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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, April 21, 1864, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87075163/1864-04-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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f.'O ftOU'lIl, NO SOUTH, UMiIi: THE CONSTITUTION, KI T A SACKED Jtf AIXTT.NA KCE OF THAT lIUTItrnEKT A.'D THE CHION.
VOL. 12.
NO. 86'
jCV v.
Uj SUttjw gcmuuut.
E. A. it W . K . B RATIO N.
O F FICE:
I Dcaitan'i fUiUuiffv Pat ef Coari
Hciiv, II i tir.
flUMM'lTCA'iin
Tb I)4'mt will be aanw.D year tot Otia
tuUr; tad Fifif it- Month. fr S.ia
lv. Cou; tour Mouth, for Fifty Ctutn.
fcaTAii pr will b 4lcuulinni at tlio
aaolrallon uf (U tin. pld fai.
TEKXi ru ADVERTISING.
Svititrioa.inMtUrs, 10,7
. ih additional iuteiUca, ,5J
"ar4 on jor, , ,
No.ior wf jipoioVn.n-.ottI.Minilra-r.
Jitrdian ei Uaetiutor. I JO
AUkdbuteutnutititr buior J. P.. ,bt
K.liUrial .lii:i. nr ltn. ti&
JS-ST Tu Uim rainioa Bard aquitm,
aJ all AdttrlUatntMil aud Legal Nul'.ew murl
to p!vt in uJvaue.
UP A ilbjf-l jtiticUtUWllibemBeUyear.
jJ veritmra.
19" Tit jbtattrintmuit b aompHod tf'.'U
ljffSll jJinut.l .nxt tm 'UJ lu 111 1 ;
ffin-w, w uta. -
TheTemoerat J d!) Uflice.
UANDUII.L8.
VOSTEKS,
I'UUGIUMAIEb
BILL UE US.
HLANKS of all KINDS
SllIlMMNti MU.Lti.
i a ui'i .... ... i
., ,'"V. ' ' t
i-iiu.,:.r.iitiiwei..i.rr0rciii.tllnnyl"!ey
- -' - , - - i - - i
uj
II HT L Lb
CHARLES HIG.GII
S.
TM li-tuf-e Iron' "n tli Mt-am r!"Ht
a. ufjT .h- IUl'rO;-..l Diri'Ol. No
iM't't iK bi?ire ) for the atcouaJ!lou
of Gou.
Kicii. , l8SS.-1-r
'ri liUt-0 n imusE.
SCOT! k POLLARD.
J.,, Q,'.l - it t'liillifuttn-T "''
Ii. X- !'r:ttttn,
TTOUWKY AT L.f.V.Mc Arthur, lll
. 3IRS. 0. G Kill MS
N. T.. H triwr ti M lit and Miit Sitttl
M.:.tKT:MJil OiilO.
IVojU tnnoa.-itft t her Uh.vXs mi tltf
rvMic ihtt h opoiii'l her
.. NE)V SIT.INO feSUMMBrt STOCX ,
f Bonnes, H:. " t'-brn.', Flo eta and
iithc wiiii'.i jjis, r M,'r.v vti' a nit ot the
tiif.t aj!af Ctll aoi es'timiuc
her to--V.
' Kpii.i.2 doi V oi Jcr at the shortest
notice.
Aori! 7'.!i l".i--ami.
A L 1. i N S V I 1 R'
.STEAM MILLS.
'lMi A!iwii'lB St.' .;. SouriaiT !Dl'!,hfcvo Uti
JL iir(tuD ltnr'uc-b ropalr. tni '.!t r'oprla
ort wljnn H iitf'T"! lUa puWio tli.t tity rii
r 'P"'ui io i'i all oiiUiiu or .u tU) uat.it
ta'b-faeilott :i 'Mt uajtomera. '
mSEvC U kCUt:;S4 hihaa i;'.Ji to the
mii'.H aul unr Md.i.iiill fiaJang-'od wor!i r.d
fj'i'i ttiiO i as ui any o'.hnr mi!', i'. ut
m!LiiJ ;cit irotli of wht ws
!. IJ.Ii-a-tfo. . 1IS3TU.V KICK.
MARIETTA AND CINCINNATI
RAILROAD.
0ND-t ifitr Musiiny, Jannary 11. ISSt, ai.d
auuilfunlw; uciica, tuiu will rau a l'ol-
1j;
j . MAIL ttOISO EA6T, -Laws
nnclunnU at 6:8rt A. M.: Loavti Btn
hptif V-0:J7 A. M ; loavna UnaaSald t
lt:l V- arflvei t (."i''.lici)t.'ia at 1:15 t.M
tn.-Chll;lcuibo t' $j P.'M.; ltve Hw
djuJunlu t 2-5i I'. t ! leavoi Allium t
4 SI 1'. U : AritvuHt HarletU at 6 55 P. M.;
arri' atBe'ira a fnrnerr-b lrg a; 7.10 1'. M.
MAltOOlNO WE-iT.
LaaveaHa'pr Ac, tt'7 84 A. M.; !evfMar
iH at 7:45 A M ; lsva" Athena i 10 OS A.
at; lva Hiir.J-n 'unction ai 11:38 A.M.
ATrlvvaat OM.iicAb at 12 i5P M.; leave
t;hilliro'.hu 1:14 P- M.: !ivoa Blanonwr at
8:58 P. M.; lcav Luve!ul k14:50 1'. M.; r
tlalCliicina'ti t6:SiP.M.
Tha Acoonira'.iati-'m Tmin ttt vca rhi'.llentba
a 5 20 A. M.; arrivoa at Clncinuntti ai lC::i A.
M ;'ev CciK'InnHti at 5:80 M J arrUtaal
tiJilUocittia at 8.5i P. M. ,
Canv oilo are "road 'at Lavalan't wi'b
Trian to anil from Ct'urahn: and at llamdca
JuaotioO ilb MRlnan afl'l from PctUmouth
JOTIH DDBAKD, Sap't.
January II, 153t-iy
TIS H W i' A Gr,
IbaUrtat Cbittere RtiaaJyfor Secret
,.. .f. DlafKCel. -
OXE BOXTVIIX P II It FORM A CURE
IrtgreadUnts paraly vagatabte; plsarant to thr
ti't ; baa no bad odor, and mnyba carried in
ihi astpaokatirUbootfearof dotation.- price
1 a do i ni poaa puid toinj addromy
J.I- KROJlKit. 403 Chaxtunt St. hll
Circalainont fma.. . fipt. 17-63-mo
D18R 1SES O F Til TEU V'lrOlM'.
IS Mi, frtlANRY ANDStXCAI.
8VSTP.MS nw rind rtiiablo treatment In
Eaportaof lbs 'HOWARD ' A83O0t ATION-,
Soot by mail in renlud latter nnvelrpeiV frca ot
ahr:v Addroaa, Dr. J. BKILLIS UOUQH
TON. (toward Aaaxiattoa, V) 2 South Xime
Utraet, rmiauoiptiia. ra. . . ' ,
tfrch,5h 183,-l-yr. " " -
The Administration Responsible
for the Mobs!
A SPEECH
A SPEECH FOR THE
LIBERTY OF THE PRESS,
DELIVERED BY
HON. ARCHIBALD MAYO,
OF BUTLER COUNTY
In the House of
March 18th, 1864.
C'MTIMCSO JltOM LA'T WGZ'.K
tlioiiy blia'.l int. ve the world, whether
have u lulcriiiu toreat it on or
It Iihi been sail thut "History in
pliil' 8" li, teaching by example."
It txainpiut give this i!u:iou t tho
liil inHtter, tint a IcUrcil lVfti
tins tver l i'n tliu lunitn vi J ui' nati
uiiiil ii:lavouiC-n(, ile-ru'lutinu hii.I
Mi l a tit b l'ics.i ttio limi i
n.aul uf lutinuitl Ulxily, roitiiLMs
iunl pi :b jcrt y . AiiU tlm trutii i-l
iiiatuiy i 1 8iul)iiliu.l i u Uio ni )uitii
g vi oi tjvtiy piUt tMCL aim crewl.
liut '.licru inoin.iiij men, ectciuli v in
t.'icud litUcr diiv, vthtj will net ucocpt
tl,d cuiiclui (id ijru M lioiii u onrvu-'
l U 2 taiablisiied i.uJ woll KnCer-
ta'.i.ca I'.uU if (buy cui.n .t recon
c.lo a iiai piinuiple with a low iao
Ih'ij,: und ait.'tlar ocuurrtccs
tiieir D(t;i knuw'vdt1, they aie not
eatiufiud. Mitkin piuiniiM-s ofthtae
facta, t!iuy cmtiuct a 8llo;iu, and,
in t!ie I'hcu of the "luw Mid tlio tea-
t;in uiV,
itiiuf fl.at I li.ii p fr i' i n ! iu r it.
not.
Tdeir tiieutal viaion ia nirrow
ed
like the tii i: 1 of thu ire, 'aioh
CO'ittactj io ptopor'iun to tha light
wliicli jirieti it. in tho blvzi'vl'thu
niiit ttetith century, they rotivu thu
hair uplittiug rttiiiu.iienta, w:iii vvhic:!
choluatic anltilfy etiotti to hamper
thu hua.hii intiilleet. U.tO of thou
pet tlioones Is. tuat in tiuio ot v.tr,
'tho 0iv:;rnniuiit" haa A richt t"
ei:ji rea all pubiitationa a'riting o
tent tic to txcitu oppngitioii If i
fre t Fan tho biiUvm k ot l'Loi ty,
thut ia tho tiitio wo liUud it uioa'.
Caurpatlon crcepa hi under envoi ol
eivii aoiiiuiOtion. , Thunder cl''p4 aro
n't tuQ.iuoii lrotn cloudUis akits
And tho iuinute "lh Govern inei.t1
lava hand on tnu rreaa oti tint bleu
uf iKceJaity, all Hiatoiy teaches, ia
tho utome'it when wc aiiuuhl ainjuct
tout somolh r.,; "is rottuu in lion
mark." E o vrhy feur tho i'lvsa f
The people, who aro mo.it intiireatod
i.i any event; und for vtliin tlu war
IJCuuie I ot), it it bo ivxit'UT.yt'.', do
not need t -.at every IiHi( anu elan
deri us nrticlo bhall Uj wrapped up
au1 luklie l "poiaoti'' to j revei.t
iheir uuiiibitix '-U iioXiona cuntenta.
flu'V are not lif blolo bo blow a a'oou:
by every wlnJ of iloutiind any ui-ju
than. their biiimc ec-ivaiiU not eo
ti.uch so, induo'l, if it Im tr.it? that the
Svcietarv of thu Treasury h u j;ivoi)
tip hia l'ieideniUl mijiiratiuiH ind .a
pair, beeaiifso an inainiiiuaiil caucib
in thu. Ohio Legid'uluie rcnolvo l that
Lincoln WHa tho "coiuin iri'in.'
Wl atover motives acluatud that "Uo
norirfjlo" cliqm', certain I am, that if
thieves askna niter tho heulth of Ua
!ua L'hotUo, tho i;reat Alassacliusu'.ta
lawyer, bttlro they bean to 8?ual,
there ia no ret.aoii why the plai:einon,
coiitiattora and public plunderers of
h.a party shoulJ not be cq'iaily anxi
ous a U r the poli'icul Woll leiu olAlr.
LuiO'.iiii i It the peoptu cannot uo
trubt'.d w:th uh uiitruiijujbled i'resa,
thu sooner tho farce of "popuhit sov
ereignty" and the doctriuo of ''the
cnpucity uf the people lor aolf jovorrj
mint' are "played om " and aban
doned the better! A.iotiiur theory
6, that "(ho Govtrninetit," ertbeeo-
cttilod Cn oii purty, or some other
BuIf-co!istitute..l ugulator of the 'aov-
el oign people," ia justified in depriv
ing tiiciu ol a portion ot their rihta
und lileriiea. in older to preserve the
Guns: itiit.on , the Union, and -j sup
pose, ilia iltpuuiCdii partv, and 1
know n it wi tit beaitle. This i3 bv no
uioaua otiiutti. They borrowed it
troui Sir Jjovlo Roctio in. the Irish
House uf Commons, . who declared
hiUlielf so devoted and enthusiastic in
the premises, that he vraa rendy, it
ueceSaarj, to give up not only a part,
but ths w'io if the Constitution, in
order' to prucerve ' tin remainder I
Great 'princip.es aud iuudawental
riguts are immortal, not to be bar-
ttrod, sold, exchau.ed or suspended,!
for auy . purposu however, seeming
good. : Men aud uationa are auMect -
eu to advuisity, to test their fidelity
to right and principle, wheu honor
and greatness tempt their dssen ion.
Thu light is mure. than onr coun-j
try.!! The i'ress must support tlio;
Government, i theinsan cry vf hV
i
I
j
i
hour. Give me raiU. r tho pliil -fojiliy
of tlio Iriulimun. wlio laiulin in thii
country on election day, vm imtarn!-
i2 -ilnt unco an! Iiuniol clT to the
polls, Biid urcd tu voto i ho govern-
ment ticket. "Oovoramont !'' naid
I'ut. ' I iifcTer kni'w a government
Vtt mat waiiu t Hie Uev l. u.v ino:M
tlib opposition t" The liberty of uh
licenced printing i worth nil the guv
emmutita the anu ever ahone upon.
In.liiiitiona aie nothing. Man and
hUiuhUiiM all in all. Siya I'hii
lipu: "Franeo i Ctt:ho!itt hikI im a
I'opj, but alto i tli j ino:t tOAtant
country in the world in iuaI'.hm uf re
lii.tn. New EngUii'l ia l'ro'uitunt
and ha tolurauee vvritiuu u!l ier h r
atrt'uto book; out Btu i.a-i a uopu in
every vmIh.i, an l the uit tlur Hint
Uata a lioy'a cniiux U to dare to dif
teruii!i liia liitlnT. AnJ since lira
countrytho mirror of freedom -luu
ocen am virci nm a uinusatia irn -
ment.), rsow LntiatiJs face u multi
plied tin roiti, uo I the dvui m of hor
ctogpoiiiuii ia iu evoiy treot i;t l a'
every door throughout llu hntli mid
breadth of thu laud. All- gi.uiee and
pi'itectiin nto the ipposm piliaii
tthieh Uiliol l evea tlu moat tkapdiu
foi'iM 01 govortiniDnt. Uuder tlio con
solution of Mh1ihj:i are wo to give
aikiriaoee to a ovi.ruiiH-tit" a a 1
cant pliras) ia in theee duys whicl
rIVtiI u o protection t.i its c:ti:jn f
Neve I. It is ulready mnrtiiod to
this people to satisfy their "leaxrvod
rights :" and, (imt willing, will be
sold out, briij and .tiw," ere
next autipiin a leuvea have lal.on, tin
lesa, ai th-j"auerot c rjular'1 aujg.'ita,
it sti'HilJ, iu nn evil hour, iittouiot to
purpulU tte i.Jjlf with bavoueta. If it
should, nitty its dentli-record tu writ
iiu in its own blind, aa the h;itiiry of
:is hlu lets boon in tli.it of our slauuht
tied country iiiin I Involutions me
ne'.dom sought ; but are forced upon
a people. Tin y ooma as a.idduiily as
u mountain avalanche, which slip
from its resting phice ai:l hurriea
( wit like tho wnith of an avenging
Xeiiiteia to do its work of havoc. Wo
may lay our hand iixui the I'nsB
the very throat of Mhorty but we
cannot stifje her. We may stab her
witli all the wcapouaol ier?potiiu and
W',! cannot aluy bur. Like the jhot
of the .Jiai lofeJ 13 ii q io, she will
" rinia agdiit
"Vittt t rra.iiy 11, .-tut u jt Jr, on br or i.,
Aod pub a truiu J.ir i."1."
It tho Gjtfoii.'mii.i" would b)S ip
pcrtod let it iuiipwrt itsdf by doing
juitiod. "I!:c uiba '.vhieli iirj u iw
thn order of tho duv are of its own
creation." Tbd Fi eem ins Journal
that leailes Oathoho orgmi. and
well named tho l'lnhid-liihia k'uen
irg Jjurnali Now York f)ii
Uok the Dtibuquu lltfulds ail 1
more that I could ni-. iition. wro not
siUnnci'l by thu mob "The Own
iien',y is reymsiUd for all ihi sup'
piesiw whch hace fJljcd. Thu
mob as mucti 0 .nut tutW'ii r'gnt
to suppro s heWrfpupuM :is the I'resi
dout, aud beyoi.d aud abovu tho Con
stitution a trott d'jal more. Sir. 1
(hi Dot desire to dunoutico thu soldiers
who hare cunged in this business.
They are not at itusmen. Apart from
the civil arena, unacquainted with ih
iiffnr, they have had neither time
nor inclination to obtain a proper nn-
dorstandin of tho nioiudntoiis import
of thu questions here discussed, or tho
dangers to woidi the cherished ina;i
tutioua they love may be exposod
from otuer lorces thai those with
which they are accustomed to deal.
They lett their homes to light for the
couutry whioh they had aoen so pros
perous, aud those itistitutions whose
benetienco they had all thir life ex
peneuced. I hey were umpired with
the cry of ''Union on I enforcement of
the laws." Aud amid the bcom of
shot und ahull, the clangor of arms,
and tho cry of onsf, they bare kfpt
their hearts pure Imth thinking and
knowing nothing ulso. They have
not been permitted to see "tho power
buiiind the throne creator than the
throne itself," which has been taking
advantage ot their absence and tlmir
abstraction from thd cares and watch,
fulness of citizouship. How could
they undented that tbey were to be
used as
"tha toola.
Tba broken tool, whioh tyrant aat away
o'r numaubewu"
ur rujnu, w nan may wonia pava tnairway
to greatness. Accustomed to un-
questioning obedience, it haa not been
their province to consider the motives
of Iheir enperiors, or examine into!
the details of their policy or its ulti-
mute, aflect in the distant fntnru.
Their misfortune is rooted in theirider
virtua their unquestioning faith
ftjrjjrbj heartednrn. Taught frr.n ear-
;
-
tnty iiavu liaM recituu iiiq tru2
him.' The
andjOoDgreBs no G
ra,,et that expe
llivs: cliilJliooJ to lore thuliinJ of thmr
jtirib, an J bolievu it t lie lioma of Lib
erty, it was only necessary tv Ml
itliem thftt it wa in danger to convince
ititm Hint tluy wureti fight for frco.
jdom. Tho bora of my native land,
iiir, have burnod with einututive arJor
glva and eacnKces unci heroic during
vl'lliulr lathera, nnd easily wished
that they too hnd been ullovvd t!ii
oppoi tt.nity to battlor for tho . riibr,
cull to ftfina awoke thia universal
("ecli rix ; and I . uiitiako. air, if they
Sra nut natnrally unVillin' to I'cj tho
cot versa uf this picture, and do not
intiuctivuly shrink from the contom
;L.'ti;ioii o thOBti; uiit,4?i,uli woalj
jlulivaway this clirroiH viaion und
uU ipj.omt tlieui uf that il trlin
which hai beeti the keen pnr
B idea
iu thu
at-ij ot tueir valiant ellirrn. Ia it
lorpriaing that, nltr tbey Lad ehad
ino - r tioon on uiunv a nam loiiiiht
tivld, tluy should ieolutely shutthuir
ayes to the mortify iu truth ! Sir, the
loldiots huve my heartiest sympathy,
my admirutii'D and my thanks. I
only wiah Hint they were returned to
their p'acsa iu socieiy -where thoy
tould onuo mem re-uino thec'tsrgu of
civil iiti'tirs and renew that vigilance
trliioli i "thd price of libjrty."
I'll eu, I Irutt, this Federalism, gui
vauiZid itit' now life, would recoive
its otvrn.il quietus ut their hands, un 1
the HbertifS of my country ba prearv
d ; while tliey would d:scover that
"I'eueo bath her victories more ru
nowmid than war." Tar bo it for mo
utter one word of defamation sginst
thodo bravo amis of the West, who
have followed the fl ig with unflalter
ing u:-p and sougl t, n t glory, but
ttieir cojiitry'a honor at thu cum mi's
month; who, at Mill Springs," fort
Dotielsun, S'.iilob and Viekaburg,
have luct d cold and hunger an 1 nak
edness and donth, lured on by its
shining fold-; around which they clua
tered uith gla I ciiemings as it greet
ed the bre'ZJ from the summit of
MisHiuti KiJge; and with which,
battie scmro I and sailed, but uover
ty their act disgraceJ, they havi re
turned to thoir homes, only to show
thoir scara, rcnm.t their battles o'er
uiiin, recruit their wasted ranks and
return in l votj'a"s" to the front
lint while I exoti irat-j tin g.'oat body
of our citii-.-n aoldiery, I cannot for
give '"tlu OoVjinnitfiit" which t'ii
them an example of lawlessness and
the party wltieh aupp.nti it. And
while that "(J oeertiment" as the Ad
ministration is no-v rtylud stiil ex
ist, afiording ii.) pivtectiuti to Citi
zms, an 1 the laws are a nullity, tlio
right und the di'y of finenicn to pio-
teci iueiiUMOiS ia unqtusiiouublo.
Ami if liefctiaive lel.i'iatiun does not
put a stop to thuir djed ol violence,
but britigi ruptiriitls an 1 njw agres-
aiona, aaJ thu civil war ensues
through no fault of th ) people let ii
conic !
Lovi j iy when his paper, was sup-
pivsaod at Alton, slid, with market
in hand, "D.'iith or I'reo Speech."
Wo i'lecribu up m our banner on tho
utio side "Long live theO institution,"
and on the other "Give us the old
Las," and striking in its defence,
thoy who naist us, are the nit It !
1 hat ib tho (x'uut to whuh I en lorso
Mr. Valland'gham's lettur. The true
and uS' ctual rciusdy. however the
ouly effectual security for law and
order and liberty is the overthrov
of the Administration, which obtuS-
lishcs a tlespotisui and calls it "the
Government." Tlio mob spirit now
so rampant is nothing new, only a
more miittul crjo ot what we have
ha I for the last three years, and which
'the Government" and its party hava
not only cxcuseJ, but oltou applaud
ed und always encouraged. Tho in
carnate devil of furitau Federalism
that has once again fastened itself on
the prostrate body of American liber
ty loves mobs. They aro its natural
offspring and it will continue to
spawn tueiu plentifully until disloged
again as JifVorson disloged it long
years ago. And because I see the
necessity of its complete, total aud
tiuai overthrow. I say, that though
the offenses of Abolitionism be 'rank'
and "amell to Ilea ven," I do n 4 step
aside, on this occusiou, to strike ut it;
my attack is upon the principles
which dictated the "sedition law"
aud the party . which to day adopts
und vindicates them. That law was
a partj act government act." The
mobs now are but the resnlt of like
acta on the p ut of tho Frssidont ol
jtlie United States and the offirjsrs un
der una. I be one was an net ot
Oongre84 has dtred to ;
eier;iiu'nt ; bM th Exa-'that
.cntifu in onrduy data th fE iti.
Dort,mtoatt. Kotit!istauu!!jbsjd
ing wht 1 have pii) abont tlio inob-!tortari
bingof Abolitionists that was lim -
ply popular violence the ."Govern
ment," under Democratic auspices,
never committod any sndi outragert.
The establishment of dusp'itfstn 07cr
speecli and press, under official sane
tinu and support, can only be charged
upon the Federal party in the days
of JiHenion, and the 8!tnio party now
Oainnli'si In our own da. On this
subject,' therefot o, and on this occnaU
on, I enounce that party the anci
cnt and iinplHcabl rnntn'cf Demo
cracy ami that paty only, ' Of the
Abolitiohisla I am free, to say thus
much : that if in their mad race thoy
trod ftumen down, 'hey did it in
hastn to lift tho bend- up. But
tho Rjpnblicin party trod free in'ti
tntions doi), only to lift despotism
up. O.ir combat with the Aboliiiort
ists ii tha battle of Greek with Greek
tlio one buing anxious above all for
tho frouJom of the white man, the
othrr thinking chiclv the black.
The struggle between Democracy and
the Federal Fitlil which dominates
us, haa been the struggle between
man in raradise and the seruont
whic'i ruinud him ; and tho ranks of
i. i ll i I far.a...
us iiiowers inuy aro aiiea with
lionesl nnd bravo hearts, led therobr
its glittering professions of "Iron
speech" and "free pra-sa " lata so fre
quiMit on its tongue ; even as Kve
waa beguiled by tho honeyed word
of the fompter. The raradiso is lost.
It is girdled 'round with tiro and
sword so thut wo tuay not entor.'
The ciirso of our apostacy is upou iu.
But in tho glimmering dutauce we
watch for the coming of the New
Evangel. Wo may wait long and
wearily : we msy uot know it when
it comes; tho saviour of this people
may snti'cr martyrdom and be deapis
ed and rejected bv Uaon ; it may bo
that be has come already ; it may be
that Burnaide was tho Executioner
and Abraham Lincoln the Fontius
rilate who washed his hands of the
whole mittar, jut delivered him up
to the oQcers. Ue that as it may,
the day of our redemption coiuutu ;
and the apostles, from tho fe w and
tho hnaible, shall become the many
an the powerful, and the "Paradise
lost'Viull UcJiuJ the "lar. J;iie re
gained. I recognizj tin bind of a:i Almigh
ty Justice in our nfHietiona. We have
erred and now sulf.r the consequen
ces ef forgetting the maxim olGicoro;
"Biiencss can uover bo txpodiont."
lint as J.icoo wrestled with tha ango'
'if the Lord through the night, and
though h'8 thigh shraulc boueath the
angora touch, ftill struggled ou until
l e wbtaiiied tho blessing, so shall
American liberty wrcitlo with God's
justice till the dawn mid como forth,
weakened, indeed, mil impoverished,
yet triumphant, with tin bbssiug of
Heaven mantling her brow and her
venomous too writhing in its death
agonies at her loot. The lamented
Douglas said, from hia placo io tho
Senate, "tho to'e responsibility ot
our disagreement, and the only diffi
culty in tho way ut an amicable ad
justment, is with the lli'publicati par
in ' .. . l.:J - .1.. . t.i .
7, mien ijjcumii ui hi j irouuies 11)
the South. And now, I say, thut the
solg responsibility of mob law and
despotism, and tho only dlflLmlty in
the way of having ptas and libatty
in the North, rests with thut same
paity. And this hist wrong was the
necessity" resulting from toe first
charged against it by tba great Domo-
cruuc statesmen.
"Thlan bid biijaa maintain tuumenlvaa
by ill."
. And the Democratic party must
unuo d)lri tiioso wrongs, or these
mobs will become cot only occasions!,
but frequent; until, at last, the
streets run blood, and a worse than
"French Revolution. is upon ns. The
followers of Jefferson, thorefore, in
entering on the contest now so close
upon us are opening a campa'gu of
exceeding grandeur and importance,
It is nothing less than another act in
the great drama of human liberty, iu
which we are to choose aud play our
parts ; and he who accepts the op
pressor's role cannot doif it when the!
scene is ended ; r-tj Tp! rn iiwtj to
posterity covered with i: odium, and
leave it as au lruperishablo legacy of
infamy to his children.' We are to
ongHgein no new undertaking, to
vindicate no now principle; but, on
the contrary, am urrouudod with "a
cloud of wituoaaea" who have gone to
their account from the midst ot l.ka
erideavors; aud are maiDtam:u - truths
asvi bi iivd it: rh'-ji iyj
' eintj i)3;i(ax t up ojj )ito(M pawi Xasui
tiirn! i!u wrJinl offiw tj4
winch' liar' bou'n SsnctL3d
'by the blood uf martyrs and the dr1!
jing gonk of heroea. h becomes not "
American freemen to flinch from the -contest,
but to acquit, thoiusclves liks t
men ; sacrificing, if need be, as tuucli
to i e tain as thtir futhcr did losacn'ri
those inaliouabU lights which they,
io carefully 'Intrenched Jn a wiy'ttea '
coustituiion. II who .IaIIb io such
au endeavor falls "a blessod martyr,
and tho I'toari of IIeaven.1 droppiug
on his Rrav, will nourish fl iwora ta
claiubur over it and flin a holy lrt
cranoj 'round the spot, whilst poster-'
ity will make of it a "pilgrim shrins,
sacred to hi!y mcnuries. The great
historic party of the cuntry must now
gird on its armor for its most giKntlo
conflict in behalf of those fie insti
tutions of which it has been the effl
cient guardian for so mauy years; sad
it expects every American, who has
not forgotten the lessons of JfJersoo,
to do his duty, since there ia nohnjf.
er any excuae fur being deceived; aud
'.ho Democracy will maintain their
position ; they will not flinch will
not draw buck an.' vsill bo ht&i.
tuougti pains and penalties hang, like
tho sword of Damoclea, suspeuded by
a eiujile thread above them , though
the clatikitig of chains simud harslt
warning to their ears ; and though
prison bars and the gloom of tho
dungou cast their shadow along the
pub way bel'oro thorn.
'Far dfurcr tba jrar or '.be priion,
Illumed by o, patriot name,
Tua tha tropbi of all a ho hav tiaaa
Oa tibarty ruin to fm.n
The Monroe Doctrine.
As tho Mo ii rue Djctrino is the only
thing upon which our members of
Congress agreed, and as tho Mexican
Quoatiou my involve ua in a war iu
defence of this doctrine, wo put on ru
sord iu origin :
The Monroe Doctrine. EXTRACT FROM PRESIDENT MONROE'S ANNUAL
MESSAGE, DEC. 2, 1823.
'The political system of the ailfed
Fowers is ossantialiy different in this
respect from that of America, 'fir',
difference proceeds from that whicn
exht in their respective governments.
And to thu djfl-nca of our own. which
has beeu achieved with so much less
of blood, and treasure, and matured
by the wisdom ot oar oinattnlightno l
cit-zjiis, und under which w hav j
enjoyed unexampled folici'y, thij
whole uution is devoted. Wo owe it,
thoiufore, to caudor and the KmhaMo
relation! exinting betwuen the UuiUl
States and tlioao powers, to declare
that we should consider any attorupt
uu their part to extend thuir Bjstoui
to aay portion of this homispheie, as
ilaogerous to our pcaco and safety.
With the utiatbg coloiiiea or depend
encies of any European I'owor, we
have not interfered, and shall uot iu
terfere. But with tlio Government
who havo declared their iudepeudanca
and maintained it. and on just toriu-
ciples, acknowlodgod, we could not
view any interposition for the Duruoaj
of oppressing them, or controlling in
auy omor inuuner weir aestiny, by
any European I'ower, in any other
light than as the manifestations of ail
untriondly disposition toword the
Uuited States."
The Secesh and German.
Aiii"!iL' the patients in tiia nnnrr.!
Hospital in riiiladelphia, is a secoslt
soldit r. Lie was very sick wheu first
brouj.Lt Ure, bnt is now doing better..
He is a crabbed customer. Now tua;
ha is recovering, bis surliness begins
to show itself in a wanner that hia
camrades don't ore about putting op
with at any rate tro.u a secesh.
Io the siiuid ward with Lim is a
Uuion soldier an adopted citizan
from the laud of krout. ' yesterday
morning the Union German said so
mething to sevesb. Seceah vouchsafed
only in reply :
"Goto
"Do vatl"
Secesh repeated bis remark. ;
Tho German was nut at all
perated. "Ah I" said he, "mina
fruur. you ish too kind. I cannot
to dat place." , -
Why not P
"It is now full. It iah
io.iuuro. . Diei. La nil it n; i
V i r-. n t mu ueati
rebols. Eveu do tuvful haa in .ta
outo'doors" , r
The laugh caaie in hero from IbV
oovs wno were lounging around.'
deceah had nothing more to sayw
A 31 At?. fbtr is aaid, to be a
mau ia tie oiooo. Bat the boaey
raooa ryrrxt uiai, a 34 .mi3

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