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PULTON COUNTY TRIBUNE
TASKS AND DUTIES
President Points Out Big Prob
v lenis Which Confront
I'UST OPEN GATES OF TRADE
: Snips to Carry Good to Empty Mar
kets la Imperative Necessity
Our National Defense Lies la
Our Citizenry Need
V of Economy.
Washington, Dee. 8. The new tasks
and duties imposed upon the United
States as a result of the European war
: occupied the grer.ter portion of Presi
dent Wilsons message to congress
read today before a Joint session of
the two houses. -The message follows:
Gentlemen of the Congress:
. The session upon which you are now
watering will be the closing session of
the Sixty-third congress, a congress. I
venture to say. which will long be re
membered for the . great . body of
thoughtful and constructive work
, which it has done, In loyal response
; to the thought and needs of, the coun
1 try. I should like in this addreES to re
view the notable record and try to
.. aamke adequate assessment of it; but
1 am doubt we stand too near the work
that has been done and are ourselves
too much part of It to play the part of
, historians toward it. Moreover, our
. thoughts are now more of the future
J tbM. of the past ; ,.' . .' . ;, . ,
While we have worked at our tasks
. ( peace . the circumstances of the
whole age have been altered by war.
"What we have done for our own land
aad. our own people we did with the
.a ,.i !. I 1 1 ..U....
wr vl iuieuieucc, , wnu Buyer
enthusiasm and a confidence in the
principles apon which we were acting
.which sustained us at every step of
the difficult undertaking; but it is
dene. It has passed from our hands,
it is now an established part of the
legislation of the country. Its useful
ness. Its effects, will disclose them
elves in - experience. , What chiefly
strikes ns now, as we look about us
'daring .these closing days of a year
which will be forever memorable In
the history of the world, is that we
lace new tasks, have been facing them
these six months, must face then! in
the atenths to come face them with
evt partisan feeling, like men who
lave forgotten everything but a com
aaan dntv and the fact that wa are
. whose thought is not of us but of what
.America ' owes to herself .and to , all
annkind in such circumstances' as
these upon- which we look amazed and
- Europe Will Need Our Help. V
. trade not only but also the processes
mt production. In Europe it is destroy
tag xaea and resources wholesale and
pen a scale unprecedented and ap
palling. There is reason' to fear that
at hand, when' several of the coun
tries of Europe will find it difficult to
do for their people what they have
hitherto been alwayseasily able to do,
aaay , essential and I fundamental
things. . At any rate they will need our
help and our manifold services as they
have never needed them before; and
' we should- be ready, ; more - fit and
'ready than we have ever been. .
, U is et equal consequence that the
stations whom Europe has usually sup
plied with innumerable .articles of
asaaufactnre and commerce can now
set ealy a small part of what they for
merly imported and eagerly look to us
Xm supply their all but empty mar
kets. This is particularly true of our
- neighbors, the states, great and
caaaQ. of Central and South America.
33era are markets which we inn at 'inn.
ply, and we must And the means of ac
tion. The United States, this great
- people for whom we speak and act,
aaould be ready, as never before, to
serve Itself and to serve mankind;
ready with Its resources, its energies,
its forces of production, and its means
Wa Need 8hlps.
It is a very practical matter, a mat
ter of ways and means. We have the
resources, but are we fully ready to
im them T And if we can make ready
what we have,' have we th means at
' hand to distribute it? We are not fully
ready; neither have we the means of
distribution. We are willing, but we
are not fully able. . We have the wish
to aervo and to serve greatly, gener
ously; but we are not prepared as we
ahoold be. We are not ready to mo
hilixe oar resources at once. We are
ot prepared to use them immediately
and at their best, without delay and
without waste. .. ) ! ' ' - 1
To speak plainly we have grossly
. '- ,
CUEER FOOD OF FILIPINOS
. "Three Thousand Tons of Dried Grass-
j'i hoppdra Marketed Annually In
"Dried grasshoppers are used as
Jood in the Philippine islands," said
Icnry Jackson Waters, president of
th college, in a talk before the agri
cultural society of the Kansas State
Agricultural college. "Three .thou
sand tons of grasshopper? are mar-
HAD EXCITING TWO MONTHS
Mm That Time Brindle Bull Terrier
Rose From Obscurity to Recog
nized Place on Stage.!
Two months - ago Buster, a little
hriadle Boston bull terrier, was lost
Urmm tila ttnmn Ha helnnzed to Roh-
art Owen, 311 North Hardesty ave
aue. One day he was picked up by
the city "dog catcher" and taken to
the pound to do soia or Kinea. it ap
peared to be the end of Buster, says
ANESTHETIC FOR THE FIELD
Each Soldier May Carry Preparation
That Will Ease Pain and Quickly
That each soldier carry his own
aaesthetio. for use to deaden pain in
case be is wounded in battle is one of
the suggestions made by K an English
journal. The discovery of the anes
thetic was made by Professor Schleich
and the description of it is as fol
lows: -, ' ,'
err;?i in the way in whichwe have
stunted and hindered the development
of our merchant marine. And now,
when we need ships; we have act got
1 have come to ask you to remedy
and correct these mistakes and omis
sions. The time and the circumstances
are extraordinary, and so must our ef
forts be also. . ;
. .. Use and Conservation.
Fortunately, two great measures,
finely conceived,, the one to unlock,
with proper safeguards, the resources
of the national domain, the other to
encourage the use of the navigable
water outside that domain . for the
generation of power, have already
rassed the house of representatives
and are ready for immediate consider
ation and action by the senate. With
the deepest earnestness I urge their
prompt passage. .
And there is another great piece of
legislation which awaits and should
receive the sanction of the senate:
I mean the bill which gives a larger
measure of self-government to the peo
ple of the Philippines. 1 cannot believe
that the senate will let this great
measure of constructive justice await
the action of another congress. Its
passage would nobly crowa the record
of these two years of memorable la
bor. ;' :y
An' Important Duty. .
Unit'. I thln that you will agree
wits, me that this does not compleU
the toll of our duty. How are . we to
carry our goods to the empty markets
of which I have spoken if we have
not the certain and. constant means
of transportation upon which all profit
able and useful commerce depends?
And how are we to get the ships if
we wait for the trade to develop with
out them? , ;
The routes of trade must be actually
opened by many ships and Tegular
sailings and moderate charges before
streams of merchandise will flow free
ly and profitably through them.
Must Open Gates of Trade. . V
" Hence the pending shipping bill,
discussed at the last session, but as
yet passed V neither house.- In may
judgment such legislation is impera
tively needed and can not wisely be
postponed. The government must
open these gates of trade, and open
them wide; open them before it la
altogether profitable to open them, or
altogether reasonable to ask private
capital to . open them at a .. venture.
It is not a question of the government
monopolizing the field. It should take
action to make it certain that trans
portation at reasonable Yates will be
promptly provided, even where the
carriage is not at first profitable; 'and
then, when the carriage has become
sufficiently profitable to attract and
engage private capital, and engage it
In abundance, the government ought
to .withdraw. . I very earnestly hope
that the congress will be of this opin
ion, and that both houses will adopt
this exceedingly important 'bill.
The great subject of rural credits
still remains' to be , dealt with, and
it is a matter of deep regret that the
difficulties of .the subject have seemed
to Tender it impossible to ''complete
a bill for passage at this session. But
it can not be perfected yet, and there
fore there are no other constructive
measures the necessity for which I
will at this time call your attention
to; , but I , would- be .negligent of a
very manifest duty were I not to call
the attention of the senate to the fact
that, the proposed convention for safe
ty, at sea awaits its confirmation and
that the limit fixed in the convention
itself for . its acceptance is the last
day of the present month, ;;.')
Charting of Our Coasts. '
There is another matter of which
I must make special mention, if I am
to . discharge my conscience, lest it
should escape your attention ' It may
seem a, very small thing. It affects
only a single item of appropriation.
But many human . lives i and many
great enterprises hang upon lt; v -
It is the matter of making adequate
provision for the survey and charting
of our coasts.; '
' It is Immediately pressing and exi
gent In connection with the immense
coast line of Alaska. This is a matter
which, as I have .said, seems small,
but is in reality very great- Its im
portance has .only to be looked into
to be appreciated. . r
; ,; ., Economy Is Urged. !
' Before I close, may I say a few
words . upon' two. topics, :. much ' dis
cussed out of doors, upon which It is
highly important that our judgments
should be clear, definite and steadfast.
One of these is economy in govern-,
ment expenditures. The duty of econ
omy is not debatable. . It is manifest
and important. .... In the appropriations
we pass we are spending the money
df the great people whose servants
we are not our own. We are trus
tees and responsible stewards in the
spending. The only thing debatable
and upon which we should be careful
to make our thought and purpose
clear is the kind of economy demand
ed of us. I assert with the greatest
confidence' that the people of the
United States are not jealous of , the
amount their government costs' if
they are sure that they get what they
heed and desire for the outlay, that
keted in Manila in a year. - .
"There is ; a ; grasshopper plague
every ten years in the Philippines,"
said President Waters, "and the
problem of combating the grasshop
per a i a warm climate like the Phil
ippines is more difficult than in coun
tries where cold weather serves as a
.."There are many acres of unset
tled country which serve as breeding
places for the grasshoppers. Tha
method used in capturing the grass
hoppers is to organize a drive. A
the Kansas City Times.
Last week an act at the Clobe the
ater was almost put out of commis
sion by the death of one of the dogsJ
used in a basketball stunt. The own
er of the act went to the dog pound.
Thero he picked out a brindle terrier
from the. lot of homeless dogs which
had been gathered. He paid $5 for
him. v .
The curtain went up on the dog act
at the Globe last Thursday. Almost
simultaneously a man and his daugh
ter sitting in' the second row jumped
"It consists of two parts of ethyl
chloride, four parts of chloroform, and
twelve parts of sulphuric ether. This
mixture boila at a very low tempera
ture; in fact, at the normal temper
ature of the human body. If any one
clasps a phial containing it in his fist
for a few minutes it bolls gently. , The
patient Inhales the vapor of the boil
ing liquid and quickly it produces
freedom from pain then sleep. If
the phial be held under his nostrils so
that he continues to Inhale the vapor,
bis .sensory nerves are blunted, he be-
the money is being spent for objects
of which they approve, and that it is
being applied with good business
sense and management.
The sort of economy we cught to
practice may be effected, and ought to
be effected, by a careful Jtudy and
assessment of the tasks to be per
formed;' and the money spent ought
to be made to yield the best possible
returns In efficiency and achievement.
And, like good stewards, we should
so account for every dollar of our ap
propriations as to make it. perfectly
evident what it was spent for pud in
what way It was spent.
It is not expenditure' but extrava
gance that we should fear being criti
cized for; not paying for the legiti
mate enterprises and undertakings of
a great 'government whose people
command what it should do, but add
ing what will benefit ocly a few or
pouring money out tor what need not
have been undertaken at all or might
have been postponed or better and
more economically conceived and car
ried out: The nation is not niggardly-,;
it is very generous. It will chide us
only if we forget for whom we pay
money out and whose money it is we
pay. . ,
These are large and general stand
ards, hut they are not very difficult of
application to particular cases.
The Natural Defense. '
The other topic I shall take leave to
mention goes deeper into the princi
ples of our national life and policy.
It is the subject of national defense.
It cannot be discussed without first
answering some very searching ques
tions. It is said m some quarters that we
are not prepared for war. What is
meant by being prepared? It is meant
that we are not ready upon brief no
tice to put a nation in the field, a na
tion of men trained to arms? Of
course we are not ready to do that;
and we shall never be in time of
peace so long as we retain our pres
ent political principles and institu
tions. And what is It that it is sug
gested we should be prepared to do?
To defend ourselves against attack?
We have always found means to do
that, and shall find them whenever it
is necessary without calling our peo
ple away from their necessary tasks
to render compulsory military service
ioi times of peace. ' '
Allow me to speak with great plain
ness and directness upon this great
matter and to avpw my convictions
with deep earnestness I have tried
to know what (America is,' what her
people think, what they are, what
they most cherish, and hold dear, I
hope that some of their finer passions
are in my own heart, some of the
great conceptions and desires which
gave birth to this government and
which have made the voice of this
people a voice of peace and hope and
liberty among the peoples of the
world, and that, speaking my own
thoughts, I shall, at least tn part,
speak theirs also, however, faintly and
inadequately, upon this vital matter.
. Fear No Nation.
We, are at peace with all the world.
No one - who speaks counsel based
on fact or drawn from: a just and
capdid Interpretation of realities
can say that there is reason for fear
that from any quarter our indepen
dence or the integrity of our' territory
Is threatened. . Dread of the power
of any other nation we are incapable
of. We are not jealous of rivalry in
the fields of commerce or of any other
peaceful achievement. We mean to
live our lives as we will; but we mean
also to let live. , We are, indeed, a
true friend to all the nations of the
world, because ... we threaten, none,
covet the possessions of none, desire
the overthrow , of none. Our friend
ship can be accepted and is accepted
without reservation, because it is of
fered in a spirit and for a purpose
which no one need ever question or
suspect. . Therein lies our greatness.
We are the champions of peace, and
of concord. And we should be very
jealous of this distinction which we
have sought to earn. Just now we
should be .particularly jealous of it,
because it is our dearest present hope
that this character and reputation
may presently, in God's providence,
bring, us ' an opportunity to counsel
and obtain peace in the world and
reconciliation and a healing settle
ment of man a matter that has cooled
and interrupted the friendship of
nations. This is the time above all
others when we should wish and re
solve to keep our strength by self-possession,
our influence by preserving
bur ancient principles of action. -
, , ' Ready for Defense. y
j From the first we have had a clear
and settled . policy with , regard to
military establishments. We never
have had, and while we retain our
present principles and Ideals we never
shall have, a large standing . army.
If asked, are you ready 1 to defend
yourselves? We reply, most assured
ly, to the utmost; and yet we shall
not turn America into a military
camp. We will not ask our young
men to spend the best years of their
lives making soldiers of themselves.
There is another sort of energy In ua
It will know how to declare itself and
large shallow tan"k is ' constructed
which has wings of galvanized iron
The tank is filled with kerosene The
nalives then start the driye three or
four miles away and close in gradual
ly, driving the grasshoppers befo-e
them into the tank. The grasshop
pers are then dried and sent to mar
ket ' I? the. Filipinos would use Profes
sor Dean's method of poisoned bran
mash, it would prove more effectivi.
believes President Waters, than the
system which is used,.
from their seats and rushed to the
rear of the theater, where .Louis Op
penstein, owner of the theater, stood.
'"Did this act start here in Kansas
City?" asked the excited man.
"Why; no; they're from New York,"
Mr. Oppenstein said.
"Well, my name's Owen, and there's
a dog on the stage there that looks
like one 1 lost two months ago," he
returned. "May we go back and see?"
So the man, his daughter, and Mr.
Oppenstein went back. When the
door leading directly onto the stage
"Professor Schleich insisted that
there is no danger in using the mix
ture. Its simplicity and harmlessness,
therefore, he considered, recommend
its use in war.
"Each soldier could be provided eas
ily with a small quantity of the liquid
in a suitable tube, which he could use
for himself until he found himself in
the surgeon's hands. No overdose
would be possible, because the soldier
would fall asleep first, and th tube
would drop from his hand."
make itself effective should occasion
arise. And especially when half the
world is on fire we shall be careful
to make our moral insurance against
the spread of the conflagration very
definite and certain and adequate in
deed. Let us remind ourselves, therefore,
of the only thing we can do1 or will
do. We must depend in every time
of national peril, in the future as in
the past, not upon a standing army,
nor yet upon a reserve army, but upon
a "citizenry trained and, accustomed
to arms. It will be right enough, right
American policy, based upon our ac
customed principles and practices, to
provide ' a system by which every
citizen who will volunteer for
the .training may be made familiar
with the use of modern arms, the rudi
ments of drill and maneuver, and the
maintenance and sanitation of camps.
We should encourage such training
and m.ke it a means of discipline
which our young men will learn to
value. It is right that we should pro
vide it not only, but that we should
make it as attractive as possible, and
so induce our young men to undergo
it at such times as they can command
a little freedom and can seek the
physical development they need, foj
more health's sake, if for nothing
more. Every means by which such
things can be stimulated Is legitimate,
and such " a method smacks of true
American ideas. It is a right, too,
that the National Guard of the states
should be developed and strengthened
by every means which is not incon
sistent with our obligations to our
own people or with the established
policy of our government. And this,
also, not because the time or occasion
specially calls for such measures,, but
because it should be our constant pol
icy to make tL6se provisions lor our
national peace and safety."
More than this carries with It a re- ,
versal of the whole history and char
acter of our polity. More than this,
proposed at this time, permit me to
say, would mean merely that we had
lost our self-possession, that we had
been thrown off our balance by a war
with which he have nothing to do,
whose causes cannot touch us, whose
very existence affords us opportun
ities of friendship and .disinterested
service which . should make J us
ashamed of any thought of hostility
or fearful preparation for trouble.
t Ships Our Natural Bulwarks ,
A powerful navy we have always
regarded as our proper and natural
means of. defense; and it has always
been of defence that we' have thought,
never of aggression or of conquest.
But who shall tell us now what sort
of navy to build? We shall take leave
to be strong upon the seas, in the
future as in the past; and there will
be no thought of offense or of provo
cation in that.-' Our' ships are' our
natural bulwerks. When will the ex
perts tell us just what kind we should
construct and when will they be
right for ten years together, if the
relative efficiency of craft for differ
ent, .kinds and uses continues to
change - as we -have seen it change
under our very eyes in these last
few months?. ';. ;
But I turn away; from, the subject.
It is not sew. There Is no new need
to discuss it. We shall not alter our
attitude toward it because some
amongst us are nervous and excited.
We shall easily and sensibly agree
such a policy of defense. The, ques
tion has not changed its aspects be
cause the times are not normal. Our
policy will not be for an occasion.
It will be conceived as a permanent
and settled thing, which we will pur
sue at all seasons, without haste and
after a fashion perfectly consistent
with the peac of the world, the abid
ing, friendship of states, and the un
hampered freedom of all with whom
we deal. Let there be no misconcep
tion. .The country has been' misin
formed. We have not been negligent
of national defense. We are not un
mindful of the great responsibility
resting upon- ua We shall learn and
profit by the lesson of every experi
ence and every new circumstances;
and what is needed will be adequately
Great Duties of Peace. ,
' I close, as 1 began, , by reminding
you of the great tasks and duties of
peace which challenge our best pow
ers, and invite us to build what will
last, the tasks to which we can address
ourselves now and at all times the
free-hearted zest and with all the fin
est gifts of constructive wisdom we
possess. To. develop pur life and our
resources; to supply our own people,
and the people cf the world as their
need arises, from the abundant plenty
of Our fields and our marts of trade;
to enrich- the- commerce of our own
states and of the world with the' prod
ucts of our mines, our farms, and our
factories, with ; the creations of our
thought and the fruits of our charac
ter this is wha will hold our attend
tion and our enthusiasm steadily, now
and in the years to come, as we strive
to show in our life as a nation what
liberty and the inspirations of an
emancipated spirit may 'do for men
and for societies, for individuals, for
states, and for mankind.
Russian Woman Martyr.
Mrs. Catherine Breshkovsky, known
as "Baboushka," '. or grandmother to
the Russians, has been ordered to
some point on. the arctic circle, after
having been imprisoned at Irkutsk for
trying to escape. She is seventy years
old and was sentenced to the life of
a convict because of her anarchistic
activities. Several years ago she
made a lecture tour of the United
Is love an asset or a liability?
was opened there was one loud yelp
from the little brindle dog. He jumped
first into the arms of Mr. Owen, then
rubbed against the daughter, whining
all the while.
"Yes, he's yours," said Mr. Oppen
stein. And now Buster is back at Lome,
after two of the most exciting months
of his life all the way from an out
cast in the most exciting months of
his life all the way from an outcast
in the street to a full-fledged actor on
the vaudeville stage.
General election day is a legal holi
day in all the states except the follow
ing: Alabama, Arkansas. Connecticut.
Delaware, Georgia, Maine, Massachu
setts, Mississippi, Nebraska, North
Carolina, Utah, Vermont, Ohio, Kansas
and West Virginia. Columbus day is
a legal boliday in thirty of the forty
Maple dish makers of the United
States have formed an association to
IRITISH WIN IN
Admiralty at London Reports
German Squadron Is De
stroyed, FOUR VARSHIPS SUNK
Admiral Count von Spee Thought to
Have Perished With His Fleet
That Kaiser Wilhelm Ha
Been Seriously III, Report
; Now on Road to
London, Dec. 11. The German crui
ser Nuernberg, which withdrew from
the battle off the Falkland islands and
attempted to escape in company with
the cruiser Dresden while the British
warships under Vice-Admiral Sir Fred
erick Doveton Sturdee were sinking
the cruisers Scharnhoret, Gneisenau
and Leipzig, was hunted across the
water by units of the British fleet and
sunk the same day.
This information was contained in
i statement of the British official
press bureau, made public today.
Big .Cruisers Under Sturdee.
The British battle cruisers Lion and
Indefatigable, reported to be part of
Vtee-Admiral - Frederick Sturdee's
squadron, displace 26,350 tons and 18,
750 tons, respectively. t
' The; Lion Carries ' eight 13.5-inch
guns- and 16 4-inch guns and is
equipped with three 21-inch torpedo
tubes. Its complement consists of
1,000 men and it is capable of trav
eling 28 knots.
The Indefatigable's armament con
sists of eight 12-inch guns, 16 4-inch
guns and three 21-inch torpedo tubes
It has a complement of 800 officers
The two largest cruisers of the Ger
man squadron . sunk by the British
were the, Scharnhorst -and Gneisenau,
both of 11,240 tons displacement.
Sink German Warships.
London, Dec. 10. A British squad
ron under command of Vice-Admiral
Sir Frederick Sturdee, chief , of the
war staff, engaged a German squad
ron under Admiral Count von Spee oft
the Falkland islands, in the South At
lantic,; and won a victory which is be
ing acclaimed through England. '
The armored cruisers Scharnhorst
and Gneisenau and the protected crul
ser Leipzig, three of the German war
ships which had been menacing Brit
ish shipping, and part of the squadron
which sank the British cruisers Good
Hope and Monmouth" in the Pacific on
November '1, were destroyed.
The cruisers Dresden and Nuern
berg, the two other fessels which com-
posea me uerman squadron, made oS
during the fight
The announcement of this engage
ment and victory, which was the most
Important naval engagement of the
war, with ; the exception of that off
Helgoland last August, was made in a
statement by the admiralty of less
than one hundred words.
Admiralty Reports Victory.
The statement follows: r
"At 7:30 a. m.. on the 8th of De
cember, the Scharnhorst, Gneisenau,
Nuernberg,, Leipzig and Dresden were
sighted near the Falkland islands by a
British squadron under' Vice-Admiral
Sir Frederick Sturdee. -
"An action followed, in the course
of which the Scharnhorst, flying the
flag of Admiral Count von Spee, the
Gneisenau and the Leipzig were sunk.
The Dresden and Nuernberg made off
during, the action and are being pur
sued. , i
"The vice-admiral, reports that the
British casualties are very few in
"Some survivors have been rescued
from the Gneisenau and the Leipzig."
Admiral Balieved Lost.
The statement makes reference to
some survivors rescued from the Gnei
senau and the Leipzig, but no mention
Is made df any of the crew of the
Scharnhorst,. which was the flagship
of the German admiral, being saved,
and it is thus presumed that Count
von Spee, his officers and men went
The British casualties were light,
but beyond , the fact that the British
squadron was commanded by Vice-Admiral
Sturdee no information is vouch
safed regarding the ships engaged and
the newspapers are enjoined not to
speculate, as "other oembinatlons may
be effected." 1
KAISER CONFINED TO BED.'
Emperor Was Severely III, Though the
Danger Is Passed.
Amsterdam, Dec. 10 (via London).
Emperor William's health has consid
erably improved, according to an offi
cial announcement made in Berlin to
day., His jnajesty's catarrh is relax
ing and his temperature Is normal.
HAS NO FEAR OF CHOLERA
Pasteur Institute Expert Says French
Capital Can Be Without
Paris. The proclamation issued by
General von der Goltz to the people
bf Brussels, mentioning the possible
return of German troops from France
on account of an alleged epidemic of
cholera raging in the French army,
has caused Doctor Metchnikoff of the
SOON LEAVE THE HOSPITAL
Recuperative Powers of Russian Sol
diers In Part Attributed
Petrograd. The wounded on the
Russian side, considering the magni
tude of the operations, are compara
tively few, according to officers of the
medical service. Moreover, those
whose wounds are not of the grayest
character recover with great rapidity.
This is due to three facts, the
NO MORE FOOTBALL REPORTS
London Observer Gives Reason for
Closing Its Columns to Britain's
Most Popular Game.
The London Observer says: "The
Observer has decided that until the
recruiting crisis is over no reports or
results of football matches shall ap
pear in its. columns.
"Professional football, which still
continues to be played, is a direct
impediment to the raising of the new
armies which the nation requires. The
Copenhagen, Dec. 10.-Most alarm-
n? rumors have been current as to
the kaiser's condition, but are not gen
erally .believed in official circles.
From a diplomatic source it is
learned that his condition is serious,
but not yet dangerous It seems he
cannot be kept quiet and take full
rest The empress has the greatest
difficulty in prevailing upon him to
stay inj bed. He has a very bad at
tack of; influenza.
This morning his majesty's1 tempera
ture was about 103, and, was higher
yesterday. If he is unwilling to tafco
absolute rest till he is recovered there
may be real danger. He is weak and
his spirits are greatly depressed.
Rqmors of Influenza.
London, ' Dec. 10. The Daily News
correspondent at Copenhagen says he
learns from diplomatic sources that
the emperor is suffering from influ
enza. A dispatch to the Exchange Tele
graph company from Amsterdam says:
'The latest bulletin issued in Berlin
says that Emperor William's condition
is unchanged and he has been unable
to leave his bed. His fever has not
"The emperor received a report of
the military situation, but was too
weak to give any instructions."
An earlier dispatch forwarded by
the Amsterdam correspondent of tho
same telegraph company said Empr
or William was suffering from pneu
monia, combined with nervous depres
sion due to overexertion. The mes
sage, which said the correspondent's
source of information was a telegram
from Berlin, added that the German
emperor's physicians had advised him
not to return to the front
Britain Deeply Interested.
The British, public is manifesting
fully as keen an interest in the re
ports of the German emperor's illness
as in the news of the naval victory.
From dispatches received here during
the night it appears that Emperor Wil
liam was seized with an attack of in
fluenza while on a secret visit to
Emperor Francis Joseph. .
The most reliable sources of Infor
mation, by way of Holland and Copen
hagen, indicate that he now is making
progress toward recovery. ' '
Usual Conflicting Reports.
London, Dec. 11. Continuing their
offensive along almost the entire bat
tle line through Belgium and France,
the allied armies are credited tonight
with making notable advances against
Roulers, Belgium, from which the
Germans, were said a few days ago
to have withdrawn their divisional
headquarters on account of the shell
ing of the place after the allies cap
tured Passchendaele, has been cap
tured and entered by the allies, says
the Sluts correspondent ofthe Am
sterdam Handel sblad. v
Armentieres, France, also has been
captured by the allies. At least so
reports Reuter"s Boulogne correspond
ent ' ' - ..
Germans Claim a Success.
Germany's general staff In Berlin
claims several French attacks were
repulsed.- As forwarded by wireless
the statement, reads:
"In the - district of Souain the
French confined themselves yesterday
to heavy artillery firing.
"A renewed French attack on RocrJi
and Courcullies did not make acr
progress. The attack broke down un
der the fire of our artillery, the enemy
Buffering heavy loss."
, May Give Up Warsaw.
Petrograd, Dec 11, via London. A
Russian military expert in comment
ing on the German attempt on War
saw, says: '
"According to the Russian authori
ties the yielding of cities to the enemy
does not constitute an Important war
factor, since the bombardment of big
cities like Lodz,-with the attendant de
struction of life and property, tends to
demoralize the army. '
Thus If it is of strategic advantage
to evacuate Warsaw the capture of
that city ought not to be considered
10,000 Russians Captured.
Vienna, via London, Dec. 10. The
following official report was made pub
lic today: "In West- Galicia strong
forces on both sides were active yes
terday, and we have thus far captured
10,000 Russians. The battle contin
German Attack on Dover.
Dover, Dec. 11. German submarines
made an attack at the eastern entrance
of Admiralty harbor here this morn
ing. Six vessels are believed to have
participated in the attack.
One report says that one was sunk
and others were hit by the fire of the
British forts and warships.
No damage was done to the British
The attack was made under cover
of darkness, and during a heavy rain
- Kitchener Succeeds Roberta
London, Dec. 10. The king has ap
pointed Earl Kitchener colonel of the
Irish Guards, to succeed the late Field
Marshal Lord Roberts,
Pasteur institute to declare that Paris
in particular, and France in general,
have nothing to fear from the disease,
He says the season is too far advanced
for it to take hold, and medical science
is too well armed against it for it to
make any headway.
The general health of Paris, Doctor
Metchnikoff says, was never better
and the physical condition of the
French troops is magnificent, which
fact accounts largely for the compara
tively light mortality among the
physicians say, the first being that the
Russian troops have been excellently
fed from the beginning of the war
second that the grand duke is using
me smallest possible forces at
actual front of the fiehtinir linn
the third that no alcohol is consumed
by any of the soldiers.
The hospitals are Droving- thnt
recuperative powers of the Russian
wounded are now equal to the highest
ever known, namely, the figures
reached in the case of the Turkish
players, by their resoluta nlnnfn
seem to raise, however, unwittingly, a
standard of negation to all the claims
of patriotism. The leagues and clubs
which support them are in the prac
tical position of antinational organiza
tions. The indifferent thoughtless and
selfish are encouraged in their vices
by the distraction provided for them
In every large center of population.
Such a diversion of popular energy
from the nation's cause in the gravest
hour of its history demands every resistance."
BUILD UP 'FORESTS
SECRETARY HOUSTON GIVES NEW
CONSERVATION PLAN FOR
TIMBER LANDS. .
DERIVE BENEFITS AT ONCE
Scheme to Underwrite Forest Values
Would Provide Funds for Needed
Local Improvements to Aid Set
tlement of Territory.
Washington, Dec. 12. David F.
Houston, secretary of agriculture, in
his report for the fiscal year ended
June 30, 1914, recommends a change
In the methods of administering the
national forests in undeveloped sec
tions, so that they will yield at once
revenue that can be applied to lo
cal development which will further
assist communities and aid in the set
tlement of the territory. ( Under this
plan the department, instead of wait
ing until timber is actually sold before
the unsettled counties gain any rev
enue from this form of public domain,
will, if congress grants the necessary
authority, underwrite its proportion
of expenditure for local improvement
especially for road construction, and
charge this against the counties'
shares of timber sales when the tim
ber is opened for commercial cutting.
The theory I underlying the depart
ment's proposal in this matter is that
the forests in these sections consti
tute a large part of the lands and
prospective public income of the ter
ritory, and that the forests, therefore,
should bear their share of the pioneer
Dealing with the general crop pro
duction of the country, the report
"The progress . of agriculture re
veals itself more particularly in its
diversification, in the rise of minor
crops to large proportions, than in
the increased production of staple
products. For example, dairying in
the . last generation has become an
exceptionally Important branch of the
agricultural economy, the annual pro
duction including more than one and
a half billion pounds of butter, a half
billion pounds of condensed milk, and
a billion pounds of cheese, having a
value of approximately $600,000,000.
The production of orchard fruits ex
ceeds 216,000,000 bushels a year, with-
a value of more than $140,000,000. The
value of the annual production ef veg
etables is in excess of $400,000,000,
The production of hay and forage ap
proximates 100,000,000 tons, with
value In excess of $800,000,000; .the
poultry products of the nation have
reached a, point where their annual
value is about one-half that of, the
cotton crop at normal valuations, and
marked Increases are noted in the
, quantity and value of the cereals."
"But, after all our efforts, while
there Is an increased diversification
of agriculture and both a relative4 and
absolute ' Increase- in important prod
ucts, such as wheat, forage crops,
fruits, dairy products, and poultry, we
still cote not only a relative-but also
an absolute decrease in a number of
our Important staple food products,
such as corn and meats. In the former
in the last 15 years there has been no
substantial advance. In cattle, sheep,
and hops there has been an absolute
decline in cattle, from the census
year of 1889 to that of 1909, of from
50,000,000 head to 41,900,000 In sheep,
of from 61,000,000 to 52,000,000; in
hogs from 63,000,000' to 68,000,000."
SEREN0. E. PAYNE IS DEAD
Long a Republican Leader In Con
gress; Auinoruy on i ariiT nearx
Failure Causes Death. ' ,
Washington, Dec. 12. Representa
tive Sereno E. Payne of New York
died suddenly of heart failure at his
apartment here on Thursday. Mr.
Payne, who was seventy-one years old,
lived alone. His wife died three years
ago. A representative from New York
In every congress since 1889, except
one, Mr. Payne was chairman of the
ways and meana committee- and Re
publican floor leader in 1909-10, and
directed the ' drafting of the Payne-
Aldrich tariff bill.
He was born in Hamilton, N. , Y
June 26, 1843, and educated at Roch
ester and Colgate. Mr. Payne was a
delegate to many Republican national
conventions. 1 ;
JOSEPH SMITH PASSES. AWAY
President of; Reorganized Church of
l-atier uay oainn uies iwr a
a Long Illness. '
Independence, Mo., Dec. 12. Joseph
Smith, president of the reorganized
church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day
Saints, died here on Thursday after a
long illness. He was eighty-two years
old, had been married three times and
had 17 children. His father was the
founder of the Mormon church.
Police Shoot Man Five Times.
Madison, Ind., Dec 12. A. L. Downs
tried to kill William McGuire at North
Vernon, missed him and wounded Al
fred McClellan. Two policemen es
sayed to arrest Downs, who opened fire
and they shot Downs five times.
Falls to Death at Capital.
Washington. Dec. 12. John F. Mc-
Cue, sixty -five years old, of Brookland,'
D. C, was killed when he toppled over
a stair railing in the treasury building
and"plunged four stories to the marble
Agent Shot by Robbers.
Moberly, Mo., Dec. 12. A sheriff's
posse with bloodhounds is searching
the woods for a bandit who robbed the
Wabash ticket office at Carrollton of
$60 after shooting Jacob Auer, tele
' Six Killed In Wreck.
Buffalo, N. Y., Dec. 12. In a col
lision between two Wabash freight
trains at Darling, Ont, six people were
killed. The known ,-dead: Thomas
Beckley, James Courtney, William P.
Prominent Poet Dies.
Louisville, Ky., Dec. 10. After lying
jnconscious almost ninety hours, Madi
son Cawein, the poet died at his home
here from a fractured skull, said to
have been caused when he fell in the
bathroom at his home.
Plan Good Roads Movement. '
Chattanooga, Tenn., Dec. 10. The
governors of Tennessee, Indiana, Ken
tucky, Georgia and Florida will meet
here January 11 to adopt a co-operative
plan for a good-roads movement,
it was announced.
ASKS FOR BIGGER NAVY
ADMIRAL FLETCHER SAYS NA
TION NOT READY FOR WAR.
Talks to Congress Committee--Dread-naught
Is the Greatest Weapon
if Naval Warfare.
Washington, Dec. 11. Rear Admiral'
Fletcher, commander of the Atlantic
fleet, impressively told the house
naval committee that the United
States navy is not prepared to cope
with the most powerful navy in the
world. He mentioned no country.
"You can safely say," he testified,
"that we are not prepared for the
worst emergency that might arise to
protect ourselves from the greatest
. "We would have to greatly enlarge
our fleet to protect American inter
ests against all possible combinations
against us or to control the ocean.
We would have to take the offensive
when we have a strong enough fleet"
Admiral Fletcher told the commit
tee a European nation could send sub
marines across the ocean to dart into
an American harbor and assail the
American fleet It was, of course, he
said, a suppositious case as to the
practicability of such a move. For
instance, he said, England had a "nice
little supply station" 700 miles awsy
from New York harbor at Bermuda.
The admiral said he would recom
mend eight or ten more submarines
for coast and harbor defense. He em
phatically asserted that the real suc
cess cf the navy ultimately must rest
with the dreadnaughts and battleship
fleets generally. ' ' '
Admiral Fletcher in a general state
ment at the outset, defended the ,
dreadnaught as the greatest weapon
of naval warfare. i i
The admiral gave it as his opinion
that great naval battles would con
tinue to be decided In the main by
Hearings on the army appropriation
bill were ended by the house military
committee with a discussion of the
cation's preparedness for war by Brig,
Gen. Hugh L. Scott chief of staff.
General Scott told the committee
the condition of the national defease
is "constantly improving," and dis
cussed at length the question of am
munition supplies. Chairman Hay de
clared supplies on hand were rapidly
"approximating the necessary reserve."-
OFF THE WIRE
Philadelphia, Pa, Dec 10. Connie
Mack, manager of the Philadelphia
Athletics, announced he had sold Ed
ward T. Collins, second baseman of
the Athletics, to the Chicago White
Sox for a money consideration.
Lake Cormorant, Miss., Dec. 10.
A mob of 40 men took Essex Max, a
negro cotton picker, from the field and
lynched htm. The negro was accused
of breaking into a store aad pounding
a Clerk into insensibility.
Lima, Peru, Dec 10. The small
mountain .town of Coracora, about
three hundred miles southeast of Lima,
was shaken by a severe earthquake on
Sunday. There were several casual
ties. The town Is in ruins.
New York, Deo. 10. Announcement
was made that the New York Ameri
can league club (the Yapkees) .had
been sold to Capt T. L. Hudson, a mil
lionaire contractor, and Jacob Rup
pert the millionaire brewer.
. Bordeaux, Dec. 9. President Poin
care will transfer his official residence
to Paris this week.
WILLIAM W.R0CKHILL DIES
. . v: .
Noted American Diplomat Succumbs
. In Honolulu Taken From Liner ,
While En Route to China.
Honolulu, Dec. 10. William W.
Rockhill. the distinguished American
diplomat, died here. Mr. Rockhill was
taken Friday ' from the liner Chiye
Maru. en route to China. At that time
it was said he was suffering from a se
vere cold. He was en route to Peking
to become adviser to President Yuan
Shi Kal. Mr. Rockhill left San Fran
cisco November 28 in apparently good
health., He was sixty years old.
SNIPERS FIREAT GEN. BLISS
Commander of U. 8. Troops at Naco,
Arizona Has Narrow Escape
From Bullet .
Naco, Ariz., Dec. 1,2. General Bliss
arrived here on Thursday and assumed
command. While Inspecting the out
posts he had a narrow escape from
snipers bullets, one missing General
Bliss only a few feet when about to
alight from an automobile in Main
street Artilery from El Paso was de
layed In entraining it Is not now ex
pected until early in the morning.
' Dynamite Kills Thirteen Men.
Scranton, Pa, Dec, 11. Thirteen
men were killed when a miner dropped
a stick of dynamite in the Diamond
mine at North Scranton, causing an
explosion that wrecked the cage in
which they were being lowered.
General Funston Promoted.
Washington, Dec 11. President
Wilson has nominated Brigadier Gen
eral Funston for major general. Col.
Henry A Greene to be brigadier gen
eral and Charles F, Hughes, comman
der in the navy, to be a captain.
Illlnoisan Kills Woman and Self.
Philadelphia, Dec 11. Jesse Adams
Qf Oakland, 111, a petty officer on the
battleship Illinois, shot and killed
Anna Conway at her home here and
then committed suicide. The girl had
refused to marry Adams.
Leo Frank Is Sentenced.
Atlanta. Ga, Dec. 11. Leo M. Frank
was resentenced here to be hanged
January 22 for the murder of Mary
Phagan. Frank's attorneys are pre
pariiig to appeal to the board of par
dons for clemency.
No Baseball War Fund.
New York, Dec. 11. There Is not
going to be any war fund for organ
ized baseball to fight the Federals.
President John K. Tener of the Na
tional league made this declaration
here on Wednesday.
To Remain With the Pirates.
New York, Dec. 11. Fred Clarke
has . decided to remain manager of
the Pittsburgh Pirates. President
Tener of the National league an
nounced, and will sign a contract in
a few days. .