the soil. On the fi6t establishment
of .the colony of LouisiaB9r,the country was.
l T 11,. .nlrmioia
inuoduced slavery,' New immigrants arri
ving, it became necessary to distinguish the
whiles bora in, ,he cptjnW ,from Hthe- new
comers and borginies...; jFiorh hisj origin
ated the. expression Creole. ; Of conseojie o.ee.
the term Creole never' applies b mixed
blood that is, negro and white blood. His
botnsoM appropriate iQ call, a 4uadon Crb-,
ole tLaa one beio f AAtf4 j AObfufiS"
What Constitutes a Creole. The Fillibuster Lane—His Foray
We published veslerday, by telegraph, and
eta to'-dav'a fullei account of tha recent
foray Intu'Kanbas of the notorious Laue, at
the head ot an armed body of filibusters.
It seems that that marauder with his men,
some two litmdred in number, made an attack
upon the village of Franklin, and that a fight
ensued, causing the death of several persons,
and leading to scenes of pillage and confla
eratlon, , We trust that the new Governor
(Geary) and General Smith will ptirsu these
maraiKlina bi?and. and lhat tte shall soon
haar that they have suffered the (penalty for
their atxocioua Crimea. , , , i,
There is Little doubt' that Lane and his
baud have been incited to these acts of wil-
lainv by the Black Republican leaders,, who
publicly assert that they must keep- up the
Kansas excitement lor tie purposes oi polit
ical capital. .This bant has been organizing
for soma time, m lowa and northern Jtunois,
to light up the flames .of civil, war', which
have been for the last few .weeks extirieuuh-
ed in the Territory o f Kansas Aid has been
furnished the expedition lor thatrascaiiv pur
pose by the Grecteys, Beeches and Silliinaus
of the North, whose political interests are
suffering by peace and quiet iu Kansas.
By a singular coincidence tte very uuy uiai
iinnvi ns ot mis invasion oi ivuntas uv
Northern Freebooteis, brings ua' also- the in
telligence that the Black-tte puHirtii House
of Keniesentatives, at Washington. adjourn
ed witout passing tho usual appropriation
bill fur the support of the army, because the
Senate rejected its irrelevant amendment lhat
no part of the troops should oeempioyeu 10
preserve law antt order in mat aerri wry.
The Black Republicans ate anxious that the
II. S. troous who alone are. adequate to
maliitain the peace ogainst the Irruption of
Northern briuands.' liiie Lane and of South.
ernbrluanda. like Bufortb-should; be with
drawn, knowina full well that, such a a act
tu.nl, lw imnicilllllr if III OWed DV a DIOOUV
war in the Territory, which "would probably,
... . ..." ...... t'Ll!'..
belore It concluded, spreau into ine- aiijoiu
ihB Stales trt what care tbey for the con.
seni.ences.if ihevcau thereby make political
capital, by cnarging tne a isomers j,ney mem
selves bave raised in Kansas to the Democrat
ic party! Will not tne people eceiromvnis
move the real design of these Kansas Shriek-
rBf ". - .!-.' . ' I :-)' I . i- .1 ...
MORE SUNDAY READING.
[No found in the Herald.]
Spirits of Just Men made Perfect.
Let us thank God ' that we are ivhat we
are, mat we are noi as oouubui men ms,
that this community is sanctified, and set
anart a peculiar people zealous of good works
innt we are u - uuwi uuvu '
It is an occasion ofuevout gratitude that
we have no drunkenness, ru - licentiousness,
nn- frauds, no covetness. no violence r no en-
wines. lioback-bitiflRS, none1 ..that steal,
none that swear to short that there is net
ther sirt nor sinners North of Mason o.Vi.x
on s'lute." inai we ouey i-iwot iwvuui-
mandments. and approach' so neaily to the
tlevinlh tlmt.we hate uuf Southern neighbors
as we do the devil. ,. . . .
Having nasius of 6ur 6vn torepent of,
let us contirtne to repent of those of lire Fed
eral Constitution. . . Having nothing lo de-
nlnre at horns, let our heads become waters
and our eyes fountains of tears, that we may
weep day Btip pigni, uri-4 ictusc iv, ucium
forted in view ql the bondage of ' pinah and
Sambo. .' .,.' '., '. ,.' ,'. ,
ltni i here Is n better time coining tor Sam-
bo.,., Tie niilleuul duwn Is already streaking
the easteatn dor" 'won, and the'tmswer to Grid
diuii's,' nraver thbliiih Ions defered is almost
here for the knife is bi;ing whetted 'and placed-
iil Sambo's hand with Which' to cut hti ihas-i
ter's throat. -" ' ' " ; ' . '.-
The Rlory-of Gcl, yea of our Go is ilsen
upon Yankecdooi, and lis comse. , is West
ward and Southward, its.. effulgence already
ildsthe spire of "Plymouth umrcn in
.'. Citv Jand nenetratcsOhlo.' The hill tops
of Portage are balhed in iu lurid light.. and
its beams are wge.rly erfiUtd in Cuyahoga",
Hear the paUlecry irora.uunKer nui. ,
only issue is the dUsolutioh of the Union. 'V
'TiielT; Jliates Constitution is a! covenant
with the devil and an- agreehiont with hell.
[Boston Liberator, June 30, 1856.
Wiims AppLAt'unio ''BucnAs'As. The
Frcilericksburgh Recorder revive's. tlie recol-1
lection of a very lema-rKaoia inciueiii. iu
lflfsn en universal was the convictioii of Mr.
Buchanan's fidelity to the Constitution, and
so high the appreciation of his services that
the wnigsol tredericitsuurgn, u.puyni; mcei
in", tendered him tire conipliriient 'of a for
mal expression of 'their ' contiflenoe ana es
teem1. The whigs of Fredricksburgh were
;-,,Ur In their appreciation of .Mr,
Rur.unan'a character and services. At
day he- was regarded as the safest, tlie sound
set nd the most tnfstvvorthy of statesmen.-
It is not pretended that he has since done
any act or spoken any worpt wihkh uu
fcfpi. hiaeiaiiHed renutation. . On the cop-
he niaiignat inaenuity' of ' pattizan
scribblers, can niui iiohihiq
proach hiirt, withln'Uie ias inirty years.! : .
Black Republican Amalgamation.
Tn aeo where Blactt Repubiicanikrti leads;
fiV'at. to the abolltibn of Slavery in the South;
and the overrunning of the North with run
away Blacks-; and also see where these road
. 1 ' . ! ll. .tnt!i.ia.
schemes itrt, WWi J-wm.- m
i;nn ntthK, Whites, .and the araalsramation
of,the Jtaccs, we!, copy from, a leadibg Fre
JTn r:rM!nira' fitrlit. bower in Ashta.
bula. tlie lion., Mr. Caldwell, a rnemljer
the present Ohio.Lcislature.'. . Herb it
I tHarik God that time has come1, in Ohio,
when it teno.longer a, disgrace to .avow the
'.-ian iKntthe AVro ts Ihe Whitemans
nA Entitled to the same volUical and
social fripilm!HVWi:o$ ff,.
ValdweU s.speecu m ,wa vi x " ,
im.ytPlaiPealer. , I .'-. " . r ,! V :
Yes and in accordance with this speech
of HI Caldwell, thousands of petitions have
been sent, ou .from' this pity for signers,
,.,, ntr thfl. LeBislature at its next eersion
to itrike the wort WHITE, fro .;, M
.Elect Fremont-rliheraW the slaye and
run Vna or4wo hundrriil thousand; tf them
i'nta Qhwt iui'd (,W9ul4 a' ttr" ot only
tion, but'tox piuwe .whijte. rbmhe
Greeley on Fremont.
" Iftliev were to accuse him of tiurderini
his grandfather, whom he never saw, or his
father1, who died when he was fire years old,
they might doubtless draw the lame infer,
ence aa to that charge,' He will dignify no
libel by a persona), contradiction, but com
mit his character to the eenerous apprecia-1
tion and clear discernment of the American
people. Tribune. " ' ir ;
Nobody asks of Col. Fremont a personal
contradiction of anything, but it is expected
of Ws friends that they .will answer the fol
lowing question; which the people, who are
called upon to tote for him, have a perfect
right to ask :
lOTUia you not buy euu neaj oi ord
ing toKS for your own use, and did you not
muke' the government pay for the same,
under pretence of wanting them for the ar
my i - . . i -.:-.
03" Did you not challenge Col. Mason to
fight a duel, and that too with the most
savage of weapons? ' ' "
fcfrWere you not tried bv a Court Mar
tial and convicted of disorderly conduct, dis
obeying orders, inciting mutiny, &c, &e.,
and were you not discharged from the ser
vice on that" account 1 What kind of
" Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Na-
vy would you make - . ' -: , - i
OprDid you not waylay Foote of Mis
sissippi, at the door of the Senate, knocking
his glasses into his eyes and bringing- blood
from his hose, for words spoken in debate,
where you had tha privilege of reply I
CT'Did' you not:voto against allowing
the people, of the District of Columbia the
privilege of saying whether they desired to
abolish Slavery in the District or not, and
did you "not vote ith the South on every
sectional question that came up while you
was a Seriator 1, . - .
f5"Are you riot a partner in the firm of
Palmer, Cook & Co., N . Y., and has not the
interest" On the State debt 'of California fail
ed to be paid through, tho defalcations of
that linn to whom the money had oeen en
trusted to pay said interest 1
OCfls not the firm of Palmer, Cook Sl
Co., known aa Land and Stock speculators
and have they not branch house in San
Fruncisco whore land claims like tho. Mari
posa Grant are hatched out? .'
rrr is John u. rrcmoni anything eise
than an adventurer and land speculator, and
was ke not nominated through tho instru
mentality of Geo. Law, Thurlow Weed,
James Gordon Bennel and other New York
Steamboat, Stock Jobbers, and Mariporee
Land Speculators. ''''
Now Horace, you; and brother Beecher
have taken immense pains to prove that
Fremont was not a Catholic, a question of
verv little importance- politically. " Uon't
now atop there and sndb the people by tel
liner them you shall answer no more ques
tioiis. - If we must have Fremont, we must
have Free Speech too, they are both on the
Fusion ticket and wc never split a ballot.
Cleveland riutndeaicr: " ' '
Disunion began by Black Republicans.
,. A private despatch bringsus the startling
intelligence that the fate ef the! army appro
priation bill is sealed-i-that the factious and
sectional House of Representatives have
dared to do openly what they have so long
threatened, rney nave kiiicq ino oui uy
which the Army of the Union is to be sustain
edand finally adjourned. ' They havo vir
tually disbanded the: army have.: stopped
tlie wheels of government .by revolutiona
ry proceeding .never., before ( attempted in
this government hovel-! "' '''
'''Tlie Committee's of both Senkte nnd Houso
had ' agreed on tho appropriations for the
nrnryV. iThoy.had; boon., reported, without
any ;rt?o. . Sherman Black Republican,
aided by Giddings, Galloway and others of
ihd Blacki Republicans,- attached tprovUo
to the bill that had na connection with the
bill i iprwiso, upo.n .a matter, where there
was a known antagonism in the land and on
which tlie" two' houses were at issue. The
Black' Kepublicans soilght io-menace the
Senate and force the Executive, Into rr.eas
orei,ss;t.which,Sentae, and Executive had
inrioendeirt actions and because they. could
not destroy the checBs and paiancea oi mo
Constitution they have' done -' this overt
act of flagrant Disunion." '
Revolution is thus proclaimed, lhe Ke-
nnhlir.nn Senators. Seward, Hale. Wilon
n.l others: aided bv Giddimrs,- Galloway,
and' bfhers (tvo eeept Campbell from the
set,) avowed their 'willingness to meei me
responsibility qf stopping this government.
V III the; people suumil any imiijei iu iuia
rank and hated, treason 1 Wiir they not
hold to a righteous retribution the political
charlatans, who -have thus sent our Union
adrift with such rashness anu reoiiiessuess.
-.-Tha disunion. JSB' . n" lunger In
words, but in acta ! Tho people will have
Who Discovered the South Pass.
--Th Ta'mt-Advertiser having repeated
iV,o ain'ements. which is made .by all' the
euloeistsof Fremont, thathediscoveredthe
s..ih Piyi to the Rockv JJountains,.a am
respon.lerit 9f the Free Press ideprlvft him
this honor irt a community from Which
make the following exract : : . ' .t
- Detroit is ai old -frontier post, reininis
muKti are eiceedinelv inconvenient for ran
dom assertions as to frontier lire and events.
Here, tha arrotiaht assumption that Col. Fre
mont disebvertd the 8outh Pass cannot
unrebuked :Ct uncontradicled. Tbe ashes
of thediecoverer of the South Pass repose
in the cemetery of Elmwood. That man
k late Mr! David Stuart, of Detroit,
-m when CoL Fremont was in his cradle
say in 1813-through perils apd privations
almost without a parallel, led a large party
r. telnriii nn ihA Columbia River, over
land to lie-Mississppr, through the South
Pass of- theR.VfoUntaiii9. and thus pioneer
Ail 4 Via hiriU7V i from v "the- Atlantic W
Pacific for all corning ' time.' The late Ro
bert Stuart, pi .Detroit, was, i ueueve.oi
party". Ramsay ! Brooks; Esq., well known
in all the North west, and highly respected,
now residing in New York, in the enjoyment
oi a green old age,- wag another of that earli
est band of pioneers. . ' Ifmore, full informa
tion of. the facts snd circumstances i are da-.
ired, they can be-obtained from Mru B.
I ma'ketiiiscommimicatwpite vindicate
truth ef-bistorjri challenge deniaVf'tlu)
I..,,', ,( 4h Knro fni-Laj " -e4
V" CoiouelJ.'c. Fremorttwas ot the d'scov
! Wpr'tC ibiuth Prt? to the Bocky Moua-
Anecdotes of Louis Napoleon.
The idea of a destiny, and his bavins a
mission to perform, has been throughout a
fixed one In Louis Napolean's mind. ' No
disasters share his confidence in his belief in
the ultimate fulfillment of hisdestiny. This is
well known to all w ho were intimate with
him in this country, after he returned from
America in 1837. Among other noma Dou
ses, the hospitality of which he shared, was
that or tha Duke of Montrose, at Buchanan.,
uear LoclilomonJ, and tha Duke of Ilamih
ton. at Brodik Castle, in the Island of Arrau.
His manner in both was in Geneial gctx.- ,
aud taciturn; he was wrappeil ja.ceai
lation of tlie futu.-SJVVij inn o :
nreseiit. In l&JU In.UJWMU.j, 4T1 ,
LorU 3.- , came to. visitMi lJ y.
ter having been some days with Louis i.. v
poleon.at Buchanan House. Une ol (he first
thines he said -was, "Onlylhink of that
young man, Lou'u Napoleon; .nothing cai)t
prreuadehim that be is not to be E me pro:
of Fraiice;tbe litasbolig affair his not the (east
shaken him; he is of tea thinking of what he
s going to do when on tlie throne.
'Ihe Duke of N also said to the au
thor, in 1854, "Saveal years ago, before tbe
revolution of 1648, 1 met Louis Napoleon of
ten at modick Castle, in Arrau, - we fre
quently went out to shoot together. Nei
ther cared much or the sport, and we soon
sat down on a heathery brow of Goatfell,
and began to speak seriously. He always
opeced these conferences by discoursing on
what be would do when he was Emperor ot
trance. Among other things, he said he
would obtain a grant from the Chambers to
drain the marshes of the Brie, which, you
know, once fully cultivated, became flooded,
when tlie inhabitants, who were chiefly Prot
estants, left the country on the revocation
oi tne Juliet ol Mantes; and what is vary cur
rious, 1 see in the newspapers of the, day that
he has got a grant of two millions of francs
from the Chambers to begin the draining ot
these terj marshes." i . '.;'
Help for Fremont and the Republicans
Help for Fremont and the Republicans —Six Thousand New York
Negroes in the Field Pledged to
Vote and Fight against the
Meeting of Colored Mes. At an en
thusiastic meeting of colored men, held at
-. i ii it n i.l lt'...iMnnJ.M a...
urauaua nau urooniyn, uu licuiieouaj eve
ning, it was organized by electing E. C.
Harrington. President, W. U. F. Taylor, Sec.
T. Champion end H. Stoutenberger, Vice
A committee consisting of J.M.Cloaster,
G. W. Levere, and John C. Morrell, repor
ted a series of resolutions explanatory of
the position ot the colored citizens, in which
they recommended political organization. )
Resolved, That in the nomination
Fremont, by the "Republicans," lo the office
of chief executive of this nation, we be
hold the' embodiment of Northern sentiment
against Southern impudence and oppression,
tender it our hearty good will, pledging, as
far . as we are permitted by yet the
behest of slavery in our own btate to ex
ercise the right of American citizens in the
use of the ballot box, to Remember him and
his contest in coming election. .
Resolved, That we unite ourselves in'the
political league, and, enjoin it upon our
brethren throughout the State, in. their
aeveral localities, so that we may unanimous
ly and effectively act in pouring in oil this
the right side of the contest, our 6,000 vo
tes. " ':-
'" RESOLVEoThat if it shall be seen in tlie
final that this great question.which is now so
greatly (uoving the country, is to pasj,
before .settled, through one 'universal,
sanguinary contest, - the sooiiervit comes
tne Better,' pledging ourselves that -as
our distinguished sires were among the first
to shea their blood in the Revolutionary
struggle, in redeeming from British misrule
and opppression, we shall not oe louna wan
ting, especially when involved in this . the
redemption ot near four millions of' mm
from the most deoasmg of all bond age, anu
thirty millions more irom an participation
in the atrocious iniquity." .;
RESOLUTIONS. The Reason Why they Did it----The National
It is now tliounht that one of ¬
erations 4 bat induced the Black Republicans
iu the House, of Representatives to deteat.the
Army Bill was.because thoyaesireu to pock-
et' the mileage of an extra sessions. ' fhey
knew the mihlic wants were such that, au
extra session would have,ty be called, and in
that event they would be entitled to construe-
live ipueage, ai meiaieui co iui
miles. The most -of ' them did not . leave
WaRhinritbtt. and Vet they : will charge . tne
. V m "L I .1 .r .l...,.nJ. .Y
UolUrs oath for traveling expenses flt J-Siii .(
this extra session.. J ' ' . -
Now ,- this very hansome "steaUng -in, g
tnchther with the S2.00Q each member has .
votud himself for Ihe next session , willeua- .
hU? theReprescutatives to this Congress to
make quite a nanusome specuiauuu- uui ui
their nlTiceg. ': So corrupt and profligate a
Congress never convened before in the Capital
Great Democratic Meeting in Baltimore
—Speech of General Cass.
There was an immense Democratic meeting
in Monumental Square, Baltimore, on" the
evening of the I9th. . It was estimated that
20,000 persona were present. : General Cass m
was present aud made an eloqu,eni speech,
which is fully reported in .the Baltimore Ao.
Republican. Slaryland will undoubtedly be
all right in November; ' ' '' - " b- '
- - - t
The Fremont Platform.
.. The ftevj Henry Ward Beecher, who is Lj
understood to be Col. Fremolit's spiritual as ailtr
well' as political conscience-keeper-, gives
the platform of his protege in these words :
' That' Congress, has a right - to abolish Med-
slavery in the Distriot of Columbia ; to pro- jJ
hihit the. alave-trade between the States ;
to forbid slavery in the territories ; itnd to .
refusd to admit eeotherelava State 4rtto the
confederacyi' '' Hence I says Mr. Beecher, t f0..,
very well satiafied, ' we like exceedingly -the ;ix.
discrimination of CoL Fremoht'S position. tT-m.
Jt is wise, sound, constitutional " ' J , ILL.
fipme.of.the. Fremopt editors, wh have
been- waii of the Pope frr the lost
twq years thaOtwapaiiifui to- beholdew, ,i r
are now boastiii? of the moral grandeur "
r . t .l..i.h.. .rfia. .,n Ihn luu" '
.highcjt peoChe ogktr Mvunms ..