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TOE GLOBB BEPUBUO. 8TOPAY MOBNING. FEBBTJARY IB 188B.
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AT CEDAR CREEK.
HOW SHERIDAN'S RIDE LOOKED TO
the Koar That raised Alone the Una
4. flood Thins" A Battery Playing
llavoo with an Attiuiuul
(Oca. Janies L Oomley la The Enquirer.
The following account of how "Sheridan's
Ride' looked to a spectator at one end of it
ras copied by Sir. Whitelaw Reid from my
private diary lent him for "Ohio in the War,"
and I know it is true: Crook was lying a rod
two to onr loft. Hayes and I were to
gether with our commands. Ue was badly
bruised by his fall when his horse .was killed
wder him, and had several slight wounds
beside. He was teasing me and grumbling
because we did not.advonce, instead of wait
ing for tie enemy.
"Suddenly there is a dut in the rear, on
Jie Winchester road, and almost before' we
are aware, a fiery-looking, impetuous dash
ing young man in full majogeneral's uni
form, and riding furiously a magnificent
Mack horse, literally flecked with foam, and
to poetic license about it, reins up and
prings off by Gen. Crook's side. There is a
perfect roar as everybody recognized Sher
idan. He talks with Crook a little while,
cutting away at the too of the weeds with
his riding-whip. Gen. Crook speaks half-a-dozan
sentences that sound a great deal like
the whip, and by that time some of the staff
are up. They are sent flying in different
directions. Sheridan and Crook lie down
and seem to be talking, and all is quiet
again, except the vicious shells of the differ
ent batteries and the roar of artillery along
the line. After awhile CoL James W. For
syth comas down to our front and shouts to
the general: The Nineteenth corps is
closed up, sir.' Sheridan jumps up, gives
one more cut with bis whip, 'whirls himself
around once, jumps on his horse and starts
up the line. Just as he starts he says to our
men: 'We are going to hare a good thing
on them now, boysP It don't soand like Cic
ero or Daniel Webster, but it doubled the
force at our end of the line. I may say,
now, that it don't sound even like Buchanan
"And so he rode off, a long wavo of yells
rolling up to the right with him. We took
our posts, the line moved forward and the
balance of the day is already history."
I suppose there is no necessity for burden
ing you with a description of our part in the
advance, as there is no dispute as to our be
ing there, or as to our place in ths line. One
incident may be of interest. At one of the
pauses in this forward movement our com
pany was delayed by a very high rail-fence
(I can hardly believe such ',a fence was left,
but it was). Crook was on his horse, and had
passed the fence when Hayes climbed up,
and, by holding to one of the stakes' and
standing on the "rider," was more elevated
than Crook, and could use his glass more ef
fectively. He was able thus to give Crook
some important information, which I did not
bear. But the result was that Hayes mounted
his horse and dashed to the front at a head
long gallop, ahead of his infantry. I have
learned since that he f sand Cap. Dupont,
who was moving down the pike, and under
his immediate orders Capt. Dupont passed
through Mddletown at a swinging trot,
with his own battery, going to the front.
Hayes, being very well mounted, and free
to "cut across' got ahead out of sight, and
on the eminence near where our camps had
been found Gen. Sheridan, entirely alone,
using his glass in the most excited manner.
As soon as he saw Hayes he yelled at him:
"If I had a battery here we could knock
h 11 out of their train and capture all their
artillery!'' Hayes answered: "All right,
general; I've got just what you want, com
ing as fast as it can V H galloped back to
Dupont, who immediately started all his
horses at a gallop, and came down the pika
like a whirlwind. The first shell he fired lit
in the very midst of a narrow place where
the head of the enemy's retreating column
bad got gorged by attempting to pass too
many abreast. Gen. Hayes has described
the scene to me vividly, and it is enough to
make one get up and give three cheers all
alone by himself to think of it as he describes
it shell after shell dropping in the thickest
of the throng, drivers cutting traces and
scampering out of it, teams, ammunition,
caissons and cannon abandoned and left lit
erally piled up by the gorge.
"Jenkins Tivid Imagination.
San Erancisco Argonaut.
One of those fortunate young men who
still retain tho energy to attend bolls wat
discovered at his club a few roomings ago in
a very pretty rage. His just indignation
was caused by the fact that, the afternoon
before, he had received a telegram from his
father announcing the death of his aunt, and
on the following morning ho read,
and what is worse, his father
and other relatives read in a morn
ing paper his name among the guests at a
grand ball the night before. This wat per
haps somen hat precipitous, but not half as
bad as for a divorced couple to rend that
they had been" together at a reception, and
subsequently receive the congratulations of
our out-of-town friends on the restoration of
their natural relations. The climax, how
ever, was reached not so very long ago. A
lady well known in society, had cords for a
large reception printed; tbey were even ad
dressed ready for distribution, when she had
the misfortune to lose her father. Of course,
there could be no reception in the hou-e of
mourning, but an imaginary reception was
fully described in "the paper" the following
morning, with a list of people who were
New York from m Xtosslan Standpoint.
The VeJomosti, an excellent paper, in
forms us that New Yorkers are day and
night trembling for their lives and property.
Somewhere in First street there is a revolutionary-cosmopolitan
beer saloon in which
red hot communistic speeches are delivered
as frequently as glasses of beer are emptied;
and that but for the well drilled and armed
militia, which keeps an eye on that terrible
place, tho residents of New York would
migrate in a body. It is to be hoped that
the militia will preserve the peace, because
the New Yorkers would have no place to
fly to if it be true, as The Vedomosti says,
"that guerilla war is continually going on all
over the United States; now laborers are
crushing their foes, and now capitalists,
aided by soldiers, are drowning rioters in
their own blood 1"
Eucalyptus for Whooplng-Cough.
Tho editor of The Kew England Medical
Monthly, having seen fluid extract of
Eucalyptus Globulus recommended in per
tussis, gave it a trial in his practice. He ad
ministered it in some twenty-five or thirty
cases, and the results were of a very gratify
ing nature. Its effect was to greatly modify
the severity of the paroxysms in every case,
and in so abating the symptoms occasionally
that what gave promise of being a very
severe attack in its incipiency turned out to
be little more than what is known as a sym
In the Sahara desert rain falls in torrent
at intervals of five, ten, and twenty years.
MISTAKES OK MERCHANTS.
XJooseness In the Management of Clerks
Sliding Into Dishonesty.
William IL Mafcer in Inter Ocean.
Intelligent merchants read almost daily in
their morning papers, but how many of
them take home to themselves the question:
Am I also losing goods or money in this way!
There has grown up much looseness in the
management of clerks. If one loses a place
for caue he need not be out of worn very
long. Inquiries as to character are not made
as they were before the war, and the mer
chant who attempts to learn the whereabouts
of his clerks after business hours is con
sidered worse than an old fogy; he is looked
upon as an idiot. Everything is done on a
broad gauge. The man who looks after
details is "mean" and to be small is worse
than to commit a crime.
A retail merchant in a country town asked
me one day how he could put his clerk on his
guard against stealing. Said be: "Ho is a
good boy, but he is spending more money
than I am paying him. Of course, if I say
so to him he will deny it, and I have no
actual proofs I don't want him to leave me,
and be is just at the age where his habits are
formed. If he is kept straight for a -few
years he will be straight forever."
My advice was to keep up an appearance
of investigating everything that went on.
Don't dump your cash in a drawer and not
know at eight what is there till you count it
Enter your cash sales in book or
foot them up every night and see If it is all
light, and inquire about sales aud about
everything you see taking place. It you
have been out of the store pick up the book
and ask about sales made while you were
away and follow the detailsof your business.
The French have a saying, "Opportunity
makes the thief," but a better one for mer
chants to remember is that "Neglect makes
the thief." A merchant's first duty is to
himself; to see that no failure shall come
through neglect upon his port. But he has
also a duty to those in his employ. They
come to him honest boys or men; he has no
right to mako it easy for them to slide into
dishonesty. The difference between "mine"
and "thine" ought to bo so plain that there
would be no danger of mixing them up, and
his clerks of to-day will in coming ears
bless him for his strictness and for his care
Aerating the Waters.
The purification of the waters supplied to
large cities is a very important matter. The
growth of manufactures and the waste of
populated districts in time contaminates the
streams that furnish the water supply. Mill
ions of people die or sicken yearly because of
impure water or tainted air. More than
bait the physical ills which afflict mankind
come from theso two sources.
Philadelphia is just now trying an experi
ment which, if successful, will greatly bene
fit the dwellers in large cities. It is aerat
ing the water in tho Fairmount reservoirs.
The Schuylkill and Delaware, from which
the water supply has been secured, have be
come foul from the growth of population
along their banks, and, as drawing water
from a distance would take time and be
costly at that, an effort is making to purify
the waters in tho reservoirs. This is being
done by forcing air through tho water. The
oxygen, according t tho theory of this pro
cess, would act directly upon the organic
impurities thus converting them into harm
less oxydized products. It is the motion and
exposure to tho air that purinos running
The Thames at London is simply poison
ous, yet its waters are usable ten miles below
tho city, as the oxygen of the air working
upon it gradually restored its wholesomeness.
This fact has always been well known, yet
engineers persist in enclosing aqueducts and
shutting off the air until the water reaches
tho reservoirs. New York city is to build a
new aqueduct thirty miles long. The water,
of course, is quite good at Croton lake, but
it would be much bettor if it was a protected
stream open to the air. But millions of dol
lars will be spent to shut out tho oxygen
until the reservoir is reached, where it will
have less effect because there the water is
necessarily without motion. The purity of
air and water is a vital matter, and all who
are interested in the health of their families
should constantly keep it in mind. Half the
misery of life comes from the myriads of
sick people who would be wholesome and
happy if the air tbey breathed and the water
they drank were reasonably pure.
St. Paul Honeer Press.
In a neighboring newspaper office there are
a pair of newspaper workers, each of whom
has had the misfortune to lose an eye. One
of the gentlemen has had his missing mem
ber replaced by an artificial blue eye, and
the other with a grey on. The other nighty
in the midst of the rush which accompanies
annual reviews, the artificial eyes were re
moved to give the muscles a rest, and the
glass orbs laid on a desk. The first man to
go home naturally took the first eye found
lying around, which happened to be the
other fellow's, and the other fellow took the
one that was left. The mistake might not
have been noticed to this day if somo one
had not discovered that there were several
reporters in Minnoopolis with eyes ill
matched as to color.
His lSnslest Season.
First Dude Aw, Chawley, my dear boy,
what a wattlin pace you are goin' this
Second Dude Aw, yas, Fitznoodle, my
dear fellow. Don't detwain me. I'm hard
at work. This is tho busiest season of the
year to me
"By jove. Chawley, what are you doin'l
Improvisin1 a German!"
"No; Im dodgin' my creditors."
Uncle Esek: My friend, if you want to
make people think as you do, let them have
their own way; nothing else will tire them
out so soon.
H. A. Jones: W hen a dramatist has shown
as the inside of any one human heart ha has
A TALK ON SLATE.
Magnitude of thi Industry in This Coots
try S.ttHe Quarries.
North Chatauqua News.
"Few people have any idea of the magni
tude of the slato industry in this country.
Until a few years since, the product of the
different slate quarries in the United States
was quite limited. Sow tho total amount
produced, of rooQng-elato alone, is about
600,000 squares per year. A 'square' is 100
square feet, or sufficient to cover a space
ten feet by ten feet, when laid on the roof.
It covers the same area as 1.000 shingles.
"As a roofing material slate is becoming
more generally used, as it lasts a lifetime, is
fire-proof, needs no painting, and renders
rain-water pure and untainted. Besides the
large amount of roofing-slate produced, a
a great deal is used for other building pur
poses, such as window-sills, steps floors and
mantels Billiard tatle beds are now made
exclusively of slato. and it is also used
largely for flagging."
"Where is most of the slato quarrwdP was
"Well, most of the quarries are in eastern
Pennsylvania in Northampton and Lehigh
counties More than one-half of the total
product of the Unitel States comes from
that region. Maine and Vermont produce
small quantities. There are also small bedi
of slate in Michigan and Virginia. The
quarries at Bangor, Fa., are considered su
perior to any, as the slate is tough, durable
and of an unfading dark blue-black color
The quarries there are valued at from toO,
000 to $300,000 each.
"The slate is first blasted out, then hoisted
by the steam power in large irregular
shaped blocks to tho bank. These blocks an
then broken or 'scalloped' into smaller
blocks; then split into sheets of required
thickness. For that purpose, a chisel or
knife, about eighteen inches long, resembling
a large putty knife, is used.' The slate split
readily whenever tho knife is put in, if in
serted when the block is wet, or 'green' as it
is called. The workmen speak of the orig
ina 1 moisture in the slate as 'sap.' After the
blocks are dry, they harden and cannot be
"After the blocks are split, tho sheets are
dressed or trimmed with a machine worked
by f o.t-power, to the required size, which il
from 0x12 inches to 11x24 inches. They are
then shipped to all parts of the union and to
the Old World. A great deal of slate goes
An Intelligent Shark.
Turf, Field and Tarm.
"Shark I Intelligent! You hot. There'!
Toboga Bill; he's turned after that island in
Panama bay. Don't know why. He Snows
more than any furriner I ever saw," and
then he proceeds to tell about Bill. It seems
that Bill had been caught by an English
ship at one time, and B I L L had been
cut in bis back in deep gashes, and when they
healed had left white scars on his drab back.
He had also been struck by a harpoon at one
time for there was still three feet of the
shank sticking from him perpendicularly,
back of his dorsal.
Bill never forgot the indignity that he had
suffered at the hands of Johnny Bull, and be
hod it in for him. But he took a great liking
to Americans, beauso they were more ex
travagant, and threw mare that was palata
ble overboard. So that accounts tor the
partiality which he showed Americans.
When a man fell overboard, as they will do
occasionally, Bill would swim up to him and
inspect his collar. If he had the American
collar be was all right, and Bill would not
only bold himself back, but, as he was cock
of the walk, would keep back all the rest of
sharkdom. If he had no tape or stars on his
collar1 Bill would not touch him, but would
not interfere with the other fish. But if ha
had on the English collar he was Bill's mut
ton, "Discriminate! He knew more about
a Johnny Bull uniform than any man on the
Expenses of Business.
A weld informed merchant of Boston rs
crtly said to representative of The Boston
Barak) that ha bad bean looking back over
hi accounts, and was surprised to find that
sine the close of the war there had been a
steady increase In the ordinary expenses of
carrying on business. Mere office work cost
a great deal L.ore now than it did in 1885;
more clerks were needed, and on the whole,
each of these received higher pay. Assist
ance was required in the receiving and de
livering departments to an extent and of a
character that would not have been dreamed
of two decades ago.
Then there were a variety of incidental
expenses that now entered into the compil
ation. There ware telephone charges print
ing, the expense of solicitors, the whole mak
ing up an amount sufficiently large to eat up
all that would hare been considered fair
profits a quarter of a century ago. It il
probable that the experience in different
trades varies, and yet we fancy that in
most lines of business statements somewhat
similar to the above might be made. The
tendency, all the time going on, to lessen
the hours of service, both in offices and
workshops, would of itself make the cost of
business proportionately higher. The cheap
ening process, if there is one, would seem to
be In enlarging the amount of business which
each concern carries on.
A railing; Memory.
"Why, Caroline, aren't you ashamed of
yourself P exclaimed a mother entering the
parlor, and addressing her daughter. "Your
poor father has only been dead three weeks,
and here you are playing on the piano."
"He's been dead longer than that, maw. He
died on the 3d, so you see he's been dead four
weeks" "That's a fact," said the mother.
"Go ahead. I declare my memory is failing
The Talmud: That man's bread is moist
ened with tears who depends on his wife and
children for his support.
A Walk Through the Primary Department
Enjoying the Mono Kecess "Faith
ful, but not Punctual" Teach
ins the Toons; Indians.
Hampton Dor. Inter Ocean.
Thou art grsat and thou art good;
Lord, we thank Thee for this food.
By Thy hand must all be fed;
Give us. Lord, our daily bread. Amen.
This was the sweet chant that saluted my
ears when I was ushered into the dining hall
of Hampton institute for the first tune the
other day. It was ax equally pleasant sight
that greeted my eyea Sue hundred students,
four-fifths negroes and one-fifth Indians
were standing around the tables with bowei
heads, rendering the hymn as only dusky
wards at tho south know how to render
"What a happy substitute for the usual
form of grace," I remarked involuntarily.
"Yes," said Gen. Armstrong, the principal,
"a single voice- could not be wall heard
throughout the hall. We have several other
formuUo which are equally pretty, I think.
On Sundays it is the doxology usually."
In company with Miss Hyde I walked over
the long, low, wooden building the other
day. The S60 pickaninles who are taught
the rudiments here by graduates of the in
stitute are not included in the Hampton cat
alogue. They are children from the country
for miles around, who come trudging along
on foot all the way each morning, and then
trudge back to their miserable homes every
afternoon at 1:30, when school lets out.
"Don't tbey bring their dinners with
them)" I inquired.
"Oh, no indeed," answered Miss Hyde. "It
is as much as most of them can hope for if
they bring their breakfasts along in their lit
tle stomachs. One girl fainted dead away
from sheer hunger tho other day. It was
after noon, and she hadn't had any break
fast at all. As a rule the children are so
hardy, however, that they are not much in
convenienced by such a state of things. We
try to arrange it so that the tasks requiring
the most application come first in the day.
But the children are always smiling as much
as though they had just got up from a turkey.
dinner. See them now."
I looked, and was greatly amused at the
antics of the multitude of black youngsters
that were tumbling out of the various doors
in order to enjoy the noon recess
There was every African type in minia
ture that you ever saw or dreamed of. There
was a young girl with big poke sun-bonnet
(of straw on, although it was a crisp January
morning. Here were two boys evidently
brothers, with but a single hat between
them. One wore the brim and the other
wore the crown.
"Are tbey faithful in attendance!"
"Faithful, but not punctual. But how
could they be punctual without watches ox
clocks at home! They come in squads The
one who lives in the most remote part of
Slabtown starts first, the next one waits for
him, the third for the first two and so on.
Thus it one is late all are late from that
town, and great responsibility attaches to
that 'first' boy or girl. Others go by tie
railway train. A little girl was late the
other day, and when I asked the reason for
this she made reply: 'I reely dunno; I
come when de steamboat whistle done
blow.' Then I discovered that she had been
timing herself by a certain steamboat, the
time table of which had been changed that
morning The homes from which many of
these children come are appallingly squalid."
We entered the main room. Presently the
time allotted for recess was over, and the
880 jolly pickaninles came marching in to
the music of an organ. They performed a
series of evolutions first that are characteris
tic of Hampton. Even the 400 boys march
to dinner in Virginia hall from the various
dormitories to the strains of a small orches
tra. When these evolutions were over the
pickaninles were found drawn up in solid
phalanxes quite filling the room.
In the mean time, a superb bass singer had
taken his position ou the platform beside us
and now he started a series of familiar
plantation melodies. The 300 irrepressible
pickaninies caught up each piece with a
zest, and the stories of Daniel in a lion's den,
Jonah in the whale's belly, and all the other
biblical incidents were given with a whole
some abandon that did me good.
After half an hour of singing the classes
want to their rooms, and I strayed into the
"Kitchen Garden." The children had fin
ished all their tasks, such as setting minia
ture tables making beds washing clothes
and hanging them out on a line, sweeping
their apartment; and the teacher was de
veloping their originality by having them
tell stories to each other.
Music is too ornamental a branch for
Hampton as yet, although the music which
characterizes the exercises Is always first
class and thoroughly stirring. Mr. Hamil
ton, in charge of the tailoring department,
is the only one of the original jubilee stu
dent choir left. There are plenty of exceed
ingly choice voices among the students The
boys have a full brass bard.
The Indian girls have organized prayer
meetings by themselves and this week the
Indian boys are also holding nightly meet
ings! Think of that.
One can not help being peculiarly inter
ested in these young Indians There are a
dozen dialects represented here, the major
ity are Sioux, so that a Sioux interpreter is
usually employed in the meetings Of
course there are not a few who coma here
ignorant of English, to find that no one here
knows a word of their language. Then the
teachers have to begin teaching the nouns
by the use of objects, the verb by gestures
etc The Indians have a debating society,
also. Two comfortable cottages of three
rooms each were erected for two Omaha
families at a cost of only t'MO apiecs, to
show the red man and the black man how
nice a home may be had for that sum of
money. The Indians dislike to learn that
the Himalayas are higher than the Rockies
and first learn a verb's principal parts as
chiefs its modes as reservations and its
tenses as bands .
It is a significant fact that many physi
cians who formerly recommended a change
of climate for their consumptive patients
now order them to stay at home, or at most
not go far away. A physician of considera
ble note who has been practicing in North
Carolina for a number of years says no in
valid should go beyond the sandstone belt
south of the Blue Ridge mountains If they
go into the alluvial belt they are in danger
The best results in the treatment of con
sumption and kindred pulmonary disorders
have been obtained by keeping the patients
at home, housing them in well ventilated i
rooms and nourishing their wasting bodies
with such food, and only such, as they may
CERES AND POMONA
CALIFORNIA'S GRAIN AND FRUIT AT
A Canada Correspondent's Rapturous De
scription of the Products of the
Occident Attractive Mineral
Display from Nevada.
"Garth's" New Orleans Letter.
Ores went wild with rapture when she
met her Californian lover. In his arm wai
the tawny strength of hills in his eyes the
tender light of the westering sun. At his
feet the streams cams chanting from the
Rockies in his voice rang the echoes of groat
Look at the com towering twice your
height abjve you and the sorghum and the
straight young shoots of tho black Turkish
fig sprung fourteen feet in one year without
irrigation. Also great clusters of Egyptian
com fod to cattle and looking like nothing
so much as dried everlastings; and long
slender shoots of ramie, out of which paper
"Any other wood you make paper of P
"Oh, yes This quaking aspen, bark am
core, and of the fir chiefly wrapping and
nowspajwr. It's a big industry and there's
money in it,"
Ho picked up a bunch of dried herbs.
"ThK" said he, "is alfalfa, or what you
would call lucerne. Where we irrigate we
get five crops of it a year. On my own
place at Santa Clara wo have made cheese
every day of the year for five years, feeding
this to tho cows In Santa Clara," contin
ued the en'husiastic dweller thore, "we hare
1,400 acres devoted to garden seed alone for
foreign markets and in our remarkable cli
mate they never discolor or shrink."
Here is an immense representative of the
foundation of the beet sugar industry, weigh
ing eighty-four pounds A great big purple
bulbous beet The process takes but thirty
six hours and the knobby vegetable yields
from 10 to 14 per cent, of sngar. I thought
I shouldn't escape without encoun
tering the inevitable pumpkin. Here he is,
yellow and abnormal as usual, a ticket bear
ing witness to the fact that he comes of a
seed planted in May and weighs just 181
pounJs. The potatoes are marvelous For
winter diet the vegetarian of California un
earths a potato and pickles a portion of a
squash. Hera is a monstrosity of the latter
order, weighing 223 pounds Pyramids of
vines from every county in California, bot
tles of olives and of olive oil, made only
there in America, tempting boxes of crys
tallized fruit, pomegranates and figs em
balmed under glass a new and prominent
industry; jars upon jars of honey, amber
Greatly to the malediction of your sundry
other people's correspondents the exhibits
are arranged to the credit of the counties
Everywhere is an embarras de richesse, but
there is no concentration, no system, no
focus Drooping over the side of one county's
display I found a small, graceful branch that
seemed to be covered with dried hickory
nuts It was the famous vegetable ivory;
the nuts were like bullets and the little
branch weighed as much as a 5-year-old
child. Nuts, nuts nuts! Do you know that
most of your after-dinner exercise with the
nut-cracker is supplied to you by California!
Here, from one county, are ranged 100 va
rieties of almonds in boxes and branches
teeming in fruition. They don't "pick" nuts
in California, they shovel them up.
The fruits are on exhibition in horticul
tural hall, but abundant specimens in alco
hol are there. Japanese plums as big as
apples grape clusters that Bacchus would
stagger under, pears three and four pounds
in reight, peaches tomato cherries, neo
tarines alas! they were all ij jars, and the
jars were vealed, as is therefore, your cor
respondent's eloquence. Of ono delicious
fruit I may speak experimentally. It wasn't
In a jar, and wouldn't "keep" under any
circumstances, even If it hadn't been there.
Hear my justification. It was a persimmon,
looked like a ripe tomato and tasted like
ambrosia. Here is a fanciful erection in
deed. A richly-veined pavilion of marble,
exquisitely designed in many colors and
decorated with clustering grapes and vines
and quaint devices. A Spanish-Indian boy
In variegated garb presides over this charm
ing interior, wielding a huge feather fan.
It is beautiful, it is elegant, it is chaste, and
it is soap! The man who made it made
half a million at the same time. Every
thing is soap grapes pillars, and all ex
cept the boy, whose acquaintance with the
purifying article is presumably limited.
"California has forgotten that she ever
had a mine," said Joaquin Miller the other
day, speaking of her manifold resources
Truly, this does not look like it Gold
creeping and turning about the quartzs in
delicate deisigns of leaves and vines, nature's
exquisite handicraft silver bullion but for
our dear old mother's mlneraf treasures let
us go to Nevada. Just a glance at Califor
f ornia's downy blankets and lustrous silks
made by Chinese labor, and we cross the
state line and stand in the realm of the Corn
stock. The richest gold and silver bearing
quartz is the most unpretentious That
horr !y, ragged lump in one corner of the
caw u worth all of its shining neighbors.
Gold in nuggets, in quartz, in grains, in
boxes In bottles hi bags No silver grains
Silver corrodes perishes, has not the endur
ing qualities of the true metal, and is never
found ground down by heaving rocks and
raging waves in shining specks amid the
"Malachite green and beautiful porphyry
conglomerate, sapphire, clnnabar-quick-sil-ver-grcen,
and the blue carbonate of copper
malachite and azurite on silver that pro
duces (5,000 to the ton; silver, turquoise,
and garnets firmly Imbedded in slate these
are some of Nevada's mineral wonders.
Geologic changes ore marvelously rapid
here. We are slown sandstone formed in
twelve years with a wooden wedge and a
nail in it. Wood petrified in fifteen years
studded with nails Here is a wonder with
something pathetic in it a petrified bird's
nest and eggs Oh, sad bird, you chirped
your last note and turned up your claws to
the sky a long time ago, but your tiny, ten
derly fashioned home and unhitched
fledgeling have joined the great testimony of
the ages Surely the most piteous little
tribute ever laid in the relentless grasp of
that stern maiden, science.
Plaster casts of tho famous men and ele
phants tracks found twelve to twenty feet
below the surface in sandstone excavations,
are here. The animals' feet that walked up
right, whatever it was wore twenty-two
inches long and eight and one-half inches
wide; the elephants.' tracks are twenty-four
inches in diameter.
A SYRIAN'S SKILL.
A Stray Silversmith from the Orient Fan
tastlo Filigree Work.
In a little attic room in west Phfladelphls
lives a diminutive native of Syria, Jacol
Hallaj by name, who endeavors to obtair
his very scanty living by manufacturing all
sorts of beautiful jewelry, both of ancient
and modern Syrian design. He is a native
of Beirut, Syria. His only languages are
Arabic, Turkish, and a little French, and nil
private history is most remarkable.
In one corner of the little room stands hli
work-bench; in another his boxes filled with
curious treasure brought from the far east,
over which he -ireads his bed at night; la
another his little forge and his apparatus foi
drawing out the silver and gold wire, all
made by himself, and of neat and accurate
workmanship. As a reporter entered the
little Arab was found sitting at his bench
engaged upon some silver filigree scarf -pint
of the most dainty description. The only
marks of tho Orient in his dress were the
little skull-cap and the Turkish slippers
His English vocabulary was found to be
very limited, but with what he knew and
the smattering of French possessed by the
reporter, the various appurtenances of the
apartment were explained and understood.
The silver he obtains pure, and, melting it
up in his f unnv Svrian furnace, made bv
mmseii, uitn tue right amount of copper us
obtains an alloy of the proper proportion.
Thus, for a scarf-pin, the pin proper is made
of a low grade of alloy, in order to give the
requisite stiffness, while tho ornamental
part is made of silver 1,000 fine.
This silver he draws through a steel plate
in which ore cut boles of constantly de
creasing diameter. By drawing thesilvee
through these holes in succession a wire il
obtained finally as small as a thread. 01
this he makes the filigree by bending and
twisting and filling and soldering the win
into all manner of fantastic and delicate
shapes such as the Turkish coat of arms the
crescent ana star, Araouf cuanicutrs, ana s I
hnndrad nther forms. Rlnps are made
precious stones are set in a most chaste man
ner, and burnishing and polishing of the
semi-precious stones attended to.
Formation or Salt-Water lee.
Popular Science 2ionthlr.
Marine ice was formerly regarded ai
formed of solidified pure water retaining by
mechanical adhesion traces of the salini
liquid. Theso traces could be expelled by
energetic pressure, when aciils and base)
would be found in the residue of dcsiccatloi
In invariable proportions as in tho sea. The
question of chemical composition of thi
ice of the Arctic ocean is complicated iz
other ways but it gains in interest what 11
loses in simplicity. When salt-water il
cooled artificially, a small part escapes solid
ification. The uncongealed residue is iusup
portably bitter to tho taste, and analysii
shows that nearly all the magnesia is con
centrated in it. The solid block, if it is homo
geneous and is not full ofholes, and if pre
viously drained, may furnish a passable
The natural Ices of the northorn seas art
frequently moistened with a kind of brine,
which sometimes embodies crystals of special
character, easy to distinguish from the la
around them. According to Otto Pettersson,
the relative proportions of chlorine and
magnesia are much stronger in these exuda
tions than in the water at the expense ol
which the ice is formed. The liquid can not
then have been mechanically absorbed. On
the other hand, there is a deficiency ol
sulphates; and tho conclusion that sea water
ice retains the sulphates more abundantly il
confirmed by analysis With congelation, a
sorting of matters take place; most of the
sulphuric acid passes into the part that
solidifies while magnesia and chlorine pre
Tail in the part that remains liquid.
Plants in Sleeplng-Kooxus.
The controversy as to keeping live plants
In a room at night continues to be carried on
with vigor and acr.mony, although most
people have probably supposed that it was
long since set at rest. Not so very many
years ago tho danger of keeping such things
in a bed-room was a good deal pooh-poohed
by practical persons, who regarded the
stones told in that connection as old women's
tales, belonging to the same category as the
myth about sleeping under the moon or
taking a siesta under a yew tree. But then
there were published terrible accounts of
fair dames who. despising the warning in
question, and depositing bouquets or flower
pots in their rooms at night, had met with
a fate almost as tragic as that recorded In
the doleful ballad of "Tho Mistletoe Bough."
Thereupon the scientific world, with the
whole crew of unlearned folk at Its heels,
rushed to the opposite conclusion, and
adopted a theory that illness and even death
might result from sleeping in an apartment
which was adorned with living plants or
fresh cuttings. And no w it turns out that in
going so far as this we havo gone a good
deal too far. At a medical conference re
cently held In France, it was demonstrated
to the satisfaction of all the savants there
present that plants, as long as they are
plants only, may safely, and even with ad
vantage, be admitted to the asylum from
which they have so often been exiled.
These pretty ornaments, as a learned
writer now declares, "far from being hurt
ful, are beneficial, inasmuch as they exhale
a certain amount of ozone and vapor, which
maintain a healthy dampness in the air, and
besides that are destructive of the microbes
which promote consumptive tendencies in
human beings It is only no nets, and not
the plants which bear them that do the
damage. Ferns are inocuous; roses and sun
flowers are pernicious at least during the
interesting period while they are in bloom."
It Will Come Some Day.
Macon (Ga.) Telegraph.
We pity the man who has had no boy
hoodwho never "busted" crackers, blew
up cats, fought roosters, shot off rockets,
fought with Roman candles, and played
with fire-balls We are sorry, also, for the
community he lives in. The time musl
come when that man will try to be a boy,
and the town won't hold him.
Capt. Isaiah Bynders.
New York Cor. Kansas City Journal.
My neighbor across the street is dead
Capt. Isaiah Rynders, the chief of New York
Democrats forty years ago. He clambered
into an omnibus where I was, two
or three weeks ago clambered in
painfully and rheumatically. The old
war-horse sank tremblingly to the seat at
my side, very thin and wrinkled, and his
eyes glowing at the bottom of deep sockets
and he responded to my inquiry about his
health, "Fair, but I'm used up. No life left.
I wish I was dead. There's no sense in my
stringing along in this way, no good to my
self or anybody else. I havo outlived every
friend 1 ever had," he said sadly, "and I
have grown old to be neglected by them I
have served." I knew this referred to his
late dismissal from his sinecure at the city
"Eighty is old enough for any man to
live!" he added presently, drawing his hand
across his still black locks, a capillary in
congruity above a pinched and weazened
face. "I think there ought to be a law pro
Tiding for the killing of old folks who have
ceased to bo spry! He smiled nt this in
recognition of the joke, and climbed labori
ously out at the rifth Avenue hotel, where,
of late years he has spent much of his time
in the lobbies.
A Bashful Squirrel.
In front of the telegraph office at Stock-
bridge, alass, there is a large elm tree,
which is the home of three red squirrels A
little girl who is employed in the office comes
out a number of times a day and knocks on
the trunk of the great tree, at the same tune
making a whirring noise as squirrels do.
Instantly throe squirrels came out of the
tree, and, running down the trunk, they take
the nuts she has in her hand for them, and
go up to a place where the branches divide.
Then they sit upon the landing while they
crack and eat them.
"Two of them are very tame," she told us,
"but one is rather wild yet."
After tho tame ones had been fed, she
pointed up to one of the topmost boughs,
where the "wild one" sat, looking down very
wistfully. The little girl kept knocking with
the nut and whirring like a squirrel. Soon
the little creature timidly began to come
down from its high tower, halting and de
bating every now and then as it came nearer
and nearer to the uplifted nut. At last it
made one quick bound, snatched the nut
and was off to a place of safety again.
American Schemers in London.
Olive Logan's London Letter.
One word to persons who are contemplat
ing any business project in London. Do not
dream that your powers of persuasion, your
flights of tall talk, will have the slightest
effect on John Bull. More than any other
man on earth tho Englishman, whatever
his rank or station in life, leans on his solici
tor. "I will consult my solicitor" is a phrase
commonly heard on the lips of English peo
ple, men and women. The solicitor is in
modern English lifo for mundane affairs
what the priest is for spiritual matters to
the people of Spain and Italy.
Therefore, if the scheme which the Ameri
can has to propose, and for which ho wants
to raiso capital, be not one that will bear
tho keenest investigation, the most search
ing examination by the "solicitors" of every
body concerned, tho promoter had better
stay where hu is in America, and not add his
wretchedness to that of thousands of other
lialf hu-igry, wholly pitiful exiles who keep
tramping the Strand, and asking for letters
containing remittances which never come,
for tho simple reason that they ore never
Drains and Beauty.
An observing philosopher contradicts the
prevailing theory that mental activity in
terferes with physical beauty. He says; "A
handsoma man, or woman either, who does
nothing, but lives well or self -indulgently,
grows flabby, and all the fine lines of the
features are lost, but the hard thinker has
an admirable sculptor always at work keep
ing his fine lines in repair and constantly
going over his face to improve the orginal
An Adulterant of Floor.
Quite recently a hydra ted calcium sulphate
In a state of fine powder has been offered to
millers m Europe for mixing with flour In ; Maternal and sororial affection, 915; pure
proportions of 1 to L5 per cent, end there is loT9 (that's CarL you know) 830; couven
reason to believe that not a few unprincipled tfanal a(Ti.M.-w.,i ..t. m-M- .t.
... v. . . .
persons haveactiially placed on the market l
fkiur adulterated with calcium sulphate. '
BILL NYE WRITES OF THE CHARMS
His Vivid and Varied Experlenoa In Culti
vating Cat-Worms Cabbage the Fav
orite Beverage Unexpected and
Bad Fate A Pause.
BUI Nj-e In Northwestern Miner.
During the past season I have been con
siderably iterested in agriculture. I have
nut with some success, but not enough to
madden me with joy. It takes a good deal
of success to unscrew my reason and make it
totter on its throne. I've had trouble with
my liver, and various other abnormal condi
tions of the vital organs, but old reason sits
there on his on her throne, as the case may
be, though it all.
Agriculture has a charm about it which I
can not adequately describe. Every product
of the farm is furnished by nature with
something that loves it, so that it will never
be neglected. The grain crop Is loved by
the weevil, the hessian fly, and the chinch
bug; the watermelon, the squash, and
the cucumber are loved by the squash bug;
the potato is loved by the potato bug; the
sweet corn Is loved by the ant, thou slug
gard; the tomato is loved by the cut-worm;
the plumb Is loved by the curculio, and so
forth, and so forth, so that no plant that
grows need bs a wall-flower. Early bloom
ing and extremely dwarf joke for the table.
Plant as soon as there is no danger of frosts,
in drills four inches apart. When npe, pull
it, and eat raw with vinegar. The red ants
may be added to taste.
Well, I began early to spade up my angle
worms and other pets, to see if tbey had
withstood the severe winter. I found they
had. They were unusually bright and
cheerful. The potato-bugs were a little
sluggish at first, but as the spring opened
and the ground warmed up they pitched
right in, and did first-rate. Every one of
my bugs In May looked splendidly. I was
most worried about my cut-worms Away
along In April I had not seen a cut-worm,
and I began to fear they had suffered, and
perhaps perished, in the extreme cold of the)
previous winter. -
One morning late in the month, however,
I saw a cut-worm come out from behind a
cabbage stump and take off his ear muff.
He was a little stiff in the joints, but he had
not lost hops. I saw at once now was the
time to assist him if I had a spark of human
ity left. I searched every work I could find
on agriculture to And ont what it was that
farmers fed their blamed cut-worms, but all
scientists seemed to be silent I read the
agricultural reports, the dictionary, and the
encyclopaedia, but they didn't throw any
light on the subject I got wild. I feared
that I had brought but one cut-worm
through the winter, and I was liable to lose
him unless I could find out what to feed
him. I asked some ef my neighbors, but
they spoke jestingly and sarcastically. I
know now why it was All their cut-worms
had frozen down last winter, and they
couldn't bear to see toe get ahead.
All at once, an idea struck me. I ha vent
recovered from the concussion yet. It was
this: the worm had wintered under a cab
bage stalk: no doubt he was fond of the ber
erage. I acted upon this thought and
brought him two dozen red cabbage plants,
at SO cents a dozen. I had hit it the first
pop. He wss passionately fond of these
plants, and would eat three In one night
He also bad several matinees and sour krout
lawn festivals for his friends, and in a week
I bought three dozen mora cabbage plants
By this time I had collected a large group
of common scrub cut-worms, early Swedish
cut-worms dwarf Hubbard cut-worms, and
short-horn cutworms all doing well, but
still. I thought, a little hide-bound and bilious.
They acted languid and listless. As my
squash bugs, currant worms, potato bu ;s,
etc., were all doing well without care, I de
voted myself almost exclusively to my cut
worms Tbey were all strorg and weld, bat
they seemed melancholy with nothing to eat,
day after day. but cabbages.
I therefore bought five dozen tomato
plants that were tender and large. These I
fed to the cut-worms at the rate of eight to
ten in one night la a week the cut-worms
had thrown off that air of ennui and languor
that I had formerly noticed, and were gay
and light-hearted. I got them some more
tomato nlants and then some more cabbag.
for change. On the whole I was as proud as
any young farmer could be who has made a
success of anything.
One morning I noticed that a cabbage
plant was laft standing unchanged. The
next day it was still there. I was thunder
struck. I dug into the ground. My cut
worms were gone. I spaded up the whole
patch, but there wasn't one. Just as I had
become attached to them, and they had
learned to look forward each day to my com
ing, when they would almost come up and
eat a tomato-plant out of my hand, some
one had robbed me of them. I was almost
wild with despair and grief. Suddenly
something tumbled over my foot. It was
mostly stomach, but it had f set on each cor
ner. A neighbor said it was a warty toad.
He had eaten up my summer's orkt He
had swallowed up my cunning little cut
worms I tell you, gentle reader, unless
some way is provided, whereby this warty
scourge can be wiped out, I for one shall re
linquish the joys of agricultural pursuits:
When a common toad, with a sallow com
plexion, and no intellect, can swallow up my
gummors work, it Is tune to pause.
But for One Thing.
My darling. I would die for you," be
said, as he bent fondly over her chair.
"You wouldF she asked.
"I would. There is nothing I would not
do to show the strength of my attachment
"The rates of insurance are prettv -low,1
she said, musingly; "suppose you get your
life insured in my favor for 110,000 dollars,
and then die for met That will be a strong
proof of affection."
"I would do it but far one thing," he said.
"What is thatP
"Some other fellow would luxuriate on the
And when he said that he showed that hi
knew what women are.
Civilization Destroyed by Stimulants.
One of the strongest arguments against
the admission of the Chinese to equal status
with Americans is the wide prevalence
among them of the opium habit In some
form. Of this there can be no question, the
validity of the argument Is not here consid
ered. If one turns to India or Turkey he
will And that opium or one of its correlatives
is the national stimulant, it will have bean
observed, moreover, that the civilizations to
which the consumers of these powerful ner
vines belong have passed their zenith; that
up to a certain period in their history they
were warnae, dominant, aggressive; (oat
they are now to all intents and purposes
Plantation Philosophy: De narrer-minded
man totes a short string by which he meas
ures de good qualities o de men whut he
meets but hu own good p'ints he measuree
win er cioze line.
RECORDING. HI8 KISSES.
Queer Whim of a Prominent Tonns; So
ciety Man Bewildering; Figures.
St Paul Pioneer Press Interview.
"By Jove, you're the very man I want to
see," said a prominent and popular young
man about town, as a reporter dropped in at
his cosy apartments. "Do you remember a
year ago, when we were coming back from
that little racket at Minneapolis, you said
something about keeping a record of the
number cf times your lips pressed a sweeter
pair or something of that sort and got your
ears soundly boxed in the bargain? Wall,
that struck me as-a unique notion, and I
decided to carry it ont Oh, I'm serious, as
I'll soon prove to you. I got a diary the day
before New Year's hadn't kept one for, oh,
five or six years, I believe and began to
make memoranda every night. Oh, you
needn't laugh not every nighty of course.
I was only speaking generally.
"To-night I had a little leisure Carrie's
gone away for a few days, you know and
so I footed up the results. How many oscu
lations do you think I have been guilty of
during the year! Three thousandl Dont
be funny. Well, sir. exactly L187. Ft
kept accurate count, and there cant be a
mlotnlr TdlwM Sfc aM.tKlnw liV t-kta.
-..-v-b . . . J mm VBMM.W.& IIM MM.
uo; guilty osculation. 9ML Now, whatdo
Tflu. think of lit T In u TnWlil T "V1V
AND BLOOD DISEASES.
PHYSICIANS ENDORSE IT HEARTILY.
"Xldaar-Wart Is the moat fill nmadj-
XevernMd, Dr.F.C. Salkrn.llonlrtotl.Vt.
-Xiinej.Wort Is always laUabla.'
Hr. B, w. clark. So. Hero, Tt,
X3drey-Wgrt has oaradgywlia after leufsai.
IN THOUSANDS OF CASES
MiSdnt, CEKTATJI IX ITS ACTle.T, bo
narmlMB in au caaee.
aiva 7f aw lit to aU the Important organs ef
tbaoody. Tna natural aouon or tae aJdnays IS
raatorad- Tna uvsr is eieanssa or aun inm,
and the Bowels move fllT and aaalthfallT
In tlua war the want diseases are etadleatad
pom tap ajelan. j
Dry oaa be seat fcr mall.
We do not find fault, reproach or con
demn the practice of anjr regular physi
cian this is not our. mission but we do
claim that if he were to add PaBUXAto
his prescriptions, as directed in our book
on the " IllsorLife," (and furnished grat
uitously by all druggists),'he would cure
all his patients.
Mr. Henry CRevnolds, Ironton, Law
rence County, Ohio, -writes: toMjr wife)
has been sorely distressed for many years.
1 ler disease or diseases and the symptoms
of them have been so varied that an at
tempt to describe them would be more
than I feel able to undertake. I have
paid over a thousand (i.ooo) dollars for
doctors and medicines for her, without any
satisfactory results. We read to much
about your Pxru.va. that I was forced to
try it. She has now taken five bottles;
they have done her more good than all
the doctors and medicine that she has ev
er made use of. Psbcxa. is certainly a
God-send to humanity."
Mrs. O. L. Gregory, Las Vegas, San
Migvel County, New Mexico, writes: "I
think Pxxca. and Maxalix saved my
Mrs. Cora Engel, First House on La
xelle street, near Rich, Columbus, Ohio,
says. " It affords me much pleasure to
state to you the benefit I have received
fromysjrPiRUJtA. I had 'been troubled
with kidney complaint and dizziness in
my head for eighteen years. I tried diff
erentkinds of patent medicines, and con
sulted a number of physicians,but received
no benefit whatever. About three weeks
ago I commenced taking Peru A. I be
gan to get better before I had taken half
a bottle. The dizziness has disappeared,
and the other affection hat so much im
proved that I am positive, after I will
have taken another bottle, I will be entire
ly well. I feel like a different person al
ready. A number of my friends have
used it, and they think it it a wonderful
remedy. My husband says it it one of
the best medicines for a cough that he
A. W. Blackburn, Wooster, O., writes:
"Several weeks ago a man came to me,
all broken down, terribly nervous, stom
ach without any power to digest food.
Had tried four doctors; none did him any
good. Asked me to do something for
him. I recommended Mamaluj. He
told me to-day that he hat been tsVing It
regularly, and it now almost well. Said
he would sound the praises of M ASAUJI
far and near.'
who will soon be 'Mrs. Yours Truly, a ltttla
more than half of my affection that is, aa
evidenced by caresses. That's a pretty good
average, now, isn't it, when you think of the
number of times you kiss your mother and
sister, and all these' cousins and their babies,
and your old fia-nes when you happen to
meet them of a summer evening or at a
sleighing party, or something Tike that.
"Here's the record by months. Just glance
at it It's an Interesting table, isn't itl
Ton ought to have printed it in your yesre
resume. How, let's figure a little; youTI
find it a pronfto subject.
"Say there are 9,000 young fellows ia St
Paul who haven't got over the puppy-dog
period. I may be a little more devoted than
most of them, so well give them a thousand
kisses each. That makes 5,000,000 Usees.
Of these about one-fifth, or 1,000,000, are
in the family. Not mere than a third of
these fellows are engaged, so that of the
4,000,000 only about 000,000 are what yon
might call legitimate bestowed upon one's
fiancee, I mean. That leaves nearly 3,500,-
000 kisses, the parties to which ought to bs
ashamed to acknowledge. Now let us figure
an the causes, remits and amounts of tem
porary pleasure and after-repentance occa
sioned by these 3,500,000. But the reporter
had heard enough.
XltacCjr Bantam Hen.
ILetter in Cincinnati Enquirer.
Mr. Soper, yard engineer on the Lake Erie
ts Western road, and residing in this city,
has a bantam hen, "Sarah," which has ideas
of her own. Sarah is a little gray chick of
Tery diminutive pattern, shading to a par
tridge brown about the head, and a short
time since determined to raise a family. Look
ing about for a suitable place to hatch her
progeny, she espied through the window of
the next neighbor's house, that of a lady, a
handsome httla tidy on a center table, on
which stood a stuffed prairie chicken on a
base covered with lichens. Flying over the
lowered window, she picked the lichens off,
carefully selected a wedding bouquet dried
and preyed from a neighboring wall orna
ment, and placed it in the center, and was
snugly ensconced beneath the wing of the
stuffed fowl upon the center table when dis
covered. She was removed und the wreck replaced,
only to have it occur the second and third
time, and it was not until after a weeks per
sistent fight that she gave up her chosen nest
and ceased to make of herself the brightest
and prettiest ornament in the lady's parlor.
The Idol of Feminine 3?ew York.
Blakely Hall In The Argonaut.
Over such stars as Lawrence Barrett, Ed
win Booth, Billy Florence and John T. Bay
mond girls never rave. They are considered
old and uninteresting. To bs the idol of
feminine Kew York, it is necessary for a
man in the first place to play parts which
require a diversified and fashionable assort
ment of store clothes, a conventional mus
tache, and a figure that must not be robust
or rugged, but simply and wholly "elegant."
We have never yet had a man who could
step into Montague's shoes. It is sad, but I
doubt if it has retarded the growth of the
country to any appreciable extent.
A Novel Horseshoe.
A new horseshoe is now being made, which
is in two parts, the upper designed to remain
permanently upon the foot, where it will
last for an indefinite time, as no wear comes
upon it; the other, that which contains the
corks, and which is Joined to the upper In an
ingenious manner. The lower halves of the
shoes are interchangeable sharps corks for
icy weather and dull ones for heavy draft
horses, or th-iy may be removed entirely at
night to prevent injury to the animal while
in the stall.
It Was an 111 Wind.
Divorce Lawyer Sly dear, you may bars
that new (500 dress and the $300 cloak
His Wife You dear, delicious old darling;
1 didn't know that sewing on a few buttons
for you would produce such a delightful
Divorce Lawyer It wasn't the buttons.
This morning's paper contains reports of sev
enteen fashionable weddings.
At a western funeral all the pall -bsareri
got into a fight, but the corpse remamed
perfectly neutral, lbs letter's conduct wss
lUyromrnerided by thsTacri press.
A New York barber dalras to svbsjssb
phafaed the unprecedeBted feat a ssbMssst
ave meninoas boor sal tassssia
j. 1. m4rj-C4-l