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VOLUMK 7 ' '
M'AllTHTJPv, VIMPN .COUNTX OHIO, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30, 18T3.
j i ; .1 ik . Li : j -
J. W. UOAVKN, lidltor and P nbllslier
( Terms ?f SuT)ioripH,ou , .y.
Ono eopr, onojenr.l 80 One "copy, fii'uos fl 0(1
Ohu copy, tl im'w . . 13 I Ono copy,4iiio. 50
II' not intl'l willilu tlio yoai .. 9 IK)
CliilMoffwiMitv : f9W
Tlui Mi-Arthur KsqimtKU t-lrcidiitiM KHKK
Ob'' 1'OSi'AtiK wiCliiu tlio 1 i in i it or Vinton
'I'lm'M.iArthiii- Ksqi'HlKU and 77m Ctrl-
(i It II- WitlinU Will 1)1) HOIIt tO 0110 piMHOIl Olio
year for tH (M. , , ..,,,,;.!
'jnillliuill liuuij i ill.--, ami Liyiiibin v tiv, iiiv
lillll of (lilt tllllO Subscribed fill', Will 1)0 Ctltl'l)
as ii now engagement for subsci Iptiou.
. The spauo occupied by 10 linos of this (Non
pareil) typo shall coiixiitutt) n 9iuarc.
Itulo nml Figure Work 50 ooiiia nililUioiml.
: ' . . ! S hum. 0 hum. 12 nm.
Ono 8.iiaio, If 4 (M (10 1 0UU
Two mu moil, II) 1 (H) 10(10
Throo bqiiui o, KM) 10 Oi) 15 00
Four iiuiri'K, ' 9 (K) ' l'i 00 '' 18 (t
KiNHqunrcs, 10 OJ 15 00 ' i!0 00
U ciilimiii. 0 0U 19 00 ' 20 00
k eolniiiu, 15 00 S5 00 : ' 40 00
Onu ooliiinu, B5 0D 40 00 W) 00
I.o?l Ailvcrtlficinoiits ?1 00 per iiiarc for
Hint iiiHortiou; nml 60 conU por npitue lor
eiu li nildltiimnl liiHi'rtlon.
lIuKinoss t'uriU, uot cxcceillng 0 lines, (3
per yrar. '
All liilln (luo On (lint liiHCilion or aiU crtiso-
ini'llt.H. ' ;
llillu will! l'Pjjuliir HdvurtUurs to bo paid
liiiNiui'iw Notions 10 ceiitHif lino. Mmrinifo
Notices ncRoriUng to tlio libmiility of (lie
Yearly ailyorlloora ontitltnl to (niuiterly
. 1m ii
AihertlauniniitH not otherwise onlered, will
he contiiiuoil until onlereil (liscontiiiucil, ami
clifti'Ueil neconllugly. ,
R, HIGGINS & BE0.,
MarWo Monu mcnts.Tcmb itctes,
MANTLK3, FUllNITUItE, Ac,
LO&AN, ... OHIO.
Cioixl Assortment of Jlarblo roimtnntly on
hniul. All klndBof CKMliXEUY VToKKdouo
to order In the finest style.
ATTOENEY JT LAW
l'rompt atlention Kiyen to nil legal business
entrusted to his care. .
Ollli'oul Ills residence. ' ' '
felt. Hi, ltn.'l.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Slo ARTHUR, OH 10.
Will iitleml promptly to liny business kIvuii
lo his cure ami inaiinxeioent in any Courts of
Vliitnii mul a liiiiniiitf eiimitlos.' OKnuB in
tile Court Holme, up xtuir.,. i ' , ; ;.
I'UOflKOUTlNO ATTORNKY Of VlNTON COUNTY.
Will prui'.tli'o In ltoss, Vinton nml mljolnhijf
counties. All lejtal business entrusted to his
cure promptly iillendul to.
gowEH. house; :?;-v.,Vt
'J (Porin'eily .Sands House,) i,,
.'if 2 A LE S Kir. 6 HI 0. "f"'
This House, which is convenient to tlioK. It.
di'(ol, Ninco cluinniiiT propriolors. lias boon
thoroughly renovated ami rof urnislutil, and
thu present proprietor iillers to travelers and
lionrdors tlio best accommodations, . i .
Uonil Stable on the pruniUes.
tfof TKlliltf MOST IlKAHOMADIiR mgSji
JJERCH ANTS' HOTEL.
. , PORTSMOUTH, OHIO. .
J.W, VAESKR , . . ...
This Hotel Is In the most cflnvonlont part of
the city on Front St., betwoon Market snd
MERICAN HOTEL. '
t'oriior High and Stiito fits., nourly opposite
, Htalo House, , , ', . .
. cozjuavrBTJs, ohio. ,
. . in-- ) )
r...I.JJI-OUN'P . . . l'roprijtor.
Thin Hotel is furnished throughout' with all
tlio modern Improvements. Uuestscuu roly
on the best treatment ami very low bills, r
(it reel Cms pass this Hotel to aud from all
I SHAM HOUSE.
DR. I.T. MONAH AN v. -
This honsft, fonnorly tho Inham House, hftf
' been thoroughly renovated and buinitll'iilly
furnlslieil. llavlng superior fiusilltius, everv
thlng will bo done loiniike nuosts eoiufortahlo.
'l'ablu nlwnyssuiiiilied with tho bust thu mar
hot nffords. Nicely fnrnlslieit rooms nod
cleanest beds. Oood Klalilcs. Every effort
undo for tho comfort of vutrons.i All cb urges
nmtnratu. , i i ; i . 1 i i ! If.'
OHULICOTHE, OHIO, .
M. MEItKLK - - - r' J Proprlotor.
This Hotel, few leet from tho naltwiidDoi
put, and whore nil triivelon on nil trains can
f nkomenlH, hiiH Just boon Kieutly ciiliirKcd and
thoroughl v rupalruil, painted, Ac, ami is now
in complete order for 111 a reception of guests,
Trains stop ten minutes for ineiils. 'forms
moderate. , ., .,
1RAWF6ED HOUSE,- n . ,
y '. " ..
' Cnraur Sixth nail Woluut Streets,
V. I. OAKK.S ',f. T. KISHER, Proprlotori
jNO. JIyiNTVHE 4 J. II. CONNKbLr, Clerks. .
lilsr.ts houso lus been entirely rtedttoil. Uo
Tbisedr and Humoileled, anil Is In all re.
, FIKSt-CLASS HOTEI, '
Al.LTIIK LUXUHIKM OI' TUB WK ANOH. ' Tnllle
surinwsoil by none In tlio West, Amplo'nnd
(ilnssnnt aceommiHlntloiis for travelers, (iivo
n it rail. . OA KM A CO., Proprietors.
Jqeeenleaf & co.,' ;,;;.,;".;
. ,v ;.; itfot,w'w smsm fJ '; '"'" "
Dry Qooda, Notions, Hosiery ; &o.;
. 824 U(1 CM South nigh 0troot, " " "
V. M, Saiir, of McArthur, Is tbc trnvellng
sunlit fur tlm sImivb Iiihina. iitifl nil 'ardenien.
trusted to lilm will roovlve prompt utluutlou,
.Inunrjrl5,187fl.-.tf., , . , ,,p n.vivi-
' I ;' '" , ,,, !' .'.:!. -I
Original Poetry The Union Band.
Original Poetry The Union Band. BY J. V. B.
Oh I Yes riljuin thel'nioii Ijnuili
Tilv heart's alnnilvtliore, y I -T-t
To travel with HieA'i Mhstlflud;
-yr I'oie veyhry 1 1 aud fair.
Oh friill,1ul.li,il:' " . ...
rTTfrrTryuioinu ui)m too tiilon balid-
J. i Jili Mail; hml.-hnilj - - - - -
:i ( i. i i i j I'm ou.my jouiiiey home.!- i
'it i ' . !h' ;.'i ii i . u i : y. . ' "
l'volhnj deplored ill visions horil ! ' . !
. ' Votittov r Hi Hlmrtt '
s Hs'lu(iiioiii (Ills hand ail iics, if 1 T ; I'J
IUj Where nil di UlloiluitUluvo.1 I
If others cIiimic to practice Imto, ;
'; With them I runnut go)
.', Tieligion brings a Union rtlntq , i , ii
, , lu zioit horo boloWi ..'; I
. Mi ,, . i Chorus,
, j,.' ... I.I 'jll ' ,' , -, . 1
- iThoyoien whle the Uujon gate, ' '
- H AiuVlet an exile in-:1 ' t
I Jio longer can I dare to wait, ' '
("' Divioion is a sin, ' '
; ) i . r,, . Chorus.
Oh ! Coiiie nml go along with uic; ,
If "( hrist's your only Ileadi," r
For In tho Itlbloyon can seo r
Ily Him alone we're led '
Oil ! Yes, you'll lulu tho Union band; .
i our nouns uircuny more.
Coins, travel with us to that laud
ur hem la' al reaily there.
roievcr origin and fan
Is There a Central Heaven?
In the meantime something
haa been done by astronomy if
it has only suggested the mag
nificent and cheering thougfet,
thatewe are not only connected
relatively with the: millions of
suns and systems that wo be
hold around us, but positively
and physically with some vast
centre out of sight, and 'to
which all worlds and systems
alike;belong and render hom
age.' What, if this should be
the heaven f,of heayeps, the very
throne and habitation of God,
the highest and best' of all
worlds, the present abode ol the
Man Christ Jesus, and round
which, turning as on a mighty
pivot, the universe of creation
and its mighty frame work rolls
its starry face successively to
ward its Creator, is there any
thing irrational in such a suppo
sition? On the contraiy, are
there not many reasons, deriv
ed from other sources, for thhik-1
mg it in the highest, degree
probable? It must be allowed,
however, whatever may be
thought of ' it, that astronomy,
without positively asserting it,
suggests here a grand and sub
lime idea! But here science
bids us fare-well having con
ducted us in imagination, as it
were, to the very portals of the
unknown regions the celes
tial, city she modestly retires,
leaving us, however, not in the
dark, but in the hands and un
der the guidance of auother aud
"sure and powerful" witness
and that is, the inspired volume
of the Scriptures. That assures
us hot only of the reality and
certainty though it tells not its
celestial longitude or latitude,
but of the actual physical moral
and ' intellectual connection
between the two worlds heav
en and earth established, not
by gravity, but by actual inter
course of the inhabitants by
the communication which has
subsisted ' between the two
worlds, though the medium of
intelligent beings (who have
visited us) of a race far superior
to' man, and who have passed
from one-- world - to- the ' other,
crossing the vast gulf "xf space
that 1 ies between with far more
case tlian" -we, can now, with all
the aids .of science' we" possess,
pass fr' or city on
our'pwn glpbe to another their.,
flight resembling, indeed,' in. its
speed,' more the flashing of the
electric spark "along tho wire,
that now sounds and spans the
solitary depths of our Atlantic,
than any mortal flight; hilt thus
establishing beyond all tiuestion
the intimate relation ofthis ter
restrial ball and kingdom of
earin witn auouici; ana a uvigniT
er and a grander .and a higher
world and kingdom. But here
we pass -from the testimony of
science tothe domain ;of ancient
and inspired 1 history .--Sunday
Magazine. ". .', . ;;' -
f ; . m-m mm " " .
The (Neb:) Register contains
a long list of "forfeited", home
stead dahrin in .the .Republican
Valley district. ;, Tins .',,,' will
make a good openirig for (emi
grants," and ' will , undoubtedly
be taken advantage of soon.
Tlio cause of forfeiture was the
expiration ''of' th.G six1 months
from the time of filing without
the Iibhiesteadera making , act-
' ' 4 . Ill '' '''.'I ,1 ''I "'I ' ' 1 ' ' -'
V'l.i I'M !'l
lit ' , t i, i i , ... It 'i ' '' i 1 1 I
SopmsTRX :,i.8 , Ukc a window
curtain $ it pleasps ,fts; ah ' ovha:
ment,;1 butits :tru$'' $,$4 is !to
1 , 1.. 11 1 . 1
. 1 v '::' ' '
I , 1 , u' , 1 : 1,-if ii... I .-.. !--
Rules for the Case fo Sheep.
...i.;X'cireutar issued by F. C. 'Di
McKayv general agent jl
the 'American Emigrant -'Com
pany, 'givVs the following: The
qompajiy", have: already 1.0,000
ehcep'scaU'ered 'among the fariu-er.-i
who purchased l aud of them,
in Hocks, ranging in size from
50 to 200 head.' 1
i ;i 1. Keep shoep;dry,ui'deir:fo()t
with litter.''; This is even more
necessary than roo(ingi thrn.
Never let them ""stand ' or lie fn
niud 'ol' siio'w. ;
' 2. Take up lamb rams early
in tbe- sunimcrj and keep'theiri
up until December 1, following,
when they may. be turned out.
.3. Drop or take out the low
est bars as the sheep enter or
leave a yard, thus saving bro
4. Count every day, o ' ' j,
5. Begin graining with the
greatest care, and use the sraall-i
est quantity at first.
6. If a ewe loses her lamb,
milk her daily, for a few days,
and mix a little alum with her
7. Let no hogs eat with, the
sheep, by any means, in the
8. Give the lambs a little
mill feed in time of weaning.
9. Never frighten sheep, if
possible ttf avoid it. j
f 10. ; Sowrye for weak ones in
cold weather, if you can. ,
, 11. Separate all weak or thin
or sick, from those strong, in
the' fall, and give them special
12. If J any sheep is hurt,
catch it at once and wash the
wound ; and if it is fly-time ap;
ply spirits of turpentine, daily,
and always wash J with ' some
thing healing. If a limb is bro
ken, bind it up with splinters
tightly, loosening : as the limb
swells. . .v .. " " - "f -
13. Keep a number of good
bells on the sheep;
14: Do not let the sheep spoil
wool with chalf or burs. '
-15. ' Cut " tag-locks in early
: 16. ..For scours, give pulver
ized alum in wheat bran ; pre
vent by taking great care in
.chaug'ing dry for green feed.
17. If one is lame, examine
the foot, clean out between the
hoofs, pare the hoofs if unsound,
and apply tobacco with blue vi
trol, boiled a little in water.
18. 'Shear-at once 'any sheen
commencing to shed its wool,
unless the weather is to severe,
and save carefully the pelt of
any sheep that dies.
19. Have at least ' one good
work by you to refer to. This
will be money in your pocket,
m i ii-
We would ' advise all young
people to acquire in early life the
habit of correct speaking and
writing; aud to abandon, as
nearly as possible, any use of
slang words and "phrases. The
longer you live the mow diffi
cult correct language, will be;
and if the golden age of youth,
tho proper season for the acqui
sition of language be passed in
ita abuse, the unfortunate; vic
tim, if neglected, is very prop
erly doome to talk; , slang ; for ;
life 1 Money is' not necessary
to ' procure this education.
E yery man has it in " Ids ow n
power. He has . merely to usa
the.language which ho reads, in
stead of the slang which he
hears; to form his , taste from
the best speakers and poets in
the country; to treasure up
choice phrases in his memory
and habituate himself to their
nse, avoiding at the same , time
that, pedantic ., precision j' and
bombast' which shows tt'tlib
weakness of vain ambition rath
er than the polish of an : educa-i
ted man. 1 ' ' '' '
How tenfold sorrowful . are
our - sorrows when born in soli
tude! Some one has Baid that
grief is half removed when it is
shared. i.IIqw little that some
onb knew'i about 'it. .Half, : r
mpvedl'i- When ii; is shared 911
ly j between-' two hearts,1 1 does
not love fly off with nine-tenths
of it?- : -There 1 is iT but j a ; little
small remainder, for tlio two to
tear between ' them Antfiony
Tfollope. - :i 1 "-:;;'..;, ' ' '"
' .. Tho Memphis Chief of Police
clainis , to',, havo 'arrested 1 tho
matt';;-.'who' inunle'red f Gonb'ral
Thomas C. Ilindman, at Helena,
' Arkan sas, , soma' . four .'; 'years
i II .1 '
n'-.The idler is an annoyance- a
nuisance, ! He is no benefit to
any body. He is an intruder
in 1 tho busv thorouchfare of
eyeryi'day lifo. , He stands in
ourpa,tli,'and we push him con
teipptuously aside. He is of no
advantage to any one. He an
noys , busy ;! men. .. He, makes
them unhappy.. Ho is an uni
in society, " lie may have an
income to support him in idle
ness, or may "sponge on nis
good-natured friends; but in
either case he is . despised.
Young 1 men, do something in
this busy, bustling, wide-awake
world. Move about for the
benefit of mankind, if not for
yourself. Do not be idle. God s
law is, that by the sweat of our
face wo shall earn our bread.
That-'-law is a 'good -one, -And
the bread we earn is sweet.
God has written on the flow
ers that sweaten the air; on the
breeze that rocks the flower; up
on the rain-drop that refreshes
the sprig of moss that lifts its
head in the desert;- upon every
penciled shell that sleeps in
the cavern of the deep, no less
than upon the mighty sun that
warms and cheers millions of
creatures which live in its light
upon all his works he has
wricten, "None liveth for himself".
Cleaning Silverware. - Dr.
Eisner says that hot water in
which pared potatoes have been
boiled, is excellent for cleaning
silver ware that is in frequent
use. The object is lightly rub
bed between the fingers with
the sediment of potato flour,
which makes it as bright as
when polished with any polish
ing powder. For silver that is
engraved and ornamented this
potato dust has a great advan
tage over polishing powder,
which latter gets into the crevi
ces and lines; and can only be
removed with a brush. Plated
ware and white metal are also
polished with it. Instead of
using oil of vitrol for cleaning
copper kettles and other copper
utensils, potato water,which has
been allowed to stand till it gets
sour, can bo employed. 1
CoNCEiuxo the huge fossil an
imals found in the tertiary de
posits of Wyoming, Prof. 0. C.
Marsh . remarks : They nearly
equaled the elephant in size,and
their limbs were also similar to
those of the great Proboscidians.
The skull, however, presents a
remarkable combination of char
acters. It is long and narrow,
and supported three separate
pairs of horns. Its top was
very concave, and along the
back there was enormous crest.
Anteriorly it was armed with
enormous tusks like those in the
walrus. Ho adds several spe
cie of these remarkable crea
tures have already been named,
but at' present they cannot all
be distinguished with certainty.
OivTS. Josh Billings . says :
"A you ' have to do to raise
them is to plow. deep, then raa-
1 . ii . xi 1 ?.ii .11
nuro it wen: men spnnKio tne
oats all over tho ground, ono in
a place," theji .' Bot . up nites to
keep chickens and woo'd-cbucks
out ov them, then krad-le them
together with a kradle, then
rake them together with a rake,
then stack them together with
a stack, then thrash them out
with a flail, then clean them up
with a mill, then sharpen both
ends of them with a knife, then
stow theni away in tho grapary,
then spend wet days and Sun
days trapping for rats and mice.
It ain't nothing but .phun to
raise oats try it."
, Iowa has settled the vexed
question whether horses aro lia
ble tiS a 'second attactof tho liip
pozymosisi' the epizootic having
broken out again, with a spec
ial j mortality , among tho ani
maH; which ; Buffered :. from '. it
UstyeaV''"1" '"'" ' ' "'
The horses . of, the Pacific
slope, which are now undergo-1
much as theio Eastern relatives
didf ..Thewarm climate renders
the disease 'Jso'i light ' that ' but
few of iho,,horses aro obliged to
suspend their labors.
.'. ' .' ffin.l fn'insi si -s !
... 'J JV . .. . l 1 .
'Think little, of, yourself, and
you will, not" bo injured . whin
others think little of you,
How to Beautify Your Rooms.
The first condition of success
in furnishing either a large or a
small room, is that there must
be no' overcrowding. This is ab
solute. When outline is lost,
beauty, as a matter of fact, is
jost. We must all know many
rooms nr which, perhaps, the
worth and beauty of each indi
vidual thing is indisputable, on
entering which the first thing
that strikes one is a sense of
incongruity. What might have
been an art collection, is degra
ded to the level of an old curi
osity shop. Most women are
born with , a . love for . beau
y but generally, . unless this
lbve is cultivated and train
en,' it runs to water and
fitters itself, away upon
t:nall things. Women go into a
sWp and hover 1. over a counter
for an hour, engrossed in the
purchase of fifty minute things,
each one of which is pretty
enough in itself; but not one of
which can be clearly defined at
a distance of two yards, and not
one of which repays the trouble
of minute inspection. These
are packed away in shiny cabi
nets, that are blazing with or-raulu-scroll
work, on spindle-
legged what-nots that seem to
bo designed for no other purpo
ses than to be knocked down at
brief intervals, and on mantle
pieces that confuse one's brain
during the-long periods when
the need of being near the fire
forces one to face them. It is a
better and higher system of
economy to buy two or three
good bronze or marbles, on
which the eye can always rest
with pleasure, than to spend
ten times the sum on a hetero
geneous mass of the parti-colored
rubbish which many accu
mulate, "in order," they call it,
"to ; take off the naked look of
their room.'' Better the naked
loolj of ten thousand t'imes,
than the false decorations.
It is Better.
Better to wear a calico dress
without trimming, if it bo paid
for, than to owe the shop-keeper
for the most bewitching man
Better to live in a log cabin,
all your own, than a brown
stone mansion belonging to
Butter walk forever than run
into debt fort a horse and car
Better to use the old cane-
eeated chairs and faded three-
ply carpet, than tremble at bills
sent home from the upholterer's
for the most elegant parlor set
Better to pay tho street or
gan-grinder two cents for mu
sic, if you must have it, than
owe for a grand piano.
Better to .gaze upon bare
walls than pictures unpaid for.
Better to eat thm soup from
earthenware, if you owe your
butcher nothing, than dine on
lamb and roast hoof, and know
that it does not belong to you.
How to Be Loved.
1. Be honest.
2. Deal kindly.
3. Speak softly. .'
4. Aid the needy.
5. Feed the hungry.
6. Clothe tho naked.
7. Visit the afflicted.
8. Pay what you owe.
9. Lift up tho down-fallen.
10. Criticise, quite sparingly.
11. Take your church paper,
and pay for it.
153. Above all love God su
premely and your neighbor as
Nobody likes to be nobody,
but everybody is pleased to
think hmiself somebody; but
when anybody thinks himself to
bo somebody, ho gonerally
thinks everybody elso to bo
IIerr, de LvroRT expressed
his opinion that tlio Emperor
William is not just the sort of
man ho should be, and in con
sequence he will spend fifteen
months in 'prison. ..
- The Prince of Wales has late
ly been elected a member of
the London Goldsmith b : ,Uom
pany.1) ., ' , . -
Queen Victoria has cultiva-
eil officially twelve of her, pro
miers. ;; ' ' ;
A woolen mill is to be estab
lished in Columbia. Mo.
Du.r II. C. Bolton suggests
tho use of the magnesium light
for observing the true colors of
precipitates by night.
; Tiie first case in England by
inhalation of nitrous oxide gas
is reported in the Lancet. . The
patient was a lady, thirty-eight
years of age.
' Prof. Joseph Le Conte, in a
paper in Silliman's Journal, up
holds the opinion that the whole
theory of geology must be re
constructed on the basis of a
Under the influence of light
and air pretroleum absorbs a
certain proportion of exygen,and
givea ihe reactions of .ozone. In
this state it is yellow and burns
poorly. The proper way to
avoid the change is to preserve
the oil in metallic vessels.
The disappearance of the fal
len leaves is explained by Dr.
Eugene by the hypothesis that
earth-worms drag them into
their subterranean habitations
by means of the curved appen
dages by which their anterior
rings are armed.
The currents of air induced by
the Boston fire were so strong
that flakes of granite were car
ried across the water to South
Boston, and fell in quantities on
the side-walks and roofs, and
papers were borne in some cases
to a distance of more than
M. Jamin states that when the
current of electricity used to
magnetize a horse-shoe bar at
tains a certain strength, the bar
appears to return to its normal
state, while either weaker or
stronger currents produced mag
netism.- Ibis state he terms
that of concealed magnetism.
and supposes it is produced by
a peculiar distribution of the
Mr. Garner, in a paper read
before tho Linnaean Society,
abohdons the idea that the se
cretion of nacreous matter,
which forms pearls in oysters
and mussels, is owing to the ir
ritation caused by grains of
sand. From observations made
on common marine mussels, he
concludes that the exciting
cause of the deposit is not sand,
but a minute parastic ; white in
the fresh water mussel or ano
don, it is a minute mite or true
In studying the bones of
whales, Dr. Struthers, discov
ered that these leviathans of the
deep are subject to rheumatism
It has been said that animals
are not subject to disease until
they aro brought into connec
tion with man; but this fact con
tradicts the theory. It is the
more remarkable, seeing that
whales are less subject than
man to variations of tempera
turo; and it is also evident that
the cold water treatment cannot
be very efficacious in the cure
of tho disease.
A curious deposit, composed
almost entirely f of pure silica,
has been discovered in North
Wales. It forms the bed of a
small lake at a considerable el-
ovation above the level of the
sea, and is of volcanic origin.
When properly washed and pre
pared it furnishes a powder,
which is very finely divided
and mixes freely with oils and
pigments, and is worked with
the greatest ease. When laid
on it soon becomes hard, and
presents a polished surface,
which resists the action of acids
and heat. .
M. L. Caiixetet, as the result
of a series of experiments on
tho proprietors of liputd Carbo
nio Acid, finds that it does not
conduct electricity, that it doe?
not dissolve sulphur nor phros
phorus, tlough it takes up a
small quantity of iodine. It can
not dissolve common salt, sul
phate of soda, nor chloride of
calcium; it only licts very slow,
ly on carbonate of limo Petro
leum dissolves 5 or 6' volumes
of the liquid ' acid ; sulphuric
ether absorbs it in largo quani
ty. Stcavino and paraflino aro
insoluble Sodium has no sat
isfactory action,, except on the
traco of moisture that mav bo
The Worn-out Font of Type.
I'm sitting by my desk, George,
Before me on the floor
There lies a worn-out font of type, ,
Full twenty thousand scoro :
And many months have passed, George,
Hinee they were bright and new.
And many are the tales they've told '
The false, the strange, tlio true.
What tales of horror they have told,
Of tempest and of wreck:
Of murder in the midnight hour,
Of war full many a "speck 1" .
Of ships that lost away nt sea, .
Went down before the blast ; ,
Of stilled cries of agony,
. , As life's Inst moments passed.
Of earthquakes snd of suicides,
Of bank defaulters, broken banks,
And banking systems rotten.
. Of boilers bursting, steamboats snag.
I Of riots, duels fonght;
Of lobbersiwitli their prev escaped.
Of thieves, their booty caught, .
Of flood, and fire, aud accident,
Those worn-out types have told, '
, And how the pestilence has swept
i- The youthful and the old:
Of marriages, of births and deaths,
Of things to please or vex us ; ;
Of one man's jumping overboard,
Another gono to Texas.
They've told us how swcot Summer days
jiitvu laueu iroin our view;
IIow Autumn's chilling winds have
Tlio leaf -crowned forest throuch:
. How Winter's . suow hatb come . and
Dark reign of storm and strife
And how the sinilingSiirinif had wanuud
xnepaiouowers uacs: to life,
I enn't protend to mention half.
My Inky friends have told,
Since shining bright and beautiful.
They issued from the moid
How unto some they Joy have brought,
To others grief uuil tears;
Vet fai thl uliy the record k opt
. Of fast receding years.
How to Get Along.
Do not stop to tell stories in
If you have a place of busi
ness, be found there when
No man can get rich by sit
ting around stores and saloons.
"Never fool." in business mat
ters. Have order, system, regular
ity, liberality and promptness.
Do not meddle with business
you know nothing about.
Never buy an article you do
not need, simply because it is
cheap, and the man who sells
it will take it out in trade.
Trade in money.
Try to avoid hard words and
Do not kick every stone in
the path. More miles, can be
made in a day by going steadi
ly on than by stopping.
Pay as you go.
A man of honor respects his
word as his bond.
Aid, but never beg.
Help others when you can,
but never what you cannot af
ford, simply because it is fash
ionable. Learn to say "no." No neces
sity , of snapping it out dog
fashion, but say it firmly and
Have but few confidents the
fewer the better.
Use your own brains rather
than those of others.
Learn to think and act for
Keep ahead rather than be
hind the times. '
Reader, cut this out, and if
there be any folly in the argu
ment, let us know.
Nature never makes a blun
der. When she makes a fool
nobody will mistake him for a
philosopher. Some, perchance,
destroy by enthusiasm the effi
ciency of their talents, and
some by inactivity allow to pass
unused their fairest opportuni
ties, but in doing this they only
exhibit their individual charac
The San Francisco Bidlctin
is at pains to labor through long
lines of figures to find an affirm
ative answer to the question,
"Does mining pay?" And this
is golden California, where the
rivers roll upon beds of the shin
ing metal, and tho auriferous
need only to bo ticklod with
the spade to make them
Do not be idle. Minutes
aro too precious to squander
thoughtlessly. Everyman and
every woman, however exhalt
ed, or however humble, can do
good in this short life, if so in
clined. Therefore do not bo
idle. . , ': '
The worthiest of persons are
frequently attacked by slander,
as we generally find that to be
the best fruit which the birds
have pecking at. ,
M. L. pe Sinety states, in a
note to the Academy of Scien
ces at Paris, that ho finds that
tho liver or female animals be
comes fatty during lactation.
Kellooo has promised to
dedicate a Connecticut opera
house, whatever that is! !
Items of Interest.
: Richmond, Indiana, has en
larged her city limits by. 400,
acres. ,. '.
There are now 259 grangea
of the Patrons of Husbandry , in
i Hundreds, of acres of unhus
kedcorn still adorn the : iub-j.
ufbs of Aurora, 111. , " ' , .
-., . . ..... . 1 ( 't
Abingdon, Knox Countyy 111.,
shipped $40,000 worth of mules,
the last year. '
, . , I i ' . r. i ' :r;
' The winter wheat in Central
and Northern Ohio is reported
to be in fine condition." :
, , . i cel.' f !!
Zanesville, Ohio, . complains,
of a water works ring which
has drawn $100,000 ,but no
water. . ; ;
. : I.';'1 , .'
j Rcsh Connty,Tnd., boasts of
the smallest delinquent tax list,
for her population, in the State.
Pike County, Ind., claims to
be richer in mineral deposits'
than any county in the State. v '
Kalamazoo County, . Michi
gan, reports winter wheat look
ing well. Kalamazoo has ten
Farmer's Clubs are being or-1
ganized in several counties'
throughout the State of Mis
souri. .'. ii
: Spotted fever is Spreading'
rapidly among the children in
the rural districts of Berks
County, Pa. ' ; .t
Snow to the depth of four
feet is reported at the head of
White Deer Creek, Lycoming
County, Pa. " i i
The proposition to establish a ;
State High School for mechan
ics is awakening considerable
interest in Pennsylvania. '
Judge Isaac Dimmick, oner
of the earliest settlers of La Sal
le County, died at Ottawa, 111.,
last week at the of age 91 years.
He was a colonel in the war of
The trial of farming imple
ments, under the auspices of:
the State Board of Agriculture,
will take place near Indianapo- '
lis on the 23d of June next. ' J 5
The National Acricultural '
Congress will beheld in India
napolis on the third Wednes-;.
day in May An unusuaUy large
attendance is anticipated from"
all sections of the country. :
The log crop of the Menom-'-
onee, in Wisconsin, this year '
will be considerably less than
that of last year, being only be- t
tween 120,000,000 and 130,- ;
The liquor men of Laporte,
Ind., have organized an associ
ation in opposition to the Tern
perance Law, which they name 1 ,
the "Personal Liberty League
of Northern Indiana." ""' 1
Miss Nancy O. Tyler, a popu- ;
lar school-teacher of Sedalia,
Mo.,' who formerly taught ' at '
Springfield and Griggsville, Ill.,! '
died on the 21st ultimo. ' She
was a native of Bath, Maine..
Wisconsin has eighty gran- t :
ges of the Patrons of Husband
ry. Rock and WTinnebago ;
Counties lead in the movement, ,
each being represented , by ,
thirteen granges. ' ',
Chaplain George W. Repper, ,
of the M. E. Church, now sta- , .
tioned at Galion, Ohio, will de ,
liver a lecture in TTooster, CO"'
on the 11th inst. Subject '
"Froude's Ireland, from a Pro-
testant Standpoint. : , ,
The recent discoveries of coal
at Marshalljlllinois, excites con
siderable speculation. The
samples brought . to light have
been pronounced by , competent
judges to be pure anthracite
perfectly free from sulphur. '
,.; Arrangements, have, been;
made for building a short rail
way from Clam Lake to Musk-,
rat Lake, Mich., this summer.
The work will bo undertaken
by wealthy men who own pine ;
in the vicinity of Muskrat Lake. ; .
It is claimed that a. fine ,
quality of fossil ore has been
found in largo quantities in
Bald Eagle Valley, Pa., also, :
that underneath is a , strata (f
quartz, uhich, when analyzed,
was found to contain about live
per cent of silver. :
-1 ' V..