Newspaper Page Text
Farm and Household .
Farm and Household . Woods.
With wlmt wonderful proliftmry tlio
Mil brings forth wroilsf How tirovoklnir
it In to H) your i tiiyavly harrowed field, or
yonr Jufit compfcilod Rrdrn, bristling tip
with an nrmy of yovuvjr, weeds. Tho ex-
J1etircs of Vmrd-worMnjt farmers and gtir.
lonors ngnirmt theso cuihIm'Tots of tho
crovnd are utterod with imi energr whleh
leATcs no doubt i of i their inwrily nd
eitrnefttnoss. When you come, to facts on
this subject, the urollUcticy of woods is
something tcrrihlo to ctmtemplftto. Dr.
Limltey calimntp, ns a low average, tho
following number of Seeds from each o(
the four plants' mimed :
1 jilant of imnntlol produce .rwi toeils.
1 " DmtlfltfNi " ,T4fl "
1 " tow Tlilslla Jl.HMt i
1 " Bpurga . . " 610 "
Hero then is a good clianco fir tho
growth of 10,400 iilrtnU, or enough to
cover threo nexes and a half at thrco feet
ftiwrt I To hi this lnnd, Dr. Llndley guys,
will cost 0s steTlinR per aero i and heneo a
man throws away 6s 3d a tlmo, as often as
ho neglects to bend his back and pull un a
young weed before it pel Into flower. Ilo
recommends every gardener whoso ver
tebral column will not bend to pull weeds,
to count the number of dandelions, this
tles, iVc,, on tho llrst wiunro rod ho can
measure off. It would bo well for a similar
estimate to bo nuulo as to the pig-weed,
mullein, fox-tail, chickweud, burdock,
purslane, and last,but far from least, Cana
da UiIhIIo, which so abound in this country.
Not only tho prolilloaey, but tho ready
growth of weeds, forms a most formidable
obstacle to good husbandry, They seem
to spring up and flourish as if there wore
sonio special provision in the soil to favor
their quick development. They always
outgrow tho iweful forms of vegetation,
unless you can favor them in some way,
and givo them a start In advance No
sooner is ono generation of them dostroyod
than another starts into life, and it often
seems as if tho ground literally swarmed
with tho Beetls of theso noxious things.
Many of them also are very tenacious of
life. A war Of extermination, root and
branch, is the only thing that will do for
them. Leave the least spi !g or fibre, of
them in tho soil, and they quickly re-establish
Yet, after all, theso discouraging facts
about wcods havo another sido to them.
Tho same provision for quick growth
which fosters weed-life, Is necessary for tho
useful forms of vegetation. Our nopo of
smiling and abundant harvests rests on the
same laws of nature under which weeds
fructify so fast, and multiply so fearfully.
Moreover, wcods, by their prenonco and
growth, rouse vp energy on the part of tho
tilk'fol' the soil, and compel that constant
shaking and loosening up of the ground
which is necessary to liigii and successful
There is only ono way of dealing with
theso pissls. They must bo got rid ot. It
is of no use to tamper with them, or to bo
Mtistled with half way measures. To mow
them down and to lot them speedily grow
up afrain to leavo them by the fenco sido
and in the fence corners to mature, and
scatter their seed to let tliom get into
lloyvcr and then cut them down when they
havo vitality uuoiigh to perfect their seeds,
leaving them to wither and tlio upon tho
ground -theso arc some of tho slip-shod,
make-believe methods of destroying woods.
An energetic thhstlo or mullein laughs at
such half-way work, and will infallibly
increase and multiply in defiance of it.
Wo must wake up to tho necessity of thor
oughly eradicating weeds, l'ooplo ridi
cule the idea of legislating on this subject,
but the evil is tmcominir so serious that
something effectual must bo done ; and if
puolic sentiment cannot lio created, such
as shall secure weed extermination, law
must try its hand. In Michigan they havo
statutes on this subject, that even "forbid
throwing weeds Into the highway; and if
we niut a law requiring utter eradication
of weeds, thoueh its enforcement would
bo troublesome and expensive at llrst, it
wouiil lio In the cml a most beiietleial
piece of lcmslatiou. under which tho ma
terial interest:! of tho country would pros
per grcawy. liimwn farmer.
Why Heap Up Manure.
Tun old-fashioned practlco of compost
ing all tuo contents or the yard, tho Btics,
and tile stables, is attended with much
labor, and is often imperfectly done or ncg-
lecuxi altogether, lrom waul ol convie
liou oi us utility. Tliere are tlio samo
materials before and atler tho heaping, tho
farmer reasons; why will they not benefit
tiiu mini lis iiiugii iu Kuo minimum as in
the other f Tho question Is lairly put, and
ucmanus an answer. There are not ueces
sarily tho same materials In a compost
heap before, and after fermentation. If
the contents of a yard wero swamp muck,
peat, surface loam, various kinds of straw,
sea-wced, kelp, and thomuure of horses,
sheep and cattle, and if to theso was
added iresh sly manure, or night soil, or a
lew butihels of lime or ashes, tho whole
mass would be thrown into fermentation,
a nit new chemical combiuutlons would
lake place, and the new com pounds would
be wore immediately available for plant
food. J usl how much the mass would be
benefited by theso new combinations wo
may not bo able to state, but no intelli
gent farmer has any doubt of the higher
value of fermented compost, for ordinary
Another great advantage from this work
is the increased fineness of the manure
Sulilo manure is often carried out and
spread in great frozen or dried lumps, and
in this condition is plowed into the earth.
It doubtless benefits the soil in this condi
tion, but the roots of plauts are a long
time in getting at their iood. We think
it pays to fork over a manuro heap twice,
and give it the full benefit of a second fer
mentation. The hay and straw are all
broken down by this process, and all tho
materials of tho moss aro thoroughly
mixed. Much of the immeilistu effect of
manure depends upon its iinoncs. The
time usually . allowed for compost iug is
iiu'tv eiiutt, . uo ri'Illl(V UltTClLSUU
i-tlurt of well-rotted manure has led somo
to wish for a whole year to complete the
process. This is ono of the poinU that we
should like to sec accurately determined on
an experimental iorm. Tho liquefying of
all tho yard Manure is doubtless better
than any comminution that we csiu attain
by rotting, but tho necessary apparatus for
doing this, and aiinlyinir it economically
to tho fields, requires more capital than
- most farmers havo to invest. Thorough
composting is within tho means of all,
and would always pay. Aiurictn Jgri-culturiat.
More Turnips Wanted.
Tim high prlco of ruta bagas in our
city markets, the past spring, (two dollars
a bushel at retail,) shows clearly that
the supply is not equal to tho demand.
HuU-bagas can bo raised for twcnty-tlvo
cents a bushul, and the round turnips, as
a stolen crop, tor less than ten cents.
Farmers away from tho large markets pa
very lilllo attention to this crop, i
ought to Lave a place upon every farm
where hogs and emtio aro kept, without
reference to .city markets. Of course, If
turnips go up to in cents or more a
bushel, it will ordinarily pay belter to sell
them than to consume them upon tho
farm. Hut if prices are low, the farmer
always has a good market at home. Most
of tho turnips raised In England are
turned into beef, mutton and wool, before
they sre vild.
Our climate Is not qulto go favorable as
the EnglUh for this crop, but we havo
never found any difficulty in growing
satisfactory crops of all tho varieties of
turnips. They are not nearly so nourish
ing as tho potuto, but the yield is four or
live times greater. They are valuable to
food to milch cows along with hay, Indian
meal, aud od cake, good for fattening bul
locks ana sw.'ne, ud exceedingly profit
tbio for sheep, whether one is making
mutton or wool, or raisiug Uiaba. We
have found them valuahlo tor home con
sumption, and to not like to be without
, tht-w. evon If we have plenty of beets and
The old method, inherited from our
F.nglixh ancestors, no doubt, was to yard
bIk ep at night for several wetks upou tho
t-!ece ot ground W bo sown to this crop.
Just bef'ure the 25lU of Julvtha o rou nit
was plowed and harrowed very thorough
ir, nuu ""- mi mi-
60 wn brottdoaa, and put In
- . ff.-.djn WltU WIVW1 ftal... rn.A...
ly sown wju woou asues.
with a garden rako, ot brush harrow.
Tho crop hnd no cultivation, and yielded
from four hundred to fight hundred bush
els to tho acre. Tho noil usually selected
was a sod or a fresh clearing. Upon now
uround. the turnln Is usually nf lino final
ity, and tho yiold largo. The yarding of
thorp is a good preparation nf the soil,
but tho broadcast sowing is discarded by
tho best farmers. No crop pays bettor for
sowing In drill, for thinning, and for fro
quent cultivation, until tho loaves aro In
the way of tho cultivator. Tho drills
should be from fourteen inches to two
feet apart, according to tho sizo of tho Va
riety sow n, and the object for which they
aro raised, with sufficient spaco left be
tween the roots for hoeing. , Homo of the
strnp-leafed varieties make short leaves,
and tho "Cow-horn" grows quite high
out of tho ground Willi a long tap-root
These may be set in tho thickest drills,
and quite closo together In the drill.
Though tho hoe Is quite necessary In tho
first weeding of tho crop, nearly all tho
cultivntion may bo dono with tho harrow
and cultivator, and tho aim should bo to
use horse power ns much as possible. This
Is essential to cheap turnips. After tho
leaves cover the ground, tho crop may bo
" laid by." Tho ruta baga is much more
solid than the common white turnip, and
rcoulrcs a longer lime to grow and arldhcr
soil. It Is frequently sown in Juno, but the
first week in July is early enough, on
warm, louiny soils, cspcclaly if the crop Is
raised for food. The turnip Is frequently
grown upon ridges, and the manure placed
in tho centro of tho ridge, and covered
with the plow.
Uy the sea-shore It Is a common practice
to uso rock weed, freshly gathered, for this
crop, bony fish, or the refuse after tho
oil is pressed out. Fish guano and super
phosphate of lime, aro among tho nest
manures for turnips, whether applied
broadcast and harrowed In, or directly to
tho ridges. fiiMl pounds to tho aero of tho
superphosphate, or a half ton of the guano,
will bn good dressing. If tho ruta bagas
aro raised for market, they should not bo
allowed to grow too la'iro. Hoots from
threo to five inches iu diaiueler sell much
more roadily than those of twice the slzo.
They nro easily kept iu pits, or upon tho
surface of the ground, covered wltii straw
and enrth. Tho strap-leafed turnips nro
raised at Very small cost, by sowing among
corn at tho last cultivating say tlio first
week in August. If tho turn Is cut un by
roots early in Hcptcmber, the turnips nave
tho ground tho rest of tho season, and fre
quently make Mil or 6(Hl bushels to tho
acre on good soil. Let us have cheap
turnips this year. AmtriMn Agrictilturiat.
Thorough Culture of Corn.
Tira frequent failures In attempting to
raiso heavy crops of corn aro not usually
much owing to I ho want of properly
fitting tho soil, as In tho lack of giving
luoroitgn cultivation wliiio tlio crop is
growing. Although the amount raised
per aero depends very materially upon tlio
fertility ana preparation of the soil, yet In
terior crops may Do grown upon mini that
is canaille ol producing tlio Uesi. i arm
ors aro not apt to select a field for corn
that they know cannot bo put into good
condition lor tho crop, nor are they apt to
y, but alter tlio seed is in, too
many fold their hands and consider the im-
nortant part dono,
It is u difficult matter to' raise it heavy
growth of weeds and corn at tho same
tlmo upon ono piece of tho land ; tho
former must bo kept down if a good yield
of grain is obtained. Weeds have always
been ono great hindrnuce to successful corn
raising, but they nro not so formidable an
enemy ns many suppose. Advantago
should bo taken of them, ami the plow or
cultivator kept at work from tho limo tho
corn rows first appear, until tho growth of
grain is nearly complete. Ha labor upon
the crop pays so well as thorough after
cullure, ami to verify this statement let
any farmer having two acres planted at tho
samo time in ono field, give ono but little
attention ami tlio other thorough cultiva
tion, keeping account of time spent, ami at
harvest nolo (he excess of grain from litis
over the other piece hi payment for labor
(iood culture holds an equal position in
potency lor crop-growing to that of barn
yard manure; a hold somewhat worn will
produce a heavier and better crop of corn
If well tended, tliuu if heavily manured
and neglected ; but on soil of Ibis kind
the two work together admirably.
Corn in time of drouth, however rich
tho soil may bo by nature, or fertilizing
apliances, has no agency aside from rain
which will keep up the vigor and growth
of tho crop, save the diligent uso of tho
hoe and horse cultivator. fSoil kept open
and loose will absorb moisture from the
air, and drink in all tho dew that falls upon
it. There is another important thing in
tho growing of this crop that wo havo no
ticed lor years, nnd thai is, giving the crop
thorough dressing with double plow or cul
tivator just as tho ears are forming or about
the time tho "silking out" begins; culti
vation at tins tlmo appears to give now
impetus to tho growth of tlio stock, and
tho ears are hiado heavier than they would
Then It appears that thorough culturo
Is important in all seasons, and, nt all
stages In tho growth of corn; in wet sea
sons to keep weeds down; In dry Beasons
to supply moisture; while the crop is
young to invigorate, and while maturing
to give it new life atil extra development.
When and How to Bud.
IU'iniiNii, wo need hardly say, is tho
process of removing a bud from ono tree
or plant and inserting it In another tree of
Tho object of budding Is tlio same as of
grafting, viz.: to propagate a desirable
sort of tree or plant. The only dillerenco
octween a una ana a scion is that tlio lat
ter is a development of the former. Fruit
can generally oo obtained by grafting two
years sooner man uy uuuuing. liui when
a variety is very rare, we can by budding
get new nmus irout single eyes, whereas,
iu grafting we havo to uso threo or four
eyes. Some trees, moreover, propagate
more readily by budding than by graft ing.
Tho stone fruits exude so much gum when
grafted, that it is hard to succeed in tlio
work. Then, too, in all kinds of fruit,
whero grafting has failed, or been forgot
ten in spring, buddiug may bo resortea to
The usual time for budding Is from tho
llrst of J uly to tho uilddlo of August. Hut
a more accurate rule is to be found In the
statu of tho buds and the bark. The shoot
from which the buds aro taken must bo of
tho current year's growth, and mut be
mature. This maturity will be shown by
tho forming of buds at tho axils of the
leaves, and of the terminal buds. The lest
buds for .working will bo found along
the mtiiuio ot tuo snoot. I'lums usually
finish their growth earlier than other
trees ; hence tney aiioum tie iiikiuou ear
liest. Next come cherries, and then ear,
Ac, Tho bark must I in a condition to
lift easily from tho wood, and there must
be sap enough between the two to feed
the young bud, and to help form a union
The practical operation of budding is
simple. Tho method commonly followed
in this country, culled thidd buMiitg, Is as
ioiiows: Having cut a scion containing
several good buds, choose a smooth, young
limb for the operation, nud, it possible, let
the insertion be made on the north side of
the limb. With a sharp, thlii-bladed knife,
cut a slit through the bark about an inch
and a half long, and a cross cut at tho top
of It. Then from your scion slice out a
good bud, leaving a litths of tlio bark at
tached. Now, with tho other end of your
budding knU'e, raise the bark ol the stock,
aud slip the bud Into tho slit, and press it
down to tho bottom of it. Finish tho
work by tyiu dowu the bark and bud
with bass malting or woolen yarn, so as to
exclude air and moisture from all except
the point of the bud.
Do the work quick, otherwise Iho bud
will dry and bo less likely to grow. A
minute is full long enough.
AJtrt T)tilmfiit.la a fortnight after,
examine the buds to see whether they have
" taken." This may be dotermincd by
their fretilineca and plumpness. As soon
asllicy have " taken, tho bandages should
be )ooseud a little, to allow for expansion
of Imth stock aud bud. On tho opsuing
of the following spring, the slock should
be cut off -with a sloping cut, two or three
i incites aoove iub ouu. 1 uo ouu will now
1 grow with great vigor. Uurai Amtriwn,
inches above the bud. 1 be bud will now
TitTMut is probably no horticultural
subjeeft upon which "lino Upon lino and
prcoept upon pronept" are so freely given
as that of pruning fruit trees. Kvory
year and In each successive season somo
of tho renders of our horticultural Jour
nals call for Information on tho subject of
pruning, and the question moat frequently
asked is, what is the best tlmo to prune f
Now ns pruning at different seasons of
the year is dono to obtain dilfcrent results,
it is obvious that tho query cannot be cor
rectly answered, unless the peculiar cir
cumstances of the and tho results
which it may lie desirable to reach, are
known, In regard to tho objects and
effects of summer pruning or plnchlne,
wo will quoto from somo eminent ami
Thomas says i "Tho production of
fruit buds may bo accomplished by sum
mer pruning, which is eilectcd by pinch
ing off tho soft ends of the side snoots af
ter they havo made a few Inches growth.
In this tho sap immediately accumulates,
and tho young buds noon tho remainder
f theso shoots, which otherwise would
produce leaves, are gradually changed
Into fruit buds. To prevent the break
ing of theso buds into new Shoots
by too great an accumulation of . the
snp, a partial outlet Is left for its
escapo through tho leading shoot of tho
branch which, at tho samo time, is effect
ing the enlargement of tho tree. This con
stitutes essentially the art of trimmer prun
in; dwarf and pyramidal trees, more es
pecially the pear and apple. It may be ap
plied with advantage to young standards
to produco early fruitful ness. Downing
says i "There aro advantages and disad
vantages nltcndingall seasons of pruning,
but our own experience has led us to be
lieve that, practically, a fortnight be for o
mid summer is by far tho best season, on
tho whole, for pruning in tho Northern
and Middle Slates. Wounds made at that
seast n heal over rapidly and freely."
Harry advises pinching tho shoots duriuir
tho growing season, to regulate tho form of
tno treo ami to promote early rruitftilness.
Hummer pruning, or pinching, if faith
fully and wisely performed, will obviate
tho necessity of much other cutting. In
this way the cultivator may train up his
troe, and direct its growth to harmonious
proportions, without being compelled to
uso tlio knlf'o or saw severely at any period
of Its life.
The following anecdote is, of course,
from Paris: A half-military anecdote Is In
circulation. Hen. Cluscret, returning
home lato ono evening, was attacked by
an armed brigand. Tho great strength of
tho General rendered him Indifferent to
such iucldeuts ; hi? seized the rulllan by the
throat nnd threatened to strangle him.
On examining the captive more closely,
Cluscret recognized -him as a personage
with whom he had already bad dealings.
"Why, you rascal, you are tho samo man
Who robbed my tent iu Algiers of five hun
dred francs in gold I"
"Ah, General, but if you knew tho cir
cumstances. They had written to me from
Knropo that my poor mother was danger
ously ill, and I wauled to scud her somo
assistance, llut I entreat you, General,
have somo pity on me ; giyo me my liberty
this time, and I Bwoar to pass tho rest of
my life In repentance, nnd repay you the
sum I stole lrom you."
Tho General granted tho prnyor, lot tho
fellow go, and thought no more about tho
mnttor. A loiur time afterward he re
ceived a box containing 500 francs aud tho
"This restitution, General, proves to
you that a good action is never lost. To
obtain this stun, that I engaged myself to
return to you, I have been obliged to beat
out, mo oriuns oi two men, to lorco llirco
secretaries, nnd break lu tho doors of
throe Inhabited country houses. You see,
General, that a bunelft is never thrown
' It is often supposed that those queer
freaks of phraseology called bulls aro tho
exclusive ollspring ot tlio Irish brain.
This Is a mistake. A notable Instance of
the fact that our Hibernian brothern have
no monopoly In this gift of blundering in
to tho delicious-absurd has just occurcd iu
i'ingiunti, tho municipal council of
C'annas, whero Lord Ilroughnm diotl, np
plied to tho surveying brother in Kngland
for permission to havo his Lordshio's
body burled in their town. Tho brother
gives his " consent." and adds brilliantly.
that if J,ord Ilroiigham " wero living, ho
would prefer that -his remains should be
left in tho country of his adoption." Most
peopio might mum that, it l.ora Urougu
am were alive, ho would object to havo
his body called " his remains," s well ,tis
to having it " left" in any country.
The Force of Imagination.
Lnto one cvenlnc a collide of Irishmen
stopped at a country inn aud asked for
lodgings. Tho porter escorted thorn to
ttio door ol their room, but Just as tho
travelers entered It tho candle was extin
guished by tho wind from tho door as it
closed behind them. Tho porter had
already returned to tho bar-room, and
after vainly groping on the mantle-piece
in search of matches, tho travelers re
solved to go to bed in the dark. In
tho middle of tho nleht one of them
awoke, nud after shaking his comrade to
arouse him, said :
"Terrenco, I'm as nwiiko as a vacci
nated kitten, for want of air. Get up and
open tho window. Tho room is ns closo
as a patent collln, and I'll dio if you don't
j,'ot mo air."
Torrenco arose, groped around the room
ior n icw iiiinuies, men saui;
"I've found tlio window, but bad luck
to me if 1 can budge it. I can't move it
aither up or down."
" Then knock a couple of panes out
w id ycr shoe, and we'll pay for them in
the morning," said the sick man.
Tcrrenco did as directed. After two
crashes were heard bv tho man in bed
ho seemed to recover, for he remarked :
" Oh, that refreshing air is invigorating,
I feel better already. Out wld a couple
moro panes, glass is chape, and tho land
lord won't bo angry whin wo'ro wllliu to
pay for thim."
Torrenco's stout brogan soon shattered
tho remaining panes, and tho weak man
recovered his exhausted strength so soon
thereafter that in ten minutes more he
was enjoying his slumbers, undisturbed
by tho snore of his companion, who had
also expressed himself refreshed by the
current of fresh air admitted through tho
broken glass. . . i
Considerable tlmo elapsed, and at length
tho travelers awoko. For thirty minutes
they lay in lied conversing, wondering
wny jiiey couiu no sleep.
"Surely it must bo near niornln. for 1
don't feel a bit sleepy," said Tcrrenco. ,
" M ornln' 1" echoed tho other. lly the
morthinl. but it appears to mo that it's
perpetual night in this part iv tlio world."
In a few mluutes more Uiey beard a
knock at the door, and tho travelers asked
what was wanted.
"It's twelve o'clock," answered the por
ter, opening the diwr nnd entering the
room with candle in his hand "Aren't
you goiug to get up nt all ?"
"Only twelve o clock I" exclaimed Tir
rno. "Why, I thought it must be at
least five. What d'ye moan by rousing us
in the middle of the uightr lo the peo
ple in these parts get up at midnight?"
" No. but they get up nt breakfast time."
"Thin why diun't ye Wait until break
fast time before you disturbed us J"
" ltec.nuse it's hours after hrenkfatt time
now in fact, its just tho dinner hour."
" Got out, or I'll throw mo brogan at yo.
What a barefaced liar yo must bo to say
it's dinner time before It's daylight The
candle in ycr hand makes a liar of ye I"
"lio! ha I ha I" and the porter chuckled
with tho exuberance ot delight. "No
wonder yo think it Isn't daylight, for
there's uo window in IhU loom to let lu
"Thiu what did I break last night 1"
Tcrrenco aked, looking around tho riHun
iu astonishment. Jiis eyes at lastnlighted
on tho book case, the glass doors ol which
prcaeuted a dilapidated nppcuruuee. Uo
the powers, Jerry," he added, addressing
his comrade, " u hill I llioueht 1 was
suiashiu1 the windy, 1 was only hrcakiu'
tne glass in tue bookcase, uut it did )
a power 1? good, for ye led ye felt the
fresh air revlvla' ye."
SENATOR MORTON ON THE NEW YORK
PLATFORM AND NOMINATIONS.
WASirtNoTON, July 10.8nnator Mor
ton's speech In tho tJenalo Inst evening Is
commented on by all llepublicans as
striking tho key-noto of tho present cam
paign. It ws In full, as follows :
Mr. MortonI do not riae so much to
discuss tho various propositions relative
to counting tho electoral voto, as to say
that I am for that offered by tho Honntor
from Vermont, believing that it is more
specific nnd direct thnn tho other two.
llut perhaps any ono of them would an
swer tho purpose I desiro, however, to
sny ono word In regard to the importance
of this measure. Wo havo been noting
the proceedings of a Convention held iu
the city of New York, which has but Just
adjourned. I havo read tho resolutions
adopted by Hint Convention tho platform
of principles It has lnld down, nnd upon
which IU candidates havo been placed,
and I wish to call the attention of tho
Benatc to tho Issue that Is presented to
tho country by this platform and by tho
character of theso cnndldates, General
Grant, In his letter of occcptnnco, said :
" Let us hnvo peace ;" but tho Democratic
party by their Convention In New York
hnvo said : " Let us havo war i there shall
bo no pence." They have declared, in
substance, I might say, perhaps, in direct
terms, that tho reconstruction of these
Htutcs under tho several reconstruction
nets of Congress, shall not be permitted
to stand, but shall bo overturned by mili
tary forco if they get tho power. They
havo announced that there shall bo no
peaeo in this country, that thoro shall bo
no settlement of our troubles except upon
tho condition of the triumph of those who
have beon In rebellion. This platform
nnd those nominations nro a declaration
of tho renowal of tho rebellion. Let mo
call your attention to n part of tho eighth
resolution, In regard to this very question.
In speaking of the reconstruction of tho
States, they go on to sny that the power
to regulato sull'rngo exists with ench State,
making no dill'orence between loyal States
that havo been nt peaeo, nntl (States that
havo been in rebellion, putting them nil
upon tho samo footing; nnd "that any at
tempt by Congress on nny pretext wbnt
ever" that is upon tho pretext of tho re
bellion, if you plcnso " to deprive nny
Btato of this right, or lutcrrero with its
oxerclso, is a flagrant usurpation of power,
flud no warrant in tho Constitution,
and If sanctioned by tho people will sub
vert our form of govorment;' They de
clare that the interference of Congress
with sum-age In tho States that hnvo been
in rebellion, though that Interference may
bo absolutely necessary, ns wo havo found
It to bo to tho reconstruction of tho Htates,
is unconstitutional, nnd that no lustiUea
tion can bo found for It, and Unit it will
subvert our form of government.
This Convention has called upon the
rebels of tho South to retard theso irovcrn-
ments organized by authority of the acts
of Congress by the peopio of those States
ns usurpation, unconstitutional, and void;
nnd has thereby invited them ngnln to in
surrection nnd rebellion. That is what
that resolution means. Thcro is whero
tho Democratic party has placed itselfand
Us candidate that thcro shall bn no an-
quIoRccnco in tho action of Congress, and
thatconliuusd rcsistanco is and shall bo
their policy. They havo replied to Gen.
Grant by saying " There shall be no peaeo,
but tho war shall bo renewed." There can
bo no other policy for that party unless it
ocqulcBcos. If it docs not accept theso re
construction acts, there can bo no policy
but that of resistance and a renowal of tho
war. They declare these reconstruction
acts to be unconstitutional and void. Be
ing void nobody is bound to roenrd tlmm.
They havo no authority over nny ono to
coerco or to punish, nud may bo resisted
by any ono with impunity. That is not
the language of this resolution, but it is
tho substance and menniug of it, and in
consequence or this received tho indorse
ment and tho approbation ot the hundreds
rebels who wero in that Convention
from tho Southinon who organized tho
rebel Government, and organized aud led
tho rebel armies in battle. Thin, then, is
the issue. A continuanco of tho war, a
renewal of tho rebellion, because it is
either that or it is submission and acquies
cence to what has been dono.
llut, Mr. President, wo aro not left to
grope for tho meaning of this Convention.
Wo aro not left even to seek for it bv in.
fereneo. We have tho letter of Gen. Frank
P. lllair, written, I believe, less than ono
week HL'O. mid that letter luia luu
dorsed by that Convention this afternoon
ny ins nomination as their candidate for
the Vice-Presidency. It is as much a part
pi their platform as if it was Incorporated
in it, for tho ink w as hardly dry beforo it
was indorsed by his nomination, I re
peat, Blr, this lottor Is a part of tho Demo
cratic plat form. Gen. Illalr, whatever you
may say of him, Is a bold, outspoken man,
ami ho spoko tho sentiment of that Con
vention. He says: "Upon these senti
ments I want to stand before tho Conven
tion," and upon these sentiments ho was
nominated. Therefore, I say that tho lan
guage of the Democratic Convention at
Now York to tho whole country is war;
resistance by forco of arms to Congres
sional legislation ; tho overthrow by forco
of arms of tho governments that have been
erected in tho rebel States under tho laws
enacted by Congress; tho continuanco of
ims rouciuon, continuanco of thisstruinrlo
in a somewhat dillerent form, but still tho
same struggle, contending for tlio same
principles. It is now announced formally,
not at Montgomery, not at Richmond, but
Tlio country need not bo nt a loss to un
derstand tho character of the contest upon
w hieh wo are entering. It is not one of
peace aud acquiescence, of consolidation
whereby tho ravages of war may bo re
paired. But it is a now declaration of
war, a now announcement of tlio rebellion,
under somewhat dillerent circumstances,
but under circumstances formidable, dan
gerous and solemn. Let the country look
the struggle lu tho faeo. Gen. Blair has
said truly that all that is said about green
backs and bonds and questions of liuunco
is moro nonsense. Tho great issuo is tho
question of overturning tho new Slate
government by forco, tlio restoration of
mo rebels, or, as they call it, tho white
men s government lu thosu Slates, nnd all
the rest is lotclier and prunellas. Wo owo
a debt of gralitudo to Gen. Illalr Tor his
frankness. There need bo uo deceptiou
practiced now, and there can bo none.
There can bo no other Issuo presented sub
stantially to us, but that of the future
peace of tho country. If Seymour shall
be elected on that platform, he stands
pledged to uso tho nrmy of the United
States for tho purpose of overturning tho
governments that havo been established
in tho South by the whole people.
aud by that army to place tho power
back again Into tlio hands of tho rebels
mat, wero with him iu that Convex
tion. They have given to him their couu.
set. 1 hey havo Indorsed Mr. Seymour
aud the Convention, and all have indorsed
Gcu. rands V. Blair.
1 know that wo shall bo toll in tho
Northwest that they intend to have the
samo currency for tho Government and
tho people, lor tho bondholder nnd the
laborer. They will proclaim taxation of
i no iKuuis as tho great issue upon which
they expect to gi t votes, but that w ill bo
a deception. Tho great Issuo underlying
tho whole conwst, and we have the solemn
declaration of their candidate for Vice
President to that effect, will bo the re
newal oi tlio war to overturn tho State
governments that have Just been estab
lished under tho acts of C'omm-ss. Gen
Blnir 1ms relieved the Republican party of
gieav ueai oi laoor. jio has unmasked
the enemy with whom we havo to deal,
and ho has placed la-forc tho country the
very issue, caco or war.
Hie lollowing is the entire letter of
Gen. l'rauk P. Blair, ulludod to iu Gov.
Mortou's sHch. Tho letter was written
iu view of Blair's name !oingusel before
tho Democratic National Convention, aud
U as follows:
, . WtSHlMUTOM, JllUO 30, lSUS.
OI Jumna O. llnxih,.U :
1ck l'iiLiMkL: lu ri'ilv to your Inquiries, I
lH! U'Kve In nay lli.1l I loa" to Vott to il.-l.TliOiiw,
on 1-oii.iiltiiiluii Willi my rrii'iul from Mii.nuri,
whllit'r uiy u.iuitf tlmll in unwilled lotliu Ih-uio-cr.ilir
Convi'iiuoit, suit to nuiuutl tlio loUovtiiitf w
H-ti.il 1 1'i.n.ljer lli tvitl uU only imiiit lu nils cou
t. l :
Tits reconstruction policy o( lb tUdlcsUwIll
bs comulvts bvfor Ihs usit sWcilon : Ins bMtss,
so Umg on ludrd, will hav hosu suuilttuil uvtfro
.ujli.o t.ubll.ligd, suit tlw cuiyol-Uiitfvii luj
lulled In tholrm'Ht" In hnlh brunches of Cnnfrn-i".
Tlmrw I" no now-niUUy of clism;lK the pullilcsl
cliarsclir of tno Kc.nfttii, iveo If Iho Psmorrsu
nlniiil'1 olncl Iholt Prosldnnt nil ft mnjorlty of tho
impnlnr lirnnch of donprff. Wo csnnot. tharo
ron nndo Iho ltnrilail plan of rcconsl-rnctlon by
Oonitrcinilonal action) tho Bcnato will contlnno a
bartolta rep"M. Must ws anhmlt to lit How
can It bs OTprllirown f It om only bo ornrlhrown
by tin anthorlly of tho Kxocnttvo, who la aworn
to maintain the I'onatitntlon, and who will fall to
do his duly If lia allows tho Conatllntlon toorlti
uiiilnr tho ssrlca of Con(rrfslonal onactimriita
which are In jialpable violation of Its fundamental
If the rmnldcnt elooled bt ths Domocracr on.
forces or pormlla others to enforce theso roron-
strnctlon acta, tho Jtanlcnla, b tho accession of
twenty annrtona senators and nft KonraseDtft-
tivoa, will control both brunches of UotiKreaa, anil
his adnilnlKirntlon will bs as powerless as tho
present one of Mr. Johnson.
Tlwrs l bat one way to reeloro tho Govern
ment and tho Constitution, and that U for the
Primiilnil rtrrt III iMar Ihtnf art null nntl twin",
romwf Ifir army to undo i utiirpalion at th Hrnlh,
(llnthr tlit tnrifl lnto Hint' (rorrrnmrnft.oltnie tht
rcAic rwoic to rmrtjtmXif thHr tttpn ovirvrnowi, ami
rlirt. knutor and lt'ir?inlallvrt. Tho Ilnnsa of
KenroeentottYca will contain s majority of Ttotno
crats from tho North, and they will admit the Hep.
rommUtlvc eleclod by Iho whlto people of the
Month, and, wllh the co-npcratlon of the Presi
dent, It. will not be difficult to comiel Uo Benata
to submit onro moro to tho obligations nf the
Constltnllon. It will not be abla to withstand
tho nnhtlc Indrrniont. If distinctly Invoked and
clearly expressed on thlt fundamental Issno, snd
la the snre way to avoid all rutiira strife to put
tho Issno plainly to the country.
I repeat that this Is the real and onlyqnnstlon
which wo shonld allow to control na. Phall we
etihmltto tho osiirpatlnna by which the Govern
ment haa boon overthrown, or shall wo exert one
solves for Its full and complete restoration? It la
Idle to talk ofhonda. frn-enhnek, gold, thepnbllc
faith anil the public credit. Whstcan a Dcmocmtlc
President do In regard to any of theso, with Con
gress In both branches controlled by carpet-bag-gera
and thulr allies! Ilo will be powerless to
slop the snpplles by which Idle negroes nro or
ganlxed Into political clubs by which an army Is
maintained to protect theso vagabonds In tbelr
ontrsgua upon the ballot. Thosu, and things like
these, eat up the mvonnoa and msonrous of the
Government and destroy Us credit, and mako tho
difference between gold and greenbacks. Wo
must restoro tho Constltntlon before wo can re
store tho finances, and to do this wo mnst haro a
President who will execulo the will of the people
tramping into dust ifie wmrpatimi of fJinfivn,
known ait the rivontt ruction ovM. I trtsA to 9timd be
fore the rbitei.filon mkwi r7i it. bid, U is one
which unbrace erfryfhinq dee icili-A Is of tvitis In
it lame and cmniirthtitve reenlt. Ills tho ono
thing that liiclndua all that Is wortb ft coutest, and
without It, there la nothing tout gives dignity,
nonor or value to me
Fhank P. BLAin,
A cRNTunv plant is In bloom at Troy,
A rori'i.An work of art drawing one's
A sii.vkk coin, dated 1580, was found in
tno snnus at uinuna.
Louisiana, will produco this year 10,000
uoguncaus oi sugar.
FonTY-Two thousand nino hundred and
sixty-three arrests wero mndo In Fhiladel-
ptitn last year.
Cincinnati has 20(1 Brown families, 240
ot tlio Jones, :)00 Williams, U8Q Millers,
uuu jviycrs, ana iru Hcuinults.
Unukoi'itico lovo mado a voune man In
Newport, H. I., nt tempt to cut his throat
tho other day with u battered drinking
A Nt'MiiKii of persons havo been poi
soned. In Arkansas, by eating mulberries
in which the locusts had deposited their
lITtn o.v JoNitfl Jones In a dilemma,
said that he was nt his wit's end. Smith
sarcastically remarked that it would not
take him long to return he had not gono
iar. ouurp in miin.
Ok tho day of ailjiurnment, tho New
IlampHhiro Legislature met nt live o'clock
in tho morning. Nothing like this ever
happened in any other Now England
An old woman, who follows rnir-rilck
ing for a livelihood, picked up an old coat
In the streets of Cincinnati, the other day,
lu a pocket of which she found f50 in
A i.itti.k girl was burned so badly in
Buffalo recently, by reason of her clothes
inning nro irorn iiro-crnckcrs thrown
upon her by boys, that sho died in a few
If you run your umbrella through a
man's hat, soothe him by saying that he
neodn't apologize for having it in tho way.
At the samo time congratulate him that it
wasn t nts body.
Bomb incredulous writer in Richmond
thinks tho story that Chang and Eng arc
aixnu 10 uiHsolvo partnership only a pro
liminary to a series of " flunl farewell "
entertainments by them.
A siKTKH of Miss 8chaffer, tho young
lady of Alexandria, Va., who was lately
burned to death, and whose a 111 un red lover
committed suicldo from griet, has sinco
died in consequence of her sorrow at the
Hi hi Die auiiction.
Mn. William Kirr. a wealthy farmer of
nrraington. jncw i orir, committed suicide
becnuso ho ims.dned ho had n cancer in
his stomach, an apprehension which a pout
mortem examination proved to lie entirely
An English paper perpetrates tho follow
" Lot's wolcomo tho Poet
With cheors deep aud mellow,
For the day will cii Imuj
Kra wo welcome bl jrcUoio."
In Cleveland, recently, a woman Jumped
into tho river to drown herself. Her dress
caught a projecting root, and sho was dis
covered and rescued. Uer husband re
fused to assist in getting her out of the
water, Baying suo ougut to Do drowned.
PiiKPAnATioNB aro making to raise the
wrecKsoi tno snips of war sunk iu Charles
ton harbor during tho war. They consist
oi mo uoenawKcn, liousaionic ana Uuy
ascutis, tho last named being the subma
rine Doat v wcu sunk tno liousatonlc.
A little girl, on hearing her mother
aajr moi biiu iiiiunueu m go 10 a unit, anil
navo iter uress trimmed with bugles, in
nocently inquired if the bugles would blow
while sho danced. "Oh, no," said the
mother, "your father will do that when
no discover 1 havo bought them."
Some sharp Individual in Cincinnati has
boon selling old potatoes for now. The
old stock of potatoes left over was manip
ulated by a chemical process, nnd the
tough jackets of tho ncshannock and
pcnchblow were made to resemble tho ten
Uer skin of tho early potato.
A factory girl In Fall lliver recently
returned a roll of bills amouutlng to near
ly 300, which had been inadvertantly
done up in a package of goods she had
purchased iu a store In that city. Kho re
fused to accept any reward in money, but
was prevailed upon to tone a gooa dress
Nkw Youk scoundrels hire letter boxe
In tho post ofllce, and giving names nearly
like thoso of permanent firms, rely upon
tho carelessness of clerks to put letters de
signed for others into their boxes. In this
manner thoy get hold of many letters con
taining money or valuable information.
AiiTKm s Wahu went to his hotel Into
ono night, and. calling a waiter, said to
him: "James, lias Mr. naming the
proprietor of tho hotel gone to bed r"
' Tea, sir." " Then, James, I wish you to
go to him and wako him un. and tell him.
with my sincere regards, that the price of
uucriy is everuai vigilance.
This total valuation of the real aud per
soiial property of New York City, liable
to taxation, Toots up this year to Jy08,4 itt,
827, against tS31,(100,8i:i, last year, being
an iucrenso of f 7u,7GtUSU. This Increase
is duo mainly to the rise of real estate in
upper wards. This year tho rate of taxa
tion will bo about f i.30 perf 1,000 j !
year u was f V'.NJ.
A CirvriNQ iMvitoMi-Ti'. A clergyman,
uu suung in me gallery or ino liounoc
ticut Legislature, hen that body was out
ting through divorce cases, wrote the fol
io nig impromptu :
" For cw-ttng all uu-i-Umii fttuMd.
ronjKW i-cwn. fairly named;
I twain ooMM-4 iu one, but you
(V thoso whom I oswmW In two,
hull ld.-li.Ulor seems lo say,
' VI list )ou (viuuci y-cirt away.' "
rvrori'lNO at a vilhum tavern In 'Mow
Jersey, tliere came a Uiuuder storm, and
vom,iu uau, surpri&coi tiial a sparse
country should have rvuehed such a per
fection in these meteorological manufac
tures, said to a bystauder: "Why, yu
have very heavy thunder here." "Well,
yes," replied the mail. " we fu, considering
the number of inhabitants.
Bomb inhuman creature au Italian
has l.een placarding tho strceu of l'hila
delphia, announcing the rxhibilion of a
living "headless rooster." The admit
tance charged was liftecn mils. Some
oue, cruel to a degree, had cut from a liv
ing fowl all of the head except the brain,
had healed the wound by meant of plas
ters, and had lustaiuod life la tho body of
tho mnulntcd fowl by introducing Indl in
meal Into its craw by artificial means.
Jorm A. Enos. aliout 22 years of aire.
wslked a few days since, from the monu
ment In rcnlmdy, Mass., to tho Eastern
Itailrond donoL In Itiistiin. anil return, dp.
clarod to lie a distanea of twentv-elght
miles, la flT0 umn nn, thirty-eight niln
ntes, nn average of a mile iu eleven and
three-fourths minutes. Tho tnno mado by
Weston In his Walk on .limn A fr inrm.
ty-clght miles, was six hours, nine minutes
and twonty-flve and a half seconds.
A TOtJNO Chinamnn. in Bnn Frnnrisen.
mndo up his mind to forsake tho customs
of Ids country and lmitato Americans, lie
began by culling off his pigtail. That or
something elso, caused hjs countrymen to
itiKO vengcanco. ine yontn was taken
into a cellar, his hands tied behind him,
?nd ho was flogged with awful barlmrity.
lo was found by tho police, thrco China
men arrested for tho offense, and Califor
nia will teach the Celestials that their
modes of punishments arc not tolerated
in this country.
A woman went to the police station in
Porland, Mo., lately, and said that she do
sired to be taken in custody, as she had
deliberately put her husband's eyes out by
uirowing vitnoi into nig nice. An investi
gation showed that tho parties had quar
reled frequently, and at tho dinner tablo
high words passed between them, when
tlie wile, who had prepared ncr weapon,
threw a quantity of vitriol in his face
The mau's face was badly burned, and his
The king of sharpshooters, crowned at
tho ctose of tho great German shooting
lesuvai in rsew xork, was Mr. jonn
Becker, of Outlcnbertr, New Jersey, a
Swiss by birth, who hit the bull's eyo dur
ing tne lesitval no less man lilt) times, lie
was crowned with a wreath of flowers, ro-
ceived 00 cash as a prize, a Kaldcnbcrg
pipe oi tno vauto oi f iuu, o, rannmn nat
worm fw, ana an order tor enrncts lor
foil, lie was also decorated with live gold
medals, and received other numerous do
nations, which bring tho money valuo of
nts prizes to iar Dcyond ono thousand dol
Not tho easiest question In tho world to
ask. Yet Phil Graham asked it, bravely :
and stood waiting ins answer, Ins naud
some face flushed slightly, his dark eyes
eionucnt wan emotion.
Mr. Bulbous evidently wns not excited ;
in fact, he rather en loved Phil's confusion.
To tell the truth, he had heard the same
amount of pleading, dozens of times be-
loro, irom enamored voiine men, wuo nad
done him the honor to ask for the hand of
his daughter heiress, pretty Emily Bui
Yet, somehow, he could not eo through
the usual polite formula of rejection this
Certainly thcro was something in Fhil's
favor, that no other suitor had yet attained
to; lor iMiniy ncrsell loveu nun, and, be
tween Phil's manly pleading and Emily's
open perferment, the samo old bunker was
unly once lio thought ol a death-bed.
whero ho had made a solemn promiso to
Philip's father, tho friend to 'whom ho
owed most of his own prosperity, to watch
over his only son with a tenderness and
love that should repay him for tlio guiding
hand that death had taken from him.
But that was years ago, and a great com
mercial crisis had swept away l'hil s for
tune. Was it not his duty to provido for
his daughter a husband rich enough to
match the Bulbous brown-stono front, and
bank stock, and liveried equipage T
And yet lie could not help leclintr that
Phil's true worth and manliness would do
more for his daughter's happiness than all
tho wealth and jewels, and what ho knew
was tho false glitter and show of fashion
able mo, mat no could bestow upon Her,
nut men run was only an author, a
rising ono certainly; but, if the nineteenth
century liberality of publishers has dono
awny wiin the romanco oi poetic nllies
and dyspeptic misery of fifth-rato board
ing-houses, it has not niadu authors mil
Possibly, it will do so lu tho future.
It is to bo hoped so I
"I am afraid your incoino is not large
lough to support a wife," tho banker said.
at last, seeing the necessity for saying
" My Income is over a thousand a year,
Mr. Bulbous smiled grimly. "About
half as much as Emily spends in a year
ior pin money," nc saw, brusquciv.
"But I am rising in my profession, sir.
ana wmuy nas promised to wait "
" jonsen8e," interrupted is unions
"your income will never be any larger.
Everybody writes stories now-a-davs.
Why, bless you, Phil, I could do it myself
I Hnd it very much tho custom for peo
ple, wno know nothing about authorship,
to linacino that it is a flower-strewn nath
with unlimited greenbacks and undying
1 1 - ' . J! .
luureis m convenient uisiuuccs.
But one that travels it knows better.
Certainly, thcro are laurels and roses.
and genius plucks them.
Ah t but the thorns I tho thorns I
Phil smiled a littlo at tho banker's asser
tion. Ho was thinking of his owo experi
ence as an amateur.
"You are certain of this?" ho asked.
" Certain of it f of course, I am," This
a littlo indignantly.
Phil's eyes sparkled mischievously, ns
ho thought of the 11 cure tho nortlv old
banker would cut In an editorial sanctum.
" I hopo you don t doubt my ability t '
" Of course not, only I should "
" I'll write a story this very day," said
Bulbous, desperately, now thoroughly
aroused by Philip's incredulty. "If it
isn't accepted beforo night, I'll give you "
uive mo your daughter."
" On ono condition."
"If 1 win, you mnst withdraw your
claim to fter forever," said tho banker,
thinking he had disposed of another
Phils face paled a little, and pretty
Emily clasped her white hands implorine-
ly, but ho answered flnuly, " I accept the
" I thiuk I will writo a little sketch
cfter tho manner of Dickens." the bankc
said to himself, as the lovers sauntered out
slowly into tho long walks of the conser
vatory; "something that will be above
the blood and thunder stylo of ordinary
But half au hour's nttempt, with fre
quent extracts from Oliver Twist, convinc
ed him that tho task was hopeles. In live
minutes ho could havo written something
mat would nave stnrtied nail mo brokers,
from Trinity Onurch to Wall street ferry,
out of their senses. But to writo Dickens,
that was impossible. Then ho ordered
somo porter, and, four hours Inter, emerged
from tho library, with half a dozen sheets
or manuscript that was to make him fa
Bo he imagined.
"I think I will take It to Harpers," ho
saui, as no ordered mo carriage.
A long ride and a short walk took him
over the busy streets, through the great
counting-room, and up tho winding stairs
to the editorUl sanctum. " Mr. Bullions,"
he said, pompously, as ho entered and pre
sented ma manuscript, wiin an air oi con
descension. The editor did not seem very much
awed by his august presence. Bo he re
peated tho name.
"Ah I yes; from Minnesota, ain't you?"
The banker looked horrilled. " I never
expected to flud such Ignorance, especially
iu au editor," ho thought, indignantly.
"1 really don't think wo can use your
article," the editor said, returning it Tho
great tiankcr went out, mentally rcsolvbig
to start an opposiliou magiuiite, aud crtibh
out Harpers past all redout pliou.
" AtXer all, one can't xiect to get into
the magazines at tirst," he said, after he
had consoled himself with lobster salad
and a sherry colder. " I'll try some of the
"Out a manuscript. You can call In
the course of a week or two, and we will
give you an answer."
. "Couldn't you examine it now t" asktd
the banker, who began to think he had
(alien among the riiilUtinea,
" Impossible, air. Must take your chauce
with a hundred others."
"But PhilPhilip Graham, he"
"Is ouu of our regular contributors
g author, would you iikc an
" Autograph ! No, I thank you." ,
Two more papers wero tried with Iho
" I'll try tho dailies next," be said, in
" Wish to see the editor," sirf Hcvcnlh
floor, rear room, to the right."
Mr. Bulbous mndo one more effort. '
" Don't publish stories in tho daily press.
It's entirely out of our lino, sir."
And tho wealthy banker took his pontv
too down seven llights of stairs, with tho
comforting assurance that he had lost his
Tho lovers f till sat by tho fountain In
tho conservatory, when ho went to find
them. . It's my firm belief they didn't
now whether ho had been gono twenty-
four hours or twenty minutes.
"You can have her, Phil, for I've lost,"
he said, quietly, " and I'll see that your
Income is largo enough to keep her, now
you've won her." JVuts York Courier.
A Glover's Town.
A LKTTEn to a country paper, describ
ng a visit to "John Brown's Tract." in
New York, says of tho village of Olovcrs
Almost every family Is enimrred In sew
ing or finishing gloves or mittens. They
are cut out at tho various shops, then dis
tributed throughout the village and adja
cent country to a distance oi twelve or
fifteen miles. There aro somo two hun
dred regular manufacturers. They make
buck, sheep, kid, dog and hog skin gloves,
and almost every man in tho business is
rich or " well oil'." The skins nro mainly
Imported from South America and our
Western country. Total business for 1807
amounted to f 'J,'-J7!J,iia. Tno incomes ior
the samo year of tho principal men and
linns arc represented respectively as fol
lows : 1 15,250, 125,012, 13!),722, 1S1,-
210, $213, 800. , , ;
A new and very destructive worm is
making sad havoc among tho foliage of
tno JNew Jersey trees.
About half the newly appointed ca
dets at West Point failed to pass tho ex
amination for admission.
Yes, Tain Paint, call It htimbng, folly
Your sityini; so does not make It bud ;
Fools Jnil(!0 In fits of melancholy;
A atomadi drugged will keep yon mad.
Thoso who condemn Ho without aoclng;
Cross-questions briny that Ilo to view;
Falsehood makes up part of their being,
l'Aiit 1'aint applied Just proves It trim.
It Is all s humbug, so thoy sny ;
Who snys so f Why, young Doctor Quack,
lie told the folks tho other dny,
Wished Walcott stretched upon a rack.
If yon would snvo yonr reputation,
Ijo not so fast till more acquaint,
Iliisteu not your own damnation
Who never saw, condemns 1'ain 1'aint.
A Poor Doctor in a Peck of Trouble.
Folks can euecs who. for ho makes nn. or did a
few mouths 110, a sciudinK liquid, composed of
turpentine, alcohol, and cayenne pepper, etc., nsa
relief from pnln. l'oor fools got so burnt Willi it
that tliev refnpea to imrchtiso moro ot tno Itery
stutf : consequently, Tlio doctor pot sick btmieff
oecaiiso nono or tuo silliest coniu no intiticua to
buy. So tho Doctor tries to make tho public bo
llovo that ho used his own Heiidv llemedv to cure
himsolf, nnd tells tho public how ho rubbed him
self with It, and what a splendid irlnwit brought to
tho snrfiico of hie own poor emaciated body, how
crlorions bo felt, after two or three hours' niinllca-
tlon. If the deluded doctor had bought n half
nlut bottlo of Pain Paint, and nsod It. hla suner.
Ins would liavo been over in llvo mlnutos, nud
prevented his becoming a public laughing stock.
Or, if he had lost too much caeh in propping up
a rotten institution composed of Uory drus, to
buy Pain Paint, no would hnvo hnd bis poor
body painted at Dn. Wolcott'8 oilico, No. 170
Chatham Squaro, N. Y., froo of cost, and till his
Dnln ondod at onco. Tho facts are. that llorv liui.
ments aro Dlaved out no use coaxtnc oven nn
Idiot to purchase them. His pills won't izo down
if they are coaled with snar, for even tliea onco
caught, are afraid of molasses; and his blood en-
ricnor, incroaser, yea puriucr, mauo lrom tnoso
queer root and yurb raised lu his private pas
turcs bevond tho riuriiu; waters, in heathendom.
which he makca up into tea for simpletons' Btom
nchs, will soon Keeolvo the balmico of any canh he
may hnvo luft, instead of Keeping or Itcsolvlne
otbor folks' mouoy, who wero onco burnod with
nis not urops.
I. N. IRWIN & CO.,
No. 150 South Clark St., Chicago.
Swinging Round the Circle.
There aro fifty ways of alleviating tbo agonies
of dyspepsia for tho moment ; but thcro is only
ono way to cuns it. Aftor " swinging round tho
clrclo " of temporary pulllnti ves tlio patient Buds
that tho disease, bo fnr from bulng subdued, has
actually gathered strength, wliiio bo has been par.
loylng with Its symptoms.
Tho only wuj to got rid of tho demon Is to endow
tlio stomach with Btifllciont strength to cant It out
ami keejt it out. Impart permanent energy to tho
digestive organs with HO-STETTEK'S STOMACU
UITTKliS, and tho object is accomplished. Tills
powerful vegstublo remedy is not a moro stimu
lant. It does not braco np tho gastric machinery
for nn hunr or two, leaving it, wbon tho tempo
rary excitement bus passed off. In a worse stato
than beforo. Such Is tbo effect of the ordinary
alcoholic nostrums. They kocp the stomach In a
perpetual eco-saw butwucn unnatural activity
and uttor relaxation. Not so tho B1TTEHS.
Morticatod with tho fluent tonic, altorattro and
anti-bilious extracts, they permanently reinforce
and continuously rcgnlnto tho assimilating
organs. Bach Is tho experience of tens of thou-
sands. At tills debilitating season of tho year,
when tho solvout principle of tho gastric Juice Is
weakened by a constant drnln of the animal
fluids through the pores, HOBTETTKU'S BIT-
TiiliS Is an nrticlo of prime necessity for the
weak. To neglect tbo nso of a tonic and altera
tiro, ao wonderfully efficacious and cntlroly
harmless, Is simply to forego tho blessings of
health and vigor, and voluntarily accept feeble
uoss and discomfort in their stead.
Mishlor'B Herb Bitters will lmnart vitality and
tone to the digestive orfrnns. It will thoroughly
eradicato all morbific mutter from tho blood,
cleausu tho entire system, and produce the most
vigorous action of tbo dlffurcnt organs of tho
human body. It Is tho lire at Blood Pitrillor and
Infallible Kemcdy for Dyspepsia, Loss of Appe
tite, Cramps in the Stomach, Deadacho rusnltfng
iruiu uernngoo stomacu, ana also mat narassiug
dlseuso Siek Headache, Uilinusuess, Ac. It Is
recommended bv nlivsicians of the highest rennra
as the most luvaluable medicine for theso ills that
tno iigni oi science and tho power of human skill
ewr discovered. Tho fact that In all parts of the
land tho most learned members of the medical
faculty proscribe Mishler's Herb Hitters for their
paoeuia wno aro alUlcted with theso diseases
medical men wo havo roneatudlv tasted tha mar.
volous virtues of this great Household Remedy
should convince the most skeptical tbut this pro
prietary compound Is a medicine upon which they
can rely as absolutely and completely efficacious
In such casus as we havo enumerated above. Sold
by all drupglMs and dealers. Dr. S. B. llartmau
s, lo., i-roprietors, Ijimaslcr, Pa.
K 1 f t A MM'II. M-llliiiMi!
fsi'mit A' i'atlt'ns
AN O MKI1A1.M. a tumuli wurlll
fl lor a ceau.
jiuve 4.1 iiim-reni kitum. Address
U. B. HAlHiE CO., MiuilirHi'liireni,
waktkii lor the llrst "i.iTnao
(imntnnil Colin" vol tsuct. l'v lion. K. ll
MANsriKLi) (well known u "K. 1. of CUiclmisU
(Iiutti and "Vetwan Oliserver' of the New York
Tinas.) Two edlllnus Knirllsh and Oemisn. Futi
account of these distinguished men, wllh Hteftl Por
traits and Mi, Hcnublluui Plailorm and Letters ot
Acceptance. Price LOW, to suit the tllnos. Largo
nroftui to Ajrcnts. For territory anywhere Wkst or
INIMAVA, apply to our Western uUlce.lt. U.LAMllKltr,
P. O. Irwer, No. 10, itlooiiiluKton, Illinois. Kast or
Illinois, apply to U. W. CAltlioLL A CO., Publishers,
o. o. r.
American Waltbam Watches
In Vlt'W of th fnuiV fran da iwtmfiimtfel w tltia nuMtn
by (teiilum ill Imwo metal KAi W'Htrhfo, which nr
f the lottery wod etltmtivrpris b tu
tllertt, the nut1t.rmU:iirtl
r-rr low prle at wh h he will nmd urimino Waltharn
WtttcUtw, Dtiw unlvcrvnlly ('onrmttsl to be th host
m a. I o tuidnt Uie uuiu Uium Uiu cUiput wuicb lu Ui
uiirw io villi aiu'ituon iff W9
IT tint hi? WAtch In r.tln Mllvor iTSua ftift (M
Tlw name, Kuro .IhwWoiK... MU.tU
The Krim Kxlru JuwWnl Chroiioiut Id' BtilitiiCd '-M.tD
r ir 1'iinw ui him himv in 3oi,
Fur WthiT of Uxm above, Lu 4o.cae. .
The Wtchto bonoiU hy Kxihw. At-COMTANIKD
TIIKIU'VKHTO H AYR miVTl FK OF KX AMI-
A1HN IN fUfat-t.bblON lf COM I1 AN V
Aditnw imiMt lw pULnJy writ ton, nnd imrchiwr niattt
py elvuMcbaijtrri. M. K. ( ilAI'MAN i t o ,
AltlirKY. AI.IslKfJ Ac
WIlOl KtsALK HAUDWAUK ANP 1'lITI.KkY,
At binti, t'lticiu; UlitK'iit, M(UitucLurt'i
u Wum t'uiu, biKvui, liiiui.K.s etc.
An Antidote for Tobacco.
-si. j ... . ...... t r um am f - r
. M1 U mtirtiy V4tft,tbi4 and Aav
It U aJMi MM hint iniullia. 1 luiun t. JTa. -
. -j. B-(-vkv.'ii m yui turn uuy vivvu,
lnvlgt.r.nji ihs systai, mimsm crvsl uoniClns and
ItwriKUiBurV power, oasl.lv til stoteastfto dlMt
th heartiest ny-t, maki slep toTrwyrts, mnd csteb
'" robust heJV- 4Wra and iXarere Jor t trtv
' irt Cured, l'rbw ifty Wiir 1VI. pot bvo.
A Trtii on Ui liytuua 1-yrV u ol Tobcooo, wiLh
Ikts vi testimonials, W,.ms, etc., snt raaa.
Agents wauled.. AddirVI.r, T. IS, Auion, Jcr&fy
City, N. J. V
A risaornis'i Ti(Iiiiom?V Pirn Bex or Am.
txttt cured Uyl.M sixl myi-V It nsvu faua
Iiv. L tCsuuuu, in JW's btoUun, l'a.
8. Ik. llowuak I'rosiwGiVtlL ate.
... o. inwm, mcretary, -Mc.
B'l a sunntv tJ A mm 1-y.- JTn. X ,
f vr SVBS4.V. X I,
Expcriniciitiil Farm !
! ' i nAMBKRSBURu, Pi.
T will now till orders for tho following varieties ol
Winter Seed Wheats
Ancona Ken, Imported from '
ltiissla, im )3.T5 V p'k. 10.00 V bU3H.
BmwlonlrA White. Ininoi-ted
irrnn r-ntane, r l 3.13 - iu.w -
Ucnlonikft lted, liueurtcd
rioin liussln, WW JJ.i3 " 10.00
Siikonka Iter). Imported fro'll
Poland, INCH ; S.i3 " 10.U0
ulla lied. Imported from
Saxnnr. 1WH.. 2.T5 " 10.00 "
Saxony White, Imported
II inn eitxony, men 4. ta iv.uu
iilienilsn llVd, linperted
n-iim lliihcinl. IRflK 2.7S " 10.00 "
Bohemian White, Imported
irom linni'illlil, ixw v.ia - xu.w
French While Chaff Modi-
terunean 3.00 " 7.50 "
French Hod Chair Medltcr-
anenn S.ftO u 7.M "
German Anther 2.00 " 7.M) "
llunu'nilHn lied 3110 7.30 "
Itnlliin Ifi-d. nccllmntiMl I vr. 9. (HI " 7.rfl M
Italian Rfil.acoliniatodttyrs. 3.110 " 7.50 "
iiiiiinn , iiiii - oyrs. a.iie i..i
lied Chaff Medlteranran.... 1.BS " IWK) '
While Clmll Midlteianeali.. 1.M1 " B.00 "
Lancaster lted 1.M) ' 5.11 "
ltocliester lieu l.r0 " n.no
Klivptlan Red 1.R0 " 5.00 "
HUM'S While 1.S0 " 5.00 "
Week's White 1.J.1 " B.00 "
Blue Stem , IM " 5.00
lloulon White 1.50 " 50 "
American While i.... 1.50 " 6.00 "
California While 1.50 " 5.00 '
Slx-liowcd Winter Barley... 1.00 " a.no "
Burm-lse Oats 1.50 " 6.00 "
Swedish Oats 1.00 " 8.50
New Brunswick Oats 1.00 ' 8.50 "
oiack norwuy uuis i.uu - a.iw
I wilt send, nest paid, fournonmla of nny of the abovo
vnrloliii for one dollnr. One lu-ml, hih1 mid. ten cetilH,
or twenty heiiils of different varieties, noat paid, for one
Send money bv Money Orders, TteirlMcrcd Tetters, or
KxprcMs. lo l-KO. A. IIKITZ. Clin uilierMburir,
and year ordero will he nmuiplly III led.
Ir Thin l Iho onlv Seed W licut KMiierimental Farm
t lie United Slati'H, where Seed Wheat Is acclimated
and grown for sale.
SEND FOB A CIUCULAK.
CENTS WILL. BUY A CASE con.
tabling X quire line Letter Paper, Vi Knvclnpee.
1 Penholder, 0 Indestruetlhle Pena, 1 TcncH, A
OUAltANTEKI) ItKCHIPT FOIt lillEUMA-
TIKM, (Inirredlcnts purchaseu at any drug store,) also
piece of Jewelry valued at from 50 cents to 1 10. One
caso In every bnndrcd contnins a TEN PULLAU
GUKENUACK. Ko linnibuir. Bent by mall on rocelp t
of 90 cents and 2 red stamps. Address
II. II. WOOLHIDCl K A CO.,
Comfort Health Economy.
Frunio Bulldliiira mndo , Watrut at a
WARM IS Wim-EH I COOL IN SUMMER t
YflLh MAKE A FIIAMK lUn,THNO WAltMKU
THAN A ltlUUK UMi,
"WRwoHld ftfktho nttfntlon of nil who contcnininto
buildiiif, to thin new nmterliU Tor (thPRtliin?, We Imvu
oiny n mi nunc iu reu na ivw wcckh, ihu unu u mveut wiin
vu i vkhhal fayob. Turtles wlioliavutiHcil it reonl!r
ini; tt uvur uutl over niziun ; hih! all Buy ttmt it IB jvtrr
WllVf UAH LOPiU J1KKN fiKKUKD.
Wo muk It iu rollH 21, as ami W tnchPfl wldn, nnd of
various Icuctlw both tsATlUIATKI) AND TLAlN.
This Hoind Urn NoN-'Nir;Tt)K, and will nwlst the
art ton ot both beat and cold. It will nut nhrink or
swell, Is nut nlTucted hy bt'iit, cold, iront or dauinnpfts,
ttnn in ho roi.ii anu coMfAur tuut tuo cuiut'ttt winu cau
not pcuutrtilt) It.
ITS APPLICATION AND USES.
It Is nppllod tobutldhiCTin vnrlotis ways an follows:
Om tuk Btitiis, Either nn nnd down or crotwwlwM
If un and down, tlio Joints should bo niadoon tho tduda
so as to b-avo no crai-kis and if croaswiM) tho euirf8
should bo lapped that there may be uu apace for the air
10 m'i iiiruucu. in uiiHcit iHiiKeo iiiih way, no (tueaiiiinK
eficii ami a immune in mauo very niucii
bv usl nn matcheilboanlM wlthoutlt. Ono
sheet uf it will resist moro cold wind than mi inch
board, because of ita nou-cuaductlvu proper Uee.
Uirkctly ox thr BtiKATitiNO lkARns. If nsed
than, it makcrt no diH'ert nco w hether un and down or
cnMtswIsu, but tare should be used nut to leavo nny
Ok tith TiTRin-E or mn Btuwi. If tn this war. fnr-
rtiifTHhould be put on beforo lathing; thua mi extra
dead air spaco is mado, which of itself keeps out much
Inhticai) of Pr-ABTrtniwo. It may be nwl on lath
Instead of plastering and then papered like a eonnnon .
w all. This Is a great saving, aud makes a room ex
cewllntrlv warm. Itislead oi lathtiiu. wide slrins of
even thtekneas may be put on tho studs, leaving spaces
ueiwucii oi aiioui oiio or two mouee
ITntrk T'Loons. Put It directly ou the JolsU, or lay
a double lloor and put It botwecu.
UHrK bLATR on BntNOMW. A ffreat deal of cold
pets tn through the riKif, mid Ibis will keep it out bet-
ut uiau nnyiiuntr, w use. ,
Undkk C'AUi'RmKor tbls purpose. It Is the best in
use. It will save a ear net from wearing out ou Ihu
cracks, nud besides keep out tho cold.
It Is much better for jrravol roofs thnn tlte ordinary .
tVlttntr, as it will lio without any wrinkle, and one
tbteknens is a Rood ns two of the felt, while It chxhth
mow. Tbo saturated Is, of course, used for this pur-
ryit 1s recommended by tho following leaiHutf ,
Architect oT this city;
V. W. BoYlNOTOif, A.Rm fr Co,, " ' '
K. lH'ltl.tNO, 4. Ij. V IIKRMMtK,
J. C. COCMIHANB, ItBlNU it .IKNNY,
O.r. IU shall, Uno II. Maxz.
8ainples auU circular sent by uml on appUcutluu.
HOCK RIVER PAPER CO.
13 LaSalle St., Cliiraco.
LIPP1KC0TT & EAKEWELL.
Axes, Shovels, Saws, &c,
Hit Wsisr Ht Flllsbarah. fau
MILL OWNPUB ami I.UMBKU MKf will find It
fn-eally to their ailvtiulae to uo BAW8 anil AXK8
miimilai'liireil by Lll'I'INCOTT &. 11 AKKU Kl,l I'ills.
buiKh, l'a. I rT Cunshlcr well beloie ordering from
3lher iiarltes jour
For every Oajif, Will, Mulay aixl Circular 8a w, from
to TH Inches, i Oii T-'miH-mt, l'a tent t-round, and ly
our l'a wut Tenipcrinc Prortt (for whir it we have 1 1. K.
atenUi, excliiNively our own, madeof unlf'Wiu temwr
all over the eiix-iilurwtw. Hurt! hvI jtNa iu
the name saw are thus iiIwuvm Aoiclnl I
o arvaW sole ownei aiul luanut'ac tuners of
(VlbnrnN Palout Rctl Jacket Ax.
With this Axe, any lumber man wilt, with the name.
UtM-r, eul i" in i cent, more tlndver imt 1;y.
We are also AKoiiUfor JiOV3ION'8
fl TANG fur
-ir i.ovkU aio for b.iU by all Pvalerajn th
VUileU blat .
liada Maris LllTiNCOrT CU '
J. I. CASE & CO., Kaclue, WIncdusIh.
ait?eswMilnL'topurrba the BFST MACIUNK In
mi. with the tvUlMrtUd WiMHlhury iMtmmd. Cllinm
or litu I'Mwer, re rtiieifJ lo eall on ur lwal
Aeuift U nil tiuportant uU iu the ttteiu but;
or U wriir Ut tht-1 tuiitiiy tT au llliulittlcd piico liat,
whit h will lv M-m rukK by tnaU.
liny only at Uiu JlumufW-U'ry. Gnu
saniiilit, tvi tnty live crntb ; bix sainplus lor
ouo Uullitr, mail. Ap'uls wanted.
LaM'IIUAU A t'KBKY, ClCTtluDtl, Ollill.
tii a.iui) fKit mitNTii mi mv
nlu Ui Aki'IiI- uisle or li'ieh- to lnH.-iltu s
-A l r -s I r. M.I.ASI IM1 W IUTK
UK rillTIIKS I. IMS. A.l.lri Ausiii.
O.N WIKM 1.I..7.I nillislil SII.H4, Al'f iolk,U(itt
l:wriru .UIH-I.I UliMo, HI.
r'our M.CTiacenlly tllualr.lM tlrdlral llvik. rnn
wiiii'l iuiwii.ii i iij.ioiogiru iitiormsiiofl
sitd Wouiru. -itt tie on rrH.rl.t ol Jb etuis.
itlormstiofl tur kra
s, hy 4-
anwiu na.yoiia AAiUUU-yoi. Io. Sit
l il O