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NO NOII1U, NO SO ITII. VKDCIC TIIE COKST1T LTIOtV, BIT A SACKED .ifAI.NTEXAIVtE OF THAT IXSTIlt MERT AD THE ENIOX.
M'ARTIIUK, VINTON COUNTYOHIO. MAKCff, 3, ISC4.
r i ' M p. I I !
vvv mm h n . u i m
it IHcrtbur gcuruuat.-
VCUSIlfCo , EKY TnL'E3..Vt IiT
E. A. & W. E. D R ATT ON.!
! U rut ton's nniluKist, Ituat of Court
Th Dm.t will V ianton vear for One
Dollar; Six Mouth, f-r F'fty Ceut; Three
UoihU, for Tnty-fi t'cm.
Hf All pM-'r will ba dim-jiitiutcl at to
pirti Jtj or 1 09 um pin i
TK8MH I'Oll ADVERTISING.
One Sonera oneinrtion,
Cofi illit-on! liueitioo, ,13
'urJ one year, .
Nioc of appoint'Lu ,i ol M.inttr
ow, (u ir linn nl KiiK-u'or . 1-50
Aital:iu-Jfitiiotiut nif-r,i . r. ."'
Eilitoriiil nutljiK t-sr 1 i r. , OA
t T mi tinea nuitiuu chuffed Quare
1 all Adwrtiwsincnu and L1 NMo mun
be pnl-J In advni-c-.
tiafVue ahoveternnmait be ororlid '.tb
fcufAll paymunt niuat aa muile tu la rro
The Democrat J obOfiico.
W are propared to execute -vith fcoalt ,
?.pauiii ml .i iirio-i tlut ilei' oonilUUe,
1t stu.t at J Ob w uii, au j.i a
DILI. iIEl S.
BLANKS of Ml KINDS.
rtlvemelrUl and beennviiicr-d iU wactn
in 1 i'.l i .rittiii(ti:hav)T.fjTCtafl.t!ian aoy
ii u tTl b .
WHTUOMHUy SON Prorrl-
ivtor K.Mnt 13'., rortirnr ml.
13cm rie l!our.
JAUS9 I'mprloioi, 'Ili'tlj,
Strait, lifir Muil,, CiuciuLvli,. Oliiv, &.(;
Qua l"lii r pr day. A'lii
This iiouic itM.t on Ui Siram !iat
Landing. nJ near tin F.ailruait D'-pot, Nn
Vinf will tijspr4 fur t.ie accujiaUt'iuii
THE CHANEG OF TIME.
SIOTO AND OCKING VALLEY
SUMMER A R RANG KMENT.
OVaii'i ut'tor MomU y, April 13th, laiii , trii.wi
.il n.Lin as !Vi11l, :
omNoiiTB Mail Tialc laa.ea rcrtnea'h
b'. t.C'J a. arrive at lluiiulcn at t. v
mUSnol'JMJoaunclioii 10i ihronyu traia.. tc
M4ri)ttaaul Cirvsinoni Rtliad for nlit poUt,
Kint anJ Wuot. .Iceuinmuilatlon Tri-ir. !uuv
l'ortmoutht VMt ; arrive at liatnjan at S
(lorxo Booth--eeommndalloB Train lav
Ifanrto'.l at ti:15 i sr;arr;Tn ut Pnr'i-iDOUth
10:10 a. K. Mull Tl i 'mave1" If :rr.iloa t:
r v; irrivo t l'urtiiinetrj ti) ii'r . v.
Tbroaftb Tiokota'lor Mariutta. Cbllllcoth
"eiunati and Oolumna.can be prttoied ttb
A L L 14 N ri V 1 L L fi
THE AlloQsvi'.lti Stcnm fl uriuir mi'ld.have tin
clorpcona a th iro'.jb rapair. nn I lb proprie
en wUueftj infurnt tho pu'jlic thnt tliey an
ow prupurd to i!o ull en.nra work to the entire
taMnfiiutl-n of h . i r uiutomera.
hNKW MACHIN8 havnhat-B addj to Ihi
will and our friomU will ii'l f ' good work ai,,i
good turn out aaatany other mi!i, give nu
gllaud test tbe truth of what we v.
auif. Uth fi3 tfo. 11 C RT ) N RICE.
EVEHV BODY COM?; TfllS WAY
HFLTEBRAN & BEYER'S
n P F. U I A L
wehioh we r Jnat oponing and jou will
Una U tne ouenpest place to nuy
in1'i n'y W,iSflnh nnr Mnr'i'e at ih vi
ry lowait cob orices. H'd think we art aafo wboo
ire aay taer Dal ner oeen any- porajo in mc
Arthur, that can t 'c na down In point of
WORKMANSHIP DESIGN OR
Onr Marble ti ef the bext qoality, bain Tint
land and Italian. Too will find ua nrecarad ta
furnish jon with Qrava Stone at raoet any price
mac you may aeairo
H. B. WehaveaU en band tbe celebrated
Bt"a (Jrlnd Btona, which we wi!Uell low for
D aot forzet the Tiliwe when In Town.
' . " Corner of Main Logan tteei
Tk.TOTICK herebv riven that a nutltlnn
i will be preeentod to tbe Coramteioner
Of Vinton iouniy unto, at their Marob 8?eaion
18. rrayiBg ror tu g ranting and opening of
tvtuii oumuianviag point near Jiarnol A
Sodd mill in Elk Towi rhip; and ronrjinir
thenoe in abont a 7t)tem!y direction thronvh
tbe )ndiof Jamee bobbins, Joseph llowall,
juramuniwis jipearucner anaotnera iai.
aaldTowiww", naenarna aanaueonthe"OVJ
.v .ii r .i . t- . . . - . . . i i
Bortkdde of tie To
iof.lieTof3-ri6t ot V-cArthnrneirJjTsitibility
(From the Northern Budget. April 16, 1861.)
Crisis at baud! The Fathers
of the Constitution on Coercion.
u'ulcoi - (f"
..-i P ; t A .. : i ;
of nsioj force against the'
The Union Is disolvcl. Var i
rnj;ing between the UiviJi'J fragments.
Henceforth the Nortl1 and the SoutS
aro niicti nations. It I too lato for
compromise, or risonnstruc'ion. Slia.l
we tflt (tn sliall civil vntr rfltjc, cr
tiliiill wo Imvo n pcncouWo 8(''uru'i"i) I
Wlnitover ni,v Iiavu bitn the sins
of om'ssion tr coitiii:U;i n by wliiilt
tlie Ibtu Adiiiiniitrr.tion tJivulu 1 tk
i) tnucrdtic tuty, mih! tints ri-nk'rl
iiievitrtl-ia tin- divitiion i t tho country,
thuy at least shrunk fromtlu n-Hpun-siblli'.y
t'f jilunUikt tint country in'o
war. I'oiitiua I'i'hIo wusIkhI liin
httikis ul Ihu bloctl ol'tlio Srtvinr, a'nl
wh;it('vor mrty imvo bo n wmik
iitsj, .t ttio wettkiii'git o' I lid Rni.iu
KuverimuM.t in tl.o ii)i!et uf 11-luvw
cnntomi) anJ Hvl.r.i'.v ii s'.itmiona, lit
nt !ta-t aitifltid tu lurticiputj in tlic
A cMti.'tnpornrj, tho other day,
tviis tliinuiid'iig l'd mun to suvo
the counfiy,'' nnd nrtied that the
grihttBt criminal Imvo M encccistul
anniik, or i-L;r.n.d ctuupaijjiiH, or in
augurated civil policy, which had
donu tiiuro f r tho binttit cftiiiinkii.d
limn hI thuir pi-rsiiial tan hxl done
fl'iii';ft (Iwni. I'lio in'i;rt!iice wa tlitt
"Uld Aim" whs not bttd fiiiijH for
thu pnrp so. IJi c if ho is not, t'ltiy
enn bo i.o doubt that ho has bad mi -viscrs
tqnal t' r any urpnau.
Ho w they huvo plunged tho couii
try in'o a war, and unliu tho peoplo
who aro to eupply its "sintswi" uru
wiser tlinii tlit-ir aontj, it wid bo a
whr iiDparu!o!Ld in atrocity, vrimf,
and rttkltM dovr.rtation Tho po:cy
of th'i black republican, troiu tin
very tirt, ha b.cu to ruiidcr effjc
tuai and irnrocablo tho proicnt dis
ropt ioi.a ot tho old Un.oii to i ho end
that their hold ol'powur might be per
j-ctuHtod. Tbe policy oftbu S( uhur'i
(IrccaUra his been tlio fanif, a'id for
thu eiiuio ruajoii. Tho juried ot placv
lios bceu t!io 0''i, trolling wieiucut with
tkvm toih, itiid bii'.wivn thu to li e
Union has beeu crucitiod.
But so far as there is any nattor ol
dipntoS to the powers ot ;h Fedei
' uoft-ri ii.'.iit in tiio prii:is-.s, thu)
' qtKstit n" was s-tllud boloro tho pro
at-nt niu:inistrut jrs of thu ovprbmoiit
ero bi.rn. It trno.io in Mi6 Conven
tion which framed the Un tod Citato
Connti'.ution, and was Irutily and fully
d Ecoetcd and authoiitatively suttlod.
Hie ui(uutioii Wii8 c'l tho Ii.lh. wing
clwufu in tie G Ii section of Gi'vvrnr
Ua'idoiph's pint) in regard to tl'O
powers to U exercised by tho Con
"To call forth tho IV-rco oi'iheUiiu-n
against in y mumber of tlio Union,
litilii g fo fu fill ita duly miJer the
articles lh reoJ." Yutus Notes 2-7.
And aleo on thu following olaus-j,
in Mio 7th res -lotion ot Mr. I'attcr-
s p's plan (calkd tlu Jeraoy pluu)
"Ii my State, or any body of nn-n
in any S ate, shall op,nad or previn;
:hi cuj ryitijt into tx -cniion such actis
i-r tiuitus, mo ftacrai lixecumv
cbull lo iiiitl.t r. zod lo ca t lottlt thu
towers f llm c-'n'edcratfd Stuto3, or
so much thereof as may bo necosaiy,
to eijVr:u an-1 couipel an obodiencj
to each nets, or an cbriorv'incuol such
tre it k." Yates Notes, 2i3.
In the former plan this power as
to bo invested in C jn,;rpa ; is tiio
latter, in ihe Executive. Hith plans
were taken arfd ccnilyrod tt--oihor
and the powers wero rej jtod un l dt
n nDccd us impraciicdb-e and dstruc
tivo to tho Uaiou. Mr. Madison
'That the more ho reflected on th
ubo of force, tiiu uiro lie donbto 1 tin
practioabillity, tho justice anJ iffi;vy
of it. when applied to pooplo ci-ll- e
tively and no; individually. An unioj
of tho States co'staihing uch an iu
fircdleut soeuied to provide f.-r its
own destruction. Tho nsu of fore
against a State would look more li.ro
a declaration of war thau an inflic
tion of punibhrocDt, un.t w-n'd be
considered by tho party attacked as a
dissolution of all previous compact
by which it miiiht bo bound. Ho
hoped that snob a ctystem wruld be
framod as u ight render this reconrco
mincceseary, and moved tbat tho clau
60 bo postponed. The motion was
9eretd to tier,. cn." 21 vol. Maii-
Bon papers, 761.
On page 823 he again said :
'That any goveinmout of the Uui-
, a ; " ,nj nn ia .j
Stntia, wouM provo as vfnionary and
lul'iicious o? tho government of Con-zrt-ss.
Cmld thu nsti-Wil rc.)urces.
.f exerted to tho ntin.-s'. enforce a na
; ion ri I d.-creu siiut MicSfichutts,
tihetttd, pithiip. by several of bet
noi(hborR ? It would nut bo poss
ible.'' A'cxnr.dor Hamilton, who it !a well
known, di's'n d a fctr -njrand as -r'ot
liere-Iitary syntv.ni of t'overmneut (sei!
pnj,'i bat; R:mi on t ( i : s mi juct :
' F-rco, by wli;c!i insy l-o wo!l nn
.lerstH'i a common of I tws. or a cj- r
cion if ariiH. -'Congresa have n-.t the
foiiner, except in few cases. In pr
t'cuhir S'lites, thij ot rt'on is in-arly
siIQci--nt ; tboug'i ho h 1 1 it in it) t
ca--e6 not entiiolv so. A certawi pur
lion of military forco wis abvilutiily
iieco-sury in ci mmunitieB. Mtisi
c1uhi'I!8 was now feolmj; this in c-iHi-tv
and link provii-'iH for it.
(S'lav's rob'.-l ion ) Hu how can thlt
ifm's be exentd rn tho States lluv-
tivuly i It is impossible. It amounts
to a war butwuen tho parties. Foreign
powers also will not bo Idle suec'a
tors They will interpose; tho c u
fusiou will 'n!reae ; ind a dissolu
tion of the Union will eusuo."
Gov. Oe"rg'i Majon, on p;ijrc 91i,
cxpre83o-i hi l!a-eiit to uny plan that
ciilJ at ho executu l wiihout mili
tary coercion, an-1 said :
Tho most jvrrin elomon'a of na
ture, liio and water tliuinsulv, are
not iuto tucomputiblo than such a
mixture of civil liberty and military
t'.U'C'Uiou. Will thu militia march
troin one Sutio into another, in order
to toll'ct tho taxes troiu tho dolin
ij'iunt I'l-'inhi-raof tho Republic ? Will
tln-y inuln'ain an nrmv for this pur
p--nu ? Will not tho bitizjua of the
iuviidod Statu assist one nn- thur till
thev riso as nu man, And tlnko off
iho Union nitoutlier ? Rjliellion is
ih.i only ose in which tho military
lorcu ol a St.te can bo properly ex
oi ted na nst its uitiz ns. llu was
siruclc with horror at tlio piospoct of
res-irtin to this expod'unt."
Ltitlmr Martin alsrj oppOJij.T'COor
cioii of delinquunt States, although
"not against asaistiru Status against
rebellious eul jocts ; (sea pag 016 )
Tho important distinction to bo ob
sorvul between iu-lividu;ile rebelling
iigitiint the States in which Ihy are
c.liz ns or eut jjcts, an I tho pjople of
a Stale, col'eetivJy throwing off tde-r
allui-mce to tho Unio.i, whic'i they
in their sovereign c.t.jfti-iiy cotilribut
tid to establish, 'to i-uotiro doinoti:
tran'iility, j nvi lo for tho common
dofn-co, promote tlu general wvltaro.
and to on-iiiro tho b'tedns of liberty
lor tho usolves aii'I their p titiiiity."
was kept in vi-uv and urgod through
out tho entire d'6cusio!).
Ti o j-owi-r to cooico i S'afo, or tht
pt-i-plo of a S ate, when acting cIIco
tiveiy.in rutuaiu its revenues, qnutus.
--r o'.lnl duties t- the Uuioil, was ex
prissy ileuicd to Congress, as we'd U9
to-t'io tX-'Ciiiivu, by tho convention.
f bo pt'ver of tin executive was ac
oordmgly rtetrictod to tbo mo of inili
tury f -reo only in ciucs ol a rebellion
or insurrection by citron of a State
aaaiiipttbo State government, (Art.
4, s. i Tnro ighjiit tho dob.tto on
tiiijdeliCit'e sul-j.ct, it was conceded
th it the people o:' a St ito col ectivoly.
iniuht bo, both djliuqiiht and dis
obedient to tho federal government,
and tint the government bail not and
ou,jlit not to bavo tho power tocooro.t
them by military foroo- Such an in
gredioet would indeed havo provided
lor its owu diSluctio'i ; an J tlu tx
nciso ot such a power even by an ex
ueutive o! ad tho States, and not ol a
fraction thereof, must bo conhidured
an a declj.ra'ioii of. war agaiust doliu
quent and ilis-ii-edieut S.ates.
Do:8 ilr. Linaoln r uny -f his
Udbiuet tliink tlmt iho in.l.iu of one
State will march ;n'o a lutnor for tbo
purpose of ct'llectin, revenues or fax
es, at his beck or command i Too
thing is iinpobsible. Why does ho not
learn wisdom from the lessons of the
"Falhurs of tbe Constitution " which
1:0 s-i euthusiiis'ica'ly extolled in hie
ulectionounng haiHiigu is I Why pro-
cipitato tbe eou.it ry into civil war by
iiBSum.ng powers Uever ilclogated to
any I'rebidont of the United States,
whilu wo wore ouu ieople I Is con
sisicucy as a partizau, or udolity to a
boliticai "piaiiorin eumaeni aioio
ev for such a course! War is no
longer a more word, trolled for amuse
ment in iho White House. It ii ro
soandiog now over every mou.it and
v alloy from the Atlantic to the Tact
ile, and baa become tho household
word of every citv, town and bamlot.
And ws w'th whecnl War with
torcsts war with ourown hopes for
the future, ad with tho hopes that
others Imvo h.il in ih I 8ich is the
tvr which is cow upon ni I And lor
what I Can any body tell !
Extracts from the Late Speech of
the Hon. James Brooks, of New
York. Delievered in the House
I , We make tho following extracts
from Mr.'Bk' lato speech :
v Mr;-Brook- Tbis is the nferipg
wedge put iuto the biil. Hut, Air.
Spakv-r, it is in vain for mo to at
tempt to didcuaa tho details of this
bill, for it is a bill which .litis doubt
It 8 buen caucuied and settled and
decided up .oi uidOAhcro. 1 will not,
tliertl'oiu, wiisto the tiolo of the House
in a turtle discui-'ii of its details. It
it is dec ee I out of do n s to be enact
ed, it wilt be enacted in doors, and in
urgUiiient of mine would havo uny
eti'sct on thu gunilcmei) who have so
decreed. Indcul, whenever it gentle
brui from Mass.tcbiHCttB, in these our
latter days, introduces any bill or
propoiiuis any proposition for the
consideration of tho llousc, I always
listen to him with attentiro ear J. with
ippruhenaion, with soinothin uf awe,
nay, vruii tn.it ucup liuerem lien nn
U 'man of old must havo lit teued to
tho unrolling of tin leaves of the
Sibyl, or the Greuk to tho uttoriugsuf
tlu i-ntc'e in Delpims.
Maseachuaetts is now the loading
power in this country. Whatever she
decrets is in all probability to be law.
She exerc so3 tho Banjo control ovor
tlii j va3t country, which stretches
from tho Taasiiniiiqtto-ldy to the Rio
Graude., as from tlio Rio GranJo to
ttte l'dcidvi, that was exercised by I in
pcrial Rjino on the little Tiber, from
Ih l'illar of Hercules to tho Eu
phrates and Tigris. Roatou, her
capital, is well called tho hub of our
universe, with hor 6pokos now in
serttid. in New York, Pennsylvania,
Chio, and into , the great West, the
great Northwest, tho rim of whoso
whoel n iw runs with frightful, crush
ing velocity from that PaBBamaquod--ly
to Unit Rio Graudo.
Uouce, whenever agontleman from
Massaehusetts rises upon this Ujoi
introducing a bill liki this, if I do uot
look upon liim as a god or a demi
god 1 look upon him as a power sure
to dictate thu legislation of tho House,
and to have a va-t control over tbis
country. Jt is dueroed, in all proba
bility, as waj decrcod in tho case oi
the contidcation bill, that this eman
cipation or land occupation bill shall
pass this iioiitu. It is written ; it is
oidained. It U a Massachusetts
tliiiinlt rbo't. There flashes now. in
tho fijry, fiirioiis furnace of this bolt
iLlend-i eul C-irtliaj Aye, not on
ly that Carthago in to bj d-Mroyod,
but "dtUndi eat Aiio" Africa is
to bo destroyed also. Slavery is ba
abolished, and with It tho Alricun.
I listen 1 tremble bobro tho decree.
I bear now from the fteeples, the
spires, the pulpits of Massachusetts,
vfiia! I have often heard in the Mos
lem Erst from .tho inhiruU of the
m-Rq io, the cry to go forth, "X'i U-faAi-m
i't Allah m' Mohammed,
rasul Alla" God is great, and
M as aachusetts is his prophet, (laugh
A euporior raco is now under ilia
-lecreo f (his bib, to conio in contact
wi'.h an inf.rlor i act ; tho African is
to bo mot with tho wbito man ; tho
poor, humble son of Africa, tha necro,
is coiuo into compet tion and conflict
with the astute Massachusetts white
taskmaster. Slavery, tharefore, in!
Una coollu-t oi ra.'cs, ts not only to bo
abolished, bnt tho slave is to be abol
ished also. Two races, the superior
an I inferior, can not live i-i equality.
agsani ot tbo Pquods before th0i
.V- ... .... . .1
What was tbo tate ot the Wamoano-
I'ur.tao n MassauiiUeetts i? to bj the
lato of tho negro slavo whenever l t
c-mes in contact with the white man.
I know the spirit of Massachusetts.
I know her inexorable unappeasable,
demoniac energy, f know that what
she decrees she will execute, as when
she ordered tbo burning of tho witch
es at Salem, or the scourging of the
Quakers, or exile of tho Baptist to
tho rocky shores of tho Nartagansott,!
.i . i-.-i i-
or to tne uioontani-:umebBe3 unu
glens ol Njw Ilatnpshiro, where my
maternal Baptist ancestors wero ban
ished. Hence when, as now, she de-
crocs on tho African, . I tremble for
three million of hitherto happy human
being now uoomea to extennination. i
Saperintondent?. masters, clrVe,
uiuii nvt-n. netMoim c' till Kin 's an.' .
ia.'ciasses, um'w tw wius4.ort.1 hv t.SW -
bill from win latitude to another, un
der tho BCperintendei'ca uf the Gov
ernment Tho nt g o race is t!m to
c-nio in conflict vith the white ra i t,
tliough tlio 1 jw of nature, and eepuci
ally thu law of settlement on this cm
tinent, shows that an inferior rueo
perishes when attempting to live o..
teruis of (quality with a race that is
superior. Dirteaso, desolation and
dtath aro, thcrol'ore, t iodjo;n of tho
If the census of this city c -ul l be
taken of tho original slaves who were
iieru when emancipution was th-cr -ed
in this district, thirty per cent, ol
tlum wool 1 be fonn 1 in their graves.
Look at tho luvele thut S'.irr uo I tho
Capitol. Lo--k at the Uilocr.iblo as
semblages of emancipated AtViciiH
in th s city, hn Idling tivo or six fami
l.ei in a litilo room, literally rotting
with disime, under your decree of
emancipution. Look ho.v tin rai) 'u
being exterminate! in yonr freed monV
ciinoi ou tho ba ik ot tho Mississ:p
pi, tho i,roiit father of waters. See
what a spectacle is then preQ!ited.
Death is cutting down bnairal-i,
thousands, and uns of thotuauds as
death seld m cut down mortal m:in
before. Death there is tlio djo-n ji
decreo to the African. As surely as
tho plagues of London or Athens do
creed the deiUh of the stricken vic
tims, so sorely docs tin march of the
army, liberating the negro from ail
protection, r.:d surrendering him to
tbo crujl, murci!oi o.nploytneut of
tho calculating white mau, doom him
to disease, hunger, starvation and
death. I know tho phitantbrtuio gen
tleman from Massachusetts does n -t
let-ign this any more than did his
namesake, perhaps his kinsman, tbe
apostlu E iot, when he curried tbe
cross and the Bible among the New
England iribos of Indians, But with
thu ;apostlo came tho riHo and tbe
rum, and then opeuod upon tho Indi
ans tho whole Pandora's box of ter
rible disaasos that destroyed that
In-Man and extinguished his race.
It is, thereforo, the white man's
liberty, not the negro's liberty, tbat
hereafter is to interest mo in the dis
cussions before this IItiso. The
spirit of Massachusetts has dono in
two or throo voars on'y what Ohriat,
or tin Church of Christ, wa3 twelve
or fifteen buudrod yoars in accom
plishing in tho Rmvio. E-npiro. The
Sivior hiursolf struck not off the
claims of tho slaves whom he addres
sed from the Mount of Oiivos. Nor
!i ' thu Apostlo Paul, in his address
on Mars Hill, in front of Athens,
strike off the cliaini of tho slavo tfl a
moment or an hour. But ho incul
cated principles, he sowed tlu sued
which was twelve or filteon hundred
years iu ripening, bnt which in the
end brought about th desired end,
without war or the vio'bUt loss of
life. But hora in two. or threj years
wo hive nvvlly att.'tnntol tlu libira
tion of the negro, and nt what coat ?
A million of men havo been drawn
Irom their households nd firesides
into the army, and a million more are
to be ssenflcod in tho hospi'n's by
diseases, while at tho same time a
debt U fmtoned upon ns of thousand-
of millions of dollars. Bofors wc
havo finished the war the debt w.U be
four thousand millions -a huge, rnou
Strom, and crushing debt, which will
infl;ct npon posterity, njon my chjl
dren, yonr children, and tbuir chil
dren hereafter for hundreds of years,
n taxation under which they will
groan as negro slaves havo groaned
.... 4l.. milt.- M.if ivm i t,tva! irt rk'
, . . ft . t .
j , ' '
Three years ago we bad no Nati
onal debt worth a moment's consi
deration ; but f-T the benefit of tbis
civil war, in only two or thre-s years.
.J.. it. . A,M ml., nit lina niti la. I i
under (lis spirit which baa guided
we hava had inflated on U3 a National
debt now nearly, or soo;i lo bo, as
larg aa tho National daht or Urea'
. . . . a..
Britain, and winch will grind the
neoDle of this country for hundred
and' hundreds of years, if this war ie
longer persisted in lathe spirit which
low animates the country.
If, then, war lasts two years, we
shall see every able bodied oegro in
the South that can bospared, either in
the battle-field or as laborers in pre
paration of tho battle-field. They
mast, they will take that course. Im
perious nocowify exacts it of thsni
The negro of the North will meet the
meets Greek, then comes the tn ot
' 'n 1 .; -a-wtiot .tft t.to ; j
'r.-onshire the ne-ro It j8 t io lbt
tmng rou can do is humanity and
phdant iropy ti tho' negro to re-cu-iUve
h.m and d.HJln hjra to the army,
lou havo mado this a negro, Aboli
tion war. You have changed its ori
guml uurposo, and tuvrufur the negro
dhoul-l bo called out, and should fihi
iho batt.es of the party which has
taken thorn i&to their keeping. I do
not, lor one, intend to resist -your
.novementi in thut respect any longer.
Mr. Speaker, two States have in
th. toain g ovornod this vast country
siutu tho Declaration of Indopendence
in 177t. and thoeo two 6tafcs havo
been Massachusetts and Virginia.
Masathusetis and Virginia, irorn
I77ti and 17S7, on to tlu end ot Wash.
iugtWa Administration, co operated
together in most beautiful administra
tion of this Govuniitiont. Fiom 17u8
to 1800 there reigned tho Admiuistra
tion of Juhn Asians. It was reign
of terror ftoui beginning to end j it
was a reign of tyranny, too, as woll
ns of terror throughout, tho country.
Newspapers were silene-od, the courts
wore overawed, tho alien and sedition
laws were passjii, and it was such a
reign of violeuc j that in l0O there
was a civil revolution, m l Massa
ohuaotti wai thrown out of power,
an I kept out of power from 1800 till
I860. Daring that long period of
tima never did any country prcspor
as this country has prospered. 'Ihe
South took its columns of emigration
over the Chatta'iocheo to the Coosa
and thu Tallapoosa, beyond the Miss
issippi, on to tin Nrticus and the Ri-
Grande, and created an agricnlturu
which cu'jjctcl to it sli civilized
nations of tho earth. No more boauti
ful spectaole of co-operative industry
isaa avnr itraajntr.O. Tim tra.
sented an eqnally beautiful spectacle.
The columos of emigration marched
on bejon J tho lakes to Minnesota, to
lows, to Wisconsin, and to thoRocky
Mountains. During all .that time
Virginia and Massachusetts combia
ed together in tho spirit of Washing
ton and Ji-flUnnn nJ Ma-iiscm uti.l
the elder Hamilton. By the secession
of the South in 183') the reign from
1796 to 1300 was restored and Mas
saahusctfs became ascendant in tbis
Government ag-iin. Every path oi
hers is tracod in blood, and the mon
uments of her destriictiv6nesB aro tu
bo found on hnndreds of battle fields
North and South. A million of human
beings sacrifiod unticcossarily is thu
holocaust of that administration.
Four thousand millions of debt upon
us and your postjrity is tho conao-.
quence of that administration.
This "Freed man's Bill," aa it Is
ca'lud, is not worthv of tho practical
mind of Massachusetts. . It hardly
could havo emanated from a Massa
chusetts mini, and the gentleman
who introducod it tells as that ho has
consultod with others. It has a Mas
sachucotts sanso. It must havo coma
from soiuo of the headmen's commis
sion ; perhap3 from Robert Da!a
O von, for the bill itself is socialistic,
Pourioristio, Owonistic, erotic, (not
erratic I b?g tho roportora to bear
thf-t in mind ) Tho whole scheme is
one ol money -unking ; tho wholo
scheiiiu is ono for the use of the black
raco by Northern masters. But if, ia
the naiuo of humanity, yon are acting
for these ucgroea, ictroduco soma
moro practical ineaauro, without con
solidating aud centralizing all tbo
powers oi this government. Do not
abandon this beautiful thoory of Stat
es, and convert this Government into
a consolidation and centralization,
solely lor tho money making purpose
of tins b 11. Make it practical ; make
it sell supporting. Do not burden too
Federal Treasury with it. Ljt it take
care of itself, .as is the thoory of onr
Government. Wo have no more right
to feed and support negroes than we
have to feed and support white men.
The thiug is not written in tbo Con
stitution. It is uot written in human
natuie. If yon are to advance tbo
pay of negroes in tbo. army, make
them as you make white soldiers, sup
port their wives and children. Give
the negro eight or nine dollars a month
and subtract the other four or fir
dollars for the support of hia wife and
children. But here is a bill, the cost-
of which no man can forosea' or pos
1 protest against my constituents
beiug tuxod for it. 1 protest in the
namo ot the laborer of the North, in
tho caaao of tbo workman of thoNottb,
in the namo of the capitalist of tho
North. 1 protest agiinst it in behalf
of the white woman and chil-.
i;en' -l iU ilortb. 13a: Is rot th(?