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GLOBE REPUBLIC. WEDNESDAYJEVEHTNG, JANUAJRT T, 1881.
D.ULY AND WEEKLY.
KINNEY, NICHOLS & CO.,
GLOBE-REPUBLIC BUILDING, WEST HIOH ST.
Cor. Wslnut Alley.
Dally edition, per jea
Daiijr edition, per week.
MAMMOTH DOUBLE SHEET I
Issued Every Thursday Morning,
Ohe Dollar a Teafj.
All communications thou'd be addressed tt
KINNEY NICHOLS & CO,
tt'EDXEiUA i' A 'EXiXO, J AX. 7.
Mixed School and Uqaor-Trafflr.
Governor Hoadlv has, as was expected
of him, delivered a wordy message. Utter
ance is known to be the governor's strong
The introduction is a Democratic ratification-speech,
and, being unnecessary and
impertinent, is in bad taste. It is made
the vehicle for carrying the recommenda
tion that the October election be changed
to November in the presidential year. It
is a good recommendation, and ought to
be adopted without a division.
What is said about corruption at elec
tions would be commendable if it had not
turned to a Democratic raid against U. S.
marshals and a Democratic tirade against
the U. S. government as "help from
cbroad" and "federal intervention." And,
in this Democrjtic hostility to everthing
"federal," it recommends a pressure on
Congress for "the repeal of all laws pro
viding for federal interference in elec
tions." The recommendations, that "our
eloct:on system be re. ied in the interests
of a free ballot and a fair count," that
students' rights to vote be more exactly
defined, and that "the use of money in
procuring nominations" be more severely
punished, are sound and Republican.
The governor's bold, unqualified, and,
we may say, uc-Democratic declaration on
the rights of colored citizens we most
heartily approve. This has the true Re
"As the foundation of our liberties is
equality ol the rights ot citizens, I submit
thit the existing legal discriminations on ac
count of color are not liased on cha-acter or
conduct, aod bare no relation to moral worth
and fitness tor em'c usefulness, but are rather
nlics of prejudice, which had its origin in
slavery. 1 recommend their total repeal "
And, as his mnnly utterance on the
question of separate schools for colored
citizens' children might be missed by
those who will not fnfce the trouble to read
the message, we give it here, and indorse
it every word:
"In nine-tenths of the state, separate col
ored schools have been abolished, and mixed
schools are sustained with the approval of
the puupie of lxtb colors and all parties, and
to the especial benefit ot the colored chil
dren, whose advantages ot education are
thus enhanced without additional expense to
the tax-payers. In a tew sections ot the
state, including the city ol Cincinnati, sepa
rate schools are still maintained for the edu
cation of colored youth, under section 4003,
Revised Statutes. Some ot these are good
schools, and some ot the teachers are of the
highest order ot excellence, trom hose in
struction any children in the slate might de
rive profit, but, as n rule, these schools are
inferior to the mixed schools. Not only are
the opportunities tbu3 afforded inferior to
those by which nhite children profit, but
they are furnished to a race lung deprived
and thus more in need o! education. Col
ored children are lorced to travel long dis
tances, often, of course, in unseasonable
weather, while the duty of the state to
furnish to all alike, irrespective ot social
rank or color, the same lair start and equal
chauce in the race ot life is neglected. It
will be your pleasing duty to remedy this
As the Governor's position on the liquor
traffic is the most important treated of in
his message, and of most interest to all
the people of the state, it is right that it
should be presented by itself in his own
words and commended to careful perusal:
"But the people of Ohio are in no mood to
leave the subject as it is. There will be a
change. Free trade in intoxicating drinks
has been perniil'ed S3 long that the patience
of the people baa been outworn, and the
choice is now only between restrictive reme
dies. Tnree pi ins ot action are proposed:
first, prohibition, lu be accomplitbed. by
constitutional amendment and subsequent
legal enactment. IMieving that the evil
agaiast which we have to contend is in the
abuse, not the use, in the excessive, not the
moderate use of intoxicating drinks, I would
not vote fur such an amendment, and cannot
advise its submis-ion to popu'ar vote. In
adoptiou would be an invasion ot individual
Iilwrty, which no majority has the moral
right to presenile to au unwilling minority.
The'must sober cations ot the worliare thoie
in which wine and beer are freely aod bene
ficially u-ed as beverages, and not among the
most sober are those American slates in which
resort has been bad to legal prohibition. The
increase of forty percent, from 1S80 to 1883,
in the number of dealers licensed by the fed
eral government to ftll intoxicating liquor,
in the state of Maine, plainly indicates that
this method of restraint will be ineffectual
against the cravings ot a common appetite,
without the sustaining power o a g ncal
public opinion, or ot a .ominant religious
tentiuient, us in Mahommedau countries.
That prohibition .i the manulacture may
be eaiily effected, I do not doubt. Every
brewery and-distillery in Ohio may be driven
into Kentucky and Indiana, aud rnin dealt
to some ol the branches ot domestic industry
now most flourishing. But this will not di
minish drinking or leduce sales; it will only
transfer the manufacture, with its profits, to
other states, and ltsen the revenues both of
citizens and the state.
everthelrss the evil, the excessive use of
liquor, is ral, and it is theduty ot every good
citizen to aid in combating it both by pre
cept, example, and vote. Two other reme
dies are proposed:
Secondly, the repeal ot the schedule section
1(5, which forbids licenses and empowers the
general assembly to provide by law only
againsl lue cil? mumui; uuui iuc erne ui iu-
toxicating liquors. Such repeal would leave 1
the general assembly tree to prohibit, t
license, or to adopt free trade, in short, to I
fight the ilin any way, or to let it alone. j
The object'on to this plan of action is, first, I
that it equally permits free trade and prohibi-
tion, and, secondly, that it settles nothing, f
On lbs contrary, it makes th tempenaof J
question the controlling issue in Ohio politics
lor 'he fnlure. Doubtless this would bt bet
ter than to adopt prohibition as a permanent
system by constitutional amendment for it
does leave the people free to contend bienni
ally against interference by somptmry laws
with their habits of lite, and to sustain the
power and duty of iudividud sel'-.-ontrol;
but I respectfully submit that there is a still
wi'erplanot action, tit:
Thirdly, the submission to popular vote ol
a constitutional amendment providing for a
license system of graduated taxatiou. The
choice is really between license and prohibi
tion. Doubt cannot he entertained that if we
lad to secure an effective system of restricted
license and taxatiou, prohibition will follow.
The advantages of a license system are ob
vious. Th relief furnished to the tax-payers
in 1883 by the Scott law may be cited as ona
o! its bsmfit'. It supplies the money re
quired to lay the expenre caused to the com
monwealth by excessive drinking. But it
dwsmore. Under this system, men ol bad
repute can be prevented from engasing in the
traffic, "1"W dives" cn be broken up, those
who conduct it illegally can be dinied re
newals of their licenses, "-alexins ran be kept
away from situations where they give offense,
the hours and methods ot the traffic can be
regulated, and generally this business, while
protected in Its lawful exercise, can be kept
within that strict control necessary to pre
serve its usefulness, with the minimum of
The decision adverse to the constitutional
ity of the Scott law withdraws a large reve
nue. It also involves the duty ot refunding
taxea to those from whom they have been
illegally collected. It will be your duty to
provide means for enabling these inconven
iences to be met and overcome. The people
have had for one year th advantages ot one
feature of a license system, viz.: its revenues.
That tbey must now refund tbem to the in
dividuals from whom they have been ille
gally withdrawn, furnishes no reason why
there should not be a renewed attempt, crn
ctitutionally made, to secure the enjoyt-jent
of its benefits.
The question has not yet been presented to
the supreme court whether the ninfA, tenth,
and eleventh sections of the Scott law con
stitute parts of the unconstitutional scheme,
or whether they can be separated so as ti be
saved from judicial condemnation. The
ninth section was cast in an amended form
by the present general assembly by the act
of April 14, 1884 (810. L. 204). If it be
desired t j preserve this section in this form,
it will be prudent to i nact it. The Scott
law undertook to amend sections C941 and
C9i4, and thus to make lawful the sale of in
toxicating liquors to be drank on the
premises, to punish more severely sales to
minors aud intoxicated persons, and to dele
gate the control ot the sale of beer and na
tive wine on Sunday to municipal corpora
tions. If the whole Scott law be condemned
as unconstitutional, then original sections
6941 and G!)44 are in force. This should
not be left in doubt, and the Scott and Pond
laws, having both been held unconstitutional,
should be reealed, as unnecessarily cumber
ing the statute books.
The vastness of New York City is
illustrated by the mortuary statistics for
the year just past. There were 35,014
deaths, or one about every fifteen minutes
night and day the year round. And there
were within 5,000 as many births as deaths.
The New-York Tribune calls the editor
of the ditto Times Fagin G.Jones, nnd
his journal a "slanj-whanging news
paper." Dut it is evident that neither'
"Fagin" nor "slang-whanging" is the
Christian name of either. .
A Dayton saloon-keeper reversed the
order of things on Christmas day. In
stead of giving his customers a glass of
liquor or other liquid decoction, he sup
plied himself with a number of small sacks
of flour, one of which he gave to avpry
customer who called.
A telegraphic obituary yesterday
brought to light another distinguished gen
tleman one who had "amassed several
fortunes, traveled extensively in Europe,
and died in good circumstances." "Died
in good circumstances" is very good. It
sounds like "a voice from the tombs"
telegraphed by the granite-monument
The ridiculous farce of Royal Family,
which is so funny in the play of modern
civilization, is well appreciated by some
American democrat (with an nnpartisan
d) as follows:
Prince Henry, of Battenberg, whom Prin
cess Beatrice is to marry, doesn't know any
more than Gibson's colt, and hasn't enough
money to buy himself a pair ot wedding
socks, but he has a pedigree reaching back to
the days when his ancestors were botr-skin
trowsers and lived on wild blackberries iu
the Black Forest, So the wedding will be
quite the lum turn thing. He can supply
the ancestry, Beatrice will chip in the bsauty.
and the English tax-payers will he asked
only to furnish the happy couple with a few
castles and enough money to support them
selves. It seems that the English insurance
companies take all the chances on a man's
life the chance of his being hangc-d
among the rest The widow of the
hanged murderer Lamson received the
full amouut of his policy. So that, if a
man should be inveigled by a life-insurance
agent into insuring himself for more
than he was worth and then kill the agent
in a fit of remorse, he could go to the
scaffold in the soothing consciousness ol
hnving performed a great public duty and
bountifully provided for his widow at the
When experts in insanity men who are
called upon at murder trials to tell what
they don't know about insanity get to
insanely shooting themselves, as Dr.
Tauszky did in New York on Sunday, the
question of cr.iziness is becoming slightly
mixed in the healthy mind. The doctor
is a celebrated specialist in insanity, hav
ing recently read a paper befora the
Medico-Legal Society on "Lunacy and Its
Crimes," and must have concluded that
his subject needed the illustration of an
awful example. Dut he did not succeed
in making either his wile or himself fit lor
Beecher's hypocritical whine to his
church the other day with reference to his
(Mitics nnd their pew-selling was pathos
played out The congregation did not
cry over it, but, on the contrary, sneered.
His explanation of how he came to esti
mate the violators of the seventh com
mandment as 200,000 majority for Cleve
land was thought to be more offensive and
umseemly than the origiual utterance.
And there are many who believe that he
went Democratic for lecturing purposes in
the South, he having contracted for man
ager Pond to exhibit bim on the platform
through that Democratic section this
winter. Plymouth has cc me to the point
of undorstindiux its old fraud at last
f'CZEMA, or Salt Rheum, with It. agonising Itch
ing an 1 burnlujr, Instantly relieved by a warm
hath with i LT.ccii Soil', and a single applba
tlon ot Cuticlha, the great Mtln Curt. This re
peated dailr, ith two r three doea of en cur a
HISjuVa.NT, the New Blol 1'urifier, to keep Ire
Mood root, the ptplratiun pare.nd unirritattng.
the bowels own, the liver and kidneys active, will
peedllyu re Eczema Tttrr, Ittogworm.r.xorias's,
1 lrnen. Pruritus Scall Ilea I, liandrutr, and et ery
species of Itc';lfiK, scaly and Pimply Humors of
the Scalp and sk d, wheu the Leit physicians and
all kcown remedies fall.
ECZEMA TWENTY YEARS.
My gratitude to Col Is unbounded for ibe relief
I have obtained Ukui tli ueof the Cctkura
RKMkD es. I hare been trout. led with fvzemaon
my lis for twenty year. I had not a coinfartab'e
nljbt for Tears, ihe burning and Itching ware to
intens Now, Ism happy tossy, I have no trou
ble. Only the liver-colored patches on my ltiubs
remain as a token of iny former iniseiy.
Its West Avenue, Rochester, JJ Y.
ECZEMA ON A CHILD.
Your most a'uahleCVTict Re Kkukuils hare
doae my child su much gol that I leel like say
In; this for th benefit ot thoe who are troubled
with skfu d I seal.. My Utile girl was troubled
with Kccenia.aad I tried several doctors and uied
Icl tea but did not do her any goal until I used
the ClTiccaa ItMiKCikS, which speelilr cured
her, for which I owe you many thanks and many
nights of rest. ANTuN BosMIEIC,
Edinburgh, Ind. Union Ilakery.
TETTER OF THE SCALP.
I was almost pe rfectly bald, caused by Tetter of
thatcpof the acal. 1 ned your tUTtccaa ltku
KU1E3 about six weeks, aud ther cured my scalp
perfectly, and dow my hair is coming back as thick
as It ever was. J. P. CHOICE.
COVERED WITH BLOTCHES.
1 want to tell you that your Llticura Ita-oL-VaNT
Is magnificauL About three months ago
my face was covered with blotches, and after
using three bottles of Kfsolvii.nt I was perfectly
cured. FKKlF.KICK MAU'ItU.
23 8i. Charles Street, Kew.Orleans. La.
For all casts of poisoning by ivy or dogwood, I
can warrant Cuticuha to cure eTery time. I hare
sold It for five years and it never fails.
C. II. AIOK3E, DrcsglsL
Sold everywhere. CcncfRi, SO cents; Soar,
2.1 cents; Resolvkxt, II.
Ptttsx- Drag fc Chaxmloatl Co., Boston.
SMFORD'S RADICAL CURE,
Tli Great nnUnmlo DIMIIInttoii of Wit di
ll axe I. Amrrlcnu Tin. Cnnaillau fir,
Marigold, CIoYftr ItloKnom, rtr.
For th imiL.etllt Keltefand Permiin?nt Cur of
Tory form of Catarrh, from a Simple Head Cold or
Influn to the laossof Smell, Taste ami Hearing,
Cough, Kronchitia ami Inclpiiut Consumption.
Relief la fi minutes In any and every cae.
Nothing like It, Grateful, fragrant, wholfume.
Cure begins from first application, and ii rapid,
radical, permanent and nexer failing.
Ona bottle Kad alture, nn Ilox Catarrhal Sol,
ent and atiford'a Inhaler, all in one package,
forming a complete treatment, of all druggists tor
I1. Aak forbandford's Radical ure.
Pott kr Iiu ami Cjikmicai. Co.. Boston.
Collins' Voltaic Electric Plaster
InMantly affects the Nervous System and banishes
Pain. A perfect Electric Battery combined with a
Po'ous Waster for twenty-five c nts. It annihi
lates Pa'n, Tllalizes Weak and Worn Out Parts,
strengthens Tired Mucle, irevcnts dlease, and
does more In one-half the tiuie than any other
plaster iu the world. r5olderenwheie.
The Commercial Gazette's understand
ing "that the serenitr of Judge ForaKer
has not lieen disturbed" lifts a great bur
den from the common understanding.
The following item from the Toledo
Hlade will show that Petroleum Vesuvius
Nasby has been making a good ileal of
money by mangling the English latyunge
and spicing the "quivering remains" with
During the jear 1884 Mr. D. R. Locke has
erected the following buildincs in this city:
Blade building, five-story brick. 40il20, cost
$00,000: Emerson buildiDC, five-storv brick.
I cost $25,000 : brick residence, two and one-
half stories, cost $10,000; brick block of
five residences, two and one-half stone, cost
$20,000; brick factory, three-story, 110x100,
cost $19,000; Malleable Iron Works build
ing, three-slory brick, cost $5,000.
The question is mooted as to how many
poor men what are called poor men now
adays there are in the United-States
senate. And, for that matter, how many
are there in the house? In short, where
do you find poor men in any of the im
portant official positions, state or national?
Well, the poor men who sell their votes at
the primaries are responsible for this state
of things. If poor men will so degrade
themselves as to sell their votes, they
must not grumble if rich men are found
degraded enough to buy them.
Senator J. H. Hawley's exposition of
Arthurs attitude in the campaign ought
to be satisfactory. It appears that the
president was willing to have his hearty
support of Blaine advertised to the world,
but that Chairman Jones was afraid the
advertisement might kick back in the re
flection that any such proclamation was
demanded from the oflicial head of the
party, and so it was not issued. It seems
that Arthur's heart was right, though his
Prince-Albert may have been buttoned up
a little too tight about it. Hut Jones's
head was wrong. The president should
have been committed to print, on the
theory that when you make a reputation
for a man you may e.vpect liim to try to
live up to it, liut, as Havsley remarks,
"let us have peace."
The Springfield (ilode-IIei'L'ulic thinks
the State Journal is a Sir tot l'irknickian
aper la-oiute e said it was lor Foraker.
The "not" should have been inserted. But
who is the (J. R. for? We dcn'l ask for
glittering generalities, such as the "best
mtn," ' the nominee," and so on. Colonel
Coates Kinney has bis ejenn some one. We
have leaders in Judge (Jeo'ge K. Xa-h, flen
eral John Ueatty, and others iu Franklin
county, that will lead the prty to victory.
Provided the "old ticket" is not nominated,
who can go either ot these eentlemeii one
better? None, no not one. O. S. Journal.
The Journal shall not understand the
Gi.oiik Kki-uiilic to be opposed to the "old
ticket." We have only given the news
about a public sentiment here and stated
the risks of the "old ticket" if such a senti
ment is general. Why should not the
Journal find out and publish whether or
not there's any such sentiment among the
colored voters of Columbus as we have re
ported here? There is nothing wrong
about that kind of journalism. It is
wholesome for instruction and edification.
We must go slow. We must not take it
for foregone, as many are doing, that the
Republican party this time can elect any
man they take a notion to put up for
gorsrnor. Ohio has occasionally been
known to "go wild." We do not know of
an; aspirant in Springfield. Captain
Bushnsll, who has been spoken of in this
connection, is enthusiastic for Foraker.
A Welsh Classic
.An unlettered cicrirytnan wantinjr a plaoe
(Ills manners were genial and pleasant B
Itrcel ve-d a kind letter Inviting him down
To preach to a church In a large country town.
The town was uncultured, old-fashioned and
Tho principal business was harvest! njr (rraln.
And none of the church members ventured to
A word of tho Hebrew, or Latin, or Greek.
For this very reason they wished all the more
A scholar well grounded In classical lore;
While a candidate might Just as welt stay
If he didn't Quote Hebrew at least once a day.
The divine about whom this odd story was
By the Times of Manhattan, was cunning and
Ami knowing they wished for a classical man.
Though he didn't know Latin, ho bit on a
For ho thought, "Wo shall seo how much
Though I cannot read Greek, I'm a native ol
If a few Welsh, expressions I cautiouoly use.
It may rival tho Hebrew in pleasing the pews."
On tho critical day, with exceptional graco.
With ucll-atuncd voice, and well-controlled
Ho read from tho nible a passage or two.
And remarked. "My dear friends, this transla
tion won't do.
To bn sure 'tis correct, but If beauty you seek.
Hoar the rythmical sound of original Oreekl
Then boldly a medley of Welsh ho recited.
And marker tho effect on his hearers be
nighted. The children gazed up with a wondering stare,
Their mothers assumed an intelligent air.
While the deacons nil nodded, as much as to
That Greek was by far the more excellent way.
A still bolder venture ho hazarded next.
Ilv a curious way of announcing his text:
"These words, as my hearers have noticed, ot
nave l06t nearly all their original force.
In tho Hebrew how clearly the thought flashes
And more of his Welsh ho proceeded to spout:
When what was his horror to spy near the
A jolly old Welshman, Just ready to roar!
Overcome with remorso foreseeing the shame
Exposure would bring to his reverend name,
Tho preacher's mad impulse at first was to
Hut the Welshman's round face, so brimming
Suggested a possible plan of escape.
Which none hut atcrriflol parson could shape:
Ho bravely confronted that dangerous smile.
And coolly continued his sermon awhile.
Till at length, without showing tbc least agl-
He rallied himself for a final quotation.
"Tho rendering hero is decidedly wrong.
Quite different thoughts to tho Chaldco be
Then Welshman In pulpit to Welshman In pew,
In the barbarous dialect they alono knew.
Cried: "Frlendl Dy tho land of our fathers, 1
As you bono for salvation, don't givo me
The Joke us so rich tho old Welshman kept
And tho classical parson Is preaching there
-By II. H. Ballard.
CKACKEICS FOKTIIE WOIttD
American Manufacturers Far Ahead of
"Few people." said a larpo cracker
and biscuit manufacturer of this city to
a reporter for Vic Mail and Express,
"know how tho various kinds of bis
cuits they so often eat are manufac
tured, or the vast amount of business
that is done in this line."
"Has the bnsincss grown lately?"
"It lias assumed during tho past few
years immenso proportions, and now
wo arc ablo to competo with any coun
try in the world in this line."
"To what do you attributo this great
".Principally to machinery and tho
care wo havo taken to placo beforo tho
market good and puro articles. A few
years ajo wo used to import in largo
quantities sweet biscuits from England,
they on that side being far in advance
of us in their manufacture, but to-day
we export to London, and, in fact, to
all tiarts of tho world. Tho last biscuit
that for a long timo wo wero unablo to
jirodnco w,ovtho sugar wafer. Wo havo
recently placed tins arttinu ra inerma
ket, and a superior ono to that pro
duced in tho old country, ihcn.tnrougn
our machines, wo aro able to sell bis
cuits that 12 years ago sold at 25 cents
a pound for 15 cents."
Tho reporter and tho manufacturer
ascended tho stairs leading to the top
of tho factory. U.hc latter stated that
in this factory not any of tho material
was touched by hand until tho biscuit
were baked and ready for packing; that
sir hundred barrels of flour alono were
used, and largo quantities of such ma
terials as ginger, lard, sugar, currants,
"This," said tho merchant, on reach
ing tho top floor, "is where wo begin
operations, and from hero until tho bis
cuit is baked is ono continual process.
With these machines wo grind the va
rious ingredients wo use. This (point
ing to a large sieve) is for sifting the
flour, and after that operation it is
placed in this shaft and shot down to
tho next Iloor, wliero we win iouow it.
This shaft was made simply of canvas,
and on the same principle as tho shaft
in the grain elevators. The end of the
shaft came into a trougn about nitecn
feet iong, three wide and three deep.
Here tho various ingredients used in
the manufacture were mixed together.
but only lightly.as it is placed in anoth
er trough of similar size through which
a large piece of twisted steel is turned;
this is a mixer. After it is well nnxetl
it is turned into another shaft and low
ered to the next floor. Hero the first
operation is to press the dough under
very heavy rollers answering tho same
purpose as the cook's rolling pin. This
is dono a great number of times until"
it is rolled to about half an inch in
thickness when it is passed into the
last machino beforo the oven."
"How fast does tho stamping ma
"Ono hundred and fifty stamps a
nii.iute, and we havo a stamp that will
cut sixty-eight biscuits each stamp;
that makes 7,140 biscuits in ono min
ute." "How long aro the biscuits in bak
ing?" Stay a moment. First look at the
ovens. We have done away with the
old-fashioned tiled ovens. These are
four-stories high with walls three feet
thick. They took as much brick to
build as would build a large tenement
house. At each floor is a large wheel
ju-jt iiko a paddlowheel, only the pad
dles are swung on swivels, and remain
in the same position all tho time. One
shelf is tilled with biscuits to bako and
then lowered and tho next ono filled,
and so we go on until tho first one
comes round cooked. Then they are
pulled oil' into this chute and placed in
"What is the heat of the oven?"
"It varies from 400 to 000 degrees.
The men are so well informed that they
know if it is the right heat directly they
! lace their hatuU in it. Tho biscuits
take two minutes and a half to bako.
The fires are never put out."
"What is tho next process?"
"The biscuits are sent up to tho packing-room,
where they are placed in tin
boves, sealed up, labelled, and ready
"How many different kinds do yon
"Over 300, both sweet and dry, from
tho navy bread to tho sugar wafers."
Xcw York Mail and Express.
MAKING lAlMUt l'ATTT.KNS.
How Women Who LIto Avray from the
Content of Fashion Are Able tn Cat
Their Garment Stylishly.
One often hears of tho severe fashions
of "yo olden time;" of plain skirts and
bodices, tine in material but simply
constructed, even for "tho Sunday
best," aud wo can but look in astonish
ment to sco the contrast a few rears
hav brought about. Wondering how
this great revolution had taken place,
a reporter for the New York Mail and
Express called on a largo fashion-houso
to make inquiries. Having stated his
object, he was conducted to a suito of
rooms, each occupiod by a number of
pretty girls, all busily engaged iu cut
ting and folding papers.
"When dresses becatno moro elabor
ate, peoplo in modcrato circumstances,
littlo ablo to afford dressmakers' bills,
and who yet wanted to keep up with
tho fashions of tho day, wero at a loss
to know what to do, till tho invontivo
genius of man camo to tho rescuo with
paper patterns. This idea gavo riso to
a largo business, which was taken np
by a few companies, generally in con
nection with tho salo of sewing-machines,
thus combining tho advertising
Sower needed for tho two departments,
inco then several houses havo startod
independently, and ono largo firm has
even given up tho machinodepartment,
pnpor patterns having absorbed all tho
capital, time, and attention of tho com
pany." "Will you tell mo how tho patterns
"When a design has been submitted,
designing styles is a profession by it
self, either made up from paper or
shown from a French drawing or plate,
and has been approved, competent fit
ters imitate tho design in cheap muslin,
simply basting tho parts together, yet
being extremely careful to obtain a per
fect and well-fitting model from which
tho pattern may bo copied. Thcso
models, to insure a suro and stylish fig
ure, aro fitted to a live model, who
wears tho ghostly dress till every plait
is properly adjusted and tho garment
mado to compare exactly with tho orig
inal design. This cloth moelel is then
sent to tho description-writer, who
carefully rips it apart, at the samotimo
marking each portion that it may bo
exactly replaced from tho directions
she writes to accompany each pattern.
Next comes tho grader, who takes tho
dissected garment and cuts an exact
pattern of each part, putting in all tito
notches and perforations as marked up
on tho cloth by tho description-writer.
Tho latter by this time has sent the di
rections to tho printer, who is fast
making ready the envelopes to hold tho
pattern when completed.
"How aro they mado to fit different
"The grader, who has a system of
measurement known only to the pro
fession, prepares separato patterns or
duplicates of tho garment properly en
larged or diminished to suit both great
and small. He sends these pasto-board
patterns of tho different sizes to tho
cutters, who stand beforo largo tables
with immenso sheets of tissuo paper in
layers of fifty spread before them. Tho
pattern is then marked upon them and
cut with largo shears, and then is hand
ed to girls, who with trained fingers
rapidly, fold and placo them in tho en
velopes now in waiting.
"Much art work; is required in an es
tablishment of this kind, as the cloth
model, after fitting, has to bo sketched
by skillful artists, who are to bring out
in tho most graceful manner tho curves,
folds, nnd various novelties represented
in tho fashion, to make as acceptable a
wooei-cut as possible to uso in tho illus
trated catalogue, upon tho envelopes,
ami other advertising mediums. Most
houses issue a fashion paper, a few
spicy and catching notes from tho out
er world helping the circulation of what
without these would bo a pure advertis
"Are these patterns much sought af
ter?" "Over a million patterns aro sold
yearly by ono house, agencies being es
tablished all over tho world, though it
is conceded that tho most substantial
orders aro from the growing west anil
from towns where the facilities for ob
taining reliable styles are few and fee
ble. A lovo of being a la modo lies
Clthc-tatwa- m oiiii tiiiuu it -i tl kaart.
of every woman, and to the favored
ones living in tho city a walk down tho
leading street or avenuo brings to tho
mind of both young and old some new
idea of dress, with which the .country
girl can only be blessed by tho advent
of a city visitor or by tho fashion pa
pers brought by tho kindly mails.
These papers aro eagerly waited for
and grasped on their arrival. Each
new style is conned and criticised, and
tho want of the heart filled and happi
ness mado complete by the knowledge
that a few cents will bring tho requisite
pattern and full directions for the mak
ing of tho garment desired."
"How many new styles aro brought
out a month?"
"From fifteen to sixty new styles are
manufactured montlily, and these
sometimes form a nucleus for a' two
hundred-page magazine partially mado
up of stories, articles on art decora
tion, practical housekeeping, etc,
forming still another solid medium for
further circulation of tho styles manu
factured. Twico a year styles aro
'killed' in order to keep tho stock re
duced to tho proper number. The un
desirable fashions are easily detected
on examining tho orders, which reveal
sometimes a ficklo and changeable pub
lic taste. A stroll through an estab
lishment like this described is interest
ing as illustrating a manufacture well
repaying tho happy invention of tho
discoverer of a want long felt and sup
plied with the littlo oblong envelopes
containing tho mysterious angles,
curves, and curious shapes of brown
tissue, dotted and notched, called pa
m i m
Anything enveloped in tho cloak of
secrecy has a charm and attraction not
otherwiso found. Many girls of to-day-are
holding correspondence with young
men either unknown to their parents or
guardians, or with whom they havo
been forbidden to communicate. In
stances aro extremely raro in which
communications of this stamp ever re
sulted in any good, in fact tho reverse
generally follows. All communications
of such a character that tho recipient
would bo ashamed to have them como
under parental scrutiny, aro without
the bounds of propriety, and though
they may partake of tho sweetness of
forbidden fruits a galling bitterness
may bo tho enforced dose. In our col
umns of to-day may bo seen an article
relative to privato correspondence
through tho medium of boxes not open
to the public eye, Whilo it may bo pos
siblo to stretch a point and view tho
correspondence of maids, misses and
youths in the nature of a lark it is im
possible to find any condoning features
in tho illicit letter traffic of husbands
and wives. Violations of the marital
vows aro tho natural sequences, dis
rupted families and innumerable di
vorce cases. A moral laxity is almost
inevitable and tho stilling of the man
dates of conscicnco opens wide the por
tals for a multitudo of sins. Ever and
anon wo read of a handsomo girl being
found doad, floating in sonio of the
docks of tho city; in nino cases out of
ten tho betrayal and abandonment
which drives theso girls to their pre
matura grave is'owing, to a great ex
tent, to a series of flirtations in which
this illicit correspondence plays tho
part of an important factor. Too much
cannot bo said in the pulpit or taught
in homes rclativo to all deeds and ac
tions that aro not ablo to stand the light
of day and cannot bo operated fair and
above board. Williamsporl Breakfast
One of the Now York blanket sheet
nowspapcrs recently used a quarter of
a ton of ink in printing one day' edition.
fMm ip i
BEST TONIC. ?
This medicine, combining Iron with pure
vegetable tonics, quickly and completely
Lures Ilyspepaln, Indigestion, WenUnesi,
Impure Blood, 3IaJarlatCbllU suid Fevers
It la an unfailing remedy for Diseases of the
Rldneya nnd Liver.
It is Invaluable for Diseases peculiar to
Women, and all who lead sedentary lives.
It does not Injure the teeth, cause headache.or
produce constipation atht Jrtm nedicinet tto.
Itcnrichesand purifies the blood, stimulate
tho appetite, aids the assimilation of food, re
lieves Heartburn and Itelching, and strength
ens the muscles and nerves.
For Intermittent Fevers, Lassitude, Lack of
Energy. Ac, It has no equal.
aTe- The genuine has above trade mark and
creased red lines on wrapper. Take no other.
Bu ir r brows; uailreL ro, n iithiire. an.
The formula by which Mishler's Herb
Bitters is compounded is over two hun
dred years old, and of German origin.
The entire range of proprietary medicines
cannot produce a preparation that en
joys so high a reputation in the community
where it is made as
It is the best remedy for Kidney and
Liver Complaints, Dyspejisia,
Cramp in the Stomach, Indiges
tion, Malaria, Periodical Com
plaints, etc. As a Blood Purifier,
it has no equal. It tones the system,
strengthening, invigorating and giiing
The late Judge Ilirea, of Lancaster Co, ra.. an
able Jurist and an honored citizen, once wrote:
"MihlerB Herb Bitt-Ts is xery widely known,
and haa acquired a great reputation for medi
cinal and curative properUea. IbaTeueed myself
and in my family several bottles, and I am satis
fled that the reputation is not unmerited.
MISHLEB HEBB BITTEBS CO.,
625 Commerce 8t Philadelphia,
Parker's Pleasant Worm Syrup HeverFails
:UU IEI - I '
cures of MJiyn
KIDNEY DISEASES UJ
Becaaae It acta OB the LITER, BOWELS aod
KIDSETS at the same time.
BecaTaae it eleansea the ajatem of the poison
ous humors that develope In Kidney and Url
nai7 Diseases. Bfliousness, Jaundice. Constipa
tion, Flies, or In Bnenmattsm. N enraicla, Ner
vous Disorders and aU Female. Complaint.
ursoLLD PRooror xuis.
TV WTXX, StTiLEXT cuns
By rasafng FREE ACTION of aU the organs
and functions, thereby
CLEANSING the BLOOD
lesUulmx the normal power to throw off disease.
THOUSANDS OF CASES
nun, tt. uijriD on det, sold bt dbcccists.
Dry can be sent by mall.
WELM.ElCiIA3DSON & Co.. BnrUnjton, Vt.
3 Snd lUoap fjr Diary Alaaaac for 1944.
They are the most important
secretory organs. Into and
through the Kidneys flow the
waste fluids of the body,
containing poisonous matter
taken out of the system. If
the Kidneys do not act prop
erly this matter is retained,
the whole system becomes
disordered and the following
symptoms will follow: Head
ache, weakness, pain in the
small of back and loins, flushes
of heat, chills, with disordered
stomach and bowels. You can
thoroughly protect the Kid
neys by BURDOCK BLOOD BIT
TERS, and when any of these
symptoms manifest them
selves vou can quickly rid
yourself of them by this best j
nf nil medicines for the Kid-
neys. BURDOCK BLOOD BIT
TERS are sold everywhere at
$1 per bottle, and one bottle
will prove their efficacy.
The annual uieetlog of tbs StockhoMers ot ths
First National Hank or SpringBeld. Ohio, fur the
election of ni IMrrctora, tv t.rra tb. ensuing
jear, will fee held at their ltankinz House on
ruesdar, January 13, 133. Utina ths hours of
one and thrse o'clock p. m.
C. A. rHELPSi. Taahler.
DIOLUTIOX Of rAKT.NKK.sinr.
THE partnership heretofore existing between
H. H. Corf and ra,iil O'Neil, under the firm
name of Cory A Cof is hereby dissolved lis- mutual
consent, 11. II. Cory retiring. Hard ('eil is to
collect all accounts due to said firm and is to as
sume the payment of all indehtedntss thereof,
and will carry sn ths coal business at ths old
atand. H. H. Cost.
Ic IS. 1831.
The annual meeting of the Springfield ?a,inca
Socletr, of Clark coaotr, will t held at the t
injrs fankon Monday, January 5, 1M5, a!) o'clock
a. ui., for tbeelection of l'resident, Vice President
and aei en Trustees. Voting from U:30 a. m. to
Kdward lfRTORD, Treasurer and Cataler.
The annual meeting of the stockholders of the
Second National lank of Springfield, Ohio, for
tho election of directors for the ensuing year,
will be held at its banking rooms on the thir
teenth day of January, lb3o, between the hours of
one and three o'clock, p. m
The annual meeting of IhcstockbolJers of the
Springfield National Hank, for tho election of di
rectors for tho ensuirg year, will be held at the'r
banking house, No 5b West Main St., Springfield.
Ohio, Tuesday, January 13, lb&5, Lctweeu the
hours of 1U and VI o'clock.
F. S. Pksfield, Caihier.
The annual meeting of the stocknolder" of the
Citizcns's street Railroad Company, for ihe elec
tion of Directors for the ensuing jear, will ie
held at .he banking ioui of the prinsfield
National Itauk, Springfield, O., betwoen the hours
of two and three p. m., January If, 1335.
ir. W. btroud, President.
MAD RIVER NATIONAL BANK,
Of sprliigtlelil, Ohio.
The annual meeting of the stockholders of the
Mad UlTer National ltank, of Springfield, Ohio,
for the electiou of directoia, will be held at its
banking house on Tuesday the 13ib day of Jau
uary, A. 1. 1355, letween the hours of 10 a. m.
and 4 p. m. Tuomas F. McOakW, Cashi.r.
LA6QNDA NATIOHAL BANK, SPRINGFIELD, 0.
Tha annual meeting of the Stockholders of this
Bank, for the election of Mrectors, will be held
at their Banking House, corner Main and Market
streets, on Tuesday January 13, 1385, bstwssn ths
hour, of 2 and 4 o'clock p. in.
1. P. JItFFKBIES. Cashier.
PAUL A. STALEY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
and Mechanical Expert.
Patent Iluslness Kaclnslvely. Patents So
licited, loom 8. Armd.- lliilldlnc.
i. b OlDHA?a
WLD FILI.a afritUMl.
Teeth InM-rtnl In got silver, rubber, va
canlte or rubber fllatest
MTHIIN OXllir MASt OlVSJt
Wo. & Xlaat JMJnlx a.
Dr. Frank C. Runyan.
Reams In nnrklnsham's nnlldlBg
user jniirphy am liroK elore.
3; c 1st HlKl.ttd IM) If 111 ll.HMIBg
ESTABLISHED IN 1836.
W. II. CaaxT. Hurts M. aasT.
WW. GRANT'S SONS,
CORNED BEEF EVERY DAY.
Itard, Bacon aod Hsun.
C. E. CONVERSE,
Pepectfal!y annountM tohU patrons and the
the puMic, that h has renioTed from his former
location, 13)4 South Liimstooe street. t
Rooms 5 and 6 Mitchell Building,
Cor. Limestone and HI eh St.
"Thankful for the liberal patronage heretofore
extended hint; with the latest appliance um-v. !
dentistry, and et furnished Lenta! 1 triors in
Central Ohio, he hopes to merit the continued
confidence of his patrons. Engagement by tele
phone No. 391. Citrous oxide gts administered fir
extraction of teeth when desir).
(i West Main Slrcet.
Jl FIRST-CLASS BAKERY III EVERY RESPECT
Peat and largest assortment of Cakes, Candle
nd Itread in the city. A complete and splendid
line of Holiday Goods. Weddings. Parties and
frocUls furnished on short notice.
Koom So. 6, Arcade Building econ 11
"TTIE OLD FOLKS AT HO JIE."
The New York Board of Health e-.tlmatea thai
Sd.tMeU lives hare leen destroyed by the exploslro
qualities of petroleum If every household would
adu(t the White tnaloil for family use, noe of
these unfortunate accidents would occur.
' WHITE SEAL BURNING OIL
has none of the defect usually found in common
oil. It cannot be exploded, does not char the
wick, will not smoke, emits uooS.nsirtodor, and
prevents the breaking of chimneys.
WHITE SEAL BURNING OIL
Is a rich oil for illuminating purpcsse. It Is a
light Id co or as pure sprin? water. It Kites a
strong, steady light, and burns much longtr than
If this oil Is Dot sol 1 in your vicinity, fend yoir
order direct to us for a barrel r a case containing
two flTe-gallon cans.
BROOKS OIL COMPANY,
S3 KL'CLID AVENCE, CLEVELAND, O.
lltaaat lltSOVTU rUKKT.Nav'.V YORK.
Onlfk. Mare fur. T"-
WSen.l two stamps for Clbratl M wlirmi Works.
Free. Call or write. F. D. CLARKE, M. D.
ffo.ZSa VINE STOW aUMCIHNA-n.OMsas
CIelncl, Columbus, Cincinnati and In.
HREAT TEXTUAL TBKCK ROUTE.
EAST AI-w "WEST.
Through cars, with tcnnectlof In Tnlca repot"
Only direct line vis (letelsnd, I itftalo and N
agra Trails tobew York and Vrw I ngtand.
irect iormctlcns tor allscutterr, froiithwtst
erand v iniin ' Ult lj rj ! llndc
na Indianapolis crM.li'i. I sst 1 in e. Sew
Eql.pmrnt, and running tarsugh the most pnpn
louslfartof the lountry; poseeaslng nerr appli
ance or speed and comfcrt known to lie service
able. The Best Koad-Bed ana the Safest Road la
the West. Tickets by this papular roots for sals)
at all regular ticket offices.
A. J. SMITH, General Paaaensrafeiii
THOMAS, (i.M. O.B.SKlNNkBri
. f S$&$&i5,