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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, March 24, 1864, Image 1

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NO NOltTII, ISO SOUTH, 1IKDEK THE CONSTITUTION, Bl'T A SACKED MAINTENANCE OF THAT INSTHUMENT AND THE UNION.
VOL. 12.
M'ARTHUIt, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO, MARCH, H'
NO. 82.
in in
It I I IP I Rl V II I l il I
.i. . .
1864 " .
rtMSIlKi ftvKRY THlUSitAY BT
K. A. & W. R. B R ATT ON.
OFFICE:
In llrntton'a nullum, F.oMorCoon
Moure, Uu Mtnir.
TtlOl TmVc Pas U. " '
The Dk.at will b tent en year fr One
liolUr; 8i Months, fer Fifty Cent; Thru
Month, for Tweuty-nve Cent.
CflT All paper, will he discontinued lit tb
expiration of the time paid fur.
TERM FOB ADVKRTISINO.
' J)n8'iironlnertinn, f 0,75
. K(l' additional iu.eiUcn,. . ,5 .
Curd oiio year, ,i0
. Noiiceof appointu.en; ol -u.iiuintr-
or. Guardian and Exemtor. 1,50
At laehinout notice before J. P. , 1,80
Kilitnrlul netlce perliue, Oft
t-iiT Ten Una minion churned a on sqaaro,
euJ nil AJverlinemtmU aud Legal Nutiee mimt
t paid In' advance
MT K Uboral Uuduotionillb ma"c tj year
advertiwre. ,
l-Sf" TUe abovet.rmnmnsl heootnplled with
IJTAII payment ntut be made to the Pro-
to , a. wi have uu agent.
The Democrat J ob OUicc.
We aro propred to axecote with noatne,
Jutpntoh and at price that dof uouipelitiun,
II klnilH of JoD HorK,Ucll u
UOOKS,
I'.A Ml' FILETS,
11 AMD HILLS,
SHOW HILLS, '
I'OSTEKS,
riiOfiUAMM'ES
JULL 11 12 A I S.
: BLANKS of . all KINDS,
SUIITING HILLS,
LABELS, &.'.,&c.
Oiv it trlal and beoouvinced tliet wecu
n. I will do prin tiiiuc'iaprforCii.tliiin any
ither flstaMlhiii"iit i n tliitnaclinn of conn try.
fl LINTON HOUSE."
SCOTT & POLLARD,
PROPRIETORS,
Ti'KMfcRl.T or U'l HtK IIOL'Dk,. WHEM.IMI, VA
.l-in. J"V6'J-lyr fJhilliiMHlii-, Ohio
PYnrOMTTl) !SR ;
TORTS MOUTH, OHIO'
irv
GHARLES IIIGGINS.
" 'I'liW tioiixe Iruii'.R uu (lie Sicnin 15oat
i is... . i ,i... r...i...: n....i
(i j in i will b.spireJ lor the acio'.iiiulation
ulGiifsti.
Sop I. ,18(!3,-lr. ' ' '
ailiiiim . u 1U lirui ill- io iiivnii irr ,,. uu
SIOTO AND OCKING VALLEY
RAILROAD.
SUMMER ARRANURMICNT.
0ii.l .iftor MOnduy, ApriHOtli, 1 3dl , trinna
will run. a follow :
lioiNo North MallTtain leaves rnrtcinonih
t 7:00 a. M.; arrive at Hannlon at 10:1ft r. u
fialcliiKcloiiejnntieotion with through trulnx. to
Marietta and C'inciuuati Kuilroad for alll point,
EsitauJ West, .tuconimodutlon Train losve
forUmoath at 1:30 r u; arrive at llamdcn at
SO rat.
(Joins Sooth-- vocommodalim Train loav
H&mden at 6 a arrive at l'orlKnionth
10:80 a.m. Wall Tr tin leave Hamden at 3:
v ; Arrive at Porttimoutli at II :00p. M.
Through Ticket for Marietta, Chllllcotb
iclnnatl and CuluinmiR.can be prociued aitli
k tOllloe.at'eduitfd rate.
.i. w; WFBTr eoeK
ALLENSVILLE
STEAM MILLS.
THE Allsnaville Steam flouring milln.liave nn
dorgne thoroli ropnir.and the propria
or. win he to inform the public tliut tby are
ow prepared to do all cnwm work to the entiro
tntlnfaotioii of (hir uu.ttornori, .
mNEW MACHINES have hean add 2, to the
tnlll. and onr friend will find aa good work and
good turn out' a at any other mill, give a a
calland teat the truth of what we y.
aug. lfth-M-tfo. . I1U8TON RICE.
EVERYBODTCMS THIS WAT
AND SEE-
HFLTEBRAN & BEYER'S
.11 1 K RIAL
MAHBLE- WORKS ;
wehich we ar Juet eponiDg and ; you will
And It the eheapeat placo to bny
GRVE STONES
Tllirirly. We bough our Marble at the
J lowut eah prioea. H ' think w art safe when
va aay there ha never been any peron la Mo
Arthur, that can te u down in point of
WORKMANSHIP. DESIGN OR:
' . 1 ' : FINISH. :
Our Marble la of the beat qnality, both Rut
land and Italian,. - Ton will find n prepared to
furnish yon with Qrav Stone t( most any price
that you may desire. -
N. B. We have also oh band the celebrated
Bcrea Grind Stone, which we will sail low for
eo. -
l)o not forget the pi sen when in Town.
. , . , , -HELTEBUAN A BOT
' ' ! , Corner of Msin a Logan staat
JuM 63. xf3 v. . .' MoArthor, O.
NOTICE.
QAndrew iJarvii Guardian ofthe peraon
and eiUt of William D.'Swairn, hit filed
tiu aucouaU ea mck Guardian for irnct
iofltnd final settlement, and will b. for
hearing on the 26 th day of Marth AI D.
1864 "
,. ,,r-J.ICHARDCRMG,
March 3, 18f34,-3w ProbatB Judge,
p ?: ii ?: Ilenrle TfoasCy' ;
tTAKEB vtathojj, Proprietor, Third
U Btreet, near MaiL, Ciaciunati, Ohif,
.vwaM aa Ma j
ii-;i; ui. .T' ' -
v: a
Colonel Wolford's Speech
at Lexington, Ky.
Governor Bramlette Called Upon to
Protect Kentucky in Her Constitutional
Rights
Rights (From the Lexington Observer and Reporter. )
5
'
I
Those of onr citizens who. failed to
hear the speech of this dietiueuiahed
Kentiuky soldier, it the Melodi'on in
this city, nn Thmsduy, have lost a
treasure which can never he regain
ed. .The time, the occasion, the cir
cumstances and the iimn, nil conspir
ed to render it one of the most signi
ficant and impoitiint efforts that the
prcsant terrible- crisis of the nation's
history has culled forth. The occasion
was the presentation to him of a
splendid sword, uh, pistols and
spurs, suitulilo to his rank, by a por
tioii ot oiir fellow-citizens; hut insteud
of its' being a mere common-placo
acknowledgment of snch a compli
ment, it proved to bo one of the high
est t fforta ot a patriot fully imbued
with that devotion to his country
which patriotism aluno engemlors
of a statesman whoso capacious mind
grasps the momentous question ol the
hour and ot a eoldiur who lias im
periled bis life npon innumerable
battle ileitis in uclunao ol that glori
ous Government which was handed
down to us by our ancestors as a leg
cy ot blood. Lonung, too, houi
Frank Wolfurd a man wuosignul-
iz-d his devotion to his country npou
tlio breaking out of the rebellion, by
raising the first regiment in Kentucky
to be wielded for its f uppression ;
who has been uninterinptedly in the
service for the last three yenrs, and
who, us beloro remarked, has risked
his life almost every dav during that
period it was calculated the mom to
command the rcbpcctfnl attention and
thoughtful consideration of his fellow
citiz.-iifl. The time, too just after
the issuatico of an order for tlio en
rollment of the negroes in. Kentucky,
to be drafted into the United States
Army, in utter violation of her State
sovereignty, and in derogation of the
dourest provisions ever givnn the
force of law by Constitutional enact
ment made the views of this dietin
guiahed Kentuckian deeply interest
ing. No puen.e cry of 'Copperhead'
could be raised aganut such a man
by chimney corner heroes, who lawn
n;ion the inlallibihty of the decrees of
power; and yet, we veniure to say,
iliac no L'litn in tne nation has ever
arraigned the dominant party with
more manly boldness and more with
ering "invective. Ho charged Mr
Lincoln with wantonly trampling upon
the Constitution, and crushing under
tho Iron heel of military power the
rights of the people gnaraiitcd by that
instrument; hu charged linn with vio
lating Ins solemn pledge, as repeated
ly enunciated at the commencement
ol his administration, as to the pin-
poses ol the war ; he charged mm
with a violation of the rules ol civil
ized warfare in the indiscriminate,
wide spread ruin which ho was sow
ing broadcast throughout the South ;
e charged mm witli the inauguration
of a policy for the prosecution of the
war, which was not only unconstitu
tional and unwise, but tho inevitable
result of which would bo to prolong
the war, it indeed it ever ended in
peace, and, if successful, would as
utterly destroy constitutional freedom
as if it bad fallen under the blows of
aimed rebellion. And not only did
ho charge these things, but he cited
the acts of the President and his party
as proof to which there could be of
fered no successful refutation.
That most vile and detestable of all
the.ijmj with which the country Las
ever been, afflicted Abolitionism
teceived no favor at the hands of this
gallant Kentuckian. . He denounced
its advocates as the enemies of the
couutry ; disturbers . of the public
peace and tormentors of strife, and
while he was in thought, word and
deed," every inch a Union man, he
did, not hesitate to say that they were
as -dangerous' to the' repose and per
petnity of the Union as th Secession
ists themselves; Their fanaticism
knew no limits to unconstitutional ag
gressions ; and to acquire for them
selves power and' pelf they scrupled
not at trampling npon too iaws, over
turning constitutions, and plunging
the nation into irretrievable anarchy
and ruin.
He referred to the remark that new
issues had arisen since', the outbreak
of the rebel lion, .and gave it bis em
phatic contradiction.' The issue was
the same to day that it was then; The
question at that time was ."shall the
.t .. t :? - i..m
rebellion bs put down, the Union
maintained and tho Constitution pre
served, with all the guaranteed rights
under it unimpaired, or shall the re
bellion be successful, the Union be
dissolved and the Government des
troyed I" It was not whether tho re
bellion should bo crushed, and the
Constitution which is the bond ofthe
Union at the same time destroyed, as
Mr. Lincoln and his followers are at-'
tempting, but whether this glorious
tabric ot our lathers, with all its clus
terinu memories ami sacred gnaran-
tecs of Constitutional freedom, should
stand as an eternal monument of their.
wisdom, courage and patriotism.
This was the issue then: it is the issue
now. He acknowledged no legitimate
devintiou from it. The purposes ol
tho war were the same to day that
they were when Mr Lincoln in his
inaugural and Congress by resolution
declared that they were not for con
qaeat or subjugation, nor for interfer
euco with the domestic institutions ol
the States, but simply to preserve tin
honor Hod maintain the supremacy
of the Constitution. Tho effort to
pervert the war from this legitimate
purpose, and to make it a war upon
slavery, was an issue which the domi
naut party hau no right to make it
wag a startling usurpatiou ot power
and lor ono he should denounce it as
without tno colur of right, justico or,
constitutionaTjuntitiuution. - '
Ho referred to the rosend order for
the enrollment of negroes inKentuckj
and denounced It as alike unconst'.tu
tional and unjust. It' was but an
other of the series ot startling usur
pations of power which were being
made, and lie said it was the dutv ol
the people ol Kentucky to resist it as
violation ol Uioir guaranteed rights
If they were overpowered by force In
their refusal to obey this order, .thon
ho advised them to appeal to tho law
lor protection, aud he was mistaken
in the Governor ot the Statu, whom
ho had known long aud intimately
(Governor liramlutte occupied atoosi
: .1 ..l..it'.. :il .,
ion on tut) pinuuiiu wiui tne spoauer,
having como up especially for the
purpose of hearing him,) if he did not
protect them in their constitutional
rights: If when the people of Ken
lucky appealed to the law for protec
tion iri'in this uneoiiititutional odict,
Mr. Lincoln persisted in enforcing it.
ho would himself by the rebel, and
not the people ut Kentucky. He would
by no moans oll'cr resistance to this
unconstitutional order to the end of
throwing the State into secession, but
when Kentucky had fulfilled all her
duties and obligations to the Federal
Government, was loyal to tho Consti
tution and laws of ths land and in
tended so to remain, she had a right
to demand that her Constitution and
tho lights of her people under
should bo rtspectod, and he believed
that Governor Bratulette would see
that thoy were respected. Ho added
at the same time that while ho had no
idea of giving up his Government or
quitting its sorvico, by reason of the
unconstitutional and impolitic enroll
ment of negroes, and that they should
neither report to him nor would ho to
them, yet as a Kentucky freeman, he
had a clear opinion npon this subject.
and did not hesitate to express it.
The poyple of Kentucky did not waut
to keep step to tho "music of tho
Union," alongside of negro soldiers
it was an insult and a degradation for
which their tree and manly spirits
were not prepared, while it involved
at the same time an infraction of the
ruhts of the State, which it was the
duty of the Uovernor, under bis oath
to support the (Jonstitution, and see
the laws faithfully executed, to resist
with all the constitutional power
the Commonwealth.
We do not pretend to roport even
the most meager synopsis of this great
speech, for great it was in all the es
sentials of poworful oratory, running
as it did through an hour and a half
A verbatim report of it would fail
do justice to the speaker. It must
have been heard to be fully apprecia
ted ; the manner as well as the mat
ter would be necessary to give to
its full effect. . He spoko with all the
earnestness, warmth and animation
a man, who felt strong in the consci
ousness or the truth or what he ut
tered, and was prepared to stand by
what be said regardless of personal
consequences. He spoke as one not
making a party harangue to catch the
popular applause, but who felt that
bis country was in the midst of a ter
rible ordeal, and that it required
the wisdom' and ' patriotism of her
best citizens , to . carry her . safely
in
u;' .
4
I
-
of
to
through the perils which environ
her. .
In the notice of this intonded pre
sentation, we stated that "no officer
in the United States Army had more
justly entitled himself to such a com
plinientary token-of respect and grat
itude from tho loyal people of the
Stato than Colonel Frank Wolfor l, I
because not ono had proved himself
more prompt, dashing, bravo and
gallant. It such was our opinion in
rgard to the officer for whom
compliment was designed one '
this
compliment was designed one week
ago, our admiration has been imme
asurably increased for the man by
eason of this noblo effort in behalf ol
locstitutional froedom ; and we may
idd now to what wo then said, that
y his speech here' on Thursday he
i as entitled himself to the lasting
gratitude of every man iu Kentucky
who desires to see tho Union and the
poust:tution preserved and tho rights
hi" tho peoplo under both upheld and
aiaiutamcJ against the assaults ot
hose, on the one hand, who are seek
ng to dest.ro their, by armed rebel
ion, and, 6n tho other, of those- who
ire seeking to crush them undur the
irou heel 01 military power. A sol
dier of tho Union army, ho is bending
Ml ins energies to the extinction of
tne rebellion, but his opposition' to
J en Davis, w ho is endeavoring by
arms to destroy that Union, does not
niako htm less sensitive to tho rapid
strides which the Abolition' party
charge ol the Uovernment are mak
ing toward a military despotism; and
while lie was roady in the 'future, as
ho had hoc ii in tho past, to tight the
oue with tho weapons ho had chosen,
he stood equally prepared, as a free
man, to denounce the policy of tho
other as it deserved to be denounced
by.every truo loyal Kontnekian. And
he used the very strongest terms in
which to . charaeteriia the startling
nsurpations of power by tho domi
nant party. He was not afraid ofthe
hackneyed, cry of "giving r.id and
soiulort.to.tJj&tmerny,'' when he de
nounced these usurpations, and ho
warned tho peoplo that if they did
not stand up tor their constitutional
rights, which had been gradually en
croached upon from tho commence
ment of tho rebellion, the day was
not distant when they would be
slaves.
Colonel Wolford closed hid speech
by stating that ho was aware that
there wore always in every public
assembly now a days "pimp3 and
iulbrmers," who made it their busi
ness to report to the fountains of pow
er aud patronago what : was said in
opposition to them. Ho called upon
them to report what he eaid faithful
ly, and-, among otlior things they
might inform Mr. Lincoln, if he de
sired to kuow what thoso in tho army
wnom be considered his minions
thought of his official course, that
"their opinion was that he was a
tyrant and a usurper," who was seek
ing, by overriding all constitutional
barriers and limitations, to trample
upon the hbertios of his country.
Hut we Bball follow Colonel Wol
ford no further, and will conclude
this very imperfect notice of his ad
dress by remarking that it was one
of the boldest and most manly speech
es that has ever been made to our
people. It is needless to add that
was received with the most rapturous
applause by the large audieuca as
sembled on the occasion.
Kev. W. 0. Dandy was the organ
of thoso who presented the sword and
accompaniments to Colonel Wolford
on Thursday.
At night a complimentary supper
was given to the two distinguished
gentlemen by "mine host" of the
I'henix, Colonel 0. . T. Worley, at
which a number of our citizens were
present. The occasion was one full
pf national interest and physical en
joy meut. The two gentlemen have
lett our city, the Governor returning
to Frankfort and the Colonel to bis
command at Mi. Sterling.
Extract from a Speech of the Hon. J. W.
Wall, Delivered at Keyport, N. J.,
February 22, 1864.
of
all
The clear prophetic glance of Wash
ington. undoubtly comprehended the
mighty mischief that would spring
forth trom the neglect to obey his in
junctions, lie clearly understood the
danger of parties in a btate founded
upon geographical discriminations,
and anticipated the separation of the
Union, whenever a party should tri
umph that recognized as it party creed
sncb discriminations. The sagacious
mind of Jefferson, later down in the
life of the nation declared that the
ag
itation of tho Missouri Compromise
foil npon his ear 'Mike tho sound of a
fire bell in the night." With mora
or less vigor that lire hell has been
sounding ever since, announcing here
a conflagation and there a contlagii
tion, until at last, mid tin) din of fall
ing structures, tho denao columns ot
smoke and tlm swoeping sheets of
flame announcing s goners! couflagii
ion, we seem to hear it no louden.
The mad fanaticism that now rules
the hour would txtinguisli this riro by
feeding it with moro fuel. They wou'td
pour iiro upon the confJagation instuaJ
of water. They would save the Uu'on
through the vury agencies by which
the Union lias hoen destroyed, or most
seriously endangered, Thoy wou'J
strengthen the fabric of tho Constitu
tion by repeated aswnks upon the
foundatien. 'They would instruct man
how to amplify and preserve the:r own
liberties by 'sanctioning the annihila
tion of tho liberties of their neighbors
They would violate ono part of tho
Constitution in orJer to preserve
another. Many of thorn, in their pat
rioiic zoal, are very much like Si
Hoy le Roche, ii tlio'' Hritish Parlia
ment, "who waj willing to givo up
not only a partbnt, if necessary, the
wholu ot the Coustiution iu order to
savo tho remainder.."
Wo doubt. whethcr,if all the mad-!
.iiatti wan, lul - l..un' thnra Oirllil hit
houses wero let ' loose, thoro could bo
mustered Biich a collection of mcon-
prehensiblo and mad theorist as now
have control and are shaping tho pol
icy of this unfortunate Government
II theso rrion think thoy can caliilmi-.
ice out of gunpowder and make silk
out' of cobwebs, or bottlo tip sunlight1
to let out npon their gardens in inclera
ent seasons, I havo the right of call
ing in qnostion tin system of reanon
ing by which they havo! brought, their
minds to such absurd conclusions.
' I know that the qnostion is time
and again- propounded, through whai
avenuo can wo arrive at a settlement
of tho grave issues of the hoar,1 save
through af vigorous pro3ecation ol the
war! I ans wer, not throngh the agen
cios of continued war, certainly never
throngh war embittered by the exas
perating and insane legislation of the
North. Tho plan of conciliation of
the ruling powers seem to bo that ol
the infamous Duke of Alva toward
the unhappy Netherlander, to make
every Southerner feol as ho lays down
at night or rises in tho morning that
his house at any hour may fall and
cru6h him. It would seem to read
the debates in the Senate and House
at Washington, as if these bodies
wero endeavoring to revive tho spirit
and transactions of Alva's "Council
of blood." Tho experiouce of three
years of this species of policy still
find, as ever sano man knew it would
the Southern armies in the field
strengthened in numbers, more effect
ive by discipline and breathing hate
and defiance embittered by a policy
pursued towaid them that has no
warrant except in the practice of the
most barbarous nations. A continu
ance of such a war and such a policy
must only widen tho broach, and ren
der separation certain, and roconatruc
tion impossible, it asked now l would
propose to settle the issues of the hour
my answer would bo that of Burke,
in tho House of Commons in 1775.
From tho commencement ofthe break
ing out of the .robellun iu the colon
ies against tho mother country, .air.
Burke directed a most diligent atten
tion to a plan of conciliation, as in
volving the primary interests of
great empire. By maintaining a con
stant intercourse with many of the en
lightened characters of tho different
colonial provinces, he acquired a more
extensive and intimate knowledge
the physical and moral condition
the colonists, with their real views,
disposition and resonrcos, than was
attained by any of his cotemporarios.
The result of this investigation was
decided conviction that ho boldly an
nounced through everystage of the
controversy, that the exasperated
feeling which existed in the colonios
could only be allayed, and their al
ienated attachment revived and fund-
amonuany Becurea Dy placing inem
exactly on the footing they stood pre-
vious totherebeiion. If the men
who now clamor for peace and pre-
diet separation it not granted were
traitors, so was Mr. Bnrke, The na-
tional hie ot the mother couutry
just as much endangered there by the
exiBtonce 01 mo reoe-.non, as 11 is
auu yutf ui.u .u uJffuu Tfuu uau
auj myuw.ivu
god such statesmen as Fox, Chatham,
Pitt, Barre, Lutterell. FonnaJI,' and
. others,
w.k .njrain.ii hi. ..
U uu gudiaiuwj 11 10 Tl.n o.
l
a
of
a
,4 &TiS
ty and live9 t Governientby
de8ol(Uln thei C0Dntry ftnd 1
ing famim Bnd death J their llndl
Ad wha ftralh-a Un5li MnWin
was'tw rWrnnrt.., n,fB.Ji iSVl.!?
DOW'Bma,i lemaiM ,0f their affections to
UwB 8n(J tneir oontidence in Its con-
orositT-. Neither the men in 1 roVer'
0r lha mere oenjion'ers of ih. r.n
m
tut
traitors, disloyal to tho State. Ho
desirjd peace because it could havo
boen ha I then without the dismember
ment of the Empire; for as he fore
old a few more years of war. and the
tpotcj would hava to come, but with
the loss of the vury colonies to which
tho ministry had held on with such a
death grip. ; .
"My proposition," aaid this bIJ
com uouer. "is pjaee.". Not peace
through the milium of war, but
poaoj to be hunted through tho laby.
ruj the of negotiations, not peace to
rise out ul u-iivorsil discord fouian.
ted in all p u-U of the Empire; not
peace to dopon I on the judicial detor
minatien of perplexing questions, or
tlio p-ecne mirking. qf the shadowy
houudaries of a complex Government
It is simple poaco sought in iti natur
si courso; it ordinary haunts It
IS
peace sougU .iii the Spirit of neace
and
:liil in tiri n,7i.l..a . u
" uijjico yuruijr pacmc
I propose by m ov.ug the fl-r.mnd nf
Jiiformieo and by rentoring the form
er unsuspecting otiti leuce ol the poo
plo in t'-o mother country to giva oor
mauuut.sa'istactioh to your people.'
1 uuan to give pjacj. I'oaw im:!ijj
reconciliation, , and w hro there ha
been a in iterial. dispute, rucotnillia-tiou-d
)js imply in s mtmur co iejii-
iou ou the on p ut or tin otlnr. . In
tuU,sUU uUMn gs t! proposal
. i , ... .r .-.r . .
i-!
inko bold tt affirirj lOUjrJiVto originate
tfith'us. ' Tiie superior power wrong
as the colonies may- bo-,or you rhmk
thoy m iy L-j, can qflL-r psaco whhlidu
or ani safety. Such an offjr':kfrom
such power wftT be ttr:.buted to mag-
nauunicy;. out too concussions of the
wealc uro $f concession of tear.
Tbqworls of, wisdom wero; not
heo led ' by the vigorous prosecution
(6t- the J waf politician .'of that day
and Groat Britain lost her colonial
po38essiot)8 by tho same blind obstina
yy; short sightedness and insane vani
ty that roay'yet destroy, this Uniou,
and socure tho -final independence of
the Southern section. Admitting that
our arms h id be-on attended with all
tho succesi which the most sanuino
advocates ol the war have flatrorel
the country with, had the South been
disposed from their defeats and auff .-r
lugs to suo for peace, what city of rof
uga bas been open for them, Wh it
horns of the altar could they talo
hold on and ba saved? What explicit
terms, short of degradation and dis
honor worso than death, have boon
proposed to them? What security
(innocent and guilty) that thoy should
cot ba traatod as a conquered people,
and subject whatever yoke their haugl!
ty victors might please to impose np
on them? It would be uiaduosa to ex
pect that men who had taken op arms
so defiantly, and struggled so courage
ously as the South have done, should
throw them down and submit to their
conquerors, especially when thoy had
so litilo to hopo and so much to , fear.
The only hope can he, and this now
to my mind, is the faintest possible,
in a change of system Reverse all
these absurd and pernicious measures
that for threo years have characterized
Northern legislation, for if the confi
dence and affections wo have lost is
ever to be regained, it can only be by
giving the South the most undeniable
proofs that we wish not to oppress
them: that we re willing to remove
every ground of complaint, and to af
ford tho amplest security for the enjoy
mont of all their constitutional priv
ileges in tho future. I waive all ques
tious of authority and right.' with
nearly a million of men slain or rend
useless with a frightful debt of thou
saudd of millions, increasing at the
rate of two millions a day, and nation
al ruin and bankruptcy, the inevitable
consequences of this dreadful war
paace, speedy peace, should be our'
object, and to accomplish this a re
peal of those obnoxious legilative acts
is demanded, which are an unsur
mouutable barte reconciliation-, and
have lest as the confidence and good
will of those who might ' have been
really kindly disposee toward ns in
the South.' What greater folly can
there be than to expect to force a peo
pie into a triendly. union with you
;rt :,.. tkme '
LnWaed not their - armieg; iQt
tue cJuntry, their reverence for " ita
who now cowardly sustain them an

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