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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, December 08, 1864, Image 1

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...in j I . fes St- : . e; . f I i kp j t
WO NOUTii, KO SOUTH, iriWfcll THE CONSTITUTION, BIT A SACKED JIA 1 KTF.KA rVCK OF THAT IXSTItOtr.NT A1D TUT. I'XIOS,
M'AHTHUK, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO. DECEMBER, 8, 1864.
NO'17.
VOL. 18.
rOLUHl.J avKRV THCJRB.dT BT
E. A. BR ATT ON.
0 F FICE:
U Mrattaa'a Builtuns. tatrcr
lloure. I'n Ntnii.
. TRRS8.CAS1I.
Tbe Daman will be sent one year for Ono
Dallar; aod Fifty ei)t, Six Month, for 80 van-ty-five
C'enU; Foar Months, Cot Fifty Centa.
tf AM paper, will be diKoontiuuod at tlrn
tpiration of the time paid for.
'tKti FOR- AIIVICPTISIXG.
One Square ene Insertion,
Kaoa additional insertion,
I'erde ou year,
v..:.. nt innlntn.n;s of 1
10,75
. .80 ;
& 00
uinint
r. Ourdin aud Exociitom 2,0"
Attachnienln'itioe. Dioro. r.
Editorial nottne por line, 1"
ij- Tu line minioo charged i one .qaaro,
and ill Adwrliumanta ac 1 Legal Notice, roust
k paid in adveica.
A liberal ialnotlot arlllhemai'etoyear-
Theabovet"rmmmt be complied i'h
HT"A1I paymen i munt he made to tho Prn
rinr. ha it n.r atrauta. .
The Oeuiucral JohOaice.
Ve are prepared to ei acuta w.th neatm,
piloh and at price. ' at duty omnp.litlon,
all kind, af Jol Work, iticb a-
l' AM I'll LETS,
HANI) HILLS,
8HOW BILLS,
I'OSTEKS,
rilOGUAMMES
KILL HEM S.
BLANKS of nil KINDS,
SMITING BILLS,
LABELS, tfec.&c.
mi., a, atrial and beeonvinced thet wjean
7a itl to M'inti it Wparft.r04tH.tln n an)
11 ( I'ELS
IK Til HOUSE
I'Oure.MouTii, ouio
I)
i
.-By-
OHASUS HI33IS.
This H use icnts nn Hie sim B-mt
J,ind.nlr.n l er th Kuilroid IV.ot No
,pt. ,18')3.
SCOTT & POLLARD.
PROPRIETOiS
taaMtKtr
.,3-ly'
M'ltil HH:. MrHM.
C.hillic.iili", lhi
MARIETTA AND CINCINNATI
RAILROAD.
I'OHTSMOUTU SltASCU
OS and after TWd.y. Fobrujiry 15. I'M.
,ta "taf i'nr rrina will r.n l e. n
.cti 'n with tlia Tram-, on main in hetwoei.
IWumouth and Claj-lnna.l. a- tuU. .
leaves PortHmoiitli at 8.H A- M., "1VB1 '
leaves 1 Vfll( Ht ilirr,nij Rt
AM rlviu J.okHon at 1':57A. M.;
HVmdon at 11:50 A.M.; arivo, at Co-
aim all 'Vr'5;,ltiLt S30 A.M.; Ivc Ilnm-
i'V: at Portland .t 4 : I' M : arrives t
JiJncr .t 4:W P.M.; rriv at Portsmouth at
1? and arrive at l'rtnmn: Iml 11 :15
Thronzn Ticket- to fin.i.ma'i can be obtain
..Wmnth, Portland, and Jackson, a.
aa following rat:
Vorta.uo.ith to Cinc.mmM, 14.09
ROUND TRIP TICKETS.
Trom Pertamontl, to CinoinnaU ."jt
.0n Ticmve .
aad ParlterBburg.lJ.OO.
ker"bnrg,,3,jr.'llSDUBAWD,8nP't
QUAHK, Aads'l Snp't
Fab.2.Hh lStUlyr.
MARIETTA AND CINCINNATI
RAILROAD.
mm
,Nand after Monday, Oo(.,ber 31. 1864, and
N r,r,i,Br notice, trains will rua iu fol-
0
laws
ht nmica It AST.
Biaiu uv".-
. rwinnati at 7:40 A. M.: Lsayes Love
. .t fi A? M " rrivaat Chilliootha at
' ?i H St teavaa Chilliootha at 1J:50 P. M.;
. ilamlen Jonctionrat 8:1S V. M.; team
'a rtM P- M.; leave. Zaleski, at 3:01
PM "eaveVAthena at 4:13 P.M. Arrive,
ft MulatU at 6:S5P. M.; arrive, at Parkora
hart 7:00 P.M.
' MAIL GOING WEST.
Le.TM parker.burg, at 7:40 A. M.; leave. Mar-irr.ItT-46
A.M.; eave. Athene at 10:31 A.
T- haw. zVleaki. 11:45 A. M.: leve.MoAr-?f-'
ia-13 P. M.; Hamden Junction at 12:82
"Vli Arrive. t Ohillicothe at 1:5S P.M.;
IvJchmi'oth..t2:lS P.M.; leave. Lova
Hnd at 6;5SP. M.; arriroa at Cinoinnatti at
t00 P.M.
Zaleskl Freight carymg paaaenjeM, pse.
MoArthur Koi,.? Ert :50A. M.; go.n.
ne,tatt:84r. i.
Th. Acoomroodaf'Ott Trn f Chlllieothe
The Acooraw cinoinnatiA t 10:2 A.
M leave t Znllu . :30 P. M. ; arrW. al
CflIuioothoat8:50P. M.
OouLaoUona are made at Loveland with
Triana to and from Columbus: and at Hamden
i ' .1 uh train, to and from PortMi.outb
JBuou - JON DUKANJ)f Bnpti
J.nryil,18ly
Balls Ohio Mower
iEND Y00R ORD2R3 EARLY
Message of President
Davis.
To the Senate and House of Representatives
of the Confederate States
of America.
It ia. wiili mtitVti.in t! a I wul-
crnne your prinee at aa lurlir ouy
ll...u I Lot ItJiii. T!, 1 V( .11 r aa.-C... at. la tail
than that Uriuul'ior 'yi.nr Hv iou. hm
with confideffrt tlint I iiivol rihi ui 1
of jour coanuld ar a tiiuo ol sui'li );;')
lie nincy. TIh camjiiig 1 wiiich
wav Coin meiim! a mo t einm't n :nm
ly witlryonr i"M t'ar'y ii M.iy hut,
find which was Mill in proriM-i nt
your adj nirmn'oit in iho mi Jd fol
.f ime, Iim not yet faohwl i"a clow
It h i btM'ii pracii' I on a ;:il and
n itli an rniruv h!ii'io)'oio (j'lalod.
When we rovert V 7ho C 01 diti.011 of
our country t the in"tiin nftho op
iTiti'iis o tin' priott riir, to the
luauitale oftho pr p;rvioin mtdd
hy tlmciM'iny, tho nu iili-r i.f hin f.ir-
ces, tli ftivniuu'rtti n 't his w.ir'ike
Hnjipliefl, and thu pioli.tlitv with
ivhioh h; vsjt ttonrsfs Imv b.-on
Inviiilieil i'l tho att-oipt to ru ler uc
cos- rtti;r:d , whf n wo conrajt the
niiin'icri a :d iiiwh a' oor iIhihi;I
for reti"imi, and a"n n wo c 'n'etn
pl tto ilia rmu'.u ! 4 Htm iId app'ir
antly no iine'jiial, wecwinot fail, wl.ilu
renderiiiii liio full nui-d ofdusorved
pr;B t j our Gum mm and iWlittrd, to
peri'oive H'at a rowt r nuiir-r inaii
nun willed our .l.tliveienco, arid
jr.itefn!ly ro re thu protecti ;i
of a kin"l iV'vid.'i.eo n enibhii u.-
a 10 os-if I 'y t i wirh!ind fli" tuti.ov el
:'or of ttio iiiiiMiiv !or oir ni'.j.i j;:t
tinn. At tin beyiiinin of llu year the
Stuto of 1". s w.i p 11 fiady in p m
ichmh of ilio.iMii'iiiy. and larc p r-
tiom ol Louisiana mid Ark in-i ti lav
aii'trently iL'fontl.i.i, Oi to lc- U-.r il
Idiurs who invitk'd Tc.X H, io:i. urc
known to remain ai:ep( m ri -1 ni. r.'
of war In N rilrA id!ern L ou'inian 1
a hirf'J a id w -II ap.) unfe I ar.uy, ;i:d
ed liy a poAul 'llI iL ul, W;i loj;a(od
IV deti't'.-d, all 1 ilenni d I'noil f-Ttu-onto
in ti i;t!ly oii'a.nn with a l'. H
olio thir l of in mini m, .1 Ur.'O por
tion of iti niilitury truini, and many
tra'por'ii and jiinlMat.-' Too ciio
nii'i oivMi.atioii of thai i-r.' in'
ed to td'. h it iw li -frict ! -ui 11 in L; I
by the j,,,it ol hirf lljot. Arkiiim.'H
Iui4 Iruo r. covered, with the e.vvjd
inn of a low forf'ti. J p'Hts, while our
fontes !ia'" von. Ir it. d iti'o cun'Ml
Missouri, afl'-rdiuj fo our oppree-u'il
brethren in that Srf.te an oj.p. rtiinitv,
... 1 1 1 . 1
of which m i'iyn ivj ava -. 1 mo'ii
delvot, of btnkini for Iib.:r.ili.ii from
tho tvranny to whieh they have bet ti
Blll'j.Ctell.
Oil the i'r-t t 10 oi ir.o .msiM-nppi.
Ill ?pitO 01 some ri'verfvs, wo irive
much caiHO tor r.i'.fiiMtioii
The enemy hoped to 1 ft' et, durii' ih"
nretent year, by coueen'rn iiu' f for-
cefl, the conquest which ho li i I pre.
viouuly failed to aecoinplisi'i !y ill T.-
extending operntioiM. I ooipeil il.
th. n-lore. to witlidra-e or i i..u !y t.
itiaki.n t!tu Ptreii-:h of Hie arime ol
iwtpHtioli .it dltlelvlit poin'f, lie lid.
afl'irdelns the opporniuify o r mover.
ino poHHeKioil ol ex'eoi ve dL-frieti ol
onr terrilorv. iNeariy thn v'ioi,) 01
Nortbcnanl W.8t. r:i ..Im nvppi.of
Northern A'a'mmi mi l of Western
reuncsnoe arrn2ain m.onr posdes.Mon;
and all attemp's on th .a S afes h ivo
been buflU'd. On tlm t ntiro ocean
and Gull coast of the Uonederacy th
wholo Biicce6 of tho enemy, wiihthe
enormous naval resources ot hia c m-
mand, ban been limited to tho captur.
of tho outer dulctMCS ol Jlouile
Bav.
It wo now tarn to the r an ftccmi
nlinlteil bv the two great aroiies. so
confidently rolin'1 on by thu invaders
as siitli ''''lit to secure tho snoversi t
ot o-ir GovernmtMitan l Ihe mibj tnii
ol onr pooplo t i f)rc!n domination,
wo have 8M1I roarer c uisj lomevoiu
gratitude to DiviiH pow;r. In Sou'li
weftern Virginia, Bucce8ivj ariniei,
which threatened tho capture of Lynch
burg and Saltvillo have been reused
and driven out of tin c mri'iy, and a
portion of Ewtern Teiimisaoo recon
quered by our troops. In Northern
Virginia extenuivj districts, fonn-ly
occupied bv"the enomy, aro from tboir
nreaenco. ' In the lower Valley, their
general, rendered desperate by It i i in
ability to maintain a hostile occupa
tion, baa reaortod to t!n infamo is ex
Vmdiflntof converting a fruitful land in
to a deaert by burniDg ita inilla, gra-
nariealand homeateaiia, ana destroy
K 5c tilment
iwii uu v-u r
ingtho food, standing crop?, live
peaceful noncotnbatanU ihe ma-.a,
army, after a
series 01 aoieaism w.uoir
Insist; j huvo Itc-vll erfonnouH ; a top
itttjihn'a by raiding pArtius to bre !
ui) onr C'linmnuicatirtna, which have
ruiultoi In tlmltHtr!jjtl)Ti t' a' Irs
part of the cavalry enaod Uh: th.
work : alter cmbtut reuuitu or rowv
with thi aid of hoay rointorc .'rrtoii'4,
l.i. i. la Liit.k.1 u74iiin r hiMJiippf
! f f -j, . the dl?,,;rni Mi
I . . ' ...
onkT'oil in nn r Ctininr.c'l over
lour months ao, to capture Tetera
burg. '
. The Army of Genoral Sherman, al
though succeeding at the end of the
BU'iuiuT iu obtaining tin possession
of Atlanta, has been nnnhlo to encure
any ultimate iidAiiitiii ) from this sue
COBS. The same general who, in
February last, mirctied a Urg-) Army
from Viekstmrg to Mi-rMian with no
oilier result than bein forced to march
back again, iw able, by : tho aid of
greatly increased ituai'mra, him alter
nnch delny, to force a pin-ago from
iJliattaiioog 1 to Atlanta, only to be for
the second time compullnd to with-
dr iw 011 thu Im ot bia advance, wi lt
out otitaining control of a single tilde
of territory boyoti i tha inrrow track
of hia march, and without g iiniug
aught b-yond th.; precirioui pottses
nioii of a leov lonitiod pointa, in which
he is compelled to maintain heavy
garrisons, and which aro menaced
with recapture.
The leosms iiir.irJ'M by tli:i'h:9tory
otthis war are fraught with iintrdction
and eucour.'iguui'.'nt. U.ipeatedly du
ri:ig tho wir have formida'i e ex pod i
lions been directed by the cihuiv
igiiiia-. points igooiMiitly supposjd to
bo of vital importance t ) the eoufe.i
ercy. Smie ot those txpeditions
Iiavo, at ini'tieiiie cos', boon auocess
tut but in n ) instance Invo tlu prom
ised Iruits lueii reiipel. Agiiu, 111
too pres-jni campaign, waa vlie de!u
riioi. Ui;d!y ciions'i .'d tii'it tho c.ioNire
01 Atlanta and Richmond would, if
ell'xted, end t.ie war by too overthrow
of oiii' G (Vi-rnmjnt and the sabmias
ion of our people. 'Wo can no jn 'go
t,y experience ho V iiiiiuiportant ia the
intl ie!:ce of th former 1 vent upon our
capacity for defonso, tion fie courage
111 1 spirit of tiie people, ami the sta
bility of the G ivor.iiiu'iit. We m iy,
iu like manner, judge '.hut if tho cam
paign agiiu t lliehm n 1 had resumed
in ouoc 'tis inate.i 1 of lailuro; it the val
or ol no uiuiy, n ider the l.iiider.ship
of iifl Hceoiiiplislied ctituin.irider, li 1 i
reiiofed i't Vditi the overwhelming
m i-sea wliic'u Were on the contrary
1,'ciiively repulsed I if we ha I been
eomp'ilWd t') evacuate lliclm ni l m
we'l aa Atlanta, tiie 0 mfe leracv,v juld
navo remained asereet and dlimt as
ever. No.hing cau'd have changed
m tin jnirpwu of its Govji ir.n int, in
tiie i il l mt'table v.'.lor of its troops, or
in tho nuqiieiiehaMe spirit ot its p;o
o'e. Tne'jalll d mid disappoin'cd
o j would' i.i v.iiii hav ! scauo l t.'ie ro
porta of your proceeding, at so;ii"
0 :w I igis'i'.tivo ..V, lor any indica
tion tiii't progr. aa ha I hou ma.lj in
uis giganfio t uk of cinqaering a free
people. Tlu trui h so intent to ns
nnsr ura long befic-d upon the re
luctant Northern liiiu !. There are
110 vital points on I lie preaervution of
which the cou'.imied existence of tho
Confederacy depend. There is no
military success ol the enemy which
em accomplish ita destruction. Not
tho fad of Kichm ;d, n r Wilmington,
nor Charleston, uor Savannah, nor
Mobile, nor all combined, can aave
the enemy from the c instant and ex
hausting drain of blood and treasure
w!rch must continue until lie elull ac
kn owk'iigo that no peace ia attainable
unless based on the recognition of our
iudifeusible rights. 13dforo leaving
thia Hiihject, it is gratitying to assure
you that tho military Bupplies essen
tially requisite for public defense will
bo foun I, aa heretofore, adequate to
our need ; and that abundant crops
have nwarded tho labor of the farmer
aud rendered abortivo tho inhuman
attempt ot thu enemy to produce, by
devastation,. tauaiuo among the poo
pie.
FOREIGN RELATIONS.
It ia not iii my power to announce
any chango in tha conduct of loreigu
L'owers. N 6iieh actiou has been ta
ken by tho Christian nelions of Eu
rope oa id ig'it justly havo been expect
ed from tiiiur hiatory, from the duties
imposed by ictemat oinal law, aud
fr nn the claims ot uumauity. It is
charitable to attribute their conduct
to no worse motive than inditf;rence
to the consiiquonsea of a struggle
winch shakes only the republican por
tion of the American continent, -and
, t fticnhoto design a course cal-
, "jorj2ation f
- ---.
h'xrliitic .
No iiijt.uico in hiittory U rmnm
txiro'J Iv aih in which a nation pro-
tending to exerciao dominion over an
other, asserting its in leH)ndencj, lias
he-n the first to concede the existence
of audi indejien lence No cu.sicau
ho ca'led t imy m'n 1 in which neu:
tra! l'owers have failed to set tho ex
ample of recognizing the in lepen lence
nfft nation, when satislio,! of too ina
bility of its onomv to subvert its Gov
eminent ; and this, too. in cas-ja where
the previous relation between the con
tending partiea had boon confessedly
that ol mother country ana dependent
colony : not as in our case, that of c
equal State united by Federal coin-
not. It hai evur neon c Hisiderel tho
proper function and duty of neutral
1 owora y perforut Hie ouieo ol ju dg-
ng whether 111 p nut ol i.uit the nation
asserting d nninion ia able to make
good its pretensions hy torci of arms,
and, if not, by recognition of the re-ei-jtii'g
party, to diicmioteiiance the
c mtiniianci of the contest. And the
reason why this duty is ineumlK-nt on
neutral ' i'owor is plainly npoarent,
when wo r-fl iet that the pride and
pajsion whieh b'iril t!io judgment of
the parties t ) the conflict cause the
c ntifiiiaii!M ofa.'tive wul'are, and
Con sequent useless Alauirbler, on af ter
the inevitable resuit . baa become
apparent to all not engaged in the
Btfigglu. So long, therefore, as neu
tral iid'ions fa 1 by recognition uf our
indepoinieiicu to annouiiJ'J that, in
tlieir ju Igment, the United States are
unable to redu ;o the Confederacy to
aupmissiun, their conduct will be ac
Ceote.l h' our enemicn a. a fa-ji' eti-
couraireniMnt to continue their cfTjits
u n 1 as an i'nolied insurance that be
lief is entertained by n.'Utral iiatioii3
in tlu success ot tlieir designs. A
direct Btini'i'ua whether intentional
or not, is thus applied to securing a
continuance of thu carnage an J devm
radon wliicli desolate tois conttneot,
an 1 which they professed deeply to de
ol ire.
Th? disregard of this just, humane,
and Christian puMie duty by the na
tions ol E iropo is the more remarka
l!o troiii toe tact that authentic ex
pression has long since been given by
tin govern nuni t ol both trance an!
England to ton conviction that the
United Staie are iinablt.to conquer
the C'tifxleracy. It is now more than
U:o year- sine ; iho Government of
Pruno-i
annouueo i ofhatally to the
Oibino aof London and St. J'eteiahurg
its own c'ltieliision that the United
S'ittes wi-re unable to achieve a.iy de
cisive in.litary unoeeas. In these an
s .vers by those I'owen no intimation
of a contrary opinion was conveyed ;
and it is notorious that in speeches,
both iu and out of I'didiamenf, the
in 'inhersoi'dier Bntanie Majesty 'a Gov
eminent have t:"t heaitalod 10 express
lliitt c mviction in unqu il i fl s 1 term.
The denial of "iir right under tlieso
circ.iuisuneos is so obviously unjust,
and discrimiurtea ) unfairly iu favor
oftho United Slate, that neutral
have sought to palliate the wrong of
which they are conscious by protesa
ing to consider, in opposition to noto
rious truth and to the known belief 0:'
both bulligeien'a, that tiie recognition
ol'niir independence would bo value
less without; their lurther intervention
it; tho struggle t an intervention of
which wo disclaim the deairj and mis
tmst tlu advantage. Wo seek no fa
vor, we wish uo iatervetition, we
know ourselves fuliy competent to
maidtain our rigbta and indepen
dence ugviiist thu invaders of our
country, and we !cj! justilijd iu asaer
ting that, without tiie aid derived
from recruiting their armies from for
eign countries," the invaders would,
ere this, have been driven from our
sod. When tho resogmtion of the
C oiit'ederacy was refused by Great
Britaiu in itie lall of 1602, the refusal
was excused on the groun i that auv
acauii by Her Majesty's Government
would have the elieot of iutlaiuiug
the passions ot belligerents, and of
preventing the return of peace. It is
assumed mat tins opinion was Bin
ceroly entertained; but the experi
ence of two years ol uncq tiled carn
age 6howa tha; it waa erroneous, an 1
that the resmt waa tho reverse of what
the British minister humauoly desir
ed. A contrary policy, a policy just to
ua a po'day diverging irom an unva
rying course of coueesaion to all tha
demands of our enemies ia still with
in the power of Her Majesty's Guv
eriimcnt, and would, it ia fair to pre
sume, bo productive of conaeqtuusea
the opposite ot those which unfortu
nately followed ita courao ot conduct
from tbe commeaeciaent of the war to'
1
Itlid pr-si'Mt tiuH. In a word, naaci
14 iin"B-nl!u without indeptiii iun v,
an 1 it is not to be t-xpected (Lit th
'enemy will auticipa'o nentra'a in the
'recognition of . that in lopen Ioium.
When the History of this war eluM
bo fully disclosed, the calm j idgnioni
of the impartial publicist will, f r
Iheno reasons, bo unable to absolve
tho neutral, nations of Ear p i j ui
a sharo in the moral . reHionsibi'iity
for the myriad- of human bv -s ilia
h ive been unni'Ciissariiy 8a;riScud du
- : -
Flie renewed instances In which
fireign l'owera have Kiveri in ju.i
cuisoof complaint nuel not hero be
I . .:l . I O.' 1 , ! ... .1
detailed, tho extracts from the cor
rep(iiidence of the State Dopartm mf
which accompany thia m.vM-igi. w II
aflVd such further infirmafion as csn
be given without dotriin'ot to the
pnhlic interust. and we mast re-,)
f r the , fiPuro Bii-h action m iy
thenj deemed a IvisaMe to )etire re-dfesa.
EMPLOYMENT OF SLAVES
The employment nt al-ive l'r Mer
vici with tho army as tea mtora or
cooks, or in the way of wrk upm
fortifications, or iu the Government
workshops, or in tho hospitals, nn I
othr similar dntie. wss antbofiEid
ly the act of 17'b of February list,
and provision was undo for their im
preasment to a number n t ux cod
ing twenty thousand, ;f it ahoii' ! be
found impracticable to obtain them by
contract with the owuer. The law
contemplated thu hiring only of iho la
bor of these slaves, an I imposed on
tho Givernment tho liability o pay
fjr thd value of such as might bo io-t
to tho owners from cam ilities resul
ing from their qui ploy men t in tin
6orvIoe.
Tho act ha3 pro lucod less rpnult
than waa anticipated, and further
provision fa required to render it ef
ficacious. But my present purpose
ia to invito yjur consideration to the
propriety of a radical modification in
'lie theory ol the law.
Vie wild merely a property, and
therefore, as the subject of improB
nient, the service or lab e of the elave
haa Inen frequently claiuud for short
periods in the congtruetion of defen
sive works. .The slave, however
bears another relation to tha Statu
that of person. The law of last Febru
aiy contemplates only the nhi'lm of
the slave to the master, anlli uif
the impressment to a certain tor u of
H'rvice. But for tho purpoj enu
merated in tho act, instruction in ti.e
mannor of oucainpiu j, inarching and
parking trains ia needful, a that even
in this limitjl employment length of
service aids greatly to tin vain ol
tho negr Ta labor Hazard is also en
countered in all the positions t which
negroes can be assigned for 8"ivice
with tho army, uud tho du'ie rvqjir
ed of them demand loyalty an 1 zn!
In thia aspect the relation of poison
predominates bo f.ir as t ren ler it
doubtful whether the private right or
property can consistently an I Ii.mi.i
liciady be continued, audit wju'I
seem iroper acquire mr 1110 initutc
service the entire property in the la
bor of the slave, and to pay th;r.ifor
due compensation rather than to mr
press his labor for sb- rt terois; an !
tliict the more especially aa lb ; idf-et
of fie present law would vest the in 1
tire property in all caier w'i r ino
slave ui'ght be recapture I nfi or e 1 11
peusat'on fir hia I ss hal b;.'u to the
private owner. Whenever tho tu'iie
Property in th.iaervici of a slave is
thus acquired hy the Government,
the cueistioi! 1 presented hy what ten
nre he should be hold. Siioui he be
ictained iu servitude, or ebould bis
emancipation be hel l nut to Inn ua a
rea.'d lor taithtul service, or sh ml 1
it be granted at nnco on the promise
ofeueh servico ; and if emancipated,
what, action should be taken to secure
for thefreedman tho permission of the
State Irom which ho was wiihirawn,
to res id j within ita limits after tho
close it hia public &ervioo I The per
mission would doubtless be :rr ire m 1
ilv accorded aa a re vard '.or nast
faithful service, and adoubtfn1 m ifivei
for z -aloudischaregof duty wouldthu'
be offered to those employe 1 by ttieGov
their freedom end tiie ri
tieation or tlu local attachment whx'i ,
ia so marked a chara tteristic of tha no
gro, and lorms so powerful an incoa
tivetohis action. The pohev of eu ,
casing to liberate. the negro on hia
dischiwgo after service faithfully ren
dered seoma to me profcrable to that
of granting umnodiato manumission,
or that of retaining him in servitude.;
If this policy Bhou Id recomaiond itself
to tho judgment of Congress, it is sug'
-
the service indicate I shall, meet your
approbation, it ia certain that ev..ir.
this limited uumbr, by'thiir prope
eroment training in intermediate dutiea, won! I
"r" a m ire va'uab 0 reserve force i 1
caae of urgency, than threefold the r
number u Ideuly called Irom field la
bor : while a fresh levy could, to a
certain extent supply their place3 iu
the special service for which they aio
wn employed .
g.-sted tli:it, in addition to the duties
ht-rufolorj jj.'rfjriii ui by tho slave, ho
might bo ndvantagoomly employed a3
pioiNier and engineer lab irera, and,
hi that eviic, that the numb-r should
he ttugin -ate. I to forty thousand.
IVyomt f!ra limit and theaj employ
mi-nfu, it doe n t sjtm to me d ;8)roa
Me, nri'ler 1 x o-ting eircumstaneea to go
A hroa I, ro iral dia'ir.utioti exists bu
toi'ii Jio uo of Hliivta a? soldiers in
ho do'etiso of their homea, and the ia '
e.teuu tit of thesama peraona to inaor'
ri'iuimt iigamt tl'uir masters. The
one- is risiiliib'e If neccesssrv tho
Uulu r m iii,qu.t',ns and unworthy of a
cival.zed pmplo ; and each is .th
! 1 . . t ... I. . . L .1 4
j'liigiiuiii in an wrirers 01 puouc ;iawa
.. it . . 11. . .Jj
ui well us that expressed and insisted
on by our en. in'us in all wara prior,
to fni' now wag'd niriinst ua. Uy -
n mo h ivj the practice, of which they
are now guilty, been doiumiidad with
Krea: r severity than tb.'rrHelvoj ia
tiie.t v w irs with Grjit ""ilritlan ia
th last au l in the present contury ;
ami in the l) :;Wrution of Indepon
den.te of It7d wiien enu uflration waa
ma 1.1 of to j wnigw'iic'i justified tha
revolt trm: Gioit llritian, tho climx
of a'roe.ty wis doom 1 1 to hi readied
inly when the English monarch ws l
den luiiee I as having "exc t;d dotaas
tic insiirrecti n am ing m.''
The Bill je'.'t is to bo viewed by na,
th'-reforj, s 'e in the 1 ght of policy
tin I onr so 'ial economy. When eo
regarl;l, I mast diss -nt from those
who advise a general levy and arru
ing oftho slaves for the duty of sold
iers. Until uur white population shall
prove iusnlH :ient for the armies we re
q . ire nil eaiad'irdto keep in tho
ue'd, to inipioy na a soldier the negro
who ha merely been trained to labor
an I as a laborer, for thj white man
aeciisfomo t Irom his youth tJ the use
of ii'o arma, would scarcely be doom
ed wiau or advantageoiia by any ; and
tliia is the question now before us.
Hut should tlu alternative evor bo pre
xo'ited of subjugation or tha employ
merit of the slave a it soldier, there
seems no reason fo ihubt what should
then be our decision,
Whether our view embraces what
wonld in so extreme a case, bo tho
sum of military entailed by domiuioa
of the enemy or to be restricted solely
to the welfare and the happiness of
the negro population themselves, tha
result would be tho same. Tin ap.
palling demoraliz ition, suffering dis
ease and death which havj been cans
ed by partially substituting tha lnv.t
ler's system of policy for the kind
reiation previously subsistion b9twoen
master and slave, havo been a
snlti eioiit demonstration that external
interference with our institution of
domestic slavery is productive of evil
only If the subject involved m
other c msidera'ion than tha mare
right of progeny, the saitrifteoa' herd
colore in 1 do ov our people have been
siii'hasti p.Tmit n doubt of their
reii liin'ss ro surrender every posaoa
si on m order to secure their indepen
doncu li lt the soeial and political
question, wiie'i ia exclusively under
th "control of tin several iV ates, haa
a lar wider and more enduring impor
tance than that of pecuniary interest.
In ita manilold phases, it imbraces the.
B'.ahi'iry of on republicun institutions,
n ating on iho actual political equality
of nil its c tiz-iis, and includes tha
'iillilment of tho tasg which haa been
a happy begun, that of christianizing
and nnpr v ing the Africans who hav j
'v tho w.ll of 1'iovi deuce, been plan
ed iu onr charge. Comparing the ra
suits of our own experience with thoaj
of the r-xperniHtiti of others, who
aave bru similar relation to tho
Airican nice, the people ol the sever
al States of the Confederacy havo
abundant reason to bo satisfied with
the past, and to die tho greatest cii
01101 vtcti'i'i i-'i determining their
course These c maiderations, how
ever aro rather applicable to tho im
probtbltf coutingoiicy of our need of
resortiugto tiiifl element of resiatenci
than to oiir present coalition' It the
rec mi'iiendation aboce made, forthi
training of forty thousand negroes for
NEGOTIATIONS FOR PEACE.
The disposition of thia Govern-
meni ior a peacciui BOiution or tin
iues which tho enemy hai referjl

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