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NO NOHTir, ( SOUTH, UNDER THE? CONSTITUTION, BUT A SACKED M AINTENAftCi; .OF THAT INSTIIURIENT AN THE UNION.
M?ARTHUU, VINTON COUNfY, OHIO, AUGUST 24 1865.
cnanuro avert tiicrbat by
E. A. BRATTOrP.
la Hrntlaa'H Iliiiluuic, Hunt of Court
House. Vtt Stoii.
Tli Dim. idkl Will be MUt One TOftf fur CDC
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....- nnnur. Konr jlontha. for Fifty Cent,
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Mr nuliiinn nor annum.
And In proportionate rates for loss than a
nUumn, ami tor lem nine.
l-f" Ton lino minion ohirvsd a oue aquaro
nd all Advert'uumenta ar i Legal Notices must
fee paid In adva ice.
piTThe abovoUrma mnat be com plied with
1-4 All paymeo . nuiat be mail a vo merro
pUor, aa we ha im ayantw.
The Dcmoera JohOilicc.
We are proparod to eecute with oomIuo'uh,
lenaioii anu at price v at Uety oouipeiiuon,
mi hinus oi J oo worn, juoD iw
8110 W BILLS,
BILL I1EAI S.
BLANKS of r11KINIS,
e us atrial and beconviuced thet wo can
Ud will do printi i(f heupor for Cash, thi n anj
tlicroBtiil lithniLUt in tliiHMOctinn ofco mtry
K. A. OoNaTAni.K. D. Ii. -i I
CONSTABLE '& SIIIYEL,
Alioriiiyit at La w,
CUfin Af ontri, Uuul Kntaic Agents and Con
veyuncers. UcAr ilmr, Vinton Co. 0.
O.lice on itlatu Street, two doors enst
of. K. I) DiKle'xMore.
Will ulUi.l prom; ly i nil 1 1 h'l.ni n irvi
Vi uoir caro, in iim C'mlio-i of ii n i'
u, i'lku mid Scioto.
Juiiuufy liltli lt?C5 -tf,
E. A. IJS.ATTOiV,
Atloriiv a t Law and
McAr liu. Ohio.
Holng lli'tiixcd by Uie U. S., for tho purpoo
1 will ulhiiiil io tliu prosecution and colluvlion
, of every doscription of ulniini upui i.et tl
United Btalet,un j Gtato of Ohio, Including the
Uorgan raid uhiims.
ItouutietunJ rrenrige of 1'ny
. J'rocurt d.
FENSION8 for woiuidod and AUiblcJ cl
Jiors and Witintii, and Tor the liuirs of Hllirn
ud aeumeii who havo died and boon killed in
the Horvieo. I would say to my I'flonda, that
iiowlll attend promptly to thuir busiaeus ami
June IrtOi ism.
' PORTSMOUTH OHIO.
Mr. Josw has jHirclmscd the Old Tly
jKuuth HiHwe,' and changed its name ac
bove. The Hune has been rerr.o leletl mid
is now open for the reception of the public.
It is on the wharf, a healthy location, and
iio pains will be spared to make the stay of
visitors at tins house, all they can wish.
Charges low as the times will a (lord.
June29ih 1865 6mo.
.COMUti.JI.O. A.ISAMINUK'K M O
PKYSCIANS AND SURGEONS
Will attend promptly and carefully to
the practice of their profession in all its
5-SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO
n. 6th, 1865. tf. ;
U.A.' nATTON, AKCI1.MAYO.
RRHNH ND MAYO
Allornevs at Law,
Mc ARTHUR, VINTON Co. 0.
WILL attend to all legal businoss intrusted
to their caro in Vinton, Athena, Jackson, Koas,
Uocking and adjoining counties.
Tartioulor Attention givon to tho collection
of soldiers claims for Partitions, Bounties, ar
rears cf pay &o., aguinst the linited States or
Ohio, Including Morgan raid claims.
April 12th 1865, lyr
M ami fa c 11 rcr.
. Mc ARTHUR, OHIO.
Warrants ail WorK.
Keeps constantly on band and wit
811 at the lowest priceB, Saddles, Bri
dies and Barness of every description
and warrants his work for two years.
Call and examine, let door west o
. h -Court House. ; ' ' .
. eo. 22, 1864 6mo.
Justices Blanks, Blank Deeds,
etc. pf all descriptions for sale at this
nrth,wilh itsJ.rk and dreadful illi,
Recedes, and fades away; . -
Lift up your heads, jt heave rW hills,
Yi'Jg'ftcs of draih, give way !
My soul is full, of whieperMj tong,
My blindiiei-4 is my sight:
The lia.lo a that I frarvd to lo:i
'Aie ull.ulive with libt.
Tho while ry (lulriesj'iiiiitly brat,
My faitli dota so abound,
I feePgrow firm beneath my feet
The green immortal ground.
That faith to rqe a courage gives
"Low as the grave, to go:
1 Unow that my Redeemer lives
Thut 1 thull live I know.
The palace waits I almost seo,
Where dwells my Lord and King:
0 grave, wheie ii thy victory!
O deatli, -tin re is thy stilig I
WIT AND HUMOR.
In Boston, apothecuties are forbid. len to
sell medicine Saturday evening tbut is
likely to tvoik on Sun lays.
A th 1 1 ft y wife wouderB why mou can't
do something useful. Mightn't they as well
amuse (heinselves in smoking hums as in
A bashful printer refused a situation iu a
printing oflke wheie feniulea were eoipoy
d, Buying (lint he never "set up" with (
girl in Ins ulc.
An enthusiastic urchin, who. In a fit of
bsence of mi-id, gave three cheeisforlhe
iarsandsiripes iliirinjr school hours, awoke
to a coNxciouiiiess of his mistake on re
ceiving tho stripes without the itara.
There w;isn dent-on in n town in Now
York by the name of Day by trade a coo
per. One Sabbath morning he heard
number of hoysplaving in front of his
house, and went out to stop their Sbba'.h
leaking Assuming a grave countenance,
he said to (hem:
"Boys, do you know what day this is?"
"es,sir, imiiietl lately replied one of
the bovr, "Deacon Day, thecuoiier."
When can donkey be spelt with one let
When it's U7 Nothing personal meanW
When dors an IrViman most refembltfl
Why of course vhwn he's kilt entirely.
Why is oak the worst wood to make a
Decause it produces n-corn.
The following snnecdote Is tol I of Dan-
O'Connell. Meeting a pro 1 i Tic pamDh
leteer, whffse productions generally, found
their way to 'ho btttter-mHii,hesaid
'I saw something very good in your
"Ah!" said the gratified writer, "what
"A pound of baiter," was th reply.
It seems that they already have coroners
in Idaho, and that when one of them sets
about "doing their painful duty," nothing
can 6top him not even the impossibility of
finding the dead body of the un timely de
ceased. This energetic and determined
trait of the Idaho coroner was strikingly
illustrated on a recent occasion, when a
disappointed gold seeker in that far off laud
comitted suicide by drow ning himself. All
effects to recover his body having been una
vailing, the inqi est was held on his hat and
coat, which were fuund lying on the bank,
and a verdict of "found empty owing to
thedeoth of their otvner by drowning him
self," was returned, to the perfect sat ifac
lion of the gratified community, who intend
pressing their gifted coroner's claims to a
6eat in the cabinet in case any changes
shall bo made in that institution
Love or Mabkied Ltrs. The affection
that link's together man and wife, is a far
holier and more enduring passion, than
young love. It may want iu gorgeousnes3,
it may want its imaginative character
but it i i hi richer in holy and trusting
attributes : TaJIt not to us of the absence
"of love in wedded life! What! because a
man ceased to' "sigh like a furnace," we
are to believe that the fire is extinct; it
burns with a steady flame shedding a be
nign influence upon existence a million
times more previous and delightful than the
cold dreams of philosophy.
: To give brilliancy to the eyes, shut them
early at night, and open them early ir, ibe
[From the Richmond Whig.]
Negro Ideas of Freedom.
A Georgia correspondent, an old
ubacriber, writes to the New York
Journal of Commerce, as follows:
The i reod men have not yet dolibed
as gliarwy as could bo desired the
iloctrine of mine and thine. A gen
tlematj ol this city, on vioiting bis
inrin a few days alter emancipation
was proclaimed, discovered that ann
Jry houses and fences had been re
moved, and that Etaku6 had boon
driven into tlio ground in 'various
pIucoB. Ou inquiry, be cscertained
''roin bis quondam slaves' that they
had marked ou tho ground, and had
taken possession ul it lor themselves.
Demanding their authodty for such a
proceeding, be was told I nut "aa they
had been working for maasa all their
livo6, they had a right to the land io
payimutfor their labor" ignoring
tiio fact that maasa. had fudajid cloth-
d them, and paid tuxes and doctor s
bills for them during the poiiod ot
their iuvoluutary servitude, and ex
ponded sundry other snms for their,
beuetit. fu another instance, occur
ring last week,' a worthy citizen of
uiirke comity, Li. lhomas a Byne,
wt8 brutally murdered by 6ix of bis
former slaves, under the idea that
if bo were dead, tho land would be
long to them. Od tho whole, it
tuustlie admitted that the blacks have
conducted themselves with more
moderation and propriety tbrtn could
bo expected under the circamatancas.
Io emerge from vassalage -to liberty
with ono bound, is enough to intoxi
cate poor humuu nature and we
'tight not to bo surprised at.Bome
excesses, vv hen they got over tho
transition period" wo may hope for
better things 1 do uot wish to in
dulgo in evil prognostications, but 1
hall watch thu workings of the
mighty problem, and keep you ad
vised of tho results.
The precious ideas that are put
into negro heads, are seen iu the
taeigh coircspondenco of the Tnb.
Ono condition of admission of
LIcpreBintatives from these States,
liould be an exitro?s stipulation for
he care of the thousands of helpless
orphans who must bo thrown npon
the State lor support.
It is a daily occurrence for tmt
class ot women to bo driven oil' thu
amadous, unpaid and uncared
As if here, even here,1 adds the
New York Express, employers sup
ported the old women and children
of tho employed, that give them their
meridian ol life! As U paupers were
not supported by the Statd As if
were possible tor masters, sudden-
deprivea ot slaves ot mature hie,
to support their children and pa
rents, when those mature men are
working for others, or not working
The fact is, all the great mass of
men earn, during thoir life, is their
board and clothes Of the million
and a half of people here in this
great Uabylou aud its suburbs, not
two hundred thousand have more
than their board aud clothes, while
thu pauper houses and other institu
tions are full of people, who have
none to work for them.
DCfWe notice, by the Boonville
(Ind ) Enquirer, that all the negroes
in that towu havo been notined to
eave tho place, under perfalty of
being expelled by force. It appears
that tho returned soldiers are the
oaders io tuia "notice to quit," and
propos e, if the negroes don't beed the
warping given tuem, to proceed in a
forcible ana illegal manner to eject
this unfortunate class of the pbpla
A woman was put in the Galves
ton jail on thu 30th for talking trea
.Our Government can't be so strong
as the Republicans protend, when
they thus show their fear that a wo
man's tongue 'will overturn it. This
arrest is another illustration that we
have now tho freest and boat Govern-
DfTThe New York World ebtK
mates that the census of New York
City, now being taken, will show
1.033,000, or 200.000 more than in
About 15,000 Polish exiles will
gbortly remove to tho United States.
The Republican Party Making
The Republicans of Ohio are ma
king their legislative aud county
uumiutuioua, out in tna resolutions o
nona of their conventions can bo
foaad the slighest rebuke of the big
handed and tyranical proceedings of
ucn.raimbrand his military subor
dinates, at the voting places in
neutucKy on the day of "the recent
election 'in that State. Wo take that
at.ejidenco that the Republicans ap
prove of this interference, by the
Dedexa! miliary, in the State cloc
tion of Kentucky. Time was when
such nterference would havo oro
voKoq tne rosentment of-evory A.rn
ericarj citizen, no matter what his
party attachmmfs, and consigned
the popttratora to an odium from
wincti nothing could have rescued
them.; Now, we find that such infa
nious Conduct is Duejed unnoticed bv
the conventions ofone of tho leading
parties ot mo country. linn inter
erenco by the military with the
elections of the people was uornetra-
te(j under the authority of Republi
can officials,' and can not but become
a part ol tho legitimate history of the
republican party, unless it take the
first fitting opportunity to diiavosv
ana denounce it. We sjo no such
disposition on the part of the part of
the Republican leaders, or Ropnbli-
hcan State or County Conventions.
ine inferrenco is irresistible that such
tnihtaiy interference at elections is a
sweet savor in the Ropublican party
nostras, aud that they regard the
means used, to control elections by
bayonets us a part and parcel of the
Republican policy for administering
[From the Boston Post.]
Sufrage Question—A Dialogue
PERSONAGES. NEGRO INDIAN.
SCENE: A Crowded Throughfare.
Neoro. ''Go way dar; you Injun
anilChinaman.no account no ac
count a' tali.''
Chinrsb "Chinaman havo big
country do much business-. Amer
ican man come long way to get tea,!
silk, many ting."
Negro, "(jo way, I say; you got
no right suffrage you ain't a man
and a bruduer." I
Indian. ''Ale right of suffrage
om tho Great Spirit. This country
my hunting ground; pale face bring
thunder aud lightning and fires water,
and drive poor Indian away, but the
Great Spirit look on. Ughl"
flEGRO. "rale lace no account;
de chief Judge say dat nigger eupe
nor race down bout, and 1 guoss he
Chinese. ''How much monish
you got? You work now?"
Negro. "Uatcn dis nigger work
ug now. Yah. yah, no ear, dis
child under de protection of the
Government. Yab, yah, work? yah,
yah. Look yeah, you Chinaman,
ws gwine to vote now wo niggers;
you China men and you Unions bo
ong to the 'tenor race, and dese
white men no 'count tall. Yon just
wait till Fred Douglass is de Presi
dent den you Bee who's de 'j'erior
Indian. "My tribe fight for the
nale fuce in tbe armv of the croat
chief Pope, we have much farm, little
lniun go to school, me go to see tne
great Father . Lincoln, me no vote.
Chinese. "Me see great Mandar
in American man in the great em
pire of zo sun; he say much fine thing;
me como to America laud; me like
America land; China man no vote,
and me see negro man vote; ho no
Mandarin; America man como to
this country; Injun man nght for
ilerica land, he no vote."
Negro. "lalil yam you aon't
know noffin tall: don't yon see do
declaration independence don't mean
you folits; it means consent of the
governed, don't you seei ana we
niggers don t give our sent, aats uie
ting massa Sumner told mo dat his
Indian. uUgbl me fight
face. Ugbl ughl" (with a
Chinese. "Me no consent;
Negro. "Yah! yah! yah!
go long, you no 'count tall."
How Oberlin Looks Upon
General Cox's Letter.
There lias been something of anx
icty to know bow the Abolitionists
of Oberlin would receive and look
upon Gen. Cox's letter, to response
to Messrs. Fairchild ami Plnmb.
We have received the Lorain County
iNaws, whicr. is published at Obtsr
lin, and which, nndonbtedly. in this
instance, at least, reflects the views
of iho Oberlin Abolitionists. The
News alleges that the General baa
not atuwurod the first question put to
linn, either "directly or indirectly."
The first question, be it remembered,
was ot very considerable importance,
inasmuch as it related to the amend
ment of tho Constitution of Ohio, so
aa to give the Blacks the privilego ot
voting lhe question was put to
Cox with blunt directness Are vou
in tavor of amending the Uuiatitution
for that pnrpose? To the News "it
seems fair to say tnat the first ques
tion ii ignored by the cuididate alto
gether." On this point there is por-
fect concurronco between the Uber
linites and those who do not live in
that placo. Furthermore, The News
hold that. General Oox gave "do di
rect answer" "to the second question,'
whether be was in favor of conferring
suffrage on the Southern Blacks, and
I assorts that in that "section, among
the radical Anti-Slavery men of thj
Reserve," his" views are anything but
satisfactory, and that elsewhere, "es
pecially among rynaervativd and
Pro Slavery men," 'his treatment of
tbe subject, it not distinctly his sen
timents, are applauded." While The
News "should have thought the bei
ter of Geuoral Cox, if ho bad diioct-
and frankly answered both the
questions addressed to him," yet it Is
not sure that upon the whole it
would have increased his popularity
in the whole State."
There is no danger that Oberlin
will bolt. Mildly will tbe abolitions
iBts there protest that General Cox's
otter is anything but satiatactory to
them.'because it dodges both ques
tions put to him; but, ioaamaoU e
through his dodging they were fur
nished a pretext f r declaring that
they are not satisfied with his position
to tho end that "his popularity in the
whole State" might be "increased"
they will give to biro their support.
Oberlin knows their man; he was ed
ucated in their college, and imbibed
all tbe notions peculiar to that insti
tution. Above all things, they desir
ed his nomination, because of tbeir
unfaltering faith in his ddvotioo to
the negro, bnilt on undoubted knowl
edge. They were guilty of an India-1
qretion by plunging out so boldly in
bebalt of Negro bunrage; thoy r-her
isbed the delusion that all the soldiers
would come home the ardent advo
cates of the extension of suffrage to
tiro Southern Negroes for the purpose
of subordinating tho bouthorn Whites
who Lad participated in tho Rebell
ion. When the soldiers began to return
home, they realized tbe fact that
tbe soldiers, as a mass, were in favor
of nothing of the sort- that they were
opposed to it utterly, and heuce could
not reconcile it to their minds to vote
for any man for Governor who did
favor it. Nothing then became more
plain than that something must be
done to help General Cox out of the
endangered position ioto which be
had been put by the abolitionists of
the Reserve supporting Irra on the
Negro iSuftrage ground. ' With the
soldiers and conservatives such sup
port would be fatal. JJeteat was cer
tain. There, therefore, was collusion
between Gouernl Oox arid tlio Ober
lin Committee. Evidently, the letter
of interrogatory was framed express
ly to give the General an opportunitv
to write a Tetter designed to catch the
votes of tbe soldiers and tbe conserv
atives. The News declares that both
questions were evaded, and that
would nave been better pleased with
the General had he given frank and
direct answers to the questions put to
him by the Uberiin committee: yet
draws great satisfaction from the be
lief that he has much enhanced the
prospects of his election by answering
them in tne evasive manner be did.
It is doubtful Whether this Oberlin
will succeed to the extent cal
(0"A husband went home to his
wife a few evenings since. She put
a smelling bottle to her nose. "My
dear, did you bring mackerel home
in vour pockots?" (It was warm.)
"No, dear, I only pressed through
crowd of negroes in front of Goneral
Palmer's Headquarters, as I cam
Eight to Sixteen.
Shaftesbury recently ltitedf
in a public meeting in London, that
he had ascertained from pernoaal ob
servation that of ad a It male wimlrr
ala in that city, nearly all bad fallen
to a course ot crime between ths-
ages, of eigh; and sixteen; -'and that, :
ir a Doy uvea an boneet life p to
twenty years of age, there were fortfr
nine chances in bis favor and onl
oue against him as an honorable life)
This is a fact of starling import-
unco to fathers, and. mothers, and.
shows a fearful responsibility. Cer
tainly a parent should secure and
exercise absolute, control over btt
child until sixteen it cannot be A
very difficult matter .. to do this, ex
cept iu very rare cases: And if ' that
control id uot wisely and efficiently;
cised. it must be the Darenfa
fault it is owing to paternal negli- -
gence or romiBSuess. Uence - tho .
real sourco ot ninety eight por cent
of tho crime in a country, such at
England or the United States, liofl at
the door of the parej
it is a fearful refreetioo:- we throw
it before the minds of the fathers and
mothers of our land, and there leave
it to be thought of in wisdom. "
remarking only, as to the early seeds
of disease, that io uearly every case
they are sown bet woeu sundown and
bedtime, in absence from the family
circle, in the supply of spending
money nevor earned by the spenders,
opening the doors of confectioneries .'
and soda fountains, or beer and to- 1
bacco and wineshops, of the cirout,
the negro minstrel, tho restaurant
tbe dance: then follows the Sunday
excursion, tho Sunday drives, tba .'
easy transition to the company of
thoso whoso ways lead down to tho
gates of social, physical, moral ra
in. From "eight to sixteen!" io thoso
few years are the destinies of children
fixed in forty nine cases out of fifty
fixed by parents! Let evory father
and mothor solemnly vow: J "Br
God'B help I'll fix my darling's
destiny for good by making hoioo
mora attractive than the streets." .
DCTOne of tho principal attractions
at the late. Ohio' Abolition State
Convention was tbe negro band.
which occupied a most conspicuous
place iu the building. Whether they
played Yankee Doodle, Dixie, Pics
yune Butler or John Biown's soul is -
marching on, the reporters did not
inform cs. They were chosen in
preference (o white men, we sop
pose, on account of tbeir superior
OLast week there were ttaken
an for settlement, under tbe Home
stead Law, 8,966 acres of land, at
St. Peter, Minnesota.
A Nut for the Radicals to
The following extract from a legal .'
decision of Judge Sprague, of the U '
nited States District Court, in Host
i, is a bard not the radicals to ,
crack. It was decided, in April, ::
1862, In the case of the Amy War
wick. The Judeeaid:
"It has been supposed that - after
the rebellion is suppressed the Gov
ernment will have tbe rights of con
quest, that a State and its inhabit
anw may oe permanently uivesieu ui
all political privileges, and treated as
foreign territory acquired by turns;
This is an error a grave and dan
gerous errer. Under despostic gov
ernments the power of municipal '
confiscation may bo- unlimited, .but
under our Government the tight of
sovereignty over any portion. oV a
State is given and limited by tho
Constitute, and will be the same
after the war as it was before. When
the United i'tates take possession of
any rebel district, they acquire no
new title, but merely vindicate that
which previously existed." ; r-
The coquettish Mrs. L bad
just returned from a pleasure trip to '
Washington: She only took with her
forty two drofcaes, twenty shawls, nin
eteen bonnets and two hundred pairs)
of gloves. 'Burely,'said a friend who
happened to be present when tho wag
unpacking, 'you did not take all thai
with you?' 'I meiely took what was
indispensable, my dear. I left behind
m8 ail that was cumbersome.''' Ab,
i nnaersiana, jane--yonr nus-
: ' -