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MARIETTA DAILY LEADER
0KOBOK U. COOKE,
IOHH yf. LANBtEY
Published every day except bunday, at the
Leader Building. Putnam Street and
MONDAY. JUNE I, 1890
Wo will consider It a groat favor If
subscribers will report any failure
to not their Leader, orany cureless
nes9 on the part of the carrier.
Subscribers will please not pay
the carriers unless the carrier
punches his credit tag In subscrib
Of the United 'States. C
For Secretary of State.
CHARLES KINNEY, Of clotaCo.4
For Judge of the Supreme Court;
MARSHALL J. WILLIAMS,! Fayette. CO.
For FoodTrad Dairy Commissioner,
JOSEPH E. BLACKBURN, of Belmont Co.
For Member Board of Public Works,
FRANK A. HUFFMAN, of Van Wert Co
For Congress, 15th District,
H. C. VAN VOORHIS, of Muskingum Co.
Hor Probate Judge,
D. R. ROOD, of Belpre .
JFor Sheriff , . M
JOHN S. MCALLISTER, Fourth Ward.
W. A. PATTERSON, of Waterfoid.
For Recorder, ,
JOHN W. ATHEY, Marietta Tvnshlp.
JOHN RANDOLPH, Wesley Township.
For Infirmary Director,
WM. SCHNAUFFER, Newport Township.
Since Saturday afternoon at 2 o'clock
the cause of bicycle-racing has ad
vanced several points. The crowds
who watched tho races were enthusias
tic in their praises of the sport It is
good fun, and deserves to be patronized
One of the costliest spectacular en
tertainments that ever occurred in the
country was that which the Hocking1
Valley Railroad put up Saturday for
the delectation of a sensation-loving
public who might want to see a rail
joad collision without the usual attend
ant misery of loss of life.
The road took two of its oldest en
gines, painted them in gay colors, and
"baforo a multitude, ran them together
at a speed of fifty miles an hour. As
the engines struck their forward ends
jroso high in the air, and in a last cm
trace, like a pair of dying lovers they
This hurling together of two mighty
iron monsters is put down in tho pa
pers as being a contribution to science.
"VVe think this is a little far-fetched,
ior these same demonstrations are ac
cidentally occurring every day, and
science we think can get little benefit
from them except a better acquaint
ance with broken bones and the like.
The exhibition was the first of its
"kind in Ohio, and it was witnessed by
twenty thousand people.
Memorial Day Exerclees.
Memorial Dav was
observed last Saturday
in Marietta with tho us
ual beautiful exercises
of decoration and tho
solemn ceremonies that
have become a part of
the day. In the fore
noon the Buell and
Gates Posts G. A. R.
joined In Memorial ser
vice on tho west side of
the river and details of veterans and
iriends laid their sanctified tributes of
flowers upon the graves of the bleeping
ieroes in the city cemeteries. The
school children assisted in the decora
tion, gathering an added inspiration of
patriotism from the ceremony of thus
-honoring the memory of the nation's
x At the Auditorium at 7:30 in the eve
ning a Memorial Address was deliver
ed by Judge II. L. Sibley 'and orations
"by Verno W. Boyle, T. Jesse Jones,
Wm. E. Sykes and A. T. Williamson.
The two latter were awarded prizes,
Sgrkes for thought and composition and
Williamson for delivery. Presentation
of the prizes was made by Rev. W. E.
The orations were upon patriotic
subjects and a new feature in the ob
servance of Memorial Day in this city.
They will no doubt prove a perma
nent addition to the program for future
The Auditorium was packed by an
audiooco who heard the Memorial ad
dress and orations with, keen apprecia
tion of the full significance of tho oc
casion. Their presence attested the
enduring veneration In which tho
American citizen holds tho dead and
living veterans who bore bravely and
without murmur tho great burden of
Simply Question"? or silver Xcadcm.
f4 would bo benefited by adultcni
! tho currency? Not tho fanners.
Cduld not bo better off if thvrv ot
h?q fiQ-oent dollars, wbero J&ey got now
onS 10Q-oen.tr dollar, arid that ifl tho ut
tnimau would bo Ohio to (rfvd
ri .. j .... . .. r j
xhui liiio lenrcm ormTran.rinri rr
Kfl currency caused W a collanoo
iuxcui, xhu, vuo learrui pontracuon 01
SOME HARD FACTS.
Jilt 'Idling UIotf ARalnat Tree
Colitngo nt Glxtotu to One.
ITnn TTrt1.i CmNIi en.., . nt 1. n in .
Iuvui UU1C U1UI11I, avMktuij J w.u . in
terior, delivered (i speech In New York
ion May it on tuo euricncy question,
'It is a speech that should be read by all
who buy and sell or who ote or hae
influence with'otei s. It ist as follows:
' The people of thio country make their
contracts payable in dollars. Uncer
tainty us to tho meaning of the word
dollar must create doubtns to .the effect
of contracts and general distrustin busi
The dollar of the United States at the
present tirao litis a distinct meaning,
'it is equivalent to 23.22 gialnsot pure
j gold. Paper dollars are mere promises
tto pay in coin. Silt er dollars, While they
qontain bullion worth ouly about SO"
the credit of tho gbrnnacntyBiMhat
they have been ktpt On'aT tjdrlty Vlth
old. dollars. Twenty-threc-twenty-Uv c-lono-hun&redths
era ins of gold therefore
1 measure tho value of what te meant by j
n. dollar, when tho term is used for
j trade here, and this has been' true for
uuullb UV JrUIi, ,WUU 111U V.. v. ISA. J ,
the period during which paper dollars
Upon tho floor of tho house of repre-
ernfiiMrpfi In IflM. whpn thft bill WI13
pending which made fractional cur
rency subsidiary, Cyrus X. Dunham, of
Tni1ln.Tifi. w'lio hnd nh.incfi of tho. hill. I
"An objection urged against this pro
posed change is that it gives us a gold
standard only. Gentlemen talk
about a double standard of gold and sil
ver as a 'thing that exists, and that wo
propose to change. Wc have had but n
single standard for tho last three or four
j ears ; this hus been and now is gold j we
propose to let it remain so and adapt sil
er to and regulate it by gold."
4fter this long experlcnco In tho use
of 'dollars based upon 23.22 grains of'
gold tho advocates of silver demand Its
at tie present ratio.
This is really a proposition to remove
'from silver dollars the safeguards of leg
islation which surround them, to with
draw the Jimit and to take from them
the support of tho government. It is an
effort to reach a bimetallic currency by
tho frco and unlimited coinage of two
metals at a fixed ratio which places 100
cents' worth of bullion in tho gold dol-j
lar and 50 cents' worth of bullion in
the silver dollar. I
i Theexperienco of every country which
'has attempted tho free and unlimited '
.. 1,1 X .1, I
WlUUgD ux uie WU U1UUU3 Ub lb rauu IUB 1
legarding the commercial value of thol
bullion of each metal put into a dollar
has been the coinage and use of the
cheaper metal and the loss as money of
the more valuable metal. The prin-l
ciplo is" Ifiuo "expressed by Sir Isaac J
i "if debased coin is attempted to be ,
(circulated with full value coin, all of
the latter will disappear from clrcula-
tion, and the overvalued ana debased
coin will alono remain, to tho ruin of
our commerce and business."
This indisputable doctrine was taught
in tho 14th century by Nicholas Ores-
me and again in tho 16th century by
Nicholas Copernicus. Coming down to
1717, Sir Isaac Newton, at fiat time
Idlrectpr of the mint of England, de
clared: "If silver leaver tho shores of Eng
land in crowns or in ingots, tho produce
of coins remelted, and gives place to
gold, it is because the value which the
monetary legislation assigns to it, in re
lation to gold, is not correct."
Apply the lesson practically to our
own money. With free and unlimited
coinage of gold and silver at the ratio of
sixteen to one silver monometallism
rtvould result, and tho measure of the
value of our dollar would be 371 groins
of 6ilver, worth about 13 grains of gold.
, But tie advocates of silver coinage
slst that with 371 grains of silver
.admitted in unlimited quantities to the
mints for coinage, free of charge, the
.bullion, valua of this number of grains
"would necessarily bo equal, before coin
'age, to tho, coined dollar. This is true,
'and it would be equally true of 100
'grains, or of one grain, if admitted frco
.and in unlimited quantities to coinage.
Indeed, if chips were admitted free and
in unlimited quantities to tho privilege
if being stamped into dollars, the chips,
before they were stamped, would be
worth as much as tho dollars of ter they
were stamped, but unfortunately the
dollars would bo worth no mora than
Anotlter favorite argument of tho frco
eUver adtocates refers to tho experlcnco
of France, and they havo claimed all
over tho country that France, from 1603
to 1S74, by fixing a legal ratio for tho
coinage of silver and gold (at fifteen
and one-half to one), kept tho commer
cial ratio between tho two metals at tho
same figures. This inaccurate state
ment has been ono of their principal
arguments. If they will really examine
tho history of France, they will find that
before 1820 tho difference between tho
commercial value of gold and silver ex
ceeded fifteen and ono half to ono, and
Franco became siher monometallic.
Xatcr on, between 1840 and 1850 the
commercial difference was less than fif
teen and one-half to one, andFrnnco be
came gold monometallic.
From 1792 to 18G0 tho subject of coin
age of gold and silver was frequently
disoubsed by American statesmen, and
no suggestion can bo found, from any
of them, that tho goernment could
overcome even a small difference in the
commercial value of metals by free and
unlimited coinago at a fixed ratio.
This country failed to odd threo per
bent, to tho value of silver and make it
(equal to a ratio of fifteen to one with
oux pnur uj 400, miu it ituiou wuuu
lx per cent, to gold and make it equal
6 a ratio of ono to sixteen with silver
ubscquent to X840.
No limit can be placed upon the mass
I $Qver etill unroined. Good authority
,tce that the present annual vol
44 bfl produced for about, 60 centa
OTQe. ft is impossible to place and
cents caca, HovcvDccn.. sun-ounueu oyp
number colncduInU supnoning them by ,
maintain a pricq upon such a commodity
which would gio it a profit entirely
dlsproportloned to that earned by tho
average enterprise. Yet the advocates
of free coinago of siher nt a local ratio
of sixteen to one, although the com
mercial ratio is thirty-one to one.
Wo are therefore confronted with a
proposition to chango the meaning of
the dollar from 23.22 grains of gold to
371 grains of silcr. As 371 grains
of silver are worth only about 13 grains
of gold, it is practically a proposition,
nt a single blow, to reduce the nlue of
a dollar one-half.
It is a moement more radical than
one to reduce openly the bullion in a
gold dollar to 13 gi ains. Tills would be
a step dangerous, but definite. No ono
knows what 371 grn ins of sih er would
bo orth under f red and unlimited coin
age. It is impossible to say whether the
jUicruucu ueraium lursinerwuuiu uurry
371,4 grains of silver soriieuhht'a'boVe
13 trrnins of rfold. or whether thisdnX
crcased'sdemaiid would shortly prddueoJ
a disproportiofled increased supply and
carry tho value of 371 grains of sil
ver somewhat below 13 grains of gold.
I am aware that tho advocates of free
coitfagc of silver object to estimating
the value of siher in gold, but all in
ternational trade is measured by grains
of gold. No matter what system we
adopt, unless our international com
merce is abandoned, our dollars will bo
actually measured by gold, een though
we fix them upon a siher standard.
The movement for the free and un
limited coinage of siher is therefore
on effort not only to reduce the value of
a dollar about one-half, but to leave it
in a state of uncertainty. It threatens
A complete change in the meaning of
the term dollar to some meaning In the
neighborhood of one-half its present
meaning. It threatens an entire change
of the aluc of the term by which con
tracts and credits arc estimated and by
which business is conducted.
In e cry country w here progress and
prosperity are found the great bulk of
business must depend upon credits. The
credits are estimated in dollars, and
whatever creates a doubt as to the mean
ing of a dollar must tend to suppress
business. The mere thi cat involves un
certainty, and this uncertainty must bo
removed to bring back to business nor
To appreciate the importance of re
moving doubt upon this subject, con
template briefly the process of reaching
the propo'sed silver standard. We saw
in 1893 a paralysis of business, in large
part produced by the threat of a silver
If a president and congress were elect
ed Jn November committed to the free
and unlimited coinage of 371 grains
of silver into dollars, nearly six months
would pass before they could be. in
augurated and six months more before
the proposed legislation could become
law. During that time creditors would
seek to protect themselves against be
ing paid in dollars worth only about
13 grains of gold, and they would en
deavor to make collections before the
unlimited coinage of depreciated dollars
began. Tho debtors would not be al
lowed to remain debtors until they could
get the advantage of paying off what
they owed at 60 cents on the dollar;
they would be forced to immedlijtg
settlements. Sheriffs and constables
would cajl upon them without delay.
Depositors in banks would withdraw
their money. The large merchants,
forced to settle their foreign indebted
ness, would insist upon immediate pay
ments of debts due from smaller mer
chants. Tho smaller merchants in turn
would be compelled to force collections
from their customers. The great vol
ume of business conducted upon credits
Manufacturing enterprises could not
afford to continue business or mako
contracts until the value of the new
dollar could be settled by the determi
nation of just what 371 grains ofr.il
i er would prove to be worth, ifanufac
tories would close. Business houses
would fail. Banks would be raided.
Tho unemployed would bo numbered by
millions. The farmers would find few
purchasers for their products. Want
'and famine would pervade the land.
At tho end of a few years, when busi
ness settled down to tho new mean
ing of a dollar, fluctuations in the com
mercial price of silver would still keep
our dollars of uncertain value and hinder
Business interests, reaching from the
richest banker to tho poorest paid labor
er, require the removal of all doubt
about tho meaning of a dollar. No man
should be trusted even with an impor
tant nomination who does not recognize
that the value of a dollar is now meas
ured by 23.22 grains of gold, and who
is not willing to openly declare his pur
pose to help keep it there.
The Obcop Money 'Wlll-o'-tho-Wlsp.
The ffooplo. Not the FolltlcUns, V?1U Win.
The Journol has always stood for
Bound money and contended that tho re
sult of the discussion would bo the tri
umph of that doctrine. It did not do
this in tho spirit of prophecy, but be
cause it was convinced that tho good
sense of tho people would bring them to
vo other conclusion. Tho politicians
may manipulate and mako a great show
ing on the frco silver pkle. but when
one cornea to talk to the pooph) olarge,
when the question topHjeeotod to them,
there Js put one result possibles-Mil'
- t "
THE POPULAR FETE
Of tho Coronation Ceremonies Held In
Vol cow Men and Women Trnroplod
Doirn nnd Killed In tho Dense Crovrd.
Moscow, May SO. Tho popular fcto
of tho coronation ceremonies' at which
botween 400,000 and 500,000 people
wcro fed and indulged In all sorts of
merry making, was held Saturday on
tho Hodynski plain opposlto tho Pe
troffsky palace, and was tho
scono of tho first fatalities
that havo marked tho coronation
festivities. This freo feast, which has
always been tho popular fcaturo of
coronations, has hitherto been tho oc
casion of a great deal of crowding and"
good naturcd fighting for places on
tho part of tho hundreds of thousands
of guests of tho city, but nb such gath
ering was ever witnessed on tho no
dynskl plain as that which.assemblcd
Saturday. Crowds which began coming
ifeng boforo daylight, finally became sp
hdenso and so cagcr'tb obtain atS'ccss to
jtlw reo" food and beer; dud the freo
amusements, that they could nbt 'bo
controlled. Men. womnn nml nViilrlvnn
fwiro thrown down and either tram
pled upon and wcro either badly in
jured or killed, whllo others had their
lives crushed out by the fear
ful pressure of tho vast
crowd. The police and military finally
succeeded in scattering tho multitude,
so that thero was no further danger,
when it was found that a number of
persons had been killed. Tho fete was
held in the presence of tho czar and a
distinguished compnuy of guests who
occupied seats in a largo pavilion espe
cially erected and elaborately decorated
for the occasion.
many of the Buildings In SbLonls Wrecked
by the Tornado.
' St. Louis, Ma, May 8a The officials
of the board of education are busily
fitrurinir out tho enormous loss whlnh
the schools suffered. All tho south
end schools between Chouteau avenue
and Arsenal street were badly dam
need. Somo had roofR hlnrvn nwnw
walls caved in, and others got
off with ruined windows and
chimneys. Tho schools which suffered
Tnnftt. nrn fhrt P.Hntrin. P.HtitTi hwiMnt,
Peabody, Charles Hogden,' PestnlozzL
uranc, now oneppara, ij'uuverture,
Froebel. Lafavette. Loncfellow nnrl
Madison. The Comnton. Marnuftt.
Chouteau and Garfield also Buff ered.The
school board can not repair tho damage
for less than 850,000, and perhaps a
larger sum will be needed.
Several of tho schools will not bo
opened again until September. '
Yacht Racing on tho Tlmmei.
London, May 30. The match raceB
of the now Thames Yacht club from
South End to Harwich were sailed Sat
urday. The sky was cloudy and there
was a contrary tide, with tho wind
from the northeast. The start was
made at 9:55 a. m. In the race for
large raters tho Satanlta crossed the
lino ten seconds ahead of tho Britan
nia, which was followed by tho Allsa,
Caress, Isolde, Corsair and Hester. In
ttio race for twenty raters, tho Perii-
tqnt crossed the line first and the Ni
agara last. Afterward the Britannia
and tho Niagara overhauled tho lead
ers in their, respective classes.
Ilallstuncs Threo Inches in Diameter.
Reno, Nov., May 30 The heaviest
rain .and hail storm in years visited
Reno Friday , morning. Hailstones
threo inches in diameter fell and hard
ly a whole skylight in the city remains.
Tho Truckco river was the highest
known in 15 years and the Truckeo
meadows about (rleudale are under
water. Vegetation was considerably
damaged. Threo men were drowned
in the river at rrossor Creek. Their
names can not be learned.
Cleveland and Coblpet to Vltlt Senatoi
West SurEniOB, Wis., May 30.
Prestdent Cleveland and members o)
his cabinet will be the guests of Sena
tor Vilas this summor and wlll'flsh an
hunt along the Brule about thlrtj
miles from here for about thirty days
Wllllncto Correct Mistakes.
About tho only argument the freo sil
ver papers offer in advocating tho is
suance of flat money is that Secretary
Carlisle and the Courier-Journal have
changed their, views on tho money ques
tion. To their credit, be it said, tho
Courier-Journal and Secretary Carlisle
argue the question. Lexington (Ky.j
DnclcIon'iiArn c Halve.
The Best Sai.ve In tha world for
Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt
Kheum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped
Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and all Skin
Eruptions, and positively eurea Piles
or no pay required. It is guaranteed to
Cive perfect satisfaction, or money re
fundod. Price 25 cents per box.
For sale by W. H. Styer.
IT IS A SUPERB T0N1G and
rexcrts a wonderful influence in
strengthening her system by
driving through the proper chan
nel all impurities. Health and
strength are Guaranteed to result
from its use,
Jlyvilfo was bedridden for eighteen months,
altei uslne BRADFIELD'3 TBMALE ItEGU
LATOIl for two months. Is Rcttlne well.
J. M. JOHNSON, Malvern, Ark.
ISUADFILD UEGUUTOU CO., ATLANTA, (U.
Sold by all TJrusgUU at 81.00 ptr botUo,
A Rare Opportunity.
Tho Collega residence property, on Fifth
street, opposlto Mound Cemetery, is ollered (or
sale by Ward & Stone as agents, for a short
time only. -The location Is one o( choicest In
the city. Size ot lot isoxiso leet. Terms made
May 3 tf .
sell their goods for.
They may have exacti
but its hardly possible since
we buy direct from the manufac
turer in large lots, and for CASH. We
haven't Suits" others' sell for $ 1 5.0CLto
- offeroA4$;iOO.::nothing oeo
.What'wepa hkve itfdfiSE thoughiilw-Ebb
SELECTED MERCHANDlSE'VinV VERY
LOWEST POSSIBLE CASH PRICES. Our
line of Men's Suits from $5.00 up are as good
as can possibly be offered for the money, well
made, cut to fit, and of materials that Will wear.
$8.00, $10.00 and $12.00 will buy splendid
suits for business or 'dress. up' purposes.
Young Men's Suits, all grades, $3.50 up. New
line of Children's Suits just received, the very
latest effects out, prices $2.00 to $4.56., ilarge
assortment of odd Knee Pants 25c up. - Straw
Hats, all styles, all prices. Summer Under
wear and Furnishings at the VERY LOWEST
PRICES. New goods coming in every day.
Try us I No deception to sell goods. Our ad
vertisements and methods are reliable I I !
S. R. Van Metre & Co.,
The Old Reliable
Special Sale Sun Umbrellas.
Fast Black Silk Warp Serge; Paragon Frames
Handsome Assortment of Natural Stick Han
dles; Cost you in a Regular way, $ 1 .50, ' We
are Going to Give You a Pick of These for.
Greatest Bargains Ever Offered,
Jenvey & Allen,
Colonial Book Store.
We have in stock, have had from the start, and are selling.readily
the extra large Bize Social Hammock, price $4.50.
A large line of other grades from $1.00 upward.
Among the many good things in our stock, that are moving rapidly
just now, we enumerate
Largest and best fish caught with our goods.
Reward Cards, Gift L'ooks, Fountain Pens, Small Flags for decoration
lb. Papers, Engraved Cards, Invitations, &c.
See our Flower Baskets before purchasing.
The most reliable place to get information about our stock, business,
ana prices is at me store or in our Ad.
1 53 Colonial Block. Front St.
J. E. VANDERVOORT.
Do You Want a Good Lamp?
. If bo, see Charles Holtz on Front Street near Putnam. Uo also will
Bhow you by -far the Best Selected stock of Queenswarq in Mariotta.
Charles Holtz, the queEnsware man.
To Arrive Sbon:
Buggies, Farm Wagons 'and -Spring
In the meantine if you want a Single Rig, come and give us special
order for it. v ,
NYE HARDWARE COJ'
170 Frmt Sir., SOLE AGENTS, "' MarltMloj ,
No. 108 Front
C. E. GLINES.