Newspaper Page Text
Springfield Globe -Republic
T11K HVUINGFIELlt OIOUE,
Volume IV. Number ao:i.
SPRINGFIELD, OHIO, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JAKTJAKY 14, 1885
(THE 8PBINOPIELD REPUBLIC
I Volume X.X.X.. Number IIOJJ.
OWEN, PIXLEY A. CO.
Ohio Valley and Tennessee: Fair, gener
ally colder weather; followed in western or
tion by slight rise of temperature; northerly
wind:, shitting to eaderly; higher barometer
folic wed in west portion by lower barometer.
RETAILERS AT WHOLESALE
25 & 27 WEST MAIN STREET,
These Renowned Pianos are kept
in all the different styles by
R. F. BRAND0M & CO.,
T-1 Kelly's Arcnde.
COHRECTKD D7 ClIAS. W. PaTHTER A CO.
Wednesday, Dec. 23, ISM.
l'l TOB-IOc: choice scarce.
t Good supply; lOe-
Poui-try Good demand; chickens, young, 20a
30c; old, 23s35c each.
Apples SOcaJl SO per Irtish.
1'oTATOEa 35a50c per bush.
Sjwket Potatoes tl.50a2 00 per bush.
Cabbage Dull: 75c a J1.S0 per bbl.
OsiONS 5c per bush.
Halt Snow-flake brand, S1.30 per bbl.
Coal Oil ItoiOc per gal.
M eats Country cured meats, few in market.
Fine washed. 2Sa30c; unwasbed, oft.
Scuars A large demand and prices low ; gran
ulated, "c per lb: "A" white. t'Jc per lb: extra C
light, CJc per lb; yellow C.SJic pir lb; C, Sc
Coffee Metro lower; Jsti, SOaSOc per lb;
Rio, golden, 18a '0 iwrlb: Bio, prime green, 13Ka
lSeperlb; Iilo.x onion, iuc per in,
rtvRCrs Kia50a70c per gal,
Molasses Ne Orleans, bOaSOc pergal; sorgbam
Wc per gal.
Rick Best Carolina. 8iic per lb.
OTSTERSjvS.TC per qt.
Drik xrrLKa 8 l-3c per lb.
Dried Peaches 10c per lb.
Chickens Dressed, Si"5 to IJ.60 per dozen.
Decks " 2 75a3 so per doi.
Babbits tl SSal SO per doz.
Uaisihs New 10al2c per Hi,
Cl-BRANTS New 7VJC wr lb.
AvrLss w 8Hc pe. lb.
ITacues Halve Ujc; tnlied 8c per lb.
Pbcne New 7$cper lb.
Counsellor Rumpff Stabbed at
Anarchists Believed to Have Com
mitted the Deed.
The Edmunds Grant Bill Passes
Wasimnqtos January 13. Sixate.
reported: The naval appropriation bill.
Bills introduced: Authorizing the Presi
dent to appoint and place on the retired list
of the army one person from among those
who had been generals commanding armies
of the United States or general-m-chief of
the army; making certain railroad corpora
tions amenable to State laws.
The General S'lerman-JeS. Davis resolution
was taken up. Mr. Vance quoted from Gen
eral Sherman's letter as to the allusions to
finding Governor Vance's oiFcial correspon
dence in the executive mansion, and asserted
on the honor of a gentleman that ni letter
making the threats that General Sherman
alleges to have been made was ever received
by the speaker from Jefferson Davis.
Mr. Uawley responded and said that he had
no disposition to wantonly assail or exult
over the men who had lost, but whenever the
issue was piesented, which had been brought
in'o view in tbis discussion, he must main
tain the tandard he had maintained in the
war, and characterize as conspirators and
traitors those who engaged in conspiracy and
Mr. Brown, of Georgia, followed, and after
discussion between him and Mr. Hawley, the
resolution was adopted 52 to U.
House. Mr. Stockslager, in rising to a
question of privilege, stated that the aggre
gate sum proposed for public buildings was
not $15,000,000, but only $0,227,000. The
matter involved was discussed at length by
Randall, Thomas and Cox.
Bills passed: Limiting the time for the
presentation of bounty and back-pay claims;
prohibiting territorial legislatures from grant
ing private charters; relative to the promo
tion of private soldiers in the United States
Mr. Browne (Ind.) offered the following:
Wnereas. Intelligence has just reached tbis
House that Schuyler Colfax, for many years
a member of this body and its Speaker and
late Vice President of the United States, died
this day at Mankota, Minn.; and whereas,
the deceased was a distinguished citizen of
the republic and a conspicuous figure in its
history; and whereas.it is fit that this House,
in which he so long servei and over which
he presided as Speaker, should give an ex
pression ot its sorrow for bis loss, its regards
tor his memory, and itasympatby for bis be
reaved family; therefore, be it
Resolved, That this House do now adjourn.
The resolution was unanimously adopted
and tbe House adjourned.
VTaeuingtox, January 14. Hocse. Let
ter from Secretary of State and message of
the President, stating that one certificate
from Oregon and one from Iowa had not
been received. Randall introduced a bill,
which passed, appropriating $1,500 for com
pensatiou and expenses of messengers to
Miller introdnced a bill to refund the
bonded debt at 2 J per cent, interest; to re
duce taxation on circulating bank note cur
rency, and to secure it against unnecessary
disturbance and fluctuation. Referred.
Sexatc The Senate passed the electoral
messenger bll passed tbis morning by the
Edmunds called up his bill for the appoint
ment of a general on the retired list, and
moved to amend by adding: "with rack and
full pay." Agreed to.
Cockerill opposed the bill.
Edmunds's Grant bill passed veas 49.
nays 9. Among the Democrats, Maxey,
Voorbees, George, Gibson and Jonas favored
the bill. Beck, Cockerill, Cook, Harris,
Pendleton, Salsbury, Slater, Vance and
Walker voted nay.
Columbcs, January 13. Senate. Mr.
Welsh presented a memorial ot C. F. Keeton
and 215 others or Hocking county, asking
the General Assembly, in accordance with
loth Democratic and Republican party plat
forms to afford them protection lrom unjust
oppression and discrimination by the Ohio
Coal Exchange, the Columbus and Hocking
Valley Coal and Iron Company, and the Co
lumbus, Hocking Valley and Toledo Railway
Company, and to revoke the charters of all
sucb corporations, if, upon investigation, they
are found guilty as charged.
Mr. Orin offered a resolution to amend the
Constitution, so that township trustees shall
be elected for three years instead ol the pres
ent term. Laid on the table and ordered
House. Bills introduced: Providing for
free school books published at the peniten
tiary; abolishing school directors and estab
lishing township boards of education 7ith
full powers; for boards of arbitration on la
bor troubles; to prevent spreading of epi
zootic Resolution to investigate penitentiary re
considered and defeated.
Resolution offered calling for statement of
original cost of Ohio canals and expenses
thereon to date; indorsing Sumner postal
telegraph postal bill.
Mr. Littler offered a resolution providing
that the Committee on Printing inquire into
the delay of tht State Printer and take steps
to remedy it, even if the annulment of the
contract by the Secretary of State be necessa
ry. The resolution was adopted.
The Committee on Finance recommended
the pamge of Mr. Bohl's bill appropriating
$1,023,442.50 for school purposes, and the
bill was passed, 'his being the appropriation
of $1.50 per bead for each child provided for
by Section 3950 of the Revised Statutes. The
Lo.ndon, January 14. The offices occupied
by the American Legation, this city, were
somewhat damaged by fire tbis morning.
Captain Phelan Still Better.
New Yottg, January 14. Capt. Phelan's
condition to-day is reported steadily improv
ing. His wife and daughter visited him
early this morning at the hospital.
A Terrible Crime.
Liverpool, Jan. 14. A terrible crime was
committed at Frankfort-on-the-Maine, last
night. A Police commissioner named
Rumpff, who bad been active in the prose
cution of Socialists, was found dead in front
of his own house, stabbed in two places. The
assassin is unknown.
Rumpff, the police counsellor murdered
last night, wu actively connected with the
prosecution of the anarchists, Reisdorff,
Kuchler, etc, engaged in the Neiderwald at
tempt to kill the Emperor, and police believe
he was assassinated by anarchists. The Em
peror is "visebly agitated."
Death of an Karl.
Bio Springs, Texas, January 14. The
Earl of Aylesford, one of the largest land
owners in Texas, is dead. His remains will
be sent to England.
Madrid, January 14. Earthquakes and
storms in various parts of Spain are still do
ing much damage. According to an official
report G95 were killed in Granada and 1,480
Waspaica, Wis., January 14. Thomas
Welsh, who was fatally stabbed in a saloon
to-day, confesses to the murder of Ranker in
Oil City. October 1872.
Coscord, N. II , January 14. There is a
flood on the Merrimac, and a big washout at
Loxdox, January 14. The Queen and the
Princess Beatrice will go to Germany in
March and they will remain on tbe continent
Tuesday, midnight, all was quiet at South
Bend, Ind. Fifteen of tbe strikers were in
jail, and tbe building was guarded by troops.
Several persons were wounded and much
property destroyed by the rioters.
The late -governor, Abner Coburn, of
Maine, left about $300,000 to various institu
tions; $200,000 to the Baptist Home Mission
Gov. William Hale, of Wyoming territory,
Prof. Clarence Martin, of the Louisville
public schools, absconded with more money
than is supposed to belong to him.
Temporary Speaker, E. M. Haines, of the
Illinois House, still holds the fort
Chief Justice Vaite's health is improving.
Governor Hoadly has ordered three com
panies of militia to be in readiness to move
to tbe Hocking Valley. The situation is re
ported to be full of impending danger.
Chunks of Science.
Prof. Johnson, editor of the British
Lion, has been delivering a scientific
lecture to a New York audience, on the
subject of "The Hiding Place of the
Wind," which is reported as follows:
"What is the windP Will any gen
tleman in the audience answer moP
Now, I hold that the wind is a materi
al. There is the north wind, and the
east wind and the monsoon. Some
winds are very bad and dangerous. I
could bring you any amount of facts to
how that the wind is dangerous. It
blew down a steeple in England, and it
polled the feathers all out of some birds
out West, that were flying to Denver.
Near Vichy, in France, it knocked a
man down and 'senseless, and when he
came to, he thought he had a fit ol
something. That man was mistaken.
It was the wind that hit him.
"Now," said the professor, shaking
his head deprecatingly, "will anyone
tell me the wind is not dangerous?"
He looked around triumphantly, and
the audience hung its head in guilt.
"Within six months," he continued,
"you will have the most terrible wind
here in New York known in fifteen
years. It will blow 150 miles an hour,
and will continue to increase for eigh
teen hours and twenty-two seconds. I
am sorry I do not see any mariners
present, so they could hear about this
and look out for their ships. In a
month and a half after that you will
have another terrible wind here. It
will blow down steeples and things. I
wish I could tell you what it will do to
the people; but I can't It is too bad.
"Now, there is a very distinguished
scientific man down in Richmond, who
holds that the earth is four-cornered. I
am inclined to think he is right. But
who controls the wind? I will tell you.
In the first place it is tbe Deity, and
in the second place it is four gen
tlemen who sit in the four corners of
the earth. The New Testament teKs
"But to come back to the subject of
my lecture. Where is the hiding place
of the wind? Where docs it live when
it is at home and not at work? I will
tell you because you all want to know.
The hiding place of the wind is in the
ocean. The wind is a molecule Now,
that is a very scientific word. It is not
Latin, and it will not work very well in
Hebrew. Bfcuess it is about all you can
handle. Now, I have kept my word
and told you where tho hiding place of
the wind is."
The Brain a Scrap-Book.
What is the brain but a scrap-book?
If, when we are asleep some one could
Eeep in there, what would he find?
ines from favorite poets, stray bits of
tunes and snatches from songs, melo
dies from operas, sentences from books,
strange meaningless dates, recollec
tions of childhood vague and gradually
growing faint, moments of perfect hap
piness, nours of despair and misery.
The first kiss of childhood lovers, tho
first parting of bosom friends, tho word
of praise or the word of blame of a fond
mother, pictures of men and women,
hopes and dreams that came to noth
ing, unrequited kindnesses, gratitude
for favors, quarrels and reconciliations,
old jokes, and through them all tho
thread of one deep and enduring pas
sion for some one man or woman that
may have been a misery or a delight.
San Francisco Chronicle.
A Washington correspondent says:
"Speaker Carlisle has but two children,
both sons, who arc worthy of the great
affection their parents feel for them.
Theso young men could have been of
freat service to their parents here, and
Ir. Carlisle could have made them
clerks of committees, as other public
men almost invariably do with their
boys, but he never thought for a mo
ment of destroying their chances for
the future by providing for them in
Washington. Both are law graduates
anil have, during the absence of their
father, charge of his law otlicc in Cov
ington, Ky. They are his law part-
Tho Man Who Shaves Himself.
"You seo you need two razors to
shave with ono for each side of the
faco and then you need an extra pair
for uso whilo tho others aro being put in
condition. A sharp, keen-edged razor
is an actual necessity to any man who
.ares at all for comfort; and a good,
scientific stropping every time after
using, with an occasional honing by
an experienced hand aro tho only
means by whiclt razors may be kept in
this condition. It is a curious fact that
a man will cut himself ten times with a
dull razor where ho won't bring blood
onco if he follows ray advice and lets
mo take charge of his steel. Now, I caff
get you four dandy razors for $20."
"That's enough; you are barking up
tho wrong tree. I don. t want any razors
and I don't want you to tako charge
of the ono 1 have. But, honestly now,
suppose I took your Advice, how much
would it cost me to shave myself?"
Tho tonsorial artist was not pleased
with tho interruption and for fully
twenty seconds ho lathered and shaved
without speaking a word, by his digni
fied carriage plainly intimating that if
the journalist wanted to do all the talk
ing, ho would not interfero; but he
presently relaxed, far enough to answer
tho question, and, after being assured
that his victim had no money, he gavo
the whole snap away about as follows:
"Oil, there is no money in shaving
yourself if you follow my advice, of
course; in fact, it comes high, but tho
boys, as a rule, don't mind that. When
one of our bloods goes to Europe and
conies back with a vencer of English
polish all over him he generally tries
shaving himself for a short season, not
to save money, but in order to be as
nearly like au Englishman as heaven
will let him. Of course, such men are
fools; most young men are. 1 thought
you belonged in that class, and so I
was trying to ring in our usual game
"Tho boys generally make great
preparations at tho beginning, spend
ing from $20 to $30 on a shaving case,
including razors, mugs, brushes, soap,
powder, bay rum and court plaster.
They know no more about handling a
razor than a monkey docs about
Greek, and consequently the blades aro
down here for imaginary repairs two
or three times a week. We look over
them, and if they are all right, we.givo
them a turn or two on the strop, and
send.them home again along with a lit
tle bill. The boys soon; lind that they
can't shave themselves vjith any degree
of smoothness; and so on special occa
sions they drop in here xo bo polished
off in a respectablo style. This grows
on them, and beforo a month is over
they generally have a shaving kit for
sale, which we buy at about one-fourth
its original cost. So you see when a
boy begins to shave himself it is gener
ally fun for us, but well, rather ex
pensive for him if ho jissa fool, which,
as I said before, mostyojing men are."
Cincinnati Enquirer.' I
Colonel French, who was for ten years
Sergrant-at-ariiK of the innate, tells a
good story of Vinnie Beams' work in
the Senate basement on her model of
the Farragut statue. Tj'arjUsts who
competed for the O.tMATflerRl-by the
government for a statue of the Admiral
all sent in in mature figures cxeetit Vin
nie. There were some twenty or more
altogclher. I put them in a committee
room, arranged in no particular order.
nut set down one alter another as they
came. One day Vinnie came driving
tip tho hill with her Farragut in a wag
on. It was as big as you now seo it in
bronze. Somehow the four or fivo men
she had to help get it out let .t slip and
in a trice it was smashed ipto smith
ereens. The little Wisconsin woman
was wild. She came upstairs ringing
her hands and shaking her curls and
shreked out, "Oh, Mr. French! Mr.
French! They liavo broken my Farra
gut, Can't you help me; I want every
piece saved." I ordered every man I
could spare to go down and pick up
Vinnie's statue. After several hours
they got the pieces inside and arranged
so she could begin to put the figure to
gether again. Such a picnic as she had
for a week after that you never saw.
It was ju-t the chance she wanted. She
set the thing out in the passageway to
the Senate postotlice, donned her work
ing garb, aud went at it. There were
200 people gathered all the time to see
her sticking her beloved Farragut to
gether. Finally the senators began to
complain. They wanted to get to the
postotlice, and couldn't for the cowd.
I went down and told Vinnie she must
move back out of sight. "I shan't,"
"But," said I. "the Senators want
this pasagc-wav clear.
"Don't care; 1 shan't move a bit."
"Well, you will. You are attracting
a great crowd here every day, and tho
Senators lind it impossible to get past
to tlie postotlice. I am sorry to dis
turb you, but I shall be obliged to
"You are no friend of mine, Mr.
Fiench; you hate me, you hate my Far
ragut. I shan't move, and 1 don't like
you one bit."
1 said I couldn't help all that; she
must get her statue out of the passage
or I should move it for her. She didn't
go, and I finally had to send the Capi
tol police down. They drove her away
from her statue, set it back in a jrood
out-of-the-way place, and then she went
on and finished it up in a hurry. Gen
eral Sherman aud Mr-. Farragut said
it was the bet likeness of the models
shown, and Vinnie came oil" victor. She
has recehed about .5t),000 altogether
from the government, $2.j,000 of It be
ing for her very dull sculpture of Lin
coln. Cor. Chicago Inter Ocean.
A Story of General Jackson.
Not long after the battle of Bull Run
a certain Major S , of tho rebel
army, called on General Joe Johnston
at his headquarters in Virginia, arriving
just in time for dinner, which was
served in tho General's tent. When the
meal was nearly finished there was a
movement under tho table, and some
thing very like a yawn came from be
neath it, the Major at the same timo
feeling something heavy roll on his feet.
liaising the cloth, General Johnston
looked down and remarked, laughing:
"Jackson smells the dinner at last; I
know he must be nearly famished."
"It was the only time lever saw Stone
wall Jackson," says the Major. "Ho
had been without sleep for three days
when lie reached Johnston's tent, and
tumbling down in tho center of it, the
table was set over him." Boston Jour
nal. Copp's Settler's Guide, published by
II. N. Copp, the land-lawyer of Wash
ington, D. C, is a little book that has
been of greatest service to home-stead-crs
and other settlers on the public
lands. Mr. Copp is proprietor of an
embryo city, called Copp, in Potter Co.,
Dakota, at the junction of two survey
Women Kmplojrril In the Clerical Depart
ment or the Cotton Centennial Re
position at New Orleans.
Handsome Women as "Trlere On" In Cloak
Departments An Krnnninlral Ar
rangement. WOltK KOIt WOMKN.
When it first became known that the
cotton centennial exposition would fur
nish employment for women ia tb
clerical departments, says the New Or
leans Picayune, the managers of the
exposition and all their friends, rela
tives, and even chance acquaintances
were immediately besieged by hundred
of ladies anxious" to secure work.
The character of these gentle appli
cantswas, to say the least, interesting;
tbe unwritten history of many of them
touching, the desolation aud the need
of many heartbreaking. Shy, shadowy,
wan-faced women, whom want had
routed from the sweet security of fru
gal homes, began to haunt "the big,
busy exposition office. The exposition
was a great door opened wide into a
new world, where all hoped to find
nourishing food and some to learn the
royal road to independence.
And so thc-se ladies began to write
letters to the exposition managers. Un
businesslike, gentle, dainty little mis
sives, reminding one of tlie poetry in
old-fashioned ladies' albums, but relat
ing with pathetic bravery the need and
anxiety of the writer. With what dig
nity of phrase was the aching wound
of poverty patched over in some of
those letters of application that flutter
ed like a first fall of snow into the ex
position office! And, too, there were
received other letters, straightforward
and outspoken, from young women
who were learning to feel the true no
bility of the workwoman's life, and
who asked the way to a self-helpful liv
ing. Of this character were the women
applicants for work at the exposition,
and it was from these that the needed
force of clerks were happilv and wiselv
chosen, as an observant visitor to the
departments can readily discover.
At the present writing thirty-five wo
men aro engaged in work by the execu
tive departments of the exposition.
The ladies go to tho office at 9 o'clock
and work until 4, being allowed an
hour at midday for luncheon. They
receive a uniform salary of $50 a month,
and their duties are confining rather
"You have no idea," said a young
lady, "how fascinating our work is,
nor how infinite is the variety of em
ployments of which I am now aware
for the first time. Very few women
have as yet made applications for space,
and the most of their work is of a wax
work, crocheted-tidy nature, which is a
trifle disheartening in View of the many
things a woman can do.
"Yes. the opportunity to work that
has been afforded so many of us by tho
exposition lias been of real benefit. It
has convinced us above all of how much
better it is to be a working-woman than
an idler, and to regard that much talk-ed-of-subject,
'woman's work,' with &
vast deal of respect and sympathy."
in me secona story oi .me exposition
office building thirty other ladies em
ployed by the exposition's need maybe
-found atnvorfc They occupy a large,
untidy room, which is filled With large
tables, a desk or two, and littered from
one end to the other with newspapers,
printed documents, maps of the exposi
tion, ink-pots, and 'paste-brushes, and
whereapparent endless confusion reigns.
This is a department for the arrange
ment and preservation of all printed
matter relating to the exposition, and
which promises to grow into a valuable
history of the centennial.
The department is in charge of Miss
Rochester, assisted by four ladies, who
do nothing but read newspapers. About
four thousand newspapers are received
from all parts of the country. The
"readers" scan these for exposition
notes and news, which they mark and
send to Miss Rochester's desk. It is the
duty of this lady to clip these articles
and paste them in neat columns in large
scrap-books. Hundreds of columns of
exposition data have thus been pra
Behind a plate-glass window on th
second floor of a big building on Leon
ard street,. New York, says the Star, of
that city, the other day, a young girl
might have been seen attentively gazed
upon by three men. The young girl
was plutnp, graceful and "fair. She
wore a satisfied smile below a mass of
light, fluffv hair, and upon her shoul
ders was draped a handsome cloak. Of
her three inspectors two wore hats and
store clothes. The third was a bald
headed little fellow with beady eyes
and a rope of gold across his polka-dot
waistcoat that flashed through the win
dow and dazzled the eyes of a reporter
on the pavement opposite. Five min
utes later the reporter was confabulat
ing with the bald-headed gentleman
with a view to an explanation of the
"That young lady," said the bald
headed gentleman, impressively, "is
our 'trier-on.' Daisy, eh? We have
three of them. They try on the cloaks
wc manufacture for the benefit of our
customers. The effect of a cloak
depends largely on how it is worn.
The richest garment looks infer
ior on a frame to a cheaper one
shaped to a fine form. That's Lottie,
and she is the best of the lot ha, ha!
Catch on to her style! There's grace
for you, and carriage, and an air. Ses
the "style she throws into that $8 gar
ment "she is showing our friends yon
der, who aro buying fora western cross
roads trade. Oli, the trier-on is inval
uable." The bald-headed gentleman's black
eyes glittered as he continued:
"Lottie's 25 years old, and about the
handsomest girl in the business. It's
rare to find a girl with a pretty face as
well as a good figure, and, whatismore
essential, a stylish air. That girl is all
style, and it a'dds 25 per cent to the
value of a cloak to have her show it off.
She's worth every cent of the $25 a
week we pay her, and she knows it.
There's Susie tliat black-haired girl
at the tabic. She's a good shape, but
not much style, and we get her for $15
a week. That girl with a mole on her
cheek, before the mirror, is Lizzie. We
pay her $19 a week, and call it cheap."
"It seems an easy and profitable em
ployment for women," suggested the
"Not so easy," said the cloak sales
man, quickly "not so easy, my friend,
as it looks. " Dozens of good-looking
girls come in here every week applying
for positions of that sort. But, bless
you! the thing can't be taken up at
once by the average woman. It takes
an apprenticeship. There's a mighty
deal of art in throwing a cloak grace
fully over the shoulder in such a way
as to bring out its best points and cover
up its worst. It is a part of the secret
of knowing how to dress well, whieh
comparatively few women have, after
all. Of course, most of our applicants
are poor girls, who can't have the sty
iuh a idairant air that a womaa can
generally get only by familiarity with
rich and tasty things. That's why a
born lady in reduced circumstances is
such a prize to us. She can give a few
touches to a cloak that set it off batter
than all the merely fine figures in the
world. Liz?.ie's that style of woman,
and there's a good many like her in the
"What is the genesis of Lottie?" ia
quired tho reporter.
"Began as shop-girl up-town. Got
into the cloak department as a brasher.
Kent her eyes open and watched how
fashionable women dress. Industrious
and amiable. Finally superintendent
gavo her a handsome dress and let her
try on cloaks. She made a hit, got on
lots of style, and when she had a row
up-town we were glad to hire her, and
will keej) her as long as she wants to
HEALTH OF WOMK.V.
A well known physician, whose prac
tice lies in tho direction of the fashion
able uptown avenues and is largely
among women, was talking about health
matters generally with a reporter for
the New York Mail anil Express, when
the conversation turned upon the ill
health of women as compared with
that of the sterner sex.
"The principal cau-e of women's ill
health," said tho doctor. " that they
ignore the old saving: 1i'm sana in
corpore sano.'' The majority of women
who have passed their twentieth year
know next to nothing about the exer
tion of mind to began. To begin with,
woman is molded of finer clay than
man,a and is of course more ucrptible
to injury. They do not observe the
rules of hygiene so uiiiformlv as men
"Explain matters a little more in de
"Well, women do not eat. drink, or
dress with reason. Tln nibble too
much. Their stomachs arc constantly
at work. It is almost impo-ible for
that organ to secrete a in chyle--that
is. the juice which aet a a dissolvent
of the contents of the stomach so
long as that organ is at work. By this
too frequent eating a rational appetite
is spoiled. Only ono thing then can
follow an impaired digestion and dys
pepsia. "The greatest can-so of tho poor
health of American women, however,
is the lack of invigorating employment.
They loll too much. Their brafn and
whole muscular system become? slug
gish and at last incapable of sustaining
any strain at all. The need of Ameri
can women is not do-lor and medi
cines, but advice and more out-of-door
exercise, more useful employment in
the house, and more interchange of
ideas and opinions. Woman, instead
of being man's inferior and the weaker
of the two, is intended by nature to b
the greater and the stronger."
THE WOMEN OF VIKXXA.
The education of girls in Vienna is
somewhat peculiar and worthy of note,
writes a correspondent of that city. Up
to 15 years of age they are kept at their
studies, but are not deprived of society.
They dress very simply, rarely wearing
a silk gown until the'dav they leave
tbe school-room for the ball-room. Af
ter they leave school they go through
a year's or even two years' teaching in
the pantry, and in the kitchen under
some member of the family, or even,
in some cases, in another family, under
trained cooks. They may never be re
quired to cook a dinner, but they are
thus rendered independent of cooks
and servants, as they learn how to do
everything themselves long before they
begin housekeeping on their own ac
count. When married they are most
affectionate wives and mothers. An
Austrian lady, in fact, is as accom
plished and learned as an English gov
erness, as good a housekeeper and
cook as a German, as witty and viva
cious in society as a Parisian, as pas
sionate as an Italian, and as handsome
as an American, some of the most beau
tiful women in Europe being found in
Vienna. Germans and also Austrian!
are celebrated for their stocks of linen.
Here, as soon as a girl is born, the
weaving of her linen is begun, and ev
ery year a piece or a certain number of
yards is set aside for her trosseau,
ready for her marriage. Grandmam
mas, on their side, are not idle. They
pass their time knitting for their grand
children, supplying not only their
wants, but also laying aside for the fu
ture, a dozen dozens of stockings of
every kind being the usual number of
any bride's trosseau, and some of these
knitted stockings are as fine as the fin
est woven ones. An Austrian girl or
lady is never. I may say, seen without
some kind of work in her hand. La
dies work even in society. They do
nothing at balls, of course, but I think
that is the only exception to the rule.
Hard to Get Out of the Path.
"Know that old team of bays I was
tellin1 about the other day?" said Joe
Troy, the car driver, "last evening.
"Well, when I got to tho depot on
my last trip that night, I found a fine
old bobbery kickin' up. It 'pears my
cousin got to think such a lot 'o them
horses arter he got 'em to work with
the bicycle bell he thought he'd drive
'em to town. He hitched 'em to the
old market wagon, an' him an' little
Joe came trotin' along as nice as ridin'
in a steam car. They was jes' a leetlo
bit nasty when they passed the Ken
sington depot, but little Joe he pulled
the bell an' away they goes again,
thinkin' it was the old car they was a
puliin'. They kep' right in the track,
slowed up at corners, an' waits at
Reading Railroad crossin' on Berks
street a long time. Even the bell
wouldn't start 'em. At last Alick says
to little Joe:
"Get off an' run in front's if you was
"So little Joe runs in front an1 hollers
'Come on!' Then Alick rings the bell
an' off they goes again. aly cousin
wanted to go down Fifth street, but
do you s'pose them old bays 'd go?
No, sir! Nothin' would suit them but
they must keep the track till they
comes to Sixth, an' then they turns an'
goes down as nateral as can be. Then
they seem to have thought there was
some kind of fool in' goin' on behind
'cm that they didn't understand. So
they took the bits in their teeth, so to
peak, and wouldn't stop till they got
to the depot at Southwark. Then they
stopped an whinnied for water. The
tame-man knew 'cm an' he guessed
what was the matter, an' gave 'em a
drink. Then they started off round
the depot, an' out the other side, an'
up Fifth, an' never stopped till they got
to Kensington again.
"When I got there they had kicked
the old wagon all to bits "an' were mak
in' for their old stall in the stable.
Alick declares that he'll sell 'em or
butcher 'em for dog's meat." PMila
Corn Planter Indians have a hidden
lead mine somewhere ia Armstrong
County, Pennsylvania, the whereabouts
of which they have known for 100
aaaM hut ntfiiea'tn divulifU.
On Friday morning I looked out of
my cabin window to find that we were
tied up at tho most yellow wharf that I
ever saw, ana in front of a largo barn
like building. I did not dream that we
were at Asuncion, but going on deck
found that tho barn was the custom
house of Paraguay, and that when we
went on shore we were in the city of
the republican incognito. A very "nice
little city we found it to be. Not that
it is pretty, or pretentious, or worth
visiting but it is an enterprising, re-
Eublican go-ahead place. Most of the
ouses are small and old, and aro built
without any regard to being on the
streets. You cannot imagine a more
irregular assemblage of houses, but the
symmetry with which the pnblio build
ings are built offsets this. The presi
dent's bouse, government house, ar
senrl, barracks, and custom-house
stands on wide boulevards, and with
the exception of the latter, are as well
built as the similar buildings in any
American city of the same rank. The
"asuncion," you know, i ot the
Spanish for "ascension," as ed to
believe when school boys, b or as
sumption, and in the case of the Para
guayan city is well bestowed, for it is
not often in South America that there
can be found a city that is more assum
ing, politically, socially, and gen
erally. Remember that fifteen yeara ago it
was sacked by the Brazilian army, and
look at it now as a busy trading town
of fifty thousand people, many of them
of fine cultivation. In short, one need
not fear to be proud of seeing such a
city, a city built by virgin forests on a
beautiful hill that slopes from sunny
farm lands to the grand, wide Parana.
I will not go into dusty details, but as
sure you that though isolated Paraguay
is a state worth knowing. Situated in -the
warm heart of South America, it
lies under tho shadow of the Sierras,
and between the two great rivers,
Parana and Paraga. Into its territory
there have come three and one-half
centuries of sadness and misfortune.
Spain had no colony that was more en
slaved; and though tho Jesuitical con
trol gave it a bright day, it was long
the prey of cruelty and adventure.
Revolutions came at length and result
ed in independence. From 1817 to 1869
first Franciaand then the Lopez tyrants
held the country under a cruel des
potism. Then Solano Lopez involved
the state in war with Brazil, and after
the sack of Asuncion and the ravage of
the country, the tyrant was shot and
the reign of terror gave place to a reor
ganization of the republic which was
modeled after the United States. Ap
propriations are voted by congress, and
that body also fixes the salaries of offi
cials. The president receives $6,000,
the vice-president, $3,000, the ministry
$1,500, congressmen, $500, and the
judges of the supreme court $150. The
population is about 300,000. and what
is strange about it is that there are
only 30,000 men and 270,000 women.
Of course, the females are the farmers,
producers and laborers. They work
slavishly and very poor. While the men
sit at home and drink and smoke, they
indefatigably toil and support the
families. Asuncion Cor. Spring-field
Znnl Sacred Bread Stones.
For no art or industry within the
range of the domestic duties of Zuni, is
so much care and instruction bestowed
by the old women on the young, as for
every process in the making of the he
we, or wafer breads. Year in and year
out, too. while these Iesson3 are being
plied, it is told how the famed and be
loved "Goddess of the White Shells"
taught not a few of her graces and
some secrets in connection with the
daily occupation which forms their
theme. Of these secrets, a chosen few
old women of the tribe are the keepers.
With many a mysterious rite and se
vere penance, they quarry and manu
facture the enormous baking-stones on
which the flaky, toothsome he-we is
Garrulous enough, mercy knows! are
these old crones on most other subjects;
but they guard with a sphinx-like jeal
ousy such of their methods and observ
ances as add prestige to experience in
their occasional calling. The usual
number of old women making up a
party of "stone finishers" is four or
eight, rarely more. Four days previ
ously to the tempering of the stones
they" retire to an estufa or lone room,
there to fast and engage in certain
ceremonials, in which croning tradi
tional chants and repeating rituals
play an important part. During these
four days they never come forth unless
at rare intervals and for a very short
time (and then under the protecting in
fluence of warning head-plumes) that
they may not be touched by the unini
Yet, during the intermissions of their
religious observances, they prepare
great cakes of pinon gum, carefully
wrapping them in strips of cedar bark,
and in other ways make ready for the
work at hand. On the morning of the
day succeeding the last night of their
vigil, they repair in single file, beaded
by a particular clan-priest usually a
"Badger," who on no account touches
one of them to the quarry. Before
lifting the stones, before even quarry
ing any of them, they recite long, pro
pitiatory prayers, casting abundant
medicine-meal to the "Flesh of the
rock." With othsr but shorter pray
ers the fire is kindled by the old priest,
who uses as his match a stick of hard
wood with which he drills vigorously
into a piece of dry, soft root, until the
friction ignites the dust of its own mak
ing, and to the flames thus generated,
offerings of dry food are made. The
stones are then brought, and when
warm enough, placed over the fires;
being constantly anointed with pitch
and cactus juice, which they greedily
absorb, so that they at least seem solid
masses of carbonized substance rather
than gritty rock.
. From the beginning to the end of
this tempering process never a word is
spoken aloud nor the least excitement
or sprightly action indulged in. Sounds
uttered would penetrate the grain of
the rock and, expelled by heat or con
flicting with the new "being" (func
tion) of the stone, split, scale or shiver
it with a loud noise. So also, the evil
influence of undue passion or hasty ac
tion would alike be communicated to it
with blighting future effect. Frank
James Lawrenson, of Maryland, i
the oldest employe in the service. Ha
began work in the Postotlice at Balti
more more than sixty years ago. Ten
or fifteen years later "he entered the
Postoflice Department at Washington.
That was when William T. Barry, ol
Kentucky, was Postmaster General,
and when but seventy clerks were em
ployed to do the work of the depart
ment, The Mexican canary is being intro
duced North. He has a softer, sweeter
Toice than our own yellow bird.
A Country With Nine Women