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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, December 17, 1863, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87075163/1863-12-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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HO ROBTM. NO SOVtnVKDER THE CONSTITUTION. Bt'tc SACKED PI AIMTItllNX or TU AT JMTlinatMT ARlTxilE tlNIOX.
...'VOL, 12.
M'ARTHUR VINTON COUNTii OHIO, DECEMBER 17,
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VhbtfUrmiiniuAlcompUodwiUi
tvAllpjm.nttuti bmdolbfr')-
The Democrat Job Office.
Waara oiouaisd o X0UU lUh noatnoai,
, ,u . i.r. anmnaLUIon
fipach knd atprlMH that df ompalUlon,
II tfiitda SI dsn nriu u
WIOICS,
. , rAMl'ULETS,
1 - IUN1J U1LL3,
auovvuiLLs, - :
.... .. ..... roSTKIW,
...... . .' .. ntoaiuMMES
'uiLLHErs.
. , - -BLANKS of all KINDS.
; , ; ssiiimNG bills.
,; ; . LAliLS, &r &c.
J JIvanitrll nd bidoblnocl tht w cm
a.t UUo nrinlloira'j'japMfo'CAiii.thBD nr.y
;,UiMUbliluiioiitlii tlii.-iollonofcomitfy.
CLI HTONilK USE. !
SGOTfi FOLLF D
PROPfllET
" oiit or n'twai iiocm. wii
Jn...,31jr Cliilliuolb
.ni-S.niNA.-:;;
B mouiVEY at l w:
SLV..;,- - 'McAUTHUIt'OIUO:. i
Br.. it-nf ; 1 j "
.. II U TELb.
lat'iii'le House.
TiVlM WATtWRProprUlor. TMrd-..
. nnn. nonr viutvinau,. vnio, e,.
ca tyiiar pr ua. . -y
.-.MVMDIiT.jj rflOUSB
'.T folirsM oofn, ."oino7
-CHARLES 1SIW
5 This Hoii !rp: on ilie S'fiim Bnat
! ioiUog, a:iJ neat tba P.ti'ioud Driu;t. : Ni
)Min Trill be Bpara for trve accuwiudation
Spu ,l813,ljr.
i7"tE.nisTRy;,
.Wobl4 Tapctfuny ttUDonooa to the cttUcau
ofHairthnr and VtuVoo Conn it, tlm( ho hup
rHuraad, aud will upeod i fuw rreoks iu Mc-
Arthur.. Aiid taut hi i proparal to perform
(rofara'
U apriiona paiiaiumr to ni
r,r,.f. jinn
. and tank ita will bo bappv tv whU vn any ol
. Ji'aold rtanda and ooiwmora jwho may, Uor
hloa with call. '. j- .
f I J-IUCICS AtOOtRAte. ' .
if-H wlt-'h at Dr. Doddfiga'a affloo.- llaJri
' aHrati, e'4'rtbttr Ohio. ' . - ; ;
, P. b)., l-adiaa aratld bpO at kbelfri1itoncae
. fdaaiTad.. i 8-B. DPKLA1'.
MERIETTA AND CINCINNATI
MERIETTA AND CINCINNATI RAILROAD.
m Vn 0S'5',''?.Xl!-tti.'5Ji3J
-i . Ttaini run ka foilowaV :".: 'V.
iV.v , GOING KAST. ' '
ACCOMODjI
.'..twii:.
lUTt.
6a.i. ki Ail.
Cioalmiairi;
Blanch"ter,
Ortwnflwlil,'
Cltilicoih
;Hamdn,
' ZalrtW, : " "
A:)r9Ba,rw
liaaatUH-j
rrj(ebiirg
. 'iiiirrz f
8.Q0 a.m.
'SlS.t'.it,
.8 WD.-
ABBIVJj
10 M A.M.
laVS A.M.
1 83r,n.
3 14 r M.
I 48 rr-''4-i.r
m.
109 rv m.
730 fin.
'.nQrHOyjsaXa.
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Di T M AIL.
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farforiborffi r"
-MaflaJtU,1 I 6
7 05 JA. M
7 JO i n
40 A- af
10 di n.H.
11 .18 AM
Hamrtfn.
o. CkillE6otbe;
1 W .M...
2 03 R jf.T
3 37r, j
AlVft. m1.
4Raafcier,!
.Cincinnati,-.
-"-AWITaT.-"
JOHN UURAlV'P, Stipt
" WX . 1 , ., . A.
!-
. zritimuy wanted;
-
' All ttflaa wWbo'tp.yaVtbactlp-.lrB
"'i""V -win ni tUair wxyionte Jan
ilacobtlcoad bi tba U A,.'f t.L . . i
oafionau,,- '.'Jjr.
- a- wwMW y-ww HP
r.ruaaal.;.Vv..M7:V:"ir mV.T7
44 pay op aad larttoatt
i ; Z1 - . 711 w meixit
A0OOM0DA
TIOH. . M' r , ' a.
fj - A '
v.. :3-'i-)-.
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6 00 a.m.
, : 8 1 A.M
i 8 13 a. m.
.2. 10l5A-i
TBRTVIT"
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GOOD flWS AT LAST !
au. wno arb m Tnotmua,
ill lw kti b aUbrtuuiU, stt tIvom hod hap
ktn tag 4lMp OnM, tiM u4 UtMd, tfl rU
kn bwn t4imd lf blx malm ud 4m! t, tU k
hw bM 4rairta ud trilod alia, U (a le kla f
U Mtn juw niafcrtiiM Ma mf, awkM tW
lUador u4 mtj of foot am Ml hwiltn, m4 h
utulu josr rhirx-Ur u4 cm pac (ability la nlu (T n
ttfotf kwl nuagra. AU b n la doubt of lh.
HoMartaoM Uitjr to aouult hJn to nlicro ud mOf
ihtit miucU, ud lo lud Mt tf iMl bxlhl ud Ma
fcopMMlUterMlfud,
o ura att airs na irons
. . TAILS, i . ,
H kaa Mcnt at wlnnlsc tM iMIou f tka
W'x lidw Uu liuU lo k wtmUkf ud
kppy lurrlMi, ud Mka flw mMried hupjr. ilia
tU ud adtlr in Im wllcltMl la tamparabk .
HidWi ud tha naull ui aliraji baw
A BPEEDY & UAPPT MAHSXAQB.
Ta nakt tlof awra aura, ha Mil thaw yoa Ika Mka.
Mi of
VOVH rUTURfi BOSBAMD OH Wu jS
Ha will toll yoa Uielr elnnnuUoma aod thalr IMoat
proafwcta ; ud tt k fcotlar Ihu all, ka cu tall ai
llxtr Ibougliu aud ut llixlr "ml" IntrailaM an. .
Wliat It ballar Kill, ka cu tall jrw If thay will uki
kapay. . i , .
I)r. Ilaahaal la. f harafhr. a aim dawnftooet
Toalllnaiulniaa hla advice tal'ivaluabl. Ilaaufcro
Wl, with Iba craatft earulaiy.lha ramllaf all m.
ajaixlafud ualnm Imwodluui and apaaalatiooa. Iir.
fa Ulrpr,u di for Wlarj uuUfa rtlk m.
IrtTTEST NTTOXDEni
tvaa liboat w axtn akarf.
mosb oood nirws!!!
Dr. BAPBAIli will eaM roar noraaoop ar wrtta
tmr Datlrlty. Erory man, Twi(h tUa laiiflk aad
Iraadtli of tha lud, who baa bad luck, and wbo cm
aot t on to Iba world, abeuld ba la paaaMaiau of till
Uoruaoopa, aod ol Dr. tUj.hiwl'l
Written Opinio cf hi Futon Pra
pecta In Life.
It will ftiMa him to wmlth, aaiiaaaaa, ud heaar.
thouaanda of (cad aim, v. bo warn iianajaanu and u
(imaaaful la lli.lr boalnna mo who worked bard, aad
wbo ttrucglri aaunit advaniij and nufortaua iba
iraaltr rt of tiiair llraa, and who ajM aba ora tbaf
triad to nt forward la tba world tba mn thlcp wal
Ulll.dt ahaa.urtir-a.
ataimt thota : im at mi fut ur. KarbaMa wntawa
Wbo wlaulj folluwad Dr. JUpbael'a advloa ara wow
RIOU, HATPV, AI4D SnCCISSnTL
la all tbelr udertaklnga ; whllt (boat who wan Uladad
by pniidrM ud Ifaontuoe, ttrglicled hb) adtlca ara Mid
laborlag aaalaat adraraltjr and xrvrrty.
Ba anortd
WEALTH, SMINXNCS, A2CD 000X1
LVOS . ;
ara within tha raaeb of all.' If yoo wkk it ba ftw ud
aaf fjyoq will eonault bun aiao.
GOOD NEWS for tba AFTLICtES.
Ra baa tha IR. ud cu tall tha alllotad tha caaaa af
ahwfr dlaaaaa ud ralbrlrif . Ha ou alaa tell wbathar'
tha? cu ba cand or aot, Una Mflof lb aaUatad hoik
lilnioB upon tkalt rotora prvtliaeM la lux. All
Bonoia ana axrnia.
from 10 A. W. to a. t. M
CutunlulioM daily.
All lalarnaw ara itrklly priit ud eaaJdaaNai
. Tbarofbra wt aay, go una I to all I Aad oooauit
SR. SAPBArii,,
Tha AvtMloger f 'th X9tk Caatury,
Be. 99 SA8Y rXTTQ STlCoiT, ;
Batwaae auanra SDaat ud Braidwaj,
: CINCINNATI.
atr rw era bcdccxd to lurr tb ttxh.
Tvm for TUItara. LadlM tflr eaota ; OaaUaaaat
BadaUar.llHraaakaooaslutloa. WkaayodaaU,
ass roa tzxs doctor,
kwnilrulltuaa."
aM"itTiii at a owuwa mf aea-.rriiUiU towra.
WiiU.r by lottar, If tbay Inaloao ONX I OLLAB, w
Ooataiuika facia aaob MUr. .All laifcti, aoraaa.
aleaUana, and Intartlawa, ar atrlotly prlu and aoa.
adaatlal. H laawar trill ba f Iran ta loctara ukai ana
foliar It taolowd aa a CooaalwUo ft. .
Aodratt ail UlUra at followai
DR. RAPHAEL,
BOZ Wo, 8403, FOST OrnCB,
. CINCINNATI, OHIO.
-.tat tt ha drarlw wa
aantaod that tba orlea aamad u a eonanllaUoo fca para
fccaeoanluiloDOuljr. ItdoMaMuyforthaPjetora
atrittan ovlDion af your future proajwta la Ills. II doaa
L
aot pay it
pay for winning tba attaeUosa of (ha oppoalla
(or tba cmuaBiniatloa of a knpPT Bwrlufa. ou
detei anr utlur boatiMaa named in tba abora adrartla.
! aMut. na Doctor hu a Siadprloa for doing each aapa.
aor far
at.
mtl frTUCOOM. in your cnaauiUHloa l w ivor, ju
barn bow roa can reellae tbo food hope aaanat jml
l.aa1 i joe ara told how jmn caa ( Ta waot. ana
bow jour bnaiaeaa onht ta ba done an that It can not
bIL Hi UI fcralill what la your DtSTISY. Iu abort,
be win tU what It before yen, tto. . ..
Caution to tha Futile
Dr. W. Kapnaal, tha Aetrolonr, baa no aoenaerloa
arlth r B0rt86OB or Dr. VV. M . Raphael, or wrth any
other ganUenMa of tba tame name.
av Oat thla adTertiaeBMBt aot. When yoa aeoa,
Vrlai it with yon and ahow It to the girl wbo opeaa kfcd
door. To prevent mitukei, oak to
ees tub nooTon nimsior.
LET THE AFFLICTEQEABl
Aad loan Uut a parfaot aad radloal vnh la warraafed
ud roaraatoed to all wbo are alliotad wlib weakoeie,
debility, aerrona MtnpUlntt, ntaUacbely tbwuihu, de
prewlou of eplriti, dutreaa and angulab of aund. Iota
af alaap, Ion of Memory, lata of energy ud maacuiaz
(ower, pony growth, waiting away, mil want of oo
llaaca lo tbamaalvw, feinting Ala, aonroklTa treat
bUnea. ImpotenoaanddlKmtafHfe. 4
BSAB WHAT THB MJMCAL rBIS8 8ATf. '
Iodm phyalclaiM require to be told the natare of jroar
Ham, tbo XNGUeat BOTAHI0 PHT8ICIAK doaa
sot. Hiiaarfaol knowlednof the buatuiTitenieoablaa
I hin t describe tba dlaaaaea without uy Inionutloa
mm um patunt, to expuia ita origiaai oanja, ana as
gnarutaa Ita ire.' Ana, what ll mora TaloableetUl, he
will hOBertfyud frankly tail wbeaher ywn ou beaurad
er aoe' -An hla ouromuatcetJone and tnterrtowa ara
ttrletVy privet ud ounflOantUl.-'-JfxUool Jtmtl.
- Boteoia fbrttclao, norer toted wet to nik a perfMt,
Tna twtuia jteauawa or ur. jiapnaai, ua aniriiu
radlaal,
1, aod pennaurat ears of ALL PRIVATE, 8E.
CUT. AND YEXKBKAL DISEASES, without the ue
f Biercuxy. without hinder woe from boalneei, and
witkani fear af dlaeorary or eipoave. So daadljr pce
I aoa. raoa a anaaio, sua Toaueai
, aobwa. Kooercorynorurdaad
7 tntpiueb VagwUbl Botaolcal B
I thai wooderfulBoieBla Fbyaiau.
a araeaio, dux Tojauea, optom, ar uy other
Ifo narcary norurdaadly mlcwija ootblof
Beiaoicai Kwnanw ar aaea ny
Fbreiau. HI Botaak Bern.
dial aewar yt ttllad ta core tba mott obtttaal ud tha
aioH gangeros owl, aaa M laaiirra au aurooryaaa
othir Imuurltlei from the rjatun wbu all other Baaaan,
diet bad klM .-JfaMaaf Jmnt
,. OOODNBWB 0B BWOLI KXJ OOyTtNPliT.
1 . AMI MAHaUAes. Bear wnw the jeumaor aarw.
,j ; poadaot of tba OddieUow. fwoebare, Maryiaad, aM
- xHumirooiouivi of U1MM4 oaoaad by early I
aa ibonaaw, uteaiHor uui , levu i
If uaieroo ouiw of dlaua oaoaad by early mdleera
aor aiu , ioxwi r - - .
Mob baring bnaparforawd bytUKngUeh Beanlrky
wia, i ai it
i Kl It avy daty, karla. a koowladg af Ikeu,
tba tot, (aUewlni thai In doing aa I may do
aarvloa la the aaflent. On aaee ta partloalar-tkit
of a yoeaf awa tn tba dtr Je wonLy of aoe Mo had
aaaana Uaa lolu M a baolt. tbo bmtw aUaataa la wakal
inoai aabadaar.andafUir jatraaf aaaringaiaQnaai
agawa np au
wwaWI
h bo wear, ana anar ywaai puwiaiawawa
I ap all bopaa of rooowcry. Uawtabed 10 awrr.
idWIy balavad by aaaweot a girl a aeet Uepad
f aJaoiioai am be wee fcarfal. uoroaa,aad proa
tta dandaaaaad oaaaeoantaf u ahataarad
. i vorda af aOeotlaa, au b waa Javfal. arra, aad proa.
, , ;av. n oaraaaeaana aaaoooasiar ua aniiuaa
MaiaofoiaayaMa, .IjaoBghtrallefattUhudaafAk'
' Botaalo Pbyaldaa, and. eatealibljig u t atay anas, ail.
-' the bloom aad rtot of vooth kea raromed. aod aa at
k. Bow tin happy autaof a palrof arlgtora." : J
i An who aia aihrina'. aa anaaiar what thia aaaa
fdaiDt, auall eotb 1M.dJd Pbyalcluaua&oaotialls.
Yaey aaajpraJw apoo. relief. Hla amaa ia at' M. Bat
j"
linn ayuKai.td lirojraj,CIJl.
NOTICE.
XTT1CI barahy rfvan .doiwiamd
,P"5M
aontradUnir.. , , . u nt jvotra viuo.
[From the Cincinnati Enquere.]
and Extracts of the
President's Message and Proclamation.
tnatlou. . .v.
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There are a large number of peo
ple who bare either tiot the tino.,or
tlia incliuatioo to read carefully sack
adocumeut ba a President's ileesnge,
aud tor tun benefit of auch w pars
uiadu a sutumnry of All tba recotn-
uiendativus and puinU it ccotaini, -
ilia mtBSHkro opens with th9 nanM
uckaowledgmunU to Ood. The Tres
ii.cot notices the stoppage bj the ijrit
iah and rroncu Uuvurnmontsxi )i.g
(ontedorate rams, lor bidding Ultra
to leave the1 r ports. 'iH
A supplemental African Blare
trade treaty has beeu made, and eta
ried into execution, as we aro rHxt
iiil'oriued. : The first person uitrodqo-
ed into the message. . theroforo, i
foro, it
to
negro I
The President . proposes
with England some land claims 3
WaBhingta lemtory , I 1
The maritime jurisdiction of CoCa,
which hbi been diacuBBud butwt'tb
the United States and Spain, . h a
question to be referred to the arbitra
ment of a toren power, .
Tho Sclieldt dues are to be pnidJ
It is recoihmitaded that a liat pf all
tha pcrBons douluriog their intention
to . I'ucotne citizens of the United
States he foi warded to the Secretary
of the Interior, and that a law be
pansed fur that pnrpoeo. , It Is also
ri!Co:iimeiidod that the law be so
u n tilled us u make tlij fucto of vot
ing a bar ajjaiost any claim of no cit
iz..iiobip, ret up by theno who desire
uh fXfiuj.tion trom military service.
' lttssia is' to "make'. 1 liuo'ofele
anmh Croiu t.ur Pacific coast? "",..
The Consular nyafcrra pf iFie JUni
led States begin to be sef snrtaiaipg
1'ho President recommends a tolo
irraih across the Atlantic, Oceadraiid
also, between Washington attdltlie
foils .ou JI''SPU'! ' Mexico.;, y.,
A recoinineiKiation is '-tuade (or
nary , Vard pn tha Atlantic : Ocdan,
and alsi ou ilia Westren rivera. ..
It is sagijasted ttint a Q itrrnvatni
School bo established lor the fostering
and training -A seamen tor the naval
aervice.-.--
ilie Pust ofSce Department ia nca
r!y 61 (sustaining, being only about
8150.000 short.
Nbiirlv a million and a bait oi
acres ol lund havu been taken np no
ler the Home stead Law. The Pre
i'lont recuHimeiids a oi'tli tic.it ioti of
the law in favor only of thosu who
have been in the military or naval
Bervico of the country.
He compliments bur Ministors and
Consuls abroad.
The condition of tba Territories ifl
satisfuutdry, although the Indian dif
licultied in New Moxico are not en
tirely iiuppie88d. Ho iilludes to the
mineral wealth of the new Territor-
vrs just discovered,
f ho President euggeBts the exps,
diency of estubliohiug a system for
the eucouragemont ol loreign emigra
tion. ThiB is pretty good, coming
mm the bead of a party which, lew a
vears jiuo. Whntud to deny n emi-
araius the right of citizenship, to for
oid thouTcomiiig here altogether.
The President compliiuents the
iiiariHgetnent oi the lreaury.
lie approves of the Natioual Bank
ing Law, but thinks some amend
meats may be mado to it. Of the
Treasury ho says.
"The receipa during the year from
nil sources, including loans and the
iiiilancu in the Treasury at its com
mjiicmer.ty were f a01,125,6T4 88
uhti aggregate disbursmentu $S95,
71)6,630 65, leaving a bitlance-orrine
7th of J uy, 1863, of $3,829,0421.
Of the' rccoips Inure were derived
from cuatoms . $69 059 613 40;
fft.m'iuternal - revenue $37,60.767
W ; from direct taxes $1,483,103 61;
torn lands $167,617 17; from iniacel
l.tueoud sourced, $3 045 615 35, and
,r.nn loans $776,683,361 57. making
rhe aggregate $901;1 13 674 66. V1
, But r the pity men t.uOf the funded
aiivl temporary debt having been
mada l'rn monvs brrowfd durniM
Vlitfycar, ino t lieroarded 'aa .ineivly
iiomniat pa) lUv'iils, ana me moneys
borrowed to u'uko theiu u merely
n -t'lnlidl r coipts, and their Amount,
$131.093635 07; 'should, there ore,
ip dt.cjcreUl bothjlrora "tho fecpip's
ajiddidbarscuienUi-. .Tbis being Iiie
ihefe'remuins ns aetnitl receipts $714.
709,895 58, leaV Bj bttlajjce as alroa
t-jatated. Tha aVJluaJ receipt and
disbursements for the first ' quarter,
and ilia eaiiraated receipt! and dis
bursements fpf, the rooaiolog tbrw
qoartarsr.tbA correct figcalyaAol
1864, will be shown in detail by the!
report of tb Secretary of tha Treat
rjr, to which I invite your attention."'
. iCveo warmer tbaa bis eomoiouda
tion of rhe Treasury Department is
the praise tho President upon Mr.
Welles, tire Secretary of the navy.
lie declares that hie duties have been
dUchargad with fiJality and eminent
success, u Sbtdea of the fio inter, Ah
abama and ieorjlat,' what do you
think k of this aicatiae dsclaration f
What do the merchants think, whose
ships l)y the hundred hare been eap
tared by Confederate privatoers, that
have roamed tie ocean; without too
Isata.lonl Lineotu ls better satisfied
with old ii. Welles than ha la with
Chater, to judge by tha puffing La be
stove npon him. '
' aril - L ' f il - i .
.-j.iie zuBBBurvB oi sue ibbi uongress,
for the removal ol the Indian tribes,
have been carried into tffoct. Ua
suggests the proprsity of a charge In
orjr Indian system.' ; .,
-He seems to Taror a canal - being
bnflt aroflod the Falls of the Niagara,
on the American side. " : . ,"
Tbe President next all odes i the
state of ' feeling-ut borne and abroad
year ago and bow, : and finds, iu
h;s judgment, a great inprovement,
as-well as in the railitarv itafi. -
lit altributtt thit 'thartgt io ht
Einancipatfon Proclamation and
h imployment of negro troopi.
Let us look at thai a moment, lne
ProcUmatioa was. ia fact, isanod on
the S2d ot September, 1863. Iu Oc
tober an J' qveraber following, the
Democrats earned all. the election,
being greatly' aided fn so doina: by
tho unpopularity of said Porclama
tioni - The party of the President lias
carried the elections in 1863;' but the
Proclamation, bo far from helping to
that end, was a drawback npon it.
Before the Proclamation was issued
UlcClellan ' was within Bight of Rich
mond and wo had fought asovere
battle in the -center of Mississippi.
Ilave we advanced further iu either
direction since the Proclamation was
.'.'Th Proeldent alalins that of those
who were slaves at ' the beginning of
the rebellion, fnlljr oue hundred thou
sand are now in the United 'S rates
military . service, about one half of
whom are in the ranks; So far as
tested, the President think the ne
groes make as good soldiers aa the
whitest The President then enters
into u defense of the Negro Procla
mation, lie declares that ho will
not retract or modify tho Proclama
tion while he remains in his present
position. Hear him.
''When Congress assembled a year
ago tho war bad already lasted nearly
twenty months, and tliore had been
many conflicts on both land and sea,
with vatying results. The rebellion
had been pressed back into reduced
limits ; yet the tone of public feeling
aod op:nion at homa and abroad wan
not satisfactory. With othor signs,
tho popular elections then just past
indicated uneasiness among ourselv
es. while amid much that was cold
and menacing, the kind words coming
from England were utterod in acceats
of pity that we were too blind to sur
render Our comraer'co was snffer
inr greatly by a few armed vessels
built upon and furnished from foreign
sh'ires, and we were threatened with
such additions from the same quarter
as would sweep our trade trom the
sea and raise our blockade, vve had
failed to elicit from European Gov
ern men ta any thing hopeful upon
this subject. .
Tho Emancipation Proclamation,
which was issued in September, was
running its assigned period to the be
ginning of the ntw year. ' A month
later, iho final proclamation came, in
eluding the annonncement that color
ed men of suitable condition wonld
he received into the war service. The
policy of emancipation and of the
employment of black soldiers gave tu
the future it new aspect, about which
hopes, fears, and dabts Contended in
uncertain conflict, according to' our
politjuHl system, as n matter of civil
administration; The General Gov-
er'irn nt had no lawfnl p'Wurtoef-
f ct emancipation in any gtu'e, and
for i long time' it hud been' hoped
that the rchillhxi could bo suppress
ed -withoot resorting1 to it at a mili
'ary measnro. It was ' al) tu whilo
doi iucd Mwaibio that uoceRitr for it
might ourne;-and tha if it shbuld', the
crisis 01' tha eontest- Would then be1
presented." It eainc, aa expected, ft
waa fuli'iwed by' dnk and doabtful
days. "EViVun anAbs hatini; leea
pttd, wii am ptiruiitjud to tafa an
vtber rotiaw; "Tha robol bbrdera ara
pressed (till further bndk, atd by the
compl ate opetirg of tbe JUissiesipp
liivcr, the country ddininateJ over
feballion Is divided 'In to dittlnct
parts. TeBncisoe'tui tYrVanias have'
won-so snbetantiallv clwed of the
Insurgents control, and Influenca, and
the citizens in -each; -and4 owners of
lavei and adyocates of slavery at the
liaoinnmn vf Ilia' aU'j.II:. ' i
clare openly for emancipation to jliolr
reepectlve Stated. ' Of these States
not Included in tho Emancipation
Proclamation, Maryland aud ills
sourl, nwitW of which, yean ago.
w'jb Id tolerate uy restraint.tpcn the
extension of slavery luto their ferri
torie, only' dispute now aa to tba
beat mode of removing it from thoir
own limits. Of tnoae who were siev
es at the beginning of tho rebellion,
fully one hundred thousand are now
in the United States military service,
aboud one half of which number act-1
ually bear arms in the ranks.1 thus
giving the double advantage of taking
to much labor for the Insurgent cause,
and supplying the places which other,
wise must be filled with so many
white men. ' So far at tettooV it is
difficult to aay tbev are not as good
soldiers' as any. No servile insurrec
tion, or tendency to vloUnee or cruel
ty has marked the measures of eman
cipation and arming tho black?. The
se measures have been much diacucs
td In foreign countries, and.cotompo
rary with such discussions, tho tone
of public sentiment there is ranch Im
proved. : When the same; measures
have been fully discussed, sopportoJ,
crmuioou Bin uouounced, ana tno an
una elections are highly eucoragiog
to those whoso special duty it is to
near me country through, tbis great
trial. Thua wo have tho reckouioj.
Tbe crisis which threatened to divide
the friends of the Union ia past. '
Looking-now to tbe nrotant Bnd
future, and with reference to tho re
sumption of the national authority
within tho States wherein that author-
lty has boon suspended, ! haro ttiought
fit to issue a proclamation,' a oopr of
iwuivu w iiwrwiriin irnaHmuieu. ja
examination, of thil proclamation it
will appear, as;is believod.' amolv
justified by the Constitution True,
the form ot an oath is given, but no
man is coerced to take Ft. A man is
only promised a pardoa in cnte he
voluntarily takes tho oath. The Con
stitution authorizes the Executive to
grant it on such terms as are fully
e8tabiiahed by judicial and other au
thorities. It is hIso prorTered, that it,
in many ot tno stares named, a seat
f Government shall be, in the m )do
prescribed, aot ap, such Government
shall be recognized and guaranteed by
the United States, and that under it
tho State shall, on subscribing to the
constitutional conditions, be- protocted
against invasion and domestic violen
ce. The constitutional obligation of
.i it . t .i. "
tuo unitoa States to guarantee to
every State in the Union a repuhheen
form of Government, and to protect
the State in the caso us stated, is ox
plicit aud lull, but why tender the
benefits of tii s provision only to a
State Govsrnment set up in this way.
This sectiou of the Constitution con
templates a case wherein the element
within a State, favorable' to republi
can govoruoient in . tba Union, may
bo too feeble for an opposite aud hos
tile element external to and - even
within the State, aud such ara pre
cisely rue casea wicu wuicli wo aro
now dealing; an attempt to guarantee
and protect a revised state of govern
ment, ooDstruutea in whole or in pre
ponderating part, from the very ele
ment against whoso hostility aud vio
lence it is to be piotuctud, it simply
absurd. There must be a test, by
which to soparJte opposing elements,
so as t build only from the sound,
aud that test is a sufficient aud liberal
one, wbicli accupta as sound whoever
will make a sworn recantation of bis
former unsoundness.'
But if it bo proper to rcqaiie a test
of admission to the political hodv, an
oath of allegiance to the Const!' ution
of the Unitod tatata, and to tho Union
why not also to tha law)'0
and proclamation inroiard to slavery I
Those lawa aud proolamatious woro
I enacted. and put forth lor the pnrposeJ
vr-atiuiug- :a tUO BUppri'BblOl) Ol ('
rebellion. To give them tho1 fullest
effect, there' Lad 'to t& 'a pledge for
their maiutununet; ia rov judgment,
tody have aided,Aa&J will' farther aid,
tha came for which thay were enlist
td. To giva np their principle, would
bvt not only to rolinaaiah A lo"vr of
power, but would alaj bt a eruol and'
hruaoh Ol.fii'h. 'I'maf
add, at tla H o
hyicipativjn ProciatotLurvOOtsIiiti ita
tho torn to ralatery-. tuf. pcrott:.1i i
' aM 'ml. wa do alJO eaconrij gaf
uudurit, meo frtn floramandef'ta eutf.
i01 who compose them-.4iid'to wboia
I more than, alt Others; tbe worldlnSBt
in ray. present 'poiition, t oh all not
attempt to retract Df modijj' thebmaa-
rn ade fret brtho . termi of -tw:
clauiation,' or bv-nrict tf Coowa.
Fpr icsj -aui; ptft. jvrn-H li
persons aVall be lh0imJod in th path.
iiu n is Wile YOU -mo ,r-X(CUilVO.rna"
lawfollf olalui'it iu relata fwrj.-arJoti
and retcratlonof'projecteJ 'iflghte,
which he : haachar ""odnatUutifioBi
power ta withhold altajsyjir;or grant
upon the terras wlI,H ba shall deem
w;saat lor publuj intsrcstJ .it(i-uia
be observed, aldo, that thia partofthA
oath is subject t tho modifying fad
abrogating power of (uIslaitioa. and
supreme judicial decision' -"-
' The proposed aMuiescense -of ha
National Executive in aa huRorahia
temporary Btuto arrangement for.tho
freed people, is niadav witli a view of
possibly modifying tho corifoilon and
distressing destitution wbidi mast, at
least, attend all classas, by a totaifn
volutiou of labor throogbont the whola
Sietes. It a hoped tLat 'tli. already1
deeply affiictad poople iq thosi StatM
may be somewhat m.ira eaJ to giy
up the cause of. their sfltctiorr, ti.d t
this extont this vital matter, Uloljto
thamsalvus, while no - power,' of iho '
National Executive . to 'prevent an
abosa is abrl Igud by this prppositiW
Iho Buggaauon m the rrocIaWttton
at to maintaining ha political ucane
work of tbe States on what js. oailod
reconetrnctlon, is made in the hop
that it may do good" without bayn.
It will favor labor cod avoid '(rraat
CAnfus!o"uTr"BarVhy knt iroohira
tion now 'npon tlia' suHectl ' Tiua
question ia beset with the cofijfotlog
views thatfthe atop might be delayed
too long or be takm tdo aoon.' In
some .elements. for rasamp'tioa .'haM
been reaiyjnr action, . but. remap la
activa, apparant'y for want af a ; ral
lying point a plan of action ,
, Why shall A.'adopUhe plaa ofD-,
rather than. B. that of A., fvn4 jf A
and B. should , agvJiuw. caftthey
know but that, the. General Oorerr.
meut here .wil!('re8pet their plat. Br
tho Proclamation a plan la'prsafed'.
which may ba accepted by' thorn' aa s
rallying point, and which, 'tho-Are
assurd in advanoe, will not ba rejaci.
ed hare, .. Thia may bring ( them lo
act sooner than they otherwise wonld.
The objection to a prematura 'presort
tation of a plan by tho National Ex
ecutive, consists in the danger of com
mittals in po'nU' which could : bo
more safely left , to furtlu-i develop,
menls. Care has beeo' taken to eo
shape the dooument as 't avoid nra
barrassraent from tblsaonrco. Incsy
iDg that, ou" Certain terms, certain
olasses will bo pnrdonod,' with their
rights restored, it is net said that
other elussus,. oc other terras, will
never be included, in eaying that a
reconsttnetion will lo accepted, if pra
sented in a specified whjV it is not
said that It will be accepted io no
other way.. . The movements by State
action for emancipation cot iucluded
in the Emancipation Proclamation,
nro matters of profuunJ gratnlatioo,
and, whilo I do not repeat what I
have' heretofore- so oarnestly ' nrged
npon thia Jubjeott my goneral views
and feelings remain unchanged, and
I trust that Congress will omit pc (air
opportunity of aiding thcte important
steps to the great consummation." '
In tho' irjidst of other car'es. bow.
ever , important,, we. must not loaa
tight of iheact that, the- ar power i
still our main reliance. Tu that pourer
alone can we look yet, for a timp.to)
give contideneo to the peoplo in dn
tested regions, that-- tno ' insurgent
Cower will not agaLv overran them,
fntil that confidence -aIuII :ba tta-
blished, little can be done anywhere,
for what it called roconsrnctfori.
ilence. our chiefest care must still ba
directed to our armjt and navy wha
have thus far borne thoir bardar'pirt
to nobly and well, arid it rimy bes
teemed fortnn&te that n giving - .ha
greatest oEoiencf' to l.toir indiSDert--
i -a j ;,iAv.4.4 t, a i. a- aw o i ar era. -
at and indebted,-for tatV-homeol free
dom, disautbTaliedt enlarged and ytf-
- ' " ' ;
0-
ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
WASHINGTON, December 8, 1838.
day wotilJ mal-o good, toldUri,' ba
Mlouudiii causa too dree tbay .war'bV My
?vmrvr vx.'.'S
.. . - .
Ql7" A paUlotlft writer is, of tha
pioioo tbatlha Ul lt f tha preaahl

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