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THE PERttYSBURG JOURNAL, FRIDAY. AUGUST 14, lb03.
Some Who Have Been the Heads of
3IIr. Stowe, Sunnn n. Anthony, Flor
ence Night liiKnlc and Cliirn llnr
tou Are Typleill of
"Mother" Jones, with her ltttlo army o
textile workers marching on to appeal
to the president In behalf of her par
ticular cause, brings up beforo us forms
of other women leaders; leaders, how
over, whoso efforts are regarded In quite
a. different light from thoso of Quixotic
"Mother" Jones. Various names and
movements deservo mention, but spaco
-allows a hurried glance at only a fow.
As a child, Mrs. Stowo showed remark
able ability as a scholar, but tho most
"widely-known work front her hand,
"Uncle Tom's Cabin," speaks rather of
deep feeling than of giant Intellect. The
strong anti-slavery feeling with which
tho book Is permeated had Its growth
begun In early girlhood, when the little
Harriet Deecher sat listening to the fiery
denunciations uttered In tho pulpit by
lier father. The Beechers all along were
"very outspoken on this question, even
. ntter removing from their New England
y( Iiomo to Cincinnati, dangerously close to
southern territory and southern preju
dices. Wliflst residing In Cincinnati,
Jtlrs. Stowe frequently visited the sowth
and thus became familiar with the sur
roundings which later were to bo so
vividly pictured In her book. Her homo
sheltered many a fugitive slave, and sho
rind her husband aided not a few runa
ways on their escape Into Canada. After
tho return of the Stowes to New Eng
land, Mrs. Stowe, fearing the fugitive
clave act might lead to tho spreading
of slavery even to tho northern states,
and feeling that people did not at all
realize tho horrors of slavery, set to work
to attempt a book that would have some
small Influence. Neither she nor her
family dreamed what that Influence was
to become, and when tho story was pub
llshed In serial form It did not attract
much attention. But presently it grew
Into fame; within five yeais from pub-
MISS CLARA BARTON.
Head of the Rod Cross Society.
lication, 500,000 copies were sold In the
United Staets alone. To-day, critics
pronounce "Uncle Tom's Cabin" by no
means the best of Mrs. Stowe's produc
tions, but it certainly is tho book by
which sho is known to the world at
Susan B. Anthony, "leader of a
cause," is a leader whose name Is a
household word at least In the United
.States. Miss Anthony has been Interest
ed in many reforms temperance, edu
cational and the great movement for tho
abolition of slavery but she is best
known as the champion of "Woman's
Itlghts." Though born a Quaker, Miss
Anthony has been known for aggres
siveness rather than meekness of spirit.
Sho has declaimed on public platforms,
aietltioned legislatures, edited a paper,
-.anirTvritten a book, all for the furthering
of equal civil rights for women. This
indefatigablo leader In "the emancipa
tion of women" is still living, having
attained tho rlpo ago of 84 years. That
she has seen her cause considerably ad
vanced none will deny.
1 During the Crimean war, Miss Flor--ence
Nightingale exerted her womanly
-energies to lessen tho sufferings entailed
&y that, war, and owing to her zeal and
fearlessness great reforms were effected
Jn tho care of wounded soldiers. When
a grateful host desired to present her
E testimonial of $250,000, sho refused
to accept It, but suggested tho fund bo
Bubbcribcd to an Institution for tho train
ing of nurses. In our own country7re
forms in tho caro of soldiers were es
tablished by Miss Clara Barton, whoso
rtalents camo Into active play during tho
civil war. Then when tho Franco-German
war called for nurses, sho aided tho
Red Cross In its work abroad, i-nr l.e
.services sho was decorated with tho
golden cross of Baden and tho iron cross
ofGermany. In 1881, sho became presi
dent of the American Bed Cross society.
' "'no used to kiss mo every time wo
ipassed through a tunnel beforo our
miarrlago," sold tno littlo woman with
"And doos ho do so now?" asked
tho bosom friend.
"No, ho takes a drink." Chicago
Hobby Know Ilettcr.
.Suitor Your sister and I wero just
talking business out horo on tho ve
randa. Her Littlo Brother Oh, no, you
weren't. When a follow begins to talk
business sister always takes him Into
tho conservatory. Tit-Bits.'
Ill n ltcntuuriiut.
Einstein I'll bot that follow ovor
there is a pawnbroker.
Hwolstoln What makes you bo sure?
Einstein Becnuso ho always eats
throe flshballs for breakfast. N. Y.
The United States Leads All Other
Countries in It.
More Tlinn Two Million of Our Peo
ple Interested In the Trndc
Cnllfomln Kiii-iiInIicm the
Back In 1793, the French government
offered a prize for tho best method of
preserving foods, and this prize was
won by one Appert, who used glass ves
sels in his process. Then an English
man taught the world to use tin cans
In place of tho jars, and finally the
Yankee put his wits at work and pro
pelled the canning Industry to Its pres
ent Improved form. To-day, as a con
sequence of the progress In this indus
try, foods of far countries arc to us all
as everyday matters, and one of sur
Now, the United States leads"all"oth'er
countries In tho canning Industry. Moro
than 2,000,000 In this country are dl-
CALIFORNIA CANNING FACTORY.
rectly Interested In the canning Indus
try, and the cans of fruits and vegetables
sold every year are valued at close to
SGO,000,000. Figures that bespeak tho
vastness of the Industry.
The state that furnishes the output
of canned goods of greatest value (canned
goods not including meats), is Califor
nia. Maryland leads In the canning of
vegetables, but California Is ahead In
fruit canning. Tho value of the canned
product of California for 1902 was over
$13,000,000; 1,750,000 cases of fruit were
canned, and It was not considered a good
year, either. Pears, apricots, peaches
and cherries were the principal fruits
of the California canneries; berries,
grapes, plums, quinces, currants and
other fruits, constituted the smaller
quantities put up. Not more than 12
per cent, of the fruit grown in California
is canned, so much fresh fruit being sent
out, and a great deal preserved by bury
ing. The tomato crop is becoming very
important in California, and California
canned tomatoes are fast growing in
fame. Great Britain has long been a
large buyer of the California canned
goods, but now demands are pouring
Into the Pacific state from nearer home;
In China, Siberia, the Philippines, and
all through the Pacific Islands are scat
tered tins bearing pictures of the gigan
tic fruit and vegetables grown and
canned in California.
Yet the center of the canning Industry
Is Baltimore, where more vegetables and
fruits nre canned than in any other city
in the world. The season for both vege
tables and fruit is longer in Maryland
thttn In any of our states; and the can
ning products rotate the year round, the
climate being so favorable for both rais
ing products and packing the Imported
crops. The canneries put up orauges
and pineapples in the spring, fruits and
vegetables in the summer, peaches in au
tumn, clams, oysters and crabs In tho
winter. In Maryland as well as In Cali
fornia the canned tomato is an impor
tant output from the factories. In addi
tion to the usual canned goods, factories
in this state put up beets, greens in gen
eral, sweet potatoes, sauerkraut, and
pretty nearly everything edible. The
value of tho canned product of Mary
land Is over $11,000,000 yearly.
The canning of vegetables Is a com
paratively recent industry. It began to
come into prominence in 185G, In con
nection with Dr. Kane's Arctic expe
dition, when the experiment was made
of prcservingfor the voyagers fish, meats
and vegetables, aS well as fruits. Thoso
early methods seem very crude to-day,
when everything, oven to the boxing, ia
done by electricity or steam.
Over 500,000,000 cans of vegetables and
fruits are handled by the packers every
year. The states having tho largest
number of establishments and furnish
ing tho greater part of the output are
California, Maryland, Illinois, Indiana,
New Jersey, Ohio, Delaware, Iowa and
Maine; the value of tho yearly product
ranging from something over $13,000,
000 In California to something over $1,
000,000 in Maine.
A Liberal Offer.
Domestic Pleaso, sir, tho grocer
and butcher and baker and milkman
aro downstairs, and thoy say thoy
won't leave until they are paid.
Mr. McAubor Hem! Very well; tell
them that if thoy will continue to sup
ply mo with provisions thoy aro wol
como to stay horo and board It out
N. Y. Weekly.
How It Iluppened.
"You say that drink was the causo
of your downfall," said tho kind
hearted visitor at tho jail.
"Yes," answered Meandering Mike.
"I mot a gentleman dat was too In
toxicated to take caro of his money.
An' do tomptatlon was too great."
Sloboy Do you think sho'd marry
mo If I asked her?
Miss Clipper Certainly. "Her age
makes It Imperative. Sho'd marry any
body. Baltimore American.
- ' j- ...rftgv
FOE OF MOSQUITOES.
The Afrnmnmcrmln Ctillel Mny He
I'ropiiKntcil to Exterminate
the Itincct Pent.
Summer resoriera have read with
interest of the discovery by Dr.
Charles Wardell Stiles ofa mosquito
destroyer. Tho now enemy of tho pest
of Now Jersey is not armored and car
ries no torpedoes. It Is an innofen
slve threadworm nbout a quarter of
an inch in length and of tho fineness
of a filament of silk.
Tho honor of tracking him homo
belongs to Prof. John B. Smith, state
entomologist of Now Jersey, who last
year sent to Dr. Stiles, of tho Public
Health department in Washington, tho
CULICIS AND MOSQUITO.
first two specimens of the parasite
upon tho study of which the scientist
has based his theory that a formida
ble foe of the mosquito has been
dragged from retirement.
As far as the process of killing mos
quitoes by tho new method is con
cerned thero is nothing more simple.
One small egg, raw, does tho work
and when once the destroyers have bo
gun, nothing can prevent then from at
least decimating the marsh popula
tlon. The solution of the matter will
be to induce the mosquito to eat th
"Once there was a man," said Prof
Smith in his laboratory In Rutgers
college, New Brunswick, "who adver
tised a remarkable poison for the ex
termination of potato bugs. Tho first
direction he gave was to catch tho bug
and then he advised that as much of
the poison as necessary be forced
down the Insect's throat. When I sent
tho two specimens to Dr. Stiles I did
not anticipate the possibility of ex
terminating the mosquito In a whole
sale fashion. In fact, I had not named
the worm. Dr. Stiles knows much
more about worms than I do and I
seo that he has given the creature the
title of agamomermis culicls.
"As to the origin of this creature we
must confess that I have no informa
tion. I found a fe wof the parasltet
in the mosquitoes last year. The mos
quitoes this season have more. Sta
tistics which I am gathering from va
rlous parts of the state show that In
some localities ten per cent of the
pests are Infected by parasites, and
one lot which I received this morning
from Cape May had 81 infected mos
quitoes out of 151.
"I think that owing to the many
eggs which the worm lays, next year
tho mosquitoes will be fewer. It I
a provision of nature tnat when a spe
cies become so numerous as to bt
troublesome its enemy attacks it with
"Now that is the way it is this yeai
with mosquitoes. They have multi
plied so that there Is no peace, and
the threadworms are after them. It
Is the female mosquito only that bites
human beings, and these thread
worms prevent them from sodoing
"This wholo question which has
been raised by Dr. Stiles is so neu
that I cannot at tho present pass upon
the feasibility of propagating thrcac
worms. I think, however, that somo
thing of tho kind might be done. Eggs
oi tho worms could bo sown in the
breeding places of mosquitoes. They
would hatch out thread worms, which
in turn would la ychousands of eggt
each. These eggs, taken up by the
young mosquitoes, might greatly re
duce tho pest." N. Y. Herald.
Ilody Act nit Miifrnct.
Prof. Muraai, a distinguished Italian
scientist, says that certain persons pos
sess a strange magnetic or electric in
fluence, which produces curious results.
A few days ago while at work on some
electrical experiment, one of his friends
suddenly entered the room, and at the
same moment the needleof his galvanom
eter moved to and fro very rapidly.
Ho was sure that his friend had in ono
of his pockets either a magnet or some
other electrical instrument, and In or
der to convince him that he was mis
taken his friend removed all his clothes.
continued to act.Just as If a pow
erful magnet was near It, and the
closer his friend npproached tho moro
marked its action became. Moreover,
tho front of the body acted on it in tho
samo manner as th positive polo of a
magnet and tho back as a ncgatlvo pole.
Ice Ilenvlcr Tlinn "Water,
By experiments of great accuracy Prof.
Babcock, of tho Wisconsin university,
has shown that half a ton of Ico weighs
oioro than tho water obtained from
melting that quantity of ice. Therefore
tho weight of n body Increases as Its
1 EHLMXED I
SHcwma how J I
Tn AWKWARWId A.
U soar- T v
RAIN AS A PURIFIER.
Thcorr I.onpr Hitld Iiy American
SclcntlHtn Proved by Ilcccut
HcnlthTcfltii In London.
Tho health department has. often
called tho attention of tho public to
tho fact that rain is a great purifier,
and thero Is somo highly Interesting
testimony to tho samo effect in a re
cent number of tho London Lancet,
which Is fortified by references to a
recent examination and analysis.
Beginning with Juno 13 London had
a continuous rainfall for fivo days, tho
total precipitation being estimated at
3.8 inches. On tho third day of tho
period a supply of raindrops was se
cured for an investigation, and It was
found that tho solid matters contained
therein amounted to 9.1 grains per
gallon. Among tho constituents noted
wero common salt, ammonium sul
phate, organic ammonia, soot and sus
pended matters and nitrates. Tho
Lancet assures us that the quantity of
ammonia sulphate, .G52 grains, was re
markable, and that Its chief origin is
the combustion of coal Salt con
trobuted .8 grains and soot and sus
pended matter 5 grains. With this
analysis and an estimate of C.437,229,
8G0 gallons for tho total rainfall over
the London country area as tho basl3
of tho calculation, It Is figured that the
enormous downpour "represents tho
washing out of no less than 3,738 tons
of solid Impurities, of which 330 tons
consisted of common salt, 2G7 tons of
sulphate of ammonia, and 2,000 tons
of soot and suspended matters." An
other Interesting computation is given
as follows: "Regarding tho combus
tion of ono ton of coal to produce 20
pounds of ammonium sulphate (a very
fair average) the quantity, of coal rep
resented by tho storm would be 29,904
Tho Lancet adds that besides tho
purification which is shown by the
analysis there Is a bacteriological puri
fication also, which of course Is a very
Important factor in the beneficent
work of the rain. Chicago Record
Herald. FLIES SPREAD DISEASE.
Why It In Important to ICeep the Lit
tle Inserts Avtuy from AH
In a paper written in 1900 by Dr.
L. O. Howard, chief of the division of I
entomology at Washington, on "The '
Insect Fauna of Human Excrement, I
with Rnpnlnl Pnforondft in lm Cm.on.l 1
of Typhoid 'cver by Files," it was
shown that out of 27,087 flies which
had been caught in different parts of
the country In rooms where food was
exposed, as would ordinarily be the
case In a kitchen or dining room,
more than 98 per cent, of the Insects
so taken were ordinary house flies.
House flies breed to a very large ex
tent in horse manure, but they are
very often attracted and frequently
develop in human excrement. An In
dividual fly lays on an average of
about 120 eggs, which in a few hours
hatch into larvae, or "maggots," and
after another transformation at the
end of ten days eventually become
full-grown adult insects.
When we consider these facts, it Is
not to be wondered at that typhoid
fever often prevails in the country
especially when we consider -the un
sanitary system so often In use foi
tho disposition of human excrement.
Under these conditions every oppor-
HOUSE FLY ON SPONGE CAKE.
tunlty Is Offered for the dissemination
of this disease through the agency of
files, particularly the house lly.
In view of these facts, tho lmpor
tanco of keeping flies out of tho.
kitchen and away from all food sup
plies cannot possibly bo overesti
mated. To this end careful protection
must bo Invoked, and every effort
should be made to eliminate all places
that aro favorable for tho propagation
of flies. Manure pits should bo thor
oughly screened, and where It Is not
practicable to adopt this measure
chloride of lime, If used In libera:
quantities and well sprinkled througl
tho manure, will prevent tho develop
ment of any eggs which may be de
posited in this material. Tho out
house also should bo thoroughly
screened, or better yet, whero practi
cable, should bo done away with alto
gether. Ill no way can tho wastes of
the human 'body bo more easily and
safely disposed of than through the
medium of water. Running water it
now so generally available that there
would seem to bo littlo excuso for not
utilising It In this connection am
thus doing away with tho many .jb
jectionablo features of tho primitive as
tem still so largely In use In tho coun
try. Tho wat.cr-carrIngo Bystom of dis
posal, to bo sure, raises other sanitary
questions, but none that cannot bo sat'
Isfactorlly answered oven In country
placos. Tho cesspool, ouco bo much
ureadod, has at last undor propor
management won for Itsolf scientific
recognition and approval, and coun
try places In which It Is not available
are rare. Country Life In America.
What Is tho "-after with Alfred?
Oh tell me quickly, 3ol
Tlq weeps nloud from dawn till dark,
And suroly you can hear him! Hark
"Boo-hoo! boo-hoo! boo-hoot"
"Vhat Is tho matter with Alfred?
I long1 to know," said I,
"For this Is very hard to bear
To sen him stand In sorrow there
And crj. and cry, and cry."
"The fact Is, sir," his brother said.
"He's In th!a awful state
Because mamma has told him true
He's only six, and a day or two,
And he thought that he was eight."
Cassell's Little Folks.
BURNING PAPER TRICK.
It Will Not Aflllct Any Scrlonn Injury.
Hut Alwnyn Afford I,ot of
Tell somebody that he will not be
able to 1. y.d a strip of paper about six
Inches long with his fingers as soon as
you light the upper end of It. You offer
him tho strip of paper, he will hold It
between thumb and Index finger. You
BURNING PAPER. TRICK.
hold a match to the end a few seconds
and your friend ivlll drop the strip as if
somebody had knocked It out of his
hand, because the strip has burned his
hand badly. Thft strip of paper is pre
pared in the following way:
Take a strip of paper 12 Inches long
and bend It in the middle, curl both
sides by pulling them through your
thumb and a knife held In the hand In
such a way that they stand out like two
clock springs. Lay the strips together,
holding the two ends between tho
thumb and index finger, and to try it
on yourself light the other end. As
soon as the paper Is burned through tho
two parts of the strip will spring back
over your hand and you will drop them
In a hurry. Chicago Tribune.
Then the Storm llroke.
Brown hail a habit of keeping late
hours, and although his better half made
it uncomfortable fo him at times she
failed to cure him of his nocturnal
homecomings. At last she hit upon a
Slr.n to frighten him, so when he came
in one night at his usual hour he saw
a white shrouded figure gliding toward
him along the passage In the moonlight.
"Wh whw v what's that?"
"I am the family ghost," a sepulchral
Brown heaved a sigh of relief. "Great
Scot!" he said. " How you frightened
me! I thought it was tho missus."
Itnccoon AVhlpa nn Encle,
Until recently Isaac Brandlff, of Sa
lem, N. J., had two pets a big bald
eagle and a raccoon. Ho still has the
coon, somewhat tho worse for wear,
but tho bird of freedom is dead. Thero
was a fight, and the little 'coon, after a
desperate battle, won.
I 1 I
' - i i i ' i
Five -Pointed Star Made
With One Snip of Scissors
THE sttjry goes that Betsy Ross re
fused to make a slx-polnted star
for Gen. Washington, and said that the
five-ijolnted ono which sho could mako
with ono snip of her scissors was much
Bet3y Ross was Washington's shirt
mokor. She was a seamstress of moro
than ordinary skill, and so when the flag
committee of congress wanted a design
worked up, Washington, who was a
member of tho committee, suggested tho
deft-fingered Betsy. She accepted tho
commission and members of her family
made tho flags for the United States for
sixty years. Oddly enough these flags
were mado of English bunting, and with
English thread, until somo tlrao in 1870,
when Gen. Ben Butler established a
bunting factory. Ho then got tho con
tract to furnish bunting to tho United
Statos for Its flags, and It was not till
that time that tho Hags became all Amer
ican. It In quite easy to mako Betsy's star,
though It has ofton been disputed that
it could bo dono. Follow directions ex
actly, training the eye as to evonness of
told, and veil can soon do tho folding
t A. 3 f
He Ate Midi Knife mid Knrk, Wn
Very Polite mid l'ollnlieil Ilia
A woman tells of a monkey which
she saw whllo in Paris, which was so
well trained in good manners that it
was almost impossible to believe that
ho did not understand what was Bald
to him Tho Japan Weekly Mall de
scribes tho animal's accomplishments:
When tho woman met tho monkey
suddonly on tho stairs ono day, tho
creature stood In tho corner to allow
her to pass, and when sho said "Good
morning!" ho took off his cap and
"Aro you going away?" she asked.
"Where is your passport?" Pulling
off his cap, ho took from tho crown a
paper, opened it, and showed It to her.
Vhen somo ono observed that her dres3
was dusty, tho courteous monkey took
a brush from tho table, and carefully
brushed her dress and then her shoes.
When anyone gave him food ho al
ways made a low bow beforo taking It.
and then ate it slowly and daintily.
He had been taught to cat eggs with
a spoon, and to use a knlfo and fork.
He could lock and unlock a drawer,
thread a needle, uncork a bottle, and
polish his master's shoes. He seemed
to tako great pleasuro in gay company,
and paid close attention to tho con
versation, looking in turn at each
speaker as if he understood what was
This remarkable monkey was nover
placed on exhibition. He died at nn
early age, of pneumonia.
TRICK WITH MATCHES.
An AniiiMliiKr Experiment it ml Ont
'Hint ciep Full to Create n
Lot of Surprise.
In a plate or basin filled with water
place eight matches in the form of a
star, as shown In the accompanying
picture, taking care that only the lower
part of each match shall become wet,
and next prepare a magician's wand in
such a manner that it will resemble a
short ebony staff with two ivory tips.
A suitable ebony staff can be made by
putting a coat of black varnish on a
small tin tube, and as substitutes for
the ivory tips a small cylindrical pleco
of soap and another of sugar must bo
used. Seeing these white objects at tho
two ends of tho staff, the audience can
readily be made to believe that they
are ivory tips.
If you want the matches to come to
gether, all that is necessary is to dip
the sugar .tipped end of the wand in tho
MANIPULATING THE MATCHES.
water about the center of tho star; foi
the sugar will at once begin to draw the
water into Its pores, and naturally the
matches will crowd together In the
same direction. On the other hand, if
you want the matches to move away
from each other, all that Is necessary ia
to dip the soap-tipped end of the wand
in the water, for the soap will at once
begin to melt, and the water, thrust
back by the fat which has gathered on
Its surface, will, naturally, break up the
starlike formation and drive the match
es in various directions.
This is an amusing trick, and one
which never fails to crcato a good deal
of surprise. N. Y. Herald.
A Mntter of AtmoNphere.
A body weighing one pound on earth
would weigh 27 pounds upon the sun.
; with your eyes shut. Tho proportion oi
the pap?r snouiu bo about five and ono
half to six and ono -half Inches. Fold It
the long way, directly in tho middle.
Then fold over the upper corner as In
first cut, observing the proportions as set
forth thero and rolatlve angle of tho
Fold tho fold exactly over upon Itself
which will mako the lino of tho fold comt
a little below tho right-hand point. Thee
you will have figure two.
Take figure two and double tho fold
back upon and under itself, and you will
have figure three, so that the top sloping
lino will bo exactly oven with tho left
or longer Hue, which will glvo you the
seml-trlangular figure of numbej
Cut tho paper along tho dotted Hqos
If you want a very sharp-pointed stai
cut it higher toward tho left point, tut
leavo tho right-hand point of cutt!n
tho samo, By practicing with pieces oi
paper you can soon got it correct. Thi
star can bo mado on a scalo of as largo i
sizo as is wanted by preserving tho pro-
i portion of ono or two. Washlugtoi