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l.QUAL AKD LX4XT JISTICE TO ALL ME. OF WHATEVER STATE Oil FEIISCASIOX, RELIGIOUS OB POLITICAL-Tho,. Jefferson.
M'ARTHUR, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO, SEPTEMBER 25, 1850.
Skt 3tkr gcmocral.
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vaMindlvldaala, chared at-ho .nal ratts.
Political. Sketch of the Speech of John Van
Buren at Buffalo, Sept. 9.
xtention of slatisry. I hav' no
But I seo nothing in th m to i reve 't mo
from stanling on the platform with Buch
anan and Breckinrilge. and l..boriiii: to so
cure their election. The iss'ic beiore tho,
people in 1848 was radically ililleretr from
the nrcsent one. At th.it timu tho southern
gentlemen advocated the extension of sluve
e extension of sluve-
Jy, and said no ...an should receive Ih, r
support wno wouiu inn i u l,a".v lu
, . i.i ...
, ortoino u iiariy iu
ruitLu in i
But under" ths policy on
the s uvorv ones-
' 3 1.
tion then adopted, New M xi. o hcc.imo I're
U nC ITnnnfrnflS in nrnhih.t ihf O.V
rw" . .rw.,b.. " .:nv
tension o s avery into too im "
i '..i ...i,;,.i
vnion. . .. .? : -... .
eniimcnts, nnu i oeneye m in'-", mm.
and Ut h Zbytho I" ..f
entton. while California adopt-,! a freo
itution and came in as a Sate. I tvnt1
SIS linlor ,', then, and
1 nnt nnu. It ha. been trie I mi l Inund to
r.. 'fli., I) ,,, r,iij
DC a mensuro ui in.- u
ndWbiffs alike acnuiesced in it i.i
I havo been asked how. holding the view- j
did in 1843, I can stand where 1 do in 1S.V)!
Thosfl rrentlemon skm law. I h"y were
with me then, but where uro they now ?
Thcv have joined iho Repiililiciui piny,
. . J. J , ,i M . . i.. . . I.: . t. "
which il itsucceeus, wiuuis-'.ove uiKun'ini.
They havo gono into a cnisude mrainst tho
a'aveholders, and heap upon th 'tn .i II .ml of
denunciation and nbuso. Tin y dep-irr rom
tho spirit in which tho Con litniion was
framed, and renounce cverr ohli.itinn they
assumed when they s-vuru tn support it.
Could such language as Ho s Ir m their or-;
ators and disgraces their press:- aye been
used and the Union lorin.d ! Nil Thes;)
Republicans assembled in a Cu:.veii i:i in
which only sixteen Stales wer.- n-pr. .r iited
and nominated a tick. t. op-.i.y .leu ii.j; and
denouncing the Con.s'.iiut.o'i. a id s.v. irin
by brute force, to t.ike possession of t-m
government and pi n1 rui vsovei-tli.- Smth.
The North would not submit to any locution
of this sort, nor bo tovcrned by rules .gainst
which they were not allowed .h po o.pr-v-,
ilceo of voting. No! Can we suppose th I
Southern men li ve any less s.-i.-r sp ct
than wo have. I ntn persuded that iho suc
cess of those Republicans would be the ''0
ginning of the end of disunion, and I do
Bounce tho party ai traitorous to thu coun
try and false to every interest of humanity.
"Mr. Van Buren next blinded to the en
thusiasm which ho had k'cii ut th West,
and to tho apprehension of the dniuer of
this party which was taking deep uol-l oi the
people. Mechanics left their implements of
trade, and the farmers their plow- in the fur-.
row, to rally to the support of tho parly that
carries the 'flag and keeps stop to the music
of the Union.
"He had not in times past been accustom
ed to consider the Union in danger. Ho hid
not been alarmed when CUy and Cast,
and Webster and Scott had spoken of their
fears ; but ho was now constrained to ac
knowledge, in their solemn warnings, the
evidence of their superior forecast.
" The Republicans say we are. in favor of
extending Slavery, vvnere arc iiiegrcai,
men of the country who have been looked
to for guidance, and vyjio are known tone
opposed to slavery extens on Where is
MartitVan Buren ! t)n truj same ptlor.n
with Buchanan. Where istieujra Sco t
Opposed to Fremont. Where is John Mc
Lean, who was proposed a a candidate for
the Presidency by the'purty that nominated
Fremont 1 His sons rj doing battle for
Buchanan, and he has never declared for
Fremont and will not. Where is Tom Ben
ton? Is he a Nebraska man, or don't he
know Fremont 1 Why does ho denounce
this sectional party J Is it because ho is in
favor of the extension of slavery 1 Where
Sam Houston 1 HoTiught to be in luvor ol
Fremont because he is a Know-Nothing but
he is not Where is Rulus Choate! It has
been said that he's the greatest criminal law
yer in the land and has been employed to
defend the Democratic pary; but there
one criminal that even h can't delcnd, und
that is the Republican party.
. "Who go for Fremont ! Humboldt is for
Fremont and so is humbug Die Bull is for
Fremont and so is John Bull. Tne entire
English and French press s for Fremont.
Louis ISapoleon, the usurper and the enemy
of constitutional liberty is for Fremont, be
cause he thinks hist lecti m the first step to
ward the dissolution of the Uuion. But the
-..jm. .th .tntpsmen of the Union, almost
CiW nrevious distinction of narty, are for
Buchanan, and all are united and sincere in
their deeire topreserro tne union
he hn(J nul fi,,t ca,,ci, uponi on ll)8t a,,ounli I
to leave the Democratic party and make war ,
on the Union. Ho condemned Hie outru-
lees in Kansas, but hi Id the Emigrant Aid
., ., . .
i l,.d it receive
ty o. the Republic ns and tho tola, absence
0 ' aTIY assuiancf in their nlatlurm to the
lnP adin.nwtrah.in of tho govormcnt.-
He closed bv calling upo,, every nun. to do
"Tli' r we a g'tod deal said about the ag
gressions of tlie slate power. But it all
narmwed down to the assault of Brook on
Sumner and the Kansas outrages. Ht aaid
that a few days before lie left New York a
centleman rani- almost breathless into. his
otlice and handed him a paper, aoking him
He read how a wom
II IIC1 t-WIHil aii"
an bud been violated in Kansas, or by the
I1eirrnn1i . and re otied that a jrreat many
women had been violated in New York and
r I . . -iin.pj in vcw York and
Societies that instigated them wnia.iy cul-
pulile- Willi tne misouri ruuinno. iih-j
iniild nut be stopped, because the Repnb- I
.. ... .i . w ! .1: .im...
licans rf'iiured them Tor su-tenanco. u was ;
end of (lenerul Jackson that he nlway had
an Indian -Biibv roasted for breakfast, but
these Republicans require a half dozen mur-1
lt.rMt v a q,,t,( ot arsons and n pes, for
their daily diet. Thev could not live with-
. . . .i i.i . i
nut tli' tn, and, ii tney cotuu inn uo pupiu u
by mili( t.y ni them sent on by teiegrapn.,
, li un.:, i,Ht when the ioterentr
of slavery were in danger, the 8outh coin
bincd, and therefore, there mutbo a north
Lrn nnriw to nut the South down. A short
time since, the Kn"W Nothing p irty was
r... i ,..-... ;k PniliMir iliev iliil not
j r . -----
c(l proscription, but tltey were Roin w
keep them from voting nndholdlnff office-
and lso to prevent : thoae wl.o emi-ruieu to
tins country nereaiier irom urtoming riu-
Well, what did Hi- Soutndo Tliey
knew the d.,ntpd citizens were as a rla-ii
imposed to the extension of slavery, and they
'ki.ew that the immenso linmifratlon from
. . .i. r..
foreign counmes was peop ...y u.o ut-
Stales and extending the urea of freedom.
mt il. . HI .... V n. t n tisl llA IV oat,.ll
. " ' . .i'. - I
I9iIU but ,li, I thev iinitn ajainat tho adoi)t
fin t ii enntrarv. a ter Know
it sw-pt almost tho entire North,
d its first uml fatal blow in ViV-
rrinirt. which stood by tho principles of tho
t'onotiiution and the rights ol the Catholic.
T .ere is no truth in tho charge that tht- it-,
r ... . i mi
izensol tilt Soutll nave comuuiett. i ney
refused t.i conspire to tnsl.ivo tho wln.es
and disfranchise the Catholics.
'Mr. Van Burcn next alluded to tho fact
" J - - ; '"d that ho atepd
. -. . o i v , . ., 1. . r..
inow iio n iir wii-iv. uii'i inui. uu ... vp-v
. ., i 1, m ,n tl.in.kj fur
tp Inor. He nssur.il llic q..d.i,;,
U . m a I. sirK m,i 1 i. it A rirtd Ttt WirT .
II.. .1 ....l.rt rtrl... Iinnffif. ttenliill.
in; iMimiaru tmmuui uu. ,,r ...............
I'l luty, and -eo Mat tho elecioral vote oi
New YorK was cast for Buchunan
Col. Fremont and his Trial by
On icfermig Nile's
of October lli. 1817, we lind the officer of
the Conr; M irlial which tried Col. Fremont
on the ihiee charges ol mutiny, disobedience
i , l. " mid " conduct to the preiudieo ol
order ami n.i.iiaiy discipline." lo have been
ihe liilln-.viiig ' , ,
Brevet 11. ig. Gen. G. M. Brooke, Col. ath
Col. S. Churchill, Inspector General.
Co;. J. 1$. Crane. 1st Aitillery.
Bietei Col. M.-M. I'avneth Artillery .
Brevet Jol. S. 11. Long, Corps Topographi
cal rj-gilicers. i . '
l.i'iit. Col. J. T. Taj lor. Subsistence De
pmiiiit ni. .
ldeiii. Col. R. E. De Ru3sy, Corps Engin-
U Brevet Lieut. Col. H. Iv. Craig, Ordinauc
Uepartmeiii. Major J. L. Graham, Corps Topographical
Aliijnr It. Dclufield, Corpt Engineers.
Bievei Major G. A. McCall, Assistant
A juiailt G?neral.
ivlaj.u h. W. Morgan, 1 1 th Infantry.
Capl. JolmF. Lee, Judge A 'vocate.
Tnis Court.it will be perceiveil. in respect
to the rmik and character of the officers coin
posiuit it. was piobably Ihe most distni-gui.-l.ed
which had ever been convened by
the uuihority ol tur Government.
On relcrriiig tolhe same source of infor
m;iiioi. (N.ics' National Regi.sterJofFebru.i
r. v.:5. Isifl we find the I'oliOvvina iu rela
tion to the proceedings of the Court :
LIEUT. COL. FREMONT.
DeiuVon by the Court Martial bj
rresident of the U-.ited Slates, on the
ca-eof Lieut. Col. Fremont.
From tho National Intelligencer, Feb., 21 1843.
We have now before us a copy of thegor.-
tnl order, issued from the War Department
undertime of Feb. 21. 1848 including the
judgment of the Court Martial, and the lie-
cis.ou ol the rresident of the United S.,
in ihe case ol Lieut. Col, Fremont.
The charges upon which Lieut. Col. Fre
iiiini'. WoS irii-tl have been heretofore publish
ed at large in this paper, with ull the particular-
which were known to us to have tran-.-pned
during the trial, we pass by so uiucii
ol the recoul as contains ihe charges ami
sfwifieiitions. &c .to come directly to what
will be of the most interest to our readers,
hein mi much as concerns the findings ami
of the Court.-' and 'the Pu'sideui's
in, i; ,n ami order in ttieca.-e
Mier luil and uiutur'! consideration of
ih testimony, the Court finds the accused
Lieut. Col. John C. Fieinoiit, ol the regi
ment of mounted r.fleineii, ol the united
aiates Army, as lollows:
" Charoe 1st MOTisr. Eleven specifka
t.o.13. Tue Court find him guilty oh each
soecification, and tinny ol the charge,
Cuurae ad D.S' bediencb or Okueus.
r.niin- mi each suecilicaiio.i aud tuilty
the charge. '' " .
Clltl; gi 3d-('ON.)CCt PliFJUD.CUI TOGOOD
Ohuek and .Military discipline, uuuiy
each specification, and guilty of the charge.
And the Court does therefore sentence
the said Lieut. John C. Fremout, of tlie re
cuneiit of mounted riflemen. U. S. Army,
be dismissed from the service
The President approve., uw wu:u,
inconsequent ol former good conuuei, , an
reeled bis discharge horn arrest, and restora
tion to his rank.
SENTENCE. The Contest in California---The
Jf gudl r,,., tts Buchunan and Breckin-
i,,,. Tuey sre American noblemen, and
HSMU.,, 1 leel ceitaiu. will receive thb dec
iders um voters ot the lar west emporium. We
cr tve are n luing to put our trust to ueinoc
I ruei- Ii Iihvuoi tii.it wall ih.t riu.li t ol war
the grealesi hypocrite
Th letter Riven below, from California,
cornea from an active and reliable Democrat,
who is connected with a prominent paper in
the ritv ot San Francisco. He gays !
San Fhascisco, Tuesday, August D, Joob
To lhe Editor t of the Enquirer i
" In the way ol politics "we are sound on
1.1. l.. - I ..A. C.1I ..'111 cIlllUl
h. .... trl, nn,.ia. th wo.th
Want a railroad, ami intend to have it: in
luct, we Ciniiut gci aiung wiuiuiu iv j uui
weare nut feoiug to attempt Hie advance-
. . . . i,...
nit.ii ol nut immesu in any aliape on outer
th.ni coi.tUutional kmuikIb. We do not
think it rtasoiidbie, either, that Uncle Sum
jhould einpiv his puise lor the benefit ot
j California. Missouri, or any other particular
(Suie or States. If the Pacific Railroad
i.i . : .ii.. iw.....$ l. vn.iku..i ..,,1
would materially benefit the Northern and
hasten) iSialt-a, as well as it is presumed
with the Multlle, Soutlteri) and Western, all
riijht i then we might wiih the 'Jonsiitiuiou
beiuie us, i a: 1 on the Nutioiul Atliniiiistra
lion to construct tut road. As itis.hoivev-
once jjraiiu-a ami military jiuttn tvumnnni
the work will ba perloi.ued by li.aivid-
v ra "J o
meu. m tUeir way ; out, i oui x-nt,m a .
thev act a lliiuittii they were moonstruck in
aspiring to the duel Executive ol thu nation.
T'heii fcie.l piunk ol tlie Pacitic Railroad is
- - ,
fill, II II llkl III It l LlirillCII C UIIUII III
tVoubiicaiiisin!" the Rrealest Hypocrite
of ,.,;,e, t,u5. ma, buz., and n-joice; .1,
,.i in...... ..ini buzz and reioicc: the
'Uinr i'lnx . iuui.?ci in sic. m.
v n.ue ami inihiiig camp tli.ougiiuui uie
htuo ; Uu- wi.ucwasiio.i nier-Hoisnipri,
"O') nul auo ,u..ui aiu.tii ni.ny ; iney m..)
evrry luriinA ' buiii j out all com.i avail.-,
vV- ... am i ; iv mi ihmIv llillilbilili'eil.
- - -- . , , ,
esimi.iy wr r .en on i, )
it will e well composed, and may
sound uk.d.u. el beware of .he deceit.
-K,ug., lor present. Cousidcr Cali-
mm 11 Irne.. as s ie utli a u'avs Pceil 10 1118
luriim irue, as sue nui always oceu iu me
U...,. .uU .W,.-
i.; ,mr le iiitii r envenom
Pacific Railroad. What the Black-Republicans Believe.
, uy for T
, mMit Rlll, ,,,0 1 lhill l!le congress at W ash
cons . tu Ullde.r,ta.,.ls the w ishes and in
, ,lui ,jislunl Triilorie Uiuii they
..i II ..!.... I
iiieODieoi l!ie leiruories biionu uoi uo
I r . . . ,ri I
....i tu nitturt iiieir laws, iney ume no
a. They think tnat the voters ol tiw.otaies
can I induced to believe that the Democrats
who re in lavorof popular sovereignty for
the Territories, and who would give their
ciiiz.'its freed. un to form their own institu
tions, are iu favor ol theexieutiou ol slave-
3 Thev believe they run instigate civil war
in Kansas, and by their tools Lane and
Up ti.iorovoked attacks with ar
med men upon peaceful seitlene .U, mil then
by dint uf unscrupulous falsehoods actually
obtain political capital out of the circum-
stance which ought to connc...,. n.cm
A- They Deiie.ve inai an organisation iuii-
led entiredy unon geographical lines, which
has no existence, and can
...d can, irom its verv na-
tore, have no existence in hall
'lice 111 nan uic oiuie ui
ihe Union, whosj triumph vests all power
in the North aiitl makes tht
naltestht South i.s vassal,
can sway the Government of the Confedera
cy without danger ol its dissolution.
a. Thet Delieve inal me prov uncut minis
ters of the Gospel is to dabble in party poli
tics instead of pn-acliing the word of God.
6. Tiny believe tli.it free negroes are
more desirable population than emigrants
Irn.ii Europe, and would cooler political pri
vileges upon the one and withold them from
7. Thev believe in a smaller Confederacy
of sixien Stales, instead of ihe old one es
tablished bv Washington and Jellerso.i,
which has already thirty-one. with Territories
enough to make as many more, and would
cast olT the South becau-e Ihe is guilty
the estimation of tuese lanaticsof the sin
8. The Black-Republicans believe in the
Maine Liqoor Law, and iu ail the one-Idea
measure.-, of the dav. which have been engen
dered in the hot-bed of fanaticism, ignorance
The Colored Men of Boston for Fremont.
Fred Douglass' paper contains
tllP UllR.llll reuortof lh proceed
ings of the colored ciiizeusol Boston,
. . A .jr.,., irt tlia
on Tuesilav evening, annun mi m "-
try ol the Twelith Baptist Church, fcauiliac
street. Robert N. -Johnson was President.
who on inking the chair, stated the object
of t ie meeting to be, to consult as to how
ihey should vole in ihe coming election, and
tugeo upon the colored citizens the necessi
ty ol examining w. II ihe present state of
i r-i a. id U.a. liiev should assert their rights
in common itti ijthers, and do all they
to maintain them. The following resolution
waj uimnimoutlu adooted :
"R..scived. il.nl we, the colored citizens
Boston, will support w:il. our vorce
JOHN C. F11EM0NC, ot Calilomia,
ti.r President of the United States, and W
L. Dtytou , of Kew Jersey for Vice Presi
Lane's "Peaceable Settlers."
The N. Y. Times' eoresponllen.
lelegraolis the Inllowing Irom Lawrence,
T., dated 3 o'ciock P. M of the alst .inst-
aul : ' ',
Ypsterdav about 400 Free-Siato men,
eluding 100 from Lanct party, attacked
the Ruffii iia' camp at Washiiifctoii Creek."
Another dispatch to the Timet says :
fin th inornii.2 of the 16ih . Lecompton
was attacked and taken by tight hundred
of Gen. Lane's men.
This fixes the responsibility for the recent
disturbances upon Lane and h.s lol.owers.
' It is stated that Gen. Scott has declared
to h'19 friends against Fremont for the Presi
dency. .. . r
[From the Memphis Appeal.]
Gen. Cass on the Canvass.
The following letter, from every line of
which githhes up the patriotism of this ven
erable Demociat. was written by Gen. Cass
to. amass meeting of the Democracy held
at Florence, Ala., on the second inst.
More than any great statesman alive does he
occupy the position of a (lisinteresfd patriot.
The. more liberal of our opponents have some
time, prolefsed to admire his statesmanship'
and confide in his patriotism. Will they
now hearken to his words of admonition ?
Gen. Cass on the Canvass. WASHINGTON, July 21, 1856.
Ior.l,vl' ".v... k.
Gebtlemf.5. While appreciating the
honor of your invitation to attend the pri-
mury Dt mocmtic meeting to oe Mia ai t uu
ence. on the '2d oi Aug. I a:n compelled to
decline is acceptance, in consequence, of
mv public duiies which will not allow me
to leave heve till the close of Ihe s-ssion.
But tliotih I cannot be. present at your
assemblage, jet. my wishes will 1 with you.
! rejoice that'the Democracy of our country
is every when) In motion, aware of the migh
ty issues involved in the approaching election
and preparint to meet the. in. Thank God it
is a party which ba no actional object to
attain, no s-i'tional feeling to appeal and
excite. The Constitution and the Uuion
are its rallying cry though all this land, from
theBav ol tmulv to the nay 01 uaiiioruia.
Nf vfc ()a( a ,e mm ca',e f,r T,tite
,n pm..i,uiw.; ,lH have. Freedom, now-
.... eleiienti! 0f na.
tional tlibtinci ion have been tliowe.ed upon
r, and at this very moment, we are surroun-
leiiioved belore us, Ami yet at this very mo
.i. ..,.,., iluio,l nml
- '. - - - - .
owed, which, ln.
--- . ...
B-a cou et.e .ate lepuuuc
Brl'al couxouwte .r,mme,. ...
vanillin srunuiia lunu i.
and to lurnisn an example oi uie sui nm-c ui
the noblest institutions in the very wanton
ness ol libmy and prosperity, livery politi
ml community in our ci uutry claims the
rights ot sell-goveriimeiil lor iiseii. iins
ptinciple is the corner stone, of our political
lahri". But there are sections, w hich while
- .. .Hi
fading this right with jealous vigilance
f ...e.u-es, have become equally vigilant
in their interlerence with the rights of others
there lies our difficulty and with it our
danger. If this spirit ol arbitrary encroach
ment is not rebuked and checked by the
American people we shall soon present anoth
er iustuice of kindred Slutcs, when unable
to live iu peace together must live together
in war. For sucti w ill be the career uefore
us. . , .
I trust I shall not live to witness this con
summation t the great work of our revolu
tionary lathers, lam, gentlemen,.
Respectfully, your ob't serv't.
Fred Douglass Defends Himself.
We have before us a copy of Fred Doug
lass, paper ol September 5. It is useless
funis to say thai he is a colored man, for
tint is generally known. Fred is arraigned
by A brain Prync for hauling "down the nu.ne
of Ger.it Smith Irom tho head ol n.s columns,
,i : . . I . t n pt.i.i.nrl in H'rumniil "
and iorKiy":B '"a buui. . .w... ..
j,- Jefeud himself, and ill conclusion
ilefection Iron, the Radical
. , . v.,.i..-j .. i.
; " - , , ' ...,i,..
They have been repeatedly
-- -,. , , ,,,
. ; -t- " " ' 1 ,
.aueu pim w ..f :" . T. . .
their inconsistency with genuine Abolition
ism. The only thing ilwi has met us in priv
ate circles, iu ihe shape of an argument, is
the oft-quoted, and oft-misapplied remark of
the Aposile, ugainwl doing "evil that good
may come ;" bui no man has shown us that
vuiing for Fremont and Dayton is doing
evil ai all. On' the contrary, we think thai
such voting at the present juncture, is the
very besl use lo which a man. WHO DE
SI It ES TO ABOLISH SLAVERY and to
save his country, can put his vote. While
no man has attempted anything like an expo
sure of the unsoundness of the doctrine
held by us on this subject three weeks ago,
we may well be excused from adducing other
vihws and doctrines in defence of our
nosiiion. Let them be .net, if they can be
by the Standurd and Mr. Pryne, in a manly
and candid spirit, aud we shull bo the last
to complain. But while they leave our rea
sons, and deal only in personal imputations
they plainly deserve tue measures iney rneie
Will any one pronounce tho above a loco-
loco laisehood ? We havo the original docu
THE COW BOY.
letter from John C. Fremont is publish
d in which an attempt is made to explain the
601) cattle ttade. Lut let eveiy one wno
reads it observe three or four lads in it.
Fremont does not say the government,
the troops in Calilomia ever got these cat
tle. He admits that he bound tho government
to pay lor the n. ,,'.,
He admits that they were leased to
Stearns uu shares for the inciease.
He admits limine gave a receipt for
delivery ol the whole ol them wheit lie kue.w
tiiat only a part were delivered.
Helloes not dopy thai the cattle were
loosed lor his own use, as Stearns has tesli-
The Idler from, Fremont makes the case
still clearer against himself. A case of
officer speculating "'il llie m"ds ol lhe Bov'
eminent, and appropriating the public prop
erty to his own use is made. out. His letter
supplies every item of testimony needed.
The CUO head o! cattle were bought on
I'oveiunieul credit, an'd were applied to
own useasSteaius testifies. About the same
time he bought t.ie Mariposa estate, and
borrowed money on the government credit
sufficient amount to pay for it. Ashe had
money ol hi" own it is reasonable to believe
used i'. against hiin and not
. The mind has more room in it than most
people think, if you would but furnish, tbo
—Pittsburgh Post. The Aggressions of the South---
—Pittsburgh Post. The Aggressions of the South---Humbug Exploded--Facts for
ilesii'iisthcnnired it: vet three-fourths of It
We are continually the tion
' disunion prints of the aggressions
of the South, and tho fasehood has
been so Ions repea.t.d that many intelli
gent, but unreflecting and artless people have
been led to believe there was something in it.
A moment's consideration of tlw facts will
show how utterlv baseless is the cry, and
make those ashamed o! the ir ignorance who
jiave been deceived by it. 'Wheo the Con
stitution was formed! there were twelve slave
States to one free State. There is now six
teen free States to fifteen s'ave States, with
territory enough to make thirty additional
free States, while the South cannot possibly
get more than three or four slave States out
of our whole public domain.
Again, in 1811, the free States had but fif
teen majonty over the slave bines in ine
House ol Representatives; in 1822 they had
thirty-five, in lS3i they had forty-two, in
lSdJ they had forty-eight, and in IS52 they
had fifty-three majority over the slave States
in that body. ,
This statement shows what terrible and
monstrous aggressions ihe slave States have
made upon ihe free Sta'ea in respect to polit
cal power. The reverse is tho fact; and, if
ihe Union continues, it will not be long be
fore the North will have twice the sirenpt'i
of the South in the House of Representatives.
How is it iu the Senate? Why, the free States
have a majority in that body of two, although,
at the beginning ol the Government, ibe
slave Stales were greatly iu the ascenden
The whole of the Louisiana purchase,
which comprises a larce portion of our pub
lic domain, was subject to slavery when we
We acquired an immense territory from
Mexico iu 18 17; yet every acre is free terri
tory, and is likely, to remain so. Califor
nia is already in the 'Union as a Free
It is Iruc the slave Territories of Texas end
Florida have heen added to the Union, but
that was no gain to slavery, since slavery al
ready existed '.here.
We liave made the assertion brfore and
we a"ai.i reor.at it, and defy any Black Re
nnblican to disprove il that slavery has
never been extended into any new territory
thnt was free before, since our Government
was formed. Hero is a striking fact, which
goesat once to the gist of the whole matter
anil shows ine numoug oi me uay uuum
Theio is still another significant histori.
cal illustration which cat. be used to con'
found the Abolitionists when they repeat the
foolish crv of "Agressions ol the bmith.
Thewholtof this North-western Territory
ludnneed to Viminia and was subiect to slave
rv. but when the Cbustitution was formed
she Datrioticallv ceded i. to the General Gov
eminent and gave her assent to its being
made into five tree States. We might allude
to may facts, but we have given sumcient
to nrove the falsehood of ihe cry about
Three Hundred and Eighty-six
Three Hundred and Eighty-six Dollars a Day--Fremont's Eighteen
Days in the United States
ol the eighteen days he was in the United
In alluding to mis mauer,
the Washington Union says:
" We have 'looked, in this connection, at
Col. Fremont's account as a Senator from
tne i(jln t0 tm 30lh ot September, le50:
Soptember 20, 18.W, ruileaco, lO.iTO.-.-J-UOS 00
Septan.borSn, lf0, jn-r diem 1,3-iOOU
miles, short charged, tirt nunsion,
Tliirty-first t'ontfress., 1,57440
February 11, 1304, per diem for detuution
nii:kness on journey home after tha
firslseiisiiin, Thirty-flrst Congress,
eighty-six days 6S3 00
Total $3,110 10
"Will Col. Fieniont'8 friends tell us wheth
er, during the two hundred and thirty days,
for which he charged and received pay, he
hail not ample time lo prepare his eighteen
bills without overtaxing hi mental facul-
Will they te II us v hat route must oe
traveled to make the d istance from Califor-
nia and back thirteen thousand nine hunderd
and lidy-six miles? Will thoy explain why
' l. a ....I eattcflO.I W I I h M tint Il0 -huTUPll Ml
IIC 1VUD IlUb ii in.... , i.i. ...-....
the time, but tlemandeJ an addition ihrec
years afterwad? We should like to be inloin
ed where he was sick ou the road eighty-six
davs when returning home, in 1850! This
. .1 11 tA .. 1 i'
recordlshows-thai vol. r remoni servtu uveu
one days and no more, and that he received
8,UU 40, being at the rule ot fcoao.zu per
nay. We think he might well afford
draw eigteen bills for such a per diem.
From his returning and making an addi
tional claim in Ib&i, hud again in 1S&4,
ge.t a glimpse at his ruling passion, uo nis
supporters believe the compensation re
rpiverl hv him reasonable and proper?
Vi stisoect that most people will
r.. i ... .. .u.. r. ,,r.u
come to the conclusion uiai me
received in lS5i, at the time of the service,
was an omple compensation and his return
anil demanding over &2.000 more reveals
—Cin. Enq. Beware of the Impostors----
Shriekers from Kansas.
We desire to pu' the community, anj es
pecially the Democracy, upon their guard
against a desperate and characteristically
dishonest game which is now being played
by the "Freedom Shriekers" in the West
and North. They have employed, by means
of thei. ' Kansas aid contributors" and oth
er largo electioneering and corruption funds,
a great number ol w orthless characters, w
perambulate the country, pretending to
from Kansas, nnd testifying to many won
derful things they have seen in that Territo
loryinthewar of "outrages," v hich fig
ure in lhe veracious Black-Republican prin
Now, most of these men have never been
teif Ain a thousatid milesof Kansas Territory,
and their personal statements are bold
shameless fabrications. Indiana is swarm
in? with these vagabonds, and her Democra
cy owe it to themselves everywhere to rebuke
the miserable pretenders, by exposing iu their
How the Black Republicans Talk—The
Georpe W. Julian, of Indiana, who wa'
the Abolition candidate for Vice President in
IS&2. and who is now a leading Fr mont
Black-Republican orator in the West, has
written a letter toone J. F. Myers, in which
he lavs :
"Since I Live Hf n the proceedings oi tue
Philadelphia Convention in full. I have felt
no difhcully or hesitation in deciding to sup
port its nominees. I think 1 can stand, on
it. and without doing much violence to Ut
language, preach hevole Anti-tlatery got-
pel. It. lots not confine us to the single issue
ol tree Kansas i recognize any geograpntcai
line respectingoui Territories, but regardj
them as alike exposed to the ravages of slave
ry, and alike invoking its prohibition by
Tlie restoration of tlie Missouri Compro
mise, therefore, as an ipsue, i finnllv gather
ed to its place among the DEFUNCT POLI
TICAL HUMBUGS OF TUE DAY,
while the way is made plain for the peo
pie of our State to retrace their 'steps and
rectify errors. Indeed, the whole platform
is to be oommended, not mora for occupying
boldy anJ unequivocally so much true Anti-slavery
ground, thmi for omiting anything
positively objectionable; and in these res
pects, hope it muy be understood an admit'
Nering a decent and merited telide to th'.
tl'ppery policy pursued by the politicuni of
Indiana during the patt two jur.''
This Idler is not.cable lor two reasons ;
first because it admin that the"rh jle Anti-
slavery (or Abolition) gospel can be preach
ed Irom the UiacK-KepuDiican piaiiorm,
and that it is not limited to a single issue,
as some of their most dishonest partisans
pretend. Mr. Julian is right in this the so
called Republican organization is simply the
old Abolition party revived. It is headed
by the Fame men, sad is contending tor lha
same principles, reinforced by a considerable
...:a,i r.f A Kullt mn'iTil WhlrrdPrV end bo-
gus Democracy, who concur in their a tins and
objects. Let no one be m.sitd, men, ny mo
assertion that the Black-Republican organiza.
tion is not indenlified with tho old Aboli
We call the attention of th public, bIfo.
to that clause in Julian's letter in which he
speaks of the Missouri Compromise as a
defunct political humbug." Yet, it is out of
the repeal of that "admitted defunct politi
cal humbug1' that the Black-Republicans
have made a great deal ot political capital.
This whole Nebra3ka-Kansis question, from
tlio beginning, has been a "humbug" on the
part of Ihe Abolitionist?, who know that
upon that issue the Democrats are right,
but they have ured It merely as a screen to
conceal the datk and bloody Abolition pro
gramme that lies beneath. That Democrat
ic simple anil verdant, indeed, who has not
by this t'.mc awtkened to the fact.
"I have to Frame my Replies so
"I have to Frame my Replies so as to get the Votes of All."
Some dnys since Mr B F Cook, a highly
respectable, resident of Staten Island, wait
induced to call upon Colonel Fremout and
ascertain from iho latter's own lips tho truth
in regard to tho various reports relating to
his religious opinions. Alter stating that
he had at ono timo professed tho Catholic
religion, Col. Fremont volunb erod some re
marks, which, according to the New York
Commercial Advertiser, are stated by Mr.
Cook os follows :
"Col. Fremont I am frequently interro
gated by this subject. I presume the dele
gation now wailing lor me upstairs wish iu
interrogate me upon this point. When they
do I shall put the most fnvorablo construc
tion on the matter thnt lean. 1 wish to
offmd none . but to secure, the volet of aU.
Oniy this very morning I have a letter Irom
Maine, saying that unless I make a personal
denial of Romanism, tha' I am or havo been
a Romun Catholic, that State will be lost to
the Republicans ; and another (otter from
Indiana, telling me that if I will authorize
myfriind here tosay that if J am a Roman
Vaih 'lie 1 hi yean secure me a large German
and Irishvo'.e. I HAVE TO FRAME MY
REPLIES SO AS TO SKCUKK THIS
VOTES OF ALL ! There is now a dele
gation waiting for mo who'se errant, I doubt
not, is the same, it is ine o to ay uu m
tle about this matter as passible, vnd we wunt
manage the thing aswell as w' can.SO ASTO
GET THE VOTES OF BOTH SIDES!"
There is beautiful specimen of political
honesty for you on the Dart of tho Black Re
publican candidate, and also that of his lead
ing partisans. How bad tho cause must be.
and how unprincipled its candidate, that will
resort to such wicked deception and con
temptible artifices I We shall see if such a
crushing exposure does not tell powerfully
upon the public mind. ; .
"I have to Frame my Replies so as to get the Votes of All." Rich Disclosures---A Cow Candidate
"I have to Frame my Replies so as to get the Votes of All." Rich Disclosures---A Cow Candidate for the Presidency----
The Woolly Horse thrown into
In an official report '.o the U. S. Govern
ment, dated "Monterey, California, October
9, 1817." Col. Mason, of the First Regiment
of Dragoons, exposes the fact that Col. Fre
mont bought for the public service six hnn
dred coics for the sum of $6,1)73, which
cows ti3 appioprialcd as his own priva'.i
property, ami delivered to a private indi
vidual upon a special agreement to brad on
shares for the term of three years! In pay
ment tor these cows, Fremont gave a certifi
cate that the sum of 46,975 was due to Mr.
Celis for supplies furnished the California
battuVion. which supplies were the six hun
dred rows that Fremont had gone into the
breeding business upon. He agreed that the
government should pay forty pei cent, mere
than the caitle were worth, with twent-four,
per cent, interest until the certificate was re
deemed. "Oh, not what anomhiM, (
la John C. Fremont of Maripo-zcal" : '
A kiss on the forehead denotes respect
and admiration ;on the check, friendship, on
tho eyelids, tender, sentiment, and en the
lips, love. .
Kindness in ourselves Is the honey that
blunts the sting of unkindness in another.