It Is Fulflllod in tho Dodloatlon of
World'o Fair Buildings.
ho Ceremonies xfi Jackson Fnrk Attend
l by Over 100,004) Person Homo
ISxtract from tho Lending
Orntlnim of tho Day.
GIVISN TO THE NATIONS.
CniCAno, Oct. a The empty structures d
tliu World's Columbian exposition liava been
dedicated to tho purposes for which they lmvo
been designed by Uio people of tho greatest,
nnd grandest, and noblest rcpubllo that
Jins ever existed on tho faco of God's earth.
Friday was the nation's day, n day set
sap.irt by proclamation of tho chlof magis
trate, n proclamation as rigorously obsorved
jw were tho pronpnclaincntoes of tho
tniiglstrncy of ancient Europe, ns n brief season
or thanksgiving and of festivity In commemora
tion of tho man nnd tho discovery of four cen
turies sluco. Chlcaco kept holiday Friday, and
Tint only Chicago but every nook nnd corner
of the big bustling, tearing, driv
ing striving republic Joy, jubilation
nnd gladness woro uuconllned. Patriot
Ism, tho safoty-valvo of a pcoplo enlightened
and determined to bo free, had full vent. In
city und town. In village and hamlet, tho people,
to utiolo tho proclamation of President Harri
son, "devoted themselves to such exercises ns
may best express honor to tho discoverer and
aipproclntlon of tho great achievements of tho
Xourcomploto centuries of American life."
Day had barely daw ncd when Michigan boul
evard from the Auditorium southward to Jack
son park, a distance of over 7 miles, commenced
to bo fringed on cither sldo with men and wom
an. Each moment added Its quota to
tho early risers, uptown and down
town. It was very much such a crowd as
that which passed judgment on tho civic
procession of Thursday, but with a decidedly
largo smattering of members of locn "pollto
society," between whose Imposing mansions
and tasteful villas ihe lino of march had been
routed out. Thcro were times when it seemed as
though tho cntlro population of tho Windy City,
iclnforced by its quarter of a million or
more of visitors from far and near, was
on tho streets between tho Lako front
and Jackson park. Fortunate holders of
Invitations entitling them to a partici
pation in tho exercises of the dny began to
tuovo southward at an abnormally early hour,
apparently determined to tako tlmo by tho foro
loek nnd to secure a point of vantage, and tho
trains on tho suburban branch of the Illinois
Central us well as tho cable cars leading to tho
grounds cro crowded from their initial trip.
Soon after 7 o'clock those Intending to par
ticipate in tho procession began to mass them
Bclvcsattho Auditorium, whllo tho vehicles
- ero massed in columns of four on tho other
wide of tho hostelry oil Wabash avenue. Littlo
time was occupied in assigning distinguished
visitors to their respective places In tho
parade, nud a few minutes after 0 o'clock
tho order was given for the head of
ithc column to move. The escorting military
comprised thrco batteries of artillery from
Fort Illlcy, Ma. Randolph commanding, one
Urom Fort Sheridan, four companies of the Fifth
nd Sixth cavalry, U. S. A. After tho military
Tl cproecsslon of carnages with their occupants
n moved in tho followisjr order, save that tho car
. riagp allotted to tho vico president vv as notoc-
cupied until tho procession reached the Higin
'bolhnrn mansion at Twenty-ninth and Michigan
.avenue, at which point tho Ticc president, amid
silvo of chcora from tho crowds that banked
the four corners of the thoroughfare, wa es
corted to tho vehicle.
Director General Davis, accompanied by Gen.
-3i-i.cih Ilnwlcy, president of the centennial in
18rI, nnd Gen. (Joshoru, president of the ccn-ic-niul.
Vieo President Morton, accompanied by Presi
dent T. W. Palmer of tho national commission
a.ud President H. N. Hlglnbolham of tho dlrcc-
following tho prcsidcnthl carriago camo
vehicles In tho following order:
Secretary of Stale Foster nnd Secretary of
the Treasury Foster, accompanied by M. II. Do
Young, first vice-president of tho national com
mlbslon, und Vice-President Fcrd. W. Peck of
Hon. John Wanamaker, postmaster general;
,'flon. llcnjamin P. Traoy, secretary of tho navy;
Jlon. John W. Noble, secretary of tho Interior;
.lion. Jeremiah M. ltusk, secretary of agricul
ture, all occupying ono carriage.
Melville W. Fullor, chief Justice of tho United
Estates; Supremo Justices Hlatchrord and
' Supremo Justices Brown, Harlan and Bradley.
Ex-Prcsldent Hayes, accompanied by ex
TVcnldcnt Gugc, of tho exposition.
Carriages containing tho diplomatic corps.
Hon. Charles P. Crisp, speaker of the house
sma ri ite1 n t )miw I
tM,-di.s'r.9i mm it irv.vn h k
nf reprebrntatlvcs, accompanied by Mayor
Washburne, of Chlcaco.
Members of tho senate of the United States.
Members of the house of representatives.
Hcproscntaltvcs of the army and navy of the
'the governors and their starts of all tho states
Bishop Charles IL Fowler, D, D., of Calltor.
nlu: his cmlncnco Cardinal Gibbons; Kov. II.
C. McCook, of the First Presbyterian church of
Hon. Chauncey M. Honour, of New York, and
Henry Watterson, of Kentucky,
Miss Harriet Monro,;, of Chicago, Mrs. Sarah
C LeMoyne, reader of the ode.
Commissioners of foreign governments to tho
"World's Columbian exposition.
The consuls of foreign powors.
Tho World's Columbian commislonerH.
Board of laar managers, headed bv Mrs. Pot
ter Palmer, president.
Board of directors of tho world's fair.
Tho chiefs of departments.
Matt olllccrs of tho dlroctor of works.
Tho city councilor Chicago.
From Twoniy-nlnth street the procession
moved south on Michigan avenue and via. Thirty-fifth
streot to Grand boulevard, and thence
to Washington park, tho occupants of every
carriage being greeted with a volley of cheers
tug block after block was traversed.
.At WuHhlngtan park a brief halt was
tmade whllo tho United States troops and
tho visiting militia deployed before the vice
presidential carriage Tho United States iol
tilers, numbering somo 4,000, were commanded
by Brig. aen. Carr. In the front rank was tho
paventh cavalry. Gen. Custer's resi
dent. A vice presidential salute was
Hred upon the approach of tho carriage
occupied by tho vloo president, nnd utter
the review, which ws considerably curtailed
from tho original programmo tho troops took up
a position at the head of tho lino, and tho pro
cession moved again to tho exposition grounds,
entering in tho rear of tho Womon's building.
Hero tho military, of whom thcro wero some
15,000 left tho main lino proper, nnd tho guests
proceeded to tho Transportation building whore
a hurried lunch was served.
Two hundred thousand ham and cheoso sand
wiches, almost as many buttered rolls, to say
nothing of tons of thousands of plates of lalad,
"' ---&5 '"
and cofTco to a total of somo 5,000 gallons, dis
appeared lllto chaff beforo n winter's wind.
When tho Inner man had thus beon uppensed
the lino of march was resumed to the building
of Manufactures and Liberal Arts.
Hero sents had been provided upon tho floor
for 100,010 participants. Every chair had Its
occupant and an Immcnso crowd, variously esti
mated at from 10,1)00 to 15,000, was fain to bo
content with standing room. Tho guests
Tlin GREAT CHORUS SINGING "HAIL COLUMBIA."
that had participated In tho procession were es
corted to their seats upon tho platform with tho
utmost dispatch. Vice President Morton bo
ing seated directly in front, with President T.
W. Palmer on his right. President Illglnbotham
on his left and Cardinal Gibbons, Bishop Ire
land, 13 1 shop Fowler, Mayor Washburn,
Henry Wattorson, Chauncey M. Dcpew oc
cupying scats on cithor side. To tho
cast and west upon tho same platform were
seated the mebers of tho cabinet, the diplomatic
corps, tho judges of tho supremo court, gov
ernors of the states and other distinguished
guests. Mind canuot concelvo nor pencil de
scribo tho sceuo that was presented when tho
last of thoso that had participated In the parade
wero seated. On tho platform were representa
tives of every country on the civilized globe;
before them the largest audlcnco that has ever
assembled since the day upon which the Cre
ator hnld: "Let thcro bo light."
Littlo tlmo was occupied in preliminaries.
Without waiting for a signal tho orchestra broko
forth with tho opening strains of the Columbia
March, arousing the audience to a high pitch of
enthusiasm. Tho programmo in dotail was as
"Columbian March," composed by Prof. John
IC. Paine, of Cambridge.
Prayer by Bishop Charles H. Fowler, of Cali
fornia. Introductory address by the director general.
Address of welcome nnd tender of tho free
dom of tho city of Chicago by Hempstead Wush
Selected recitation from the dedicatory ode,
written by Miss Harriet Monroe, of Chicago;
music by G. W. Chadwlck, of Boston; reading
by Mrs. Sarah C Lo Moyne.
Presentation by the director of works of tho
master artists of the World's Columbian expo
sltlon. and award to them of special commem
Chorus "The Heavens Are Telling" Havdn.
Address "Work of the Board of Lady Man
agers" Mrs. Potter Palmer, president.
Tender of tho buildings on behalf of the
World's Columbian exposition by the president
thereof to the president of tho world s Colum
Presentation of the buildings by tho presi
dent of tho World's Columbian commission to
tho vlco piesldcnt of tho United States for ded
ication. Dedication of the bulldlng3 by tho vice presi
dent of the United States.
"Hallelujah Chorus" from "Tho Messiah"
Dedicatory oration Henry Watterson, of
"Star Spangled Banner" nnd "Hall Colum
bia," with full chorus and orchestral accom
pinlmcnt. Columbian oration Chauncey M. Dcpew, of
Prayer by Cardinal James Gibbons, arch
bishop of Baltimore.
Chorus "In Praise of God" Beethoven.
Benediction by Kov. H. C. McCook, of Phila
delphia. National salute.
Flvo thousand tralnod voices rendered tho
choruses on tho programme, being accompanied
by an orchestra, bands stationed at different
parts of tho great building, and fifty drummers.
It was nearly dark when tho programmo of
exercises had been concluded, and the immenso
crowd, which hud bpen gradually thinning out,
at onco wended Us way toward tho steam and
cablo cars, boats, etc., homoward bound. It
was 11 o'clock before the last of the visitors
left the grounds.
Tlin Commemoration Ode.
Tho following are extracts from tho dedicato
Columbia! on thy brow are dewy flowers.
Plucked from the wide prairies und from
Lol toward this day havo lod tho steadfast
Now to thv hone the woild its beaker fills.
The old earth hoars a hong of blessed themes.
And lifts her bead from u deep couch of dreams.
Her luccnly nations, elder-born of time.
Troop from high thrones to hoar;
Clasp thy strong hands, tread wllh'thrc paths
Lovingly bend the ear.
Wldo swings the portal never touched before;
Strango luring winds blow from au unseen
Toward dreams that cannot fall,
Ho bids the three ships sail,
Whllo man's new song of hope rings out against
Over the wide unknown,
Fur to tho shores of Ind,
On through the dark alone, t -vi
Llko a fcuthor blown by the wind,
Into tho west away.
Sped by the breath of God,
Seeking tho clearer day
Whoro only His fcot havo trod;
From tho past to the f uturo wo aalL
Wo slip from the leash of kiass.
IlnlU spirit of freedom, hntll
Unfurl thlno impalpable wings;
RpccIvo us, protect us, nnd bless
Thy knlRhts who bravo all for thee.
Though death bo thy soft caress
By that touch shall our souls bo free.
Onward and over on.
Till the voles of despair is stilled,
Till tho haven of poaco is won
And the purpoto of God fulfilled.
Columbia, my country! dost thou hear!
Ahl dost thou hear tho song unheard of time
Hark I for their passion trembles at thlno car.
Hush! for thy soul must heed their call sub
lime. Across wldo seas, tmswept by earthly sails,
Thoso strango sounds draw thoo on, for thou
Leader of nations through the autumnal gales
That wait to mock tho strong and wreck the
Dearer, moro radiant than of yoro,
Against tho dark Isco thco rise;
Thy young smllo spurns tho guarded shoro
And braves tho shadowed, ominous skies.
And still that conquering smllo who sco
Pledge love, life, tiervlco, all to thoo.
Tho years havo brought thee robes most fair
Tho rich processional years
And filleted thy shining hnlr,
And zoned thy wnlst with jewols rare,
And whispered in thine cars
Strango secrets of God's wondrous ways.
Long hid from human nwo and praise.
Columbia! men beheld theo rise,
A goddess from tho misty sen.
Lady of joy, sent from tho skies,
The nations worshiped theel
Thy brows wero Hushed with dawn's first light;
By foamy waves with stars bedight,
Thy bluo robe floated free.
Now let tho sun ride high o'erhead.
Driving tho day from shore to shore;
nis burning tread wo do not dread,
For thou art evermore
Lady of love, whoso smile shall bless.
Whom bravo deeds win to tenderness,
Whoso tears the lost restore.
Lady of hope thou art: we wait
With courago thy serene command.
Through unknown seas, toward undreamed
Wo ask thy guiding hand.
On! though sails quiver in the galol
Thou at the helm, wo cannot fall.
On I to God's tlmo-vollcd strand!
Lady of beauty, thou shalt win
Glory and power and length of days!
The sun and moon shall bo thy kin,
The stars shall sing thy praise.
All hall! wo bring thco vows most sweet
To strew beforo thy winged feet.
Now, onward bo thy ways!
In his address of welcome Mayor Washburne
acknowledged tho honor shown the city of Chi
cago In her cholco as tho world's fair city, and
announoed that "she accepts the sacred trust
with rivalry towards none and fellowship for
all. She stands ready to fulfill the pledges she
In presenting the buildings to the vice presi
dent of tho United States for dedication, Presi
dent T. F. Palmer, of the World's Columbian
exposition, said in part:
"It was a happy thought to have linked
with tho achievements of Columbus and Pin
zon, which doublod the area of the habltablo
globe, an undertaking whereby we hopo
to illustrate tho fact that they also
mado possible more than a duplication of
oicssings to manicina. as mese great men
died ignorant of the magnitude of their work,
may wo not hope that this exposition will ac
complish a greater good than will bo revealed
to us of to-day, be its outcome never so bril
liant? May wo not hope that lessons hero
learned, transmitted to tho future, will be po
tent forces long after the multitudes which will
throng these aisles shall havo measured their
span and faded away?
''Thcro aro no moro continents to discover,
but there is much to do to make both hemis
pheres the homo of intelligence, virtuo and con
sequent happiness. To that end no one mate
rial thing can contribute more than expositions
to which are invited, in a fraternal spirit, all
nations, tribes and peoples, whero each shall
give and receive according to their respective
capacities. The foundations of civilization
havo been laid. Universal enllghtenmont, now
acknowledged as the safe substructure of every
state, receives an added Impulse from the com-
mingling of peoples and the fraternization of
races, such us aro ushered in by tho pageant ot
Tlio Vloo President.
In accepting and dedicating tho buildings
Vlco President Mortonsald.amongother things:
"Deep, indocd, must bo tho sorrow which
grohlblts tho president ol the United
talcs rrom bolng tho central lis
uro in these ceremonials. Realizing
Irom tbe30 sumptuous surroundings, the.
extent or desigu, tho adequacy or execution
and the vastuess of results, we may
Imaglno how ardtntly ho has aspired
to be officially and personally conneoted
with this great work, so linked to tho past
and to tho present of America. With whut
eloquent words ho would have spoken of
tho heroic achievements and radiant future of
hlB beloved country. Whllo profoundly an
guished In his most tender earthly nffoctlon, ho
would not have us delay or faltor in these ded
icatory sorvlccs, and wo' can only offer to sup
port his courago by n profound and universal
sympathy. , . .
r nm nnt hfirn to recount tho wonderful storv
ot this city's rise and advancement, or the
matchless courago of her people of her second
mrth out 01 tno usnes oi mu uiosi nuiuuio wuu
liugratlon of modern times, nor of tho eminent
position she has conquered in manufactures, In
sclcnco und in tho arts, Thesoure known or
all men who keep pace with the world's prog
ress. I nm here lu behalf ol the government
of the United States, in behulf or utl tho peo
ple, to bid ull hall to Chicago, all hall to the
Columbian exposition. From tho St. Lawrenco
to the gulf, and from the peerless cosmopolitan
capital by tho f oa to the Golden Gato of Cali
fornia, there Is no longer a rival city to Chicago,
oxcopt to emuluto her la promotlnu the success
of this work.
A es H .a.
ISPI Sis ffl&
ijpiQiiffliinn Mill I
"What o spectacle is presented to us here.
As wo gaze upon these munificent ercotlons,
with their columns and nrches, their entab
latures nnd udornmcnts,when wo consider their
beauty and rapidity of realization, they would
seem to bo evoked at a wizard's touch of Alad
din's lamp. Pralso for tho organization nnd ac
complishment for tho architect nnd builder,
for tho artist nnd artisan, may not now detnln
me, for In the year to come, in the mouths of all
LEVI P. MORTON,
men It will bo unstinted. These nro worthy
shrines to record tho achievements of the two
Americas, nml to placo them sldo by sldo with
thenrts and Industries of tho elder world, to
the end that wo may bo stimulated and encour
aged to now endeavors."
"Mr. President, In the name of the govern
ment of the United States, I hereby dedicate
these buildings and their appurtenances, In
tended by tho Congress of tho United States fo
the uso of tho World's Columbian Exposition,
to tno worms progress in art, in science, in ng.
ncuiturc, anu in manuiacturcs.
I dedicate them
to humanity. God
savo tho United States of
Tho dedicatory oration was delivered by Hon.
Henry Watterson, of Kentucky. Mr. Watterson
Indulged In a glowing tribute to tho United
States and the many trials through which tho
country has successfully passed. With refer
encn to tho abolition of slavery ho said, in part:
"Tho curse of slavery is gone. It was a joint
heritage of woe, to be wiped out nnd expiated
in blood and flamo. Tho mlrago of tho confed
eracy has vanished. It was essentially bucolln,
a vision of Arcadia, tho dream of a most attrac
tive economic fallacy. The constitution
is no longer a rope of sand. Tho
oxact relations of tho states to tho fed
eral government, left open to double con
struction by tho authors of our organic being
becauso they could not ngreo among themselves
and union was tho paramount object, has been
clearly and definitely tlxed by the last three
amendments to the original chart, vv hlch consti
tute the real treaty of peace between tho north
and the south and seal our bonds as a nation
"The republic represents at last the letter nnd
the spirit of the sublime declaration. Tho fet
ters that bound her to the earth are burst asun
der. The rags that degraded her beauty aro
cast aside. Like the enchanted princess in the
logend, clad in spotless raiment and wearing a
crown of living light, she steps In tho perfec
tion of her maturity upon the scene of this, tho
latest and proudest of her vlatorlcs, to bid a
welcome to the world!
"Need I pursuo tho theme? This vast as
semblage speaks with a resonance nnd mean
ing which words can never reach. It speaks
from tho fields that are blecscd by the never
falling waters of the Kennebec and from the
farms that sprinkle the valley of the Connecti
cut with mimic principalities more potont
and lasting than tho real; it speaks in
tho whirr of the mills or Pennsylvania
and In the ring of tho wood-cutter's ax from the
forests of tho lake peninsulas: It speaks from
the great plantations of tho south and west,
teeming with staples that insure us
wealth nnd power and stability: yea, and
from tho mines and forests and quarries
or Michigan and Wisconsin, of Alabama and
Georgia, of Tennessee and Kentucky, far
away to the regions of silver and gold,
that havo linked the Colorado & Rio Grande In
eloso embrace, and annihilated time and space
between tho Atlantic and the Pacific; it speaks
in one word from the hearthstone in Iowa and
Illinois, from the home In Mississippi and Arkan
sas, from the hearts of 70.O0O.OJ0 of tearless, free
born men and women, and that one word is
"There Is no geography in American man
hood. There aro no sections to American fra
ternity. It needs but six weeks to change a
Vcrmonter into a Texan, and there never has
been a time when upon the battlefield, or the
frontier, Puritan and Cavalier were not con
vertible terms, having in the beginning a com
mon origin, and so diffused and diluted on
American soil as no longer to possess a local
habitation, or a nativity, except in tho national
"Tho south claims Lincoln, the immortal, for
its own: the north has no right to reject Stone
wall Jackson, the one typical Puritan soldier of
the war, for its ownl Nor will it! TUo time is
coming, is almost here, when hanging above
many a mantle-board in fair New England
glorifying many a cottage in the sunny south
shall be seen bound together, in everlasting
love and honor, two cross swords carried to
battle respectively by tho grandfather who
wore tho bluo und the grandlathcr who wore tho
"I cannot trust myself to proceed. We have
como here not so much to recall bvgono sorrows
and glories as to bask in the sunshine ot pres
ent prosperity nnd happiness, to Interchange
patriotic greetings and Indulge good auguries,
and, above all, to meet upon the 'threshold the
stranger within our gato, not as a foreigner, but
na a i.t,.ut anrl fnnnil fn .whnm nnttilnn tl.nt
wo havo is too gopd.
I "From wheresoever he oometh we welcome
him with all our hearts: the son of the Khono
and the Garonne, our godmother, France, to
whom we owe so much, ho shall be our Lafay
ette: tho son ot the Ithlne and tho Mozelle, he
shall be our Goethe and our Wagner; the son
of the Campagna and tho Vesuvlan bay. ho
shall be our Michael Angelo and our Garibaldi:
the son or Arragen and the Indes, he shall bo
our Christopher Columbus, fitly honored at last
throughout the world.
"All nations and all creeds be welcome here;
Irom the Bosphorus and Black sea, tho Vlcnueso
woods and tho Danublan plains: rrom Holland
dike to Alpine crag; Irom Bclgrudeand Calcutta
and round to China seas and the busy marts ol
Japan, tho isles or tho Paciflo and the far
away capes or Africa Armenian, Christian
and Jew the American, loving no country ex
cept bis own, but loving all mankind ns his
brother, bids you enter and fear not: bids you
partake with us ot these fruits or 400 years or
American civilization and development and bo
hold these trophies! or 100 years of American in
pependenco and freedom.
"At this moment lu overy part of tho Ameri
can union the 'Children are taking up tho
wondrous tale of the discovery, nnd from Bob-
ton to Galveston, from the little log school
houso in the wilderness to tho towering
academy in tho city and tho town, may be wit
nessed tho unprecedented spectacle of a
Eowerful nation captured by an army of
llllputlans, ot embryo men and women,
of topllng boys and girls, and tiny elves scarce
big enough to lisp tho numbers of tho national
unthem; scarce strong enough to lift tho mtnla
turu flags that muko of arid street and autumn
wood un vmblumatlo gardon, to gladden tho
f- " iWiHIl
sight and (o glorify the refl.whltft anft Mue. See
Our young barbarians all nt play,
for bettor than' these we havo nothing to ex
hibit. They. Indeed, aro our crown lewols: the
.truest, though tho Inevitable, offsprings of our
viviiiuiiuu,aim uovoiopmcni, mo ropresenia
JItcs of A manhood vitalized and Invigorated
by loll and crire, of b, womanhood elevated and
inspired by liberty and education. God bless
tho children and their mothorsl God bless our
country's flag! And God bo with us now and
ever, God In the roof-trco's shtldo and God on
tho highway, God In tho winds and waves, and
God In all eur hoartsl" t ,
f H Mr. UopovT'B Oration.
The following nre ox tracts taken from the
Columbian oration dellvorcd by Hon. Chauncey
"This day belongs not to America, but ta .
world. Tho results of tho event it commemo
rates are tho horltago of tho peoples of overy
raco and cllmo. Wo eclobrato tho emancipa
tion of mam The preparation was the work of
almost countless conturles, tho realization was
tho rovclatlon of ono. Tho Cross on Calvary
was hope: tho cross raised on San Salvador was
opportunity. But for tho first, Columbus would
novcr havo salled.but for tho sccond.thcre would
hnve boon no placo for tho planting, the nurturo
and the expansion of civil and religious llborty.
"The spirit of tho equality of nil men boforo
God and the law, moved westward from Calvary
with its rovolutlonary influenco upon old insti
tutions, to tho Atlantlo ocean. Columbus car
ried it wostward across tho seas. Tho emi
grants from England, Ireland, Scotland nnd
Wales, from Germany and nolland, from
Sweden and Denmark, from franco and Italy,
THE MONSTER PARADE IN
have, under its guidance and Inspiration,
moved west and again west, build
ing states and founding cities until
the PaclQo limited their march. Tho ex
hibition of arts and sciences, of industries nnd
Inventions, of education and civilization, which
the republic ot the United States will here pre
sent, nnd to which, through Its chief magistrate,
It Invites all nations, condenses and displays
the flower and fruitage of this transcendent
"God always has In training some command
ing genius tor the control or great crlsos in tho
affairs of nations and peoples. The number of
thesa leaders aro less than the centuries, but
their lives are the history of human progress.
Though Cmsar nnd Charlemagne, and llllde
brand, and Luther, and William the Conqueror,
and Oliver Crom ell, and all the epoch makers
prepared Europe for the event and contributed
to the result, the lights which Illumine our fir
mament to-day are Columbus the discoverer,
Washington tho founder and Lincoln tho sa
vior." Mr. Depew then depicted in glowing words
the tenacity with which Columbus clung to his
belief In the existence of a new world, nnd grad
ually evolved a theory, which becamo in his
mind so fixed a fact that he could Inspire
others with his own passionate beliefs.
"To secure the means to test the truth of his
speculations, this poor and unknown dreamer
must win the support of kings nnd overcome the
hostility ot the church. He never doubted his
ability to do both, though he know ot no man
living who was so great in power, or lineage, or
learning that ho could accomplish cither. Un
aided and alone he succeoded in arousing the
Jealousies ot sovereigns und dividing the
councils oi me ecclesiastics. to con
quer, the prejudices or the clergy, to win
the approval and financial support oi the
state, to venture upon that unknown ocean,
which, according to the beliefs ot the age, was
peopled with demons and savage beasts of
frightful shape, and from which there was no
possibility of return, required the zeal ot Peter
tho Hermit, the chlvalrlo courage ot the Cld,
and tho imagination of Dante. Columbus be
longed to that high order ot cranks, who con
fidently walk where 'angels fear to tread,' and
often become tho benefactors of their country,
or their kind.
"It was a happy omen of the position which
woman was to held in America that the only
person who comprehended the majestic scopo of
his plans and the lnvlnclblo qualities of his
genius was the ablo and gracious queen of
Castile. Isabella alone, of all the dignitaries of
that age. shares with Columbus the honors of
bis great achievement. She arrayed her king
dom and her prlva'ta fortuno behind tho cnthu
slasm or this mystlo mariner, and posterity pays
homage to her wisdom and faith.
'The overthrow of tho Mohammedan power
In Spain would havo been a forgotten scene. In
ono ot tho innumerable acts in the grand
drama of history, had not Isabella conferred
immortality upon herself, her husband and
their dual crown by her roeognitlon of Co
lumbus. The devout spirit of the queen, und
tho high purpose of the explorer, inspired the
voyage, subdued the mutinous orew and pre
vailed over tho raglngstorms.
"Tho mighty soul of tho great admiral was
undaunted by the ingratitude of princes, and the
hostility of tho pooplo, by lmpilsonment and
neglect. He died as he was socurlng tho means,
and preparing n campaign for tho rescue ot
the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem from tho
infidel. Ho did not know what time has
revealed, that while tho mission )t the
crusaders, or Godfroy of Bouillon nnd Iflchnrd
of tho Lion Heart was n bloody und
fruitless romanco, the discovery of America
was tho salvutton of tho world. Tho one was
tho symbol, the other tho spirit; the one death,
tho other lite. Tho tomb of tho Saviour was a
narrow and empty vault, precious only ror its
memories or tho supreme tragedy or tlin cen
turies: but tho new continont was to bo tho
home and temple ol tho living God."
At great length the orator then pir-turcd the
.growth of civilization, liberty und prosperity in
the. new world, and as is to be represented at
tho great exposition whose buildings were this
day being dedicated, aud oontir.uUis
"Tho tlmo has arrived for bolt. nitfon
and greater distance between the Old World
and tho New. The former indiscriminate wei
como to our prairies, and tho present Invitation
to these palaces of urt and industry, mark the
passing cerlod. Unwatched nnd unhealthy
I Immigration can no longer bo permitted
to our shores We must have a national
quarantlnn against disease, pauperism and
crtmo. Wo do not want candidates for
our hospitals, .our poor houses or our
jails. Wa cannot admit those who come to un
dnrmlno our Institutions nnd subvert our laws.
But wo will gladly throw wldo our gates for.snd
receive with open arms, thoso who by lntolll
gonoo and virtuo, by thrift and loyalty, aro
worthy of recolvlng tho oqual advantages of
the priceless girt of American citizenship,
The spirit nnd objeot of this oxhlbltton are
peace and kinship.
"Thrco millions of German, Tf ho nro among
the boat citizens of the repnblto, send greeting
to the fatherland, their pride In its glorious his.
tory, its ripe literature, Us traditions and asso
ciations. Irish, equal In number to thoso who
still remain upon tho Emerald Isle, who havo
Illustrated their devotion nt their adopted
country on many n battlefield fighting for
tho union nnd its perpetuity, havo rath,
er Intensified than diminished their lovo
for the land or the shamrock, and their sympa
thy with tho aspirations or their brothrcn at
homo. Tho Italian, the Spaniard and tho
Frenchman, tho Norwegian, tho Swede nnd tho
Dano, tho English, tho Scotch nnd the Welsh
nre none tho less loyal and devotrd Americans,
becauso in thlseongressof their kin tho tendrils
of nffoctlon draw thorn olosor to the hills nnd
valleys, .the legends and tho loves associated
with their youth.
"If Interest in the nffatrs of this world nro
vouchsafed to those who havo gono before, tho
spirit of Columbus hovers ovor us to-day.
Only by celestial Intelligence can it grasp tho
full slgnlllcanco or this spcctaclo and ceremonial.
CHICAGO ON THE 20TH.
"From the first century to the fifteenth
counts for little in tho history or progress,
but in tho period between the fifteenth and
twentieth is crowded the romance and
reality ot human development. Llfo has
been prolonged, and its enjoyment Intcn
silled. Tho powers of the air and
water, the resistless forces , of the elements,
which In the time or the discoverer were tho
visible terrors or tho wrath or God, have been
subdued to the servlco of man. Art and lux
uries which could be possessed and enjoyed
only by the rich and noble, the works of genius
which were read and understood by tho learned
few, domestlo comforts and surround
ings beyond tho reach of lord or
tew- gSSgr" ' ' --3
bishop, now adorn and illumine the homes of
our citizens. Serfs are sovereigns and the
peoplo arc kings. The trophies and splendors
of their reign are commonwealths, rich In every
attribute ot great states, nnd united in a rc
publlo whose power and prosperity and liberty
and enlightenment are the wonder and admira
tion of the world.
"All hall, Columbus, discoverer, dreamer, hero
and apostle. Wo here, of every race and coun
try, recognize the horizon which bounded his
vision and the Infinite scops ot his gcnlu3. The
voice of gratltudo and praise for nil the bless
ings which have been showered upon mankind
by his adventure Is limited to no language, but
is uttered In every tongue. Neither marblo
nor brass can fitly form his statue. Continent!
nre his monuments, and unnumbered millions,
past, present, nnd to come, who enjoy In their
liberties and their happiness the fruits of his
faith, will reverently guard nnd preserve, from
century to century, his name and fame."
Inaugural ceremonies in connection with the
world's congress auxiliary took placo at night
In tho Auditorium. Archbishop Ireland deliv
ered the oration. Tho archbishop ex
plained the mission ot the congress
auxiliary as to organize and cause to be held,
during the several months allotted to the expo
sition, International conventions or tho scholars
and workers of the world along all the lines of
human progress In tho various departments of
civilized Hie, and In this way present, through
tho living voico of tho chief actors, clear nnd
comprehensive statements ot the questions In
all the fields or activity which vex to-day the
souls of men. He continued:
"The Idea is truly grand, and most Important
results must follow from tho successful carry
ing out of It- Tho several conventions, or con
gresses, will bring into actual contact the lead
ers in the several departments of thought.
The thinking world will bo under
our eyes; tho wholo trend of modern activity
will bo iinder our touch. What schools for
learners! What workshops of new ideas, where
mind In friction with mind provokes unto higher
flights and rises Into broader vistas of trnth!
"The efTcct of the work of our congresses will
be to give a marked Impotus to the forward
stream of progress. Their deliberations will
provide the charts for the march of futuro gen
erations. "Tho future! What will it be? Material
progress, no doubt, will continue onward witn
over-increasing velocity. The wildest dreams
scarcely, I believe, foreshadow the realities)
nothing need be unexpected.
The future will bring no mlllenlum. Thcro
will be no rosebush without thorns, no day
without the nearness ot evening shades, no Ufa
without the menace ot death. There will
be inequalities among men, and passions
will disturb the peace of souls. But I do
bclicvo there will bo more mercy In the
world, more lustlce, moro righteousness.
Thero will bo more respect for manhood,
more liberty for the Individual. Tho brother
hood of men will be more widely recognized
and its lessons moro faithfully practiced. Serv
itude and oppression will be banished even from
the darkest thickets of African forests. Tho
boon of civilization will reach nil races of the
human family, civil and political liberty will
speed across all seas and oceans.
Nations will see in one another
assemblies of brothers, and peaceful arbitra
tion will, In settlement ot disagreements, taka
the place of tho murdorous sword. Brute forco
will more and moro yield beforo reason: mind
will more and more assert itself over matter,
and over passion. All this will not come to pabs
without delays and backward movements, w 1 th
ou t reactions and repressions, but the victory
will bo'for truth and jusu-
'The atmosphere of the ney Is chilled with
the spirit of unbcliof. New! wo fear for re
ligion? It is as if we asked; Need we fear for
oternal truth, ror tho reign ot tho Almighty?
Unbelief Is but n passing wavo. The material
und sclontltlo progress of tho ngn has begotten
nn overestimate ot nature aud draws a film
over eyes which would seek tho ruoornnt
ural. The realities of the suporrnitural
and man's profound need of them endure, aud
his reason will not lose sight of them. Tho pro
test against unbelief will bring religion into
bolder relief, and tho widening thoughts ot
men along other lines of progress will prove
more clearly that religion Is tho need ut all
progress, a God is tho ueed ot ull being.
"Toward a futuro, ar" I briefly sketch it, will
tend the labors of the Congress nuxlllury.
The nation or tho future! need I name It?
Your hearts qulvor loving it.
" 'My country, 'tis of theo
Sweet land of liberty,
Of thoo I sing.'
"Wo commemorato tho discovery of America,
109 years ago, Behold the crowning gift to hu
manity from Columbus, whose caravels plowed
ocean's uncertain billows In march of a great
land, nnd from tho all-ruling Providcnoe w boss
wisdom und mercy inspired and guided the Im
mortal Genoese mariner tho United States ol
Two Children 1'arUh In a Fire.
St. Paul, Minn., Oct. 22. -The house ol
Mlobaol Hunsas, a inall-camer at Manannan,
Minn., was burned Friday and two of UU utu
dten DerUued, ,
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