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M'arthur Democrat. (McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1853-1865, September 28, 1865, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87075163/1865-09-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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. I i vt, . HO NOR11I, NO SOUTH, UNDEK, THE! CONSTITUTION, BUT A SA
AUItED MAI?
NTENANCE OF.,THAT INSTKtMENT AN THE UNION.
1 1 ill in in-- - rai
f fn s i ii II I LM " 111
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M'ARTHUB: VINTON COUNrY, OHIO, SEPTEMBER 28 I865.
NO" 8,
aijt Pt'rft.. jEjemntint;
CUHi ?Rf THDR8UAT BT
El a: br at ton.
I
la DrsUon's DuUuinRn, Eamoi conn
1 TERMS,
ThDitBT will be entoD6Ter for one
Dollar: mJ fifty ntr, 8i Months forBev
wWeinu;7 ron, 'ioBtta, fof Fifty tot..
papert wVU be Jiwontlnued t the
xpiratloojof the tlmpld fof, , .
TEUM9. FOR ADVEPTISING.
One84iireonelnsorUoil, . . J.0"
' EohdditlonUn9rtlon,'. .
: CVdt one year, . ; - isl00
NolJceof ppoiDW.no""'1Di"
r, Ouanliun and Executor S,0"
Attaohraent notices before.', r.
tutorial notice per line, ...
Yearly aJeTtiHmente will be charged 00,
per eulumn per annum.
And in proportionate ra'oa for lesa than a
ulumn, and for Um time.
Ten linea minion ohr(ed as one square,
and all Adverthnraonta an i Logal Notice mut
be paid ill adva ice.
KTTlie abo'vetnrmmnst beoompltod witb
l-"AU payinoo s must be made to tho Pro
pator, aa wo ha it n agents.
The Dcinocr a Job Office.
We are prepared toeiecute with rAatnesa,
iinpatch and atprloea tl at defy competition,
U kinds of iob Work,juch a
UUOKS',
I'AMPIILETS,
UAND BILLS,
SHOW BILLS,
L'OSTEUS,
l'UO.GUAMMES
RILL HEM'S.
DLANKS of all KINDS,
SHIPPING BILLS,
LABELH, &o.,&o.
(Jieusatrlal and beoonvinced thotwican
n will do uriiitllKchoapor for Cash, thin anj
thoroHlal il ihmont in thisoction nfcomtry
C01STAliLK & SIUYEL,
AUoriicyt at Law,
Chtlm Asants, Rial E ta w AgoDts ad Con
voyancen. MrArilnir, Viii on Co. U.
Oillce on Mnin Slrent. two doors east
nf. K. I) l)ud2'n!toru.
WillattaE.l nromotlvtittll YthAinxATV
to thoir earn, In the duties of
n, 1'iUo and Scioto.
January l!)l 1865 tf,
17l imvnoiv,
A'ifiriy at Law and
McAr bnr, Ohio.
Boing licensed by the U. B., for the purros
I will attend vo the proeecnlion and colloctlon
of every description of claims naaii.st n
United BtatOH.and Stato of Ohio, Including the
Morgan raid claims.
bounties and rrenrngea of Pay
Procured.
PENSIONS for wounded and disabled Mfl
Jiers and seamen, and for tho heirs of wddiers
..a .m.n .kn hivTa died and been killed in
tho sprvlce. I would say to my friends,, that
hewill attond promptly W lao.r .ouiuuusa
nioiloruto tormn.
Juno 14(11 1844.
JONES 110USE.
PORTSMOUTH OUIO.
Mr. Jours has purchased the Old Ply
mouth House, and chanced its name an
above. The Hoiue has been remodeled and
i now onpn for the reception of the public
It is on the wharf. a healthy location, and
no pains will be spared to make the stay cf
visitors at tli'B nouse, an iney can wish
Charges low as the times will afford.
June 29th 1865 r-6ino.
.CONUE':,M.U. A.ISAMIMGFU M D
i:
AND SURGEONS
McArlhur, Ohio,
Will attend promptly and carefully to
h iiraciica of tneir profession in all its
hranrhp4.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO
KURUKllY. J?)
n. 6th, 1805. tf.
E.A. UATXJN , " ARCII.BAYO.
BR. Iff 'J S MAYO
AUorncys at Law,
MoARTUUR,"viNTON Co. 0.
'WILL attend to all legal business intrusted
to their care in Vinton, Athens, Jackson, koss
Hnckinir and adMrtninjt counties.
Particulor attention given to the collection
of soldiers olaima for Pensions, Bounties, ar
rears ( f pay &o., against the United States
Ohio, Inoluding Morgan raid claims.
April 12th 1865r-l
JAME Wli,
SADDLE&I1ARNESS
M:anufa c u rc .
; Mo ARTQDR, OHIO, ,
Q Warrants All- AYorK.
Keeps constantly on hand acd wi
6611 at the lowest prices, Saddles, Bri
dies and Earnest of every description
and warrants his work for two . years,
Call and examine: let.': door west
he Court House..
eo. 22, 1861-6050-" ,; , '
Justices Blanks, Bmkh Deeds,
etc. of all descriptions for sale at Ibis
Officer mit.Y.v-ff
SPEECH
—OF—
GEN. G. W. MORGAN,
DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE FOR GOVERNOR
OF OHIO, DELIVERED AT ELYRIA,
LORAINE COUNTY,
OHIO, SEPTEMBER 13,
1865.
[Telegraphic Correspondence of Cincinnati
Commercial.]
CLEVELAND, Spet. 13.
Gen. George W. Morgan opened the
campaign, 011 tne Democratic siue, at
vria, Loraine county, ;o day, i ne meeting
was larae. cousidtfrinj the fact th t the
General's coming was unheralded, and that
ItUok plase only eight miles Irom Uber
lin. There were sevral hundred persons
present, and a good deal of enthusiasm was
manifested. Hie uenerai was lmrouuceu
to the audience as "the hero of Cumberland
Gap."
lie spoke as follows!
Mb. Presidext tsa Fellow-CitiZeis:
or
o
-
Before nroceedinir to discuss the impor-
taut political issues now submitted for the
judgment ol the people, paruou me lor re
curring to scenes in wlrch a portion of
ibis assemblage were participants.
This. Mr President, 1 rank among tho
happy d.iys of my life, for it has enabled
me to erasp by the baud some who were
my coinrads while battling for the Consti
tution and the Union: to greet and wel
come their father brothers and frieudsto
this council of the peonle,
Comrad is a saored name, aud speaks of
common dangers, privntijs and toils, all
met and all conquered In a common ctuse,
and that cause our :oimtry's. There is no
bond of I rotherhood so strong, no tie of
assucintion more enduriua, than that which
binds together the beans of those who
have shared common perils and rejoiced
over victoties won under the starry folds
of our brave old flag.
More than a quarter of a century has rol
led away, since I first shouldered n muskat
und packed my knapsack as a private
soldier. 4nd it Is with emotions of pleas
ure that I recall those early days when I
abandoned the college hall to hasten to
Texas to aid our countrymen in driving
back the mongrel horde of Mexiee not
Spaniurde, buta savage and degenerate
race, compound of Indian, Negro and
Spsniaid such a race of mongroUas will
exist in Ohio, if Negro Equality be estab
lished. But I must not digress, lor 1 was
ueakineof coinrads of bye-gone years,
cumrads lone since dead; of Houston and
his heroes. How oiten 1 recall ineir
memories those men 01 iajo- -o anu a
Willi them I first commenced my soldier
boy career I first learned to understand
the brave, nenerou and sometimes haiighly
Sourhrjn;' it' was there the great
truth . was nnpressi-a upon
myjiind 'that "bt&ik and while races are
fiom the antipodes of the human fami
lv.". ...
Nevei oeain did 1 expect to'irrasp the mus
ket or sword: but how little wo know of
the future. I had become a citizen of th')
Buckeye State a Statu which has produced
a constellation ol heroes, wnose uriiuani
deeds have shed immortality upon our
country's name. Again the war-drum beat,
and the toc6in called aloud to arms to repei
the invader from our Southern border.
Again I became a private soldier. By the
voice of my comrads I was made their
Captaia; and their soltlier-liKe Dealing
caused me to be chosen Colonel of the 2nd
Ohio Volunteers. A year passed away
battles were foiijrrit,.and victories won;
and as a recognition of the gtllant services
of my comrads, I was . promoted to the
senior Colonelcy oftheeight new regiments
of regular infantry, mine being the brave
15th.
I had been one year with Taylor, but
was now with Scott. Bten by step the
veteran warrior drove the Mexican from
meufctain gorga to mountain gorge, down
. i ,i t .1... CVl
inU) tne loveu vauey oi iviexicu me rjucu
ot America. Five bloody battles there
were fought, and five victories crowned our
anna..
Peace once mora smiled upon our
land; and, by tho troaty we obtainod,
tho cession or territory nearly tq na
lo half of Mexico; and lrom California
alone. o received coid enouga
pay all the expenditures ot tho war
and give us a snrplu3 of moru than
six hundred million aouars.
Time nasseit: broken health caused
me to seek distant shores in search
new life and new strength: and I wa9
still nhroftJ when the echo
Iraterpal war came moaning across
the waters. Americans who wore
Europe grieved as Americana
where else could grieve. Surrounded
by the gaudy trappings of Kiugs and
Courts, the towns ana cities nuea
with an armed . Dohce, and every
society, from the church to
theater, contaminated by the presence
ol doteatives those euple lusirn
ments of dospoti6 power and wo a
rhankad-Uod tHat WO bfllonired to
Hepublic; - that we weretha child
ran of Democracy, and tuat
homqs woie nn9tained by brothers
blooJ by brothers Bhed; To ns, then
tbd shock was terrible, though
wholly unexpected, and i: in 0114 -in
stance an'AmorlcaaTell dead ia
;
to
of
of
in
no
the
Oir
not
tracks, on hearing that oar flag had
been red upon at 2 ort bntnter. '.
. I came home; and once more was
in the field, surrounded by as noble
a band of men .might better say
"boys," but "boys" with the hearts
of heroes aa ever1 faced a foe upon
an ensanguined battle field. (Apt
planao.) My comrads were soldiers
in the highest, noblest sense, for ev
ery true soldier is at heart a gontle-
man. (applause. 1 ratient. ana
enduring on the march, cheerful and
.-L.'.fCjWv.vhave
,
orderly in camp, herolQjrj Jtiittlc
onerons aftor victory; such was
tho character of the men with whom
I had tho honor to be associated;
such is the real type of the American
soldier. Was it strange, then,
tli tit I learned to love them as broth
ers) And I say to you, citizens,
cherish those bravo young men, for
thoy are your brighest juwols: they
are your sons and brothers. But all
are not horo. Uow shall we speak
of tho absent ones those dead heroes
whose graves mark so many battle
fluids but whoso names and deeds
shall forever live in our hearts and
memories alive in their immortal
deeds, alive in tho hearts of their
countrymen; and ever b1iu!1 their ex
amplu live to nervo the arms and stir
the s)uls of Iroemon when danger
threatens our liberties or our flag?
Then lot thoir names ba cherishod
as was iho memory of La Tour d'
Auvergno, by the grenadiers of
Franco. A snore of limes ho had
won, and a score of times had refus
ed promotion: but his pround title
was, ''The First Grenadior of
Franco." At length, on a deoporate
dny, a latal bulUt pierced his breast,
and I10 died, as he had lived, a
soldier. But by an ordorof the Em
peror, his niima was retained upon
13 rolls, and at every inspection and
review tho name of Li Tour d' Auv
ergne was culled by the Adj utant in
le presanca ot tha army, and it was
io privilege of the oldest grenadier
to steu to the front and answer to
ie natno, -"Lhod upon tne- new ot
Ionor." And let us over remomosr
that our absent " heroes tliey Tvuo
sleep tbo long sleep of death that
thoy, too, died upon tad neia 01 nonor.
Applause J
lu times of political convulsion,
lere is nothing which so intoxicates
ie mind and unsettles reason as tho
exerciso of arbitrary power; it de-
velopes the worst passions ot tue
leart, and brings into action elements
of personal character not bofore
known to exist. Hie lata conmct uas
boon no exception to tho rule, and
the causa of tho Union was more
than onoo put in jeopardy by the yio-
eut, unconstitutional and tyrannical
acts of those in power. Untortunate
v tor tno country, an individual was
appointed to tho War Office who has
proven to bo as destitute 01 patriot
ism as ho is devoid of conscience.
Cruel by instinct and a tyrant by na
ture, ha trampled the Constitution
beneath his i;on heel; violated tne
ibertv of speech und tho pross: in
sulted the intelligence of the army
by excluding from circulation such
iournala as his caprice might pro
scribe, and thus denied to tho sold
iers the opportunity ot forming an
mpartial ludement upon pnoiic
questions under discussion before the
people:
The country was thus menaced oy
a two fold danger: armed secession
threatened the intogrity. of the Union
on tho one hand, whilo bad men ob
tainod a daugerons influence over the
Presidont. on tho other; tha 8tates
wore reduced to tha dependency
provinces, and life, liberty and prop
erty were held subject to arbitrary
coutrol.
The Democracy desired tho over
throw of the rebellion, and, from first
to last, contributed a fair proportion
to keop full tha ranks of the army,
and maintain the integrity ot tno
Union. fAppIanse. Acting upon
tho maxim of Jefferson, that "error
of opinion may bo tolerated, so long
as reason is left free to combat it,"
they insisted upon the right ot free
speech, free press, and tho invaluable
ngbt ot the trial ov jury;
Taught from my cradlo, that with
ou free discussion, civil liberty must
perish, while yet a boy, at my native
home, I was ono of seven person who
protected an Abolition lecturer from
the assaults of an infuriated crowd,
who would have torn him to pieces;
although I believed the doctrine
taught by bim to be both dangerous
and unconstitutional. It may then
be well understood that while being.
his ia heart and bqjjJ, opposed to the
schema of Becosaioiij thatl was ready
to dohounce and oppose every, at
tempt to smother tho inestimable
[Applause.)
So wedded is Mr Stanton to arbi
trary power', 'bo arorsa is: h'ato the
establishtnent of civil liborty, that lib
continues to intorfero with the bayo
not to control elections, until at
length the New York Tribune, . the
Cincinnati, Commarqial, .'and 1 other
distUjujiuhed journals of tne Kepab
-fjiiouiic6l 'ruaBS
r , r i
usurDations with- eoual coutago and
ability ' But the ovil still exists, aud
the t-ecolo alone can apply the rome-
dy, for these and like abuses have
grown into such common uso, fhaf
ona violation of the 'Constitution is
as a precodent toj'tstify anoth-
er, nd many of our piblic mun have
seemed to believe that thoir arbitra-
ry will is pararnouut to the Ootistl-
tution. Thus, Cren Cox, tho distin-
guished nominee of :ho Republican
party, in his speech at Ripley, on
tho 27th of August, complainod that
tha Domocratio pary tnaiutama that
State rights must b) maintained, and
tho Union of tha b'tatos only exists
throneh the Constitution, aud that
thy National Government has no
authority over tlu Status, only what
. . . .
19 delegated oy tho Uoustitutioc
[Applause.]
ouch 13 clean tne uoctrinc 01 tue
Democracy; suih, too, was the doc-
trina taunlit ov ri asnuigtoii ana
Franklin, by Madison and JetTji'Sou,
and by all tho early Fathers of the
RoDohlic: bui whilo we holievo in
Stato- Rights, as defined by tho Con
stitution. wg deny that a Stato has a
rii lit to 8acoda lrom tha Uuion, or
nullify a law of Oongrosa.
Gtft. Cox maintains that tho Fod-
oral Government that is, in hi's
mainini, tlin lJr,aitnnt fiin do na
ho wills, without roterouco to tha
Oonslitution, or in oihor words, that
tho power of fie President, liko tbo
nower of an aosoiute monarcn, is
withyjet control. But such, I am
glad to boIiovti,are not tho viows ot
our patriotic people, and it tnuy ao-
Biro to uruoci vg uui iico -
B3 a le-imcv for thoir clnldron, it be
hjoves them to rebuke and resist tho
encroaciununis oi uuspuuu power.
[Applause.]
of
. . . , . a i a.
Uen tJox is at tins momons minra-
rv commandant of tho Stato of Ohio,
and his viows as to arbitrary power
aro more dangorous, as thjy aro
backod oy tne swora.
The bloody contest wincn caijiHt
closed has cost tho country $4,000,
000,000. or about ono -fourth of all
tho real and personal propoity in tlie
United Statoa, and ttio lives 01 l.uuu,
000 of our bestand uravest citizens,
fnis is uo nction.but a s:ern roan
ty.
For what, follow citizous, wa3 an
ot blood
this lavish expenditure
and treasuro? You answer, for tho
Union. Yes. and such is tho re-
sponsa of tho surviving horoes of tin
.... . . -is ..
war. What, tuen, w.il you say
the men, who, after all this sacrifice,
al e opposed to tho restoration of the
Union until rive. ten. twenty or thirty
years, or such other future time as
shall ploaie the people of tho South
. t . . . '. L
to place tuemsei ves upon an equaiuy
with negroes? And such, ray
conntrym'jn, is the position oi uen.
In aub3tanc3. he snya, it
rrna ma lnat n millinn of man. aud
exnended one fourth of tho wealth
the nation: bat. what of that! We
hAva mora man and mora monoy.
and tho Uuion must not bo restored
until white men aro placed upon
eaualitv with negroes.
. . " ,, , ,i
Un the evening or tno nay mat
Cox was nominated, Gen.
Ran.
Schenck, a distinguished leader
tne iiapuoucan party, BaiMw w
arena as uis cniei cnampi
from the steps of tho Capital,
ampion; and
pital,accord:
,e Cincinnati
iccr to the report of the
nanp.rfl ha said:
! wnnld pot brinar them fthe
stAnihom Stfttn hack this voar.
tha next vear."
in nmnid wait till new wood crrows
and by "new wood" the speakor
meant until a now generation sprang
up- and that, thus, the brave men
who had fought through tho four
vears of war. should not be allowed
T .1 I, ... . - ..U ll. . 1.
to see tne union, lor wmeu mej
fnncliT. rcatorod.
a ,
nr, ! iL. fT!..l f.
nariarnaiininn. i iu nil mh.i-
" . v v.. . n
cation o Dtates naaa
nf rlalasrated Dowera. and th030 pow-.
: j; 'aa k. k f Witn-Knegotiaiiop;
Qa'rr .niiiili V
rr H n -T thn.ST.
ffi a pro rata representatioa in
lloriae of Representatives, but the
politicians who support Gen Cox are
opposed, to allowiug tlu Southern
Suites a representation in Congress;
or, in other words, they oppose a res
toration of the Uuion; for, until all
tha States ara allowed a repres.-nU-tion
in Congress, the Union is not
restored. . .
' The New York Tribune, from
which I read, in an ablo editorial
ol Mav 17th, 1305, says Y -V"
What is called the 'South' that
fs, (be slave power is thoronnlily
beaten, and frankly admits it. Tticre
never was a more complete defeat,
nor a franker confession of It. On
this point the tastitniuy is constant
and overwhelming." ,
The Tribune then gives the fol
cited lowing extract from a conversation
batwoou tha correspondent of the
New York llorald and Ganoral Har
dee, of tho lata Confederate s-ar-
vice
"General, do yon think wa will
havo real peacef"
4,Ido. I think that tha poop'o of
the south are ' anxious tor it. iuoy
wanted pcaeo two yours a4 "
"Do you think, General, Wri will
have a giionlla warlaref"
"If wo do," tho General replied,
"so helo mo God, I am willing to
...... .......
ngutto put an ona to ir.
Geuoral Hardoo expressad tho
wishes and toolings 01 tue puopio 01
tho South, and tho Tribune well ro-
marks
"Ilera is manifested a spirit which
ovory generous mini must lespoct.
The South, so-callud, is beaten, and
acknowlodgos the fact. Slaveiy has
I made an issue of life and death
with tho Uuion; lias ujoii worsted,
and submits to the decree of Piovi-
dance. Gan Hardee says tha people
of the South want tj live in peace
with tlin nnrxiln nf tha IS or til. and
will do it will do it cheerfully it the
(?overntnont does not resort to harsh
measures llua.is language, " ; says
tne 1 riouno, -wriicii nu can oimer-
standiind it appoals forcibly to sane
etatosmans'iip, as well aa. to every
magnanimous impulse 01. tne uumau
I v r, i v . . ...
'llaro, thou, ray .friends, wo, haro
tho testimony of (In loa'ling Rspub-
ncn jgunini in nm uuuuu oian;B
tuat tno oouinorn peopio wisd to re.
i r . i I !..: . l t
new iraterutii reiauuua wwi u. unu
once again, in spirit aa, well us in
law, form a part and parcel of the
Uuion. It, thoo, yo;i are as
oeuovo you are truiy inwuui me
union, it you aebiie tno oia union
of our fathers, it you wish tho sjarsl
of war to hi healed, and poace,
prosperity and nappincas onco tnoro
to smile upon our lanu rise aoove
uie oi panisans, ana . uut
[Applause.]
Tho qvostionsat issue are too
grave to oe ccmtroi.eu uy mere p irn-
san drill. Tiieir 'ecu'io'i involves
.1 . . - .....
the lite ol tho natwn, and it betio ives
us all lo act aa patriots, not paiti
sans. And in this spirit I am deter-
! 1 I 1 a I J .1 a. I
to mined to yieiu. to. i rcsmoui juuuwh
my cordial and hearty support in ev-
ery constitutional measure to rtbtore
all the States to tho Union, and to
it sustain him in all other constitution-
al measures in administering the
tV. .1 it.. fy ........ .. .e .inl i at
auaira 01 tue wevui muauv, m ,
acting, I will but movo in concert
wuu mo two uuuuruu uiousjihj jcm
Oor. is ocrata of Ohio.
While onr voung motl ' who went
of forth to battle were inspired by
pure and lofty patriotism, the single
desire to preserve tho Constitution
and tha Union, tho Suinners aud
an Wilsons, and Uiandlera, and beecii-
ers, and the Stantons of tho North,
. r j-J .1 - i
oniy regarueu me war as uibu
destroy slavery, without canngl
ol whether Union, surviveo or porisueu
hmu wumv. WV'
effort to prevent tho overthrow of the
rebel ion until slavery was abohshed
thanked God for our Jla to take
ry ad vauce made ba tho South, to se-
or cure peaco and Union by negotiation.
In 18G3 Alex. II. Stephens sought
" for permission to visit Washington
to treat for peaco on tho basis of
Union, but the President, overruled
by otanton ana ins auuerenis, reject
ed every preposition to eua tuo ro-
belliou by negotiation.
n.l I . . . . .
uu ja b0 ew York Tribune, ot Au-
I f 1? iqa. 47-nm nrlilnli I rnr1.
i liuou aw, iuuy,, " - - - -"
1: f !. n.Anmilinna
I 111 BUOtiaiUK i lug piuuu,.uvu.
i - -
.1 negotiate. Mr ureelay saw
r.Uad LU y,-m aod faravoa coohs
.... . l.. n..
oeeu. lason waen
an Stephens first publicly qolietted
PIion lo.wI.lt Washington,
W 14 M "avo eft a
Richmond, m 1862, and opposed evo-
anj tho guilty condemned together,
Inn,! i,a AiA VAmin Rtnntnn
pr0vo himself to bo the most efficient
recruiting officer for Jefferson Davis."
Applauso j It had only to be
known at wasb na-ton tuat me sxnait
ive, which inspired tha condnct
0fa Qenera ofHcer whs the rest or- '
atl0Q 0f t,0 Tjn)on an(j that omcer
i was, as lar as vuu u ar uuics cumx .
1Ttftlfn him sr. a dnnmod man. Ilonca
t,e def0ivt 0f 0nr army in front of
umurnoiid, in lSUJ, not ny lco, nut
by Stanton, llenco tho assass'ti s
m.,.ii.T ... .
blow which was aituod at Bnennni.
Ln.i whi(.t, onlv failed to reach bim.
becauso hid array formed a shield
1 sixty thousand doep, through wlm-li
, mnrderona b ow could n t ieu-
rrato rAnplause.l
No feeling of personal ilnkindriees,
L0 r, prejudice .controls my ac-
tjon j opposing Negro Equality.-
r have evt.r re2arded, and now con-
com-
or con-
sponsiblo for
but his
terofa million lives, and as awfal
amount of devastation and rnieerr'
and left our National debt a full lu-
lion less than it is to-day.M
AoJ, again, in the .Tribune of
Aogust 24, 1865, in speaking of tho "
had p;licy of refusing to allow - ths
South to propose terms, he bts
"1 would have welcomed eveiy'
overture looking to pacification, and
if com polled to have refused tho pro-;
posed'terms, would have shown to
the world why 1 must do so. .
I think this course, wisely and studi
ously persisted in, would Lave becu .
worth an army to the National caus
and would have saved a fall year of.
the war."
At tha outset of the insurrection,
it was well known at Washington,
it was proclaimed by the Republican
press, that a majority of the South
ern people were opposed to secession.
Wisdom and patriotism would bavo
dictated a policy calculated to inspiro
confidence in the hearts of that por
tion of the people who remained loyal
to the Union, and to conciliate all
thosa who were not in arms. Un
happily, an opposite policy wai
adopted, aud there wa&a settled pur
pose on the part of Mr Stanton, and
othor leader j, to force the whole
Southern population iuto tho vortex
of civil war.
Every soldier, from tho General to
the private in the ranks, appreciates
tho advantage of having intelligent
friends h tho sphere of active milita
ry operatioua. Information, guides, .
supplies, all come from such a popu
lation. But, inBload of conciliation,
the only idea at Washington was war
not against armed insurgents, but
againot every mail born under a
Southern sua, provided he had a
whito skin. Thus were tha innocent
9jjer( the negro an object of
I .uiaerution. and not of hatred
t0IDpt ij9 ia DOt re
u.!n a pnt ftr America.
mi8fortUnes neither give him Buffi-
I ujiwivi .t "-" - - wy
. t inte'ijjjnncQ to become a citizen,
n0r(i qwnv with the insurmountable
L,ataclM against his being placed
I " n ...
uon B equality with tho whito
' An j aith0ngh Gen Cox de
careB ; his Oborlin letter, that
.,.,. ' , -fn . viftfii. ranea ,. trom
ti10 antipodes of tU human family,"
vet i,0 snbstantiallv says, in tho fame
11.1 . 7 T
uttL.r tba jf a majority ot tno It' N
,bli' an8 declare in favor of Nero
a
. f f N 0 Suffrage, but, find-
jn that the doctrine was offensiv.i
artu:ra. ,iin mechanics, and
o..v..w.w. .
u laboring men of Ohio, the Kepnou
aa. fln now seek to evade tho
Suffrage, that ho will then declare in
fftvor of placing black and white
men on tho samo political level.
With two or three exception?, H
of tha Republican papers have, sine
the nomination ot uen uox.aeciarm
. . t 5 localities, until after
tho elect on and then, it tney ctrry
tho State th(J fir6t 8tt'p will ho takon
m lrj tll0
- t,
tho
a,.n nnitRi u favor nf
31., "...I ll.. nl.lil ,1,1,1.
tne negro as against tue wmw
ier and laboring man, their co"ty
and district conventions have explic
itly declared iu favor of Negro but
frago. !
[CONCLUDED NEXT WEEK.]
I ... . , , ! I
policy wmcenainiy db carnea "
I VV rn nnlv linno that It WIU Q
-) i - .j " r rr
i fJCTTho ladicals assert that tht ir
[Louisville
Journal.
.
nrx.. i --rr-p An American i.hvsiciftn says
rt,, Wmannnlhaa ouickened
1 frora BJven t0 ,Cn throbs a ininufe
oar' I during the rast fifty years.'

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