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1 ' 1 i . . . . 1 .J- 1 ' ' i ..it .. -!Ht
- Affirm vtltlti Aifuif lr
NO NORTH, NO SOUTH, UNDER THE CONSTITUTION. BUT A SACKED MAINTENANCE OF THAT INSTRUMENT AND TUB UNION.
M'ARTHUK, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO, SEPTEMBER 8, 186
HJUBBED KVRRYTHURB DAY BY
E. A. & W. E. B R ATT 0 N.
la Bratton's nullum;, East of Cour
Tlon'e, Pii Btnir.
" TEKMS, ASII.
The Diuoctut will beeentoneyear fc Ont
PoUarl Six Months, for Fifty Cents; lbri
Months, fo? Twenty-five Cent.
W All papers will be discontinued at the
'epiraUon of tne time paid for. ,
TERMS FOIl ADVEBT13UIG.
One Square on insertion, 10,T5
Each additional inseitioo, .'-i
Cards one yesr,
Noiioe of appointment of Admlnlstra-
ri, Guardian aud ilxooutors, 1,50
AttaohmoutnoyueebeloreJ. P. 1,80
Editorial notice per line, o&
fjT Ten linoa minion charRed as one square,
and all Advertisement ami Legal Notices must
be paid In advance,
fcsr A liboral deduction willbo matV tyear-
Sfl'lieabovetormsmut be complied with
tfAU payments must be made to tlitlTo
ieto , an we have uo agents.
Tiio Democrat jTobOllicc.
We are prepared to execute with neatness,
. ilspatoh and at prion that defy competition,
II kind of Job Worlc,snoh as
BILLHEAIS. ' i
. BLANKS of all KINDS,
LABELS, &c, &c.
livens atrial and beoonvlnced thet we oan
and will do wriutinKohoupur for Cash, tliun any
ather establishment in thimeetmnofoumitrj.
Ii. A Ural ton,
ATTOBNEV. AT LAW, McArtlmr, O., will
.....!.. n Vir.ljin anil 'mininff cnunticg
. r.sixonAU, b.f.hewitt.
Oolumbus.Ohlo. . MoAnliur 0.
11 i ii s liam & Hewitt.
ATTORNEYS AT LW.MoArthur, Vinton
Uo., Ohio, will praotico in Vinton aiidiid-
:.;..tM l'Anint Attention will ba
Ruining uiiiibieai . . - -
given to all biiiinosa ontrustod to tuoir euro.
OHioo Urnt door ent Dodges Storo.
WO TEL 8"."
C LI N TUN HOUSE .
SCOTT & POLLARD,
romixiiLT or h'icfe norn, whiii.ii-o, va
Jan.S9,'63-lyr Cliillicothc, Ohio.
JAMES WATSON, l'ropriotor, Third ft?
Street, neur MaiL, Cincinnati, Ohio, ("J'jl
VONTiiOMEKV & SON Proprl
4 eturd from ot. , i ormuutu. r.
MERIETTA AND CINCINNATI
' Twins run as follows :
TIOR: DAT HAIL.
3 SO r. h.
5 33 p.m.
7 35 p. M
8 45 p. M.
9 00 A.M.
10 61 a.m.
12 28 A. M.
1 33 P, M.
3 14 p. M.
3 43 P. H.
4 4 i p. M.
7 09 P. M.
7 30 P. M.
7 05 A. M
7 20 A. Bt.
9 40 A. M.
10 41 A.M,
11 18 A.M.
5 00 a.
1 00 A.
a 03 p.
3 37 p.
5 33 p.
6 12 A. M
8 13 A. M
10 15 i. m
JOHN DURAND, Sup't.
JC 4th 1863. lyr.
CHANGE OF TIME.
SCIOTO AND HOCKING VALLEY
. SUMMER ARRANGEMENT.
. ,rvNnd after Monday, April 16th, 1361,trinsa
V wiurau. rbiuuuwk,
' Coins Noma Mail Train leaves Portsmon1
t jiakingoloseoonnection with through trains, to
Murinttn nd ffinolnnat! Railroad fur nil I nninr
, Xaat aud West. Accommodation Train loave
' i'orUmoath at 1 :80 1 u : arrives at Uaindon at
!"ao wu .
Ooins South Accommodation Train lcav
.nmaaai:i5 a irtarrlves at rortsmonth
nan xrttn leaves uamdoo at 2
9 ; arrives at Portsmouth at :00. v.
iii.-"-u vuiuiuuus.oBu us procuied asui
- v W. WEBB.Ueoel
; BLAft DEEDS. MORTGAGES
Dd All other BLANKS for SALE
THE MEN FOR OHIO.
A CAMPAIGN SONG.
WRITTEN FOR THE NEW YORK METRIPOLITAN
Air—"Wait for the Wagon."
Cometeomradas, raise yonr voices,
And shout aluui for Val,
And vow that our next Governor'
lie mutt be aad lie shall,
Obi won't old Abe be fnrioas, ,
:'Aud won't Burnaide look bias ,
. Wh.n they Cid that we've eloUd
VallandiibamandPngbl '' f ',
The men for Ohio,
The men for Ohio,
The men for Ohio,
Vallandlgbant and Fof n.
Thty think to overawe o,
Tucy think tnty'll crush us yet,
But wo western s are the toughest fees
ThsLincului lea nave mot.
Wo lnnb at and defy their threats,
We vuro not what they do,
Ilut wo'ro bound to liavu clouted
Vallunditflmni and l'ugli.
The men for Ohio,
The moa fur Ohio,
The men for Ohio
Vallundigham aud Tugh.
Oh ! brothers, don't forget that time,
When Burnide was our fate,
And laws woro superceded
By order Tb irty Eight.
Then, like a frte born westorn man,
Our Val spoke bold and true
Oh! when he's chosen Governor
Whut will poor Burnsiio do f
Won't he skedaddle,
Wou't he skedaddle,
Won't he skedaddle,
As he's well UBud to do I
They cull us "traitor," "oopporteaJs,''
We euro not thu' tt.ey do ;
But they'd best not tread on copperheads,
Or they will sureiy rue,
If they rotine us "they'll wake up enako,1'
Believe itfirlt's true,
So, tboyd better fill into onr rusks,
And. vote fur Vul aud Tugh.
The rr.eu for Ohio,
The mon for Ohio,
The ii on for Ohio,'
Vullit'jdigham nod l'ligh.
Paper Money vs Laboring Men.
[From the N. Y. Caucasian.]
, Eanka find banking institutions are
tlio poor man's curse. Every agcucy
which enables ono class of peojdo to
livo without labor, to live without
producing a dollar, and taxes at the
eame time another class for the sup
port of thoeo drones, is an evil of the
gravtBt character. Wo livo to-daj
in tho bur.ki:iK nco. Such a huge
paper money Btherue aj is now being
carried out in this country the world
never before witnusucd. llistorj
makes no record of a people organiz
ing a machine for tho creation ol
"promises to pay," ad libitum, ad
irijinitwn, without tho slightest refer
encu to the gold and silver Lasia.whicb
it was once held these paper nioi.sy
schemes 6hould ever bo founded upon.
In 1776 our lathers created a mighty
moneyod monster which was to pav
tho Revolutionary war debt, as thu
jrtsent Ircasury issues are expected
to liquidate tho present war claims.
There was then, as there is now, a
petty despotism ruling at tho Adiuin
istra'ion headquarters. Laws were
put through tho old Congress that
"whoever should rofuso to receive in
laynient Continental money, bliould
'jo declared an enemy to his country ;
should bo treated as such, a:id ban
ished, or outlawed ; the severest pen
alty known to our laws." This des
potisin continued in lorco for live
years. Jt showed ltseit in tender acts,
in limitation ol prices, in awtul and
threatening declarations, in ponai
aws, with terrible pnnuliments, and
in every other way that could bu do
vised, and all executed with a ruth
leBS soverity. Committees of inspec
tions were constituted authorihes
wIiobo powers were nearly sovereign,
(the Wades, Chandlers and Simmers
of those days ;) they, with Congress,
and tho military force, put their heels
upon .the ptopio then as now, and so
reads atory : "Men ot all descnp
tbns 6tooU trembling be for o this
rnonsler of forco, without daring to
iift a hand against it, for live long
years. Tho creation, rise and cul
mination of Continental currency
echeuce is well known. It went up
like a rocket and came down like u
stick, as our modern currency scheme
is bound to do. Hint issue ot $360,
000.000 of irredeemable paper money
in 1776 to 171, a historian of that
day said, "polluted the equity of the
laws, turned them into engines ot
oppression and wrong, corrupted
the justice of public administration,
destroyed the fortunes of thousands of
thou who hod the most counaence
it, enervated trade, crippled the bus-
bandrj aad ruanafftctares of the conn
try and tended to destroy tho morality
of tho people.''
Mr. Jefferson dennnnccd banks as
parasitical institutions; nr.d during
his life, expressed bis abhorrence ol
rhcir whole scheme of operations. It
has been said, that in tho history of
nations as well as oi individiiale.there
aro to bo found moments of frenzy In
which every movement baffles tho
calculation of the politician, the mor
alist, and. tho philosopher. We are
passing through that frenzied stage,
now ; or rather, we aro in that stage j
wbetusr we are working out of it as a
people. God alone knows. Creating!
a war dedt of three thousand millions J
the administration is building anormi
dable moneyed scheme by which to
grind oat the interest on that debt ;
and the blood and marrow of the poor
man, tho laborer, the great class of
industrial workingmcn, mtut create,
this interest; tor the grim- money
lender will want his quarterly returns'
from tho troasury of the country, and;
it is only paid into that treasury by
tho sweat and toil of the great million.
If the gnat body of laboring men
could only realise what a vampire i
bank is. smoking their very life bioodf,
while tho poor, ignorant, credulous
victims are sleeping in fuli confidence
of the blessings ! ot these institutions
if these vict!msof the monoved power
could only bo made to understand its
evils, every bank in the country would
bo swept out of existence as by a
whirlwind. Do the farmers, mechan
ic!, and tho laboring class in general,
b.-lieve that the majority of the sur
plus wealth which their labor yearly
produces, ought in justlco to be owned
at tho end of tho year by a few finan
ciers I Does their common sense
teach them that a few, for the uso of
money necessary to exchange ;the
commodities produced, ought to gain
double, treble, oi quadruple as much
of the production as those who furn
iBb the skill and perform the labor,
which those productions are tho risult
of? .!. .-...
. I3anki.in tho SHtem -of Jlil .West
receive from seven to ten per cent per
year for their money directly, and the
hank profits from exchanges, drarts,
&c, reach as high as twenty-tivo per
cent. When a laboring man boys a
bill of lumber and fashions it into
chairs, tables or dwelling houses, and
obtains from tho public a price for bis
labor, he has given in exchange some
thing tangible; the world .has been
enriched by his transactions ; btH
when yonr "capitalist" sits in bis
office in Wall street, and makes thous
ands per year out ot his brain labor in
fleeting a loan ot bauK paper "prom
ises to pay," how much better off is
ho groat world lor Ins transaction l
What benefit to mankind are these
mere money drones ? What benefit
do '.hey confer upon labor, upon the
industrial ciassts I JNone at all ; on
the contrary, these moneyed concerns,
as banks or brokers, are leeches upon
tho great body of labor, sucking its
ile-blood, through "interest."
All State and national debts are
dead weights upon labor. All bpnks
are debt creating institutions.tending
to eflect tho mortgaging of the uodtes
and sonls of the moneyless portion ol
the people. All ''capitalists" or money
enders belong to the same soulless
Money is of sorvicft to the world
only as the standard of value by which
thi products ot lue soil, all mercuan
dizo, and the labor of tho people, are
8tnnated. When there lsasurplns
of mouey, when banks aro created to
an unwarrantable extent and currency
is emitted broadest, speculation is
fostered, hazardous enterprises are set
on foot, unhealthy schemes of all sorts
aro concocted.and a lingo agregato cl
interest is obtained which labor alone
has to provide. Incomes from labor
and products invaribly diminish in
nrouortion to the increase of Income
from money. When the money lender
advances tho price of the use ot money
or interest, the producer has to labor
arder than ever to clear bis $100 ,
and yet the money lender or broker
has done notmng t.o aid production,
hut by his increased rate of interest
has retarded it.
Let' tho workingman never lose
sight of the one startling fact, that
every new bank foisted upon too com
muuity is only another load to be
fastened upon the back of labor. Every
dollar thrown out must produce its
seven to filteen per ccni; and that
seven to fifteen per cent is only op
tained by somebody s sweat ana ton
Money brings, in every city in this
country, from fiye per cont per year to
three per cent per ruonib, and ma
capitalist sits quietly in b's bank
parlor and gathers in his tax, without
life exertion ol a mue'cle, while in the
busy streets, the workshop, tho fields,
labor is creating it for him ; and thr-
wmgh tho procecs of this creation, tho
iauoror wears out his framo by toil
and anxiety, barely earning a living,
because bis surplus has gouo for too
Hie result of banks, as they Rre
multiplied and managed, is to filch
the, rewards of labor from him who
has justly earned them, and put these
rewards into tho pockets of tho mere
moneyed drone w&o never tatnej jus
salt in the whole course of his exist
eacc.. - Let the laboring men examine
a few practical facts: $100 put out at
six per cent Interest, the latter collec
ted ' every six months and pddod to
tbo, principal,' will accumulate in a
period of sixty years. $33,671,63. At
seven per , cent, tho accumulation
would foot up, in tho sama time,
$71,893,92. ilut banks get, on the
average, 18 per oent out of labor for
the Use of their currency; and sixty
years- loaning of $1,000, ac this rate
of iuterest, woula snow earnings no
less than S32,2 30,196,79. Let US
take the $,1000 and give it to ono ot
the Shylocks who infeit Wall and
William streets, . seeking tho poor
creditless victims who mwrbave
money, even if bo pays at the rato of
30 per cont per year. There ars thous
ands such, and in any year the past
sixty, they have been found in all largo
cities. Sixty vcars' uso of $1,000, at
30 Dor cent per year, interest nayablo
semi-annually and reloaocd, will foot
up $294,036,059,207,37. Iheae tram
actions take placo between "capital"
and "labor" constantly ; and at this
rate tho producer pays over to tuo
money leuder the entire results oi his
daily toil. Do you wonder, my hard-
working mend, that tuereare so many
cdustnous man in the world who
"never seem to get ahead 1"
Now. mark this: Every banking
scheme, every Slate or National debt,
jVery lmge -credit nteipr!sa, every
undertaking not upon the "pay asyoii
go" principle, '8 a mortgage upon the
bodies and souls ot the laboring clas
ses. worKingmen. wnat is to uecomo
of us all, in tho face of tho war dobt of
three thonsaad millions, which you
and I must dig out tho intcrcptof, at
five or six per cent per annum ? How
ong eau we stagger under it i And it
n tho past comparatively peaceiui
dstory of this people, we find that tho
poor ol this country navo oe'jome
poorer and tho rich richer, under the
workings of cnpitul versus labor, what
kind of a picture shall wo present to
tho world in the year of our Lord
900. with our monstrous paper
mouey scheme, and a debt equal to
that of England i
Wall street this week is again fev
erish with cxeitmont. Stocks aro up,
gold up, money plenty, and '-chances
splendid." Dank deposits havn in
creased for the past four weeks. The
country is sending funds hero tor la
vestineiit.and borrowers in giodereci;
can got all the cash they want at 5
ana even as low as 4 per cent. Hold
touched lust week 122. It has moved
uu to 127(3130 this WJok, with ex
chango at 13D140, and a small de
mand. Mercantile paper is scarce
because merchandizing is limited,stire
n the lines led by the war demand.
If peace were declared to-day, the
railroads, manufactures, and curtain
commission houses, agencies, &c, all
depending, to a great degree, upon
this destructive wurio'supportvonia
lose one-third of their business ; aud
when it is decUreu, such will bo the
result. Not one laboring man in ten
thousand truly understands the com
mercial condition of the country. We
are trading iu human life.
Ae loug as the "crushing out" dots
trine is maintained, every Iresh battle,
with a thousand hecatombs ot slain
victims as its result, bnt whets the
appetite for more sacrifices, and tho
shoddyitcs bowl, louder and longer,
no peace, no compromise, no cessa
tion of slaughter, more men, more
material, more contracts, lor all these
Dut monev into our pockets. What
care we for the bcart-brokoo widows,
the childless mothers I the fatliei leas
orphans I What care wo for mqjilated
humanity l vve ao no ugiumgi ie
buy off, stay at home, get rich, at the
expense of a ruined country, and its
slaughtered people go on with vbe
war" Let the laboring man boar
mind all this is to have an end, and
long gloomy night of national woe
ia in follow.'- Commercial prostration,
bankruptcy, and pecuniary ruin aro
weep1 UJto a nugo wava over, me
North, and added to our moral wreck,
will make our Condition pitiable, in
dued. Dut tho great world will give
us no sympathy, for we have brought
ail this upon ourselves thaough our
own lolly and rocklessnoss.
Probate Court Leaves Ironton—
Removal of the Courts.
Thehtecaso of hahtut corpus Lav
ing failed, in Conaequefico of summary
miiituiy ptoccxdiiigs, it becomes a
gruvo question what to do with our
coerced conrU. Upon consultation it
has Ueu resolved upon to remove the
courts hence to Washington Furnace,
near the county line betweon Lawr
ence and Jackson, Unarmed pieketi
will be thrown out to give tho alarm
should the enemy approach, and then
the court and all its retainers will
skodnddlo into Jackson county. It
will not bo a matter ot ab$at torpui,
but of Itgs. Deiog in Jackson county
it ir claimed they will be out of the
military jurisdictioa of Lawrence.
Tho Courts will bo organized on
stumps in some shady sequestered
spot. Thero, (tho military permit
tin?) will be profoundly discussed
habeas corpus, personal liberty,' and
thing3 cogoato thereto for exactly
soven days. The number tsvtn bath
a mystical meaning in sacred ana
profane history, and is a lucky figure.
The world was mudo in seven days ;
there were soven goldcifcandlcsticks;
seven beasts, and sundry seven years'
But, should danger threaten thero,
tho intention is to full back on Colum
bus and reorgenizo tho courts in the
rotunda of thy Capital. Communica
tion will be opened at once with Adjutant-General
Hill, and his covems.
We have a noto from the General, and,
for what follows we can speak offic
ially. The plan of the campaign is
sottlod by him. He will, first, make
a speech, two Lours and filty-two
minutes long, to the Courts and their
appurtenances, in which Lo will bo
supported by Gov, Tod, and abont a
field regiment of ehoutder strap loun
gers from the Neil House, who, not
being on duty where they ought to bo,
may bo of soma account in this crisis,
Next, tho General will immediately
order down five hundred Toledoans
"from tho Lake shore," and a quautity
of sour buttermilk for defense and
subsistence all to bo paid for by the
State, of course. Tho Gonoral Las
adopted two lines of defense, which
novel, as somo may think them, he
declares to be perfectly effective, lis
has bad a quantity of spirit guns
made (m hing hotter than tht State
musketfi) and tho Toledoans from the
Lake Shore aro to eject buttermilk,
tho sourer tho better, at tho eyes ot
tho onoiny, and, generally, to bespat
ter thorn ull over. This is tho first
line of defense, and wo think H an
admirable on worthy tho genius ol
tho Great l icdenct or JNapoieon.
Shi'jli it tail, liL.wjvor a very remote
contingency thu soeoiid resource
o;t:.-!i i:i !Uy. lie will bo amply
buppiiou wan me t "
ut.ia aturo ot U no. in uio orainary
hint brochure covers. These, bo in
aiata. in iand-to-iitina fl;:ur, are oi
O'OID III llttl -- 1
v.Rt!v more service than irrenades.-
Thy will beburle'l with terrible and
valorous forco asainit the enemy. In
five minutes they will bo routed,
"hor.80, foot, and dragoons," and sent
home iu discomfiture.
While these doings aro in progress,
Governor Tod will sit in a window,
with o huge mug of buttermilk, sip
ping thereof; nud, when victory is
declared, will make a congratulatory
Bpeech, laudatory to Generul Hill,
alior which tho Toledoans will go
away covered with bntiermiik aud
The Negro Above the Union.
llr. Wilkinson, a member of the
Senate of the United States from
Minnesota, recently addressed the
Republican Shite Convention at St.
faul. lie said L Utt conversed with
tho President recently, and asked bim
if lie ever intended ta withdraw his
negro proclamition for the ease ol
restoring tho Union, and that the
President answered, iu very decided
terms "Mr. Wilkinson, thero is not
ilm lirhteit probability that I ever
ahull." What an excellent Union man
Lincoln isl Ho would not give up
of tuo negro tor Wty
A truth breathed by pale and gen
tie lips' may bo more cmBbing than
( the heaviest cannon ball or tba most
—Enquirer. Sentiments of Vallandigham.
"Do right ; and trust to God and
Truth and the Teopto. Perish offico,
perish honors, perisb life itself bnt
do the thing that is right, and do it
like a man' Speech of Jan. 14, '63.
'Doyoted to the Union from tbt
beginning, I will not deert it now, in
this ths hour of its sorest trial." Ex
tract from Speech.
"Not believing the Soldiers re3pon
siblo for the war, or its purpose, or Its
consequences, 1 never withheld my
votd (vhete thoir separate interests
wcr9 concerned." Speech of January
"Sir, I am Bgsinst DISUNION". X
find no mora pleasure in a southern,
disunionist than in a northern or west-
era disan-'oniet." Speech of Decern
bsr 15, 1859.
'I am not a friend to tho Confeder
ated States or their causo, but its
enemy 1" Extract from Speech.
f'l am a Democrat for Coristitn
tin, for Law, for Union, for Liberty;" .
Extract from Speech.
"Never with ray consent shall node .
be purchased at the price of DISUN
ION." Extract from Speech.
"No order of banishment, executed
by superior forco can release me from
my right as a citizen of Ohio and of
tho United States.
Every sentiment and expression of
attachment to the Union and devotion
to the Constitution to my country
which I have ovor cherished or uttered,
shall abide unchanged and nnretrc
tracted until my return." His ad
dress before banishment.
Suspending Constitution During the
"I go for suspending the Constitu
tion during the war laying it up to
dry" remarked a Lincoln ite the other
day. "Well," says a Democrat, "if
wo suspend it, has Lincoln any right
to bo President t Is ha not President
by virtue of the Constitution I Has
ho any other title f And will ho njt
coase to be President thro moment the
Constitution is suspended I" Tho
Republican made no reply. Tho
Democrat rejoined that although ho
was for thd Constitution, yet if its ens
pension would rid us of tho present
Administration, tho measure had at
cast ono redeeming feature. Tba
Republican took a second tboughLand
doubted whether it would be well to
suspend tho Constitution under tho
circustances it being Lincoln's only
aro at present
in this State commissioned and non
commissioned officers from sixty diff
erent regiments of the Potomac Army
and tho Army of tho Cumberland,
lliese otnceis hava nean sent hither
to take back drafted men to tho teat
of war. In the interim, however.
agreeable to an order from Governor
Tod, they are to go to their respectivo
homes aud engage actively it recuiting,
until the draft takes place. For this
purpose they hare ail received fur
loughs, which extend until after that
event has been consummated. Tha
draft in Ohio calls for only about
12,000, and, in fact, Governor Tod, in
a speech delivered in Springfield on
Thursday, stated that only four or five
thousand men wero now needed under
tha draft, and these ho hoped would
he obtaioed by volunteering before
the order for drafting is received. It
is not expected that tho order for
drafting will be receivod betoro tho
last of Octobor. .
Tub "Government's" wifo.in a new
bonnet, and the ''Government's" son
Bob, in plain clothes, have reached
tho White Mountains, and are sup
posed to bo "enjoy in' thcirsplves."
The Government has not yet definitely
fixed the time when bo will join tbem.
Tub State do not bod their consti
tutional rights by the courtesy of
Congress. Congress is the creator
of the States and of the people ; but
noithc, the States or the people aru
the creatures of Congresj.
Dkodoh says ho is troubled with
"inflammatory rhonmatiBin," Welt;
according lo Republican logic now a
days, If Drouga is elected, the C av
erment will liavs the "innammatory
The receipts lor internal revenue for
nine months are about 44,000,000.
,r ,-j if--- i ' 1 - - '
.. Tho Republicans call Vallandieham
a "branded Uaitor." We suppose) they
1 call Rough a "branditd pariot,'