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Platform of the Democracy of
The Democratic party hai trer been, and
iitUtlaw-abiiliiiff party. It asks nothing
but lis right under the unantutio aau m
laws. It resort to no liolation of either ;
it eounteuaiK-es uo violation of either. It
hM a right to alt ruaraateej of puJlic ana
nrivate Ubertr. and of .ronerty, contained in
our fundaiuentat laws, and it will surrender
not on of them. It ha the right to discus
public measures, and will discuss them- It
has the right to propose and advocate that
policy which it deems best for the nation,
and it will exercise that right. It has the
right to have its policy passed upon by the
people at peaceable and untranimeled elec
tions, and It will maintain that right. If
found in a minority, it yields cbe.iieiu to
all lawful rule of Has majority ; if it be the
majority itself, it claims tliatiis lawful will
be respected. Whether In a majority or
minority, ic obeys all law that are in furce.
These that it dislikes it seeks to overthrow
not by violence, but by a legitimate repeal.
Those that it Dtonoaes, it seeks to curry, not
by force, but by legal enectments. And;
what it does in all these respects, it de
mands and lias a right to demand, that all
others shall do. They owe the same obed
ience to the Constitution and the laws that
Democrats owe. They Lave the same in
terest to maintain free government, to pro
tect liberty, to be secure in their hoiiaw,
fersons and property, that Democrats have.
I is neither their interest nor ours that des
potism or anarchy should prevail; and if they
wish to avert both, let them see to it iu time
that thev aive uo occasion loreiiher. We
will do our duty ; Ut them remember to do
In view of the circumstances that have
.ought ui together, we hereby resolve :
1. That the will of the people is the
urtdation of all free governments. That
give effect to this will, free thought free
oeecb and free press are absolutely inui
usable. Without free discussion there
. 6 certainty of sound judgment; without
ouiig judgment tnere can oe no wise gov
3. That it is an Inherent and constitu
tional riehtof the people to discuss ail mea
suresol their Government, and to approve
ot disapprove, as to their best judgment
seems 'iuhU Thirt they have a nchtio pro
rose and advocate that policy which in their
judgment is best, and to argue and vote
against whatever policy seems to the m
violate the Constitution, to impair their lib
erlies, or be detrimental to their welfare.
. 3. That these and all other rights, guar
anteed to them by thoir constitutions, are
their rights in time of war as well as in time
or peace; and oi lar more vaiueana necessi
ty in war than in peace. For in peace liber
ty, security and property are seldom endan
gered; in war they are ever in peril.
4. That we now say to all whom it may
concern, not by way of threat, but calmly
and firmly, that we will not surrender these
rights nor SUDmil lOineir lurciuie viuiauun
We will obey the laws,
ourselves, and all
others must obey them
6. That there is a manifest difference be
tween the Administration of the Govern
ment and the Government ttsell. the Uov
ernment consists of civil and political insti
tutions created by the Constitution, end to
it the people owe allegiance. The Admin
tration are but the agents of the people,
subject to their approval, or condemnation
according to the nieiit or demerit of their
6. That in the exercise of the right to
differ with the Federal Executive, we enter
our solemn protest against the proclamation
of the President of the United States, uated
the first dey of January one thousand eight
hundred and sixty-three by which be as
sumes to emancipate slaves in certain
Slates, holding the same to be unwise un
constitutional and void.
7. That we declare our determined op
position to a system of emancipation by the
States, upon compensation to be made out
of the Treasury of the United States, as
burdensome upon the people, unjust in its
very nature, and wholly without warrant of
8. That we declare that the power which
has recently been assumed by the President
of the United States, whereby, under guise
of military necessity, he has proclaimed and
extended or asserts the right to proclaim
or extend martial law over S '.a tea where
war does not exist, and lias suspended the
writ of habeas corpus, is unwarranted by
the Constitution, and its tendrncy is to sub
ordinate civil to military authority, aud to
subvert our system ot free government.
9. That we deem it proper further to de
clair that we, together with the truly loyal
people of the Stales, would hail with pleas
ure and delight any manifestations ol a de
sire on the part of the seceded Stales to re
turn to their allegiance to the Government
of the Union, and in such event we would
cordially and earnestly co-operate with them
in tb restoration of peace and the procure
meut of such proper guarantees as would
give eecuritr to all their interests and
10. That the soldiers composing our ar
mies merit the warmest thanks of the na
tion. The country called and nobly did
tbey respond. Living, they shall know a na
tion's gratitude, wounded, a nation's care
and dying tliey shall live in our memories;
and monuments shall be raised to teach pos
terity to honor the patriots and heroes who
offered their lives at their country's alter.--Their
widows an J orphans shall be adopted
by the nation, to be watched over and cared
for as objects truly worthy a nation's guard
ianship. 1 11. That Ohio will adhere to the Con
stitution and the Union as the best, it may
be the last, hope of popular freedom, and for
all wrongs which may have been committed
or evils which may exist, will seek redress
under the Constitution and within theUni
on, by the peaceful but powerful agency ol
the suffrages of a free people
12. That we hail with pleasure and hope
the manifestations of the conservative sen
timent among the Northern States in their
elections, and regard trie same as the earn
est of a good purpose upon their part toco
operate with all other loyal citizens in sjiv
ing security to the rights of every section,
and maintaining the Union and the Consti
tution as tbey were ordained by the founders
or the Republic.
13. That whenever it becomes practice
ble to obtain a Convention of all or three
fourths of the States, such body should be
convened for the purpose or proposing such
amendments to the Federal Constitution as
experience has proved to be necessary to
maintain that instrument in the spirit and
roeanixiff intended by its founders, a nd to
proride sgamst future convulsions ard wars,
,, m we W1n n net;ompUh that end
i We irCi ag we ever have bce() lh8 ,ievole4
; (rieilds of ,be Constitution and the Uniou,
. . nogvmBalhtf ,. ;. .he er.emi.e
14. That we will earnestly support eve
ry constitutional measure lenilinjf to prj-
eerve tneiiuni enneoiaies. no man nave
greater interest in its preservation than
we have; none desire it more; there are none
who will make greater sacrifices or endure
lb. That the arrest. Imprisonment, pre
tended trial, and actual baiiithment of Ola
'ment L. VallainJ'ohain.acitii-nofihebta'.o
of Ohio, not belonging to the land or naval
forces of the United States, nor to the mili
tary in actual service, by alleged military
authority, for no other pretended crime than
that of uttering wor.la of legitimate critic-
is upon the Administration in power, and
of appealing to the ballot-box for a change
of policy (.said arrest and military triat ta
king place where the courts of law are open
and unobstructed, and fur no act done with
in the sphere of active military operations
in carrying on the war) we rejard as a
palpjble violation of the following nrovi
Finns of the Constitution of the Unite J
1. "Congress shall make no law
abridging tne freedom of speeeh or of the
press, or the right 01 the people peaceaoiy
to assemble, audio petition lbs Government
for a redress of grievances.
2. 'Tlie right of the people to be secure
in their persons, houses, papers and effects
gainst unreasonable searches and seizure,
shall not be violited, and no warrant shall
i-sue but upon probable cause, supported by
oath or affirmation, and particularly describ
ing the place to he searched and the persons
or things to be seized.
3 "No persons shall bo held to answer
for a capital or otherwise infamous crime,
unless in a presentment or indictment of a
Grand J'.rv. except in cases arising in the
land or naval forces, or in the militia when
in actual servic e in time of wur or public
4. "In all criminal prosecutions, the ac
cused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and
public trial by un impartial jury of the Slate
and district wherein the crime shall have
been committed, which district shall have
been previously ascertained by law."
And we furthermore denounce said ar
rest, trial and banishment as a direct in
sult offered to the sovereignty of the people
of UI110, by whose organic law it is declared
that "no person shall be transported out of
the Stale for any offense committed within
the sume "
1 P. That Clement L. Vallandigham was
at the tune of Ins arrest a prominent candi
date for nomination by the Democratic by
party of Ohio for office of Governor of the
State; that the Democratic party wos fully
competent to decide whether lia was a fit
man for that nomination, oud thut the at
tempt to deprive them of that right by his
airest and banishment, was an unmerited
imputation upon their intelligence and loy
al'y, as well as a violation ol the Constitu
17. That we respectfully, tut most earn
estly, call upon the President of the United
Stales to restore Clement L. Vallamlighain
to his home in Ohio; and that a committee
of onelliom each Congressional District of
the State, to be selected by the presiding of
ficer of this Convention, is hereby appoin
ted to present this application to the Presi
dent. 18. That the (hanks of this Conversion
are hereby tendered to Horatio Seymour,
Governor of the State of New Yoik, for his
noble letter in relation to the arrest ol Mr.
Vallundrghaii); and the President of this
Convention is hereby directed to communi
cate a copy ol this resolution lo uovernor
19. that the establishment of a military
government over the loval S tales, where war
does not exist, to supersede the civil authori
ties and suppress the Ireedom ol speech and
of the press, aud to inieilere with the elec
tive franchise, is not only subversive ol the
Constitution and the sovereignty of Che
States, but the actual inauguration of revo
20. That it is the Sivorn duly of the Gov
ernor of the State to protect her citizens in
the imoyr.ient and exercise ot all their con
stitutional tights; and we have beheld with
deep humiliation and regret, not only the
failure ol David lou, Uovernor ot Uino, to
perform that duty, but what is still worse,
his active participations in the violaiiou of
21. That we denounce as traitors to the
country the Abolition Jacobins who are
seeking to bring about civil war in the loy
al States, with the view of turning, if possi
ble, the bayonets of the army against the
breasts of the fathers, brothers and friends of
the soldiers, and subjecting those Slates to
a military surveillance and dominion,
22. That we denounce, aslibelersof the
Democratic parly and enemies of their coun
try, the men who are engaged in represent
ing the Demomic party as wauling in sym
pathy with our soldiers in the field. It is
a base slande: upon human nature to assert
lhat the Democrats, who have hundreds of
thousands of brothers and sons in the army,
do not sympathize with them and it is an
outrage upon the Dmucralic party, that
has always stood by lie countiy, to assert
tat it is not the lriend of its gallant defen
ders. 23. That the conduct of Brigadier Gent
etal Mason, the Mililury Commandant a
Columbus, and of the officer commanding
the Provost Guard, iu preventing all upbear
ance nf military restraint upon the proceed
incsofthis Convention show that they have
a just appreciation of the Constitution of
their country and the rights of the people;
and that they ore wise and potriotic officers
and that their conduct on this occasion is
in striking contrast with contrary conduct
of the military authorities upon the occasion
of the late Democratic meeting at Indianap
olis. And we take pleasure in expressing
our confidence 111 General Mason and the
officers and soldiers under his command.
The Couveuiion then adjourned, with
three cheers for the nominees, three for the
Constitution, and three for the Union.
WILLIAM MEDILL, President.
AMOS LAYMAN, Secretary.
A. CO:SIEE Jr. IV. D.
PHYSICIAN AND 6 U ROE ON
Offers his Proffesional services in the
practice of Medicins and Surgery , to the cit
izens of Uamden and surrounding country.
March 26ih 1983, 6mo.
COOKING STOVES l?OB SALE
We have a first rate new Coal Cook-
sIin Stove. Also a Premium Wood
ft?Cooklng Stove for sale. Call at Una offies
and see them, it you want a sum
lowest essh figures.
IS NOW OFFERING
Then any oilier House in Souilicrn Ohio.
His stock, w hicli is much the largest
and neatest, and was principally
Bought before the late advance in
prices, he will positively sell,
TEN PER CENT LOWER,
Then any other House in Ihe County.
VV ANTED- Wool, Meat, Butter,
Eggs,.Eags, Feathers Dried fruits,
Flax seed, nions, Hard soap, and
all articles of Country produce, for
Avhich the highest price will be
January 3 18G3 lyr
in n o
Btutt of Ohio, Vinton Cvunly.
Trusteoa of Richland Tp. Pluf.) In Conrt of
ogaint Common Pleat
Thoma Epworth, Deft. J Execution
PURSUANT to the command of an orerof
sale In the above caiiM to me diranted from
lb Court of Common Pleaa.of the aforesaid Coun
ty of Vinton, 1 will offer at public sale.at the door
of the Court House, In the Town of JlcArthur,
in the aforesaid County of Vin'on.on
Saturday the 4th day of July 18G3
At tfce hour of 10 o'clock A.M. of said dny, the
following real estate to-wit : South half oftlio
north-cast quarter of the northeast, an! the
south-east qusrter of the north-esat quarter of
Section number thirty-one, (31,) in Township
numbernine. (9.)of Kanire number eighteen,
(18,) Vinton Couuty OhLi containing aixiy acre
more or icse.
LevioJ upon aa the proporty of Thomas Kp
worih, to (.ati.ify a judgement of aforesaid Gourt
in favor of the Trustees of Kichland 1 nwnmnp.
Appraised aa follows to-wit : Three hundred
and fifty dollar, and muBt bring two-thirdsof
thst sum. ....
TEKM3 OF SALE, cash in hand.
Bimouam a Hewitt, AKCII. NORKI3,
Atty'efor ritff. Sh'ffV. Co., 0.
Juno 4tu 1863,-5w.
Slafa fifOiiot Vinton County
John Miller, Pltff.j In Conrtof Com
airaisnt r mon Pleas.
Theoptiilus JonesetalDefUs) Ordor of sale
PURSUANT to the command or an ordr oftale
In the ubove cauie to me directed from tha
Court of Common Picas, of the aforesaid Coun
ty of Vinton, I will offer at public sale, at tba
door of the Court House, in the Town of McAr-
thur,in aforesaid County of Vinton, on
Saturday the 4th day of July, 1863
At th. hour of ten o'clock A.M., ot said day, the
following real estate to-wit; Commencing at
the Bouth-west corner of thst part of out-lot
number twenty-five, (25,) in the town of Wilka
ville in said County of Vinton, owned on the
14th day of May A .D. 1859. by William C. Cline
and running north-east parallel with tha street
in said town fifteen rods and thence aonth-east
eleven rods on a right anile with ssld street
thonce fifteen rods south-west on a pantile! with
said street thence north-weht to the place of
begining eontaining one acre mora or leas, to
gether with flour and eaw mills and all other
snrmrlsVinnces on said lands.
TaWTn as the ual estate of Theophilua Jones,
to satisfy judgRient olalorsald Court, in uvor
of John Miller.
Appraised aa follows to-wit : Three thousand
two hundred dollars, ($3200) and must bring
two-thirds of (hat sum.
TEEMS OF8ALE, One third cash In hand
and the residue in two equal installment to-wit:
Due third in six months and one third in twelve
months, with interest from the day ofrnla.
Jobn Milleb, ARCH. NOBR18,
June 4th 1363 Sir.
HENRY CASSELLS E9TA1E.
"VTOTICE is hereby given, that Martin Caa
Xl aell baa been appointed Executor, of tha
last will and testament of Henry Caaaell da
ceased, late of Vinton County, Ohio.
May 28th 1843-3 w. MARTIN C A 'SELL.
DAVID GREGOR'S ESTATE
NOTICE is hereby given, that Calvin Grego
ry has beon appointed Executor, of tba laat
Will and Testament or David Uregory deoeased
late ot Vinton County Ohio.
Jnn.4th-3-Jw CALVIN GREGOBT.
EVAN HARRIS ESTATE.
NOTICE I hereby given, that Jan. Harris,
has been appointed Administratrix of the
swtatii nf Evan liariiadsoeaMd. late of Vintmi
County Ohio. JAKE HARRIS. "
State of Ohio, Vinton County
John S. Black
Court of Common Pleaa.
T)V virtue of in ordor of sale tv ma direoted
JL from the Court of Common Pleas, of Vinton
County Ohio, I will offor for sain at the door ol
(be Court House, in the town of MoArthur on
Saturday the25h day of July 18G3
At the hour of Un o'clock A. M , of said day,
the following property to-wit: lluing a part of
the south-went quarter ol bocliou uumoei t.nr-
ty-nve, ( J3.) township number ten, (10,) ranee
uumbor lilioun,(15;) beginning at I bo eastliue
of the saidquurter at a maple tree eleven inohot,
in diameter, fit'ry-eight rods and aixteen link
trom the Bouth-euBt corner , thence north forty-
five dugroca west, distant forty-two rods to a
post ; thence up Koccoon creek ao aa to include
two thirds of euia creek, to lands deeded by
James MoWhartor ; thenco south twenty-two
onaina aud cignt-nvo links to the section line;
thonce west five chaiusand sixty-oue links:
theuce east forty-niue degrees six chninsand
forty links to a stake ; thence eighty-six degrees
north six chains and forty-three links; thonce
north thirty-two doifroos, east twenty-two rod
and forty-eight links to th place of begining
containing thirty acres be the same more or less
xaepi one halt acre deeded to John Tidron Dy
auid Pierce, together with all the privileges and
appurtenances vuoroio Deionging.
Also eighty acres being the wont half of the
north-west quarter of the aforesaid section, ex
cept twenty-five acres before deeded to George
.HUAV VU lug BlIU UIH1U CIgllbjr KUrOB, SI11UB
township number ten, (10,) of range number,
Taken as the property of Elmor Jones etal,
losausiy .judgment in favor ot Johns. Black.
Appraisment mill proporty at three thousand
six hundred dollars, (3600.) And an eiebtyaore
tract appraised at four hundred dollar, (400,)
auu iiiubi uiiuk vwu-iuuu , ui Mini Bum.
TERMS OF BALE, cash In hands.
E. A. Bbattoh atty.for PI'S Bh'tf V.Co.O.
June 18th 1863-5
StaU nf Ohio. Vinton County.
Ecbriam C. Black, Pltff. 1 In Conrt of
against V Common Pleas.
rrt . - T): . n.A. 1 n-j -e - i -
Anoint, aioii-o, xbim. j irruer uisaie.
TJURSUANT to the oommand of an order of
JL tale in tha above causa to me directed from
th. Court of Common Pleaa, of the aforesaid
ounty of Vinton. I will offer at publlo aale. at
at the door of tha Court House, in tha Ton of
McArluur, in aroreaaid county or Vinton, on
Saturday the Uh day of July 1863 .
At tha hour often o'clock P.M., of said dar .'the
following Land to-wit : All of th. land that
lies in tde north-west quarter of Section number
sixteen, of Range number sixteen, in Township
sumDcr nine, oounoea os roiiows, commencing
at ih.aoath-tast corner of tha quarter In the
Section aforesaid flfly-nine rods to a attke or
Una made by tha parties, thenc. north-west
along a line made by parties one hundred and
si x ty rods, to the line of said quarter Section and
corner on a hickory tree, thenc. fifty-;wo
rods to the corner of said quarter, theuce east
on. hundred and aixty rods, to the nlaoe of be
gining, supposed to contain fifty-six acre, mora
or lesa. All of said land situated in th. County
01 vmion, anaoiaieoi unto.
TAwtnd nnnn aa tha nrnnartvnf TTtnmna Plan
to satisfy a decree of aroreaaid Court, In favor of
ipnnm v. macs
Appraised aa follows to-wit : Thro, hun
dred and ' twenty-eight dollar, sixty-six and
two-third, ate, ( i&i,H,) and must bring twe
thirds of that sura.
. TERMS OF SALE, oaah In hand.
E. A. Battok . ARCH. NORTHS,
Atty for Pltff. Sh'ffV. Co., 0.
. Jan. 4th 1833, 5w.
Aud alt other BLANKS for SALE
Not for bloody war; but for cuatPmer fo'
THE NEW AND CHEAP
DAVIS AND , FELTN,
DAVIS AN D NEW K IRK
AT THEIR OLD STAND
Jnst received a splendid stock of
FALL AND WINTER
Wool PI aids, Valentia Plaids, Prints.
Munched and J3rown Mublins,
&c. A large stock and bo
low tlio present whole
CUTOM MADE CLOTHING,
A full stock on hand aud far below
hll competition in town.
VESTING, AND CASS1XE7S
In fact, cverj-thicg you need in
BOOTS I SHOES,
We keep every quality and
SELL TEEM VERY CHEAP I
Having bought our stock entirely for
Cash, we are enabled to
GIVE GREAT BARGAINS
in all kinds of
LADIES DRESS GOODS,
WOOL GOODS for MENS WEAR,
Fancy Goods, Balmorals, Hoop
oiocKings, u loves,
Etc., Ecc, Etc.
All kinds of Conntry
Received in exchange, at the highest
marKet prices, it yon want to
eavo money and select out
of a largo stock go to
DAVIS & FELT01VS.
October 23rd, 1D62 lyr.
Dr.S. B. DXTIYI.AP..
Would respectfully annonnc. to th. citizens
of Me Arthur and Vinton Connty, that he has
returned, and will spend a few weeka in Mo
Arthur. And that he ia prepared to perform
all opperatlons pertaining to hie profession,
and that he will be happy to wait on any of
his old friends and etistomara whn m. h.n.
him -with .call. , .
II. will ha at T3r. Dadilrioit'a aIm V.l
Y. a., Ladita waited ape at their reeideie.
. - J-
to be excelled:
v o," W a a
"B.exaof 05 V.fc vUv.
a. . V
taxew vxv or o vavavvft,
awii x Wve, tott Vvvcat Ott
Fever and flguo.
aw oW. uvfte.Ovfti 0. .Wv
aY- eowtoe o1 tat oia
awdv YiiaXtt "Lvc ewofxw
OLYCWC SoOAW,ft ?YVtViV)j
CYv?vYV, S.WXYi(XAftYa Ct
27ie gittert art put up (rv quart
hottlea,ofwhioh thaabowis afat-imm
il: Th labtl U finely engraved, aru$
t provided with a tafe-guard front
counterfeited. (Prioe $1 per bottle, em
4 for $5. --err-
O. W. JfcBaofc, Proprietor, JTo' 4
East Fourth 8t., Cinoinnati, to wkKf
ail erdere ehould be oddr$td . . ,
FOR SALE BY
S. V. Dodge, McArtbnr; Cowdery
& Strong, Hamdea ; C. Johnson New
Plymouth; Will & Co., Zaleski; John
Holland, Swan ; M. P.& C. Carr,
Wilkesville.and by Druggists and.
Merchants generally throughout tha
United Statetand Canadas. ; ; r
October 23d, 1862,-ly. . . ;
BLANKS BLANKS U
FOR SALE AT THE DEMOCRAT OF
Wirahtee andQuit Claim Deeds, and
Mortgagee:, the shortest and moit approrad
Juttices1 anl Constable? Blanks
8uclj as Summonses, Subpnas,IExecoUDns.
Orders of Attachiv.ent, Affidavits., Under
takings, Orders of Arrvat, aud Ovn.tebl
Sales Notices. Also ' " '
township orriciB ,Bor;pi
for Treasurers. Conatablea. Suner;nr aA
other Township Officer.. ; Out i forme wo
ill the most correct. Waell at price tfcat '
will save jou moner,' Yourordeif n, re
spectfully solicited. 1 l "
& TOR SALE. TV PrnritT ia ailii.
ted in A llnsrilla. Vinton Coun tr Ohio
and knows ee theMfller Uonx.' A par
lHl be given. ;,ri " "
rorTwrme. epprfto ' hejiivi rAinu,
. . Afril lth,l86lT-t; 7 11 AicArlbBr,D,
. : .-n't; -M :7!-';rl t'J