Newspaper Page Text
Springfield Globe -Republic
TUJ: N1MUNVIK1.I OTOIIK, I
Volxmio IV. Nmnlor 324. f
SPEDSTGFIELD, OHIO, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 7, 1885.
I Volime X.XJC. Number 334,.
OWEN, PIXLEY A CO.
Ohio Valley and Tennessee: Sligh'ly
warmer, partly cloudy weather; light rain
or enow; southerly winds, Iwooraii g varia
ble; falling, followed iu eitrcme west jioi tion
by rising barometer.
These are fundamental
principles of Gw n, Pixley &
Co's Mammoth Clothing Estab
I. To keep at ail times the
largest, best, most comprehen
sive and reliable stocks to be
fsund in this market. As a
matter of fact, the store, 25
& 27 West Main Street, this
city, is among the largest re
tail houses in the west, devot
ed exclusively to Mens'.
Youths', Boys' and Childrens'
Clothing, Furnishing Goods and
2. To bring the producer
and the consumer in contact,
and thus save the latter the
rdinary retailer's profit
3. To stand by every rep
resentation. 4. To take back (if re
turned uninjured) anything
btught of us if the price does
net prove to be trom 10 to 25
percent, below any compeii
tien, r if, for any reason
whatever, the buyer is dissat
isfied with the goods.
5. To do a business large
enough to make the smallest
prtfits fairly remunerative.
The vast and over-growing
trade of this house attests
the public's appreciation of
an establishment conducted
n these principles.
N. B. Open Saturday even
ings until 10 o'clock.
Romance T an Kxile.
During tho past ten years or nioro a
gentlemen of quiet bearing, named A.
C. Lavclle, has been conducting a cid
er and vinegar factory on Fifth street,
nearK. It appears that he is a Rus
sian, was an officer in the Russian
army, and his family were of high so
cial standing, but being exiled, he
dropped everything pertaining to aris
tocracy, and took hold of the first busi
ness that offered by which to gain a
living for himself and family, he hav
ing married in this country. Recently
he received information of the death in
Russia of his father, and I icing the solo
heir, he is entitled to a fortune of about
f30,000,OOJ. During the past few days
he has been engaged in securing the
necessary papers, including one from
the Secretary of Suite relative to his
citizenship, and yesterday left for the
borders of Russia lie can not enter the
territory to look after his property.
lie says that he will return to Sacra
mento as soon as possible, intending to
always make this city his home. Sac
ramento Oil.) I'muh.
Myra Clark G iues probably knew
more jibout law than am woman in
the world during the l..-t uceade.
Corrected bv Ciias. W. Patster A Co.
Daily Report atu'day, Feb.
Bcttii Goo-1 supply, but dull at 1Si20c retail.
Eoes Good supply; ISc. per dnz.
f ; lee. per uoz.
emaad; chicsens, young, 20a
POUX.TET Ijood dei
ate: old .TtSaSte en.
ArrLis 1 1 OOal SO per bush.
Potatoes Sstnc per bush.
Swrkt Potatoes SI -50at o) per bush. Jerseys
Cabbage Dull; S1.I0 a 2.00 per bbl.; 5c bead,
Oxioxs Scarce; 74a90c per bush.
Salt Snow-flake braud, f 1.25 per bbl. t
Coax. Oii-8al5a20c per gal.
BCGAB-ct'EED Meats Side:', 9c; shoulders, 7c;
hams, 12c; b. bacon, 10c
Sugars A large demand aud prices low; gran
ulated, ?c per lb "A" white, 6Vc irlb: extra C
light, 6Xc per lb; jellow l.SJc rr lb; C, 5e
Cojtek Marke lower; Java, 20a30e per lb;
Bio, golden, 18av0 per lb: IUo, prime green, l!Ja
ldCperiD; xuo.a. uuiuu, iiv (Ti iu.
tirKCrs I0a5na70c pergnl.
Molasses Ne OrIeans,60jS0cpergal;sorghain
60c per gal.
Kick Best Carolina, 84e per lb.
Otstees SOc rqt
Dei ed Arrt.ES S l-3c per lb.
Dried Peaches 'k per Il.
CincKaxs-Dressed, J.! 7sa5.1.35aS3 50 per dozen.
Tercets tlHc per lb.
Dccxa " 12 753 SO ir doz.
Babbits 11 25a t fO per doz.
Fine washed, 28a30c; unwashed, JJ on.
Kaisiss Sew I0at2c per lb,
Ccekats yew 7c it lb.
ArrLss New b5c i. lb.
Pbacmea Halves wc; mixed 8J ie per lb.
rnVBES Sew 7J-JC per lb.
FRIGHTFUL RfilLWAV ACCIDENT.
Oil Tanks Explode and Several
Big Factories Burned at New
Brunswick, New Jersey.
Several Persons Roasted to Death.
Loss, $800,000 to $1,000,000.
Accident to the Alaska, the "Grey
hound of the Seas."
Destructive KI I way Accident and Con
Xkw Brunswick, N. J., February 7. A
collision between the east and west-bound
freights occurred on the Pennsylvania rail
road bridge, over the Raritan, this morning.
The oil tank cars on the train exploded and
sent their burning contents running oer the
bridge and down the gutters ol the streets.
The bridge at the present moment is on fire,
as well as the large manufacturing establish
ment of Janeway Co.
low the Trouble Wai Causeil.
At three this morning extra freigLt trains
from Philadelphia, owing to the broken track,
stopjved upon the bridge over the Raifan river
for repairs. While waiting, the through
Southern freight, which left Philadelphia at
10:30 p. mM came dashing along through the
city, and not until within rive hundred teet
of the caboose of the extra did the engineer
see it. The brakes were applied to no pur
pose. The engine of the freight struck the
caboose of the extra, telescoped it, struck the
oil Unks, of which there were four on the
train, and the explosion followed imme
The burning oil and the wrecked cars were
thrown over and down from the high bridge
into the streets below. The burning oil ran
through the gutters down the street into the
Raritan canal. This being covered with ice,
the oil ran over the ice down the canal to the
Wall Paper Manufacturing establishment of
Janeway A Co. This was-soon totally de
stroyed, as were seven dwellings opposite, in
the immediate vicinity of tne collision, and
ju3t under the long railroad bridge. The
building nsed as a box factory, by the Consol
idated Fruit Jar Co., was destroyed. The flames
then spread to the main factory of the com
pany, which was wholly destroyed.
By six this morning the flames were under
control. The wood work of the bridge was
burned. The damage to the structure is not
Engineer French and fireman Harrison, of
the regular freight, jumped trom the engine,
when they saw the inevitable collision, and
escaped with but a few bruises. The brake
man un front ot tbc tram, rrauK vnmas, ot
Kensington, Pa., jumped nd was carried
down in the wreckage into the street below,
and was roasted to death. Patrick Daugherty,
jr., a young mechanic, of this city, foolishly
entered the burning building of Janeway &
Co. in search of tools and was not seen since.
It is feared that he too has been the victim
of the most terrible fire this city ever had
But for favoring wind the whole manu
facturing part ol the city would have been
At no point on the whole road could the
accident have occurred at so disastrous a
The burning oil and cars literally poured
over and flung upon the roofs of the manu
Only the battered locomotive stood upon
It is now thought that two brakemen on
tlu nil train are also burned to death. The
loss is estimated at between $800,000 and
Fire engines were sent to the aid of the
burning city from Elizabeth and Jersey City.
Only one spin of the bridge was damaged.
The bridge was the finest on the Pennsylva
nia read. All travel on that road is greatly
delayed, as long detours have to be made.
One of the burned buildings was a stable
containing a number of horses; all burned to
death. Ths accident was caused by the care
lessness of the telegraph operator in not giv.
ing proper signals on the east side of the
The loss on Janeway Co's. buildings, stock
and plant is $175,080. Insurance $61,000.
The Consolidated Fruit Jar Company's loss is
$500,000, fully insured. The loss by the rail
road company cannot be ascertained, far lack
ot willingness on the part of officials to im
part information. Loss on dwelling houses,
$10,000, insurance distributed among a large
number of companies. Bridge was not
weakened and trains are now running on
Siocx Citv, Iowa, February 7. The state
ment having been published that John Bren
nan. of this city, had been selected to succeed
O'Donovan Rossa as leader of the Irish dyna
miters, and that a general convention of dv n
ameters will be held next June, Brennan says
be. has no knowledge of any convention
and if he had, would not give the tact to the
public Regarding the alleged succession, be
says: It has been the ambition of my life
that I might be aSorded opportunities to suf
fer and make sacrifices for my native land
and its people, but I am neither a warrior
nor a mariner, nor am I likely to be selected
for any post requiring much skill or daring
in the art of killing.
New York, February 7. The steamship
City of Chester arrived this morning, and re
ports, on the f th instant, at 2:D0 a. m., in
latitude 42 degrees and 18 minutes, longi
tude CO degrees and 19 minutes, she ex
changed signals with the steamship Alaska,
with a Beaver line steamer in tow. The
Alaska was disabled, with its spring gear out
of order, and the other steamer was no doubt
acting as a rudder. They were heading tor
Rolling 31111 Hurued.
Nashua. New Hampshire, February 7.
The rolling and plate mill of the
Nashua Iron and Steel Company was
destroyed by fire this morning. Loss, $00,000;
Paris, February 7. The Temps denies
that there has been any mutiny among the
Algerian troops at Kelung.
WituiasjTO.i, February C. Simate. The
Chair laid before the Senate the credentials of
Senator-elect Ingalls, also communications
from supervising architects of the treasury
and the Postmaster General. Resolution of
fered: Relative to torpedo service to defend
the harbors on the sea and lake coast. Mr.
Palmer addressed the Senate at length in fa
vor of woman suffrage. Adjourned.
Hocse. Continuing yesterday a debate on
the river and harbor bill, numerous amend
ments were proposed but none adopted.
On Friday's legislative day a bill was
passed amending the Revised Statutes in re
gard to boiler construction.
Rills reported: Declaring forfeited the grant
of land in aid of the Girard and Mobile
Railroad, Alabima; tendering the thanks of
Congress to certain members of the Greely
The House then went into committee of the
whole on the river and harbor bill, a bitter
debate being carried on by Messrs. Hiscock.
Willis, Young and King, after which the
Columbus, February C. Senate. Report
of conference committee on piece-price plan
Senate unanimously passed Mr. Ryan's
House bill authorizing the creation and pro
viding for the operation ot tribunals of vol
untary arbitration to adjust industrial dis
putes between employers and employed; such
boards to be appointed bv the Common Pleas
court Some amendments which do not ma
terially alter the bill were adopted by the
Senate. These will probably be accepted by
tne House and the bill become a law.
Mr. Williams moved that the vote whereby
House kill by Mr. Lisle, creating a State
Board of Health, was lost on Wednesday, be
reconsidered. Adopted after a long debate.
House bill by Mr. Wolf To suppress opium
Senate bill by Mr. Mickey Extending the
provisions of the act relating to the adoption
of children from orphan asylums to those in
Senate bill by Mr. Van Cleaf Amending
the act of last winter so as to authorize the
military commission to pay claims already
Mr. Elliott Equalizing the payments made
to tLe benevolent fund of each county of the
State according to its representation in the
Hocse. Conference committee's report on
Circuit Cuart bill agreed to and spent mast of
the day on the piece-price plan, which was
The Senate adopted the joint resolutions
offered by the Committee on Federal Rela
tions accepting the invitation of Director
General Burke to the Legislature to attend
the New Orleans Exposition, but the resolu
tion failed of passage in the House.
An Kditor Called On.
St. is, Mo. February 7. Rosewell B.
Swift, son ot Wm. II. Swift, a prominent con
tractor and whilom newspaper man, called at
the office of the Evening Chronicle this nam
ing and inqaired for W. H. Little, managing
eaitur. .an.. . llanr rnrerninir an arti
cle which appeared in the Chronicle yesterday,
Swift struck Little with a cane and a scuffle
ensued. Little received a severe gash on the
cheek. Swift was arrested. Little claims
that Swift attempted to use a revolver, but it
failed to go off. The obnoxious article made
objectionable reference to the recent marriage
of yeung Swift's father.
The Lot Wright investigation testimony is
all in. There will be a majority and a minor
The Mt. Sterling (Ky.) opera house was
burned, with other bnildings; loss, $60,000.
Jerry O'Donovan (misnamed Rossa) will
be about again in nine days.
Failures last week: For the United States,
314; Canada, 32; total 346, as against 354
the previous week, and 411 the week pre
ceding. Henry Kessler, prominent citizen of Cin
cinnati, is dead.
Two little girls were burned to death in a
dwelling fire near St. Charles, Minn.
Christian Peiler, an aged citizen ol Cincin
nati, mysteriously disanpeared.
In the Campbell disbarment suit, half th
costs have been pat on the relators.
Armed Mexicans have crossed the Rio
Grande to release Mexican prisoners at Car
rizo. Wm. H. Avstintall, farmer, was run over
and killed by his hay wagon, in Cincinnati.
A New York firm has the contract for the
decoration of the inauguration ball-room for
Three masked robbers bound and (jagged
Phil. Glass, near Dayton, Ohio, and went
through his house.
Henry Strottman, Vincinnes, Ind., crazy,
killed his wife and father-in-law -with a
Esther Clarke Macke, of Salem, Mass., be
queathed $35,000 to the American Unitarian
Marcus F. Moe, Assistant Secretary of the
Chicago Public Library, is short in his ac
counts and missing.
The actress known as "Lilian Spencer"
brought suit at Pittsburg for divorce from
her husband, Edward Clayburgh.
Richard Short, for subbing CapUin Phe
lan, is held in $3,000 bail.
Captain Phelan asked cou: t for personal
protection or to be allowed to carry a re
volver, with which he would protect himself.
The cuurt said the police would allew him to
carry the gun.
It is rumored that General Gordon was
shot daring the attack on Khartoum.
The fall of Khartoum has decided the
Shukriyeh tribes to join El Mahdi, which
places both banks of the Nile under the con
trol of the enemy. The natives greatly fear
the English, and the advance of General
Earle's column is awaited with anxiety by
tbem. The natives say El Mahdi is hard
pressed for supplies, and that he had great
difficulty in persuading th emits to attack
us. A messenger from El Mahdi reached
Colonel Wilson January 29. HesaiilGenral
Gerdon bad adopted El Mabdi's unitorm.
Secretary of State Robinson is eick, and
has been for some time.
F. M. Sterrett, postmaster at Troy, has just
purchased the Chronicle office at that place
and will take immediate possession.
The dead body of Emily Parker, aa insane
girl, was fonnd in the woods near Lima.
Miss Mackey will be married to Prince
Colonna next Thursday.
General Gordon Now Reported to
The English Gain a Small Victory,
and Punish an Assassin.
Rossa'e "United Irishman" Seized
Danger of the British at Gebat.
Gordon Supposed to be Alive. J
London, February 7. The Daily Tele
graph has received a dispateb'from its special
correspondent at Abu Km, on the Nile, not
far from Uetemneh. The dispatch is dated
February 1st, and says: "Colonel Wilson's
party state that Kbarteum fell January 27.
The river banks above the sixth cataract are
crowded with Arabs. The M.ihdi, in a letter
calling on our officers to surrender, implies
that Gordon is still alive. Stewart expects
to be closely invested here."
General Gordon Reported Dead.
London, February 7. On his war from
Gubat to Khartoum, Janutry 26, Colonel
Wilson was told by natives 'along the Nile
that Gordon had been fighting hard for fif
teen days. January 27 a native reported
Gordon dead. On the return from Khartoum
to Gubat several natives raported to the
Wilson party that Gordon and all the Coptic
troops who stood by him hart, been captared
by El Mahui and put to death. I.ater on,
during the return journey, several Sbagkyeb
men came aboard Col. Wilson's boat and de
clared it was the intention of their tribe to
join the Mahdi. These men said Gordon,
Consul Nicoll, fifty Greeks and some soldiers,
when pressed to desperation, shot themselves
in the Catholic chuicb, whither they had re
moved a quantify of ammuaition and pro
visions. Advices from Gubat dated February
7 give gloomy statments about the condition
of Stewart's little army there. Men have been
placed on three-quarters rations, and these had
been once snpplemeated with a dole ot beans
and fresh meat. The columns had plenty of for
age. Shendy, on the opposite bask of the
Nile, and Metemneh, three alile from Gubat,
were necessarily shelled by,' the steamer.
Troops are busily employed clearing ground
in front ot the camp and in d'ached work at
adjoining villagrs. '
London, February 7. Dispatches from
Corti today indicate a serious state o! affairs
at the British position near Metemneh. Lord
Wolseley telegraphs the war office that a
courier has just arrived from Gubat, who re
ports that the commander oi that place is se
riously ill, and that the Mahdi's forces are
preparing to attack the British camp. The
Arabs have several heavy guns which are
being gradually placed in position to bear on
the British camp. Other field pieces are be
iag maneuvered for the same purpose.
Latest From Egjpt.
London, February 7. A dispatch from
Merawi, says: The Black watch and Stafford
shire regiments have passed Bosami cataract
Oa their way they destroyed the houses of
Sulliman Wade Gjnez, who perpetrated the
massacre of Col. Stewart and party. The
rebels abandoned Shakvok pass. Much am
munition and grain was foind there. The
Cornwall regiment is now passing the
Rom, February 7. It is stated that the
Government is prepared to send 35,000 troops
into the Soudan. All political par
ties express sympathy with Eng
land and the strongest desir for a close
alliance. It is evident Italiar. statesmen see
an opportunity tor Italy now to assert for her
self a position among the first powers of
Berlin, February 7. Reinsdorf and
Keucnler, the anarchists, sentenced to death
ome weeks ago by the Imperial Court at Leip
sic, foi attempting to cause the death ot the
Emperor and other royal persons, at Neider
wald celebration, were executed at eight this
morning at the Halle. The execution took
place in the prison and was by the sword.
Paris, February 7. Official dispatches
from Tuniuin state that the French forces on
their way to Lang Son, captured a detach
ment ot Chinese troops entrenched in camp
at Dong Song. The French casualties were
slight. March to Lang Son will be continued
Ilad ter liurton.
London, February 7. The police have
found a paper in Bur'on's luggage which con
tains a representatioD of the ground plan of
the Parliament building I.
A detective is about to start t the United
States to seek information concerning Cun
ningham. Hank Statement.
New York, February 7. The bank state
ment shows the following changes: Loans
increase, $ 900,000 ; specie increase, $3,666,
000; legal tenders decrease, $2,033,000; de
posits iucrease, $2,070,000; circulation de
Excitement In Oil.
Pittsburgh, February 7. Oil active and
excited today owing to the sudden heavy ad
vance caused by bullish field news aad shorts
covering, lhe mirket opened 69j, advanced
74. and at one o'clock fell back 72. The
unexpected advance caught Shorts badly.
United Irishman '
Dublin, February 7. The Dublin Gazette
proclaims the seizure by the authorities of
copies of Rossa'a "United Irishman," for
January 24, sent in an ironclad box.
Four young men in Georgetown, Ky., were
held for "Ku-kluxing," the first case in the
county under the "Ku-klux act."
A request will be presented to the Presi
dent to recommend appropriation of another
half million for the New Orleans Exposition.
In a soft glove fight at Louisville, Mike
Cleary, of New York, knocked out Captain
James Dalton, of Chicago, in two minutes and
Representative Myers charges that the Su
preme court of Ohio is working to have the
Legislature repeal the Scott law, and pass a
law to have the Scott tax telunded.
Masonic fraternity are making efforts to
reproduce at the monumeut dedication, as
near as may be, the outfit used by George
Washington in his lodge and public appear
ances as a member ol the order.
James F. Legate, of Kansas, pretended he
knew of a "plot to murder leading Demo
crats," and had himself subpemt'd bj the
Springer Investigating Committee. All he
knew was how to draw his mileage and fees.
Failures. D. W. Miller, carriage manu
facturer, Cincinnati, liabilities, $130,000;
Bruff, Maddux & Faulkner, wholesale dry
goods, Baltimore; J. F. Knoll, grocer, Tyler
county, West Virginia; Lammerding &
Harknesa, saloonists, Cincinnati.
The Vicar General of the Gibraltar Diocese
was murdered in the Cathedral by an insane
The British Cabinet decided to give Gen
eral Wolseley carte blanche in Soudan.
Heavy reinforcements will be dispatched
at once. The troops at Metemneh are thought
to be safe, if reinforced within a short time.
A special detective force is organizing tor
the interior of public buildings in Loudon.
Russia has recognized the Inti rnatiouiil Af
The verdict in the case ot Captain Arm
strong, killed by his crew, was willfol mur
der. Two of the anarchists who attempted K.n
peror William's life at Niederwald were
banged txlay. The sentence of the third
was commuted to imprisonment.
Itowieaml the ifi 111:111.
It is said, writes a eotrespuiidi'tit of
the Cltvr limit I.riulir. that Howie was
as gentle and chivalrous ;w he was
brave and regardless of Imiiinn life.
One night, years ago, while riiliug in a
stage toward Ohio, on the old national
fiike, a poorly clad old woman and her
ittle boy of about ID year were
for miles the only other passengers.
Bowie did not speak to them, butwmp
ping himself up in his own coat, slept
as well as he could under the jolting of
the stage. An hour later, a big burly
Germ-in entered the coach at a way
station, and immediate'y took out a
clay-pipe, which swelled as if it had
been smoked since the days of Sir Wal
ler Raleigh. This he tilled with tobac
co of the vilest brand, and began to
smoke. Tho stage was eoon filled with
his exhalations, and the smoke .began
to make the old lady -i-i- - slip
opened the window. U1"1 nought relief
f-33itfccVc-ajyC"-w'hich Poured in.
Hue tne weather was bitter cold nnd'sho
had to close it. She then asked the boy
to beg the man to stop smoking. 'I his
he did. but theOcrmati loudly .aid: "If
the old woman don't like it, she can
get out. I paid my passage and I will
smoke what I please.
"Iu the meantime ficorge Howie
had been awakened and had seen tho
whole procedure. As the German ut
tered these words, Rowie put his hand
at the back of his neck, and drawing
.out one of his famous bowies, said
coolly: "You are mistaken about your
smok'ing. You will put out that pipe
at once, and keep your mouth shut, or
by the eternal Iwill run you through the
heart! I would have you understand
that I am George Howie, and George
Rowie means what he says!"
With that he slowly began to ad
vance the knife toward the German's
stomach, and the latter frantically
threw his pipe out of the door and beg
ged for his life. During the next half
hour tho German saiduoth ngbtit look
ed pale. As Rowie thought over his ac
tion and noted the sickness of the old
woman, lie grew still more angry, and
at the next station ho forced the smok
er to get ofT the stage and ride with
tho driver for the rest of the journey.
The Fact of the Audiences.
An eminent lecturer declares that all
audiences are about alike to him. Ho
enters at 8 o'clock the public hall, and
finds a circle of humanity coiled around
him. just like the one ho saw in some
other hall on the previous night. Our
experience is different. We lind no
two audiences alike. Each one is as
different from all the others as one
man's face varies from another's physi
ognomy. Some audiences are dull. In
the village we find poor schools, or
stupid churches, or unenterprising
newspapers. Everything is profoundly
silent, save as a cough or snee.e inter
rupts one. The stolidity of the assem
bly reacts upon "the lecturer. While
you are speaking you look at your
watch. You begin to measure oll'your
lecture with less interest than the
merchant nieasiiies oil' a yard of cassi
ruere. You say to yourself: "Half
through!" "Three-fourths through!"
"Five minutes m-irc and I may quit!"
And you ch'-e nr iiiuiiu-cript, shake
hands witli tl:e"trrsiiivr. and go out.
At another place the audience beam
upon on as you enter. Everybody
Mieuis'to sat: "Welcome to our town!
We are all waiting for you. Xow. do
your best. If u Inve any wisdom or
wit, lliug it "oer this way." Your
smallest joKe goes off like a pack of
Fourth ot .1 til lite-crackers. You are
ama.ed to see'how people take things.
Your poorest lecture catches enthusi
asm from the good-natured audience.
You feel as it ou were in your own
parlor talking with a group of college
chums. The hour and a half seems to
vou only liUe twenty minutes, ami af
ter shading hand-, with men, women,
and childien, you are so well pleased
that the comnIcrci.il part of your en
gagement soenis most insignificant.
YoTi got your pa) before you c ame to
the peroration. -lr. Tuliunijc, in
Frank JasIh's Sitmliti Mttg-tzmc.
Student life in Germany i no longer
what it was. In small towns the stu
dents are still more or less lords of the
situation; but in Rerlin, which has now
the greatest numb r of students, they
disappear among the multitiule.andthe
select brotherhoods and corps have no
longer their claimed pre-eminence.
Many people have become prosaic
enough as to regard duels as a crime
rather than an honor, and the combat
ants are liable to arrest, though, to
judge by the seamed, scarred, and dis
figured physiognomies to be seen in the
streets, the favorite custom of sword
fencing is by no means extinct among
the rising (feneration iu Germany.
Mum Have a N;i
The golden age of periodical litera
ture was live-and-twenty years ago, or
thereabouts. Then editors were 'keen
ly on the lookout for new talent. Xow
the Mippfy is greater than the demand;
the crowil of writers is largely aug
mented by many who do not depend on
their pen for a living. Thesecan work
with more ease, and have more leisure
for study. Editors are so worried by a
mass of correspondence that few" of
them care to sift the matter offered to
them, mostly preferring to lean on
known names. Then the" competition
in periodicals is so great that one only
gets half a guinea for matter which.
twelve years ago, was worth a guinea.
The struggling' author now may send
out twenty manuscripts, and fifteen will
miss fire altogether, and of the five ac
cepted perhaps three will not be paid
for. Half of the rest will not be re
turned to him, but go into tne waste
paper basket. The' struggling author
works hard, and most of his work goes
for nothing. He lives on hope, and the
postman's knock at hi-t door more oft
en brings a pang than a joy to his
heart. I.et hint be ever so clever, if he
have no name, or no regular cii"ae
ment on a journal, ho cannot make a
living by mere fugitive writing. If he
is at all a good writer ho i unlit for
an other work; from the vears of
study he has had to perfect himself iu
an art that brings him no return he has
been unable to gain knowledge of anv
other trade or profession. Even if cap
able of quickly mastering tho details of
business, no one will ouac him. le
... .. i. i ,. . . n ....
t.insu nu n;is iiu experience, ii ms pen
fail him, what can he do? Only some
luminous idea or lucky chance can save
him from starvation. If he can writo
stories badly enough for some of the
penny journals he will get perhaps Hi.
for one which takes him a month to
write. For a three-volume novehwhieh
no man can invent and write in less
than six mouths, ho will get ."0. per
haps. And as for dramatic authorship
no one will read the play when it is
written, much less produce it. If he
writes a five-act melodrama, and likes
to hang about after managers of outly
ing theatres, he may get an offer of 5.
for the entire right of the work, anil
then lie asked to pay the cost of the all
miportant "posters."" These are facts.
There is no harder career than letters.
Even men who havo had money have
taKcn years to establish their reputa
tion. Disappointment, despair and
starvation are all that await tho poor
author. He is one of the most pitiable
ligures in the pathetic group of unseen
poor. His higher talent and greater
sensitiveness make him suffer the more
keenly. Let no man, however talent
ed, think to earn a living by writin"
alone. If he must earn a living hv laC
ters, let him rather Le a postman.- All
the War Hound.
-Lady a well-bred woman." says
Webster. Here is no hint of pedigree,
precious as it is. nor of wealth, nor oc
cupation, nor previous condition ur
servitude, nor of nationality, '"or com
plexion, nor even of higher" education.
The secondary meanings arc a wife, a
hejnljuLa, household. Clearly under
this definition any woman may become
a lady, for the ladyhood meant is pri
marily an In ward and spiritual grace.
It is probable that the common confu
sion of idea and speech in the use of
this arises from its Old World signifi
cance as a title indicating social rank.
Then, too, an adequate conception of
what it is to be a citizen of a Republic
is not common among uonivn, and it is
easier to acquire ladyhood by outwnrd
state than by inward being. Hence it
follows that there exists among us a
curious aristocracy of wealth and idle
ness, and the wonl lady is very much
overworked. The Vhinigo Current.
Piviii" the Pronunciation.
When the Rock Island train from the
West pulled in at the depot Tuesday
morning, three men helped a young
fellow out of a sleeper and carried him
into the sitting-room.
"Crazy," :iid an old woman who
"Xot a hair crazy in his head, ma
dame," replied one of his attendants.
"Just paralyzed; that's all."
By this, time quite a crowd had as
sembled, all looking at the reclining
figure ami wondering what was the
matter with him. To relieve the curi
osity of the bystanders, and at the same
time to deliver the speech he had been
preparing for several weeks, tho man
"This lad and all of us is from Hog
Ranch, Xcbraska. We don't ask no
sympathy and don't want no help.
We're well heeled. If there's a hospi
tal in this town which cures a man
who's paralyzed, that's what we re 'af
ter. This young man is the last of four
that had a disagreement in our neigh
borhood three months ago on the sub
ject of pronouncing the word which is
spelled m-o-r-g-u-e. Our line young
friend says the wonl is morgew and we
all fell in. The gang from the up
country says it is morg. 'Morg.' sas
my dear voting friend here "is United
States. The won! must be pronounced
in French, and morgew it is.' 'That's
quite correct.' says we. At that instant
big dim l'oppin sprang into the middle
of the floor with two guns, and savs he
'I've been brought up to talk United
States, and United States she is. If
anvbody thinks he can come the French
act on me he's got to grow.' Just then
this sweet young man drew his weppins
ami Big Jim dropped like a steer. The
rest of them came on, and for a little
while I couldn't tell whether it was
morg or morgew, but presently we re
stored order and found thai the three
gentlemen from above was laid out.
ami our promising )oung friend here
was laid out with'a bullet, that hit him
on the crazy bone. We tried to cure him
ourselves, and he is cured, all but the
paralysis that we couldn't reach. If
there's nobody here that has no objec
tions, we'll move on now to the hospital
and see what can he done."
The crowd dispersed and the three
men moed off with their burden.
Married Twenty Years.
"As I was walking down street this
morning," observed Jones, "I saw a
man drop a brass siispculer button in
a blind beggar's hat. Ho detected the
fraud at once.'"
"I don't see anything strange about
that," replied Mrs. Jones. "Why
shottldn't he tell the difference between
a button and a coin?"
"He has considerable experience in
coins, I know, but I can't see how he
knew it was a button."
"Bv the wav it felt, of course. Whv
slioufdn't he tell it?"
'I dont think he had felt a button
before in twenty vears."
"Why not?" "
''He has been married about that
long, I believe."
MURPHY &. BRO.
Saturday, F.bruary 7, 1885.
48 & 50 Limestone,
Have Jnst Opened Some
Special attention is
called to our lines of
TABLE LINES at 50c.
to 75c. per yard.
Bleached & Brown
Please examine the
grades we offer at 5c.,
6c, 7c. and 8c. per
All grades, at the low
est prices ever quoted.
N. B W shall place on tur
Cheap Tables, Mtnday, Feb. 9,
some extraordinary Bargains
in Ladies' and Childrens' Hiis
ery, Kid Gloves, 50c. werth $1,
&c, &c. Table Linens,
Towels and Towellings. Thtse
who come early will get the
ltL-latiims or Cholera to the Tono
Xo doubt can be entertained that
the configuration of the earth has a
certain influence. Relatively low-lying
sites are tery favorable to cholera.
Where the surface of tho earth has an
undulating outline, it will be found
that districts and individual houses
whi-h are situated on the summit of
the undulation very frequently have no,
or only a very small, disposition to the
development of an epidemic of cholera,
while in the hollow of the undulation
under like conditions the opposite holds
good. The truth of this statement is
seen in single districts where parts or
single houses exist on the summit and
others lie low.
Another feature which is found in
every epidemic is the falling off of the
disease iu the neighborhood of and on
mountain-ranges. The Himalayan
Mountains, those of Lebanon and the
Alps, have always formed tho places of
refuge for fugitives from cholera. Xovr
and then an epidemic occurs in the
mountains; these exceptions will be
dealt with later. The immunity or the
slight susceptibility, of mountain-ranges
for cholera is witnessed in India as
plain as it is in Europe. A familiar
example is the complete freedom from
cholera of the hill-stations along the
Himalayas, in which, through frequent
changes of troops, the cholera has ev
ery chance of being taken up from the
plains. In the severe epidemic of 18C9
there were only two cases of cholera
in nineteen hill-stations. A similar ex
perience is met with in narrower areas.
For instance, in Munich, 1873 '74, the
frequency of cholera was widely differ
ent in the seven barracks of the garri
son. In the low-lying Isar Kaserne
"occupied by cuirassier, heavy cavalry
regiment), out of one thousand men
there were forty cases of cholera; in tho
high-lying Max II. Kaserne ( with two
field-artillery regiments) only three
cases, and this without there being any
difference in the construction of the
caserns, the occupation or the diet of
the men, or the drinking-water. Dr.
Max von l'eltaikoffer, in Popular Sci
ence Monthly for February.
Professor Thorold Rogers, the emi
nent English political economist, is
calling attention to the particularly
distressing condition of the English
farmers. He says that, while $50 per
acre is necessary for the propercultiva
tion of land, they have only Sit). He
says, further, that the laborers are
crowding into the towns to find work.
The cause of all this is. that during the
good cars between 1S53 and 1877
farmers' rents were increased 27.3 per
cent. Since the bad times began in
1871. some of this has been "remitted,"
some farms have been thrown up and
some rents have been reduced, but, as
far as can be ascertained, the remis
sions have only amounted to about 4
per cent, and the reductions to about
). In Scotland the state of things is
even worse; for there the rents were
raised during the same period 42 per
cent. On the other hand, farms on
which the rents have not been raised
during the past thirty years are doing
A very brilliant light is obtained in
China from candles only of late years
imported into Europe made of wax
supplied by insects especially reared
through Chinese ingenuity.