NO NOltTII, NO SOUTH, UXDElt THE CONSTITUTION, BUT A SACKED MAINTENANCE OF THAT INSTRUMENT AISD THE UNION.
M'ARTHUK, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO, KOVEMBER26, ISC3.
M A It
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iete , .a we have n erouta.
The Democrat Job Office.
Wiareproparod toeiecute with noatnoss,
1 In pale h and at priooa that dofy competition,
.11 liluda of Job Werk,.nub m
BLANKS of oil KINDS,
dlvonsatrtal .nd booonviueed tliotwecan
and will do printinnoWpor forCaan.tliun any
. . l il .1. ..... t .. ft liiu.Anl inn nfrtrtntlLrV.
tnor eaiHoiiaiim" m Kinowv..- ,
1); S. DANA,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Sept. IT- 3-tf.
13. A- Braltoii,
a TTOHNRY AT MoArtlmr, O., will
ii. pruotioaln Vinton and ndjeinlux countius
TAMES WAT80N, l'roprletor, Third
.1 a . - u..:. miiMitnntl. Ohio.
V Dirooi, Hum viuw"""j . nil
Uue Hollar per auy.
SCOTT & POLLARD.
OKEMlT OF VM IIOU K, WM UKMNO, VA
Jnn.W, a) jyr niinovmii
Thli House fronts on the Sleam Bont
Liindinjj, and near the Railroad Depot. No
paint will be spared for the accomadation
Sept. ,1863, lyr.
MON TliL' JIK1. 1 Jt BOH I'ropri-l;,:;i
otora Front St., l ortKmontn.
Dr. S. D. UUiMmVP.
Would reitpeetfully announco to the citizen
of MoArtbur and Viuton County, that he has
returnee", and will spend a few waoka in Me
Arthar. And that he ie prepared to porform
all opperationa pertaining to his profusion,
and that be will be happy to wait on any of
bin old friend and customer, who may favor
him with a oall.
He will b. at Dr. Doddrige'a office, Main
Street, MoArtbur Ohio.
P. 8., Ladiea waiud upon at their reeidencoa
We.rred. S. B. DUNLAi'.
MERIETTA AND CINCINNATI
Ttuina run as follows :
LEAVE. TIOK DAY MAIL.
Cincinnati, 3 50r.. 9 00 a.m.
Blanchesler, 5 33 p.m. 10 51 a.m.
OreenQieUI, 7 35 r. m. 12 28 a. m.
Chillieothe, 8 45 p.m. 1 33 p.m.
Hamden, arrive. 3 14 r. m.
Zaleski, 3 48 r. m.
Athens, 4 48 p. m.
Mariatta, 7 09 p. m.
Farks'burf , 7 30 r. m.
. GOING WEST.
LFAVI. TIOR. DAT MAIL.
Parkerebure;, 7 05 a. m
Marietta, 7 A. m.
Athens, 9 40 a., m.
Zaleski, 10 41 a. m.
Hamden, leave. 11 18 a.m.
Chillieothe, 5 00 a. m. 1 00 a. m.
Greenfield, 6 12 a.m. a 03 p.m.
Blancbester, 8 13 a.m. 3 37 p. M.
Cincinaati, 10 15 A. M- 5 35 p. m.
ABBIVB. ABBIVB. ARRIVJC,
JOHN DURAND. Suo't.
Dc 4tb 1863. lyr.
MAJOR JACK DOWNING'S LETTER.
DOWNINGVILLE, Nov. 6, 1863.
To the Edilort of tht Dabook :
The very uext day after I writ you
my laet letter, I got ouo from Linkin,
tellin mo I must cum on without fail.
Uo sed ho was in a peck of tmbbil
about his meesigo that Chase an
Soward wcro pullin rite in contrary
diiecahins, and what to do he didn't
know. So I lest picked up my things,
took my pipo iu my month an mv old
hickory in my hand, and startoJ. I
strapped my ax on tho outsido of my
trunk, for this is tho only weepin,
besides my hickory cane, that I ever
carry. Going down to tho cars 1 met
Deacon Jenkins, who went on to
Washinton, you recollect, to mako the
Kernel's sojor clothes, an ses ho,
'Major, what aie you takin your axe
with you to Washinton lor "Wal,"
ses I, "Deacon, 1 oxpect 1 shall get
awful, tariu mad with them Abolish
inists this winter in Washinton, an
thcr ain't eny way that I kin work oil'
a tit of that kind except by goin out
to the wood-bouso an choppiu wood.
So I determined to take along my axo.
It is tho ouo tho old Ginnoral used
when ho got mad, an I have always
presercved it to remember him, el
I got to Waihinton all safe, and
went direct to the White House. Tho
fuller who tends tho door didn't know
mo at lirst ; but when ho saw my
hickery ho began to open his eyes, I
tell you. Ses he, "You aro Major
Downing, 1 believe," bowin liko an
scrupen his feet, ns ef ho thought I
keered for that. Ses I, "Yes, I'm
Major Jack Downing, an you jest toll
tho PrcBidcut, about as quick as time
will let you, that I'm hero." So ho
run up stairs, an I went alter hiji,
stoppin in tho room whero tho oihV
seokers havo to wait, to take a good
look down tho Potomack to sco cf
things looked nateral. 1 hadn't stood
there more man a mm it when who
should cum np behind mo but Linkin
himself, lie caught right hold of my
nana, an ees ue, "aiaier, now are
you I I'm tickled to deth toneoyou ;"
and ho kept shaken my hand as et ho
thought it was made ot lcther. Ses I,
"Kernel, do yon want mo to help
write your tuestigo ? ' Ses ho, "01
Course 1 do, Major." Wal then,"
ses 1, "please don't shake that hand
eny moro, for you've pretty nigh
mashed it uow." "Wall, ses he,
"Maier, 1 couldn't help it, lor it seems
as ei Providence sent you jest in the
nick of time." Sua 1, "How is that?"
"Wal," ses ho, "tho Cabynet is in
session, au I've jest finished tellin
thtm ouo ot Arteinu8 Ward s best
stories, an got 'urn all into a good
humor, ihe nuesBige is the very thing
they met to discuse, an you're cum
rite in tho nick of time," hitting me,
as ho spoke, a slap on tho back that
mado the cold chills run over mo.
Nothin would do but i must go in
an hoar the discussliin. So 1 walkod
in as largo as lite. 1 know 'em all,
an tboy all knew mo. lhcy preten
ded to bo rale glad to eeo mo, partic
ularly, btafitiu : but ho needn't trv to
deceive me, for under them spectacles
of his I see a pair of hyena eyes. I
tell you that roan will bear watcuin.
Howsoever, 1 Bed uothin : but alter
tho how-to-docs were over, laid my
old hickery on tho table, took out my
an went to Bmokin. 1 bo Kerne!
then called tho meetin to order, an
sed he wanted a short ackount of each
department, bo ho could fix up his
messigc, an La also wanted the opin
ion ot each one as to what ho thought
ought to bo done with the Southern
States after tho rebellyon is crushed.
First, he called npon Seward.
Wal, Seward Bed that lurrin affairs
were all nto ; that be had ordered to
catry out tho policy of Englaud all
over tho country, an Bet up a mon
arch v. ef necessary, to put down tho
Dimmvcrats. an that upon his faith
fully promisin to do this, tho British
Government at once seized the rebil
rams. That as lor the southern states,
he thought the best thing that could
be done with them, for tho good ot
tho country an the great cause ot hu
manity, was to turn 'em all into one
bis rjlantution an mako Thurlow
Weed Chief Manager.
Thee Chase spoke. He sed the
finances wero in a flourishing condi-
8hin. Uo now had five hundred
printin presses to work makin money;
that tho dobt warn't only $5,000,000,.
000,000 ; that every body was gbttin
rich, an that the way to treat the sou
thern States an save tho country was
jost this : Is.uo a Proclaraashio that
only jest enough cotton should be
raiscu for him to print greenbacks on,
an thou he could control the currency
in e pi to of all tho Copperhead gold
speculators in creushin.
Stantin Bed that Lis department was
all right. That he hud got rid of all
the copperhead giorals, and had loft
tho track clear for the next President
to be a genuine Abuheliinist. That all
that was necessary now wan to keep
tho war up till after tho next Pieai
dontial olocehin, and ho .thought ho
could do it. As for tho southern
States, ho was for givin tho niggers
the plantations and makin tho whites
Then old grandfather Wells got np,
strokin his long whito beard, lie tied
that not bin could save tho nashin but
gunboats; that ho wa. buildin one a
day now. except ou the Sabbath, which
ho piouBly devoted to pray in anfastin,
au to dividin tho contracts among his
relashms. Ho thought tho South
ought to bo surrounded with a wall
of gunboats from Texas to Maryland.
Tho next ono that Bpoko was Blair.
Ho sed bo hadn't stopped a singly
papor diii'in the hull year, au ho was
only sorry that ho evor did ; that ho
hud only gi von tho papers lio stopped
inoro circulushin than they over had
before ; that no ono would over catch
him into another sueli a scrape. As
for the southern States, ho was down
on ali tho lladikles. Ho sed they
might bo nl lowed to cum back jest as
tlioy wunled to.
When it cum Daddy Bates turn,
ho was last asleep. When Linkin told
him what ho wanted, ho sed it warn't
for him to say what should be done
with tho southern States. Alter it
wan decided what to do with 'em, he
supposed they would want a lega
opiuion on the Buiijcct, an ho could
givo ono on either side, he didn't caro
After they had nil got thru, Linkin
turned to mo, an sea he, "Major,
what do you think about this matter?"
1 knocked tho ashes out of my pipe,
an ses I, "Wal, I don't liko to give an
opinion on the jump, tor 1 ham t had
time yet to boo exactly how tho laud
lays hero, but ses I, as near as 1 un-
uorstanu it, an these men here aro
tryin to catch the South first, and
then what to do with her afterwards
is another question. Now, tho Sonth
see mi to be a good deal liko old Sam
Odum, up in Maino, when he thought
tho devil was alter him. One night
ho got to dreaming, and inmpod out
of bed in his shift, and ran like all
possessed down the street. About a
half a dozen neighbors chased him
until he run up a tree, out ot which
they couldn't get him anyhow. He
kept a scrcamiug "tho devils are after
me," and would tho like a tiger if
any one tried to get at him. 1 inally
old Deacon Peabody cum along, and
ses he, "Sam thinks that you fullers
are tho devils that aro goin to rain
him ; you jist go away and let him
alone, and Sam will bo hum and in
bod afore morning." They tuk his
advice, and sure enough so it was.
VVIenl Bed this, Stantin. who is
quick as a flash, jumped up, an ses
i.il,-- . ..
no, -aiBjer, ao you mean to say that
we aro dovils tryin to catch the
South an ho walked rite, close up
to my faco, jest as it he thought he
could bully me down, bes 1, ' Mr
Scckrotery, if you will stand baok
about six inches, you kin see au hear
jest as well." He stepped back a
little, an 1 picked up my old hickery,
an ees 1, ' btantm, do you recollect
the lime down to Fort Monroe when
you tried to get on the President's
trowsersJ" 1 never Beo a feller wilt
bo as when I Bed this. He turned al!
sorts of colors, an wriggled as if he
had a pin stickin in him. "Now,"
Bee I, "I didn't say that you were
devils, or auy thing of the sort, but it
socms putty certain that Mr; Stantin
feels the shoo piachin. At all events,"
ses I, "you ain't caught the South yet,
an consultin what you will do with
her beforo that, is liko countin on
chickens beforo they are hhtched.
The Kernel thun sod that the sess
ion was closed, an after they had all
axed me to cum an eeo 'em, except
Stantin, they went way. 1 think my
story about Sam Odum sot putty
strong ou 'urn, an ef they feol like
takin it to hum let 'em do bo, for my
rale rito down solemn opinion is, ef
these ero Aholishin Cabynet were to
stop tryin to catch tho South, she
would be hum an in the Union bed
Y'ourn, till deth,
MJAER JACK DOWNING.
The Civil War—How it is Viewed
by an American Abroad.
[Erom the Washington Constitution.]
We are sure our rcadors will be
instructed by tho subjoined acute ana
lysis of tho mischiefs that havearison
from tho follies of tho present Admin
istration. It comes from one in a
distant land, who, stationed aloof
from the d;c and smoko ol tho battlo
fluid, is better capacitated Irom his
position, than onrsclvers to calculato
the cotiBcqucncca of the conflict :
llio choice rcaciin of tho President
of tho Unitod States is said to consist
of two woll-thnmbed and well-worn
books, which ho keeps in his pocket.
"Joo Millor's JcbIb" and "iEsop's
tables." 1 ho last mentioned is Lis
particular favorite, as on all occasions
ot logical difficulty ho draws his
moralities from that source, to illus-
trato or enforco an argument or to
turn a laugh agairibt au opponent. It
would bo interesting to know whether
ho has ever studied the well known
fable of tho "Dog and tho Shadow,"
so as to apply its teachings to the
history ot Ins own unhappy adminis
tration of Federal affairs. If ho has
dono bo might not eomo useful reflec
tions suggest themselves to his mind?
Like tho dog of Eiop, ho is doubt
less convinced that tho shadow at
which ho grasps tho subjugation of
proud, sensitive, valiant and de
termined peoplo, who ask nothing of
him but to bo let alone, to work out
their own destiny, unimpedod by tho
interferons of pragmatical philoso
phists and theorists, who would free
tour millions ot slaves and then leave
them to starve or bo exterminated is
no Bhadow, but a subBtanco. But
shadow or Bnbstunco, as events may
determine, he and tho Amencau peo
plo have already lost iu pursuit of it
more than any nation ever lost beloro
that was not ovorrun by foreign foe
and held in tho iron grasp of a mili
y. First and foremost, thoy havo lost
tho Uonstitiuion that complex, dell
cato, and finely-balanced instrument
which it took Washington, Joflur
son, Hamilton, and their illustrious
compeers such patient study, such
consumato btitesmanship, and such
enlightened knowledge of human
character to adapt to tho wants as well
as to the prejudices of a free and
jealous people ; a Constitution which
guaranteed tuu right ot local sell
government ; which found each com
petent btato ot the Union a sovereign
within its own sphere, and left it so,
and But bounds to all possible nsurpa
pation on tho part of the Central
Power. That Constitution is des
troyed ; every ono of its wiso provis
ions has been set nt naught ; tho local
authority has been denied and super
seded ; tho State Judges have been
arrested on tho bench by armed men,
for no other offense than an exposition
of State law according to their con
science and their oaths, but which
happened to bo distasteful and incon
venient to the Central Government.
The members of tho Legislature of
soveroign States havo been dragged
of night, and imprisoned in hastiles,
subjected to disgusting indeceucies
and humiliations.and worse treatmont
than falls to tho lot of convicted fel
on8, not for any thing they bad dono,
but for something wich it was thought
thev might do. Mr. Soward has
rung a bell on his riht hand, and
ordered the imprisonment, by tele
graphic message to a Provost Marshal
of a guiltless citizen of New York
guiltloss of any thing but hatred of
tho war and ndelity to tho Uonstitu
tion ; and ho has rung a bell on his
left, and. ordered, by Birailar agency
tho imprisonment ol another ciMzon
in Ohio for tho same offenses. The
privilege and writ of habeas corpus
have been overruled n thousands of
instances, without othci pretense or
justification than the tyrant's plea of
necessity. rorU Warron, Lalayette
and Jsicllerjry havo been crammed
with prisoners of State, as ignorant
for the most part of tho grounds of
their incarcerations, as any ot tho
unhappy victims who wore released
from the Bastilo of Paris on its des
truction by the indignant Fronch
peoplo in 1789. Tho right of free
speech has been denied ; and a gen
tleman, and a scholar, a patriot, and
a statesman openly addressing 20,-
000- of his countrymen in public
meeting for utteriug words- that not
even the oaths of paid military spies
.could twist or pervert into any thing
worse than a want ot contulenco in
tho Administration, of disbelief in
war as an instrument for tho restor
ation of tho Uuiou, was seized two
hours after midnight in bis bed
cliubor and torn from tho arms of
hid agonized wifo and family by a
mob ofsoldiers.tried by Court-martial,
lound guilty of plain speaking, and
sentenced to banishmont from his
native land, in defiance of an express
Erovision of tho Constitution of the
United Stales and of the Stato laws of
Ohio. Military dictators like Gen.
Butler of Now Orleans, and General
Schunck, at Baltimore, have rivaled
in insoIenco,brutality and lawlessness.
Tho liberties of tho Americans, over
tho wholo length and breadth of the
continent, have been eithar abrogated
by military proclamation 01 allowed
iu Bomo exceptional places, such as
New York, Boston and Philadelphia,
to exist upon sufferance, until such
time as it should pleaao tho caprice
or suit tho 6npposcu necessities ot the
Administration at Washington to
superscdo them by tho stroke of tho
pen of a Maior General or tho dictum
of a Provost Marshal.
These are amoug tho substances
which tho Americans havo lost iu
pursuit of what,a8 yet, is but a shadow
and which promises never to bo any
thing moro. Tho long list admits of a
short summary : Freedom ot Bpeech,
freedom ot writing, freedom from ar
bitrary arrcBts, freedom of tho person
ail the6o are gone lhcy may not,
porhaps, bo gono boyond recall ; but,
certainly ,they are not to be reobtainod
by tho presont generation without
struggles as keon and as sanguinary
as nave always attended the conquest
or re-conquost of such priceless treas
ures in othor civilized nations.
Tho second substance which Presi
dent Lincoln and his people have lost
for a shadow is, the substano of two
thousaud millions of dollars, already
exponded , and of about half as much
more, for which the Government and
peoplo aro reliable, on current and
outstanding account. As tho inter
est at which this vast sum has been,
and will havo to ho borrowed, ranges
botweon threo and a half and eovon
per cent., it will entail upon tho
Americans a permanent annual tax of
one hundred and fifty millions of dol
tars, and consequent taxation such as
no country m the world endures, ex
cept Great Britain and France, who
severally incurred tueir enormous
liabilities U foroign and uot domestic
wars, extending over a coupio of
The third substance lost forever
in the stream because tho too grcody
dog would snap at tho shadow is
the labor of one million of men for
upward of two years of war labor in
agricalturo, in mccbanicism, in com
merce, in everything that enriches a
nation, and the money valuoof which
would bo greatly underestimated in
such a teaming country as America
at two hundred and fifty millions per
Tho fourth loss of substance, which
the Americans drawing as they do
upon tho ever-peopled region of Eu
ropo for fresh supplies are always
inclined to undervalue, is the loss of
at least 500,000 mon, by death in
battle, by disease in tho camp, and by
all tho fatigues, miseries and priva
tion incident to a state of wai. Tho
record is an awful ono, but has no
terror for the Americans. Thoy make
almost as little account of human lifo
as tho Chincso, and deal with tho
higher quantities of arithmetic as
unconcernedly as Orientals, who talk
of millions with as much nonchalanco
as sober Europoaus talk of thousands.
The whole scale of this war is gigan
tic in its costa of treasures, of lifo
and of liberty ; and all for a shadow,
alitor the dcBire to extond territory,
for univei6al empire over tho Ameri
can Continent, for pride, vain glory,
acd for tho power heroafter to over
awe and iusult what they have the
inBolenco to call such effeto and
decaying nations as England and
luo longer thoir unhappy war
continues tho more conclusive events
continue provo that tho attempted
coercion of the Southorn by tho Nor
thern States was tins greatest blunder
if not the greatest crime of our ago.
Gentleman My good woman, how
much is that goose
Market Woman Well, you may
have them two at eoven shillin'.
Gentleman But I only want one.
Markot Woman Can't help it;
aint a goin to Bell one without the
other. Thorn ero geese, to my cor
tain knowledge, bev been together
ior more u uueeu jears, ana 1 ami
goin to be bo uufeelin' us to separate
A Military Election Farce.
[From the Fort Wayne (Ind.) Sentinel.]
We have repeatedly alludod to the
farce of having elections in our mili
tary carnps, whore the soldiers ara
coerced by their officers either to vote
as'they may indicato, or to stay from
the polls altogether. It is an outrage
on tho sanctity ot tho ballot-box. and
the voto taken is no index of t'e feel
ings of the soldiers. It only shows
the views of the officers, and too
many of thorn having an cyo to pro
motion, seek to curry favor by abso-
uteiy compelling the men to voto in
such a way as tho Administration
A case 10 point occurred at the lata
election held in Louisville, by tho
Ohio troops stationed thero. At tho
Exchange Barracks 310 votos wcro
cast, only two of which were for Val-
landigham. 1 lie two that voted for
Vallandigham wero immediately
arrested and placed nnder guard.
Uno of theso arrested mon is a citi
zen of Defiance County, Ohio, and is
well known there as a worthy and
respectable man, whose word may be
implicitly relied on. For voting as
his conscience dictated, he was arres
ted and threatened to be shot I With,
such revolutions in view, who can
deny that the military elections are a
farce an outrage on the sanctity of
the ballot-bos and that instead of
being a privilege to tho soldier, it only
renders him a passive slave in tho
hands of his officora, or subjects him
to the grossest outrages if he determ
ines to cxerc'iBO his rights as a free
Tho Defiance Democrat publishes
an extract from a luttor by Mr. Forlow
the soldier above alluded to, giving
an account of the treatment uo re
ceived bocanbe he venturod to vole
for Vallandigham. Read his state
"I will givo yon a briof statement
of the manner in which the election
was conducted here. I started at two
o'clock P. M. to the place appointed
for the Ohio soldiers to voto. I went
there, net saying a word to any ono
concerning the election.
1 Koyal Taylor, tho State Agoot to
this place, officiated. I asked him if
they had any Democratic tickets.
They said they had not. Then I asked
if they had any tickest ot any kind
forDduancc County. 1 had a ticket
in my pobket, neatly folded for tho
occasion. 1 handed it to ono ot tho
officers, and ho asked for my county
and township, which 1 gavo. Tho
man who put the tickets into the box
had it in his hand the last 1 6a w of it.
"I started back to the Hospital. I
got part way back, when an officer
and a guard caught me and took me
back into the office, and said here is a
man that voted for Vallandighara.and
an officer Bent him to the Major, and
told him to shoot the damned cuss.
They took us down to Barracks No. 1
and put us in the , what they call
the 'guard-house,' but I call it a pris
on, or noarly a dungeon.
"Wo we're euinmonod to appear
before a court martial about ten 0 clock
that night. The charge against mo
was, voting for Vallandinham. I
plead guilty of tho chargo; I wrote
my defenso, and was then taken back
to prison, and havo boen kept there
ever since. There won another man
voted about the eamo time I did, who
was treated in tho samo mannor, by
the name of T. S. King, Adams Co.,
"I am hero, do for any immoral
conduct whatever, bat merely for vot
ing the regular nominated Democratic
ticket of my native Stato."
T11 keb rats mado an attack on an
English lad, about fifteen years ef age,
who was Bitting in an old barn eating
bread and beof. Tho first ouslaegbt
was mado by a ha go rat, that rati up
bis back aud attouiptod to soizo the
food which ho was potting in his
month. He seized it by the throat,
hot before he had strangled it two
others commonced a determined attack
upon him. They bit his face in two
places, and attempted to bite through
the clothing which- protected his sho
ulders. A man happened 10 visit tho
building whilo tho contest was going
on, and it was with groat difficulty
that tho rats was made to rotreaL
Mes are said to admire that which
they look upon.acd to loyo that which
they look dowu upon.
A dry jester thinks young ladies
should be subjected to the conscription
they are iJ accustomed to 'bare arms
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