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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, September 29, 1864, Image 1

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NO NORTH, No SOUTH. UKDElt Tilt CONSTITUTION. BlT A SACRED MA1XTE.1UMT. OF THAT INSTKl'MtNT AflD THE UNION.
VOL. 13.
M'ARTHUIl, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO, SEPTEMBER, 29 1864.
NO 7.
V.
K i 1 9
IMi l!l III Ul FI U I El I
'. PCI.lSHBn avEUT THCRStua V BY
E. A. BRATTON.
OFFICE:
la Hrutton'n Buir-jins'., tust of Conr
Moiifp, t i tnii.
TEKMS, CASH.
Tha Demjhat will ba rant one your fur On
Dollar i nd Kifty cants, Si Months, for 8'!ven
ty.iv Outs; Konr Month, for Fifty Cent.
4f"All paporn will bo discontiuuud at tbs
aspiration of the tima paid for.
TERMS FOn ADV12PTISING.
One Square one insertion, 0,T5
Kftch additional jiibOition, ,25
'uril ono year, '"0
Noiioo of appointn.en .n ol jiimn.t t
or, Uuardiun and Exccntura 1 ,ft0
Attachment notice reioro.. r. i,ov
vitnrlul notices per line, 05
tgf Ton linen minion ch iruod as on aqnnre,
and all Advertis imams an i Legal Nutice must
be pid in advn tee.
A liberal dednctior wlllbemai'ctjvear
i.l vnrt'tMerl.
l-fVThe abnvetTmnmost be obmplied with
j-jyAW paymen rousi oe mane 10 iu rrn
riotor, aw we ha nu agents.
The Democrat J oh Office.
We are prepared tooiecnte w.tli neatness,
lisuatou ami at prices v i uui "vrnfoivr..,
all kind of Job Wurk.iuoh aa
IJOOKS,
PAMPHLETS,
HAND BILLS,
a HOW MLLS,
POSTERS,
PROGRAMMES
PI IX HE A I S.
BLANKS - if 11 KINIS,
SHIPPING HILLS,
LABELS, &c.,&c.
lln n atrial and boconvinacd thetwicnn
n I will do I'liutl ib lumper I'or Cash, tin n aiij
jllmr osul ilih.mt.nt in thinaootion ofco intry
11 v r ELS.
PLVPI.TB OOUSB
PORTSMOUTH, OHIO
-UY-
gharles mm ,
This House Irotiii on the Sieam Boat
Lund in", and near lb lUitroad Depot. No
paim will bespircd for the accomadation
ul Gi.fst.
Sept. .H"31
CLINTON HOUSE.
SCOTT & POLLARD.
PROPRIETORS,
e-i .!i.'a-lr t:hillic.nlln. O'lt"
MARRIETTA AND CICINNATI
MARRIETTA AND CICINNATI RAILROAD.
ON anl after Monday, Jauunry It, ls4, aiid
utitill farther notice, trin will run lol
lowe: MAIL GOING EAST,
Leave Cii.ci.innt! atS:;; A. M.: I-ave Blan
chcaHtcr at-0:i7 A. M.; leave Orooi: field '
l-2-ll 1' M.: arriveit at (Jliillicotliu at 1:1 j 1 .&!
iVavosChillicothe at 1:35 J'. M.; !; Ham
don .h.ncinu at !:Vi 1'. -M i. Ifavea
4-H1 T. M.; Arrives M Marietta at 1. M..
urrixea at Uclpre Purkerbiirs? at .:1 i M.
MA1LG01KU WEST. .
Leaven Ilelpre &o., at 7:60 A. M.; leaven Mar
ietta at 7:45 A.il. leavoK Athene at 10:0,. A.
M leave UainJen unction at 1 1 :"' A.
ArrivcB at Ohillicothe at 12:55 I' M. I have
Chillinolheat 1:15 P. M.; loavoa Blancueater at
8:r I'. M.; leaves Loveland at4:Sl) 1". .; r
ri voHat Cincinnati at 6:65 1'.M.
Tho Accommodation Train Leaven Chilli-Mlie
at 5-20 A.M.; arriven at Ulncinnntti at 1C:25 A.
M -ieavan L'onciiinati at 8:30 P.M.; arrlvoaat
Ci'lllieotho at 8:50 P. M.
Com eotions are nuu'.e at Lovelaud wi"h
Triain to and from Columbus: and at llanidi-D
Junction with truina to and from Portsmouth
JOHN DUUAND, Sup't.
Jainary 11, 1564-ly
MARRIETTA AND CICINNATI RAILROAD. MARIETTE AND CINCINNATI
RAILROAD.
PORTSMOUTH BRANCH.
AN and aftor Thnrwlny, February 15, Um
J regular Pasnonirer Trains will run in con-
DOCtlOn WHO Wie irain u main iiu ug.nBBU
l'nrtamnnt.li and Cincinnati, aa follows :
Leave Portsmouth at 8:1S A. M., arrives at
J'loneer, at 9:85A.M. J arrivo at Portland at
10:06 A.M.; arrive ta Jackson at 10:57a. M. ;
' arrive at tlamden at U'-ui A.ai., anvea at im
cinnati at 5:65 P.M.;
Leaven Cincinnati at-8:30 A.M.; leave 11am
len at 3:00 P.M.: arrive at Jackson at 8:84 P.
M. arriven at Portland at 4:21 P.M.; arrivesU
l'ioncer at 4:50 P.M.; arrives at Portsmouth at
6:10 P.M. .
Accommodation Train departs from ForU
raouth at 8:45 P.M.; arrives at Pioacer at 4:45
and de9arta at4:5; arrives at Jackson at 6:t3;
and Hamdn. at 7:80. Dcnart6:40 A.M : ar-
riveslat Jackson at 7:35;. arrive at Pioneer at
9:3o; and arrive at rnrtsmouinat 1 1 "o.
Through Tickets to Cincinnati can be obtain
ed at Portsmouth, Portland, and Jackson, at
the following rates:
Portsmouth to Cincinnu'.i, ti.OH
Portland " do f 400
Jaokon " do 4,00
ROUND TRIP TICKETS.
From Portsmouth to Cincinnati and return
t6,00 ' Tiokets from Portsmouth to Marietta
and Parkereburg, $3,00.
JOHN BUBaND, Eup't
n. W. QUADE, Aris't Snp'l
Feb-tth 1864 lyr. ,
V RUADIAIT RNSSOTIFJ .
Henry Bhuster Guardian f John 8., Mary
A.&nH William fihnfctjl minAvha!.! tit mniA
Gnardian has filed Ais aoeonnts for inspection
.J . , P . . .1 . r 1 ' a
nu puriai Kivhvioiuvuk, mm nuuu uuiruiRD, ana
illba lor hearing on the 7th day of May A.D.
arll Uth IS84-8W Probata Jadga.
The National Democratic.
Platform.
Tli Convention nen mbled et 4
rhct'l1. M. Mr. Gnthrio etalcd that
'lie k inmitfee on Rt'sohitions had
;i;reed, ond was now ready to report.
Tho resolutions were then read and
aro as follows:
Rf.holvid, Thai in the future s in the pns(
we will adhere with unswerving fidelity to
the Union under the Conatiiutioi) as the
only aolid foundation for our strenglith, se
curity and happiness n a people, and as a
fra ins-work of Government equality, rondti
sive to the reform ond prosperity of all the
States, both Northern and Southern.
fosotved. That this Convention dors ex
plicitly declare as the sense of the Admeri-
can people that aftei four years of failure
to restore the Uiiion by the experiment of
var.iluriiig which, under the pretense of a
military necessity or war power greater
than the Constitution, the Constitution it
se, f has been disrejfared in every point, end
public liberty and private riftht alike trod
den dowo, and the initorinl prosperity of
the country essentially iinpuiren, jusrlt
humanity, liberty, and the public, wiillitre
dema.id that imniediute efforts be made for
a cessation of hostilities ivith.a view to an
ultimate convention of all (he States, or
othtv peaceable means to the end, that at
t!u! earliest ponmble moment, pppre may be
restored on the basis of the Federal Union of
the Sta'ea.
Rr solved, That the diroct interforenr of
the rniliUry authority of the Lniled States
in the recent eleclims held in K.'niuiky,
Maryland, Missouri and f,ennsvlv.i:,'s1 wa
a shs.iseful violutimi df the tonjtitu lion
and a repetition of gf li nets in the ap
proaching election will bo held as revolu
tionary, and be resisted wiih all the means.
and power under our control.
Iiesnlred, That the aim and objot of th
DemocMtic party i to preserve the Federul
Union, and the rights of the Stutcs uniii'.-
pared, and ihev hereby dec'ore that thv
cmibidcr adiiiiuis'rative usurpation of extra
ordinary and dunjjeroua powers not granted
ny t tie Constitution.
the suppression of the civil bv niiliitry
law in Stales real iiidinity. The arbitiary
erreat. iinprisonnieul, trial and sentence ol
An.erican citizens in States where civii law
is in full Ion e. The tuiipression of freedom
of speech and of the press, the deiiiul of the
riht of asyttun. the oM'ii ni.d avowed din
rgirj of Stale rij;lits, lii eniployuieiit ol'i:i-
uiual test oaths, and interlcreuce Hh and
ledliii'; ol the riylitH of tha ivople to bear
arms, as calculated to prevent a restoration
of the Union Mud perpetuation of Govern
mm) d( riving its just powers from the con
sent of the governed.
It is Mid thai the aha me fill disregard ol
tlieiidiniiiisliatioii tn do its duty in reg-ird to
.iiir Mlo'.v citizen's who now are, and Ion;',
Iih c lieen prisoners of v. urin a suHVriiij!
c(indiiion,ile:irve t!ie severest reprobmicn
id the score ahlie ol ihe public and coin
uori hntniiiity.
Resolved, That the sympathy of the Ilein
crncv is hcutiiv uni earnestlv exteiuleil
lo the soldiery ol our army, who are, and
have been on the lit Id under the flag of our
country, and in the ev?nt of our a.taining
lower, hv us will leccive all care, prutee
'ion and kindness thnt hiave sol litis of
the. Republic have fo nobly earned
Remarkable Letter of Col.
Wolford of Kentucky,
to President Lincol.
MILITARY TYRANNY DENOUNCED.
An Eloquent Castigation of the Administration
from a Union
Army Officer.
Army Officer. From the Louisville Journal 17 inst.
Louisville Kentucky July 30 1864.
To Aruham Lincoln President o! the
States.
Hist. I have the honor toaeknow-
ledo.tho receijit of yovt luttor pro
noting to me a diediaro from an ar
rest in many ways vexatious unl iu
convenient, upon my eiyuinp a ki-
! U. ........ I...,. .1..'...
ruia, wuiwuuy i uiu ,u j'itu;-,o mj uu
nor that I vi!l noither do nor s-iy any
tiling which will either directly or
indirectly tend to hinder doLy, or
embarrass tho c in pi oyrm'tic and use
of colored persons as eo'.Jiers, eof.men,
or othorwie, in tue supj'resaiou ot
the rebellion bo lung as tho United
Slates Government chooses so to em
ploy and use them.
In answer to tuis proposal, l nave
frankly to 6ay that I can not bargain
for my liberty and the exercise of my
rigiita ad a freeman on any such
terms I Lave committed no crime.
1 have broken no law oi my country
or of my State, 1 hnvo not violated
any -military order or any of tae
the nsaes of war. No act or word
of mino has ever given encourage
tnent to the enemy. I have no sym
pathy with the rebellion. All toy
sympathies an with and all my hopes
are tor my country. I lie triumph or
the national arms, the preservation
of the Union, tho maintenance of the
Conetitntion, the restoiation of the
snpremancy of the law over all the
States, and the perpetuation of civil
aria religious liberty, are the objects
most dear to tjiy hear
I mar 'say without presumption,
that I have done more to enlist white
men in tho army of tho Union . than
any other man iu the State of Ken
tucky. 1 have done nothing to hin
der the enlistment even of negroes
because I do uot asswiato with them,
and have nu influence over them..
You, Mr. IVeident, if you will ex
cusu the lluntnes of a soldier, by
an exercise of arbitrary power, have
caused me to be armtcd and held in
confinement contrary Jo law not fur
the good of our common country, bnt
to increase the chunees of your elec
tion to the 1 residency, nnd otlierw,8o
to serve tho purposes of tho political
party whose candidate you are and
now ask a pledge whereby I shall vir-
tuallyadmit your right to arrest me,
and virttiallysupport you in deterring
other men Irutn criticising the poller
of jour administration.
No, sir, much as I lovo liberty,
will foster in a prison, or die on a
gibbet before I will agree to any terms
that do not abandon all chargus
against mo, and fully Acknowledge
my innocence. Since you have taken
my caso into your own hands, Mr.
President, let mo appeal toyourfieuie
of justice, and ask that you wiil give
It what ! hi;ve to eay in ray defence
'aciitidid heuiin, and then do what
you shall eee fit. And horo I trust 1
shall bo pardoned if I apenk of my
self soimwhat more largely than the
caucus of good tftota might et;eia to
warrant; lor, i.s to me, ao they are uy
eolo defence. Whether or not they
form a triumphant duleni-o, you, air,
ehnll jud;!. I
Ou the 10th day of March, 1SJ1,
in tho city of Lexington, Kutituck;;,
tho Union men prosor.tei me with! a
very Quo s'ord. a pair of valuable r.3
tola, and u pair of spurs, la ncive
to an eloquent piteuntatiea epejen,
made by learned divine, 1 delivered a
Union ep :ech, tho h u-liug purport of
wl,it.u wi to promote the rucniiluf v
men or a oivition of cavalry, whifli I
then lul l t'ua hoir to command wlct"
ranks hud Loen greaily tliiiined by its
l(.'i.o8 u lH'.U.!--ilia division Ii'V. v
j.ist come to iie.'iiucky from :!io lorn
i tie front for tho purposes cf recuit
ing rotlitiitg, and rLmour.litif;. i
made r long speech, in which I fully
d sc;uHed the wiitki.lni.sj oi' thu r
helium a'ul coMiaed tho i-iyiorv
and d.tr.potisai ot tho eo calk"! fcjr.1.!;-
em fjovcrnr-leiii "iU tho happines-i
and fVt'i'ilt.m of oi:r owu. In I ii
coi'iM'j o;' the ppeech, 1 e;nke of your
Abolition policy, an'' ccnuciirj'jd it.
Ii.it 1 ii:;'..-',cd "tint it tho duty
of all gouj citizen3 to dole:: d tlieir
coun'r; by i'.h-ing tiio refiellijn,
rrii3'.lier t! 7 ' npprovtd tho c .u;se
piifsuud by lliy Adtnir.is'mlioti or
not. t in t!i. tttn cl tiiu-jtor of tli;
speech 1 refer yen to tie? s.-itemoats
ot .M. C. Joh:i- in and orher.i, whhh
1 encl'fo. The men whoi.) names
a'o eufs-ribej f.i'-reto nro m n o!
he l.ig!iwt Older or int.'tllcd. and ol
tho most ek-'iitjd moral eu;'.1 2ter.
Tho tubstatiCJ of what lioy say
therein cm bo .proved by fivo ituti
Jred ladies mid gentlemen,
For this speech 1 was arrested and
sent to Knoxville, i i Ih'j cste of Tea
tiefsee, where 1 remi'ineii, without
any chr.rgci b'.'ing preferred tigaiat
ma, tii.tii you were muiiceu by fcJinu
wicked men in Lenttioky, who i.now
that no court martif.l could tj fmnd
who would even cereurc uw !'or r.ny-
thing er.id in tha'. speech, to i.isiM an
eivler, founded on a lata rumor, as
you yeursolf informed tuy, dishoiora
oly dieiui sing me from tho service of
t.'io Uuilod yratca, for a vlouV.ion of
tho fifth urtielo ol war. for disliyalty,
aud fjr conduct unbecoming ua of-
dcer and a gyrilletnati. ,
Is'ow, Air. i'residunt, what I wish
to call your attention particularly to
the fact that every word confined
iu this order of dismissal is fttl-;
that thoro in not tli3 least loandaion
in truth for an tiling contained in it.
I did not violate the filth article ol
of war; nor did 1 over violate aoj ar
tide of war in my life It wns n;y
duty to study the articles of war,' and
teach them to ray moo; and J think 1
nnderstaud them. The ouly 'tiling
I said about you personally was thit
you had told a great political truth
when you &aid that you had uo pojv
er under the Constitution to Intur-
fere with tho domestic institutions of
theState3. I father said that you
werj the President of the United
State), and as such the Commander-in-chief
of the army, which made it
my dnty to respect your position, and
to obey all the legal orders that eman
ated from yoa. , : . " .
Your order charges me wits dis
loyalty1. . Surely 1 ana not disloyal.
I never did a aialoyai act, spoKO a
disloval word, or thought a disloyal
thought in all my life. Disloyalty is
trc&eorj, and . treason is tho bigost
1
'crimo know to the law. The charge
of disloyalty should not be lightly
made again6t any officer or citizen.
As proof that 1 am not disloyal, let
me sj!t before you a few facta.
At the commencement of this war,
I opposed the doctrino of neutrality
in Kentucky. When Magoffin refus
ed to respond to your call for volun
teers, I raised acstopany on my own
reaposibility and held it in readiness
for my country's service. After
ward, by your permission under the
auspices of the lamented Nelson, a
regiment of Kentucky voluutoer cav
alry, and had it mustered into the
service of the United States. 1 rais
ed this regiment nt my own expense,
without ever asking the Government
to refund the money. J wua almost
three years in the service, always
in front, and always present in tho
cischarge of my duty, although all
the time auifsring from severe wounds
received iu battle. 1 was almost in all
fights that were fought in the States of
Kentucky and'Tennessee. 1 wa9 in
all tho chases after Morgan, ami
whs present and second in command
when ho was captured, lu many
lights 1 commanded a regiment, iu
many othors a brigade, and for a
long time, and in tunny fights, a divi
ion. i'or proot unit l uu in v uutv
in the fluid and in tho camp, and that
my comma nd always behaved well
and a! ways' f Might well, 1 r&fer you
to General Uurnside, Shackelford
Liobson, Sturgis and Carter, 1
never made any written reports of the
battle 1 fought, because 1 seldom
bad time; bes de, 1 was not seeking
frame, and did not tlesiro promotion.
JL-'ivm mv men lrom long associa
tiou with them, 1 rueol vtd, after 1 was
dismissed, to join my old regimout
as a private but 1 was eo disabled by
wounds 1 had received in battle that
1 eunld i' t pas tho examination of
t i - surge mi 1 t!en tuotight of go
:Jtg v. iiit ol cotnvadoB at my own ex
but wt.a prevented from d ing
:j by no otuer. L-jiug thus cut oil
fivi:' doiii: auythiug I'or my country
m tro tirmv: 1 accepted tile noimna-
(: n of tbs Conservative Union Con
vvatiuii f-i a cur. lulatu ot that party
for t!: 3 o'H'u of t lecof at the next
i'r.j:kle nihil ekotion and eommoncad
a caovues of t!.3 State. My list ap
point men; was i.t Lebanon, on 'the
23th day of May, lSoM, and from
Uir-j 1 had a tuiuib. r ol'appointments
hllii'g up the moalh of Juiu.
On thj 2l?tli day of May, I receiv
ed lrom Oovaraor Bramlette this
not::
HEADQUARTERS KENTUCKY VOLUNTEES
HEADQUARTERS KENTUCKY VOLUNTEES FRANKFORD May 26th, 1864.
Coiono! irank Wollord:
YoiiT.ro nqueitcd to raise a regi
ment of f ix months' troops. You
v. i'l ruudtzvoim tit Lohauoii. Signed
THOMAS E. BRAMLETTE.
Governor of Kentucky.
I determined to comply with his
re(;m-t f.nd accordingly filled my ap
poititm'iiito lor tho double pnrp s i ot
di&char-ii!g my duty as an electoral
cau liJto aud cf raising the regi
ment. Tliivi you see th kt ono ofmj
objects in making the very speeches
uu accouat of which I am accused oi
discouraging enlistments, was to eu
litst troops; and it v us not untill after
1 hiulsncceduJ in enlisting a full re--iaient
that I W4 arrested.
Thiuk of it! You charge mo with,
dioCotiragiiHJ enlistments by my
sneeebes, wuen the very speeches en
abled mo to raise a regiment lor the
service in shorter time than any regi
ment was ever raised before in the
State of Kentucky. Speaking for re
cruits, andobtainiug them with un
precedented rapidity, and yetdiscour
jging tjulistiuents!
JJut your Itiends say 1 did not ask
the nero to j jin me. It is true, 1
did not. 1 told the peoplo that 1
wanted white men, brave men, and
that 1 would not receive, if 1 knew
it, a negro, a coward, or a thief, aa 1
desired to associate with my nie
and did not wish to associate with
uogrots; as 1 desired to cultivate good
feelings between the citizeus and the
soldiers, and therefore wanted honest
men, who had a high approcutiou ot
private rights, aud wuo would re
member that the dwelling of every
American citizen is sacred because
it is the castle of a Iroemau's doleose,
aud tho homo of a soveign.
In relation to enlisting slaves, 1 did
say that 1 was opposed to' the po.icy
of the act oi Cocgreaj authorizing it,
and doubted its constitutionally; out
thai it was the duly of tho people to
halm rt n rmnnnitiou tO it 5XC0pt 13-
cml nniaaitioo: that they had a right
to briDg Bui aud let tho judiciary de
,'cide the queetion.
'Those speeches wero male to
white men, not for tho pnrposo of pre
venting tho enlistment of negroes, hut
one purpose was to ally tho excite
ment of the citizens, and keep down,
forcible resistance to yonr measures;
and 1 know that they did much good
in that way.
And now Mr. President, 1 propose,
for every negro that any of your
agents can find that ha3 been directly
or indirectly influenced by any of my
speeches not to join the army, to find
yon one hundred white men who
have boon kept out of the army by
your proclamations. Yon havo the
power; but truth and justics are with
mo.
1 thank you for the printed copy of
your letter to Mr. Hedges, which
you sent to me with the proflered
parole. 1 havo read it carofully, and
find in it this remarkable statement:
"By general law, life and limb must
bo protected, yet often a limb must be
amputated to save a life; but a life;
ia uever wisely given to
savoalimb. 1 folt that nioasurercs
otherwise unconstitutional might
become lawful by becoming indispen
able to the preservation of the Con
stitution throught tho preservation of
the nation. Right or wrong, 1 ae
snmo this ground, aud now avow it."
Unless 1 have been strangely misin
6tructed, Mr President, the Consti
tution is uot a limb attached to the
Government, but is tho life of the
Government, lu destroying it. you
destroy the bond by which the Union
is held together, aud takj tho life oi
the Government. The idea of uu
unconstitutional policy becoming
necessary to preserve tho Government
and save tho Constitution, is lie tho
idea of killing n rain to save his life,
and keop him from dying t f disease.
You annual the law to make the re
bels obey it disregard tha Constitu
tion to make them respect it break
your oath to keep from breaking it.
The1 trainers cfthe Conatitu'iou a.iru
!y never intended that a President
should tamper with hia solemn oath,
and with that sacred instrument, in
such a manner.
Again, you eay: 'I was, in my beet
judgement, driven ti the alternative
of either surrendering tho Union, and
with it tho Constitution, or of laying
s roil hand upon tho colored element
i chose ihu latter." Uo you really
mean to say that the whito ci'.izjn
soldiers could not whip the rebels,
aud that, aftor exhausting all tho wis
dom, strength, resources, power, and
valor of tho white man. you failed to
save the Union that, With two mill -iona
of abiobodied white men still in
reserve, you had toforco tho negroes
to light in order to save tho country,
If'yoii do, Mr. President, what a com
pliuitiiit you pay to white racu in and
out ol the army! One negro, accor
ding to this doctrine, is worth in the
army much more than a dozen white
Jien. Do you believe it.
You claim again by this policy of
onohuuJred and thirty thousand. col
ore 1 soldiers to tho army. Would
uot two hundred thousand white men
havo done as well?
You add. "No'.v let any Union
miiu wuo complains of this measure,
test himself by writing down in one
line that he is for subduing the rebel
ion by force of arms, and iu the n x
that ho is for taking one hundred and
thirty thousand men from the Union
side, aud placing them w here they
would be but for the measure ho con
demns. If he canaat face his case
so stated, it is only because he cannot
face the truth."
1 am that Union man, and thus I
face the case; To place your one hnn
dred and thirty thousand colored men
where they would be but tor tho mea
sure in question, would bo to place
luoet of them back into the corn-iieids
to raise supplies for our army, and to
return the remainder of them to their
legal owuers, making them a mouu-
meut of the justice, magnanimity and
good fauli of our Government, being
as ihoy would be, eo many liviug wit
uessosthut you had kept your podges
while their places in the army would
be ten times more than filled by five
hundred thousand whito men, who
but for this moaaure would have vol
unteered. No iv Mr. President, will you test
yourself, by writing down on oue
side of the papec that at the couc
moucemeut of this war you took an
oath to preserve the Constitution, aud
to see that the lawa made in pnrsu
ance thereof were faithfully executed:
that you pledge yourself to the peo-
pie that you would carry on tha
1
I
of forcibly abolishing slavery, tsbouli
JeaaRe this wot to continue iwo years
warmonger, it will involve this nation iu
fir the defense of the Uuion alone,
and not ia any spirit of conquest or
snhjugBlion; that you would hot in
terfere with the rights of tho States
or with thoir domcistic institutions,
with the rights of individuals, or
with their private affairs; that tho ro
lations of pareut and child, guardian
and ward, huabaud and wife, master
and sei vaut, should all be rospectoj
and remain unchanged by the war,
that these pledges strengthened tho
weak, confirmed the doubtful, fired
j 1,1(3 patriot's heart with now zeal, and
cnaoieu you 10 coommnnd all the a
vailable Union strength in tho nation
lhat upon them Congress voted all the
men and monoy that you desired; that
soon you had collected by volunteer
ing the purest, noblest, grandest ar
my of intelligent Christian soldiers
that ever waa seen on the face of tho
earth; that this grand army, com
posed of Democrats, Repuplicans,
old-line Whigs, Abolitionists, and
men of no party, met around the al
tar of thoir country, and standing ap
on your pledges, pauk tho partisan
in the patriot, and, in thon-.moof
the God of Liberty and of tho Union
were marching forward like a band
of brothers to victory and to glory ,
that VOOr ulod 'OS. ton. Imrl inam'rn.-l
ti l n 1 -
the Uoion man inside of the rebel
lines with new hope and new life,
and made him rejoice in tho justice
of tho Government of his fathers;
and finally, that they eorved to in
crease division and distraction in
tha rebel army and among the Sooth
em people, so that great hopes were
otitertained of a counter revolution in
the South in favor of peace and Un
ion; write uown ineso tacts on ono
side, 1 eay, Bnd then write down on
the otbor side that you changed your
mind and violated all thoeo pledgCB:
that you broke the Constitution ana
your oath to preserve it; that you in
terfered with the rights of tho States
and of individuals; that you usurped
the'power to distnib tho relations be
tween master and servant, and issued
proclamations freeing the slaves, that
you procured tho passage by Con
gress of odious cinfiscHtion laws; that
you aro now trying to change this
war into a war of plunder, conrjnest
and subjugation; that you claim the
rigtit to reduce eovei-eigu States into
the condition ofconqiered province?;
that to acoompliah these things you
have placed the military cbvo tho
civil authority; that you havo institu
ted a 6ystt tn ol arbitrary arrest i
which has given rise to numerous in
stauuea of cruelty and oppression, by
dragg'iig innoceut men, and, in some
instauces, even women and children
aw..y from their peaceful homo3( to
undergo the privations of a prison,
in wh ch some of thorn must die, and
Mil to gratify the private malice of
some of your partisan leaders, though
do not pretend to say that wicked
men aro not sometimes arrested; lhat
you have constituted strange and un
constitutional courts to try citia jna.
denying them tho right of being con
fronted with their accusers face to
face as well aa the right of a trial by
jury, aud denying them the benefit of
the law as well aa the pnviloge of
having it expounded iu their behalf
by a learuud judge, these stratica
courts haying power to Imprison citi
zens for life, and even to banish thorn
Ir im their country, that you have de
clared martial law and donitd thj
right to tho writ of habeas corpus ia
thj loyal State of Kentucky, at a
time when the civil authority was iu
full force; that you have permited
military officers iu Kentucky to inter
fere with the freedom of elections by
issuing orders stating who shall be
allowed to run for office, and who
shall be allowed to vote thus drying
up all the fountains of civil liberty,
aud leaving life and property inse
cure; and finally, that the effects if
this change of policy have been to
drive many original Uoion men in
the South int j the rebel. army, and to
unite the Southern pooplo to such an
extent that all hopes of a counter rev
olution in the South is lost, at least
for the present, while eo dividing tha
people of ti.e loyal States that you
have fears which uod grant most nev
e'r be realized! that a revolution will
burst forth in the North which may
cause you to lose your head, and alto
cause Union to be lost in the midst of
disorder, blood, and ruin. If, Mr.
President, yon can not face your caso
eo stated, it is only because you can
not face the truth.
If vou, by oersieling in your policy

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