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THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL, FRIDAY. AUGUST 21, 1103.
Dramatic Ctittc ot
The popular plays in America arc
puerile to an extent that is frequently
nary. The type of the American plays is a sort of
vague opcrettc which requires half a dozen in
trigues between an engaged couple that quarrels
and finally readjusts them by becoming married, not
without having danced jigs at every possible oppor
tunity. For and that is decidedly characteristic
all actors in this country know how to dance a jig,
men and women, principals and supers, ami all of
them, whether accompanying a chorus or singing their solos, must
dance in time with some kind of music. The voices arc nearly all
throaty and few of the women know how to sing. The men complete
ly ignore the art of singing.
The American public is, really, ideal. I know of no public that is
of better humor, more complaisant, more patient and easier amused. It
accepts what is offered to it, and makes the best of it. The actors prac
tically do as they please with their parts. The comedians and the in
genues rule the house. They do not have to play the piece at all. All
j they have to do is to say something, make a grimace, or do some clown
ash trick or perpetrate some bad pun, and everybody laughs. That is
pljthe humor of persons who have been deprived of all pleasure for 20
V 'Tears and, after a good dinner, po to some show in the evening.
Mv l W'" k cas"y understood that, under those conditions, the public
s h cares nothing for the play, its literary value, or the manner in which
it is mounted. I have seen comedians remain for a quarter of an hour
in the same place, all the time carrying on some trivial tomfoolery,
nicver even moving. If I think of the pains which men like Porcl or
Samuels take to make their characters move, to prepare their entrances
nnd exits and their evolutions upon the scene ! All that is completely
ignored here, and one does not seem to have the time to learn it. I
There was something, however, in the chaos of American stage life j
which struck me as being the most original and delicious creation I met
-with in the United States : I mean the dancing of the chorus girls. I !
really fear that if it does not soon do something serious in its own de
fense the old Italo-Frcnch ballet will soon be a thing of the past.
1M. .1 r i. -1 1- 1 ; 1 -1-- i -f : :..
iiv ' uantc ui im: Liiuius gins
t wnsiiiiuie, 01 animating mc gestures, anu 01 matting me wnoic uouy
.speak, so to say, with incomparable grace and most seductive charm.
That combination of song and dance makes American art a new
and national art, which contains all the conditions necessary to become
71 classical art, destined to replace that which in the course of centuries
3ias become commonplace.
The Epidemic of Lynching
By PROFESSOR JAMES,
Ot Harvard College.
HA1 we need in this
more appeals to action and less to sentiment. But action
should come before it is too late. We have arrived at a
crucial period. The question is: Shall law or the mob
rule? Lynching, which is nothing less than a manifesta
tion of anarchy, is becoming more widespread every day.
Lynch law, which is mob law, to-day is epidemic. North, south, east
and west arc witnessing a social reversion to a primordial execution
There arc three ways in which this epidemic of lynching might
lie extirpated. First, by the newspapers stopping publication of re
ports of lynchings. Secondly, by the officers of the law doing their
duty to the utmost. Thirdly, by the judicial indictment and convic
tion of the mob leaders. If the first of these methods could be put
into practice the other methods would become superfluous, for lynch
ing would stop. The social retrogression which we are witnessing is
being hurried on by what is known as yellow journalism. The mor
bid appetite dormant in our natures is being pandered to by sensa
tional journalism. This pandering is productive in the public mind of
discontinuity of thought and purpose; it is productive of .incoherent
stimulation. The effect of this violent stimulant on the public tone
would naturally be to produce the momentary excitement which sweeps
.away permanent principles.
We ought to have special legislation securing for every sheriff
or every deputy absolute immunity from vengeance or retaliation in
-cases where it becomes necessary for him to use force to guard his
prisoner and maintain the dignity of the law. The sheriff should feel it
liis duty to oppose a threatening mob with all the force at his command.
h be plain, when the mob threatens the sheriff should fire instantly
and effectively. A mob is cowardly. It represents the many led b;;
the few. It has no deep purpose, no sincere convictions; consequently
it is not prepared to make sacrifices. The appetite for excitement is
apt to be dulled by looking into the barrel of a gun.
The fiction of the "leading citizens" should be exploded. I would
Jiavc that kind of "leading citizen" hanged.
These drastic measures alone will check the drift toward a race war.
Ignorance the Enemy of Mankind
By LESTER WARD,
Well-Known Sociologist of tho Smithsonian Institute, Washington.
HE great enemy of mankind is ignorance; the weapon to
combat it is truth. Ignorance is a condition which is felt on
every hand and is that from which mankind suffers. Truth
is its sworn foe, but the problem winch confronts the soci
ologist and reformer is the practical application of the rem
edy tn the disease so that the disease may be eradicated and
To inculcate truth in mankind there is need of educa
tion in the largest sense of the word education of society
by society. A higher force exerting its uplifting influence
upon the lower masses and transforming them from darkness to light;
from ignorance to intelligence1, from the unwholesome to the whole
some. Society in its work upon' society has a tremendous responsibility
and a most hopeful task.
Sociology has to do with the soul of man, of which the mind is
only the eye. Sociology strikes deep, and seeks to create new conditions,
and a new manhood and womanhood in those improved conditions. As
the eyes sec the steps are directed. If the mind can be wedded to
truth and made to see aright,- its influence is felt over all the relations
of life, Sociology aims to get at the root of the matter. Truth is its
equipment in the great task before it. Education to receive the truth
is the secret of its methods.
(he Paris l'igaro.
lias revivcu inc an 01 moving 111
matter of lynching or mob rule is
Section of Republic Which Offers
Capital Rich Returns.
The State AlniiK the flnlf In lie
Uxtrcnie Southern (liinrtcr of
the Country Arc Hmloneil
with Fertile bull.
If you nro looking for a placo to Hvo
cheaply and n quick way to malco plenty
of money, fold up your tent nnd follow
the first UlrdEt to fly from, tho coming
winter. Do not stop at lovely San An
tonio, nor along the hills and valleys of
central Mexico, but follow on till to the
south of Vera Cruz, In the southern
quarter of the great republic, you come
to the states along the gulf.
Here you will find all that God has
given to make man Independent and suf
ficient unto himself.
A resident of this fertile country has
but few clothes to buy, for It Is too
warm to wear any; but littlo food to
purchase, for tho most luscious fruits
S J- S UsfoJS "JtfyliW
FRUITS GO A BEGGING.
nnd the choicest vegetables grow rank
on every side.
There is practically no expense con
nected with building a homo, for ma
terial is going to waste and a few hours'
work will construct as comfortable a
home as you can find In the neighbor
hood. Surely the most critical can ask
no more convenient spot.
A glowing tropic sun, copious rainfall,
never a nipping frost or a blighting
drought to blast the hopes and expecta
tions of the planter.
On some of the coast counties the rain
fall is so heavy at certain portions of the
year that the water lilies may be found
on the tops of the hills, and this Is pos
The chief industry you will find con
sists in the raising of coffee, sugar, rub
ber and tropical fruits, particularly the
finest oranges in the world.
Everything grows with but little care
or attention, and all In great profusion,
nnd of the most superior quality.
The labor question Is In Mexico, as
seemingly in every other country, the
most vexatious problem of the day. It Is
really most difficult, and at times almost
Impossible, to find competent or Incom
petent hands to work on the plantations
The Mexicans, for the most part, will
refuse absolutely to perform any kind
of systematic labor, or, rather, they will
not refuse, but promise most profoundly
and then simply do as they please. A
few hours' work and then a day's rest is
the common method among the more re
liable; with the others, it Is work an
hour or two, borrow a few pennies and
then reist and beg till driven by sheer
necessity to go to work again.
Perhaps, though, theirs is the best
philosophy; they have enough to eat,
something to wear and a place to lay
their heads what Is there more?
Of late years, since the railroads have
pushed further'south, gangs of Italians
have been imported and worked In the
fields. This has not proved successful,
however, and such attempts will al
ways fail as long as the men are brought
alone and the families left behind. Thero
is some talk of Italian colonization, but
whether that Is practical or not remains
to bo seen.
Some Idea of the fertility of the coun
try may be gleaned through a glance at
the prices recelvedjhere for the choice
fruit in comparison to what we pay for
much Inferior goods.
Oranges, twice the size of our market
able article, go begging at four or five
cents a dozen; bananas aro grown for
tho shade the reo gives and sell for a
few' cents a bunch; pineapples for three
to five cents, and lemons for (hreo for a
penny. This, of course, is on the ground,
and thero Is really no fixed price, as tho
natives ask what you will give before
stating their price..
Do you see why, with a little money
nnd a contented mind, a disregard for
snakes and a love of tho beautiful, a
long, care-free life may he passed in
tho tropic noon of lovely Mexico; and
more, a fortune growing Independently
in reach of your hand.
linn t'o Do It.
"Qulllpolnt Is a queer chap. Ho seems
to seo something that no one clso can
seo In ovory picture ho looks at."
"Ho can't help it. Ho makes puzzle
pictures for a living." Cincinnati Com
mercial Tribune. N
"No," said Woodby, "I don't seo Wise
man at all any nioro. Ho has dropped
out of our social set."
"He tells a different story," remarked
"Yes; ho claims ho climbed out."
Catholic Standard and TJmcB.
Hotter I'urt of Vnlor.
"Aren't you going to fight him?"
(Gnashing hla teeth) "No! That's
what ho wants mo to do. Think I'm
going to do anythliig to, oblige a scoun
drel like ulm?" Chicago Tribune,
, 'fhtrm'l v '111
SW .. .. j . ,Si
rfssr; t -
Seward Peninsula, in Alaska, G17
ing Up Much Yellow Gold-
IlcKlnn Where Tlioiinnnil of Minor
Arc ill Work w lth I'lclc, Miovcl nnd
l'un lletter TruiifinortiUlun
Will Ojicn Up (ircut Area.
Tho actual placer mining operations
In Alaska during 1902, or at least tho
greater part, were cavrled on in the pe
ninsula extending Into the Behrtngsea,
north of St. Michaels, which has been
named the Soward peninsula. The ouo
serious difficulty which hinders the de
velopment of this great and promising
area is tho lack of transportation. But
It Is through this section of Alaska that
the proposed link of the all-rail route to
Paris would extend, and when such
transportation facilities are' obtained
the $5,500,000 output of last year will bo
increased many fold.
Because this little area Is yielding at
present nearly all the placer gold that Is
coming from Alaska another map has
been prepared to show In detail tho
parts of tho peninsula where thousands
of miners are at work with pick, shovel
and washing pan. The map here pre
sented shows all the Important locations
In the peninsula where mining Is in
progress, and also the large area of-
placer grounds where It Is believed thero
Is plenty of pay dirt, though as yet only
the most accessible mining districts are
Not long ago the beach at Nome, in
the southwest corner of the peninsula,
alone represented the mining Industry
In this district; but to-day mining is In
progress on many of the streams and
gulches in tho Interior of the peninsula,
and though Nome Is still the greatest
producer, the other districts contribute
a large amount of gold dust to the total
The large -Increase In the output of
Ophlr creek, a northern tributary of the
Nlukluk, Is of special Interest. Its pro
duction In 1B02 was over $1,000,000.
This stream was one of the first on
which gold was discovered in the Seward
peninsula, and for several years was
spasmodically worked; but It Is only
1Z3 V ttvmtrtr untt.
33 6n 6t4n Aitmrx
PLACER GOLD REGIONS OF SEWARD
since the Introduction of systematic
methods of mining and extraction that
Ophlr creek has become' one of the lar
gest producers of the rpgion.
These facts augur well for the future
of the Seward peninsula placer fields. It
is believed that other streams will have
a history similar to that of Ophlr creek.
In nearly every case thus far the first
work is done along the channels of the
stream. When these are worked outthe
prospectors turn their attention to th
benches and terraces, which often yield
In somo cases, however, the miners
neglect thoroughly to prospect tha ter
races and benches, nnd they have also
abandoned placers which, In the opin
ion of members of the geological survey,
may still carry gold In paying quanti
ties. In Anvil creek last year the most im
portant development was In the aurifer
ous gravels of the benches, which are
found on both sides of the valley. This
gave a new Impetus to mining.
The high-bench gravels from 500 to
800 feet above the sea were discovered In
1D00 and are still in process of develop
ment. Some of them have great depth
and the extraction of the gold Involves
Tho tundra, or coastal plain, placers
back of Nome aro still worked, but their
development is not yet commensurate
with their probable importance. It Is
believed that the gravels of this coastal
plain carry many workablo placers.
TUey aro a few feet above and below
sea level, are mined through shallow
trenches, and operations havo been ham
pered by lack of facilities for handling
the surface water. When an economic
method of mining these gravels in a
large way has been devised handsome
profits will certainly bo made.
Everything points to the probability
that tho greatest placer mining interests
of Alaska may, for years to come, bo cen
tered In tho Seward peninsula; and It
I will not be surprising to hear at any
tlmo of most Important developments In
tho regions shown on tins map as gold
producing, but In which littlo or no
work has as yet been done.
The Snlve Thnt Cured.
"Why, Sharpe, I'm glad to seo you so
lively ugaln. You woio quite lame when
I last mot you."
"Oh! yes; I was awfully lamo then.
But that was before I got a verdict cf
$5,000 against tho railway company."
An AH Wool Defect.
Patron I wouldn't take this pair Nt
all wool undershirts for a gift.
Clork Why not?
Patron Because tho first tlmo they
como from the wash thoy'U be a pair f
wrlBtlots. N. Y. Herald,
iq wt tfc) m h fcw f rfl '
NICE BANANA DISHES.
Three Itrelpon Which Are Worth
lMllntc Aivnr 'or 1iyn When
Other I'rult In Scarce.
When other fruit Is scarce bananas
aro very useful and most popular. These
dishes aro all excellent, says the Chi
Banana fritters Peel nnd slice the
frul't lengthwise, using a silver knife.
Scatter the slices with sugar and over
all put a littlo rum, liquor or wlno, and
soak for a quarter of an hour. Have
ready a good frying batter which has
soaked an hour. Dip each piece of ba
nana into it and fry to a golden brown
In deep fat. Drain and serve on a nap
kin, with sugar.
Baked bananas Select large ripe ba
nanas, cut off all stalk and put on a piece
of buttered paper in a steady oven.
Bake slowly till the skins begin to split,
then remove all tho skin, put the fruit
on an entree uisn anu garnisn witn
stiffly beaten cream. Scatter over glace
Bananas and sirup Heat in a china
lined saucepan one pint of red currant
and raspberry juice, sweetened to taste.
(This may be made from preserve If de-
sired.) When boiling drop into it one
dozen peeled bananas and simmer very
Eently for 20 minutes. Add a few drops
of lemon juice. Remove the bananas,
boil up tho sirup, and when It is thick
pour over tho fruit. N. B. To produce
the sirup from preserves boil it In water
and strain through a cloth.
In n Cnne of I'oInoii Iy.
In a case of poison ivy try a solution
of baking soda or a weak solution of
sugar of lead. Mackerel brine from the
Hit In tho farm cellar or a tomato from
the vines will also be found effectual.
iHERE Is only one good way to
tejj bathe a baby. That only a few
jfe"! mothers know about it is no
fault of mothers as a class, but Is duo
to the fact that there is only ono phy
sician in Chicago whose nurses are
trained in it. For (the truth must
be told) It was a father, not a mother,
who thought out this bit of nursery
wisdom. It's as simple, too, as it is
good. This is how you do it:
Add to the furnishing of your nur
sery a small table. An ordinary Hitch
en table, with a few inches sawed off
Its legs will do, although one that is
lighter and more easily handled Is bet
ter. The only real requisite Is that
BABY IN THE TUB.
it bo oblong and largo enough to hold
When It Is tlmo for the bath draw
tho tablo up cozlly to tho open fire,
If the day Is chill enough to warrant
a fire. Cover It first with a small
woolen blanket and then with a big
bath towel. Arranso tho towel length
wise, so that ono edgo comes just to
tho edgo of tho tablo nearest you,
whllo tho rest falls over tho edgo next
tho flro, so thnt It may bo warming.
Tho best kind of tub Is mado of rub
ber cloth, draped on a folding frame.
This Is so soft that tho tender skin
cannot bo hurt by contact with Its
surface. But It Is likewise expensive.
nnd an ordinary tin or enamel tub nn
swers every purpose Whatever kind
your tub may be, bring it to tho right
of the table, conveniently near. Havo
at hand a bowl containing puro cas
tllo soap and a soft spongo and a soft
linen towel. Last of all, bring In tho
water and the bath thermometer! It
will toll no lies about tho temperature
of the water, and a hand oven a care
ful maternal hand sometimes does, a3
tho howls and ahlvors of many a mis
erable Infant havo borno witness.
When tho thormomotor says that
tho water Is Just 100 degrees hang It
up and close tho door. You aro ready
Tako off tho littlo clothes. Don't
ba afraid If tho room is warm (and it
HIGH ART IN SERVING.
Rmplierry Ice frenm In Plnenppt
Shell In n tVnTclty of Gen
Cut off tho top of a. largo pineapple,
then with n strong spoon scoop out
tho pulp, separating It from tho hard
core, which should bo rejected. Sugar
tho fruit, lot It slnnd somo time, then
pour off ono cupful ot juice. Trim tho
pincapplo-shell at tho bottom, so it
will stand firm, and chill In the re
frigerator. Mash well ono pint of red
raspberries, add one-fourth of a cupful
of water, ono-half cupful of sugar, and
tho plucapplc-julec, and cook the nilx-
IN PINEAPPLE SHELL.
turo several minutes. Take from tho
stove, add the Julco of ono lemon, moro
sugar if needed, and strain through,
cheese-cloth. Beat ono quart of cream
and ono cupful of sugar until light and
frothy, flavor with vanilla, and frcezo
as ice-cream; when half frozen add tho
fruit-juice, nnd finish freezing. Fill
Into the pineapple-shell, set it In a
deep mold or tho freezer-can, and let
it stand packed in ice and salt for an
hour or longer. Servo on a plate cov
ered with a dolly. Amelia Sulzbacher,
In Good Housekeeping.
Hon- to Trent n limine.
The best treatment for a bruise Is an
immediate application of hot fomenta
tions. After that witch hazel, vinegar
and hot water, or alcohol and water,
put on with a bandage and often mois
tened. always should bo) of playing for a
minute or cuddling tho littlo, round,
warm, bare body before you settlo
down to business. Colds don't como
that way. And babies havo such a
horrid way of growing up.
Now put that baby on tho tablo
on Us back.- (Apologies to Miss Baby.)
With clear water wash his faeo and
head, using plenty ot water, so that
ho blinks and splutters under the del
uge he'll hnve no doubt of tho naturo
of the event that's befalling him.
Wipe his faco on tho linen towel,
so that It may not become chapped.
Then take soap lots of soap and wa
ter, too, upon the spongo and cover
his whole small person with a good
lather, paying special attention to tha
creases, where the fat rolls up on his
neck and arms and legs. ,
When ho looks like a frosted cake,
he's ready for tho tub. While ho Is
splashing In tho warm water move tho
bath towel over so that a dry portion
rests on the table. Now, with a last
dip and splash for good measure, lift
him out on tho table, fold tho dry end
of the towel over him, and rub him
briskly. You can polish him off in
your lap If you want to, using tho lit
tle old linen towel to supplement tho
bath towel, which will be by this time
pretty wet. Slip a cotton pad across
your knee before you tako him, and
when ho is at last thoroughly dry give
him a good rubbing back and legs,
and shoulders, especially with tho
palm of your hand. Ho'll like It, and
so will you.
No powder! If, ho be thoroughly
dried he doesn't need It.
If you'vo left any smnll pools of
water on him all tho powder in tho
world won't dry them out, and you'll
havo a raw and angry looking skin to
remind you of your carelessness or
haste, or both.
Now he's ready for his clothes, his
bottle, and his nap. If you'vo chosen
your bath hour wisely, so that ho Is
neither too hungry nor too sleepy,
you'll find that your baby will enjoy
every moment of such a bath, sinco
from beginning to end ho has boon
The only tlmo ho Is likely to dis
play any Indignation Is when his
clothes go on tho protest of tho free
man, tho untrammeled savage, against
tho hampering conventions of civillzsd
Now Just a word as to tho hour ot
tho bath, and this lecture is ended.
Everybody knows that a bath, propor
ly given, is most soothing and sleop
Inducing. All mothers count on this
fact or should to help them begullfr
their offspring into a long morning's
nap. As most littlo babies aro ready
for a feeding between nlno nnd ten
o'clock In tho morning, n good hair
hour boforo "bottle tlmo" is tho right
tlmo for the plungo. It sometimes
happens, howovor, that somo slight Ir
regularity In tho feeding occurs, and
tho bottlo must bo given an hour or
moro boforo "bottlo tlmo." To far too
many mothers this means trotting to
sleep, or rocking to sleop, or, worst
I of nil, walking to sleep, afterwards.
Don't! After tho baby Is clenn and
dressed givo him warm milk In his
bottle. Ho'll tako It most gratefully
and bo off into dreamland In no time,
while you go away to your marketing
soreno tn tho consciousness of good
deeds well done. Chicago Trlbuuo.