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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, May 25, 1865, Image 1

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NO KOKTH. SO SOIiTH. 1ISDLK jVllE CCIVSTITrTJOW, RVT A SACKED MAISTF-VAIVCK Of THAT HVSTUIIU 11T H Hi E I' MO IV.
VOL. 13.
M'ARTIIUK. VINTON COUNfY. OHIO, MAY, 25. 1865.
NO 42
t git tl Senior,
JMSARU KRT H "l
E . A . B RATION,
OFFICE;
In Briitton'a Dulum;i, Mst of Court
Hnne, 1 1 1 Stniin.
VEJlMsTcASIl.
The Dmt will ba aont ons year for Two
Dollar; iSix Months, for One Dollar; Three
ilvntha, for Fifty Cent.
pPAll pporn will he discontinued t the
..ttlon ofthe time paid for.
I'F.HUS FOR ADVLPTISIKG.
' ti-io Sa.Ye one insertion, l,0O
l.lilionnl innartioB, ,00
.via one year, 8 "0
ft uoe of appointn.en-, ol r aMinial
ura. Guardian and Exocutora !.CO
Attachment notiooB before.1. P. S,iO
Kdltorial notice per lire, 10
Tcarlv advertUments will bo charged 0,
per cduinn por annniii.
And tn rrnportiunata ra.es for leaa than a
ulamn, and for Una time.
-if Tun lines minion ohirifod a one aqnaro,
n.l all Advf rti;trer.ta c i Legal Noticos munt
t paid in advairo.
(-if The iibovelrmarr.nt be nom plied with
JyAll paymeo s mrmt be mala to the I'm
pilor, aa wo ha no montn.
TheT)cuiftcra JohUlficc.
We are prepared to execute w.tb noatneas,'
SUpatch u.ul at prioes t' at def, competition,
ll kinds of Job ork, joeli ar.
iiOOKS
I'AMPIILETS, '
11 AND DILLS.
SHOW DILLS,
I'OSTEItS.
programmes;
cilliieatb.
itl.AMk'S .,f
Miiii!rn pi i r ..u i
tjll ii, a ill vi uiJiMVt
LADELf'., &c.,fcc
rilo(rial and heonnvinc that wiein
.1 wiii dA :.-iitti ip i heporrrAM.tJii n nj
ii ihir.int i u tliisaection ofco mtry
U A.LyTn. :L!iLJ!ir'leroaoii..
GONSTAISLK k SIIIVfcL,
t'Mn As'int!-, ltj.tl Kh" At' nta tnd Con
i ryame s.
lirAr h ip, Yin?o;i Co. 0.
OiTice 01 1t:un Slrcot. Iwoduors enl
f. :. I) l).ils Ntnic.
IT II n'.vil ir 11 1'. y 'i hll 1 1 : ' re 1 1 'in
.i.ni!r-tr, tn t.n V? it J cf A 'I'.o, .'
n, rise niia .-iov.
.V,n-iry if) HV-tf,
K A.
Km I I I Mil,
1 t I ,fi W iw"a n (!
irn l i i ii i
k K MIMA ,
At! :
ii a i T, i
ItiC.irU f? V I M'.
Bainv licensed by the V. S -, for tlie p'irps
J will ntt.nd v, the proc-'ll n'l"'l0"?
tJnUoJ Smtss.aMd tltatoof Ohio, Including tho
U nluiitll
vi ' .
Hoii itie a. ol ArrP-irngKa ofPnv
rnirHrcd
rENRION"' fnrwonndiid and iliatlded acl-
,tiT ni! i .jamjil. and t'r thu In-irn of snldirra
, .-.i.- i ....i ....l .l.:v...i :
the ssrvioe. 1 w mid any to my friond-. that
hewill attond' promptly
lll lt-TStlt'T n.
.tii in Mi l ISil.
io U;o.r biisin5- and
H & VmMLt
Ul Ui WitlH laUl
II US
Attorney
McARTIlUR,
nl an
OHIO,
To .djra Eat of E. 0
Stotf'
DodgeAi
Having just riv'nvi'red from a prvcre al
taek of tne "'Oi I Fever,' which rau.--eil a
tftnporary shspnee Iroin his oflice, takes
pleasure in Hnuotinciiig to the public thit
hi is agniii et his poHi, where he mny he
f iimd at h times ready to jive prompt at
tention tn the various branches of his pro
feBsioii in this, and s'ljoiuing Counties.
Jan. 5th. 1335. 3mo.
" PL! HOLT II HOUSE
FORI F.MOUTU, 'OHIO
-UY
GHAHLES HIGGIHS.
Thin House fronts on the Steam Boat
nnding. and near (lift Railroad Depot. No
pains will besaared for the accomadation
13 Guests.
dept. , 1363, lyr.
ACO.VDE:.M.D. A.ISAMIXGFIIMD
I
nmm a:d surgeon
McArllmr, Ohio,
Will attend promptly and carefully to
the praciice of their profession in all its
branches. '
(KT SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO
SURGERY. .CO
an. 6th, 18(54. tf.
BKATTON, AltCII.MAYO.
BRATTON AD MAYO
. Attorneys at Law,
McARTDUR, VINTON Co. O.
WILL attend to all legal bnaineaa intrnatod
to their care in Vi.iton, Athena, Jaoknon, Koaa,
Uockinr and adiolninir conn ties.
PartionloT attention given to tlie collection
of eoldinr claima for i'enaiona, Bounties, ar
rears (f par Ao., agalnat the United States or
Ohio, including Morgan)
April 12th 185, lyr
Justices Blanks
t tbo DEMOCRAT OFFICE:
all KINDS,'''10
I
1
The Ohio Democracy and President
Johnson in 1861—Tally?
.Convention which resolved about
" fur r- of Uiliir."'
' . 01 j ,,. contemplated bv its pill)
i- ' 1 '
'ucaiioM i, iionot.yas, to make it ap-
emptnsis, tun on ilu L'rj J of Jan
tliarestr.l nary, H5I, tho Demo;;rtcy of Ohio
ued by th it sort oftreasm
.
I
,
!
I
The following is going the romul
i of the Administration press;
Scooksstive. At a State conven
tual held in Columbus on the 231 of
Janaary, 1SC1. while James Buchan
an was IT resident, and the rebellion
was being inaugurated, the Demo
crats of Ohio aunt grating to their
Sutbern brtthtm as follows;
"liesolytd. That th two hundred
thousand Democrats of Ohio send to
the people of the United Statea, both
North and South, ureeting, and when
the people of the Norm shall have
fulfilled their duties to the Cnnstitn
tion and the South, then, and frnt till
then, will it bo proper, for them t)
take into consideration the question
of the propriety ol coercion."
Tlie nitory of tliat Convention is
worth hnntiig up. It may he Bug
gostive in the coming campaign in
Ohio at a prelimin rv to that other
pear that th'i Diinocratic prty di.l
not thrist exceedingly lorthesiied-
ling of fraternal" hUo I. This re ilu
tion was adopted on the 23 I of J ami
nry, 1S61, and declared it to hj the
wicli of tne Doinocritcy of O.tio tint
N"rt'' Blumld, liofore emharkin
in tb-'
y ir, ni ihi "ineir UKies to
ilm I'o'iHtiluiioti an to the S utli."'
1 Il f f I f. H II... ..I. t.. it', t I, t I. .
i;i at. lea l mem tc in ue an opci) proe
laiiialioi.', tliat it w.ih proUtratie a c m
tintnincu ot peace s.ionld lie pnr:h is
cd l y "the people of tne N irih," inU
tillii g 'their duties to the C institn-
. ( 1.1 . i
-llJtltl.l I IU , I1M Ult.t.lll I ... I t'l.l.M I.L
" i ' Tii i I . i v i m-i ii. i iji - ,
tlicr. that the sp nt in which this res!.
ohitmn ,s, .own produced hy th
nmiMraiion press abuts el but this !
. I ..
:C.vM'r let n tor t;u sike of IVa.v
it. .ii-
ano un:cn iney W'l.-e i;o willing to
perloroi 'Hieit dii.iem twsH,o-C Histnn
I IT . ., .... I
aifl the Ciomn at ip u it here,
I hut real to th-;i'i the following trmi
jilio speech of Sete'tor Andrew Joun-
u f.vh,, i HOW the iVe,i lent ol the
Lillkd Sta'eB, to whom ID hush
I 1
K"l Ml IHII-JU UIU lioonj. .Oitll iiiio
South, Eist sod Wesi, are looking t
'lear the aiiiiouiieemeut of snci a p !
: icy as hhall purmauently pHcin'y 1 10
C 'tlfliry. maoe III the U olteJ atateH
'."'!i'i telini.ti y 5. ISO I. thirteen
i'l.iys Jilt the atores.iid resolution was
! adopted in S'.ato J invention by the
Uemociaey ot Umo.
i.elerr.ng to a ch irj;e ol Senutjr
Latio, That Mr. Johns m wss in lav n
of & war on the a nith. Mr. Johnson
e;U0:
-i ntveh down r.ion South Caro
1 i n ;i 1 Did 1 propose any audi thing?
No! War is n it the natural of my
mm. I; and as I stated in 'hat speech,
mv '.bought; wjre turned on poacj,
and not on war. I want no sti ihi.
1 waul uo wi.r. In the lAngiiige ot a
den Jiiinia-ion tint is very numerous
in the count tv, 1 may say I hute war
iind love peace. 1 belong to the
peace party. I thought, when I was
making that speech, that I ivas hold
ing out the olive branch of peace. 1
wanted to give quiet ao l reconcilia
tion to a distracted and excited coun
try. That was tho object I bad iu
7iew.
''I do not bolievo the Federal Gov-
eminent ha; the power to coerco a
btate, lor by tne eleventh amen I-it-eut
of the Constitution of the Uui
ted State it is expressly provided
that yon cannot even put one of tho
State6 of this Confederacy belore one
of tne courts of the country an a par
ty. As a State, the Federal Govern
ment has no power lo coerce it, but it
ia a member ut tho compact to which
it agreed in common with the other
States, and this Government has the
right to pass laws, and to enforce
those laws upon iudvi duals within the
limits of each State. While the one
proposition is clear, the other is equal
Iv so. ibis government can by the
Constitution of the country and by
the laws enacted ia conformity with
the Constitution, operate upon indi
viduals, and baa the right and the
power, not to coerce a State, but
enforce and execute the law tipon in
dividuals within the limits ot u State
I know the term, to coerce a State,
used in an adcaptmduin manner.
ia a sovereignty that is t be crushed!
Llow' is a State io the Uuioo? What
ia ber connection with it! All thecou
d-Sorms.
.
I
I
nuctiou aiia has with tki oth'jr States
ii that which is agreed upon in the
connection hut ween the Statea. 1 do
not know whether y a may consider
it in tho Union, or whet.ier yon aim-
ply consider it a condition or A AU
a onnection with the other States, but
ro tne extent that a State nulitics or
4uta aide any law or any provision of
tho Constitution, to that extunt it has
dissoUed its citinuction, an A p more.
1 think tho Stata that have pissed
their personal liberty bills, in violation
of the Constitution of th-j United
States, coming in Conflict with tho fa
gitive slave law, t that extent, have
dissolved their connection, and to
that extent it is revohui n. B n be
cause some ot tuo tree ota'e.i have.
p issed U viotativ'i of the Unstitu
lion, b .'C tme they have, to some es-
teut. difolvej tlieir couomtion with
this Qjverninent. does that justify ns
of the S)uth in following tlut had ex
ainpui ueoauso iney navo pttss M
personal liberty bill , au I have, to1
thAt extent, violated t ij CMipi.-r
wliinli isrunur e.il. sli ill wi rum
around, on the other bin I, auJ vi ila'e
tho Constitution by coerci.ig them to
a compliance with itf 'iVill we do
aol Then I come back to the start
ing p jiiit. Let us stand in the Union
an I upou tne Constitution, anl ifmiy
body ia to leave this Union, or violate
its guarantees, it snail be those who
have taken the imfative, and pissed
their personal liberty bills. I am in
the Union, and intoud to stay in it.
intend to kola on to the Uuio i. and
the guarantees O'l lor which this U i
ion has gton,and I do not iiitond'to,
ne irivnii irom u, nor inn 01 il, ny
uuu'rinuui ivmo. ii.'im.is.
l? it, Mr. I'roed.ietit, recurring to'
what I sai.l yesterday, there are two,
. . ! 111 llliA ljlllil?ri.. Iliul i
... , . '",,,!
iFi.Tn. u( .'.v v j.'jiiiiuaiu. ii no are
i; ot
: ... . i . . , . ... . .j
5 itit i, tne sReoisioiust or du unionists
th'in all
Thurj id tir7!!i
id a
J ' . J . ,t , . " M,7 Zr,,
W lit. VJt e. ilOlire lllJ 0 ST lO Oil
... .
ill ..... iiiii.'ii ivi Miii.A-ii Wl lljf r-
.wi.a..rand.u.,ii,t. I M, ,
noon them that they want u ..W., T
.n ., -.v
u.) tne ti vorniajiit lor the purpose ol
uir.'C'.ng slavery, yet I cii irge that
the breaking up of the Governed mt
would have that olleet; the result
woultl be the same. iVuoolso is f n
breaking no this Ii jvornnieui? I re
fer to some bad men of the N'irlh.
There is a set of men who are ca'led
Dwliliotiists, and th jy want to break
up the Government. They arodssuti
lonists. f hey are nulifiers.
"There Is a spirit in the country,
which if it Toes not exist to a very
great tx.en' in this JJall, does exist
hi the groat mass of the people North
and South, to do what is right, and if
the qieatiou could bo taken away
from politicians if it could be taken
away from the Congress of the Uni
te ! States, aue reforrcJ to the great
miss of the intelligent voting pipula
tion ot the United States, they would
settle it without tho slightest Jilfijul
ty, ana bid uefluance lo Secessionists
and Disunion's. AppUuso iu rl)U
galleries.
1 believe that to a certain extent.
dissolution is jjoig to take place. I
say to tne Worth, you ought to come
up in the spirit which characterizes
and controls the North on this ques
tion, and you ought to give these in
dicrtions in (rood faith that will ao
proach what tho South doounds. It
will oj no sacrifice on your part. It
ia no auppliansy on oiks, but simply
a demand of right. What concession
id there in doing right!' Then, ennu
forward We have it in our power
yea, this Congress here to-night, h is
it in its power to save this U noa
even after Soath Canlinahaa iroue
out. Will they uot d i M Who is
willing to take the dreadful altern i
tive with making an honorable effort
to aave this Government? This Con
gross ha) it in its power to day to ar
rest this thing, at least for a season
until there is time to consider about
ir, until we oan act discretely and pru
dandy, and, I believe, arrest it ait
eethor.
Ana, alter you shall have read tin
to your neighbor, rsk him whether
will not tally with the resolution of
the Ohio Democracy that is now par
aded for partisan purposes!
- ... i ,(,., al. ja .....i,'.
Butler Jealous of the Military.
tary.
In his lato speech at Washington.
General Benjamin F. Butler said:
"In tho future, the danger to our
libeaties can come only from the am
bitions of those in the army who mil-
0onsiper against the life oi the nation.!
What Did He Leave?
:
j
I
i
j nun, and thus increase the value ol
whit he owned; so that he grew rich
or every day, without putting his hand!
to -in thing or hjuelitmg anyriodv." 1
"I.iat was y .ur jiillioii man. And!
ho aii, tlm no has left are those
I
..'..' 'I . i I 1 . I . . I r i
the.t.s
o
'
,.,'.-"'."
"That's a large funeral. I counted
thirty two carriages." "Ves sir. It's
the1, funeral of Mr. Ellifl. H died
very riclu" "How much diahejtho
"A large amount of m mny,
airl don't know how much. Som
aav? about half million of dol!a,8."j,rn
"IJta death is considered a lost to
the commuoity, I presume." "Loss
airf.' The man to whom I was speuk
inTooked up in my lace with the air!
ofeho whose mind was not exaetly
cle as to my meacing. "Still with
Oiiij'io means," tsid I, "even
tlrnhgii only c:irir.g for himself, he
il'it h ave bee tho promoter of larn
enterprises, tjuoug'n whieh
ru ily- wor greatly hcmtuo.l. ' Tho
w' 8lio.ik his head doubtfully,
' A'hat did he do with bis money 'f"j
"I. never heard of his doing ar.vthiug
it particularly.'1 was the uns itis I
anstten "Money must be ivi '
i i'i order tc rvtKe it uroductivo.
Vas im in n bi jiii-.tii''
N j sir.",
" Vh:it tll-;l did !!! ! ; wii h
oi' pr.i) n ty 1 1 1- iii'l ?.. iiu s iM. tie
wis uh.iro 1 r btrji'iis in iva! .-s
tatrl "An! I see now it w.i. L'iien
lie did tin i u.o ior his ,n iney?" "Jn
taut way lu did But wnon a pi.'CJ
ol oroporiy came itno his hands.there
was au end to its improvement. Ho!
let other people iiuurove tili around !
p-rty a 'S.-.muia'i i.isJ ".!.' ' liien
!" ; uHwii! i moi r""7r i'.VI :f. a r"U ''u''
. ..
i- tsnturod a puoiic Ixe-t." "II,
; isniti, v. K 'i M C v. (1 ... L. -'lioV
. -' ",". .j.. i
oir.!o i;f tio:;a 1 .
c;--. pin oi 3jnslil u'.'.v
... ii
J'lm i
-f TV A ' "av?,u'"w
MVnroeil VH1IM g,,;i n-i' I
, ':T "V
t; . ,,; ... i :. " '
r. i..;i. 1 I.L.I I O I I li'llt.Iin.T.'
) ue Iv.ut.liti.r.-
r, ...i .u u i iii.iusirv u new
' 1 17 lfi i ' 1UII' Hi 1. .a a I. ii ..I
. . . i
doiivJ rceuht on oiirtuwn lor years:!
our .own lor years;
gro.vi.ig richer and richer through
mm:. j;ojjiuo euiei jii lay
.1 n.l (-..I n.tr
i
ad
iddi'jg a building Imude.t or in any
yay Serving the common good" "1
ooiigh'., said l,"trou, ,.. ong array
- jui "v"
w
tii
of carriages, that death had tak-jn, it.
this instaiice, ii vaiua'ile and now ia
mooted Citiz n " "Mere ostentation,
sir. Hut iiuboly is deceived. There
are plenty of idle people who are
pleas m to ride in ''uujral carriages.
(.'Id E lis will be put away with a
gaud tlmrish; but that will he the
last of him. The blauk will do all
"n oJii-j-lll ma, Ki,) will HC tr-!
itiivdi fadt..r than 1 n sav-J.
T. S. Arthur.
T. S. Arthur. [From the Chicago Tribune.]
The Sultana Tragedy.
it
Shocking as were our first (accounts
of tho Sultana disaster, it appears up
on a fuller investigation that those
acco'in.s failed altogether to bring to
right the enormity ofthe crime which
resulted in this fearful sacrifice of sev
enteen hundred jives Instea 1 of hav
ing tho capacity for thirteen hundred
jfasaetigers, as at lirst reported, her
total capacity was seventy six cabin
and three hundred deck passenger.-.
With accommodation for only three
huudred anl seventy-six passengers
tweiity-Sve hundred are crowded on
board of her; and this, too with a boil
er which ha I not been evarained or
tested since its last pfttch. Moroover
at the tune she lav t Vickhnrg. two
argt so-a ners, ihe Lily Gay and
I'.iuiine Carroll, tin latter b -i-tg one
ot tlie l irg-it o I liuer. 'aurirs u
the Miisi.-sippi II ver ii Milied 1. 1 th...
V-iart T 11 ini 'r ii iv ug oi .- urg-.j in,-
tr niipoitaa oi of t!i si tr.iijis, anl
usel every leg'iinirn mMiis to geti
at leant a port. on of them, it only four
or five hundred, but in vain. The
nuccessary inference at the timj was
that the captain of the Sultana obtain
ed them by corrupt means.
So evident was the danger that a
professional steamboat eiumser, who
had engaged passags on the Sultana,
lei't the boat in apprehension of it.
The last mpec:i n ot the vessel was
ly the local Boaid of Iugpeetors, at
St. Louis: Apr.l 12. 18G Her b I
era were thou te3te l up to two hnu-
area ana ten pounds to tiio snu ire
ioeo, and a certificate jiven aUmving
a pressure ot one hundred anJ forty
eigut pound the outfit, complete
maciiinary and boilers in pood con li-
tion. The actual pressure at the time
of the accident has not yet ap-ioared,
and probaly can only be arrived at :y
estimation.'
lueoe lads are Bumoiont
up from many thousands of bom.'S
isuch wail ot indignation and mourn
ng as has been occasioned by uo e
1 Tl!Ht of this long and b-udy war.
by th ') mate, that the explosion must
have arisen from an infernal machine.
The infernal machine that exploded
boiler an 1 sent sr many souls in
leafe?'' jto eternity, currying bereavement ati'i
. mourning into thoinanls of our West
Iiohkv, was nn I nih'edly, the
bribe the gri:eiiba"! t.ai ! by. the ofii
Cers of i'io SniUna to the Quarterra'is.
iter for the transpuution of the
troops.
I Wo ftfo g'ad to lenrn from the lion
Volin Cov i.le, who has hen invesli
hie' ! gating this matter on In-half of tho
j War Comojittee; that it will be prob
ed to the bottom. E iough has al
indyyrial reaiy tran-pire l to justify tho charge
that tho Appalling calamity is tra.tea
m ble to the cupidity of tbo officers in
charge. This beinp t"no, the commit
nity will watch closely tho investga
witu tion, and will demand that an exam
f.t.!'.ory ple.be made. wlii;:h, thou-fh it can n it
'retrieve t!i. imsr. mav at least tinted
to irive the he t ) t u cannr.i. at-trteit
ns in tne Uiturc. As the news yfthis
disaiter reaches tlie homes of its
;u;iiiy viCiims, and one ait'.r t'oe oth
i'i' ot tiio Ih'Viiauds now trembling
with upprchensiiiii and fear, snail
learn beyond a hope that it h ttiiir
son ImsbiiM I nr brothur' whoi life
was thus oiT red us on the ehrino o!
mamm m, after having ben ppared
all the dangers of the baU'e-d.'ld and
d'unies of rebel nrisons. there will ro
The Secret Military Trials at
Washington.
'.'.'.'.
,
,
i
i
,,
Te'his b'
i :v. l-o.v
si1 voic i of in.ligr.a'ion
military triaJs now
.. .. ...
l- " ' 1
in 'I n, liar, hao tlie
,l.iJ,,ct tJ I,, uW toe. li.ivorntn-int- to
til )
r ..rft3y j.iart t inom.
u g i l c eiC'Viji'-"-'.'. H-t tar a?
I 'itt it, si n;ld Iwonlv tlie pre
C's
ia J t) stopping the military business
altogether, aid handing tho prisoners
n ' . n . '
nrar to the leg-niy constitute! civi
...:i i ri. . r .. v ... rr
ui"'iua.n. tne ,viw i .n. jccy
,., a , v P,1N, lint. n, H, n at.r:i
'vti "
ti. J
-vi.t. . ;.,-., ,nrTmhiVfrtVft nW'
(li ;ua ,L,1Jlfu, rai8U(tVin th-
moi e
of trial it lias adopted for the
COR3piratorj.in the :to assassination,
It iua.w a ,,Un(,i;r lr, faat
tir,t iu re.ort.ing to a military tribe-
ilitary
tinl, and, fieco'i lly, in cansina t ?n
proceedings to be held in secret. What
law id there for t'leso military courts,
now that the war has ceased, now
that the I'residant himself has declar
ed in a formal proclamation that th
"armed resistance in certain States is
virtually at tin end," now that the
plea of neaciuty is wholly voided.
The civil law is every-where in the
ascendant, and tho ordinary court
are competent to any criminal inquest
and decision. They posseos tho con
ri.lence ofthe p iop!e, because their
method) of arriving at justice, matnr
ed by the experience ol cuntnries, are
regular, effective, well understood
But these military commissions are
new things, aa foreign to our habits
as they are unknown to our laws, and
whatever Is done by them, takes that
color of force, or of Governmental die
tation, which renters them suspect iu
jthe popular mind. Judge and jury
we know, buA M ij ir-Gtnerals and
Judge-Advocates, not with Bwords in
their hands, but with pens behind
their ears, w'o do not know. The of
fenses, moreover, for whieh these con
spirators are to ba tried, aro not all
military offenses. The killing of the
i'-resi . lent, who is also Commander in
diet of the Army and Navy, may
0e c 'iHtriind into u mi. itary olivine,
out the attempt upon the life of the
S creiary of ijtate, an exclusivly civil
ilniior, was uot ol that caaracter. Aa
a crime it comes wnony under the
cgniziiico ot tho civil law, and the
perpetrators of it. criminal and atroc
ions as thuy may be, areyot sheltered
by that provision of the Constitution
whieii deelarosthat "no pjiaoti shall
bi held ti answer for a capital or
otherwise iutamom ciimo, unless ou
a presentment or ind.ctuunr of a
grand jury, exc m: ;n casjs arising in
tho laud or naval foreis, or in the
militia, wh.m n actual service, iu
tune of war or public danger." This
is a positive, unrepealed, invaluable
munupet.t ol the liberty of the in Ji
vidual, aud no Administration baa a
right to ? !t it HS'do, without answer
ing for it to the people. President
Johnson nas just as-mucti right to
proclaim hini.sJi Emperor to-morrow,
as Secretary Stanton has to enact
these (juauge forms of proceed uro.
Wl... LI ITT r
obvhna as to sugf itself to every
mind. If we mav trv IIarrnl.1 I a on a
ah I their, "confederate by military,
courts, bow lontf will it bo before we
shall undertake to try other less atroo
ions titfmders in the same irregular
ivay? II i.v 1 .ng will it be before tba
established judicial eystem is eet
aside for new tangled and irresponsi
ble method? Let the peoplo think of
this, ur.d let them, through the jour
nals. protest aainst thj abuse:"
" ?! iicurv iv oi trance was
ipsassiua'td by Ravaillac, though it
w is supposed that the whole Jesuit
Society etoo, behind tho ciiminal. ho
viia yet publicly trip,) ,-n the regular
-urts. lUlthnzir Gerard, wboniur-h-rod
the good William the Sileor,
vas tried in that way. and of tba nu
merous Italians whi. at different timoa
have attempted the lifo of Lonia Phil
ippe or Napoleon III, wo can not re
member that a single one was ever
handed over to millitar justice,
aha'! we, at this late day renew a bad
example ho happily abandoned? LLw
Jangerons it is, as a precedent, we
need not say, f r that view of it ib bo
General Ewell on the
of President Lincoln.
Fortress Monroe, April 16, 1865.
6'tfneral U. S. Grant
Commanding Unitod States Arm?'
OKNBK&r.. You will appreciafe'l
am sure.the iwntitnent which prompts
' ..i'i' yuii iiihhq untr lines. UI all
the m s'ortitnes which could befall
the Sou'h.-m people, or any Southern
man. Ii.' tar the pr 'at,sr in .n.i..
oent, w ul I be the prevalence of the
idea thiit th j oon'd entertain anv ntb
or than feeding of nuqualithd abhor.
renee anj inoinatio-i tor the assassin
ationofthe I'resident ofthe United
?ar..i. and tho attempt t assassinate
tho Secretary of State. No languagft
i in a l- q l.ate y express the ahock pr.
iuecd upoo myself, m o nniuon With
all tuo general offi :ers c m fined hew
with me, by the occurrence of this
appalling crima, nud by Ihe seemir
tendency in the public roin-1 to em.
nect the Southern men with it, Ne J
I . - .t
"v "i iTj npriiiNsi nit r r
tiio at he ons3(issifi.4,'''be they-lr.r?n'"
o.o " o or rrom the Soath; hM
that coming, e do, from most ,r
the Slates ol the Smth, we would o
ashamed of our own people were w
not assured they would reprobate in
arimo. Und.-r the circiinutanc I
couM not refrain from aome expres
sion of my feelings. 1 thus nt,s.r
'-hem to a soldier who will compre
heuJ them
The Allowing 0fi -sera-Major Gen
ern.a L Johnston, of Vitginia, and
Iiershaw, of South Carolina: Brigi
aier Generals Barton, Corse, Unnton
anl Jones of Virginia; Dubois-Seni
mes and II. R. Jackson, of Georgia;
biax.er of Alabama; Smith and Gor
Ion ot fennepsee; Cabel.of Arkantas,
snl Aiurmadnko, of . Missonri, and
Oommodore Tucker, of Virginia-all
heartily concur with me in what I
have said. Kjspectivelv,
R. S. EWELL,
R. S. EWELL, Lieutenant General C. S. A.
Sherman-Halleck Difficulty.
Gonor.il llnlloek to Gjneral lBljTmu
As yon will be in Richmond in a
few days, allow tne to offer jou the
hospita itioa of my house here, wher
I shall bo gratihe 1 to receive you and
con nbute tc make yom aojourn here
agreeable.
Ganeral Shormvi b OjaJral rlallook
Your pnff.-red hospitality ia res
pcctfuliv declined. I had hoped to
puss, through Uichmoni without the
painful necessity of meeting you
Your recent advisory dispatch to the'.
War Deponent is a sufficient ex
plutiitiu'i.
Gsnral Illloil toGanoral Slurman;
I regret youi declining my invita-
, Hlia tile Ulltnecdlv anirit irtani
fe8ted in -your note.
II you knew the feulln at Wiu,,'n.
ton anl at the War Djpartnrint, in'
reteranee to vour auMam.ni :u
Jt " "JKVVLUUU k Tf 1 . II
onnston, you would appreciate the
.... o. uy u.spatcn, to which Too
Jior. I ermit me to assnrA nn n
my kind feeling toward yon person-
ally, and my high adtmratioo for '
ruur aervices.
Ceneral Sherman te Qen3rai;Wieck!
I think I understand both circnm
stances and the men sufficiently well
. appreciate the motives of yoar dii
patch. Both yon and Mr. Stanton .
sent ma warning to beware ofame.
ids. I did not then know that the'
withers ofthe warning were tbem
selves the assassins I had to fear.

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