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THE GLOBE REPUBLIC. fcTJEDAY MORNING, FEEtTJARY 15 1885
'- 'V&vWI BWWMBBgBaBT II HiWiatJMB'w I "I I BIN
WOMAN AND HOME.
THE COST OF LIVING IN THE CITY,
AND THE "WHY."
Some of the Ways or Women SuireoMlon
fur Kitchen and Dlnlnc-Iloom A
Daughter' Sacrlure l"rnch-
er' Vlve Wealth.
Tho "Letters from the People," which have
appearetl from time to tiino in our columns
hare demonstrated pretty plainly that a
family can be well fed at an expense of
about $1 or loss pir week for each adult per
son in tLe family. Several persons have sent
the items and prices, which show that tho''
hare Mlred the problem of economical liv
ing if their neighbors have not. It need not
bo said tint such bills of fare do not include
many dainties cr luxuries, but the food i
good enough and abundant enough for any
person, rich or poor.
But there is one thin: that lies at the rory
bottom of all frugal living that none of the
letter-writers touch, and which explains why
one family can lire well on $2 a week each
and another linds it hard to make twice that
sum set the table. It does not make so much
difference how much tood goes into a hou-e
as how it goes out; and it is an old and true
maxim that "a woman can shovel out of the
bock door with a teaspoon more than a man
can throw in at the front with a scoop
shovel. " In one of our suburbs lire two
men receiving exactly the same salary.
They hare families of the same number ol
adults; thoy go in the same society, purchase
their family supplies at the same store, and
they lire equally well, yet one is saving
money, owns his own place, and has a small
bank account, while the other is a renter an J
has hard work to keep his children comfort
The alley in the rear of these gentlemen's
residences tells the whole story. Behind the
bitter's house are loaves of half-baked or sour
bread, large pieces of meat which support
the village dogs piles of potatoes allowed
to freeze in the house, and crockery enough
to build a wall. The former has no use for
an alky, for what few crumbs "fall from
the master's table" are fed to four or five
hens, which supply his table with eggs. The
wife or servant of the one throws into the
alley food of nearly as much value as the
other requires Cor his entire family. In this
lies the secret of success with one and tho
miserable failure ot tho other.
One man declares he can save money on
$1,000 a rear and another says it cannot be
done, but whether it can or not does not de
pend so uuch on tho niau as the one who en
gineers the kitchen. If the house-wife's time
is devoted to birds, plant, dogs, cats end
fancy work or skating rinks, while a Teuton
or Celt runs the kitchen, it is not only pou
sible, but probable, that $1,000 will fail to
support the family and learo a margin for
books or the savings bank.
It is true that many men waste their in
come on cigars, beer, and billiards, but the
wonder is, judging from the appearance of
back alleys, that more men are jot driven
to despair and suicide rather than to their
daily toil. They are victims of a teaspooii
in tho hands of a wife or a servant too lazy
to economize as they should.
Women in Texas.
There are a great many handsome men in
Texas. The free, outdoor life, with much
horseback riding, gives them good forms,
clear eyes and complexions. There is a
great deal native intelligence and good
The women among the well-to-do clas-es
appear to live mostly indoors. Even in
cities very few are seen on the street or in
the stores. They are not as often rosy
cheeked as the men, but much oftener
powdered. Living with doors and windows
open a largo part of the year, and in bouse:
all the year that let in tho air on erery side,
it seems strange that they do not look
fresher. At one place, where the railroad
haTtaeta to taST wTaskei how
5r r t.T. L.,Zi , ,!,7
"Oh, we nerer go; the men go on horse-
back and they do the buying."
So, it is not uncommon to see men baying
dress goods, stockings and other articles for
women's wear. j
Good help is scarce, and the women usually '
do the housekeeping in a few rooms, erery
one of which has one or more beds in it '
Their timidity is so groat that thoy object to
two-tory houses, "because the wind blows."
For recreation many dip snuff and read ,
stories. Old snuff-dippers look snuff-colored.
Among the poorer classes women work in
the fields at cotton raising. Hoeing and i
piecing are done by nana, and what one
man can plant and plow, several hands are
required to hoe and pick. But raising cot
ton is clean farm work. There are no briars
to scratch, nor juice to stain the hands. The
stooping is tiresome, bnt less so than pick
Children are valuable '
pickers, being nimble and of suitable height
We have seen little girls who had picked
hundreds of pounds, with sunbonnets and
mits on in the hot sun, who were not .tanned
at all. In years when the crop is good
wages are high, and many well-to-do women
go out and pick cotton. They are paid by
the hundred pounds.
now to sweep.
Speaking of sweeping, allow mo just here
to say that thole is a right and a wrong
way to perform this very necessary iart of
housework, just as there is a right and a
wrong way of doing everything, and the
right way, though it seem tho longest to
look at, in the end will be found the most
expeditious, and a hint'or two on this sub
ject may not coma amiss to some one who
has not reached that liappy place where she
has nothing more to learn. Chairs and
tables and all light articles should be dusted
and placed in another room. Pictures,
bric-a-brac, and all heavy articles after
being dusted should be carefully covered.
It takes but a very few moments
to do this, and the saring in
strength and peace of mind is
incalculable. Then if one has a
carpet-sweeper, go over the room first with
that, afterward with a light but firm and
stiff broom. Begin at the corners and sweep
round the room toward the center, and one
who has never noticed or been particular in
the manner of holding the broom will find
that it makoi a great difference in the
amount of dirt stirred up, if the handle of
the broom is inclined toward the body in
stead of being held nearly upright The
sweeping accomplished, and in an ordinary
household twice a month ought to be suffic
ient for such a thorough sweeping as
this, five minutes daily, ue of the carpet
sweeper sufficing for the rest of the time, the
aext thing of course is replacing the
furniture. This is soon done, and
if care has been excreted very little dusting
now remains to be attended to, but that
little most be thoroughly done, for dust is
one of the few things that it will not do to
neglect It is easily dislodged before it be
comes solid, but once allowed to obtain a
foothold, what at first was hardly more than
a shadow, soon takes form and substance.
Vet the change that comes over every arti
cle of furniture is so gradual as to be almost
Imperceptible, and the dingy look Is as
cribed to timo rather than to careless house
keeping These are little things, but as
much of the health and comfort of a family
depend on little things, it is best to look well
to them, and sea that all tho "little foxes"
are kept from the vines.
A Corner Closet.
Cincinnati Commercial Gazette.
A corner closet is the latest wrinkle among
people who make household decorating a
specialty. The arrangement is so simple
and the effect so pretty as to apjteal to every
woman who has possibly a corner to spare in
any room in thj house. Have a board cut
to fit the corner exactly, measuring from
the point outward two feet The top may
be covered with material which is to be used
for the curtains, or the wood may be stained
in imitation of walnut The under side of
the board screws in double books, such as are
used in wardrobes, having two or three rows
of them with a sufficient space between each
row. Wooden brackets or supports are
strongly nailed to the wall, and on these,
screws downward, the shelf is to be securely
fastened by screws or nails. Tho distance
between the floor and shelf should bo fire
and a half or six feet, the draperies or cur
tains are then to be tacked across the edge
of the shelf by brass-headed tacks.
Two curtains, separated in the middle, are
hmtiiiI'.hiiiI may be of double-faced canton
uauuei, lb any color tnat narmomzes witn
the furniture of the room; or thoy may be of
any material, from Oriental tapestry to
chintz, as the surroundings or tastes of the
person may dictate. The top of the shelf
should be filled with some shapely vase4tr
other bric-a-brac, and tho effect will be un
commonly good. If a corner can not bs
spared, a straight shelf will answer the pur
pose, though in that case the curtain should
be carried across the front and around the
sides of the shelf, although here the effect is
less pleasing than in the corner cupboard.
These cupboards are so wonderfully con
venient that one is more than repaid for tho
little expense and slight trouble necessary
jot men- construction.
A Self-Sacilucini; Daughter.
The suicide of a young lady school-teacher
at Emporia, Kas., has brought to light a sad
story. Miss Mary Larick, the teacher, was
a stranger in the commrcity. Sho was not
very social, wi m. Udly sensitire, and
dressed shabbily. Her neighbors began to
criticise and find fault The complaints
caused the superintendent of schools to notify
the objectionable teacher that her resigna
tion would bo accepted. Miss Larick bowed
to tho inevitable and kindly said in her let
ter of resignation that if she failed to give
satisfaction the fault must be her own. The
next day sho took morphine and died, lcar
a letter containing minute directions regard
ing the disposition of her effects.
After her death it became known that she
had been not only supporting herself, Lnt
that she was the main stay of an aged
father, and was educating a young brother
at an eastern college. Little by little it came
out that the poor woman had practiced the
most heroic self-deniaL During all the cold
weather she had nover had a fire in her
room, and her bed was without blanket or
sufficient covering. When the people of
Emporia found out these facts they began
to dimly understand why the discharged
teacher broke down in the midst of her mis
fortunes, and put an end to her pain, an
guish and wretchedness. The dead woman's
funeral was the occasion of considerable dis
play, and the church was packed with peo
ple. But public sympathy came too lata.
Afterlife's fitful fever the self-sacrificing
daughter and sister sleeps well.
Women Worth Millions.
The reported resolution of the widow of '
Mark Hopkins to erect a palace at Great
Barrington, Mass., has turned attention to
our millionaires of the female sex. It is
difficult to enumerate them all at once. Mrs.
A. R. Allen, of St. Louis, pays taxes on $1,
197,000, and Mis; Bernice Morrison, of the
same, city, is taxed at (901.090. A cattle
queen named Rogers, near Corpus Christi,
Tex., owns 40,000 head of cattle and is worth
over $1,000,000. She is the financial agent
of the ranch, keeps the pocketbook and
oversees the stock, while sho sends her sec
ond husband to the Texas legisture.
Catharine Wolfe, of New York, the
daughter of old Peter Wolfe, who
married Lorillard's two sisters and got $1,
100,000 with each of them, has an income of
(500,000 a year, and she owns real estate to
the amount of about $6,000,000. She is about
55 years old, and plain in in all her habits.
She is single, too, and Urea alone in a big
house. Mrs. William Aster is worth $1,000,
UOO, and Mrs. Marshall O. Roberts, the wife
of the mining king, who died some years ago,
is said to hare assets which will foot up $S,
900,000. Mrs. A. T. Stewart mijht be added
to the list. The wealth of women is more
likely to attract attention than that of men,
because the lat.er are far more apt to dis
tribute it in various speculations and thus
deceive tb public as to the aggregate
The lot of a preacher's wife is by no means
an easy one. She is second in importance to
tho preacher himself. Her incomings and
outgoings are all noticed, her porsoual piety,
the number of her dresses, the trimmings on
her bonnet, the management of her family,
are all matters that the ladies of the congre
gation make it a special point to comment
" T T" ,
greater danger of dismissal from the color of
I his wife's bonnet-strings than from any error
of doctrine on his o. part She must he a
fetf. till . . AUa.MM. Oll OU VAXlt tuiuiiiuf
st home, know how to lire on next to noth
ing, keep a clean and smiling face, visit the
sick and poor and not neglect the rich and
haughty. Her course is continually between
Scyllaand Charybdis, quicksands on one
tide, cliffs on the other. Her fate is indeed
an unenviable one, and if ft is proverbial
that preachers' sons turn out bad, why lay it
not at the door of their poor, harassed
The Good Old Mothers.
Boston Home Journal.
God bless all tho Rood old mothers. I never
tee an old lady sitting in the arm-chair at
her ease but I think what storms have
pelted into that cheery face without souring
it It may be that a man can eo through
more exertion than a woman, but at least it
' remains true that he cannot without losing
' his laughter, his good cheer, his gentleness
end his love and trust in mankind or God.
. Yet ho w rarely do you find a frail old mother
whose spirit has been worn threadbare and
' unlivery by what she has endured. A sweet
old mother is common; a sweet old father is
not so common. As thy day so thy strength
of lore, thy riches of an inexhaustible benev
olence and hope and faith. This is more apt
to be woman's history than a man's.
Hot Plates at Table.
All housekeepers wish the plates that are
to be used for hot meals brought to the
table hot; but so much injury is dono to the
plates by cracking the glazing and making
them look old and uncleanly, that it is a
grief of heart to the careful housekeeper.
All this may be remedied by nover putting
plates on the range, on the shelf orer the
range, or in the water to warm. Have boil
ing water always in the tea-kettle when
cooking. It is constantly being needed.
Have a large tin pan or small wooden tub
close at hand. As soon as the dinner is
ready to be dished put the plates that will
be needed into the pan or tub and cover
them with boilin. water; when all is ready
to be placed on the table take out the plates,
wipe them on a fresh, clean cloth, and they
will be placed before tho host as hot as ho
will care to handle, and yet not hot enough
to burn the hand. This prevents all possi
bility of defacing the plates and insures
perfectly clean dishes, with none of the dis
agreeable reminders of soapy dish-water,
which is so repulsive.
In a French Flat.
New York Tost
A housewife tells how she keeps the French
flat in which she lives clean and smelling
sweetly. "I ventUato our rooms," she says,
"air our beds and pour down our water-pipes
a little chlorides undiluted. The dilute I
prepare myself according to the label on the
bottle, and use freely in other ways. We
bare open fires; our carpets are not nailed
down; wo have stained floors partly covered
with rugs These rugs are taken up every
week, swept, beaten and hung out on a line
in tho open courtyard, while our notable
German housemaid goes on her knees and
washes the floors. All of this is, of course,
troublesome; it inrolres an expenditure of
time and wticnoe and labor, but it injures
for us a pure, sweet-smelling atmosphere to
lire in, with no dust, no dirt, no grease to
mar the wholesome comfort of our little
dwelling." She says that she uses $24 worth
of chlorides a year, and in spite of the ad
verse opinion of her stingy and thoughtless
husband, thinks the money well spent Too
much money cannot be spent properly in
maintaining health and prolonging life.
Screens for the Fireplace.
The introduction of open fireplaces makes
the preservation of the complexion a neces
sity, therefore, hand-screens similar to those
used by generations pa sed away are again
added to tho luxuries of the times. Natur
ally these screens are lighter than on fans.
Some of delicate gauze are mounted on bam
boo and exquisitely painted with subjects
from opera bouffe; Hero holding the torch
for Leander; Diana in a hunting dress, taller
than her attendant nymphs, with a bow in
her hand, a quiver suended across her
shoulders, a silver crescent over her fore
head; birds, butterflies flowers, are also rep
resented, painted or sometimes embroidered
on gauze, silk or kid, and mounted on sticks
of tortoise shell, bamboo, ebony, ivory or
violet wood. Others are of plain laee spray
or quite covered with a piece of antique lace
and coquettish knots of ribbon dotted about,
6hawlt tho Correct Thins
Shawls ore to come in again; veritable
shawls worn shawl-wise; and, therefore, the
wise folk say it is on this account tournures
ore so pronounced; shawls demand them.
But if you have any really valuable ones
laid by, let me recommend you to have them
arranged as mantles, which can bo done now
without cutting a thread, so that when you
are tired of the arrangement you have only
to undo tho stitches and return your shawl
to the wardrobe. They are treated in various
ways according to the size or shape, but
square, scarf and oblong, all answer. They
are of the dolman order, fitting in the back,
with sleeves. Sometimes a velvet collar and
cuffs are added. I hare seen a most com
fortable traveling cloak made out of a green
and black Scotch scarf-shawl without a
thread being cut
Pay Cash for Groceries.
"Paying cash for groceries is the best
check upon extravagance," the grocer went
on to say, "for when the purse is growing
light the buyer goes slow and begins to
economize. If a woman has only (3 or $7
in her pocketbook at the first of the week
with no prospect of getting any more money
until Saturday night, she will manage her
purchases so that the money she has will
hold out during the week. But if she has a
book account she will, as a rule, get 10 cents'
worth of one thing, IS cents' worth of
another, never stopping to consider that
these odd cents soon amount to dollars, and
when tho time comes to pay she looks over
the items and sees a number of articles she
could bare dono without "
In Case of Fire.
If there is a fire keep calm and quiet; you
will be better able to meet the difficulty.
Whether it be the person or thing that is on
fire, remember the more air the more flame;
try to stifle, the blaze by smothering it A
little prompt action at once is better than a
fire engine in ten minutes. Water, wet
clothes cr blankets will prevent it spreading.
Keep windows and doors as close as possible.
If a person's clothes are on fire, get him to
lie down, and roll him in th ) rug, carpets or
anything that is at hand.
Tho three photographs that attract most
attention in the women's department in the
New Orleans exposition are those of Mrs.
Martha G. Lamb, the Ne w York historian;
Mrs. Lillie Devereux Blake, tbo New York
lecturer; and Mrs. Belva J. Lockwood, who
is described by The Picayune s having a
noble head "with no bang or spit curls."
Mrs. Lamb is incidentally mentioned by the
same critic as "probably 36 years of age,"
which does seem probable.
Aid to Woman.
The president of a woman's college re
cently asserted that it was safer to aid
women by giving them funds for a collegiate
education than to aid men. Women looked
upon tho assistance as charity, and made
haste to return the monoy as soon as possi
ble, but men seemed to regard the assist
ance as a right, and rarely returned ths
The Wisest Table Economy.
A well known writer on hygiene says he
cannot mention a table economy more wiso
than the use of beautiful crockery and linen.
It induces good manners, quiet, deliberate
eating, and other Christi u decencies. And
it makes food look so palatable that the pur
chases and labor of cooking may be sensibly
The Other Extreme.
Philadelphia belle;, who were distingushed
last year for the great number of their bou
quets carried at entertainments, have gone
to the other extreme this year to encourage
economy on the part of young men.
Corduroy as a covering for furniture is de
sirable for two reasons; it is very durable
and offers no chance for moths.
George Eliot: One of the lessons a woman
most rarely learns is never to talk to an
angry or drunken man.
Entertainments at country houses in the
old-fashioned style are now very much in
THE SNOW CURE.
Canada's Climate for Cnring Chrcnta
Cases Snowed Cp in Manitoba.
V. Georse Beers In The Century.
It is by uo means every delicate person
who should make Canada his winter resort;
but it is well known that our winters have
cured chronic cases for which Colorado and
Florida were alone supposed to be beneficial.
Every winter numbers resort to Montreal,
Quebec, Halii'ax, and Winnipeg for no other
reason than that for which they once went
to tropical cl 'mates. I know patients who
were regularly sent to Bermuda and the
West Indies, and others to such winter cli
mates as Nice, without more than temporary
benefit, who were completely cured by the
outdoor life of our Montreal and Quebec
Two years ago we had an exceptionally
severe winter in Manitoba. Its severity and
peculiarities were precisely the same in Da
kota and Minnesota. I was en route from
Brandon to Winnipeg, a distance of ISO
miles by rail, and was caught in a snow
blockade which lasted eight days, and kept
us in a situation not likely again to occur.
The storm was so severe that relief trains
could not leave Winnipeg, and a couple of
us, who had the long snow shoes used on the
prairies, tramped to and from farm-houses
a couple of miles distant for provisions for
the passengers. The snow plows were of no
use, and in a desperate attempt to cut away
through the drifts the engine jumped the
track and came to grief. The train was
pulled back from the debris by an engine in
the rear, and the next morning we found
ourselves separated from the, wreck by deep
drifts, some of them fifteen feet high.
Night after night passed; the coal and
wood ran short; two of the cars were aban
doned by the passengers, and, to economize
fuel, we were crowded into the two remain
ing cars. The sleeping accomodation im
provised was very amusing. Fancy roost
ing two in a single seat, with your knees
doubled up to your chin; or propped on top
of the back of the seats, which were turned
up and brought together so as to form a sort
of double deck. Shovelers had been working
day and niht, but there were too few; and
at last the passengers went to work, and
from 9 a. in. until 5 pm, pitched the snow
with might and main, and succeeded in
clearing the track. In order to pass the ob
stacles of the wrecked engine, we raised old
rails, got ties, and- laid a new side-track on
the bard snow, and our cars were safely
shoved forward. Shovelers from Winnipeg
had succeeded, with the snow-plow, in reach
ing us, and we were soon on our way.
The effect of this exposure upon the health
of many of the passengers was remarkably
good. One clergyman who had come out
from England for some affection ot the
throat was determined to do his share of the
shoveling. He had very thin moccasins on
his feet, and during the day, as there was a
warm wini, they were wet through. He
never exacted to see England again, but
that one days work cured him effectually.
, Other persons suffering from throat and
lung affections have not since been troubled.
One would suppose the conditions were just
those to provoke illness, but the very reverse
was the case.
A correspondent writes that "Never since
the close ot the civil war in America have
there been so many impecunious Americans
in London as now. The recent tumble in se
curities, the consequent distrust of new min
ing ventures and their promoters, and heavy
lows in betting on Blaine, hare all con
tributed to work havoc in the colony, and
the American who is able to pass the week
without a hopeless loan to a compatriot is
Whr-Ue Didn't Rob the Stage.
"Times is so hard that I feel like holding
up a stage." murmured a half-famished pros
pector. And then he added musingly, "but
what 'ud be the usel Nine out of ten of the
tellers wouldn't have a cent, and the tenth
Hid have a gun."
Supremacy or the Fair Sei.
In one species of spider the female is 800
times- larger than the male. It is unnecea-
ary to remark that the husband nerer Etta
GRANT AT SIIILOn.
Buell and the Stragglers Grant's Acci
dent Exposed to the Storm When
the Ijast of the Enemy Broke
Oen. 0 rant In The Century.
"The nature of this battle was such that
cavalry could not be used in front; I there
fore formed ours into line, in rear, to stop
stragglers, of whom there were many.
When there would be enough of them to
nuke a show, and after they bad recovered
from their fright, they would be sent to re
inforce some part of the line which needed
support, without regard to the companies,
regiments or brigades.
"On one occasion during the day I rode
back as far as the river and met Gea Buell,
who had just arrived; I do not remember
the hour of the day, but at that time there
probably were as many as 4,000 or 5,000
stragglers lying under cover of the rirer
bluff, panic-stricken, most of whom would
hare been shot where they lay, without re
sistance, before they, would have taken mus
kets and marched to the front to protect
themselves. The meeting between Gen.
Buell and myself was on the dispatch-boat
used to run between the landing and Sa
vanna. It was but brief, and related
specially to his getting his troops orer
the river. As we left the boat to
gether, Bu. J's attention was attracted by
the men lying under cover ot the river bank.
I saw him berating them and trying to
shame them into joining, their regiments.
He even threatened .them ' with shells from
the gunboats near by. But it was all to no
effect Most of these men afterward proved
themselves as gallant as any ot those who
saved the battle from which they had de
serted. I have no doubt that this sight im
pressed Gea Buell with the idea that a line
of retreat would be a good thing just then.
If he had -come in by the front in
stead of through the stragglers in the
rear, he would have thought and felt
differently. Could he have come throngh
tho Confederate rear, he would have wit
nessed there a scene similar to that at our
own. The distant rear of an army engaged
in battle is not the best place from which to
judgo correctly what is going on in front
In fact, later in the war, while occupying
the country between the Tennessee and tho
Missiippi, I learned that the panic in tho
Confederate lines had not differed i inch
from that within our own. Some ot the
country people, estimated the stragglers from
Johnston's army as high as 20,000. Ot
course, this was an exaggeration.
OEN. OKANT'S ACCIDENT.
"In fact, on Friday, the 4th, I was very
much injured by my horse falling with me
and on mo while I was trying to get to the
front wbero firing had been heard. The
i night was one of Impenetrable darkness,
with rain pouring down in torrents; noth
ing wa visible to the eye except as revealed
by the frequent flashes of lightning. Under
these circumstances I had to trust to the
horse, without guidance, to keep the road.
I had not gone far, however, when I met
Gea IV. H. L. Wallace, and Gea (then CoL)
McPherson coming from the direction of the
front They said all was quiet so far as the
enemy was concerned. On the way back to
the boat my horse's feet slipped from under
him, and he fell with my leg under his body.
The extreme softness of the ground, from
the excessive rains of the few preceding
days; no doubt saved me from a severe in
jury and protracted lameness. As it was,
my ankle was very much injured; so much
so, that ray boot had to be cnt off. During the
battle, and for two or three days after, I
was unable to walk, except on cratches.
"During the night rain fell in torrents, and
our troipi were exposed to the storm with
out shelter. I made my headquarters under
a tree a few hundred yards back from the
river bank. My ankle was so much swollen
from the fall of my horse the Friday night
preceding, and the bruise was so painful that
I could get no rest The drenching rain
would have precluded the possibility of
sleep, without this additional cause. Some
time after midnight, growing restive under
the storm and the continuous pain, I moved
back to the log-house on the bank. This had
been taken as a hospital, and all night
wounded men were being brought in, their
wounds dressed, a leg or an arm amputated,
as tho case might require, and everything
being done to save life or alleviate suffering.
The sight was more unendurable than en
countering the rebel fire, and I returned to
my. tree in the rain.
THE LAST CHARGE.
"This day everything was favorable to
the Federal side. We now had become the
attacking party. The enemy was driven
back all day, as we had been the day be
fore, until finally he beat a precipitate re
treat The last point held by him was
near the road, from the landing to Corinth,
on the left of Sherman and right of
Mcdernand. About 8 o'clock, being near
that point, and seeing that the enemy was
giving way everywhere else, I gathered up
a couple of regiments, or parts of regi
ments, from troops near by, formed
tbem in line of battle and marched
them forward, going in front myself to
prevent premature or long-range firing.
At this point there was a clearing
between us and the enemy favorable for
charging, although exposed. I knew the
enemy were ready to break, and only wanted
a little encouragement from us to go
quickly and join their friends who had
started earlier. After marching to within
musket range, I stopped and let the troops
pass. The command, 'Charge' was
given and was executed with loud cheers
and with a run, when the last of the enemy
GRANT'S OPINION OF SHERMAN.
"During the whole of the first day I was
continuously engaged in passing from one
part of the field to another, giving directions
to division commanders. In thus moving
along the line, however, I never deemed it
important to stay long with Shermaa Al
though his troops were then under fire for
the first time, their commander, by his con
stant presence with them, inspi"od a confi
dence in officers and men that enabled them
to render services on that bloody battle-field
worthy of the best veterans. McClernard
was next to Shermaa and the hardest fight
ing was in the front of these two divisions.
McClernard told me himself on that day,
the 6th, that he profited much by having bo
able a commander supporting him. A cas
uality to Sherman that would have taken
him from tho field that day would have been
a sad one for the troops engaged at Shiloh.
And how near we came to this! On the 6th
Sherman was shot twice, once in the hand,
once in the shoulder, the ball cutting his
coat and making a slight wound, and a third
ball passed through his hat In addition to
this, he had several horses shot during the
ADVICE TO A BOY.
How an Ambitious Lad May Succeed la
Making- lllmself Famous.
You wish to become famous and to be
known as Billy the Terror of Kenosha, or
the Boy Avenger. Now this is not practic
able outside of books. You have read oi
boys becoming blood-thirsty villains in vel
vet pants: and top boots, in a marvelously
short time, but as a rule the boys who start
out to duplicate those yellow covered fel
lows bring up in some isolated jaiL and in
stead of yellow pants they are adorned with
ragged overalls with the vitals worn out;
sittmg around in lonely places waiting for
the maiden to come and fall in lovs with
them, as they do in books.
But I have found a way for you to gratify
your1 long-cherished desires. I want you to
arm yourselves with a double-edged gram
mar and a self -cocking arithmetic and skulk
down to the school house Monday bright and
early. When school calls conceal yourself
behind your book, and whenever you see an
opportunity jump into a difficult problem
and probe it through and through. After
you have to all appearance mastered it,
turn it upside down and make it prove it
self. By the time yon have followed this
up a couple of months you will begin to re
ceive some of the notoriety you crave, and
will be looked upon as the Startler, or the
Boy Mathematiciaa By the end of the
term you will bs pointed out to admiring
spectators as the double entry wonder of the
Seventh ward schooL
You think now that this win sMlsfy-yosv
bat it will not. On the contrary it .will scar
An uncontrollable desire Go graduate will
then take possession of you, and before you
realize it you will be standing before a hall
full of people, with a valedictory in one
hand and a cold sweat in the other, trying
to carry off the honors of commencement
Thus you go on step by step until your
friends would hardly recognize the little
Willie Brown, of to-day, in the red-headed
professor of Poughkeepsie, who will be teach
ing a dead language with one hand, while
he pulls an astronomical constellation to
pieces with the other, twenty years from now.
Of course you will live longer than you
would if you had become famous as the dash
ing highwayman of Oconomowoc, but will
die in good time, full of years and gout and
the great dailies will devote half a column
under some gilt edge tonio adverti-ement to
your obituary notice, and some enterprising
cigar manufacturer will name a brand ot
cigars after you, and you will be moumed
as the baldheaded philosopher of the nine
teenth century. There, that is all this time.
8PRECKEL8, THE "8UQAR KING."
How He Became the Master of Millions
Hb Personal Appearance.
San Francisco Cor. Globe-Democratl
Clans Sprockets, commonly known as the
"Sugar King of the Sandwich Islands,"
wields a power more democratic, if not
greater, than that of any other monopolist
in the world. Sprockets is a South
German, born in Hanover, a man
of smiU education, who came to this
country about 1830, and started in the
retail grocery business in Church street. New
York. He made the impression on those who
knew him there as a man of great business
shrewdness and of the thrift which is pro
verbial of his race. He came out to Cali
fornia soon after the gold fever broke out,
and at once engaged in the grocery business
in this city, preferring it to tho hazards and
hardships of mining. Everything which he
touched seemed to turn to gold. He made
large profits in his business. Combining with
several of his brothers who had come out
to the coast,' he bought a quarter interest
in the Albany brewsry, in this city, for $10,-
000. This was the foundation of his present
large fortune and commercial importance.
After running the brewery a few years, bis
keen business instincts saw in sugar-refining
a far more profitable field of enterprise.
Of Sprockets' wealth it is Impossible to
form any accurate estimate, because much
of his property is mortgaged, and it is un
derstood the greater part of his fortune is
embarked in the sugar business, which is apt
to depredate. He makes daily, the year
round, however, 600 barrels of sugar, con
taining 273 pounds of sugar each, worth an
average of $30 a barrel. This makes a busi
ness of $18,000 a day, or $0,570,000 a year.
He makes a clear profit of $10 a barrel, or
$6,000 a day, which amounts to $3,190,000 a
year. He controls the entire sugar trade of
the coast, which represents $10,001,000 a
year. Down at Honolulu he puts on mors
the airs of an autocrat, and his course there
lately has put him into disfavor with both
the native and foreign population. Last
January he loaned the king $1,000,000.
Among his employes Sprockets is probably
more popular than any other millionaire on
the coast, because he has always treated his
He is ot medium height, compactly built
and dresses neatly. He has the face of a
typical German, with the high-cheek bones,
fair skin and blue eyes of the Fatherland.
His eye is as clear as that ot a young man,
and his skin, though browned by exposure,
is also clean and healthy. His round head
is covered with a thick growth of hair, rap
idly changing from gray to white. This u
the only indication of his years. He has the
alert look and movement of a man of 30, and
in his steel-blue eyes is a look which goes far
to reveal his character. He married years
ago when be was a poor man, a comely Ger
man girl, who was then employed as a do
mestic in the family of a large eastern sugar
refiner, and he has proved a good wife and
mother. Thoy have four sons and one
daughter. The father and the three older
sons, among whom is Adolph, who shot De
Young, are members of the Pacific club, in
this city, where the sons are general favor
ites. They are all fine-looking men of pol
ished address, and have traveled much in
Bismarck and His Fenny.
When Bismarck had been appointed to th
legation at Frankfort (a post which he owed
to the delight with which Frederick William
IV had read hl bluff speeches in the
Prussian lower house) he was present at a
public ball, where a member of the French
corps legislatif, M. Jouvois de Clancy, was
pointed out to him as a noted fire eater.
This gentleman had been a Republican, but
had turned his coat after the coup d'etat
He was a big man with dandified airs, but
evidently not much accustomed to society,
for he had brought his hat not a compres
sible one into) he ball-room, and in waltz
ing be held it in hb left hand. The sight ot
the big Frenchman careering round the
room with this hat extended at arm's length
was too much for Bismarck's sense of tun;
so, as M. Jouvois revolved past him, he
dropped a copper coin into the hat
One may Imagine the scene. The French
man," turning purple, stopped short in his
dancing, led back his partner to her place,
and then came with flashing eyes to demand
satisfaction. There would have been assault
and battery on the spot It friends had no
interposed; but on the following day the
Frenchman and the Prussian met with pis
tols and the former was wounded. Unfor
tunately for Bismarck, M. Jouvois knew
Louis Schneider, the ex-comedian, who had
become court councillor to Frederick Will
iam IV, and was that eccentric monarch's
favorite companioa Schneider had but a
moderate fondness for Bismarck, and he
represented his act of gaminerie in so un
favorable a light to the king that his maj
esty instructed the foreign office to read the
newly appointed diplomatist a severe lesson.
WHAT FRANCE IS DOING TO DEVELOP
What an Investigator Has to Say on the
Subject Something for Boys and
Girls Better Than Mere
"Oath" In Cincinnati Enqulrer.l
Judge MacArthur calls attention to one of
the schools of France, called the Municipal
College of Apprentices, which was founded
at the expense of Paris, and did not begin
until 1873. No pupil is admitted before the
age of 13, and Instruction lasts three years,
one-half that tine being given to schooling
and the other half to practical work.
Another notable school in Europe for man
ual craft is at Beeancoa This is a technical
school, founded at the expense of the city,
and especially devoted to watch manufac
ture. Besancon manufactures four-fifths
of all the watches sold in France, and the
object of this school is to thoroughly
teach their children their trade. They are
taught not only to turn and temper metals,
and to make the several parts of a watch,
but to manipulate atoms as small as the
grain of sand that drops through the hour
glass, and their technical education includes
every thing having a bearing upon the work,
such as arithmetic, mensuration, geography,
mechanical drawing, geometry and composi
tion. This school is supported by the public
taxation of the town of Besancon, whose
people understand that they can only keep
their trade by education in watch-making.
Besancon is not far from Switzerland, and
was an old Roman city.
Another notable school Judge MacArthur
refers to is that of the Christian Brothers in
Pari", a series of buildings surrounding a
play-ground. The students go in at 8 or 9
years, and at 13 are put to a trade. In the
mean time they ore instructed in all elemen
tary branches, in architectural and mechan
ical drawing, both outline and shade, free
hand drawing, the rudiments of design, and
when at 13 they go to trades under the same
general root tbey gild, carve in wood or
stone, make trunks, shoes, clothes; they
weave, bind books, make all kinds of
instruments, musical, mathematical
and astronomical, and in all there
are 130 in the institution who give two hours
in the workshop and the rest to their books.
They pay about ao cents a day for board,
lodging and Instrnctionand those unable to
pay the whole amount are assisted oat of a
charitable fond. When these boys came out
of school they Hot only know as much as any
of onr boys from the publio schools, but they
nave a trade right in hand. Amonc their
Ttmohers are practical meohanlcs and work-
men, ana the turd year the twaa atoka.. oat
Anotner scaoorof manual labor which ia
referred to is that at Cruzot, whore are the
most important iron works in France. This
formerly poverty-stricken village had about
become ruined in tho iron trade, when the
Schneider family took possession of it They
had teachers in elementary studies, natural
philosophy, chemistry of metals, modeling,
drawing, and when they found any
pupil especially fine or improv
ing they sent him away to the
technical schools and brought him back to
assist in the management. The rest of the
boys are drafted from the schools into the
works some as plain workmen, others as
accountants and draughtsmen. It is said
there is not a man in this school among the
mechanics employed in the construction of
engines who could not "make on accurate
drawing of the work on which he is engaged.
The little town has shot up to be well-built.
well-paved, with churches, schools, markets
and 21,000 uneducated and lf -respect-
There is a technical school at Limoges,
where works in enamel are made and have
been made for a great many years.
Just previous to the American revolution
kaolin was discovered near by and porce
lain works established, and Limoges ware is
known all orer the world. This ware con
tinned to improve until in 1S63 a bright
minded man named Adrien Dubouche
took his own money and established
a school, and the town also granted a
subvention to it He then estab
lished free town schools to teach the fine arts
as applied to the industrial arts, and gave
them his personal attention and supervision.
Consequently Limoges has risen to become a
huge place, the procelain manufacture has
become immense, the private habits of the
people wonderfully improved, and now that
school is called the National School of the
Decorative Art, and is open to both boys and
girls. They hare special courses for draw
ing for all trade purports, pottery, enamel
ing and engraving. Boys must be orer 13
years of age on entering, and girls orer 13.
The tuition is tree.
The French hare besides three great
schools to train superintendents and foremen
of workshops, and for artisans, located at
Chalons, at Angers and at Air, each with
300 pupils admitted upon competitive exam
inations, all between the ages of 15 or 17,
and they live in the school building. Seven
hours of labor a day are devoted to practical
instruction in tour workshops, namely, in
carpentry and modeling, foundry, forging
STUCK IN A DRIFT.
Believing the Passengers of a Snowbound
Central Paclflo Train.
Chicago Herald" Train Talk."
"This little snow snap doesn't amount to
anything," remarked an old railroad maa
"If you want to se? ew that's snow just go
out to the Sierra Nevadas on the Central Pa
cific If a train gets stuck in adrift here
for half an hour people think it an awful
thing, tut I remember once where a whole
tf-ia was buried in the snow for a week. An
-avalanche came down the mountain side and
buried 'em under some hundred feet of snow.
There wa'n'tmuch use of digging for 'em,
'cause the snow would pile in as fast as it
could be dug out
"But the passengers were starving to
death, and something had to be done. The
relief parry got a surveyor to locate the
train as nearly as possible, and it was de
signed to put a party on top of the slide
with a drill to put a hole down through to
the train in which some food and drink
could be poured. But it was soon found
that the slide was shitting all the time near
the top, and the tubing which was put in
the drill hole was broken off. That scheme
had to be abandoned. Then I suggested a
plan which was immediately adopted. We
rigged up a little iron concern to fit one of
the rails, attached a rubber hose to it, and
pushed it in by means of iron rods. Putting
on one rod after another we succeeded in
shoving it clear in so that it reached the
traia Using the rubber hose for a speaking
tube we told the prisoners what they
"Attaching the air-pump on the engine to
this hose they pumped in hot soup and bits
of meal and bread, vegetables, etc, every
time they wanted a meal. Between meals
they pumped in whisky, beer, kerosene oil,
and Btuff like that all through the same
tube. Then I had another idea By sup
plying the hose .with plenty of hot water,
and by keeping the pump going, we suc
ceeded in thawing enough of the snow along
the rail to let the passengers crawl out after
the had been in there a week. But that air
pump saved their lives. I tell you an air
pump is u. fine thing."
"Oh, certainly," said an interested listener,
"but you will please tell me how they man
aged to keep fire in the locomotive and work
the pump under the snowr
"Don't know anything about that They
did it, that's alL Hope nobody doubts my
truth and veracity. If Vd a-been in there,
I'd have known all about it But I was on
the outside. You cant ask a man to be in
two places at once and know everything, can
"This p!ace cost me $15,000," said the pro
prietor of an elegantly fitted up saloon to a
reporter, as he swelled his chest and waved
his left hand in a monarch-of-all-I-survey
manner over the mahogany bar. The place
in question certainly was gorgeous enough
to satisfy the most exacting of the whLky
drinkers; but, in quest of still finer saloons,
the reporter went into one a few steps away,
and was fairly dazzled by the glitter of mir
rors, polished brass, and stained glass screens
with gaslights placed behind to show oft
"What did you say it coatP asked the as
tonished inquirer, as he held on to a brass
railing, and asked the proprietor to say it
"I said it cost $44,000, and if yon don't be
lieve it I can show you the bills," repeated
the person addressed. "This is no contract
job, either. I said to the man who fixed her
up: Go ahead, and send in your bills,' and
there ain't a place in the country that can
beat it, and I've seen 'em all."
This establishment is fitted up with im
ported English oak and mahogony wood. A
wide fireplace is built in one corner of Min
ton tile and polished brass. Wherever a
window can be put a fanciful design in
stained glass is placed, and a half-dozen fine
oil-paintings decorated the walls.
Across the street is another place that cost
$24,000. It is fitted up with marble. The
bar mirrors cost $2,000, and the screen in
front ot the entrance, composed of massive
carved walnut, with a mirror and clock,
cost $1,400. A short tour about the princi
pal streets showed that there were a dozen
other places where the thirsty pedestrian can
satisfy his appetite for alcoholic beveragei
in saloons costing from $30,000 to $30,000 to
fit up. It would seem that the modern toper
can no longer take his nip orer anything
less costly than a marble or mahogany bar.
Negro Boys as Telegraph Messengers.
Savannah Cor. New York Sua
For several months past the local mana
ger of the Western Union Telegraph com
pany's office in this city has found it almost
impossible to get trustworthy delivery boyi
for the service. Complaints on the partoi
the business community having followed,
Manager Dillon has substituted negroes oi
intelligence and more mature years for the
young white lads who have heretofore per
formed the work. While the change was at
first somewhat ot a surprise to the commun
ity, it met no opposition among the patrom
of the company, who already confess to as
improvement of this class of the service as a
result of the change.
At the Boardlng-House.
"Are you superstitious, Mr. Badger!"
asked Miss De Suva.
"Not in the least," replied that gentle
"Would you prefer a dinner party of six
to one of thirteenF
"Ah I I knew yon ware superstitious. Why
would you, Mr. Badger!"
"Get more to eat"
The Proper Allowance of Air.
The proper allowance of air in barracks k
600 cubic feet per man in Europe, and 1,000
in India. For hospitals, 1,200 cubic feat pat'
bed in Europe and 1,800 in India, Horses
require in England 1,600 cnbia feet each, or
rjearly as much as three bmo. r
ICaBeable glass as pliable as India rubber
la the reported discOTarrcJamaafa Pag-J ..
A WALL FULL OF INSTRUMENTS OF
Museum or the Society for the Prevention
of Cruelly to Children The "Prince
Leo Law" Maggie, the "An
New York Hearld.
Hanging on the wall in the office of the So
ciety for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Children is a frame containing two protraits,
beneath which is a large pair of shears. In
one portrait a child is shown to be cut and
bruised all over her body, and her counte
nance is sorrowful, while in the other she is
S "!?5i ?!?? ,"?
"Little Kabt Ellis."
Rescued from the cruel treatment of a
woman named Connolly,
Officers of the Society for the Prevention of
L Condition of "Little Mary Ellen" when
2. "Little Mary Ellen" one year afterward
in a happy home.
8. Shears used by the woman Connolly in
beating and cutting "Little Mary Euea"
"That little girl was the cause of the estab
lishment of this society," said Superintend
ent Jenkins to a Herald reporter, as he
pointed to the pictures of little Mary Ellen,
"and from this society like societies have
sprung np in London, Liverpool, France, It
aly, Spain, Calcutta, and nearly every state
In the Unioa Quite a girl, heyl Yes; a
lady came to Mr. Henry Bergh one
day and said that she had tried in vain to
rescue the child from the woman Connolly,
and asked for his assistance. He went to
her aid, rescued the child, and then issued
the appeal which resulted in the organiza
of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty
to Children, which I hope one of these days
will be in a building as big as the postofilce.
"You may know what a blessing the soci
ety has been," resumed Superintendent
Jinking, "when you look at these instru
ments of torture that we have wrested from
the cruel hands ot parents and guardians."
Turning to one side the superintendent
brought tho reporter before a whole wall full
of every conceivable kind of eapon and
other means ot torment, each one t which
mutely spoke columns of human
woe. There were violins and tambourines,
rawhides and chains, sticks of wood and
iron pokers, and leather straps with big iron
"Those violins and tambourines are relics
of the padroie system, which we broke np
tome years ago," said Mr. Jenkins, "when
Antonio Giovanni Aucarola was sentenced
to five years in Auburn prisoa Aucarola
came out of prison a short time ago, and,
comin- to see us, said he intended to leave
the country, as he could no longer carry on
his business. There is a possibility that tho
system is yet carried on to a small extent,
the bootblacks around town probably being
the victims, but we rarely discover any dan
gerous existence of it
"Thai base ball bat was used by a man to
beat his stepdaughter, who was but 15 years
of age, and that shoe-brush alongside of it
was used by a colored man to chastise bis
baby, 2 years old. The man who used the
club was sentenced to five years' imprison
ment, and the shoe-brush wielder got only
one month. There's a big piece of kindling
wood that a drunken mother killed her boy
with. The potato masher you see hanging a
little above was the means of almost ridding
a fiendish father of his little, unloved boy.
The child was missing for a day or two, and
we found him crouching, almost dead, be
hind an outhouse door. The boy's sister,
too, was discovered in a pitiable condition,
suffering from neglect and ill-treatment"
"What was that old broom used fori" asked
the reporter, in a puzzle.
"As a buck and gag. The broom waa
passed across a boy's legs, under the knees,
and he was made to stoop down and remain
in that position for days, with his writta tied
to either end of the broomstick. I broke
Into the house, where the father was belab
oring the boy upon the naked body, while in
this position, with a long, thick strip ot
leather. Long welts had been cnt into the
A little pair of red socks were said to have
been worn by "Prince Leo," who was the in
nocent cause of the "Prince Leo law." They
had leather buttons, and were used by a lit
tle boy who had done the sllding-rope act at
the Tlvoll theater. He had been hired from
his father in Philadelphia, who farmed out
all his children for "leading the blind" and
other like "professionals," by a man who sup;
ported himself and his alleged wife on the
little fellow's earnings. The boy would
climb up a wire, carrying a heavy piece of
gas-pipe as a balance pole, and when ha .
reached the ceiling he slid to the stage.
There was a rope around his waist, with a
slack of about four feet, and held by a man
in the flies, but the physicians said that had
the child fallen the rope would have caused a
rupture. The boy was adopted by a gentle
man in Brooklyn and is now in Missouri.
Besides other cruelties the boy's trainer
would stand him on a horseblock and horse
whip him and bend him back and forth to
make him supple and keep his bones pliable.
A barrel hoop with sharp nails in it waa
described as having inflicted wounds on a
girl baby but 6 months old, and a clothes
line was said to have been used by
a boy in an attempt to commit suicide
because he could not remain out .doors late
at night An iron spoon and an iron pot
handle had grim histories. A mother had
painted the walls of her kitchen red with her
little boy's blood by the aid of them.
Next to the wall full of cudgels and fiddles
was a glass full of pistols, knives, and packs of
cards and bottles ot brandy and whisky that
had been taken from the New York youth,
beside the pistols and shelves of liquors and
nursery bottles. Whole quarts ot whisky
had been bought for the small sum ot 10
cents, and captured while the little messen
ger was on his or her way to a besotted pa
rent The milk bottles had never been
washed c- i, and one of tbem that had been
taken from Maggie McCIoskey, "the angel
maker," had been used to feed six babies.
Relics of Shepherd Cowley were legioa
Up-stairs in the society's 'building half a
dozen baby wanderers had thrown aside
their toys and were dreaming ot the good
soul who had taken their mother's place
Matron Mary Jenkins.
Virtues of the Hair Pillow.
Cor. New York Sua
When I was a student, I suffered much
from sleeplessness, and, after trying many
remedies, I hit upon this one: I discarded
my feather pillow for one of hair. The ef
fect was wonderful. I slept soundly the
whole of the first night, and have never, ex
cept when feverish, been so wakeful as I
usually was before. Although feathers are
excellent for preventing the dispersion of the
heat of the body, so much fault has been
found with feather beds that they have quite
generally gone out ot use, and it is strange
that feather pillows hare not been sent after
tbem. Feathers in pillows are open to the
same objections as feathers in beds, and
even their chief virtue, that of keeping np a
high temperature, is a defect in a pillow;
certainly when one-half of the head is kept
at blood-heat by being buried in feathers,
and the other halt is exposed to the air, both
halves can not be at the most favorable
A hair pillow does not get warmed np to
an uncomfortable degree, because it rapidly
conducts away the heat imparted to it by
the head. Since hair pillows are not yet in
common use, it might be supposed that a
person accustomed to the use of one would
either have to take it with him every time
he was to be away from home for a few
nights or suffer considerable inconvenience.
But fortunately hair bolsters are more com
mon, and if the pillow is thrown aside tha
bolster will raise the head probably as high
as Is good for the sleeper. If a hair bolster
is lacking, the end of tha mattress may be
.aised high enorgb. to make a comfortable
head-rest by patting th pillow under it
The 'peasants of Huntingdonshire are pro
verbial for their boorishnesa. One day a
lady riding through the grounds of a friend
to whom she was on a visit, found the gate
dosed which was the outlet from the fields
to the high road; a peasant boy stopped tor
ward, and, bowing, opened tha gate tint
she might pass. "What is your nansrt"
asked tha lady. "Tununas," said th boy,
with another bow. "Ahl" replied the lady.
ring him a shilling, "I sea' job are not a
trngdonshlre boy you are so crrfl." . T .
I or spray ox nowers. i into wa wiw ma doom oo f
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