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THE PERRYSBURG. O., JOURNAL, FRIDAY, APRIL 2fl, 101;;.
US 1 III1IG
Graphic Description Given
By a Reporter.
1,726 Lives Lost In This Most
Appalling of All Sea Tragedies
Boat Strikes Berg and Then
- Boilers Explode Brave Men
and Women Meet Death With
BY CARTER P. HURD.
BtH Reporter, N. Y. World, ttJio
rived on the Cnrpnthln.
(Copj-rlcht, 101S, by Pulllrer rulillsli-
Injr Compnnj-J nil rlelitn rencrveil.
Any Tlolnllon ot thin conj-rlcht -trill
lie vJsoroimly prosecuted by the N.
New York, April 19. Seventeen
hundred lives Uie figures will hardly
vary In either direction by more than
a few dozen were lost In the sinking
of the Titanic which struck nn Ice
berg at 11:45 p. m. .Sunday and was
at the ocean's bottom 2 hours and 35
Tho printed rollB of first and sec
ond cabins, compared with tho list of
tho survivors on tho Carpathia, show
that of 341 first-cabin passengers, 212
were saved, 154 of them women and
children; and that of 2G2 second
cabin paasongors, 115 were Bavcd, 102
of them women and children, of the
third-class passengers, 800 in num
ber, 13G survive, of whom 83 are
women and children.
Of 985 ofllcers nnd crew, 199, in
cluding 22 women, reached tho Car
pathia. A few In each class doubtless
escaped enumeration on the Carpa
thia. 1.G88 Are Unaccounted For.
Accepting the estlmato of tho Car
pathian offlrors that 700 survivors
reached the ahlp, comparison with tho
total, 2,388, Bhows that 1.68S are un
Thero is but the faintest hope that
any of these reached any other ship.
Roports that tho California, a cattle
ship, may have rescued a few persons,
have given merciful respite from ut
ter despair to some of tho women.
Cause, responsibility and similar
questions regarding the stupendous
disaster will be taken up in time by
tho British marine authorities. No
disposition has been shown by any
survivor to question the courage of
tho crew, hundreds of whom saved
others and gave their own lives with
a heroism which equated, but could
not exceed that of John Jacob Astor,
Henry B. Harris, Jacques Futrello and
others In "the long list of tho first
Officers Knew Icebergs Were Near.
Facts which I have established by
Inquiries on tho Carpathia, as posi
tively as they could be established In
view of the silence of the few surviv
ing ofllcers, are:
That the Titanic's officers know,
several hours before the crash, of tho
possible nearness of Icebergs.
That the Titanic's speed, nearly 23
knots an hour, was not slackened.
That the number of lifeboats on the
Titanic was insufficient to accommo
date much more than one-third of tho
passengers, to say nothing of tho
crew. Most members of the crew
say thero were 1G lifeboats and two
collapsibles; none say there wero
more than 20 boats In all. Tho 700
who escaped filled most of the 1G life
boats and tho one collapsible which
got away to the limit of their capac
ity. "Women First" Rule Enforced.
That tho "women first" rule, In
some cases, was applied to tho extent
of turning back men who wero with
their families, even though not enough
women to fill the boats were at hand
on that particular part of tho deck.
Some few boats wero thus lowered
without being completely filled, but
most of these were soon filled with
sailors and stewards, picked up out
of the water, who helped man them.
That the bulkhead system, though
probably working In the manner In
tended, availed only to delay the
ship's sinking, tho position and length
of the ship's wound (on the starboard
quarter) admitted icy water which
caused tho boilers to explodo. and
'these explosions practically broke the
inhlp In two.
Bulkheads Rendered Ineffective.
Had the ship struck the Iceberg
head-on, at whntover speed, and with
whntover resultant shock, tho bulk
head Bystem of water-tight compart
ments would probably lmvo saved ho
vessel. As ono man expressed It, It
was the "Impossible" that happened
when, with a shock unbelievably mild,
the ship's side was torn for a length,
which mado tho bulkhead system in
effective. The Titanic was 1,799 mllea from
Queonstown and 1,191 miles from
New York, speeding for a maiden voy
age record. Tho night .was starlight,
tho eea glassy Lights wero out in
most of tho staterooms, and only two
or three congenial groups remained
In tho public rooms.
In the crow'B nest, or lookout, and
on tho brldgo, officers and members
of tho crow wero at their places,
awaiting relief at midnight from their
jtwo hqurs' watch,
j Danger Warning Sounded.
At 11: 45 came the sudden sound of
two gongs, a warning of Immediate
Tho crash against the lceborg which
had been sighted at only a quartor of
a "milo, camo almost simultaneously
with tho click of tho lovers operated
by thoso on the brldgo, which stopped
the engines and closed tho water
Captain Smith was on tho brldgo a
moment later giving orders for tho
summoning of all on board, and for
tho putting on of life-preservers and
tho lowering of lifeboats.
Many Men In First Boats.
The first boats lowered contained
moro men than tho latter ones, as the
men wero on deck first and not
enough women to fill them,
"When, a moment later, tho rush of
frightened women nnd crying chil
dren to tho deck began, enforcement
of tho "women first" rule became rigid.
Ofllcers loading some of tho boats
drew revolvers, but In most cases the
men, both passengers and crow, be
haved in a way that called for no such
Report Captain Shot Self.
Revolver shots, heard by many
persons shortly before tho end of the
Titanic, caused many rumors. One
was that Captain Smith shot himself,
another was that First Officer Mur
dock ended his life. Smith, Murdock
and Sixth Officer Moody aro known
to havo been lostl Tho surviving of
ficers, LIghtoller, Pitman, Bothall and
Lowe have made no statement.
Members of tho crow discredit all
reports of suicide, and say Captain
Smith remained on tho brldgo until
Just before tho ship sank, leaping only
after those on tho decks had been
washed away. It Is also related that,
when a cook later sought to pull
him aboard a lifeboat ho exclaimed:
"Let mo go!" and, Jerking awny, went
What became of the men with life
preservers Is a question asked sinco
tho disaster by many persons. The
MOST DREADED PART
preservers rild their work of support
ing thoir wearers in the water until
tho ship went down. Many of those
drawn Into the vortex, despite the
preservers, did not como up again.
Dead bodies floated on the surface as
tho last boats moved away.
Band Plays as Ship Sinks.
To relate that tho ship's string band
gathered In tho saloon, near the end,
and played "Nearer, My God, to
Thee," sounds like an attempt to give
an added solemn color to a scene
which was in itself the climax or sol
emnity. But various passengers and
survivors of tho crow agree in tho
declaration that they heard the music.
To some of the hearers, with hus
bands among the dying men In tha
water and at the ship's rail, the strain
brought in .thought tho words:
"So, by my woes I'll bo
Nearer, my God, to theo,
Nearer to theo."
"Women and children first," was the
order in tho filling of the Titanic's
lifeboats. How well that order was
fulfilled tho list of missing first and
second cabin passengers bears elo
quent witness. "Mr." is beforo almost
Chce Death With Husbands.
Mrs. Isldor Straus, who choso death
rather than to leave her husband's
sldo; Mrs. Allison, who remained bo
low with hor husband and daughter,
and others who, in various wayB wero
kept from entering tho lino of thoso
to bo saved, aro striking examples of
those who faced the disaster calmly.
To most of tho passengers the mid
night crash did not seem of terrillo
force. Brldgo players in tho smoking
room kept on with their game.
Onco on deck, many hesitated to
entor the cwlnglng lifeboats. Tho
glassy sea, tho starlit sky, the ab
sence, in tho first few minutes, or in
tense excitement, gavo them tho fool
ing that there was only some alight
mishap that thoso who got Into tho
Remarkable Heroism Dis
played by All.
Enforcement of the Rule "Women
First" Sunders Family Ties"
Forever Famous Americans
Show Elements of Strong Man
hoodPassengers in Lifeboats
Watch Great Steamer Sink.
boats would havo a chilly half hour
bolow, nnd might later bo laughed at.
It was such a feoling as this, from
all accounts, which caused John Ja
cob Astor and his wire to rofuoo tho
places offered them In tho first boat
and to retire to tho gymnasium. In
tho samo way H. J. Allison, Montreal
banker, laughed at the warning, and
his wlfo, reassured by him, itook hor
time about dressing. They and their
daughter did not reach the Carpathia.
Thoir son, less than two yoaro old,
was carried Into a lifeboat by his
nurse and was taken In chargo by
MaJ. Arthur Peuchcn.
Tho admiration felt by passengers
and crew for the matchlessly appoint
ed vessel was translated, In those
first few moments, Into a contldenco
which, for some, proved deadly.
Lifeboats Are Ladklng.
In tho loading of the first boat, re
strictions of sex wero not mado, and
it seemed to tho men who piled In be
sldo tho women that thero would bo
boats enough for all. But tho ishlp's
ofllcers knew better than this, and as
tho spreading fear caused an earnest
advance toward tho suspended craft
the order, "Women first!" was heard,
and tho men wero pushed aside.
To the scenes of tho next two hours
OF ATLANTIC OCEAN.
on those decks and in tho waters be
low, such adjectives as "dramatic"
and "tragic" do but poor Justice. With
tho knowledge of deadly peril gaining
greater power each moment over
those men and women, the nobility
of tho greater part, both among cabin
passengers, officers, crow and steer
age, asserted itself.
Straus Held Back by Guard.
Isldor Straus, supporting his wife
on hor way to a lifeboat, was held
back by an lnexorablo guard. Another
officer strove to help her to a seat of
safety, but she brushed away his arm
and clung to her husband, crying, "1
will not go without you."
Another woman took hor place, and
her form, clinging to hor husband's,
became part of a picture now drawn
Indelibly in many minds. .Neither wire
nor husband, so far as anyone knows,
reached a place of safety.
Aotor and Wife Part.
Colonel Astor, , holding his wife's
arm, stood decorously asldo as tho
officers spoko to him, and Mrs. Astor
and her maid wero ushered to seats.
Mrs. Henry B. Harris parted in llko
manner from hor husband, saw him
last at tho rail, beside Colonel Astor.
Walter M. Clark of Los Angeles,
nephow of tho Montana senator,
Joined tho lino of men as his young'
wlfo, sobbing, was placed In one of
"Lot him como! Thero Is room!"
cried Mrs. Emll Taussig as tho men
of tho White Star lino motioned to
hor husband to leave her. It was with
difficulty that he released her hold to
permit her to bo led to her place,
George D. Widener, who had been
In Captain Smith's company a low
moments aftor the crash, was an
other whoso wife was parted from
uim and lowered, a moment later, to
the surfaco of tho calm aca.
Butt, Haya and Stead Lost.
Of Major Archlo Butt, a favorite
with his fellow tourists; of Charles M,
Haya, president of the Grand Trunk;
of Benjamin Guggcnholm, and of Wil
liam T. Stead, no ono aoems to know
whothor thoy tarried too long In thoir
statoroomB or whether they forebore
to approach tho fOBt filling boats,
Nono of thorn was In the throng
which, weary hours afterward, roached
Pistols Check 8teerane Men.
Simultaneously on tho uppor decks
of tho ship tho ropes creaked with the
lowering of boats, nnd as they roached
tho water thoso in tho boats saw
what thoso on tho docks could not
see that tho Titanic was listing rap
Idly to starboard, nnd that hor stern
was rising at a portentious angle. A
rush of steerage men toward tho
boats was chocked by officers with
rovolvers In hand.
Some of tho boats, crowded too full
to givo rowers a chance, drifted for a
tlmo. Nono had provisions 'or water,
thero was a lack of covering from tho
icy air. and tho only HghtB wero tho
still undlmmed arcs and IncandcscontB
of tho sottllng ship, savo for one of
tho first boats. Thero a steward, who
explained to tho passengers that ho
bad been, shipwrecked twice beforo,
appeared carrying throe oranges and a
Green Lantern as Savior.
That green light, many or the Bur
vlvors say, was to tho shipwrecked
hundreds as tho pillar of flro by night.
Long after tho ship had disappeared,
and while confusing falso lights
danced about the boats, tho green lan
tern kept them together on tho course
which led thorn to tho Carpathia.
As tho end of tho Titanic becamo
manifestly but a matter of moments,
tho oarsmen pulled their boats away,
and tho chilling wators began to echo
splash after splash as passengers and
sailors In life preservers leaped over
and started swimming away to es
capo tho expected suction.
Icy Water Brings Death.
Only tho hardiest of constitutions
could endure for more than a few mo
ments such a numbing bath. Tho
first vigorous strokes gave way to
heartbreaking cries of "Help! Help!"
and stiffened forms were seen, the
faces relaxed In death.
Revolver shots wero heard In the
ship's last moments. Tho first report
spread among the boats was that Cap
tain Smith had ended his life with a
bullet. Then-tit was said that a mato
had shot a steward who tried to push
his way upon a boat against orders.
Nono of these talcs have" been veri
fied, and many of tho crew say tho
captain, without a preserver, leaped
in at the last and went down, refusing
a cook's offered aid.
Lest Lifeboat Is Capsized.
Tho last of the boats, a collapsible,
was launched too late to get away,
and was overturned by tho ship's
sinking. Some of thoso in it all, say
some witnesses found safety on a
raft, or were picked up by lifeboats.
In the Marconi tower,- almost to tho
last, the loud click of the sending In
strument was heard over the watera.
-Who was receiving the message, those
In tho boats did not know, and they
would least of all have supposed that
a Mediterranean ship In the distant
South Atlantic track would b' their
Music Was a Sacrament.
Ab the screams in tho water multi
plied another Bound was heard, strong
at first, then fainter in the distance.
It was tho melody of tho hymn,
"Nearer, My God, to Thee," played by
tho string orchestra In tho dining
saloon. Some of those on the water
started to sing the words, but grew
silent aB they realized that for tho
men who played, the music was a sac
rament soon to be consummated by
death. The scrcno strains of tho
hymn and tho frantic cries of the dy
ing blended in a symphony of sorrow.
Titanic Goes to Bottom.
Led by the green light, under the
light of tho stars, tho boats drew
away, and tho bow, then tho quarter,
then the stacks, and at last tho stern
of the marvel-ship of a few days be
foro passed beneath tho waters. Tho
great force of the ship's sinking was
unaided by any violence of the ele
ments, and the suction, not bo great
as had been feared, rocked but mildly
tho group of boats now a quarter of a
mlledistant from. It.
Sixteen boats were In tho forlorn
procession which entered on the terri
ble hours of rowing, drifting and sus
pense. Women wept for lost hus
bands and sons. Sailors sobbed for
the ship which had been their pride.
Men choked back tears and sought to
comfort tho widowed. Perhaps, they
said, other boats might havo put off In
another direction toward tho last.
Thoy strove, though none too sure
themselves, to convince tho women or
the certainty that a rescue ship would
Carpathia Brings Joy.
Early dawn brought no ship, but not
long after 5 a. m. tho Carpathia, far
out of her path and making 18 knots
nn hour instead of her wonted 15,
showed her single rod and black
smokestack upon the horizon. In tho
Joy of that moment, the heaviest
griefs wero forgotten.
Soon afterward, Captain llostron
and Chief Steward Hughes were wel
coming tho chilled and bedraggled
arrivals over the Carpathla's side.
Tho list of survivors given out after
the Carpathia reached port did, not
contain the name of Arthur Ityorson,
formerly of Chicago, although tho
other members of his family woro
saved. Miss Ellzaboth Isham of Chi
cago is not In the list of rescued, 10.
G. Lowy, Chicago Jeweler, was not on
A survivor says tho crow acted with
great courage but not with moro
heroism than wns shown by John Ja
cob Astor, Jncquoa Futrello and othors
of tho noted passengers who perished.
POINTER HERE FOR FARMER
One Good Thing, at Least, That Ho
May Placo to tho Credit of
Tho farmer may not vonorate tha
nutomobllo, but ho must admit that,
although tho automobllo teaches oth
ers extravagance, It has taught him a
very valuable lesson In economy.
Everybody knows how plant llco, or
aphis, overrun and doatroy plants and
how tho boIo protection against plant
llco has heretofore bcon patent pow
ders moro or less costly.
But of lato years farmers havo no
ticed that, while all tho plants in field
or garden woro covered with aphis, nil
tho roadsido growths, white with dust
from flying automobiles, had not a
slnglo aphis on thorn.
Hcnco an experiment. Turnips, poaa
and cabbages woro coated with ordi
nary dust instead of costly powdor.
Result, dlsappcaranco of all Insect par.
Tho automobllo, In a word, has
taught tho farmer that dust, which
costs nothing, will protect his plants
from plant llco and other pests Just as
completely aB tho most expensive
ALMOST CRAZY WITH ECZEMA
"I, tho undersigned, cannot givo
enough praise to tho Cuticura Rom
edics. I had been doctoring for at
least a year for eczema on my foot. I
had tried doctor after doctor all to
no avail. When a young girl I sprained
my anklo three different times, paying
little or no attention to It, when flvo
years ago a small spot showed upon
my loft ankle. I was worried and sent
for a doctor. Ho said it was eczema.
He drew a small bono from tho ankle
about tho size of a match and about
an Inch long. Tho small hole grow
to about tho slzo of an apple, and the
eczema spread to tho knee. The doc
tors never could heal tho hole In tho
ankle. Tho whole foot ran wator all
"My husband and my sons wero up
night and day wheeling mo from ono
room to another in the hope of giving
mo somo relief. I would sit for hours
at a tlmo in front of tho flreplaco
hoping for daybreak. Tho pain was
so intense I waB almost crazy, in fact,
I would lose my reason for hours at
a time. . Ono day a friend of mino
dropped in to soo me. No moro had
Bhe glanced at my foot than she ex
claimed: 'Mrs. Flnnegan, why in tho
world don't you try tho Cuticura Rem
edies! Being disgusted with the doc
tors and their medicines, and not be
ing nblo to sleep qt all, I decided to
givo the Cuticura Soap and Cuticura
Ointment a trial. After using them
three days that night I slept as sound
as a sliver dollar for eight long hours.
I awoke In tho morning with but very
llttlo pain, in fact, I thought I was
In heaven. After using tho Cuticura
Remedies for three months I was per
fectly restored to health, thanks to
the Cuticura Soap and Ointment I
will bo sixty-four years of age my
next birthday, halo and hearty at pres
ent" (Signed) Mrs. Julia Flnnegan,
2234 Hebert St., St. Louis, Mo., Mar.
7, 1911. Although Cuticura Soap and
Ointment are sold by druggists and
dealers everywhere, a sample of each,
with 32-page book, will bo mailed
freo on application to "Cuticura,"
Dept L, Boston.
- Story of a Bible.
A ca3o that had to do with the theft
or a Bible was beforo tho grand Jury
somo time ago and after It had been
disposed of, Georgo W. Selbert, fore
man of' tho Jury, related a story In
which a Bible figured promlnontly. Mr.
Selbert said that his mother had giv
en him an old-fashioned family Blhlo
when ho married. About two years
after his marriage Mr. Selbert needed
money, he said, and had almost de
cided to dispose of the Bible. When
such thoughts wero occupying his
mind, Mr. Selbert picked up tho Biblo
ono day and began turning over tho
leaves of tho book. He had passed
over several pages when his eyes roll
on two 50 bills. His mother bad
placed them in the Biblo when she
had presented the book to him. Mr.
Selbert still ba3 tho Bible. Indianap
Relieves and Rests Teething Babies.
Mrs. Burton Gary, Toledo, Ohio,
writes that she has given Kopp'a
Baby's Friend to her babies when
teething; finds it gives them rest with
out making them sleep. Invaluable to
mothers. Three sizes, 10c., 25c and
B0c, at druggists or sent direct by
Kopp'a Baby's Friend Co., York, Pa.
Samplo by mall on request.
"Is your bookkeeper's heart in hU
"Everybody's heart is in tho office
work since tho blondo stenographer
If You Aro a Trifle Senaltlvo
About tho blzo of your shoes, you can
wear a slzo smaller by shaking Allen's
Foot-Ease, the antiseptic powder. Into
tliom. Just the thing; for Dancing Par
ties una for Breaking In New Shoes. Gives
Instant relief to Coins ana Bunions. Sam
plo FJtEE. Address Allen S. Olmsted, Lo
lloy, N. Y
In a Restaurant.
"What will you havo, sir?"
"Somo kind or , riotous living for
Good health ennnot bo maintained wlieK
there Is a conaipalod habit. Oarlleld lei
The man with money spealca ih
Tloxsle's Croup Remedr for Cronp, Ooacbi and
Oulds, funds at iho top-a success t or Uilrtr jairs
rjoTeiJls i'neumonla. Druggist. K cents.
Money sometimes talks when, you
.irant to keep it quiet,
is usually impossible to the bilious.
But biliousness yields and head
aches, sour stomach, indigestion go
when the bowclsarcregulatcdand
the liver and kidneys stimulated by
la boxes 10., 23
44 Bu. to -the Aon
h a heavy yield, but that's what John Kennedy of
pa mo n ton, A Iberia, Western Canadiu vol from 40
acres uiDpunjr wiioniiniuiu ucponi
iivm uinar uiBincia in mat proT
lnea nttnvroil ntlinr otcau
icntrG&uiii sucn ns ,
000 bushel ot wheat
from l'JO acres, or S3 1-1
erouB. Ab IiIrU na 183
bushels of oalft to tho
acre wernthrcshed from
Alberta flolds In 1U10.
The Silver Gup
nt the recent Srotano
Its oxhlbit of Brains, eras Ben nnd
yields tor W10 como alio from
RaskatcnoTran anil Manitoba In
Froo hoiuostmclR of 100
ncroB, mid Hiljolulnp pre
emptions or 100 tirreit (nt
8Uiorncronro to lio bud
111 tlio cliolcc.it (UMrlctfl.
Schools convenient, cll
rniito excellent, soil tho
very best, mlltTiiys cloflei nt
Iinnil, bullilllli: lumber
cheap, facialis? tofret nml
reasonable In prlro, water
easily procured, mLroil
I arming; i success.
Write as to best placo for set
tlement, settlers' low railway
rntos, doicrljnivo lllnuratcil
"Last Bos WcbI" (sent freo on
application) and ot licr Informa
tion, to Bup't of ImmlgraUon,
Otta wa, Can. .or to tuo Canadian
UoTommcnt Agent. (SO
II. M. WILLIAMS
QSW-V-j 413 Gardner Bldg., Toledo, Ohio
nun writa to toe agent nearest y oa ,
Tho moro birthdays a woman haB
tho less sho has to say about them.
For torpid, inactive or disordered liver,
toko Garfield Tea. All druggists.
Beauty specialists encounter many
Mrs. Wrnstow'B Soothing Syrup for Children
teething, softens tb? uns, reduces Inflamma
tion, allays paincures wind colic, 25o a bottle.
"This dentist calls his ofllce a den
"Well, Isn't it a drawing room?"
"We are drifting toward a paternal
form of government," said tho econo
mist, "Pardon me If I correct you," re
sponded tho suffragette, gently; "to
be accurato, you should say a mater
nal form of government."
THEN HE WENT.
Myrtle Havo you ever tried to
figure out what Shakespearo meant by
the words, "Stand not upon tho order
of your going?"
George No. Have you?
Myrtle Yes. The definition Is
"Don't wait for a house to fall on
has a flavour all its own.
"Toasties" are made of
selected white Indian corn;
first cooked, then rolled into
wafer-like bits and toasted
to an appetizing golden
A fayorite food for
breakfast, lunch or supper
in thousands upon thousands
of homes where people
"The Memory Lingers'
Sold by Grocers
I'oBtmn Cereal Company, Limited
Uuttle Creek, UlcU.
I III Mil II
f S "TT I
rt, -.'., i ,,iJii..w.Ait'v ,
v An7. .-, j-V
niC-. ' . h''