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THE GLOBE REPUBLIC. SUEPAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 8 1885
CAUSES OF LUNACY.
PHYSICIAN GIVES INCIDENTS
HIS ASYLUM PRACTICE.
Lunatics A Tlirarr of
Cure-How Some Obstinate Case. Were
Made ta.y t Handle-Ignorance
"Lunatici should bo treated as children If
!?V?,V'Ctl toSJvem or cure them, and a
kind Lot firm n lo will do more toward ef
fecting both than all the harshness and bru
tality in tha work'."
The shaker wju a prominent physician
connected with one of the several insane asy
lums of the state, and his remarks were made
n a general discussion on insanity, its causes
and rare. Continuing, the doctor said:
,. " 'fn J -y kind, but firm rule, I mean
tha. thoo having lunatics in charge should
cultivate them, talk to them pleasantly as
often as the circumstances will permit, and
teach them that you mean no harm and that
you will give them protection. This creates
a friendly, trustful feeling in them, drives
away the fears which usually inhabit the
mind of the deranged, and teaches them con
fidence in both themselves and those having
them in charge. To use harsh treatment, to
threaten them and to subject them to the
tortures of the shower-bath, ducking-tub and
straight-Jacket only incites tHeir anger and
obstinacy, and my exiierionce has taught ma
that the easiest and least painful mode of
punishment is invariably the lsst No
lunatic is entirely without mind; in fact,
most of tho-e sent to the asylums for treat
ment are perfectly rational on many sub
jects, having delusions only as regards cer
tain things. These phantasies can almost in
variably be u.ore easily cured when the
patients are kindly treated, while harsh
means will only increase their craziness.
""Can I cite an instance to prove the cor
rectness of my tieoryl Yes, and a score of
them, if you wish. One in particular, which
I will relate, will prove that in the most se
vere coses of insanity, when timidity and
obstinacy prevent the proper medical treat
ment of the patient, kindness will bring
about a stage of mind that makes them
quiet, tractablo and easy to handle things
met essential to the restoration of a
lunatic's tniad. When I first lecame con
nected with the asylum at , there "as
one tient who was regarded as extremely
lengerous. He was obstinate, and timid to
that degree that he seemed ever fearful that
whoever approached meant to do him harm.
He had been ducked and straight
jacketed ad con tin (si so much that
he thought every movement toward
him meant a repetition of for
mer punishments. He had been in the asy
lum eleven years, and was regarded as in
curable. I surmised the real cause of his
trouble, or rather its aggravated state, and
at once set about weaning him from his
fears. I chatted with him frequently, shook
his Land whenever I met him, and cave him
to understand by word and action that I
was his friend, and not only meant him no
barm, but would protect him from others.
In the courai of a few weeks ha became do
eil and lost his fearfulness, and with the as
ranee of safety and kind treatment came
reason. I then found it possible to give him
proper medical care, and in less than a year
he walked out of the asylum with a mind as
clear and intelligent as yours or mine.
"I have another case, almost similar, now
under supervision, but I fear reason will
never return to the unfortunate because of
the long period of his mistreatment. This
man, when I took hold of him, was like a
wild beast. He paced Incessantly up and
down the corridors like a chained hyena
chafing at its bonds. He was very danger
ous; in fact, in one of hb mad moods had
killed another patient, yet I have banished
his fears, soothod his passions, and so gained
upon his friendship that he is now one of the
most tractable inmates of tie male ward,
and instead of bis ceaseless, aimless tramping
in the corridors, makes himself almost indis
pensable in working about the ward mak
ing beds, sweeping and doing other light
From what section of the state do most of
the lunatics come, doctorP
"From the mountain counties, I think. I
do not know positively why this is, but it is
my opmion that it is due to their surround
ings. The bulk of the people of that section
are very ignorant and very poor, born in
squalor and raised without being given any
opportunity to lietter their mental condition,
and this, coupled with a lax moral training
accounts for the many cases of insanity.
W have ten patients from the ignorant
classes where we have one from among in
telligent people, and I can not better account
for it than by placing the blame on a lack of
education and morality. A cultivated mind
is not near so easily overthrown as one grop
ing in ignorance P
Then you think better educational facili
ties would leosan tbo number of lunaticsp
"I most assuredly do; with school house
comes sene, and with learning comes an ele
vating influence which turns the mind in
the higher channel and puts that miud-de-stroying
demon, immorality, to flight."
"Avoid Newspaper Men."
"llalston" In Xew York Times.
Wealth has its sorrows, though unfor
tunately I cannot pose as a personal authority
on the subject Ex-Governor English, of
Connecticut, tells me all about it A little
reference made recently in my hit and miss
chat concerning this ten times millionaire
and the ambitions of his friends, who name
him for a place in Cleveland's cabinet, is
keeping him awake late these wintry nights.
His mail has more than doubled, he says,
during the past week or to, and be exhibited
to a sympathizing reporter tho other day a
big drawer filled with fresh letters, where in
every instance the writers were suggesting
how the governor might scatter some of his
shekels. He recited some of the petitions
that come pouring in by every post
"Why, bless you, everybody, including tho
parsons, pursue me," he said. "I've had any
number of missives from gool church
people, unworldly deacons, praying me to
lift a caravan of church debts, to build an
infinity of sacred edifices. I've been re
quested to establish a donation fund for the
eubjection of Siberian fever. I could, if I
bad Vanderbilt's millions, sink them all in
patent locks, safety combinations, lamps,
thimbles, and printing presses not to spsak
of car couplings. Now, I'm getting pretty
oldish, and I thought I'd drifted out of poli
tics somo years ago, and might now be al
lowed to rest quietly and take my ease. But
behold! ascribe with the name of 'Halston'
comes along and my tra nquility is effectu
ally disturbed. Avoid newspaper men."
Simplicity of the Fathers.
New Orleans Picayune.
A return to the old-time simplicity of
Washington would bring back silver
buckles, silk breeches, ruffled bosomed
shirts, powdered wigs, cocked hats, and other
ridiculous trumpery, finery and nonsense
aped from the courts of tho old world. The
gentleman who wants a JeiTersonian in
auguration should think of the fuss and
feathers from which a progressive nation Las
When Managers Were Not ltlamed ft
"Fazing" a Piece to Save Kxpenses.
In 15G3 there was a plague in London of
which 21,520 persons died. Archbishop
Grindal advised Sir William Cecil, the secre
tary (afterward Lord Burleigh), to forbid
all plays for one year, and if it were for
ever, he said, that would not be amiss.
They were acted on scaffolds in public places,
like the interludes; and like them, with no
more stage appointment than the dressing of
the actors. Now that the public thronged to
be thus entertained, the place of acting com
monly cho-eu was one of the large inn-yards,
which have not yet everywhere disappeared.
Tho yard was a great square, rudely paved,
entered by an archway, and surrounded by
the buildingsof tie inn, which bad an outside
gallery on the level of the first floor, and a
second gallery sometimes surrounding the
yard on the floor abov. Chaucer's "Tabard,"
in Southwark its nauo afterward perverted i
to the "Talbot" whi.-h stood until 1&71 as it
bad been nbuilt in Elizabeth's reign may
serve as an example.
The inn-yard haing been hired for n
performance, saving, of course, tho rights of
the customers whose horses were stabled
round about, a stage was built at one end
onder the surrounding gallery. It was en-
l hr eurt-lns.,tent fashion, which hong
from" above and included a oic 01 u uu
gauery tor u v-T Iui.u Tr. -'- .
was strewn with rushes. Musicians were
placed in the gallery outside the curtain.
One sound of the trumpet called the public
in, and they stood on the rough stones in the
yard the original "pit" unless they en
gaged rooms that opened on the surrounding
gallery, in which they might enjoy them
selves, and from which they could look out
on the actors. These rooms were the first
private boxes, and when buildings were
erected for the acting of plays, their private
boxes were first called "rooms." The inn
gallery has been developed into the "dress
circles" of modern times.
The second flourish of trumpets invited all
spectators to settle themselves in their
places. After the third sound of the trumpet
the curtain was drawn, and the actors began
to represent in action the story made for
them into a play. There was no scenery.
Tho bit of inn-gallery included between the
curtains might be a balcony for a Juliet, a
town wall or a tower to bo defended, a
palace-roof, or any raised pls.ee that was re
quired ny the action. The writer and the
actors of tho play wore the whole play. They
alone must present everything by their
power to the imaginations of those upon
whom they exercised their art.
At court, for the queen's pleasure, there
was still only the scaffold on which to pre
sent the story, and, beyond the dressing ol
the actors, only the most indispensable bits
of stage anointment; as a seat, if tho story
required that one should sit, or a table il
necessary. But if tho poet wanted scene
painting he must paint his own scene in hit
An Artillery Interlude.
While there I witnessed a scene which b
indelibly impressed upon my memory. Many
We were standing at the sM of the road
watching one of the enemy's guns which was
firing from a ridge overlooking tho ground
occupied by our army. We could see thi
puff of smoke, hear tho report, and tho nro-
I jectile would go screeching over our heaJe
or go crashing into something near by. Ouj
artillery would then reply, and we would
watch for the effect of the shot We were
finally rewarded by seeing the caisson be
longing to tho Confederate gun go up in a
cloud of white smoke. Then our men sent
up a great shout of triumph.
While this was going on and heads were
being ducked in obeisance to the screechine
6heUs, a couple of our men came strolling up
tho road arm in arm from the direction of
tho Chancellorsville house. One was decked
out in a lady's bonnet and carried a fan,
which he was languidly flirting liack and
forth, while the other played the gallant ana
sheltered his companion from tho ener
vating rays of tho sun with a light blue par
osoL They acted well their parte as lovors,
looking tenderly into each other's eyes,
while apparently exchanging compliments
in an undertone. They seemed to be per
fectly oblivious of the fact that they were
within range of the enemy's guns, and that
shot and shell were being hurled about in a
close proximity to them. Neither did thoy
notice the laughter and explanations which
greeted them at every step, but seemed tc
be living in a little world of their own,
where all was peace and love. I did not
know them, but have often wondered what
was their fate in the conflict which followed.
Did they escape unhurt, or did I perchance
see their bones bleaching in the woods a
year later when our army, then about to bo-,
gin the fearful campaign undtr Grant, biv
ouacked for the night on this same battle
Measuring a RmcCouim.
I The conventional line upon which a race
course or trotting track is measured is at
three feet from the rail or pole, which for s
running or iroiung norse, unuer saddle, u
correct, assummg him to maintain a unifonr
line at that distance. Ahorse in harness, '
however, allowing for width of sulky ol !
wagon, can not with safety bo driven in a ,
line less than six feet from the rail; thL j
would make the distance ovor the ordinary
a milo. turns of 18.S5 equal to IS feet 10.J
inches. Then for a horse trotting over suet
a track in two minutes and thirty second.'
there should be deducted from his time
------- .---- " i"""
half a second. A double team would requin I
tms distance or six reet to be increased full;
one foot, if not more. When the tiino is
2:03 the deduction should be forty-six hun
dredths of a second. When the design of 8
track is of irregular contour, the increased
distance will vary with each design. .
Rat Traps at Texas Pacific, Figures.
Wall Street News.
He had a dozen rat traps slung over hh
shoulder as he promenaded up New street in
oorch of customers, and when asked the
price he replied:
"Down way down. Rat traps have fol
lowed Wabash, and you can take youv pick
for 50 cents."
"But that's too high."
"Well, being as Western Union has shrunk
you can take one at forty -five."
"What! Well, I must foUow Nsw Yori
Central We'll say forty."
"Say, mister, do you want a rat trar al
Texas Pacific figure b1" asked the old man.
"What are theyl"
"Why, you take a trap for nothing and
ril give you a quarter to buy cheese with I'
"AH Klg--its Reserved."
New Orleans ricayune.
A number of young writers, reserving at
rights, have their contributions to obscun
journals copyrighted, and are remaining
unknown. To become famous a young mar
must have his work stolen and copied in al
of Scotland yield 10,009 deal
Gen. Sickles Floors a Walter.
(New York Times.
Gen. Daniel Sickles, wrapped up to the
ears in an overcoat, stood on the little boat
bound for Governor's Lland recently, sur
rounded by friends, and in an elaborate con
dition of anecdotal good humor. "People
are always asking me how I lost my leg," he
aid, glancing at his wooden member, "ami
it becomes an intolerable nuisance answer
ing the question so often. I don't say any
thing about th delicacy of the question Tne
other day I went Into a restaurant to get a
bite of lunch. The waiter, when I had
given him my order, looked curiously at me
"'Might I ask, sir, how you lost your legr
"He was a most unprepossessinc lookinc
fellow, and I took an immediate dislike to
him, so I replied: 'You ought to know.'
" 'Maybe I had sir, was his answer, 'but I
don't any way, and should be obliged if you
would tell mo.'
"I looked at the waiter with a serious ex
pression of countenance and quietly re
marked: "Young man, I lost my leg at tho battle
of Bunker Hill, and don't you forget it'
"Ho gave me one look of intense discom
fiture, and my lunch was brought in by a
less talkative youth."
A Proposal In Hamlet.
A Brooklyn youi g man Is quite "gone" od
"Hamlet" leading it to tho girl of his
heart last week, he came to tho passage:
"Or if thou wilt needs marry, marry a fooL"
'Is that a proposal, dearP she asked. "Yes,
iarling," he replied. And they rettfsd it
there and then.
A 6lVrs Queer Dream.
Charles Crocker, when superintendent oi
the Central Pacific railroad, long lfore he
became wealthy, used to bo annoyed by n
young girl living in Sacramento, who visited
his office daily their office then being in
that city looked in at him, smiled and
walked out At last it became so annoying
he had one of his clerks ask her her errand.
"I dreamt three times he was to many
me, and in my dream I was told I was to
visit him daily until he spoke, but he does
not seem to speakl" And ho never did
On Political Matters.
Josh Billings in Pretzel's WeeVy.
Ask my opinion of woman, and I am
orthodox; buzz me about horses, and I am
lucid; tap mo about morals, and I leak like
the bungholo of a barrel; approach me with
a subscription paper, and I melt; flatter me,
and I weaken; abuse me, and I corruscate;
intimate a brandy smash, and I succumb.
But in all political matters I am a nursing
child, an idiot, a fool on a furlough, a non
descript a man too jealous of his ease and
reputation to toss It into politics and let the
rabble olav at foot ball with it
DAY AND NIGHT SEARCHES FOR
New York and London Contrasted Th
Pretty IJttle IlaKtd Waif Who Now
Poses as a Model Hag for
New York World.
It has puzzled a good many people to know
how the funny little photograph of a baby
In tears, which is seen in stationers' windows,
was ever taken with such graphio likeness.
A common explanation is that the picture
was photographed by the Instantaneous pro
cess. It seems never to have occurred to
them that a clever artist lould just as well
sketch a crying pet, and then photograph
the likeness. Such an arU.it is Mr. Frank
Hegger, lately of London, England, now
of Now York. He is the author and original
designer of tho majority of humorous
sketches and photographs which attract so
many crowds at shop windows on lower
Broadway and in Union square, ne makes
it a profession. Hardly knowing from day
to day what his work will be to-morrow, ho
seizes the idea offered by a street scene or
suggested by a face and transforms it at
once into a catching picture, which is spread
broadcast over the country. When asked by
a World reporter where he got most of his
suggestion, Mr. Uegger said:
"I am not awake all night, but am fre
quently up and doing long after bedtime. I
find plenty of ideas awaiting execution, but
it is very difficult to get the subjects re
quire.!, loose necessary for photographlo
novelties are children In pretty attitudes
laughing and crying children houehold
pete, such as cats and dogs, and anything
happily illustrative of domestic life, which
will touch the better part of our nature.
Then there are subjects which will serve as a
medium for ridiculing social peculiarities
and dress in high life. The more refined it
is, the readier is the sale. Nothing coar or
ambiguous has any sale in New York. It is
with these materials that the English artists
make up their cartoons. The mott popular
artists in London are Du Maurier and Fur-nis-s,
of Punch, and Baxter, of Fun. The
latter Is very original and funny.
"But who buy all these skstches offered in
New York storesp he was asked.
"Stationers In the vicinity of Wall and
Nassau streets, as on Broadway, sell great
quantities to brokers, both old and young,
who decorate their sleeping rooms and
private billiard halls. A great many gentle
men in New York collect pictures of this
description. It is a treat to sve their col
lections. I have a largo number of customers
w ho ask me to first submit each picture I
make for inspection, and they are continually
on the qui vive for the latest novelty. It
has become a hobby with thorn, just liko
stamp or coin collecting."
"What means do you employ to find sub
ject!" "I have advertised a number of times and
have had scores of children brought
in, both rich and joor, but very few meet
the requirements. The make -up of the face
must bo large eves, wide apart, full ev-
brows, regular nose and ears, an oval chin,
small mouth and short upper lip. Maude
Branscomle has all these requirements; I
uenceine oeauuiui pnoios one sees ol her.'
Ladies many times more beautiful take very
"What has proved to be the most popular
of your sketches?"
"I think perhaps the one entitled 'Th Lit
tle Waif is as popular as any, and it cer
tainly has had a very large sale. It is esti
mated that 250,000 of this picture were sold.
and it has found its way into every port of
the world. The origin of the picture isworth
relating. I was passing through St Andrew's
ftreet, one of tho streets of the Seven Dials,
London, w hen I happened to look out of tbo
hoMm and caught sight of the most perfect
face I have ever met I stopped the wbby
anu accos-.eu mo lime cin. wno was as
god and dirty as you can well imagine. She
was very shy, but I finally induced an eider
sister to come with her to my studio, whore
I photographed her in hsr rags, and tho re-
was this celebrated picture. This same
child now receives a guinea an hour from
some of the leading artists of London."
"Have you ever caricatured public men to
any extent P
"Yes, some; and a peculiar feature of this
branch of the business is the fact that they
are not averse to it so long as it is not dono
in a coarse manner. J. A. Wales, the cari
caturist of this city, spent a year with me in
London, and mode several sketches for
Vanity Fair. Ho has often spoken of the
charming courtesies and hospitalities ex
tended to him by those whose faces he was
about to caricature. Mr. Irving expressed
his pleasure in a few happy lines when
Baxter caricatured him as Hamlet, Mnth.
"Did you take advantage of th recant
"Yes, indeed. I watch current evnta
very closely. About two weeks before elec
tion it occurred to me to get up a photograph
expressive of the delight and disgust of the
backers of the presidential candidates. The
captions employad wore 'I Bet on Blaia'
and I Bet on Cleveland.' Many thousands
were sold in a few days. Of miscellaneous
pictures I have produced one entitled,
There's Many a Slip 'Twixt Cup and Lip.'
Three old maids' heads are shown on one
card. The first expresses happiness at be
ing proposed to at last The second gives
evidence of shyness in saying yes, and the
third shows thorough disgust at being jilted
A companion picture is entitled, "A
Comedy in Three Acts." It represents thro
beads of a man. The first caption is, 'She
couldn't resist me' (expressing a chuckle and
sly wink). The second is, 'She now sues me
for breach of promise' (dismay), and the
third, 'Verdict, $5,000 damages' (utter col
lapse). But the picture that appeals to every
mother is one of a lady bowing over a smil
ing child, entitled, 'Oh, you little rascal'"
Mr. Uegger has also "the duda set" repre
senting how a dude spends the day, "the bou
doir peeps," and "the leap year set" His
studio is rilled with choice copies of all these
and many more, and is a model of unostenta
tious elegance that bespeaks refinement and
A Chance for the Batsman.
Base ball has lost much of the interest
which attaches to the matches between
strong amateur clubs. It is now chiefly a
battle of pitchers, but an amended rule
gives the batsmen a little chance. Ipct-qi
of the round bats heretofore used, th
players are to be permitted to wrap th
handles of their bats and to flatten the sides
for eighteen Inches from the end. This will
make a bat approaching in style
the kind used in cricket, and will en
courage scientific hitting or "plaoing
of the ball With the round bat there is a
great deal of chance work, even with the
best of players, but with a flattened face it
will be possible not merely to hit the ball but
to direct it to parts of the field where there
ore no players. The new rule is vary likely
to odd interest to th game, besides mmMng
it a safer sport
A New Freak.
The army and navy ladies have adopted a
new freak this winter. Thsy are spoken of
in tho society columns in this way: Mrs.
Smith, TJ. & A, or Mrs. Jonas, U. S. N.
Over 20,000 Germans are cm ployed in Lon
don, monopolizing almost entirely th bar
ber, tailor and waiter trades.
In lienor of Moses Clearcland.
They at once baptized the infant city, and
gave it tho name of Cleaveland, in honor of
their superior in authority. Moses was
taken by surprise, blushed, and gracofully
acknowledged tho compliment Tho letter
"a" in tho first syllable of his name was
subsequently dropped out by a resident
editor of the town, because ho could not in
clude it in the headline of his newspaper for
wont of sufficient space. The public adopted
the editor's orthography, which has aver
since been retained.
New Antlseptlo Method.
An English surgeon, Dr. Lelghton K&st-
even, reports remarkable success with a
new antiseptic method of treating wounds,
consisting in keeping the sores cleansed by
means of a jet of steam charged with a solu-
tion of th oil of th eucalyptus or blu guxs
Haiti Barrett Butler In The Current
Hal Winter, hoi Winter,
King of the northern blast I
You meet us alL you greet us all, '
With grip that freeais fast
In regal pomp you've gathered up
"i our royal robes of snow,
And by their trailing men shall trao
Wnatover ways you go.
Your grim retainers all, alack I
Make but a cruel train
Of biting sleet and stinging winds
And ice and frozen rain.
The rich with furs and blazing hearths
Your carnival may scorn.
While Mirth and Cheer may reign supreme
From wassail eve till mom.
Buthal Winter, hoi Winter,
What about the Poorl
Who've no stronghold against the cold,
No bribe or sinecure
To set at bey the stinging day,
Or soften down the night
Who note the thickening window-pansi
With sinking hearts affright
Who draw theirbabies close and sing
Their shivering lullabys,
Then sleep and dream of steaming feasta
That hunger-deep supplies
To wake at morn with shuddering sense
Of lengthened fast and cold,
And findthnteaunt-ejed Want hath wrought
Its trnco within the fold.
nal Winter, hoi Winter,
Hard your reign on these;
God pity such I and send warm hearts
To all who starve and freeze.
GRANT AND WARD.
The Broker's "Posit ve. Peremptory"
Way The General Later Triumphs.
"Oath" la Philadelphia Times.
I was talking to one of Ferdinand WardH
business associates a day or two ago, and ha
said to me: "What do you think was in
Ward's mind when he did that thingP 1
made the remark that Ward had succeeded
in getting his name everlastingly in history, the others. The wild stallions are the guard
because of the renown of his victim, Oea Una of the bonds. Always on sentinel duty,
Grant; that as long as Gen. Grant's life wai they give the alarm when any enemy ap
written or "ad ttard would be put down prohes. In a moment the stragglers are
there as his wtadler. My acquaintance , rounded In, a fleet footed stallion leads tho
looked at me. Utile dazed, and asked with ' Tftn and with others at the flanks away
tt2ul?J! ! charge. NobodJ
aid it in order to have his nam
with Gen. Grant's in history!'
Said I: "No, I merely remarked if ho has
any pride of character he had better shaki
it off, because ho Is going right down thi
ages as the Judas to Grant Now, sir, whal
do you think of Ward f Did you ever talk
tohiniP I asked. "Yes, I did; he always
7 Yi J uauUBr' ueaaopieauM
AZ?' Sf " .
best business minds get into. He was ar.
respecter of persons. If he didnt want tc j
deal with a man he would tell him so right j
off; 'I can not trade with you, sir.' Hi
asked his favors as if he was doing a favor.
He was a wonder to us alL We used to get !
together, we smaller chaps, and inquire I
about him. One of the queer things in thi '
place was that he never kept any books. H
naa a sort or inner o'uee, and he never would
allow a sonl in the place to go there. In thli
office he had a boy, who kept tho door, and
once or twice his broker, who dealt on the
stock exchange, would coma in hurriedly for
advice or to give a point and would venture
to pass that door. Ward would say: 'Sir.
this is mv own office: to out ther and I wit;
ta'k witn ynu. and consequently nobody
ever saw any books ttnd there were no book!
He Ioote1 to us like a sort of a man ol
tniir ith , i n ,.,-..imi i.
One of the most pleasing things, vet touch
ing to see, is old Gen. Grant lame, past 60,
with his faculties sound, his cheerfulnea
undisturbed facing new methods to make
a living. I happened to meet him for a
minute or two some weeks ago. The old
man was drinking a bottle of ale. He is ar
extraordinary triumph of will over the
animal man. Towards the close of hii
presidency he mado up his mind to drink
no more. He has taken Bass' ale now and
then, when weak, and that is all His skit
has the healthy look becoming such tem
perance. He told me that he was writing
his own memoirs; that he sometimes cams
to a place where ha thought he could dic
tate better than it he wrote himself. "Whj
don't you get a stenographer, general P "1
can't afford it," said be, with an admixture
of frankness and faith and modesty that .
have often thought of since.
The Hachmen'i Trluk.
"How do you manage to keep up the re.
pairs on your hack when business is so dullP
wa3 asked of a hackman who was met in
front of a 'carriage-shop the other day,
where he was having a new spring put In hit
"Oh that's easy enough; we don't have U
foot any of tho bills;" laughingly re
sponded the Jehu. "I'll tell you, but yot
mustn't give it away. You see, if we meet
with an accident any time during the night
we pick our way along until we come to a
new building in process of erection.
Generally in cases of this kind th con
tractor has the street strewn with material
and a red light out Well, we send some one
ahead to blow out the light, and then wi
drive right in the midst of the stuff, what
ever it may be. We begin to curse and
swear until an officer or some passer-by ii
attracted, and then we explain that w have
damaged our vehicle, and ask for their
names and address as witnesses. The scheme
works like a charm, and when we present
our bill to the contractor, we never fail tc
get our money. Why, the contractor whe
built the Union depot was a mark for th
hackman, and I know at least five broken
hacks he has paid to have repaired thai
were broken squares away from th depot'
An Insuperable Objection.
Th Greenwich observatory, in conformity
with the sentiment of the recent universal
meridian congress, has begun tho reckoning
of time on a dial of twenty-four hours.
However reasonable this plan may appear, It
must In practice, meet with what would ap
pear to be insuperable objections. A skilled
time-keeper, in a railroad yard, who acts in
stantaneously and unerringly, cannot, with
out the destruction of his usefulness, be dis
turbed in his operations by a theorist A
time-keeper can, in his mind, see "ten min
utes after 4" and "three minutes of 5" at
once, or a hundred such combinations, for
that matter; but it would require another
man, and one equally well trained, to see
"ten minutes after 10" and "three minutes ot
17" with exactness and immeasurable quick
ness. The Foreljrn Element,
Two German citizens, having become in
volved in a fight, were arrested and taken
before a negro justice of the peace. Whei
the constable explained why the men hac
been arraigned, the justice said:
"I sees dat yer two gan'lmen is funiners.
Now, I'll fine yer $10 fur fightln' and $20 fur
s'lectin' de Newnighted States fur yer battlo
groun. Dis country, gen'lmen, has ter per
teck itse'f ergin de 'fringements o' de f urrirj
"We no dot much money got," said one ol
"Dat ain't my fault gen'lemen o do fuxric
stamp. Yer ken jes go inter my nen
groun' an' work it out See dat da do it, Mr.
Rice's "Western Keeerre.")
Courting, or sparking, in those early days
was not a flirtation, but an affair of the
heart, and was conducted in the natural
way. The boys and girls who were predis
posed to matrimony used to sit up together
Sunday nights, dressed in their Sunday
clothes. They occupied usually a corner of
the only family room of the cabin, while th
bed of the old folks occupied the opposite
corner, w ith blankets suspended around it
for curtains. During the earlier part of the
evening the old and young folks engaged in
a common chit-chat
About 8 o'clock tho younger children
climbed tho ladder in the corner, and went
to bed in their bunks under the garret-roof;
and in about an hour later father and
mother retired to bed behind the blanket
curtains, leaving tho "sparkers" sitting at a
respectful distance apart, before a capacious
wood fireplace, and looking thoughtfully
into the cheerful flame, or perhaps into the
future. The sparkers, however, soon broke
the silence by stirring up the Are with a
wooden shovel or poker, first one and then
the other; and every time they resumed
their seats somehow the chairs manifested
unusual attractions for closer contiguity. If
chilly, the sparkers would sit closer together
to keep warm; if dark, to keep the bears oft
Then came some whispering, with a "hearty
smack" which broke the cabin stillness and
disturbed the gentle breathing behind the
suspended blankets, so as to produce a slight
parental hacking cough.
WAR ON WILD HORSES.
ORGANIZING A PARTY OF HUNTER8
TO SHOOT THEM.
of Wild Ilorses on the Plains Prov-
Ins; Injurious to Itanch-Owners
Skill and Patience Required
to Catch Them.
Cheyenne Oor. New York Bun.
Wild horses have become so numerous on
the plains that some of the stockmen
.in this vicinity have organized a hunt
ing party whose object will be to thin them
out The hunters are provided with long
range rifles, fleet ponies, and supplies and
.'orage enough to last all winter, and they
will endeavor to make a clean job of it
These horses have existed on the plains for
many years, but of late they have been in
creasing very fast They are quick to scent
the approach of foes, fleet as the antelope
that may often be seen browsing in security
at their side, and as unmanageable as the
wind. Native animals when turned loose on
iuv prairie soon oecome wuo, ana u allowed
to run without being disturbed breed very
rapidly. Horses continually break away
from their owners and join the wild horses,
and this Is the reason why stockmon ore
aroused over the subject Men who crossed
the plains in 1849 encountered many wild
horses, and for years afterward they must
have increased rather than diminished.
Horses stand the winter much better than
cattle, and unless the weather is unusually
severe will come out fat in the spring.
Every year large numbers of domestic
horses escape from the settlers. Some of
them are found, but when mares escape they
are never reclaimed. In wandering over
the plains they encounter the wild bands
and from that time forward are as wild as
has yet been able to overtake them. Some-
times they or lassoed or shot but such a
thing as heading them off In & race Is out
of the question.
The range of the wild horses at present ex
tends from Texas to the southern Dakota
line. They are more numerous in northern
Colorado, Wyoming and western Nebraska
, than j the plains.
I Kliin river, on the div5eTt
South Platte and the Lodge Pole and the
North Platte, and as far east as the heads of
the Loup and Dismal rivers, the hones range
t will. Five or six years ago they could be
found on the divide between Sidney and
Sterling in bunchss of fifty or seventy-five,
but now a bunch of twenty-five is considered
large. Sometimes there Is more than one
stallion in a band, but on of tbm is always
acknowledged as chief, winning this distinc
tion by many hard-fought battles with his
rivals. One bunch of eleven horses recently
seen near Sidney was entirely composed of
stallions, but this is explained on the theory
that they were probably driven out of
I ". ""V WUBa. 7?. ana graauauy
i herded together as old buffalo bulls
the habit of doing. From the horse ranch of
M. E. Post about fifteen miles north of this
city, nearly 200 mares have wandered away,
and it is believed that at least one-half of
them have Joined th wild horses.
The wild horses are compact little tiimi
weighing from 500 to 1, 100 pounds. The ma
jority of them weigh about 800 pounds and
stand about fourteen hands high. In color
they are usually brown, sorrel, or bay. A
gray is seldom seen, unless it is a horse that
has strayed away from civilization. Their
tails grow long, sometimes dragging th
ground, but their manes are like those of
other hones, and not flowing to the knees a
they are represented in some books. The
eye, probably from being constantly on the
watch. Is larger than tie eye of the domestic
horse, and even whaa tamed the eye remains
a distinctive mark ot th horse's origin.
Wild horses, when captured and trained, are
superior to any other horse of the same size.
Many of them are used by the cowboys, and
others are broken to harness and driven as
carriage horses, being entirely trustworthy.
Several men living in Sidney make a
living by catching wild horses. Until five
or six years ago no one knew how to do it,
and very few outsiders now understand the
methods adopted. Mr. Livingston, of that
town, describes th process as follows: "Two
mn always work together. Let them start
out from Sidney, either north or south, and
they are almost certain to find a bunch
within fifteen miles. The plan is then to
8 itch a tent and make a camp, and one of
: men, mounted on his best horse, carry
ing with him a few cold biscuits or some
thing else convenlert to eat, starts after the
bubch. no does not ride very fast and at
first does not attempt to get near them, but
is content to keep the bunch moving, not
allowing them to stop and sat The horses
may go only ten or a dozen miles, and they
may go fifty or sixty, but, no matter bow
tar they run, thsy will turn back and seek
the range from which they started. If they
go far th mettle of the rider and his hors
will b triad to th utmost The bunch must
be kept moving, and there is no chance to
chang saddle Worses until thsy turn, of their
own accord, and pass nar the camp.
"Say and night, on they go. If th weather
b dear and the nights not stormy, the rider
will ooatinue doss after the animals, some
times within 100 yards. It make no differ
ence whether it b dark or light, the horse
that is ridden and that is trained to the
business, follows after the s srd. When the
first rider succeeds in turning the bunch and
cringing mem oaca to tne camp, he is re
lieved by the second, who with a fresh horse
starts after them, while bis companion turns
in and takes a much needed rest This time
thsy will cot probably go so far. After a
while thsy become tamer, and the hunter
can turn them at pleasure. This may require
a weak, or it may be done in a couple of
days. It the horses do not become scared
they will not run so far, and are more easily
managed. When the bunch becomes wor
ried and starved out, it is driven toward the
Dearest corral Formerly corrals were
erected specially for the purpose, but now
ranches are so numerous that thsy are not
needed any more.
"One inside, the wildest of the band are
caught, and chains ar fastened to their
lags. Men walk among them and treat
them kindly, and they soon learn
that there is nothing to be feared. They are
turned loose in any ordinary pasture, and
whan they are wanted they ar driven to the
corral and roped. If two man can gather a
bunch of ten or a dozen horses in a week,
they, of course make a good sum of money
oat of the transaction, as the animals will
sail at from WO to 30 each; but misfortune
sometimes overtakes them when In pursuit
A bunch may run away from their pursuer
entirely, and not b found far several days,
or a storm coming up in the night may pre
vent his following them and compel him tc
give up the chase, or possibly he will over
estimate the strength of his horse, and rids
the faithful animal until he drops. Then he
can only pack his saddle on his back and
seek the camp,"
A Brutal Mode of Preparing a Fish
Washington Cor. New York Tribune.
There la here a set of young men which
even in New York would pass for fast They
spend a great deal of their time devising new
means to gratify their palates. One ot them
I who has recently returned from Europe, had
there seen the scotching of a salmon, and he
forthwith decided to show some of his friends
here a practical illustration of the process.
It requires a live fish. To get it he sent to
Canada. A splendid fellow, weighing about
twenty pounds, was caught for him in the
Bestigouche river, packed in a water-tight
tub, and forwarded to Washington. I would
not dare to say what it cost to send the fish
hers. It was certainly not less than $5 a
pound. The most elaborate preparations had
been made to do justice to the process of
A dozen or more ot the young man's boon
companions were invited to witness the pro
cess. At the proper time all assembled in
tho kitchen, into which the tub containing
the salmon had been carried. On the range
stood a copper boiler imported from England
for the purpae. Its inner sides were lined
at regular intervals with blades ot steel as
sharp as knives. Th young man at once as
sumed direction ot matters. Cold water,
was put, by his orders. Into the boiler on the
n and th salmonfe onarters onannwft
rrom tne tub to the boiler, it took three
men to manage the salmon. As soon as this
was done fire was built under the range, and
the fish was slowly boiled to death. Of
course, as the water got warmer and
warmer, he would plunge about more and
more. With every movement ho made his
body would oome into contact with the
knives and be ripped open. It was nearly
three-quarters of an hour before the fish was
dead, and a full hour before it was fit to be
0ne of the young men in relating the story
to me said: "It was a disgusting sight, I tell
you. It made me almost sick, and if I had
not feared it would offend the host I would
have refused to eat of the dish. It was,
though, the best salmon I ever tasted. You
see the scotching takes out all the milk
which is so objectionable In fish when less
than twenty-four hours old, puffs out tho
flesh and makes it light, and you get at the
same time all the good qualities inherent in
fresh fish. It looks, when done, almost like
popcorn." Ho added laughingly: "There
ought to be some punishment provided for
reople who delight in such cruelty for the
sake of gratifying their stomach. The line
used to be drawn at the scaling of live fish
' and tho skinning of live eels; but 'scotching'
i salmon, you will admit, is worse than
ACTORS WHO HAVE MADE "HITS" BY
IMITATING PUBLIC MEN.
Comedians Who Were Famous for Thett
Powers of Caricature Some Kxceed
lngly Clever lilts A Few Ludi
crous Mistakes Th Count.
The conversation drifted into stories of
actors and others who hod "made hits" by
mimicking public men, and the young actor
with the boulder in his scarf told how
Boswell, the biographer of Dr. Johnson,
when a youth, attended the performance of
a dull play and enlivened the occasion by
imitating the bawling of a cow so effectively
that the audience demanded an encore. An
other actor told how Samuel Foote carica
tured the prominent personages of his
day and how, when ho announced that
he would mimic Qulnn, that pugnacious
cemedian went to the theatre to cane his
imitator, but did not find it necessary, as
Foote refrained from giving the imitation.
Thomas A. Hall told of Foote's famout
caricature of Gen. Smith in "The Nabok,"
and gave numerous anecdotes about actors
who had caricatured the peculiarities of Ed
win Forrest The late Frank Chanfrau was
in his younger days famous for a caricature
he gave of Forrest, and Myron LefflngweU
starred for months as Beppo In a burlesque
of 'Fra Diavalo," deveriy imitating the
great tragedian's peculiarities of gait, man
ner and voice. Continuing, Mr. Hail said:
"John Clapp, proprietor of th Lamb tavern,
was a well known character years ago: he
was a short, fat man, but affected Mr.
Forrest' tone and manner at all times. He
dressed his hair and wore side whiskers and
a chin tuft like th tragedian. Clapp
courted tho attention of actors, and when re
quested would recite a speech from 'The
Gladiator' or 'Jack Cade' with great lung
power. I remember driving with a couple
ot friends to the Lamb tavarn, where I met
Clapp. I spoke of his wonderful resem
blance to Mr. Forrest, which seemed to
please him very much, but hs confidentially
Informed me that It was a mistake to sup
pose that he mimicked Mr. Forrest; on th
contrary, the actor had imitated him for
L. R. She well said: "I remember a very
dever hit made by George Ketchum, the
actor, several years ago at Selwyn's theatra,
Boston.- Eetchum was a good deal ot a
buffoon, but still an actor who knew bk
business. A well-known critic of Tho Bos
ton Traveler, who is stfll living and might
bo annoyed if I used his came, had assailed
Ketchum unmercifully in the columns of
The Traveler. The critic was eccentric in
manner and dress and he was well known to
almost every theatre-goer In Boston. He
wore his fair hair down upon his shoulddrs
and always dressed In a high-button, semi
military coat Ketchum had a long, blonde
wig made and a coat to match the critic's.
"Procuring a photograph of tho critic,
Ketchum made up his fac until he looked
like the journalist's double. Ketchum wai
cast for the minister in a burlesque on 'Foul
Play. Just before the curtain went up Sel
wyn glanced into the green room and as he
supposed saw th critic cooly seated there.
'D n that fellow's impudence.' said Selwyn.
'What business has ha hanging around the
"A few minutes later Ketchum appeared
upon tho stage. The critic occupied his usual
place next to the orchestra In the middle
aifle. At first the auditors were non-plussed.
They glanced at Ketchum, then at the
dignified critic. The imitation was perfect,
and as Ketchum began to speak he had the
journalist's very tone and manner. In an
instant the audience saw the point At first
there was a titter and then a roar ol
laughter. Finally tha whole house rose tc
its feet and shouted. Th subject of the
caricature hastily left the theatre. Sriwyc
admitted that Ketchum hod token a fair
revenge, but he couldn't afford to antagonize
The Traveler, and the next night the actor
changed his make-up. The Traveler, how
ever, did not let up on Ketchum 's buffoonery.
"Thirty years ago," continued Mr. Shewell,
"when I played at the Arch Street theatre.
we ran The Comedy of Errors' 233 consecu
tive nights. John and Frank Drew played
the two Dromios and William Wheatley and
myself the two Antipholi. One night Mrs.
Wheatley called me aside behind the scenes,
after I had made up, and talked to me for
ten minutes about dor-estic affairs before
she discovered that she was not in conversa
tion with her husband. On another night
Frank Drew was sick and John played both
Dromios until the last scene, when they come
together for the first time. We braced
Frank up long enough to appear in the final
scene and the audience never suspected the
doubling John had done."
"The juvenile man, with celluloid and
dressed quartz trimmings, feeling that he
had been silent long enough, took up the sub
ject, saying: 'Do you remember what a hit
John Howon made in 'The Sorcerer,' when
ho made up as Talmage two years ago I
"The apoplectic man who knew 'Jimmj
Shaw' impolitely broke in upon the speaker.
"Yes. I was in Brooklyn when they played
"The Sorcerer' there, but the manager?
wouldn't allow Howson to caricature Talmage
in that city. They were afraid oi
offending people. Away back in the
'50s John Brougham, in the force
of 'Tom and Jerry,' made up as Bob
Van Riper, a well-known ward politician.
Van Riper had beoi a butcher. He had
friends and enemits. Both went to sec
Brougham's caricature. Van Riper's ene
mies threw flowers on the stage ajid hii
friends threw brickbats. Brougham changed
Barney McAuley, at Wood's theatre, Cin
cinnati, in tho burlesque of "Bluebeard" car
icatured Professor Wingate, a local school
superintendent, who in a lecture had attacked
theatres. Wingate instituted legal proceed
ings, but was so laughed at that he with
drew his complaint John Dillon's carica
ture of Wilbur F. Storey, of The Chicago
Times, delighted the people of Chicago. Air.
Storey saw tha imitation several times and
George Jones, better known as the "Count
Joannes," was for years tho subject for
stage caricatures. He paid no attention to
them. When told on one occasion that a
member of Horrigan and Hart's company
was imitating him Jones said:
"How does he lookP
"Very much liko you," was the reply.
"Does ho picture me as I was when I first
played Claude Melnotte in BostonP inquired
Joannes, throwing out his chest
"Well, not exactly rather "
"Very well, then, I don't want to see him.
He is not doing me justice," placidly replied
The Same Old Fool Joke.
A young lady of Olney ville had bean sit
ting in a chair and arose to get something,
ami as she attempted to regain her Beat a
young friend quickly withdrew tho chair,
and allowed her to sink heavily to the floor.
The next day she was taken ill, and a physi
cian was summoned, and for two months ha
has been applying bandages, plasters, eta,
to save the young lady, who is 13 years of
age, from permanent curvature of the spine.
As it was, her body became bent, and gave
her friends great alarm. It will be Ave
years before all danger of spinal disease will
be removed. Tha fall caused the end of th
spin to be driven upward and to one side.
1,700 GAR HORSES
AND HOUSED AND CARED
UNDER ONE ROOF.
Keeping Tlieni in Condition IIow Cas
Ilorac Are Injured The A verase Loss
Per Week J he Stables Pur
chase f Animals.
New Yak Tribune.
HI, there, "shouted a gruff voice. A re
porter movrd to one side and a team of
horses were driven into the main depot ot
the Third A renuo Surface R&ilroad com
pany. "A I aim comes in and goes out
every two minutes," said John F. Waller,
the com pan 's foreman.
"On each day In the yearP queried the re
porter. "No," was the answer, "but in seasons like
this. When wo are at our busiest a team
goes out and comes in every thirty seconds."
The company own abuut 2,100 "head of
cattle" to use the technical term but 400
of them are required for its other stables.
Or. Waller has made a study of the horse,
and is able to tell by glancing at an an
imal whether or not it is iu
condition. "I laughed," said he,
"when an old hor-e doctor told mi
years ago that be could tell the
condition ot a horse by looking at him. I
have since discovered that the old 'Vet' knew
what he was talking about II you spend
your days and often your nights, for years,
among horses and keep your eyes half open
you can't help understanding them. Th
have much in common with the human
family. The old horses, for instauce, never
take kindly at first to a new horse and will
kick at him when they get a chance. As
soon as the stranger begins to feel at home
the kicking stops, because ho has plucked up
spirit enough to kick back. They often fight
over their feed. The horse first served is
looked upon with feelings of envy by those
that have to wait a little longer. They
seldom kick any of the men, except If a
man happens to pass close to their heels with
a box of feeL Then they sometimes attempt
to kick. There is one man in tho stable who
hod his head almost kicked off last year.
Two horses were fighting. One made a ter
rible kick with his hind feet just as th man
was passing. One of the feet struck him in
the face and dashed him up against a stall.
No, the queerest part of the business was
that he didn't die."
The stable occupies three stories of the
huge building, which covers a square. The
descent to the floor below the grade of the
street is as deep as the ascent to tha floor
above the ground, but the horses manage to
make tha trips without accident Each
horse, or rather each pair of horses, for
every horse has a mate, is expected to work
three hours per day. A team which starts
from Harlem makes one round trip, daily.
If an accident happens to a horse while on
duty the driver informs the foreman of it,
with the attendant circumstances. If
driver fails to do this and the negligence is
discovered, tie company bos no further use
for him. The best possible care is taken of
the stock for obvious reasons.
Car horses are injured in a variety of
ways. They run the greatest risk during tha
hottest part of the snmmerand the coldest of
winter. Thesa two periods aggregate about
four and a half months. The month of Sep
tember was the hardest month of this year
for car horses. An intensely warm terra
came on the heels of a cool period, and tha
result was the prostration of a large number
of car-horses in this city as well as in many
other parts of the country. Leaving in
tensely hot and cold weather out of tho ques
tion, tho most perilous season for the car
horse Is dry, windy weather. Tho cobble
stones over which he travels are then as
smooth as polished glass. Not a partJde of
any foreign substance can get a foothold on
them, and the sharply-shod hoof will slip
from them with the same ease
as the human foot will slida off
the smooth side of a banana skin.
Some of tho roadbeds offer even mors
than the usual facilities for accidents of this
nature. They are constructed on the shape
of a watershed, sloping from the center to
the tracks. On these tha car horse has a
hard time indeed in wintry and windy
weather. Comparatively few accidents hap
pen in wet weather. Unless they happen to
break a limb, only a small percentage ot
horses which slip aid fall suffer permanent
injury. With rest and care they generally
recover from sprains and strains. Out of
1,700 horses the Third avenue company loses
but one a week, according to its foreman.
The latter has ninety-three hostlers under hii
eye, besides a large number of men employed
in other capacities. Each hostler is expected
to groom twenty horses per day, and to feed
and bed them.
The tables are as clean as It is possible to
keep them. The horses are In keeping with
their surroundings. Horses are purchased
at all seasons, but tbo best are bought In tha
fall The seller is willing to take much less
at the beginning than at tha end of winter.
The company has a standing price of $155.
Some splendid specimens of horse flesh have
been bought for this figure. Gray is tha
color preferred. Horses of this color are
said to suffer less from the heat than blacks
and bays. From eight to ten horses are
used in a snow sweeper, and one
team possessed by the company attract much
attention as they rattle through the avenue.
The ten grays whirl the huge sweeper
along as if it were a light road wagon. Sev
eral of these horses stand seventeen hands
high. Every new purchase is subject to an
attack of pinkeye. This is attributed to
change of climate and surroundings. Most
of the horses come from the west, and they
are found to require from a wee to two
weeks to obtain their "sea legs." It is a com
mon opinion that the lot of the car horse is
not a happy cne. In comparison with tha
fate of a large number of horses which re
ceive but little sympathy, the car horse is to
be greatly envied. Ho is not overworked;
he is well fed, well housed and is seldom ill
treated with impunity.
A BIS Iter.
A bet was made in the presidential election
of 1S32, or rather an agreement, by which
the sum $200 was given outright to one of
the parties to tha bet the condition being
that ha should pay the other man 1 cent for
one electoral vote that Jackson should get
over Clay 2, cents for two votes, 4 cents for
three, 8 cents for four, 13 cents for five, 33
for six, and so on, according to the majority,
if any, that Jackson might get in the
electorial college. The man to whom the
offer was made incautiously jumped at it
and eagerly took th $200. But he found
that he had obligated himself for more than
he, or all his friends, could ever pay. The
simplest arithmetic will' show that, by a rule
of this doubling up, even it the majority had
been but 20, It would have involved Jo,243.83;
to say nothing of a majority of 05, which
would bankrupt all th Goulds and Vander
bilts. Even a majority of onl) 30 would
produce 5, SOS, TOO. 12; while a majority of 38
would involve f343,597,3S3.G8. If tho ma
jority only reached 40, the man's obligation
would already have mounted into tha bil
lions, and reached tha astounding sum ot S3,
497,553, 133. SA
The question has often been asked whether
in Russia men receive impartial justice or
not I shall mention two cases which came
under my own observation. The landlord of
my house entered an action to recover the
sum of (2,000 owed for goods to that amount
delivered. Both parties bribed tho judge,
but the landlord was the most lavish, and ha
affirmed that he paid 750, after the decision
in his favor, on condition that ha received
the other tl,250; his offer was accepted and
he paid tho amount after waiting two years
for his money.
An Austrian gentleman was robbed at a
hotel where he was stopping of property to a
considerable amount The sen ants were all
examined by the police and one was selected
as tho probable thief. The hotel proprietor
well knew the honesty ot this man and gave
him a character which would have exoner
ated him from the charge. But no, tha po
lice determined that he was th thief, and
actually flogged him to the comfortable
number ot 300 lashes. Scarcely was this re
ceived before th true thief was discovered
to be quite another person; th poor servant
Instead of being consoled for too severe
flagellation he had received, was sent out ot
the dty in order that th business might be
Brooke Herford: But the more we can
get dear oat of that vicious circle of think
lag ot ourselves either in our religion or in
our intellectual studies tha better.