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NO NOB1II, NO SOUTH, UN DEIS THE CONSTITUTION, BUT A SACKED MAINTENANCE OF THAT INSTRUMENT A!VD THE UNION.
M'ARTHim; VINTON COUNTY, OHIO, JULY 9, 1863.
VIV In il 111
! fee JBcrlJw gtmotrat.
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' Feburiiary !10th,'!i.
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'arrivk. -arbivb. arrive.'
- i.v.i - . JOHN DURAND, Sup't.
Tio4th l863.lyr, t , ,
CHANGE OF TIME
SCIOTO AND HOCKING VALLEY
SCIOTO AND HOCKING VALLEY RAILROAD.
K ... SUJUIER,, ARRANGEMENT,
DNarid after Monday ,' April ltfth, 1861, trihs:
williuna aa follows: i r r ,t .
PoiNaNouTH MayTrain loaves, Portsmouth
t T:00 ain.rrivaa at Hamdaa at 10:15 r. it
.nakUigioloseoonneption with through trains, to
Marietta and Tinainnati Railraad for aMl point:
j-j.u,"v.j 'oomioquaupu Train leave
j-owsraoum at i :u , ; jrrlves at IJamden at!
4 t--"',i5 ''!. v.. i' : v .'.t i : :.:
aojo 8QOTnrooomn)odalion Train Voa
Itama6natB:lS a ir;arrivos atf Portsmonth
.JtOiftO 4.ji.. .;lUilTralrt UatoaJIomdea at 8:
ri; arrives at Portsmouth at 6 :00. w. "
Cmoinastj and Oolnmbus.can ba proonjed mth
XJIttaontdiieadrAtBa.'' ' J -'-ji j i.
Letter from the Hon. Emerson
Ethridge, Present Clerk of the Republican
House of Representatives, to the
Citizens of Memphis, Tennessee.
Mr. Eturidco. Clerk of tho Uonaa
of Ropresentaticos, and for several
torma morabor of Uonp;ro93 from Ta-
nesaoe, liavinz boon lovitod to loin in
u public celebration of tho anniversary
of tho snrronder of Memphis to the
l i . .i .1
l uuuriii Anna, repnos in ino loilow
ing ablo nnd interesting letter. Its
just earcasm upon tho i'rosiJent for
ins broken vowa ond maladministra
tion of offico is very striking, Mr.
thrtd(Q was. mado the Clerk of, the
Kcuublican llouso of lioprc6CUtative8
in July, 1861. lie had faborod hard
to keep Tonnesaeo in the Union, and,
in 1SC2, viaited his Stato, where ho
was jnatrntupntal in bringing hund
reds into tho Union army, and per
siiadin,; tbonsandd to take the oath
of allejuianco :
WASHINGTON, D. C., May 18, 1863.
GiiNTLEMiiN: I havo jtiat received
your letter of the 7th inst , inviting
mo, in bohalf of tho Washington
Uuion Club, of MemphiB, to join in
puaue celebration ot tho aumver
saty of tho Burrenderof that city to
tho Federal arms. You also uponk
kindly of my past efforts ta induce
tho people of West Tennessoo to con-
aunt cheerfully to tho "restoration of
tijo national authority throughout tho
If I belicvod (hat by meeting yon
on tbo occasion referred to, I could
bo of service to a sinlo honest, law
abiding citizen, or. truly repentant
rebel, or that 1 could contributo, to
tho least extent, in ending tho war
and restoring 'tho bleB8in?9 of iipa
under tho Constitution. I would oer.
tainly attend. But I havo no such
faith in uiyaelf, and therefore I shall
la your letter you express tho ouin-
ion that by a "direct personal appeal"
I niitrht "enconraae tha lovnl nnd
reclaim the disloyal"". I confess my
astonishment. at Ruch a Btatomeut;
and I can attribute this opinion of
yonra to nothing but a failure on yonr
pan to comprehend that masterly pol
icy of our treat and eood President
and tho wiso statesmen who aid him
in shaping and directing the civil
policy of tho Government. When
you havo fully studied and under
stood tlio grand purposes of our most
liod fearing and law abiding Prebi
dent: wheu vou aro nioro familiar
with tho profound military strategy,
which, as ''Commander-in-Chief of
tjio Army and Navy of thd United
States," ho is now displaying ; aud
when you turtber remember tho as
tonishing success wo have had in
reclaiming our "misguided country
men," ond conquering our "way
ward Bistors," I shall bo amazed if
you continuo to believe U neceaaary
to "oncouracre tho loval" or "reclaim
tho disloyal.," Why encourago the
loyal ? Is it possiblo they need en
couragement in Memphis, where, for
nearly a year, yon have been inside
tho Fedoral 1 inCS I Whom tirnru
night tattoo is substituted "Hush I
my baby, don't you cry," and at
rovillo "liail Columbia" arouses the
people to a coneciousncas of tho crreat
security which is atforded to the prop
erty oi mo loyai peopio m Memphis
and "all the country round that (po-
If.- 1 T. 1 . It x -
lticai; joraau. uow can you or 1
'encourago tho loyal" when our
matchless President, tho lato Con
gress, ins sago . counselors, and his
poorloBS military subordinates, have
already dono and promised all which
wisdom can suggest, which our iacred
Constitution aiuhonzc8,and which the
Christian religion tolerates and ap-
a mi. . . . ...
proves i xnero remains nothing lor
us to do, unless it is to obey our in
comparable President in all his wise
measures to conquer a glorious peaceu
J. rue, wo hava among us croakers
and Copperheads silly, brainless
men who aro bo unw.iso and;unpa
tnotie .asto question tho wisdom of
our indelatigable) President. If yon
hava. any euoh in Memphis you
should at onco. denounce them as in
sympathy .with the rebels.' you should
send tbem to their friends down South,
or to tha Dry .Tortugas,. which b nn
deritood by many to be a place where
every berfy.is tortured .with ,'thirst for
rifle whiskey, and not a drop, can be
obtained.:. No good. Union man will
complain of ;tha conduct of the wise
men who direct our publio affairs.
They BliouKLbo, tanght to remember
the icandalum magnalvnn was form
erly a Idgh crime it is a most hein
oua offenso now and nothing saves
such copper-colored : wretches but the
Christian- charity ot our1 most pious
President, r . : : i
At your proposed meeting yoa
uiiouia so arrango matUrs as to so
securo a Nat of all who fail to attend
or omit to render a suitable apology :
and you should adopt resolutions to
tho most "loyal" kind. "Allow uta ef
suggest that a committee on resolu
nous bo selected from contractors
and oOlco holders. I particularly
suggest ono Cooper, who has been
recently appointed assessor for tha
large, rich, and populous district of
West lennessee. uo waa originally
it i rii '
irom iNew lone, iruo, no was ncvor
in West Tennessee until sent from
this city on his official errand, but ho
no doubt knows by intuition the trno
value of the goods and chatties, lauds
and tenements, etc, of a people ho
novor knew, and a country in which
ho never lived. But ho is so loyal ;
si much to that 1 doubt not ho is
better Acted for tho offico than any
ono of tho native born sons, brothers,
or lathers or the thousands ot sold
iers, which, bfl'oro tho 2d of last
September West Tonnosseo had fur
nished tho Federal army. Let the
committee imitate tho "loyal leagues"
of Baltimore and resolve that you
not only approve all tho present wiso
and patriutic ' administration have
dono, but that you will sustain and
uphold every thing it may hereafter
do. Lot tho committee nuiko an ela
borate report, accompanied with ies
olutiona denouncing all wbq find fault
with our most cxcellont President.
For instance, the last Congress fin
J'lly, 1802,) pitsscd a law to coiilis
ca'te the property of .certain robols.
That- Congress, . though a very wiso
body, did not posaees as much aggre
gate wisdom as Our in-eat and cood
Prcjident In proof of this wo need
hut refer to tho facttlmt tho Congress
aforesaid that under this law,' trial
should precedo convictiou and for
feiture, and that guilt should bo pro
ven, not presumed. Worse still, it
offered au amnesty to repentant reb
els ; it mercifully gave them sixty
days in which to accept it, and provi
ded further that our most uoblo Pxeat
dent might suspend for a period the'
operations of this law as our armies
advanced southward,' so as to afford
all an opportunity to accopt pardon.
WorBO still, this law actually applied
to none but tho rebels. And it is as
tonishing that it applied to thsm
every w hero, North and South; in
Springfield, Illmos.as well ns Spring
field, Tennessee. But worso Btil! ; it
did not wantonly effect tho rights or
property ot Union men, women and
chilUreu, or lunatics, in any section
tf il. - L.
oi tuu couutry.
That Congress, strango as it may
seem, did not percoivo that tho.way
to cud tuo rebellion and roscoro alkc
tionato relations between tho sections
wns tu place the Union men, women,
children, aud tho insano upon a per
fect footing of equality with tho vileBt
traitors in the land ! That Congress
believed that tho crime 'of refusing
obedience to tho usurpation of Jell'.
Davis & Co., in Mississippi, Arkan
sas, JNortu Carolina, and elsewhere,
amid the terrors of a military despot
ism, uiu not merit tuesarao or worse
punishment than they had denounced
against titled and official traitors I
That Congress spared tha woman and
children ; also shielded from harm
tho Union men who still adhered to
the national symbol of protection I
What weakness l uut Congress had
adjourned. What was to be dono f
luauk heaven, our sagacious Presi
dent was found equal to tha occasion.
1 ou will perceive that on tho first
of January last, under this so-called
confiscation law, tho slaves of every
rebel in- tho United States who bad
not accepted tho amnesty therein pro
vided were do jure froo. But how
wero wo to ond this rebellion if the
Union men. women and children in
tho bo called Confederate States, wero
left in undisturbed possession of all
their logal aud constitutional rights i
If this policy were adopted the rebels
might become angry with these mou
uinenta of Federal mercy, and in that
cvoni inespareu monuments aiorosaia
might clfn-j more' closely to the fed
eral flag.'- -This division among tho
people might causa a still more un
happy state of affairs down in Dixie ;
our irienas there might have to bear
additional indignities. As before re
marked, our merciful and considerate
President was found ' equal -'to tho
crista, in a long conversation with
soma inspired apostles from the saintly
city oi Caicago- -a placo where Under
donking and" other worldly '"amnsa
ments are tinkowrr the ' President
candidly 'confessed that h 1was;en-
deavoririarfhodid not urnrn tha nWna
to ascertain tho will of tho Lord upon
as he learned tho Divino pleaauro he
veriiy would Go tho will oftlio Mastc
who sent him. Tho revelation came,
doubtless, "bv duo course o! mail."
J udging from that "which is written,"
unmounted to this: that in portions
of Virginia and Louisiana; in Dola
ware, in Maryland, in Kentucky, in
Au.iuossco nnd Jiiasoun it was iaw
ml tor. traitors who had accepted the
amnesty provided by tno confiscation
law, and all other persons, to hold
slaves ; but thrit in tho tido water ro
gions of Vifgiuia, and in that part ot
Louisiana which had not been conse
crated to slavery by tho military occu
pation of General "Butler, as also in
North Carolina, South Carolina.Flor
ida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi,
Arkansas and Texasit Should no
longer be lawful for tho Union men.
women, aud children to hold our Af
rican fellow-citizens to service or la
bor.' And yet thcro aro thoao of the
"Copperhead persuasion" who profess
not to see tho wisdom of this groat
ma3tor-Btroko of our most noble and
exalted President. Sir. d'd it not im
mediately divide the South and unite
tho Nirth ? Wero not our citmns
forthwith crowded with countless
myriads of bold and ardent recruits ?
Havo not "our American brethren'
of "African deseent" crowded by thou
sands into our ranks, inspiring o;ir
soldiers with a wild enthusiasm, and
rendering night vocal with tho songs
of oulracchised Dinahs and muling
and puking Sambos i And havo not
our arms been victorious overy whore
sinco tho dawn of tho negro millen
nium of. 18G3?
I. know that men like General M.
Brayman, who commands in your
vicinity (at Bolivar, TennesBce,) are
guilty ot absurdities of speech, which
afford tho' enemies of our sagacious
President excuses for complaint nnd
criticism. For instanco, on the 14th
of last March that officer, then in com
mand at Bolivar, wrote as follows in
regnrd to tho Proclamation of Frce
dom, with which our illutrious and
far seeing President greeted tho ad-
vont of the now year. Tho loyal mau
is equally helpless with tho disloyal
in tact, tuoro so ; lor tho rebel takes
his slaves South, or hires them in tho
army in which he himself servos.whilo
the lavcs of loyal men llec to our
camps beyond reclamation. Under
this process the rebol bolus his 6lavcp
by canying them into a State in which
they aro declared free, while the law
abiding citizen loses his by retaining
them in a btato rvhero it is lawiul to
hold them. As it is now, tho loyalty
and good conduct of these men avail
In speaking of the elovuting effects
of this system upon our armies and
the negroes,. Gen. Brayman shocks
our sensibilities by tho uao of such
language as this: 'Their expeuse
to the Government is enormous. It
requires soldiers to guard them. They
sicken and lio iu filthy corrals. They
becomo debased and demoralized
They debase aud demoralize the
Now among the resolution you will
adopt at tho Momphis uiectiu there
should, by all means, be ono censur
ing Gen. Brayman for tho uso of lan
guago so insulting to "out fellow
citizens of African descont," and so
justly calculated to incenao the slave
owners in lennesseo who have bo
stubbornly refused to join tho rebols.
Why, sirs, this license of speech
must bo suppressed. What right have
mon who do not support tho present
wiso and efficient administration to
criticise its policy. or tho consequen
ces of it ? Within tho last few clays I
have heard persons in this city in
this capital which bears tho sacred
namo of Washington, and which for
the present is the homo of our illus
trious chief magistrate draw seem
ingly invidious distinctions between
tho lato of Jessa D. Bright, of Indi
ana, and .that of John M. Butt3, ol
Virginia. How ray blood boiled with
pious iudignatiou wheu, a few days
ago, I heard a certain individual of
tha straightest sect of Copperheads
discussing ; thus: "Jesse D. Bright,
of Indiana, .was expelled from the
Sonata of the United States last year,
charged , with,; treasonable practicos.
Ua then Owned alarm and negroes in
Kentucky at ill owus them... lio ac
cepted tho amnesty provided in the
sorcal'cd :coufiscation law .which
passed ; Congress last July, lio is
now proposing to accompany his fam:
ily on a pleasure trip to Europe, leav
ing hia large properties in Indiana
aud bis slaves iu Kentucky nndor the
protection ot tho law. John M. Botts
u juta out of 'Llbby,' or somo other
vuuivueruio prison, wtiero ho was in
carcerated for Ins davntinn tn tlm
- v sv
Union and his undying hostility to tho
ao-called Southern Confederacy. Ten
uays ngo ins Blares wero enticed
within the lines of our armies in Vir
ginia. Mr. Bovts demanded that
they bo surrendered or returned, and
received lor answer, dirnrt frnm
Washington, that ho had no right to
them, that our wise and law abiding
ii . . . ... O
rrestuont Had set them free '
I confess (hat whon I heard this
long rigmarole I was indignant at
this person's stupidity, lie con Id nr.t
see the wisdom of this wise polcy ol
our most noble exccntivo. lio was
almost ns incorrigible as .Tnmp J
Petigru, of South Carolina, who.whcn
no reaa tuo proclamation ot the most
illustrious scuccessor of Wash inn-ton
took the oath of alloL'ianca to rim
Confederate government, and offered
his private fortune to the robols t ii aid
them in making war upon the armies
of the sublimost man of modern times;
Nelson, of Tcnnesao. who with his
sons in robol captivity, published an
appeal to tho people of that Stato to
take up arms against onr freedom
loving President ; of Houston, Ilenry,
and others, who immediately went
over to the rebel causo. Away with
all sueh men. A good Union man
loves his countrv vcr e. I In rnrna
nothing for liberty or property famo
or fortune, considerations or contracts,
office or opinion. The trno teat ia
simply this : Who is tho groatest,
wt and best of mankind I Who
is the first natural military genius of
tho world? Who doeth all thim?3
wisely and well! Who almnhl la
elected President as long as he will
accept tho offico 1 If to all thesa in
quiries the respondent answers with
a firm, unfaltering voice Abraham
Lincoln, Esq. ho may bo Bet down
as a good Union man, fit to join a
"Loval League." receive a contrftrr.
accept a commission or offico, and' to
. T . ..." i l ... ' .
voto. ijut a, iiuo enttenden, of Hen
tucky, he ia evor talking about tho
Constitution and such worn out
themes, ho ought not to bo trustod for
A Union man ranst havo an fthnnd.
nr.co of faith faith in tha saving
grace of our cxaulted Presidout
taith that ho will yet prove the politi
cal luoscs to lead our armies across
tho Kappabanncck faith that under
ins leuuersnip. ue could im nnn
to take tho field, the mighty hosts f
robeiuoin would ueo irom Maryos
and urown tnemseivcs liko "posses
sed" swine, in tho adjacent stream.
llow is recruiting now in West Ton
ncssoe! Last Bummer only a few thou
sand enlisted in our ranks, but verv
few, I believe in, iu Memphis. You
wero so amply protected within the
linos that you quite forgot, I fear, the
sorrow of those who hud not yet had
an opportunity of greeting tho flag
which brings certain security to loyal
men, women and children ; such in
ovitablo protection to property, inclu
ding such trifling articles as negroes
and cotton bales. Hurry ud the
volunteers. Give the lie to those who
intimate that Tennessteans will not
go into the Gulf States to fight thoir
oretiircn oi Airican aescent. True
most of our citizens havo sons, daugh
ters. sisters, fathers, or brother tliArn
buC they ought never to have settled
so far South. Besides, when you
have secured freedom to our African
feljow-citizons sotitli ot us, you may
nnnnihlv hnvo tho honor of fnL-inr.
part in carrying tho eamo boon to a
i . 'I1.. j
simiiur eiisu in xuuuwsseu uuu jvec
tucky. I doubt not our noble
President will in duo time adopt
snitablo means to ascertain the will
of the Lord in his behalf. Indeed, it
seems to have been made known
already to somo of tho lesser lights.
Last week a grand convention of the
women of America assembled in the
city of New .York. Each delegate
had conceived an idea : and nn,w
tho inapiraion of tho gicat occasion
tney navo commanded our magnificent
President to proclaim throughout tho
onds of tha earth . 1 doubt not, at the
proper timo, ho will so proclaim ; and
the twenty thousand troops which his
excellency Gov. Andrew Johnson
was recontly authorized to recruit in
Tennessee will soon bo ready for the
good work of giving practical freo
dom to our enslavod fellow-countrymen,
male aud female, of -African
descent. ; When that timo . comes
Mempbia will be a lovely city. . Its
walks and its promenades will be
illuminated by the Bmiling faces and
brilliaut eyes of tha graceful and ac
complished sons and daughters of
Lincoln and Liberty; of Dancnesg
and Dahomey. True, our Sate con
stitution aud laws, like those of Illia
ois and other loyal States, will not
permit freo negroes to como within
our Stato, nor enfranchised slaves to
remain there; but from military
necessity, or, as a high official exprea
8cs it, "from the ex nccesitale re of
the thing," they will notba permitted
to remfcin. Tho plan recently adop.
ted in South C.amWna nf !..!
w.ui. v igtuuK IUUU1
tuo lands of rh mKnla r,.t, i..r-.i.
tod, and thereby Memphis might soon
bocomo "a variegated c:tv."; , Ouf
white and colored brethren and 6istera
might thus furnish au example of that
"freedom and fraternity" which so
many niilint-inv Nrn..... i.
s.ncurcly regard as tho only means of
compromising tho present unfortnu.
A to flifllinotinn rS nnL.
--...mvUVU VI vuiuifl
You Should hv nil
rcso ution in fuvrir rr r.:,.: i.
rebel larmers town lots as aro not
needed for our colored brethren to our
Christian friends of; the North who
desire to livo amnnn fi.r. t. .j
trionds, particularly to that numerous
um n.-D1-vvuuiu cias3 wiio think that
both races will nil imnMMl 1... .. - - .
t .1 a r ""r"w,uu "J croa8
of tho Anglo Saxon upon tho pure
Guinea. "When this cruel war ia
over, now our psalm singing broth
reu from tho ClmrMi nr n.
would enjoy a confederate farm on tho
Lie ; Hack, lied Kiver, the Arkansas
or iontchartrain. When tho rebols
are disarmed, how mock and lowly,
docilo and penitantihey will be.whila
beholding our nothern brothers occu
pying their mansions and illustration
tho beauties of General Bank's an"
prentico system. With what impu
nity Genoral Butler wontd ride from
Ilia t1.intoi:.. .. r . .
. piuvauuii uu uoon Liako to Inn
rancho on Deer Crock ! Thon would
bo mado manifest tho absurdity of
Minor P.tintn.l,n' t . r.
...vow wvjjci uvuu croaKcis, who fool
ishlr insist that
- - """W IA41I1,UV UUWoi
can put down a rebellion, moral power
alone can eradicate its consequent!
and keep it down. It ia true, they
cite tho examplo of Vendeo, which ia
area, is only about one fortioth part of
France. Thoro, we admit, the peas
antry believed their religion was
endangered, and history recorda that
they deleated eix or seven of the beab
appointed armies which tho French
republic, in that warlike age could
hurl against rhom n ;a U0 t,
that afterward, when Garnet was made
Minister of War, ho quieted the peo
plo by assuring them that they should
" .ui uuu iu iiieu-religious iaun.
Iheao mischiovous faultfinders, to
give fnrttinp i'nmn ii,;
,j w. ivn,u iu .UUti lUOlUlUUII
assaults upon our worthy Presidonr,
point also to Poland, in which tha
nres of rebellibr. are ever burning ;
but they forgot that tho Czar of all tho
Kuasias is in all respects inferior to
.ivu.o i resiuoiic, ana is wuooiy
ignorant of tho trim
" .... v. Hutv.l.fc
a r a.,.l. I 1 ..
uioMuixiuu peopio. it never occur
rea to the aforesaid Czar that
squelch a rebellion effectually
causo ninst bo removed. Had
studied tlm h
til 1 3 COIintrV tin TT-Aiil.l l.n.in A',r,ni-
..j in. iivuivx uttig uioi;vy-
ered that we always ascertained tha
causo, tho evil, the sin which 'gave a
pretext to tho insurgents. For ex
ample During the administration
of General Washington a portion of
tho people of Pennsylvania got up a
rebellion about whisky. It was cra
shed out by "coercion," but the sa
gacious statesmou or that day detcrm
ined to strike at tho causo. Tho result
is that tho people of that noble Com
monwealth navo ever since eschewed
whisky nj turned thalr oHnni:
contracts. Nothing ia now known in
tliat Stato of whisky, aud tho' Mr.
Buchanan uaod to recito some tradi
tionary itories of "Old Rye" to tha
junior membora of bit cabinet, it ia
well .known that the eight of a bottlo.
of puro Monongobela waa as repul&iv
to bis nature as ice-water to a mad.
dog. Subsequent, while General
Jackson was President, the peaplaet
South Carolina revolted. B taxation,
because some demagogue tailed it
high tariff, and asse'.tod that tha
monster "slolo money from their nn.
conscious pockest." Tho rebellion
however, was 'Bn5noj l
mibtary power of tho Government
C i- . j t loJ"on ot e
abolished. No tax gatherers
uuvju .uuwil Binco m South
At a later, dav. dni.;n u
-j , ...mt; iiiij null
ration of John Tyor, 0r the
'Tt"' o. lyicr too" soma
unwashed Damocmfa in. i?Kaj. t.i. j
fomented a grand inanrrection against
-v.v.6uij ui i.nat . urge and
ICWNCLtrDED ON rAGK.J