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EQUAL AND EXACT JUSTICE TO ALL MEN, OF WHATEVER STATE OR PERSUASIOX, RELIGIOUS OR POLITICAL. TAo. Jrion.
VOL. 5. t M'ARTIIUll, VINTON COUNTY, OHia MARCH 5, 1857. ' ' : NO. 29.
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[From the Washington
THE FOURTH OF MARCH.
"Blessed are thoso that expoct nothing, for they
tell not b disappointed."
I saw him ho bad corao
From bis far distant homo
. In tho West ;
A jingling pursoho showed,
And in tho latest modo
lie was drost.
Qii face was all a smile
And he talked all tho wbil
. How bo took
Cuchan Int'rout in tbo lt
Election in bis State
For old Buck.
He'd always felt tho tiea
Of party lot it use,
Let it fall,
. V1 iwoilty smiles
j and twenty briJesmuids droiHtod in hoop and
ght and forty Nlmhics standing all togothor.
The bride ringed and Jowelcd,
The groom gloved un.l glum,
And both of them look foolish,
And both of thorn aro dumb.
A thousand spectators,
To soe this pretty match;
A thousand tonguos to whinper,
"llo's made quite a catch."
Eight and forty ninnies
Marching out of church,
Like so many school-boys
Kuunlng Irom the birch.
Oh, what a sight to look upon ns ever T did sco t
The world makes a great fuss for nothing, seems
Love of Gaming Cured.
Monsieur X. was somo descendant
of a cortain Marshal of France, and
inherited from him a handsome for
tune of some five hundred thousand
francs. This is quite enough to live
on pleasantly in i'aris, or, for that
matter anywhere else.
Of course, Monsieur X. was a mark
for such mamma3 as had marriagea
ble daughters, and as tho French mo
thers always manago these affairs
themselves, and are, besides, very
thoroughly schooled in tho ways of
the world, Monsieur X. stood a very :
Soor chance of escape. In fact, hc
id not escape, but was married, one
fine morning, to a very pretty mad
emoiselle, who had tho credit oi pos
sessing rare virtues, and whom our
hero, Monsieur X. for a wonder
did really and truly love. We men
tion it as even a greater wonder on
the other side of tho water than on
They lived happily through the
honeymoon, and, much to the stir
prise of his friends, a year or two af
terward. But at length it was obser
ved that he wore very long faces, and
dined frequently by himself at tho
Cafo de Paris, and did irot smilo at
even the broadeBt of Grassot's comic
actinz. As ho wa3 known to be a
young man of very correct habits, the
inferenco wa9 not always a just one,
by the way that the wito was in fault.
The truth wa3, that, with a disposi
tion naturally amiable and yielding,
she had boon seduced by those mar
ried friends who knew of her husbands
resources, into an intense love of cards.
As a natural consequence she became
very eager to play, morose m her ha
bits and petnlent in manner. Tho
husband bore all this very quietly,
revolving in his own mind what could
be done, and paying his wife's drafts
on him without a murmur. Mean
while, days and weeks passed by and
the change wore grievously on his
spirits. At length ho chosa his course
and pursued it after this manner.
He eutered with apparent gaiety
into his wife's amusements, and in
troduced her, through the interposi
tion of a friend, into one of tho most
fashionable gambling saloop3 in Par-
f i t f i tj ftt n jnoj ti,en,
. , . ,J u . i
tAPnrr",'iusbaud was naturally astound-
is. As usual, she took a scat at the
table where the stakes were the lar
gest. Her antagonist at play was a
stout old gentle-man, who wore a care-
lima mnnniT lint ftl'fcr tlia first round
or two played with remarkable suc
cess, when Madams losses hud a
mounted to a considerable 6um, he
proposed "doublo or quits. " Mad
ame accepted and lost. The gentle
man proposed tho same game. Alad
amo accepted and lost. Tho gentle
man proposed tho same trial a third
and fourth time, and, madame, suppo
sing him to bo an eccentric old gen
tleman, who was willing to furnish
her with an opportunity of winning
back her money, oacli time accepted
liia iirririnniil ftnit nnifbrmlv lost. Still
i--j - ' , "
the play went on until madame s loss
amounted to tho sum of four hundred
., . , ., , , ,,
thousand mines, wnen tuo oia gentle
man pleaded an engagemcut and re
tired. Madame X., in an agony of trepi
dation, gained her homo, and throw-
i n r ivqi nf Ii w c n 11 Pfl 4iWf OiVl .
wcepini" 6a' ho, controlling his cmo-
to dio :' lfl8e8 rnust mc' There
Jin some seventy tiionsauu
u ' mit no turn nnil tirlHi tlmf U'n
a. A comt'ortablv in tho country.
woman, ) f. I Jo not at all regret this,
i.''!nr " for his o d affection
things. I B 1 ,ear that yu wlU 8luk
mercial br - privations you mast encoun-
diamond.-1 jOOuncss overcame her; shea-
t;onofj-j uotonl ner wiuiugnesa out
fortunSPrcn.t jy.' in '"S tllQ compan
quira f n'3 exe
w'' It was in an old town of Brittany
that tney iiveu quietly ana cozuy to-
gutlier, in a mossy old cnateau.
Their table was frugally served, and
thoir servants were of tho neighbor
ing neasantrv. In ulace of tho old
S I'lllt'H 111 LUU 1JU1Q V.U JJA 11
thoy now took strolls together under
riia win mi riinr. kii:kii'(i i mm ciiilii'iiii.
Thus for ten years, growing in each
other's affection, rejoicing in the less
which had won them to the real enjoy
ment of life, and of each other's lovo.
"It was, indeed a happy loss," said
"It was none at all," said tho hus
band; and, with a caress, he handed
her tho certificate for somo five hun
dred thousand francs, in tho most
available French funds.
"Your antagonist," said ho, "was a
sure winner, but uis services were
purchased by your husband. And
now, that ho has ono you to his love,
and to a senso ot your own dignity,
he makes over to you his recovered
A Thrilling Incident.
The tragedy of Nacodoches, and the
romantic" incidents which led to the
Texan war of independence, find their
Earallel only in the Roman history of
iicretian and the older Brutus.'
J nan Costa was a person of influ
ence and bravery, in the wild forest,
but ho fell under tho displeasure of
Santa Anna, and his minions. Pedras,
the commandant of Nacogdoches, was
sent to arrest him. lie arrested the
father at tho supper table, attended
by his only daughter, a young lady of
surpassing beauty and intelligence.
lie loaded with chains and cast hi in
into prison, notwithstanding her tears
and intrcatics. Finally ho proposed,
to free the father if the daughter would
consent to sacrifice her innocence and
honor. She rejected tho infamous
proposal with a blow in the face. The
armed ruffian swore a horrible oath
to execute his will on them both.
With dark eyes, tearless, fixod no
those of a corpse, yet flashing a' double
portion of luminous fire, she mounted
a horse and hurried wildly through
She halted ot cvery'houso, no mat
ter whuther Mexican or American,
and Tehearsed. in toac3 of thrilling
horror, her father's wrongs and her
All timid modesty, all weakness
had vanished from her tongno, utterly
consumed by the scorching thirst for
vengeance. She painted in passion's
fiery language, and with awful mi
nuteness, the tact of the damning deed.
She bared her virgin bosom, and
showed the livid marks of the ravish
cr'8 fingers among tho azure veins al
though tho surface of snow, now so
polluted and soiled, but before as pure
as tho angel s wing.
And still, wherever tho beautiful
maid wandered, a, deafening, yell of
wrath and vengeance rose up against
tho ty rant3. The people of both races
and all classes flew to arms, appointing
a general rendezvous for the 14th of
J une, at the residence or mo aosem
and now imprisoned Juan Coata.
It was there debated by tho people,
tho mode of attack, and who should
bo their leader, but nothing being
agreed upon, the whole assemblage
bade fair to break up in confusion,
when a tall and powerful built stran
ger, who had just entered Texas, came
forward and addressed the multitudo :
"I am a stranger, but also a man,
and I owe my life, soul, body, health
and' happiness all, all, to woman, to
my mother t If I turn a deaf ear to
tho prayers of an innocent woman,
asking my aid against a villain, may
both my mother and my God curse
mo 1 If you stay behind I go for ono
to fight Pedras, and hisanuod ravish
ers of poor wives and daughters.
The speech was received with tre
mendous cheers, and a general shout,
that seemed to shake the solid earth,
urtered tho first pal of tho Revolution.
"We will go ! Death to the tyrants!
Freedom fur Texas, and tho giant
shall ho our leader I "
And then for tho first timo was
heard in tho land of tho wild, tho
namo destined to becomo an echo to
the pulsations of all hearts, the namo
of Thomas J. Rlsk.
The next day he led his raw recruits
to tho attack of Nacogdoches, and
storuiod every position against im
mense odds after an assault of four
hours, the carnago being dreadful on
both sides. Fortunato among tho
slain was the dead body of the atro
cious villain, Pedras.
Such was tho debut of Rusk in Tex
as, and from that day his popularity
has gone on increasing, without even
so much as a cloud to dim its splendor.
In vain for three years Gen. Cos de
manded his arrest. Mexico had nut
soldiers enough to tako him, and in
1843-9 he assisted to chase the last of
these out of tho country. Afterwards
ho amassed a fortune at tho Texas bar,
and was chosen one of the first Sena
tors of tho new State annexed which
ho may hold for life if he wills it.
Freezing to Death.
That to bo frozen to death must be
frightful torture, many would consid
er certain, from their own experience
of tho effects of cold. But hero we fall
into tho usual error of supposing that
tho Buffering will increase with the
energy of tho agent, which could only
'bo the case if sensibility remained the
same. Intense cold brings on speedy
sleep, which fascinates the senses, and
fairly beguiles men out ot their Jives.
The most curious example of the se
ductive powers of cold is to bo found
in tho adventures of the botanical par
ty, who, in Cook's .first voyago, were
caught in a 6now storm on Terra del
Fuego. Dr. Solander, by birth a
Swede, and well acquainted with the
destructive deceits of a rigorous cli
mate, admonished the company, in
defiance of lassitudo, to keep moving
on. "Whoever," said ho, "sits down
will staep, and whoever sleeps will
perish." Tho .doctor spoke a3 a sage,
but. ho felt as a man. In spite of the
remonstrances of thoso whom he had
instructed and alarmed, ho wa3 tho
first to lio down and dio.
The same warning was repeated a
thousand times in the retreat from
Moscow. Allison, tho historian, to
try tho experiment, sat down in his
jrarden at nischt, when the thermome
ter had fallen four degrees belowkzcro,
and so quickly did tho drowsiness
come stealing on, that he wondered
how a soul of Napoleon's unhappy
band had been able' to resist the
Deeds vs. Words. Tho spoken
word, the written poem, is said to bo
an epitome of the man; how much
more tho done work. Whatsoever ol
morality and intelligence; what of pa
tience, pcrseverence, faithfulness ; of
method, insight, Ingenuity, energy; in
a word, whatsoever of strength the
man had in him, will lie writton jn
the work he does. Great honor to him
whoso epic is a melodious hexameter
Uliad. But still greater honor if his
epic be a mighty series of heroic deeds
a mighty conquest over chaos.-
There is no mistaking this latter epic.
Deeds aro greater than words. Deeds
have such a life, mute and undeniable,
and grow as living trees and fruit
trees do. Tbey people the vacuity ot
time and make it green and worthy.
Singular Pkater.- Passing thro'
tho quiet littlo village of Saline, in
Indiaua, a few days ago, a fellow pas
senger pointed out a weather beaten
house ot worship, as tho place where
he once heard on a rainy occasion, the
following prayer from tho staid preach
"We thank thee, Lord, for thegood
lv number hero to-night, and that
Thon art also here, notwithstanding
the inclemency of tho weather.
' An Irish gentleman tho other day,
in tho excesa of his connubial alloc
tion, exclaimed 'Heaven forbid, my
dear, that I should ever live to sec you
Court Scene in Kansas!
Somo two years ago, says our in
formant, quite an amusing and novel
scene transpired in tho presence of
his honor, a Probato Judge of Kansas
while ho was holding court.
We shall not give tho real names
of tho parties and hopo that no one
will take offense.
. Tho dato of this 6ceno was some
time iu February, 1S51 tho locale,
in some county.
Tho court room was a littlo log hut,
ten by twelve, with a dirty chimney
and floor ; chairs were very scarce,
and his honor had several chunks of
wood drawn in for treats. Upon one
of the feaid tnunfo Lis Tiorior sat, vritli
all his judicial dignity. Before him
was arraignod somo poor follow for
borrowing his neighbor's chickens
without permission, confronted by his
accuser. Upon tho opposite side of
thoplaco eat tho sheriff and one of
his friends engaged in a pleasant game
of " old sledgo ; " wo will call tbcra
Smith and Brown.
The Judge, after adjusting his quill
and brushing back his hair several
times, that his legal bumps might bo
thoroughly exhibited, and looking the
prisoner lull in the face, propounded
an interrogatory liko this.
'Sir, what have yon got to- say for
Brown 'Smith, I beg.'
Smith' 'I'll seo yon d d first.'
Judge 'Sheriff, keep silence In the
court. Well, sir, what havo yon to
say about thoso chickens?'
IJrown, (aside,) 'Run the kurds,
Prisoner I intend to pay Mr.
Wiggins for them chickens.'
iudge 'Why didn't--'
Brown 'Smith, you don't come
that new kick over mo ; follow suit,
d n you, none of your reniging!'
Jwhje 'The court finds it impos
sible to proceed unless you have order
in tho court house'
Smith 'In a-moment, Judge; count
your gallic Brown.' .
Judge 'Did you eat or sell thoso
Prisoner l sold them.'
Judya 'How much did you make
Smith 'High, low, jack, gift and
Brown 'Who gave yon one?'
Siuith 'I beg your pardon. It was
you that begged.'
Jiulgetiiknco in the court!'.
Everything was quiet again for a
few moments; the cards were shuttled
and dealt, and in the meantime his
honor proceeded with the examina
tion. In the hight of some othor ques
tions, which were being propounded
by the Judge, Smith begged and
Brown gave one, hallowing out:
'Now, rip ahead, old boss; five and
The Judao indignant and angry; a-
roso from the boneh and crossed to the
players, leforo be could speak he
espied Smith's hand, holding the jack
and ten of trumps, at the same time,
glancing at a big stone that lav between
the two, he saw two half dollars.
'Brown 'says the Judeo, '111 bet
you five dollars that Smith beats the
.'Done.' cay's Brown, and up went
Smith led off and won tho trick ;
led again and won; kd tho third time
and won; but no game yet; commen
ced, whistling and scratching his head.
Judge (leaning on bmilu and with
ono eye shut) 'Smith, play 'urn ju
Smith led a littlo heart and lost the
trick. Brown played tho queen at
him and won tho ten.
'Hold!' said the Judge, 'let me see.'
Broion 'What's the matter, Judge?'
Smithy (impatient,) ' Lead on,
Brown Thy to the ace!'
Judge, (roving,) This was a made
up thing you hwvo defrauded me
I fine you both twenty-five dollars for
contempt ot court!
Brown pocketed tho money, the
prisoner sloped, and so the court ad
journed without any formal process.
Dr. Durbin tho great Methodist
orator, once attempted to preach a ser
mon from the text, "Remember Lot's
wife," and made a failure. Afterward
remarking to Dr. Bond that ho did
not know the reason of his failure, tho
venerable Doctor replied that he "had
better let other people's wives alone."
"Sally," said a fellow to a girl, who
bad red hair," "keep away from me,
or you will set me on tiro.'?
"No danger of that was the answer,
"you aro too green to burn."
"Bridget, who broko those barrels
that were in tho wood-shed?" asked a
gentleman of his servant.
"Missnstold' Jem to break them
up and savs her the hoops?"
[From Spirit to the Tunes.]
The Reduction of Iron Ore to
Pig Metal with Stone Coal demonstrated.
The Pioneer Furnace, in Washing
ton township.Lawrence Co., Ohio,has,
within tho past ten days, successfully
tested the experiment of reducing irou
ore to good pig iron, witk the stone
coal of the vicinity.
This furnace commenced its first
blast on Friday, the Cth inst, with tho
following results :
The first run of iron was made on
Saturday night (7th) at 12 o'clock; and
five tons and a half wore made.
2J run Sunday, 3 o'clock P. M. fif. tons.
8d " Monday, " A. U. ....
4th " " i " V. M. 8
Cth " Tuesday 0 " A. M. 6 "
6tU " " 0 " P. M. 6 "
This was tho beginning the trial
blast. Sinco tho above statistics
were furnished us, we havo been in-
"forraed that the furnaco has increased,
in quantity, from day to day, and, it
is thought by good judges, that, as the
stack becomes well seasoned this fur
naco will yield from fif teen to eighteen
tons per day.
Tho quality of metal already pro
duced is said to be good for tho kind.
It bears all the ordinary tests of
strength. Tho success ot this cxperi
ment, which is no longer a mutter of
doubt, will bo likely to ellect a radical
change in the iron business of this en
tire region, and open new avenues to
fields of industry and employment,
now discerned only by a few; It will
add hundreds of millions to the pro
ductive resources of this iron region.
Instead of a few charcoal lurnces, that
will in a short timo, consume all the
timber in tlio irou district, we antici
pate tho building of stone coal furna
ces, not only on the old lands, where
the timber is exhausted, and the
"grounds" stripped of their inhabit
ants, but wherever tho two essential
minerals are found together. It would
not surprise us to seo two hundred
stone-coal furnaces put into operation
in this iron region within the next ten
years, then indeed will Portsmouth
and lrontou becomo cities of uiagni
tndo. The " Pioneeii Furnace, " as it is
properly called, was built by tho firm'
of Wm. Colvin A Co., consisting of
Wm. Coi.vin, jp. J. Oakes, Uri
Tracy and Thomas Puoh. Fortun-
tunately lor them, and for tbo success
ol tho entorpnso, they procured the
services cf Mr. Bknjamix Perrv, to
direct tho construction of tho work.-
Ile is said to have more experience in
this department of the iron business,
and to have met with better success
than any other Furnace builder in the
United State3. Without tho help of
his skill and experience, it is likely
that this experiment would have
failed, as all similar ones have
done.' We hopo that he may bo em
ployed for tho next ten years in this
section, in the same kind of work he
is now engaged m.
Theso men by their own energy and
detcrminat ion,have achieved what the
" Ohio Iron & Coal Company," eight
years ago was chartered by ' tho State
to do, but which thoy tailed to accom
lish; although they had an abundance
of means. Hence tho absurdity of
creating corporations, with extraordi-
mvilegcs, to do what individu
als will perform with much better suc
cess. : '
In addition to the above, Mr.Oakes,
ono of tho proprietors of this Furnace,
inlorms us thai tuey nave mauo irom
14 to 1G tons of metal in 24 hours,
since tho above article was written.
Yesterday, (the 15th) he refused $25
erton tor a quantity ol pig iron. -
Pennsylvania Coal Trade. The
production of bituminous coal, in Penn
sylvania, last year, amounted to 2,000,
000 tons, and the anthracito trade
amounted to 7,258,851 tons making
an aggregato of 9,253,851 tons. The
total valuoof the coal for 1856, reck
oned at 4 25 at tho place of delivery
or consumption, would be but a frac
tion short of S40.000.000; In the
tho year 1S25, the amount of bitumin
ous coal employed in tho manufactu
ring establishments of Pittsburgh and
vicinity was ono. million of bushels,
which, at eighty pounds to a bush
el, would amount to 35,714 tons. In
1842 tho production lagoly exceoding
tho consumption, amounted to 400,
000 ; which was increased in 1846 to
678,572 tons. The bituminous coal
produced during tho past year wus
consumed principally in tho - Iron
Works of Western Pennsylvania;
whilo with tho remainder a profitable
trade was carried on with the regions
adiacent. with. tho West,' and with
In 1820, only 365 tons of anthra
cito coal weie mined.. In 36 years it
has grown to bo tho most magnificent
mining interest mi our continent.
Iron for Guns.
Great ImDrovements have taken
place in the material nsed lor manu
facturing firo arms. One of theso im
provements consists in forging tho -
barrels from old horse shoe nails.
These, from the cold Lamcring in their
manufacture, acquire a great consider-
ation and strength of fibre, possessing
also the requisite qualities of purity -and
ductility in a high degree. Tho
nails, or 'stubs' are hrst cloanod in a .
revolving drum and then welded into
a bloom or mass in an air furnace; af
terward taken out and forged with,
heavy trip-hammers; then rolled into
bars and reduced to rods of the prop- '
i. t j i ? i ,
er bizo oy naiiu naramcring in wqicii
process every flaw can bo detected and
worked out of tho barrel rejected: tho
frequent welding, rolling and ham
mering of tho iron, increases - its
strength and tenacity in an astonishing
degree. Some years ago, it wasdis-
covered that metal used fot gun bar-,
rels was still moro improved bv the
utuiiijuuru ui uiiu-iuunii ui tiieci wiiu
.1 . e v it: l -M.i
tho iron, giving additional solidity ;
and hardness, without imparing its
strength. Thus, in tho manufacture
of wire twist, alternate bars of iron
and steel aro placed on each other
and forged at a welding heat into ono
body or bar, which is aftorward roll
ed down into rods of three-eighths of
an inch in breadth and varying in
thickness according to tho weight of.
the barrel which they aro intended to
mako. Tho flat rod is' then twisted
into a 6piral upon an iron mandril,
and welded together at tho edges, as
sisted by many blows of tho forging
hammer to bring every part into jux
taposition while hot.
Making Malleable Iron direct
Mr. Sallar, of Newark, New Jersey,
has patented an invention which prom
ises to bo of much importance It re
lates to the making of malleable iron
diroct from tho ore, and consists in
expelling the impurities of the ore by .
exposing it to moderate heat during
the first stages of tho process, and then
in gradually increasing the tempera-'
tare, agitation is kept up throughont '
the ;upcration. Thy Tvbolo proceaa is r
effected bv one fire, and bv a Biii!?le
---- , 4 - a
furnaco cl peculiar construction.
It is designed to enable tho smelter
to arrange the reducing process at tho
point whero tho deoxidization ot tho
oro has been completed, and bcibro
any injurious excess or carbon haa
been absorbed by tho metal. By this .
method, but one process is required,
and wrought iron is thu3 produced, it
is stated, at th same cost as pig iron:
the latter is worth only $25 per ton ;
the wrought iron from $S5 to 90.
Should tho anticipations of the in
ventor bo realized, hi3 invention will
in tho iron
N. Y. Post.
Railroads in the United States.
Miles Jan. 1, 1857.
New Hampshire, 645
1- . e . t
Rhode Island, 85
New York,-... 2,702
New Jersey,-" 472
North Cnrollna, 612
South Carolina, 706
pbogiiess of railroads
1834 '" 719
Miles opened in 6 years, ending 1832, 131
" 1337, 1,281
" 1842, 2,465
c 1847, 1,439'
' 1857, 12,564
Good Advice. The Somerset Ee
view has the following sensible re-
Every farmer, mechanic, mer
chant and laborer, should subscribe
for a county paper. No intelligent
family can well do without one. In
the present enlightened age, every ono
should feel it his duty to bo well post
ed in passing events ; if he does not,
be will encounter many drawbacks to
his prosperity, which a litflo familiar
ity with tho world migutpossiuiy pre
vent. Wo know it is hard to mako
some believe this,' but It is novcnuc