Newspaper Page Text
Springfield Globe -Republic
SPRmGFIELD, OHIO, FRIDAY EVENING, JAinjARY 16, 1885
1TUE HPRINOFIELD llEPUni.IC
I Volume XXX. Number :il5.
Til 13 S1KINGPIEII CLOllE, I
Vol it mo IV. XSximoor 03. (
OWEN, PIXLEY 5L CO.
Ohio Valley an J Tennessee: Fair, genert
ally colder weather; followed in western ra
tion by slight rise ot temperature; northerly
wind?, shilling to easterly; higher barometer
followed in west portion by lower barometer.
Yesterday vie gave a mer clue to our
Oterall Stock. We didn't tell the halt that
might be told, but perhaps enough was said
to set you thinking. You must give your
mental expertuess a wide scope when any
thing in gentlemen's wearine apiuwe' has got
to be bought.
Think o! the ordinary dealer and how he
gets his goods. The number ot profits he
pays before the profit you pay. Then Ehilt
and think ot cur way manufacturing the
garments ourselves and furnishing you (con
sumer) direct at one profit above lowest cost
Some people don't either read at all or
don't believe when they do read, hence the
necessity for more than one store.
We are happy with the thought that our
right way is fast gaining favor.
What would you think of us, asking you
$10 for a Gray Melton Overcoat, that we can
afford to Sell you lor $5? We'd call such an
act an impo;itioa on the public. Still, such
business is carried on not ten blocks away,
and some people will have it, that if they can
haggle them down to $8 they've got a tre
A blind man unable to tell daylight from
darkness can buy his Suit, Ovtrcoat, odd
Tants, Child's Suit, or whatever the want
happens to lie from OWE.V, PIXI.EY CO.,
cheaper than the sharpest, shrewdest, two
eyed man that walks the streets of Springfield
can buy from any two-priced concern in the
state, and besides, there's such a dfTerence in
Where in the State of Ohio outside this
quarter acre store caD you find a Fine All
Wool Worsted Suit in Men's sizes equal to
our BIU SIXTEEN AT SIXTEEN' DOL
LARS? Give it up and come and see. The
lot number is 5133.
Where in all the country round, cities as
well, do you find the finest quality of Globe
Mills Cassimeres made into Men's Sack Suits,
and of the very latest shapes, for $127 Or
where else but here do you see the Fine Fur
Beaver Coats and Vests, silk velvet corded,
satin sleeve lining and all the trimmings
equal, for $15 the two?
Who else but O. P. & Co. show Fine
Brown Melton Overcoats of medium weight, j
finely trimmed and cut after the pattern cf a I
man at a til price?
What other establishment in the Plate
are selling the BIG BED MITTENS AT
20c? Or gives you your choice among
a half hundred Knee Pant Suits at J2? Or
another pile at $3?
Who is it that's selling so many 5 to 12
year Boys their little warm Overcoats at one
and Ihree quarters each?
"Where's it at?" That place you find 50c
Cnlaundried Shirts. Those re-enforced
ones, faced back and sleeves and staid all
round? Or the Seamless Half. Hose at a
tenth? Or a Fine Scarf Tie at a quarter?
Or a dozen Collars for a dollar'c a half, or
single Collars at same rate? Or the Finest
Cuffs for a quarter, and some lower? It's at
25 & 27 West Main street.
OWEN, PIXLET & CO,
Springfield's Only One-Price Clothiers.
These Renowned Pianos are kept
in all the different styles by
R. F. BRANDOM & CO.,
T-t- KcIIj'V Arcndo.
Corrected bt Cms. W. rivsui A Co.
WeJuemlay, Jan. 14, 18Si.
HcrTR Wc; choice scarce.
K- (ioifl supply; Sue.
rorLTRY Ooud demand; chickens, young, 20a
30c, old, 2S3Sc each.
Arr-LF-s-SOcaJl H perbuah.
IVitatoeh 3aSfle ler bush.
I abiiauk Dull. TSc JI.60 ir bbl.
Onio.ns 75c per bush.
t-ALT .now-lUke brand, SI.J0 per bbl.
Coal Oil 1"-'Uc pergil.
Meats Country cured meats, few in market.
Fine washed, ISaSfic; unwashed, HoS.
Scoars A large demand and prices low; Rran
ulatci. 7c per ll: "A" white, Sc per lb; extra C
HKlit, 6Jic lr " Jllw -" SXC P" "! ci
'"cori-EK Msrke lower; Jiva, 20aSOc per lb;
Mo, golden, 1R.S per lb; Itio, prime green, 12a
15c per lb; Rlo.x nmon.llcperlb.
St iters iuS0a7Oc per sal.
MoLAsKS-Ne Orleans, WaSOc pergal; sorgham
Mc per sal.
KirK-Hest Cirollna, 8c pe. lb.
Otsteks iic perqt
Dkikb Arrtu 8 1-Sc par lb.
Dried Peaches 10c per lb
Chick Ks-Drtsed, il 75 to $3.50 per doien.
Tvrkets ' aine per lb.
Dt'CES " 82 7SS3 50 pr doa.
Babbits ft 2Ial SO per dot.
1U1SIS9 New 10al2ic pr lb.
Currants Nw 7c per lb.
Aitlh - N lV I, lb.
Ia aches Halves 12lr. mixed 8c per lb.
l'HUJA Kw H Per lb.
Heavy Fall of "The Beautiful" in
Roads Blocked and Trains Delayed.
Editor Yates, of London, Going to
Prison for Four Months.
The Leclalnture on the llocklnc Strike.
Colcmbi-s, 0, January 1C. The Senate
to-day adopted the House joint resolution for
the appointment of a legislative committee to
investigate the condition of affairs in the
Hocking Valley, and will make a report by
February 15. The resolution makes inquiry
as to the causes of the strike.
Washington, January 15. SsrtTE. Sev
eral bls were reported and referred: one to
increase the pension of the widow of Gen.
Thomas to $1,000 a year.
Hocse. The House considered the Mc
Pherson Funding bill. Mr. Potter gave no
tice of a bill as a substitute, "to refund the
bonded debt of the United States at two and
one-half per cent, interest; to reduce taxation
upon circulating bank note currency and to
secure snch currency against unnecessary dis
turbance and fluctuation by applying the
national revenues economically to the pay
ment ot the national debt, etc" It provides
for the taking up of 4 and 4 per cent, bonds,
payable at the pleasure of the United States
after January 1, 1897. No conclusion was
Columbus, Jonuary 15., Senate Among
the bills introduced was one to provide for a
commission composed of one person from
each congressional district to purchase the
copyright of school books for the State, and
ariange to have them "published by the con
victs ot the Penitentiary."
The House bill appropriating $1,023,442.50
for schools passed and is a law.
Resolution offered:- Asking Congress to
pass the hill to give ex-soldiers 1C0 acres of
ing valUy trouble.
To investigate Hock
To regulate telephone
Petitions were presented for changing elec
tions from October to November.
House The following was unanimously
Resolved, by the General Assembly of the
fctate of Ohio, That a joint committee, con
sisting of three on the part of the House and
on the part of the Senate, be appointed
to investigate the cause of the coal miners"
strike in the Hocking valley. Said com
mittee shall be empowered to send for per
sons and papers and have all other powers
conveyed by law to enable them to ascertain
the truth of the matter which they aie called
upon to investigate.
Further, said committee is empowered to
employ a stenographer to take and preserve a
full report of their proceedings, which shall
be submitted to this General Assembly not
later than Mane 15, A. D. 1885.
Bills passed: Making it unnecessary to
irove malice in parties putting obstructions
on railroads; admitting deaf-mutes eight
year: old to the asylum ; giving townchip
treasurers percentage on moneys disbursed;
compelling land-owners to cut undergrowth
along partition fences; making seventy
pounds of corn a bushel till December 1, and
thereafter sixty-eight pounds.
Bills introduced: For underground tele
graph wires; for ten to fifteen years' sentence
for breaking into house where a person is
sleeping; for spark arresters on locomotives;
preventing contagious swine diseases; for sale
of State land in Columbus; authorizing
County Commissioners on petition to con
struct ditches ; authorizing both commissioners
and township trustees to clean ditches; con
ferring additional jurisdiction on justices of
the peace; amending the laws relating to par
tition fences; for township trustees to fix
damages for sheep killed; prohibiting insur
ance companies not paying taxes in Ohio;
amending laws for wire fences; providing
that the State shall pay for street improve
ments in from of its property.
Boston, January 1G. Alfred Greenfield
and Jacob Kilrain yesterday made a match
for a glove contest. The fight will take
place in three weeks. Greenfield said yes
terday he had authorized Pat Sbeedy to make
a match for him with Ch.rles Mitchell, the
fight to take pltce at New Orleans, either
with or without gloves.
A Memorial to Jlismarck.
Alexandria, January 10. The German
merchants of this city are preparing to for
ward a memorial to Bismarck describing the
distress and anxiety which they are subject
to owmg to "the unsettled condition of the
country upon the vacillating policy of Eng
land. All blame tor this condition is. placed
Chicago, January 1G. Trains from nil di
rections are arriving two and three hours late,
owing to the snow drifts. Train men report
the scow along the line of the road very
heavy and drifting badly, particularly west
London, January 1G. Edmund Yates, ed
itor of the World, is apparently doomed to
undergo four months' imprisonment, to which
he was sentenced for libelling Lord Lonsdale.
The Court of Appeal to-day dismissed his
appeal against the sentence. Yates went to
Storm Id tlie West.
St. Locu, January 10. Last night's sleet
storm has turned into blustering snow
storm, which extends throughout the entire
west. Traffic is impeded. It is getting
Santiago, Chili, via GalvestOD, January
1C. The fourth anniversary of the battle of
Myraflores was celebrated to-day in Park
Cousino. Much enthusiasm and display was
TIIK CASK AGAINST ST. JOHN.
The Cincinnati Commercial Gazette of to
day (January 1G) gives three-fourths of a
page to making up a case against St. John,
presenting a fac simile of James F. Legate's
letter, in which he states the terms of the
bargain between the Republicans and St.
John. The evidence of Mr. Clarkson, editor
ot the Des Moines I Iowa) Register, and mem-
J ber of the Republican National Committee, is
first given. He testifies that Legate met him
at the Burnet House, Cincinnati, on the night
or morning of Octobers; he "said that St.
John was anxious to make terms; that he
was authorized to represent him ; that St.
John was not far off, and could be brought
there that night, in person, if necessary."
Mr. Clarkson told Legate that St, John's
work would be of more value in New York
State, where his movement "was doing the
Republicans the most harm." Legate replied
"that he and St. John had discussed this,
realizing the importance and difficulty of it,
and St. John was willing either to withdraw
or stay in the ield and make speeches, as the
Republican managers might direct" He said,
if I could agree to what was asked, and pay
the money or promise to pay it, he would
turn bis speech, to be made the next night at
Oberlin. This was telegraphed to the Na
tional Committee, and Mr. Kerens, the man
to whom the "fac simile" letter was written,
was also dispatched. Kerens went to Cin
cinnati, arriving on the night of October 7th.
Dudley and Clarkson were with him. On
the 8th, at the Burnet Honse, occurred the
next iuterview. Mr. Kerens was present and
(says Clarkson) "the whole matter was more
fully discussed than at any time before. In
the meantime Legate had been to Oberlin
and conferred with St. John, and told us in
detail about it how angry St. John was that
the matter had not been consummated on
Monday, and for this reason he made his
Oberlin speech more bitter. We had the
evidence, or letters and dispatches from St.
John to Legate, written during these days,
which Legate read and exhibited to us in
fact, I read the letters and telegrams myself
to convince us that he bad authority to act
for St. John. He reported that he had ar
ranged with St. John, on his own assurance
that be (St. John) would get a sore throat
and retire from the Ohio canvass, and g
over to Adrian, in Michigan, and await re
sults." It will be seen in this that Clarkson says
that he read the letlert and telegrams from St.
A cypher was agreed upon between Kerens
and Legate and afterward used. Legate after
ward turned up in New York and Elkins
telegraphed for Kerens and Clarkson, under
date of October 14th.
In connection with this is republished the
letter of Legate, under date of October 4,
from Topeka, in which ha refers to an inter
view with Clarkson at Cincinnati, and spoke
cf the terms of the proposed bargains. After
speaking of the cood results in Ohio to
the Republicans of St. John's sudden
attack of sore throat, be urges
Clarkson to enable him (Legate) to make
good his promises to St. John, so that be
(Legate) will not be compelled to sell the
home that sheltered his wife and children.
Mr. Kerens fully corroborates what Mr.
Clarkson sayB and enters into details that
seem irresistible. Clarkson states that he
(Kerens) made the journey with Legate to
Columbus, O., and had a conference there
with Colonel Dudley and Senator Plumb. He
was asked about that, and said:
" 'Yes, I went at Mr. Clarkson's request
from Cincinnati to Columbus in company
with Mr. Legate, and there we met Senator
Plumb and Colonel Dudley, and the matter
was discussed freely as to the advisability of
accepting St. John's offers. It was decided
that Mr. Legate should go and see St. John,
I think, at Cleveland, and it the 'Saint' was
acting in good faith with us to at once leave
Ohio, and afterward Mr. Clarkson or myself,
or both of us were to meet at. John in per
son. Mr. Legate started that night and I re
turned to Cincinnati.'
"How about the letters and telegrams that
Mr. Clarkson quotes as having been written
and sent to you by Legate and others? Do
you remember receiving such letters and tele
grams?' "'Yes, and they are as they were received.
I have no doubt General Clarkson has the
original. Tbey came to me at General Clark
son's rooms, and were turned over to him.'
" 'Are you satisfied that Legate was author
ized to represent St. John in these overtures?'
" 'I am certainly satisfied that be bad full
authority, and was in conference with St.
John, as he states ; ad, furthermore, I lav
the letter! sn.i dispatches from St. John to Le
gale, to which General Clarkion refers.'"
At a meeting ot the State Board of Agri
culture held at Columbus, Thuisday, the
recommendations of the agricultural conven
tion as to rules for the management of county
societies were adopted. The secretary
will print 300 copies for distribution ameng
the county societies. The board adjourned
to Meet on March 3. The membership is the
same as it was before, the only difference be
ing as to officers. President Foster and Treas
urer Harris being succeeded by Messrs. Bailey
and Levering respectively.
The State swine-breeders met at Columbus,
Thursday. Officers were elected as follows :
President, S. H. Todd, of Wakeman; vice
president, W. H. Pool, of Delaware; secre
tary and treasurer, D. W. Todd, of Urbana;
executive committee, C. N. Owen, of Wood
stock, George W. W. Wilson, of Delaware,
L. N. Bonbam, of Oxford, Edwaid Klever, of
Illoomingsburg, H. P. Eaton, of Bucyrus.
This comprised the action taken.
The Hocking Valley volcano still slumbers.
John T. Norris is still at New Straitsville.
There is much hostile feeling manifested to
ward the author of the Weldy bill. All is
quiet at Shawnee.
Logan, Ohio, is to be lighted with natural
Cisco & Son, New York bankers, have
made an assignment.
William Seal, the Ashland murderer, is to
be hanged February 27th.
J. Donald Cameron is to be elected U. S.
Senator from Pennsylvania.
Oliver Brothers & Phillips and the Oliver
& Roberts Wire Co., Pittsburg, have failed.
The members ot the firms propose to turn
over every dollar they can get to their cred
itors. They believe their asset lar exceed
The defense In the Lot Wright investiga
tion at Cincinnati has commenced the exam
ination of witnesses. Mr. A. Howard Hinkle,
supervisor of election, testified to the bad
treatment of colored voters by the deputy
sheriffs and police. He believed every col
ored man offering to vote was challenged.
Both the deputy sheriffs and police interfered
with voters while the judges were examining
them. Spriggs was dragged away and was
afraid to return to vow, although be was a
lawful voter of that ward. An officious gen
tleman from Kentucky said Spripgs lived In
Cynthiana, but afterward said he thought he
lived there. The deputy marshals did not
prevent any Democrat from voting. To a
question by Chairman Springer the witness
said that in his opinion it would have tended
to better preserve the peace at the polls if
Marthal Wright had appointed good men
from both parties as deputy marshals. Theo
dore Cook, Democratic jury commissioner,
was called to show that the jury which tried
Lieutenant Mullen was not partisan, but the
proof was ruled out by the committee. Mr.
Cook had visited several polling places in the
Eighth, Eighteenth, Sixth and Second wards
and saw no disorder. To Chairman Springer
he said, in hisopinion, there was no necessity
for the appointment of deputy mar
shals nor deputy sheriffs. C. S.
Weatherby, dry goods merchant, saw
a colored resident of the Seventeenth ward
arrested at the instigation of Councilman
Reis, and remonstrated with Reis at the time.
Later Reis admitted the arrest was a mis
take, but did not go to release the prisoner.
HOTB8 Fit OM CLKVELAXD.
The Rink Craze Kxpoaltton Hall Collate
Lecture Wade Park Cholera The Me
diant Mollle Matches Cheap food.
For the benefit of Tisitors to our city I may
say as an opening that if they are not adepts
at the mystic art of rollers, there is no need
of them heie. Everything is rink, rink, and
"Have you been at the rink to-day?" is as
common as the proverbial weather phrase.
The two principal buildings have an average
attendance of 1,000 to 1,500, while on last
New Years 5,000 people spent their money
to fall or Bee others fall. New rinks are being
built in all parts of the city, the stock being
way above par; quite a change from some
mouths ago when the manager ot the piesent
rink could not sell his stock for 25 cents' on
the dollar. The proprietor .says that men
weighing 250 pounds become graceful skaters
by a few days practice. Fleshy people may
Cleveland will soon be furnished with a
hall and exposition building, something much
needed. As is now proposed, the building
will be erected in the canter of beautiful
grounds, flower beds and fountains, looking
off over Lake Erie. There will be a main hall
180x220, Board of Trade rooms, music hall,
and smaller rooms devoted to painting,
statuary, horticulture, the aquarium, relics,
&c; in short a central place for everything of
interest to the traveler and resident.
One of the features this winter is the
lectures given by Prof. Seymour at Adelbert
College. He discusses the great productions in
all branhes of literature, pointing out their
merits and faults. As it is the "fashion," if
I might so speak, among the neighbors of the
college, and as they are really very interest
ing, the hall is crowded at erery lectnre.
Wade park, which was turned over to the
city some time ago, is going to be another at
traction to our city. A deer-barn has just
been erected, which is certainly an addition
to the park from an architectural standpoint.
A large pond has been made for boats in
tha summer and skatiDg in the winter. The
skating is being enjoyed by the young people
and college boys, while a lodge is promised
next spring in which the people can warm
thair hands and rub their bruises next season.
The authorities are awake and on the look
out for cholera next jear, but this is not all.
the police board are holding private sesssions
for reorganizing the force to make it more ef
fective. Surely we are to be congratulated
if we are to have no more disease nor crimi
nals. The Street Car Companies are being stirred
up again; first if was to high-fares, then not
enough cars, and just recently a reduction of
fare again. Now the councilmen say that
the companies are not running cars often
enough. Something will happen when the
Clevelanl councilmen don't find some way to
benefit their constituents and get re-elected.
Frank Reese, alias Duncan Reveler, a22-year-old
medium of Tiffin, O., has been
brought back to this city on a charge of
blackmail. He became acquainted with a
Mrs. Hatch, another believer in seances and
pellets. A little while ago the above lady
received a note asking for $25, and adding
that it she did not hand it over he would
make some importart secrets public. A de
coy letter was sent to the address given and
watched, but he did not appear. A Becond
attempt proved successful, and when Duncan
felt the band of the law, inquired if he was
an officer. The detective said "yes," where
upon the would-be medium exclaimed: "The
devil I Then I am caught."
John Larney, who is now serving a ten
years term in Illinois for robbing the Gales
bure bank, has just been sued to recover their
money, some $9,000, which was stolen in
1879. Mollie Matches, as he is called, owns
some property here, on which stands a sa
loon. The robbery was a bold and well
planned piece of work. Mollie wanted to
get a $50 draft on New York for silver, and
gave the cashier the money to count. There
was only $45 in the change, and Mollie got
provoked and counted it himself. Then he
said he guessed there was a mistake, and he
would get some more. Meanwhile a confed
erate had stood back of him with ft paper
opened wide as it reading something, while
another man slipped by behind the paper and
picked the lock of the president's door. The
$3,000 was hurriedly gathered up, and the
three departed in a wagon at the entrance.
CuAKLsa K. Bolton.
WAsni.snTox, January 1G. Boutelle,
Main, favors putting the Alert (Arctic ves
sel) iu complete repiir and returning her to
the British government with the thanks of
Pittsburo, January 16. The Champion
conl mines, in the fourth pool, resumed today
at a reductiou ot 1 j per bushel lor mining,
the lowest price paid for years.
Cardinal Von llajnald.
Pestii, January 16. A pastoral letter has
been issued by Cardinal Von Haynald, Arch
bishop of Molocza. He condemns anti
Pittsbcro, Jaauary 10. It is expected
that Oliver Brothers and Phillips will make a
formal statement as to their affairs next
Wheat at Chicago.
Chicago, January 10. Wheat is panicky
and very unsettled May 98.
New York, January 1G. There were 37
fewer failures in the country this week than
Writing from l'lattsburg-. Mo., Mr?
A. MtisM'r says: In common with thous
ands of Kenttickians of the Hlue-Grnsj
region, fifty years ago, I know Nat
Speaks, a colored man of undeniable
genius and unaffected piety. He was
the originator of the hymn, "Tho Old
Ship of Zion," with Iho'choms, "Glory
Hallelujah," out of which lias since
grown "John's Hrown's Hody," and
tho celebrated war song, "ltally Round
the Flag." Nat Speaks, when I first
saw him. in 1834, was of middlo nge,
and black of skin as tho purest blood
of his race, kind in behavior, and sim
plo in speech as a child. His freedom
had been bestowed upon him by his
master, in whoso family he had been
born a slave, where ho had been taught
by tho children to read and write, lie
passed his freedom in ucful farm la
bor and his spare time as a volunteer
evangelist; teaching by example, rather
thaniiy precept, the simple truths of
Christianity. I lis strong point was
earnest singing of his own making, of
tho class of compositions general then
as corn-field and corn-shucking songi.
with a grand chorus. "The Old Ship
of Zion" is readily recognized as be
longing to that class.
"The gospel ship Is sailing-,
Hound for Cannan'a happy shore.
All who would Bhlp for Klory,
All who would ship for frlorr
Como und welcome, rich nnd poor.
Glory hallelujah. Klory hallelujab."etc.
I vividly recall to mind that once,
during a season of great religious in-
terest in Cvnthiana, Ky., Nat Speaks
would bo invited evening after evening
to the house of the leading citizens to
sing his "Old Ship of Zion," and many
little sums of money were pressed into
his hr nds for his performances, which
never failed to impress his hearers,
and not always vithout tears. Mis
Tho Decay or Will Tower.
Strong wills are becoming as rare as
healthy physical organizations. The
world "is "fussy." but only because hu
manity is working itself too much.
Drain tissue has increased, but healthy,
vigorous thought has diminished. Af
fectations have beconio realistic, and
realities affectations. A toothache con
verts us into invalids, where our ances
tors laughed at tho gout. We have
beaten the gold leaf so thin that it has
lost its own color, and shines with a
ghastly green light. Sentiment has
carried us past common sense; we have
had such a terror of the flesh that wo
have cultivated brain at the expense of
motive tissue, and have produced a
tho ant skull that is too heavy for
dwarf leg to bear. Emotions havo
been refini d, but they havo not been
Improved; bra'n has increased, but
strong, vigorous thought has diminish
ed. Education has become d.ffusi'd,
but what many have gained tho select
few havo lost;" and though there are
abundanco of reader?, tho raco of
prophets has died out. Suicide has in
creased becau'e will and healthy
thoughts have dim'nished. It is a di
caseborn of modern affectat:on, of thn
disappearance of that sdf;Control and
solf-repcct that ar.) better than car
loads of mock sentiment and morbid
melancholy. Aide from tho irrespon
sibility of insanity, an unsuccessful
aell-niurderor. needs a largo do oof iron
ana a largn doo of tho whip; and to
crush out all future attempts ne ds a
strong dosa of public contempt ami a
strong dose of tho treadmill. In a cer
tain sense nature uses su cide to rid the
world of fools; but it i, nevertheless a
blot on civilization, and a warning that
there is a 1 mit to all things, even to
human progress. Humanity has made
a rapid journey toward perfection; but
the point has been now reached when
rest and relaxation becomes a necessity.
Wo have conquered worlds; let us now
return for a while to tho old Greek
proverb, and try to conquer ourselves.
Halr-Cutttnuby a Mother.
You can always t-11 a boy whosa
mother cuts his hairby the way ho stops
in tho street and wrigcle his should
ers. When a fond mother has to cut
her boy's hair she'draws tne front hair
over his eves, and leaves it there wh le
she cuts that which is at the back. 'I ho
hair which lies over his ryes appears to
be surcharged w th electric needles,
and that which s silently dropping
down under his collarband appears to
be on firo. She has unconsciously pushed
his head forward until his nose presses
his breast. In the meantime he is seized
with an irresistible desire to blow his
nose, but he recollects that his hand
kerchief is in the other room. Then a
fly lights on his nose, and does it so
unexpectedly that he involuntarily dod
ges, and catches tho point of (he shears
in his left ear. At this ho commences
to cry and wish he was a man. Hut his
mother doesn't notico him. When sho
is through sho holds his jacket-collar
back from his neck, and, with hor
mouth, blows tho short bits of hairfrom
the top of his head down his back. He
called her attention to the fact, but sho
looks for a new placo in his head and
hite him there, and asks him why he
didn't uso his handkerchief. Then he
goes out and wriggles to get tho hairs
out of his neck, and wonders what the
other boys will say to him. Philadel
A ratent Spotter.
A new cash and ticket indicator is
attracting 8omo attention with railroad
men. The dovico has for its object the
prevention of a diversion of cash re
ceipts from their proper destination;
being intended to prevent conductors
from robbing moneys collected on the
trains, and keeping and selling uncan
celed tickets, tho appliance at the sarnu
time furnishing tho company with a
full and complete record of all passen
gers carried on tho trains, whether they
pay cash, present tickets, or hand in
trip passes. It consists of a box with a
glass front, ono of theso boxes being
placed on a panel botween tho windows
.Under the rack for each doublo seat. In
this box tho conductor places tho tick
et, which falls into ono oi me iwo up
per compartnionts, and remains in signt
in that compartment until the lid is
arain raised lor the reception of anoth
er ticket, when tho first ono falls into
the lower compartment, still remain-in"-
in sight, but inaccessible by any one
but the propor agent at tho placo or
As each new passenger takes a seat
ho drops into the lowor compartment
tho ticket of his predecossor in that
seat- A passenger can tell from tho
"indicator" whether or not a seat is
roally occupied; and if it is being
"hogged" (or occupied by some myth
ical" "friend" of the passenger in tho
next seat) ho can readily disprovo the
occupancy. At the same time, a pass
enger who leaves his seat at a station,
before his journey's end, has his right
seat reserved to him, but ho can not re
serve two seats at once in the tr-un.
Caatle Harden an a Matrimonial Ageacr
Women aa Nuraea and Help.
Rev. Dr. Eaton of Loulsvllle.Ky., Utaroaraes
on Wonaan'a Vaefulneaa.
WIVES FOR THE WEST.
We are not surprised says tho New
York Sun, that the officials at? Castle
Garden receive so many applications
for wives to bo selected from among
tho immigrants, because for years past
our own correspondents have asked us
to assist them to find conjugal partners.
In all the communities of the West
there is a great excess of men. Vory
many of these unhappy bachelors are
farmers with no near neighbors, and
they find that they can make little
headway without wives to superintend
their household and supplement their
efforts. But the circumstances which
bring them so many hardships are also
very unattractive to women, who know
that such farm life involves loneliness
and endless toil; that it is monotonous
and altogether unlovely, and especial
ly wearisome for women. When, there
fore, peoplo find fault with girls for
flying from farms to the shops and fac
tories of tho city, they show how ig
norant they are of the hardships of the
average farm life, and do not under
stand now heavily they bear on women
particularly. Daughters who see the
haggard and prematurely aged faces of
their mothers cannot be blamed if they
hato the existence which has done the
terriblo work. No wonder that op
pressed by the loneliness of the farm,
they demand a better field for the satis
faction of their social instincts,and
look with aversion on the farmer lads
of the neighborhood. They aro likely
to prefer for a husband anybody rather
than a farmer.
Accordingly, many farmers, at the
West especially, are "at their wits' ends
to get wives and helpmeets, and some
of them have written to us bitterly com-
Elaining that the girls of their neigh
orhoous turn up their noses at them,
and have approving glances for city
bred youths only. If, therefore, the
Castle Garden ofllcials show a disposi
sition to help them out of their difficul
ty, we have no doubt that Western
farmers will hasten to avail themselves
of such a matrimonial agency, and that
fair immigrant maidens will find hus
bands immediately upon thoir arrival
at this port.
Hut experience seems to show that
such attempts to artificially stimulate
matrimony are pretty sure to be unsuc
cessful or "to produce unhappv results.
When women are sent from Massachu
setts to Oregon to become wives for tha
pioneers of that thriving State, it was
hoped that a new and happier sphere
had been found for maidens of the pur
itan commonwealth who had no chance
of getting a husband at homo. But the
experiment did not work well,' and
after a brief trial the project was aban
doned. The women shipped to tho Pa
cific coast did not take kindly to their
novel surroundings, and the business
like character of the enterprise offend
ed the sensibilities of such as were best
fitted for matrimony. They could not
overcome their prejudice in favor of
old-fashioned courtship, and according
ly the attempt to relieve Massachusetts
of its surplus of maidens was brought
to a rather ridiculous conclusion. IX
women are few in a region the reasona
ble interference is that it is not ready
for them, and that they are not adapt
ed to the circumstances of the life
there. In due time Oregon became at
tractive to them, and now we hear no
more complaint about the scarcity of
women in the State. In this city there
are more women than men, because the
demand for female labor is so great
that a working-girl gets employment
more easily than a boy, and the social
advantages and excitement of a city
are even more prized by tho poor than
by tho rich.
Tho Western farmers, thercfo'e,
are likely to cont nuo to suffer un
der great "disadvantages in the matri
monial race, and wo donbt very much
whether they can get much help from
Castle Garden. In Europe noless than
in this country the preference for the
crowded and bustling towns grows
more and more general and more and
more marked. And yet, poor fellows,
the farmers must have wives. If they
cannot get them the occupation of the
farmer is likely to fall Into disreputo.
Already we see that the character of
the men engaged in it is gradually
changing, especially in the Eastern
WOMEN AS NURSES AND BELT.
What is there in the hour of anguish
like the gentle presence, the quiet vpice,
the thoroughly trained and skillful
hand of the woman who was meant by
nature and has been taught by careful
discipline to render those services
which money tries to reward, but only
gratitudo can repay? I have always
felt that this was rather the Tocation of
woman than general medical, and es
pecially surjrical, practice, says Dr. O.
V. Holmes. Yet I myself followed a
course of lectures given by the younger
Mme. Lachapellc, in Paris, and if hera
and there an intrepid woman insists on
taking by storm the fortress of medical
education, I would have the gate flung
open to her as if it were that of the cit
adel of Orleans, and sho were Joan of
Arc returning from the field of victory.
I have often wished that disease could
be hunted by its professional antagon
ists in couples, a doctor and a doctor's
quick-witted wifo making a joint risit
and attacking tho patient I mean the
patient's malady, of course with their
united capacities. For I am quite sure
that there is a natural clairvoyance in
a woman which would make her as
much tho superior of man In some par
ticulars of diagnosis as she certainly is
in diatinguisning shades of color.
Manv a suicido would have boon pro
vented if tho doctor's wifo had visited
tho victim the day before it happenod.
She would havo seen in the merchant's
face his impending bankruptcy, while
her stupid husband was describing for
dyspepsia and indorsing his note; she
would recognize the lovolorn maiden
by an ill-adjusted ribbon, a line in the
features, a droop in the attitude, a tone
in the voice which means nothing to
i,;r, ami n tho hrnnk must be drazired
to-morrow. The dull arrangement of
which I have spoken is, I suppose. Im
practicable, but a woman's advice, I
suspect, often determinesherhusband's
prescriptions. Instead of a curtain
lecture on his own feelings, he gets a
clinical lecture on the puzzling case, it
may be, of a neighbor suffering from
tho complaint of the Tillage nosology
as a "complication of diseases," which
her keen eye can see into as much bet
ter than his as they would through tho
eye of a small-sized needle. She will
find tho right end of a case to get hold
of, and tako tho snarl out as sho would
out of a skein of thread or a ball of
worsted, which he would speedily nave
reduced to a hopeless tangle.
THE USEFUL WOMEN.
Rov. Dr. Eaton, of Louisville, Ky.,
takes a high position concorjiing wo
man's usefulness. In a recent sermon
ha said: "Many a jtraat maa'a sno-
OOSS in mo ou uccu uuo nj ilia wire,
though tho world gave all the credit to
him. It would bo a long list, and
would contain the names of many of
earth's greatest and best, that would
tell of the success of men which wera
in a great measure due to their wives.
Erasmus tells us of the home of Sir
Thomas More, and we see there the se
cret of his power. Lutheracknowlcdg
ed his obligation to his wife, and so
did Uimyan, and Baxter rd Edward
ward Biirku and Buckiand and Niebubr
and Sir William Hamilton und Fichta
and Guizot and Carlyle and many oth
ers. Listen to Dr. Livingston say on
tho death of his noblu wife: ' I shall
do my duty atill. but it is with a dark
ened horizon.' Tom Hood said to his
wife: ! never was anything till I
knew you, and I have been a better,
happier anTl more prosperous man over
since.' In a church on Fleet street,
London, there is a tablet with the in
scription to tho memory of Sir Samuel
Romilly, whose devotion to his wifowaa
snch that seven days after her death he
died of a broken heart. Ho described
her as a woman of strong understand
ing, noblest sentiments, warmest affec
tion and utmost delicacy. These are
but few of many cases, and we get
bright glimpses of these great women
purely incidentally. None of them
sought notoriety as good wives. It has
been well said, "The best women are
necessarily the most difficult to know;
they are recognized chiefly in the hap
piness of their husbands and the noble
ness of their children; they are only to
be divined, not discerned, by the
On Pine Island, Florida.
Wo made a trip to Pine Island, which
lies wedge-like parallel with the outer
key. Here we found tho cocoa-nut and
lemon-trees, tho branches laden down
with magnificent fruit. Hero wo came
across certain diminutive Robinson
Crusocs which excited our sympathies.
On this island, with a snd-lookinc: and
dilapidated father, lived four children.
You approached the place through
shallows barely navigable with a light
draught boat 'at high tide. A ram
shackle structure on rotten piles was
tha landing. This settlement was twen
ty miles from anvwhere. The house,
the size of a small stable, looked as if
built years before, and was open to all
the winds til heaven. As the winds,
however, are never cold here, that per
haps was not important, but from April,
as tha very floodgates of heaven are
open, that family must have been
drowned out for months. Soma time
before, so we learned, while the father
was absent, tha mother died, and thesa
poor bairnc with their own hands dug
a grave and buried their mother. How
that family managed to eke out an ex
istence God only knows. Shells of tho
gopher, tho land tortoise, were, strewn
around, suggestive of miserable food.
Fish, though, might havo been plenty.
Two grim dogs, loan and lank, slunk
around tho house. Tho master of these
surroundings told us tho dogs were on
ly in good condition whon all gators
were plentiful. The houso contained
scarcely anything. There was a grimy
table, and "a few boxes serving as
chairs. We saw not a cup or saucer;
there were no beds. A tame crane,
that did not seem to heed our presence,
flopped around. That bird was a con
vincing proof that those little girls had
bestowed their love on somatbing, and
this was their pet.
Fancy a lad of twelve having .for a
toy a squirming alligator some'thrce
feet long! Not a very lovable compan
ion, nor one to be on intimate terms
with. But it was the only thing tha
soy could find. Evidently it was some
thing not to be fooled with, for the 'ga
tor's jaws we're bound with a bit of
rag. At our request this ligature was
loosed, when this ugly brute at once
made for tho boot of one of the partv,
and fastened his teeth in it, and would
not let go until his mouth was forced
open. Tho children would read a lit
tle, and. strange to say, the Vicar of
Wakefield had been their horn-book.
It was the only bound volumo tho fath
er possessed. " There were, though, as
additions to the library, a few tattered
numbers of children magazines of
years long gone past. There was a
slate, and at once the art Is ties young
fellow stacked his gun, dropped his
Abruzzi manner.anddrew for the child
ren pretty and funny pictures, until
that poor miserable house echoed again
with laughter and cries of delight- iha
lad, instead of marbles, played with tha
ugly fangs of the 'gator, and was him
self the slayer of saunans. To judge
from a miserable fire-arm we saw, be
longing to the father, I should think
the risk tho boy ran was greater than
that of tho alligator. Then tha mis
anthropist of theparty.who often wond
ored why peoplo ever wrote books or
magazine stories, and was always
amazed why people read them, made
up his mind that the library on Pine
Island should be increased, and if the
mail facilities have not quite gone
wrong, it is supposable that before this
theso children have a supply of juvenile
literature sufficient to last them for
some time to come. Bamet Phillips,
in Harper's Magazine for January.
Throw It Oat.
The twenty-cent piece ought to be
bounced. It is a fraud, a delusion and
a snare. It humiliates a man twice
first whon ho finds he has received it
as a quarter, and second when he
planks it down on the counter expect
ing that it is a quarter. You never no
tice when vou tako it that it is only
two dimes" worth, while the other fel
low when you go to pay it out is sura
to detect it, and you are then looked
on as a small kind of cheat, an impres
sion that no amount of explanation can
quite efface The twenty-cent piece is
a useless, unnecessary coin. It never
should have existed, and there is no
reason why it should exist now. It is
a venal coin going about getting five
contt extra on false pretenses. It is a
jackadaw in borrowed plumes. Like
Mark Twain's fly that is never so happy
as when it can p'ass itself off a.s a cur
rant in a fruit cake, the twenty-cent
piece always feels good when it mas
querades as a quarter. It is the Ish
mael of coins and tha hand of every
man should be against it. Refuse to
recognize it. Don't take it in and it
won't take you in. In order to facili
tate this good work the writer will un
dertake to accept all the twenty-cent
pieces in the country if the sender pays
express charges! The coins can then
ba melted over and the remains sold in
a junk shop as scrap silver. The twenty-cent
piece ought to go.
Yesterday morning John Vivian, a
miner near'Nevada City, said to one
of his companions: "I had a dream last
night that makes me feol very uncom
fortable 1 dreamed that an accident
happoned in the mino to mo and I was
killed. Tho wholo thing seemed so real
that it left a strong impression on my
mind. I wish I could forget it this mor
ning, but I can't." Vivian was sud
denly killed at 4 o'clock that same af
ternoon. Salt Lake Tribune,