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title: 'Springfield globe-republic. (Springfield, Ohio) 1884-1887, January 23, 1885, Image 1',
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Springfield Globe -Republic
TII12 Hl'ltINOFlKLI GLOBE,
Volume IV. Number all.
SPKEtfGFJELD, OHIO, FRIDAY EVENING, JAISTJARr 2:, 1885
(THE 8PMNOPIELD REPUBLIC
t Volume JCJCJC. Number 311.
OWEN, PIXLEY t CO.
Ohio Valley Had Tenor ssw Clouily weather
penerally warmer, variable wind?, lower ba
rometer. TO-DAYS NEWS
Fur Caps reduced from $i.7." to $2.
Sec east window.
Striped Mittens SOoper pair, in place
ofthc Itig- l!ed. See to llie right nest
Taking measures and niakiug to order
Overcoats Suits and Separate Pants.
Oiie-tliird saicd and lit guaranteed.
The last or tlie $5.00 t.'rajr Melton
Uiercoats to-day and to-morrow.
Two hundred pairs Jean Pants in one
lot, llfty in another, forty in another,
twentj-ihe iu another, at prices front
$2.50 down. It's enough to know we
make these goods.
If 75c Underwear i selling for 40c,
what's the difference .' Samples in west
Champion Ear Protectors sold onr
way better accommodates your purse.
The same might be said of I.inen Collars
As soon as Hat weather comes we'll
ghe the promised Iiat news. In the
mean time it's well enough to remem
ber onr Hat corner.
irtheitoyisS, 4, 5 or C, those Silk
I'lusli Trimmed Overcoats rednced from
$13 to $5, might be quite a bargain.
Separate Undercoats for Boys of 5 to
12 years and a Tariety of Short Pants.
Job in Soiled Percale Shirts 25c each.
Fine Neckwear at a quarter, half,
three quarters or au even dollar.
Suspenders. Sec west window.
Cardigan Jackets, All Wool. Look
out for Cotton Hack (.'owls.
Clearing Balance Fur Caps at $2.00
Remember our All Wool Scarlet
Shaker Socks 25c, and others more or
OWEN, PIXLEY & CO.,
ONLY ONE-PRICE CLOTHIERS,
These Renowned Pianos are kept
in all the different styles by
R. F. BRANDOM & CO.,
Tl KoIIv'hi Arcnde.
Corrected bt Qias. W. Taykter A Co.
Wednesdsr. Ju. 21, 1SS5.
Bcttkr 20c retail.
Eoo ;oodupply; S5c
Pon-TRT Good demand; chickens, voanK, V
30t; old, 23S3c each.
AprLKS-50cJl SO per bash.
Potatoes 55iS"c jr hush.
sweet Potatoes tl.50lu9per bush.
Cabbahe lull; 75c a 11.50 per bbl.
O.vio.ss "5c lr bash.
Salt Snow-nfce brand, 11.30 per bbl.
Coal Oil lOaJJc per gL
MtATS Pldes, 9c; shoulders, 7c; hiiui, 10c.
rine washed, 2S30c; unwashed, JJoB.
Seal as A large demand and prices low ; gran
Tilatnd, 7c per lb: "A" wlill. c;;c per lb; exixa C
light. 6ie Ir lbi I-,,ow' CS lr lb; C, 5c
Cot'yke Mark lower; Java, 20aS0c per lb;
Rio golden, 18a--0 peril-: Kio, prime greeu, 12Ka
IV per lb ; Rio,x anion, 10c per lb.
MOLASSES-Ne Orleans, tOaSOc pergal; wrgham
IticE-Best Carolina, 8Kc per lb.
OVfiERS 25c perqt.
Dried Apples 8 l-3c per lb.
Ukikd Pkaoies 10c per lb
Oiickrns Uressed,Si75 to J3.SO per down.
TCRKET9 " galOcperlb.
UL'CKS " 5aS I' 0Z
Ua kbits SI 25al 50 P dor.
Bai'IN Sew IbalSKc per lb,
CckiantN'w JSc per lb.
APFLv-ew 84c pe.lb.
I'alCHE Ual I Vie; lulud ttjjc par lb.
lBgKa Kaw 74c pr lb.
Ji tiw wBi?
is to Pursue and Punish the
O'Oonovan Rossa Gang.
English Council of War.
Great Anxiety in London.
Anxiety In London.
London, January 2X Tne Times, Telf
Kraph and Standard have not jet re
ceived reiiorts of the battle at Abu-Klea, al-
uiuuu uiej- nan special correspondents in
the field. This fact increases anxiety con
cerning the fate ot Gen. Stewart. The belief
is becoming prevalent that the battle at the
Wells was more 9evere than the Government
is willing to admit. There is an impression
that the official reports are colored at the
War Office and special dispatches have been
interrupted by the Press censors because they
contained information which threw objection
able light on the affair.
What Captain Phelau Will Do.
Jfsw York, January 23 The World this
morninjj published report of an interview
with Captain I'helan, in which he is repre
sented as stating that he intends to prosecute
all those concerned in murderous attack upon
him. He will protect the secrets of those in
Ireland but will pursue O'Donovan Rossa and
his gang until they are punished for con
spiracy to murder him. Phelau states that
he has documents in Kansas City that will
greatly aid him and show that he was no
A Council of War.
London, January 23. Tne war office has
received no newt concerning Gen. Stewart's
advance since the account of the battle Sat
urday. The absence of news causes consid
siderable anxiety. The heads of the war de
partment met at noon to-day with Earl Mor
ley, under Secretary ot State for War, pre
siding, to consider the situation.
Washington, January 23. Senate. Mr.
Frye, from the Committee on Commerce, re
ported favorably the bill recently introduced
by himself, for the encouragement of Amer
ican merchant marine, and to promote postal
and commercial relations with loreign coun
tries. Placed on the calender.
Mr. Manderson from the Committee on
Printing, reported favorably the concurrent
resolution providing that the Congressional
Record shculd be an accurate transcript of the
actual proceedings and debates of the two
The Oklahoma resolutions of Messrs. Plumb
and Vest were placed before the Senate. Mr.
Vest withdrew his resolution. In doing so
he took occasion to say there could be no
doubt whatever that, as the laws stood, the
Oklahoma lands were not at this time subject
to settlement by white people.
Mr. Dawes said we had no right to open
up these lands for settlement The United
States could not trample upon its own treaties.
Mr. Plnm believed that most people who
went into the Oklahoma country went there
under the conviction that they had a legal
rig tit to do so.
The resolution was laid over.
Hocsx. The House, after some routine
work, went into Committee of the Whole on
the Indian appropriation bill.
Mr. Hewitt (N Y.) read a letter he had re
ceived from Bishop Whipple of Minnesota,
who is now dving.on the banks of the Medi
terranean, imploring hia good offices for the
Indians, and asking him to request the President-elect
to be deeply careful in the selec
tion of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
"No position," says the Bishop, "in the gift
of the President can bring to bis party greater
honor or greater fame."
Mr. Cutcheon offered an amendment pro
viding that any Indian committing ag&int
the person or property ot another Indian, or
other person, any of the following crimes:
Murder, manslaughter, rape, assault with in
tent to kill, arson, burglary and larcency,
shall be subject to the laws of the territory in
which such crime is committed.
Washington, January 23 House. When
the House met a handsome silk American
flag ornamented the wall behind the Speak
er's chair, and after the reading of the jour
nal, the Speaker laid before the Huuse a com
munication from the Philadelphia Woman's
Silk Culture Association of the United States,
tendering the flag to the House, and bespeak
ing for it a place in the Hall of the National
Government. A vote of thanks was oSered.
Hurd complained, in a long speech, of the
usurpation of House privileges by the
Senate Chair laid before the Senate
memorial of the Woman's Silk Culture Asso
ciation of the United States. The memor
ial recited the great success, through
their efforts, of the work of silk
culture in the homes of this country, and
crave the good will, influence and aid of coa
cress in development of an industry go im
portant to the women and children of the
The purpose of the memorial is to beg the
Senate to accept with their memorial a
truly American national flag made of silk
raised in American homes, by American wo
men and children, reeled, spun, dved, woven
and mounted in Philadelphia. The flag.
which is large and handsome, wrs born; to
the desk and was the subject of much admir
ation both from floor and galleries.
Columbus, January 22. Senate. A bill
was introduced authorizing township trustees
to locate ditches.
On motion House bill creating a State
Board of Health, which was on the calendar
for third reading, was laid on the table and
The House amendments to Senate joint
resolution providing for a statue to William
Allen was agreed to.
The Circuit court bill was then called up
and after a few minor amendments had been
made passed by a Tote of 27 to 0. The title
was amended so as to read, "To revise and
consolidate the statutes relating to the orga
nization and ju-isdiction of the Circuit and
Home. House bill by Mr. Littler, provid-
ing for the abolition of the office of city
marshal, the vote by which it was lost having
been reconsidered, was passed, and now goes
to the Senate.
An effort is on foot in the House to reduce
telephone rales; also to regulate matters in
the Toledo Home of Refuge, or to transfer
1C3 boys to the Reform farm at Lancaster.
Mr. Levering's bill increasing the fees for
examining applicants for teachers certificates
from 50 cents to $1, which was recommended
tor passage by the commiitee on scnoois
and school lands, was defeated, receiving but
twenty-one votes of the fifty-three necessary
to pass it.
Bill passed, after a long and spirited dis
cussion, to provide for a piece-price plan of
work at the penitentiary, by a vote of 53 to
24 nearly a party vote.
The bill, which now goes to the Senate,
provides that the managers of the peniten
tiary shall provide employment for all pris
oners by an agreement with manufacturers
and others to furnish machinery, material?,
etc, for the employment of the prisoners
under the direction and immediate control of
the managers and their officers; and the said
managers shall make such rules as are neces
sary and proper for the classification of the
labor of the prisoners on the piece or process
plan, and before making any contract there
for they shall, if they deem best, advertise for
bids for the product of such labor on the plan
A Heroic Fight with Wolves.
Kankakee, III , January 23. A. H. Butts,
secretary of the Chicago lumber company,
has just returned from a logging camp near
Metropolitan, Michigan, a point in the prair
ies, forty miles north of Escanabu, and says
that Ihe night before he left the camp the
mercury bad dropped to 43 degrees below
zero. This was the climax of four days of
Tery extreme weather. That night an old
trapper and Indian hunter named Tom Dudg
ing, returning from hunting, was killed and
eaten by wolves within two miles of the
camp. The wolves there are more numerous
and bold than usual, on account of the
scarcity of small game. His friends, search
ing for hid?, the next morning, found his
closely gnawed bones, with thirteen dead
wolves lying near him, pierced by his rifle
bal! and his Winchester rifle, by his side.
with one chamber still loaded.
A Terrible Snow-Slide.
Paris, January 23. An avalanche oc
curred at Metrolles, in the department of the
Hautes Alps, and crushed a church in which
a numlier of persons were worshiping. All
were buried under the snow. Also twenty
men working in a marble quarry near by.
A volunteer force is now engaged in digging
ont the victims of the disaster.
New York, January 23. The failures of
the last seven days reported to R. G. Dunn
& Co., are as follows; United States, 371;
Canada, 40; total, 411, as compared .with
total of 430 last week.
Tbe Emperor Has Entirely Recovered.
Berlin, January 23. It is officially an
nounced to-day that the Emperor William
has entirely recovered from his recent ill
ness. fc Newspaper Postage.
Washington, January 23. Wm. Penn
Nixon, of Chicago, and D. R. Locke, of To
ledo, aie here nrging reduction of newspaper
Cincinnati, January 23. Wheat is scarce
and firm at 80.
James W. Grubb, Republican, has been
elected Mayor of Wheeling.
President-elect Cleveland will spend a few
days in New York early in February.
Young John White, nine years old, of
Bayside, L. I., has been fatally bitten by a
Capt. James Phelan is now able to walk
about the wards of the hospital.
Every gambling house in Cincinnati is to
The six-year-old daughter of Isaac Brown,
ot Lancaster, O., was burned to death by her
clothes catching fire from the stove.
O. II. Payne has resigned the office of
Treasurer of the Standard Oil Company. It
is said he will accept a Cabinet position un
The affairs of the Indiana State Treasury
are to be investigated, officially.
A man named Barton, of Belleville, Ont.,
while in a drunken frenzy, killed his sick
daughter with a chair and then drove his
wife out ot the house where she perished
The Senate of the Kansas Legislature
passed the House bill relating to Oklahoma
lands, after so amending as to favor opening
for settlement all lands in Indian Territory
not occupied by Indian tribes.
It is said Italy has 20,000 troops ready for
operations in Tripoli.
Further awful details cosoe from the ava
lanches in Italy. Several additional villages
are reported overwhelmed, with great loss of
life. The cries of people buried under the
snow can be heard by those working for their
An Anglo-Italian treaty is alleged to have
been made, giving Italy three hundred miles
0f Egyptian coast south of Massowah. It is
also alleged that an agreement has been form
ulated allowing Turkish occupation of Egypt,
with the exception ot Alexandria, Damiettn,
Port Said and Suez, and the abandonment of
Soudan to Turkey, with the exception of
ports on the Red Sea littoral.
The European press believe the result of
the war in Soudan will be a British protect
orate over Egypt
It is reported that German colonization in
West Africa is rapidly proceeding, and that
the Germaa flag has been hoisted over Sierra
Leone, long held by England, which if true
will lead to serious complications.
The corporation of Cork banqueted Par
nell. The Archbishop prohibited the at
tendance of tbe clergy.
Mrs. Stanley Matthews died at Washington
early Thursday morning.
The extension asked by Oliver Brothers,
etc at Pittsburg, has been granted. The firm
will resume operations.
Parnell is ill, at Cork.
About 250 election judges are to be in-
I dieted in Chicago for permitting carelessness
I and frauds.
For failure in "the performance of her
municipal functions for lighting the street,"
between 1872 and 187S, Xew Orleans has to
pay an aggregate, to individuals, of $203,000.
Conkrite, DemocraLwithd'ew as a candi
date for Ihe speakership of the Illinois House
and it is believed that'E. M. Haines will re
ceive the 77 votes necebsary to elect.
On Thursday the nomination of Carroll I).
Wright, of Boston, J as Commissioner of
Labor; A. T. Wikoff,5ot Columbus, pension
agent, and of O. J. De Wolfe, of Fostoria,
Ohio, and M. It. Keves, of Conneaut, as
Postmasters, were confirmed.
The Legislative investigation of the Hock
iog Valley strikes commences next Tuesday.
The accounts of the' fierce battle between
the English and the rebels, at Abu Klea, on
Saturday, of the terrible assault ol an im
mense force upon the English and their
heroic defence, and of their final advance
upon the rebels inflicting a loss of 800 killed
and 2,000 wounded, are confirmed. Toward
the last tbe battle was a deserate hand-to-hand
A London paper s.ijs of the gallant Col.
Burnaby, author of "The Ride to Khiva."
that "He died with the courage and pluck of
an English bull-bog, his hand at the Arab's
throat." Lords St. Vincent and Airlie, and
other officers, were wounded.
Let us have a farmer's institute in this
township, as we have good and practical
farmers and every facility to carry on one
successfully. What say ye?
Evening parties do prevail, but the last one
was on a new line ; the calling in of the young
folks on the evening of butchering day to
help stuff sausages.
Mr. Finney Stewart is about to retire from
farming at.d lead a city life, either in Xenia or
SpringGeld, Oliver Garlough having rented the
farm. Mr. Stewart ha9 been one of our old
settlers, living in the township from bis early
days till the prrsent.
The Hopewell scheol is the largest it
has been for some time.
Miss Martha Hall was victimized last Mon
day by her relatives and neighbors, it being
her birthday anniversary. While she was
preparing for last week's work they called
and wished her to entertain them, but she de
clined because the had not prepared, but we
would kindly partake of those subatantials
and deserted not the dessert ot sweetmeats.
A brother presented her with Proctor's poems.
Mrs. J. G. Hall presented her with a pair of
black silk mittens, and Mrs. Emma Hall pre
sided at the organ, giving good music. The
women talked lively and the men discussed
the prospects and prices of the crops.
Footprints in the Snow.
The snow is the great betrayer. It
not only shows tin track of mice, ot
ters, lie., etc., which else we should
randy, if ever. sv, font the tree spar
row . are more plainly seen against its
white ground, and they in turn are at
tracted liy the dark weeds it reveals. It
aLo drives the crows and other birds
out of the woods to the ullage for food.
We might expect to find in the snow the
foot-print of a life superior to our own,
of which no zoology takes cognizance.
Is there no trace of a nobler life than
that of an otter or an escaped ponvict
to be looked for iiit? Shall we stip
po:?o that is the only life that has been
abroad in the night? It is only the
savage that can see the track of no
higher life than an otter'. Why do the
vast snow plains give us pleasure, the
twilight of the ocnt and half-buried
wooiis?. Is not all there consonant with
virtue, justice, purity, courage, magna
nimity; aud does not all this amount to
the track of a higher life than the ot
ter's a life which has not gone by aud
left a footprint merely, but is there with
its beauty, its music, its perfume, its
sweetness, to exhilarate and recreate
us? All that we perceive is the impress
of its spirit- If there is a perfect gov
ernment of the world actfonling to the
highest laws, do we find no trace of in
telligence there, whether in the snow,
or the earth, or in ourselves no other
trail but such as a dog can scent? Is
there none which an angel can detect
and follow none to guide a man in hia
pilgrimage, which water will not con
ceal? Is there no odor of sanctitv to
be perceived? Is its trail too old? ltave
mortals lost the scent? . . Are there
not hunters who seek for something
higher that foxes, with judgment more
discriminating than the senses of fox
hounds, who rally to a nobler music
than that of the hunting-horn? As
there is contention among the fishermen
who shall be the first to reach the pond
as soon as the ice will bear, in spite of
the cold; as the hunters are forward to
take the field as soon as the first snow
has fallen, so he who would make the
most of his life for discipline must be
abroad early and late, in spite of cold
and wet, in pursuit of nobler game,
whose traces are there more distinct a
life which we seek not to destroy, but
to make our own; which when pursued
does not earth itself, does not burrow
downward, but upward, takes not to
the trees, but to the heavens, as its
home; which the hunter pursues with
winged thoughts and aspirations (these
the dogs that tree it), rallying his pack
with the bugle notes of undying faith.
Do the Indian and hunter only need
snow-shoes, wliile the saints sits indoors
in embroidered slippers? From the
Journal of Tkoreau.
.Singular Table Tops.
"The finest table in this town is one
I hac here," said the furniture-dealer,
pointing to a medium-sied center-table
made of ebony, with a dark-gray stone
top. A glance at the top showed that
it was a perfect imitation of the grain
of the tree, where the log had been
sawed square across, including an out
line of tiie juncture of a limb with the
"How did vou contrive to mark the
stone so, or did it happen to form itself
in that way?''
"We diifn't make it and it didn't
form itself, unless the petrification of a
tree is called a happening. This is a
cross section of a petrified log. The
petrified forests found iu some parts of
the Kocky mountain region are being
utilized. " The most leautiful stone
hitherto in ue has been the Mexican
onvx. It had one disadvantage. It was
impossible to get two tubes to match.
When a dab was sawed off the surface
on one side of the saw would polish up
in one figure an irregular star, for in
stance "while the surface on the other
side of the saw might look like a rain
bow of three colors. An oflerof 81,000
was once made to me to match art onyx
table of unusual foeautv. The single
one sold for ?-.'.0."
"Do sections of petrified trees sell as
"Iu rare instances, but tliev are us
ually as low as $150 aud $175." New
G LI TAXINGS.
It is said that ''-' percent of the vio
lent deaths in Ireland are 'caused by
burns or scalds, due in the open peat
tires on the floor-, of cabins.
It takes the labor of live men an en
tire ".car to build a locomotive. This is
the average at all the sixteen locomo
tive works in the I'uited States.
The Philadelphia 'revs h.is discover
ed that you can tell an e-sclioo!iii:tstcr
every time. He alwa.vs Iries Ids chair
with his hand before silting down on it.
(Jovernor Kinhead, of Alaska, says it
will be impossible to build railroad's in
that country. Alaska is larger than all
of the United State- east of the Missis
For school purposes in the Southern
States there is being spent twice- as
much as there was live jears ago, it is
estimated, and four times :is miuh as
fifteen years ago.
A New York jeweler make? watch
boxes, cigarette eases, and pretty pocket
pieces out of trade dollars without de
stroying their identitv. Ho has copy
righted some of his designs.
Yale College is the name of a man
who lives in Boston. Mr. College is a
colored man who was a slave in tho
South before the war. His owner, who
gave him his name, was a graduate of
To show how hard times are the New
York Sun cites as a fact that although
one of the popular champagne firms
has been trying to work off a thousand
cases at $14, half the usual price, they
have met with no success whatever.
A life insurance man has made a cal
culation which shows that in 1938 there
will bo living only l,2i3 survivors of
the war of the rebellion. But perhaps
he forgot to take into consideration tho
health-giving influences of the pension
The Helena (Ark.) Il'orW comes to
the front with the oldest man in the
world. Uncle Eli, according to his own
statement, is 180 years old, and still
able to saw wood for a living. "Ac
cording to his own statement is sug
gestive. The Palestine bees arc regarded as
remarkable, and recently a gentleman
in Jerusalem forwarded "to this country
a queen bee by mail, the first ever sent.
It came through in twenty-three days,
and within a week after its arrival be
gan to lay.
Jennie McClintock. who was recently
arrested in Gallup, X. M., for selling
liquor to Navajo Indians, is described
as a languishing beauty "whose dark
purple eyes would melt "the heart of a
jack rabbit and cause a dead coyote to
bound with joy."
Among some Southern negroes there
is a tradition that if one carries with
him at night the backbone of a cat he
is quite invisible to everyone vUe. For
this reason there is an active market for
cat backbones iu the vicinity of the
chicken thieves headquarters.
At Cardiff, iu Wales, has been manu
factured a wire rope 2.3W fathoms, or
two miles and 108 vanN long. The
weight is 21J tons." Nearly 100.0U0
fathoms of wire were consumed in its
production. The rojMj is to be ued in
working trains iu a terminal at Glas
gow. When an elephant catches cold medi
cal treatment is apt to include large
doses. Perhaps the most gigantic doe
was prepared lately in Cincinnati. Five
tubfuls tilled with whisky, molasses and
ginger were given to each elephant in a
show, and the mixture was apparently
Oue can hardly imagine an English
man dining on a leg of mutton which
came frozen from Buenos Avres, but
the thing can be seen any day now.
Shipping froen carcasses of sheep is
now a regular business, and as there are
100,000,000 sheep iu the Platte district,
it is likely to g'ow.
Two feet of excavation iu Xe,w Or
leans will reach muddy water. There
is not a knoll three feet high in the
town. You do not go down to the
levee, but j on go up to it. The city
was built in a swamp. There are plen
ty of gambling houses, lotteries and
cock-fights. It is a queer town gener
ally. A market-woman at Peoria. Ill
avoids pav ing au election bet because
she had "read of the Sh lock perform
ances. She was to wheel a man
around the public square, but declares
that there was nothing in the bond
about wheeling bis clothes, mid that he
will have to "o without them or not at
Blondiu, tho rope-walker, famous
many year- ago for his exploit at Niag
ara Falls, is now a resident of London.
lie still follows the hazardous profes
sion at the age of 60, and demands S00
a performance, but does it mostly on
the Continent, the Engli-h law "com
pelling the Use of a net, which Blondin
docsii t like.
The gorilla does not build a houe o;
shelter (in this he is inferior to the chim
panzee or orang) nor does he attempt
to use the gun which he has seized or
broken. All attempts to keep a gorilla
in captivity, even in Africa, have as yet
failed. It'starves or dies of, it would
seem, a broken heart. Even young
ones ilie in a few weeks.
From surveys of the Gulf of Mexico
it appears that its area is VJ.'i.OOO square
miles, and that the area of the surface
included within the 100-fathom line is
387,000 square mile rather more than
one-third of the surface having a deptli
of les, thau 100 fathoms. The greatest
record depth in the Gulf is 2,1 IU fath
oms, the mean depth being 8.8 fathoms.
The dispatches tell us of a young lady
burning to death in a Mexican street
car, her clothing lieing set on fire by
the cigarette of a woman sitting next to
her. There is nothing strange about
that, except the accident. Everybody
smokes in Mexico women as weli as
men, and they smoke everywhere, too.
Without smoking life would not be
worth the living.
Scarcely twenty-five years ago the
most powerful piece of artillery was a
sixtv-eight pounder, throwing its pro
jectile with a velocity of 1.G00 feet per
second. Now the weights of guns have
increased from five to one hundred tons
the velocities from 1.C00 to 2,000 feet
per second, the energies from 1,000 foot
tons to over 25,000, and the projectiles
from sixty-eight pounds to 2,000 pounds.
The cigarette antedates the pipe or
cigar by many wars, and, as nearly as
can lie determined from history, was
the original method of using tobacco.
Christopher Columbus, on his first voy
age of discovery savs the natives on the
Isle of Cuba had a ""filthy habit of roll
ing up the leaf of a noxious weed, set
ting fire to one end and inhaling the
pungent aud nauseating fumes from the
other, which they called tobaccos."
Colonel Tom Ochiltree says Texas is
growing like a green bay state, and
that it will in a couple of decades have
10,000,000 of people aud be the largest
and wealthiest State in the Uuiou. "Its
taxable property," says he, "has in
creased $75,000,000 within the l.astyear.
and its population has become as cos
mopolite as that of New York. It will
never he divided into four States as has
been suggested. Its people are too
proud to destroy its anatomy.
Sergeant Ballantine, in his "From
the Old World to the New," declares
that in American hotels tho "cooking is
v He, and wines, except being profanely
christened with tho sacred titles of a
former age, bear no relationship to
their ancestors." He repeats the story
that Lord Coleridge declared that "he
thought the American women far ex
celled their English cousins both in
beauty and intellect, and he should not
be backward to say so on his native
soil." "Although,"" he comments, "I
can not claim cither the judgment or
experience of Lord Coleridge upon the
fascinations of tho fair sex, . . I am
confident that tho American ladies will
be quite contented, aud their country
men will not lie displeased, at the place
I assign to them of equality with their
A passenger iu a coach from the wet
one night recently, writes s Fort Worth
corre-pondent, when he boarded the
train out on the plains, brought in and
carefully deposited on the drawing
room on one of the cushions, a $50
Mexican hat, stiff with silver thread em
broidery and circled by a heavy silver
cord. He was A. J. Adams, who, only
28 years old, is able, out of the profits
of his New Mexico ranch, to indulge in
the luxury of a $50 hat. but Durelv as a
piece of 'interior decoration for an east
ern friend's house. Sheriff Warne, of
Mitchell county, who, with Millionaire
Gregory, of Chicago, was admiring the
hat, said that Gen. Valdcs, when an
exile from Mexico, had with him a hat
that cost $600, and a California saddle
that had cost $2,300. Both were heavily
embroidered with gold and silver lace,
and tho General was Tery proud of
thcra. "It's a common thing," he ad
ded, "for these Tcxans to wear hats
mat cosi irora io to -'o. in fact, a
cowboy's hat and saddle cost more than
the whole of the rest of his outfit. The
boys get these big hats from the east,
where they are manufactured, although
they are never worn. A silk hat is as
uncommon out here as one of these
sombreros is on Broadway.
These big hats are the best hats in the
world. They are warm in winter, and
a shade in summer. The Texans are
very particular about the broad brims.
Tiiey will touch nothing with a brim
less than threo and a half inches, and
they want often a hat that is five and a
half inches in width of brim. These
hats last four or five years, and some
cowmen have a superstition about them
if they have good luck while they own
them, and alter they have worn them a
long while, they will send them on and
have them cleaned and wear them sev
eral vears longer.
Many men here have made all their
fortunes under one hat. There are not
only economy and durability as reasons
for the custom, but there i"s health in
them. Have you everseen a bald-headed
sombrero wearer? Then the color,
too, which varies from light dun to a
buff, prevents reflection from the sun
light' "Wby aro Mexican hats so expen
sive?" "They are mado by hand. Unlike
the Texan sombreros, they are made of
wool carefully prepared, and each one
of these costfy hats represents several
months' labor. This hat, you will see,"
he added, as he rubbed his hand over
tho peak, "is as soft a a ncw-bsrn baby's
checks. This silver thread is laid on by
women, who are careful to mat it to
gether. It gives the brim a curl, and
it keeps the tiny sugar-loaf in the cen
ter stiff. This pattern is very simple,
but you will see the cactus, tho palm,
and the Mexican grasses picked out in
gold and silver on many of the hats.
The true Mexican will invest his all in
a fancy hat and clothe the rest of his
body in dirty rags."
Tipping the South Carolina Darky.
As we got into South Carolina we
were joined by a judge from Pittsburg.
I forget just what court he was judge
of, but he had been traveling South for
his health, and had just figured up that
he had paid out $25 in fees in waiters,
and was mad all the way through. He
vowed by his baldness that he wouldn't
pay out another red cent, and we en
couraged him as hard as we could.
When wo went up to the hotel the
landlord gave us a big room with three
beds iu it. A big negro brought the
trunks up. and when he was ready to
go tho Judge called to him anil began:
"Colored person, stand up! Now I
want to say to you that I shall expect
prompt service without fees. You have
brought up my trunk; that's all right
it was your business to. I shall want
water, and I may want a fire, and I
shall probably ask you to go of errands,
but if you even look fees at me I'll
throw you out of the window!"
We were there two days, and tho
waiter was v igilant. humble and will
ing, but as we made ready to depart
tho morning of the third in comes a
constable with a warrant to arrest the
Judge for threats of personal violence
It had been sworn out before a justice
ten miles away, and the complainant
was the negro waiter.
It took the two of us to hold the
Judge down on his back during his first
paroxysm, a-d when he had cooled off
a little the negro slipped into the roou.
"Whito man, stand up! Now I want
to say to you dat a $5 bill will settle
dis yer case jist as I feel now, but if
you goes to callin' names or pullin'
hnir or kickn' I'll stick fur $25! Dat
justice am my own brudder, an' he's
jist achin to send some white man ter
jail fur six months'."
We sat on the Judge again for about
twenty minutes, at the end of which
time he handed over the amount and
was pronounced sane.
Soothing a Nervous Man.
Barbers ought not to make them
selves too agreeable to theircustomers.
One of this ilk, who is a wonderful con
versationalist, anil can operate with
his own chin and on the chin of his
victim at the same time, told a refresh
ing story to his victim. Tho victim
was a nervous man, and was always
afraid that sonlo dreadful accident
would happen to his jugular Tein when
the reckless razor was rushing wildly
over his countenance. The aftable bar
ber saw tho condition of affairs and
tried to soothe the poor fellow with a
story. "Sir." he said, in sepuchral
tones, "the changes that happens in
life is awful. Last Wednesday, sir, a
man about your size was settin' in this
very chair, and I was shavin' him. Anil
would you believe it, sir, I saw him on
Saturday afternoon, yes, sir, on Satur
day afternoon, a regular corpse, sir.'"
The lathered man leaped from that
chair with a gash in his face, and with
a hasty expression of opinion, left the
shop. " Yes, cheerful conversation does
assist a nervous man to get over the
rough places in life, without a doubt.
MURPHY A. BRO.
BALANCE OF OUR STOCK OF
48 & 50 Limestone.
N. B. Don't buy a Cloak un
til you see our assortment
Another Henry Clay Anecdote.
Hon Erastus Brooks, of New York,
has been in the city all week, writes a
Washington correspondent, in attend
ance on the conference of the represen
tatives of the various state boards of
health. He acted as chairman of the
conference throughout the proceedings.
He is in vigorous health, though now
advanced in years. Turning toward
the old senate chamber, now tho su
preme court-room, his eye brightening
with the pleasure of the reminiscence,
Mr. Brooks said: "I was here when
Henry Clay made his famous speech, in
which he declared: "I would rather be
right than president.' Clay is the only
man I ever idolized. He was a grantl
man. I do not know but what I was
instrumental in having Clay declare: 'I
would rather be right than be president.
It was in this way; I was president of a
young men's Clay club, and on the
morning of the day on which Clay was
to make the speech I went to him in be
half of this club and expressed the hope
that he would not say anything which
would injure him as a candidate for the
presidential nomination. He looked at
me somewhat severely and said: -Young
man, do you not think you should at
tend to your own affairs?"
"That day Clay made his great speech,
and after he had concludeuit he came
over to me, and leaning over the desk
in the chamber where I was writing, ho
said: -Young man, I may have spoken
too harshly this morning", and I hope I
have said nothing to-day that will in
jure our friends in the east, but when I
said that I would rather be right than
president I meant it,' and he did mean
A street scene in Havana: A man
passes with a bunch of lottery tickets
and scissors, calling out a number iu a
sing-song tone; then a horse or donkey
is led by with a load of fruit or mer
chandise in panniers on either side of
his back; or a cow is being milked in
front of a customer's house; a man
passes with a bunch of live chickens
under his arm, or a negress with a
huge cigar in her mouth; and then
what from a distance looks like a row
of elephants decked in green, but which
on closer inspection proves to be a lino
of seven or cmht horses, tied head to
tail, so loaded with fresh fodder to a
height of eight or ten feet that one can
just distinguish the little animal's nose
and tail under the undulating mass ol
Phil Sheridan's prescription for a
cold: "Stav at home aud sit in front
of the fire."'