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THE PERRYSBURG, OHIO, JOURNAL, FRIDAY, JANUARY 31, 1013.
DUr.EAU OF SOCIAL HYGIENE IS
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Tells of It3
Origin, Work and Plans for Probe
Now York City. In order that the
public might hotter understand tho
Buroau of Social Hygiene, John D.
Itockefollcr Jr., has Just given out a
statement explaining tho origin, work
and plans of that institution. Tho bu
reau, ho said, camo into exlstonce about
two yenrs ago ns a result of tho work of
a special grand jury appointed to in
vestigate tho wlilto slavo trafllc in
Now York city. This Jury recommend
ed that a public commission bo ap
pointed to study tho social evil.
Gives Subject Deep Thought.
Mr. Rockefeller was foreman of that
grand Jury and ho thereafter gave tho
subject deop thought and conferred
with a largo number of leading men
and women. "These conferences,"
says Mr. Rockefeller, "dovcloped the
feeling that a public commission
would labor under a number of dis
advantages, such as tho fact that it
would he short lived; that its work
would bo done publicly; that at best
it could hardly do more than present
recommendations. So tho conviction
grew that in order to make a real and
lasting Improvement In conditions, a
permanent organization should bo cre
ated, tho continuation of which would
not bo dependent upon a temporary
wave of reform, nor upon tho life of
any man or group of men, but which
would go on, generation after genera
tion, continuously making warfare
against the forces of evil. It also ap
peared that a private organization
would have, among other advantages,
a certain freedom from publicity and
from political bias, which a publicly
appointed commission could not so
Bureau Is Formed.
"Therefore, ns the initial step, in
tho winter of 1911 the Bureau of Social
Hygiene "was formed. Its present
members are MIbs Katherino Bement
Davis, superintendent of tho NeW
York State Reformatory for Women
at Bedford Bills, N. Y.; Paul M. War
burg of the firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co.;
Starr J. Murphy of tho New York bar,
and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. As the
worlc develops new members may be
"One of "the first thinks undertaken
try the buroau was the establishment
at Bedford Hills, adjacent to the re
formatory, of a laboratory of social
hygiene, under Miss Davis' direction.
In this1 laboratory It Is proposed to
study from the physical, mental, so
cial and moral sldo each person com
mitted to the reformatory. This study
"will be carried on by experts and each
case will bo kept under observation
for from three week3 to three months,
as may be required. When the diag
nosis is 'Completed, it is hoped that
tho laboratory -will be In position to
recommend the treatment most likely
to Teform the individual, or, if refor
mation is impossible, to recommend
permanent custodial care. Further
more, reaching out beyond the individ
uals involved, It is believed that thus
important contributions may be mado
to a'fullor knowledge of the conditions
ultimately responsible for vice. If
this experiment Is successful tho prin
ciple may prove applicable to all class
es of criminals and the conditions
precedent to crime, and lead to lines
of acion not only more scientific and
humane but also less wasteful than
those at present followed."
Studies Vice Conditions.
That its work might be done intel
ligently the bureau employed George
J. Knoeland to make a comprehensive
survey of vice-conditions In New York,
and Abraham Flexncr to study the so
cial evil in Europe, and their reports
are now being prepared. These stud
ies will be followed by others in va
rious American cities, and it is the
hope of the bureau that, based upon
all of them, may be devised a prac
tical plan for dealing with the social
eyll. In conclusion Mr. Rockefeller's
statement says: "It cannot be too
strongly emphasized that the spirit
which dominates tho work of the bu
reau is not sensational or sentimental
or hysterical; that it is not a spirit of
criticism of public officials; but that
it Is essentially a spirit of construct
ive suggestion and of deep scientific
as wall as humano intorcst in a great
John Paul Jones' Body In Crypt.
Annapolis, Md. Tho body of John
Paul Jones, tho "Father of tho
American Navy," after resting for
more than a century In a, foreign coun
try, was on Jan. 26 consigned to its
final resting place in the crypt of the
naval academy chapel here, Tho cere
monies attending tho interment were
simple yet dignified. Tho body, which
has been at Annapolis since Juno, 190G,
when Ambassador Horace Porter had
it brought here from an obscuro grave
in a Paris cemetery, was escorted from
Bancroft hall by tho midshipmen.
Congressman Smith Is Dead.
Los Angolos, Cal. Congressman
, Sylvester Clark Smith of tho Eighth
district of California is dead hero.
Heart failure, brought on. by tho ex
citement of planning a speech as he
Jay 111 in bed on tho rogulatlon of tho
Uuor qbuBjneBs in Bakerofleld, his
home town, was tho iramedlato causo
of his death. While tho end was sud
den, Congressman Smith has been iu
falling health for tho past two years
and has been forced during that timo
to do much of his official business
Jrora bio bedside.
Talaat Bey Is one of the leaders of
the Young Turk party that has seized
the reins of government In Constanti
nople with the downfall of the cabi
net HARVESTER CO. SPLITS
BIG CONCERN DISSOLVES INTO
President of the Company Declares
Move Is Along Lines Laid Down
In Government Suit.
Chicago, 111, The International
Harvester Co. is to bo dissolved
Into two corporations of 570,000,000
capital each. Official announcement
of tho plan was made, following tho
incorporation in New Jorsey of the
International Harvester Corporation,
and it will take effect at once.
While tho officials of the harves
ter company avow that this move is
not intended to influence tho issue of
tho suit now pending, President Cyrus
H. McCormick, In a statement Just
issued, declares It to bo a dissolution
along the lines laid down in the gov
ernment suit. In other words, the
harvester company Is meeting the
complaints of the government in ad
vance of the settlement of the gov
ernment suit. Tho new company will
take over all tho foreign plants of the
harvester trust, together with certain
properties in the United States ac
quired subsequent to the organiza
tion of the' comblno In 1902. A very
simple method has been worked out
for tho distribution of the new stock.
Half of tho present outstanding stock,
both common and preferred, will bo
turned in for cancellation; and a like
amount of new stock will be issued in
its place. After this operation has
been completed, there will be two
separate and distinct corporations,
each having $30,000,000 seven per cent
preferred stock and $40,000,000 com
mon stock. In the distribution of as
sets and earning power it has been
the p'urpose of the directors to make
as even a division between the two
segments of tho trust as possible. The
action of the company is tho result
of the suit ponding against the Inter
national Harvester Co. in the federal
courts under the Sherman anti-trust
law. Tho suit, howovor, will probably
continue. ' President McCormick, In
his statement, explained that the new
arrangement was not considered a
solution of the questions at issue be
tween the International Harvester Co.
and tho government. The old com
pany will continue to own all the prop
erties it possessed when it began busi
ness in 1902.
JAMES B. HM10ND IS DEAD
Multl-Mllllonaire, Who Was a Friend
of His Employes In Typewriter
, Concern, Expires Suddenly.
Jacksonville, Fla. James B. Ham
mond, the multi-millionaire head
of tho typewriter concern, died
suddenly at the Hotel Alcasar, St
Augustlno. Mr. Hammond had been
cruising in southern water for some
time In his private yacht and had been
in his usual health up to Jan. 26. Tho
body was taken to Now York for in
terment. Mr. Hammond was noted for his
generosity toward the mon and wom
en ho employed. For years he daily
visited tho factory and spoko to every
woman and man there. They know
him more as a familiar friend than
as an employer. Ho was fond of giv
ing them coaching parties.
Ten years ago ho unnouncod that
he would start on a cruiso lasting 27
years, the end of tho cruiso would
1 find him 100 years pld. At a jcost of
$100,000 he had built a power yacht.
The voyage only lasted seven months.
Sulzer's Special Message.
Albany, N. Y. In a special mes.
sago - to tho legislature Gov. Sul
zer calls for remedial legislation for
I tho correction of certain abuses In
I stock exchanges.
"Stock exchanges," Bays tho gov
' ernor of tho Empire stato, "are an In
f evltablo necessity. Thoy cannot be de
stroyed without doing Irrpparable in
jury to business. As at present con
stituted thoy are beyond the regula
tive poworo of tho Btato. That ovllfl
requiring immediate remedy exist 1b
GIRLS FOR WIVES
Mother Adopts Novel Plan
to Get Mates for Sons.
FATHER ALSO AIDS BOYS
Wealthy Marble Manufacturer Gives
Lads When They Reach the Ago
of Sixteen an Interest In His
St. Louis, Mo. Mrs. Louis J. Tlch.
ncek of this city trains oorvant
girls in her own home to bo wives for
her sons. Sho has made threo of these
matches and they have boon so suc
cessful that she has plans for keeping
her personally conducted matrimonial
system in operation until hor nine
sons have taken servants of the fam
ily ns wives.
Father Also Aids Sons.
Tho father of this family of nine
sons and n daughter, also has a sys
tem. As each son reaches the age of
16 ho is given an Interest in tho
father's business and becomes an ac
tive partner in it. Blchacek has Just
taken his eighth son, Harry, Into tho
"Their mother flnds their wives and
I put them in business and everybody
Is happy," says Tlchacek. .
Mrs. Tlchacek has a rule which
thus far has never failed her. This
Is the way sho states It: "If a girl
Is good enough to work in my house
hold for flvo years sho Is good enough
to marry one of my sons."
When a girl has successfully passed
through the five years of probation
and has shown that she Is proficient
as a cook and ns a housekeeper, ac
cording to tho standard set by this
mother of ten, Mrs. Tlchacek does not
hesitate to recommend her to her son
as a qualified and desirable helpmeet.
Mr. Tlchacek is a wealthy marblo
manufacturer and former state repre
Trains Girls Five Years.
With wiso executive foresight Mrs.
Tlchacek preserves the line of succes
sion by always having one or more
household servant in training when
the senior in rank is approaching tho
end of the allotted five year period.
Friends of tho family are comment
ing with interest on the fact that
three of tho sons who have reached
legal age, George, 27, Edward, 24, and
Charles 22, are still bachelors and that
colncldentally a young woman regard
ed by all of Mrs. Techacek's women
acquaintances as a paragon of serv
ants has been with the family almost
VERY MUCH, 1RRIED LAWYER
Attorney Is Charged With Having
Nine Wives, Last Spouse Being
Granted a Divorce.
Somerset, Pa. Tho Somerset coun
ty court has Just granted Esther
Llpscher Spielberg a divorce from
Nicholas Spielberg, a prominent law
yer of this county, on the ground that
he Is a bigamist. Spielberg, it was
testified in the hearing of tho case,
had eight other wives, one of whom It
Is charged was Florenco Kemp, who
Is a nun in the Ursullnc sisterhood at
Damaging testimony against the law
yer was given by Dr. Jaulusz of Pitts
burgh, a former classmate of the biga
mist, who testified that tho man was
a fugitive from Justlco in Detroit and
that his marriages were all contracted
in the west and south.
The list of women whom the record
in tho divorce shows Spielberg mar
ried is as follows: Sarah Newman of
New Haven, Conn.; Minnie Felt of
Toledo, O.; Florence Kemp of Indian
apolis; Florence Klapp of Los An
geles; Rose Welnsteln of San Fran
cisco; Rose Stein of Minneapolis; Es
ther Leipscher of Somerset, Pa., and
Agnes Blatz of Detroit.
WOULD AID TRAIfELIHG MEN
Champ Clark Urges Legislation That
Will Enable Them to Vote Even
If Absent From Home.
Washington, D. C. Speaker Champ
Clark thinks it very unfair that
physicians, drummers and others
whoso business calls them away from
their residences at uncertain dates
should bo disfranchised because thoy
aro not at home to register and to
vote on dates fixed by law.
The speaker received tho support of
tho Traveling Men's association last
spring and now ho is out in support
of a change in tho lnw by tho several
states allowing tho right of vote under
affidavit by mail. A bill conferring
thjs right to vote for congressmen is
now beforo a houso committee, but
tho states have tho power to regulate
generally tho right of suffrage.
Eleven Killed by Iggorotes.
Manila, P. I.' A late wireless mes
sago from Zamboanga confirms tho
report of tho slaying of Capt. Patrick
McNally'of the Philippine scouts, but
increases tho number of those killed
with him to 10 instead of nino, as at
first report. Fourteen scouts wore
woundod by tho trlbosmen. In addi
tion to Capt. McNnJly, three lieuten
ants and Eoyon enlisted men wore
Killed. " v " ,'1 "
No details of t!& upbt!nff'hva been
received, but it is supposed to have
been another iBgoroto attack.
MAJ. GEN. LEONARD WOOD
General Wood, chief of staff of tho
army, will be the grand marshal In
general charge of the Wilson Inaugural
parrdo on March 4.
CONCLUDES ITS LABORS FOR
THE PRESENT SESSION.
Hears Prominent Financial and Busi
ness Men of Country, James J.
, Hill Being Last Witness.
Washington, D. C. Tho Pujo
money trust committee concluded its
labors for the present session after
taking the testimony of H. P. Davison,
who is widely believed to bo the big
gest active man in Wall street; of
James J. Hill, the greatest living rail
road builder; of Francis L. Hlne,
president of the First National bank
of New York and Inserting in the rec
ord an important letter from Jacob
H. Schlff From the witnesses exam
ined tho committee heard statements
From Francis L. Hlne Tha Mor
gan & Co. initiated and engineered
the subway bond deal, merely inviting
the First National and the National
City to participate. That the partici
pation was unequal, Morgan & Co.
getting the largest slice.
From H. P. Davison, managing
partner of Morgan & Co. That con
centration of capital and credit in
Now York will continue to increase
unless there are drastic ctianges in
the banking laws. That there is no
money trust. That the deductions
made from the charts prepared by
Mr. Untermeyer are, in Davison's
judgment, unjustified and misleading.
That all the laws that can be made
cannot prevent directors from looting
From J. J. Hill That ho as a rail
road president owns stock In banks
in New York, Chicago, Minneapolis
and other places and that -liis sons
aro officeholders and stockholders In
other financial institutions. That it
would be dangerous to give minority
stockholders representation on rail
road boards of directors because com
peting lines would put in directors
for the purpose of learning the secrets
of the corporation. That no minority
-stockholder in his experience has at
tended a directors' meeting in 30
years, save for the purpose of making
trouble. That he, Hill, is getting old
and wants to retire, but that he has
put one of his sons into overy in
stitution from which he has with
drawn. From Jacob H. Schiff (by letter)
That the multiplication of banks and
trust companies has heretofore led to
an over extension of credit, to over
trading and to illegitimate conditions
in general and that the financial panic
of 1907 and other panics were brought
about by tho too great multiplication
of banks and trust companies.
Of the witnesses Davison proved
flatly recalcitrant - every time Sam
uel Untorrayer, counsel for the com
mittee, sought to draw from him in
formation as to the methods of do
ing business by J. P. Morgan & Co.
Opera Composer la Dead.
Now York City. Gustave' Ludcrs,
composer of "Tho Prince of Pil
sen," "Tho Shogun," "Tho Grand
Mogul," "Tho Fair Co-ed," "KlnG
Dodo," "Woodland," and other suc
cessful light operas, died In the rooms
of Mitchel Obrny, in tho Times Court,
an apartment hotol, following an
acute attack of cerebral apoplexy.
Ho hd left Mrs. Luders and their
daughter at tho Broadway theater,
where his latest composition, "Somo
whoro Else" Is being played, only a
fow hours before, apparently In tho
best of health.
Mayor Snubs Doctor Cook.
Tacoma, Wash. Mayor Seymour
snubbed Dr. Frederick Cook and
rofused to sit at tho samo table
with him. Tho mayor received nn
invitation to attend a banquet givon
for Dr. Cook at tho Commercial club.
Prominent Tacomans wore invited as
Mayor Seymour declined the in
vitation Buying; "I don't belloyo
in him and I don't want to meet him
and shake his hands. I am not an
expert butthosa who are experts say
V. Cook is a monumental fakir,"
EIGHT KILLED US
Men, Women ,and Children
Are Buried in Debris.
FIRE ADDS TO HORROR
Catastrophe Occurs In Dry Goods
Stor.e Where Special Sale Is On
Somo Victims Are Burned
McKlnnoy, Tex. Eight persons
wore killed and 20 moro Injured
as tho result of tho collapBO
of the three story building of tho
Mississippi Dry Goods Co. and a two
story building of tho Tingley Imple
ment Co. Tho fire which broko out
Immediately after tho collapso 1b be
lieved to have burned to death a
.number of persons who would havo
been rescued. At least 60 people wcro
shopping in tho department store
when the walls caved In without a nfo
ments wnrnlng. Tho crowd and tho
weakened condition of the building is
assigned ns tho cause.
Victims Badly Burned.
A special sale was taking place at
tho time and tho victims aro chiefly
women and children. Tho upper
"floor of tho department storo build
ing was occupied by tho local Odd
Fellows lodge. The structure, in fall
ing, smashed the adjacent implement
store. Many of the dead were bo
burned and mutilated that prompt
Identification has "been made Impos
sible. Several clerks escaped by
jumping from tho second story, suf
fering only light bruises.
Tho fire department and hundrcdB
of citizens ran to tho scene of tho
disaster and began, at once to clear
away the debris and drag out bodies.
Tho huge pilo of debris of splintered
timbers and piles of brick and con
crete, together with tho flames, mado
rescue work slow.
A mother and year-old infant were
found dead with their arms around
each other. Their names are not yet
known. Other women were found
covering tho bodies of their children.
They had expended their dying
strength in an effort to save the lives
of their children.
Screams Are Stilled.
The few clerks who escaped from
the department storo say that the sale
was at Its height and that women
were crowding around the counters
making purchases. Suddenly tho east
walls creaked and clerks and patrons
gave it but momentary attention.
Fifteen seconds later, however, both
walls caved in upon them with a ter
rific crash. Screams that nroso from
the throats of the women were stilled
by the blinding, crashing avalanche,
of smoke and dust and It was all over.
One of tho clerks, Burnoy Graves,
escaped by leaping through tho rear
window near vhere ho was working.
Miss Mary Kirk, another oierk, was
rescued alive. She had been stand
ing near tho doorway and saw the
walls fall. M. A. Thomas, another
employe, was saved, although he was
half burled under tho ruins. John
Hampton jumped from the second
story as the walls fell.
The actual number of dead will not
be known for several hours. Tho res
cued do not wholly agree on the num
ber In the store. Somo declare there
were at least 60. Thero is small
chanco for any of those still buried
in the debris to bo taken outxalive,
but rescue work will continue until
everything is cleared away.
All stores and offices closed and em
ployes helped in tho rescue work. The
fire broko 'out ten minutes after the
collapse and was gotten under control
about an hour after tho collapse.
KNOX NOTE TO GREAT BRITAIN
Secretary of State Declares Arbitra
tion on Proposed Panama Canal
Tolls Ms Premature.'
Washington, D. C. Declaring that
any 'suggestion of arbitration of
the proposed Panama canal tolls on
the part of Great Britain "is prema
ture" and emphatically .stating that
tho government of the United States
differs radically from that of England
in tho interpretation of tho Hay
Pauncofoto and Clayton-Bulwer treat
ies tho note from Secretary of Stato
Knox to tho British foreign office in
reply to Sir Edward Grey's noto of
Dec. 9, was mado public hero coin
cident with its reading boforo par
liament iu London.
Secretary Knox assures fho British
government that domestic coastwise
trade will not bo permitted to extend
operations into foreign compctltlvo
fields and that Increased tolls will
not be laid on foreign shipping to
balanco the remission to American
ships. If Great Britain Is not satisfied
on theso points America proposes a
special commission of adjustment.
Unearth Big Postal Frauds.
Washington, D, , C. Enrirmqus
frauds against the government through
the Illegal trafficking In stolen post
ago stamps havo been unearthed by
postofTlco inspectors. Reports re
ceived by Postmaster General Hitch
cock Hhnw that the frauds havo been
) conducted on so tremendous a scalo
that thoy Involve, at leaBt spz.ouu.uuu
annually. Indictments already havo
been, returned against stamp brokers
in Now York, Chicago and other large
' icltios. Confessions havo beon rocolvod
by inspectors from somo of the men.
Mrs. Stewart Tells How Sho
Suffered from 16to4S years
old How Finally Cured.
Euphemio, Ohio. " Bocauso of total
Ignorance of how to enro for mysolf
when verging into womanhood, and from
taking cold when going to school, I suf
fered from a displacement, and each
month I had sovero pains and nnusoa
which nlways meant a lay-off from work
for two to four days from tho timo I
was 1G years old.
"Iwent to Kansas to Hvo with my sis-
ter and while thero n doctor told mo of
tho Pinkham remedies but I did not uso
them then as my faith in patent medi
cines was limited. After my sister died
I came homo to Ohio to live and that
has been my homo for tlio last 13 years.
"The Change of Life camo when I was
47 -years old and about tliia timo I saw '
my physical condition plainly described
in one of your advertisements. Then I
began using Lydia E. Pinkham'a Veg
etable Compound and I cannot tell you
or any ono tho relief it gavo mo in tho
first threo months. It put mo right
where I need not lay off every month
nnd during tho Inst 18 years I havo not
paid out two dollars to a doctor,and havo
been blestwith excellcnthealth for awo
womnn of my ago and I con thank Lydia
"Sinco tho Change of Life i3 over I
havo been a maternity nurso and being
wholly self-supporting I cannot over
cstimato tho valuo of good health. I
havo now earned a comfortablo littlo
homo just by sewing and nursing sinco
.Twos 52 years old. I have recommended
the Compound to many with good re
sults, ns.ifcis excellent to toko beforo
and after childbirth." Miss EVELYN
Adelia Stewart, Euphemia, Ohio.
If you want special ndvlco write to
Lydln E. Pinkham Medicine Co. (confi
dential) Lynn, Mass. Your lcttor will
bo opened, rend and answered by a
woman and held in strict confidence.
Can quickly be overcome by
act surely ana
gently on the
ness, and Indigestion. They do their duty.
SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE.
Genuine must bear Signature
'evr or:;.0011 ...
. euieco' oCbe. uiiea a ny
So4 "!? ...,,..
Arut- w p . iiiw-
. T0 w
In the Provlnoo of
Weatorn Co no do
Doyondoslrft to gota
Freo 1 lomesleud of 1 UO
ACHES of that licit
kmiwn Whf.nt Tjindi
Tbearrals becoming moro limited
but no loss valuable.
rmYO reonnUT been opened up for
settlement, and Into tlirso rnll
roada are noir being built. The
dar nlll soon couio nhon there
will bo no
A Swift Current. Boakatchewan,
farnior write a: ''1 camo on mr
homestead, March WOO, wltb ubout
ll.OkXJ north or liortea and machin
ery and Junt 135 In caah. Today I
havo W0 ocroa of wheat, 800 ucrcs
otoata, ond&Oocreauf flax." Not
bad fur &lx years, but only an In
Blanco of what mar bo dnno In
Western Canada. In Manitoba,
Baskatcbewan or Alberta.
fcor.d at onco for Literature,
Maps, Hallway Ilatou, etc., to
VV. O. NETHERY,
413 Cardnor Bldo Toledo, Ohio
Canadian Qovoniment Agont, or
nddresa Huporlntendunt at
helpattices if they would avoid
headaches, backaches, lassitude,
xtreme nervousness. The really
superior remedy for them
known the world over and tested
through three generations i
B EEC HAMS
1 ScU arcnrwhura to boxw 10c. iU,
1st. IDn AF
JOHN WrilOMrBON BOWS & 00,,Troy,W.X.
W. N. U CLEVELAND, NO. 6-1013.
ABHTiM K71IXTI W
s. ff aaBEP
, cpiw"" r
Lmn'""Jand $1. Sizes;
.W-i . (J .