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MERIETTA AND CINCINNATI
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II 18 A.M.5
10 IS AM
The Quarrel in the Republican
Exposure of Chases Discrimination
aginst the Western Trade.
CORINTH, MISS. October 10, 1853.
To the Editor of hhe St, Lodii Dally Union;
'Mr Blow tliinki that I hare capped
the climax of audacity by tho manner
ia whicb I bare poken ot Mr. Chase.
the Secretary 6f the "Tretiaur j." 'J am
oucouacum of any unusual . boldoeaa
or aadacity id apeak I ng taj . opinirtn
uf hira. r ilrt Blow leema to le in
epired with a kind of awe ua he ap
proaches that anguat fiznra enthroned
apoD greenbacks. Men who posse!
aa mncn patronaeo' as ;ur,.' Uhaie
seldom find, themselvea . without fol
lowers, ready t Bhower ; upon their
bends as, ccuoh eulogy as Mr'.!, Blow
has been able' to scrape "; 1 together;
uif. una purcaaieu n pnnuug-
pteis and made as many greenbacks
as was authorized by .Congress, and
the auldiers and the people ..' hare re
coived them because they 'have faith
in.the re-estalliBhmen of the Ijoion
and the solreucy of the Gorem merit,
a faith fonndud upon the valor of our
troops, and the inezhaantibls resour
ces of par country,, and the uncon
querable energies of the American
people, and not of all upon Mr Ola
o's printing-press., ... ii '. i . .
I know Mr. Chase tolerably well.
With very great ability and all tlie
good looks, polished 'manners and
gentlemanly bearing that Mr. Blow
claims for him, ho is, ;as. thoroughly
selfish and narrow its any public man
ia the country. lie was a candidate
for the Presidency'1 before .; the 'last
egation was divided between him and
old Ben.'; Wade.,:' Wade's .'.friends
supported chase until -all hope of his
being pqmiuaUd vaniabed.i .It was
then believed that if' Ohala 'Would
permit hr ftiendtf frdtt' Ohiq t6 vote
tor' Wade,' -ao as.togiva hiia 4b"-e
tire State, he could get Votti enough
to secure hj? Vnomination Y It was
refused ori tho ground that Wade
was frbiii Ohio, And that jt ho was
nominated bis . successor could uot
well bo taken f 19111 the'; same ' State,!
and aa Mr. Chase i was from Ohio,
this would be an obstacle in his way.
This"ene act f illustrates tlia charac
ter of the Secretary of . the Treasury.
4 Wbouthe lebellibn broko out, Mr.
Chase held this Ungnage i ,kThe
South, it not worth f gluing for."
Several gentlemen of - high ' position
in this country heard him utter this
sentiment, substantially. He was at
that time Secretary of the Treasure.
Jeff. Davia exclaimed, as he left the
Senate, "All the South wan,ts ia to
be let, alone;" : and, ! Mr. Secretary
Chase was, iu effect, dcclaring'The
South is not worth .flaying . or."
Jeu. Duvi8 said, ,4;let ua alone;"
Uhase said, "let them a.lono.".. . .The
diaerence. between tuern; in tact, al
though their motives are wide apart.
- L - J!A? 1 . ' . V . . . .'
was me (imereuca .pe:ween tweec le
dum and tweedledeej one wanted ' a
Southern and the, 'of er a ..Northern
Confederacy ,'eac'h bdlieving his own
chances best in that fort of a division.
' The schema for annihilating the
So'nthem -States' ahd'rreducipg the
territories bad its origin with -Mr.
Chase, And grew out of the same sen
timenL Lie .was. determined that, it
tho Joi th would not submit to have
the territories of tho Reuublio cur
tailed, the Mississippi.' river ; cut in
two J aud two hoetila nations 'oatab
lished to make perpetual- war upon
each otherat any rate the Son'lheru
States should La deprived .i of their
electoral votes, which he) "was ' satis
fied would ,not. be. caeti fur- him.
Hence bis scheme for punishing t!i'
StateB for the tresaon. committed- by
their inhabitants was devised,';' This
plan was gravely submitted ? to', Con
gress by a geniieman known to hold
confidential relatipba witlrMr. Chao,
end was drafted by Mr Chase , him
self. - It was' known that-the' plau
waaia-oppositioa to tha views of the
President, but his Cabinet officer was
found to tetairj1 hfs bfSce while-, con-
concocting schemes to qvertb.ro w the
policy. off the rAammigtration under
which be neld omw- : How are such
Tfiis'Js pnly'.'jn .'keepmg 'with vMrh8
Chase,' persistent effort to;inaW,nse
of 4h slavery-question in-Beh-a-5vay-
as 10 mBftO a? QiTiaipa amons tne
Union men'ofine cotrofrv. and rt
a idsitriat of tbe President among the
extnma uradicai janti-sIaVary aitn;
because) be.,, for tha-very i'afetj bfthe
poyerament iUelr, wat and - is' com-
allowed, it will be - the - means of
polled to recogniae and confide in all
Union men alike; regardless of their
opinions .of slavery; To Intrigue
atraiost toe rresideut under whom he
held position, has been the constant!
employment of secretory Cbaso.-r
The President ' unlike- Mr. - Chase.
prefers that he should intrigue against
him personally rather than embarrass
the Government.' : This is my 'expla
nation.,. ; .1 . rj- -i t.' ' i
1 Is it a suppoeable case.tbat suoti i
man as the Secretary of the Treasury
would .omit, an. opportunity of enlar
ging bis electioneering machinery by
the appointment of a whole army of
agents, deputies, aids and boards of
trade on the banks of the Mississippi,
especially if from any possibility he
coald throw the odinm of such a step
upon uonerai orunt, and profit by
me power ana patronage 01 sncn
measure over the business of the
whole North-west! , 1 knew that tho
instant h was assailed . for keeping
up the blockade of tho , Miesieaippi
RiyeV, be would cover himself behind
the. military authorities, and Mr.
BlowV speech justifies myi anticipa
tions, wuiisi cieariy . laieincs toe
Secretary ra pretext. -The letter, of
Uenoral Urunt, quoted by MrBlow,
?iipa nnt itial..lV a atnrvlA a.&n Inlt.n
by Mr. Chase. On the contrary,
Mr. Chase's measures are- at - com
plete .variance with and . in , defiance
of the advicegiveh by General Grant
General Grant is for tree trade or no
trade at all.1 Mr; Chase is for re
stricted trado trade that will be en
tirely in the hands of his agents, and
win ouaoiu mm 10 employ, a small
army of his strikers, with "restric
tions" which, aa General Grant says,
"if lived up to, make trade unprofita
ble, and bence none but dishonest
men would go into it."
i quote General Grant's letter cn-
tire with soato passages italicised, to
whicb 1 ask special attention
"HaAoquABTiBtDsrABTxiaT or Tai Taw-t
'xasaia, Vioaiaoao. hm..Julv Sl.lSSi. f
"Ilou 8. i . Cbaio, Saoialary of tea Tnafury:
''Sift: rYour letter of the 4th instant
to me, inclosing copy ' 01 letter of
same date to Mr. Alellen. SDecial
... m ' Z -
Agent o(theTreasury,ia just received.
My Assistant Adjutant General, by
wnom 1 snail send thia letter, is about
starling to Washington, hence I shall
be very snort m my reply.
"My experience in : West Tennes
see has convinced me that any trade
whatever with the rebellious States
is weakening to us of at least thirty
three per cent, of our force. No mat
ter what t!e restrictions thrown
around trade, if any whatever is al
lowed, it will be the means of sup
plying to the enemy what they want.
Restrictions, if lived, up to, make
trade unprofitable, and hence none
but dishonest men go iuto it. I will
venture that no honest man has made
money in. West Tennessee in the last
year, whilst many fortunes have been
made there during tho time.
"The people in the Mississippi
valley are now nearly subjujja'.ed.
Kp trait cut for a few monthi, and
aovbt not out that the vork of tubjuaalion
will b compltlt-tKat trait can. h
fruljf witk the Statu of Arkantat, LouUU
ana ana nmmxapithat Ik people of then
Slate will be nor aaiiou for the protection
and enforcement of our law than the people
of tho loyql alat't. Tbey have expe
rienced the 'fortune of being without
mem, ana are now in a most happy
condition to appreciate their bless
ings.. . ,.. i. !!?..
-"No theory of my own will ever
stand in the way of my esecuting in
good faith, of any order I may .receive
irom those in authority over me; but
my positiou nas given me an opport
tuuiiy 01 seeing wnai would, not - be
known by persons awav from ' the
scene of war; and I venture, therefore,
to suggest great caution in opening
trade with rebels;1-' ,M' . .. '
"I am, sir, very respectfully, your
obedient servah t, y P ....
U. S." GRANT, Major General."
Mr; Blow qaotes this' letter fur
nished by the Secretary to whom it
address ed, for the inrp08;i'0f throw
ing the odium of bis own . policy ori
GeoeraL Grant, and then Mr. Blow
exclaims, "so says General Grant and
so says your Secretary of the Treasu
ry." 9 We shall see; General Grant
says1,1 "no jnattr .what thta restrictions
thrown around trade, if any whatever
Chase therefore maVet. a lot of regu
lations, . and throws restrictions
around trade, althouslt GeneraLGraht
8ayf,'uit.wUi be made the- means - of
supplying the enemy.", is tnis doing
what General .Grant' asks! Grant
says", 'keep trude out hi a lew isootbs,
nd 1 doubt' not but that the work of
subjugation will be so complete that
trade can be opened ' freely," Ac.
Aula letter bears data Slat July. 1863:
fa few monhs'bave passed,) and if
Grant's' advice bad" been .taken ' by
Secretary Chase; the merchants of St.
LOnis might have had free . trade in-
Weaker "restrictions; whicti", If .lived
ftp to. make trade uriprofifable;', and
.. . J" I . .. .. f I AJ
yvuee none out anuoneac men go into
y a new bundle if which "reitric-
ions" Secretary Chase issued on the
eceipt or (ienerai Grant's letter. . .
ion .will .'observe that General
rant reiers particularly. to nis "ex-
erience in West Tennessee" among
'base's agents.' V He ; knows them
Veil.' and s does evorv officer in the
Sinco my Ignorance of this subject
las been .made a matter of rebate by
Id r. Blow, I trust that I may be ' per
mitted modestly to refer to. th.0 letter
vhichl'bad the ''presumption to
fcrite to the President,? and'point tto
(he Identity of sentiment between it
ind that ot General Grant. The only
difference is,' that 6f ''a few "months
qf the time In which uee trade sho d
0 opened. "
lhe paragraph , with which . Mr.
low introduces the letter of General
rant (above quoted) 'is' worthy- uf
being put on record at this - point ' of
fiie discussion, ' Here it is; '
'But, tellew citiiens, I do not , in-
u'd to leave this persecution . here,
eneral Blair is uodor, the command
of a Wai Democrat, and . we ' love
War Democrats. .
i (His superior officer is that gallant,
successful and truthful General, who
has made our arms illustrious by his
wisdom and his valort arid wherever
tliis night in this wide extended coun
try a loyal heart is beating with pride
fot Western successes, the name ' of
Ulyoces S. Grant is embalmed in that
heart.' Uear what he says and spread
it through the loyal State of the Un
ion;" v ; ,'"vi! s m .L iii'j :-il 1 .
: .Would any' one believe - that Gen
Grant (that glorious War Democrat
so deeply loved by Mr. mow) nas- at
this moment in bis possession a letter
asking for his removal trom the bead
ol the army of the Tennessee,' noon
information furnished and vouched
for by Henry T. Blow, in which that
"War Democrat" is charged with
the grossest improprieties, which .1
will not name, but which, having
served undet bis command, I know
to be false, although vouched for by
Mr. Blow, following in the wake of
the Mitsoun Dttnocrat, has some
thing to say about sacrificing "the
beet interests 01 the country tur a few
bales of cotton," meaning thereby
what the Democrat has said more
bluntly, that the merchants of St.
Louis, who wish the Mississippi Riv
er opened to trade, are willing to sell
the Government for cotton. Since
when baa it become so ignominious
for merchants, to engage in the cot
ton trade! One of the proprietors of
the Missouri Democrat, a ' certaiu
Thomas O'Reilly, who was also an
agent of the Secretary of the Treasury,
did connive at: and procure. the re
lease of cotton seized in, Helena by
the viovernmeut. and aid ' receive
therefor 83,000 in money and prom
issory notes. 1 .(full particulars 01
this transaction can be found id the
testimony taken before General Mc
Dowell's commission to examine into
the cotton frauds.) , Was it this trans
action of the Democrat's proprietor,
and Mr. Blow's fellow radical, and
Mr. C base's Treasury agent, one
which entitled thorn to speak of -the
St. Louis merchants,. whq desire free
and honest trade, as "Copperheads!"
My time is too seriously employed
just now. to allow more than this has
ty reply to Mr. Blow, .i- t.
T -.!' . . . .' .
FRANK P. BLAIR, JR.
V Large Apple.
Mr. Gamble, landlord of the Glass
Hose at Sandlako, baa a dwarf apple
tree, now only $nree years irom .tne
seed, which ,bore' this, year' but , only
two specimens of the. fruit. VCne of
the we apples has beqn pre'ssatbd us
it . is a species of . greening,' and
' a. .af
weighs iii .ounces, . aud measures
13i inches. r A handsomer apple
one would 'not; wish to. see, .. Cousid
eriog lbs juvenility of the parent tree,
i ' " i J' . .' ' A - A I
we write n aowu; 11 1 , noioworiuy
A piece of, Mahomet s shirt .was
burned, at the late fire Jn. Constati
nople.'. ; The "city is Jib.' great' distress
Troy Whig. SLAVERY, THE CHURCH, THE BIBLE
Scathing Letter from the Bishop of
Vermont to the Bishop of Pennsylvania.
; vbbIb, , ) .
Tt t ifh Btmud llenio PlAUt, D. D.,
. I have Boen. with great amasem'ent,
a protest against my letter oh the
"Bible, vfow of Slavery," signed iv
yob and a long list of your clergy, in
whlcn you condemn it as "iintorthy
of ant tenant of Jttus Chris!," as
"an effort to sustain, on Bible princi-
piesthe ptates in rebellion against
the Government in the wicked attempt
to establish, by force of arms, a tyran
ny in the name of tho Rpublic,wh08
corner-stone shall be the perpetual
bondage of the Africau, ''and as such
you say that it challenges vyonr "tn
dignant reprobation.1 t t . , ;
' Now my Right Reverenod brother,
lam sorry to be obliged to charge
yon, nof only with a gross icsalt aga
inst yonr' senior, bat with the more
serious offense of a false accusation.
My first letter, was published in Jan
daryi 1861, more than three months
before the war began, at a. time when
nooflerould anticipate the form of
Government 'which - the Southern
States should adopt, or. tho Course
which Congress might take. In refer
ence to their secession. .And when
I consented to its republication, I did
not 'suppose that it would be used in
the service of any political party,
although 1 had no right to complain,
if it. wenj so used, because the iettor,
once published, became public prop
erty. ' Bu( in its present form there is
nothing wbaterer In it which' bears
on the question of "rebellion",: or of
the -"perpetual bondage of the Afri
can," or ot a "tyranny under tho name
of a Republic," of which slavery
should be the "corner-stone." " On
the' contrary;' I referred on the last
page, to my "lecture published 'ia
Buffalo; in 1859. and" to my book
bailed "The American Citii&n." ptib
lished la ffeW 'York,' In 1857, where
"I set forth the same views on the
s abject of slavery, adding, however,
a plan for its gradual abolition, when
ever the South. should consent, and
the wholo strength of the Government
could aid in its accomplishment"
"Sooner or later," I added, "I believe
that some measure of that character
must be adopted. But it belongs to
the slave States themselves to take
the lead in snub a movement. And
meanwhile theit legal rights and their
feelings must be respected,if we would
hope for unity and peace."
With these facts before youreyes.I am
totally at a loss to imagine how even
the extravagance of party 2eal could
frame against mo so bitter a denunci
ation, lhe whole object of mv letter
was to prove, from the Bible, that in
the relation of master and slave there
was necessarily no sin whatever.
The sin, if there were any, lay in tho
treatment of the slave, and nut in the
relation itself. . Of course, it was
liable to abuse, 88 all human relations
must be. But while it was certain
that thousands of Christian brethren
who held slaves were treating them
with kindness and justice, according
to the Apostles rule, aud earnestly
laboring to improve the comforts and
ameliorate the hardships of the insti
tution, I hold it to bo a cruel and
absurd charge to accuse them as sin
ners against tho "Divine law, ' w-hen
tbey were only doing what the Word
of God allowed, nndor the constitution
and established code of their country.
I do not know whether yonr bacd
of indignant roprobationists ever saw
my book, published in 1857, but you
read itbecaase' I sent yon a copy,and
i have your letter of acknowledgment,
in which, whild yon diseohted from
some Of ray conclusions,- yon - did it
with the courtesy of a Christian gentleman.'-
In that letter thbre is nothing
said about my opinions being "on-
worthy of any servant or J esus Ubrlst"
and nothing of ''Indignant reproba
tion."4 But, tempora mutantur, et
nut mulamur in iZii.'3' ' : " 1
Yes I the time's' are' Indeed sadlv
changed, and yon have changed ac
cordingly.' For many years yon met
in brotbetly council with these South-
era slaveholders, i-You invited them
to the hospitalities (-fypnr. house, and
paid them .especial , deference.. tThe
newj-igbt or Eastern, Abolitionism
had not vet risen 'within' onr Chnrch.
and if yod then1 tlrboght as you no
tniDK, J90 iooic excellent care that tjo
man amongs.t jrow Sonttcra. friends
should - know ; it. Moreover, your
favorite Theological , Seminary, only
tliree years ago,' was the " Vircima
icbool at Alexandrial-aised to -gteal
prosperity by Bishop Meade, a elsv.e?
holder, and I am , very jsnre: that'
nothing at variance with , my Bible",
view of slavery' was, taught jo , tbat(
Institutibn." , ziea I we may say of ypq
as of many others - Quariium, mufa-t
tut .'al iltil f IIo"w .changed is. the,
Bishop of . Pennsylvapia, iq't three.
years, irom Lis former . cofirse pf,
eoheeifyatism. peaco and SarLDbiral.
consistency I ; "'"; .
But the word of God has not cLaa-T
ged ; thH doctrine of the Apostles has,
not chunged ; the Constitution of or,
country has njf changed; the great
standards of roljio.us truth" andreal ,
civic loyalty i-emain just as they .Wore';,
and I remain along with them,.-,
withstanding .this .-bitter': and adjust,
assault from you and your clergy p
do not intend to imiUta''your-lata
style of vituperation, foi 1 trust that I '
havs learned, even whob I am revjled,,
noj to 'revile aga'n. '; I respect. t.he
good opinion of your clergy,,arid am,
uui . Mwaro iuk 1 uavtj uour any uiing .
to forfeit it. I re9pect' yoiir 06196,
jobr talents, your persons! character,'
and the' wisdom ' and success', witlt
which, for many years, yoiir Episc.o-'!
pate has. been .conducted.,' ' Biljt I 'do '
not respect toflr departure friJm tho
old and ' well Bottled ' rule' 'of thb
Chdrch. and from the .Apoatolfc'latr
of Cbriatiad. fairness andT'codrteay;'
I J. 1 if . J.: .: ,.'!
i uo not oeueve iu tne mouern qi a -
cotery of, those ' Eastern phPanthYp-l
phista who deny tne divinity uf out;'
Redeemer, and attach no importance'
to the. Bible except as it 'may eaif'
thomselyes. I do not telieye ' 'thdt
the venerated founders. of our Ameri
can' Obtircll fwe ignorant of ; tBef
Scriptures and blind to the principles1
ofGotnel morality,1 - I do' not believo1
that Wasblngton and bis compatriots,'
who framed our 1 Constitution with,
such express ptovisions for the rights'
of slaveholders,3 were ; ty rami andt
despots,' sinners pgainst' the Maw1 of
God and the feelings of humaoity.'
Bat I do believe in the teach rags of
the inspired Apostles: and in the Holy '
Catholic (or universal) Church which
you and your clergy also profess to 1
believe. 1 know that the doctnno .of
that Church' was clear and unanimous.
on the lawfulness of slavery for cigh-4
teen centuries together ; and on that
point I regard your "protest1 and
Mll.l!.munt ranrnlirit !in'l no f V, a tllk
u.&uuu. .v.wwu.tvu m w tutu
wind that passes by.
I wish you, therefore to be ad vera ;
tised that 1 shall publish, within a :
few months, if a gracious Providence'
should spare my life and faculties, :
full demonstration of the truth '
"wherein I staad." And I shall prove '
ia that book, by the most tinqaes '
tionablo authorities, that slaves and ;
slaveholdi ts were in tiie Church from
the beginning ; that slavery was held 1
to be consistent with Christian princi-J
pie by the Fathers and CobnCils, and 1
by all Protestant divines and com-'
mentators. up to the very close of the 1
last centory, and that this fact was '
tinivni-flnl imnnn all Chnrohoa anrl '
sects throughout the world. I shall'
contend -that : onr Church)'- which 1
maintains the primitive rale of cath'o '
lie consent and abjures all novelties,
Is bound, by htr very Constitution, to '
bold fast that only safe and enduring
rule, or abandon her Apostolic claims, '
and descend to the level bf those who (
are "driven about by ev&ry doctrine.
And I shall print yonr "indignant
reprobation,' with its list of names.ln r
tho preface to my book, so that if 1 1
cannot give yon fame, I may at least; '
do my part to give yon notoriety. v 1
That the nineteenth century is a
century of vast improvement and vast 1
discover In tha arta ami an'TiniaH
grant as willingly as any man But
1 T ? . . 1 . aa .a
iu religious irum or reverence lor tne
Bible, the age 1n which :we liveU'
prolific in daring and Impious innov
ation. - We have seen professedly
Christian communities7 divided' and 1
subdivided ou every side, ' We have 1
seen the rise and spread of Universal-'1
lam," M illeViBm,'Pastbe!8m,M6rm6ar
ism and Spiritualism 1 Wer have teeh'i
even onr Venerable Mother Church of)
England sorely agitated by. tho con-'
tagiotiS fever of change, tn 'tbVorie i
hand towards silperstitlori, and bnthe
other towards infidel rationalism". "
And we have heard ihe; increasing I
clamor against the Bible)- sometimes 3
trom the devotees or geological ipeo.o-
lauon, - - sometimes' irom 1 the i cod 1
deniers of miracles and prophecy , ft nd,'
not lease upon me uts, vom ibtj -lona
tongtied 'apostles of antislatert "l We
have marked the orabfs' whiAh'crvi
Down with the Bibl8,1fitttaitfaTc8
the lawfulness of slavery. ""Jf tjbAya
marteled at the sena,t'orial''iloquenke
whiclf k proc!almed.tbat3"lt was iigh'