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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, August 27, 1863, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87075163/1863-08-27/ed-1/seq-1/

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-l.i U'.l i! , .'. 'j .(....) fc'.''- V'-i n -iyi ,V)tti3i .u.f Mm .uji-, j V' -.. i .W.-.V ) .;!; j-s '-i l t .. : .,:. .1: f :;i . ;; , . ; !T.! tt.'- : N3T
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it t , . ... . .
Q.imp.AO fcPliTJI. IIWDEK
.!l-i' . '.
.
TlilJ CONSTITUTION.
BIT
M'A llTIIUR, VINTON
SACKED M AIM OF
, 01110, AUGUST
THAT INSTRUMENT AND THE
27, 186:3;
i ...... : . .
UNION.
NO 2.
L i'
i. 1
I'UUSIIKI) KVF.RY'TlirKSnAT BT' ''
v.:i JOF.'liM0K,v .i.ii-
t hf lVrtt4uU It.uilutilMi, i;obot fonr
....Jl?iJlliLnr.hiUi' i
Tlia nnnurtiAr-will Jin uoiit ano yen fur vno
"hulUiryHit U milis.-'for Fiftf Cciitu; Thtuc.
ff All paper will he dioi,ntTnnod si the
xpijitlon fifths tiino pld t"jJJj '
, ti'. ti:k7(XiTvT;ktininu. i
4 Oifn S 1'iiirg fiiiIiifOftl ia, ( . ..,-10,74
a dlill Pll.il ill..f.i,luil, '' j'jj
I .'anN oaf ye.tr, 6 ,WU
Nmiou yt U';itMit;iit,'u;H of .l f 1 1 i 11 i t r
on! (iiiurlisu tiitd lo;ouiui, . i l",,
. . Aiiuuiiiuuniuitfif-ftt-iMiurft, 1. . ' j w
K.lit'H I;i( imliuui pet lil.u.',. (J-"
71 t if Toiv Ihioh iiiiiiIiiii fjhnT(Zd as oiif) ffifuurti,
Uf puiu 111 IKJVUIICU. . ,
1 i-r A lilitiral dodiiction wlllbenitfifict jiiur
(jf u'l vorcUrj. . .. , . , ,
i-t I'Uu uDuvoUnnbiunut b ooni plied wi'.b
t , p.ijuiuiitfi itiutit bo itiuJe to Hie I'ro-
(i futfi , tin wj Jiam tin uKeiltH. i
t'Tiic Democrat Job Ollice.
a lire iropurad to oxcoulo nOAtiioHH,
Jiitimlaliaiitl at 'li'iovM limt del cOmuotiiinn.
tall Kin M.ilJub Wurk. mull a- . . .
' HAND lilLL'SV"
BUOWUILLS, :
! . ' ! 1'OSTEU.V
; ' .niUUltAMMES
ULANIvS of . nil KINDS,
, til'lIlTlXU Cli.LS,
v '. "' ' IAUEU, &c.,&'c.
illvo in ,-i trial and l,0 oonvinccd tlict to cun
Ill I Will fill lirilltinuuliOliiiBr -..r(;Af.n 1 1,,
jLiiur ontaljl jnlim.jut ill tliifHiiutiniiufcoiintry.
H. A ISralloTi, !"
ATTOUNEV AT taW, MoArtlmr, O , will
jf.rav.ieu in Vihttm an t VlfciiuMgciiitiu
f '
. r. IIMOIIAII, . H
. P. HEWITT.
u.iiiiiiiiiis,iio. MuArtbur O.
ItHi:;!i:iiu iV ISt uill. ,'
AT T OUN fcVS A i' Ii AVi , Mo A tl u u r , V i n ton
l'0.i"liio, will pruclice in. ViiiUiii amlail
j'iiuiii( Ci.iiiiliO!.. I'miupb attuutiiur will -ho
glr.in tfiiillliii4inoH oncr.iitad to tlieirenro.
. OlUv-u.ii rt dixiroiiMt iloilgaa Stoto. .
i'utuirunr) il'ith.'ii,- . i . - '
'"J- T ifTi t-e lV"-' '
-CLIl.TiJM'HaUSEri
i?n:i
;i- 'fnOPrike. Tiiiib,
' fiKrni.T ft m'i i rt. k ivi'.Vi.iii'iVfi, a
JaiLgy-lyr , , ChAli'cojhp, 0lio.
fUmi'iu lloii.c,-,
, T MM V ATSO.S, Pi-opri-Jtor,-Third ta
,,0 QrW j.V'Y V'M?ir.nil :0i,,0'liiiii'l
'
MERIETTA AND CINCINNATI
MERIETTA AND CINCINNATI RAILROAD.
TtHinsrun ns fdl'lrnvs
4.
. 1 GOING EAi'.; .
:-:n
LEA VIC.
Ciiiciniiiiti,
Hiiiiitlipovr,
(rieehn el I,"
Cnjlliniuie,
limn len,
i5.ileski,
Ailiciiii,
Mirietia,' ;
1'drkof-liiir,.
i AKKlVli-.
GOING, WLST
'I ( AOOOMOUA'j
LfAVE. :
TION. DAT MAIL.
rrkersburjf,
Mnrietta,..
Athens,
Ztlcvki,
II nii.lrii, . '.
Ciiillicothe,,'
GreCMfielfl,' v
Blancnester, .
Cincinnati,
arrive!
i K ,rt.
7 05 a.' til
9 40 a. m.
110 41 a.m.
LEA V
11 13 a.m.;
1 00 a. m. ;
3 03 F. M.'
3 37 V. m. I
.'..5.35 p."m.'
1 1' fir OOrA
I'irOOrA.M,
A. M
8 i3,a.m.;
tl!
10 15 A. M
v.
"ARRIVK.
lJ6iN'i)URAkD, sup't.-
33.t-lyr.' '" ' "' r''5 1-
ArvitivK.
. ,';,IOft: .OAV'llAlf..
3 SO r.M. y 00 a.m.
';( 6 33 r. m. 10 51 a. m.
7 3Sl.M.1Ui8 a.m.
, . 8 45 p tl. i 33 p.m.
. .. ' A&UIVJi.... 3 14
1 1 u - . 3 m p, M
. i ' . 44 p- M
.. . . 7 00 r.M.
.- ; v j. , 7 30 r. m.
' -!" ." - AKK1VH.
MERIETTA AND CINCINNATI RAILROAD. CHANGE OF TIME.
SCIOTO AND HOCKING VALLEY
SCIOTO AND HOCKING VALLEY RAILROAD.
summer. "Arrange m t
naiifUftox Monday .April 10th, I861,trin
fV willruna m follow 1 -
(oiks NoiiTH-MaiU'f ain loaves PorUmotuh
Rt 7:00 a, M.j arrive.- at , iiamdeti at 1U:18 r h
.Bkingloooonnootion wilh throngh trnlha to
Marietta art C7iuoinntLlUUrOad for al II point.
tt and. Waat. -.-lcooBimodution Train leave
la T f !Util ' S 'r"' Hamdea at 8
J0a1S li.tT,r.;frl'.ive'' ' rortamontH
4V,lo) , rHali-Tx.,lB laavewiraifiderf al 2-1
Ttirongh Tletteta, for Martett ?i.iu-n
ioindMiitn(iadaUu.ar,5, Hf?S
E
[From the Cincinnati Enquirer.]
DEMOCRATIC CAMPAIGN SONG.
AIR—"Red, White and Blue."
rtli 1 Oolnmhiil, t?ia (lorn of tlio Oeeaii.
;- y(W ta biinj oftlioliraviBd tl aftoe,'
;),Tlt tjliiiiie of eavU falrV devf.g,n, ; . .
' Tin? lioniociaoy oiler l.t.mi.co to tlieo i
' 'TRy tnandnt hiako hmri ,amutie,v '
! WLeu I.UrtjVfofin atandiid taf.
Vtj lmnnor iimke Tyranny tremblo,,
Whin lerriO by ValLiiflijfl.qm.nd'i'uiili.
. . AVl.cn Ijuriie l,y Valliuidlgliam nud
' Wbui htlrnoby VallaMdlUm and rnglii
' : .1 by brtimar ruaki Tyranny Iro'ni tlo ' !
Vliruhorauby VallaaJtythauiaifd Tugh
Willi) war waaoa wiifl diolntlrn,'; .i . ;
l( And thruutons mr land to def Tin,,
Ami tlie Ark nfmr Fmudaiii'a 'futiiijatioii
Itii.n:pU-d liytyranta with worn; '
'J ha Demuoraoy-oni L'oivn rottorurn-; '
,- Iso nolilo.nndcallntitund trno. . .
Vith tlielr flag piondly fioatiug befora tlim
Are rallying to VallamligUam and Pngh.
Tl-on hurrah for ValUndighara and Pugh
. I Ihiii Liirrah fur Valiandiium and I'mrhl
nil uicir mig ruiiiily Uonliug buluia tiiein
Aro rallying to Vallandlghum and l'ugh I
The L'pion, tha Union furovor,
May it pcaoo and pr..j.crity bring, " '
Aiid "Uia Aba" and hlitahoddy conlnwtoig
, Ti I lju spirit of JarknoM du.-cnd 1
liny liint.i-ia-y tiiiltvd'ic'bravvn.r,
But lliry Hi. ir iiio;i,i provo true;
"Tho t'on.,Uliitiu,'iii.l t'uion Ciryer, '
; Tlirgf.clicor for Vitllu-idigiiaijiund Tugh.
. I hr fhf;u'-fl.r;V.ii:;iii.ligUamaiidl,uali
t i'ii... .I...... i i ,r .iliuniiiiimaiid VauM
''1 !. I'.'-i
'lliuoi -t-
':tl.. II I,'.?
".fit ii fort-'vor,''
7 m -"
liijli ini ami Pujrh!
[From the Cincinnati Enquirer.]
HISTORY OF THE CRITTENDEN
COMPROMISE.
Could the Present Civil War
Have been Avoided?
Paying Dearly for Abolition Whistle
Paying Dearly for Abolition Whistle SENATOR DOUGLAS DECLARATION.
Paying Dearly for Abolition Whistle SENATOR DOUGLAS DECLARATION. Jeff Davis & Co. Offered to Take
The Crittenden Compromise.
The Crittenden Compromise. THE ABOLITION SENATORS
The Crittenden Compromise. THE ABOLITION SENATORS REFUSE.
Senator Chandler's Infamous Letter
Against May Compromise.
The Compromise in Full.
,- 'lVi" know of no Grent I
wliicli iii",lit.nut liqvy Ik-iii jirovi nt
Iy (IdUilirniiiisij' 'eiiily iiu i :r,ic;(.uj
tul
made.'
FirtiiniBs'Is i( great virfne
In
piUiHO tt lira, "but it 'litis lU projiei
; Conspiracies an I -insinrec
illi
lOllLlSlIC I. Mu l tb 0 'l;illf R , I' in, n.. I j.
'iiruMiW Ti-prued by vigr aiid VleeiM
ioii. To shrink drum tliuin is to make
thrin furm.idaWu. , i,ut no v.-ieo ruhjr
will treiit tliu doi'ii'v seated disf,i.
ttiita d't a great' party 'ns lib' fivata the
conduct 6l a m'ub which destrmN miiln
'mid p iwcr lodins. Tim noglect of tbi-i
distinction lias Ixan- fatal even M
goyeriniHiita strong in tlio power ol
tlivsworJ. . In all m .veinanttf
ol tho hiiinan mind which tend to
cre.i'V rcvoliitioi:4,' thcr.) is a cri3iH
at which ni'-d -rato conceits ionu rnav
aiuind, couciiiato and preserve. "
IvIacaulv. ' ;-
No truer words wero ever uttered
by any hiitotian ; and had wo hud a
wise ruler instead of the present weak
minded Chief Magistrate; we should
not mw have to lament tha deplora
; condition to which tho, country is
reduced hy the want of tli jbu timely
coi':ct:E8ions,'wbicb would have concil
iated' iand preserved. " To show to n
people how they have bjei! made the
cinpiis of :a c!n8s of men whoso hos
tility;;', in the language of the laiueu
ted Douglas, "to slavery ie stronger
than their fidelity to tho CoiiWtitutiofj,
and who believe that tl:j i.'if-iiiptioii
would draw alter it, as'unii.ievitfilile
consofjuonce; civil -'ucri hoi wiio iiisur.
recfions, and; finally, .the utter, cxti'ne
tion ofi slavery in. nit- tlio Southern
States,'' wo 'hare mails tip fr.xri tin
record a history cf tlio "'Chittexden
COMPKUillSE." It Will dvVeifipo (lu.
great ciitno that has ken committed
against liberty, civilintU.il awl hit
.nuiiity, by men, who, .um'ottiinatelv
for the:Amorican poopla, ha , for over
two yt'sra past, the direction of our
national attaint .; . ..:( .
On the J8th day ofDecomber,18C0,
Senator: Crittenden, o! Kentucky; iii'
troducodjinto. tlia Sonato of tho 6oi.
tediBtates a series of KeBoiutionS'Ra u
buaia ol a settlement of tho difficulties
between nhoorth ani th rS6tith-i-difiiculties
'wliiblirat (htvllroby thrcal
ened tho .peueu oitln country-and the
iutearity,i)' the; Uuiin. ,, (UannuVa
IONAL'GljOBlii 1, Se6iojJxfl86Qi
yi.pagolU) ,
IV
ou
.in
r .
in
tho
mo
n-over
or
by
ioi
1 I. . 1 . . '. f
that Hie ;einfdiea for our troubles
VTero Ubt uiCorWreEsiona) actiSn.. life
Haiti; , "l do riot know that tliia -Cori
greeg can lo any tiiinr; ; but this oori
troversy Will not lo euttled hero," He
was rij-ht; Tliu'aiiitrory 'wfls not
60U!o1 thertf. Wuld to Gii'd iiliaji,
been I,,, But fo all Inow tliat tda roi- j
on 'why it .was . not aettloJ tliero wai,
Uuiixlaa tuKl theiii, on tho floor of the
SciiHto, that, tliu responHibilify'uf the
fiiilnrp w'au with them." , Thi ItepubJi-.
can Stnutors and. Representatives act
ed on tllQ id I'll (it KiMiiiK.r fll'iniiilln
of iMicliipah.wiiodeulared that "with
out a 'liltlo blood-k'ttitif,' tho Union
would not bo woitli a rual:.!'.
No furlhir action, was hud on those
iMolutiu'iis, oxcl' t ordering them to
no iirintta. uutu . Januarv 3d. ISfiJ:
(South C'urol'ha1. having secude( l)dc.
.w.aniji ner (illegal ion withamwn from
Congress Dtc. 21. lSGl. when Mr.
Crittenden - introduced them ftnuw
with a dilTorent rreanible'.'whi'ili shaua
tlicy read ,hs follows: (pago ?37) !
Vnf.Ra'Tlii5 0n'io'rt taiidamror! and. twin
U the iiuhiiiipyiiiviMivnaexiitinii in Conirom'.
it weuld be 0.1IK.11K' b not iiiipnaaidla. Jar that
Ui ly to ouncur in bulb, iu biaiichua by rhu To
iiuuaite liiaioiity, ga n toomiblo It uitlwr ta
utl .pt H'leh ineiiMin of leguliitlon (ir torymi
iii.iii.I to lhSutainvha7iK:ndiuoii'.H ttf tliu ct.ii
H'.iiiiiiitn m aro dt pined nooo-iary and prppor ta
iiiuit that danger, and Avlirrean in r griut an
nioigoncy l be ojiliuoli aad ju lgniont oKlio poo.
iloi.HXlil Uba heard, and would bo Iheboft
.in aiiruet guide to tlioir r.rob(!ntutive t tliero-
ita. , j
Jlin-hti, tli t brovUlon otiL'lit to iso rhada h
iiw, wit out delay, fur Haiti tin auriau jf tlia
H..plo. and Msbmiuinff U tb.iir roto tho folloi
mif resolurlnna, a the biiMa fur the llnal itrld port
iiununl aottlumont of tli .so dlnpu tea that DO
tiutl the pfttto ol'thu country, and threaten tha
-t.inea of the inlori.
liA liit, by tha &ufita and IIo-jiio of 11,..,'
tha Uiilud iSlatoa of Ainurica, ill
iViiiMuMi oiu'ilc,l, two-thirdu nf bulb hoiisua
coiioiirriiig, that the following iirtiulo be and it rt
uciuny prnpiifoti ami nuiiiinf.ja m niiieudiiicrrs
tlm (untiiitntlon of tho Unlto.1 Sta'u. wlif.-li
ulnili be valid 10 nil inlbht and pm -.um apiiVt
ufwini l.'oii.ttitiiti.in, wlit-n ru'.iliud by L'uliVtll
Hon oi vna-t Muriliaol ttlj isvoinl .Stutos :
Arthi.k 1. Inull tho t-'rrltorvol I ho Unito.1
lil.iloii luv licM, ..r lieical'it- tt.f-'quii 91I ei IA1..U )
nnrl of tntttifrl' 'tMrty-nlk tJ-treca iji.rt fhifi
hiiiirtc:flinryor-ihVuit(rtuhritovnhdoril.'o.
1,1 iniiiKiiiHciii, mr urnaa, u uroiiimto i wjiila
tMAb tun-iidry, hall .reaiairt Mudur- JJ'flrf-iniiin
(ovarninont. 1 10 all Um turrltoff now. htlif. or
iriMl'ttfr aonnirtfli aouthof miid iti.cn! laii'ni.lo.
Hiiivory iil'tfliii'fAfrlcini'hieo U hereby rtii-oiiij-0.1
tiKcxaintiniriitil shall noti'id intc'rleroil with'
j ! 1 L:r.--, imi: shall liu prt.',o,.'ti.,l Pi er.-ir ort
"T nil tho rlfpartrncrtta of the Territorial ff.vJ
ciiinoiiv ...i Huuf 4o.iiniMiu: iilHI WB, u. Imiiiii
,irio as.tiu jrat hhulliiiruriba, li.ill oopiuin
ih,i,p(ip(iUitioii! nA'ii'VftV'f fVlrltaiili.u-, oft'un
ircvt, av.'i.riling to th lliun. Kuilur.il ratio of re
pie.iit ilinii ' tllep.nplt.nl' tho Uiiiwd St.ites!
.hail. ,if itivfurui of g.ivuiimuiic bo raj.()li..i
,i n,uur, i,.u inn L.n. ill 1,11 llllO'lllal looting
with tho'rVtginal St:i..s with or wiiiimit slai'o
i- tho t'uimuuitl.,!! er ali now initio may
aUdo.!.; :;; j a -uu. ?tj.v.' :i . ;
AiiT. i. f!,.nros ahull have no nnwi-rtn alinl.
isliiilava y i i places under ilsecluivu jlllimlii-
nmor .wili.ia.ina iniiiuui.-jutea tbut t.i-nt.ii
he holding o'ldave.'- '
AitT. 3. ' (Jongri..Mball hM-e noppwo' to abol.
Ii ilavery witUiu tho W,-triet of Oulumbln. so
nia unit M .rylmd, 'or eilllofj norwithont llid
onir us i oxis Hi tho u. loinlnir Shit..4.,c vir..i l
ouaont ol ll.e uiliaintunts, .r witl...ut just uein
ponsali -n lir-t iiiudj '.o null owners ofjlaves us
iit.i consent toi-nen ai.oiisiimont. Nor . l. ,. , 1
CuiiL'fb. a al any Ohio prol.tbitollivuM 01 il.. K...1 .
oral tiuvoriiiiiuut,ur ineiiihan olCuiign-.-is w hosa
Lilies rotpiire tli.tnl to He n oistrl.-t,- from
briiiping with .then, their alavoa, ami boldit.g
,.i,nra, i,u,nuri time iin ar initios may
.quire them to remain tbore. und i.fmrwnr.l
.Aiiiii,! thoni from tliu Dislriut. , ,
Aier, i. OoimrcM shall have no tmircr t,. t,r...
Iiilut or liimlur the' ' ruiisportaliona of slaves
irom one ISiale to.nn tt,ii4il,crj r to a Territory
whi'di slaves aie by law periiilte, to bu held,
whether that transportation be l.v l,.n.u ..aui.
gable rivers, or by sea. ..
Art. 6- That in nl.li tioii to th,i provisions of
Hurt! paragraph ol tho-second section oftho
totirtli auiole of tlia Coustitulion ufthu United
otatos, Conifress shall havo nowar to i.rnvi.l,. l.
law, und it shall he itH ilutyao io provitio, that
ufifion. oiuioi snail l.av til t he ownur who
bill apply for it Ihe full value ofhi fugitivo
avo, in mil easea wlicu the Marshal, or ntl.nr
ollicer whose duty it was to arrest said fugitive,
n pu.ui.iuu iiuui bo uui.ig oy violence or in
niidation, or when, after iirrest. said fniritivn
was ro-cuotl by furoo, nud the owner thereby
prevented und obatructcd in the pursuit of Ins
remedy f.rtho recovery of hisfugitlve slave, un
der tha said clause of the Vonsuutlon and tha
lawsmudoiu pursuance thereof. Ai.diiiKi.pl.
wh.ui tli United Stales shall Dav forsuclt
iigilive, theyab.i:t ! .avo the riiht in their ovii
iiai,.e to sue the county in which said violence,
iiitiiii.lut.ni!, or i:n(i,. w.iseoiiiinitted,aDd to
Irom It, and with inlrct-t and damages,
amount paid by Ilium for said furgilvo alu've.
And Ilia" taid cutinty, after it haa paid said
iiiii..itnt to the United Suites, may, 1'oritalH
diniiiii) , nio and recover from tliu wrongdoers
resci ors, by whoirf tho owuer was prevented
from tho recovery of hisfugitjvo ilnve, in liko
mr.nnir aa tho owner himself might Aave ened
and reeovoredi ' -"
'Aht. fl. Nj future ambndmont oftho Coniti
tutiou shall affect tlio five preediug arUclos,
lior the Oil: & paragraph of tho second soction of
the lirst article, of ihe Constitution, nor tho third
paragraph of the second section of the fuurtb ar
tide ofsaid Oonst'tution, und no a-iendmoni
shall be made' to the Constitution which will
amhorlze or give to Congreas ai.y power to abol
Ish ot interfere with slavery in any of the States
whoso laws it is or may be allowed orpor-
IlllikCU.
Ana, -wunirAe,' also, besides 'thofioea'm.
. of'
ditsun'ion embraced
in the foreeoiui amend
ment8pmrH".dthe;onstilution oftho Uni-
dlSiaioi, thireare others which oome withiu
jnaisdicUon of Oongres, and mnv be rcme-'
die.l by ita krfsl.ti.e power , and, wherras, it j
iMhbticswfjatCoiigresB, as far as ita power will.
exteii.l.to remove all jmt ennse for tha popiilaV j
discontent and airitatiea w Ik ill now disturh tlm
paaootif. thfoonnlryMdliiriiatetii the stability
oiiuiiu.ii)ukipuvvuere,ioro, M .. .
sentativa ih. United Sulci tot Ami Z
Confess acmblei.- That" law now i
uinw, M the Ninatii and Jlonse of Bflprev
n.a tecovery ouugiuvfj slaves areiu atrk:
T
av been
lnhMPrt'Uft a... , f ,
tliay oriibt not tube ropealud oriw m- lt-rU tn
changed im to impair their ellit-iei.oy, in.,1 i)mi
awa ought to ho made for 1I1.1 ; uiil.-.iii,...'ni .,1
thowj Whoaf.empt, by lb n-icii i of tit , :n-. 1
or other illugal nioant, . tj lun iLr ct dn'Ut tht
uoiexecationofaald lawa.
2. That all taio Uwh which conflict with the
trugitie Slave Act-, or any other oinstitiuiom.l
aututungreaa, or which, ihei .vpiuioaiiu
IHi.i.l.T.indur ordoluy 'Ito i;m course uij 1 due ox
cutn.it of uay of naid acta; aru uuil Untl Void by
Uie pbjin proviaiona orUm'iVUmtittiliou of lit
.L lilted buiti... Vot 1I...0.. ..... 1 ...
ODfrVHnoe ati.l uv.i.Mitio.. mil..,. ,i..... . r
i. 1 J iuiiq iuwj voiu if
tlluy Ure, havegrvgn color tJ praclicea and loa.j
toiiui4(a(!nfa wliioh haver ohotriiotcd- the du
adiiiluiairatioa and execution of ai tsof t'oiigj
and OMv.clally thi acts lVr tho delivery ol'lugi.
Uvo BlaVfJi.aiid have .thereby contributed 'iiiiu u
w twadinvord and coitimoUon now prevuiii,,...
tougrew, therefore, in the presen; perilous jiuic
tarn, dooanol de-jni It im
earnestly to iooom,un,l lUe rtial of choau laui
to the nevaral Sutoa-rhjoli l.uyo ,etta.'U,d-Mio..i;
or euoh legislative oorr..fH.,iiH or 0Kplanat.)n..,
tbem.aa may pro,v.t tlioir Doing ui-ed or l ervei
ltlll in Nlli'l. i.tu .fn! . 1
lat.V V1 tb,8vt of the lSlh of SeptowW;
1840, commonly cullul tho Kujitive S.ao Uw
ought tv be ao. allien, lo.l aa to , n.uk. ..... .1
Ah .Cvtiimiaaiouor.-iiuin-ln.. in i....i.- J
thiirart.eoniil in im
Win; wlictbar tfaia dkUioui be in tavororairalni
tlia CluiiuallL iln,! u.i..l.l :
tha last: clatisd 'of tho th to..tl.. r .'i.l
,likh.autliorie tha'per.ii. nelding a warrant
v. '"i..rrsi,urlueMii;iiouoitt fugitive clavu to
niiiiniori to bis aid a poa., coinitatiisjiud lii, h
dooiiired it Do bo ihe duty of all iroud citizun. lo
him in its execution, ouiht trt hn ... ,..n.i..i ...
to exptesaly luhit thrf, autborily' "uud duty in
cases in which there ahall Im
gor Of reslsiunce or rescne. ' ''. ;
4ji That the law for tha 11 nnraaalrtH Af tk
.Afrioan njavo -trade and especially.- tl,.,a r,ni
I , o ""perv'i'ou oi siavou into the Hi
tod blatts, ought lo bo mude-crtoetnni, and oiiKil
to lit. tll..r..ti,.:.ku .w.. i .....'. .
autiauiita necos.-ary to thoea eudnouirlit tube
promptly rondo. ' ' b "
r. AAQVU,U alm h i tiirtaorun.
On the iSth ofJanitarv.is.il. Suh
ator . Clark (Abolitionist) movod to
strike ortt all of Mr: Chittenden's pro
position, after tho preamblo and tho
word Jiesjlvect, and insert in lieu
thpi-oof tho' following '
That tlm provisions of tho cWtitn.
tion areainolo for tho preservation of
mo union; And tho protection of fill
materia! intorctU ottha oofuhtrVi that
it needs ' to ho ', obeyed rather than
arrunrlcd and that an extrication
from tho present daiigi'la jg f0 bo look
.cd.ro,r' in .steiifJus.' eflbtts f Wsuryo
thf peuce protect tijo'public 'property,'
nn I en'orco tho laws, riVher than in
guarantees 'Tor particular' diflicuithg,
or ' concc3ioi(s to' urroasonahlo' di.
uiaiida: , ' ' ' '' ' '
; Resolved, Th,at nl attcmrits to dia
sol ve tho present Union, or overthrow
pr abandon the presotit Constitution,
with tho hi.po or exi-ectatiou of cun
Itructing a uow one, aro dalioious,
Illusory and deRtruciiVju ; tliat.i.n the
opinion tho 3etia-of tho United
States, ho euch reciWtruction is -irac
ticable'; and therefore, to ifnj maiti
ti;nanco of the exiatLiij; Union aiui
Constitution,' should bu. ' directed .nil
the tiiorgjea ol' iill the dcpartineu!sil
tlio Uovtiiiiuont, and tho efforts of ali
good
citizens. . ', ' ' .
The object of tho intro taction of
that resolution was very plain: - ii
was to kill Mr. Ciittendcira plan
without taking a direct , vote on it.
Mr. Clark'd niotion. prevailed by the
following vote: .. .
Yeas Messrs. Anthnny, Uaker,
Bingham, CamoroU, Clntudler, Ciaik.
Collamer, Dixon, .Poolittle, Uurkeo,
Fesiendeo, Foot.Foster, Gi iu.es Uale,
Harlan, King, Seward, Simmon,
Sumner, Ten Eyck, .Trumbull, Wade,
Wilkiusou and JViUou 25.; All
Republicans - .. . . ',. .
Nays Messrs.., U.iyard, BigJer,
Bragg, Bright, Clinghaiu, Critieiidei.,
Fitch, Green, Lane, Ltthuin, M.ishi.
Nicholson, Fcarce, : i'olk.,; i'owo'l
Pugb, Rico, Saulsbury and Selms-
tiun xi. All iJdiuocrata and Auu-r
icana.J
Mr. Crittenden's proposition was
thus defeated for the iiiesent. At a
subsequent hour of tho sumo tlav.
Senator Cameron, who had voted for
the Clark ! amendment, moved are
consideration of tho vtu by wliieh
tho Crittenden proposition was killed.
Tho vote on thi motion was not taken
until the 18th of Jauunry, 1861. The
fdllowing.was the result : (pag. 443 )
Yeas Measrs. Bayard; Bigler,
Bragg, Bright, Clingham, Crittenden,
Douglas,; Fitch,: Green, Gwin,- Hun
ter, Johnston of -Arkansas,! Johnston
of.. Tennessee, ; Kennedy, Lane, . Lft
ham, Mason.Nlcholyon:, Pearco.rolk,
I'owell, Pngh, Rice. Saulsbury .Sobaa
tian and Slidoll 27.
Nats Messrs. Aethonv. Bakrr
P.innl.am n.n-... m.-..n nt..i.
"'VP ' ""ulKlvut"" w",
AJOllauifir" PlXOn, Doollttlfv, ieSSOU
dco'J FoOte. ' Foster firimiuJ Ilatrt
naiau jr ,08r' ".im. llaltJ
ua,,ani ingJ .hewftl'd, '.SinimonB,
Sumner, Ten 'Evck, fWade, Wi"fail
WilfViusoD andiWiUori 24.f m
i. It wilt Id lo'en: that Mr.. Cameron
I k V i.- . ",DW, rJA.'iiirJ.
1,101,00 ,0 iecon8ldcr4.iavintr.pr9
votcur. 'against his own proposlrioit
VUIICU, 116 lUestlon tlieu
WU8 o.'i
'griri)g .to
Mr. Clark's substitute tb
'.iiti- Criitcndea
eo plan. : Ihe hail
was not taken on agrci.ng d.roctl
u th Cr. unden ....position, until
'lit, r U f'li ill 1 L r CM I fill i IMV. Iir.f(,i1 1 tl
tho elicit of CVncresa nudthu inannf
iutio;i of- Mr; LiucoliiM'Thei t)lur!
anuinUnent wa-i first dip .;d of; tliu
debate proceling thu voie .un wtii'jlj
we uive: . i . . .. ,.' f .
.Mr, Clark, ;ut inightl)o.i'xji(jct.'d.
3 I OlklOt t lilt .Hllbt-t. Illto.' lil lt I
would s:iy soiiiutljing- iii j,'j up..'t j
but. as the sissi'iri is draiviig ri, hohi
cli'Sij, tli iiigh I am propuii.'ti
Ilmll
waive tli. opportunity--
mi I
lot Uni
vow lw t iki'i. , .
M,r..W)lsiiii. 'tWr luv.) vntod on
that Bevf-raf jiiutw, and I oiu'ost t'jnt
't, Ij.j witliilciwii, nii.,.,lv)t in voie .di
ro.;ty;in tlid ivsiitiitiiiiia.'.' , . . . t :
.,;.Tiit). rr-siili'i. ()Jlic!r.-i- '.'it can
jiot b.t v it ti ir.a-A ii,- inn yens nud nays
iinviiijj U i Liftiivtl.'. , .
'Vi'l'u .tieerctaiy r .jcue-kd to gall
fji( roll "... ( ... '
-At ' , A-itli';iv (.vhfii lie -il trilo was
timietl) "Without Hiiy'relVreiio.! t-
;li . iiM'its oi Uiih iuueitilin -lit. I slmll
v ite-aiiivt itf .j; tho piiriw.-iu ofIUw
nig the oenacof ; Iitij .Koiitnukv ti
oUiaiii.it vutu on bis H'oo'utioit
vote uav." . ... . . '
it .' it i ,i .'.-" '. i ' '. "
nir. n.iurr. im; ten i.m .d.ii.i.l u-.ia
called ) -f ' Without reti-u'iicu -to tl
uiurna oi tins. Hijieiiu(uuij,i 4iau Tyfo
agitistj it ir. order to g. t au vnuortii
uity to vote against tho, resolution of
the bunator Irom Kentucky. . .
''The reanlt was announced-yji,;;
14, nays 22, as folLvvs ; ... , . . '
"YeasMessrs. Bingham, Chand
ler, Clark, Dooliitle, Durkeo, Fessun
don, Footo, Harlan,' King, Morrill,
Siiuiner, Truiiibull, - Wado ,au4 Wil
kiusoiw-14. ' . : ' ' .,
"Iays Messr.8. Anthony, Baker,
Bayard,, feigler, r.right, CiitUnden,
Dixon, Doula, Foster, Gwin, IIuu
ter, Johnston of. Tcnncssc Kennedy,
Lane,. Latham, , Mason Kicholsqr,
tolkVuRU,Rii;o, S;lustiaq and Ten
:j;oo:Ai.i.'Lfiaik s- amendment was ro-
Jl'CM., .I'tlg 1404)., ;'
i be .quest ion..' tl.jftuu recurred oil
adopting tho Crittenden plan of com
iirnirliBu.; , It was; duluated.by the
following. vote : I'ae 1405 ) r,v .
Ykas - Messrs. Bay aid, lJi?i'er',
Bright, Critten jijt', Douglas, G win,
lluiiti r, Joltnstouof Teiiii., Kennedy,
Lane, Latham, 'Mason,' iS'ichi.lion,
i oik, i ugii, twice, bebiiStian, Thorn
.ion and Wglall lly, .
. .NiV-i-Meisrs. A'ltlioi y.Bingham
ohaudjer, Clark,. D.xon, pjolittle,
Uurka-,- K'ssoiideu, bwAo,, F.iater,
Urius, llarla:i, .King, Moril, Sum
nor, Teu Eye!;, Tij-'lj.ul, tV'aJc, AV'ii,
kiiiaou uuil Viioi--20. ... '
,: Of Lho niijetteii. 'who v'ttt-d. uca
iovei.L'on were .Deuiocrati'.. nud two
Ainencaiis. The lutf.ur.weru Sena
tors Crittenden,, of Ky.. arid Kennedy
ot .Mart laud, llio twentv who vntml
in tlu tiigiiive wvio all Republicans.
ifi Til lit.'t;iil OK KI3PKE5KNTAT1VK?.
On the 27Ht ol February, ISfJl . (see
page 12ol ),.r. CleuiensJt Virginia.
propnRod t tliu House iif Coii"ivss
lliat the Ci'iifeiitleii compromiso" sho
u.d be eubtiiitied to a vote of tin
I io iple A-r a.Ji.tioii or rejection. He
ptvpustU the toilowing j tint resolu
tiou : ..
WiiEKEAs,' The Union is in dat";'i
and ovvn.g to ihe tiuh tiipy division
exioting iu Co.igres.- it would ha d tli
enlt, if not impossible, (or that body
io coi.cur, i;i ooui icj tmtnclies, by the
icquisito mtyority, so as to cuablo it
eiiiier to adopt such measures of loc-
islatiou, or to recommend to the SrdteH
aiich uiiie' idiiieuts io' tliu Cunstitutinn
us urj doeiu-id liecessurv and nr.mm-
to avert that danger ; uud
WumtKAs, lu so great an emergen
cy, tliu opinion and judgment ot the
poopio ought to bo heard, and would
De-tlie b.st and surest guide to their
represtn'ativus; therefore,. .
JiesAivea, oj tlio bonate and Ilo'nso
of liuprotioiitat.vj8 of the. Uuited Stu,
tos oi America in Uiugress assembled,
I'hat provisions ought to be made by
law, without delay,; fir Inking the
dense of the. people, and subiuiUinf
to tho'votc the' followitiii lvsolutfons
(Crittenden's) as tho basis for the final
and permanent Settlement of tlmm.
disputes that uow disturb tlio peace of
tha country and threateu-tbu exist
ence of the Union. .. .-?.- ;
Here followed Mr. Crittenden'a
resolutions.; -- . . . ,. ... .
lho proposition of. iMrv. Clemens
WVB rriettcii UY lll-j: lOiiOWIliff rnrn -l
you Suw'ltays. 113. i ..-:(
I'fiAS-rM cssra. A d rian . f W G A n
unoh,: Ivt ry,t llar.t B.ureit,t Bo '
fjoek.t Jti'ieltrt Louliii'jmy. JJniia u
,i
a
.
votelliitrch.f Burnett. f II F Chirk J V
I Branch.' JJriwl Brittn, nMn Z
(Jlark, Jobn Cochrarie.t Cox.tJatnei
!Craig,-f'B,.rfon'Craig,T! J 0 Duvla
I J 1 I ,a -L J . r . '
DoJnrnot't Detnniick.i VA
English.t: Florencb.f Fonke.f Garn
ce,f. Oilmer; Hainiltonit JMIIacr
T J liarria.t jdi,TIolman,t
Vm Howard, t IMghes.t Jenkins,!
Kunkh. f. !iM.al.oe,t "J' W' lAaci
Leak.t Jxgan.t Madf Mallow).
(. D Martin.t E S Martih.f ifrptiak
.McCletimrd.t McKonrv M
Montgoin..rv,t' L bin f Moore, I N
M.'iriK.t Vel, ' Neblecft.t Noell.t
,UTt"n; Drir.'t VQwUi
K ggst J 0 li.binson. Rna SinV.
h-,t timliis.t Wnt. S:nitli,f W U
Smith. Stevenson .1 A Ri-,.4.
a.Si;,, Stout.t Thomas.t Vallandig
ham f Vairte, Webtter; Whitnov.t
WiiHlow.f Woodson.t Wright. 80
Loii:i.crat, 61 j Americana, 19.
' NAYs-Messrai 0 p Adams, Aid
rich, xifhley, Babbett, Bjcle, Bing
Imiii, lili ir, BUko, Braytoti, Buffing
t..n', Biirlingtme,-Biirnham, Bdtter
Hold, Campliell, Carey, Carter, Case,
Jnrburri, (J B Oochroan, Colfax, Con
kMh. Couwny. C.iriVin. Covo.K.
W" Davis,' Dawes, Delano.- Di'iell.
IXtriu Edgtrtoti, Edwards, Elliot.Ely,
Wicridge, Famsworth, Feiitou, Fer-
ry, 'Filter, Frank French, Goocli.
ri ri. ri. i. it... . i ,. .'
Mraham, Grow- Halo, Hall, Llemlick
ineKinan, uin iiinn.f Hoard, W A
Howard, Fliiundiiey, llntchins.IiVina
JunklrJ.'F W Kellog, Kenyon, Kil
groli,".Kiliinger, Lootrii?, Lovejoy,
Marston,' McKe.nn, McKnight, Mc
I'horflon'Mori'liead, Morrill, Alorso,
Nixon;' Uliril I'aliner. I
loiter; f'otteii, l'oltle, E It Ueynolds
Rico, C II .hinson,. Royco, Scrnnton,
Sedgwick,- Shorman, SomU9jSpaIdmf
Spimier, Stanton; Stevens, 'W' Stow"
art;'Si'iHtti)n,Tap'pan, Thayer, 'Thea
kor, Tompkins. TrainTrimble, Van
dervcr, Van Wyck; Terree', Wade:
Wakron, Waltoir, C 0 Wtul.bnriio,
R 13 Wanhburne; ', Wells, Wilson,
WiudriaiH,Woi)(l And Woodruff 113.
R'public'iifq,' 'llO ; ' Americans, 2 ';
Democrats,' 1. ,
Democrat's .with a t : JRnublictina
Romiin :'Arncricfin9-in Italic. '
Sul'li wils tho ifccorded action of tho
two hotii-ca of Coiiiiresiv at tho mnst
critical and iriomontoifs' period of i-'lfr
bisfory.on a meanro that would lint ,
au'cd lis from civil war had the rop:
resuuiuiivcB oi tno party that had juu
been elected to power adopted it in
soasoit.
It is denied by some of tho loaders
and presses or the Itapublicnii party,
that 6iicli would havo been the result
of the adoption by Congress of the
Crittenden Compromise ; but thoy
prodrtyed no pKidf to sristitin theiras
set tion. ' On the other hand, we havo
i high testimony as could bo desired
or needed, to show that had the Crit
tenden Compromise been adopted in
season, it would have save! thecouu
ry fain civil wat. , , " '
Senator Douglas, on trio 3d of Jan
uary, 1801, speaking of his own plan
ol uljiHtment which liojiad introdu
ced into the Senate, said: (SeoAoen
d x Con. Globe, 1881, pago 41 ) '
l. believe this (his own plan) to be a
f iir basis ol amicable adjustment. If
yon ot thy Republican 6ido aro not
vyilling to accept this, nor the propo
sition ot lho Senator from Kentucky,
Mr Crittf.nieu.pray, tell ns what you
a-; willing to do. I address the in
quiry to the Republicans alone, for
fie reason that in tho Committoe of
Thirteen; a lew days ago, every mem
ber from tho South, including thosd
from tho Cotton States, (Messrs. Too
mbs and Davis Jexpressed their readi
ness to accept the proposition of my
venerable friend from Kentucky, Mr.
Crittenden, as h final settlement of
the controversy, if ten dered and sua
tained by the Republican members..
Henco. tub sole responsibility of
oifr disagreement, and the omly Dim
cults' iti the wriy ol nn amioaple ah'
jcstmkst is with the REl'UBLICAN
tMUl'Y. ;-"'
"When Mr.'Donlas made that speech
he made ?t in thu prtseneo and in tho
huaring of Jiff Dafis, Toombs and
tlio other Southern Senators, except
.1. . C i. . . .... v . ,
inusu irum oouin Carolina, who hau
retired from Confess; and no onn de
nied the truth of this statement. Nor
did any of tho It.'pnhlicaiT membera of
the ('oiimiitteo of Thirteet: deny its
truthfulness.. '"They 'must, thefefore,
all be taken1 as having concurred In its
Scn.xt,
oiiyuiirja, viz; uiih me ooninern
jrs would have received fhu
Ctitrehdcn' plan, il tendered 'and sus
tained by the RepfthPcan members, fia
a' linfti seitlcmcnT of the eliivery con-trovery-
niid that, therefore the on1."
difficulty in the wjty of an amical-'

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