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WRITTEN DURING THE JULY HEATED TERM.
lono mnrntn, daddy,
Hnw do oo dof
Kadrfcr hnt wedder
I link, don't oof
Makes follow wat,
Hope It'll ret cooler,
Aint done It yet.
How's nil the rotea,
I'ntlf. annta, end totsoiut
Hope pm'i all woll.
tUot em by de downs.)
Mamm? aays Is fat,
Toodont be murk fatter
(Mlithly snre o' dat.)
And dal'a what do matter.
Dos I'll hare to atop,
Dlttnn raser lanr,
"Frald mi bahy talk
Make old daddy crazy.
Tell oo what oo do
Don't oo say oo can't.
Take me ont November next
I doin to rote for Drant I
HOW I CAME TO GIVE HER AWAY.
I was eoine to write a tele. When I en
tered my study for that purpose I knew no
more man you do wnat tne taie was to be
about, or what sort or a tale it was to be,
or now mucn copy - n would De desira
ble to compress or eke it out into. I had
worked up all the plots or subjects on my
list, and had no one to begin with. For
all that, I took my scat at the accustomed
place, and meant to write a tale. I had a
very urgent reason for meaning to do so
on this especial night. A trouble had sud
denly fallen upon me: nothing could
remedy it ; nothing could cure my heart
ache. But trouble multiplies its piercing
shafts to an idle man ; so I, wounded and
maimed, so to speak, went to my study
with the full purpose of forcing myself to
write something. Goodness knows what
I might have perpetrated, or how many
sensational incidents floated in the atmo
sphere of my room, and presented them
selves insinuatingly, one by one, only to
be rejected. They had all been done be
fore, better than I could do them. I
wasn't great at sensation ; moreover, I was
not quite sure that it would be right to add
ever so small and obscure a contribution
to that rabid style of literature. I felt that
I couldn't make a man marry his grand
mother by mistake, or show forth the de
licious horrors of "14 people poisoned by
a young and beautiful girl."
I was ruminating in this undecided sort
of way when my eye chanced to fall upon
a picture on the wall, and in a moment I
knew what it was I should write. An In
cident from real life my own life ; that is
to say, an incident in which I was con
cerned. One objection, however, occurred
to me ; the hero of my story might proba
bly recognize his portrait, and " cut up
rough" about it ; for the thing was of re
cent occurence ; but, alter all, if I changed
the names, I did not see that it could mat
ter to him, even if he chanced to see it.
Some short time ago, then, you must
understand, I left town to pay a visit to
the paternal mansion I ought to say
maternal since my mother was a widow.
I had been summoned thither by an ur
gent appeal, and on an occasion of the
greatest importance. My youngest sister
was going to be married. Of course it is
very wicked to have a favorite sister, but I
confess the wickedness on my own part.
I had a favorite sister, and this was the
youngest Letty of whom I had heard
.. that she was About to commit matrimony.
-In the first place, I felt a little injured on
the subject. I had been building a castle,
in which my pet sister reigned queen, by
my own fireside; and now that was
knocked to pieces. In the next place, my
conscience reproached me. I began to
think that I ought to have managed to
be more at home, seeing that my sisters
were orphans, and my mother was a
widow. They wore not penniless j they
might even, I thought, bo considered
catches by adventurous wolves on the
look-out for prey j and there were many
such adventurers prowling about the
world, Ought I not, therefore, to have
kept a closer guard over the sheepfold Y
And then, women are so easily taken in 1
All these reflections made me uneasy,
and when I got out at the small country
station and found no one to meet me,
though I had specified my train, 1 was not
in an araiablu frame of mind.
The " Send up your portmanty, sir,
presently," of tlie porter only elicited a
nod instead of the expected gratuity,
which, to be sure, he would get all the
same when his errand was done ; but that
didn't matter. I was injured. They
ought to have sent to meet me. They
were all too much taken up with this fool
ish affair to think of anything else. A
nice, comfortable sort of time I was going
to have of it !
" Never to let me know the man's name,
nor what he is, nor any thing 1"
I grumbled to myself, lashing up my
grievance. "Never to give me a hint of
it till the thing is settled, and the day ac
tually fixed not, perhaps, beyond recall,
though. If I see that he "
And here I found myself in the act of
repulsing a very old friend, a black and
tan retriever, named by a wonderful
anomally, Shepherd. He jumped upon
me with a vociferous welcome, flung his
paws on my shoulders, and whisked his
tail in my face, as though he thought it
was the nicest thing he could offer me as
I stooped to uudo the fastening at the
" Down, Shepherd !" I cried. " You old
simpleton, be quiet I What was the use to
give you such a name as that, eh? You
are but a false shepherd. Wolves have
got in, Shop. What have you been
about 1 "
But Shepherd didn't care. He licked
his chops, and slobbered at mo as affec
tionately as if I had been praising him,
Then I went up the drive, and saw my
dear old mother at the drawing-room win
dow, looking out for me. The sight of
that good old face, smiling, and a little
agitated, ought to have dissipated my ill
humor, but it didn't do anything of the
sort. It rather gave ire an additional
stab. Letty always used to come out to
meet me, and why didn't she do so now f
It was too bad ; too early to cast oif her
old friends indifferently, simply because a
wolf had got into the fold, and meant to
devour her. She did come to meet me at
the door, however ; she kissed me just as
heartily as if I had not been feeling cross,
and put out, and injured.
"They're all in tho drawing room," said
I hesitated. Did "all" mean that the
wolf was there ? I hoped not.
" Who are all, Letty " I asked.
" Mamma, and Caroline, and Dick," she
Dick was a juvenile brother of mine,
and a pickio all Dicks are pickles who
made an immenso pretense of being ab
sorbed in study when I went in.
When the salutations were over, an un
easy silence fell npon us, as was natural
under the circumstances, and we were
driven to exchange idea concerning the
weather. " Well," I sold at last. ' when
is it to be?" s
It was unnecessary for me to be more
explicit i there was but one "it" for those
infatuated people lust then.
" On Thursday, said my mother.
" Thursday 1" said I. " Why, to-day la
Thursday, and I am a whole week too
' You don't mean to grudge us week,
James?" said my mother.
To this speech I made no Immediate
"I Huppose it's rather a sudden affair,"
saldj, "a I never heard anything of it
" No it is not sudden," replied my
mother. " You know I did tell you, when
you spoke of wauling Letty with you,
that I djdu't thiuk she would be avail
able.'" "Did you?" saldl. "But I never
thought why. What Is he?"(meanlDgthe
" Well, Janie.," said mother, " the fact
" He Is a farmer," broke in Letty.
I was using my chair as the fashioner
of It never iuteuded it to be used, and as
I turned sharply toward my mothor it
gave a renionstrative crack.
" Oh, James, your old tricks," she cried.
Pray don't break my chairs."
VOL. XVI.-NO. 20.
PEHRYSBUIIG, WOOD CO., OHIO, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 18158.
$2.00 IN ADVANCE.
" But. mother " said t. " a farmer 1"
A flmirn had rounded itself out from
the air around me ; such a figure as I had
seen in omnibuses bound for the "Angel"
at Islington j red-faced and wheezy, vio
lating tho Queen's English, wearing who
on earin coum ten wnai or wnerc tne gar
ment could hare been made?
" Yes, James," said my mother, quietly.
' A tenant farmer," added Letty.
What were mv presentiments and for.
bodings to such a state of affairs a this ?
My mother seeing my face, hastened, to
" He Is very nice," she said, " very nleo
Indeed. You must remember that there
are different sorts of farmers, and that
none of them are altogether what they
used to be."
" I have seen a few of them." I said drllv.
"I was in the agricultural hall last Christ
mas ; and when I tell vou that I sat in an
omnibus with three of them on my side,
and was squeezed"
Letty broke into a laugh, and the pickle
said a naughty word. In fact, be said
Blazes I" though what that could have
to do with the subject was not very clear.
"I don't think vou auite understand.
my dear," said my mother. " You had
better see him before forming an opinion."
" He wears drab unmentionables, with
buttons like cheese plates," said the pickle.
And you won't see anything in town so
clean as his Sunday go-to-meeting smock
frock." " At least," I said, " he is respectable of
" Quite respectable," said my mother.
" Has he anv " I'm afraid I was co-
Ing to say h's. Sir John Coleridge's
theory of secondary education had not yet
come into practical operation ; and, if it
had, I believe his list excludes tenant
farmers. I remembered, however, the
dishonor I should be doing to Letty's taste,
and change the word. "Has he any
money," I asked.
My mother answered me with a queer,
deprecating sort of smile and a nod ; and
Dick stuck his elbows on the table and
pulled a face at me.
" Well Jim, I'll be shot if I knew what
thorough paced cockney snob you were."
This was very grand, and of course in
dicated in the pickle the presence of noble
sentiments ; but still a little money, though
we know it to be the root of all evil, does
come useful to a man, especially to a man
about to be married.
I don't think mv temper had Improved
since I entered the house. I was dissatis
fied, and showed it; and when Letty had
called me a "savage old Jim," laughing
all the time like an exasperating monkey.
Bhe was, and had left the room, I re
turned to tne charge.
"What s the mans name, mother?" I
" I can't think why vou speak like that.
james," says sne. "Jtlis name is Scott."
"Stephen Scott, Yeoman," added
Richard the fearless.
" Well, I don't like it," said I. " I can't
help saying that I don't like it. I can't
help feeling that I stand in some sort of
my father's place toward the girls. I wish
had done my duty bettor."
I felt considerably important and digni
fied in saying this ; it seemed to add at
least five years' weight to my standing
" I think, too, that I might have been
told earlier," I continued.
Then my mother looked up from a bit
work which she had taken in her hand,
and said quietly, " You see, it is settled
now, James. I think perhaps It would be
better to say no more about it ; but wait
until you have seen Mr. Scott"
" Of course I must, as things are," I re
plied. "I think I won't stay here the
week. I could come down again, you
Of course this was overruled, and I con
sented to stay. There was only one thing
more which I felt bound to say, feeling
rather dubious as to its effect.
" Mother," said I, " if I don't approve,
if he seems to me not a fit person, you
know, you must not ask me to give Letty
' Very well, James," said Bhe. -I
believe I must have made myself
churlishly disagreeable during that visit.
know that it was the most uncomfortable
week I ever spent I refused to talk about
Mr. Scott, as of course Letty would have
liked mo to do. I believe she coaxed me
out for walks on purpose ; but I always
kept away from the subject, until one day,
we were passing the Mahor house, I
stopped to look at a splendid bay mare
which a groom was exercising. Then we
looked at the smooth green lawn, the rhodo
dendrons, and the newly-kept drive up to
"Ah, Letty," said I, "now that's the
sort of place that I ehould have liked for
"Well," retorted Letty, "that was a
" Once," said I ; " yes, there's all the
difference. I can't think of you as a
farmer's wife, and I won't try."
" I read up all about cheeseraaking the
other day," said Letty, demurely, " but it
was in a very old book indeed, and the
presses are different now. I don't think
my arms would be strong enough for tho
old-fashioned ones. Ana I'm very fond of
" Little pigs, indeed I" I exclaimed.
"Where is the the farm, Letty ?"
" Over there," she replied, nodding to
ward the west. "But it's within riding
distance. Mr. Scott will be here on Tues
day. I dare say he will ride over with
you next dav, and show it to you,"
" Indeed he won't," said I.
"Well, but, James, you can't mean that
you are going to cost me off," said Letty,
"No, Letty," I replied; "only I can't
" There, hush about that ?" cried Letty.
You don't know a bit what you are talk
ing of; and I give you notice, I shall tell
Stephen every word you say about him."
" As you please," said I. " Now I think
it, however, I shan't be here on Tues
day." " Not here !" said Letty.
" No," said L "I've got some business
"Where, James?" she asked. "At
Liverpool," I replied.
Letty considered a little, and when she
turned to me there was a look of mischief
her face that I did not understand.
" Liverpool," she repeated. " Well, but
you will be back on Tuesday night."
" I shall, if my business is done," said I.
"But it will be done," said Letty. "It
must be done. Promise me that you will
hack on Tuesday night, James.
"What makes you wish itso very much?''
It la sufficient that I do wish It," re
plied Letty. Promise. If you are go
B V ,?ut me bX and by, isn't it natural
that I should wUb. to be with you now ?"
"I didnt iiy- anything about cutting
r,?' l,d.L ,? Y1, I'" come back
I find It possible."
th.?,7:Bt)t?ln'" paired Letty.
If 1 can," I replied. '
I did find it possiblo, aa I knew before
hand I should, but we none of us dislike to
hold back under entreaty to make the
thing entreated for more important
I got my business over and went down
the landing stage, and from there oa
board the packet for Birkenhead. There
were a good many passengers, and either
got a slight push trom one of them, or
else my foot struck against something on
the deck ; anyhow, I stumbled awkwardly.
never shall forget the supreme indiffer
ence, the lazy strength of the action, which
saved me from falling outright The gen
tleman who perpetrated this action was
half-Bitting, half-lounging against the side
of the steamer, and the only portion of
his body that moved was his right arm,
which he flung back Indolently to set me
upright again, Just as he might have turn
ed over a II y that hail got on its bark.
I turned and looked at him a tall, broad
shouldered, well built fellow, a little sun
burnt, with fair hair and a darker beard,
and the laziest blue eyes I had ever socn,
most unmistakably a gentleman, and, as
I thought, most unmistakably a lazy gen
tleman. I expressed my thanks, raising my hat,
npon which he raised his, and murmured
something inaudible, for ho was too lazy to
speak or even to remove the cigar from his
I retreated a little, but kept myeye upon
him secretly. Then a lady's bonnet came
between us, and looking at that with some
impatience, I was attracted toward its
owner by tho blind fatuity with which she
corrected her son, a lad of fifteen or six
teen, for leaning over the side of the pack
et and flinging pebbles out of his pocket
into the water. The young gentleman
himself evidently resented the slight upon
his manhood, for ho leaned over farther
still, and grew more recklessly daring in
his movements at every rehuke.
I think we were about halfway across
the Mersey when this young gentleman
received his punishment There was a
sudden, sharp cry of terror from the lady,
a rush toward the side, and then a shout
echoed from mouth to mouth of " A man
Many men were amongst the throng that
rushed to the spot where the mother stood,
but they only looked with helpless eyes
after the unlucky lud. They could not
swim, perhaps ; or, if they could, they
knew how next to Impossible it would be
to save him, and how fearful a risk to
themselves the attempt would be.
I say nothing of my own sensations. I
was no swimmer, to begin with, and before
I knew thoroughly what had happened.
and the boy's danger, I had again caught
sight of the lazy gentleman lounging on
the boat side, lie had taken off his coat,
hardly standing upright to do it; and, as
my eye fell upon him, he threw himself
over the side as cool y and with tho same
air of lazy grace with which he had flung
out bis arm when I stumbled.
The next time I saw him he was In the
wake of the steamer, her engine being re
versed for stoppage, and his one arm sup-
Eorted tho boy's head above water while
e swam with the other. He seemed to
have no intention of exhausting his won
derful strength ; the very strokes with
which he supported himself in the water
had a look of lazy comfort ; and, if he did
feel a little anxious as to the progress of
the boat which was nearing him, he took
care that no ono should discover it.
The whole thing occupied but a few
minutes. Indeed, it appeared to me as if
the alarm had only just been raised, when
I saw the boy delivered, dripping and peni
tent, to his mother, and the luzv gentle
man lounging in his old place. Ills cigar
was in his mouth when he dropped into
the river after the lad, and it was in his
mouth when he came back. I think he
must have had an idea that it was still
alight, for ho tried it it would draw, took
it from his lips, looked at it, muttered
"Psha I it's wet," and tossed it away. Pre
suming on his service to myself, I offered
him my case. He took a cigar from it, and
said " Thanks." I felt a foolish enthusi
asm, which, perhaps, English gentlemen
often feel, but seldom give way to. On
this occasion, however, I did give way to
it "I should like very much to shake
hands with you," I said.
"Willingly," responded the stranger,
and the ceremony was perfonnod.
i Kept near to nun wnen no landed,
walked behind him up the floating class-
covered pier, and through the toll-gate. I
could nave traced him up the pier by the
drops of salt water that trickled from his
clothes. At the toll gate I lost him, and
conjectured that he had probably gone
into the "Monksferry" with his portman
teau, to change his dress, and that I had
seen the last of him. I was mistaken.
Before I had well seated myself in the
train, and seen my luggage labeled, he
was walking up the platform in a different
dress, carrying his own portmanteau and
swinging it about as if it had been a
child's toy. He came straight up to my
carriage and got in ; I never saw him look
round; I could not tell whether ho had
seen me or not He seemed to fall natu
rally and at once into the laziest of loung
ing postures, and go to sleep with his eyes
open; and he never stirred, so far as I
could judge, until tho tram stopped at tho
station for which I was bound, and I got
out. Then he got out, too, but he wasn't
in any hurry about it While the train
moved on, and he saw me looking about
for a porter to move my package a pack
age in which Letty was interested to a
safer place, ho took one hand out of his
pocket, after his leisurely fashion, and put
it under the cord.
" Shall I move it?" said the lazy gentle
man. "Will it do here, beside mine? I
suppose they'll send it up to the Grange."
lie never waited for an answer, but lift
ed it as though it had been a bandbox, and
then led the way out of the station, an un
easy misgiving having begun to creep
" How the deuce how on earth do you
know who I am ?" said I.
" Likeness to your sister partly," was
the laconic reply.
" And you are " said I.
' Stephen Scott, at your service," he re
plied. We were coming to an old fashioned
stile, high and clumsy, as he said this, and
the words were hardly out of his mouth
before he stood on the other side, having
taken the leap with his hands in his pock
ets, and after the easy fashion of his jump
into the river.
" Upon my word," I said, " you are the
most wonderful fellow I ever sw."
He started a little, and waited for me
while I got over in the usual manner.
"Oh, tho stile, you mean?" said Mr.
Scott " Well, it's an awful bore to climb
stiles, you know, and a taan looks awk
ward at it"
But I was thinking, not very comforta
bly, of that week at home, of all my dis
agreeable speeches about this man, and
moreover of tenant farmers in general,
and my own ideas respecting them. Such
as my thoughts were, he must have known
them by instinct, for he stopped all at
ence, and broke Into a short laugh.
" Well, so I am a tenant farmer," said he.
" Where's the harm ? I am a youngor son,
with a younger son's portion, and a good
bit of practical farming about me ; so I
have taken the manor house you know
I should think I did, rather, seeing that
it was the very place I had told Letty I
could have wished her to have. I made a
mental vow to torture her for this trick,
thatshe had practiced upon me, forgetting
that I bad brought it upon myself by my
' It's the jolliest life a fellow can lead, in
my opinion, 'said Mr. Scott "And, if you'll
come down toward September, I'll show
you some turnips, and some birds too. My
landlord happens to be a relation as well
as a landlord, and I'm to do my own pre
serving." " Mr. Scott," I began, " I beg of you to
believe that is, to accept my warmest"
"All right !" he broke iu. "Say 'Stephen'
will your and I'll say Jim.' It's less
And there was the drive gate, and the
house, and Laity's pretty lace at the win
dow looking npon my discomfiture with
demure enjoyment And hy-and-by, when
I was beginning to recover myself little,
there was my mother, tuning, with quiet
malice in her voice, upon me.
"do, after all, James," said she, "you
uan to give her away 1"
A "Solemn Key."
Wr have received the following note
from Dayton, Ohio:
"The t'lnclnnatl f bmwrcMbae report of the
speech of Hon. I). W. Voorheee at Terra Uaute,
Indiana. In which he tars of Mr. Heymonr: ' He
saved the army of the t'nlon al Gettysburg, and
for it recolrod the personal thanks of Abraham
Lincoln and Edwin M Stanton. This recorded
fact la the solemn key to hi. whole conduct dnrlna;
the war,' How true the above Is will yon please
Inform A ltireaucAN t"
Mr. Seymour was exactly as loyal and
faithful a Union man as Mr. Voorheca.
They were both what was significantly
called Copperheads ; and nothing is more
amusing than the attempt of those who
denounced the war as fratricidal and Infa
mous to prove that their candidate, Mr.
Seymour supported It Tho facts are bo
coming very familiar, but it is useful to
Mr. Seymour was always an apologist
for slavery and a defender of the policy
of tho slaveholders. Wrhen they seceded
because of the result of the election In
I860, in which they took part, Mr. Sey
mour assailed the party which had elected
Mr. Lincoln as responsible because it had
not yielded to the threats of the slave
holders and permitted their policy to pre
vail. And he stated in tho form o'f a ques
tion that "successful coercion by the
North is no less revolutionary than suc
cessful secession by the South." This was
a repetition of Buchanan's doctrine, sup
plied by Jeremiah Black, that the Govern
ment could not rightfully "coerce" a
State. Mr. Seymour's whole Influence
was directed to secure a compromise with
rebels ; but the loyal people insisted that
the rebellion should be suppressed at every
cost ; and when the rebels began tho war
they did not shrink.
On the 28th of October, 1801, Mr. Sey
mour made a speech which was a virtual
justification of tho rebellion and condem
nation of the Government, and in which
he said that the Union should be sacri
ficed rather than slavery. In September,
1802, President Liucolu issued his prepar
atory proclamation of emanclpallon.
There were signs of a reaction of public
sentiment ngainst the war ; and recalling
his words of the year before, and the fact
that he had never spoken one word of en
couragement to the soldiers or of sympa
thy with the Government, the Democratic
party nominated Mr. Seymour for Gov
ernor. At least seventy five thousand
voters were absent from the State in the
field, of whom a vast majority were op
posed to him. But notwithstanding this
advantage, his party managers were afraid
of trusting him upon a platform of un
conditional submission to rebellion, and
Judge Stryker and others persuaded him
to make a speech at Brooklyn, which was
the same kind of war speech that Richard
O'Gorman made in the great Union
Square meeting after the tiring upon Sum
ter. Mr. Seymour was elected Governor, by
the vote of the city of Now York, over
General Wadsworth, who had a mojority
of the votes in tho rest of the State. It
was the hope and expectation of his party
that he would embarass the national au
thorities by his official action, and his ap
pointment of John A. Green, one of the
most notorious Copperheads, to a high
military position in the State, greatly en
couraged the peace faction. But the work
that was logically and justly expected of
Mr. Seymour was nothing less than a
counter-revolution. Uis message In Janu
ary, 1803, showed tho willing spirit, but
the flesh was weak. Instead of recalling
the New York regiments or taking some
decisive steps of open hostility, Governor
Seymour chose tho sufo path of destroying
confidence in the Government, and there
by paralyzing the national arm.
The dark summer of 1803 found Lee
marching into Pennsylvania. On the 15th
of June, Secretary Stanton asked aid of
Governor Seymour "to repel this inva
sion" of the States of Pennsylvania and
Maryland. The Governor sent the troops.
On the 27th of Juno Secretary Stanton
thanked him for his " energy, activity, and
patriotism," and President Lincoln also
thanked him. The latter further told him,
through Mr. Thurlow Weed, that if he
would use all his power to crush the rebel
lion, a grateful people would make him
President Mr. Weed, in recording this
fact, adds: "I gave tho message of an
enlightened and patriotic President to a
metaphysically-muddled Governor, whose
Secession and Copperhead proclivities and
associations brought deserved reproach
and destruction upon himself and his
party." The simple truth is, that when
the demand of the Government for troops
was made upon him, Governor Seymour
was suddenly compelled either to begin
the counter-revolution by refusal, or to
send the regiments. But, as the soldiers
were not to "invade the South," but to
defend a State from invasion, he found an
excuse for avoiding a responsibility which
he did not dare to assume. That his action
belied his words and wishes, and disap
pointed the ardeut men of his own party,
is indisputable ; and that the expressions
of the Secretary of War revealed the in
tensity of his anxiety lest Governor Sey
mour should act as he had always spoken,
is no less unquestionable. Had the loyalty
of every Governor been what Mr. Sey
mour's was, the result of the war may be
Governor Seymour lost no time, how
ever, in showing his party friends that
they need not suspect him of loyalty, and
in furnishing a bitter commentary upon
the " patriotism" that Secretary Stanton
mentioned. The Secretary's note was
written on the 27th of June. On the 4th
of July, when the event of the great bat
tle, for which tho New York troops had
been summoned, was yet unknown when
it was the instinct of every loyal and gen
erous heart to cheer public confidence,
and encourage the soldiers in the field,
Governor Symour came to the city of
New York to make a speech. Not only
was the moment as critical as any during
the war from the actual military situation,
but because the draft had been found in
dispensable. This was the measure of the
Government which excited the most seri
ous and threatening hostility that was
manifested during the war. Should the
draft be forcibly resisted, there seemed to
be no escape from a universal convulsion.
The city of New York was full of the
bitter enemies of the Government and its
measures. Most of the organized militia
had been sent away by the Governor upon
the requisition of the national authorities.
There were but a very few United States
troops at the posts near the city. New
York was virtually without a military
force in any extremity ; and of this fact,
and of the feeling and character of a vast
part of the population, Governor Seymour
was especially aware. Deep gloom among
the loyal, eager and angry hate among the
disloyal, was the time ana this the place
of the Governor's speech. Imagine what
a man would have said to whom the cause
and the country were dear. Hemember
what thoroughly loyal citizens everywhere
in the country felt that day I Imagine
what Governor John A. Andrew of Massa
chusetts would have said in such an hour
and under such circumstances I His words
would have been inspirations of hope, and
faith, and lofty cheer. All good men,
whose hearts and prayers were with Grant
and his men at Yicksburg, with Mead and
his men at Gettysburg, would have felt, as
they listened, that whatever the issue of
the battle, the cause, while such leaders
aa Andrew remained, was unconquerable.
Governor Seymour's speech was a taunt
and a sneer. As if to make abject repent
ance for sending the soldiers ho began la
a strain of bitter derision. We were
Eromlsed victories for to-day, said he, and
istead of them coins the midnight cry
of help from Pennsylvania. He proceed
ed to paint the situation as hopelessly as
he could, and alluding to the draft, warned
the Government that the bloody doctrine
of public necessity could be proclaimed by
a mob as well as by a government The
mob heard and applauded. It knew that
the soldiers were absent, and that the
police were few, however brave. It was
sure of the secret sympathy of the Gover
tnta aa Mil a aa .tat n A llnnlni siitti' M I Kai
seed on the 4th of July, the Uovcrnor.on
the 11th, went out of the State into New
Jersey, and on the 13th the mob rose. On
the 14th the Governor returned and ad
dressed the rioters dripping with Innocent
blood, say ing to them. "Let me assure vou
that I am your friend;" and adding, that,
" as a test of my friendship," ho had sent
to Washington "to have this draft sus
pended and stopped." OnThursday night
i he militia and United States troops be
gan to arrive, and tho riots were suppress
ed. On the 8d of August the Governor
wrote to the President urging the suapen
sion of the draft, saying, threateningly, as
if to suggest another mob, " the temper
the people to-day you can readily learn."
Horatio Seymour bitterly denounced
the war; palliated the rebellion; denied
the right of the Government to " coerce
States;" discouraged enlistments; pro
nounced for slavery rather than Union
sneered at the "promised" victories; in
stigated the riots; threateningly urged
the suspension of the draft ; presided over
the Chicago Convention that called the
war a failure, and demanded submission
of the Government, and by his wholo con
duct so satisfied the rebels and Copper
heads that they prayed for his success
when again a candidate for Governor in
1804, and they have made him their candi
date for President In 1808. On tho other
hand, when Lee invaded Pennsylvania
In 1803, and the national authorities asked
aid to repel him, Governor Seymour sent
the State regiments and was thanked.
Whether this is saving the army at Gettys
burg, and is "the solemn key" to his con
duct during the war, our correspondent
may now decide. Whether it is the story
of a loyal American citizen the country
has long ago decided. tfarptr't ll" k'y.
tW An exchange says Seymour ought
to sleep well, ho lies so easily.
tW Tho Pilgrim Fathers were the orig
inal carpet-baggers in this country.
CSP A Republican organization under
the name of " CarpelgBaggcrs," has lcen
started in Cincinnati.
KTA Minneapolis letter says: "The
people of Minnesota are good for 10,000
majority for Grant and Colfax."
tSTAn exchange asks: If this Is
white man's government, why are the
Southern Democrats collecting the colored
voters into their clubs?
tST";ThcICopperhead papers find fault
with General Grant because ho don't
speak. Tho people, however, are speak
ing for him. Witness tho Vermont elec
tion. Cf? Seymour says that ho issued 10,000
commissions during the war. A Ken
tucky robel traitor says that he did no
more against the South than his position
made imperative. That is so.
tW A Democratic exchange hits the
nail on the head, when It says, " Grant
hasn't the ghost of a chance." That be
longs to Seymour. Grant takes tho sub
stance, Seymour tho shadow. llartford
tSF Horatio Seymour has written a letter
announcing the certain election of the
Democratic ticket It is sad to see the
evidences of his insanity manifesting
themselves so early in the campaign. Poor
The Portland TVeMsays that a vote
was taken on the traiu on the Portland
and Kennebec Railroad which carried Mr.
Pendleton's audience to that city, and that
a majority of three was found to favor
Grant ana Colfax.
tJF"A well-known Cincinnati Demo
crat, who was a prominent Pendleton
"escort," has backed down in his ideas.
He made a bet, recently, that Seymour
would carry Ohio put up f 25, and then
sued for it and got it back.
13T" One of the compliments bestowed
by the Mobile Itegxtter upon the Northern
Democracy is, that a rebel soldier can talk
with a Northern Democrat upon political
subjects with as much assurance of sym
pathy and common aim and purpose, as he
could feel in talking with one of his old
comrades in arms.
HT Senator Wilson addressed a large
meeting at Worcester, Mass., tho other
night In his eloquent peroration the
Senator said the cause was one which
man could take into his closet, and with
open Bible and on bended knees, invoke
God's blessing upon it, and such a cause
would be sure to triumph and bless the
tSTThe National InttUigencer says no
man in tho country " has performed so
many somersaults as the Radical candidate
for the Presidency." It might be added
that he is very careless about them too.
Not a great while ago he performed one,
and landed his feet right In the stomach
a "so-called Confederacy," knocking the
wind out of it Uartford Pott.
Hr' If tho people should elect Seymour,
it would be saying to the rebels : " We
are sorry we whipped you ; and as a proof
of our repentance, we have elected a man
who was carry all the time we were whip
ping you; to prove our sorrow w nave
repudiated the leader of the armies by
whom you were whipped." Fellow-citi
zens, are you quite ready to fay that? If
you are, then all the " mean whites " don't
live down South.
tW The Boston Daily Adver titer pub
lishes a letter from a literary gentleman of
New York, who voted for Douglas and
McClellan, from which we take tho follow
ing extract :
" You pay small compliment to my sense
of patriotism in your assumption that
am for Seymour. No; I am a square out-and-out
Uiram Simpson' man, and work
and talk for him every chance I get
I'm a Grant Democrat, and
believe there are enough lust such in this
country to elect the staunch little man to
the position I know he will adorn as he
lias all others in wnicn ne nas Deen piocea,
from the tanyard upwards."
Beer not Intoxicating.
The Pittsburgh Chronidt says :
" We saw a man last night who don't be
lieve lager beer will intoxicate. Ho stop
ped us on Vine street to say, "Mos'
harm's bev'ege in cr orld. Man can
drink fify glasses an' never fool it inore'n
(hie) I am this mln't A man driaks whis
ky an' he shows it Drinks luge' beer'n
don't sh-sh ow 'it, an' al'ys did 1 Look at 't
noble Germ pop -pop' lash n. Never
see 'm tos-tos cated, don't ye, so am 1
Lager beor has no mora feet on me n so
much wa'er. Can walk (bic) hole through
la'er or see crack in er sid'alk well's an'ovVr
man. Bet ye two dol 'nr'n half fioan.
My houkVn find his way home with (hie)
'iiolo keg beer outsi'f us. Y' say beer
stroys mein'ry. 'SHo. 'Member better to
day lliau I ever did tomor'r. 'ltah for
who's that ge'mn we nom'na'd at where
was our Conve'tlon held? What am
who are you, an'how? Please tell
me'f seven stree' runs down stree' ra'road
can get a (hie) hack'n go my way. It
don't, who has ?"
"We left him, stttitfled that he was right.
Lager beer is not intoxicating. Oh, no."
Captain Win. 11. Coffin, a veteran of
the war of 1812, died at Auburn, N. Y.,
lew days ago, aged eighty-three.
Nw York has a blind man's boarding
Is Boston street peauut venders are In
dicted as nuisances.
Tn Tinstou (Hit BrancJimji a Boston
boy Is a hub bub.
Tim water power of Malne.is equal to
that of one million homes.
Tnrj Viceroy of Egypt spent tl2,00,000
In a ten weeks tour,
A CKuat-a lust completed in Rome shows
Turkic Is a house In Brooklyn occupied
by a fifth wifo and five mothers In-law.
Fok setting ahull dog on aeat oneO. E.
Frank has been sent to jail in New York.
Thhkk American citizens have boen ap
pointed harbor masters in Chinese ports.
Tubrk are now ninety-nine planetary
bodies on the roll call of the solar system.
In Newtown, Mil., there are 103 single
ladles and only sixteen single gentleman.
An Industrious man In Bangor has his
sarden lighted by gas so he cau work tu it
Thkrk Is nn establishment for canning
peaches In Atlanta, Ga., which employs
A Cohk Jury has given a verdict of '70
damages against a woman for calling a
scnooi teaciier a t enian.
Tim hk are four hundred nobleman to
every square mile of Hungary, and one to
evory eighteen of the population.
Ai.t.KN, English prize-fighter, is under
bonds not to fight within a year. So tho
championship match is off.
It has been stated by a savan recently
that Pompeii and Herculancum were de
stroyed over twelve thousand years ago.
Tukuk are 2,053 gymnastic societies
(Turnvcrclne) In Germany, mustering In
all about two hundred thousand members.
Mil. CvRl'S W. Fittl.D, it Is said, will
soon return to this country, buy a farm on
the Hudson, and retire from business life
Thhkk hundred tons of cheese came
down tho Hudson In ono boat tho other
day. It must have been a mlty mass.
Ok seventy-nine new serial publications
which have appeared in Loudon since tho
beginning of the year, only seven are now
A man In Massachusetts has Invented a
combination lock, which is, he says, re
markable for its simplicity, as it has only
An Armenian gentleman has arrived In
New York with a vew of finding a loca
tion in the Southern States for a colony of
two hundred Armenians.
In Ohio there are 172 woolen mills; in
Michigan, 40; in Indiana, 120; in Illinois,
80; in Wisconsin. 00; In Iowa, 58; in Min
nesota, 13. Total. 500.
A man named Royal Scales, Jr., of Fish
ervillo, N. H., threw his child into a barrel
of soap the other day and then committed
suicide. Tho child was rescued.
TimnK are 20 cardinals, 2 patriarchs,
archbishops and bishops, 1,372 priests, 7110
seminaries, 2,047 monks, 2,11)1 nuns, 4,003
Jews, and 488 Protestants In Rome.
A votiNo man in Lvnn, Mass., was re
cently fined for dropping a dog between
the wheels of his wagon, and then, in
order to kill tho anin.al, running over it
A wku, known New York diamond
merchant estimates tho value of the
precious stones worn in Saratoira, at one
time during the present season, at over
A physician stopped at the shop of a
country apothecary, and Inquired for a
pharmacopaoio. "Sir," said the apothe
cary, "I know of no such farmer living
about these parts."
Not long ago a piece of iron ore was
dug out of a mine in Devon, England,
seventy-four feet below the surface of tho
earth, and on breaking it a lizard six Inches
long crept out of it
An old shell was put into a Lowell, Mass.,
factory, with other old iron, a few days
ago, to bo melted, when it exploded and
tore the building almost to pieces, but for
tunately Injured no one.
Last year two Germans purchased
eighty acres of land in a county of South
ern Tennessee, and paid for the property
with the proceeds of the first crop of
four acres of strawberries set out last fall.
It is said that the three highest moun
tains on the globe are Gaurisankor, of the
Himalaya range, 20,380 feet ; Dapsang, in
Western Thibet, 28,730 feet ; and Kunch
Injlnga, in Eastern Thibet, 28,600 feet.
A statue to Joan of Arc was recently
inaugurated at Melun, France, in com
memoration of the relief of that town by
the Maid of Orleans when besieged by the
English in 1430.
At Wesel, Prussia, a wealthy man died
a few weeks ago, who had a beard eleven
and one-half feet long, which ho wore
wrapt up on his breast. He directed in
his will the skin of his chin to be tanned
and the beard thus to be preserved.
Gkntlbman (to boatman), " You must
often, I should think, get wet ? do you
not?" Artless boutman : " Yes, yer honor,
wo does, werry wet, worry wet, Indeed ;
but I'm werry dry Just now, yer honor,
and no mistake."
a . ....... 1 1 .1 : ..1 . l.
I a lunnu man iiniucu viycr uiuu liiv
other day at Lexington, Ky., three weeks
alter a bullet lodged six inches within Ills
brain, and another bullet bad passed from
his back to his abdomen. He retained his
senses until his death.
Official returns show that there are
yet 123 Prussians exiled in Siberia who
were taken under arms during the Polish
revolution in 1803. Probably they will
be shortly liberated under the conditions
of the lost amnesty.
A vofNO mau In Pittsfleld, Mass., at
tended his own wedding and his father's
funeral on the same day, recently, taking
a suit of whito clothing for the former and
another of black for the latter.
General statistics of the crops in
France are published. On the whole, the
wheat crop is little if anv superior to that
in ordinary years. In almost all the dis
ticts, barley and oats have suffered from
drought, and will be interior iu quantity
A rather fast youth was relating the
experience of his voyage across the
ocean to a sympathizing friend. Said he,
" I tell you what, old Fellow, there's one
good thing about it though, you can get
as tight aa you please every day, and
everybody thinks you're only seasick I"
Elkazkr Fitch, of Lebanon, Connec
ticut, attempted to chastise Mrs. Fitch the
other day, but she rebelled, mastered him,
stripped him of his clothes, drove him to
bod, then bagged up her things and the
family funds, and departed for Hartford.
The heart-broken Eleazer thereupon took
strychnine, but the doctors pumped him
Herb Is a very Frenchy story : A
worldly ours was offered a seat in a box of
a certain French Senator, to witnesas a
representation of " La Belle Helene." He
replied to the offer : " It is impossible for
me to go. The ecclesiastical rule prevents
me. But if M. le Benateur wishes me to
confess him, I might got au idea of the
piece iu that way."
The quantity of flowers cut and sent
out of New York last winter was about
half a million. Within the last few years
the demand for cut flowers hss doubled
in that city. The largest establishment
for the cultivation of flowers in the city
has fourteen greenhouses, each one hun
dred feet In length, six about half as long,
and several others devoted to the cultiva
tion of camdi&a.
An important change will bo made on
the first of October in charges on printed
matter sent to California by overland mails.
Printed matter Is now charged tho same
as letter postage. This regulation has
caused much vexation and loss to persons
who did not understand the law, as mat
ter placed in the mails with newspaper
postage was not forwarded. After the 1st
of October, printed mutter will be sent at
Thr .Vnniteur publishes tome Interest
ing statistics of tliu produce of the chase
In tho province of Archangel, Russia,
from which it appears that the number of
animals annually shot, amounts to about
400,000 squirrels, 22,000 ermines, 40,000
hares, 8,000 white or sky blue foxes, 200
large wolves, 175 small wolves, 200 bears,
70,000 brace of woodcock", 10,000 wild
geese and ducks, and 12,000 swans.
An American tourist, while descending
the Granda Millets, near Chamounlx, lost
his footing and slipped over the precipice,
dragging hl guide with him. A project
ing rock fortunately sawd them from in
evitable death, whence they were drawn
up by ropes. Tho guide was perfectly as
tonished at tho tany f'rxrid nt the American,
whose features never denoted the least
emotion throughout tho accident, neither
fear ut the c imnv ncemcnl nor pleasure
at tho lucky termination.-
Tub Montreal Odzuftejls In terror over
tho hazards to which " a supurb heifer"
is exposed in crossing the waters. " Never
before," it says, " had tho ocean such a
precious freight exposed to tho hazards of
wind and wave, in shape of cow, as at tho
present time." Her price was one thou
sand guineas In England, or (5,250 In
gold, besides cost of agency, paasage, In
surance eta She Is oftho l)uchess family,
trlho of Bates, and was hought by Mr.
William H. Cochrane, of Montreal.
Tiik Green Bay (Wis.) datttte tells of a
worm which Is destroying the oak trees,
especially black oak, on Astor I lights, and
status that the pests have not left a leaf
from the brow of the hill around to tho
Ellis residence, a distance of more than a
mile, including the fair ground and tho
old cemetery. The full grown worm is
from an Inch to an inch and a half in
length, about the thickness of an ordinary
clay pipe stem, aud striped with black or
dark brown and yellow.
A nkw method of dressing wounds has
recently been adopted In Belgium. A
sheet of lead, one-fifth of an inch thick, is
applied to tho injured limb, and made by
pressure to assume lis shape. The lead Is
firmly secured by means of strips of ad
hesivo plaster, and a current ot fresh air
is made to pass over the fleeh once or
twice a day. Out of 170 patients treated
for workshop or railway accidents at the
municipal hospital at Ghent, 105 were dis
charged cured. Tho average duration of
tho treatment was thirty-ono days. Of
tho fourteen who died, the greater num
ber were mortally Injured by the accident
A IIindo priest called In all tho members
of a large family, one of whom was known
to have committed a theft, and thus ad
dressed them : " Take each of you ono of
these sticks, which are all of exactly
equal length, put them under your pillows
to night ; I do not at present know the
offender, but you must return tho sticks to
mo to-morrow morning, and the one be
longing to the thief will have grown an
Inch In tho night." The family retired to
rest, but before he went to sleep the man
who had committed the theft, thinking to
outwit tho priest, cunningly cut oft an
inch from his stick, firmly believing that it
would by this means attain tho length of
the others by tho next morning. The
sticks were returned, and by comparing
them tho priest was instantly able to pitch
upon the offender, to his great surprise
Tint saying, " One half the world docs
not know how the other half lives," is
well illustrate ny some revelations re
cently made in Euglund. A letter carrier
was convicted and sonfencod to five years'
penal servitude for stealing twelve postage
stamps out of a letter. His pay had been
nine shillings a week, equal to about fifty
cents a day, and his wife in an appeal for
herself and her children, which she makes
through the public press, says that she and
her husband suffered four years of some
thing very like destitution beforo he got
his " appointment," and during that time
sold their furniture and most of their
clothes. She used to earn six or seven
shillings a week by needle-work, but ill
ness now prevents her doing this, and she
finds herself with four little, children on
the verge of starvation.
A marine monster, which was captured
off East port, Maine, recently, is thus de
scribed by tho St. Croix Courier: " After
being towed ashore, ho was found to meas
ure thirty-five feet in length and seven feet
across. His head is shaped like a bull
frog's, and his skin resembles the hide of
an elephant. It possesses two legs or
paddles about five feet from the tail. Soon
after It was caught, it was seen by Rev. H.
A. Philbrick, L. L. Wadsworth, Esq., and
others. It is to bo stuffed and exhibited,
so that the curious will have an opportuni
ty of seeing tills wonderful creature. Of
course there are various conjectures as to
the nature of the nondescript. Some think
it a species of the shark, but the shape of
its head, and the size of its mouth are op
posed to the theory. Others think it is a
whale, but it does not seem to possess the
breathing apparatus of that denizen of the
How Shall the Debt be Paid?
Tu e question to be answered la not who created
the Uubt ; nor how tho debt waa created. The
debt exist ; that every one knowa. How aball
the debt be paid 1 the proper answer to Ullsq "ca
tion la what every one wanla to know.
The Democratic party point out the way to pay
the debt. The Republican party point out the
way not to pay It. This la eiactly the dill ere nee
bciween the two partiee oa the debt question.
The Republican party in its plattorm
points out the best and most feasible way
to pay the national debt Section 5 says
that the national debt, contracted for the
preservation of the Union, should be ex
tended over a fair period for redemption.
and it is tho duty of Congress to reduce
the rate or interest thereon whenever it
can be honestly done. Section 6 says that
tne best way to diminisb our burden ot
debt is to so improve our credit Jhat cap
italists will loan us money at lower rates
of interest than we now pay. Section 7
says that the government should be ad
ministered with the strictest economy,
and that the corruptions fostered by An
drew Johnson call for radioal reform.
Section 9 denounces all forms of repudia
tion as a national crime, and declares that
the national honor requires the payment
of the debt according to the letter and
spirit of the laws under which it was con
tracted. In the fuce of these plain declarations,
It requires considerable hardihood on the
part of the moot mendacious and untruth
ful partisan Journal to make the assertion
that " the Republican party points out no
way to pay the debt."
By reduclug the rute or interest from six
per cent, down to four and a half, which
the Republicans confidently expect to ef
fect, Id the event of the election of Grant
and Colfax, there will be a saving of thir
ty millions a year in gold, and this large
sum a Republican administration will do
vote to purchasing and cancelling bonds.
The Republican administration will also
devote every dollar of surplus revenue
derived from taxation to the same purpose.
Suppose the latter sum shall be thirty
millions a year, which, added to the
saving of Interest aforesaid, will make
fund of sixty millions to bo applied in
liquidation of the debt. When sixty mil
lions of debt Is paid off, there will be three
millions less Interest to pay the next year,
and, Uiis iwtvlng can also be appropriate...
to the sinking rami. In few years the
sixty millions of annual payment will
.woll n nn. hnnHrnl millions frOlTI tflO
saving of Interest end the debt will q"j'ck
lv melt away and disappear, Just as did tbo
debt of the Revolution and of the second
war with England. This la the Jtepumi
can plan or paying the national debt.
Now, what Is the method propose, by the
Democratic party? The Tim Bays ite
party "points out away." In searching
the Democratic platform we can And
nothing on the subject except this :
rrw "Payment of tha pnblle debt of the
t'nltrd Htatea ranlillv aa nraoticAhle, ! mo
neys drawn from the people by Uaatlon, jxcoptao
mnch aa le requisite for tha ncesslllee of the a:ov-
rnnient, be lug honestly sppliod 10 uch PT"
It will be seen that this mothod la trab-
sUntlally the same, as far as It goes, aa
that previously laid down In the Republi
can platform, vix, : application of surplna
taxes to the payment of the debt and
economy In the expenditures cf money for
support ol the Government mi "
Democratic plan omit one very Important
proposition contained In the Republican
nlatform rnlvelin. nt th rnU of iuttrtrt
on the bond, bv Imnrovlne the national
credit The Democratic platform is there-
tore greatly inferior to that deciarea dv
the Republicans. The method proposed
by the latter gives the preper answer to
" the question that every one wanta to
know. How shall the debt be paid, via. :
ht economy, surplus taxes, ana reduction
of the rato of Interest,
The Timet declines to consider the ques
tion "who caused the debt" We com
mend Its prudence, as it it an ugly ques
tion for its party to face. An answer to
It, howover, would be : That the national
debt was caused by a rebellion of the
Southern Democrats, who sought to de
stroy tho Union, and that it is twice aa
large as It would have been If the North
ern Copperheads had not opened a " fir
in toe rear" upon the Unionists, wno were
enifaired In sunnresslnir the revolt of
the Democratic insurgents. The debt, In
me languge or Chier Justice Oha-je in nia
charge to the West Virginia Grand Jury,
Is the price of our national existence, and
can easiest and quickest bo discharged by
the mmle proposed in the Republican
national platform. Chicago Tribune.
Then and Now.
From the Toledo Blade.
Knifon Bi.Anrc: Sometime aeo vou no
ticed a communication in a Democratic
paper, from a laborer, contrasting the
prices of certain thlnirs in 1850 and 1808.
and showing their relation to prices of.
lanor in those yearn. This Is all very welt,
and airainst that kind of argument it is
not necessary to offer any other answer
than a few shots from the same locker.
I, too, have a chapter of contrasts to
offer, and I select, as one of my points of
comparison, the years embracing the
winter of 1838-9, and the other, this year
1H0S. I select tho year 1838-9 because
u is a central point or a term or about
forty years preceding the Democratic re
bellion, and the price of labor that year
was about an average of the price for the
wholo period. And. besides, the Demo
cratic party was In tho full tide of success.
Musuca with victory, carrying everything
before it with a hfirh hand, and putting
into successful practice thofovorito dogma
of the party, " To tho victors belong the
spoils. Martin Van Burcn was in tho
midst or his Presidential term ; Wilson
Shannon, of odorous memory, had been
elected Governor of Ohio, and everything,
from Dan to Beershcba, was as intensely
Democratic as the most radical of tuo
"unterrllled" could wish.
Then, the wages of a common Inborcr
was seventy-five cents per day, he board
ing himself or fifty cents per day, the
employer furnlshine board and many a
day hath this deponent swung the scythe,
and wrought in tho hay aud harvest Hclil,
from "esrly morn till dewy eve," for fifty
cents a day. Mechanics, then, oa now,
obtained a little higher wages about a
dollar a day.
In 1838-30, a laboring man could buy a
barrel of superfine flour for the labor of
twelve to thirteen days ; in 1809-it will
cost him the wages of five or six days.
Tusn, he could buy a barrel of nices pork
for the labor of thirty days : note, it will
cost him fourteen days' Ubor. Then a
dressed hog of 200 lbs. would cost him 21
days' labor; now ho must expend the
wages of ten days to purchnso the same
article. Tun the laboring man could buy
a dress pattern for his wife, of eight yards
of Mcrrimoc prints, for the labor of three
days : note, in order to procure a pattern
of the same kind of goods, a little larger,
it is true, (our wives have grown since
then) say twelve or fourteen yards, ho
finds it necessary to invest the proceeds of
tho labor of one whole day. O I the taxes,
tho taxes! the bloated bondholders, and
all the tribe of cormorants who have fas
tened themselves upon our vitals, and are
sucking the very life blood from our veins
who shall deliver us from their terrible
fangs? But, in 1839, one day's work
would procure five Rounds of irood brown
sugar, now he must bo content with twelve
Iu 1838, one day's labor would purchase
four pounds of loaf or crushed sugar ; now
It will only purchase eleven pounds.
Then one day's labor would purchase
four pounds of Rio coffee, now it will buy
but seven. Then the laborer could buy a
pouna ana a nun oi tea tor tne labor or
one day, or if he was very fastidious in
hiB taste, and must have the best, ono day's
lubor would buy him half a pound ; now
the day's wages will only procure one
pound of the one or two pounds of the
other. Then one day's labor would pur
chaso throe to six pounds of butter ; now
It will buy but seven or eight pounds.
Then a reasonably good suit of clothes
would cost the labor oi about lorty days;
now such a suit will cost fifteen. Then the
labor of four days would purchase a pair
ot good, substantial thick boots; now it
will require three days to accomplish a
like result Then the labor of eight days
would suffice to purchase a pair of fine
calf sewed boots ; now it will require six
days. Then the labor of twelve days
would buy a keg of lOd nails ; now they
will cost two days and a halt
In 1838 the laboring man paid no taxes.
unless he had taxable property. But how
is it now 1
Will some " black Republican, Lincoln
hireling " answer?
A marine, while serving on board a
ship of war, complained frequently to the
Surgeon that he was gradually losing the
sense of hearing, and at the end of several
months asserted that he was comDletelv
deaf. It being, however, presumed that
the alleged infirmity was teigned, and aa
he could not be made to perform his duty
he was brought to the gangway and
flogged ; but previously to his being pa
raded for punishment, and during its In.
Diction, he was informed that he should be
pardoned If he would admit the fraud
and return to his duty. Every means that
Eromised to be successful in surprising
im into showing that he possessed the
sense of hearing, was resorted to. but
without success ; firing a pistol close to his
ear suddenly roused him during sleep,
and, endeavoring to alarm him, elicited
noming satisfactory, me omcera at liai
se r Hospital, to which he hod be"n aent.
resoiveu to puuwu mm a second tune.
Dr. Lind, who was then physician to the
hospital, begged that punishment might
be deferred, with the view of gninita time
to try, by another experiment whether
the man was an i in poster or not Ilia re
quest was granted. The doctor chose a
favorable opportunity, and coming, un
percelved, behind him one day, he put bis
hand on the man's shoulder, sjid said, in.
an ordinary tone of voice i " I am happy
to tell you that you are Invalided at last"
"Am If" replied the overjoyed marine.
The imposture being thus rendered
evident, he was forthwith punished, and
sunt on board ship.
Roy. John Q,. Adunis has filled the
Pastorate of the Ninih. Ward lia-uint
Church, New York, for the last twelve
years. During that time he baa preached
S.lsO sermons, attendee, 4,riB6 prayer nitet-
I . . 1UJ 1 .. V
UJK, SM1U iw HiiPMiusun'ut rnilglOlll g ViK-
eruigs. He has made 4.70D visits, oriiulatud
at 4ol funerals, baptized 4m persons, and
received into the church HrrA members.
Lnclua Watt, a Harvard student,
walked home from College to Iligbg&te,
V V, al tbo rute of thirty miles a day.